NHS Profile, Longueuil, V, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Longueuil, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Longueuil, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 227,970 110,840 117,130
Canadian citizens 216,270 105,035 111,235
Canadian citizens aged under 18 40,730 20,625 20,105
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 175,540 84,415 91,130
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 11,705 5,800 5,895
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 227,970 110,835 117,130
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 192,885 93,470 99,415
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 33,500 16,570 16,930
Before 1971 3,650 1,845 1,805
1971 to 1980 4,555 2,300 2,260
1981 to 1990 4,135 1,895 2,240
1991 to 2000 5,585 2,655 2,930
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 15,570 7,875 7,700
2001 to 2005 6,665 3,400 3,260
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,905 4,470 4,435
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,580 795 785
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 33,500 16,570 16,935
Under 5 years 3,210 1,580 1,630
5 to 14 years 5,710 2,865 2,840
15 to 24 years 6,600 3,255 3,345
25 to 44 years 15,570 7,720 7,850
45 years and over 2,410 1,140 1,270
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 227,970 110,840 117,135
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 192,890 93,470 99,415
Born in province of residence 187,515 90,975 96,540
Born outside province of residence 5,370 2,490 2,880
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 33,500 16,570 16,930
Americas 9,765 4,590 5,175
United States 720 395 320
Jamaica 100 30 65
Guyana 115 50 65
Haiti 3,205 1,385 1,815
Mexico 500 230 270
Trinidad and Tobago 230 140 95
Colombia 1,325 575 755
El Salvador 320 170 155
Peru 715 385 335
Chile 885 395 490
Other places of birth in Americas 1,650 840 810
Europe 8,860 4,290 4,575
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 345 135 205
Italy 555 340 215
Germany 260 130 125
Poland 320 105 220
Portugal 780 380 395
Netherlands 45 20 25
France 2,625 1,275 1,350
Romania 1,160 575 580
Russian Federation 400 145 255
Greece 350 180 170
Ukraine 350 155 195
Croatia 55 45 0
Hungary 65 45 20
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 15 0
Serbia 95 40 55
Ireland, Republic of 70 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,365 675 695
Africa 7,965 4,300 3,660
Morocco 2,120 1,185 930
Algeria 1,815 955 860
Egypt 340 200 140
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 0
Nigeria 35 0 20
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 40 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 3,590 1,915 1,675
Asia 6,885 3,370 3,515
India 280 170 105
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,270 520 750
Philippines 340 115 225
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 180 110 70
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 830 430 400
Pakistan 290 165 120
Sri Lanka 25 15 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 230 105 125
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 115 55 65
Lebanon 535 285 250
Taiwan 290 145 145
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 65 35 35
Afghanistan 945 445 500
Japan 55 0 50
Turkey 85 45 45
Other places of birth in Asia 1,345 730 615
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 25 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,585 795 785
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,905 4,475 4,435
Americas 2,955 1,450 1,500
United States 165 90 80
Mexico 275 135 145
Cuba 155 100 60
Haiti 800 390 410
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 125 55 70
Colombia 920 415 510
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 210 110 100
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 95 40 55
Other places of birth in Americas 205 125 80
Europe 1,260 585 675
France 455 230 220
Germany 30 10 20
Poland 25 0 20
Romania 265 125 140
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 95 40 55
Russian Federation 65 25 30
Ukraine 190 75 115
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 125 70 60
Africa 3,380 1,820 1,555
Nigeria 15 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 225 110 120
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 765 400 370
Egypt 75 65 10
Morocco 810 420 390
Tunisia 260 135 120
Cameroon 290 145 140
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 130 60 70
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 800 475 325
Asia 1,310 605 710
Philippines 55 0 55
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 335 120 210
India 45 35 10
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 45 35 15
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 95 45 45
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 45 35 0
Taiwan 40 20 20
Afghanistan 355 160 195
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 30 0 20
Other places of birth in Asia 170 110 60
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 227,970 110,835 117,135
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 35,415 17,545 17,870
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 21,225 10,460 10,765
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 171,330 82,835 88,500
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 227,970 110,840 117,130
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 32,380 16,000 16,385
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,085 1,095 990
Chinese 2,870 1,335 1,530
Black 10,500 4,865 5,635
Filipino 480 180 305
Latin American 5,810 2,960 2,855
Arab 5,290 2,920 2,365
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,605 1,335 1,265
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,275 605 670
Korean 195 95 100
Japanese 170 50 125
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 545 305 240
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 560 255 300
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 195,590 94,835 100,750
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 227,970 110,840 117,130
North American Aboriginal origins 8,135 3,985 4,155
First Nations (North American Indian) 7,330 3,535 3,795
Inuit 70 50 20
Métis 835 440 400
Other North American origins 134,355 64,695 69,665
Acadian 1,025 555 470
American 1,550 680 870
Canadian 126,860 60,940 65,915
New Brunswicker 20 0 15
Newfoundlander 25 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 15 0 0
Québécois 7,300 3,600 3,705
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 103,505 50,065 53,440
British Isles origins 23,040 10,940 12,100
Channel Islander 20 15 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 7,285 3,540 3,745
Irish 13,695 6,290 7,405
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 5,850 2,685 3,160
Welsh 425 200 225
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,080 500 580
French origins 70,525 34,275 36,245
Alsatian 25 0 15
Breton 445 200 240
French 70,220 34,145 36,075
Western European origins (except French origins) 7,415 3,475 3,940
Austrian 395 185 215
Belgian 1,850 870 975
Dutch 690 300 385
Flemish 65 20 40
Frisian 0 0 0
German 4,365 2,005 2,360
Luxembourger 25 20 0
Swiss 495 270 225
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 60 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 695 335 360
Danish 165 75 95
Finnish 40 20 25
Icelandic 35 0 20
Norwegian 320 155 165
Swedish 130 55 75
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 45 35 20
Eastern European origins 6,840 3,210 3,630
Bulgarian 545 235 310
Byelorussian 45 0 45
Czech 110 50 60
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 60 35 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 530 310 225
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 170 60 105
Moldovan 110 65 45
Polish 2,015 935 1,080
Romanian 1,620 795 825
Russian 1,260 520 745
Slovak 195 90 105
Ukrainian 1,120 540 570
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 15 0 0
Southern European origins 15,260 7,665 7,595
Albanian 20 0 0
Bosnian 45 0 0
Croatian 165 100 70
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,660 835 830
Italian 7,615 3,830 3,785
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 15 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 2,355 1,170 1,180
Serbian 215 130 90
Sicilian 45 15 25
Slovenian 250 115 140
Spanish 3,690 1,830 1,865
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 125 75 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,085 455 630
Basque 120 60 60
Jewish 640 240 405
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 320 160 160
Caribbean origins 6,895 3,260 3,640
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 135 80 55
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 400 235 170
Dominican 330 205 130
Grenadian 40 25 0
Haitian 4,945 2,265 2,680
Jamaican 510 210 305
Kittitian/Nevisian 15 0 0
Martinican 60 55 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 305 160 150
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 175 80 100
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 185 90 95
Latin, Central and South American origins 6,945 3,430 3,510
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 250 80 165
Argentinian 105 55 50
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 250 105 145
Chilean 1,270 640 630
Colombian 1,730 775 955
Costa Rican 45 25 20
Ecuadorian 195 80 115
Guatemalan 205 130 80
Guyanese 135 60 75
Hispanic 25 0 25
Honduran 150 100 45
Maya 105 70 35
Mexican 945 480 465
Nicaraguan 65 30 30
Panamanian 55 35 20
Paraguayan 35 0 0
Peruvian 905 505 400
Salvadorean 500 275 225
Uruguayan 35 0 25
Venezuelan 325 155 175
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 165 90 75
African origins 11,035 5,660 5,370
Central and West African origins 2,600 1,210 1,390
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 145 70 75
Burkinabe 95 55 40
Cameroonian 605 285 320
Chadian 25 0 0
Congolese 540 250 280
Gabonese 60 20 35
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 45 0 30
Guinean 75 45 35
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 180 95 80
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 170 80 90
Nigerian 15 0 0
Peulh 85 50 35
Senegalese 450 165 285
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 90 45 50
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 220 105 115
North African origins 6,200 3,375 2,820
Algerian 1,795 975 820
Berber 880 545 340
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 560 315 250
Libyan 70 45 25
Maure 50 0 30
Moroccan 2,645 1,385 1,265
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 500 295 200
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 75 45 35
Southern and East African origins 875 400 475
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 40 20 20
Burundian 180 100 75
Eritrean 30 0 30
Ethiopian 15 10 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 230 105 120
Mauritian 220 90 130
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 145 75 70
Seychellois 20 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 20 0 15
Other African origins 1,590 815 775
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 55 15 35
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,550 800 745
Asian origins 13,970 6,920 7,050
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 4,925 2,590 2,330
Afghan 1,205 595 610
Arab, n.o.s. 1,405 815 595
Armenian 185 70 115
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 25 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 305 150 155
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 85 60 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,210 610 595
Palestinian 110 60 55
Pashtun 30 20 0
Saudi Arabian 65 0 40
Syrian 275 145 125
Tajik 30 0 20
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 285 150 135
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 165 70 95
South Asian origins 2,220 1,120 1,100
Bangladeshi 40 25 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,830 885 945
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 370 200 165
Punjabi 25 10 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 20 15 0
Tamil 40 0 35
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 25 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 6,890 3,235 3,655
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 515 245 270
Chinese 3,720 1,745 1,970
Filipino 530 170 360
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 15 0 0
Japanese 215 60 150
Korean 225 95 130
Laotian 680 365 315
Malaysian 15 15 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 105 50 55
Thai 115 75 50
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,530 780 750
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 25 0 0
