NHS Profile, Vaughan, CY, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Vaughan, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vaughan, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 286,305 140,185 146,115
Canadian citizens 264,885 130,865 134,025
Canadian citizens aged under 18 68,895 35,510 33,385
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 195,990 95,355 100,635
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 21,420 9,325 12,095
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 286,300 140,190 146,115
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 150,375 75,450 74,925
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 132,970 63,710 69,255
Before 1971 30,575 14,720 15,855
1971 to 1980 16,905 8,315 8,590
1981 to 1990 20,630 10,315 10,315
1991 to 2000 34,820 16,430 18,400
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 30,035 13,935 16,100
2001 to 2005 18,095 8,550 9,545
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,940 5,385 6,555
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,965 1,030 1,935
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 132,965 63,710 69,255
Under 5 years 12,585 6,005 6,580
5 to 14 years 23,815 11,645 12,175
15 to 24 years 34,815 16,445 18,365
25 to 44 years 50,360 24,610 25,750
45 years and over 11,385 5,000 6,385
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 286,305 140,190 146,115
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 150,375 75,445 74,925
Born in province of residence 143,335 72,145 71,190
Born outside province of residence 7,035 3,295 3,735
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 132,965 63,710 69,255
Americas 13,440 6,020 7,420
United States 2,005 875 1,135
Jamaica 1,970 890 1,080
Guyana 2,280 1,075 1,205
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 315 140 170
Trinidad and Tobago 800 360 440
Colombia 755 310 440
El Salvador 520 250 265
Peru 565 230 340
Chile 335 170 165
Other places of birth in Americas 3,905 1,725 2,175
Europe 59,125 28,430 30,695
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,910 875 1,035
Italy 27,170 13,400 13,770
Germany 920 355 565
Poland 1,965 870 1,105
Portugal 2,950 1,450 1,500
Netherlands 150 55 100
France 440 210 230
Romania 2,550 1,185 1,370
Russian Federation 6,895 3,320 3,570
Greece 935 470 465
Ukraine 5,460 2,435 3,025
Croatia 390 210 185
Hungary 560 230 335
Bosnia and Herzegovina 250 145 110
Serbia 350 155 200
Ireland, Republic of 150 130 25
Other places of birth in Europe 6,060 2,945 3,120
Africa 5,785 2,830 2,950
Morocco 760 355 405
Algeria 95 60 30
Egypt 430 215 215
South Africa, Republic of 2,020 980 1,040
Nigeria 605 290 310
Ethiopia 170 95 75
Kenya 325 150 180
Other places of birth in Africa 1,370 680 685
Asia 54,250 26,210 28,045
India 8,060 3,855 4,205
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 4,535 2,140 2,390
Philippines 5,590 2,330 3,265
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 2,005 915 1,090
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 5,750 2,655 3,095
Pakistan 3,380 1,665 1,720
Sri Lanka 3,270 1,725 1,550
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 3,420 1,780 1,640
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 3,170 1,500 1,675
Lebanon 395 215 180
Taiwan 310 140 170
Iraq 2,715 1,360 1,350
Bangladesh 195 95 95
Afghanistan 1,325 700 625
Japan 70 0 60
Turkey 960 510 455
Other places of birth in Asia 9,110 4,620 4,490
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 370 220 145
Fiji 195 105 90
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 165 115 55
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,965 1,025 1,935
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 11,940 5,385 6,555
Americas 1,250 565 690
United States 450 215 235
Mexico 30 0 25
Cuba 30 25 10
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 90 30 60
Brazil 40 20 25
Colombia 170 85 85
Guyana 95 60 35
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 295 120 175
Europe 2,930 1,330 1,600
France 70 0 35
Germany 145 60 85
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 125 70 60
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 140 55 80
Russian Federation 1,050 490 560
Ukraine 490 195 290
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 120 50 70
Other places of birth in Europe 780 365 410
Africa 620 260 355
Nigeria 215 80 135
Ethiopia 40 0 15
Mauritius 30 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 85 0 60
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 125 70 60
Other places of birth in Africa 95 50 50
Asia 7,115 3,215 3,900
Philippines 1,055 345 710
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 595 255 340
India 790 375 415
Pakistan 605 260 340
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 600 270 330
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 525 250 275
Sri Lanka 315 175 135
Iraq 595 295 300
Bangladesh 35 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 335 120 220
Taiwan 15 0 0
Afghanistan 200 110 90
Japan 35 0 0
Turkey 80 45 35
Israel 810 410 395
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 25 0 15
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 505 265 235
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 15 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 286,305 140,190 146,115
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 136,425 65,015 71,410
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 101,450 50,330 51,120
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 48,430 24,840 23,590
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 286,300 140,185 146,115
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 89,975 43,355 46,620
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 27,725 13,970 13,755
Chinese 13,475 6,565 6,910
Black 7,765 3,725 4,040
Filipino 8,585 3,435 5,150
Latin American 6,055 2,925 3,135
Arab 2,785 1,405 1,380
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 7,735 3,565 4,160
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 6,215 3,260 2,960
Korean 4,300 2,125 2,185
Japanese 260 125 140
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,215 955 1,255
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 2,865 1,295 1,570
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 196,325 96,830 99,495
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 286,300 140,185 146,120
North American Aboriginal origins 735 260 470
First Nations (North American Indian) 595 195 395
Inuit 30 0 15
Métis 125 50 70
Other North American origins 23,490 11,980 11,510
Acadian 35 25 0
American 1,705 700 1,000
Canadian 22,300 11,485 10,820
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 55 25 30
European origins 190,750 93,935 96,810
British Isles origins 20,650 10,590 10,060
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 12,045 6,320 5,730
Irish 7,370 3,680 3,695
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 7,100 3,765 3,340
Welsh 690 290 405
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,955 985 970
French origins 4,655 2,105 2,550
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 4,655 2,100 2,550
Western European origins (except French origins) 8,630 4,255 4,380
Austrian 1,055 460 595
Belgian 345 200 140
Dutch 1,815 920 895
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,985 2,990 2,995
Luxembourger 35 15 0
Swiss 375 175 200
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 40 0 35
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,080 500 580
Danish 205 95 110
Finnish 245 90 155
Icelandic 10 0 0
Norwegian 330 145 190
Swedish 295 165 135
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 35 20 15
Eastern European origins 41,750 19,795 21,955
Bulgarian 680 320 360
Byelorussian 1,125 475 655
Czech 450 275 180
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 215 105 110
Estonian 190 115 80
Hungarian 2,880 1,350 1,535
Latvian 470 225 245
Lithuanian 1,335 675 665
Moldovan 275 125 145
Polish 14,485 7,015 7,475
Romanian 4,520 2,215 2,300
Russian 19,385 9,195 10,195
Slovak 385 170 210
Ukrainian 7,210 3,275 3,935
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 635 270 365
Southern European origins 115,020 57,020 58,000
Albanian 1,035 520 515
Bosnian 145 60 85
Croatian 1,415 730 680
Cypriot 125 60 65
Greek 5,585 2,960 2,625
Italian 94,970 47,140 47,825
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 1,005 485 520
Maltese 1,000 430 575
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 9,535 4,705 4,825
Serbian 875 435 440
Sicilian 25 15 0
Slovenian 415 210 205
Spanish 5,425 2,515 2,910
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 210 105 110
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 20 0 0
Other European origins 34,185 17,105 17,080
Basque 10 0 15
Jewish 33,745 16,865 16,875
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 80 40 40
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 500 270 225
Caribbean origins 6,230 2,860 3,370
Antiguan 50 35 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 245 95 150
Bermudan 30 25 0
Carib 135 55 85
Cuban 220 100 120
Dominican 120 75 40
Grenadian 150 70 85
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 3,335 1,500 1,835
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 770 385 385
Vincentian/Grenadinian 240 100 145
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,165 570 595
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 105 45 65
Latin, Central and South American origins 9,035 4,340 4,700
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 225 100 125
Argentinian 855 435 420
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 15 0 0
Brazilian 455 245 210
Chilean 465 250 210
Colombian 1,110 535 570
Costa Rican 45 10 30
Ecuadorian 1,680 795 880
Guatemalan 70 35 30
Guyanese 1,685 775 910
Hispanic 35 0 25
Honduran 30 0 25
Maya 25 0 0
Mexican 455 200 255
Nicaraguan 75 30 45
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 845 420 425
Salvadorean 715 365 350
Uruguayan 260 145 115
Venezuelan 240 75 165
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 305 175 130
African origins 6,985 3,440 3,545
Central and West African origins 1,665 755 900
Akan 20 0 0
Angolan 50 0 0
Ashanti 30 20 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 10 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 700 345 360
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 715 305 410
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 60 35 30
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 75 40 40
North African origins 2,555 1,265 1,290
Algerian 140 60 80
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 120 85 35
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 695 365 330
Libyan 25 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,465 690 775
Sudanese 30 20 0
Tunisian 175 60 110
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 25 10 0
Southern and East African origins 1,900 980 920
Afrikaner 25 15 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 145 70 75
Ethiopian 165 80 90
Harari 85 70 0
Kenyan 120 65 50
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 30 0 20
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 150 95 60
South African 985 475 510
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 65 50 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 55 25 25
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 100 50 45
Other African origins 950 485 470
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 130 50 80
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 820 435 385
Asian origins 81,900 39,600 42,305
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 17,945 9,115 8,830
Afghan 1,775 960 815
Arab, n.o.s. 630 295 335
Armenian 1,120 580 540
Assyrian 1,395 730 675
Azerbaijani 205 110 90
Georgian 55 15 35
Iranian 4,725 2,465 2,260
Iraqi 2,445 1,205 1,240
Israeli 2,305 1,100 1,200
Jordanian 315 145 165
Kazakh 55 40 15
Kurd 395 220 175
Kuwaiti 40 0 0
Lebanese 850 475 370
Palestinian 325 170 155
Pashtun 80 50 30
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 230 120 110
Tajik 205 100 110
Tatar 245 115 130
Turk 1,520 740 780
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 130 70 60
Yemeni 145 75 70
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 530 265 265
South Asian origins 28,615 14,455 14,155
Bangladeshi 160 100 60
Bengali 55 30 25
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 18,715 9,340 9,380
Goan 50 30 0
Gujarati 90 40 55
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 60 0 40
Pakistani 3,970 2,050 1,915
Punjabi 985 495 480
Sinhalese 55 35 15
Sri Lankan 3,220 1,665 1,560
Tamil 1,615 820 795
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,350 645 710
East and Southeast Asian origins 35,935 16,385 19,550
Burmese 25 20 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 565 275 290
Chinese 16,660 7,945 8,720
Filipino 8,800 3,495 5,305
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 195 65 125
Japanese 435 175 255
Korean 4,475 2,200 2,275
Laotian 290 140 150
Malaysian 35 0 20
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 135 75 65
Thai 40 0 30
Tibetan 60 45 0
Vietnamese 7,145 3,215 3,925
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 65 35 30
Other Asian origins 115 45 65
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 115 45 70
Oceania origins 190 90 100
Australian 120 45 70
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 55 35 25
Fijian 40 20 15
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 286,305 140,190 146,115
Buddhist 7,215 3,335 3,880
Christian 173,565 83,600 89,965
Anglican 2,290 1,045 1,250
Baptist 1,555 710 845
Catholic 132,345 64,440 67,900
Christian Orthodox 14,080 6,765 7,315
Lutheran 530 230 300
Pentecostal 3,105 1,470 1,635
Presbyterian 2,535 1,180 1,360
United Church 2,065 980 1,090
Other Christian 15,050 6,770 8,280
Hindu 12,880 6,525 6,355
Jewish 43,760 21,405 22,355
Muslim 14,080 7,080 7,000
Sikh 5,030 2,500 2,540
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 25 10 10
Other religions 1,010 565 445
No religious affiliation 28,735 15,165 13,570
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 286,300 140,190 146,115
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 555 235 320
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 330 160 175
Métis single identity 125 40 90
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 75 35 40
Non-Aboriginal identity 285,745 139,945 145,800
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 286,300 140,185 146,120
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 205 75 135
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 286,095 140,110 145,980
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 286,305 140,185 146,115
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 730 260 475
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 595 200 400
Métis ancestry 120 50 70
Inuit ancestry 30 0 15
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 285,570 139,925 145,650
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 178,330 84,890 93,440
Aboriginal languages 20 0 15
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 178,310 84,885 93,425
Italian 55,825 26,525 29,295
Portuguese 5,870 2,770 3,095
Romanian 2,910 1,405 1,505
Spanish 10,510 4,820 5,690
Dutch 265 85 180
Flemish 10 0 0
German 1,355 585 770
Yiddish 1,445 690 755
Danish 45 20 20
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 65 30 35
Afrikaans 495 225 270
Gaelic languages 15 0 0
Bosnian 60 20 35
Bulgarian 395 190 205
Croatian 825 395 425
Czech 115 70 40
Macedonian 595 245 350
Polish 2,220 935 1,280
Russian 21,415 10,170 11,250
Serbian 640 320 320
Serbo-Croatian 45 15 30
Slovak 165 70 90
Slovenian 155 95 55
Ukrainian 1,960 825 1,135
Latvian 100 35 65
Lithuanian 165 45 120
Greek 2,815 1,450 1,370
Armenian 575 290 280
Albanian 880 440 450
Estonian 60 30 30
Finnish 85 35 55
Hungarian 1,120 470 645
Turkish 1,280 705 580
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 25 0 0
Somali 130 75 55
Amharic 135 80 60
Arabic 3,930 1,995 1,925
Hebrew 13,450 6,840 6,615
Maltese 220 110 110
Tigrigna 105 40 65
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,135 1,075 1,060
Bengali 340 180 160
Gujarati 3,210 1,570 1,645
Hindi 4,990 2,405 2,585
Konkani 30 15 15
Marathi 195 95 100
Panjabi (Punjabi) 7,225 3,640 3,580
Sindhi 175 100 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 130 60
Urdu 5,225 2,615 2,605
Nepali 50 0 30
Kurdish 320 165 155
Pashto 235 145 90
Persian (Farsi) 5,705 2,995 2,710
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95
Kannada 40 20 25
Malayalam 390 195 200
Tamil 4,655 2,435 2,225
Telugu 125 70 60
Japanese 180 65 110
Korean 3,925 1,915 2,010
Cantonese 5,375 2,540 2,835
Fukien 65 15 45
Hakka 90 40 45
Mandarin 3,545 1,680 1,870
Taiwanese 115 60 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,520 2,175 2,340
Lao 265 120 140
Thai 115 45 70
Khmer (Cambodian) 390 215 175
Vietnamese 6,140 2,760 3,385
Bisayan languages 80 20 60
Ilocano 365 145 220
Malay 240 80 160
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 6,490 2,380 4,105
Akan (Twi) 410 190 225
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 165 90 75
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 125 135
African languages, n.i.e. 70 50 20
Creoles 80 30 50
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,015 475 545
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 283,190 138,575 144,615
Non-movers 258,540 126,595 131,945
Movers 24,650 11,975 12,675
Non-migrants 11,985 5,920 6,065
Migrants 12,665 6,060 6,610
Internal migrants 10,550 5,215 5,330
Intraprovincial migrants 10,190 5,035 5,155
Interprovincial migrants 360 175 180
External migrants 2,120 845 1,275
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 268,160 130,870 137,290
Non-movers 175,155 85,930 89,225
Movers 93,005 44,940 48,065
Non-migrants 45,680 22,310 23,370
Migrants 47,330 22,635 24,695
Internal migrants 37,160 18,430 18,725
Intraprovincial migrants 35,905 17,835 18,075
Interprovincial migrants 1,245 595 650
External migrants 10,170 4,200 5,970
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 227,730 110,385 117,340
No certificate, diploma or degree 43,090 20,700 22,395
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 54,630 26,225 28,400
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 130,005 63,460 66,550
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 13,875 9,170 4,705
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 38,395 17,225 21,170
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 12,795 6,040 6,750
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 64,940 31,015 33,920
Bachelor's degree 39,805 18,435 21,365
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 25,140 12,575 12,560
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 157,785 75,200 82,580
No certificate, diploma or degree 15,815 7,565 8,250
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 32,925 15,275 17,645
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 109,040 52,360 56,685
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,205 6,575 3,630
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 32,290 14,235 18,055
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 10,100 4,735 5,365
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 56,450 26,815 29,630
Bachelor's degree 34,040 15,665 18,380
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 22,405 11,150 11,260
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 227,730 110,385 117,345
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 97,720 46,925 50,790
Education 9,890 1,825 8,065
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,755 2,050 2,705
Humanities 7,645 2,805 4,845
Social and behavioural sciences and law 16,070 5,350 10,715
Business, management and public administration 31,675 14,190 17,485
Physical and life sciences and technologies 5,260 2,605 2,655
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,675 4,895 2,780
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 27,125 23,480 3,645
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,095 605 490
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 13,285 3,340 9,945
Personal, protective and transportation services 5,525 2,315 3,210
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 227,730 110,385 117,345
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 97,720 46,925 50,790
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 130,010 63,460 66,545
Location of study inside Canada 90,225 44,040 46,185
Same as province or territory of residence 86,670 42,275 44,395
Another province or territory 3,550 1,765 1,790
Location of study outside Canada 39,785 19,415 20,365
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 167,645 86,225 81,420
Single responses 164,920 84,985 79,930
English 161,475 83,365 78,115
French 395 65 340
Non-official languages 3,045 1,565 1,480
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 130 65
Cantonese 90 45 45
Panjabi (Punjabi) 135 65 75
Mandarin 95 50 45
Spanish 125 60 60
Korean 335 185 150
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 175 125 40
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,885 895 990
Multiple responses 2,725 1,235 1,490
English and French 520 185 330
English and non-official language 2,110 1,020 1,085
French and non-official language 30 0 20
English, French and non-official language 70 15 50
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 167,645 86,225 81,420
English 161,480 83,365 78,115
French 395 65 335
Non-official language 3,045 1,565 1,480
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 3,045 1,565 1,480
English and French 520 190 330
English and non-official language 2,110 1,020 1,085
French and non-official language 30 0 25
English, French and non-official language 70 20 50
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 227,725 110,385 117,340
In the labour force 158,990 82,250 76,735
Employed 148,410 77,185 71,225
Unemployed 10,580 5,065 5,515
Not in the labour force 68,735 28,135 40,605
Participation rate 69.8 74.5 65.4
Employment rate 65.2 69.9 60.7
Unemployment rate 6.7 6.2 7.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 158,990 82,250 76,735
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 3,315 1,580 1,740
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 155,675 80,675 75,005
Employee 134,960 65,935 69,025
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 20,715 14,735 5,980
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 158,990 82,250 76,735
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,315 1,575 1,735
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 155,675 80,670 75,005
0 Management occupations 21,280 13,930 7,345
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 31,705 9,640 22,070
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 13,205 10,020 3,185
3 Health occupations 7,340 2,035 5,305
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 17,545 4,590 12,955
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 4,205 1,865 2,345
6 Sales and service occupations 33,380 15,425 17,960
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 19,060 18,160 900
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,010 910 95
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 6,940 4,090 2,850
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 158,990 82,250 76,735
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,315 1,580 1,735
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 155,675 80,670 75,000
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 340 205 135
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 85 40 40
22 Utilities 720 470 255
23 Construction 14,040 11,635 2,410
31-33 Manufacturing 18,475 12,060 6,410
41 Wholesale trade 9,415 5,675 3,740
44-45 Retail trade 18,705 8,510 10,190
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 6,695 4,985 1,710
51 Information and cultural industries 4,610 2,580 2,030
52 Finance and insurance 11,085 4,765 6,315
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,990 2,100 1,890
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 15,105 8,265 6,845
55 Management of companies and enterprises 190 105 80
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 5,040 2,910 2,135
61 Educational services 12,030 3,115 8,915
62 Health care and social assistance 12,810 2,680 10,130
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,355 1,295 1,065
72 Accommodation and food services 6,260 3,025 3,230
81 Other services (except public administration) 7,840 3,370 4,470
91 Public administration 5,890 2,890 3,000
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 158,990 82,250 76,740
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,980 3,835 4,145
Worked in 2010 151,015 78,420 72,590
1 to 13 weeks 6,610 2,895 3,715
14 to 26 weeks 9,890 4,370 5,525
27 to 39 weeks 8,005 3,795 4,210
40 to 48 weeks 23,840 11,675 12,165
49 to 52 weeks 102,665 55,690 46,975
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.6 46.3 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 158,990 82,250 76,735
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,980 3,835 4,150
Worked in 2010 151,010 78,420 72,595
Worked full-time in 2010 123,975 69,110 54,870
Worked part-time in 2010 27,035 9,310 17,720
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 148,410 77,185 71,230
Worked at home 9,540 4,505 5,035
Worked outside Canada 475 330 140
No fixed workplace address 17,365 12,780 4,585
Worked at usual place 121,030 59,570 61,465
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 138,400 72,350 66,045
Car, truck or van - as a driver 111,860 62,195 49,660
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 7,540 2,570 4,970
Public transit 15,595 6,205 9,385
Walked 2,115 840 1,275
Bicycle 250 205 45
Other methods 1,040 320 720
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 138,395 72,345 66,050
Median commuting duration 30.1 30.2 25.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 138,395 72,345 66,050
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 26,050 18,460 7,595
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 87,195 41,945 45,250
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 25,155 11,950 13,205
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 86,060 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 84,070 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,995 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 86,060 ... ...
1960 or before 1,600 ... ...
1961 to 1980 6,055 ... ...
1981 to 1990 21,535 ... ...
1991 to 2000 22,530 ... ...
2001 to 2005 18,485 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 15,855 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 86,065 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,525 ... ...
5 rooms 10,130 ... ...
6 rooms 12,315 ... ...
7 rooms 13,990 ... ...
8 or more rooms 39,100 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 86,060 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,835 ... ...
2 bedrooms 7,920 ... ...
3 bedrooms 29,170 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 45,130 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 86,065 ... ...
Owner 79,385 ... ...
Renter 6,675 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 86,060 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 9,985 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 76,080 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 86,060 ... ...
1 household maintainer 38,015 ... ...
2 household maintainers 44,575 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 3,475 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 86,060 ... ...
Under 25 years 485 ... ...
25 to 34 years 8,370 ... ...
35 to 44 years 21,455 ... ...
45 to 54 years 23,530 ... ...
55 to 64 years 16,050 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,630 ... ...
75 years and over 6,535 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 86,065 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 83,675 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,385 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 86,065 ... ...
Suitable 80,390 ... ...
Not suitable 5,670 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 85,940 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 60,810 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 25,130 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 20,820 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 79,370 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 27.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,629 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,636 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 527,560 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 582,380 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 6,670 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 9.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 47.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,324 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,283 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 227,730 110,380 117,345
Without income 13,590 6,185 7,405
With income 214,140 104,200 109,940
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 25,705 12,750 12,955
$5,000 to $9,999 15,040 5,160 9,875
$10,000 to $14,999 17,005 5,910 11,095
$15,000 to $19,999 18,130 7,350 10,780
$20,000 to $29,999 26,145 11,385 14,760
$30,000 to $39,999 22,055 10,290 11,775
$40,000 to $49,999 19,785 9,210 10,575
$50,000 to $59,999 15,615 7,890 7,720
$60,000 to $79,999 23,480 13,650 9,830
$80,000 to $99,999 13,970 8,205 5,765
$100,000 and over 17,215 12,410 4,800
$100,000 to $124,999 7,920 5,400 2,515
$125,000 and over 9,295 7,015 2,285
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,242 39,183 26,394
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 45,812 55,681 36,459
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 227,725 110,380 117,345
Without after-tax income 13,630 6,210 7,420
With after-tax income 214,095 104,175 109,920
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 25,995 12,865 13,130
$5,000 to $9,999 15,155 5,180 9,975
$10,000 to $14,999 17,485 6,135 11,345
$15,000 to $19,999 19,570 7,845 11,730
$20,000 to $29,999 30,025 13,405 16,620
$30,000 to $39,999 27,000 12,250 14,750
$40,000 to $49,999 23,065 11,910 11,160
$50,000 to $59,999 17,100 9,555 7,550
$60,000 to $79,999 22,485 13,335 9,145
$80,000 to $99,999 7,975 5,455 2,520
$100,000 and over 8,235 6,245 1,995
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,574 35,184 24,667
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 37,733 44,576 31,247
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 90.5 93.1 86.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 81.8 84.8 77.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 76.1 77.5 74.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.7 7.2 3.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.8 4.5 5.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 2.7 2.8 2.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.0 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 9.5 6.9 13.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.2 2.0 2.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.1 1.6 2.9
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 0.8 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.4 0.1 3.3
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.4 2.5 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.7 20.0 14.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.3 80.0 85.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.5 1.6 1.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 90,940 51,320 39,620
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 53,784 59,920 47,767
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 65,959 75,288 53,875
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 76,410 ... ...
Median family income ($) 100,256 ... ...
Average family income ($) 120,275 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 86,659 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 99,086 ... ...
Average family size 3.6 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 15,945 ... ...
Median family income ($) 73,341 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,959 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,152 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,208 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 50,555 ... ...
Median family income ($) 114,718 ... ...
Average family income ($) 136,084 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 98,264 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 111,252 ... ...
Average family size 4.2 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 7,565 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,436 ... ...
Average family income ($) 73,823 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,589 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,304 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,395 5,250 8,145
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,005 43,190 24,978
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 46,281 58,335 38,514
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,676 38,418 24,077
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,878 45,952 32,674
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 286,305 140,185 146,115
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 104,725 49,830 54,890
In bottom decile 18,845 8,775 10,070
In second decile 17,720 8,125 9,600
In third decile 21,280 10,170 11,110
In fourth decile 21,920 10,715 11,210
In fifth decile 24,960 12,055 12,900
In top half of the Canadian distribution 181,580 90,350 91,225
In sixth decile 26,605 13,320 13,280
In seventh decile 31,260 15,185 16,075
In eighth decile 35,850 18,070 17,785
In ninth decile 40,855 20,075 20,775
In top decile 47,015 23,700 23,315
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 86,065 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,485 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 925 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,530 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,850 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,230 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,595 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,340 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,705 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 10,465 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 10,155 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,705 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,755 ... ...
$150,000 and over 19,325 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 86,065 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,540 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 915 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,925 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,585 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,275 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,755 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,765 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 12,970 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 12,610 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,165 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,880 ... ...
$125,000 and over 19,285 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 86,065 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 93,816 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 113,988 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 81,112 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 93,867 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,200 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 37,278 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 52,111 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 34,066 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 42,230 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 76,860 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 101,095 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 121,395 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 87,472 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 100,048 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 286,305 140,185 146,115
Less than 18 years 71,540 36,885 34,650
Less than 6 years 22,080 11,490 10,595
18 to 64 years 184,355 88,800 95,555
65 years and over 30,410 14,500 15,910
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 27,295 12,990 14,310
Less than 18 years 7,845 3,980 3,860
Less than 6 years 2,040 1,030 1,015
18 to 64 years 17,225 8,125 9,100
65 years and over 2,230 885 1,345
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 9.5 9.3 9.8
Less than 18 years (%) 11.0 10.8 11.1
Less than 6 years (%) 9.2 9.0 9.6
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.1 9.5
65 years and over (%) 7.3 6.1 8.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Vaughan, CY, Ontario (Code 3519028) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Vaughan, CY, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Vaughan, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vaughan, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 288,301 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 238,866 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 20.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 88,282 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 86,063 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,054.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 273.52 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 288,300 140,910 147,390
0 to 4 years 18,050 9,225 8,825
5 to 9 years 20,095 10,250 9,845
10 to 14 years 20,315 10,410 9,900
15 to 19 years 20,685 10,705 9,985
15 years 4,235 2,170 2,065
16 years 4,245 2,235 2,010
17 years 4,110 2,135 1,985
18 years 4,095 2,145 1,950
19 years 4,005 2,025 1,980
20 to 24 years 18,865 9,515 9,350
25 to 29 years 16,470 8,115 8,350
30 to 34 years 17,680 8,105 9,575
35 to 39 years 21,925 10,185 11,745
40 to 44 years 24,600 11,815 12,790
45 to 49 years 24,415 11,925 12,490
50 to 54 years 21,480 10,365 11,115
55 to 59 years 16,665 7,970 8,700
60 to 64 years 14,870 7,240 7,630
65 to 69 years 9,685 4,770 4,915
70 to 74 years 8,585 4,155 4,430
75 to 79 years 6,320 3,055 3,265
80 to 84 years 4,110 1,825 2,285
85 years and over 3,490 1,280 2,205
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.9 37.2 38.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 79.7 78.8 80.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 229,845 111,025 118,825
Married or living with a common-law partner 145,465 72,460 73,005
Married (and not separated) 139,570 69,505 70,060
Living common law 5,895 2,950 2,945
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 84,380 38,565 45,815
Single (never legally married) 61,825 32,450 29,375
Separated 4,310 1,580 2,730
Divorced 7,780 2,710 5,070
Widowed 10,465 1,825 8,635
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 80,835 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 25,630 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 19,615 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 25,195 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 10,395 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 80,835 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 71,125 ... ...
Married couples 68,180 ... ...
Without children at home 18,890 ... ...
With children at home 49,285 ... ...
1 child 15,630 ... ...
2 children 23,745 ... ...
3 or more children 9,915 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,945 ... ...
Without children at home 1,445 ... ...
With children at home 1,500 ... ...
1 child 690 ... ...
2 children 560 ... ...
3 or more children 250 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 9,710 ... ...
Female parent 7,890 ... ...
1 child 4,225 ... ...
2 children 2,690 ... ...
3 or more children 970 ... ...
Male parent 1,820 ... ...
1 child 1,065 ... ...
2 children 605 ... ...
3 or more children 155 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 113,700 ... ...
Under six years of age 21,955 ... ...
6 to 14 years 36,310 ... ...
15 to 17 years 12,425 ... ...
18 to 24 years 25,125 ... ...
25 years and over 17,890 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.4 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 286,305 140,270 146,035
Number of persons not in census families 20,640 7,640 13,000
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,200 2,170 5,030
Living with non-relatives only 4,280 1,710 2,565
Living alone 9,160 3,765 5,400
Number of census family persons 265,660 132,630 133,030
Average number of persons per census family 3.3 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 30,415 14,570 15,850
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 7,605 1,615 5,990
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,665 665 3,000
Living with non-relatives only 360 155 205
Living alone 3,580 795 2,785
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 22,810 12,955 9,860
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 86,060 ... ...
Census-family households 75,740 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 64,015 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 57,610 ... ...
Without children 15,700 ... ...
With children 41,915 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 6,400 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 11,730 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 6,990 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 5,725 ... ...
Without children 955 ... ...
With children 4,775 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,265 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 4,740 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,325 ... ...
One-person households 9,160 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,160 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 86,065 ... ...
Single-detached house 58,205 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 6,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 20,915 ... ...
Semi-detached house 7,200 ... ...
Row house 9,305 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,070 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,330 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 86,060 ... ...
1 person 9,160 ... ...
2 persons 19,935 ... ...
3 persons 17,160 ... ...
4 persons 23,400 ... ...
5 persons 10,395 ... ...
6 or more persons 6,025 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 286,305 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 286,945 140,460 146,485
  Single responses  276,810 135,625 141,185
    English  131,770 66,225 65,535
    French  1,795 820 975
    Non-official languages  143,250 68,580 74,670
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 142,595 68,250 74,345
        African languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Afrikaans  25 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  230 115 115
        Albanian  800 410 390
        Amharic  110 50 55
        Arabic  2,820 1,420 1,395
        Armenian  565 280 290
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  335 180 155
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  95 35 65
        Bosnian  55 25 30
        Bulgarian  290 145 150
        Burmese  30 15 15
        Cantonese  4,040 1,925 2,115
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,465 2,140 2,330
        Creoles  70 30 40
        Croatian  640 290 345
        Czech  90 45 45
        Danish  30 10 15
        Dutch  150 65 90
        Estonian  40 20 20
        Finnish  50 15 35
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  55 25 30
        German  720 335 385
        Greek  1,605 775 830
        Gujarati  2,410 1,145 1,265
        Hakka  105 40 60
        Hebrew  4,615 2,420 2,195
        Hindi  1,350 675 670
        Hungarian  980 450 530
        Ilocano  370 150 220
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 65 30 30
        Italian  40,405 19,560 20,845
        Japanese  150 50 100
        Khmer (Cambodian)  395 195 200
        Korean  3,470 1,695 1,775
        Kurdish  280 155 125
        Lao  230 100 130
        Latvian  65 25 35
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  115 50 60
        Macedonian  390 170 220
        Malay  125 50 80
        Malayalam  330 160 170
        Maltese  200 100 100
        Mandarin  2,420 1,135 1,280
        Marathi  90 40 45
        Nepali  20 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 130 65 65
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  4,835 2,430 2,405
        Pashto  100 40 60
        Persian (Farsi)  4,600 2,325 2,270
        Polish  1,855 830 1,030
        Portuguese  4,450 2,145 2,300
        Romanian  2,430 1,150 1,275
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  18,705 8,845 9,860
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 1,810 895 915
        Serbian  635 300 335
        Serbo-Croatian  50 25 25
        Shanghainese  20 5 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10
        Sindhi  95 50 45
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  155 80 75
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Slovak  125 50 70
        Slovenian  180 70 110
        Somali  110 55 55
        Spanish  7,365 3,515 3,850
        Swahili  35 20 15
        Swedish  20 5 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,670 1,590 3,080
        Taiwanese  60 35 30
        Tamil  3,275 1,650 1,630
        Telugu  90 45 45
        Thai  50 15 40
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  80 40 40
        Turkish  1,015 515 500
        Ukrainian  640 290 350
        Urdu  4,050 2,055 2,000
        Vietnamese  4,005 1,845 2,155
        Yiddish  925 420 510
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 655 330 325
  Multiple responses          10,140 4,830 5,300
    English and French  395 190 200
    English and non-official language  9,115 4,380 4,740
    French and non-official language  415 180 230
    English, French and non-official language 210 80 125
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 286,945 140,460 146,485
  English only 258,300 128,930 129,370
  French only 175 70 110
  English and French 16,950 7,090 9,860
  Neither English nor French 11,520 4,370 7,155
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 286,945 140,460 146,485
  English 270,985 134,075 136,910
  French 2,105 925 1,175
  English and French 2,515 1,160 1,350
  Neither English nor French 11,345 4,295 7,050
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 3,360 1,510 1,855
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.2 1.1 1.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 286,945 140,460 146,485
  Single responses 264,310 129,460 134,850
    English 188,745 93,485 95,260
    French 670 295 375
    Non-official languages 74,890 35,675 39,210
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 74,645 35,550 39,095
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 5 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 110 50 55
        Albanian 380 200 180
        Amharic 45 25 20
        Arabic 1,405 675 735
        Armenian 295 140 160
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 190 95 100
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 5 0
        Bosnian 25 10 15
        Bulgarian 170 85 85
        Burmese 20 10 15
        Cantonese 3,050 1,430 1,620
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,000 1,435 1,565
        Creoles 25 10 15
        Croatian 225 110 115
        Czech 15 5 10
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 5 0 0
        Estonian 10 5 5
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 10 5 5
        German 95 50 45
        Greek 480 230 255
        Gujarati 1,440 685 755
        Hakka 40 15 20
        Hebrew 2,415 1,195 1,220
        Hindi 670 340 330
        Hungarian 300 125 170
        Ilocano 140 65 75
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
        Italian 14,255 6,520 7,735
        Japanese 75 30 45
        Khmer (Cambodian) 250 120 140
        Korean 2,635 1,300 1,335
        Kurdish 185 95 95
        Lao 120 50 65
        Latvian 15 10 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 50 25 25
        Macedonian 150 70 80
        Malay 40 15 25
        Malayalam 175 85 90
        Maltese 40 20 20
        Mandarin 1,880 915 965
        Marathi 25 15 10
        Nepali 0 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 3,170 1,560 1,615
        Pashto 65 30 40
        Persian (Farsi) 3,185 1,540 1,645
        Polish 660 310 350
        Portuguese 1,735 850 880
        Romanian 1,325 635 690
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 13,035 6,285 6,745
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,175 565 610
        Serbian 315 145 170
        Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10
        Shanghainese 10 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 30 15
        Sindhi 30 15 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 40 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Slovak 45 20 20
        Slovenian 45 20 25
        Somali 35 15 20
        Spanish 4,010 1,910 2,095
        Swahili 20 5 10
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,865 790 1,075
        Taiwanese 30 15 10
        Tamil 2,365 1,175 1,190
        Telugu 50 25 30
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 40 20 20
        Turkish 690 350 340
        Ukrainian 270 120 150
        Urdu 2,875 1,415 1,460
        Vietnamese 2,810 1,300 1,510
        Yiddish 60 30 30
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 245 125 120
  Multiple responses         22,635 11,005 11,635
    English and French 375 160 210
    English and non-official language 21,840 10,665 11,170
    French and non-official language 95 35 55
    English, French and non-official language 330 135 195
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 286,945 140,460 146,485
  None 203,185 100,025 103,155
  Single responses  82,145 39,710 42,430
    English  30,780 15,250 15,530
    French  1,520 660 860
    Non-official languages  49,840 23,805 26,035
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 49,610 23,690 25,925
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Afrikaans  20 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  140 70 70
        Albanian  245 125 125
        Amharic  40 20 20
        Arabic  1,105 555 555
        Armenian  180 85 90
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Bengali  115 65 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  30 5 20
        Bosnian  30 15 20
        Bulgarian  60 30 30
        Burmese  10 5 5
        Cantonese  1,100 520 580
        Chinese, n.o.s.  865 405 465
        Creoles  60 30 30
        Croatian  250 120 130
        Czech  30 10 20
        Danish  5 0 5
        Dutch  55 30 35
        Estonian  25 10 15
        Finnish  20 10 15
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  10 0 5
        German  260 125 140
        Greek  940 470 465
        Gujarati  755 380 375
        Hakka  35 20 15
        Hebrew  3,290 1,635 1,650
        Hindi  775 380 395
        Hungarian  330 150 185
        Ilocano  125 45 75
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 10 20
        Italian  18,455 8,890 9,565
        Japanese  75 35 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  95 50 45
        Korean  620 305 315
        Kurdish  70 40 30
        Lao  70 35 35
        Latvian  20 5 15
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  170 75 100
        Malay  40 10 25
        Malayalam  95 45 50
        Maltese  85 40 45
        Mandarin  480 210 275
        Marathi  35 15 25
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 135 70 70
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,310 675 630
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  1,000 520 480
        Polish  560 250 310
        Portuguese  1,970 935 1,035
        Romanian  645 290 355
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  3,735 1,720 2,010
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 455 225 225
        Serbian  250 130 125
        Serbo-Croatian  25 15 10
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  55 25 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  85 45 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  35 15 20
        Slovenian  65 30 35
        Somali  35 20 20
        Spanish  2,830 1,370 1,460
        Swahili  20 5 10
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,560 515 1,040
        Taiwanese  30 20 10
        Tamil  690 340 345
        Telugu  20 10 10
        Thai  30 5 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  30 20 15
        Turkish  220 115 105
        Ukrainian  215 95 120
        Urdu  910 470 435
        Vietnamese  1,010 470 540
        Yiddish  345 155 195
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 230 115 115
  Multiple responses          1,625 720 905
    English and French  160 70 90
    English and non-official language  655 320 340
    French and non-official language  800 330 470
    English, French and non-official language  10 10 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Vaughan, CY, Ontario (Code 3519028) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Map

Map: Vaughan, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Vaughan, CY, Ontario (Census subdivision)