NHS Profile, Newmarket, T, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Newmarket, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Newmarket, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 78,925 38,390 40,535
Canadian citizens 75,395 36,895 38,505
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,395 9,515 8,880
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 57,000 27,380 29,625
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,520 1,495 2,025
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 78,920 38,390 40,530
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 59,750 29,530 30,220
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 18,770 8,720 10,055
Before 1971 4,535 1,960 2,575
1971 to 1980 2,790 1,300 1,490
1981 to 1990 3,230 1,540 1,685
1991 to 2000 3,475 1,745 1,730
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,745 2,175 2,565
2001 to 2005 2,885 1,405 1,480
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,860 775 1,085
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 400 135 265
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 18,770 8,720 10,055
Under 5 years 2,450 1,160 1,290
5 to 14 years 3,470 1,850 1,625
15 to 24 years 4,415 1,835 2,580
25 to 44 years 7,065 3,355 3,715
45 years and over 1,370 530 840
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 78,920 38,390 40,535
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 59,750 29,535 30,220
Born in province of residence 54,150 26,855 27,295
Born outside province of residence 5,605 2,680 2,930
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 18,775 8,720 10,050
Americas 2,730 1,195 1,535
United States 685 295 385
Jamaica 400 185 215
Guyana 335 165 170
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 55 15 40
Trinidad and Tobago 275 155 120
Colombia 140 45 95
El Salvador 80 40 40
Peru 55 30 25
Chile 50 0 50
Other places of birth in Americas 670 270 395
Europe 8,000 3,590 4,415
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,720 1,075 1,645
Italy 855 445 415
Germany 430 165 265
Poland 340 145 200
Portugal 300 135 165
Netherlands 310 175 130
France 70 40 25
Romania 340 145 195
Russian Federation 445 220 230
Greece 365 195 165
Ukraine 345 170 165
Croatia 140 30 105
Hungary 175 45 130
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 25 30
Serbia 85 45 35
Ireland, Republic of 125 60 65
Other places of birth in Europe 910 460 450
Africa 875 415 455
Morocco 45 25 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 45 15 30
South Africa, Republic of 155 75 85
Nigeria 65 25 35
Ethiopia 25 0 0
Kenya 165 70 100
Other places of birth in Africa 380 190 185
Asia 7,105 3,495 3,610
India 595 330 265
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 930 460 470
Philippines 875 350 525
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 300 120 180
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 320 160 155
Pakistan 485 255 230
Sri Lanka 360 210 150
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 475 250 225
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 305 175 130
Lebanon 225 125 100
Taiwan 45 0 35
Iraq 65 30 35
Bangladesh 10 0 0
Afghanistan 25 15 15
Japan 60 0 50
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 2,000 965 1,035
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 60 20 40
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 0 40
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 400 135 265
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,855 770 1,085
Americas 270 85 180
United States 120 40 85
Mexico 15 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 20 0 0
Brazil 35 0 0
Colombia 25 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 55 0 35
Europe 455 230 220
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 20 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 15 0 0
Russian Federation 150 90 65
Ukraine 85 50 40
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 130 55 75
Other places of birth in Europe 35 15 25
Africa 150 65 90
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 115 40 70
Asia 985 390 595
Philippines 260 105 160
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 80 35 40
India 55 40 15
Pakistan 70 30 45
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 90 25 60
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 15 15
Sri Lanka 30 15 15
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 20 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 45 0 35
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 250 95 150
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 78,925 38,390 40,535
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 19,330 8,920 10,405
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 20,485 10,125 10,360
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 39,110 19,345 19,765
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 78,920 38,385 40,535
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 15,140 7,380 7,760
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,930 1,470 1,460
Chinese 2,580 1,205 1,380
Black 1,945 950 995
Filipino 1,385 535 850
Latin American 830 370 460
Arab 570 335 235
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,565 1,335 1,225
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 600 300 300
Korean 510 280 235
Japanese 245 105 145
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 400 195 210
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 575 310 265
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 63,785 31,005 32,775
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 78,925 38,390 40,535
North American Aboriginal origins 1,965 940 1,035
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,630 765 870
Inuit 20 15 0
Métis 335 170 165
Other North American origins 21,030 10,370 10,660
Acadian 110 30 70
American 815 365 450
Canadian 20,370 10,075 10,295
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 75 50 20
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 50 15 35
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 57,580 27,770 29,810
British Isles origins 38,560 18,635 19,930
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 24,100 11,570 12,530
Irish 15,110 7,090 8,020
Manx 20 10 0
Scottish 16,340 8,005 8,335
Welsh 1,625 800 830
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,595 1,285 1,305
French origins 7,315 3,270 4,050
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 7,300 3,265 4,035
Western European origins (except French origins) 11,295 5,555 5,740
Austrian 630 295 340
Belgian 265 135 135
Dutch 3,660 1,870 1,790
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 7,370 3,580 3,790
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 365 200 170
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,210 1,040 1,170
Danish 415 215 205
Finnish 700 335 365
Icelandic 65 30 35
Norwegian 515 230 290
Swedish 645 255 390
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 65 35 30
Eastern European origins 7,970 3,745 4,230
Bulgarian 75 35 40
Byelorussian 35 15 15
Czech 240 135 105
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 125 55 75
Estonian 135 100 35
Hungarian 1,070 395 675
Latvian 120 60 60
Lithuanian 155 90 65
Moldovan 30 0 25
Polish 2,250 1,070 1,180
Romanian 640 285 355
Russian 1,750 805 945
Slovak 325 170 160
Ukrainian 2,340 1,130 1,210
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 13,065 6,460 6,610
Albanian 20 10 0
Bosnian 50 0 30
Croatian 510 260 255
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,485 705 780
Italian 7,880 3,945 3,930
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 555 320 240
Maltese 405 150 255
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,480 670 810
Serbian 260 145 110
Sicilian 55 45 0
Slovenian 225 105 120
Spanish 930 440 490
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 240 95 145
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 870 445 430
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 840 435 405
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 30 0 25
Caribbean origins 1,730 740 990
Antiguan 25 0 20
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 105 30 75
Bermudan 20 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 70 30 40
Dominican 105 0 60
Grenadian 60 45 20
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 785 320 470
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 360 160 200
Vincentian/Grenadinian 30 0 25
West Indian, n.o.s. 265 135 125
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 30 0 25
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,270 585 685
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 50 35 15
Argentinian 55 20 30
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 75 50 30
Chilean 20 0 20
Colombian 200 95 105
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 75 40 35
Guatemalan 85 0 0
Guyanese 355 180 170
Hispanic 40 0 30
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 115 60 55
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 30 0 20
Salvadorean 85 40 45
Uruguayan 25 0 10
Venezuelan 50 10 40
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 50 0 40
African origins 1,365 700 660
Central and West African origins 255 160 95
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 55 0 35
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 15 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 130 85 45
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 35 15 20
North African origins 190 90 100
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 30 25 0
Coptic 30 0 20
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 130 55 75
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 30 0 20
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 430 225 205
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 50 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 65 40 25
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 35 20 15
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 115 50 65
Tanzanian 30 0 10
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 20 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 110 0 50
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 20 0 0
Other African origins 625 305 320
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 80 40 40
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 545 260 285
Asian origins 12,635 6,195 6,440
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,090 1,090 1,000
Afghan 45 35 10
Arab, n.o.s. 145 80 65
Armenian 150 30 120
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 25 0 20
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 715 380 335
Iraqi 80 25 55
Israeli 95 50 40
Jordanian 115 70 45
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 20 0 20
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 515 290 225
Palestinian 170 105 65
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 55 0 30
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 70 40 35
Turk 90 60 30
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 20 0 0
South Asian origins 3,150 1,610 1,545
Bangladeshi 10 0 0
Bengali 10 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,930 1,005 920
Goan 45 15 30
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 485 220 265
Punjabi 40 25 20
Sinhalese 25 15 10
Sri Lankan 330 200 135
Tamil 180 80 105
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 335 160 175
East and Southeast Asian origins 7,605 3,630 3,975
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,470 795 670
Chinese 3,215 1,525 1,695
Filipino 1,385 565 820
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 95 45 45
Japanese 260 110 155
Korean 505 275 230
Laotian 670 320 355
Malaysian 30 10 15
Mongolian 25 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 165 70 100
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 550 240 310
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 55 30 25
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 55 30 25
Oceania origins 85 45 45
Australian 55 30 25
New Zealander 35 0 15
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 78,925 38,390 40,535
