NHS Profile, Toronto, C, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Toronto, C, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, C
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 2,576,025 1,239,225 1,336,805
Canadian citizens 2,214,540 1,070,090 1,144,450
Canadian citizens aged under 18 437,140 224,370 212,770
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,777,400 845,720 931,680
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 361,485 169,135 192,355
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 2,576,025 1,239,225 1,336,800
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 1,258,870 627,405 631,460
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 1,252,215 580,795 671,420
Before 1971 190,000 86,745 103,255
1971 to 1980 150,585 68,700 81,880
1981 to 1990 185,680 87,080 98,605
1991 to 2000 314,470 144,865 169,610
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 411,480 193,400 218,075
2001 to 2005 194,955 91,890 103,065
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 216,525 101,515 115,010
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 64,945 31,025 33,915
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 1,252,215 580,790 671,420
Under 5 years 96,065 47,545 48,515
5 to 14 years 199,945 100,120 99,825
15 to 24 years 281,000 124,005 156,995
25 to 44 years 541,850 250,735 291,115
45 years and over 133,360 58,385 74,970
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 2,576,030 1,239,225 1,336,805
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 1,258,865 627,400 631,465
Born in province of residence 1,102,465 553,200 549,270
Born outside province of residence 156,405 74,210 82,195
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 1,252,210 580,795 671,420
Americas 214,215 93,305 120,905
United States 25,500 11,965 13,535
Jamaica 45,670 17,950 27,720
Guyana 36,995 16,085 20,910
Haiti 1,200 585 620
Mexico 6,265 2,725 3,550
Trinidad and Tobago 22,025 9,430 12,590
Colombia 8,410 3,955 4,455
El Salvador 6,925 3,565 3,365
Peru 4,005 1,705 2,300
Chile 3,615 1,745 1,865
Other places of birth in Americas 53,605 23,595 30,005
Europe 325,165 151,560 173,610
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 45,260 21,270 23,990
Italy 53,485 25,390 28,095
Germany 12,800 5,765 7,035
Poland 24,260 10,400 13,860
Portugal 39,525 18,970 20,555
Netherlands 2,865 1,435 1,425
France 4,460 2,005 2,455
Romania 12,395 5,825 6,575
Russian Federation 17,150 7,525 9,625
Greece 21,935 10,710 11,230
Ukraine 16,665 7,270 9,390
Croatia 5,075 2,170 2,905
Hungary 9,070 4,055 5,015
Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,190 2,630 2,565
Serbia 8,825 4,205 4,620
Ireland, Republic of 4,355 2,155 2,205
Other places of birth in Europe 41,845 19,780 22,065
Africa 70,285 33,450 36,835
Morocco 2,230 1,040 1,195
Algeria 580 335 245
Egypt 5,695 3,120 2,575
South Africa, Republic of 5,465 2,865 2,595
Nigeria 6,310 3,180 3,130
Ethiopia 7,810 3,655 4,160
Kenya 3,855 1,720 2,135
Other places of birth in Africa 38,330 17,520 20,810
Asia 638,920 300,695 338,220
India 78,870 39,525 39,340
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 132,145 60,890 71,255
Philippines 102,520 41,425 61,095
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 39,340 18,125 21,215
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 31,270 14,610 16,665
Pakistan 33,035 16,660 16,375
Sri Lanka 59,220 29,070 30,155
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30,690 15,950 14,745
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 25,860 11,965 13,890
Lebanon 5,700 3,115 2,585
Taiwan 8,025 3,695 4,335
Iraq 8,485 4,515 3,970
Bangladesh 20,100 10,410 9,685
Afghanistan 11,680 5,880 5,805
Japan 3,875 1,185 2,685
Turkey 7,215 3,730 3,480
Other places of birth in Asia 40,890 19,945 20,950
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 3,630 1,785 1,855
Fiji 665 300 365
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 2,970 1,485 1,490
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 64,945 31,025 33,915
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 216,525 101,510 115,015
Americas 32,485 15,430 17,055
United States 5,705 3,005 2,705
Mexico 2,960 1,280 1,680
Cuba 1,105 535 570
Haiti 675 310 360
Jamaica 3,530 1,680 1,845
Brazil 2,470 1,250 1,220
Colombia 3,310 1,550 1,760
Guyana 2,745 1,275 1,470
Peru 915 375 540
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 785 400 390
Other places of birth in Americas 8,285 3,760 4,525
Europe 25,120 12,050 13,070
France 1,025 540 485
Germany 775 435 340
Poland 785 275 505
Romania 1,635 600 1,035
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 830 410 425
Russian Federation 3,785 1,590 2,190
Ukraine 2,930 1,230 1,700
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,235 1,355 875
Other places of birth in Europe 11,130 5,620 5,505
Africa 14,245 6,680 7,565
Nigeria 2,895 1,475 1,420
Ethiopia 1,375 580 795
Mauritius 420 165 260
Somalia 1,010 370 645
Algeria 195 90 105
Egypt 965 575 390
Morocco 445 230 220
Tunisia 115 50 70
Cameroon 445 230 215
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 620 225 390
South Africa, Republic of 370 195 175
Other places of birth in Africa 5,380 2,500 2,885
Asia 143,840 66,860 76,980
Philippines 31,485 13,120 18,365
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 29,105 13,230 15,875
India 21,170 10,765 10,410
Pakistan 7,750 3,590 4,160
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 9,690 4,715 4,975
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 4,260 1,935 2,325
Sri Lanka 9,535 4,500 5,040
Iraq 3,490 1,785 1,715
Bangladesh 7,275 3,680 3,590
Lebanon 745 475 270
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,935 690 1,240
Taiwan 855 410 445
Afghanistan 2,255 1,140 1,120
Japan 1,050 280 770
Turkey 2,020 1,015 1,010
Israel 1,090 490 595
Nepal 1,385 775 610
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 690 270 425
United Arab Emirates 755 410 350
Saudi Arabia 840 475 365
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 540 325 215
Other places of birth in Asia 5,915 2,795 3,120
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 830 490 335
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 2,576,025 1,239,225 1,336,800
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 1,324,850 615,885 708,965
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 696,380 348,240 348,140
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 554,795 275,100 279,695
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 2,576,025 1,239,225 1,336,800
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 1,264,395 598,925 665,465
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 317,100 158,835 158,260
Chinese 278,390 132,140 146,250
Black 218,160 97,825 120,335
Filipino 132,445 55,315 77,130
Latin American 71,205 34,135 37,065
Arab 28,920 15,605 13,310
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 46,825 22,920 23,910
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 50,235 25,720 24,515
Korean 37,225 17,730 19,490
Japanese 12,315 5,450 6,865
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 33,670 15,115 18,550
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 37,920 18,130 19,785
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 1,311,635 640,300 671,330
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 2,576,025 1,239,225 1,336,800
