NHS Profile, Pickering, CY, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Pickering, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pickering, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 87,915 42,830 45,090
Canadian citizens 84,385 41,230 43,160
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,135 9,905 9,235
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 65,255 31,325 33,930
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,530 1,600 1,930
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 87,920 42,830 45,090
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 60,145 29,825 30,320
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 27,430 12,850 14,575
Before 1971 6,185 3,000 3,185
1971 to 1980 6,130 2,810 3,315
1981 to 1990 5,175 2,360 2,815
1991 to 2000 5,735 2,770 2,960
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,210 1,915 2,295
2001 to 2005 2,600 1,170 1,430
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,605 740 865
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 345 155 195
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 27,425 12,850 14,580
Under 5 years 2,655 1,295 1,360
5 to 14 years 5,540 2,730 2,810
15 to 24 years 7,930 3,365 4,565
25 to 44 years 9,795 4,830 4,965
45 years and over 1,515 635 880
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 87,920 42,830 45,090
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 60,150 29,825 30,325
Born in province of residence 55,065 27,400 27,665
Born outside province of residence 5,080 2,425 2,655
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 27,430 12,850 14,575
Americas 8,635 3,750 4,880
United States 715 325 385
Jamaica 2,600 1,005 1,595
Guyana 2,190 1,010 1,180
Haiti 125 75 60
Mexico 85 0 65
Trinidad and Tobago 1,445 645 795
Colombia 30 20 10
El Salvador 80 50 30
Peru 75 20 50
Chile 45 15 25
Other places of birth in Americas 1,245 575 670
Europe 8,490 4,140 4,350
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,445 1,705 1,750
Italy 860 510 350
Germany 670 315 355
Poland 460 245 215
Portugal 340 165 180
Netherlands 200 125 75
France 35 0 20
Romania 430 175 255
Russian Federation 110 30 75
Greece 530 245 290
Ukraine 85 20 65
Croatia 35 15 25
Hungary 105 35 70
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 20 0
Serbia 65 30 35
Ireland, Republic of 175 90 90
Other places of birth in Europe 890 405 485
Africa 1,515 815 700
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 230 125 110
South Africa, Republic of 160 85 80
Nigeria 230 140 85
Ethiopia 25 20 0
Kenya 295 135 165
Other places of birth in Africa 565 320 245
Asia 8,700 4,105 4,595
India 1,630 755 880
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 325 115 210
Philippines 1,775 745 1,035
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 365 170 200
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 55 20 35
Pakistan 1,115 580 535
Sri Lanka 1,195 610 590
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 200 100 100
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 205 90 115
Lebanon 165 90 80
Taiwan 20 15 0
Iraq 125 65 65
Bangladesh 100 45 55
Afghanistan 450 225 225
Japan 25 0 0
Turkey 35 15 20
Other places of birth in Asia 905 460 450
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 85 40 45
Fiji 25 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 65 30 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 345 150 195
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,610 740 870
Americas 475 200 275
United States 100 35 65
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 30 0 0
Jamaica 150 50 100
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 105 30 80
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 55 45 0
Europe 170 60 100
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 55 0 45
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 40 25 0
Other places of birth in Europe 35 0 25
Africa 180 115 70
Nigeria 55 45 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 20 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 90 60 30
Asia 770 360 415
Philippines 260 100 165
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 35 0 25
India 100 35 65
Pakistan 95 50 45
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 25 0 0
Sri Lanka 65 35 25
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 20 10 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 50 35 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 25 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 40 35 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 87,915 42,830 45,090
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 27,970 13,110 14,860
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 26,895 13,535 13,360
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 33,050 16,185 16,865
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 87,920 42,830 45,090
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 31,130 14,830 16,305
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 9,690 4,770 4,925
Chinese 2,025 905 1,120
Black 10,050 4,775 5,275
Filipino 2,910 1,255 1,650
Latin American 785 305 485
Arab 835 435 400
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 625 315 310
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 830 430 405
Korean 285 135 150
Japanese 255 150 100
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,435 640 790
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,410 710 700
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 56,785 28,000 28,785
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 87,920 42,830 45,090
North American Aboriginal origins 1,510 730 770
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,260 625 630
Inuit 25 0 0
Métis 280 130 150
Other North American origins 19,265 9,310 9,950
Acadian 50 20 25
American 900 365 540
Canadian 18,515 9,020 9,495
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 90 50 40
Nova Scotian 25 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 25 0 15
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 54,385 26,475 27,915
British Isles origins 36,325 17,460 18,865
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 22,210 10,545 11,665