Buddhist 2,245 1,155 1,090
Christian 52,455 24,410 28,050
Anglican 6,360 2,960 3,400
Baptist 1,375 590 780
Catholic 23,055 10,980 12,080
Christian Orthodox 2,370 1,150 1,215
Lutheran 755 345 410
Pentecostal 1,660 795 865
Presbyterian 2,180 990 1,190
United Church 6,690 3,015 3,680
Other Christian 8,015 3,580 4,435
Hindu 1,205 600 610
Jewish 795 410 385
Muslim 1,795 935 860
Sikh 50 30 15
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 305 160 145
No religious affiliation 20,070 10,690 9,380
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 78,925 38,390 40,530
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 820 365 455
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 500 215 280
Métis single identity 265 120 150
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 45 30 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 78,100 38,025 40,080
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 78,920 38,390 40,535
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 230 90 145
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 78,690 38,300 40,390
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 78,920 38,390 40,530
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,965 940 1,030
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,630 760 870
Métis ancestry 335 170 165
Inuit ancestry 20 15 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 76,955 37,450 39,505
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 19,160 9,015 10,150
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,160 9,015 10,150
Italian 2,485 1,200 1,290
Portuguese 675 315 355
Romanian 350 160 195
Spanish 1,465 615 845
Dutch 385 185 200
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,300 565 740
Yiddish 15 0 0
Danish 70 35 40
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 45 20 35
Afrikaans 70 40 30
Gaelic languages 20 15 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 65 25 40
Croatian 130 50 80
Czech 110 50 60
Macedonian 195 105 90
Polish 495 220 275
Russian 1,290 585 700
Serbian 150 90 60
Serbo-Croatian 55 30 25
Slovak 50 25 30
Slovenian 110 55 50
Ukrainian 270 145 130
Latvian 20 0 0
Lithuanian 45 30 20
Greek 725 355 370
Armenian 30 10 20
Albanian 15 0 0
Estonian 25 0 20
Finnish 85 30 50
Hungarian 335 85 245
Turkish 25 20 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 60 35 0
Arabic 645 360 290
Hebrew 175 85 90
Maltese 90 45 45
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 25 15 15
Gujarati 255 120 130
Hindi 365 210 155
Konkani 55 0 40
Marathi 55 35 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 195 105 85
Sindhi 25 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 35 55
Urdu 610 310 300
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 615 335 275
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 135 75 60
Tamil 445 255 185
Telugu 25 20 10
Japanese 155 65 90
Korean 430 240 190
Cantonese 530 250 290
Fukien 15 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 720 325 390
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 755 350 405
Lao 550 285 265
Thai 155 70 85
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 585 515
Vietnamese 325 165 165
Bisayan languages 50 30 20
Ilocano 35 20 20
Malay 85 45 45
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 910 300 605
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 110 40 70
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 85 0 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
African languages, n.i.e. 40 0 0
Creoles 25 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 245 95 145
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 78,080 37,990 40,085
Non-movers 70,035 34,090 35,945
Movers 8,045 3,905 4,145
Non-migrants 3,080 1,495 1,580
Migrants 4,965 2,405 2,565
Internal migrants 4,505 2,170 2,335
Intraprovincial migrants 4,345 2,095 2,250
Interprovincial migrants 155 75 80
External migrants 460 235 225
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 74,550 36,205 38,340
Non-movers 48,480 23,650 24,830
Movers 26,070 12,560 13,510
Non-migrants 11,010 5,250 5,760
Migrants 15,060 7,310 7,750
Internal migrants 13,380 6,530 6,850
Intraprovincial migrants 12,890 6,290 6,600
Interprovincial migrants 490 240 250
External migrants 1,685 785 900
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 64,020 30,820 33,205
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,535 5,215 5,315
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 17,610 8,455 9,160
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,875 17,145 18,730
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,355 3,020 1,340
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,335 6,050 8,285
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,530 1,130 1,405
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 14,650 6,950 7,700
Bachelor's degree 9,780 4,395 5,380
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,875 2,555 2,320
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 43,965 21,060 22,900
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,750 1,930 1,825
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,440 4,920 5,520
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 29,775 14,215 15,560
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,050 2,160 890
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,900 5,040 6,860
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,980 915 1,065
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 12,845 6,095 6,750
Bachelor's degree 8,525 3,835 4,695
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,320 2,265 2,055
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 64,020 30,820 33,200
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 28,145 13,675 14,470
Education 2,625 630 1,995
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,565 715 850
Humanities 1,940 705 1,240
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,750 1,470 3,285
Business, management and public administration 8,345 3,285 5,065
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,230 665 570
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,595 1,045 550
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 6,920 6,365 555
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 500 305 200
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,395 815 3,580
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,995 1,145 850
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 64,020 30,820 33,200
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 28,145 13,680 14,470
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 35,875 17,140 18,730
Location of study inside Canada 29,665 14,020 15,650
Same as province or territory of residence 27,735 13,150 14,585
Another province or territory 1,930 875 1,060
Location of study outside Canada 6,205 3,120 3,085
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 49,590 25,290 24,295
Single responses 49,305 25,155 24,150
English 48,875 25,070 23,805
French 220 20 200
Non-official languages 215 65 145
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 35 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 25 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 110 30 75
Multiple responses 280 130 150
English and French 135 50 85
English and non-official language 145 85 55
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 49,590 25,290 24,300
English 48,875 25,065 23,805
French 220 20 195
Non-official language 215 65 145
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 210 70 145
English and French 135 50 90
English and non-official language 140 85 60
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 64,020 30,820 33,205
In the labour force 46,540 23,930 22,615
Employed 42,960 22,120 20,840
Unemployed 3,575 1,805 1,775
Not in the labour force 17,475 6,890 10,590
Participation rate 72.7 77.6 68.1
Employment rate 67.1 71.8 62.8
Unemployment rate 7.7 7.5 7.8
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 46,540 23,930 22,615
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,035 515 520
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,505 23,410 22,095
Employee 40,880 20,465 20,415
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,625 2,945 1,680
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 46,540 23,925 22,615
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,035 520 520
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,505 23,410 22,095
0 Management occupations 6,455 4,200 2,255
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,075 2,400 5,675
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,115 2,405 710
3 Health occupations 2,145 360 1,790
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,360 1,750 3,605
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,310 550 760
6 Sales and service occupations 11,265 5,010 6,255
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,425 5,055 375
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 585 530 55
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,770 1,155 615
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 46,540 23,930 22,615
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,035 515 520
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,505 23,410 22,095
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 130 70 55
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 30 15 0
22 Utilities 325 205 115
23 Construction 3,125 2,730 395
31-33 Manufacturing 4,620 3,235 1,385
41 Wholesale trade 2,820 1,690 1,125
44-45 Retail trade 6,000 2,800 3,205
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,450 1,110 335
51 Information and cultural industries 1,240 735 500
52 Finance and insurance 2,710 1,195 1,515
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 820 415 410
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,710 1,955 1,755
55 Management of companies and enterprises 90 60 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,950 1,115 835
61 Educational services 3,895 1,225 2,670
62 Health care and social assistance 3,965 530 3,435
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,110 625 485
72 Accommodation and food services 2,545 1,170 1,375
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,930 830 1,095
91 Public administration 3,045 1,685 1,360
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 46,545 23,930 22,615
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,130 980 1,150
Worked in 2010 44,410 22,950 21,465
1 to 13 weeks 2,310 1,155 1,150
14 to 26 weeks 3,650 1,710 1,940
27 to 39 weeks 2,395 1,205 1,190
40 to 48 weeks 6,000 2,860 3,140
49 to 52 weeks 30,065 16,020 14,040
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.3 44.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 46,540 23,930 22,615
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,130 980 1,155
Worked in 2010 44,410 22,945 21,460
Worked full-time in 2010 35,165 19,495 15,675
Worked part-time in 2010 9,245 3,455 5,790
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 42,960 22,120 20,840
Worked at home 3,010 1,435 1,575
Worked outside Canada 100 75 15
No fixed workplace address 4,695 3,510 1,180
Worked at usual place 35,165 17,100 18,065
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 39,855 20,615 19,245
Car, truck or van - as a driver 31,790 17,010 14,785
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,520 1,075 1,445
Public transit 3,260 1,455 1,805
Walked 1,845 775 1,065
Bicycle 175 165 10
Other methods 265 130 135
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 39,860 20,615 19,245
Median commuting duration 25.9 30.7 20.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 39,860 20,615 19,245
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 10,700 7,500 3,200
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 21,430 9,420 12,010
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 7,725 3,695 4,035
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 27,410 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 26,230 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,185 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 27,410 ... ...
1960 or before 3,310 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,885 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,560 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,735 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,590 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,315 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 27,410 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 3,755 ... ...
5 rooms 3,050 ... ...
6 rooms 3,835 ... ...
7 rooms 4,720 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,050 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 27,410 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 1,740 ... ...
2 bedrooms 3,535 ... ...
3 bedrooms 10,580 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 11,555 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 27,405 ... ...
Owner 22,480 ... ...
Renter 4,935 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 27,410 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 2,365 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 25,050 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 27,410 ... ...
1 household maintainer 14,300 ... ...
2 household maintainers 12,525 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 585 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 27,410 ... ...
Under 25 years 355 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,970 ... ...
35 to 44 years 5,790 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,120 ... ...
55 to 64 years 5,185 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,640 ... ...
75 years and over 2,350 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 27,410 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 27,030 ... ...
More than one person per room 380 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 27,405 ... ...
Suitable 26,040 ... ...
Not suitable 1,370 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 27,380 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 20,815 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 6,565 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 5,680 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 22,475 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 66.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 20.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,539 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,526 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 399,632 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 415,280 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 4,935 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 22.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 953 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,020 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 64,020 30,820 33,200
Without income 3,095 1,455 1,635
With income 60,930 29,365 31,565
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 6,295 2,960 3,340
$5,000 to $9,999 4,045 1,575 2,470
$10,000 to $14,999 4,735 1,800 2,940
$15,000 to $19,999 4,425 1,590 2,835
$20,000 to $29,999 7,400 2,910 4,495
$30,000 to $39,999 6,220 2,650 3,565
$40,000 to $49,999 5,740 2,585 3,150
$50,000 to $59,999 4,585 2,430 2,155
$60,000 to $79,999 7,170 4,040 3,130
$80,000 to $99,999 5,230 2,870 2,370
$100,000 and over 5,080 3,960 1,115
$100,000 to $124,999 2,630 2,025 610
$125,000 and over 2,450 1,935 515
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,392 44,488 29,377
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 46,523 56,157 37,560
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 64,020 30,820 33,200
Without after-tax income 3,135 1,455 1,675
With after-tax income 60,890 29,365 31,525
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,340 2,975 3,370
$5,000 to $9,999 4,135 1,590 2,540
$10,000 to $14,999 4,845 1,835 3,015
$15,000 to $19,999 4,940 1,850 3,090
$20,000 to $29,999 8,640 3,430 5,205
$30,000 to $39,999 7,450 3,265 4,185
$40,000 to $49,999 7,080 3,570 3,515
$50,000 to $59,999 4,930 2,685 2,245
$60,000 to $79,999 7,725 4,455 3,270
$80,000 to $99,999 2,660 1,995 665
$100,000 and over 2,145 1,710 435
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,127 39,220 27,265
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 38,372 45,095 32,110
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.2 93.8 87.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 82.1 85.2 77.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 78.3 81.0 74.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.8 4.1 3.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.5 2.2 2.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.1 5.3 4.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.1 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.8 6.2 12.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.5 2.0 3.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.8 1.2 2.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 1.0 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 2.0 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.6 19.7 14.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.4 80.3 85.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 1.2 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 26,460 14,825 11,630
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 57,898 63,292 50,811
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 66,757 75,011 56,237
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 21,870 ... ...
Median family income ($) 100,359 ... ...
Average family income ($) 115,246 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 85,231 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 94,779 ... ...
Average family size 3.3 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 5,640 ... ...
Median family income ($) 86,674 ... ...
Average family income ($) 98,344 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 73,999 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,338 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 12,295 ... ...
Median family income ($) 120,824 ... ...
Average family income ($) 135,878 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 101,649 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 110,554 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,320 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,011 ... ...
Average family income ($) 70,757 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,635 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,071 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 7,205 2,955 4,255
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,408 42,073 31,330
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,584 50,141 39,032
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,637 36,279 29,349
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,588 40,775 33,682
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 78,925 38,390 40,530
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 27,135 12,240 14,900
In bottom decile 5,030 2,490 2,545
In second decile 4,275 1,820 2,455
In third decile 5,275 2,270 3,010
In fourth decile 6,100 2,730 3,375
In fifth decile 6,455 2,935 3,515
In top half of the Canadian distribution 51,785 26,150 25,635
In sixth decile 7,105 3,320 3,785
In seventh decile 9,690 4,890 4,795
In eighth decile 10,000 5,025 4,975
In ninth decile 11,725 5,915 5,810
In top decile 13,270 7,005 6,265
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 27,410 ... ...
Under $5,000 365 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 195 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 600 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 675 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,525 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,640 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 1,690 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,845 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 3,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,615 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,445 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,680 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,430 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 27,410 ... ...
Under $5,000 375 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 205 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 605 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 760 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,645 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,870 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,345 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,280 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,675 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,880 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,540 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,345 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 27,410 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 88,084 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 103,414 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 75,372 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 85,243 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 4,990 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 42,482 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 48,846 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 36,952 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 40,762 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 22,415 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 100,452 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 115,569 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 85,308 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 95,152 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 78,920 38,385 40,530
Less than 18 years 18,835 9,710 9,120
Less than 6 years 5,195 2,635 2,555
18 to 64 years 51,945 25,250 26,695
65 years and over 8,140 3,430 4,715
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 6,765 3,165 3,600
Less than 18 years 2,045 1,175 870
Less than 6 years 570 370 195
18 to 64 years 4,210 1,885 2,325
65 years and over 510 105 410
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 8.6 8.2 8.9
Less than 18 years (%) 10.9 12.1 9.5
Less than 6 years (%) 11.0 14.0 7.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.5 8.7
65 years and over (%) 6.3 3.1 8.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Newmarket, T, Ontario (Code 3519048) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 18, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Newmarket, T, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Newmarket, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Newmarket, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 79,978 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 74,295 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 7.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 27,977 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 27,409 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,086.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 38.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 79,980 38,730 41,250
0 to 4 years 4,380 2,235 2,145
5 to 9 years 4,870 2,485 2,385
10 to 14 years 5,650 2,845 2,800
15 to 19 years 6,700 3,480 3,220
15 years 1,300 685 610
16 years 1,370 730 640
17 years 1,335 710 625
18 years 1,350 685 665
19 years 1,345 665 680
20 to 24 years 5,275 2,760 2,515
25 to 29 years 4,265 2,100 2,165
30 to 34 years 4,510 2,100 2,410
35 to 39 years 5,230 2,515 2,720
40 to 44 years 6,375 3,035 3,335
45 to 49 years 7,595 3,615 3,985
50 to 54 years 6,910 3,360 3,550
55 to 59 years 5,270 2,510 2,760
60 to 64 years 4,060 2,005 2,055
65 to 69 years 2,745 1,300 1,440
70 to 74 years 1,965 890 1,075
75 to 79 years 1,640 675 960
80 to 84 years 1,290 470 830
85 years and over 1,255 355 905
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.2 37.8 40.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.4 80.5 82.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 65,080 31,165 33,920
Married or living with a common-law partner 38,070 19,025 19,045
Married (and not separated) 33,980 16,965 17,015
Living common law 4,090 2,055 2,030
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 27,015 12,140 14,875
Single (never legally married) 18,125 9,655 8,470
Separated 1,975 735 1,240
Divorced 3,650 1,175 2,475
Widowed 3,260 575 2,685
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 22,505 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 8,595 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,480 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,155 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,270 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 22,500 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 18,710 ... ...
Married couples 16,665 ... ...
Without children at home 5,400 ... ...
With children at home 11,265 ... ...
1 child 3,755 ... ...
2 children 5,480 ... ...
3 or more children 2,030 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,040 ... ...
Without children at home 1,080 ... ...
With children at home 955 ... ...
1 child 435 ... ...
2 children 355 ... ...
3 or more children 160 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,795 ... ...
Female parent 3,030 ... ...
1 child 1,630 ... ...
2 children 1,070 ... ...
3 or more children 335 ... ...
Male parent 760 ... ...
1 child 480 ... ...
2 children 220 ... ...
3 or more children 55 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 28,875 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,280 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,540 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,875 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,915 ... ...
25 years and over 3,265 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 78,925 38,310 40,610
Number of persons not in census families 8,840 3,670 5,170
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,675 590 1,085
Living with non-relatives only 2,145 1,175 970
Living alone 5,015 1,905 3,110
Number of census family persons 70,085 34,640 35,440
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 8,200 3,505 4,695
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 2,815 595 2,215
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 730 150 580
Living with non-relatives only 150 65 85
Living alone 1,935 385 1,550
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 5,390 2,910 2,480
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 27,410 ... ...
Census-family households 21,655 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 19,120 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 16,300 ... ...
Without children 5,570 ... ...
With children 10,725 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,825 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,535 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,730 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,195 ... ...
Without children 295 ... ...
With children 905 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 530 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 810 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,750 ... ...
One-person households 5,015 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 735 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 27,410 ... ...
Single-detached house 16,190 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,385 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 9,830 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,225 ... ...
Row house 3,420 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,585 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 2,515 ... ...
Other single-attached house 90 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 27,410 ... ...
1 person 5,015 ... ...
2 persons 7,665 ... ...
3 persons 5,270 ... ...
4 persons 6,100 ... ...
5 persons 2,345 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,010 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 78,920 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.9 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,215 38,430 40,785
  Single responses  77,725 37,705 40,020
    English  61,305 29,945 31,355
    French  1,085 500 585
    Non-official languages  15,330 7,255 8,075
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,220 7,205 8,010
        African languages, n.i.e 0 5 5
        Afrikaans  30 20 15
        Akan (Twi)  15 10 10
        Albanian  30 15 15
        Amharic  15 5 5
        Arabic  515 270 245
        Armenian  75 40 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 0 10
        Bengali  50 30 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  30 10 20
        Bosnian  10 0 5
        Bulgarian  75 30 40
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  610 260 345
        Chinese, n.o.s.  740 355 390
        Creoles  20 5 10
        Croatian  100 40 60
        Czech  60 25 30
        Danish  65 30 35
        Dutch  280 130 150
        Estonian  40 15 20
        Finnish  95 40 60
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  10 10 5
        German  760 325 430
        Greek  410 215 200
        Gujarati  135 60 75
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  35 20 15
        Hindi  105 55 55
        Hungarian  350 165 190
        Ilocano  40 10 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  1,435 770 670
        Japanese  115 50 60
        Khmer (Cambodian)  580 275 305
        Korean  300 150 150
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  420 210 210
        Latvian  30 10 15
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  40 15 25
        Macedonian  155 85 70
        Malay  30 15 15
        Malayalam  45 25 20
        Maltese  45 25 20
        Mandarin  485 235 250
        Marathi  20 10 5
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  120 55 60
        Pashto  20 10 10
        Persian (Farsi)  640 325 310
        Polish  540 245 300
        Portuguese  430 190 235
        Romanian  415 185 230
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  1,030 490 540
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Serbian  105 55 50
        Serbo-Croatian  30 15 15
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  20 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  65 30 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  40 20 20
        Slovenian  50 15 30
        Somali  5 0 5
        Spanish  1,020 480 540
        Swahili  15 5 10
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  655 215 435
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  230 125 105
        Telugu  20 10 5
        Thai  55 10 45
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  40 25 15
        Ukrainian  190 95 95
        Urdu  585 295 285
        Vietnamese  380 180 200
        Yiddish  5 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 115 50 60
  Multiple responses          1,490 725 765
    English and French  185 80 105
    English and non-official language  1,225 605 615
    French and non-official language  45 20 30
    English, French and non-official language 40 20 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,215 38,430 40,785
  English only 72,165 35,520 36,645
  French only 35 10 25
  English and French 6,090 2,550 3,535
  Neither English nor French 930 350 580
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,215 38,430 40,790
  English 76,855 37,440 39,415
  French 1,080 485 600
  English and French 375 170 205
  Neither English nor French 900 340 565
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,270 565 700
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.6 1.5 1.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,215 38,425 40,785
  Single responses 76,445 37,115 39,325
    English 69,125 33,640 35,485
    French 390 170 215
    Non-official languages 6,935 3,305 3,630
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,890 3,290 3,605
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 10 0 0
        Albanian 20 10 10
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 235 115 115
        Armenian 25 10 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Bengali 25 15 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 5 5
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 50 25 30
        Burmese 5 0 0
        Cantonese 380 170 210
        Chinese, n.o.s. 440 210 235
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 25 10 15
        Czech 10 5 5
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 25 15 15
        Estonian 5 5 10
        Finnish 20 10 15
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 95 45 50
        Greek 120 60 65
        Gujarati 55 25 30
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 5 5
        Hindi 50 30 25
        Hungarian 125 65 65
        Ilocano 10 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 265 125 140
        Japanese 55 30 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 340 155 185
        Korean 220 115 105
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 240 115 120
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 15 5 5
        Macedonian 50 30 20
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 30 15 15
        Maltese 5 0 5
        Mandarin 350 185 165
        Marathi 5 5 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 60 30 30
        Pashto 5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 395 185 210
        Polish 240 105 135
        Portuguese 120 50 65
        Romanian 230 110 125
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 735 370 370
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15
        Serbian 50 30 20
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Sindhi 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 0 10
        Slovenian 5 5 0
        Somali 5 0 5
        Spanish 520 245 275
        Swahili 5 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 190 80 110
        Taiwanese 5 0 5
        Tamil 150 75 75
        Telugu 5 5 0
        Thai 20 10 15
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 5 0
        Turkish 15 10 5
        Ukrainian 65 30 35
        Urdu 305 140 155
        Vietnamese 260 130 125
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 20 20
  Multiple responses         2,770 1,315 1,455
    English and French 120 60 55
    English and non-official language 2,575 1,225 1,355
    French and non-official language 10 5 10
    English, French and non-official language 65 25 35
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 79,215 38,430 40,790
  None 69,600 33,865 35,735
  Single responses  9,425 4,475 4,955
    English  3,205 1,580 1,625
    French  950 375 575
    Non-official languages  5,275 2,515 2,755
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,215 2,485 2,730
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  20 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  190 95 95
        Armenian  25 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 5 5
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  10 5 0
        Bosnian  0 5 0
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  175 85 90
        Chinese, n.o.s.  195 100 95
        Creoles  20 10 10
        Croatian  30 10 15
        Czech  25 10 15
        Danish  20 5 15
        Dutch  65 20 35
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  45 25 25
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  295 135 160
        Greek  235 115 120
        Gujarati  70 35 35
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  20 5 10
        Hindi  65 30 35
        Hungarian  120 45 75
        Ilocano  5 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  645 330 315
        Japanese  60 30 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  170 80 90
        Korean  65 35 30
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  130 65 65
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  65 30 35
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  15 5 5
        Maltese  15 5 5
        Mandarin  105 40 65
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  80 45 40
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  160 80 70
        Polish  145 70 70
        Portuguese  190 95 95
        Romanian  120 55 65
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  190 90 105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  55 30 25
        Serbo-Croatian  10 10 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  15 10 5
        Slovenian  10 0 5
        Somali  0 0 5
        Spanish  430 200 225
        Swahili  15 0 15
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  300 100 200
        Taiwanese  0 0 5
        Tamil  65 30 30
        Telugu  15 10 10
        Thai  35 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 5
        Ukrainian  55 25 25
        Urdu  155 85 75
        Vietnamese  80 35 45
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 50 30 25
  Multiple responses          190 90 100
    English and French  35 15 15
    English and non-official language  60 40 30
    French and non-official language  95 40 55
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Newmarket, T, Ontario (Code 3519048) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 18, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Newmarket, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Newmarket, T, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Newmarket, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • NHS Data Tables, Newmarket, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario