NHS Profile, Mississauga, CY, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Mississauga, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 708,730 347,330 361,395
Canadian citizens 618,465 304,585 313,880
Canadian citizens aged under 18 142,620 73,725 68,900
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 475,845 230,865 244,985
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 90,260 42,750 47,515
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 708,725 347,335 361,395
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 325,880 164,130 161,750
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 374,575 179,275 195,295
Before 1971 43,255 20,800 22,450
1971 to 1980 44,625 20,970 23,655
1981 to 1990 55,945 26,855 29,095
1991 to 2000 100,680 48,210 52,470
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 130,075 62,440 67,630
2001 to 2005 70,280 34,115 36,165
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 59,795 28,330 31,465
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 8,275 3,925 4,350
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 374,575 179,275 195,295
Under 5 years 33,470 17,165 16,305
5 to 14 years 66,765 33,675 33,090
15 to 24 years 79,775 36,085 43,690
25 to 44 years 156,620 74,670 81,945
45 years and over 37,945 17,680 20,270
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 708,725 347,330 361,395
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 325,880 164,130 161,750
Born in province of residence 289,800 146,885 142,915
Born outside province of residence 36,080 17,250 18,840
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 374,575 179,275 195,295
Americas 49,990 21,995 27,990
United States 5,370 2,505 2,865
Jamaica 11,595 4,705 6,895
Guyana 7,725 3,295 4,430
Haiti 170 85 90
Mexico 1,090 500 595
Trinidad and Tobago 6,685 3,105 3,585
Colombia 3,440 1,625 1,815
El Salvador 760 355 400
Peru 1,410 650 755
Chile 980 480 500
Other places of birth in Americas 10,765 4,680 6,080
Europe 94,445 45,560 48,885
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 13,065 6,150 6,920
Italy 9,445 4,795 4,650
Germany 2,975 1,370 1,610
Poland 23,875 11,265 12,610
Portugal 12,855 6,335 6,525
Netherlands 790 395 405
France 585 355 230
Romania 3,060 1,405 1,650
Russian Federation 1,965 865 1,100
Greece 1,435 755 680
Ukraine 3,725 1,660 2,065
Croatia 3,845 1,830 2,020
Hungary 1,120 555 565
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,870 1,515 1,355
Serbia 1,815 900 920
Ireland, Republic of 940 420 515
Other places of birth in Europe 10,085 5,005 5,080
Africa 21,855 10,810 11,045
Morocco 170 60 105
Algeria 180 80 95
Egypt 7,045 3,795 3,255
South Africa, Republic of 1,150 555 600
Nigeria 2,020 995 1,025
Ethiopia 475 165 305
Kenya 2,020 865 1,150
Other places of birth in Africa 8,795 4,290 4,510
Asia 207,500 100,565 106,935
India 54,140 26,625 27,515
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 21,460 10,060 11,395
Philippines 30,810 13,460 17,345
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 8,075 3,865 4,210
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 10,530 5,005 5,525
Pakistan 31,065 15,760 15,305
Sri Lanka 10,140 4,890 5,245
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 2,645 1,460 1,185
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 4,600 2,150 2,455
Lebanon 2,905 1,515 1,385
Taiwan 2,065 985 1,085
Iraq 5,320 2,685 2,635
Bangladesh 1,985 965 1,020
Afghanistan 2,405 1,215 1,185
Japan 635 215 425
Turkey 805 470 330
Other places of birth in Asia 17,915 9,235 8,680
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 780 340 435
Fiji 320 155 165
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 460 190 275
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 8,270 3,925 4,345
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 59,795 28,325 31,470
Americas 7,000 3,285 3,720
United States 1,485 730 750
Mexico 295 140 155
Cuba 385 200 190
Haiti 80 40 40
Jamaica 830 415 415
Brazil 365 150 210
Colombia 1,415 685 735
Guyana 690 260 430
Peru 195 65 130
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 255 120 135
Other places of birth in Americas 1,000 465 540
Europe 4,885 2,140 2,745
France 45 30 20
Germany 75 50 20
Poland 1,215 455 760
Romania 380 175 210
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 45 20 25
Russian Federation 380 170 210
Ukraine 625 230 395
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 565 285 280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,550 720 830
Africa 5,400 2,655 2,740
Nigeria 1,170 550 615
Ethiopia 40 0 25
Mauritius 625 300 330
Somalia 65 30 35
Algeria 80 40 45
Egypt 2,080 1,065 1,010
Morocco 35 0 20
Tunisia 35 25 0
Cameroon 85 30 55
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 40 20 20
South Africa, Republic of 50 10 40
Other places of birth in Africa 1,090 555 530
Asia 42,450 20,225 22,225
Philippines 6,505 2,930 3,580
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,735 1,720 2,010
India 12,455 5,980 6,475
Pakistan 6,730 3,325 3,405
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 380 180 195
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 570 275 300
Sri Lanka 1,795 810 990
Iraq 2,275 1,100 1,175
Bangladesh 430 215 215
Lebanon 600 295 305
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 610 250 355
Taiwan 205 90 115
Afghanistan 530 290 235
Japan 80 40 40
Turkey 180 80 100
Israel 70 25 40
Nepal 410 200 210
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 165 40 130
United Arab Emirates 1,350 665 690
Saudi Arabia 645 370 275
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 415 240 175
Other places of birth in Asia 2,310 1,105 1,210
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 65 25 40
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 708,725 347,330 361,395
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 384,315 183,960 200,360
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 191,635 97,740 93,895
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 132,775 65,635 67,140
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 708,725 347,330 361,395
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 380,870 185,355 195,515
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 154,210 77,020 77,195
Chinese 50,120 24,220 25,895
Black 44,775 20,420 24,355
Filipino 39,800 18,010 21,790
Latin American 15,360 7,330 8,030
Arab 24,870 13,065 11,800
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 15,750 7,930 7,815
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 7,955 4,200 3,755
Korean 6,300 3,100 3,195
Japanese 2,095 955 1,150
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 9,200 4,160 5,045
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 10,435 4,950 5,490
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 327,855 161,975 165,880
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 708,725 347,335 361,395
North American Aboriginal origins 5,835 2,710 3,130
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,660 2,130 2,530
Inuit 120 55 65
Métis 1,215 610 600
Other North American origins 83,250 41,155 42,095
Acadian 350 160 190
American 3,965 1,895 2,070
Canadian 80,010 39,555 40,455
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 275 130 145
Nova Scotian 60 0 25
Ontarian 40 20 20
Québécois 100 45 55
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 25 15 10
European origins 322,380 158,195 164,190
British Isles origins 132,025 64,520 67,505
Channel Islander 25 0 10
Cornish 15 0 0
English 77,485 38,250 39,235
Irish 52,525 24,750 27,770
Manx 50 30 20
Scottish 51,940 24,670 27,270
Welsh 5,595 2,585 3,010
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 9,345 4,525 4,820
French origins 26,130 12,285 13,845
Alsatian 20 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 26,110 12,275 13,830
Western European origins (except French origins) 37,920 18,560 19,360
Austrian 3,035 1,470 1,560
Belgian 925 450 475
Dutch 8,115 4,030 4,090
Flemish 100 60 45
Frisian 0 0 0
German 27,240 13,260 13,985
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 1,225 665 555
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 10 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 6,135 3,055 3,075
Danish 1,355 680 675
Finnish 1,545 805 740
Icelandic 215 110 105
Norwegian 1,340 650 690
Swedish 1,850 875 980
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 220 95 125
Eastern European origins 80,135 39,195 40,940
Bulgarian 1,755 890 865
Byelorussian 550 245 300
Czech 1,620 835 785
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 475 245 225
Estonian 630 270 360
Hungarian 5,100 2,590 2,515
Latvian 675 295 375
Lithuanian 2,030 1,015 1,015
Moldovan 170 90 85
Polish 43,910 21,365 22,550
Romanian 4,430 2,185 2,245
Russian 7,510 3,575 3,930
Slovak 2,280 1,175 1,105
Ukrainian 19,260 9,355 9,910
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 90 60 30
Southern European origins 121,595 60,735 60,865
Albanian 2,060 1,060 995
Bosnian 2,100 1,150 950
Croatian 8,935 4,550 4,390
Cypriot 185 125 60
Greek 6,595 3,540 3,055
Italian 46,010 23,305 22,705
Kosovar 220 95 130
Macedonian 2,375 1,260 1,110
Maltese 3,645 1,815 1,830
Montenegrin 155 70 85
Portuguese 34,525 17,265 17,260
Serbian 4,910 2,470 2,445
Sicilian 75 40 30
Slovenian 2,930 1,480 1,445
Spanish 15,180 7,135 8,050
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,140 595 550
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 40 0 25
Other European origins 4,445 2,325 2,120
Basque 35 20 15
Jewish 2,775 1,405 1,370
Roma (Gypsy) 160 100 55
Slavic, n.o.s. 190 110 80
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,295 700 590
Caribbean origins 38,820 17,410 21,410
Antiguan 245 135 105
Bahamian 75 45 30
Barbadian 2,530 1,155 1,375
Bermudan 45 20 30
Carib 205 75 130
Cuban 1,230 540 685
Dominican 380 185 195
Grenadian 1,185 530 655
Haitian 300 130 175
Jamaican 21,990 9,845 12,145
Kittitian/Nevisian 85 35 50
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 15 0 0
Puerto Rican 70 35 40
St. Lucian 255 115 140
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 5,620 2,650 2,970
Vincentian/Grenadinian 645 250 390
West Indian, n.o.s. 5,265 2,260 3,005
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 1,135 485 645
Latin, Central and South American origins 23,380 10,995 12,385
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 400 210 190
Argentinian 740 370 375
Belizean 25 0 0
Bolivian 155 90 65
Brazilian 1,380 610 775
Chilean 1,405 695 710
Colombian 4,600 2,170 2,430
Costa Rican 245 120 125
Ecuadorian 1,395 610 785
Guatemalan 670 325 350
Guyanese 5,930 2,705 3,225
Hispanic 125 55 65
Honduran 110 45 60
Maya 60 30 25
Mexican 1,755 855 900
Nicaraguan 465 210 260
Panamanian 210 60 145
Paraguayan 50 0 0
Peruvian 1,675 770 905
Salvadorean 1,250 620 630
Uruguayan 510 280 225
Venezuelan 845 425 420
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 735 360 375
African origins 28,960 14,265 14,690
Central and West African origins 5,625 2,725 2,900
Akan 105 45 60
Angolan 70 35 35
Ashanti 80 45 35
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 135 65 70
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 455 205 245
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 1,945 955 985
Guinean 35 0 30
Ibo 160 90 75
Ivorian 60 25 35
Liberian 15 0 10
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 2,355 1,135 1,215
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 40 15 25
Togolese 50 30 25
Yoruba 160 75 85
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 345 145 200
North African origins 10,885 5,830 5,055
Algerian 105 45 60
Berber 85 35 45
Coptic 600 360 240
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 9,140 4,945 4,200
Libyan 190 90 95
Maure 10 0 0
Moroccan 420 210 205
Sudanese 860 425 435
Tunisian 115 65 50
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 75 50 35
Southern and East African origins 4,635 2,080 2,555
Afrikaner 40 0 25
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Burundian 75 40 35
Eritrean 315 185 135
Ethiopian 735 290 445
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 330 145 185
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 645 305 340
Oromo 40 25 0
Rwandan 15 0 15
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 940 400 540
South African 835 395 440
Tanzanian 130 65 60
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 75 30 40
Zambian 85 35 50
Zimbabwean 215 90 125
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 360 170 190
Other African origins 8,395 3,900 4,500
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 660 310 345
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 7,770 3,600 4,170
Asian origins 310,935 152,850 158,085
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 36,115 18,940 17,180
Afghan 3,735 1,930 1,805
Arab, n.o.s. 6,405 3,445 2,965
Armenian 1,225 625 600
Assyrian 1,020 535 485
Azerbaijani 85 50 35
Georgian 190 60 130
Iranian 4,240 2,255 1,985
Iraqi 4,810 2,435 2,370
Israeli 180 90 90
Jordanian 1,400 775 625
Kazakh 45 0 30
Kurd 240 155 85
Kuwaiti 105 25 80
Lebanese 5,375 2,830 2,540
Palestinian 4,870 2,520 2,345
Pashtun 455 245 210
Saudi Arabian 225 110 115
Syrian 1,810 880 930
Tajik 135 55 80
Tatar 65 35 25
Turk 2,280 1,250 1,035
Uighur 40 20 20
Uzbek 95 45 50
Yemeni 95 55 40
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 1,345 845 505
South Asian origins 156,175 77,910 78,265
Bangladeshi 1,595 820 770
Bengali 555 280 275
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 107,150 53,245 53,905
Goan 1,190 555 630
Gujarati 575 285 290
Kashmiri 505 245 270
Nepali 660 345 320
Pakistani 27,345 13,895 13,450
Punjabi 5,555 2,950 2,605
Sinhalese 590 280 315
Sri Lankan 11,250 5,485 5,765
Tamil 3,485 1,815 1,670
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 8,085 4,175 3,910
East and Southeast Asian origins 122,250 57,960 64,295
Burmese 210 100 105
Cambodian (Khmer) 120 45 75
Chinese 60,755 29,285 31,475
Filipino 42,550 19,225 23,325
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 1,210 635 575
Japanese 3,100 1,445 1,655
Korean 6,670 3,230 3,435
Laotian 230 100 130
Malaysian 495 210 285
Mongolian 180 120 60
Singaporean 120 65 55
Taiwanese 955 455 495
Thai 235 105 130
Tibetan 75 25 45
Vietnamese 14,095 7,105 6,990
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 635 325 310
Other Asian origins 1,535 745 785
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 1,535 750 790
Oceania origins 925 555 365
Australian 590 400 190
New Zealander 165 70 100
Pacific Islands origins 180 90 90
Fijian 75 40 35
Hawaiian 35 0 0
Maori 30 0 25
Polynesian, n.o.s. 40 30 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 708,725 347,330 361,390
Buddhist 15,615 7,445 8,170
Christian 424,715 200,575 224,145
Anglican 24,810 11,575 13,240
Baptist 9,915 4,495 5,420
Catholic 261,355 125,170 136,180
Christian Orthodox 25,370 12,550 12,820
Lutheran 4,140 1,820 2,325
Pentecostal 11,980 5,050 6,930
Presbyterian 11,050 5,185 5,865
United Church 21,255 9,655 11,610
Other Christian 54,830 25,080 29,750
Hindu 49,325 24,390 24,940
Jewish 1,830 955 875
Muslim 84,325 43,205 41,120
Sikh 23,995 12,190 11,810
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 65 30 35
Other religions 3,185 1,555 1,630
No religious affiliation 105,660 56,985 48,675
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 708,725 347,330 361,395
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,200 1,660 1,535
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,890 945 945
Métis single identity 955 505 450
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 55 25 30
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 95 50 45
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 205 135 65
Non-Aboriginal identity 705,525 345,670 359,855
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 708,730 347,335 361,390
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 915 485 435
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 707,810 346,845 360,960
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 708,725 347,335 361,395
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 5,835 2,705 3,130
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,660 2,130 2,530
Métis ancestry 1,210 615 600
Inuit ancestry 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 702,890 344,625 358,265
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 403,435 195,930 207,505
Aboriginal languages 120 80 40
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 15 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 55 45 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 403,335 195,870 207,465
Italian 19,380 9,595 9,785
Portuguese 21,725 10,665 11,060
Romanian 3,205 1,520 1,685
Spanish 22,460 10,530 11,935
Dutch 1,280 585 695
Flemish 60 0 35
German 6,735 3,360 3,380
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 225 105 115
Norwegian 115 55 55
Swedish 195 60 130
Afrikaans 550 240 305
Gaelic languages 100 50 55
Bosnian 1,330 670 655
Bulgarian 1,495 780 715
Croatian 7,305 3,800 3,510
Czech 780 395 385
Macedonian 1,810 930 890
Polish 32,690 15,670 17,020
Russian 7,925 3,795 4,130
Serbian 4,445 2,150 2,295
Serbo-Croatian 590 285 305
Slovak 1,050 500 555
Slovenian 1,330 620 710
Ukrainian 8,100 3,705 4,395
Latvian 245 80 165
Lithuanian 1,065 510 560
Greek 3,465 1,825 1,635
Armenian 595 310 285
Albanian 1,995 985 1,010
Estonian 215 80 140
Finnish 215 70 145
Hungarian 2,010 900 1,110
Turkish 1,330 755 580
Berber languages (Kabyle) 30 0 0
Oromo 40 35 0
Somali 705 310 395
Amharic 430 150 280
Arabic 27,980 14,715 13,260
Hebrew 280 170 110
Maltese 1,150 545 605
Tigrigna 245 110 135
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,575 770 805
Bengali 3,655 1,930 1,730
Gujarati 9,930 4,800 5,130
Hindi 36,905 18,565 18,340
Konkani 1,855 945 915
Marathi 2,120 1,020 1,100
Panjabi (Punjabi) 35,030 17,930 17,100
Sindhi 1,280 540 745
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,165 1,070 1,090
Urdu 46,315 23,540 22,770
Nepali 755 410 355
Kurdish 405 205 195
Pashto 1,395 725 665
Persian (Farsi) 5,940 3,085 2,855
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 615 275 335
Kannada 865 445 420
Malayalam 2,875 1,420 1,465
Tamil 14,435 6,805 7,630
Telugu 2,225 1,075 1,145
Japanese 1,660 840 820
Korean 5,600 2,670 2,930
Cantonese 15,100 7,085 8,010
Fukien 340 160 180
Hakka 250 130 125
Mandarin 16,365 7,705 8,655
Taiwanese 500 230 270
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,870 7,580 8,285
Lao 220 100 115
Thai 120 45 75
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 70 70
Vietnamese 12,760 6,295 6,465
Bisayan languages 1,080 515 565
Ilocano 820 350 470
Malay 1,460 675 780
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 30,180 12,690 17,495
Akan (Twi) 1,320 555 765
Lingala 235 120 120
Rundi (Kirundi) 70 25 45
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 1,360 655 705
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 275 125 155
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,075 525 550
African languages, n.i.e. 550 295 255
Creoles 2,090 970 1,115
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 3,570 1,670 1,910
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 701,585 343,765 357,820
Non-movers 624,665 306,330 318,330
Movers 76,920 37,430 39,490
Non-migrants 43,655 21,170 22,485
Migrants 33,265 16,265 17,000
Internal migrants 21,020 10,450 10,565
Intraprovincial migrants 19,115 9,400 9,715
Interprovincial migrants 1,900 1,050 850
External migrants 12,245 5,815 6,435
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 669,590 327,245 342,345
Non-movers 415,125 202,395 212,730
Movers 254,470 124,845 129,620
Non-migrants 137,675 67,765 69,905
Migrants 116,795 57,080 59,715
Internal migrants 65,240 32,070 33,170
Intraprovincial migrants 59,855 29,355 30,500
Interprovincial migrants 5,390 2,715 2,675
External migrants 51,550 25,015 26,540
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 580,000 281,195 298,800
No certificate, diploma or degree 88,175 41,880 46,300
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 147,340 70,380 76,960
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 344,475 168,935 175,545
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 32,300 20,655 11,645
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 101,720 45,730 55,985
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 37,735 17,825 19,910
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 172,725 84,715 88,005
Bachelor's degree 105,480 49,865 55,615
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 67,245 34,860 32,390
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 398,575 191,885 206,690
No certificate, diploma or degree 33,070 16,000 17,065
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 83,820 39,050 44,770
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 281,685 136,830 144,855
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 23,835 15,055 8,775
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 80,945 36,160 44,785
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 29,650 13,815 15,830
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 147,260 71,800 75,460
Bachelor's degree 88,765 41,790 46,970
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 58,500 30,010 28,490
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 580,000 281,195 298,800
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 235,515 112,260 123,255
Education 18,735 3,580 15,150
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 11,140 5,480 5,660
Humanities 21,410 6,585 14,820
Social and behavioural sciences and law 38,690 12,575 26,110
Business, management and public administration 88,465 39,415 49,055
Physical and life sciences and technologies 17,655 7,825 9,835
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 21,500 13,930 7,570
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 71,465 62,670 8,795
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,770 2,055 1,720
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 38,120 8,000 30,125
Personal, protective and transportation services 13,480 6,795 6,685
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 50 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 580,000 281,195 298,805
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 235,515 112,260 123,260
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 344,480 168,930 175,545
Location of study inside Canada 207,220 100,350 106,870
Same as province or territory of residence 192,440 92,775 99,665
Another province or territory 14,780 7,575 7,200
Location of study outside Canada 137,255 68,580 68,675
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 413,550 215,120 198,430
Single responses 406,380 211,865 194,515
English 397,910 207,935 189,975
French 1,190 295 890
Non-official languages 7,285 3,630 3,650
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,030 525 505
Cantonese 500 250 250
Panjabi (Punjabi) 800 425 375
Mandarin 655 355 300
Spanish 350 165 180
Korean 350 215 130
German 15 0 15
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 455 330 120
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 3,125 1,360 1,765
Multiple responses 7,170 3,255 3,910
English and French 2,060 755 1,305
English and non-official language 4,990 2,455 2,530
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 110 45 65
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 413,550 215,120 198,430
English 397,910 207,935 189,975
French 1,190 300 890
Non-official language 7,280 3,635 3,650
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 7,280 3,630 3,650
English and French 2,060 755 1,300
English and non-official language 4,985 2,460 2,535
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 115 40 65
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 579,995 281,195 298,805
In the labour force 395,805 206,050 189,755
Employed 361,315 189,240 172,065
Unemployed 34,490 16,805 17,685
Not in the labour force 184,190 75,145 109,045
Participation rate 68.2 73.3 63.5
Employment rate 62.3 67.3 57.6
Unemployment rate 8.7 8.2 9.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 395,805 206,050 189,755
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 12,635 5,530 7,105
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 383,165 200,520 182,650
Employee 345,195 174,350 170,840
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 37,980 26,165 11,810
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 395,805 206,050 189,755
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 12,635 5,530 7,105
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 383,170 200,520 182,650
0 Management occupations 44,925 28,245 16,680
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 78,495 27,115 51,385
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 37,750 29,240 8,510
3 Health occupations 18,030 3,655 14,380
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 33,605 9,650 23,955
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 9,200 4,460 4,745
6 Sales and service occupations 91,625 40,960 50,665
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 45,120 41,915 3,210
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 2,840 2,325 515
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 21,570 12,965 8,605
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 395,805 206,045 189,755
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 12,630 5,530 7,100
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 383,170 200,515 182,655
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,010 635 375
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 670 415 255
22 Utilities 2,070 1,520 550
23 Construction 20,575 17,955 2,615
31-33 Manufacturing 44,595 29,765 14,825
41 Wholesale trade 27,155 16,275 10,885
44-45 Retail trade 44,170 20,425 23,745
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 26,380 18,240 8,140
51 Information and cultural industries 11,340 6,685 4,660
52 Finance and insurance 29,430 12,675 16,755
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 8,980 4,970 4,010
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 36,670 21,410 15,265
55 Management of companies and enterprises 485 240 240
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 20,460 10,830 9,630
61 Educational services 22,565 6,810 15,760
62 Health care and social assistance 29,800 4,945 24,850
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 5,385 3,000 2,390
72 Accommodation and food services 21,145 9,175 11,965
81 Other services (except public administration) 15,240 7,270 7,970
91 Public administration 15,050 7,280 7,765
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 395,800 206,050 189,755
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 25,625 12,070 13,555
Worked in 2010 370,175 193,980 176,200
1 to 13 weeks 20,340 9,720 10,620
14 to 26 weeks 29,075 14,135 14,940
27 to 39 weeks 21,185 10,760 10,425
40 to 48 weeks 57,080 29,655 27,430
49 to 52 weeks 242,500 129,715 112,785
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 45.1 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 395,805 206,050 189,755
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 25,625 12,070 13,555
Worked in 2010 370,175 193,980 176,200
Worked full-time in 2010 303,935 168,560 135,375
Worked part-time in 2010 66,245 25,420 40,820
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 361,315 189,245 172,065
Worked at home 20,060 10,790 9,270
Worked outside Canada 1,835 1,400 435
No fixed workplace address 37,290 26,495 10,795
Worked at usual place 302,125 150,560 151,570
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 339,415 177,055 162,365
Car, truck or van - as a driver 252,330 143,030 109,295
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 20,095 6,905 13,190
Public transit 53,985 21,375 32,610
Walked 7,815 2,855 4,960
Bicycle 1,410 1,170 235
Other methods 3,785 1,715 2,070
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 339,415 177,055 162,365
Median commuting duration 25.9 30.2 25.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 339,415 177,055 162,360
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 72,735 46,715 26,020
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 193,415 93,215 100,200
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 73,265 37,130 36,135
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 234,585 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 223,865 ... ...
Major repairs needed 10,715 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 234,580 ... ...
1960 or before 16,690 ... ...
1961 to 1980 75,310 ... ...
1981 to 1990 55,060 ... ...
1991 to 2000 46,305 ... ...
2001 to 2005 25,750 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 15,465 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 234,580 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 60,355 ... ...
5 rooms 35,160 ... ...
6 rooms 34,955 ... ...
7 rooms 33,115 ... ...
8 or more rooms 70,990 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 234,580 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 28,540 ... ...
2 bedrooms 45,135 ... ...
3 bedrooms 83,905 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 77,005 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 234,585 ... ...
Owner 175,710 ... ...
Renter 58,875 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 234,580 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 61,105 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 173,475 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 234,580 ... ...
1 household maintainer 128,615 ... ...
2 household maintainers 97,200 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 8,770 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 234,580 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,625 ... ...
25 to 34 years 26,170 ... ...
35 to 44 years 50,410 ... ...
45 to 54 years 65,035 ... ...
55 to 64 years 46,670 ... ...
65 to 74 years 25,270 ... ...
75 years and over 17,395 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 234,580 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 222,205 ... ...
More than one person per room 12,375 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 234,585 ... ...
Suitable 206,930 ... ...
Not suitable 27,655 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 233,905 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 161,990 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 71,920 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 59,390 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 175,705 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 65.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 26.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,519 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,509 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 401,175 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 455,942 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 58,875 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,062 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,080 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 579,995 281,195 298,805
Without income 40,290 17,765 22,525
With income 539,705 263,425 276,280
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 71,170 33,595 37,575
$5,000 to $9,999 40,225 15,270 24,955
$10,000 to $14,999 45,685 18,165 27,520
$15,000 to $19,999 45,955 19,155 26,800
$20,000 to $29,999 67,855 29,825 38,020
$30,000 to $39,999 58,955 28,330 30,625
$40,000 to $49,999 53,015 25,875 27,150
$50,000 to $59,999 41,060 20,890 20,170
$60,000 to $79,999 50,640 29,730 20,915
$80,000 to $99,999 31,245 18,570 12,680
$100,000 and over 33,895 24,025 9,870
$100,000 to $124,999 15,890 10,635 5,250
$125,000 and over 18,005 13,385 4,620
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,837 35,635 25,180
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 41,314 48,668 34,302
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 579,995 281,195 298,805
Without after-tax income 40,370 17,740 22,630
With after-tax income 539,630 263,450 276,170
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 71,920 33,875 38,050
$5,000 to $9,999 40,705 15,360 25,345
$10,000 to $14,999 46,940 18,750 28,195
$15,000 to $19,999 49,405 20,800 28,600
$20,000 to $29,999 79,120 35,210 43,910
$30,000 to $39,999 72,560 35,390 37,165
$40,000 to $49,999 59,980 30,395 29,590
$50,000 to $59,999 38,710 21,915 16,795
$60,000 to $79,999 47,525 28,605 18,930
$80,000 to $99,999 17,030 11,365 5,665
$100,000 and over 15,735 11,800 3,935
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,508 32,165 23,683
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,442 39,660 29,464
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.6 92.2 86.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 79.9 82.6 76.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 75.6 77.4 73.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.3 5.2 3.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.6 3.6 3.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.4 4.5 4.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.6 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.4 7.8 14.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.4 2.1 2.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.3 1.6 3.2
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.2 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.6 0.1 3.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.7 2.7 2.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.6 18.5 14.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.4 81.5 85.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.3 1.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 216,680 119,765 96,915
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,853 53,950 45,344
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 60,434 66,788 52,582
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 189,415 ... ...
Median family income ($) 85,829 ... ...
Average family income ($) 104,278 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 75,141 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,951 ... ...
Average family size 3.4 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 43,280 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,367 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,652 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 63,736 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,524 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 112,415 ... ...
Median family income ($) 100,374 ... ...
Average family income ($) 118,836 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 86,841 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 98,633 ... ...
Average family size 4.2 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 26,735 ... ...
Median family income ($) 54,294 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,599 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,466 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 57,253 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 57,530 27,105 30,415
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,231 38,061 32,071
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,253 48,049 40,870
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,557 33,680 29,391
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,786 39,195 34,639
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 708,725 347,330 361,395
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 315,680 151,860 163,825
In bottom decile 62,585 30,230 32,350
In second decile 60,640 28,440 32,190
In third decile 64,075 30,200 33,875
In fourth decile 63,575 31,145 32,430
In fifth decile 64,815 31,835 32,980
In top half of the Canadian distribution 393,040 195,470 197,570
In sixth decile 69,905 33,975 35,925
In seventh decile 73,045 36,055 36,990
In eighth decile 78,440 39,095 39,345
In ninth decile 83,535 41,845 41,685
In top decile 88,130 44,505 43,625
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 234,585 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,035 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,375 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,690 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,030 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 15,280 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 17,065 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 18,475 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,315 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 32,495 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 28,090 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,740 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,770 ... ...
$150,000 and over 37,215 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 234,585 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,200 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,865 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 16,845 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 20,505 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 22,890 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,375 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 37,915 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 29,815 ... ...
$100,000 and over 62,485 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,900 ... ...
$125,000 and over 36,590 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 234,585 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 75,556 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 95,052 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 66,464 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 79,229 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 41,540 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 39,644 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 48,864 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 35,104 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 40,309 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 193,040 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 86,444 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 104,991 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 75,784 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 87,605 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 708,725 347,330 361,395
Less than 18 years 160,575 83,130 77,445
Less than 6 years 47,820 24,430 23,390
18 to 64 years 470,805 229,240 241,565
65 years and over 77,345 34,965 42,385
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 96,065 45,500 50,565
Less than 18 years 28,095 14,575 13,525
Less than 6 years 8,875 4,510 4,365
18 to 64 years 61,415 28,575 32,840
65 years and over 6,555 2,355 4,205
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.6 13.1 14.0
Less than 18 years (%) 17.5 17.5 17.5
Less than 6 years (%) 18.6 18.5 18.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.5 13.6
65 years and over (%) 8.5 6.7 9.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Mississauga, CY, Ontario (Code 3521005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Mississauga, CY, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Mississauga, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mississauga, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 713,443 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 668,599A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 6.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 242,538 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 234,582 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,439.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 292.40 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 713,450 348,860 364,585
0 to 4 years 39,170 20,105 19,065
5 to 9 years 42,375 21,890 20,490
10 to 14 years 47,220 24,355 22,865
15 to 19 years 53,805 27,975 25,830
15 years 10,510 5,410 5,100
16 years 10,845 5,640 5,205
17 years 10,790 5,705 5,080
18 years 10,740 5,660 5,085
19 years 10,925 5,570 5,355
20 to 24 years 50,510 25,925 24,585
25 to 29 years 45,900 22,585 23,315
30 to 34 years 44,110 20,495 23,610
35 to 39 years 48,575 22,465 26,105
40 to 44 years 55,805 26,445 29,350
45 to 49 years 62,760 30,520 32,240
50 to 54 years 57,570 28,170 29,405
55 to 59 years 46,315 22,750 23,560
60 to 64 years 37,860 18,345 19,510
65 to 69 years 26,495 12,795 13,705
70 to 74 years 20,240 9,590 10,645
75 to 79 years 15,290 6,970 8,320
80 to 84 years 10,585 4,550 6,040
85 years and over 8,855 2,925 5,935
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.5 37.6 39.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.0 81.0 82.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 584,680 282,515 302,165
Married or living with a common-law partner 342,660 171,025 171,630
Married (and not separated) 318,325 158,825 159,495
Living common law 24,335 12,195 12,140
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 242,020 111,485 130,535
Single (never legally married) 172,445 91,130 81,320
Separated 14,940 5,750 9,190
Divorced 27,475 9,695 17,770
Widowed 27,165 4,915 22,250
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 199,380 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 72,905 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 50,325 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 53,605 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 22,550 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 199,380 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 166,600 ... ...
Married couples 154,440 ... ...
Without children at home 46,955 ... ...
With children at home 107,485 ... ...
1 child 37,745 ... ...
2 children 48,865 ... ...
3 or more children 20,875 ... ...
Common-law couples 12,155 ... ...
Without children at home 6,795 ... ...
With children at home 5,365 ... ...
1 child 2,710 ... ...
2 children 1,900 ... ...
3 or more children 755 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 32,780 ... ...
Female parent 27,020 ... ...
1 child 15,480 ... ...
2 children 8,265 ... ...
3 or more children 3,275 ... ...
Male parent 5,760 ... ...
1 child 3,670 ... ...
2 children 1,605 ... ...
3 or more children 485 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 264,905 ... ...
Under six years of age 47,405 ... ...
6 to 14 years 80,720 ... ...
15 to 17 years 31,430 ... ...
18 to 24 years 62,810 ... ...
25 years and over 42,545 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 708,725 347,295 361,435
Number of persons not in census families 77,840 34,065 43,780
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 20,245 6,880 13,365
Living with non-relatives only 15,970 8,890 7,080
Living alone 41,625 18,295 23,330
Number of census family persons 630,890 313,230 317,660
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 77,790 35,790 42,000
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 23,000 5,735 17,265
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 8,740 1,645 7,100
Living with non-relatives only 1,320 620 700
Living alone 12,940 3,465 9,470
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 54,790 30,055 24,735
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 234,585 ... ...
Census-family households 186,565 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 158,095 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 134,855 ... ...
Without children 41,875 ... ...
With children 92,975 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 23,245 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 28,475 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 16,630 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 12,500 ... ...
Without children 2,650 ... ...
With children 9,855 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,125 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 11,840 ... ...
Non-census-family households 48,015 ... ...
One-person households 41,625 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 6,390 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 234,585 ... ...
Single-detached house 91,690 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 58,820 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 290 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 83,775 ... ...
Semi-detached house 26,460 ... ...
Row house 33,100 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 7,535 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 16,595 ... ...
Other single-attached house 80 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 234,580 ... ...
1 person 41,625 ... ...
2 persons 59,990 ... ...
3 persons 45,775 ... ...
4 persons 50,575 ... ...
5 persons 22,145 ... ...
6 or more persons 14,475 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 708,725 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 710,475 347,920 362,555
  Single responses  679,740 332,880 346,860
    English  338,280 167,990 170,290
    French  7,400 3,275 4,125
    Non-official languages  334,060 161,610 172,445
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 10 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 5
        Ojibway  15 0 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 331,370 160,310 171,065
        African languages, n.i.e 215 100 110
        Afrikaans  125 55 70
        Akan (Twi)  785 370 420
        Albanian  2,215 1,125 1,090
        Amharic  280 125 160
        Arabic  21,990 11,400 10,585
        Armenian  515 260 255
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 95 45 50
        Bengali  3,305 1,655 1,650
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 10 5
        Bisayan languages  740 315 425
        Bosnian  1,130 555 575
        Bulgarian  1,120 560 560
        Burmese  95 50 50
        Cantonese  11,925 5,545 6,385
        Chinese, n.o.s.  15,745 7,470 8,275
        Creoles  730 340 385
        Croatian  5,500 2,710 2,795
        Czech  730 345 380
        Danish  185 80 110
        Dutch  915 405 510
        Estonian  170 85 90
        Finnish  210 85 125
        Flemish  40 15 20
        Fukien  215 90 125
        German  3,705 1,685 2,020
        Greek  2,700 1,355 1,345
        Gujarati  8,010 3,905 4,105
        Hakka  125 55 70
        Hebrew  75 45 30
        Hindi  9,250 4,620 4,635
        Hungarian  1,870 885 985
        Ilocano  545 240 305
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 425 220 205
        Italian  14,210 7,055 7,155
        Japanese  965 395 560
        Khmer (Cambodian)  80 35 40
        Korean  5,300 2,545 2,750
        Kurdish  125 70 50
        Lao  150 70 75
        Latvian  180 70 110
        Lingala  20 5 15
        Lithuanian  620 265 355
        Macedonian  1,255 635 620
        Malay  1,090 500 585
        Malayalam  2,145 1,070 1,080
        Maltese  945 475 475
        Mandarin  11,335 5,420 5,910
        Marathi  1,065 550 515
        Nepali  555 290 265
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 520 255 265
        Norwegian  35 20 20
        Oromo  60 30 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  22,880 11,710 11,175
        Pashto  1,010 515 490
        Persian (Farsi)  5,245 2,620 2,620
        Polish  29,065 13,810 15,255
        Portuguese  17,685 8,375 9,305
        Romanian  3,075 1,445 1,630
        Rundi (Kirundi)  30 10 20
        Russian  4,645 2,140 2,510
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 15 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 1,140 565 570
        Serbian  3,830 1,895 1,935
        Serbo-Croatian  575 295 280
        Shanghainese  130 50 80
        Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 45
        Sindhi  1,000 490 510
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  1,310 620 685
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 160 90 75
        Slovak  860 405 455
        Slovenian  945 450 500
        Somali  715 295 420
        Spanish  15,885 7,420 8,465
        Swahili  240 95 145
        Swedish  100 35 65
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  19,920 8,410 11,510
        Taiwanese  275 140 135
        Tamil  10,230 5,000 5,235
        Telugu  1,515 765 750
        Thai  130 40 85
        Tibetan languages  100 45 50
        Tigrigna  215 110 110
        Turkish  1,225 640 585
        Ukrainian  5,955 2,765 3,190
        Urdu  34,925 17,800 17,120
        Vietnamese  9,835 4,615 5,225
        Yiddish  15 10 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,660 1,300 1,365
  Multiple responses          30,735 15,040 15,695
    English and French  1,585 750 835
    English and non-official language  27,335 13,435 13,900
    French and non-official language  975 455 520
    English, French and non-official language 845 410 440
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 710,475 347,920 362,555
  English only 635,660 317,230 318,425
  French only 575 240 335
  English and French 49,125 21,040 28,090
  Neither English nor French 25,115 9,415 15,700
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 710,475 347,920 362,550
  English 670,050 331,610 338,445
  French 8,430 3,740 4,695
  English and French 7,340 3,360 3,985
  Neither English nor French 24,645 9,210 15,435
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 12,105 5,420 6,685
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.7 1.6 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 710,475 347,920 362,550
  Single responses 640,905 313,630 327,280
    English 446,305 219,725 226,575
    French 3,520 1,655 1,860
    Non-official languages 191,080 92,240 98,840
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 5 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 190,175 91,810 98,370
        African languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55
        Afrikaans 35 15 20
        Akan (Twi) 385 180 205
        Albanian 1,335 680 655
        Amharic 130 55 75
        Arabic 12,495 6,235 6,260
        Armenian 245 110 130
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Bengali 1,990 985 1,010
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 5 5 0
        Bisayan languages 255 125 135
        Bosnian 665 325 340
        Bulgarian 690 345 345
        Burmese 60 30 30
        Cantonese 9,070 4,185 4,890
        Chinese, n.o.s. 10,500 5,035 5,465
        Creoles 395 185 210
        Croatian 2,445 1,185 1,260
        Czech 265 125 135
        Danish 15 5 10
        Dutch 75 30 45
        Estonian 30 10 15
        Finnish 20 15 10
        Flemish 0 0 5
        Fukien 65 25 40
        German 405 180 225
        Greek 915 435 480
        Gujarati 4,490 2,150 2,335
        Hakka 25 15 10
        Hebrew 20 10 10
        Hindi 4,530 2,205 2,325
        Hungarian 765 375 390
        Ilocano 185 85 100
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 70 80
        Italian 4,365 1,945 2,425
        Japanese 540 250 285
        Khmer (Cambodian) 30 5 20
        Korean 3,815 1,850 1,970
        Kurdish 60 35 25
        Lao 50 25 30
        Latvian 40 20 25
        Lingala 0 5 0
        Lithuanian 250 115 140
        Macedonian 665 330 340
        Malay 460 210 250
        Malayalam 995 475 520
        Maltese 245 115 125
        Mandarin 9,240 4,535 4,705
        Marathi 555 285 270
        Nepali 395 215 180
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 30 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 15,645 7,860 7,785
        Pashto 580 290 295
        Persian (Farsi) 3,360 1,615 1,745
        Polish 17,440 8,410 9,030
        Portuguese 7,475 3,535 3,940
        Romanian 1,695 835 865
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 3,360 1,615 1,750
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 830 410 415
        Serbian 2,370 1,150 1,220
        Serbo-Croatian 290 145 145
        Shanghainese 65 30 30
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60
        Sindhi 405 195 215
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 605 285 315
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35
        Slovak 320 145 170
        Slovenian 235 110 120
        Somali 390 160 230
        Spanish 9,840 4,650 5,195
        Swahili 65 35 35
        Swedish 15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,920 3,940 4,985
        Taiwanese 135 70 70
        Tamil 7,200 3,440 3,755
        Telugu 935 460 470
        Thai 55 25 30
        Tibetan languages 80 35 40
        Tigrigna 85 35 40
        Turkish 760 390 370
        Ukrainian 3,115 1,460 1,650
        Urdu 21,895 11,055 10,835
        Vietnamese 7,150 3,345 3,805
        Yiddish 5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 900 430 470
  Multiple responses         69,570 34,290 35,275
    English and French 1,365 580 785
    English and non-official language 66,560 32,980 33,580
    French and non-official language 370 175 195
    English, French and non-official language 1,275 555 720
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 710,475 347,920 362,550
  None 512,720 251,365 261,355
  Single responses  193,940 94,755 99,185
    English  86,660 43,395 43,260
    French  5,545 2,355 3,190
    Non-official languages  101,735 49,005 52,735
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 5 0
        Ojibway  5 5 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 100,320 48,320 52,000
        African languages, n.i.e 80 35 45
        Afrikaans  95 40 55
        Akan (Twi)  390 175 215
        Albanian  575 275 300
        Amharic  140 65 75
        Arabic  6,920 3,620 3,295
        Armenian  130 65 65
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 25 30
        Bengali  915 460 450
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 5 5
        Bisayan languages  185 70 110
        Bosnian  285 140 150
        Bulgarian  245 125 120
        Burmese  30 10 20
        Cantonese  2,965 1,375 1,590
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,195 1,505 1,690
        Creoles  640 295 340
        Croatian  2,185 1,080 1,105
        Czech  210 90 120
        Danish  65 30 40
        Dutch  295 115 180
        Estonian  55 20 40
        Finnish  65 25 45
        Flemish  20 5 10
        Fukien  100 50 50
        German  1,545 680 865
        Greek  1,520 765 755
        Gujarati  2,635 1,310 1,325
        Hakka  50 20 30
        Hebrew  60 40 25
        Hindi  6,210 3,115 3,095
        Hungarian  570 270 300
        Ilocano  125 60 70
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 140 75 70
        Italian  5,550 2,655 2,890
        Japanese  375 170 205
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 15 20
        Korean  1,000 495 510
        Kurdish  40 15 20
        Lao  40 20 25
        Latvian  60 20 40
        Lingala  55 25 35
        Lithuanian  190 90 105
        Macedonian  320 155 160
        Malay  330 145 190
        Malayalam  940 475 470
        Maltese  400 175 225
        Mandarin  1,970 910 1,060
        Marathi  340 165 180
        Nepali  70 35 40
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 505 235 265
        Norwegian  15 5 10
        Oromo  15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5,730 2,965 2,770
        Pashto  220 110 110
        Persian (Farsi)  1,125 560 565
        Polish  7,105 3,375 3,730
        Portuguese  7,470 3,515 3,955
        Romanian  855 390 465
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 5 10
        Russian  1,035 480 555
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 195 100 95
        Serbian  1,035 530 500
        Serbo-Croatian  165 95 70
        Shanghainese  35 15 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 25
        Sindhi  320 155 165
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  570 265 300
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 50 25 20
        Slovak  300 130 165
        Slovenian  360 175 190
        Somali  320 150 170
        Spanish  4,810 2,280 2,530
        Swahili  225 90 135
        Swedish  45 20 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  6,845 2,790 4,055
        Taiwanese  60 25 35
        Tamil  2,650 1,345 1,310
        Telugu  335 160 175
        Thai  45 15 35
        Tibetan languages  15 5 5
        Tigrigna  105 50 55
        Turkish  335 180 150
        Ukrainian  1,725 800 925
        Urdu  9,020 4,605 4,410
        Vietnamese  2,170 1,040 1,130
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,405 680 725
  Multiple responses          3,815 1,800 2,015
    English and French  575 245 330
    English and non-official language  1,755 895 855
    French and non-official language  1,455 645 810
    English, French and non-official language  30 15 15

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Mississauga, CY, Ontario (Code 3521005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 17, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Mississauga, CY, Ontario

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

Download current census table

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Mississauga, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Mississauga, CY, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Mississauga, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 NHS

  • NHS Data T