Irish 13,950 6,675 7,275
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 14,485 7,120 7,360
Welsh 1,715 700 1,020
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,085 930 1,155
French origins 5,415 2,470 2,945
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 5,415 2,470 2,945
Western European origins (except French origins) 10,025 4,930 5,095
Austrian 715 400 320
Belgian 115 75 35
Dutch 3,040 1,365 1,680
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 30 20 0
German 6,820 3,410 3,410
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 210 90 120
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,630 850 780
Danish 410 165 240
Finnish 440 235 200
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 435 280 155
Swedish 410 225 190
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 30 0 25
Eastern European origins 6,285 3,125 3,155
Bulgarian 95 45 50
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 250 100 150
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 145 105 40
Estonian 115 45 70
Hungarian 695 310 385
Latvian 160 95 70
Lithuanian 105 40 60
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 2,230 1,160 1,075
Romanian 625 270 355
Russian 680 335 345
Slovak 190 95 90
Ukrainian 1,875 955 925
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 13,545 6,960 6,585
Albanian 145 65 80
Bosnian 20 20 0
Croatian 340 260 85
Cypriot 60 35 30
Greek 2,215 1,155 1,060
Italian 6,065 3,235 2,830
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 1,045 535 515
Maltese 250 95 155
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 2,550 1,345 1,210
Serbian 190 90 100
Sicilian 20 0 15
Slovenian 130 45 85
Spanish 1,390 555 835
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 185 95 90
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 465 200 265
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 395 170 225
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 60 20 35
Caribbean origins 9,695 4,430 5,265
Antiguan 140 75 65
Bahamian 15 0 0
Barbadian 700 340 360
Bermudan 115 65 55
Carib 35 0 0
Cuban 110 55 55
Dominican 160 85 75
Grenadian 330 190 140
Haitian 190 80 115
Jamaican 5,535 2,585 2,955
Kittitian/Nevisian 15 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 15 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 100 45 55
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,445 690 755
Vincentian/Grenadinian 240 155 85
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,240 465 770
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 260 100 155
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,545 1,590 1,960
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 140 85 55
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 10 0 0
Chilean 95 30 65
Colombian 65 35 30
Costa Rican 50 0 45
Ecuadorian 35 10 20
Guatemalan 60 30 30
Guyanese 2,435 1,085 1,350
Hispanic 35 25 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 135 60 75
Nicaraguan 55 30 20
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 150 45 105
Salvadorean 100 55 50
Uruguayan 30 0 20
Venezuelan 115 35 80
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 90 35 55
African origins 3,655 1,955 1,705
Central and West African origins 645 420 230
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 20 15 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 90 75 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 110 60 50
Guinean 135 115 0
Ibo 55 25 25
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 240 135 105
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 15 20
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 575 280 290
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 50 20 30
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 525 260 265
Libyan 40 25 0
Maure 20 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 640 315 325
Afrikaner 20 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 20 0 0
Eritrean 10 0 0
Ethiopian 65 30 40
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 135 60 75
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 20 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 215 100 115
Tanzanian 20 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 70 45 0
Zambian 20 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 35 25 0
Other African origins 1,945 1,015 930
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 370 215 155
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,605 815 790
Asian origins 19,605 9,430 10,175
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,610 1,375 1,235
Afghan 655 345 315
Arab, n.o.s. 295 190 110
Armenian 215 120 95
Assyrian 20 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 335 170 165
Iraqi 135 55 80
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 35 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 430 195 235
Palestinian 145 90 60
Pashtun 55 35 20
Saudi Arabian 20 0 0
Syrian 205 135 65
Tajik 40 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 110 40 70
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 70 30 40
South Asian origins 10,835 5,300 5,535
Bangladeshi 75 25 45
Bengali 15 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 8,070 3,935 4,140
Goan 50 25 20
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Pakistani 1,195 640 550
Punjabi 205 105 100
Sinhalese 70 50 25
Sri Lankan 1,455 725 730
Tamil 260 125 135
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 255 115 140
East and Southeast Asian origins 6,975 3,215 3,765
Burmese 25 15 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 3,120 1,455 1,665
Filipino 3,105 1,360 1,750
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 80 0 70
Japanese 350 215 135
Korean 310 135 170
Laotian 80 0 0
Malaysian 135 70 65
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 45 0 30
Thai 110 0 40
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 110 60 55
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 45 25 20
Other Asian origins 110 40 70
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 110 40 70
Oceania origins 50 15 40
Australian 40 15 30
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 87,920 42,830 45,090
Buddhist 250 130 120
Christian 58,980 27,950 31,030
Anglican 6,850 3,225 3,625
Baptist 1,945 945 1,000
Catholic 27,035 12,850 14,185
Christian Orthodox 3,235 1,585 1,650
Lutheran 790 360 430
Pentecostal 2,460 1,000 1,455
Presbyterian 2,195 1,005 1,190
United Church 5,195 2,505 2,690
Other Christian 9,285 4,480 4,805
Hindu 3,395 1,515 1,875
Jewish 210 110 105
Muslim 5,300 2,745 2,555
Sikh 715 295 415
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 245 125 115
No religious affiliation 18,825 9,960 8,865
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 87,920 42,830 45,090
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 850 460 395
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 565 285 275
Métis single identity 215 105 110
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 60 55 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 87,065 42,370 44,700
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 87,920 42,830 45,090
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 270 180 85
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 87,650 42,645 45,005
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 87,920 42,830 45,090
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,505 735 775
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,255 620 635
Métis ancestry 275 130 150
Inuit ancestry 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 86,415 42,095 44,320
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 21,240 10,150 11,090
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,240 10,145 11,090
Italian 2,085 1,110 970
Portuguese 630 300 330
Romanian 440 190 250
Spanish 1,320 550 770
Dutch 270 135 135
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,235 540 695
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 55 30 25
Swedish 35 0 0
Afrikaans 65 30 35
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 35 0 0
Croatian 110 85 25
Czech 140 60 85
Macedonian 795 370 425
Polish 755 360 390
Russian 255 110 140
Serbian 55 15 35
Serbo-Croatian 25 0 0
Slovak 30 20 10
Slovenian 45 20 25
Ukrainian 135 40 90
Latvian 55 30 30
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 1,260 655 605
Armenian 115 50 70
Albanian 105 50 55
Estonian 60 45 20
Finnish 70 25 45
Hungarian 265 100 165
Turkish 50 15 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 40 20 20
Arabic 980 515 465
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 70 25 50
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 170 70 100
Gujarati 600 285 315
Hindi 1,200 590 605
Konkani 120 50 65
Marathi 60 35 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 890 405 485
Sindhi 160 90 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 255 140 115
Urdu 1,895 1,005 890
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 10 0 0
Pashto 50 35 15
Persian (Farsi) 905 460 445
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 15 0 0
Malayalam 55 30 25
Tamil 1,385 680 705
Telugu 30 15 10
Japanese 55 30 25
Korean 235 105 135
Cantonese 655 260 390
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 70 0 45
Mandarin 325 115 210
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 445 215 235
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 65 0 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 70 35 35
Bisayan languages 95 25 75
Ilocano 30 0 15
Malay 130 65 65
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,715 715 1,005
Akan (Twi) 20 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 140 75 65
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 60 0 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 60 65
African languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Creoles 325 145 180
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 195 105 85
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 87,240 42,485 44,755
Non-movers 81,215 39,590 41,635
Movers 6,020 2,895 3,120
Non-migrants 2,575 1,240 1,330
Migrants 3,450 1,660 1,790
Internal migrants 3,100 1,460 1,630
Intraprovincial migrants 2,990 1,405 1,585
Interprovincial migrants 105 55 50
External migrants 355 195 160
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 83,870 40,740 43,135
Non-movers 62,320 30,410 31,910
Movers 21,555 10,325 11,225
Non-migrants 8,665 4,050 4,615
Migrants 12,890 6,280 6,610
Internal migrants 11,400 5,595 5,810
Intraprovincial migrants 11,145 5,480 5,665
Interprovincial migrants 260 115 145
External migrants 1,480 680 800
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 72,755 35,050 37,710
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,355 5,155 5,200
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,760 10,240 11,520
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 40,635 19,655 20,985
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,005 3,355 1,650
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,325 7,335 8,990
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,565 1,705 1,860
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 15,750 7,260 8,495
Bachelor's degree 10,455 4,620 5,835
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,295 2,635 2,660
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 49,320 23,480 25,840
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,385 1,785 1,600
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,865 6,085 6,780
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 33,070 15,610 17,455
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,740 2,400 1,335
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,170 5,755 7,410
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,730 1,275 1,450
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,435 6,170 7,260
Bachelor's degree 8,805 3,935 4,870
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,630 2,240 2,395
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 72,755 35,050 37,705
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 32,115 15,395 16,720
Education 2,235 495 1,735
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,695 855 845
Humanities 2,570 960 1,610
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,195 1,430 3,765
Business, management and public administration 10,335 4,565 5,770
