NHS Profile, Montréal, V, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Montréal, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,612,640 786,735 825,905
Canadian citizens 1,397,345 679,050 718,300
Canadian citizens aged under 18 263,205 135,200 128,000
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,134,140 543,845 590,295
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 215,295 107,685 107,610
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,612,640 786,735 825,905
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 1,025,370 498,290 527,080
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 538,280 262,280 276,005
Before 1971 79,795 38,055 41,735
1971 to 1980 55,145 26,705 28,445
1981 to 1990 70,420 34,445 35,975
1991 to 2000 108,555 52,165 56,385
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 224,365 110,910 113,450
2001 to 2005 83,050 40,930 42,120
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 141,315 69,985 71,330
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 48,990 26,165 22,825
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 538,285 262,280 276,000
Under 5 years 45,825 23,050 22,770
5 to 14 years 80,510 40,085 40,420
15 to 24 years 117,935 54,040 63,895
25 to 44 years 254,495 127,800 126,690
45 years and over 39,515 17,305 22,215
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,612,640 786,735 825,910
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 1,025,370 498,290 527,080
Born in province of residence 967,270 470,510 496,755
Born outside province of residence 58,100 27,780 30,325
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 538,280 262,280 276,005
Americas 124,210 56,725 67,480
United States 10,140 5,270 4,870
Jamaica 3,245 1,205 2,040
Guyana 1,625 665 960
Haiti 44,220 19,275 24,945
Mexico 9,355 4,520 4,840
Trinidad and Tobago 2,640 1,080 1,560
Colombia 7,445 3,415 4,030
El Salvador 6,380 3,305 3,080
Peru 6,850 3,045 3,800
Chile 3,990 1,960 2,030
Other places of birth in Americas 28,335 13,005 15,335
Europe 149,970 72,640 77,330
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 4,510 2,325 2,180
Italy 42,845 20,655 22,190
Germany 3,105 1,455 1,650
Poland 6,325 2,700 3,620
Portugal 8,940 4,150 4,790
Netherlands 620 335 285
France 27,940 14,485 13,455
Romania 11,005 5,250 5,760
Russian Federation 5,950 2,650 3,295
Greece 10,785 5,325 5,465
Ukraine 4,135 1,760 2,375
Croatia 680 315 365
Hungary 2,090 975 1,110
Bosnia and Herzegovina 965 500 460
Serbia 640 305 330
Ireland, Republic of 395 180 215
Other places of birth in Europe 19,035 9,260 9,770
Africa 108,215 57,535 50,680
Morocco 28,820 15,120 13,695
Algeria 33,270 17,680 15,585
Egypt 8,755 4,520 4,230
South Africa, Republic of 280 130 155
Nigeria 680 420 265
Ethiopia 560 265 295
Kenya 255 120 145
Other places of birth in Africa 35,590 19,280 16,310
Asia 155,365 75,100 80,260
India 10,045 5,220 4,825
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 24,910 11,110 13,800
Philippines 16,065 6,100 9,970
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 2,450 1,100 1,350
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 18,745 9,020 9,715
Pakistan 6,240 3,415 2,825
Sri Lanka 8,930 4,535 4,395
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 7,110 3,630 3,485
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,015 895 1,120
Lebanon 18,640 10,285 8,350
Taiwan 1,165 500 665
Iraq 1,735 875 860
Bangladesh 6,895 3,560 3,335
Afghanistan 1,280 605 675
Japan 1,065 290 780
Turkey 4,325 2,255 2,070
Other places of birth in Asia 23,745 11,710 12,035
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 530 280 245
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 490 255 230
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 48,990 26,165 22,825
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 141,315 69,985 71,335
Americas 33,485 16,050 17,435
United States 3,310 1,865 1,450
Mexico 5,750 2,845 2,910
Cuba 920 480 440
Haiti 10,195 4,715 5,480
Jamaica 110 50 60
Brazil 2,000 1,005 995
Colombia 3,785 1,800 1,990
Guyana 75 0 55
Peru 1,820 805 1,020
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,145 525 620
Other places of birth in Americas 4,375 1,950 2,425
Europe 23,260 11,780 11,480
France 9,075 4,855 4,215
Germany 335 235 100
Poland 190 70 115
Romania 2,895 1,335 1,555
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 2,965 1,445 1,515
Russian Federation 1,655 670 985
Ukraine 1,175 475 695
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 540 340 195
Other places of birth in Europe 4,440 2,345 2,105
Africa 49,625 25,760 23,865
Nigeria 300 180 120
Ethiopia 125 40 80
Mauritius 950 500 450
Somalia 40 25 0
Algeria 16,290 8,100 8,185
Egypt 1,875 1,070 805
Morocco 13,420 6,800 6,615
Tunisia 2,775 1,735 1,040
Cameroon 2,250 1,160 1,090
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 1,460 680 780
South Africa, Republic of 65 20 45
Other places of birth in Africa 10,090 5,450 4,640
Asia 34,805 16,315 18,490
Philippines 5,545 2,280 3,260
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 7,640 3,330 4,310
India 2,375 1,325 1,055
Pakistan 1,530 760 770
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 2,325 1,160 1,170
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 525 165 360
Sri Lanka 1,595 710 890
Iraq 570 295 270
Bangladesh 1,365 670 695
Lebanon 3,880 2,235 1,650
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 980 335 645
Taiwan 180 70 115
Afghanistan 435 230 205
Japan 450 105 340
Turkey 930 510 420
Israel 310 155 155
Nepal 100 50 50
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 75 40 35
United Arab Emirates 205 115 90
Saudi Arabia 430 250 180
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 915 505 405
Other places of birth in Asia 2,440 1,020 1,420
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 135 70 60
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,612,645 786,735 825,910
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 591,975 290,930 301,045
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 305,580 153,775 151,800
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 715,085 342,025 373,060
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,612,640 786,735 825,905
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 510,665 252,130 258,530
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 53,515 28,005 25,510
Chinese 46,845 22,035 24,810
Black 147,100 69,680 77,420
Filipino 21,750 8,415 13,340
Latin American 67,160 33,025 34,135
Arab 102,625 55,650 46,975
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 39,570 19,860 19,710
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 12,155 6,230 5,925
Korean 3,330 1,540 1,790
Japanese 2,020 670 1,355
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 4,435 2,135 2,300
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 10,150 4,890 5,265
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 1,101,980 534,600 567,375
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,612,640 786,735 825,905
North American Aboriginal origins 36,270 16,010 20,260
First Nations (North American Indian) 32,715 14,490 18,225
Inuit 605 310 300
Métis 3,360 1,455 1,905
Other North American origins 547,640 260,160 287,475
Acadian 5,600 2,560 3,035
American 11,330 5,390 5,940
Canadian 496,285 234,410 261,875
New Brunswicker 350 185 165
Newfoundlander 190 70 120
Nova Scotian 145 75 65
Ontarian 190 65 125
Québécois 43,585 22,180 21,410
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 165 100 65
European origins 751,645 366,805 384,840
British Isles origins 153,295 72,975 80,325
Channel Islander 175 85 80
Cornish 0 0 0
English 55,330 26,910 28,415
Irish 85,475 39,945 45,530
Manx 40 30 0
Scottish 44,880 21,220 23,660
Welsh 3,325 1,545 1,775
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 8,580 3,965 4,620
French origins 352,360 172,065 180,290
Alsatian 350 180 170
Breton 2,060 990 1,070
French 350,895 171,390 179,505
Western European origins (except French origins) 57,360 28,260 29,100
Austrian 3,710 1,685 2,025
Belgian 11,630 5,790 5,835
Dutch 6,620 3,270 3,350
Flemish 520 325 190
Frisian 35 0 0
German 32,935 16,320 16,610
Luxembourger 275 125 155
Swiss 5,500 2,755 2,740
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 390 225 160
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 6,640 3,195 3,450
Danish 1,315 675 635
Finnish 875 330 545
Icelandic 280 160 120
Norwegian 2,070 1,015 1,055
Swedish 2,190 1,020 1,170
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 400 225 180
Eastern European origins 88,360 42,500 45,855
Bulgarian 4,725 2,300 2,425
Byelorussian 1,020 455 570
Czech 2,120 1,045 1,075
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 690 320 370
Estonian 300 150 150
Hungarian 9,425 4,770 4,655
Latvian 795 390 410
Lithuanian 2,065 1,060 1,005
Moldovan 2,650 1,275 1,380
Polish 26,275 12,335 13,945
Romanian 17,735 8,620 9,110
Russian 21,115 9,945 11,165
Slovak 1,380 675 700
Ukrainian 14,070 6,490 7,575
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 510 270 240
Southern European origins 233,675 115,180 118,500
Albanian 2,180 1,165 1,010
Bosnian 505 215 285
Croatian 1,960 975 985
Cypriot 220 95 135
Greek 29,180 14,885 14,295
Italian 147,060 72,230 74,830
Kosovar 200 115 90
Macedonian 370 140 225
Maltese 250 145 110
Montenegrin 265 130 140
Portuguese 24,390 11,790 12,600
Serbian 1,775 875 900
Sicilian 450 250 200
Slovenian 820 355 460
Spanish 34,700 16,985 17,710
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,470 675 795
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 30 15 10
Other European origins 31,595 16,070 15,525
Basque 820 435 390
Jewish 28,350 14,475 13,880
Roma (Gypsy) 125 60 70
Slavic, n.o.s. 310 160 150
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 2,135 1,035 1,105
Caribbean origins 101,295 46,265 55,030
Antiguan 150 80 70
Bahamian 260 165 95
Barbadian 3,365 1,465 1,905
Bermudan 25 15 10
Carib 190 80 115
Cuban 2,900 1,435 1,465
Dominican 5,155 2,425 2,730
Grenadian 1,410 450 955
Haitian 72,480 33,300 39,175
Jamaican 7,330 3,300 4,030
Kittitian/Nevisian 185 70 110
Martinican 515 245 275
Montserratan 265 160 105
Puerto Rican 110 45 65
St. Lucian 520 205 315
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 3,630 1,770 1,865
Vincentian/Grenadinian 2,385 865 1,520
West Indian, n.o.s. 2,290 980 1,305
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 2,530 1,200 1,335
Latin, Central and South American origins 73,655 36,060 37,595
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 2,260 1,135 1,125
Argentinian 2,240 1,180 1,060
Belizean 35 0 20
Bolivian 530 300 230
Brazilian 2,805 1,460 1,350
Chilean 5,855 2,755 3,095
Colombian 9,980 4,660 5,310
Costa Rican 575 370 210
Ecuadorian 1,160 515 645
Guatemalan 5,055 2,490 2,565
Guyanese 1,855 835 1,020
Hispanic 260 160 100
Honduran 2,555 1,300 1,255
Maya 665 350 315
Mexican 15,195 7,720 7,475
Nicaraguan 1,610 790 815
Panamanian 790 460 325
Paraguayan 145 95 50
Peruvian 8,770 3,935 4,835
Salvadorean 10,660 5,300 5,360
Uruguayan 550 215 335
Venezuelan 2,955 1,285 1,665
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 2,440 1,320 1,125
African origins 152,880 79,815 73,060
Central and West African origins 28,430 14,865 13,565
Akan 75 50 20
Angolan 210 135 80
Ashanti 60 25 30
Beninese 1,005 475 530
Burkinabe 580 285 295
Cameroonian 3,550 1,925 1,625
Chadian 505 260 245
Congolese 7,535 3,635 3,900
Gabonese 410 240 175
Gambian 85 50 35
Ghanaian 1,720 995 720
Guinean 2,340 1,200 1,140
Ibo 55 30 25
Ivorian 2,575 1,430 1,140
Liberian 120 80 40
Malian 1,255 515 740
Nigerian 1,010 575 435
Peulh 720 370 345
Senegalese 2,825 1,560 1,270
Sierra Leonean 120 55 65
Togolese 1,005 545 460
Yoruba 220 150 75
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 2,990 1,595 1,395
North African origins 95,335 50,625 44,715
Algerian 30,490 16,040 14,455
Berber 15,525 8,495 7,030
Coptic 230 115 115
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 10,555 5,610 4,945
Libyan 360 235 125
Maure 415 235 175
Moroccan 34,065 17,475 16,585
Sudanese 320 180 140
Tunisian 7,415 4,405 3,010
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 1,120 635 485
Southern and East African origins 10,030 4,970 5,060
Afrikaner 30 20 10
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 510 255 250
Burundian 1,775 900 875
Eritrean 245 135 115
Ethiopian 770 380 390
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 130 75 55
Malagasy 1,115 535 575
Mauritian 1,110 505 605
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 2,060 1,045 1,015
Seychellois 265 115 150
Somali 610 275 330
South African 405 135 270
Tanzanian 70 30 40
Tigrian 50 40 10
Ugandan 50 30 20
Zambian 35 25 0
Zimbabwean 250 145 110
Zulu 45 30 10
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 940 520 420
Other African origins 21,175 10,370 10,800
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 1,590 775 815
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 20,095 9,860 10,240
Asian origins 275,710 137,040 138,665
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 98,375 51,925 46,450
Afghan 2,285 1,170 1,115
Arab, n.o.s. 23,775 13,230 10,545
Armenian 9,615 4,960 4,660
Assyrian 175 105 70
Azerbaijani 375 190 190
Georgian 240 125 110
Iranian 10,585 5,440 5,145
Iraqi 2,295 1,140 1,160
Israeli 1,465 620 845
Jordanian 710 380 330
Kazakh 240 75 165
Kurd 855 430 425
Kuwaiti 130 70 60
Lebanese 32,315 17,025 15,290
Palestinian 2,790 1,555 1,230
Pashtun 65 35 30
Saudi Arabian 570 415 160
Syrian 8,575 4,575 3,995
Tajik 40 25 15
Tatar 275 100 170
Turk 8,715 4,360 4,350
Uighur 100 55 40
Uzbek 220 85 130
Yemeni 85 65 20
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 670 425 245
South Asian origins 58,550 30,630 27,920
Bangladeshi 6,365 3,380 2,985
Bengali 3,075 1,535 1,545
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 26,995 14,075 12,920
Goan 45 15 25
Gujarati 155 85 75
Kashmiri 45 35 0
Nepali 280 120 160
Pakistani 8,565 4,870 3,690
Punjabi 1,155 690 465
Sinhalese 140 60 80
Sri Lankan 12,105 6,125 5,980
Tamil 2,190 1,130 1,060
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,380 715 660
East and Southeast Asian origins 120,305 55,335 64,965
Burmese 95 45 50
Cambodian (Khmer) 8,305 4,070 4,235
Chinese 58,435 27,705 30,730
Filipino 23,295 9,180 14,120
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 535 215 325
Japanese 2,900 1,095 1,800
Korean 3,565 1,590 1,970
Laotian 2,155 1,085 1,065
Malaysian 485 250 235
Mongolian 390 200 185
Singaporean 45 0 30
Taiwanese 800 375 430
Thai 915 445 475
Tibetan 35 10 25
Vietnamese 27,735 13,640 14,090
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 150 50 105
Other Asian origins 665 325 340
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 665 320 340
Oceania origins 915 425 495
Australian 600 310 290
New Zealander 155 70 85
Pacific Islands origins 190 60 130
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 20 0 0
Maori 40 10 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 55 30 20
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 75 0 70
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,612,645 786,740 825,905
Buddhist 32,205 15,175 17,030
Christian 1,061,605 494,940 566,660
Anglican 14,120 6,315 7,805
Baptist 13,335 5,825 7,510
Catholic 852,200 397,215 454,990
Christian Orthodox 59,395 28,815 30,580
Lutheran 2,255 1,140 1,115
Pentecostal 15,665 6,680 8,980
Presbyterian 3,650 1,595 2,055
United Church 6,255 2,665 3,590
Other Christian 94,725 44,695 50,035
Hindu 22,580 11,505 11,080
Jewish 35,785 17,550 18,235
Muslim 154,540 82,235 72,310
Sikh 5,415 3,090 2,330
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 105 35 65
Other religions 4,195 2,110 2,090
No religious affiliation 296,215 160,105 136,110
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,612,645 786,735 825,910
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 9,510 4,480 5,030
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,080 2,340 2,740
Métis single identity 3,250 1,585 1,670
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 360 190 175
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 220 75 150
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 595 300 300
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,603,135 782,260 820,880
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,612,645 786,735 825,910
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,670 1,150 1,520
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,609,970 785,585 824,390
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,612,640 786,735 825,905
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 36,265 16,010 20,255
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 32,715 14,490 18,225
Métis ancestry 3,360 1,455 1,910
Inuit ancestry 605 310 300
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,576,375 770,720 805,650
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 752,475 367,270 385,205
Aboriginal languages 475 210 270
Algonquin 25 20 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 145 75 70
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 55 0 40
Ojibway 15 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 75 15 60
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 135 65 70
Non-Aboriginal languages 752,075 367,110 384,965
Italian 110,095 53,360 56,735
Portuguese 22,260 10,860 11,400
Romanian 15,760 7,540 8,220
Spanish 151,605 71,075 80,525
Dutch 1,775 930 840
Flemish 220 70 155
German 17,080 8,930 8,150
Yiddish 8,210 4,215 3,995
Danish 250 150 105
Norwegian 315 195 120
Swedish 830 335 495
Afrikaans 165 65 95
Gaelic languages 125 80 45
Bosnian 370 180 190
Bulgarian 3,935 1,960 1,980
Croatian 995 485 505
Czech 810 360 450
Macedonian 180 70 100
Polish 9,835 4,340 5,490
Russian 21,655 10,340 11,320
Serbian 1,120 535 580
Serbo-Croatian 760 410 345
Slovak 550 250 305
Slovenian 380 175 210
Ukrainian 4,140 1,775 2,365
Latvian 200 90 110
Lithuanian 450 235 210
Greek 23,970 12,090 11,875
Armenian 7,070 3,600 3,475
Albanian 1,995 1,055 935
Estonian 95 45 50
Finnish 265 95 175
Hungarian 3,590 1,805 1,785
Turkish 6,855 3,455 3,405
Berber languages (Kabyle) 5,225 2,925 2,305
Oromo 6,515 3,510 3,010
Somali 670 305 360
Amharic 650 305 340
Arabic 124,805 67,110 57,700
Hebrew 7,850 4,295 3,555
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 205 120 85
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20
Bengali 10,580 5,455 5,120
Gujarati 5,060 2,480 2,585
Hindi 7,890 4,145 3,745
Konkani 140 90 50
Marathi 130 80 50
Panjabi (Punjabi) 8,720 4,870 3,850
Sindhi 185 70 110
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 675 370 300
Urdu 9,845 5,600 4,240
Nepali 300 120 180
Kurdish 585 320 265
Pashto 835 430 400
Persian (Farsi) 11,230 5,785 5,450
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 430 265 165
Kannada 185 90 100
Malayalam 125 70 55
Tamil 14,200 7,220 6,980
Telugu 355 195 155
Japanese 3,235 1,500 1,735
Korean 3,060 1,370 1,695
Cantonese 8,025 3,700 4,325
Fukien 50 0 30
Hakka 70 35 35
Mandarin 10,950 5,135 5,820
Taiwanese 325 125 205
Chinese, n.o.s. 30,370 14,575 15,795
Lao 1,935 965 965
Thai 785 380 405
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,435 3,520 3,915
Vietnamese 26,210 12,925 13,285
Bisayan languages 720 250 475
Ilocano 1,470 510 955
Malay 885 450 435
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 18,350 6,585 11,765
Akan (Twi) 1,210 640 570
Lingala 4,585 2,230 2,360
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,390 760 630
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 1,455 685 770
Swahili 2,310 1,195 1,115
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 2,375 1,265 1,110
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,570 2,920 2,655
African languages, n.i.e. 1,155 710 445
Creoles 63,830 28,775 35,060
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 11,365 5,985 5,380
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,592,470 776,425 816,050
Non-movers 1,348,055 654,035 694,020
Movers 244,415 122,385 122,025
Non-migrants 170,845 85,490 85,355
Migrants 73,570 36,895 36,665
Internal migrants 37,295 18,585 18,715
Intraprovincial migrants 29,840 14,620 15,215
Interprovincial migrants 7,455 3,960 3,495
External migrants 36,270 18,315 17,955
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,516,935 737,785 779,150
Non-movers 821,010 390,770 430,245
Movers 695,925 347,020 348,905
Non-migrants 438,945 218,115 220,830
Migrants 256,985 128,900 128,085
Internal migrants 111,695 54,715 56,975
Intraprovincial migrants 89,560 43,695 45,865
Interprovincial migrants 22,135 11,020 11,110
External migrants 145,290 74,185 71,105
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,364,810 659,910 704,895
No certificate, diploma or degree 273,365 125,800 147,560
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 283,135 137,440 145,700
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 808,315 396,670 411,640
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 140,785 78,190 62,595
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 206,890 95,750 111,140
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 77,685 34,560 43,125
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 382,950 188,175 194,780
Bachelor's degree 225,400 106,525 118,875
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 157,550 81,645 75,905
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 935,395 464,410 470,985
No certificate, diploma or degree 121,500 60,515 60,980
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 167,430 85,080 82,350
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 646,465 318,805 327,660
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 108,755 59,145 49,615
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 149,125 70,945 78,175
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 59,885 27,300 32,585
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 328,700 161,420 167,280
Bachelor's degree 190,980 91,350 99,625
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 137,720 70,070 67,655
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 1,364,810 659,915 704,900
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 556,495 263,235 293,260
Education 45,675 11,165 34,510
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 57,340 28,030 29,310
Humanities 64,055 26,310 37,745
Social and behavioural sciences and law 106,855 39,870 66,985
Business, management and public administration 179,815 74,910 104,910
Physical and life sciences and technologies 38,205 20,970 17,240
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 43,245 29,840 13,405
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 137,935 119,495 18,445
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 7,795 4,495 3,300
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 90,695 22,070 68,630
Personal, protective and transportation services 36,570 19,495 17,075
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 125 30 90
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 1,364,810 659,910 704,895
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 556,495 263,240 293,260
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 808,315 396,675 411,640
Location of study inside Canada 618,115 297,365 320,750
Same as province or territory of residence 592,305 284,080 308,230
Another province or territory 25,800 13,280 12,525
Location of study outside Canada 190,205 99,310 90,890
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 898,020 463,780 434,240
Single responses 800,785 411,405 389,380
English 213,675 114,210 99,460
French 574,025 290,770 283,250
Non-official languages 13,090 6,420 6,665
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,400 1,245 1,155
Cantonese 615 310 310
Panjabi (Punjabi) 165 100 65
Mandarin 430 220 215
Spanish 2,395 1,150 1,245
Korean 65 40 35
German 135 45 95
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 290 135 155
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 6,570 3,170 3,400
Multiple responses 97,235 52,375 44,860
English and French 87,015 47,035 39,980
English and non-official language 2,670 1,520 1,150
French and non-official language 2,475 1,150 1,325
English, French and non-official language 5,070 2,665 2,405
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 898,020 463,780 434,240
English 213,675 114,210 99,460
French 574,025 290,770 283,255
Non-official language 13,090 6,425 6,670
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 13,080 6,415 6,665
English and French 87,020 47,035 39,980
English and non-official language 2,670 1,520 1,155
French and non-official language 2,475 1,155 1,320
English, French and non-official language 5,070 2,670 2,405
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 1,364,810 659,910 704,900
In the labour force 862,810 448,780 414,025
Employed 776,535 401,855 374,685
Unemployed 86,270 46,925 39,345
Not in the labour force 502,000 211,130 290,870
Participation rate 63.2 68.0 58.7
Employment rate 56.9 60.9 53.2
Unemployment rate 10.0 10.5 9.5
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 862,810 448,780 414,030
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 37,250 19,800 17,450
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 825,560 428,980 396,575
Employee 741,545 375,895 365,650
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 84,015 53,085 30,930
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 862,810 448,775 414,030
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 37,250 19,795 17,455
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 825,560 428,980 396,580
0 Management occupations 79,555 48,845 30,710
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 148,485 53,660 94,825
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 70,655 54,740 15,920
3 Health occupations 53,750 13,805 39,945
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 106,520 35,440 71,075
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 45,220 22,925 22,290
6 Sales and service occupations 210,115 106,845 103,275
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 71,925 67,220 4,705
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,820 3,165 650
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 35,515 22,340 13,175
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 862,805 448,780 414,030
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 37,245 19,800 17,455
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 825,560 428,980 396,580
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,980 1,330 650
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 660 460 200
22 Utilities 4,930 2,950 1,980
23 Construction 26,745 23,420 3,330
31-33 Manufacturing 78,250 52,545 25,700
41 Wholesale trade 39,195 24,260 14,935
44-45 Retail trade 90,690 43,990 46,700
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 35,295 26,725 8,570
51 Information and cultural industries 36,970 21,450 15,525
52 Finance and insurance 39,275 16,790 22,485
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 15,510 9,145 6,355
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 83,590 48,735 34,850
55 Management of companies and enterprises 930 495 435
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 42,325 24,825 17,505
61 Educational services 71,050 27,625 43,420
62 Health care and social assistance 101,065 24,315 76,750
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 21,195 11,335 9,860
72 Accommodation and food services 58,640 32,845 25,800
81 Other services (except public administration) 38,095 16,570 21,525
91 Public administration 39,175 19,175 20,000
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 862,805 448,780 414,025
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 69,530 35,955 33,575
Worked in 2010 793,275 412,825 380,455
1 to 13 weeks 43,915 21,450 22,465
14 to 26 weeks 66,360 33,500 32,860
27 to 39 weeks 55,235 28,635 26,605
40 to 48 weeks 154,975 79,070 75,900
49 to 52 weeks 472,785 250,170 222,620
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.0 44.2 43.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 862,805 448,780 414,030
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 69,530 35,955 33,575
Worked in 2010 793,275 412,825 380,455
Worked full-time in 2010 637,485 349,020 288,470
Worked part-time in 2010 155,790 63,800 91,985
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 776,540 401,850 374,690
Worked at home 45,940 24,685 21,255
Worked outside Canada 3,140 1,960 1,185
No fixed workplace address 62,735 44,300 18,435
Worked at usual place 664,715 330,905 333,810
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 727,455 375,205 352,250
Car, truck or van - as a driver 350,780 210,375 140,400
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 21,260 6,935 14,325
Public transit 263,875 112,225 151,650
Walked 61,870 27,805 34,070
Bicycle 22,935 14,120 8,815
Other methods 6,740 3,750 2,985
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 727,455 375,205 352,250
Median commuting duration 30.1 30.0 30.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 727,455 375,210 352,245
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 143,530 88,760 54,775
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 426,395 199,515 226,885
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 157,525 86,935 70,595
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 759,945 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 693,530 ... ...
Major repairs needed 66,410 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 759,950 ... ...
1960 or before 325,285 ... ...
1961 to 1980 248,955 ... ...
1981 to 1990 87,705 ... ...
1991 to 2000 41,200 ... ...
2001 to 2005 26,405 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 30,395 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 759,950 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 419,720 ... ...
5 rooms 158,640 ... ...
6 rooms 69,380 ... ...
7 rooms 46,525 ... ...
8 or more rooms 65,685 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 759,945 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 251,335 ... ...
2 bedrooms 266,345 ... ...
3 bedrooms 189,615 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 52,655 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 759,945 ... ...
Owner 272,180 ... ...
Renter 487,770 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 759,950 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 119,220 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 640,725 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 759,945 ... ...
1 household maintainer 522,315 ... ...
2 household maintainers 220,775 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 16,860 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 759,950 ... ...
Under 25 years 39,780 ... ...
25 to 34 years 146,410 ... ...
35 to 44 years 142,525 ... ...
45 to 54 years 147,325 ... ...
55 to 64 years 124,980 ... ...
65 to 74 years 82,005 ... ...
75 years and over 76,925 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 759,945 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 735,720 ... ...
More than one person per room 24,230 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 759,945 ... ...
Suitable 686,555 ... ...
Not suitable 73,395 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 756,550 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 496,595 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 259,960 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 208,090 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 272,180 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 23.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,041 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,161 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 338,139 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 373,475 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 487,770 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 684 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 732 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 1,364,810 659,910 704,895
Without income 69,385 30,825 38,565
With income 1,295,420 629,090 666,330
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 137,360 74,370 62,990
$5,000 to $9,999 122,365 52,925 69,440
$10,000 to $14,999 155,165 64,380 90,785
$15,000 to $19,999 146,555 61,310 85,240
$20,000 to $29,999 200,690 92,930 107,760
$30,000 to $39,999 164,405 80,775 83,630
$40,000 to $49,999 115,705 56,375 59,330
$50,000 to $59,999 77,840 40,955 36,885
$60,000 to $79,999 88,495 48,755 39,745
$80,000 to $99,999 38,325 23,250 15,075
$100,000 and over 48,515 33,065 15,445
$100,000 to $124,999 21,735 14,165 7,570
$125,000 and over 26,780 18,900 7,875
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 23,757 26,300 21,794
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,859 38,029 29,923
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 1,364,810 659,910 704,900
Without after-tax income 69,255 30,860 38,395
With after-tax income 1,295,555 629,050 666,505
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 140,060 75,050 65,015
$5,000 to $9,999 123,850 53,170 70,680
$10,000 to $14,999 157,850 65,850 92,000
$15,000 to $19,999 160,395 68,780 91,615
$20,000 to $29,999 244,060 116,035 128,020
$30,000 to $39,999 188,445 92,320 96,130
$40,000 to $49,999 116,520 59,820 56,700
$50,000 to $59,999 67,300 36,455 30,845
$60,000 to $79,999 57,060 33,935 23,125
$80,000 to $99,999 19,225 12,720 6,500
$100,000 and over 20,785 14,920 5,870
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,369 24,322 20,869
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,286 31,044 25,684
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.2 88.6 78.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.7 75.6 67.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 66.0 69.0 62.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.7 6.7 4.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.4 4.7 4.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.1 6.1 6.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.0 2.1 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.8 11.4 21.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.6 3.1 4.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.0 2.8 5.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.8 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.5 0.2 5.2
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.6 3.5 3.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.4 18.4 14.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.6 81.6 85.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 2.1 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 406,885 222,120 184,765
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 40,253 42,393 38,392
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 49,904 54,196 44,744
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 415,280 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,270 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,368 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 51,940 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 62,843 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 146,825 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,501 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,970 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 50,786 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,759 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 167,895 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,222 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,984 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,372 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 74,913 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 82,290 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,004 ... ...
Average family income ($) 48,665 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 37,184 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 43,051 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 402,615 197,805 204,810
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 22,541 22,995 22,219
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,204 32,070 30,369
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,487 21,621 21,383
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,202 26,572 25,845
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,612,640 786,735 825,910
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 1,079,780 517,915 561,865
In bottom decile 290,325 145,235 145,090
In second decile 240,915 107,505 133,410
In third decile 213,355 102,840 110,510
In fourth decile 180,730 86,870 93,860
In fifth decile 154,460 75,465 79,000
In top half of the Canadian distribution 532,865 268,820 264,040
In sixth decile 134,900 66,595 68,310
In seventh decile 116,760 58,315 58,445
In eighth decile 103,615 52,220 51,395
In ninth decile 89,140 45,725 43,410
In top decile 88,450 45,965 42,480
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 759,945 ... ...
Under $5,000 36,390 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 31,100 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 48,225 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 59,755 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 93,770 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 92,125 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 81,160 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 64,440 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 90,510 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 56,430 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 42,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,080 ... ...
$150,000 and over 39,885 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 759,945 ... ...
Under $5,000 36,985 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 31,150 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 48,960 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 63,740 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 110,335 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 107,735 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 92,490 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 67,835 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 87,965 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 48,365 ... ...
$100,000 and over 64,395 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 31,285 ... ...
$125,000 and over 33,105 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 759,945 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 42,052 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 57,717 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,177 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 48,223 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 307,645 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 25,296 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,114 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,479 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,417 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 452,305 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 56,265 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 73,771 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 51,163 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 61,694 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,612,640 786,735 825,905
Less than 18 years 296,660 152,045 144,620
Less than 6 years 112,365 57,470 54,900
18 to 64 years 1,091,970 541,410 550,555
65 years and over 224,010 93,280 130,730
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 425,380 202,470 222,905
Less than 18 years 88,505 44,795 43,715
Less than 6 years 34,915 17,680 17,240
18 to 64 years 284,900 140,695 144,205
65 years and over 51,975 16,985 34,985
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 26.4 25.7 27.0
Less than 18 years (%) 29.8 29.5 30.2
Less than 6 years (%) 31.1 30.8 31.4
18 to 64 years (%) 26.1 26.0 26.2
65 years and over (%) 23.2 18.2 26.8

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Montréal, V, Quebec (Code 2466023) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Montréal, V, Quebec

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Census data, Montréal, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,649,519 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 1,620,693 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 813,819 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 759,946 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,517.6 ... ...
Land area (square km) 365.13 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,649,520 799,880 849,635
0 to 4 years 95,345 48,560 46,790
5 to 9 years 77,280 39,080 38,205
10 to 14 years 75,350 38,390 36,960
15 to 19 years 87,070 43,620 43,450
15 years 16,275 8,300 7,970
16 years 16,460 8,345 8,115
17 years 16,565 8,440 8,130
18 years 17,985 8,925 9,065
19 years 19,785 9,615 10,165
20 to 24 years 119,725 58,330 61,395
25 to 29 years 139,605 68,300 71,305
30 to 34 years 140,290 70,065 70,220
35 to 39 years 121,790 62,290 59,495
40 to 44 years 115,805 60,020 55,785
45 to 49 years 118,695 61,170 57,525
50 to 54 years 116,465 57,860 58,600
55 to 59 years 102,585 49,520 53,065
60 to 64 years 88,990 41,960 47,030
65 to 69 years 67,930 30,720 37,215
70 to 74 years 56,235 24,230 32,000
75 to 79 years 49,905 20,645 29,265
80 to 84 years 40,380 14,930 25,450
85 years and over 36,085 10,190 25,890
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.6 37.6 39.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.0 84.2 85.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 1,401,545 673,855 727,685
Married or living with a common-law partner 664,755 334,955 329,795
Married (and not separated) 471,770 236,510 235,260
Living common law 192,985 98,450 94,535
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 736,790 338,900 397,890
Single (never legally married) 511,190 269,060 242,130
Separated 30,890 12,860 18,035
Divorced 112,565 42,215 70,350
Widowed 82,150 14,770 67,380
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 410,035 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 211,320 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 94,335 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 72,590 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 31,785 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 410,035 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 321,420 ... ...
Married couples 225,035 ... ...
Without children at home 95,220 ... ...
With children at home 129,815 ... ...
1 child 52,210 ... ...
2 children 52,440 ... ...
3 or more children 25,165 ... ...
Common-law couples 96,385 ... ...
Without children at home 59,370 ... ...
With children at home 37,015 ... ...
1 child 18,835 ... ...
2 children 13,810 ... ...
3 or more children 4,375 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 88,615 ... ...
Female parent 72,655 ... ...
1 child 45,465 ... ...
2 children 19,580 ... ...
3 or more children 7,615 ... ...
Male parent 15,960 ... ...
1 child 11,260 ... ...
2 children 3,720 ... ...
3 or more children 980 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 436,225 ... ...
Under six years of age 111,345 ... ...
6 to 14 years 134,760 ... ...
15 to 17 years 47,560 ... ...
18 to 24 years 84,505 ... ...
25 years and over 58,055 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,612,640 785,545 827,095
Number of persons not in census families 444,960 216,290 228,670
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 43,160 18,950 24,210
Living with non-relatives only 92,580 52,885 39,690
Living alone 309,220 144,450 164,770
Number of census family persons 1,167,680 569,255 598,425
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 224,510 93,570 130,940
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 99,870 28,305 71,565
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 10,675 2,400 8,280
Living with non-relatives only 5,690 2,790 2,900
Living alone 83,505 23,115 60,385
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 124,640 65,265 59,370
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 759,945 ... ...
Census-family households 402,750 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 372,505 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 297,730 ... ...
Without children 143,540 ... ...
With children 154,185 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 74,775 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 30,250 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 23,225 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 14,505 ... ...
Without children 6,170 ... ...
With children 8,335 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 8,720 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 7,025 ... ...
Non-census-family households 357,190 ... ...
One-person households 309,220 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 47,970 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 759,945 ... ...
Single-detached house 56,815 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 97,650 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 445 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 605,040 ... ...
Semi-detached house 25,070 ... ...
Row house 24,795 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 109,155 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 442,540 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,485 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 759,945 ... ...
1 person 309,220 ... ...
2 persons 230,245 ... ...
3 persons 102,630 ... ...
4 persons 76,260 ... ...
5 persons 27,910 ... ...
6 or more persons 13,685 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,612,640 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,627,945 791,055 836,890
  Single responses  1,561,740 758,100 803,645
    English  206,210 102,495 103,710
    French  818,970 393,470 425,500
    Non-official languages  536,560 262,135 274,430
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 350 115 230
        Atikamekw    20 5 15
        Cree, n.o.s.  135 60 80
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  45 15 35
        Inuktitut  125 30 95
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 10
        Ojibway  5 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 530,755 259,215 271,540
        African languages, n.i.e 540 310 230
        Afrikaans  40 20 15
        Akan (Twi)  885 430 460
        Albanian  1,475 765 705
        Amharic  495 245 255
        Arabic  83,780 45,070 38,715
        Armenian  6,045 2,895 3,145
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 980 520 460
        Bengali  9,105 4,620 4,480
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  4,120 2,245 1,870
        Bisayan languages  660 205 460
        Bosnian  225 105 120
        Bulgarian  3,900 1,885 2,015
        Burmese  45 20 25
        Cantonese  6,455 3,065 3,385
        Chinese, n.o.s.  27,225 12,855 14,370
        Creoles  33,725 14,965 18,760
        Croatian  925 455 465
        Czech  700 340 360
        Danish  115 65 50
        Dutch  855 455 400
        Estonian  85 30 55
        Finnish  175 65 115
        Flemish  135 45 95
        Fukien  55 25 30
        German  4,435 2,000 2,435
        Greek  18,025 8,910 9,110
        Gujarati  4,325 2,140 2,190
        Hakka  45 15 30
        Hebrew  1,800 955 850
        Hindi  1,520 825 695
        Hungarian  2,940 1,390 1,550
        Ilocano  1,400 510 890
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 290 185 110
        Italian  76,540 36,770 39,770
        Japanese  1,280 395 885
        Khmer (Cambodian)  4,925 2,320 2,605
        Korean  2,425 1,055 1,370
        Kurdish  475 250 225
        Lao  1,520 770 755
        Latvian  145 50 90
        Lingala  1,455 685 770
        Lithuanian  325 135 190
        Macedonian  105 55 55
        Malay  380 170 210
        Malayalam  140 80 65
        Maltese  10 10 10
        Mandarin  6,955 3,205 3,745
        Marathi  90 60 35
        Nepali  165 75 85
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 2,995 1,590 1,405
        Norwegian  110 55 50
        Oromo  4,945 2,700 2,240
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  7,010 3,845 3,170
        Pashto  740 400 340
        Persian (Farsi)  8,780 4,640 4,135
        Polish  7,960 3,430 4,530
        Portuguese  16,910 8,110 8,800
        Romanian  14,690 7,040 7,645
        Rundi (Kirundi)  965 470 495
        Russian  13,445 5,920 7,525
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  985 440 540
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 75 35 40
        Serbian  1,150 570 580
        Serbo-Croatian  465 225 240
        Shanghainese  50 20 30
        Sign languages, n.i.e 130 70 55
        Sindhi  175 85 90
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  390 205 185
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 45 30 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 165 85 80
        Slovak  515 210 305
        Slovenian  365 165 205
        Somali  580 300 285
        Spanish  73,160 36,040 37,120
        Swahili  740 365 375
        Swedish  210 105 110
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  9,730 3,385 6,345
        Taiwanese  205 90 115
        Tamil  10,105 5,065 5,040
        Telugu  260 150 115
        Thai  355 105 250
        Tibetan languages  35 20 15
        Tigrigna  245 115 135
        Turkish  4,735 2,445 2,295
        Ukrainian  2,925 1,220 1,705
        Urdu  6,510 3,425 3,090
        Vietnamese  17,850 8,505 9,345
        Yiddish  5,600 2,850 2,750
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 5,455 2,800 2,650
  Multiple responses          66,210 32,960 33,255
    English and French  17,430 8,715 8,715
    English and non-official language  13,155 6,390 6,765
    French and non-official language  29,085 14,415 14,665
    English, French and non-official language 6,535 3,430 3,105
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,627,950 791,055 836,895
  English only 167,775 83,580 84,190
  French only 506,670 222,725 283,945
  English and French 908,090 467,060 441,030
  Neither English nor French 45,420 17,690 27,730
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,627,945 791,055 836,895
  English 388,525 193,680 194,845
  French 1,062,075 509,775 552,300
  English and French 133,460 70,630 62,830
  Neither English nor French 43,890 16,970 26,915
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 455,250 228,995 226,255
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 28.0 28.9 27.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,627,950 791,055 836,890
  Single responses 1,504,985 730,070 774,915
    English 298,955 147,925 151,030
    French 886,075 428,505 457,575
    Non-official languages 319,960 153,640 166,315
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 135 45 85
        Atikamekw   10 5 10
        Cree, n.o.s. 60 25 35
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 25 10 15
        Inuktitut 40 10 30
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 317,780 152,585 165,190
        African languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65
        Afrikaans 5 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 465 215 255
        Albanian 925 470 455
        Amharic 275 125 150
        Arabic 45,955 23,835 22,115
        Armenian 4,275 1,960 2,320
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 190 90 100
        Bengali 7,415 3,695 3,725
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 1,465 775 690
        Bisayan languages 185 70 115
        Bosnian 145 75 70
        Bulgarian 3,000 1,470 1,530
        Burmese 30 15 15
        Cantonese 4,895 2,330 2,565
        Chinese, n.o.s. 22,585 10,765 11,820
        Creoles 14,340 6,185 8,145
        Croatian 420 195 225
        Czech 210 100 110
        Danish 25 15 10
        Dutch 135 60 70
        Estonian 15 10 10
        Finnish 30 10 15
        Flemish 25 5 10
        Fukien 10 5 5
        German 785 360 425
        Greek 10,495 5,005 5,490
        Gujarati 3,060 1,495 1,560
        Hakka 15 5 10
        Hebrew 865 440 425
        Hindi 850 440 410
        Hungarian 1,170 515 655
        Ilocano 510 195 315
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60
        Italian 32,830 14,730 18,100
        Japanese 510 225 285
        Khmer (Cambodian) 3,260 1,510 1,750
        Korean 1,715 775 935
        Kurdish 220 105 110
        Lao 915 450 465
        Latvian 55 20 40
        Lingala 410 195 215
        Lithuanian 105 45 60
        Macedonian 75 35 35
        Malay 170 90 80
        Malayalam 30 20 15
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 5,860 2,805 3,055
        Marathi 40 25 20
        Nepali 115 60 60
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 710 340 375
        Norwegian 25 15 10
        Oromo 1,595 845 750
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,385 2,910 2,475
        Pashto 595 315 285
        Persian (Farsi) 6,220 3,065 3,155
        Polish 3,985 1,755 2,230
        Portuguese 9,145 4,315 4,830
        Romanian 10,830 5,270 5,560
        Rundi (Kirundi) 295 135 160
        Russian 10,390 4,810 5,585
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 225 110 115
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Serbian 700 335 365
        Serbo-Croatian 220 105 115
        Shanghainese 20 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 240 150 95
        Sindhi 95 45 50
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 115 110
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50
        Slovak 100 45 50
        Slovenian 160 65 90
        Somali 365 180 190
        Spanish 50,475 24,450 26,025
        Swahili 215 100 115
        Swedish 40 25 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,875 2,205 3,665
        Taiwanese 105 55 50
        Tamil 8,760 4,350 4,420
        Telugu 175 90 80
        Thai 120 55 60
        Tibetan languages 25 10 10
        Tigrigna 130 60 70
        Turkish 3,570 1,785 1,780
        Ukrainian 1,395 585 810
        Urdu 4,940 2,525 2,410
        Vietnamese 14,750 6,970 7,780
        Yiddish 4,200 2,165 2,035
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,040 1,010 1,035
  Multiple responses         122,960 60,985 61,975
    English and French 22,835 11,720 11,115
    English and non-official language 26,025 12,645 13,380
    French and non-official language 58,005 28,145 29,860
    English, French and non-official language 16,095 8,470 7,625
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,627,945 791,055 836,890
  None 1,174,155 565,700 608,450
  Single responses  413,685 205,025 208,655
    English  127,635 64,550 63,085
    French  129,415 63,710 65,700
    Non-official languages  156,640 76,765 79,875
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 140 55 90
        Atikamekw    5 0 5
        Cree, n.o.s.  65 30 35
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  15 5 5
        Inuktitut  45 10 35
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 5
        Ojibway  0 5 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 153,595 75,215 78,390
        African languages, n.i.e 370 195 170
        Afrikaans  20 15 5
        Akan (Twi)  330 165 165
        Albanian  220 105 110
        Amharic  140 70 75
        Arabic  28,545 15,445 13,095
        Armenian  1,065 525 545
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 575 290 285
        Bengali  890 505 390
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  1,350 715 635
        Bisayan languages  180 60 125
        Bosnian  45 10 30
        Bulgarian  460 210 250
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  1,125 565 560
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,450 1,605 1,845
        Creoles  21,525 9,685 11,840
        Croatian  220 95 125
        Czech  190 90 95
        Danish  40 25 20
        Dutch  290 145 145
        Estonian  25 10 15
        Finnish  60 30 30
        Flemish  35 10 25
        Fukien  20 10 15
        German  1,990 955 1,030
        Greek  5,355 2,670 2,690
        Gujarati  710 360 350
        Hakka  15 5 10
        Hebrew  1,270 635 640
        Hindi  1,185 655 530
        Hungarian  675 295 380
        Ilocano  410 150 265
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 130 80 55
        Italian  24,255 11,840 12,415
        Japanese  610 240 365
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,225 560 665
        Korean  420 190 230
        Kurdish  155 80 75
        Lao  365 195 170
        Latvian  35 15 20
        Lingala  1,810 875 935
        Lithuanian  90 25 60
        Macedonian  25 10 15
        Malay  125 60 65
        Malayalam  60 30 30
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  1,105 485 625
        Marathi  25 15 10
        Nepali  20 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 1,725 855 870
        Norwegian  55 35 20
        Oromo  1,645 855 785
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,045 590 455
        Pashto  50 30 20
        Persian (Farsi)  1,445 815 625
        Polish  1,765 720 1,050
        Portuguese  4,375 2,125 2,250
        Romanian  2,110 950 1,160
        Rundi (Kirundi)  490 240 250
        Russian  2,690 1,250 1,440
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  415 175 240
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Serbian  240 120 115
        Serbo-Croatian  85 40 45
        Shanghainese  25 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 95 45 55
        Sindhi  50 20 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  95 55 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 45 25 25
        Slovak  170 70 100
        Slovenian  90 35 55
        Somali  175 90 80
        Spanish  19,355 9,595 9,760
        Swahili  510 230 285
        Swedish  150 75 75
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  3,295 1,050 2,245
        Taiwanese  65 35 30
        Tamil  1,040 540 500
        Telugu  40 25 15
        Thai  150 45 100
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  60 30 30
        Turkish  735 405 335
        Ukrainian  725 295 425
        Urdu  1,315 735 585
        Vietnamese  2,810 1,405 1,405
        Yiddish  1,175 565 610
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,900 1,495 1,405
  Multiple responses          40,110 20,330 19,780
    English and French  16,790 8,700 8,095
    English and non-official language  11,390 5,750 5,645
    French and non-official language  11,360 5,585 5,775
    English, French and non-official language  565 295 270

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Montréal, V, Quebec (Code 2466023) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Montréal, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Montréal, V, Quebec (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Montréal, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Montréal, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec