NHS Profile, Laval, V, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Laval, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laval, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 392,720 191,220 201,505
Canadian citizens 373,600 182,105 191,495
Canadian citizens aged under 18 81,715 41,425 40,290
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 291,885 140,680 151,205
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 19,125 9,120 10,005
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 392,725 191,220 201,505
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 293,990 142,715 151,270
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 96,645 47,515 49,125
Before 1971 15,355 7,845 7,510
1971 to 1980 14,265 7,135 7,125
1981 to 1990 16,970 8,295 8,675
1991 to 2000 21,320 10,570 10,755
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 28,735 13,675 15,060
2001 to 2005 15,460 7,410 8,045
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 13,275 6,265 7,015
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,095 990 1,105
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 96,640 47,520 49,125
Under 5 years 9,420 4,640 4,780
5 to 14 years 16,340 8,165 8,175
15 to 24 years 23,780 10,775 13,000
25 to 44 years 40,855 20,975 19,880
45 years and over 6,250 2,960 3,290
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 392,720 191,220 201,505
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 293,985 142,715 151,270
Born in province of residence 286,765 139,465 147,305
Born outside province of residence 7,220 3,255 3,965
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 96,645 47,520 49,125
Americas 20,965 9,725 11,245
United States 1,350 640 710
Jamaica 255 110 140
Guyana 85 30 55
Haiti 10,155 4,465 5,690
Mexico 955 420 535
Trinidad and Tobago 95 60 40
Colombia 1,445 665 780
El Salvador 1,205 620 580
Peru 1,065 540 525
Chile 735 405 330
Other places of birth in Americas 3,615 1,760 1,855
Europe 28,895 14,435 14,460
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 280 120 165
Italy 5,995 3,245 2,750
Germany 735 305 435
Poland 550 215 335
Portugal 2,910 1,360 1,545
Netherlands 110 55 55
France 3,285 1,765 1,520
Romania 4,275 2,170 2,105
Russian Federation 615 255 365
Greece 6,400 3,210 3,190
Ukraine 320 110 215
Croatia 265 135 130
Hungary 335 130 200
Bosnia and Herzegovina 160 80 80
Serbia 90 55 35
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 2,560 1,230 1,330
Africa 15,240 7,735 7,500
Morocco 5,030 2,505 2,525
Algeria 4,585 2,395 2,190
Egypt 2,240 1,190 1,050
South Africa, Republic of 30 20 0
Nigeria 90 50 45
Ethiopia 55 35 25
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 3,190 1,530 1,655
Asia 31,440 15,570 15,870
India 1,380 725 655
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,535 555 985
Philippines 485 150 335
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 75 55 20
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,140 950 1,195
Pakistan 925 515 405
Sri Lanka 1,395 705 695
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 525 265 255
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 120 60 60
Lebanon 10,955 5,810 5,145
Taiwan 140 95 55
Iraq 560 270 285
Bangladesh 320 180 135
Afghanistan 1,460 735 725
Japan 55 20 40
Turkey 1,380 650 725
Other places of birth in Asia 7,985 3,830 4,155
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 105 55 55
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 105 50 55
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,095 985 1,105
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 13,275 6,265 7,010
Americas 3,715 1,850 1,870
United States 320 200 125
Mexico 300 145 155
Cuba 135 75 60
Haiti 1,665 805 865
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 140 65 80
Colombia 610 255 350
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 150 75 70
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 80 35 45
Other places of birth in Americas 285 165 120
Europe 2,020 995 1,025
France 330 180 155
Germany 35 0 25
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 780 405 375
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 180 85 95
Russian Federation 150 60 90
Ukraine 60 0 45
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 40 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 450 225 220
Africa 3,380 1,600 1,785
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 40 25 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 1,075 505 565
Egypt 245 130 115
Morocco 1,125 525 600
Tunisia 155 85 70
Cameroon 105 65 40
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 130 50 75
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 505 220 285
Asia 4,140 1,810 2,330
Philippines 100 35 65
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 220 75 150
India 290 140 145
Pakistan 195 90 105
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 45 20 30
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 0 25
Sri Lanka 210 110 105
Iraq 185 105 85
Bangladesh 45 0 35
Lebanon 1,395 670 730
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 195 60 135
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 390 170 220
Japan 15 0 0
Turkey 115 40 75
Israel 50 0 55
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 20 0 0
Saudi Arabia 40 0 25
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 285 130 155
Other places of birth in Asia 310 145 165
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 392,720 191,220 201,505
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 99,260 48,750 50,510
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 78,025 39,025 39,005
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 215,435 103,450 111,985
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 392,725 191,225 201,500
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 81,215 39,985 41,225
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 6,650 3,490 3,155
Chinese 3,195 1,370 1,825
Black 24,225 11,695 12,530
Filipino 785 315 475
Latin American 9,855 4,790 5,065
Arab 23,295 11,840 11,455
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 7,780 3,770 4,015
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 3,195 1,665 1,520
Korean 215 115 100
Japanese 95 35 60
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 555 275 280
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,370 630 740
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 311,505 151,235 160,275
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 392,725 191,220 201,500
North American Aboriginal origins 7,455 3,335 4,120
First Nations (North American Indian) 6,670 2,990 3,680
Inuit 120 45 70
Métis 745 330 410
Other North American origins 170,055 81,430 88,625
Acadian 1,140 560 580
American 1,710 765 940
Canadian 160,635 76,885 83,750
New Brunswicker 55 30 25
Newfoundlander 45 15 0
Nova Scotian 65 20 45
Ontarian 85 30 50
Québécois 8,620 4,175 4,440
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 20 10 0
European origins 181,225 89,360 91,865
British Isles origins 25,320 11,870 13,445
Channel Islander 65 35 35
Cornish 0 0 0
English 7,745 3,810 3,935
Irish 14,810 6,620 8,190
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 6,200 2,920 3,285
Welsh 225 115 110
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 620 270 350
French origins 85,785 42,040 43,745
Alsatian 55 35 20
Breton 590 300 290
French 85,275 41,775 43,505
Western European origins (except French origins) 10,840 5,020 5,820
Austrian 695 290 400
Belgian 2,920 1,315 1,605
Dutch 720 340 380
Flemish 90 40 55
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,980 2,825 3,160
Luxembourger 35 35 0
Swiss 855 400 455
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 30 0 25
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 585 295 295
Danish 120 95 30
Finnish 90 20 70
Icelandic 30 20 0
Norwegian 165 60 105
Swedish 195 105 90
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 20 0 15
Eastern European origins 13,635 6,635 7,005
Bulgarian 545 210 340
Byelorussian 75 25 50
Czech 255 115 140
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 150 85 70
Estonian 30 0 0
Hungarian 1,665 785 885
Latvian 65 25 0
Lithuanian 135 65 70
Moldovan 205 95 115
Polish 2,745 1,325 1,420
Romanian 5,525 2,760 2,765
Russian 2,235 995 1,235
Slovak 175 105 70
Ukrainian 1,485 720 765
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 71,155 36,175 34,980
Albanian 340 175 165
Bosnian 95 55 40
Croatian 635 340 290
Cypriot 50 35 20
Greek 19,825 9,995 9,835
Italian 38,675 19,900 18,775
Kosovar 135 55 75
Macedonian 55 35 20
Maltese 30 15 0
Montenegrin 20 0 15
Portuguese 7,955 3,945 4,010
Serbian 190 90 105
Sicilian 70 35 35
Slovenian 225 110 110
Spanish 5,860 2,860 3,000
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 290 155 135
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 3,150 1,495 1,655
Basque 250 135 115
Jewish 2,425 1,155 1,270
Roma (Gypsy) 155 85 70
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 320 115 205
Caribbean origins 20,335 9,615 10,720
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 50 30 15
Barbadian 160 70 85
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 685 315 370
Dominican 700 310 390
Grenadian 45 20 25
Haitian 18,235 8,605 9,635
Jamaican 515 265 255
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 50 30 20
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 15 0 0
St. Lucian 20 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 225 120 105
Vincentian/Grenadinian 100 40 60
West Indian, n.o.s. 185 90 100
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 140 65 75
Latin, Central and South American origins 11,645 5,790 5,855
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 340 165 170
Argentinian 295 155 140
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 165 75 95
Brazilian 300 150 150
Chilean 1,225 685 545
Colombian 1,885 905 980
Costa Rican 95 55 40
Ecuadorian 270 165 100
Guatemalan 955 490 470
Guyanese 165 65 100
Hispanic 35 20 10
Honduran 345 150 195
Maya 180 90 90
Mexican 1,405 660 745
Nicaraguan 150 85 65
Panamanian 150 75 75
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 1,620 765 855
Salvadorean 2,120 1,010 1,115
Uruguayan 120 80 35
Venezuelan 370 190 175
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 340 185 155
African origins 23,835 11,810 12,025
Central and West African origins 2,425 1,235 1,190
Akan 25 0 15
Angolan 40 15 20
Ashanti 25 0 15
Beninese 115 55 60
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 545 305 240
Chadian 15 0 0
Congolese 550 255 295
Gabonese 55 0 40
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 110 65 50
Guinean 250 130 120
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 75 35 40
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 150 70 80
Nigerian 160 80 80
Peulh 65 30 35
Senegalese 205 105 100
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 130 50 80
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 150 105 45
North African origins 17,695 8,695 9,005
Algerian 4,420 2,245 2,175
Berber 2,685 1,320 1,365
Coptic 75 50 25
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 3,150 1,565 1,585
Libyan 90 40 50
Maure 20 20 0
Moroccan 7,030 3,365 3,665
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 1,015 565 455
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 35 15 20
Southern and East African origins 1,050 550 495
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Burundian 200 80 125
Eritrean 30 0 0
Ethiopian 130 75 50
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 80 40 40
Mauritian 145 80 70
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 185 110 80
Seychellois 75 45 30
Somali 20 0 0
South African 85 55 30
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 15 0 15
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 55 25 25
Other African origins 2,845 1,445 1,405
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 255 115 140
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,680 1,375 1,305
Asian origins 56,285 28,090 28,200
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 36,770 18,650 18,120
Afghan 2,035 1,060 975
Arab, n.o.s. 3,895 2,045 1,850
Armenian 9,645 4,715 4,925
Assyrian 110 80 30
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 15 15 0
Iranian 855 395 460
Iraqi 540 225 320
Israeli 130 65 65
Jordanian 140 105 40
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 190 45 145
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 15,555 7,900 7,650
Palestinian 850 390 460
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 15 10 0
Syrian 3,980 2,025 1,955
Tajik 70 45 25
Tatar 45 25 15
Turk 1,975 1,015 960
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 110 50 60
South Asian origins 6,810 3,600 3,210
Bangladeshi 165 75 90
Bengali 235 130 100
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,015 1,660 1,355
Goan 15 0 10
Gujarati 55 20 35
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 1,355 760 595
Punjabi 255 125 130
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 1,705 855 855
Tamil 350 155 195
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 160 95 70
East and Southeast Asian origins 12,885 5,945 6,940
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 2,375 1,165 1,215
Chinese 4,835 2,115 2,725
Filipino 960 395 565
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 30 0 20
Japanese 155 55 100
Korean 275 150 130
Laotian 1,865 870 995
Malaysian 85 45 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 155 100 55
Thai 290 135 160
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 3,545 1,680 1,865
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 75 40 40
Other Asian origins 90 50 45
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 95 50 45
Oceania origins 100 45 60
Australian 60 20 35
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 40 20 25
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 10 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 392,725 191,225 201,505
Buddhist 5,625 2,645 2,985
Christian 316,010 151,770 164,235
Anglican 915 470 445
Baptist 3,095 1,365 1,735
Catholic 256,200 122,430 133,770
Christian Orthodox 31,990 15,930 16,060
Lutheran 425 165 265
Pentecostal 2,685 1,290 1,400
Presbyterian 345 180 165
United Church 480 245 235
Other Christian 19,865 9,700 10,170
Hindu 2,425 1,195 1,235
Jewish 2,915 1,475 1,440
Muslim 25,740 12,820 12,920
Sikh 1,015 550 465
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 490 265 225
No religious affiliation 38,500 20,505 17,995
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 392,725 191,220 201,500
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,330 1,085 1,250
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,265 585 675
Métis single identity 815 415 400
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 60 20 40
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 55 25 25
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 140 30 105
Non-Aboriginal identity 390,390 190,140 200,255
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 392,725 191,220 201,505
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 675 295 375
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 392,050 190,925 201,125
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 392,725 191,225 201,500
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 7,455 3,335 4,120
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 6,670 2,990 3,680
Métis ancestry 745 330 410
Inuit ancestry 120 45 70
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 385,270 187,885 197,385
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 154,875 75,630 79,240
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 154,865 75,625 79,235
Italian 25,180 12,530 12,650
Portuguese 6,245 3,045 3,205
Romanian 5,260 2,645 2,615
Spanish 22,605 10,405 12,200
Dutch 130 70 60
Flemish 50 25 20
German 2,410 1,285 1,125
Yiddish 180 90 90
Danish 25 0 0
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 35 20 20
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 105 55 45
Bulgarian 470 175 295
Croatian 465 235 230
Czech 65 35 30
Macedonian 50 35 15
Polish 840 400 445
Russian 2,750 1,290 1,455
Serbian 195 70 125
Serbo-Croatian 90 55 35
Slovak 55 25 35
Slovenian 95 65 35
Ukrainian 225 85 140
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 17,325 8,755 8,575
Armenian 8,765 4,280 4,485
Albanian 315 150 165
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 35 0 20
Hungarian 820 375 445
Turkish 1,965 960 1,005
Berber languages (Kabyle) 700 325 370
Oromo 1,090 595 495
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 45 35 0
Arabic 34,170 17,235 16,935
Hebrew 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 25 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15
Bengali 435 235 205
Gujarati 375 185 195
Hindi 740 380 360
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,745 950 800
Sindhi 30 15 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 60 70
Urdu 1,330 725 605
Nepali 10 0 0
Kurdish 25 0 15
Pashto 145 80 60
Persian (Farsi) 2,650 1,320 1,325
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 215 95 120
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 1,990 970 1,020
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 135 50 80
Korean 125 55 70
Cantonese 520 205 315
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 640 295 340
Taiwanese 90 60 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,980 935 1,045
Lao 1,805 810 995
Thai 200 75 125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,935 955 980
Vietnamese 3,270 1,490 1,780
Bisayan languages 15 0 10
Ilocano 40 15 25
Malay 90 45 50
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 505 170 335
Akan (Twi) 45 15 30
Lingala 300 135 165
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 40 65
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 120 60 60
Swahili 120 70 55
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 420 235 185
African languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50
Creoles 14,140 6,540 7,605
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,110 600 515
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 388,445 189,135 199,310
Non-movers 348,705 170,065 178,645
Movers 39,740 19,075 20,665
Non-migrants 22,775 10,745 12,030
Migrants 16,970 8,330 8,635
Internal migrants 14,490 7,160 7,325
Intraprovincial migrants 14,205 7,035 7,170
Interprovincial migrants 285 125 160
External migrants 2,480 1,165 1,310
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 369,600 179,455 190,145
Non-movers 240,245 117,005 123,240
Movers 129,355 62,455 66,900
Non-migrants 70,665 33,765 36,895
Migrants 58,685 28,685 30,005
Internal migrants 47,460 23,285 24,170
Intraprovincial migrants 46,340 22,735 23,605
Interprovincial migrants 1,120 550 570
External migrants 11,230 5,400 5,835
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 323,470 156,035 167,430
No certificate, diploma or degree 66,315 32,470 33,845
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 75,795 35,140 40,655
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 181,355 88,435 92,925
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 45,135 26,090 19,045
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 55,280 24,400 30,880
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 19,280 8,200 11,085
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 61,660 29,745 31,910
Bachelor's degree 41,595 18,885 22,710
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 20,065 10,865 9,200
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 215,475 104,245 111,225
No certificate, diploma or degree 27,695 14,285 13,415
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 44,380 20,825 23,555
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 143,395 69,135 74,260
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 34,190 18,930 15,265
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 40,480 18,095 22,385