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,540 690 845
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,205 1,460 745
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,330 6,845 490
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 465 295 170
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,065 975 4,095
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,990 1,090 895
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 72,755 35,050 37,705
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 32,115 15,395 16,720
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 40,640 19,655 20,985
Location of study inside Canada 32,810 15,725 17,090
Same as province or territory of residence 31,125 14,870 16,255
Another province or territory 1,690 855 835
Location of study outside Canada 7,830 3,925 3,900
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 52,710 26,405 26,310
Single responses 52,345 26,250 26,095
English 51,900 26,105 25,795
French 215 55 160
Non-official languages 230 95 135
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Cantonese 20 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 20 20 0
Korean 20 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 115 50 70
Multiple responses 365 155 215
English and French 235 75 155
English and non-official language 130 70 60
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 52,715 26,405 26,305
English 51,900 26,105 25,795
French 215 55 160
Non-official language 230 95 135
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 230 90 135
English and French 235 80 155
English and non-official language 130 75 60
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 72,755 35,045 37,705
In the labour force 50,775 25,595 25,180
Employed 46,530 23,210 23,320
Unemployed 4,245 2,390 1,855
Not in the labour force 21,980 9,455 12,530
Participation rate 69.8 73.0 66.8
Employment rate 64.0 66.2 61.8
Unemployment rate 8.4 9.3 7.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 50,770 25,600 25,180
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,625 875 745
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,150 24,715 24,430
Employee 44,720 21,790 22,935
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,420 2,930 1,495
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 50,775 25,595 25,175
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,630 880 750
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,145 24,720 24,430
0 Management occupations 6,505 3,720 2,785
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,245 3,010 7,230
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,500 2,695 805
3 Health occupations 2,395 465 1,930
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,770 1,905 3,860
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,830 895 935
6 Sales and service occupations 10,675 4,775 5,890
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,875 5,510 365
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 540 470 70
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,810 1,275 540
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 50,770 25,595 25,175
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,625 880 750
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,145 24,720 24,425
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 160 75 80
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 105 60 55
22 Utilities 985 675 310
23 Construction 3,025 2,670 360
31-33 Manufacturing 3,850 2,725 1,125
41 Wholesale trade 3,160 1,795 1,365
44-45 Retail trade 5,365 2,645 2,720
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,100 1,540 560
51 Information and cultural industries 2,055 1,090 965
52 Finance and insurance 4,935 1,840 3,100
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,110 550 560
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,950 1,985 1,965
55 Management of companies and enterprises 65 0 35
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,275 1,260 1,010
61 Educational services 3,265 1,055 2,210
62 Health care and social assistance 4,480 640 3,845
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,180 640 540
72 Accommodation and food services 2,585 1,065 1,525
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,755 960 790
91 Public administration 2,745 1,425 1,315
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 50,775 25,600 25,175
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,965 1,550 1,420
Worked in 2010 47,810 24,050 23,760
1 to 13 weeks 2,810 1,275 1,540
14 to 26 weeks 3,820 1,940 1,880
27 to 39 weeks 2,310 965 1,350
40 to 48 weeks 6,060 3,100 2,960
49 to 52 weeks 32,805 16,775 16,030
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.1 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 50,770 25,595 25,175
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,965 1,545 1,415
Worked in 2010 47,805 24,045 23,760
Worked full-time in 2010 38,935 20,780 18,160
Worked part-time in 2010 8,875 3,275 5,600
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 46,530 23,205 23,325
Worked at home 3,035 1,310 1,725
Worked outside Canada 115 90 25
No fixed workplace address 5,015 3,685 1,330
Worked at usual place 38,370 18,120 20,245
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 43,385 21,805 21,575
Car, truck or van - as a driver 33,490 18,010 15,485
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,660 845 1,810
Public transit 5,550 2,215 3,330
Walked 1,180 485 695
Bicycle 75 65 0
Other methods 425 180 240
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 43,380 21,805 21,575
Median commuting duration 30.6 30.8 30.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 43,380 21,805 21,575
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 12,755 7,610 5,145
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 22,810 10,030 12,785
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 7,815 4,170 3,645
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 29,330 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 28,010 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,320 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 29,330 ... ...
1960 or before 2,435 ... ...
1961 to 1980 8,170 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,865 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,320 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,840 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 705 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 29,330 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,500 ... ...
5 rooms 3,035 ... ...
6 rooms 4,850 ... ...
7 rooms 5,055 ... ...
8 or more rooms 13,890 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 29,330 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 1,180 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,715 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,800 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,630 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 29,330 ... ...
Owner 25,980 ... ...
Renter 3,350 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 29,330 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,190 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 25,140 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 29,330 ... ...
1 household maintainer 14,430 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,015 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 885 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 29,330 ... ...
Under 25 years 115 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,490 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,450 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,865 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,775 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,160 ... ...
75 years and over 2,465 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 29,330 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 28,870 ... ...
More than one person per room 460 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 29,330 ... ...
Suitable 27,685 ... ...
Not suitable 1,645 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 29,245 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 22,230 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 7,015 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 5,790 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 25,945 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 64.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 22.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,510 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,503 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,486 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 383,281 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 3,345 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 36.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,203 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,099 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 72,755 35,050 37,705
Without income 4,800 2,325 2,475
With income 67,955 32,725 35,235
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,315 4,090 4,230
$5,000 to $9,999 4,770 1,820 2,955
$10,000 to $14,999 4,760 1,960 2,800
$15,000 to $19,999 5,025 1,855 3,170
$20,000 to $29,999 7,830 3,295 4,535
$30,000 to $39,999 6,975 3,205 3,770
$40,000 to $49,999 6,045 2,695 3,350
$50,000 to $59,999 5,810 2,770 3,045
$60,000 to $79,999 7,660 4,235 3,420
$80,000 to $99,999 4,905 2,660 2,245
$100,000 and over 5,865 4,150 1,715
$100,000 to $124,999 2,750 1,860 890
$125,000 and over 3,115 2,285 825
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,548 40,503 29,784
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 47,384 56,622 38,805
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 72,755 35,050 37,710
Without after-tax income 4,815 2,325 2,490
With after-tax income 67,940 32,725 35,215
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,465 4,135 4,325
$5,000 to $9,999 4,920 1,855 3,070
$10,000 to $14,999 4,865 2,020 2,845
$15,000 to $19,999 5,585 2,115 3,470
$20,000 to $29,999 8,965 3,825 5,135
$30,000 to $39,999 8,230 3,730 4,505
$40,000 to $49,999 7,965 3,780 4,185
$50,000 to $59,999 5,895 3,105 2,790
$60,000 to $79,999 7,610 4,285 3,325
$80,000 to $99,999 2,825 1,920 905
$100,000 and over 2,620 1,955 665
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,261 36,115 27,490
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 38,654 44,888 32,862
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.9 93.2 87.8
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 80.6 82.4 78.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 77.1 78.6 75.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.5 3.8 3.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.3 2.2 2.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.7 6.4 4.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.2 2.2 2.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.1 6.8 12.2
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.6 2.3 3.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.0 1.5 2.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 1.1 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 1.9 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.4 20.7 15.4
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.6 79.3 84.6
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.4 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 28,785 15,250 13,535
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 56,438 61,511 51,841
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 69,425 78,990 58,646
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 24,470 ... ...
Median family income ($) 99,680 ... ...
Average family income ($) 119,040 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,703 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 97,014 ... ...
Average family size 3.3 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 6,250 ... ...
Median family income ($) 82,638 ... ...
Average family income ($) 97,567 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 70,864 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 79,937 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,510 ... ...
Median family income ($) 118,347 ... ...
Average family income ($) 142,820 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 100,456 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 114,846 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,790 ... ...
Median family income ($) 65,089 ... ...
Average family income ($) 72,907 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,574 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 63,108 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 6,355 2,900 3,455
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 39,446 44,122 34,067
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 48,372 56,587 41,475
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,901 38,073 30,971
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 39,711 45,049 35,229
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 87,920 42,825 45,090
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 30,695 14,305 16,385
In bottom decile 5,285 2,620 2,660
In second decile 4,555 1,985 2,565
In third decile 5,730 2,640 3,085
In fourth decile 6,645 3,075 3,570
In fifth decile 8,490 3,985 4,505
In top half of the Canadian distribution 57,225 28,520 28,700
In sixth decile 9,095 4,415 4,680
In seventh decile 9,280 4,585 4,700
In eighth decile 11,505 5,765 5,740
In ninth decile 12,695 6,350 6,340
In top decile 14,650 7,400 7,245
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 29,330 ... ...
Under $5,000 585 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 270 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 340 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 695 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 1,830 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,230 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,195 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,570 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,065 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,730 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,005 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 29,330 ... ...
Under $5,000 595 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 270 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 340 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 715 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,420 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,040 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,350 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,735 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,790 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,465 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,605 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,885 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,715 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 29,330 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 89,796 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 109,791 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 76,983 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 89,539 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 4,455 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 42,266 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 53,406 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 36,798 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 43,342 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 24,875 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 100,158 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 119,881 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 85,507 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 97,806 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 87,920 42,825 45,090
Less than 18 years 19,470 10,045 9,425
Less than 6 years 4,910 2,525 2,380
18 to 64 years 58,720 28,390 30,325
65 years and over 9,725 4,385 5,335
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 7,725 3,700 4,020
Less than 18 years 2,070 1,100 970
Less than 6 years 480 215 265
18 to 64 years 5,120 2,420 2,700
65 years and over 530 180 350
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 8.8 8.6 8.9
Less than 18 years (%) 10.6 11.0 10.3
Less than 6 years (%) 9.8 8.5 11.1
18 to 64 years (%) 8.7 8.5 8.9
65 years and over (%) 5.4 4.1 6.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Pickering, CY, Ontario (Code 3518001) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Pickering, CY, Ontario

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Pickering, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pickering, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 88,721 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 87,838 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 29,875 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 29,330 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 383.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 231.59 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 88,720 43,085 45,640
0 to 4 years 4,085 2,090 2,000
5 to 9 years 4,950 2,535 2,420
10 to 14 years 6,170 3,220 2,955
15 to 19 years 7,255 3,765 3,495
15 years 1,430 765 665
16 years 1,500 755 740
17 years 1,440 735 705
18 years 1,480 760 720
19 years 1,410 750 660
20 to 24 years 6,415 3,300 3,115
25 to 29 years 4,900 2,480 2,420
30 to 34 years 4,530 2,120 2,405
35 to 39 years 5,135 2,370 2,765
40 to 44 years 6,540 3,005 3,535
45 to 49 years 8,325 3,905 4,425
50 to 54 years 7,910 3,750 4,165
55 to 59 years 6,610 3,180 3,425
60 to 64 years 5,435 2,695 2,740
65 to 69 years 3,455 1,705 1,745
70 to 74 years 2,445 1,140 1,300
75 to 79 years 1,930 855 1,080
80 to 84 years 1,390 565 825
85 years and over 1,230 405 825
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.7 39.3 41.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.9 81.8 83.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 73,510 35,245 38,265
Married or living with a common-law partner 42,215 21,060 21,160
Married (and not separated) 37,945 18,925 19,015
Living common law 4,275 2,130 2,145
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 31,295 14,185 17,105
Single (never legally married) 21,960 11,500 10,460
Separated 1,965 715 1,240
Divorced 3,725 1,270 2,455
Widowed 3,645 695 2,945
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 25,420 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 9,825 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,260 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,665 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,660 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 25,420 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,750 ... ...
Married couples 18,610 ... ...
Without children at home 6,175 ... ...
With children at home 12,440 ... ...
1 child 4,185 ... ...
2 children 5,885 ... ...
3 or more children 2,365 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,140 ... ...
Without children at home 1,090 ... ...
With children at home 1,045 ... ...
1 child 495 ... ...
2 children 385 ... ...
3 or more children 165 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,670 ... ...
Female parent 3,780 ... ...
1 child 2,025 ... ...
2 children 1,290 ... ...
3 or more children 455 ... ...
Male parent 895 ... ...
1 child 530 ... ...
2 children 290 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 33,000 ... ...
Under six years of age 4,935 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,145 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,245 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,480 ... ...
25 years and over 5,195 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 87,920 42,780 45,140
Number of persons not in census families 8,745 3,655 5,090
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,450 830 1,620
Living with non-relatives only 1,790 995 795
Living alone 4,510 1,830 2,675
Number of census family persons 79,175 39,130 40,045
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 9,800 4,465 5,340
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,030 745 2,285
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,125 215 910
Living with non-relatives only 180 90 90
Living alone 1,720 440 1,285
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 6,770 3,715 3,055
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 29,330 ... ...
Census-family households 24,150 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 20,775 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 17,565 ... ...
Without children 6,045 ... ...
With children 11,525 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,205 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,370 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,170 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,480 ... ...
Without children 370 ... ...
With children 1,110 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 685 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,205 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,185 ... ...
One-person households 4,510 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 675 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 29,330 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,485 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,285 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 8,555 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,260 ... ...
Row house 3,625 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,755 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 905 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 29,330 ... ...
1 person 4,510 ... ...
2 persons 8,240 ... ...
3 persons 5,845 ... ...
4 persons 6,615 ... ...
5 persons 2,680 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,440 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 87,920 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 88,255 42,890 45,370
  Single responses  86,375 41,995 44,380
    English  69,380 33,880 35,505
    French  1,115 475 635
    Non-official languages  15,880 7,640 8,240
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,770 7,585 8,185
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Afrikaans  10 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  20 10 10
        Albanian  55 25 25
        Amharic  25 15 10
        Arabic  845 445 395
        Armenian  125 65 55
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Bengali  220 95 120
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  45 20 25
        Bosnian  15 5 5
        Bulgarian  40 20 25
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  345 150 195
        Chinese, n.o.s.  395 180 210
        Creoles  70 35 30
        Croatian  105 60 40
        Czech  85 40 45
        Danish  30 15 15
        Dutch  225 120 105
        Estonian  50 25 25
        Finnish  85 40 45
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  845 365 480
        Greek  680 350 325
        Gujarati  390 185 200
        Hakka  10 10 5
        Hebrew  10 10 0
        Hindi  300 150 150
        Hungarian  225 95 135
        Ilocano  20 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Italian  1,215 645 565
        Japanese  50 15 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  140 55 80
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  45 25 25
        Lingala  0 0 5
        Lithuanian  15 5 10
        Macedonian  540 255 280
        Malay  60 25 35
        Malayalam  80 40 45
        Maltese  35 15 20
        Mandarin  180 70 105
        Marathi  20 15 10
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  485 240 245
        Pashto  100 45 60
        Persian (Farsi)  830 435 395
        Polish  540 255 280
        Portuguese  480 220 260
        Romanian  395 180 215
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  110 50 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  75 40 35
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 5
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  90 45 45
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  135 70 65
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  30 15 15
        Slovenian  50 25 25
        Somali  25 15 10
        Spanish  840 400 445
        Swahili  30 15 15
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,335 530 810
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  710 360 350
        Telugu  15 10 10
        Thai  10 5 10
        Tibetan languages  10 0 5
        Tigrigna  25 10 15
        Turkish  50 25 20
        Ukrainian  95 40 50
        Urdu  1,355 690 665
        Vietnamese  65 30 35
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 110 55 55
  Multiple responses          1,885 900 985
    English and French  170 75 90
    English and non-official language  1,615 770 835
    French and non-official language  60 30 30
    English, French and non-official language 45 15 30
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 88,255 42,890 45,370
  English only 81,555 40,220 41,340
  French only 45 15 30
  English and French 5,970 2,435 3,535
  Neither English nor French 690 220 470
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 88,255 42,890 45,365
  English 86,130 42,050 44,080
  French 1,120 475 640
  English and French 330 150 185
  Neither English nor French 675 215 460
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,290 550 735
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.5 1.3 1.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 88,260 42,890 45,370
  Single responses 85,075 41,350 43,725
    English 78,085 38,035 40,050
    French 425 190 235
    Non-official languages 6,565 3,125 3,440
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,540 3,115 3,425
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Afrikaans 5 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 45 20 25
        Amharic 10 5 5
        Arabic 390 195 195
        Armenian 75 35 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 120 55 70
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 15 10 5
        Bosnian 10 5 0
        Bulgarian 25 10 15
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 235 115 120
        Chinese, n.o.s. 165 75 90
        Creoles 25 10 15
        Croatian 20 10 10
        Czech 25 10 15
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 10 5 5
        Finnish 15 10 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 85 40 45
        Greek 185 85 105
        Gujarati 165 75 95
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 5
        Hindi 115 50 65
        Hungarian 80 40 40
        Ilocano 5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Italian 240 105 135
        Japanese 5 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 80 40 40
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 5 0 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 215 100 110
        Malay 10 0 5
        Malayalam 35 15 20
        Maltese 10 5 5
        Mandarin 120 55 65
        Marathi 5 0 5
        Nepali 0 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 240 115 125
        Pashto 85 40 45
        Persian (Farsi) 560 275 290
        Polish 240 120 120
        Portuguese 140 65 80
        Romanian 230 105 125
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 60 25 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 25 15 10
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
        Sindhi 30 10 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 15 5 5
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 15 10 5
        Spanish 370 180 195
        Swahili 5 5 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 445 200 250
        Taiwanese 5 0 0
        Tamil 400 200 205
        Telugu 5 5 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 0 5
        Turkish 35 20 10
        Ukrainian 5 0 5
        Urdu 885 445 445
        Vietnamese 40 15 25
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 25 10 10
  Multiple responses         3,185 1,540 1,645
    English and French 130 55 75
    English and non-official language 3,000 1,460 1,535
    French and non-official language 15 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 45 20 25
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 88,255 42,890 45,365
  None 77,580 37,850 39,730
  Single responses  10,530 4,980 5,550
    English  3,475 1,720 1,755
    French  800 315 485
    Non-official languages  6,250 2,945 3,310
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,195 2,915 3,280
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  15 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 5
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  390 210 180
        Armenian  65 30 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  60 25 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  125 50 75
        Chinese, n.o.s.  120 55 65
        Creoles  65 30 35
        Croatian  50 30 25
        Czech  35 15 20
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  65 30 35
        Estonian  10 0 5
        Finnish  45 15 30
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  275 110 170
        Greek  395 195 200
        Gujarati  175 85 90
        Hakka  0 0 5
        Hebrew  10 5 10
        Hindi  240 130 110
        Hungarian  60 15 40
        Ilocano  10 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  585 285 295
        Japanese  40 20 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  40 15 25
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  15 5 5
        Lingala  10 0 5
        Lithuanian  0 0 5
        Macedonian  180 85 90
        Malay  30 15 15
        Malayalam  35 15 20
        Maltese  20 5 10
        Mandarin  50 20 35
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Norwegian  10 10 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  185 90 95
        Pashto  20 5 15
        Persian (Farsi)  180 90 90
        Polish  155 75 80
        Portuguese  180 90 95
        Romanian  95 45 50
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  30 10 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  30 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  65 30 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  75 35 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  425 200 225
        Swahili  15 5 5
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  555 220 335
        Taiwanese  5 5 0
        Tamil  225 110 110
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 0 5
        Turkish  5 0 5
        Ukrainian  25 10 15
        Urdu  465 250 215
        Vietnamese  20 15 10
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 25 30
  Multiple responses          145 60 85
    English and French  15 5 15
    English and non-official language  50 25 20
    French and non-official language  80 30 50
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Pickering, CY, Ontario (Code 3518001) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Pickering, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Pickering, CY, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Pickering, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 Census