North American Aboriginal origins 31,390 14,860 16,530
First Nations (North American Indian) 25,450 11,955 13,490
Inuit 535 320 220
Métis 6,010 2,845 3,165
Other North American origins 313,895 155,080 158,815
Acadian 2,380 1,190 1,195
American 24,810 12,040 12,775
Canadian 291,665 144,245 147,420
New Brunswicker 60 35 30
Newfoundlander 1,495 725 765
Nova Scotian 250 100 150
Ontarian 310 165 145
Québécois 865 350 510
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 270 140 130
European origins 1,288,430 623,940 664,490
British Isles origins 590,810 287,315 303,495
Channel Islander 165 100 70
Cornish 250 100 150
English 333,220 162,195 171,020
Irish 250,460 118,020 132,435
Manx 320 180 140
Scottish 245,545 118,170 127,370
Welsh 25,990 11,955 14,040
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 51,045 24,465 26,575
French origins 115,500 54,870 60,635
Alsatian 220 85 135
Breton 35 15 0
French 115,300 54,790 60,510
Western European origins (except French origins) 170,715 82,185 88,535
Austrian 14,430 6,765 7,660
Belgian 4,255 2,000 2,255
Dutch 37,745 18,075 19,670
Flemish 610 280 330
Frisian 110 70 40
German 119,030 57,575 61,455
Luxembourger 360 170 195
Swiss 6,810 3,300 3,515
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 165 80 90
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 34,125 16,475 17,650
Danish 7,400 3,610 3,785
Finnish 7,430 3,545 3,880
Icelandic 2,395 1,120 1,275
Norwegian 8,040 4,145 3,895
Swedish 9,850 4,450 5,410
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 1,280 685 595
Eastern European origins 268,970 126,525 142,450
Bulgarian 5,865 2,930 2,935
Byelorussian 3,150 1,495 1,660
Czech 8,280 3,770 4,515
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 2,100 890 1,210
Estonian 4,925 2,065 2,860
Hungarian 31,435 14,750 16,685
Latvian 5,435 2,545 2,890
Lithuanian 8,355 4,080 4,280
Moldovan 1,065 580 480
Polish 98,315 46,725 51,595
Romanian 21,115 10,300 10,810
Russian 62,850 28,895 33,955
Slovak 6,415 3,145 3,270
Ukrainian 64,875 30,395 34,480
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 3,215 1,535 1,685
Southern European origins 427,170 208,940 218,225
Albanian 9,885 5,025 4,860
Bosnian 2,810 1,350 1,465
Croatian 12,665 6,100 6,560
Cypriot 1,295 675 625
Greek 55,390 28,175 27,215
Italian 177,065 86,565 90,495
Kosovar 380 190 185
Macedonian 12,075 5,810 6,265
Maltese 6,870 3,605 3,270
Montenegrin 850 390 460
Portuguese 93,050 45,675 47,375
Serbian 17,155 8,605 8,555
Sicilian 610 340 270
Slovenian 5,065 2,330 2,735
Spanish 56,635 26,240 30,395
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 4,250 1,950 2,300
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 150 80 65
Other European origins 86,915 43,755 43,160
Basque 365 240 120
Jewish 78,860 39,400 39,460
Roma (Gypsy) 1,615 825 785
Slavic, n.o.s. 655 355 295
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 6,190 3,320 2,865
Caribbean origins 148,755 65,410 83,345
Antiguan 1,170 715 455
Bahamian 335 175 160
Barbadian 8,035 3,325 4,715
Bermudan 390 155 235
Carib 1,020 415 605
Cuban 4,065 1,775 2,290
Dominican 3,505 1,710 1,795
Grenadian 6,315 2,580 3,735
Haitian 2,460 1,165 1,295
Jamaican 81,380 35,910 45,470
Kittitian/Nevisian 925 425 505
Martinican 100 30 75
Montserratan 210 105 105
Puerto Rican 210 90 125
St. Lucian 3,165 1,100 2,065
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 18,205 8,125 10,080
Vincentian/Grenadinian 5,285 2,075 3,205
West Indian, n.o.s. 17,285 7,700 9,580
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 6,930 2,935 3,995
Latin, Central and South American origins 103,360 48,940 54,420
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 3,770 1,735 2,035
Argentinian 3,615 1,820 1,795
Belizean 155 55 100
Bolivian 770 335 435
Brazilian 6,705 3,370 3,335
Chilean 4,780 2,455 2,325
Colombian 10,665 5,195 5,465
Costa Rican 1,500 770 730
Ecuadorian 8,080 3,825 4,255
Guatemalan 2,890 1,525 1,360
Guyanese 28,010 12,765 15,240
Hispanic 1,335 510 825
Honduran 920 405 515
Maya 710 310 405
Mexican 9,805 4,745 5,060
Nicaraguan 1,850 715 1,130
Panamanian 460 205 255
Paraguayan 190 60 125
Peruvian 4,840 2,185 2,655
Salvadorean 9,870 4,950 4,920
Uruguayan 1,620 810 810
Venezuelan 2,870 1,345 1,525
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 4,295 1,930 2,365
African origins 126,025 59,970 66,060
Central and West African origins 24,770 12,325 12,450
Akan 210 110 105
Angolan 725 335 385
Ashanti 235 120 115
Beninese 150 105 40
Burkinabe 55 20 35
Cameroonian 930 465 465
Chadian 30 25 0
Congolese 2,285 1,075 1,205
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 235 150 85
Ghanaian 9,875 4,735 5,135
Guinean 185 70 115
Ibo 555 300 255
Ivorian 265 195 65
Liberian 245 145 105
Malian 70 45 25
Nigerian 6,905 3,515 3,390
Peulh 15 0 0
Senegalese 180 55 125
Sierra Leonean 305 170 135
Togolese 105 70 30
Yoruba 980 520 455
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 1,740 855 890
North African origins 15,620 8,020 7,605
Algerian 690 310 385
Berber 480 240 245
Coptic 375 185 190
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 8,590 4,530 4,060
Libyan 430 230 195
Maure 175 120 55
Moroccan 3,615 1,780 1,840
Sudanese 1,380 640 740
Tunisian 440 220 220
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 190 100 85
Southern and East African origins 46,880 22,030 24,850
Afrikaner 110 35 70
Amhara 305 165 140
Bantu, n.o.s. 260 160 105
Burundian 395 255 140
Eritrean 4,210 2,035 2,175
Ethiopian 10,170 4,900 5,270
Harari 380 125 255
Kenyan 1,665 795 865
Malagasy 55 20 35
Mauritian 660 280 380
Oromo 580 345 235
Rwandan 705 295 410
Seychellois 35 0 20
Somali 18,580 8,275 10,305
South African 4,135 2,140 2,000
Tanzanian 910 405 505
Tigrian 275 165 110
Ugandan 1,050 500 555
Zambian 180 90 95
Zimbabwean 1,165 595 570
Zulu 110 50 65
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 3,535 1,675 1,865
Other African origins 41,775 19,130 22,650
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 7,040 2,950 4,095
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 35,275 16,415 18,865
Asian origins 981,770 470,315 511,445
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 123,425 63,400 60,025
Afghan 17,370 8,840 8,530
Arab, n.o.s. 10,265 5,500 4,765
Armenian 10,060 5,005 5,055
Assyrian 1,955 1,020 930
Azerbaijani 1,415 725 690
Georgian 760 380 380
Iranian 37,255 18,970 18,285
Iraqi 8,505 4,390 4,115
Israeli 3,935 1,910 2,025
Jordanian 990 510 480
Kazakh 325 185 145
Kurd 1,885 995 885
Kuwaiti 100 40 55
Lebanese 11,175 5,850 5,325
Palestinian 2,530 1,375 1,150
Pashtun 675 340 335
Saudi Arabian 1,440 715 720
Syrian 3,620 1,935 1,690
Tajik 615 295 320
Tatar 485 220 270
Turk 12,425 6,190 6,230
Uighur 305 145 165
Uzbek 770 375 395
Yemeni 835 370 460
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 3,380 1,925 1,450
South Asian origins 331,810 165,305 166,510
Bangladeshi 13,505 6,860 6,635
Bengali 8,560 4,385 4,180
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 195,590 97,170 98,420
Goan 1,580 715 860
Gujarati 1,745 890 855
Kashmiri 515 285 230
Nepali 1,515 775 740
Pakistani 31,605 16,180 15,420
Punjabi 5,905 3,045 2,865
Sinhalese 1,680 750 935
Sri Lankan 59,000 29,145 29,855
Tamil 22,675 11,370 11,310
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 14,390 7,240 7,150
East and Southeast Asian origins 533,605 245,000 288,605
Burmese 1,015 445 570
Cambodian (Khmer) 2,195 1,050 1,145
Chinese 308,690 145,715 162,975
Filipino 140,420 58,925 81,500
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 2,040 965 1,070
Japanese 15,495 7,005 8,495
Korean 39,305 18,615 20,685
Laotian 1,300 640 665
Malaysian 2,695 1,055 1,635
Mongolian 905 480 420
Singaporean 325 140 185
Taiwanese 4,495 2,130 2,365
Thai 1,825 715 1,110
Tibetan 4,245 2,105 2,145
Vietnamese 35,985 17,365 18,620
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 1,415 690 720
Other Asian origins 5,085 2,585 2,495
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 5,085 2,590 2,495
Oceania origins 5,125 2,525 2,595
Australian 3,085 1,555 1,535
New Zealander 1,185 590 595
Pacific Islands origins 940 405 530
Fijian 500 220 285
Hawaiian 185 100 90
Maori 45 0 35
Polynesian, n.o.s. 50 20 25
Samoan 15 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 155 55 95
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 2,576,025 1,239,225 1,336,800
Buddhist 68,885 30,910 37,975
Christian 1,394,210 637,595 756,610
Anglican 99,655 44,835 54,815
Baptist 35,310 15,325 19,980
Catholic 725,565 335,060 390,500
Christian Orthodox 111,430 53,890 57,535
Lutheran 15,645 6,980 8,660
Pentecostal 41,330 16,915 24,415
Presbyterian 38,140 17,505 20,635
United Church 77,070 33,285 43,785
Other Christian 250,065 113,795 136,270
Hindu 145,035 72,750 72,285
Jewish 98,690 47,925 50,765
Muslim 212,345 106,425 105,920
Sikh 20,405 10,185 10,220
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 850 400 450
Other religions 12,950 5,945 7,005
No religious affiliation 622,655 327,085 295,570
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 2,576,025 1,239,225 1,336,800
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 19,265 8,980 10,290
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 12,990 6,060 6,925
Métis single identity 4,875 2,250 2,625
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 305 165 140
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 180 80 95
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 920 430 495
Non-Aboriginal identity 2,556,760 1,230,245 1,326,515
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,576,030 1,239,225 1,336,800
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 7,040 3,180 3,855
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 2,568,985 1,236,040 1,332,945
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 2,576,030 1,239,225 1,336,800
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 31,390 14,860 16,530
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 25,445 11,955 13,490
Métis ancestry 6,010 2,845 3,165
Inuit ancestry 535 320 220
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 2,544,635 1,224,370 1,320,275
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 1,387,405 655,545 731,860
Aboriginal languages 1,005 495 510
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 375 185 195
Mi'kmaq 25 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 340 170 170
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 230 90 140
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,386,545 655,135 731,410
Italian 102,445 48,390 54,050
Portuguese 70,985 34,870 36,110
Romanian 13,655 6,540 7,115
Spanish 113,760 53,125 60,640
Dutch 5,025 2,400 2,625
Flemish 165 65 95
German 34,560 16,755 17,805
Yiddish 5,420 2,545 2,875
Danish 1,085 515 570
Norwegian 465 175 290
Swedish 1,525 650 875
Afrikaans 1,815 905 910
Gaelic languages 1,080 490 590
Bosnian 1,500 750 750
Bulgarian 4,405 2,200 2,205
Croatian 8,460 4,015 4,445
Czech 4,210 1,980 2,225
Macedonian 8,760 4,165 4,590
Polish 33,685 14,830 18,855
Russian 51,265 23,575 27,690
Serbian 15,515 7,705 7,815
Serbo-Croatian 2,055 1,000 1,050
Slovak 2,385 1,045 1,335
Slovenian 2,295 950 1,340
Ukrainian 22,015 9,755 12,260
Latvian 2,420 1,045 1,375
Lithuanian 2,125 870 1,255
Greek 41,140 20,440 20,695
Armenian 8,225 3,960 4,265
Albanian 8,805 4,385 4,420
Estonian 2,495 945 1,555
Finnish 1,745 585 1,155
Hungarian 15,565 7,045 8,520
Turkish 11,880 6,185 5,695
Berber languages (Kabyle) 25 20 0
Oromo 1,250 685 560
Somali 15,130 6,555 8,575
Amharic 8,020 3,745 4,275
Arabic 38,850 20,790 18,060
Hebrew 18,545 8,975 9,570
Maltese 2,145 1,085 1,055
Tigrigna 3,710 1,740 1,970
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5,055 2,545 2,505
Bengali 27,760 14,160 13,600
Gujarati 35,355 17,870 17,485
Hindi 58,320 30,275 28,045
Konkani 1,325 595 735
Marathi 2,235 1,175 1,055
Panjabi (Punjabi) 35,975 18,500 17,475
Sindhi 3,485 1,590 1,895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 7,075 3,645 3,435
Urdu 54,480 27,660 26,820
Nepali 2,050 1,125 930
Kurdish 1,485 765 725
Pashto 4,680 2,480 2,200
Persian (Farsi) 48,640 25,045 23,590
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,600 835 760
Kannada 985 510 470
Malayalam 4,440 2,480 1,960
Tamil 79,330 39,005 40,330
Telugu 3,405 1,735 1,675
Japanese 10,875 5,020 5,855
Korean 34,355 16,050 18,310
Cantonese 103,845 47,580 56,270
Fukien 1,765 750 1,010
Hakka 1,370 590 785
Mandarin 84,600 39,530 45,070
Taiwanese 2,030 960 1,065
Chinese, n.o.s. 82,750 39,220 43,530
Lao 1,190 545 645
Thai 1,775 680 1,100
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,570 770 800
Vietnamese 32,085 15,170 16,915
Bisayan languages 3,705 1,675 2,030
Ilocano 6,855 2,760 4,100
Malay 3,055 1,525 1,530
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 108,655 42,285 66,370
Akan (Twi) 6,780 3,015 3,765
Lingala 1,285 540 745
Rundi (Kirundi) 295 185 110
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 440 195 245
Swahili 5,640 2,485 3,155
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 2,105 905 1,200
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,625 2,435 2,185
African languages, n.i.e. 1,735 930 810
Creoles 6,425 2,690 3,725
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 20,080 9,470 10,610
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 2,547,365 1,224,480 1,322,880
Non-movers 2,209,985 1,059,595 1,150,390
Movers 337,380 164,885 172,490
Non-migrants 229,625 111,880 117,750
Migrants 107,750 53,005 54,740
Internal migrants 57,520 27,410 30,110
Intraprovincial migrants 45,430 21,660 23,775
Interprovincial migrants 12,095 5,755 6,335
External migrants 50,225 25,595 24,635
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 2,435,675 1,167,380 1,268,290
Non-movers 1,415,355 671,570 743,785
Movers 1,020,320 495,810 524,510
Non-migrants 644,555 314,320 330,235
Migrants 375,760 181,495 194,270
Internal migrants 175,180 84,785 90,395
Intraprovincial migrants 139,635 67,565 72,070
Interprovincial migrants 35,545 17,220 18,325
External migrants 200,580 96,710 103,870
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 2,175,830 1,033,990 1,141,840
No certificate, diploma or degree 380,965 176,285 204,685
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 523,320 250,335 272,985
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 1,271,545 607,370 664,175
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 111,450 68,500 42,950
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 330,080 143,770 186,310
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 113,640 49,965 63,670
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 716,375 345,130 371,245
Bachelor's degree 436,755 204,265 232,490
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 279,625 140,870 138,755
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 1,491,890 712,015 779,870
No certificate, diploma or degree 158,285 76,260 82,025
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 306,005 149,355 156,650
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 1,027,595 486,400 541,195
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 77,465 46,980 30,485
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 260,810 114,070 146,735
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 87,620 38,600 49,020
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 601,705 286,750 314,955
Bachelor's degree 362,580 169,115 193,465
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 239,120 117,630 121,490
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 2,175,830 1,033,990 1,141,840
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 904,280 426,615 477,665
Education 72,115 16,200 55,915
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 77,615 37,680 39,935
Humanities 98,475 36,650 61,825
Social and behavioural sciences and law 184,375 70,770 113,610
Business, management and public administration 297,840 131,255 166,585
Physical and life sciences and technologies 58,360 28,890 29,475
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 71,345 45,355 25,985
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 204,540 174,985 29,560
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 13,845 7,605 6,235
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 148,170 35,945 112,220
Personal, protective and transportation services 44,675 22,010 22,670
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 190 25 160
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 2,175,830 1,033,990 1,141,840
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 904,285 426,620 477,665
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 1,271,545 607,370 664,175
Location of study inside Canada 855,830 404,675 451,150
Same as province or territory of residence 780,370 368,335 412,035
Another province or territory 75,465 36,345 39,120
Location of study outside Canada 415,715 202,690 213,020
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 1,461,625 742,940 718,685
Single responses 1,436,230 731,210 705,020
English 1,381,870 704,170 677,695
French 5,600 1,675 3,930
Non-official languages 48,760 25,365 23,395
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,210 5,890 5,320
Cantonese 8,515 4,250 4,275
Panjabi (Punjabi) 465 285 185
Mandarin 6,010 3,215 2,795
Spanish 2,890 1,435 1,455
Korean 2,790 1,405 1,390
German 365 170 195
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 4,525 2,965 1,560
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 11,970 5,760 6,210
Multiple responses 25,395 11,735 13,660
English and French 6,530 2,600 3,930
English and non-official language 18,310 8,915 9,400
French and non-official language 100 35 60
English, French and non-official language 450 180 270
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 1,461,625 742,945 718,685
English 1,381,865 704,170 677,695
French 5,605 1,675 3,930
Non-official language 48,760 25,365 23,395
Aboriginal 25 0 25
Non-Aboriginal 48,735 25,365 23,370
English and French 6,530 2,595 3,930
English and non-official language 18,310 8,915 9,395
French and non-official language 100 40 65
English, French and non-official language 450 180 270
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 2,175,830 1,033,990 1,141,840
In the labour force 1,399,985 714,745 685,240
Employed 1,269,150 650,740 618,410
Unemployed 130,835 64,005 66,830
Not in the labour force 775,845 319,245 456,600
Participation rate 64.3 69.1 60.0
Employment rate 58.3 62.9 54.2
Unemployment rate 9.3 9.0 9.8
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 1,399,985 714,745 685,240
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 50,795 23,770 27,025
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,349,195 690,975 658,220
Employee 1,196,820 593,740 603,075
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 152,370 97,230 55,145
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 1,399,990 714,750 685,240
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 50,790 23,775 27,020
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,349,195 690,975 658,215
0 Management occupations 153,440 90,465 62,980
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 256,410 93,030 163,380
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 111,835 86,035 25,795
3 Health occupations 72,980 18,990 53,990
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 174,850 58,640 116,210
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 72,110 37,100 35,010
6 Sales and service occupations 315,905 149,760 166,150
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 121,260 113,555 7,710
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 7,235 6,140 1,095
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 63,165 37,260 25,905
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 1,399,990 714,745 685,240
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 50,790 23,770 27,020
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 1,349,195 690,975 658,220
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,935 1,135 800
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 2,360 1,505 850
22 Utilities 7,260 4,760 2,505
23 Construction 64,910 58,380 6,535
31-33 Manufacturing 109,465 73,185 36,285
41 Wholesale trade 57,710 35,580 22,135
44-45 Retail trade 133,240 62,555 70,680
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 51,345 38,650 12,695
51 Information and cultural industries 62,860 35,260 27,600
52 Finance and insurance 112,415 53,730 58,685
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 35,215 19,590 15,625
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 155,435 86,300 69,135
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,975 950 1,020
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 72,625 38,445 34,175
61 Educational services 100,865 37,230 63,640
62 Health care and social assistance 131,520 29,315 102,200
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 32,250 16,685 15,560
72 Accommodation and food services 88,295 43,225 45,070
81 Other services (except public administration) 67,375 26,300 41,075
91 Public administration 60,140 28,185 31,960
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 1,399,990 714,745 685,235
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 99,070 47,180 51,890
Worked in 2010 1,300,920 667,570 633,350
1 to 13 weeks 72,155 33,750 38,405
14 to 26 weeks 100,840 48,040 52,800
27 to 39 weeks 81,460 40,510 40,950
40 to 48 weeks 216,300 108,590 107,715
49 to 52 weeks 830,155 436,680 393,475
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.5 44.9 44.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 1,399,985 714,750 685,240
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 99,070 47,180 51,890
Worked in 2010 1,300,915 667,570 633,350
Worked full-time in 2010 1,059,545 571,785 487,755
Worked part-time in 2010 241,375 95,780 145,590
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 1,269,150 650,740 618,410
Worked at home 87,795 44,715 43,080
Worked outside Canada 6,745 4,365 2,380
No fixed workplace address 140,480 97,480 43,005