Other Asian origins 25 20 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 25 15 0
Oceania origins 75 35 35
Australian 30 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 40 25 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 20 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 227,970 110,840 117,135
Buddhist 1,955 920 1,035
Christian 181,230 85,870 95,365
Anglican 1,595 670 925
Baptist 1,145 575 570
Catholic 163,200 77,540 85,660
Christian Orthodox 3,545 1,685 1,860
Lutheran 155 65 85
Pentecostal 1,905 860 1,045
Presbyterian 280 135 145
United Church 775 345 430
Other Christian 8,635 3,995 4,640
Hindu 545 310 240
Jewish 185 110 75
Muslim 9,565 4,945 4,625
Sikh 65 55 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 415 185 230
No religious affiliation 34,000 18,450 15,550
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 227,970 110,835 117,135
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,230 1,030 1,200
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,330 615 715
Métis single identity 645 290 355
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 50 25 25
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 25 10 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 180 90 85
Non-Aboriginal identity 225,740 109,810 115,930
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 227,970 110,840 117,135
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 425 200 225
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 227,545 110,635 116,910
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 227,970 110,835 117,130
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 8,135 3,985 4,155
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,330 3,535 3,795
Métis ancestry 840 435 400
Inuit ancestry 70 55 20
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 219,835 106,860 112,985
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 43,035 21,220 21,820
Aboriginal languages 45 15 25
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 30 0 20
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,000 21,205 21,795
Italian 2,290 1,255 1,030
Portuguese 1,790 920 870
Romanian 1,475 745 725
Spanish 13,445 6,395 7,050
Dutch 120 80 40
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,195 660 535
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 20 0 0
Swedish 15 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 465 205 260
Croatian 95 60 40
Czech 70 35 40
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 510 215 295
Russian 1,625 740 885
Serbian 195 115 85
Serbo-Croatian 25 0 0
Slovak 70 25 45
Slovenian 120 50 75
Ukrainian 265 105 160
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 50 0 15
Greek 965 465 500
Armenian 75 40 35
Albanian 15 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 0
Hungarian 160 115 45
Turkish 145 60 85
Berber languages (Kabyle) 230 115 110
Oromo 335 195 140
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 6,090 3,375 2,720
Hebrew 55 30 30
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 30 0 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 80 50 0
Gujarati 300 140 155
Hindi 310 185 130
Konkani 10 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 250 150 100
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 365 215 155
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 85 50 35
Persian (Farsi) 1,515 730 790
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 80 30 50
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 180 55 120
Korean 145 65 80
Cantonese 465 215 250
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 700 340 360
Taiwanese 80 0 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,580 785 795
Lao 580 315 265
Thai 120 95 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 355 205 150
Vietnamese 1,085 575 505
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 20 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 330 100 225
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 315 140 180
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 75 45
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 110 65 45
Swahili 220 130 90
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 210 100 110
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 490 275 215
African languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
Creoles 4,550 2,115 2,440
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,075 565 505
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 225,405 109,425 115,975
Non-movers 196,345 94,820 101,525
Movers 29,060 14,610 14,455
Non-migrants 16,520 8,140 8,375
Migrants 12,540 6,465 6,075
Internal migrants 10,875 5,650 5,220
Intraprovincial migrants 10,570 5,525 5,045
Interprovincial migrants 305 130 175
External migrants 1,675 815 855
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 215,755 104,665 111,085
Non-movers 130,005 62,765 67,235
Movers 85,750 41,895 43,855
Non-migrants 46,875 22,730 24,150
Migrants 38,875 19,170 19,705
Internal migrants 30,940 15,170 15,770
Intraprovincial migrants 30,060 14,770 15,285
Interprovincial migrants 880 400 480
External migrants 7,935 4,000 3,935
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 193,500 93,425 100,075
No certificate, diploma or degree 43,805 21,040 22,770
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 43,645 19,900 23,740
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 106,050 52,485 53,560
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 30,680 18,145 12,535
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 31,100 13,795 17,300
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 10,855 4,385 6,470
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 33,425 16,165 17,260
Bachelor's degree 21,650 9,930 11,715
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,780 6,230 5,540
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 129,915 64,180 65,735
No certificate, diploma or degree 20,595 10,825 9,775
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 25,960 12,270 13,690
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 83,355 41,090 42,265
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 23,410 13,565 9,845
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 22,805 10,385 12,425
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 8,300 3,400 4,900
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 28,840 13,745 15,095
Bachelor's degree 18,685 8,555 10,130
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,155 5,190 4,965
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 193,505 93,425 100,075
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 87,450 40,940 46,515
Education 6,720 1,650 5,075
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,885 2,220 2,670
Humanities 6,415 2,435 3,980
Social and behavioural sciences and law 9,545 3,270 6,270
Business, management and public administration 25,765 9,430 16,335
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,410 1,790 1,620
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 5,560 3,820 1,740
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 23,160 21,315 1,845
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,280 725 555
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 11,945 1,895 10,045
Personal, protective and transportation services 7,350 3,930 3,415
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 15 0 15
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 193,500 93,425 100,075
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 87,450 40,935 46,510
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 106,050 52,490 53,560
Location of study inside Canada 94,780 46,745 48,035
Same as province or territory of residence 92,805 45,720 47,085
Another province or territory 1,975 1,025 950
Location of study outside Canada 11,270 5,740 5,530
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 131,870 67,955 63,910
Single responses 123,090 63,175 59,915
English 10,770 5,630 5,135
French 111,605 57,190 54,415
Non-official languages 715 350 365
Chinese, n.o.s. 195 105 90
Cantonese 35 0 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 0 0
Spanish 270 140 130
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 160 55 105
Multiple responses 8,780 4,785 3,995
English and French 8,365 4,570 3,800
English and non-official language 70 35 30
French and non-official language 155 75 80
English, French and non-official language 190 100 85
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 131,865 67,960 63,910
English 10,770 5,630 5,135
French 111,605 57,190 54,415
Non-official language 710 350 365
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 715 350 365
English and French 8,370 4,570 3,800
English and non-official language 70 40 30
French and non-official language 155 75 80
English, French and non-official language 190 105 85
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 193,500 93,425 100,075
In the labour force 124,985 64,910 60,075
Employed 115,665 59,615 56,045
Unemployed 9,320 5,295 4,025
Not in the labour force 68,515 28,515 40,000
Participation rate 64.6 69.5 60.0
Employment rate 59.8 63.8 56.0
Unemployment rate 7.5 8.2 6.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 124,985 64,910 60,075
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 3,450 1,895 1,555
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 121,535 63,015 58,515
Employee 112,075 57,095 54,975
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 9,460 5,920 3,540
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 124,985 64,910 60,070
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,450 1,900 1,555
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 121,535 63,015 58,520
0 Management occupations 10,310 5,970 4,340
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 23,960 7,940 16,020
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 9,455 7,435 2,020
3 Health occupations 7,490 1,315 6,180
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 12,270 3,705 8,565
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,670 1,865 1,810
6 Sales and service occupations 31,320 14,645 16,670
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 16,670 15,595 1,075
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 795 755 40
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 5,590 3,790 1,795
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 124,985 64,910 60,075
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,450 1,895 1,550
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 121,535 63,015 58,520
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 265 185 85
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 130 85 45
22 Utilities 1,420 995 430
23 Construction 6,125 5,435 690
31-33 Manufacturing 13,040 9,375 3,665
41 Wholesale trade 5,000 3,420 1,580
44-45 Retail trade 16,785 8,035 8,755
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 6,430 4,870 1,560
51 Information and cultural industries 4,540 2,640 1,905
52 Finance and insurance 5,975 2,045 3,930
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,975 1,230 740
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 9,615 5,535 4,080
55 Management of companies and enterprises 140 50 90
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 5,675 3,395 2,280
61 Educational services 8,150 2,705 5,445
62 Health care and social assistance 14,495 2,750 11,750
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,240 1,115 1,130
72 Accommodation and food services 7,030 3,230 3,805
81 Other services (except public administration) 4,970 2,155 2,810
91 Public administration 7,520 3,770 3,750
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 124,985 64,910 60,075
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,045 3,550 3,495
Worked in 2010 117,940 61,360 56,575
1 to 13 weeks 6,060 2,925 3,135
14 to 26 weeks 8,000 4,375 3,625
27 to 39 weeks 7,345 3,955 3,385
40 to 48 weeks 21,035 10,680 10,350
49 to 52 weeks 75,495 39,420 36,075
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.0 45.0 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 124,985 64,910 60,075
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,045 3,550 3,500
Worked in 2010 117,935 61,360 56,580
Worked full-time in 2010 95,580 52,820 42,765
Worked part-time in 2010 22,355 8,545 13,820
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 115,660 59,620 56,045
Worked at home 4,760 2,515 2,250
Worked outside Canada 215 170 45
No fixed workplace address 9,925 7,330 2,595
Worked at usual place 100,755 49,605 51,155
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 110,680 56,935 53,750
Car, truck or van - as a driver 75,475 42,260 33,215
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,670 1,305 2,365
Public transit 24,550 10,065 14,480
Walked 4,545 1,835 2,710
