NHS Profile, Aurora, T, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Aurora, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Aurora, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 52,385 25,550 26,840
Canadian citizens 49,930 24,510 25,415
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,745 6,570 6,170
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 37,185 17,935 19,245
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,460 1,035 1,425
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 52,385 25,550 26,840
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 38,305 18,830 19,475
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 13,815 6,605 7,210
Before 1971 3,030 1,545 1,480
1971 to 1980 1,805 915 885
1981 to 1990 2,125 940 1,185
1991 to 2000 3,585 1,710 1,870
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,275 1,485 1,780
2001 to 2005 2,025 900 1,125
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,245 585 660
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 270 115 150
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 13,815 6,605 7,210
Under 5 years 1,600 730 865
5 to 14 years 2,835 1,475 1,360
15 to 24 years 2,890 1,265 1,630
25 to 44 years 5,585 2,730 2,850
45 years and over 905 400 505
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 52,390 25,545 26,840
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 38,300 18,830 19,475
Born in province of residence 34,665 17,150 17,520
Born outside province of residence 3,635 1,680 1,960
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 13,815 6,605 7,210
Americas 2,050 925 1,125
United States 640 290 350
Jamaica 300 140 165
Guyana 195 90 105
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 55 15 40
Trinidad and Tobago 100 35 65
Colombia 160 80 85
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 165 85 85
Chile 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 370 175 195
Europe 6,205 3,080 3,120
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,950 895 1,060
Italy 530 285 245
Germany 265 120 145
Poland 240 125 110
Portugal 170 75 100
Netherlands 150 95 60
France 60 25 35
Romania 600 290 310
Russian Federation 550 295 255
Greece 195 100 95
Ukraine 250 95 160
Croatia 65 45 25
Hungary 165 85 85
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 75 40 40
Ireland, Republic of 140 70 70
Other places of birth in Europe 780 440 340
Africa 745 380 365
Morocco 20 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 140 65 70
South Africa, Republic of 155 105 45
Nigeria 60 40 15
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 50 25 25
Other places of birth in Africa 310 120 190
Asia 4,755 2,195 2,565
India 320 145 170
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 885 390 500
Philippines 355 115 245
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 650 310 340
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 215 80 135
Pakistan 75 35 35
Sri Lanka 100 50 50
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 900 490 410
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 255 145 115
Lebanon 130 35 90
Taiwan 50 20 25
Iraq 55 20 30
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 65 35 35
Japan 55 20 35
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 630 290 340
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 60 20 40
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 60 20 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 270 115 155
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,245 585 660
Americas 190 105 85
United States 60 30 30
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 25 10 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 50 35 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 345 165 180
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 80 45 40
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 70 30 40
Ukraine 20 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 40 15 25
Other places of birth in Europe 115 65 50
Africa 130 60 70
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 20 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 45 0 0
Asia 580 255 320
Philippines 70 25 50
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 180 70 105
India 25 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 95 45 55
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 25 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 25 0 15
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 25 0 15
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 35 20 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 35 20 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 52,390 25,550 26,840
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 14,205 6,760 7,440
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 14,170 7,010 7,165
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 24,015 11,780 12,235
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 52,385 25,545 26,840
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 9,375 4,435 4,940
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,280 570 710
Chinese 2,745 1,300 1,445
Black 1,165 585 580
Filipino 530 190 345
Latin American 555 270 285
Arab 420 190 230
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 440 150 295
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,160 605 550
Korean 425 205 215
Japanese 260 150 110
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 100 35 60
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 300 185 120
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 43,010 21,110 21,895
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 52,390 25,545 26,840
North American Aboriginal origins 765 355 405
First Nations (North American Indian) 590 255 330
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 175 95 75
Other North American origins 12,765 6,255 6,505
Acadian 45 0 35
American 765 395 365
Canadian 12,190 5,970 6,220
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 25 25 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 39,330 19,285 20,045
British Isles origins 24,395 11,895 12,500
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 14,955 7,385 7,570
Irish 10,500 5,315 5,185
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 10,285 4,735 5,555
Welsh 1,590 830 760
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,770 855 910
French origins 4,345 2,070 2,275
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 4,345 2,070 2,275
Western European origins (except French origins) 7,665 3,760 3,900
Austrian 555 325 230
Belgian 160 80 85
Dutch 2,035 1,125 915
Flemish 70 0 35
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,395 2,510 2,885
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 200 95 100
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,210 545 665
Danish 425 165 255
Finnish 325 135 190
Icelandic 25 20 0
Norwegian 175 95 80
Swedish 260 125 140
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 50 45
Eastern European origins 6,840 3,275 3,570
Bulgarian 295 160 135
Byelorussian 125 70 55
Czech 265 115 155
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 105 55 50
Estonian 120 45 75
Hungarian 965 470 495
Latvian 70 25 50
Lithuanian 160 85 70
Moldovan 65 50 20
Polish 1,875 885 990
Romanian 750 345 405
Russian 1,670 840 825
Slovak 210 90 115
Ukrainian 1,490 695 795
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 40 0 25
Southern European origins 10,075 4,965 5,110
Albanian 40 25 15
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 190 100 90
Cypriot 95 30 65
Greek 1,120 590 525
Italian 6,795 3,320 3,480
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 430 250 180
Maltese 160 65 100
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 830 390 440
Serbian 130 65 70
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 115 60 55
Spanish 905 490 415
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 210 125 85
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 35 15 15
Other European origins 1,090 565 525
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 1,015 525 490
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 30 25 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 65 40 25
Caribbean origins 905 415 490
Antiguan 15 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 85 45 45
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 35 15 20
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 80 0 0
Jamaican 475 240 235
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 30 0 30
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 175 50 125
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 930 435 495
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 10 0 0
Argentinian 35 0 20
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 35 15 0
Chilean 25 0 25
Colombian 190 100 95
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 40 15 20
Guatemalan 20 15 0
Guyanese 155 75 75
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 15 0 0
Mexican 135 60 75
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 15 0 15
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 170 75 95
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 60 25 35
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 1,085 540 545
Central and West African origins 210 140 70
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 20 15 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 140 90 50
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 15 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 260 105 155
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 205 90 120
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 50 15 35
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 255 130 130
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 65 20 50
South African 105 85 20
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 20 0 0
Other African origins 370 175 200
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 45 15 35
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 340 165 175
Asian origins 8,290 3,835 4,455
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,140 1,025 1,110
Afghan 100 40 60
Arab, n.o.s. 80 35 50
Armenian 65 35 35
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 1,255 645 605
Iraqi 50 25 25
Israeli 45 0 40
Jordanian 45 0 40
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 110 50 55
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 365 165 205
Palestinian 45 20 25
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 35 0 30
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 75 30 45
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 70 35 35
South Asian origins 1,495 715 775
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 20 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,235 585 655
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 70 60 0
Punjabi 10 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 80 30 50
Tamil 90 0 65
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,800 2,175 2,625
Burmese 15 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 165 45 120
Chinese 3,030 1,425 1,605
Filipino 630 220 410
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 80 0 60
Japanese 300 185 115
Korean 435 220 220
Laotian 135 50 85
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 30 0 0
Thai 40 0 25
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 290 90 200
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 90 50 40
Australian 80 50 30
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 52,385 25,550 26,840
Buddhist 680 280 395
Christian 35,395 16,500 18,900
Anglican 4,340 2,040 2,305
Baptist 645 280 370
Catholic 16,590 7,820 8,770
Christian Orthodox 2,405 1,205 1,200
Lutheran 615 205 410
Pentecostal 385 205 180
Presbyterian 1,485 675 810
United Church 4,520 1,960 2,560
Other Christian 4,405 2,110 2,300
Hindu 380 150 235
Jewish 1,000 475 525
Muslim 1,505 740 765
Sikh 15 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 205 75 130
No religious affiliation 13,205 7,315 5,890
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 52,385 25,545 26,840
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 295 125 170
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 175 70 100
Métis single identity 100 45 55
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 52,090 25,425 26,670
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 52,390 25,545 26,835
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 100 35 65
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 52,285 25,510 26,775
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 52,385 25,550 26,840
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 765 355 410
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 585 255 330
Métis ancestry 175 95 75
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 51,620 25,190 26,430
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 14,370 6,635 7,740
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,375 6,635 7,740
Italian 2,135 1,015 1,125
Portuguese 395 185 205
Romanian 630 300 330
Spanish 1,140 490 650
Dutch 155 75 80
Flemish 0 0 0
German 910 405 505
Yiddish 25 0 0
Danish 15 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 75 35 40
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 165 100 65
Croatian 90 55 40
Czech 35 0 0
Macedonian 175 85 95
Polish 350 155 195
Russian 1,470 715 755
Serbian 105 50 50
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 25 0 20
Slovenian 50 20 0
Ukrainian 240 90 150
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 35 25 0
Greek 460 215 245
Armenian 35 0 25
Albanian 40 25 0
Estonian 45 0 35
Finnish 50 15 30
Hungarian 475 235 240
Turkish 75 30 45
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 25 0 15
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 400 165 240
Hebrew 135 65 65
Maltese 55 35 20
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 165 75 90
Hindi 140 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 25 0 0
Sindhi 45 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 120 70 50
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,240 615 630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 0 60
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 45 25 20
Tamil 190 65 125
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 170 105 65
Korean 330 165 160
Cantonese 840 385 455
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 680 310 370
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 850 395 455
Lao 95 50 45
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 85 0 55
Vietnamese 170 50 115
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 25 20 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 360 95 265
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 50 0 35
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 55 55
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 25 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 250 150 95
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 51,830 25,230 26,600
Non-movers 45,805 22,385 23,415
Movers 6,025 2,840 3,185
Non-migrants 1,925 905 1,020
Migrants 4,100 1,935 2,160
Internal migrants 3,825 1,805 2,020
Intraprovincial migrants 3,725 1,760 1,960
Interprovincial migrants 100 45 60
External migrants 270 125 145
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 49,445 23,920 25,530
Non-movers 31,100 15,290 15,815
Movers 18,340 8,630 9,710
Non-migrants 6,465 3,120 3,345
Migrants 11,880 5,515 6,365
Internal migrants 10,765 5,025 5,740
Intraprovincial migrants 10,440 4,885 5,565
Interprovincial migrants 320 145 180
External migrants 1,120 490 625
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 42,020 20,290 21,725
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,575 2,795 2,780
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,460 4,825 5,635
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 25,980 12,670 13,305
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,255 1,540 715
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,300 3,690 4,610
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,155 1,065 1,090
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,270 6,375 6,895
Bachelor's degree 8,740 4,060 4,680
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,530 2,315 2,215
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 29,090 13,915 15,170
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,415 665 755
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 5,905 2,670 3,235
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 21,765 10,580 11,190
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 1,710 1,205 510
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 6,725 2,970 3,760
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,830 905 925
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 11,500 5,505 6,000
Bachelor's degree 7,530 3,500 4,030
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,965 2,000 1,970
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 42,015 20,290 21,725
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 16,040 7,620 8,415
Education 1,980 510 1,465
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,030 465 565
Humanities 1,890 725 1,165
Social and behavioural sciences and law 3,575 1,195 2,375
Business, management and public administration 6,130 2,910 3,225
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,215 595 620
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,355 870 485
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 4,415 3,965 455
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 420 295 125
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 2,880 510 2,365
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,080 620 465
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 42,020 20,290 21,730
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 16,040 7,620 8,415
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 25,980 12,670 13,310
Location of study inside Canada 20,975 10,180 10,795
Same as province or territory of residence 19,385 9,460 9,925
Another province or territory 1,585 715 870
Location of study outside Canada 5,005 2,495 2,510
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 32,960 16,690 16,275
Single responses 32,660 16,515 16,145
English 32,335 16,435 15,905
French 145 0 140
Non-official languages 180 80 100
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30
Cantonese 35 20 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 60 0 55
Multiple responses 300 175 130
English and French 130 65 70
English and non-official language 165 110 55
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 32,960 16,690 16,270
English 32,335 16,435 15,905
French 145 0 140
Non-official language 180 80 95
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 175 75 100
English and French 130 60 70
English and non-official language 165 110 55
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 42,015 20,290 21,730
In the labour force 31,095 15,890 15,210
Employed 28,720 14,795 13,920
Unemployed 2,380 1,090 1,285
Not in the labour force 10,920 4,400 6,520
Participation rate 74.0 78.3 70.0
Employment rate 68.4 72.9 64.1
Unemployment rate 7.7 6.9 8.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 31,095 15,885 15,205
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 530 220 310
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 30,565 15,665 14,905
Employee 26,970 13,470 13,505
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 3,600 2,200 1,395
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 31,095 15,890 15,210
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 530 225 305
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 30,565 15,665 14,900
0 Management occupations 5,220 3,280 1,935
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 5,640 1,700 3,940
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,580 2,045 535
3 Health occupations 1,345 180 1,160
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 3,935 1,425 2,505
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,185 540 640
6 Sales and service occupations 7,085 3,290 3,795
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,390 2,275 115
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 530 455 75
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 660 465 200
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 31,095 15,885 15,205
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 530 225 310
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 30,565 15,665 14,900
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 55 35 20
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 55 45 0
22 Utilities 200 155 45
23 Construction 1,805 1,490 310
31-33 Manufacturing 2,485 1,665 820
41 Wholesale trade 2,135 1,345 790
44-45 Retail trade 3,420 1,500 1,920
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 720 490 235
51 Information and cultural industries 1,090 570 515
52 Finance and insurance 2,315 1,175 1,140
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 730 330 400
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,410 1,930 1,485
55 Management of companies and enterprises 25 15 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,525 870 660
61 Educational services 2,840 1,030 1,810
62 Health care and social assistance 2,475 350 2,125
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 875 520 355
72 Accommodation and food services 1,515 720 795
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,210 530 680
91 Public administration 1,675 895 780
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 31,100 15,885 15,210
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,365 670 700
Worked in 2010 29,730 15,220 14,510
1 to 13 weeks 1,910 820 1,090
14 to 26 weeks 2,615 1,265 1,350
27 to 39 weeks 1,620 825 795
40 to 48 weeks 4,160 1,950 2,210
49 to 52 weeks 19,415 10,360 9,060
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.1 44.8 43.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 31,095 15,890 15,210
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,370 670 700
Worked in 2010 29,730 15,225 14,505
Worked full-time in 2010 23,535 13,100 10,435
Worked part-time in 2010 6,195 2,120 4,075
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 28,720 14,795 13,920
Worked at home 2,410 1,210 1,200
Worked outside Canada 85 35 45
No fixed workplace address 2,700 1,930 770
Worked at usual place 23,520 11,615 11,905
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 26,225 13,550 12,675
Car, truck or van - as a driver 20,920 11,255 9,670
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,935 815 1,120
Public transit 2,210 975 1,235
Walked 795 345 445
Bicycle 125 90 30
Other methods 235 65 170
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 26,225 13,550 12,675
Median commuting duration 30.4 30.8 25.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 26,225 13,550 12,675
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 6,200 4,160 2,040
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 15,470 7,445 8,025
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 4,555 1,945 2,615
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 17,695 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 17,100 ... ...
Major repairs needed 590 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 17,695 ... ...
1960 or before 1,950 ... ...
1961 to 1980 2,940 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,335 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,945 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,530 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,990 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 17,690 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,130 ... ...
5 rooms 1,685 ... ...
6 rooms 2,450 ... ...
7 rooms 2,595 ... ...
8 or more rooms 8,830 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 17,690 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 1,190 ... ...
2 bedrooms 1,745 ... ...
3 bedrooms 6,740 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 8,015 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 17,690 ... ...
Owner 15,175 ... ...
Renter 2,515 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 17,690 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,490 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 16,200 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 17,695 ... ...
1 household maintainer 9,330 ... ...
2 household maintainers 8,105 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 255 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 17,690 ... ...
Under 25 years 125 ... ...
25 to 34 years 1,600 ... ...
35 to 44 years 4,035 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,440 ... ...
55 to 64 years 3,520 ... ...
65 to 74 years 1,680 ... ...
75 years and over 1,300 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 17,690 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 17,470 ... ...
More than one person per room 225 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 17,690 ... ...
Suitable 17,005 ... ...
Not suitable 685 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 17,660 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 13,840 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 3,820 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 3,100 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 15,175 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 68.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,610 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,630 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 448,626 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 507,693 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 2,510 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 17.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,060 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,153 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 42,020 20,290 21,725
Without income 2,265 1,080 1,185
With income 39,750 19,215 20,540
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 4,480 2,210 2,265
$5,000 to $9,999 3,015 1,225 1,790
$10,000 to $14,999 2,860 1,030 1,835
$15,000 to $19,999 2,325 820 1,505
$20,000 to $29,999 4,135 1,520 2,620
$30,000 to $39,999 3,320 1,380 1,945
$40,000 to $49,999 3,400 1,335 2,060
$50,000 to $59,999 2,980 1,360 1,620
$60,000 to $79,999 4,510 2,465 2,045
$80,000 to $99,999 3,485 2,000 1,490
$100,000 and over 5,235 3,870 1,360
$100,000 to $124,999 2,110 1,465 645
$125,000 and over 3,125 2,405 720
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,192 50,299 31,238
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 58,100 74,984 42,308
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 42,020 20,290 21,725
Without after-tax income 2,275 1,080 1,195
With after-tax income 39,745 19,210 20,530
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 4,635 2,335 2,305
$5,000 to $9,999 3,100 1,220 1,880
$10,000 to $14,999 2,995 1,060 1,930
$15,000 to $19,999 2,480 895 1,585
$20,000 to $29,999 4,575 1,680 2,900
$30,000 to $39,999 4,380 1,805 2,580
$40,000 to $49,999 4,215 1,830 2,380
$50,000 to $59,999 3,215 1,730 1,480
$60,000 to $79,999 5,100 2,890 2,210
$80,000 to $99,999 2,360 1,660 705
$100,000 and over 2,690 2,105 580
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 35,088 43,394 28,567
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 45,606 56,625 35,296
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 93.8 96.0 90.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 81.8 83.9 78.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 77.3 79.2 74.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.4 4.7 4.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.3 3.9 5.1
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.4 4.1 4.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 3.4 4.1 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 6.2 4.0 9.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 1.8 1.4 2.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.3 0.8 2.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.9 0.5 1.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.9 0.1 2.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.3 1.2 1.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 21.5 24.5 16.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 78.5 75.5 83.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.2 4.3 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 16,980 9,545 7,435
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 63,111 73,221 51,652
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 82,960 99,741 61,420
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 14,755 ... ...
Median family income ($) 114,697 ... ...
Average family income ($) 144,490 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 95,281 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 113,037 ... ...
Average family size 3.3 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 3,735 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,077 ... ...
Average family income ($) 128,301 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 80,329 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 100,324 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 8,845 ... ...
Median family income ($) 135,038 ... ...
Average family income ($) 165,949 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 112,436 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 128,710 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 1,855 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,951 ... ...
Average family income ($) 77,497 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 57,760 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 65,586 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 3,580 1,495 2,085
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 39,180 45,322 36,431
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 49,486 56,315 44,593
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 35,037 39,011 33,073
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 40,323 44,347 37,440
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 52,385 25,545 26,840
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 15,110 7,165 7,945
In bottom decile 2,675 1,390 1,285
In second decile 2,330 895 1,435
In third decile 3,020 1,520 1,505
In fourth decile 3,555 1,680 1,875
In fifth decile 3,530 1,680 1,850
In top half of the Canadian distribution 37,275 18,385 18,890
In sixth decile 3,930 1,870 2,060
In seventh decile 5,365 2,505 2,860
In eighth decile 7,225 3,510 3,720
In ninth decile 8,490 4,215 4,280
In top decile 12,265 6,290 5,975
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 17,690 ... ...
Under $5,000 365 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 190 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 255 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 835 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 855 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 865 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,125 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 2,085 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 1,910 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,300 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,875 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,870 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 17,690 ... ...
Under $5,000 370 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 170 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 195 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 280 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 930 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 995 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 1,255 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,295 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 2,605 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,485 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,110 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,505 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,605 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 17,690 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 101,923 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 130,552 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 85,142 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 102,459 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 2,735 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 43,325 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 54,299 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,458 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 43,853 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 14,955 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 114,635 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 144,497 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 95,320 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 113,177 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 52,390 25,545 26,840
Less than 18 years 13,110 6,775 6,330
Less than 6 years 3,590 1,945 1,645
18 to 64 years 34,270 16,570 17,695
65 years and over 5,010 2,200 2,815
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 3,870 1,855 2,015
Less than 18 years 1,035 500 535
Less than 6 years 290 150 140
18 to 64 years 2,580 1,270 1,310
65 years and over 255 85 170
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 7.4 7.3 7.5
Less than 18 years (%) 7.9 7.4 8.5
Less than 6 years (%) 8.1 7.7 8.5
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 7.7 7.4
65 years and over (%) 5.1 3.9 6.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Aurora, T, Ontario (Code 3519046) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Aurora, T, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Aurora, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Aurora, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 53,203 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 47,629 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 11.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 18,092 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 17,691 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,068.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 49.78 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 53,205 25,835 27,370
0 to 4 years 2,970 1,515 1,450
5 to 9 years 3,440 1,730 1,715
10 to 14 years 4,000 2,040 1,960
15 to 19 years 4,480 2,420 2,060
15 years 905 490 415
16 years 915 500 420
17 years 920 500 415
18 years 890 465 430
19 years 850 465 380
20 to 24 years 3,540 1,800 1,735
25 to 29 years 2,320 1,190 1,130
30 to 34 years 2,655 1,195 1,460
35 to 39 years 3,590 1,645 1,945
40 to 44 years 4,430 2,075 2,360
45 to 49 years 5,175 2,470 2,705
50 to 54 years 4,825 2,350 2,470
55 to 59 years 3,535 1,740 1,785
60 to 64 years 2,615 1,275 1,335
65 to 69 years 1,665 805 860
70 to 74 years 1,235 565 670
75 to 79 years 1,025 445 580
80 to 84 years 835 330 500
85 years and over 885 245 640
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.5 38.3 40.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.4 79.5 81.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 42,790 20,545 22,245
Married or living with a common-law partner 26,265 13,080 13,185
Married (and not separated) 23,910 11,925 11,985
Living common law 2,360 1,155 1,205
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 16,525 7,465 9,060
Single (never legally married) 11,405 6,060 5,345
Separated 1,070 400 670
Divorced 2,130 675 1,455
Widowed 1,920 325 1,600
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 15,060 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 5,280 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 3,680 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,570 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,525 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 15,060 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 12,925 ... ...
Married couples 11,755 ... ...
Without children at home 3,470 ... ...
With children at home 8,275 ... ...
1 child 2,695 ... ...
2 children 4,170 ... ...
3 or more children 1,410 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,175 ... ...
Without children at home 655 ... ...
With children at home 520 ... ...
1 child 230 ... ...
2 children 215 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 2,135 ... ...
Female parent 1,730 ... ...
1 child 930 ... ...
2 children 605 ... ...
3 or more children 195 ... ...
Male parent 405 ... ...
1 child 225 ... ...
2 children 145 ... ...
3 or more children 35 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 19,875 ... ...
Under six years of age 3,645 ... ...
6 to 14 years 6,690 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,640 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,865 ... ...
25 years and over 2,030 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 52,385 25,545 26,840
Number of persons not in census families 4,520 1,850 2,670
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 910 280 635
Living with non-relatives only 870 470 400
Living alone 2,740 1,105 1,635
Number of census family persons 47,865 23,695 24,170
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 5,010 2,245 2,765
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 1,490 335 1,155
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 410 65 345
Living with non-relatives only 60 30 30
Living alone 1,020 240 775
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 3,525 1,910 1,610
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 17,695 ... ...
Census-family households 14,635 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 13,320 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 11,605 ... ...
Without children 3,610 ... ...
With children 7,990 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,720 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,315 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 910 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 675 ... ...
Without children 165 ... ...
With children 510 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 235 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 405 ... ...
Non-census-family households 3,055 ... ...
One-person households 2,740 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 315 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 17,690 ... ...
Single-detached house 10,885 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 695 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 6,105 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,420 ... ...
Row house 2,950 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 615 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 1,115 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 17,690 ... ...
1 person 2,735 ... ...
2 persons 4,780 ... ...
3 persons 3,525 ... ...
4 persons 4,530 ... ...
5 persons 1,560 ... ...
6 or more persons 555 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 52,385 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 52,790 25,740 27,050
  Single responses  51,740 25,250 26,485
    English  38,885 19,125 19,765
    French  750 315 430
    Non-official languages  12,100 5,810 6,295
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,015 5,765 6,250
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  20 15 10
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 5
        Albanian  25 10 10
        Amharic  0 5 0
        Arabic  310 165 145
        Armenian  85 35 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Bengali  35 20 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5
        Bosnian  20 10 10
        Bulgarian  70 30 40
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  685 320 365
        Chinese, n.o.s.  835 400 435
        Creoles  5 0 5
        Croatian  65 30 40
        Czech  35 15 20
        Danish  30 15 15
        Dutch  165 90 80
        Estonian  35 15 20
        Finnish  60 20 40
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  10 0 0
        German  550 255 295
        Greek  395 185 205
        Gujarati  120 55 65
        Hakka  10 10 5
        Hebrew  35 25 10
        Hindi  60 25 30
        Hungarian  280 145 140
        Ilocano  20 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  1,270 650 620
        Japanese  65 25 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  50 15 30
        Korean  410 210 195
        Kurdish  15 5 10
        Lao  65 30 40
        Latvian  35 10 20
        Lingala  5 5 0
        Lithuanian  25 15 10
        Macedonian  120 60 60
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  35 20 20
        Maltese  25 15 10
        Mandarin  555 275 275
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  60 30 35
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  895 475 425
        Polish  330 150 180
        Portuguese  310 135 170
        Romanian  510 240 275
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 5 0
        Russian  1,215 590 620
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Serbian  75 35 40
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Sindhi  10 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  55 25 30
        Slovenian  30 20 10
        Somali  10 0 5
        Spanish  750 355 395
        Swahili  10 5 10
        Swedish  20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  305 85 225
        Taiwanese  15 5 10
        Tamil  170 80 95
        Telugu  25 15 10
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  80 45 40
        Ukrainian  90 30 60
        Urdu  150 75 70
        Vietnamese  110 45 65
        Yiddish  10 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 85 45 40
  Multiple responses          1,050 490 565
    English and French  145 65 80
    English and non-official language  840 390 445
    French and non-official language  40 20 20
    English, French and non-official language 25 10 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 52,790 25,735 27,055
  English only 46,960 23,365 23,595
  French only 30 10 20
  English and French 5,075 2,065 3,010
  Neither English nor French 720 300 425
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 52,790 25,740 27,055
  English 50,980 24,980 26,000
  French 765 325 440
  English and French 345 155 195
  Neither English nor French 700 280 420
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 935 400 535
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.8 1.6 2.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 52,790 25,735 27,050
  Single responses 51,025 24,905 26,125
    English 45,220 22,095 23,125
    French 290 125 165
    Non-official languages 5,520 2,680 2,835
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,485 2,665 2,820
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 5 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 5
        Albanian 10 5 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 150 75 75
        Armenian 45 20 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 15 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 0 0
        Bosnian 5 0 5
        Bulgarian 35 20 25
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 485 230 255
        Chinese, n.o.s. 530 260 270
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 15 5 10
        Czech 5 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 15 5 10
        Estonian 5 5 5
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 5 5
        German 50 25 20
        Greek 75 40 40
        Gujarati 35 15 20
        Hakka 5 0 0
        Hebrew 10 10 0
        Hindi 20 10 10
        Hungarian 115 60 55
        Ilocano 5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 145 65 75
        Japanese 45 20 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15
        Korean 280 150 135
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 35 20 15
        Latvian 5 0 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 10 5 5
        Macedonian 30 15 20
        Malay 5 0 5
        Malayalam 10 5 5
        Maltese 5 5 5
        Mandarin 420 220 195
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 5 5 5
        Oromo 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 15 5 10
        Pashto 5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 550 270 280
        Polish 100 50 55
        Portuguese 85 40 45
        Romanian 310 150 160
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0
        Russian 840 405 435
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Serbian 30 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Sindhi 5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 20 5 10
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 5
        Spanish 415 205 210
        Swahili 10 0 5
        Swedish 5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 35 45
        Taiwanese 15 5 5
        Tamil 115 55 60
        Telugu 5 5 0
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 35 20 20
        Ukrainian 25 10 10
        Urdu 60 30 35
        Vietnamese 35 15 20
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 30 20 15
  Multiple responses         1,765 835 930
    English and French 75 35 40
    English and non-official language 1,645 785 860
    French and non-official language 10 5 10
    English, French and non-official language 30 10 25
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 52,790 25,735 27,050
  None 44,885 22,000 22,880
  Single responses  7,730 3,675 4,060
    English  2,765 1,395 1,375
    French  745 315 435
    Non-official languages  4,215 1,965 2,250
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,185 1,950 2,235
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  15 10 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 5 0
        Albanian  0 5 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  125 65 55
        Armenian  25 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  10 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  5 5 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  195 90 105
        Chinese, n.o.s.  205 95 105
        Creoles  10 5 0
        Croatian  30 10 15
        Czech  15 5 10
        Danish  20 5 15
        Dutch  45 25 20
        Estonian  15 5 10
        Finnish  20 5 15
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  5 5 5
        German  240 105 140
        Greek  300 130 170
        Gujarati  50 25 25
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  20 10 10
        Hindi  45 15 25
        Hungarian  105 55 50
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Italian  590 285 305
        Japanese  25 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 15
        Korean  95 50 50
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  25 15 10
        Latvian  15 5 10
        Lingala  0 0 5
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  50 30 15
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  25 10 10
        Maltese  10 0 5
        Mandarin  115 45 70
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  60 30 30
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  215 110 95
        Polish  110 50 60
        Portuguese  115 50 60
        Romanian  140 60 75
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  260 135 125
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  40 20 15
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Sindhi  5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  20 5 15
        Slovenian  10 10 5
        Somali  10 5 10
        Spanish  270 125 150
        Swahili  0 0 0
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  140 40 100
        Taiwanese  0 5 5
        Tamil  45 20 25
        Telugu  5 5 5
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  25 10 10
        Ukrainian  35 15 20
        Urdu  85 40 45
        Vietnamese  45 20 25
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 35 15 20
  Multiple responses          175 65 110
    English and French  35 15 20
    English and non-official language  55 20 30
    French and non-official language  80 30 60
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Aurora, T, Ontario (Code 3519046) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Aurora, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Aurora, T, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Aurora, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 NHS