Worked at usual place 1,034,130 504,180 529,945
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 1,174,610 601,660 572,950
Car, truck or van - as a driver 567,555 345,885 221,675
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 53,380 19,495 33,880
Public transit 429,275 176,285 252,985
Walked 85,475 38,040 47,435
Bicycle 25,350 15,740 9,605
Other methods 13,585 6,210 7,375
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 1,174,610 601,660 572,950
Median commuting duration 30.4 30.4 30.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 1,174,610 601,665 572,945
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 207,235 129,745 77,490
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 712,255 338,885 373,370
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 255,115 133,030 122,090
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 1,047,875 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 965,725 ... ...
Major repairs needed 82,150 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 1,047,875 ... ...
1960 or before 377,575 ... ...
1961 to 1980 344,160 ... ...
1981 to 1990 122,915 ... ...
1991 to 2000 77,925 ... ...
2001 to 2005 61,570 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 63,730 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 1,047,875 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 480,800 ... ...
5 rooms 156,695 ... ...
6 rooms 125,525 ... ...
7 rooms 97,175 ... ...
8 or more rooms 187,680 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 1,047,875 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 304,985 ... ...
2 bedrooms 294,185 ... ...
3 bedrooms 277,105 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 171,600 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 1,047,875 ... ...
Owner 571,790 ... ...
Renter 476,085 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 1,047,875 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 234,965 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 812,915 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 1,047,880 ... ...
1 household maintainer 665,050 ... ...
2 household maintainers 345,085 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 37,740 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 1,047,875 ... ...
Under 25 years 36,590 ... ...
25 to 34 years 173,845 ... ...
35 to 44 years 204,985 ... ...
45 to 54 years 225,945 ... ...
55 to 64 years 178,025 ... ...
65 to 74 years 113,435 ... ...
75 years and over 115,050 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 1,047,875 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 989,695 ... ...
More than one person per room 58,180 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 1,047,875 ... ...
Suitable 903,090 ... ...
Not suitable 144,785 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 1,044,275 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 680,810 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 363,465 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 290,090 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 571,785 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 27.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,304 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,443 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 401,400 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 517,309 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 476,085 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 16.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 43.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,001 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,026 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 2,175,830 1,033,990 1,141,840
Without income 127,060 55,070 71,995
With income 2,048,770 978,920 1,069,845
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 255,925 126,105 129,820
$5,000 to $9,999 149,520 59,515 90,010
$10,000 to $14,999 187,965 77,520 110,450
$15,000 to $19,999 207,040 84,150 122,890
$20,000 to $29,999 285,550 126,200 159,355
$30,000 to $39,999 218,580 104,260 114,325
$40,000 to $49,999 180,965 88,830 92,135
$50,000 to $59,999 134,430 68,685 65,745
$60,000 to $79,999 175,655 92,790 82,865
$80,000 to $99,999 102,985 55,330 47,655
$100,000 and over 150,150 95,540 54,615
$100,000 to $124,999 58,850 34,310 24,540
$125,000 and over 91,295 61,225 30,075
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,371 31,233 24,359
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 44,517 52,716 37,015
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 2,175,830 1,033,990 1,141,840
Without after-tax income 127,360 55,080 72,285
With after-tax income 2,048,470 978,910 1,069,555
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 258,745 127,060 131,680
$5,000 to $9,999 151,090 60,000 91,090
$10,000 to $14,999 192,755 79,525 113,225
$15,000 to $19,999 220,340 89,905 130,435
$20,000 to $29,999 323,530 146,280 177,245
$30,000 to $39,999 261,930 126,235 135,695
$40,000 to $49,999 201,850 101,230 100,625
$50,000 to $59,999 133,285 70,820 62,465
$60,000 to $79,999 161,450 86,595 74,850
$80,000 to $99,999 61,420 35,705 25,715
$100,000 and over 82,085 55,560 26,525
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,669 28,963 23,204
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 36,291 41,817 31,234
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.5 91.5 84.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 76.1 79.6 71.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.6 71.5 67.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 6.6 8.0 4.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.7 5.5 6.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.9 4.8 5.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.7 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.5 8.5 15.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.7 2.3 3.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.7 1.9 3.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.2 1.0 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.4 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.4 3.1 3.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.5 20.7 15.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.5 79.3 84.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.8 3.0 2.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 736,355 397,720 338,635
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,436 52,134 46,282
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 67,499 76,053 57,452
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 675,900 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,890 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,526 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 65,335 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 85,701 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 203,300 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,851 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,480 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,576 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,442 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 311,830 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,539 ... ...
Average family income ($) 126,706 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,999 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 101,744 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 127,050 ... ...
Median family income ($) 44,584 ... ...
Average family income ($) 59,719 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 42,232 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,146 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 468,600 219,340 249,265
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,108 30,404 28,069
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 42,425 44,738 40,390
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,828 27,681 26,086
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 35,033 36,376 33,851
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 2,576,030 1,239,225 1,336,800
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 1,365,960 640,960 725,000
In bottom decile 336,655 160,830 175,825
In second decile 312,385 140,115 172,270
In third decile 260,810 121,420 139,390
In fourth decile 234,565 112,300 122,265
In fifth decile 221,550 106,295 115,255
In top half of the Canadian distribution 1,210,070 598,265 611,800
In sixth decile 211,180 101,985 109,200
In seventh decile 212,000 102,820 109,185
In eighth decile 212,690 104,130 108,555
In ninth decile 237,545 118,175 119,365
In top decile 336,650 171,160 165,495
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 1,047,875 ... ...
Under $5,000 40,120 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 24,230 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 36,950 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 58,390 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 99,650 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 97,935 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 95,330 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 84,030 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 135,840 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 101,985 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 84,855 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 56,140 ... ...
$150,000 and over 132,425 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 1,047,875 ... ...
Under $5,000 40,950 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 24,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 37,710 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 60,400 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 109,180 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 116,755 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 113,210 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 94,535 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 148,830 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 98,000 ... ...
$100,000 and over 203,975 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 76,535 ... ...
$125,000 and over 127,435 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 1,047,875 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 58,381 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 87,038 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,149 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,945 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 330,680 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 34,562 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 48,165 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 31,282 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,364 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 717,195 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 73,299 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 104,962 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 65,708 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 85,506 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 2,576,025 1,239,225 1,336,800
Less than 18 years 487,320 250,425 236,900
Less than 6 years 167,175 85,460 81,715
18 to 64 years 1,734,595 834,430 900,170
65 years and over 354,110 154,375 199,735
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 496,660 230,075 266,590
Less than 18 years 122,135 61,995 60,135
Less than 6 years 42,825 21,375 21,450
18 to 64 years 332,360 154,050 178,305
65 years and over 42,170 14,025 28,140
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 19.3 18.6 19.9
Less than 18 years (%) 25.1 24.8 25.4
Less than 6 years (%) 25.6 25.0 26.2
18 to 64 years (%) 19.2 18.5 19.8
65 years and over (%) 11.9 9.1 14.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Toronto, C, Ontario (Code 3520005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 25, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Toronto, C, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Toronto, C, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto, C
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 2,615,060 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 2,503,281 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 4.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,107,851 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 1,047,877 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,149.5 ... ...
Land area (square km) 630.21 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 2,615,060 1,255,585 1,359,475
0 to 4 years 140,510 72,085 68,425
5 to 9 years 128,060 65,400 62,665
10 to 14 years 132,290 67,765 64,525
15 to 19 years 150,045 76,850 73,195
15 years 28,850 14,880 13,970
16 years 29,730 15,295 14,430
17 years 29,330 15,180 14,150
18 years 30,610 15,625 14,985
19 years 31,525 15,870 15,650
20 to 24 years 183,470 90,730 92,735
25 to 29 years 211,850 101,285 110,565
30 to 34 years 201,165 95,730 105,435
35 to 39 years 190,405 91,285 99,120
40 to 44 years 197,400 95,550 101,855
45 to 49 years 207,625 101,815 105,810
50 to 54 years 191,290 92,855 98,440
55 to 59 years 162,535 76,950 85,585
60 to 64 years 140,960 66,220 74,740
65 to 69 years 102,445 47,275 55,175
70 to 74 years 86,185 38,060 48,130
75 to 79 years 74,215 32,455 41,755
80 to 84 years 59,630 24,515 35,115
85 years and over 54,965 18,755 36,210
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.2 38.2 40.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.7 83.7 85.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 2,214,195 1,050,330 1,163,865
Married or living with a common-law partner 1,131,780 567,150 564,630
Married (and not separated) 991,700 494,850 496,850
Living common law 140,080 72,300 67,780
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 1,082,410 483,180 599,230
Single (never legally married) 746,190 380,905 365,285
Separated 69,600 27,915 41,685
Divorced 140,240 51,850 88,390
Widowed 126,385 22,510 103,875
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 690,340 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 321,190 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 170,165 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 141,650 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 57,340 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 690,335 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 543,350 ... ...
Married couples 473,440 ... ...
Without children at home 182,360 ... ...
With children at home 291,085 ... ...
1 child 118,975 ... ...
2 children 122,440 ... ...
3 or more children 49,670 ... ...
Common-law couples 69,910 ... ...
Without children at home 49,235 ... ...
With children at home 20,675 ... ...
1 child 10,875 ... ...
2 children 7,005 ... ...
3 or more children 2,795 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 146,990 ... ...
Female parent 123,530 ... ...
1 child 73,630 ... ...
2 children 34,580 ... ...
3 or more children 15,320 ... ...
Male parent 23,455 ... ...
1 child 15,970 ... ...
2 children 5,730 ... ...
3 or more children 1,755 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 792,755 ... ...
Under six years of age 165,825 ... ...
6 to 14 years 231,955 ... ...
15 to 17 years 84,815 ... ...
18 to 24 years 168,280 ... ...
25 years and over 141,885 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 2,576,025 1,238,225 1,337,800
Number of persons not in census families 549,575 249,785 299,795
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 81,565 30,445 51,120
Living with non-relatives only 136,830 72,895 63,935
Living alone 331,180 146,445 184,735
Number of census family persons 2,026,450 988,445 1,038,005
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 354,625 154,100 200,525
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 128,935 35,670 93,270
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 25,450 5,075 20,375
Living with non-relatives only 8,280 3,820 4,460
Living alone 95,205 26,775 68,430
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 225,685 118,430 107,260
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 1,047,875 ... ...
Census-family households 656,955 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 565,935 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 455,485 ... ...
Without children 194,975 ... ...
With children 260,510 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 110,450 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 91,025 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 59,885 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 40,945 ... ...
Without children 12,835 ... ...
With children 28,110 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 18,940 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 31,140 ... ...
Non-census-family households 390,920 ... ...
One-person households 331,180 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 59,740 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 1,047,880 ... ...
Single-detached house 275,015 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 429,225 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 110 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 343,530 ... ...
Semi-detached house 72,400 ... ...
Row house 60,295 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 44,740 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 163,895 ... ...
Other single-attached house 2,195 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 1,047,875 ... ...
1 person 331,180 ... ...
2 persons 307,845 ... ...
3 persons 168,750 ... ...
4 persons 142,760 ... ...
5 persons 59,005 ... ...
6 or more persons 38,340 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 2,576,030 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,589,085 1,244,125 1,344,960
  Single responses  2,503,935 1,203,470 1,300,470
    English  1,317,025 645,720 671,305
    French  32,665 15,305 17,365
    Non-official languages  1,154,245 542,440 611,800
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 365 160 210
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  105 45 65
        Dene  0 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 10
        Ojibway  230 105 120
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,144,020 537,615 606,410
        African languages, n.i.e 870 470 400
        Afrikaans  345 185 165
        Akan (Twi)  4,765 2,165 2,600
        Albanian  8,060 4,110 3,945
        Amharic  5,690 2,575 3,115
        Arabic  26,075 14,010 12,065
        Armenian  6,485 3,065 3,420
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 1,425 690 730
        Bengali  24,325 12,445 11,880
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 10 5
        Bisayan languages  3,430 1,320 2,115
        Bosnian  1,030 510 520
        Bulgarian  4,530 2,190 2,340
        Burmese  635 305 330
        Cantonese  83,955 38,255 45,700
        Chinese, n.o.s.  85,235 39,740 45,495
        Creoles  2,880 1,310 1,570
        Croatian  6,035 2,800 3,235
        Czech  3,430 1,580 1,850
        Danish  715 305 410
        Dutch  3,580 1,740 1,840
        Estonian  2,400 965 1,435
        Finnish  1,590 580 1,010
        Flemish  150 60 90
        Fukien  2,060 995 1,065
        German  16,790 7,395 9,395
        Greek  29,020 14,200 14,820
        Gujarati  28,240 14,345 13,900
        Hakka  1,630 755 875
        Hebrew  4,415 2,380 2,040
        Hindi  12,950 6,655 6,300
        Hungarian  13,525 6,260 7,265
        Ilocano  5,120 1,875 3,240
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 1,030 565 470
        Italian  71,725 33,685 38,040
        Japanese  6,230 2,195 4,030
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,365 615 750
        Korean  31,135 14,275 16,860
        Kurdish  1,475 830 645
        Lao  695 340 355
        Latvian  1,940 785 1,155
        Lingala  325 135 190
        Lithuanian  2,065 835 1,230
        Macedonian  6,765 3,265 3,500
        Malay  1,805 840 970
        Malayalam  3,000 1,585 1,420
        Maltese  1,710 855 850
        Mandarin  59,820 28,125 31,690
        Marathi  1,285 675 615
        Nepali  1,355 705 650
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 2,445 1,240 1,210
        Norwegian  265 115 150
        Oromo  885 430 455
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  23,000 11,860 11,140
        Pashto  3,575 1,850 1,720
        Persian (Farsi)  41,905 21,265 20,640
        Polish  27,880 12,200 15,680
        Portuguese  58,175 28,185 29,990
        Romanian  13,305 6,240 7,060
        Rundi (Kirundi)  200 105 95
        Russian  36,950 16,620 20,325
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  265 105 155
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 4,530 2,205 2,330
        Serbian  13,420 6,520 6,900
        Serbo-Croatian  1,695 785 910
        Shanghainese  735 300 435
        Sign languages, n.i.e 335 195 145
        Sindhi  2,565 1,155 1,410
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  3,280 1,600 1,680
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 355 175 180
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 455 215 245
        Slovak  2,410 1,075 1,335
        Slovenian  2,120 915 1,210
        Somali  12,205 5,165 7,035
        Spanish  70,760 33,750 37,010
        Swahili  2,065 1,005 1,060
        Swedish  685 275 405
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  70,465 26,625 43,845
        Taiwanese  1,555 695 860
        Tamil  61,605 30,290 31,315
        Telugu  2,485 1,360 1,125
        Thai  990 335 655
        Tibetan languages  3,630 1,835 1,790
        Tigrigna  3,290 1,495 1,790
        Turkish  7,860 4,195 3,665
        Ukrainian  15,640 6,780 8,860
        Urdu  38,010 19,470 18,540
        Vietnamese  23,580 10,945 12,635
        Yiddish  3,320 1,495 1,830
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 9,855 4,670 5,185
  Multiple responses          85,150 40,660 44,490
    English and French  6,345 2,985 3,365
    English and non-official language  73,000 34,965 38,035
    French and non-official language  3,715 1,715 2,000
    English, French and non-official language 2,090 995 1,090
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,589,090 1,244,125 1,344,960
  English only 2,222,700 1,087,900 1,134,795
  French only 2,975 1,270 1,710
  English and French 227,375 100,570 126,805
  Neither English nor French 136,035 54,390 81,650
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,589,085 1,244,125 1,344,960
  English 2,394,450 1,162,645 1,231,805
  French 36,410 16,975 19,440
  English and French 24,475 11,215 13,260
  Neither English nor French 133,745 53,295 80,455
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 48,650 22,585 26,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.9 1.8 1.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,589,085 1,244,125 1,344,960
  Single responses 2,406,535 1,157,060 1,249,480
    English 1,657,835 804,725 853,105
    French 15,575 7,340 8,240
    Non-official languages 733,125 344,995 388,135
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 100 50 45
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 10
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 5 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 75 35 35
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 728,910 342,965 385,945
        African languages, n.i.e. 370 180 190
        Afrikaans 80 40 40
        Akan (Twi) 2,960 1,295 1,665
        Albanian 4,710 2,395 2,310
        Amharic 3,430 1,515 1,920
        Arabic 15,800 7,970 7,825
        Armenian 4,085 1,880 2,200
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 590 290 300
        Bengali 17,820 9,010 8,815
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 5 0 0
        Bisayan languages 1,200 510 695
        Bosnian 550 270 270
        Bulgarian 2,715 1,325 1,390
        Burmese 385 185 200
        Cantonese 67,210 30,350 36,865
        Chinese, n.o.s. 61,480 28,915 32,570
        Creoles 1,670 755 915
        Croatian 2,510 1,190 1,320
        Czech 1,480 695 790
        Danish 50 25 25
        Dutch 360 175 185
        Estonian 810 295 520
        Finnish 400 160 240
        Flemish 20 10 10
        Fukien 690 325 365
        German 2,555 1,110 1,445
        Greek 14,470 6,850 7,620
        Gujarati 19,255 9,610 9,640
        Hakka 750 340 410
        Hebrew 1,895 960 940
        Hindi 7,275 3,720 3,555
        Hungarian 6,840 3,195 3,640
        Ilocano 1,930 755 1,180
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 475 250 225
        Italian 35,025 15,120 19,910
        Japanese 2,955 1,290 1,665
        Khmer (Cambodian) 820 360 460
        Korean 23,380 10,960 12,420
        Kurdish 830 440 390
        Lao 395 205 190
        Latvian 730 310 420
        Lingala 95 40 55
        Lithuanian 805 330 470
        Macedonian 3,375 1,605 1,765
        Malay 665 325 335
        Malayalam 1,560 830 730
        Maltese 545 260 285
        Mandarin 50,430 24,395 26,040
        Marathi 640 330 310
        Nepali 935 485 450
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,000 485 515
        Norwegian 45 15 30
        Oromo 565 260 305
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 15,890 8,140 7,750
        Pashto 2,650 1,330 1,325
        Persian (Farsi) 30,595 15,025 15,570
        Polish 13,345 5,970 7,380
        Portuguese 34,585 16,820 17,760
        Romanian 7,540 3,560 3,980
        Rundi (Kirundi) 75 45 30
        Russian 26,935 12,420 14,515
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 110 50 60
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 3,310 1,595 1,715
        Serbian 8,840 4,260 4,580
        Serbo-Croatian 810 365 440
        Shanghainese 385 165 215
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 565 335 230
        Sindhi 1,315 560 755
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,695 835 860
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70
        Slovak 880 420 465
        Slovenian 680 300 380
        Somali 8,935 3,760 5,175
        Spanish 45,330 21,395 23,935
        Swahili 1,010 485 525
        Swedish 115 50 65
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 37,195 14,930 22,270
        Taiwanese 765 350 415
        Tamil 48,680 23,730 24,950
        Telugu 1,555 830 725
        Thai 465 220 245
        Tibetan languages 2,975 1,505 1,470
        Tigrigna 1,925 855 1,070
        Turkish 5,445 2,770 2,675
        Ukrainian 7,635 3,420 4,215
        Urdu 26,590 13,295 13,295
        Vietnamese 17,680 8,210 9,470
        Yiddish 430 205 225
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 4,115 1,980 2,140
  Multiple responses         182,550 87,065 95,485
    English and French 4,940 2,290 2,645
    English and non-official language 173,030 82,735 90,295
    French and non-official language 1,580 690 885
    English, French and non-official language 3,010 1,350 1,660
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 2,589,090 1,244,125 1,344,960
  None 1,957,600 942,565 1,015,035
  Single responses  618,250 295,350 322,905
    English  274,495 133,110 141,390
    French  24,715 11,135 13,580
    Non-official languages  319,040 151,105 167,935
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 300 125 175
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  70 25 45
        Dene  10 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 10 0
        Mi'kmaq  10 5 5
        Ojibway  205 85 120
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 314,345 148,910 165,435
        African languages, n.i.e 415 215 200
        Afrikaans  270 140 130
        Akan (Twi)  1,915 885 1,030
        Albanian  2,120 1,050 1,065
        Amharic  1,855 825 1,030
        Arabic  8,835 4,845 3,990
        Armenian  1,625 770 855
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 580 265 315
        Bengali  4,315 2,200 2,115
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  825 310 515
        Bosnian  320 155 165
        Bulgarian  1,015 475 535
        Burmese  155 70 80
        Cantonese  18,040 8,570 9,470
        Chinese, n.o.s.  13,290 6,320 6,965
        Creoles  2,435 1,025 1,410
        Croatian  2,160 980 1,175
        Czech  1,050 465 585
        Danish  335 140 190
        Dutch  1,285 605 680
        Estonian  935 400 535
        Finnish  540 190 355
        Flemish  30 15 15
        Fukien  885 425 455
        German  6,880 3,080 3,795
        Greek  13,695 6,855 6,845
        Gujarati  6,020 3,050 2,970
        Hakka  460 220 250
        Hebrew  3,690 1,865 1,830
        Hindi  9,475 4,950 4,525
        Hungarian  3,320 1,445 1,875
        Ilocano  1,400 515 885
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 380 195 190
        Italian  25,400 12,470 12,930
        Japanese  2,785 1,125 1,660
        Khmer (Cambodian)  335 150 190
        Korean  5,415 2,460 2,955
        Kurdish  420 240 180
        Lao  200 100 100
        Latvian  685 270 410
        Lingala  435 190 245
        Lithuanian  685 250 430
        Macedonian  2,215 1,070 1,140
        Malay  595 250 335
        Malayalam  1,105 575 530
        Maltese  650 305 345
        Mandarin  10,175 4,530 5,645
        Marathi  350 190 160
        Nepali  340 175 165
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 1,705 830 880
        Norwegian  140 60 80
        Oromo  245 120 125
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5,945 3,110 2,840
        Pashto  645 370 280
        Persian (Farsi)  7,345 3,910 3,430
        Polish  8,125 3,525 4,600
        Portuguese  18,660 9,145 9,520
        Romanian  3,405 1,540 1,865
        Rundi (Kirundi)  95 45 50
        Russian  8,315 3,825 4,490
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  135 45 85
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 875 425 445
        Serbian  3,280 1,605 1,680
        Serbo-Croatian  405 190 215
        Shanghainese  245 100 145
        Sign languages, n.i.e 190 80 105
        Sindhi  1,000 460 540
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  1,485 755 735
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 65 35 25
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 160 75 85
        Slovak  700 300 395
        Slovenian  680 280 400
        Somali  4,055 1,860 2,190
        Spanish  23,425 11,505 11,920
        Swahili  1,300 600 700
        Swedish  400 160 245
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  22,145 7,985 14,160
        Taiwanese  580 265 315
        Tamil  11,345 5,680 5,665
        Telugu  590 330 265
        Thai  330 115 220
        Tibetan languages  355 185 170
        Tigrigna  1,105 525 580
        Turkish  1,920 1,040 880
        Ukrainian  4,755 2,040 2,710
        Urdu  9,300 4,845 4,460
        Vietnamese  5,545 2,635 2,910
        Yiddish  1,045 440 605
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 4,390 2,070 2,325
  Multiple responses          13,235 6,215 7,020
    English and French  1,820 845 980
    English and non-official language  5,530 2,720 2,810
    French and non-official language  5,750 2,590 3,160
    English, French and non-official language  130 60 70

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

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Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

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Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

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Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

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Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

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Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

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Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

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Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

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Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Toronto, C, Ontario (Code 3520005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed September 25, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Toronto, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Toronto, C, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Toronto, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Toronto, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario