NHS Profile, Richmond Hill, T, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Richmond Hill, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond Hill, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 184,370 90,020 94,345
Canadian citizens 166,605 81,865 84,745
Canadian citizens aged under 18 38,630 20,280 18,350
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 127,980 61,585 66,395
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 17,760 8,155 9,605
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 184,365 90,020 94,350
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 81,530 41,395 40,135
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 101,170 47,975 53,200
Before 1971 11,140 5,455 5,685
1971 to 1980 10,630 5,140 5,495
1981 to 1990 15,825 7,410 8,415
1991 to 2000 34,375 16,320 18,050
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 29,200 13,660 15,545
2001 to 2005 16,450 7,865 8,585
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 12,750 5,790 6,960
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,665 650 1,020
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 101,170 47,970 53,195
Under 5 years 8,795 4,590 4,210
5 to 14 years 18,055 9,265 8,785
15 to 24 years 18,505 8,240 10,260
25 to 44 years 44,030 20,395 23,635
45 years and over 11,790 5,480 6,315
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 184,370 90,020 94,350
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 81,530 41,395 40,135
Born in province of residence 75,850 38,580 37,270
Born outside province of residence 5,680 2,815 2,870
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 101,170 47,975 53,195
Americas 5,820 2,560 3,260
United States 1,300 580 720
Jamaica 1,110 450 660
Guyana 660 265 395
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 105 45 60
Trinidad and Tobago 505 285 220
Colombia 255 110 140
El Salvador 145 50 95
Peru 180 95 80
Chile 60 35 30
Other places of birth in Americas 1,505 645 855
Europe 23,520 11,210 12,305
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,700 1,240 1,460
Italy 4,350 2,215 2,135
Germany 815 340 480
Poland 570 290 280
Portugal 515 295 220
Netherlands 270 110 155
France 140 65 70
Romania 1,450 665 785
Russian Federation 4,295 1,935 2,355
Greece 1,425 665 755
Ukraine 2,580 1,205 1,375
Croatia 180 65 110
Hungary 360 145 210
Bosnia and Herzegovina 305 170 130
Serbia 245 130 115
Ireland, Republic of 190 105 85
Other places of birth in Europe 3,135 1,550 1,580
Africa 5,280 2,600 2,685
Morocco 70 20 50
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 1,310 690 620
South Africa, Republic of 500 270 230
Nigeria 240 145 100
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 705 280 425
Other places of birth in Africa 2,435 1,190 1,240
Asia 66,445 31,535 34,910
India 3,650 1,940 1,705
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 15,055 7,005 8,050
Philippines 3,180 1,225 1,950
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 12,680 5,935 6,740
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,395 645 750
Pakistan 1,665 820 845
Sri Lanka 1,500 755 745
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 14,415 6,965 7,450
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 3,970 1,910 2,055
Lebanon 475 250 220
Taiwan 1,230 510 720
Iraq 830 370 460
Bangladesh 150 75 75
Afghanistan 795 450 345
Japan 325 125 195
Turkey 365 170 195
Other places of birth in Asia 4,780 2,385 2,400
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 105 65 35
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 95 60 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,665 650 1,015
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 12,750 5,790 6,955
Americas 630 320 310
United States 315 180 135
Mexico 30 15 15
Cuba 20 0 15
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 45 20 20
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 30 0 15
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 20 0 15
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 145 65 80
Europe 1,835 795 1,035
France 0 0 0
Germany 30 0 15
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 150 75 75
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 120 50 70
Russian Federation 610 290 325
Ukraine 330 110 220
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 125 50 75
Other places of birth in Europe 445 210 240
Africa 480 245 240
Nigeria 75 40 30
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 20 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 185 95 90
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Africa 145 65 75
Asia 9,790 4,415 5,375
Philippines 680 280 400
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,945 1,320 1,630
India 460 235 225
Pakistan 260 100 160
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 2,650 1,210 1,440
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 850 370 480
Sri Lanka 195 105 90
Iraq 225 105 120
Bangladesh 40 15 25
Lebanon 65 40 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 125 65 65
Afghanistan 150 80 60
Japan 90 35 50
Turkey 60 25 35
Israel 180 85 100
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 310 120 195
United Arab Emirates 145 55 90
Saudi Arabia 15 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 280 145 135
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 20 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 184,370 90,020 94,345
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 103,220 48,800 54,420
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 50,420 25,980 24,440
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 30,725 15,240 15,490
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 184,365 90,020 94,350
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 97,465 47,090 50,365
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 15,015 7,450 7,560
Chinese 43,530 21,235 22,300
Black 3,720 1,730 1,990
Filipino 4,050 1,685 2,365
Latin American 1,730 795 930
Arab 3,045 1,490 1,555
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,410 555 855
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 15,890 7,825 8,065
Korean 5,045 2,410 2,635
Japanese 970 450 525
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 720 385 335
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 2,345 1,090 1,255
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 86,905 42,925 43,980
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 184,370 90,020 94,345
North American Aboriginal origins 1,140 470 670
First Nations (North American Indian) 885 405 490
Inuit 35 0 0
Métis 215 65 150
Other North American origins 16,900 8,260 8,640
Acadian 50 0 40
American 975 455 525
Canadian 16,175 7,960 8,215
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 45 0 30
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 30 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 82,520 40,280 42,235
British Isles origins 26,220 12,745 13,470
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 15,525 7,630 7,895
Irish 9,485 4,365 5,120
Manx 10 0 0
Scottish 10,110 4,930 5,180
Welsh 1,175 485 690
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,540 1,250 1,285
French origins 4,905 2,275 2,630
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 4,905 2,275 2,630
Western European origins (except French origins) 8,895 4,350 4,545
Austrian 885 485 400
Belgian 95 45 50
Dutch 2,560 1,235 1,325
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 25 15 0
German 5,975 2,830 3,140
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 250 155 95
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,460 745 720
Danish 335 185 150
Finnish 520 305 215
Icelandic 50 15 35
Norwegian 305 135 175
Swedish 360 155 205
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 25 15 0
Eastern European origins 22,435 10,755 11,685
Bulgarian 515 220 300
Byelorussian 610 300 315
Czech 320 130 195
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 95 40 60
Estonian 125 55 70
Hungarian 1,710 890 825
Latvian 290 135 160
Lithuanian 445 250 190
Moldovan 305 145 155
Polish 6,110 3,000 3,110
Romanian 2,405 1,140 1,265
Russian 9,830 4,525 5,305
Slovak 460 210 250
Ukrainian 4,910 2,255 2,655
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 300 195 105
Southern European origins 32,605 16,235 16,375
Albanian 450 215 240
Bosnian 170 95 80
Croatian 475 215 265
Cypriot 95 35 60
Greek 5,215 2,620 2,595
Italian 21,570 10,820 10,750
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 1,090 600 490
Maltese 380 210 175
Montenegrin 45 25 20
Portuguese 2,540 1,240 1,305
Serbian 750 425 325
Sicilian 20 0 0
Slovenian 175 95 80
Spanish 2,140 965 1,170
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 165 90 80
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 8,555 4,315 4,240
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 8,405 4,235 4,170
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 65 40 30
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 85 45 40
Caribbean origins 3,410 1,585 1,820
Antiguan 50 0 40
Bahamian 20 0 0
Barbadian 155 65 90
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 25 0 15
Cuban 150 95 55
Dominican 40 0 35
Grenadian 190 100 90
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 2,025 925 1,095
Kittitian/Nevisian 20 0 20
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 85 0 20
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 420 165 255
Vincentian/Grenadinian 105 0 65
West Indian, n.o.s. 305 150 160
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 65 25 35
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,745 1,250 1,490
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 115 50 60
Argentinian 160 90 70
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 95 0 85
Brazilian 135 55 85
Chilean 50 25 30
Colombian 370 180 195
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 335 185 150
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 600 245 355
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 55 0 0
Mexican 240 115 125
Nicaraguan 45 0 30
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 270 165 105
Salvadorean 145 65 80
Uruguayan 15 0 0
Venezuelan 185 75 115
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 105 60 45
African origins 4,915 2,370 2,550
Central and West African origins 310 190 120
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 25 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 35 30 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 55 45 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 110 65 45
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 20 15
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 45 30 15
North African origins 2,170 1,140 1,030
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 190 75 115
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 1,655 850 805
Libyan 25 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 420 255 170
Sudanese 25 15 0
Tunisian 20 0 20
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 1,295 530 760
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 205 75 130
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 205 40 170
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 210 85 130
South African 315 180 135
Tanzanian 90 30 55
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 40 0 35
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 20 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 275 120 150
Other African origins 1,245 550 695
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 100 70 35
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,145 485 665
Asian origins 95,980 46,695 49,285
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 25,015 12,465 12,550
Afghan 1,615 780 840
Arab, n.o.s. 1,015 535 480
Armenian 1,230 730 505
Assyrian 60 30 25
Azerbaijani 230 125 100
Georgian 95 60 35
Iranian 17,405 8,635 8,770
Iraqi 770 375 395
Israeli 495 245 250
Jordanian 95 45 50
Kazakh 35 0 30
Kurd 235 115 120
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 820 425 390
Palestinian 220 145 85
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 235 90 140
Tajik 20 0 0
Tatar 185 100 90
Turk 675 275 400
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 70 0 55
Yemeni 75 40 35
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 405 165 245
South Asian origins 15,275 7,600 7,675
Bangladeshi 40 20 20
Bengali 70 35 30
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 11,560 5,760 5,805
Goan 25 0 20
Gujarati 50 15 35
Kashmiri 15 0 0
Nepali 30 0 0
Pakistani 1,240 560 680
Punjabi 250 150 95
Sinhalese 170 95 70
Sri Lankan 1,535 765 770
Tamil 485 250 240
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 660 340 325
East and Southeast Asian origins 56,685 27,125 29,560
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 50 20 25
Chinese 45,230 22,090 23,140
Filipino 4,520 1,830 2,685
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 110 50 60
Japanese 1,085 500 585
Korean 5,310 2,575 2,735
Laotian 120 55 60
Malaysian 125 55 65
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 20 0 20
Taiwanese 475 200 275
Thai 70 25 50
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,105 480 625
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 45 0 30
Other Asian origins 165 55 115
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 170 55 115
Oceania origins 170 90 80
Australian 115 60 55
New Zealander 35 20 20
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 184,370 90,020 94,350
Buddhist 5,125 2,360 2,760
Christian 92,195 43,315 48,875
Anglican 4,865 2,330 2,535
Baptist 2,520 1,055 1,465
Catholic 47,040 22,255 24,780
Christian Orthodox 12,145 5,835 6,310
Lutheran 1,090 580 510
Pentecostal 1,185 570 615
Presbyterian 3,145 1,460 1,680
United Church 4,220 1,900 2,325
Other Christian 15,985 7,325 8,655
Hindu 4,390 2,250 2,140
Jewish 10,125 5,010 5,115
Muslim 21,245 10,325 10,920
Sikh 910 510 400
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 1,695 800 895
No religious affiliation 48,690 25,455 23,240
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 184,365 90,020 94,345
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 395 170 225
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 265 125 145
Métis single identity 65 25 40
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 45 15 30
Non-Aboriginal identity 183,975 89,855 94,120
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 184,365 90,020 94,345
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 185 85 105
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 184,185 89,935 94,245
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 184,370 90,020 94,345
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,140 470 670
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 890 400 485
Métis ancestry 215 65 150
Inuit ancestry 35 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 183,225 89,545 93,680
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 119,660 56,915 62,745
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 119,645 56,910 62,740
Italian 10,380 4,920 5,465
Portuguese 1,120 600 525
Romanian 1,765 760 1,000
Spanish 3,525 1,580 1,940
Dutch 370 150 220
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,920 905 1,010
Yiddish 220 110 105
Danish 95 55 40
Norwegian 40 25 0
Swedish 115 55 60
Afrikaans 155 95 65
Gaelic languages 45 0 0
Bosnian 55 30 25
Bulgarian 275 155 120
Croatian 275 125 155
Czech 80 25 60
Macedonian 640 280 355
Polish 855 405 455
Russian 11,395 5,315 6,080
Serbian 630 365 265
Serbo-Croatian 40 10 30
Slovak 265 120 140
Slovenian 85 40 50
Ukrainian 1,275 575 700
Latvian 125 60 60
Lithuanian 75 30 40
Greek 3,220 1,450 1,775
Armenian 960 505 460
Albanian 310 175 140
Estonian 70 35 35
Finnish 200 110 90
Hungarian 715 360 355
Turkish 1,140 550 590
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 130 60 70
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 3,620 1,810 1,810
Hebrew 2,375 1,195 1,180
Maltese 110 35 70
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
Bengali 250 125 125
Gujarati 3,075 1,405 1,670
Hindi 2,720 1,320 1,405
Konkani 150 90 65
Marathi 85 50 35
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,250 655 600
Sindhi 655 295 365
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 380 215 170
Urdu 2,695 1,405 1,290
Nepali 30 0 0
Kurdish 330 205 125
Pashto 295 100 200
Persian (Farsi) 17,910 8,840 9,075
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 125 75
Kannada 35 20 15
Malayalam 245 130 110
Tamil 1,715 840 875
Telugu 90 60 35
Japanese 875 395 485
Korean 4,645 2,190 2,450
Cantonese 19,650 9,515 10,140
Fukien 155 65 95
Hakka 90 50 40
Mandarin 11,520 5,405 6,115
Taiwanese 250 100 150
Chinese, n.o.s. 12,105 5,790 6,315
Lao 75 30 40
Thai 50 20 35
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 20
Vietnamese 860 360 500
Bisayan languages 215 65 155
Ilocano 85 15 70
Malay 260 140 120
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 3,115 1,110 2,010
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 680 355 320
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 125 55 65
African languages, n.i.e. 60 35 0
Creoles 245 115 130
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 955 475 485
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 182,825 89,265 93,565
Non-movers 162,950 79,390 83,565
Movers 19,875 9,880 9,995
Non-migrants 8,165 3,975 4,185
Migrants 11,710 5,900 5,805
Internal migrants 8,870 4,550 4,320
Intraprovincial migrants 8,325 4,255 4,070
Interprovincial migrants 540 295 245
External migrants 2,840 1,350 1,490
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 174,575 85,070 89,505
Non-movers 110,755 54,165 56,595
Movers 63,820 30,910 32,915
Non-migrants 26,705 12,880 13,825
Migrants 37,110 18,025 19,090
Internal migrants 25,965 12,990 12,975
Intraprovincial migrants 24,305 12,150 12,150
Interprovincial migrants 1,660 840 820
External migrants 11,150 5,035 6,120
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 150,745 72,530 78,210
No certificate, diploma or degree 20,175 9,340 10,830
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 33,185 15,000 18,190
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 97,380 48,195 49,185
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,315 4,560 2,755
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 23,375 10,270 13,105
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 9,265 4,100 5,165
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 57,420 29,260 28,160
Bachelor's degree 35,785 17,125 18,660
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 21,635 12,140 9,495
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 104,810 49,865 54,950
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,855 2,860 2,995
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 17,975 7,620 10,355
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 80,985 39,380 41,600
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,145 3,060 2,085
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 19,170 8,215 10,960
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 7,115 3,000 4,120
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 49,555 25,110 24,445
Bachelor's degree 30,590 14,620 15,970
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 18,965 10,490 8,475
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 150,745 72,535 78,210
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 53,360 24,340 29,020
Education 5,815 1,265 4,550
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,845 1,585 2,255
Humanities 5,620 1,845 3,775
Social and behavioural sciences and law 10,880 4,105 6,775
Business, management and public administration 23,850 10,710 13,140
Physical and life sciences and technologies 5,285 2,545 2,740
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,660 4,810 2,850
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 20,190 16,615 3,575
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,045 520 525
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 10,015 2,900 7,115
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,170 1,300 1,870
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 150,745 72,535 78,210
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 53,360 24,340 29,020
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 97,385 48,195 49,190
Location of study inside Canada 60,585 29,930 30,655
Same as province or territory of residence 57,250 28,140 29,110
Another province or territory 3,335 1,785 1,550
Location of study outside Canada 36,800 18,265 18,535
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 107,840 55,220 52,615
Single responses 105,335 54,055 51,280
English 100,205 51,595 48,610
French 330 60 270
Non-official languages 4,805 2,405 2,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,030 525 500
Cantonese 1,485 785 700
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 610 340 270
Spanish 60 35 0
Korean 465 205 260
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 20 15 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,120 485 640
Multiple responses 2,500 1,165 1,340
English and French 345 120 225
English and non-official language 2,110 1,010 1,095
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 45 35 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 107,840 55,220 52,620
English 100,205 51,595 48,610
French 330 60 270
Non-official language 4,805 2,405 2,405
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 4,800 2,400 2,400
English and French 345 120 225
English and non-official language 2,110 1,010 1,095
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 40 30 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 150,745 72,535 78,205
In the labour force 102,085 52,825 49,260
Employed 95,055 49,325 45,735
Unemployed 7,030 3,500 3,530
Not in the labour force 48,655 19,710 28,945
Participation rate 67.7 72.8 63.0
Employment rate 63.1 68.0 58.5
Unemployment rate 6.9 6.6 7.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 102,085 52,825 49,260
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,485 1,280 1,210
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 99,595 51,545 48,055
Employee 85,045 42,040 43,010
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 14,550 9,505 5,045
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 102,085 52,825 49,265
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,490 1,280 1,210
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 99,595 51,540 48,050
0 Management occupations 14,880 9,530 5,345
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 20,050 6,550 13,495
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 13,560 9,765 3,795
3 Health occupations 5,350 1,845 3,500
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 11,025 3,330 7,695
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,305 1,515 1,790
6 Sales and service occupations 20,905 9,885 11,020
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 7,410 7,030 385
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 620 505 120
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,495 1,585 905
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 102,085 52,820 49,260
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,490 1,275 1,210
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 99,600 51,545 48,050
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 125 85 40
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 155 130 30
22 Utilities 705 440 270
23 Construction 5,525 4,695 830
31-33 Manufacturing 8,050 5,290 2,765
41 Wholesale trade 6,735 4,030 2,700
44-45 Retail trade 11,685 5,655 6,030
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,940 2,150 785
51 Information and cultural industries 3,695 2,005 1,690
52 Finance and insurance 9,705 4,570 5,135
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,160 1,610 1,545
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 13,225 7,580 5,645
55 Management of companies and enterprises 160 110 50
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,285 1,925 1,360
61 Educational services 7,785 2,410 5,375
62 Health care and social assistance 8,135 1,850 6,285
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,655 985 670
72 Accommodation and food services 4,675 2,345 2,330
81 Other services (except public administration) 4,220 1,770 2,445
91 Public administration 3,985 1,930 2,060
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 102,085 52,820 49,260
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,460 2,785 2,670
Worked in 2010 96,625 50,040 46,590
1 to 13 weeks 4,900 2,235 2,665
14 to 26 weeks 7,645 3,375 4,275
27 to 39 weeks 5,410 2,415 2,995
40 to 48 weeks 14,180 6,835 7,345
49 to 52 weeks 64,490 35,180 29,310
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.7 43.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 102,085 52,820 49,260
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,460 2,785 2,675
Worked in 2010 96,625 50,035 46,590
Worked full-time in 2010 78,860 43,735 35,125
Worked part-time in 2010 17,760 6,305 11,460
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 95,055 49,320 45,730
Worked at home 8,545 4,260 4,280
Worked outside Canada 840 625 215
No fixed workplace address 10,185 7,075 3,110
Worked at usual place 75,490 37,365 38,130
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 85,675 44,435 41,240
Car, truck or van - as a driver 65,565 36,085 29,475
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 4,860 1,625 3,235
Public transit 12,255 5,425 6,835
Walked 1,755 670 1,085
Bicycle 285 205 80
Other methods 955 430 520
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 85,675 44,435 41,240
Median commuting duration 30.6 30.8 30.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 85,670 44,435 41,240
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 13,805 8,590 5,220
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 56,710 28,405 28,300
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 15,160 7,435 7,725
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 58,650 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 56,740 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,905 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 58,650 ... ...
1960 or before 4,390 ... ...
1961 to 1980 6,615 ... ...
1981 to 1990 12,975 ... ...
1991 to 2000 15,610 ... ...
2001 to 2005 11,970 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 7,085 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 58,650 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,480 ... ...
5 rooms 6,975 ... ...
6 rooms 8,415 ... ...
7 rooms 8,670 ... ...
8 or more rooms 24,110 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 58,650 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,485 ... ...
2 bedrooms 7,525 ... ...
3 bedrooms 17,420 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 29,220 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 58,655 ... ...
Owner 50,345 ... ...
Renter 8,305 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 58,650 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 8,810 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 49,840 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 58,650 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,460 ... ...
2 household maintainers 27,185 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,000 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 58,650 ... ...
Under 25 years 510 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,815 ... ...
35 to 44 years 13,830 ... ...
45 to 54 years 17,430 ... ...
55 to 64 years 12,075 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,935 ... ...
75 years and over 4,055 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 58,650 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 57,285 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,365 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 58,650 ... ...
Suitable 55,115 ... ...
Not suitable 3,535 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 58,470 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 40,305 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 18,160 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 14,540 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 50,340 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 63.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 28.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,660 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,672 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 550,573 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 587,427 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 8,310 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 19.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,116 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,129 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 150,740 72,535 78,210
Without income 10,010 4,495 5,515
With income 140,730 68,035 72,695
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 19,125 9,355 9,770
$5,000 to $9,999 10,555 4,135 6,415
$10,000 to $14,999 12,115 4,630 7,480
$15,000 to $19,999 11,920 4,615 7,310
$20,000 to $29,999 15,875 6,850 9,020
$30,000 to $39,999 12,690 5,755 6,935
$40,000 to $49,999 11,350 5,020 6,335
$50,000 to $59,999 10,045 4,915 5,130
$60,000 to $79,999 14,550 7,935 6,615
$80,000 to $99,999 10,030 5,655 4,385
$100,000 and over 12,475 9,180 3,295
$100,000 to $124,999 5,305 3,640 1,660
$125,000 and over 7,175 5,540 1,630
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,532 37,382 25,254
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 45,418 55,107 36,350
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 150,740 72,530 78,210
Without after-tax income 10,010 4,480 5,525
With after-tax income 140,735 68,050 72,680
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 19,365 9,435 9,930
$5,000 to $9,999 10,720 4,170 6,545
$10,000 to $14,999 12,300 4,740 7,560
$15,000 to $19,999 12,935 5,090 7,845
$20,000 to $29,999 18,020 7,880 10,140
$30,000 to $39,999 15,530 6,785 8,740
$40,000 to $49,999 14,035 6,955 7,080
$50,000 to $59,999 10,795 5,610 5,185
$60,000 to $79,999 14,645 8,330 6,315
$80,000 to $99,999 6,040 4,155 1,880
$100,000 and over 6,350 4,885 1,465
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,115 33,957 23,759
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 37,274 43,923 31,049
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.4 94.1 87.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 82.2 85.1 78.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 76.4 78.6 73.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.9 6.5 5.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.3 4.2 4.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.2 3.2 3.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.6 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.6 5.9 12.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 1.8 1.6 2.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.1 1.4 3.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.2 0.7 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.2 2.1 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.9 20.3 14.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.1 79.7 85.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.5 1.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 57,960 32,670 25,285
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 56,446 63,089 50,089
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 68,943 78,391 56,737
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 50,140 ... ...
Median family income ($) 98,073 ... ...
Average family income ($) 117,876 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 84,537 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 96,675 ... ...
Average family size 3.5 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,455 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,016 ... ...
Average family income ($) 94,508 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,303 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,981 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 32,005 ... ...
Median family income ($) 115,009 ... ...
Average family income ($) 135,574 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 98,421 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 110,302 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,920 ... ...
Median family income ($) 54,846 ... ...
Average family income ($) 68,624 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,373 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,075 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 11,020 4,680 6,340
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,955 39,114 27,504
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,717 51,507 37,969
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,960 34,534 26,003
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,180 41,114 32,539
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 184,370 90,020 94,350
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 69,870 32,975 36,895
In bottom decile 15,445 7,350 8,095
In second decile 14,095 6,340 7,760
In third decile 12,840 5,980 6,850
In fourth decile 12,535 5,995 6,545
In fifth decile 14,950 7,310 7,645
In top half of the Canadian distribution 114,495 57,045 57,455
In sixth decile 15,670 7,650 8,020
In seventh decile 17,235 8,530 8,705
In eighth decile 21,570 10,725 10,845
In ninth decile 26,785 13,305 13,480
In top decile 33,240 16,830 16,405
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 58,650 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,335 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 830 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,260 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,670 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,740 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,665 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,590 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,555 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,980 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 6,470 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,870 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,435 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,255 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 58,650 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,375 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 835 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,275 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,805 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,965 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,265 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,570 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,225 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,680 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 7,375 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,285 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,295 ... ...
$125,000 and over 12,990 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 58,650 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 87,388 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 108,979 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 75,464 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 89,440 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 8,075 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 37,881 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 47,911 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 33,730 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,459 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 50,575 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 98,908 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 118,731 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 85,295 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 97,421 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 184,365 90,020 94,350
Less than 18 years 41,750 21,895 19,855
Less than 6 years 12,070 6,065 6,010
18 to 64 years 122,570 58,955 63,620
65 years and over 20,045 9,175 10,870
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 23,130 10,960 12,170
Less than 18 years 5,745 3,130 2,615
Less than 6 years 1,315 740 580
18 to 64 years 15,595 7,085 8,510
65 years and over 1,790 745 1,045
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.5 12.2 12.9
Less than 18 years (%) 13.8 14.3 13.2
Less than 6 years (%) 10.9 12.2 9.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.7 12.0 13.4
65 years and over (%) 8.9 8.1 9.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Richmond Hill, T, Ontario (Code 3519038) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Richmond Hill, T, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Richmond Hill, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond Hill, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 185,541 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 162,704 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 14.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 60,169 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 58,651 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,838.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 100.95 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 185,540 90,365 95,180
0 to 4 years 9,800 5,035 4,765
5 to 9 years 11,650 6,130 5,520
10 to 14 years 12,190 6,395 5,795
15 to 19 years 13,560 7,000 6,555
15 years 2,720 1,400 1,315
16 years 2,845 1,465 1,380
17 years 2,790 1,470 1,320
18 years 2,640 1,355 1,280
19 years 2,565 1,305 1,260
20 to 24 years 12,355 6,435 5,920
25 to 29 years 10,185 5,120 5,065
30 to 34 years 10,025 4,505 5,520
35 to 39 years 13,480 6,070 7,415
40 to 44 years 16,590 7,675 8,915
45 to 49 years 17,320 8,405 8,915
50 to 54 years 15,380 7,425 7,955
55 to 59 years 11,920 5,805 6,115
60 to 64 years 10,140 4,935 5,205
65 to 69 years 6,510 3,100 3,410
70 to 74 years 5,280 2,510 2,770
75 to 79 years 4,030 1,880 2,150
80 to 84 years 2,800 1,190 1,610
85 years and over 2,330 745 1,585
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.8 38.8 40.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.9 80.6 83.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 151,900 72,805 79,095
Married or living with a common-law partner 93,925 46,700 47,225
Married (and not separated) 89,455 44,470 44,990
Living common law 4,465 2,230 2,235
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 57,975 26,105 31,875
Single (never legally married) 41,915 21,955 19,965
Separated 3,040 1,085 1,955
Divorced 6,360 1,990 4,370
Widowed 6,660 1,075 5,580
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 52,925 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 17,725 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 14,345 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 15,770 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 5,085 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 52,925 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 45,835 ... ...
Married couples 43,610 ... ...
Without children at home 12,360 ... ...
With children at home 31,245 ... ...
1 child 11,575 ... ...
2 children 14,840 ... ...
3 or more children 4,825 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,230 ... ...
Without children at home 1,250 ... ...
With children at home 980 ... ...
1 child 470 ... ...
2 children 380 ... ...
3 or more children 125 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 7,085 ... ...
Female parent 5,855 ... ...
1 child 3,370 ... ...
2 children 1,905 ... ...
3 or more children 580 ... ...
Male parent 1,235 ... ...
1 child 740 ... ...
2 children 395 ... ...
3 or more children 100 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 69,440 ... ...
Under six years of age 11,875 ... ...
6 to 14 years 21,650 ... ...
15 to 17 years 8,165 ... ...
18 to 24 years 16,250 ... ...
25 years and over 11,500 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 184,365 90,020 94,345
Number of persons not in census families 16,165 6,160 10,000
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,025 1,460 3,560
Living with non-relatives only 3,025 1,345 1,685
Living alone 8,110 3,355 4,760
Number of census family persons 168,200 83,860 84,345
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 20,025 9,225 10,795
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,500 1,150 4,355
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,525 420 2,105
Living with non-relatives only 225 85 140
Living alone 2,745 640 2,105
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 14,525 8,075 6,445
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 58,655 ... ...
Census-family households 49,540 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 41,790 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 36,615 ... ...
Without children 10,085 ... ...
With children 26,530 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,175 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 7,750 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 4,605 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,760 ... ...
Without children 735 ... ...
With children 3,020 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 845 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 3,150 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,105 ... ...
One-person households 8,115 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 995 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 58,650 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,435 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 8,100 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 14,115 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,400 ... ...
Row house 8,460 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,840 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,355 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 58,650 ... ...
1 person 8,115 ... ...
2 persons 13,820 ... ...
3 persons 12,785 ... ...
4 persons 14,730 ... ...
5 persons 5,840 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,355 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 184,370 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 184,460 90,070 94,385
  Single responses  178,400 87,125 91,275
    English  75,125 37,895 37,230
    French  1,335 575 760
    Non-official languages  101,945 48,655 53,285
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 101,465 48,415 53,055
        African languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Afrikaans  25 15 10
        Akan (Twi)  50 20 30
        Albanian  225 110 115
        Amharic  15 0 10
        Arabic  2,870 1,440 1,430
        Armenian  1,000 490 510
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Bengali  255 130 125
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  85 25 65
        Bosnian  35 25 15
        Bulgarian  190 100 95
        Burmese  20 10 10
        Cantonese  15,825 7,490 8,335
        Chinese, n.o.s.  11,945 5,625 6,315
        Creoles  105 55 55
        Croatian  235 105 125
        Czech  115 50 65
        Danish  45 20 20
        Dutch  295 130 160
        Estonian  80 30 45
        Finnish  105 50 55
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  160 75 85
        German  915 400 510
        Greek  1,895 910 980
        Gujarati  1,645 775 870
        Hakka  180 95 85
        Hebrew  710 375 330
        Hindi  835 400 435
        Hungarian  670 320 345
        Ilocano  105 35 70
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 70 45 30
        Italian  7,110 3,495 3,615
        Japanese  290 105 190
        Khmer (Cambodian)  40 20 20
        Korean  4,290 2,025 2,265
        Kurdish  160 80 75
        Lao  55 25 30
        Latvian  70 20 50
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  70 30 40
        Macedonian  440 205 235
        Malay  240 105 135
        Malayalam  235 120 115
        Maltese  45 20 25
        Mandarin  7,160 3,435 3,720
        Marathi  45 25 25
        Nepali  25 15 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 55 25 25
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  580 295 290
        Pashto  85 45 40
        Persian (Farsi)  15,690 7,865 7,825
        Polish  825 385 440
        Portuguese  855 395 455
        Romanian  1,815 860 955
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 0
        Russian  9,700 4,595 5,105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 75 35 40
        Serbian  445 230 215
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 20
        Shanghainese  110 50 60
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Sindhi  470 210 260
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  220 110 110
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slovak  80 30 45
        Slovenian  75 40 35
        Somali  100 35 65
        Spanish  2,105 980 1,125
        Swahili  145 70 80
        Swedish  25 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,955 625 1,330
        Taiwanese  215 90 125
        Tamil  1,095 530 565
        Telugu  125 65 60
        Thai  35 10 30
        Tibetan languages  25 10 10
        Tigrigna  0 5 0
        Turkish  530 255 270
        Ukrainian  430 190 240
        Urdu  1,800 885 910
        Vietnamese  585 260 320
        Yiddish  110 50 60
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 475 240 230
  Multiple responses          6,055 2,945 3,105
    English and French  360 170 190
    English and non-official language  5,240 2,570 2,670
    French and non-official language  255 120 135
    English, French and non-official language 205 85 115
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 184,455 90,075 94,385
  English only 160,835 80,370 80,470
  French only 150 60 85
  English and French 14,125 6,050 8,070
  Neither English nor French 9,350 3,590 5,760
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 184,455 90,070 94,390
  English 171,125 84,705 86,425
  French 1,620 710 910
  English and French 2,505 1,130 1,375
  Neither English nor French 9,205 3,525 5,675
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,875 1,275 1,600
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.6 1.4 1.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 184,460 90,070 94,390
  Single responses 170,030 83,130 86,900
    English 106,250 52,755 53,495
    French 580 260 325
    Non-official languages 63,200 30,115 33,085
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 63,050 30,040 33,015
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Afrikaans 10 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 20 5 15
        Albanian 110 50 60
        Amharic 5 5 5
        Arabic 1,435 690 745
        Armenian 560 260 305
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 140 70 65
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 20 10 10
        Bosnian 20 10 10
        Bulgarian 80 40 40
        Burmese 5 0 0
        Cantonese 13,185 6,185 7,005
        Chinese, n.o.s. 7,830 3,690 4,140
        Creoles 60 30 30
        Croatian 45 15 25
        Czech 20 10 10
        Danish 5 5 5
        Dutch 25 10 15
        Estonian 20 10 10
        Finnish 40 15 25
        Flemish 5 0 0
        Fukien 55 25 30
        German 135 65 70
        Greek 630 295 340
        Gujarati 760 345 415
        Hakka 55 30 25
        Hebrew 300 155 150
        Hindi 325 155 170
        Hungarian 260 130 130
        Ilocano 30 15 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
        Italian 1,765 775 990
        Japanese 155 75 85
        Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 15
        Korean 3,130 1,485 1,645
        Kurdish 75 40 35
        Lao 25 5 15
        Latvian 20 5 15
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 30 20 15
        Macedonian 155 75 85
        Malay 80 35 40
        Malayalam 110 55 60
        Maltese 5 5 5
        Mandarin 5,890 2,890 3,000
        Marathi 20 10 10
        Nepali 10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Norwegian 0 5 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 225 110 110
        Pashto 55 25 30
        Persian (Farsi) 11,415 5,605 5,810
        Polish 330 160 165
        Portuguese 245 110 130
        Romanian 995 480 510
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 7,015 3,355 3,655
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
        Serbian 235 120 120
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 45 20 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5
        Sindhi 160 65 95
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 20 10 10
        Slovenian 15 5 10
        Somali 50 15 30
        Spanish 1,130 545 585
        Swahili 45 15 30
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 660 275 375
        Taiwanese 105 50 55
        Tamil 665 300 365
        Telugu 40 20 20
        Thai 10 5 10
        Tibetan languages 15 10 10
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 255 120 135
        Ukrainian 115 50 65
        Urdu 1,020 505 515
        Vietnamese 290 135 155
        Yiddish 5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 145 70 70
  Multiple responses         14,425 6,940 7,490
    English and French 295 130 165
    English and non-official language 13,770 6,665 7,105
    French and non-official language 65 35 25
    English, French and non-official language 295 110 185
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 184,455 90,070 94,385
  None 127,130 62,295 64,840
  Single responses  56,225 27,280 28,945
    English  26,405 13,075 13,330
    French  1,365 590 775
    Non-official languages  28,455 13,620 14,840
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 28,260 13,530 14,735
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  15 10 5
        Akan (Twi)  25 15 10
        Albanian  70 40 30
        Amharic  5 5 0
        Arabic  1,100 580 525
        Armenian  290 145 150
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Bengali  100 45 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 10 15
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  75 40 40
        Burmese  15 5 5
        Cantonese  3,270 1,600 1,670
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,260 1,090 1,165
        Creoles  90 40 45
        Croatian  85 35 45
        Czech  55 20 35
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  115 50 60
        Estonian  30 15 20
        Finnish  35 15 15
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  40 20 25
        German  385 160 230
        Greek  1,265 605 660
        Gujarati  790 385 410
        Hakka  55 25 30
        Hebrew  535 265 270
        Hindi  640 295 345
        Hungarian  190 90 105
        Ilocano  25 10 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  3,305 1,635 1,670
        Japanese  135 45 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 10
        Korean  830 410 425
        Kurdish  40 20 20
        Lao  20 5 15
        Latvian  20 5 15
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  25 10 10
        Macedonian  175 80 95
        Malay  105 50 60
        Malayalam  100 45 50
        Maltese  10 0 10
        Mandarin  1,325 620 705
        Marathi  15 10 10
        Nepali  5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Norwegian  10 5 10
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  325 165 160
        Pashto  20 15 5
        Persian (Farsi)  2,965 1,535 1,435
        Polish  250 100 145
        Portuguese  355 150 205
        Romanian  510 235 275
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 0
        Russian  1,840 880 960
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Serbian  150 75 75
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 5
        Shanghainese  40 15 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Sindhi  235 105 130
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  100 50 50
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 10 0
        Slovak  30 10 20
        Slovenian  20 10 10
        Somali  40 15 20
        Spanish  805 350 460
        Swahili  85 40 45
        Swedish  15 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  735 235 500
        Taiwanese  65 30 35
        Tamil  350 170 185
        Telugu  50 30 20
        Thai  10 0 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  230 110 120
        Ukrainian  145 65 80
        Urdu  815 410 410
        Vietnamese  170 75 100
        Yiddish  15 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 195 90 105
  Multiple responses          1,100 500 605
    English and French  180 70 110
    English and non-official language  425 220 205
    French and non-official language  480 200 275
    English, French and non-official language  10 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Richmond Hill, T, Ontario (Code 3519038) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Richmond Hill, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Richmond Hill, T, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Richmond Hill, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario