NHS Profile, Ajax, T, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Ajax, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ajax, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 109,220 52,810 56,415
Canadian citizens 104,100 50,450 53,650
Canadian citizens aged under 18 27,465 13,980 13,485
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,630 36,465 40,165
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 5,120 2,360 2,760
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 109,225 52,810 56,410
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 71,365 34,915 36,450
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 37,315 17,660 19,655
Before 1971 5,770 2,760 3,010
1971 to 1980 6,635 3,195 3,435
1981 to 1990 7,160 3,375 3,785
1991 to 2000 9,500 4,480 5,020
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,255 3,850 4,400
2001 to 2005 5,245 2,475 2,770
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,010 1,375 1,630
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 540 235 305
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 37,315 17,660 19,660
Under 5 years 3,800 1,850 1,955
5 to 14 years 7,415 3,760 3,650
15 to 24 years 9,535 4,065 5,470
25 to 44 years 13,840 6,820 7,020
45 years and over 2,725 1,160 1,565
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 109,220 52,810 56,410
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 71,365 34,915 36,450
Born in province of residence 65,290 32,165 33,120
Born outside province of residence 6,080 2,745 3,330
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 37,315 17,660 19,655
Americas 12,900 5,845 7,055
United States 780 425 360
Jamaica 4,535 2,020 2,515
Guyana 3,065 1,360 1,705
Haiti 100 35 60
Mexico 30 15 15
Trinidad and Tobago 2,290 1,005 1,290
Colombia 165 60 105
El Salvador 60 25 35
Peru 125 65 60
Chile 140 70 70
Other places of birth in Americas 1,625 770 850
Europe 7,755 3,670 4,080
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,475 1,535 1,940
Italy 705 445 260
Germany 515 215 305
Poland 360 160 200
Portugal 420 195 220
Netherlands 175 70 105
France 40 0 30
Romania 290 135 155
Russian Federation 110 45 70
Greece 425 195 225
Ukraine 65 25 40
Croatia 90 85 0
Hungary 110 70 35
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 25 20
Serbia 45 20 25
Ireland, Republic of 215 110 110
Other places of birth in Europe 665 330 340
Africa 1,875 1,005 875
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 300 145 160
South Africa, Republic of 140 90 50
Nigeria 115 55 60
Ethiopia 80 35 50
Kenya 165 105 60
Other places of birth in Africa 1,050 560 490
Asia 14,535 7,030 7,505
India 2,740 1,360 1,380
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 750 350 395
Philippines 3,365 1,485 1,880
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 340 180 160
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 330 130 205
Pakistan 2,090 1,090 995
Sri Lanka 2,120 990 1,130
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 230 125 105
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 145 65 80
Lebanon 265 160 105
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 85 45 40
Bangladesh 265 130 140
Afghanistan 770 385 395
Japan 80 0 55
Turkey 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 910 495 415
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 250 115 140
Fiji 170 0 125
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 85 65 10
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 535 235 305
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,010 1,375 1,635
Americas 950 505 440
United States 145 120 25
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 20 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 305 170 135
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 25 0 0
Guyana 190 85 105
Peru 35 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 30 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 190 85 105
Europe 220 90 125
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 110 35 75
Other places of birth in Europe 75 45 30
Africa 215 80 135
Nigeria 20 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 75 35 45
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 90 35 55
Asia 1,620 685 935
Philippines 380 150 240
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 65 30 35
India 500 230 275
Pakistan 175 85 90
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 165 60 105
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 30 0 20
Lebanon 25 0 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 90 40 50
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 15 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 70 0 40
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 109,220 52,810 56,410
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 38,085 18,025 20,065
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 33,540 16,260 17,280
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 37,595 18,525 19,065
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 109,220 52,810 56,410
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 49,995 23,850 26,145
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 15,025 7,400 7,625
Chinese 2,555 1,205 1,350
Black 17,510 8,390 9,115
Filipino 4,820 2,115 2,710
Latin American 1,065 440 625
Arab 1,165 665 500
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 645 255 390
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,770 900 870
Korean 205 95 110
Japanese 305 120 190
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,790 1,220 1,570
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 2,135 1,050 1,090
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 59,225 28,960 30,265
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 109,220 52,810 56,415
North American Aboriginal origins 1,875 815 1,055
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,485 640 840
Inuit 20 10 0
Métis 375 170 205
Other North American origins 23,340 11,560 11,780
Acadian 55 25 25
American 1,135 565 575
Canadian 22,550 11,210 11,335
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 105 40 60
Nova Scotian 15 0 15
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 58,700 28,150 30,550
British Isles origins 40,340 19,210 21,130
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 23,015 10,740 12,275
Irish 16,230 7,860 8,375
Manx 80 50 30
Scottish 17,170 8,155 9,015
Welsh 1,690 740 950
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,530 1,165 1,360
French origins 7,265 3,205 4,060
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 7,260 3,200 4,060
Western European origins (except French origins) 9,015 4,450 4,565
Austrian 440 200 235
Belgian 200 80 125
Dutch 2,540 1,270 1,265
Flemish 15 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 6,215 3,035 3,180
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 150 95 55
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,645 815 820
Danish 435 275 160
Finnish 375 155 220
Icelandic 55 15 35
Norwegian 270 135 135
Swedish 520 260 270
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 60 20 40
Eastern European origins 6,420 3,005 3,420
Bulgarian 85 25 60
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 335 160 180
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 75 25 50
Estonian 150 80 75
Hungarian 780 390 390
Latvian 75 15 55
Lithuanian 75 45 30
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 2,580 1,190 1,395
Romanian 470 230 240
Russian 520 200 315
Slovak 185 105 85
Ukrainian 1,895 965 930
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 14,265 7,030 7,235
Albanian 30 0 20
Bosnian 30 0 0
Croatian 220 130 85
Cypriot 70 35 40
Greek 2,080 1,060 1,025
Italian 5,405 2,675 2,725
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 930 440 485
Maltese 440 270 175
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 3,645 1,745 1,895
Serbian 150 105 45
Sicilian 30 20 0
Slovenian 120 50 70
Spanish 2,030 935 1,100
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 210 125 90
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 720 375 345
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 650 320 330
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 65 50 15
Caribbean origins 16,435 7,770 8,665
Antiguan 85 40 40
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 990 465 535
Bermudan 20 0 15
Carib 145 85 60
Cuban 430 155 275
Dominican 220 100 125
Grenadian 590 255 335
Haitian 240 105 130
Jamaican 9,690 4,680 5,010
Kittitian/Nevisian 60 0 40
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 140 70 75
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 2,885 1,310 1,580
Vincentian/Grenadinian 525 235 290
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,815 840 975
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 450 195 260
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,970 2,210 2,755
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 110 70 45
Argentinian 85 25 55
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 10 0 0
Brazilian 100 50 50
Chilean 245 115 130
Colombian 170 75 90
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 75 40 35
Guatemalan 60 40 20
Guyanese 3,340 1,470 1,870
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 100 30 70
Nicaraguan 30 20 0
Panamanian 210 85 125
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 115 55 55
Salvadorean 120 60 65
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 185 70 115
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 130 60 75
African origins 4,705 2,375 2,335
Central and West African origins 870 460 410
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 25 20 0
Ashanti 30 25 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 35 25 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 370 200 175
Guinean 55 35 30
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 190 80 110
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 15 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 45 0 0
Yoruba 30 20 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 80 45 40
North African origins 625 330 295
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 65 30 30
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 400 205 200
Libyan 50 25 20
Maure 10 0 10
Moroccan 50 30 20
Sudanese 40 30 0
Tunisian 20 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 740 380 360
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 50 0 30
Eritrean 35 0 30
Ethiopian 105 60 40
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 30 25 0
Malagasy 10 0 0
Mauritian 15 0 0
Oromo 35 0 20
Rwandan 25 0 0
Seychellois 15 0 0
Somali 80 0 65
South African 215 145 75
Tanzanian 35 20 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 40 0 25
Zambian 20 0 15
Zimbabwean 30 0 15
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 60 20 40
Other African origins 2,530 1,250 1,280
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 525 255 270
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,085 1,055 1,035
Asian origins 29,845 14,285 15,560
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,695 1,890 1,805
Afghan 1,230 560 675
Arab, n.o.s. 355 245 105
Armenian 240 125 110
Assyrian 30 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 450 235 220
Iraqi 120 60 55
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 25 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 65 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 715 365 350
Palestinian 215 100 115
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 90 55 35
Syrian 120 60 55
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 95 50 40
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 85 50 35
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 170 130 40
South Asian origins 16,350 8,000 8,350
Bangladeshi 305 115 195
Bengali 95 45 45
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 11,300 5,575 5,725
Goan 145 80 70
Gujarati 50 20 35
Kashmiri 15 0 0
Nepali 75 45 30
Pakistani 1,795 925 870
Punjabi 155 95 60
Sinhalese 200 125 75
Sri Lankan 1,855 905 945
Tamil 895 435 455
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 775 360 420
East and Southeast Asian origins 10,705 4,815 5,890
Burmese 75 45 30
Cambodian (Khmer) 40 0 25
Chinese 4,610 2,105 2,505
Filipino 5,590 2,500 3,095
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 115 40 80
Japanese 400 185 215
Korean 215 105 115
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 85 40 40
Mongolian 15 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 440 140 295
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 50 0 0
Other Asian origins 210 115 100
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 215 110 100
Oceania origins 375 240 140
Australian 175 110 65
New Zealander 35 30 0
Pacific Islands origins 185 115 65
Fijian 90 0 45
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 90 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 109,220 52,810 56,415
Buddhist 785 350 435
Christian 72,775 34,375 38,405
Anglican 6,565 3,070 3,495
Baptist 2,030 945 1,085
Catholic 34,105 16,430 17,680
Christian Orthodox 3,005 1,495 1,505
Lutheran 865 365 500
Pentecostal 4,600 1,950 2,645
Presbyterian 2,435 1,235 1,200
United Church 6,240 2,635 3,605
Other Christian 12,940 6,250 6,695
Hindu 6,490 3,055 3,440
Jewish 410 180 235
Muslim 7,550 3,760 3,790
Sikh 590 285 305
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 250 130 120
No religious affiliation 20,365 10,680 9,680
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 109,220 52,810 56,410
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,080 525 555
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 710 340 370
Métis single identity 315 165 150
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 15 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 108,140 52,280 55,860
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 109,225 52,810 56,410
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 300 105 200
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 108,925 52,705 56,215
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 109,220 52,810 56,410
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,870 820 1,060
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,480 640 845
Métis ancestry 375 170 210
Inuit ancestry 20 10 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 107,345 51,990 55,355
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 27,705 13,105 14,595
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,700 13,105 14,590
Italian 1,505 760 750
Portuguese 735 345 385
Romanian 325 150 175
Spanish 1,590 705 885
Dutch 250 130 120
Flemish 20 15 0
German 1,085 485 605
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 30 0 30
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 55 20 35
Afrikaans 60 35 20
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 60 0 55
Croatian 70 45 25
Czech 70 30 40
Macedonian 490 195 295
Polish 565 225 340
Russian 195 85 110
Serbian 150 85 70
Serbo-Croatian 65 20 0
Slovak 65 20 40
Slovenian 30 0 0
Ukrainian 105 60 45
Latvian 30 0 25
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 1,020 515 505
Armenian 95 45 50
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 60 30 30
Finnish 45 15 30
Hungarian 260 145 115
Turkish 50 25 25
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 40 20 20
Somali 35 0 30
Amharic 75 30 45
Arabic 1,320 710 605
Hebrew 75 45 0
Maltese 15 15 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 35
Bengali 525 245 275
Gujarati 905 455 455
Hindi 2,380 1,195 1,185
Konkani 20 0 0
Marathi 45 20 30
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,255 590 665
Sindhi 200 95 105
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 415 210 205
Urdu 3,155 1,640 1,515
Nepali 30 0 20
Kurdish 65 0 0
Pashto 175 75 100
Persian (Farsi) 1,425 665 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25
Kannada 35 25 15
Malayalam 190 110 85
Tamil 2,710 1,310 1,400
Telugu 180 95 80
Japanese 170 70 100
Korean 170 75 95
Cantonese 645 300 340
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 15 0 0
Mandarin 465 215 250
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 555 240 315
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 0 20
Vietnamese 310 115 190
Bisayan languages 120 30 90
Ilocano 45 0 40
Malay 145 70 75
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 3,255 1,415 1,840
Akan (Twi) 200 105 95
Lingala 15 15 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 120 75 45
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70
African languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10
Creoles 315 145 165
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 395 205 190
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 107,965 52,210 55,755
Non-movers 97,060 46,950 50,105
Movers 10,910 5,260 5,650
Non-migrants 4,320 2,060 2,260
Migrants 6,590 3,200 3,390
Internal migrants 6,045 2,940 3,105
Intraprovincial migrants 5,815 2,820 3,000
Interprovincial migrants 225 120 105
External migrants 540 260 280
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 101,895 49,005 52,895
Non-movers 63,350 30,865 32,485
Movers 38,550 18,140 20,410
Non-migrants 13,415 6,250 7,170
Migrants 25,135 11,890 13,245
Internal migrants 22,580 10,740 11,840
Intraprovincial migrants 21,955 10,480 11,470
Interprovincial migrants 625 260 365
External migrants 2,555 1,150 1,405
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 86,545 41,250 45,295
No certificate, diploma or degree 12,655 6,145 6,510
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 25,245 12,175 13,070
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 48,645 22,925 25,720
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,565 3,700 1,865
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 20,050 8,925 11,125
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,960 2,235 2,720
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 18,070 8,060 10,010
Bachelor's degree 12,300 5,140 7,165
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,770 2,925 2,845
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 60,920 28,580 32,340
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,205 2,020 2,185
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 15,815 7,605 8,215
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 40,895 18,960 21,940
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,310 2,865 1,445
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,965 7,415 9,550
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,025 1,795 2,235
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 15,600 6,890 8,715
Bachelor's degree 10,620 4,430 6,190
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,980 2,460 2,520
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 86,540 41,250 45,290
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 37,900 18,325 19,575
Education 2,545 595 1,950
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,870 1,060 815
Humanities 2,405 810 1,590
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,935 1,610 4,320
Business, management and public administration 12,475 4,900 7,575
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,890 820 1,065
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,435 1,610 820
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,630 8,720 910
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 520 365 155
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,425 1,255 5,170
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,520 1,180 1,340
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 86,545 41,245 45,290
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 37,895 18,325 19,575
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 48,645 22,925 25,720
Location of study inside Canada 38,135 17,545 20,585
Same as province or territory of residence 35,860 16,390 19,475
Another province or territory 2,275 1,160 1,115
Location of study outside Canada 10,510 5,375 5,130
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 64,930 32,110 32,815
Single responses 64,490 31,955 32,530
English 64,025 31,795 32,230
French 210 55 155
Non-official languages 250 110 145
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 15
Cantonese 20 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 0 0
Spanish 20 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 120 60 60
Multiple responses 440 155 280
English and French 235 70 165
English and non-official language 205 80 125
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 64,925 32,110 32,820
English 64,025 31,795 32,230
French 210 55 160
Non-official language 250 105 145
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 255 105 150
English and French 235 75 160
English and non-official language 205 85 120
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 86,540 41,250 45,295
In the labour force 63,065 31,175 31,890
Employed 57,570 28,590 28,980
Unemployed 5,495 2,585 2,910
Not in the labour force 23,475 10,075 13,405
Participation rate 72.9 75.6 70.4
Employment rate 66.5 69.3 64.0
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.3 9.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 63,065 31,180 31,885
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,120 935 1,190
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 60,940 30,240 30,700
Employee 56,345 27,270 29,075
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,595 2,975 1,625
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 63,065 31,175 31,885
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,125 935 1,185
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 60,945 30,240 30,700
0 Management occupations 7,890 4,810 3,075
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,965 3,650 9,310
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,050 3,875 1,180
3 Health occupations 3,630 650 2,980
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,270 1,810 4,465
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,615 710 905
6 Sales and service occupations 13,685 6,185 7,505
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 6,750 6,285 465
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 625 535 85
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,470 1,735 730
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 63,065 31,175 31,890
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,125 940 1,185
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 60,940 30,240 30,700
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 105 55 50
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 95 90 0
22 Utilities 1,310 805 510
23 Construction 3,430 2,985 445
31-33 Manufacturing 5,040 3,520 1,515
41 Wholesale trade 3,095 1,885 1,210
44-45 Retail trade 6,695 3,225 3,470
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,825 2,140 680
51 Information and cultural industries 2,560 1,420 1,135
52 Finance and insurance 6,240 2,520 3,715
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,170 600 565
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,590 2,260 2,330
55 Management of companies and enterprises 45 0 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,805 1,620 1,190
61 Educational services 3,605 1,060 2,545
62 Health care and social assistance 6,615 955 5,655
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 960 540 420
72 Accommodation and food services 3,450 1,550 1,895
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,410 1,170 1,240
91 Public administration 3,910 1,830 2,080
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 63,065 31,175 31,890
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,165 1,950 2,215
Worked in 2010 58,900 29,230 29,675
1 to 13 weeks 3,115 1,375 1,745
14 to 26 weeks 4,400 1,895 2,505
27 to 39 weeks 2,780 1,395 1,385
40 to 48 weeks 7,700 3,695 4,010
49 to 52 weeks 40,905 20,870 20,030
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.8 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 63,065 31,180 31,890
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,165 1,950 2,215
Worked in 2010 58,900 29,225 29,675
Worked full-time in 2010 47,775 25,300 22,475
Worked part-time in 2010 11,130 3,930 7,195
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 57,570 28,590 28,980
Worked at home 2,785 1,275 1,515
Worked outside Canada 105 80 25
No fixed workplace address 6,050 4,380 1,670
Worked at usual place 48,625 22,855 25,775
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 54,680 27,235 27,445
Car, truck or van - as a driver 40,440 22,065 18,380
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,355 1,135 2,220
Public transit 8,710 3,095 5,615
Walked 1,335 540 800
Bicycle 180 125 55
Other methods 655 280 370
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 54,680 27,235 27,445
Median commuting duration 35.1 35.4 30.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 54,680 27,235 27,445
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 16,420 9,480 6,940
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,385 11,950 15,435
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,870 5,805 5,070
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 35,040 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 33,790 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,245 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 35,040 ... ...
1960 or before 2,630 ... ...
1961 to 1980 6,115 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,165 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,330 ... ...
2001 to 2005 5,810 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 5,995 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 35,035 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 3,905 ... ...
5 rooms 4,480 ... ...
6 rooms 5,560 ... ...
7 rooms 6,675 ... ...
8 or more rooms 14,415 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.1 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 35,040 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 1,365 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,760 ... ...
3 bedrooms 15,680 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 14,240 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 35,040 ... ...
Owner 30,460 ... ...
Renter 4,575 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 35,035 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 2,810 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 32,225 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 35,035 ... ...
1 household maintainer 17,495 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,545 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 995 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 35,035 ... ...
Under 25 years 245 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,315 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,735 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,450 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,490 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,795 ... ...
75 years and over 2,005 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 35,040 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 34,345 ... ...
More than one person per room 695 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 35,040 ... ...
Suitable 32,675 ... ...
Not suitable 2,365 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 35,010 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 25,215 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,795 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,400 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,460 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 75.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 25.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,650 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,615 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 333,633 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 357,867 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,570 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 15.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 43.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,050 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,061 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 86,540 41,250 45,290
Without income 5,825 2,620 3,205
With income 80,720 38,625 42,090
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,430 4,645 4,785
$5,000 to $9,999 6,080 2,305 3,775
$10,000 to $14,999 6,340 2,395 3,950
$15,000 to $19,999 5,545 1,970 3,575
$20,000 to $29,999 8,080 3,425 4,650
$30,000 to $39,999 8,540 3,970 4,575
$40,000 to $49,999 8,265 3,735 4,530
$50,000 to $59,999 7,140 3,315 3,830
$60,000 to $79,999 9,890 5,425 4,465
$80,000 to $99,999 6,060 3,680 2,375
$100,000 and over 5,335 3,765 1,570
$100,000 to $124,999 2,820 1,820 1,000
$125,000 and over 2,515 1,945 575
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,981 41,853 30,440
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 43,541 50,513 37,143
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 86,545 41,250 45,290
Without after-tax income 5,855 2,630 3,230
With after-tax income 80,690 38,620 42,065
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,515 4,670 4,840
$5,000 to $9,999 6,170 2,320 3,850
$10,000 to $14,999 6,405 2,430 3,970
$15,000 to $19,999 5,995 2,195 3,800
$20,000 to $29,999 9,605 4,100 5,500
$30,000 to $39,999 10,660 4,920 5,735
$40,000 to $49,999 10,525 5,025 5,500
$50,000 to $59,999 7,570 3,945 3,625
$60,000 to $79,999 9,310 5,545 3,765
$80,000 to $99,999 2,945 1,920 1,025
$100,000 and over 1,995 1,545 450
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,594 36,936 28,031
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 36,376 41,244 31,907
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.5 93.1 87.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 83.5 85.5 80.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 80.7 81.9 79.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.8 3.6 1.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 1.4 1.4 1.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.2 5.0 3.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.2 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.5 6.9 12.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.1 1.8 2.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.7 1.3 2.3
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.3 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.6 0.1 3.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.4 2.3 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.5 18.4 14.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.5 81.6 85.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.8 1.1 0.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 36,140 19,240 16,900
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 54,986 60,731 50,013
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 62,200 68,769 54,724
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 29,465 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,573 ... ...
Average family income ($) 108,414 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 82,904 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 90,553 ... ...
Average family size 3.5 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 6,320 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,913 ... ...
Average family income ($) 95,657 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,527 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 79,067 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 17,380 ... ...
Median family income ($) 111,978 ... ...
Average family income ($) 123,440 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 95,409 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 102,530 ... ...
Average family size 4.2 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,545 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,916 ... ...
Average family income ($) 68,411 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,625 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,859 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 7,180 3,240 3,945
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,532 43,587 35,106
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,639 49,544 40,611
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,619 37,383 32,025
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,235 40,336 34,689
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 109,220 52,810 56,410
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 40,535 18,820 21,715
In bottom decile 6,370 2,895 3,475
In second decile 6,415 2,845 3,570
In third decile 7,830 3,725 4,110
In fourth decile 9,105 4,430 4,675
In fifth decile 10,810 4,925 5,885
In top half of the Canadian distribution 68,685 33,990 34,695
In sixth decile 12,265 5,890 6,375
In seventh decile 12,120 5,860 6,255
In eighth decile 14,455 7,155 7,300
In ninth decile 16,675 8,330 8,345
In top decile 13,175 6,755 6,420
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 35,035 ... ...
Under $5,000 630 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 270 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 625 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 705 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,920 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,050 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,675 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,035 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,175 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,645 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,545 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,310 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 35,035 ... ...
Under $5,000 630 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 295 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 625 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 720 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,285 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,865 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,265 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,675 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,125 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,895 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,870 ... ...
$125,000 and over 6,030 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 35,035 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 88,262 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 100,305 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 75,662 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 83,770 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 5,035 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 44,221 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 49,748 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,082 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 41,242 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 30,000 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 97,002 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 108,793 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 83,291 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 90,910 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 109,220 52,810 56,410
Less than 18 years 28,105 14,355 13,750
Less than 6 years 8,740 4,495 4,245
18 to 64 years 71,935 34,225 37,710
65 years and over 9,180 4,230 4,950
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 10,165 4,565 5,605
Less than 18 years 3,310 1,595 1,720
Less than 6 years 1,065 505 560
18 to 64 years 6,340 2,805 3,530
65 years and over 515 160 360
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 9.3 8.6 9.9
Less than 18 years (%) 11.8 11.1 12.5
Less than 6 years (%) 12.2 11.2 13.2
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.2 9.4
65 years and over (%) 5.6 3.8 7.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ajax, T, Ontario (Code 3518005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Ajax, T, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Ajax, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ajax, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 109,600 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 90,167 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 21.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 35,593 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,038 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,634.2 ... ...
Land area (square km) 67.07 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 109,600 52,890 56,705
0 to 4 years 7,300 3,735 3,565
5 to 9 years 7,310 3,725 3,585
10 to 14 years 8,025 4,095 3,930
15 to 19 years 8,950 4,525 4,425
15 years 1,815 935 875
16 years 1,825 935 890
17 years 1,825 920 910
18 years 1,810 905 905
19 years 1,675 835 840
20 to 24 years 7,415 3,725 3,690
25 to 29 years 6,545 3,135 3,415
30 to 34 years 7,380 3,295 4,085
35 to 39 years 8,120 3,785 4,335
40 to 44 years 8,650 4,055 4,595
45 to 49 years 9,940 4,755 5,185
50 to 54 years 8,875 4,335 4,535
55 to 59 years 6,445 3,150 3,295
60 to 64 years 5,065 2,430 2,640
65 to 69 years 3,280 1,570 1,710
70 to 74 years 2,325 1,035 1,285
75 to 79 years 1,830 805 1,025
80 to 84 years 1,240 460 780
85 years and over 905 280 625
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.2 35.3 36.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 79.3 78.2 80.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 86,960 41,335 45,625
Married or living with a common-law partner 51,440 25,640 25,795
Married (and not separated) 46,060 22,960 23,095
Living common law 5,380 2,680 2,695
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 35,520 15,695 19,830
Single (never legally married) 25,590 12,855 12,735
Separated 2,540 955 1,585
Divorced 4,120 1,330 2,790
Widowed 3,280 555 2,725
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 30,950 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 10,985 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,730 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,490 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,745 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 30,955 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 25,295 ... ...
Married couples 22,610 ... ...
Without children at home 6,640 ... ...
With children at home 15,970 ... ...
1 child 5,310 ... ...
2 children 7,345 ... ...
3 or more children 3,315 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,685 ... ...
Without children at home 1,235 ... ...
With children at home 1,450 ... ...
1 child 650 ... ...
2 children 565 ... ...
3 or more children 235 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,660 ... ...
Female parent 4,645 ... ...
1 child 2,480 ... ...
2 children 1,490 ... ...
3 or more children 680 ... ...
Male parent 1,010 ... ...
1 child 625 ... ...
2 children 285 ... ...
3 or more children 100 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 42,700 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,670 ... ...
6 to 14 years 13,820 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,340 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,740 ... ...
25 years and over 5,125 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.4 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 109,220 52,750 56,470
Number of persons not in census families 10,275 4,215 6,060
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,145 1,005 2,135
Living with non-relatives only 2,070 1,110 965
Living alone 5,060 2,100 2,960
Number of census family persons 98,945 48,535 50,410
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 9,315 4,065 5,250
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,040 635 2,400
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,255 205 1,050
Living with non-relatives only 165 80 85
Living alone 1,615 355 1,260
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 6,280 3,425 2,850
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 35,035 ... ...
Census-family households 29,200 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,720 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 20,935 ... ...
Without children 6,300 ... ...
With children 14,635 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,785 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 4,475 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,800 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,925 ... ...
Without children 400 ... ...
With children 1,525 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 875 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,675 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,840 ... ...
One-person households 5,060 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 780 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 35,035 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,100 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,145 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 0 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 9,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,000 ... ...
Row house 5,075 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,270 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,435 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 35,035 ... ...
1 person 5,055 ... ...
2 persons 8,815 ... ...
3 persons 7,125 ... ...
4 persons 8,305 ... ...
5 persons 3,660 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,075 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 109,220 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 109,300 52,790 56,515
  Single responses  106,455 51,410 55,045
    English  83,200 40,330 42,865
    French  1,580 710 875
    Non-official languages  21,680 10,375 11,305
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 21,455 10,265 11,195
        African languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Afrikaans  20 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  105 55 50
        Albanian  35 15 20
        Amharic  35 20 15
        Arabic  1,190 620 570
        Armenian  75 35 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 15 20
        Bengali  310 140 170
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  70 30 40
        Bosnian  5 5 0
        Bulgarian  25 10 10
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  515 235 280
        Chinese, n.o.s.  610 290 320
        Creoles  65 30 30
        Croatian  85 45 40
        Czech  40 20 20
        Danish  35 10 25
        Dutch  215 110 110
        Estonian  40 20 25
        Finnish  55 20 35
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  5 5 0
        German  605 260 350
        Greek  505 270 235
        Gujarati  570 275 295
        Hakka  35 15 20
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  600 290 315
        Hungarian  210 95 115
        Ilocano  65 20 40
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Italian  990 520 470
        Japanese  45 15 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 0 10
        Korean  165 75 85
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  25 10 15
        Lingala  15 10 5
        Lithuanian  10 0 5
        Macedonian  455 215 240
        Malay  50 25 25
        Malayalam  140 75 65
        Maltese  30 15 15
        Mandarin  355 165 190
        Marathi  25 10 15
        Nepali  15 5 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  15 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  715 345 370
        Pashto  85 40 45
        Persian (Farsi)  1,395 710 685
        Polish  545 250 295
        Portuguese  585 285 305
        Romanian  330 150 175
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  200 85 115
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 85 40 40
        Serbian  100 50 50
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Sindhi  85 45 40
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  200 85 110
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  50 25 25
        Slovenian  25 15 15
        Somali  60 25 35
        Spanish  1,090 520 575
        Swahili  35 15 20
        Swedish  20 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,260 950 1,310
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  2,025 985 1,045
        Telugu  85 45 40
        Thai  10 0 10
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 10 5
        Turkish  45 25 20
        Ukrainian  85 40 40
        Urdu  2,330 1,165 1,160
        Vietnamese  295 135 160
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 220 105 115
  Multiple responses          2,845 1,380 1,465
    English and French  325 160 160
    English and non-official language  2,335 1,130 1,205
    French and non-official language  115 60 60
    English, French and non-official language 70 30 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 109,300 52,785 56,515
  English only 100,430 49,130 51,300
  French only 80 35 40
  English and French 7,655 3,250 4,405
  Neither English nor French 1,140 370 775
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 109,300 52,790 56,515
  English 106,035 51,460 54,580
  French 1,670 755 915
  English and French 485 220 265
  Neither English nor French 1,110 360 760
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,905 860 1,050
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.7 1.6 1.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 109,300 52,790 56,510
  Single responses 104,225 50,365 53,860
    English 93,430 45,195 48,230
    French 760 370 395
    Non-official languages 10,030 4,800 5,235
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,975 4,765 5,210
        African languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 40 20 20
        Albanian 15 5 10
        Amharic 15 10 5
        Arabic 550 260 290
        Armenian 35 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Bengali 175 75 105
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 25 10 15
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 15 10 5
        Burmese 0 5 0
        Cantonese 345 165 185
        Chinese, n.o.s. 320 165 160
        Creoles 15 10 5
        Croatian 15 5 5
        Czech 10 5 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 15 5 5
        Estonian 5 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 55 25 30
        Greek 125 65 60
        Gujarati 255 120 135
        Hakka 10 5 10
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 295 140 150
        Hungarian 65 30 30
        Ilocano 15 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Italian 170 80 90
        Japanese 20 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0
        Korean 95 45 45
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 5 5 0
        Latvian 0 0 5
        Lingala 5 5 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 215 105 105
        Malay 25 10 10
        Malayalam 55 30 30
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 280 130 145
        Marathi 10 0 5
        Nepali 5 0 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Norwegian 0 5 0
        Oromo 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 400 190 210
        Pashto 60 25 35
        Persian (Farsi) 910 445 465
        Polish 225 105 120
        Portuguese 135 65 70
        Romanian 195 95 95
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 110 55 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25
        Serbian 40 20 15
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 40 20 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 30 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 5
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 30 10 15
        Spanish 535 245 295
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 750 350 400
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 1,355 645 705
        Telugu 45 30 20
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 5 5
        Turkish 20 5 10
        Ukrainian 20 10 15
        Urdu 1,375 680 690
        Vietnamese 185 90 95
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 30 25
  Multiple responses         5,080 2,425 2,655
    English and French 265 110 155
    English and non-official language 4,660 2,245 2,415
    French and non-official language 45 20 25
    English, French and non-official language 110 45 65
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 109,300 52,785 56,515
  None 93,955 45,460 48,495
  Single responses  15,030 7,180 7,855
    English  5,375 2,680 2,695
    French  1,300 545 750
    Non-official languages  8,360 3,950 4,410
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,240 3,900 4,340
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  20 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  55 30 30
        Albanian  15 5 5
        Amharic  15 5 10
        Arabic  520 270 245
        Armenian  30 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 10 20
        Bengali  75 30 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 10
        Bosnian  0 5 5
        Bulgarian  5 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  120 55 60
        Chinese, n.o.s.  155 65 90
        Creoles  135 65 75
        Croatian  30 20 15
        Czech  20 10 10
        Danish  25 10 15
        Dutch  70 25 45
        Estonian  20 10 10
        Finnish  30 15 20
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  235 105 125
        Greek  325 170 155
        Gujarati  220 105 115
        Hakka  10 5 5
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  345 160 185
        Hungarian  70 25 45
        Ilocano  20 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  435 205 225
        Japanese  10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  55 20 40
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  15 0 15
        Lingala  25 15 10
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  175 90 85
        Malay  20 5 10
        Malayalam  50 25 20
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  100 45 50
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  10 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 75 40 40
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  275 125 145
        Pashto  15 10 5
        Persian (Farsi)  300 165 135
        Polish  175 75 100
        Portuguese  280 135 145
        Romanian  115 50 65
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  55 25 30
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Serbian  45 25 25
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Sindhi  65 30 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  140 60 80
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  15 5 15
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  25 10 15
        Spanish  485 230 255
        Swahili  45 20 25
        Swedish  10 0 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  980 400 580
        Taiwanese  0 0 5
        Tamil  595 305 285
        Telugu  45 25 20
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 5
        Tigrigna  5 5 5
        Turkish  25 20 10
        Ukrainian  20 10 15
        Urdu  745 375 370
        Vietnamese  65 35 35
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 120 50 65
  Multiple responses          310 150 165
    English and French  40 20 20
    English and non-official language  115 55 55
    French and non-official language  155 75 85
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ajax, T, Ontario (Code 3518005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Ajax, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Ajax, T, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Ajax, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 Census