Bicycle 1,435 1,075 360
Other methods 1,010 390 625
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 110,680 56,930 53,750
Median commuting duration 25.3 25.7 20.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 110,685 56,930 53,745
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 30,870 19,940 10,930
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 56,640 24,535 32,105
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 23,175 12,460 10,715
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 102,065 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 94,370 ... ...
Major repairs needed 7,695 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 102,070 ... ...
1960 or before 19,295 ... ...
1961 to 1980 45,960 ... ...
1981 to 1990 19,030 ... ...
1991 to 2000 8,915 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,720 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 5,140 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 102,070 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 43,165 ... ...
5 rooms 18,450 ... ...
6 rooms 10,120 ... ...
7 rooms 10,760 ... ...
8 or more rooms 19,580 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 102,070 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 18,940 ... ...
2 bedrooms 35,270 ... ...
3 bedrooms 33,085 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 14,775 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 102,065 ... ...
Owner 54,645 ... ...
Renter 47,420 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 102,070 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 12,640 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 89,420 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 102,070 ... ...
1 household maintainer 66,865 ... ...
2 household maintainers 34,085 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,115 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 102,070 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,825 ... ...
25 to 34 years 15,380 ... ...
35 to 44 years 16,705 ... ...
45 to 54 years 23,010 ... ...
55 to 64 years 20,390 ... ...
65 to 74 years 13,785 ... ...
75 years and over 8,970 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 102,065 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 100,675 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,390 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 102,065 ... ...
Suitable 96,735 ... ...
Not suitable 5,330 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 101,870 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 75,930 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 25,945 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 21,615 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 54,640 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 15.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 911 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 966 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 249,984 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 258,520 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 47,415 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 667 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 697 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 193,500 93,425 100,080
Without income 9,040 3,935 5,105
With income 184,460 89,490 94,970
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 15,225 7,720 7,500
$5,000 to $9,999 15,150 5,870 9,280
$10,000 to $14,999 19,305 7,185 12,120
$15,000 to $19,999 18,790 7,110 11,680
$20,000 to $29,999 28,175 12,480 15,700
$30,000 to $39,999 26,760 13,630 13,130
$40,000 to $49,999 20,000 10,050 9,950
$50,000 to $59,999 13,805 7,660 6,145
$60,000 to $79,999 14,955 9,220 5,735
$80,000 to $99,999 6,375 4,085 2,290
$100,000 and over 5,920 4,480 1,445
$100,000 to $124,999 3,045 2,195 850
$125,000 and over 2,880 2,280 595
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 28,385 33,161 23,951
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,239 40,662 30,129
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 193,505 93,425 100,075
Without after-tax income 9,060 3,960 5,105
With after-tax income 184,440 89,465 94,970
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 15,560 7,780 7,780
$5,000 to $9,999 15,645 5,920 9,725
$10,000 to $14,999 19,445 7,330 12,115
$15,000 to $19,999 21,070 8,200 12,870
$20,000 to $29,999 35,520 16,850 18,670
$30,000 to $39,999 31,910 16,360 15,550
$40,000 to $49,999 19,980 10,740 9,245
$50,000 to $59,999 11,345 6,745 4,600
$60,000 to $79,999 9,360 5,990 3,365
$80,000 to $99,999 2,435 1,825 615
$100,000 and over 2,170 1,740 435
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,769 29,296 22,488
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,473 33,154 26,004
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 85.1 89.3 79.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.2 76.8 68.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.0 73.1 66.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.2 3.7 2.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.7 3.0 2.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.8 8.3 7.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.2 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 14.9 10.7 20.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.0 3.5 4.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.8 2.6 5.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.8 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.2 0.2 4.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.8 2.5 3.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.4 18.5 13.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.6 81.5 86.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 1.5 0.6
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 65,395 35,695 29,700
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,492 46,396 38,898
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,082 55,504 43,564
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 64,360 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,020 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,517 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,226 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,271 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 24,415 ... ...
Median family income ($) 62,121 ... ...
Average family income ($) 71,417 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,661 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,222 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 25,565 ... ...
Median family income ($) 88,026 ... ...
Average family income ($) 101,048 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 75,747 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,259 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 12,200 ... ...
Median family income ($) 45,103 ... ...
Average family income ($) 52,147 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,653 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,548 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 42,995 20,670 22,315
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,507 30,212 23,655
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,155 34,403 30,072
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,187 26,716 22,534
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,230 28,612 25,949
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 227,970 110,835 117,135
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 133,385 62,770 70,615
In bottom decile 25,460 12,100 13,360
In second decile 26,015 11,315 14,705
In third decile 25,850 12,085 13,765
In fourth decile 28,055 13,755 14,300
In fifth decile 28,000 13,510 14,485
In top half of the Canadian distribution 94,590 48,070 46,520
In sixth decile 24,655 12,255 12,400
In seventh decile 22,125 11,265 10,860
In eighth decile 20,220 10,370 9,850
In ninth decile 15,615 7,885 7,730
In top decile 11,975 6,295 5,680
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 102,065 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,850 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,845 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,490 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,885 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 10,645 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 11,765 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 10,065 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,870 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 14,800 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 10,090 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,760 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,130 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,875 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 102,065 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,910 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,855 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,540 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,380 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 13,070 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 13,495 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 12,710 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 10,415 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 15,600 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,660 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,445 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,770 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,670 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 102,065 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 51,336 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 63,686 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 45,322 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 53,259 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 34,415 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 28,009 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 33,894 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,462 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,531 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 67,650 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,530 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 78,842 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 58,889 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,838 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 227,970 110,840 117,130
Less than 18 years 43,140 21,870 21,265
Less than 6 years 14,420 7,280 7,135
18 to 64 years 151,880 74,830 77,055
65 years and over 32,950 14,140 18,810
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 39,885 18,000 21,885
Less than 18 years 8,300 4,110 4,190
Less than 6 years 2,895 1,475 1,420
18 to 64 years 25,240 11,970 13,270
65 years and over 6,350 1,925 4,425
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 17.5 16.2 18.7
Less than 18 years (%) 19.2 18.8 19.7
Less than 6 years (%) 20.1 20.3 19.9
18 to 64 years (%) 16.6 16.0 17.2
65 years and over (%) 19.3 13.6 23.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Longueuil, V, Quebec (Code 2458227) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Longueuil, V, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Longueuil, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Longueuil, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 231,409 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 229,330 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 0.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 106,499 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 102,067 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,002.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 115.59 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 231,410 111,995 119,415
0 to 4 years 12,090 6,160 5,930
5 to 9 years 10,725 5,410 5,315
10 to 14 years 11,680 5,885 5,795
15 to 19 years 14,965 7,520 7,445
15 years 2,710 1,390 1,315
16 years 2,785 1,420 1,370
17 years 2,950 1,500 1,450
18 years 3,175 1,520 1,655
19 years 3,345 1,695 1,650
20 to 24 years 15,785 7,945 7,840
25 to 29 years 15,165 7,625 7,545
30 to 34 years 15,250 7,700 7,545
35 to 39 years 14,350 7,180 7,165
40 to 44 years 14,885 7,360 7,530
45 to 49 years 18,530 9,185 9,345
50 to 54 years 19,970 9,595 10,370
55 to 59 years 17,365 8,395 8,965
60 to 64 years 15,230 6,950 8,280
65 to 69 years 12,200 5,650 6,545
70 to 74 years 8,600 3,865 4,730
75 to 79 years 6,490 2,795 3,700
80 to 84 years 4,495 1,805 2,690
85 years and over 3,635 960 2,675
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.9 40.4 43.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.1 84.4 85.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 196,915 94,540 102,375
Married or living with a common-law partner 104,000 52,045 51,955
Married (and not separated) 65,095 32,550 32,545
Living common law 38,900 19,495 19,415
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 92,920 42,495 50,425
Single (never legally married) 62,210 32,985 29,230
Separated 3,540 1,515 2,020
Divorced 16,250 5,855 10,395
Widowed 10,915 2,140 8,780
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 64,370 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 34,150 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 14,715 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 11,125 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 4,375 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 64,365 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 51,230 ... ...
Married couples 31,780 ... ...
Without children at home 16,005 ... ...
With children at home 15,775 ... ...
1 child 6,680 ... ...
2 children 6,310 ... ...
3 or more children 2,790 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,445 ... ...
Without children at home 9,780 ... ...
With children at home 9,670 ... ...
1 child 4,360 ... ...
2 children 3,965 ... ...
3 or more children 1,345 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 13,145 ... ...
Female parent 10,130 ... ...
1 child 6,365 ... ...
2 children 2,855 ... ...
3 or more children 910 ... ...
Male parent 3,015 ... ...
1 child 2,000 ... ...
2 children 815 ... ...
3 or more children 195 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 64,550 ... ...
Under six years of age 14,235 ... ...
6 to 14 years 19,985 ... ...
15 to 17 years 8,150 ... ...
18 to 24 years 14,775 ... ...
25 years and over 7,400 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 227,970 110,775 117,195
Number of persons not in census families 47,825 22,550 25,270
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,020 2,225 2,800
Living with non-relatives only 8,420 4,980 3,440
Living alone 34,380 15,345 19,035
Number of census family persons 180,150 88,230 91,920
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 32,935 14,435 18,505
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 12,830 3,685 9,150
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,485 360 1,125
Living with non-relatives only 935 450 480
Living alone 10,415 2,865 7,540
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 20,100 10,750 9,350
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 102,065 ... ...
Census-family households 63,445 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 58,945 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 47,855 ... ...
Without children 24,140 ... ...
With children 23,720 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 11,090 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,495 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,600 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,180 ... ...
Without children 945 ... ...
With children 1,235 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,415 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 900 ... ...
Non-census-family households 38,625 ... ...
One-person households 34,380 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,245 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 102,065 ... ...
Single-detached house 34,515 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 4,835 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 380 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 62,340 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,225 ... ...
Row house 3,210 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 5,665 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 47,850 ... ...
Other single-attached house 390 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 102,065 ... ...
1 person 34,380 ... ...
2 persons 34,890 ... ...
3 persons 15,490 ... ...
4 persons 11,655 ... ...
5 persons 3,970 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,680 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 227,970 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 229,550 111,260 118,285
  Single responses  224,065 108,510 115,560
    English  14,155 6,965 7,190
    French  181,800 87,680 94,120
    Non-official languages  28,115 13,860 14,250
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 10
        Atikamekw    5 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 27,685 13,645 14,045
        African languages, n.i.e 30 20 15
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 10
        Albanian  30 10 15
        Amharic  5 5 0
        Arabic  3,980 2,135 1,845
        Armenian  80 40 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 35 30
        Bengali  70 40 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  270 140 130
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  310 155 160
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  375 175 195
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,345 660 685
        Creoles  2,250 1,020 1,230
        Croatian  70 40 30
        Czech  35 15 20
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  70 35 35
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  20 15 10
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  315 160 155
        Greek  610 340 265
        Gujarati  80 40 45
        Hakka  10 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  65 35 35
        Hungarian  165 95 75
        Ilocano  20 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Italian  1,225 650 575
        Japanese  40 10 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  215 95 120
        Korean  130 55 80
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  340 165 175
        Latvian  5 5 10
        Lingala  75 35 40
        Lithuanian  25 10 15
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  10 5 10
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  485 210 275
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 215 120 95
        Norwegian  10 0 5
        Oromo  190 110 80
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  130 65 60
        Pashto  35 20 20
        Persian (Farsi)  1,520 790 730
        Polish  410 185 225
        Portuguese  1,205 590 615
        Romanian  1,605 770 835
        Rundi (Kirundi)  75 45 25
        Russian  730 325 405
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  45 20 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  65 30 35
        Serbo-Croatian  20 5 5
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Slovak  35 10 20
        Slovenian  140 60 75
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  6,540 3,180 3,360
        Swahili  50 30 25
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  225 70 155
        Taiwanese  20 10 10
        Tamil  70 30 35
        Telugu  15 10 5
        Thai  15 0 10
        Tibetan languages  45 25 20
        Tigrigna  5 0 5
        Turkish  110 55 55
        Ukrainian  125 50 70
        Urdu  165 85 80
        Vietnamese  875 420 450
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 420 215 200
  Multiple responses          5,475 2,755 2,725
    English and French  2,460 1,220 1,235
    English and non-official language  390 200 190
    French and non-official language  2,305 1,155 1,150
    English, French and non-official language 330 180 155
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 229,550 111,260 118,285
  English only 6,435 3,150 3,280
  French only 109,935 48,570 61,365
  English and French 111,205 58,785 52,420
  Neither English nor French 1,980 755 1,220
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 229,550 111,265 118,285
  English 19,685 9,760 9,915
  French 200,465 96,785 103,680
  English and French 7,510 4,000 3,515
  Neither English nor French 1,885 715 1,175
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 23,440 11,760 11,675
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 10.2 10.6 9.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 229,545 111,265 118,285
  Single responses 220,780 106,885 113,895
    English 16,530 8,110 8,415
    French 188,520 91,230 97,295
    Non-official languages 15,730 7,545 8,185
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,565 7,460 8,100
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 0
        Albanian 15 5 10
        Amharic 5 0 0
        Arabic 1,685 850 835
        Armenian 40 20 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Bengali 45 25 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 70 35 35
        Bisayan languages 5 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 245 115 125
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 245 120 125
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,135 555 585
        Creoles 780 310 470
        Croatian 25 15 10
        Czech 20 5 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 45 20 25
        Greek 310 165 150
        Gujarati 35 15 15
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 25 10 15
        Hungarian 60 25 35
        Ilocano 5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Italian 310 135 170
        Japanese 20 5 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 105 40 60
        Korean 110 50 65
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 190 100 95
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 5
        Lithuanian 5 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 0 5 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 415 185 230
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 35 25 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 85 40 45
        Pashto 35 20 15
        Persian (Farsi) 1,160 580 580
        Polish 165 70 100
        Portuguese 535 260 280
        Romanian 1,160 565 590
        Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5
        Russian 570 280 295
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 50 20 25
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 70 30 40
        Somali 5 5 0
        Spanish 4,475 2,150 2,320
        Swahili 20 10 15
        Swedish 0 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 35 40
        Taiwanese 15 10 10
        Tamil 45 20 25
        Telugu 5 5 0
        Thai 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 45 25 20
        Tigrigna 5 0 0
        Turkish 55 25 30
        Ukrainian 55 25 30
        Urdu 120 50 65
        Vietnamese 640 310 335
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 170 90 80
  Multiple responses         8,770 4,380 4,390
    English and French 2,590 1,300 1,295
    English and non-official language 715 370 340
    French and non-official language 4,650 2,285 2,360
    English, French and non-official language 810 420 390
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 229,550 111,260 118,285
  None 193,880 93,455 100,425
  Single responses  33,290 16,595 16,690
    English  14,190 7,300 6,890
    French  9,875 4,825 5,045
    Non-official languages  9,225 4,470 4,755
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,955 4,340 4,615
        African languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 0 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,635 850 785
        Armenian  20 5 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  80 35 45
        Bisayan languages  5 5 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  25 20 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  85 45 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  205 95 110
        Creoles  1,730 765 965
        Croatian  25 10 10
        Czech  5 5 0
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  15 5 10
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  130 65 65
        Greek  180 100 75
        Gujarati  35 15 15
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  35 20 15
        Hungarian  45 30 10
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Italian  440 220 220
        Japanese  35 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  85 40 45
        Korean  10 5 10
        Kurdish  5 0 5
        Lao  95 45 50
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  120 55 60
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  75 30 50
        Marathi  0 5 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 130 65 65
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  70 35 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  25 10 10
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  175 90 85
        Polish  105 50 55
        Portuguese  365 180 185
        Romanian  245 125 120
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 15 10
        Russian  130 50 80
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 15 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 5
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  40 15 20
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  1,760 875 885
        Swahili  40 15 30
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  100 30 70
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  20 10 15
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 0 10
        Tibetan languages  5 5 5
        Tigrigna  0 0 5
        Turkish  30 15 15
        Ukrainian  25 10 15
        Urdu  75 40 35
        Vietnamese  215 105 110
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 260 125 130
  Multiple responses          2,380 1,205 1,170
    English and French  990 490 495
    English and non-official language  930 480 450
    French and non-official language  435 220 215
    English, French and non-official language  25 15 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Longueuil, V, Quebec (Code 2458227) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Longueuil, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Longueuil, V, Quebec (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Longueuil, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Longueuil, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec