NHS Profile, Brossard, V, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Brossard, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brossard, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 78,790 38,245 40,545
Canadian citizens 72,500 35,355 37,150
Canadian citizens aged under 18 13,780 7,075 6,700
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 58,720 28,275 30,450
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 6,285 2,890 3,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 78,785 38,240 40,545
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 49,445 24,025 25,420
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 28,825 13,990 14,835
Before 1971 3,060 1,660 1,400
1971 to 1980 4,490 2,140 2,355
1981 to 1990 4,365 2,105 2,260
1991 to 2000 7,855 3,820 4,035
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,050 4,265 4,790
2001 to 2005 4,815 2,290 2,525
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,240 1,975 2,265
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 520 230 290
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 28,820 13,985 14,835
Under 5 years 2,610 1,370 1,235
5 to 14 years 4,605 2,225 2,385
15 to 24 years 5,770 2,775 3,000
25 to 44 years 13,185 6,390 6,795
45 years and over 2,650 1,230 1,420
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 78,790 38,240 40,545
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 49,445 24,025 25,420
Born in province of residence 47,330 23,060 24,265
Born outside province of residence 2,115 960 1,155
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 28,825 13,985 14,830
Americas 4,155 1,865 2,290
United States 310 100 210
Jamaica 120 45 75
Guyana 75 40 40
Haiti 685 245 435
Mexico 115 60 60
Trinidad and Tobago 205 95 110
Colombia 565 280 285
El Salvador 40 30 10
Peru 540 265 280
Chile 430 230 205
Other places of birth in Americas 1,075 490 585
Europe 5,625 2,810 2,810
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 230 120 105
Italy 360 210 145
Germany 215 95 120
Poland 170 60 110
Portugal 535 245 285
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 860 495 365
Romania 1,305 645 660
Russian Federation 170 60 105
Greece 665 325 340
Ukraine 70 40 30
Croatia 30 0 25
Hungary 105 55 45
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 20 20
Serbia 15 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 840 410 425
Africa 5,070 2,545 2,530
Morocco 1,140 560 585
Algeria 540 260 280
Egypt 765 405 365
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 105 55 55
Other places of birth in Africa 2,505 1,260 1,245
Asia 13,930 6,750 7,180
India 830 420 410
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 4,515 2,125 2,390
Philippines 550 210 340
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,320 665 655
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,575 750 825
Pakistan 400 220 180
Sri Lanka 260 130 125
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 495 285 215
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 200 80 120
Lebanon 705 365 335
Taiwan 325 155 170
Iraq 200 120 80
Bangladesh 170 70 95
Afghanistan 850 400 450
Japan 35 0 25
Turkey 305 180 130
Other places of birth in Asia 1,185 555 630
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 40 0 25
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 25 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 520 230 290
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,240 1,975 2,265
Americas 955 505 450
United States 65 35 30
Mexico 35 20 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 105 50 50
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 55 30 30
Colombia 345 190 160
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 160 80 85
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 90 50 45
Other places of birth in Americas 85 45 40
Europe 635 305 325
France 145 50 90
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 205 100 105
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 110 50 60
Russian Federation 30 15 15
Ukraine 20 20 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 95 45 45
Africa 1,125 530 595
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 410 215 190
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 75 35 40
Egypt 115 50 70
Morocco 255 125 130
Tunisia 30 0 20
Cameroon 40 0 30
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 190 80 105
Asia 1,520 630 890
Philippines 20 0 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 780 325 455
India 55 20 40
Pakistan 60 20 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 55 25 30
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 20 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 70 45 25
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 135 70 60
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 45 0 40
Taiwan 25 20 0
Afghanistan 95 50 45
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 20 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 35 15 15
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 40 15 25
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 78,785 38,245 40,540
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 29,575 14,285 15,285
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 14,725 7,560 7,165
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 34,485 16,395 18,095
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 78,785 38,245 40,545
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 30,165 14,785 15,390
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,420 1,720 1,695
Chinese 9,815 4,825 4,990
Black 3,335 1,580 1,750
Filipino 865 350 520
Latin American 2,475 1,240 1,230
Arab 3,945 2,010 1,935
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,710 1,325 1,390
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,770 930 840
Korean 270 110 155
Japanese 110 30 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 770 320 450
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 690 345 345
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 48,620 23,460 25,160
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 78,790 38,245 40,545
North American Aboriginal origins 1,355 590 770
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,240 550 695
Inuit 10 0 0
Métis 110 40 70
Other North American origins 26,110 12,495 13,615
Acadian 180 85 95
American 290 150 145
Canadian 24,880 11,915 12,965
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 15 0 10
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 1,050 505 540
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 32,265 15,565 16,700
British Isles origins 8,020 3,710 4,310
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 3,170 1,435 1,730
Irish 4,310 2,005 2,305
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,360 1,100 1,265
Welsh 115 65 45
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 460 230 235
French origins 16,880 8,155 8,725
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 75 30 45
French 16,850 8,140 8,715
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,535 1,270 1,260
Austrian 195 130 70
Belgian 420 205 220
Dutch 185 95 95
Flemish 20 20 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,655 810 840
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 195 110 80
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 100 30 65
Danish 35 15 15
Finnish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 35 20 20
Swedish 0 0 0
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 4,140 2,040 2,100
Bulgarian 385 220 160
Byelorussian 30 0 20
Czech 70 30 35
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 300 155 140
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 75 45 30
Moldovan 100 35 70
Polish 760 340 415
Romanian 1,730 890 840
Russian 545 275 275
Slovak 90 50 35
Ukrainian 485 225 260
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 7,840 3,905 3,940
Albanian 40 0 25
Bosnian 40 20 20
Croatian 50 20 25
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,930 980 945
Italian 3,270 1,560 1,705
Kosovar 30 0 25
Macedonian 85 55 0
Maltese 15 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,170 550 620
Serbian 35 15 20
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 95 55 35
Spanish 1,540 830 715
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 90 40 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 360 160 200
Basque 80 0 0
Jewish 205 95 105
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 70 20 45
Caribbean origins 2,225 1,025 1,200
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 240 95 145
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 40 0 25
Dominican 115 50 60
Grenadian 75 25 50
Haitian 1,190 535 655
Jamaican 235 110 130
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 175 85 90
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 125 40 85
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 120 100 20
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,945 1,505 1,435
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 65 35 35
Argentinian 105 70 35
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 40 25 15
Brazilian 115 50 60
Chilean 560 255 305
Colombian 690 355 340
Costa Rican 10 0 10
Ecuadorian 70 35 35
Guatemalan 20 0 0
Guyanese 115 65 45
Hispanic 55 0 40
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 15 15 0
Mexican 195 100 95
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 35 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 765 410 355
Salvadorean 55 30 25
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 170 85 85
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 25 0 0
African origins 5,385 2,690 2,700
Central and West African origins 655 335 320
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 50 35 10
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 145 65 80
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 100 45 60
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 20 15 0
Ghanaian 55 0 30
Guinean 95 65 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 20 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 50 35 0
Nigerian 25 0 20
Peulh 30 0 20
Senegalese 75 45 30
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 65 30 35
North African origins 3,385 1,695 1,685
Algerian 460 235 225
Berber 390 190 200
Coptic 85 35 45
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 990 520 470
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,350 665 685
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 185 85 105
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 20 0 15
Southern and East African origins 735 340 400
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 20 15 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 40 0 30
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 105 65 45
Mauritian 385 160 220
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 30 0 0
Tigrian 10 0 0
Ugandan 55 30 20
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 40 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 50 0 25
Other African origins 710 350 355
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 190 125 60
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 580 260 330
Asian origins 24,015 11,910 12,110
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 5,830 3,095 2,735
Afghan 1,260 600 660
Arab, n.o.s. 1,055 545 515
Armenian 550 275 275
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 805 480 330
Iraqi 235 135 95
Israeli 15 10 0
Jordanian 105 35 70
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 15 10 0
Lebanese 1,295 700 595
Palestinian 270 150 120
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 105 50 55
Syrian 215 95 120
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 485 275 205
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 30 0 0
South Asian origins 3,855 1,930 1,925
Bangladeshi 70 30 45
Bengali 50 30 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,880 1,445 1,430
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 505 220 290
Punjabi 110 55 50
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 315 165 150
Tamil 40 0 20
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 55 40 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 14,465 6,960 7,505
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 265 135 130
Chinese 10,735 5,260 5,470
Filipino 1,025 425 600
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 60 0 45
Japanese 165 55 110
Korean 285 115 170
Laotian 140 75 65
Malaysian 45 0 0
Mongolian 15 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 230 115 110
Thai 25 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,215 1,065 1,145
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 50 0 30
Australian 50 0 25
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 78,785 38,245 40,545
Buddhist 2,525 1,175 1,355
Christian 51,905 24,330 27,580
Anglican 910 390 525
Baptist 370 145 225
Catholic 41,195 19,160 22,035
Christian Orthodox 4,295 2,215 2,080
Lutheran 75 25 45
Pentecostal 470 245 225
Presbyterian 385 170 210
United Church 300 140 160
Other Christian 3,920 1,845 2,075
Hindu 1,450 755 695
Jewish 150 70 80
Muslim 7,795 3,980 3,820
Sikh 390 190 200
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 190 100 85
No religious affiliation 14,370 7,645 6,730
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 78,785 38,245 40,545
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 310 115 195
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 165 50 115
Métis single identity 125 55 65
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 15 0 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 78,480 38,130 40,350
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 78,790 38,245 40,545
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 90 0 50
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 78,700 38,205 40,495
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 78,790 38,245 40,545
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,355 590 765
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,240 545 695
Métis ancestry 110 40 65
Inuit ancestry 10 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 77,435 37,655 39,780
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 37,220 18,145 19,075
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 37,220 18,145 19,070
Italian 1,745 875 870
Portuguese 1,055 535 525
Romanian 1,595 770 825
Spanish 5,515 2,620 2,895
Dutch 40 15 25
Flemish 0 0 0
German 580 300 280
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 390 205 185
Croatian 40 15 25
Czech 15 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 285 120 165
Russian 735 325 410
Serbian 15 15 0
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 35 0 20
Ukrainian 200 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 30 0 20
Greek 1,570 785 785
Armenian 370 180 190
Albanian 35 0 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 175 85 95
Turkish 315 185 130
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 145 95 50
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 4,995 2,540 2,455
Hebrew 30 15 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 40 0 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 295 130 165
Gujarati 320 150 170
Hindi 995 445 545
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 620 310 310
Sindhi 30 30 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 0 25
Urdu 850 450 400
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,875 995 880
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 25 50
Kannada 20 0 0
Malayalam 30 0 0
Tamil 395 215 185
Telugu 95 55 45
Japanese 180 45 135
Korean 255 105 155
Cantonese 2,630 1,225 1,410
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 90 50 40
Mandarin 1,760 840 920
Taiwanese 180 90 90
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,070 2,535 2,535
Lao 130 75 55
Thai 20 0 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 200 100 100
Vietnamese 2,095 1,030 1,065
Bisayan languages 105 45 60
Ilocano 45 0 30
Malay 90 45 45
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 630 225 400
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 100 50 55
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 25 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65
African languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Creoles 2,035 965 1,070
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 450 220 230
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 77,880 37,815 40,065
Non-movers 68,730 33,300 35,430
Movers 9,150 4,510 4,635
Non-migrants 4,120 2,080 2,040
Migrants 5,030 2,430 2,600
Internal migrants 4,180 2,080 2,095
Intraprovincial migrants 4,040 2,020 2,015
Interprovincial migrants 140 60 75
External migrants 850 350 500
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 74,560 36,120 38,440
Non-movers 45,220 21,895 23,325
Movers 29,340 14,230 15,115
Non-migrants 12,775 6,105 6,670
Migrants 16,570 8,125 8,445
Internal migrants 12,990 6,530 6,460
Intraprovincial migrants 12,430 6,250 6,175
Interprovincial migrants 560 280 280
External migrants 3,580 1,590 1,985
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 66,640 32,110 34,535
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,110 4,840 5,270
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,920 6,335 7,590
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 42,610 20,930 21,680
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,280 3,475 2,800
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,470 5,130 6,345
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,565 2,045 2,520
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,295 10,285 10,015
Bachelor's degree 12,515 5,930 6,590
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,780 4,355 3,430
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 44,230 21,175 23,060
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,890 1,955 1,930
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 8,010 3,535 4,475
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 32,330 15,685 16,650
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,630 2,500 2,135
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 7,600 3,480 4,120
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,310 1,540 1,770
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 16,795 8,165 8,630
Bachelor's degree 10,310 4,770 5,545
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,485 3,400 3,085
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 66,640 32,105 34,535
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 24,030 11,175 12,855
Education 2,220 440 1,780
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,690 800 890
Humanities 2,410 970 1,445
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,480 1,575 2,905
Business, management and public administration 12,345 5,265 7,080
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,960 1,055 900
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,720 1,810 910
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,930 6,910 1,025
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 335 170 165
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,800 1,050 3,745
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,710 890 815
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 66,645 32,105 34,535
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 24,030 11,180 12,860
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 42,615 20,930 21,680
Location of study inside Canada 33,455 16,350 17,105
Same as province or territory of residence 32,220 15,590 16,630
Another province or territory 1,235 755 480
Location of study outside Canada 9,160 4,585 4,575
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 45,630 23,500 22,135
Single responses 38,940 19,895 19,045
English 9,880 5,400 4,480
French 27,920 13,925 13,990
Non-official languages 1,140 575 570
Chinese, n.o.s. 540 285 250
Cantonese 285 150 135
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 50 25 20
Spanish 65 30 40
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 190 70 125
Multiple responses 6,695 3,605 3,085
English and French 5,960 3,235 2,720
English and non-official language 240 140 100
French and non-official language 135 65 70
English, French and non-official language 355 160 195
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 45,630 23,500 22,135
English 9,875 5,400 4,480
French 27,915 13,925 13,995
Non-official language 1,140 570 575
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,145 570 570
English and French 5,960 3,240 2,725
English and non-official language 240 140 100
French and non-official language 135 70 65
English, French and non-official language 355 160 195
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 66,640 32,105 34,535
In the labour force 42,935 22,225 20,705
Employed 40,225 20,890 19,335
Unemployed 2,710 1,340 1,375
Not in the labour force 23,710 9,880 13,830
Participation rate 64.4 69.2 60.0
Employment rate 60.4 65.1 56.0
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.0 6.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 42,935 22,225 20,705
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 930 425 505
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 42,005 21,800 20,200
Employee 37,105 18,585 18,515
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,905 3,215 1,685
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 42,930 22,225 20,705
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 930 425 500
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 42,005 21,805 20,200
0 Management occupations 5,540 3,415 2,125
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,510 2,860 5,655
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,865 3,795 1,070
3 Health occupations 2,585 575 2,005
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 4,105 1,285 2,825
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,165 605 560
6 Sales and service occupations 10,790 5,380 5,410
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,920 2,780 140
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 155 125 35
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,360 985 375
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 42,930 22,230 20,705
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 930 425 500
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 42,005 21,805 20,205
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 110 55 55
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 50 40 0
22 Utilities 380 250 135
23 Construction 1,185 1,080 100
31-33 Manufacturing 3,840 2,645 1,185
41 Wholesale trade 2,100 1,255 840
44-45 Retail trade 4,695 2,335 2,365
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,990 1,360 630
51 Information and cultural industries 1,630 1,020 610
52 Finance and insurance 3,500 1,365 2,130
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 830 475 360
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,980 2,995 1,990
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 25 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,650 940 715
61 Educational services 2,775 1,005 1,780
62 Health care and social assistance 4,300 830 3,465
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 680 345 335
72 Accommodation and food services 3,670 2,175 1,490
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,640 640 990
91 Public administration 1,975 965 1,010
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 42,930 22,230 20,705
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,130 1,040 1,090
Worked in 2010 40,800 21,185 19,615
1 to 13 weeks 1,865 915 945
14 to 26 weeks 3,355 1,610 1,740
27 to 39 weeks 2,245 1,020 1,220
40 to 48 weeks 7,720 4,105 3,610
49 to 52 weeks 25,630 13,535 12,090
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.3 44.4
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 42,930 22,230 20,705
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,135 1,045 1,095
Worked in 2010 40,800 21,185 19,615
Worked full-time in 2010 32,835 17,750 15,085
Worked part-time in 2010 7,965 3,435 4,530
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 40,225 20,890 19,330
Worked at home 2,770 1,490 1,280
Worked outside Canada 170 105 65
No fixed workplace address 2,620 1,955 665
Worked at usual place 34,660 17,340 17,320
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 37,285 19,295 17,990
Car, truck or van - as a driver 23,130 13,580 9,550
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,275 285 990
Public transit 11,205 4,575 6,635
Walked 1,080 465 620
Bicycle 270 215 60
Other methods 315 180 135
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 37,280 19,295 17,985
Median commuting duration 30.3 30.4 30.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 37,280 19,295 17,985
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,420 4,640 2,780
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 22,160 10,310 11,855
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 7,695 4,350 3,350
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 31,000 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 29,200 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,800 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 31,000 ... ...
1960 or before 1,355 ... ...
1961 to 1980 13,075 ... ...
1981 to 1990 6,520 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,225 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,435 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,385 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 31,000 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,000 ... ...
5 rooms 4,940 ... ...
6 rooms 3,810 ... ...
7 rooms 3,820 ... ...
8 or more rooms 9,425 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 30,995 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,165 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,860 ... ...
3 bedrooms 11,030 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,940 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 31,000 ... ...
Owner 24,025 ... ...
Renter 6,970 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 31,000 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 7,610 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 23,390 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 31,000 ... ...
1 household maintainer 18,505 ... ...
2 household maintainers 11,805 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 690 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 31,000 ... ...
Under 25 years 700 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,290 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,465 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,465 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,565 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,460 ... ...
75 years and over 3,050 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 31,000 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 30,485 ... ...
More than one person per room 510 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 31,000 ... ...
Suitable 29,125 ... ...
Not suitable 1,875 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 30,905 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 24,010 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 6,895 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 5,750 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 24,020 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 953 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,029 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 268,369 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 301,554 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 6,975 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 779 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 859 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 66,645 32,110 34,535
Without income 3,350 1,410 1,940
With income 63,295 30,700 32,595
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 6,425 3,125 3,295
$5,000 to $9,999 4,680 1,730 2,950
$10,000 to $14,999 6,475 2,560 3,915
$15,000 to $19,999 5,290 2,225 3,065
$20,000 to $29,999 8,535 3,825 4,710
$30,000 to $39,999 7,750 3,490 4,260
$40,000 to $49,999 6,445 3,100 3,345
$50,000 to $59,999 4,925 2,590 2,335
$60,000 to $79,999 5,935 3,265 2,675
$80,000 to $99,999 2,945 1,825 1,120
$100,000 and over 3,895 2,965 935
$100,000 to $124,999 1,720 1,285 440
$125,000 and over 2,170 1,680 495
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,131 35,112 26,096
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 41,030 48,751 33,759
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 66,645 32,105 34,535
Without after-tax income 3,315 1,415 1,900
With after-tax income 63,330 30,695 32,635
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,710 3,180 3,530
$5,000 to $9,999 4,840 1,730 3,105
$10,000 to $14,999 6,625 2,630 3,990
$15,000 to $19,999 5,760 2,485 3,270
$20,000 to $29,999 10,625 4,775 5,850
$30,000 to $39,999 9,545 4,510 5,035
$40,000 to $49,999 7,045 3,605 3,440
$50,000 to $59,999 4,595 2,550 2,045
$60,000 to $79,999 4,360 2,790 1,575
$80,000 to $99,999 1,455 1,080 375
$100,000 and over 1,775 1,360 415
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,487 30,944 24,121
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,264 38,506 28,335
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.3 91.8 83.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.4 76.0 69.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.7 69.4 65.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.7 6.5 4.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.8 5.1 4.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.5 9.1 7.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.6 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.7 8.2 16.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.6 3.0 4.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.3 2.4 4.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.1 1.9
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.2 4.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.6 1.5 1.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.9 21.0 16.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.1 79.0 84.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 1.6 2.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 22,370 12,110 10,255
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 47,525 52,912 42,916
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 57,890 65,720 48,643
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 22,715 ... ...
Median family income ($) 78,833 ... ...
Average family income ($) 97,243 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,983 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 78,821 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,180 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,126 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,392 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,512 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,226 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 10,840 ... ...
Median family income ($) 92,404 ... ...
Average family income ($) 110,975 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 79,882 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 90,287 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,030 ... ...
Median family income ($) 55,666 ... ...
Average family income ($) 64,504 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,273 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 54,898 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 9,225 3,885 5,340
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,340 37,861 32,295
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 42,103 45,727 39,465
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,305 33,039 28,538
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,299 36,754 32,511
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 78,785 38,245 40,545
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 38,540 18,230 20,315
In bottom decile 6,400 3,055 3,345
In second decile 6,325 2,820 3,500
In third decile 8,765 4,205 4,560
In fourth decile 7,790 3,605 4,185
In fifth decile 9,270 4,545 4,730
In top half of the Canadian distribution 40,245 20,010 20,235
In sixth decile 8,045 3,930 4,115
In seventh decile 8,375 4,200 4,175
In eighth decile 7,840 3,905 3,935
In ninth decile 8,515 4,255 4,255
In top decile 7,475 3,720 3,755
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 31,000 ... ...
Under $5,000 745 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 410 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 665 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,290 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,330 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,840 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,900 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,605 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,910 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,770 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,020 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,050 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,455 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 31,000 ... ...
Under $5,000 760 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 420 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 685 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,395 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,900 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,720 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,150 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,750 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,380 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,510 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,610 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,895 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 31,000 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 66,661 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 83,776 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 57,491 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 67,956 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 7,865 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 36,129 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 44,108 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 31,441 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 35,778 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 23,135 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 79,049 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 97,254 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,122 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 78,889 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 78,790 38,245 40,545
Less than 18 years 15,025 7,700 7,315
Less than 6 years 4,950 2,485 2,470
18 to 64 years 51,495 24,855 26,640
65 years and over 12,270 5,685 6,585
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 9,990 4,615 5,380
Less than 18 years 2,300 1,145 1,155
Less than 6 years 780 320 455
18 to 64 years 6,285 2,960 3,325
65 years and over 1,410 510 900
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.7 12.1 13.3
Less than 18 years (%) 15.3 14.9 15.8
Less than 6 years (%) 15.8 12.9 18.4
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.9 12.5
65 years and over (%) 11.5 9.0 13.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Brossard, V, Quebec (Code 2458007) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Brossard, V, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Brossard, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brossard, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 79,273 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 71,154 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 11.4 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 32,099 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 30,999 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,753.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 45.20 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 79,275 38,460 40,810
0 to 4 years 4,240 2,185 2,060
5 to 9 years 3,905 1,970 1,935
10 to 14 years 4,080 2,065 2,010
15 to 19 years 4,965 2,580 2,385
15 years 940 490 445
16 years 1,005 530 470
17 years 1,005 550 455
18 years 1,010 505 500
19 years 1,010 495 510
20 to 24 years 5,185 2,625 2,560
25 to 29 years 5,310 2,665 2,645
30 to 34 years 5,495 2,715 2,780
35 to 39 years 5,170 2,525 2,640
40 to 44 years 5,275 2,525 2,750
45 to 49 years 5,620 2,705 2,915
50 to 54 years 5,905 2,755 3,150
55 to 59 years 5,885 2,735 3,155
60 to 64 years 5,625 2,635 2,985
65 to 69 years 4,570 2,220 2,350
70 to 74 years 3,195 1,535 1,655
75 to 79 years 2,260 1,065 1,195
80 to 84 years 1,480 625 865
85 years and over 1,115 350 770
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.2 39.8 42.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.6 83.9 85.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 67,055 32,250 34,805
Married or living with a common-law partner 39,965 20,005 19,960
Married (and not separated) 31,600 15,785 15,820
Living common law 8,365 4,220 4,145
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 27,090 12,240 14,845
Single (never legally married) 18,650 9,820 8,835
Separated 1,025 405 620
Divorced 4,080 1,390 2,685
Widowed 3,340 630 2,705
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 23,055 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 10,865 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,390 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,800 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,005 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 23,055 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 19,615 ... ...
Married couples 15,435 ... ...
Without children at home 6,475 ... ...
With children at home 8,960 ... ...
1 child 3,490 ... ...
2 children 3,800 ... ...
3 or more children 1,670 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,180 ... ...
Without children at home 2,355 ... ...
With children at home 1,825 ... ...
1 child 825 ... ...
2 children 735 ... ...
3 or more children 265 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,440 ... ...
Female parent 2,690 ... ...
1 child 1,570 ... ...
2 children 845 ... ...
3 or more children 275 ... ...
Male parent 750 ... ...
1 child 460 ... ...
2 children 230 ... ...
3 or more children 55 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 25,045 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,055 ... ...
6 to 14 years 7,115 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,890 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,930 ... ...
25 years and over 4,055 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 78,785 38,315 40,470
Number of persons not in census families 11,070 4,655 6,415
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,800 665 1,140
Living with non-relatives only 1,395 755 635
Living alone 7,880 3,235 4,640
Number of census family persons 67,715 33,660 34,055
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,225 5,690 6,535
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,485 880 2,605
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 675 125 555
Living with non-relatives only 175 65 105
Living alone 2,630 690 1,940
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,745 4,810 3,930
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 30,995 ... ...
Census-family households 22,370 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 20,425 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 17,640 ... ...
Without children 8,005 ... ...
With children 9,635 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,785 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,945 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,285 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 925 ... ...
Without children 305 ... ...
With children 625 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 360 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 655 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,630 ... ...
One-person households 7,880 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 755 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 31,000 ... ...
Single-detached house 13,585 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 15,170 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,215 ... ...
Row house 1,910 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 395 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 9,640 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 31,000 ... ...
1 person 7,875 ... ...
2 persons 10,290 ... ...
3 persons 5,300 ... ...
4 persons 4,760 ... ...
5 persons 1,815 ... ...
6 or more persons 955 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 78,785 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 78,830 38,345 40,495
  Single responses  75,460 36,590 38,875
    English  9,460 4,680 4,780
    French  37,340 17,960 19,380
    Non-official languages  28,665 13,950 14,720
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 28,440 13,830 14,610
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  40 20 20
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  3,380 1,765 1,610
        Armenian  285 140 140
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  345 175 170
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  45 25 20
        Bisayan languages  30 5 20
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  310 160 155
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  2,425 1,140 1,290
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,565 2,195 2,375
        Creoles  935 450 485
        Croatian  30 20 10
        Czech  30 20 15
        Danish  5 0 5
        Dutch  40 20 20
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 5
        Flemish  10 0 5
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  195 95 95
        Greek  1,275 660 615
        Gujarati  140 70 70
        Hakka  30 15 20
        Hebrew  15 10 5
        Hindi  235 115 120
        Hungarian  130 65 70
        Ilocano  20 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Italian  745 385 360
        Japanese  60 25 40
        Khmer (Cambodian)  140 65 75
        Korean  205 95 115
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  65 35 35
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 0 5
        Lithuanian  25 10 15
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  20 5 10
        Malayalam  35 20 20
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  985 470 520
        Marathi  15 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 45 25 15
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  70 45 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  350 170 180
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  1,780 905 875
        Polish  340 140 200
        Portuguese  810 380 425
        Romanian  1,210 575 635
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 15 20
        Russian  515 230 285
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  40 15 20
        Serbo-Croatian  20 10 10
        Shanghainese  15 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  20 5 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 10 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slovak  35 20 20
        Slovenian  30 10 25
        Somali  10 0 0
        Spanish  3,190 1,530 1,660
        Swahili  15 10 5
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  305 100 205
        Taiwanese  80 40 45
        Tamil  165 80 75
        Telugu  25 20 15
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  30 10 15
        Turkish  160 80 80
        Ukrainian  90 40 55
        Urdu  585 290 295
        Vietnamese  1,475 710 760
        Yiddish  0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 220 115 110
  Multiple responses          3,370 1,755 1,620
    English and French  1,140 580 555
    English and non-official language  715 375 335
    French and non-official language  1,035 550 490
    English, French and non-official language 485 250 235
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 78,835 38,340 40,495
  English only 8,850 4,390 4,460
  French only 18,250 7,725 10,525
  English and French 48,570 24,905 23,670
  Neither English nor French 3,165 1,325 1,845
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 78,830 38,340 40,495
  English 19,645 9,750 9,895
  French 46,730 22,460 24,270
  English and French 9,380 4,850 4,525
  Neither English nor French 3,080 1,280 1,795
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 24,335 12,175 12,160
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 30.9 31.8 30.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 78,830 38,345 40,490
  Single responses 72,645 35,290 37,355
    English 13,525 6,705 6,820
    French 39,825 19,250 20,570
    Non-official languages 19,295 9,335 9,965
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 19,245 9,310 9,930
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 40 20 15
        Amharic 5 0 0
        Arabic 1,820 920 895
        Armenian 130 60 70
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Bengali 225 115 115
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 5 10
        Bisayan languages 5 0 5
        Bosnian 5 5 5
        Bulgarian 255 130 125
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 2,190 1,045 1,140
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,845 1,870 1,980
        Creoles 410 190 220
        Croatian 10 5 5
        Czech 10 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 35 15 15
        Greek 685 350 335
        Gujarati 60 30 35
        Hakka 5 5 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 115 55 65
        Hungarian 60 25 35
        Ilocano 10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Italian 150 65 90
        Japanese 35 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 70 30 40
        Korean 165 80 90
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 25 15 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 5 0 0
        Malayalam 15 10 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 865 420 440
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 15 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 210 95 115
        Pashto 0 0 5
        Persian (Farsi) 1,415 700 720
        Polish 175 80 90
        Portuguese 420 200 220
        Romanian 905 440 465
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5
        Russian 420 205 215
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
        Sindhi 15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 10 0 5
        Slovenian 5 5 0
        Somali 5 5 5
        Spanish 2,315 1,115 1,200
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 50 75
        Taiwanese 50 30 25
        Tamil 115 55 60
        Telugu 15 5 10
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 5 0
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 135 65 70
        Ukrainian 25 10 20
        Urdu 370 180 190
        Vietnamese 1,080 510 570
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 50 20 30
  Multiple responses         6,185 3,050 3,135
    English and French 1,390 695 700
    English and non-official language 1,515 720 795
    French and non-official language 2,100 1,025 1,075
    English, French and non-official language 1,185 610 575
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 78,835 38,340 40,490
  None 54,785 26,500 28,290
  Single responses  21,430 10,510 10,920
    English  8,110 4,050 4,055
    French  6,760 3,290 3,470
    Non-official languages  6,560 3,170 3,395
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,445 3,105 3,335
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,055 540 510
        Armenian  60 30 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Bengali  75 40 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 5 5
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 5
        Bulgarian  40 20 25
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  230 110 130
        Chinese, n.o.s.  450 205 245
        Creoles  615 300 320
        Croatian  10 5 5
        Czech  5 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  100 50 55
        Greek  415 210 205
        Gujarati  70 40 35
        Hakka  25 10 10
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  105 45 65
        Hungarian  35 15 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Italian  260 125 130
        Japanese  25 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 10 15
        Korean  25 5 15
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  20 10 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  20 10 10
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 0 5
        Malayalam  20 5 10
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  170 85 85
        Marathi  15 5 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  35 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  110 65 55
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  150 90 65
        Polish  80 30 50
        Portuguese  240 105 140
        Romanian  185 85 100
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 15
        Russian  90 35 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  5 0 0
        Spanish  700 345 355
        Swahili  15 5 10
        Swedish  0 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  125 50 80
        Taiwanese  30 15 15
        Tamil  40 25 15
        Telugu  20 15 10
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  25 10 10
        Ukrainian  15 5 10
        Urdu  195 100 100
        Vietnamese  270 135 140
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 115 60 60
  Multiple responses          2,620 1,330 1,285
    English and French  1,515 770 740
    English and non-official language  570 300 270
    French and non-official language  500 245 255
    English, French and non-official language  40 20 20

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Brossard, V, Quebec (Code 2458007) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Brossard, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Brossard, V, Quebec (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Brossard, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

2011 Census