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 14,940 6,460 8,480
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 53,780 25,645 28,135
Bachelor's degree 36,420 16,640 19,780
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 17,360 9,005 8,355
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 323,470 156,040 167,430
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 142,110 67,605 74,505
Education 11,830 2,600 9,230
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,985 3,150 3,835
Humanities 10,180 3,835 6,345
Social and behavioural sciences and law 16,740 5,375 11,370
Business, management and public administration 48,255 18,550 29,710
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,235 3,610 3,625
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 8,970 6,320 2,650
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 37,565 34,110 3,460
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,725 1,015 710
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 20,900 4,245 16,655
Personal, protective and transportation services 10,915 5,585 5,325
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 50 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 323,470 156,040 167,425
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 142,115 67,605 74,505
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 181,355 88,435 92,925
Location of study inside Canada 158,105 75,985 82,115
Same as province or territory of residence 155,230 74,390 80,835
Another province or territory 2,875 1,595 1,280
Location of study outside Canada 23,250 12,445 10,805
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 225,055 115,365 109,695
Single responses 199,910 102,255 97,655
English 32,140 17,695 14,445
French 166,250 83,745 82,510
Non-official languages 1,515 815 705
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 50 50
Cantonese 15 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 55 35 0
Spanish 240 150 90
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 60 40 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,035 535 495
Multiple responses 25,145 13,105 12,040
English and French 23,060 11,940 11,125
English and non-official language 320 190 130
French and non-official language 505 260 250
English, French and non-official language 1,260 720 535
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 225,060 115,360 109,695
English 32,140 17,695 14,445
French 166,255 83,745 82,510
Non-official language 1,515 815 700
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,515 815 700
English and French 23,060 11,935 11,125
English and non-official language 320 190 125
French and non-official language 510 260 250
English, French and non-official language 1,260 720 535
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 323,470 156,035 167,425
In the labour force 215,155 110,565 104,590
Employed 200,535 102,655 97,880
Unemployed 14,620 7,905 6,710
Not in the labour force 108,315 45,475 62,835
Participation rate 66.5 70.9 62.5
Employment rate 62.0 65.8 58.5
Unemployment rate 6.8 7.1 6.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 215,155 110,565 104,590
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,455 2,710 2,750
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 209,695 107,855 101,840
Employee 187,820 92,750 95,070
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 21,880 15,110 6,770
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 215,155 110,565 104,590
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,455 2,710 2,745
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 209,700 107,855 101,840
0 Management occupations 23,240 14,760 8,475
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 40,885 12,490 28,395
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 17,330 13,580 3,745
3 Health occupations 12,865 2,390 10,475
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 20,370 5,730 14,640
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,550 2,525 3,030
6 Sales and service occupations 54,570 25,650 28,920
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 25,490 24,160 1,335
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 885 785 100
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 8,515 5,785 2,725
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 215,155 110,565 104,590
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,460 2,710 2,745
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 209,700 107,855 101,840
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 645 435 205
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 195 130 60
22 Utilities 1,470 890 580
23 Construction 11,745 9,865 1,880
31-33 Manufacturing 23,115 15,775 7,345
41 Wholesale trade 13,145 7,545 5,595
44-45 Retail trade 29,030 13,860 15,175
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 11,380 8,570 2,810
51 Information and cultural industries 6,055 3,405 2,650
52 Finance and insurance 10,555 3,730 6,825
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,635 2,295 1,340
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 17,285 9,545 7,735
55 Management of companies and enterprises 185 85 105
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 9,230 5,495 3,730
61 Educational services 13,305 3,910 9,395
62 Health care and social assistance 23,545 4,450 19,090
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 3,415 1,785 1,625
72 Accommodation and food services 12,925 6,875 6,055
81 Other services (except public administration) 8,485 4,085 4,400
91 Public administration 10,355 5,115 5,240
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 215,155 110,565 104,590
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,860 5,775 6,080
Worked in 2010 203,290 104,785 98,510
1 to 13 weeks 9,185 4,240 4,950
14 to 26 weeks 14,235 7,295 6,940
27 to 39 weeks 11,845 5,985 5,860
40 to 48 weeks 37,115 18,575 18,540
49 to 52 weeks 130,910 68,695 62,215
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.5 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 215,155 110,565 104,585
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 11,860 5,780 6,080
Worked in 2010 203,295 104,790 98,505
Worked full-time in 2010 164,905 90,640 74,265
Worked part-time in 2010 38,390 14,150 24,240
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 200,535 102,655 97,880
Worked at home 10,615 5,780 4,835
Worked outside Canada 335 260 80
No fixed workplace address 17,110 12,645 4,470
Worked at usual place 172,470 83,975 88,500
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 189,585 96,615 92,965
Car, truck or van - as a driver 145,450 79,540 65,910
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 6,725 2,140 4,585
Public transit 30,540 11,910 18,630
Walked 4,480 1,745 2,740
Bicycle 955 620 335
Other methods 1,435 675 760
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 189,585 96,615 92,965
Median commuting duration 30.0 30.1 25.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 189,585 96,615 92,965
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 51,810 32,685 19,125
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 100,485 45,005 55,480
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 37,285 18,935 18,350
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 154,455 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 146,335 ... ...
Major repairs needed 8,120 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 154,455 ... ...
1960 or before 24,370 ... ...
1961 to 1980 56,165 ... ...
1981 to 1990 29,590 ... ...
1991 to 2000 20,305 ... ...
2001 to 2005 12,170 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 11,860 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 154,455 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 46,705 ... ...
5 rooms 25,610 ... ...
6 rooms 21,970 ... ...
7 rooms 21,095 ... ...
8 or more rooms 39,075 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 154,455 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 18,305 ... ...
2 bedrooms 46,025 ... ...
3 bedrooms 63,615 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 26,515 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 154,455 ... ...
Owner 107,065 ... ...
Renter 47,390 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 154,455 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 19,045 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 135,410 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 154,455 ... ...
1 household maintainer 90,515 ... ...
2 household maintainers 61,530 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,415 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 154,455 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,520 ... ...
25 to 34 years 19,155 ... ...
35 to 44 years 29,725 ... ...
45 to 54 years 38,080 ... ...
55 to 64 years 28,360 ... ...
65 to 74 years 19,690 ... ...
75 years and over 15,935 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 154,455 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 152,305 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,150 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 154,455 ... ...
Suitable 145,440 ... ...
Not suitable 9,015 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 154,195 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 118,115 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 36,075 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 30,570 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 107,015 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 63.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 17.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,036 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,064 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 259,801 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 291,954 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 47,370 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.8 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 36.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 703 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 748 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 323,470 156,040 167,430
Without income 17,130 7,415 9,715
With income 306,340 148,625 157,715
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 26,120 13,365 12,760
$5,000 to $9,999 22,770 8,230 14,535
$10,000 to $14,999 31,330 11,595 19,740
$15,000 to $19,999 29,390 11,655 17,735
$20,000 to $29,999 44,370 20,515 23,860
$30,000 to $39,999 42,515 19,945 22,565
$40,000 to $49,999 33,535 16,530 17,005
$50,000 to $59,999 23,875 13,230 10,640
$60,000 to $79,999 28,405 16,460 11,940
$80,000 to $99,999 11,695 7,865 3,825
$100,000 and over 12,345 9,230 3,115
$100,000 to $124,999 6,095 4,465 1,635
$125,000 and over 6,250 4,765 1,485
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,786 34,479 25,391
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,311 43,175 31,784
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 323,465 156,040 167,425
Without after-tax income 17,165 7,415 9,745
With after-tax income 306,300 148,620 157,680
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 26,795 13,545 13,250
$5,000 to $9,999 23,555 8,320 15,240
$10,000 to $14,999 31,790 11,915 19,880
$15,000 to $19,999 32,640 13,435 19,205
$20,000 to $29,999 55,265 25,640 29,625
$30,000 to $39,999 51,215 25,365 25,850
$40,000 to $49,999 35,825 19,230 16,595
$50,000 to $59,999 21,830 12,190 9,640
$60,000 to $79,999 17,480 11,530 5,950
$80,000 to $99,999 5,520 4,000 1,520
$100,000 and over 4,390 3,455 930
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,957 30,591 23,601
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,978 34,959 27,226
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.1 90.1 81.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.0 76.6 70.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.0 71.6 67.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.0 5.0 2.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.0 4.7 3.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.8 7.4 5.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.4 1.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.9 9.9 19.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.6 3.3 4.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.6 2.6 4.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.6 2.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.4 0.2 5.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.3 2.2 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.0 19.0 14.4
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.0 81.0 85.6
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.9 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 113,225 62,025 51,195
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,905 46,991 39,458
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,620 55,662 44,512
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 111,955 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,020 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,790 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,699 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,018 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 37,545 ... ...
Median family income ($) 65,352 ... ...
Average family income ($) 76,961 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,947 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,116 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 53,910 ... ...
Median family income ($) 92,224 ... ...
Average family income ($) 103,316 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 79,564 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 85,388 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 17,160 ... ...
Median family income ($) 50,599 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,076 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,355 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,355 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 47,810 21,425 26,380
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,120 32,643 25,748
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,830 39,503 32,847
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,193 28,884 24,135
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,821 32,086 27,981
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 392,725 191,225 201,505
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 205,610 96,810 108,800
In bottom decile 30,055 14,370 15,690
In second decile 38,210 16,520 21,695
In third decile 45,970 21,655 24,310
In fourth decile 45,280 21,915 23,370
In fifth decile 46,085 22,345 23,735
In top half of the Canadian distribution 187,115 94,415 92,700
In sixth decile 45,950 22,650 23,300
In seventh decile 45,445 22,930 22,515
In eighth decile 39,740 20,215 19,525
In ninth decile 32,365 16,450 15,910
In top decile 23,615 12,165 11,450
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 154,455 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,460 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,330 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,955 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,295 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 13,130 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 15,425 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 15,040 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,225 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 23,620 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 18,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,105 ... ...
$150,000 and over 12,345 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 154,455 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,610 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,360 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,045 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,860 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 15,535 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 18,605 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 18,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,710 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 26,330 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 17,640 ... ...
$100,000 and over 22,235 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,070 ... ...
$125,000 and over 10,160 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 154,455 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 60,952 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,999 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,382 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 61,432 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 39,810 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,716 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,627 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,568 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,131 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 114,645 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 75,053 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 86,631 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,764 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,955 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 392,725 191,220 201,500
Less than 18 years 85,515 43,430 42,085
Less than 6 years 27,750 14,035 13,720
18 to 64 years 251,555 122,440 129,115
65 years and over 55,650 25,350 30,300
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 50,450 22,675 27,780
Less than 18 years 11,745 6,120 5,625
Less than 6 years 4,245 2,110 2,135
18 to 64 years 30,125 13,880 16,250
65 years and over 8,580 2,670 5,905
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.8 11.9 13.8
Less than 18 years (%) 13.7 14.1 13.4
Less than 6 years (%) 15.3 15.0 15.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 11.3 12.6
65 years and over (%) 15.4 10.5 19.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Laval, V, Quebec (Code 2465005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Laval, V, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Laval, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laval, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 401,553 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 368,709 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 8.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 159,509 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 154,456 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,625.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 247.09 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 401,550 194,885 206,665
0 to 4 years 23,125 11,810 11,320
5 to 9 years 22,450 11,395 11,055
10 to 14 years 23,730 12,100 11,630
15 to 19 years 27,580 13,965 13,615
15 years 5,315 2,735 2,580
16 years 5,455 2,720 2,740
17 years 5,590 2,865 2,720
18 years 5,480 2,750 2,725
19 years 5,735 2,885 2,850
20 to 24 years 24,950 12,530 12,415
25 to 29 years 22,195 11,050 11,150
30 to 34 years 24,565 11,745 12,820
35 to 39 years 26,800 12,930 13,875
40 to 44 years 29,890 14,660 15,230
45 to 49 years 33,350 16,530 16,825
50 to 54 years 32,370 16,090 16,280
55 to 59 years 26,140 12,555 13,590
60 to 64 years 21,820 10,575 11,240
65 to 69 years 18,050 8,385 9,670
70 to 74 years 14,765 6,750 8,020
75 to 79 years 13,000 5,740 7,260
80 to 84 years 9,585 3,830 5,755
85 years and over 7,185 2,265 4,915
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.9 40.0 41.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.7 81.9 83.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 332,245 159,585 172,660
Married or living with a common-law partner 192,180 96,215 95,960
Married (and not separated) 142,455 71,330 71,125
Living common law 49,725 24,885 24,840
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 140,065 63,370 76,695
Single (never legally married) 93,875 49,695 44,180
Separated 5,230 2,145 3,090
Divorced 21,740 7,885 13,850
Widowed 19,220 3,645 15,580
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 112,880 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 51,330 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 25,385 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 25,840 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 10,330 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 112,880 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 93,970 ... ...
Married couples 69,185 ... ...
Without children at home 27,850 ... ...
With children at home 41,335 ... ...
1 child 14,230 ... ...
2 children 18,865 ... ...
3 or more children 8,245 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,785 ... ...
Without children at home 12,075 ... ...
With children at home 12,705 ... ...
1 child 5,525 ... ...
2 children 5,515 ... ...
3 or more children 1,665 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 18,910 ... ...
Female parent 14,800 ... ...
1 child 8,755 ... ...
2 children 4,480 ... ...
3 or more children 1,565 ... ...
Male parent 4,110 ... ...
1 child 2,650 ... ...
2 children 1,150 ... ...
3 or more children 310 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 129,910 ... ...
Under six years of age 27,610 ... ...
6 to 14 years 41,345 ... ...
15 to 17 years 16,020 ... ...
18 to 24 years 29,150 ... ...
25 years and over 15,785 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 392,725 191,280 201,450
Number of persons not in census families 55,965 24,835 31,130
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 8,010 3,085 4,930
Living with non-relatives only 8,020 4,590 3,430
Living alone 39,930 17,160 22,770
Number of census family persons 336,760 166,440 170,320
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 55,820 24,910 30,905
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 18,235 4,795 13,435
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,155 640 2,515
Living with non-relatives only 1,015 490 525
Living alone 14,065 3,670 10,400
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 37,585 20,115 17,470
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 154,455 ... ...
Census-family households 110,425 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 102,040 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 86,545 ... ...
Without children 36,945 ... ...
With children 49,605 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 15,490 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 8,390 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 6,045 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 4,065 ... ...
Without children 1,265 ... ...
With children 2,800 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,980 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 2,350 ... ...
Non-census-family households 44,030 ... ...
One-person households 39,930 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,100 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 154,455 ... ...
Single-detached house 74,510 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 9,470 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 50 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 70,430 ... ...
Semi-detached house 14,690 ... ...
Row house 4,405 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 4,670 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 46,335 ... ...
Other single-attached house 325 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 154,455 ... ...
1 person 39,930 ... ...
2 persons 49,790 ... ...
3 persons 25,405 ... ...
4 persons 25,840 ... ...
5 persons 9,365 ... ...
6 or more persons 4,125 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 392,725 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 397,570 192,955 204,620
  Single responses  382,455 185,415 197,045
    English  27,680 14,235 13,450
    French  241,615 115,405 126,215
    Non-official languages  113,160 55,780 57,385
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 112,605 55,500 57,110
        African languages, n.i.e 65 35 30
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  65 30 35
        Albanian  330 165 165
        Amharic  45 25 20
        Arabic  22,260 11,425 10,840
        Armenian  6,790 3,360 3,440
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 80 35 45
        Bengali  280 140 140
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  510 275 235
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10
        Bosnian  115 60 55
        Bulgarian  430 205 225
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  320 135 185
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,550 725 830
        Creoles  6,280 2,650 3,635
        Croatian  390 205 185
        Czech  85 40 40
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  120 65 55
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  30 10 15
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  975 425 550
        Greek  14,025 6,985 7,045
        Gujarati  355 165 190
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  185 95 95
        Hindi  140 75 60
        Hungarian  700 340 360
        Ilocano  30 10 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 60 35 25
        Italian  16,810 8,565 8,240
        Japanese  60 15 40
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,695 800 900
        Korean  80 25 45
        Kurdish  85 50 35
        Lao  1,080 490 590
        Latvian  10 10 5
        Lingala  85 40 45
        Lithuanian  25 15 10
        Macedonian  30 20 15
        Malay  25 5 15
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  370 165 200
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  20 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 185 95 95
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  670 355 310
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,405 735 670
        Pashto  90 60 30
        Persian (Farsi)  2,465 1,265 1,200
        Polish  810 350 460
        Portuguese  5,065 2,425 2,645
        Romanian  5,235 2,550 2,685
        Rundi (Kirundi)  85 35 50
        Russian  1,690 765 925
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  80 30 45
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 20 15
        Serbian  140 65 70
        Serbo-Croatian  70 40 30
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 20
        Sindhi  5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  45 20 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Slovak  55 30 25
        Slovenian  80 35 45
        Somali  15 10 5
        Spanish  11,450 5,640 5,805
        Swahili  65 35 35
        Swedish  20 15 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  420 130 285
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  1,430 710 720
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  50 10 40
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 10 10
        Turkish  725 370 355
        Ukrainian  160 80 80
        Urdu  980 490 490
        Vietnamese  2,270 1,085 1,185
        Yiddish  75 35 40
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 550 280 265
  Multiple responses          15,110 7,535 7,575
    English and French  3,775 1,865 1,915
    English and non-official language  2,740 1,375 1,365
    French and non-official language  6,550 3,240 3,315
    English, French and non-official language 2,045 1,060 985
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 397,570 192,955 204,620
  English only 19,905 10,195 9,715
  French only 145,655 63,555 82,105
  English and French 224,625 116,400 108,225
  Neither English nor French 7,380 2,800 4,580
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 397,570 192,950 204,620
  English 66,400 33,805 32,595
  French 292,625 139,730 152,895
  English and French 31,350 16,705 14,645
  Neither English nor French 7,185 2,710 4,475
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 82,075 42,160 39,920
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 20.6 21.9 19.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 397,570 192,950 204,615
  Single responses 369,480 179,110 190,370
    English 51,335 26,025 25,310
    French 259,090 124,415 134,675
    Non-official languages 59,055 28,670 30,380
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 58,900 28,595 30,310
        African languages, n.i.e. 25 5 20
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 35 20 15
        Albanian 200 100 105
        Amharic 20 10 10
        Arabic 11,975 5,940 6,035
        Armenian 5,530 2,690 2,835
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10
        Bengali 210 95 110
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 145 75 70
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 85 50 40
        Bulgarian 325 165 160
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 205 85 120
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,145 550 590
        Creoles 2,140 845 1,295
        Croatian 170 85 85
        Czech 30 15 15
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 235 100 135
        Greek 6,750 3,255 3,500
        Gujarati 235 110 125
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 65 30 35
        Hindi 80 40 40
        Hungarian 365 175 190
        Ilocano 10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
        Italian 3,375 1,620 1,755
        Japanese 10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 1,040 485 555
        Korean 45 20 20
        Kurdish 40 25 15
        Lao 690 320 370
        Latvian 10 5 0
        Lingala 15 5 5
        Lithuanian 5 5 5
        Macedonian 15 5 5
        Malay 20 10 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 285 140 150
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 155 75 80
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,070 550 520
        Pashto 65 40 25
        Persian (Farsi) 1,880 960 925
        Polish 365 175 190
        Portuguese 2,115 1,020 1,095
        Romanian 4,020 1,975 2,050
        Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 25
        Russian 1,290 645 650
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Serbian 80 40 40
        Serbo-Croatian 35 20 15
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
        Sindhi 5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 5
        Slovenian 25 10 15
        Somali 10 5 10
        Spanish 7,500 3,685 3,815
        Swahili 15 5 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 50 65
        Taiwanese 5 5 0
        Tamil 1,220 585 630
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 20 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 10 5 10
        Turkish 495 240 255
        Ukrainian 50 25 20
        Urdu 775 375 400
        Vietnamese 1,740 855 890
        Yiddish 5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 150 75 75
  Multiple responses         28,090 13,840 14,245
    English and French 5,380 2,680 2,700
    English and non-official language 5,175 2,590 2,590
    French and non-official language 13,040 6,290 6,750
    English, French and non-official language 4,490 2,280 2,210
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 397,565 192,950 204,620
  None 294,875 142,285 152,590
  Single responses  92,440 45,580 46,860
    English  27,730 13,935 13,800
    French  26,640 13,090 13,550
    Non-official languages  38,065 18,560 19,510
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 37,690 18,380 19,305
        African languages, n.i.e 30 20 10
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  45 20 25
        Albanian  75 40 40
        Amharic  15 10 5
        Arabic  7,960 4,090 3,870
        Armenian  905 460 450
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 25 30
        Bengali  45 30 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  250 130 125
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  20 10 10
        Bulgarian  60 20 35
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  60 25 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  275 120 155
        Creoles  5,490 2,430 3,060
        Croatian  105 50 55
        Czech  20 5 10
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  45 20 20
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  315 130 185
        Greek  5,690 2,865 2,820
        Gujarati  75 40 35
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  155 70 80
        Hindi  75 35 40
        Hungarian  135 60 70
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Italian  6,740 3,335 3,400
        Japanese  25 15 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  435 210 230
        Korean  20 5 10
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  270 120 155
        Latvian  0 0 5
        Lingala  150 70 80
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  55 20 35
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 115 50 65
        Norwegian  0 0 5
        Oromo  270 150 125
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  175 80 90
        Pashto  15 10 5
        Persian (Farsi)  290 150 135
        Polish  140 60 85
        Portuguese  1,605 755 855
        Romanian  665 320 340
        Rundi (Kirundi)  45 20 25
        Russian  305 135 160
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  55 25 30
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Serbian  20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 5
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Sindhi  5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  5 5 0
        Slovenian  25 15 15
        Somali  5 5 5
        Spanish  2,985 1,470 1,515
        Swahili  50 20 30
        Swedish  10 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  170 55 120
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  165 85 85
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  25 10 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 5
        Turkish  165 80 85
        Ukrainian  45 20 25
        Urdu  190 105 80
        Vietnamese  390 180 210
        Yiddish  10 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 375 175 200
  Multiple responses          10,255 5,080 5,175
    English and French  4,110 2,095 2,020
    English and non-official language  2,725 1,320 1,400
    French and non-official language  3,315 1,620 1,700
    English, French and non-official language  100 45 55

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Laval, V, Quebec (Code 2465005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Laval, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Laval, V, Quebec (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Laval, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec