NHS Profile, Westmount, V, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Westmount, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Westmount, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 19,350 8,995 10,360
Canadian citizens 17,155 7,965 9,190
Canadian citizens aged under 18 3,215 1,625 1,590
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 13,945 6,340 7,600
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,195 1,025 1,165
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 19,350 8,995 10,355
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 12,995 6,090 6,910
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 5,760 2,600 3,160
Before 1971 1,520 635 880
1971 to 1980 785 320 465
1981 to 1990 640 315 325
1991 to 2000 870 385 490
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,940 950 995
2001 to 2005 760 385 370
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,185 565 620
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 595 305 290
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 5,760 2,600 3,160
Under 5 years 625 245 375
5 to 14 years 1,090 665 425
15 to 24 years 1,275 430 850
25 to 44 years 2,210 985 1,230
45 years and over 560 280 280
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 19,350 8,995 10,355
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 12,995 6,085 6,910
Born in province of residence 10,865 5,085 5,785
Born outside province of residence 2,130 1,005 1,125
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 5,760 2,600 3,160
Americas 1,240 560 685
United States 725 375 345
Jamaica 35 0 30
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 40 0 35
Mexico 35 0 25
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 0
Colombia 70 30 40
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 15 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 290 115 180
Europe 2,300 1,000 1,300
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 550 255 300
Italy 110 60 55
Germany 100 35 70
Poland 105 35 65
Portugal 0 0 0
Netherlands 40 15 25
France 385 180 210
Romania 95 45 55
Russian Federation 175 85 90
Greece 25 20 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 40 0 0
Hungary 75 40 35
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 55 30 20
Ireland, Republic of 35 30 0
Other places of birth in Europe 490 165 325
Africa 410 225 185
Morocco 165 80 85
Algeria 70 40 30
Egypt 80 55 25
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 70 40 35
Asia 1,780 820 965
India 95 55 45
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 270 110 165
Philippines 85 20 65
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 65 20 40
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 135 70 65
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 175 85 95
Lebanon 155 80 75
Taiwan 80 0 60
Iraq 30 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 35 15 20
Turkey 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 590 310 285
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 0 35
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 30 0 30
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 595 305 290
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,185 565 620
Americas 255 120 140
United States 95 45 45
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 35 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 60 30 25
Other places of birth in Americas 30 0 25
Europe 325 180 145
France 55 20 35
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 55 40 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 140 85 55
Africa 115 60 55
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 55 0 0
Egypt 25 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 490 205 285
Philippines 40 0 30
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 65 25 35
India 25 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 35 15 20
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 75 35 40
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 45 30 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 60 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 25 10 15
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 70 0 55
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 19,350 8,995 10,360
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 6,615 3,015 3,595
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 5,070 2,395 2,675
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 7,670 3,585 4,090
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 19,350 8,990 10,355
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 3,155 1,455 1,700
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 265 145 120
Chinese 580 225 355
Black 330 145 185
Filipino 110 30 80
Latin American 355 150 205
Arab 700 400 305
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 135 35 95
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 180 100 75
Korean 270 135 135
Japanese 155 75 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 0 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 65 0 55
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 16,195 7,535 8,655
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 19,350 8,995 10,360
North American Aboriginal origins 195 95 105
First Nations (North American Indian) 145 70 75
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 45 20 30
Other North American origins 4,600 2,055 2,540
Acadian 35 0 25
American 650 320 330
Canadian 4,120 1,875 2,245
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 105 30 75
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 14,630 6,820 7,810
British Isles origins 5,860 2,695 3,165
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,875 1,365 1,510
Irish 2,815 1,375 1,445
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,210 1,000 1,210
Welsh 370 170 205
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 590 235 360
French origins 3,395 1,540 1,850
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 3,385 1,535 1,850
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,095 915 1,180
Austrian 355 155 200
Belgian 165 55 110
Dutch 265 120 145
Flemish 15 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,175 430 745
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 300 195 110
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 500 200 300
Danish 135 70 65
Finnish 95 40 55
Icelandic 45 0 40
Norwegian 95 45 55
Swedish 120 40 80
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 15 0 10
Eastern European origins 4,065 2,030 2,035
Bulgarian 45 25 20
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 400 220 185
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 15 0 0
Hungarian 390 230 160
Latvian 80 35 40
Lithuanian 135 55 75
Moldovan 20 0 0
Polish 1,435 690 745
Romanian 645 305 340
Russian 1,520 790 725
Slovak 195 130 65
Ukrainian 340 145 195
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 75 55 20
Southern European origins 2,380 1,145 1,235
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 80 30 55
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 385 195 185
Italian 1,275 615 660
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 15 0 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 105 35 70
Serbian 100 55 40
Sicilian 20 0 0
Slovenian 65 35 30
Spanish 570 265 305
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,865 1,375 1,490
Basque 25 0 0
Jewish 2,765 1,295 1,465
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 75 65 0
Caribbean origins 290 110 180
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 30 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 135 45 90
Jamaican 70 30 45
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 475 215 260
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 25 0 20
Argentinian 35 20 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 15 0 0
Brazilian 45 15 30
Chilean 0 0 0
Colombian 95 40 55
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 35 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 30 0 0
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 25 0 20
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 155 70 80
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 715 385 335
Central and West African origins 45 35 0
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 15 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 25 15 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 600 320 275
Algerian 40 20 0
Berber 50 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 230 125 100
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 260 130 130
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 25 15 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 45 15 30
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 15 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 35 0 0
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 30 0 0
Asian origins 3,080 1,430 1,650
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,540 765 770
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 120 100 0
Armenian 115 65 45
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 30 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 220 115 105
Iraqi 85 35 50
Israeli 65 30 40
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 15 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 440 215 230
Palestinian 55 0 45
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 30 0 0
Syrian 410 215 190
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 70 20 50
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 60 0 0
South Asian origins 310 170 135
Bangladeshi 40 25 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 250 135 110
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,275 495 775
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 555 220 340
Filipino 135 30 110
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 155 75 80
Korean 260 125 140
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 60 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 135 40 95
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 25 0 20
Australian 15 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 19,350 8,995 10,355
Buddhist 175 55 120
Christian 10,090 4,520 5,570
Anglican 1,315 645 675
Baptist 50 20 0
Catholic 6,095 2,675 3,425
Christian Orthodox 710 365 345
Lutheran 155 50 100
Pentecostal 45 0 30
Presbyterian 310 135 175
United Church 390 175 215
Other Christian 1,020 430 585
Hindu 65 40 25
Jewish 4,295 1,930 2,365
Muslim 760 390 375
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 135 60 70
No religious affiliation 3,830 2,000 1,830
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 19,350 8,995 10,355
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 55 35 20
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 30 20 0
Métis single identity 0 0 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 19,295 8,960 10,335
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 19,350 8,995 10,355
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 15 20 0
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 19,335 8,980 10,355
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 19,355 8,995 10,355
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 200 90 110
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 145 65 75
Métis ancestry 45 20 30
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 19,150 8,900 10,250
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 7,260 3,250 4,015
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,265 3,245 4,015
Italian 860 365 495
Portuguese 140 55 85
Romanian 115 60 60
Spanish 1,850 720 1,135
Dutch 80 35 40
Flemish 0 0 0
German 775 265 510
Yiddish 225 100 120
Danish 25 0 0
Norwegian 25 0 15
Swedish 55 30 30
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 35 20 0
Croatian 45 0 0
Czech 115 30 80
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 130 45 85
Russian 370 145 225
Serbian 70 45 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 185 100 85
Armenian 80 45 35
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 105 55 50
Turkish 20 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 850 455 395
Hebrew 595 310 285
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 40 25 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 100 60 40
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 20 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 20 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 195 110 85
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Kannada 10 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 175 100 85
Korean 245 125 125
Cantonese 50 30 20
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 170 80 95
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 300 135 165
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 85 25 65
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 90 30 60
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 110 30 85
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 55 35 15
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 19,245 8,950 10,300
Non-movers 16,625 7,755 8,870
Movers 2,620 1,190 1,430
Non-migrants 1,555 665 890
Migrants 1,070 525 540
Internal migrants 605 280 320
Intraprovincial migrants 385 185 205
Interprovincial migrants 215 100 115
External migrants 465 245 220
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 18,605 8,590 10,015
Non-movers 11,375 5,195 6,180
Movers 7,230 3,395 3,835
Non-migrants 4,065 1,945 2,120
Migrants 3,170 1,455 1,720
Internal migrants 1,660 745 915
Intraprovincial migrants 1,205 520 680
Interprovincial migrants 460 220 240
External migrants 1,510 710 795
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 16,430 7,480 8,945
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,000 475 525
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 2,410 1,050 1,360
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 13,025 5,960 7,065
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 435 160 270
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 1,695 740 955
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,170 360 815
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 9,720 4,700 5,020
Bachelor's degree 4,470 1,955 2,515
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,255 2,750 2,505
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 9,545 4,335 5,210
No certificate, diploma or degree 230 150 75
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 1,005 420 585
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 8,305 3,765 4,545
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 245 80 165
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 745 325 415
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 660 205 450
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 6,665 3,155 3,515
Bachelor's degree 2,945 1,315 1,635
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,720 1,840 1,880
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 16,425 7,480 8,945
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 3,405 1,525 1,880
Education 560 65 495
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,045 220 825
Humanities 1,490 480 1,005
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,535 1,105 1,430
Business, management and public administration 3,020 1,680 1,340
Physical and life sciences and technologies 805 345 465
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 420 245 180
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 1,245 1,000 245
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 75 40 40
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 1,730 745 990
Personal, protective and transportation services 90 30 60
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 16,430 7,485 8,950
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 3,405 1,525 1,880
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 13,025 5,960 7,065
Location of study inside Canada 9,525 4,230 5,290
Same as province or territory of residence 7,975 3,470 4,510
Another province or territory 1,545 760 785
Location of study outside Canada 3,500 1,725 1,770
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 10,750 5,685 5,060
Single responses 9,655 5,125 4,520
English 7,005 3,720 3,290
French 2,550 1,350 1,205
Non-official languages 95 60 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 30 0 0
Korean 10 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 35 20 0
Multiple responses 1,095 555 540
English and French 990 530 460
English and non-official language 25 0 20
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 75 20 50
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 10,750 5,685 5,060
English 7,010 3,715 3,290
French 2,555 1,350 1,200
Non-official language 95 65 30
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 90 60 30
English and French 995 530 465
English and non-official language 30 0 20
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 70 20 50
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 16,425 7,480 8,945
In the labour force 9,680 5,180 4,500
Employed 9,105 4,940 4,170
Unemployed 570 240 330
Not in the labour force 6,755 2,305 4,445
Participation rate 58.9 69.3 50.3
Employment rate 55.4 66.0 46.6
Unemployment rate 5.9 4.6 7.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 9,680 5,180 4,495
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 225 85 140
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 9,455 5,095 4,365
Employee 6,750 3,435 3,320
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 2,700 1,660 1,040
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 9,675 5,180 4,500
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 225 85 135
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 9,455 5,095 4,360
0 Management occupations 2,015 1,320 685
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 1,630 695 935
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 735 565 175
3 Health occupations 975 495 485
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 1,770 775 990
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 780 340 445
6 Sales and service occupations 1,330 715 610
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 170 145 20
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 0 0 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 45 40 0
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 9,680 5,175 4,500
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 220 85 135
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 9,455 5,095 4,365
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 0 0 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 45 35 0
22 Utilities 30 0 20
23 Construction 240 180 55
31-33 Manufacturing 600 355 245
41 Wholesale trade 515 315 195
44-45 Retail trade 685 290 395
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 215 175 40
51 Information and cultural industries 315 155 160
52 Finance and insurance 630 400 225
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 535 350 190
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,865 1,170 700
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 35 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 265 110 155
61 Educational services 1,060 435 625
62 Health care and social assistance 1,220 500 715
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 340 170 165
72 Accommodation and food services 290 130 160
81 Other services (except public administration) 275 125 150
91 Public administration 280 140 145
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 9,680 5,180 4,495
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 545 250 290
Worked in 2010 9,135 4,925 4,205
1 to 13 weeks 485 275 210
14 to 26 weeks 575 280 300
27 to 39 weeks 505 215 285
40 to 48 weeks 2,370 1,215 1,150
49 to 52 weeks 5,210 2,945 2,265
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.6 45.0 44.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 9,680 5,175 4,500
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 545 250 290
Worked in 2010 9,135 4,925 4,210
Worked full-time in 2010 7,160 4,220 2,935
Worked part-time in 2010 1,970 705 1,270
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 9,105 4,935 4,170
Worked at home 1,230 560 670
Worked outside Canada 175 115 60
No fixed workplace address 535 320 215
Worked at usual place 7,170 3,940 3,225
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 7,705 4,265 3,440
Car, truck or van - as a driver 4,285 2,590 1,695
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 290 130 155
Public transit 1,625 790 835
Walked 1,170 550 625
Bicycle 185 110 75
Other methods 150 90 60
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 7,705 4,265 3,440
Median commuting duration 20.2 20.1 20.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 7,705 4,260 3,440
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 590 390 195
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 5,675 3,120 2,555
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 1,440 745 695
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 8,635 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 7,825 ... ...
Major repairs needed 815 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 8,635 ... ...
1960 or before 5,675 ... ...
1961 to 1980 2,110 ... ...
1981 to 1990 655 ... ...
1991 to 2000 165 ... ...
2001 to 2005 35 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 8,635 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 3,030 ... ...
5 rooms 1,295 ... ...
6 rooms 850 ... ...
7 rooms 600 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,860 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 8,635 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 2,020 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,400 ... ...
3 bedrooms 1,775 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,450 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 8,635 ... ...
Owner 4,360 ... ...
Renter 4,275 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 8,635 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,130 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 7,505 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 8,635 ... ...
1 household maintainer 6,405 ... ...
2 household maintainers 2,130 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 100 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 8,640 ... ...
Under 25 years 265 ... ...
25 to 34 years 810 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,115 ... ...
45 to 54 years 1,710 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,665 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,360 ... ...
75 years and over 1,705 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 8,640 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 8,560 ... ...
More than one person per room 75 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 8,635 ... ...
Suitable 8,245 ... ...
Not suitable 395 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 8,620 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 5,595 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 3,025 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 2,155 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,360 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 30.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 22.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,469 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,855 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 999,486 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 1,135,541 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,275 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 2.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 48.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,140 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,329 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 16,430 7,485 8,950
Without income 845 355 480
With income 15,585 7,125 8,465
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 2,125 960 1,160
$5,000 to $9,999 970 260 705
$10,000 to $14,999 980 330 650
$15,000 to $19,999 895 375 520
$20,000 to $29,999 1,355 440 915
$30,000 to $39,999 1,525 575 955
$40,000 to $49,999 970 415 550
$50,000 to $59,999 695 270 420
$60,000 to $79,999 1,675 775 900
$80,000 to $99,999 815 415 400
$100,000 and over 3,590 2,300 1,290
$100,000 to $124,999 730 370 355
$125,000 and over 2,865 1,930 935
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,546 58,204 32,514
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 108,166 162,463 62,473
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 16,430 7,480 8,950
Without after-tax income 825 360 465
With after-tax income 15,605 7,125 8,485
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 2,300 975 1,320
$5,000 to $9,999 990 265 720
$10,000 to $14,999 985 355 625
$15,000 to $19,999 1,010 440 570
$20,000 to $29,999 1,650 560 1,085
$30,000 to $39,999 1,620 625 1,000
$40,000 to $49,999 1,215 495 725
$50,000 to $59,999 1,150 540 610
$60,000 to $79,999 1,260 655 600
$80,000 to $99,999 760 345 415
$100,000 and over 2,660 1,855 800
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,568 47,150 29,374
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 76,854 113,081 46,434
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 99.9
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 95.6 97.7 91.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 65.5 70.8 53.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 49.8 54.7 39.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 15.7 16.1 14.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 18.2 14.9 25.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.8 5.8 9.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 5.1 6.1 3.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 4.4 2.3 8.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.0 1.3 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.2 0.7 2.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.4 0.1 0.9
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.5 0.0 1.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 0.4 0.2 0.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 28.9 30.4 25.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 71.1 69.6 74.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 5.8 4.2 9.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 4,370 2,575 1,800
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 72,584 89,864 60,989
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 174,796 233,299 91,150
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 5,255 ... ...
Median family income ($) 129,768 ... ...
Average family income ($) 272,804 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 99,428 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 191,771 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 2,070 ... ...
Median family income ($) 129,714 ... ...
Average family income ($) 293,696 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 97,208 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 207,811 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 2,330 ... ...
Median family income ($) 166,716 ... ...
Average family income ($) 314,258 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 129,695 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 218,671 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 715 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,963 ... ...
Average family income ($) 116,856 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,339 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,418 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 3,760 1,375 2,380
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,629 42,375 38,250
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 67,144 83,735 57,582
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,691 37,456 32,988
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 50,967 60,801 45,299
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 19,350 8,995 10,355
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 6,990 3,035 3,955
In bottom decile 2,400 1,110 1,285
In second decile 1,215 490 730
In third decile 1,225 525 705
In fourth decile 1,010 400 605
In fifth decile 1,140 505 635
In top half of the Canadian distribution 12,360 5,960 6,400
In sixth decile 965 410 550
In seventh decile 1,005 505 500
In eighth decile 1,585 725 855
In ninth decile 1,715 765 950
In top decile 7,090 3,550 3,545
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 8,635 ... ...
Under $5,000 445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 215 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 210 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 305 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 580 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 725 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 470 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 340 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 1,010 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 650 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 550 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 525 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,630 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 8,635 ... ...
Under $5,000 500 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 195 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 205 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 325 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 755 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 720 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 605 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 740 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 940 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 630 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,015 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 605 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,410 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 8,635 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 80,373 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 195,213 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,540 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 138,866 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 3,140 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 41,457 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 71,418 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 37,014 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 54,031 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 5,495 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 127,499 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 266,010 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 97,333 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 187,383 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 19,350 8,995 10,355
Less than 18 years 3,705 1,915 1,790
Less than 6 years 915 470 445
18 to 64 years 11,340 5,205 6,130
65 years and over 4,305 1,870 2,435
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 3,010 1,380 1,630
Less than 18 years 655 405 250
Less than 6 years 165 90 70
18 to 64 years 1,965 820 1,145
65 years and over 390 160 235
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.6 15.3 15.7
Less than 18 years (%) 17.7 21.1 14.0
Less than 6 years (%) 18.0 19.1 15.7
18 to 64 years (%) 17.3 15.8 18.7
65 years and over (%) 9.1 8.6 9.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Westmount, V, Quebec (Code 2466032) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 15, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Westmount, V, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Westmount, V, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Westmount, V
Quebec
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 19,931 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 20,494 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) -2.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 9,452 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 8,637 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,952.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 4.02 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 19,935 9,140 10,790
0 to 4 years 780 420 360
5 to 9 years 940 475 460
10 to 14 years 1,200 610 590
15 to 19 years 1,285 640 645
15 years 220 100 120
16 years 240 125 120
17 years 265 135 130
18 years 270 140 125
19 years 290 145 150
20 to 24 years 1,295 630 660
25 to 29 years 1,050 505 545
30 to 34 years 870 395 475
35 to 39 years 925 425 495
40 to 44 years 1,140 505 640
45 to 49 years 1,435 645 795
50 to 54 years 1,465 675 785
55 to 59 years 1,305 570 740
60 to 64 years 1,480 690 795
65 to 69 years 1,185 520 665
70 to 74 years 995 485 510
75 to 79 years 830 360 470
80 to 84 years 755 310 450
85 years and over 985 280 705
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 46.8 44.6 48.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.4 83.5 86.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 17,010 7,630 9,380
Married or living with a common-law partner 9,200 4,610 4,590
Married (and not separated) 8,060 4,010 4,050
Living common law 1,140 600 540
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 7,810 3,015 4,790
Single (never legally married) 5,020 2,375 2,640
Separated 270 105 165
Divorced 1,175 330 850
Widowed 1,340 205 1,140
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 5,200 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 2,550 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 1,045 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 1,090 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 515 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 5,200 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 4,465 ... ...
Married couples 3,905 ... ...
Without children at home 1,710 ... ...
With children at home 2,190 ... ...
1 child 735 ... ...
2 children 965 ... ...
3 or more children 485 ... ...
Common-law couples 565 ... ...
Without children at home 405 ... ...
With children at home 160 ... ...
1 child 70 ... ...
2 children 75 ... ...
3 or more children 20 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 735 ... ...
Female parent 595 ... ...
1 child 360 ... ...
2 children 195 ... ...
3 or more children 50 ... ...
Male parent 140 ... ...
1 child 75 ... ...
2 children 40 ... ...
3 or more children 20 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 5,635 ... ...
Under six years of age 945 ... ...
6 to 14 years 1,970 ... ...
15 to 17 years 705 ... ...
18 to 24 years 1,430 ... ...
25 years and over 585 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 19,350 8,990 10,360
Number of persons not in census families 4,050 1,465 2,590
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 300 120 185
Living with non-relatives only 595 270 325
Living alone 3,150 1,070 2,080
Number of census family persons 15,300 7,525 7,775
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 4,240 1,840 2,405
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 1,655 385 1,270
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 85 20 60
Living with non-relatives only 55 20 35
Living alone 1,520 350 1,170
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 2,590 1,455 1,135
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 8,635 ... ...
Census-family households 5,165 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 4,940 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 4,275 ... ...
Without children 2,035 ... ...
With children 2,245 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 670 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 220 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 185 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 130 ... ...
Without children 45 ... ...
With children 90 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 50 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 35 ... ...
Non-census-family households 3,475 ... ...
One-person households 3,155 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 325 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 8,635 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,060 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 3,240 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 0 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 4,340 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,355 ... ...
Row house 1,170 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 295 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,505 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 8,635 ... ...
1 person 3,155 ... ...
2 persons 2,685 ... ...
3 persons 1,105 ... ...
4 persons 1,110 ... ...
5 persons 445 ... ...
6 or more persons 140 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 19,350 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 19,720 9,095 10,620
  Single responses  19,000 8,775 10,225
    English  10,835 5,115 5,720
    French  3,950 1,790 2,160
    Non-official languages  4,220 1,870 2,345
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,175 1,855 2,325
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 5 5
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  545 295 250
        Armenian  65 30 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Bengali  25 15 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  45 25 25
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  45 25 20
        Chinese, n.o.s.  220 100 125
        Creoles  10 0 10
        Croatian  10 5 10
        Czech  65 30 40
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  55 25 35
        Estonian  15 5 10
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  260 100 160
        Greek  140 65 70
        Gujarati  10 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  65 35 25
        Hindi  25 15 10
        Hungarian  100 40 60
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  270 130 145
        Japanese  75 30 40
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 5
        Korean  155 60 95
        Kurdish  10 0 5
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  10 0 10
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  20 5 10
        Macedonian  0 0 5
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  50 20 30
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  215 110 105
        Polish  140 50 90
        Portuguese  65 25 45
        Romanian  105 50 55
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  250 105 150
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  45 25 20
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  10 0 5
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  530 230 305
        Swahili  5 0 0
        Swedish  30 15 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  90 20 70
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 5 0
        Telugu  5 0 5
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  30 15 15
        Ukrainian  35 20 20
        Urdu  20 10 5
        Vietnamese  80 30 45
        Yiddish  75 35 40
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 35 15 20
  Multiple responses          715 320 395
    English and French  385 175 210
    English and non-official language  155 65 95
    French and non-official language  90 40 50
    English, French and non-official language 85 45 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 19,715 9,100 10,620
  English only 3,955 1,750 2,200
  French only 475 195 280
  English and French 15,150 7,090 8,065
  Neither English nor French 135 55 75
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 19,715 9,095 10,620
  English 13,890 6,460 7,435
  French 4,520 2,025 2,495
  English and French 1,175 555 620
  Neither English nor French 130 60 70
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 14,475 6,735 7,745
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 73.4 74.1 72.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 19,720 9,095 10,620
  Single responses 18,835 8,715 10,125
    English 13,540 6,290 7,255
    French 3,530 1,610 1,920
    Non-official languages 1,765 815 950
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,750 810 940
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 5 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 255 125 125
        Armenian 40 20 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 10 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 30 15 15
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 20 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s. 145 70 80
        Creoles 5 5 0
        Croatian 5 5 0
        Czech 15 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 30 10 15
        Greek 35 10 20
        Gujarati 5 0 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 20 5 5
        Hindi 10 10 5
        Hungarian 20 10 10
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 30 10 15
        Japanese 55 25 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 115 50 65
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 5 0
        Macedonian 5 0 5
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 30 15 15
        Marathi 0 0 5
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 150 70 80
        Polish 30 5 20
        Portuguese 35 15 20
        Romanian 35 20 20
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 150 75 75
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 25 15 10
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 315 140 170
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 10 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 5
        Ukrainian 15 5 10
        Urdu 0 0 0
        Vietnamese 40 20 20
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 15 5 5
  Multiple responses         885 385 500
    English and French 390 175 220
    English and non-official language 280 120 165
    French and non-official language 70 30 40
    English, French and non-official language 140 60 80
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 19,720 9,100 10,620
  None 13,715 6,335 7,380
  Single responses  5,575 2,560 3,015
    English  1,875 840 1,035
    French  2,235 1,065 1,170
    Non-official languages  1,470 660 810
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,455 655 805
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  225 130 100
        Armenian  20 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  10 10 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  5 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  55 25 30
        Creoles  20 10 15
        Croatian  0 0 0
        Czech  20 5 10
        Danish  5 0 5
        Dutch  15 10 5
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  95 35 60
        Greek  80 45 35
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  35 25 15
        Hindi  15 5 5
        Hungarian  25 10 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  150 65 85
        Japanese  20 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  20 5 15
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  10 5 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  60 25 35
        Polish  35 10 30
        Portuguese  25 10 15
        Romanian  35 15 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  45 15 30
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  215 95 125
        Swahili  0 0 0
        Swedish  10 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  30 10 20
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 5
        Ukrainian  5 0 5
        Urdu  10 5 5
        Vietnamese  20 10 10
        Yiddish  15 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 10 5 10
  Multiple responses          430 205 230
    English and French  125 60 70
    English and non-official language  85 30 50
    French and non-official language  210 110 105
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Westmount, V, Quebec (Code 2466032) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 15, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Westmount, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Westmount, V, Quebec (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Westmount, Ville (Census Subdivision), Quebec

2011 Census