NHS Profile, East Gwillimbury, T, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, East Gwillimbury, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic East Gwillimbury, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 21,985 11,045 10,940
Canadian citizens 21,145 10,645 10,505
Canadian citizens aged under 18 4,665 2,440 2,225
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 16,475 8,200 8,280
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 840 405 440
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 21,985 11,045 10,940
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 18,500 9,210 9,290
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 3,410 1,805 1,605
Before 1971 1,495 870 630
1971 to 1980 465 200 265
1981 to 1990 405 185 220
1991 to 2000 555 285 265
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 485 265 220
2001 to 2005 255 140 115
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 230 125 105
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 75 30 45
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 3,410 1,805 1,605
Under 5 years 450 225 225
5 to 14 years 790 475 310
15 to 24 years 805 415 390
25 to 44 years 1,150 595 550
45 years and over 220 90 130
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 21,985 11,045 10,940
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 18,500 9,215 9,285
Born in province of residence 17,220 8,520 8,695
Born outside province of residence 1,285 695 590
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 3,410 1,800 1,605
Americas 580 240 340
United States 220 85 130
Jamaica 40 0 30
Guyana 75 25 50
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 40 30 0
Trinidad and Tobago 60 0 50
Colombia 65 55 0
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 60 0 50
Europe 2,105 1,230 880
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 955 515 445
Italy 160 95 60
Germany 225 170 55
Poland 60 35 30
Portugal 55 0 15
Netherlands 130 60 75
France 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
Russian Federation 125 75 50
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 30 10 15
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 70 60 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 70 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 95 60 30
Other places of birth in Europe 90 45 40
Africa 135 55 80
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 85 30 55
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 20 0 20
Other places of birth in Africa 30 20 10
Asia 560 270 295
India 50 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 100 60 40
Philippines 130 0 100
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 30 15 10
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 20 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 10 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 160 110 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 25 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 75 30 45
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 235 125 105
Americas 25 15 0
United States 0 0 0
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0
Europe 75 40 30
France 0 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 20 0 10
Other places of birth in Europe 0 0 0
Africa 10 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0
Asia 120 65 55
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 35 0 0
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 35 35 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10 10 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 21,985 11,045 10,940
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 3,515 1,845 1,670
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 5,080 2,445 2,640
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 13,385 6,750 6,630
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 21,985 11,045 10,940
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 1,265 550 715
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 135 60 75
Chinese 265 135 130
Black 245 65 180
Filipino 200 45 155
Latin American 135 90 45
Arab 45 30 20
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 120 65 60
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 35 0 20
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 0 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 60 0 0
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 20,725 10,500 10,225
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 21,985 11,045 10,940
North American Aboriginal origins 495 255 235
First Nations (North American Indian) 425 220 210
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 70 40 30
Other North American origins 7,240 3,725 3,515
Acadian 15 10 0
American 320 170 150
Canadian 7,050 3,610 3,440
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 50 35 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 17,710 8,955 8,760
British Isles origins 12,985 6,460 6,525
Channel Islander 15 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 8,560 4,275 4,290
Irish 5,030 2,470 2,560
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 4,865 2,300 2,560
Welsh 295 155 140
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 930 495 435
French origins 2,035 945 1,085
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 2,035 950 1,085
Western European origins (except French origins) 4,235 2,145 2,090
Austrian 165 110 55
Belgian 45 20 25
Dutch 1,435 715 720
Flemish 20 0 20
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,645 1,340 1,310
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 140 55 85
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 585 280 300
Danish 140 55 85
Finnish 185 100 85
Icelandic 35 0 0
Norwegian 125 40 85
Swedish 130 75 50
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 1,965 990 975
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 35 20 20
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 30 20 10
Estonian 25 15 0
Hungarian 290 145 140
Latvian 50 20 30
Lithuanian 40 25 15
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 765 375 390
Romanian 55 0 45
Russian 360 205 155
Slovak 55 25 30
Ukrainian 545 270 275
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 2,705 1,370 1,335
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 30 25 0
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 125 55 65
Italian 1,695 890 800
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 130 45 85
Maltese 95 35 60
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 440 215 220
Serbian 75 30 45
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 60 25 40
Spanish 230 150 80
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 20 0 10
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 260 140 120
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 160 80 75
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 100 60 0
Caribbean origins 385 135 250
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 100 30 70
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 170 70 100
Kittitian/Nevisian 15 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 55 15 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 415 235 180
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 0 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Colombian 80 65 0
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 75 50 30
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 55 35 0
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 40 30 0
Salvadorean 20 0 0
Uruguayan 90 0 70
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 175 80 95
Central and West African origins 10 0 0
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 10 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 35 20 15
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 20 0 0
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 15 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 105 45 60
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 100 40 55
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 35 0 20
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 30 0 20
Asian origins 1,020 465 545
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 170 105 70
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Armenian 60 35 30
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 0 0 0
Iraqi 15 0 0
Israeli 15 0 0
Jordanian 20 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 0 0 0
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 0 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 15 0 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 185 80 105
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 185 80 100
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 15 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 690 300 390
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 20 0 0
Chinese 380 210 165
Filipino 240 70 170
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 50 20 35
Korean 0 0 0
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 95 30 70
Australian 45 25 20
New Zealander 55 0 45
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 21,985 11,045 10,940
Buddhist 170 75 95
Christian 15,080 7,305 7,780
Anglican 2,330 1,050 1,275
Baptist 525 245 280
Catholic 5,515 2,815 2,700
Christian Orthodox 365 200 165
Lutheran 300 180 115
Pentecostal 155 65 100
Presbyterian 545 275 270
United Church 2,995 1,315 1,680
Other Christian 2,350 1,160 1,195
Hindu 20 10 0
Jewish 155 90 70
Muslim 80 40 35
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 65 45 20
No religious affiliation 6,425 3,485 2,935
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 21,985 11,045 10,940
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 215 135 85
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 170 105 65
Métis single identity 40 25 10
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 21,765 10,910 10,855
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 21,985 11,045 10,940
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 45 15 35
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 21,940 11,035 10,905
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 21,985 11,045 10,940
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 495 260 235
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 430 220 210
Métis ancestry 65 40 25
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 21,490 10,785 10,705
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 2,860 1,455 1,410
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,860 1,450 1,405
Italian 495 270 230
Portuguese 75 60 15
Romanian 0 0 0
Spanish 375 165 215
Dutch 115 50 60
Flemish 0 0 0
German 470 285 190
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 15 0 15
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 65 0 40
Gaelic languages 25 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 50 20 25
Polish 85 60 30
Russian 200 120 80
Serbian 40 0 30
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 30 10 25
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 45 15 25
Armenian 40 0 25
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 0
Hungarian 95 65 30
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 55 30 25
Hebrew 20 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 20 15 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 70 40 30
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 70 0 60
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 50 35
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 45 25
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 195 50 150
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 25 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 75 35 40
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 21,815 10,985 10,825
Non-movers 19,865 9,970 9,895
Movers 1,950 1,020 930
Non-migrants 500 245 255
Migrants 1,445 775 670
Internal migrants 1,350 755 595
Intraprovincial migrants 1,310 740 580
Interprovincial migrants 40 20 15
External migrants 95 20 75
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 20,865 10,460 10,405
Non-movers 14,870 7,560 7,310
Movers 5,995 2,900 3,095
Non-migrants 1,595 790 805
Migrants 4,395 2,105 2,285
Internal migrants 4,095 1,980 2,110
Intraprovincial migrants 4,020 1,975 2,050
Interprovincial migrants 70 0 65
External migrants 300 125 175
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 18,220 9,140 9,085
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,745 1,565 1,175
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 5,405 2,460 2,945
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 10,070 5,110 4,965
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 1,860 1,415 445
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 4,015 1,935 2,075
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 685 220 460
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 3,515 1,535 1,980
Bachelor's degree 2,440 940 1,500
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 1,075 600 480
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 12,410 6,050 6,365
No certificate, diploma or degree 1,025 605 420
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 3,230 1,360 1,870
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 8,155 4,080 4,075
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 1,335 1,030 300
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 3,380 1,585 1,795
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 495 185 310
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,950 1,285 1,665
Bachelor's degree 2,005 745 1,260
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 940 535 410
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 18,220 9,140 9,080
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 8,145 4,030 4,120
Education 775 220 550
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 375 185 195
Humanities 615 215 400
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,115 335 775
Business, management and public administration 1,835 630 1,205
Physical and life sciences and technologies 340 150 190
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 320 185 135
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 2,570 2,440 135
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 205 140 70
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 1,185 175 1,015
Personal, protective and transportation services 740 435 305
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 18,220 9,140 9,085
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 8,145 4,025 4,120
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 10,075 5,115 4,965
Location of study inside Canada 8,800 4,450 4,355
Same as province or territory of residence 8,365 4,255 4,110
Another province or territory 435 195 240
Location of study outside Canada 1,275 665 610
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 14,420 7,360 7,060
Single responses 14,395 7,355 7,040
English 14,320 7,335 6,985
French 45 0 40
Non-official languages 30 0 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 0 0 0
Multiple responses 25 0 25
English and French 0 0 0
English and non-official language 15 0 15
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 14,420 7,360 7,065
English 14,315 7,330 6,985
French 50 0 40
Non-official language 30 0 15
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 30 0 10
English and French 0 0 0
English and non-official language 10 0 15
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 18,220 9,140 9,080
In the labour force 13,645 7,050 6,595
Employed 12,820 6,650 6,170
Unemployed 830 400 425
Not in the labour force 4,575 2,090 2,490
Participation rate 74.9 77.1 72.6
Employment rate 70.4 72.8 68.0
Unemployment rate 6.1 5.7 6.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 13,645 7,045 6,595
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 195 120 80
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 13,445 6,930 6,520
Employee 11,670 5,870 5,800
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 1,780 1,060 715
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 13,645 7,045 6,595
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 195 120 80
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 13,450 6,930 6,520
0 Management occupations 1,855 1,185 670
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2,375 565 1,810
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 805 670 135
3 Health occupations 550 45 500
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 1,580 570 1,005
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 365 110 250
6 Sales and service occupations 2,860 1,130 1,735
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,115 1,985 130
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 435 285 155
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 510 380 125
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 13,645 7,050 6,595
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 195 120 80
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 13,445 6,930 6,520
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 265 125 145
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25 25 0
22 Utilities 150 100 50
23 Construction 1,450 1,270 180
31-33 Manufacturing 1,185 925 260
41 Wholesale trade 575 390 185
44-45 Retail trade 1,600 775 825
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 465 270 195
51 Information and cultural industries 455 175 275
52 Finance and insurance 680 290 395
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 235 115 120
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 1,040 505 530
55 Management of companies and enterprises 25 20 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 615 395 220
61 Educational services 1,115 330 785
62 Health care and social assistance 1,055 80 975
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 355 190 165
72 Accommodation and food services 770 190 580
81 Other services (except public administration) 595 250 350
91 Public administration 795 510 280
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 13,645 7,050 6,595
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 510 245 265
Worked in 2010 13,135 6,805 6,330
1 to 13 weeks 550 195 360
14 to 26 weeks 1,025 485 545
27 to 39 weeks 735 455 275
40 to 48 weeks 1,905 915 990
49 to 52 weeks 8,920 4,755 4,160
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.4 46.1 44.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 13,645 7,045 6,600
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 510 245 265
Worked in 2010 13,130 6,805 6,330
Worked full-time in 2010 10,380 5,875 4,505
Worked part-time in 2010 2,755 925 1,830
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 12,820 6,650 6,170
Worked at home 1,095 505 595
Worked outside Canada 60 20 35
No fixed workplace address 1,845 1,430 415
Worked at usual place 9,820 4,690 5,125
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 11,665 6,125 5,540
Car, truck or van - as a driver 10,105 5,485 4,620
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 790 325 460
Public transit 435 215 225
Walked 175 35 135
Bicycle 25 0 0
Other methods 135 50 85
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 11,665 6,125 5,545
Median commuting duration 30.0 30.9 20.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 11,665 6,125 5,540
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 3,535 2,535 995
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 6,020 2,655 3,365
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 2,110 930 1,180
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 7,540 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 7,220 ... ...
Major repairs needed 320 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 7,540 ... ...
1960 or before 1,270 ... ...
1961 to 1980 2,110 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,990 ... ...
1991 to 2000 975 ... ...
2001 to 2005 450 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 745 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 7,540 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 520 ... ...
5 rooms 620 ... ...
6 rooms 1,225 ... ...
7 rooms 1,070 ... ...
8 or more rooms 4,115 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 7,540 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 250 ... ...
2 bedrooms 590 ... ...
3 bedrooms 3,815 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,890 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 7,540 ... ...
Owner 6,870 ... ...
Renter 670 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 7,540 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 50 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 7,495 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 7,540 ... ...
1 household maintainer 3,610 ... ...
2 household maintainers 3,790 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 140 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 7,540 ... ...
Under 25 years 40 ... ...
25 to 34 years 750 ... ...
35 to 44 years 1,450 ... ...
45 to 54 years 2,100 ... ...
55 to 64 years 1,650 ... ...
65 to 74 years 930 ... ...
75 years and over 615 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 7,540 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 7,500 ... ...
More than one person per room 40 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 7,540 ... ...
Suitable 7,245 ... ...
Not suitable 295 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 7,425 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 5,875 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 1,550 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 1,315 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 6,775 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 19.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,479 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,472 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 400,857 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 468,900 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 660 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 17.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 34.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 961 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,007 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 18,220 9,140 9,080
Without income 960 490 470
With income 17,260 8,655 8,610
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 1,660 895 770
$5,000 to $9,999 1,105 340 765
$10,000 to $14,999 1,365 475 890
$15,000 to $19,999 1,185 490 695
$20,000 to $29,999 1,930 810 1,115
$30,000 to $39,999 1,860 830 1,025
$40,000 to $49,999 1,725 795 930
$50,000 to $59,999 1,565 805 760
$60,000 to $79,999 2,225 1,420 800
$80,000 to $99,999 1,230 685 545
$100,000 and over 1,410 1,095 315
$100,000 to $124,999 675 540 140
$125,000 and over 730 550 180
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,430 45,445 30,516
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 47,459 56,127 38,751
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 18,225 9,140 9,085
Without after-tax income 955 485 470
With after-tax income 17,260 8,650 8,615
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 1,715 905 810
$5,000 to $9,999 1,175 355 820
$10,000 to $14,999 1,345 495 850
$15,000 to $19,999 1,330 520 810
$20,000 to $29,999 2,235 965 1,270
$30,000 to $39,999 2,410 1,110 1,300
$40,000 to $49,999 2,085 1,085 1,000
$50,000 to $59,999 1,675 1,060 615
$60,000 to $79,999 1,935 1,140 795
$80,000 to $99,999 710 525 185
$100,000 and over 650 495 155
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,378 39,767 27,883
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 38,992 45,066 32,889
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.7 93.2 89.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 81.0 82.3 79.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 77.2 78.6 75.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.8 3.7 3.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.2 2.8 3.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.9 6.8 4.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.2 2.3
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.3 6.9 10.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.6 2.5 2.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.0 1.7 2.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.8 1.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.0 0.1 2.3
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.6 1.9 1.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.8 19.7 15.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.1 80.3 84.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 2.2 0.6
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 7,800 4,440 3,355
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 53,682 61,781 48,059
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 66,060 73,749 55,875
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 6,425 ... ...
Median family income ($) 101,120 ... ...
Average family income ($) 117,541 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 85,866 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 96,442 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 2,140 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,961 ... ...
Average family income ($) 97,936 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 72,451 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 81,046 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 3,475 ... ...
Median family income ($) 120,118 ... ...
Average family income ($) 138,195 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 101,832 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 112,234 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 635 ... ...
Median family income ($) 63,894 ... ...
Average family income ($) 70,394 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,328 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,010 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 1,455 765 690
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,505 34,920 31,585
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,090 47,163 40,671
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,280 31,342 27,898
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,789 38,535 34,845
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 21,985 11,045 10,940
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 6,815 3,360 3,460
In bottom decile 955 520 435
In second decile 925 425 500
In third decile 1,370 665 705
In fourth decile 1,600 800 795
In fifth decile 1,970 945 1,025
In top half of the Canadian distribution 15,165 7,690 7,475
In sixth decile 2,275 1,155 1,115
In seventh decile 3,060 1,560 1,500
In eighth decile 2,880 1,505 1,370
In ninth decile 3,285 1,620 1,670
In top decile 3,670 1,850 1,820
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 7,540 ... ...
Under $5,000 155 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 45 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 330 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 425 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 430 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 425 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 1,015 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 1,105 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,095 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 715 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,590 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 7,540 ... ...
Under $5,000 160 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 180 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 410 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 480 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 505 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 605 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 1,395 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 1,135 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,590 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,050 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,545 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 7,540 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 94,038 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 108,663 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 79,475 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 89,276 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 1,065 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 35,763 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 46,278 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 33,169 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 38,680 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 6,475 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 101,273 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 118,911 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 86,154 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 97,588 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 21,985 11,045 10,940
Less than 18 years 4,740 2,490 2,250
Less than 6 years 1,305 675 630
18 to 64 years 14,635 7,185 7,455
65 years and over 2,610 1,370 1,240
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 1,385 700 685
Less than 18 years 260 145 115
Less than 6 years 45 25 25
18 to 64 years 905 465 440
65 years and over 225 90 135
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 6.3 6.3 6.3
Less than 18 years (%) 5.5 5.8 5.1
Less than 6 years (%) 3.4 3.7 4.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 6.5 5.9
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.6 10.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. East Gwillimbury, T, Ontario (Code 3519054) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 19, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

East Gwillimbury, T, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, East Gwillimbury, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic East Gwillimbury, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 22,473 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 21,069 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 6.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 7,751 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 7,540 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 91.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 245.03 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 22,475 11,375 11,100
0 to 4 years 1,120 545 575
5 to 9 years 1,235 635 595
10 to 14 years 1,420 745 670
15 to 19 years 1,715 900 815
15 years 335 180 155
16 years 340 180 160
17 years 350 175 170
18 years 340 190 155
19 years 355 180 175
20 to 24 years 1,510 800 710
25 to 29 years 1,135 560 575
30 to 34 years 1,110 575 540
35 to 39 years 1,340 655 685
40 to 44 years 1,760 870 885
45 to 49 years 2,085 1,025 1,060
50 to 54 years 2,130 1,055 1,075
55 to 59 years 1,785 920 870
60 to 64 years 1,425 730 695
65 to 69 years 1,010 515 490
70 to 74 years 665 340 325
75 to 79 years 460 250 205
80 to 84 years 370 160 210
85 years and over 190 85 110
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.8 41.5 42.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.2 83.0 83.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 18,700 9,440 9,260
Married or living with a common-law partner 11,865 5,950 5,915
Married (and not separated) 10,465 5,245 5,215
Living common law 1,395 700 700
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 6,835 3,495 3,340
Single (never legally married) 4,945 2,790 2,155
Separated 465 205 265
Divorced 785 345 445
Widowed 640 165 480
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 6,635 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 2,860 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 1,515 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 1,620 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 640 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 6,635 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 5,845 ... ...
Married couples 5,155 ... ...
Without children at home 1,990 ... ...
With children at home 3,165 ... ...
1 child 1,120 ... ...
2 children 1,450 ... ...
3 or more children 595 ... ...
Common-law couples 690 ... ...
Without children at home 395 ... ...
With children at home 295 ... ...
1 child 155 ... ...
2 children 105 ... ...
3 or more children 35 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 790 ... ...
Female parent 585 ... ...
1 child 350 ... ...
2 children 170 ... ...
3 or more children 60 ... ...
Male parent 200 ... ...
1 child 115 ... ...
2 children 65 ... ...
3 or more children 20 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 7,630 ... ...
Under six years of age 1,320 ... ...
6 to 14 years 2,425 ... ...
15 to 17 years 1,005 ... ...
18 to 24 years 1,990 ... ...
25 years and over 885 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 21,985 11,045 10,940
Number of persons not in census families 1,875 915 955
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 435 170 270
Living with non-relatives only 430 245 180
Living alone 1,010 500 505
Number of census family persons 20,110 10,130 9,980
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 2,610 1,305 1,300
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 595 190 400
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 200 55 140
Living with non-relatives only 25 15 10
Living alone 370 125 245
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 2,010 1,115 900
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 7,540 ... ...
Census-family households 6,385 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 5,705 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 5,160 ... ...
Without children 2,055 ... ...
With children 3,100 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 540 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 685 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 445 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 325 ... ...
Without children 115 ... ...
With children 210 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 120 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 240 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,155 ... ...
One-person households 1,005 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 150 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 7,540 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,345 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 0 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 1,195 ... ...
Semi-detached house 130 ... ...
Row house 490 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 325 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 240 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 7,540 ... ...
1 person 1,010 ... ...
2 persons 2,490 ... ...
3 persons 1,500 ... ...
4 persons 1,625 ... ...
5 persons 635 ... ...
6 or more persons 285 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 21,985 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.9 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 22,070 11,105 10,960
  Single responses  21,865 11,005 10,860
    English  19,350 9,725 9,625
    French  250 120 135
    Non-official languages  2,265 1,165 1,100
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,255 1,160 1,095
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  10 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 5 5
        Arabic  60 30 30
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Bengali  0 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  5 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  105 50 55
        Chinese, n.o.s.  55 20 35
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  10 10 10
        Czech  20 10 10
        Danish  15 10 10
        Dutch  155 85 70
        Estonian  5 5 10
        Finnish  25 10 15
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 5
        German  305 165 135
        Greek  75 50 25
        Gujarati  5 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  15 10 5
        Hindi  10 5 5
        Hungarian  90 40 45
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  285 165 120
        Japanese  10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 10 15
        Korean  40 20 20
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 0
        Latvian  10 5 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  35 20 20
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  5 5 5
        Mandarin  35 15 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  50 20 25
        Polish  100 50 55
        Portuguese  75 40 35
        Romanian  35 20 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  130 65 65
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slovak  15 10 10
        Slovenian  10 10 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  150 90 60
        Swahili  0 0 0
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  55 15 45
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  20 10 10
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 0
        Ukrainian  45 25 20
        Urdu  25 10 15
        Vietnamese  15 5 10
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 10 5 10
  Multiple responses          205 100 100
    English and French  35 20 15
    English and non-official language  145 80 75
    French and non-official language  15 5 10
    English, French and non-official language 5 0 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 22,070 11,105 10,965
  English only 20,725 10,555 10,170
  French only 10 5 5
  English and French 1,220 495 725
  Neither English nor French 115 55 60
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 22,075 11,110 10,960
  English 21,675 10,920 10,750
  French 245 115 130
  English and French 40 20 25
  Neither English nor French 110 50 55
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 270 120 145
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.2 1.1 1.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 22,075 11,110 10,965
  Single responses 21,740 10,945 10,795
    English 20,925 10,530 10,390
    French 60 30 30
    Non-official languages 755 390 370
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 750 385 365
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 5 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 0 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 30 15 15
        Armenian 5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 5 0 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 70 40 30
        Chinese, n.o.s. 45 15 25
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 5 0 5
        Czech 10 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 30 20 10
        Greek 15 5 5
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 5 0
        Hindi 5 0 0
        Hungarian 30 15 15
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 40 20 20
        Japanese 5 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 25 15 10
        Korean 30 15 10
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 5 5 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 5 5
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 20 10 10
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 5
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 30 15 15
        Polish 40 20 20
        Portuguese 20 10 10
        Romanian 20 10 10
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 80 35 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 5 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Sindhi 0 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 90 50 40
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 10 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 15 10 15
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 0 0
        Ukrainian 5 5 0
        Urdu 10 5 5
        Vietnamese 5 0 5
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 0 0 0
  Multiple responses         335 165 165
    English and French 20 5 15
    English and non-official language 300 150 155
    French and non-official language 0 0 0
    English, French and non-official language 10 5 5
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 22,075 11,110 10,965
  None 20,720 10,480 10,240
  Single responses  1,320 620 700
    English  355 180 180
    French  205 80 125
    Non-official languages  755 355 405
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 740 350 390
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  25 10 15
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  20 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  5 5 0
        Czech  0 0 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  50 30 25
        Estonian  0 0 5
        Finnish  25 5 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  90 40 50
        Greek  55 30 25
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  5 0 0
        Hungarian  20 10 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  110 55 55
        Japanese  0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  10 0 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 5
        Macedonian  20 10 10
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  15 5 10
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  5 0 0
        Polish  15 10 15
        Portuguese  40 20 15
        Romanian  15 5 5
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  40 15 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  5 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  50 25 20
        Swahili  0 0 5
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  10 0 10
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 5
        Ukrainian  15 5 0
        Urdu  5 5 0
        Vietnamese  0 0 0
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 10 5 10
  Multiple responses          35 15 20
    English and French  5 0 0
    English and non-official language  5 0 5
    French and non-official language  25 10 20
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. East Gwillimbury, T, Ontario (Code 3519054) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 19, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: East Gwillimbury, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: East Gwillimbury, T, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: East Gwillimbury, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 NHS