NHS Profile, Milton, T, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Milton, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Milton, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 83,575 41,335 42,245
Canadian citizens 78,120 38,800 39,320
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,080 11,920 11,155
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 55,045 26,880 28,160
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 5,455 2,530 2,925
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 83,575 41,335 42,240
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 58,340 28,965 29,375
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 24,700 12,155 12,550
Before 1971 3,130 1,580 1,550
1971 to 1980 3,065 1,510 1,555
1981 to 1990 3,575 1,840 1,735
1991 to 2000 6,455 3,155 3,305
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,480 4,075 4,405
2001 to 2005 5,290 2,525 2,775
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,185 1,555 1,635
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 530 220 315
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 24,700 12,155 12,550
Under 5 years 3,070 1,635 1,430
5 to 14 years 4,940 2,480 2,455
15 to 24 years 5,435 2,560 2,870
25 to 44 years 9,695 4,820 4,880
45 years and over 1,565 660 905
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 83,575 41,335 42,240
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 58,345 28,965 29,375
Born in province of residence 51,785 25,805 25,980
Born outside province of residence 6,560 3,165 3,400
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 24,700 12,155 12,550
Americas 3,915 1,780 2,140
United States 765 350 415
Jamaica 660 330 330
Guyana 205 85 125
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 80 35 40
Trinidad and Tobago 510 230 275
Colombia 555 260 300
El Salvador 110 50 70
Peru 185 65 120
Chile 70 20 55
Other places of birth in Americas 760 355 405
Europe 8,050 4,195 3,855
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,855 1,430 1,430
Italy 555 350 200
Germany 265 115 155
Poland 1,575 795 775
Portugal 615 410 210
Netherlands 345 175 170
France 90 20 70
Romania 135 60 75
Russian Federation 150 70 80
Greece 80 40 35
Ukraine 80 45 35
Croatia 300 150 145
Hungary 80 0 60
Bosnia and Herzegovina 125 75 50
Serbia 55 40 10
Ireland, Republic of 235 110 125
Other places of birth in Europe 520 280 235
Africa 1,250 670 580
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 320 140 175
South Africa, Republic of 145 85 65
Nigeria 125 75 50
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 160 95 65
Other places of birth in Africa 475 245 225
Asia 11,415 5,490 5,925
India 2,650 1,270 1,380
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 605 260 340
Philippines 1,780 790 990
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 150 50 95
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 275 155 120
Pakistan 3,230 1,580 1,660
Sri Lanka 430 210 225
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 55 25 35
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 220 105 110
Lebanon 105 65 40
Taiwan 20 0 15
Iraq 280 145 140
Bangladesh 165 90 75
Afghanistan 190 95 90
Japan 40 30 0
Turkey 110 55 60
Other places of birth in Asia 1,110 560 555
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 65 25 40
Fiji 15 0 15
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 25 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 535 220 320
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,185 1,555 1,630
Americas 615 295 315
United States 170 100 70
Mexico 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 15 0 0
Brazil 20 0 0
Colombia 185 85 95
Guyana 10 0 0
Peru 30 0 20
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 130 55 80
Europe 410 230 180
France 15 0 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 65 25 35
Romania 10 0 10
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 10 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 175 90 80
Other places of birth in Europe 130 95 35
Africa 245 120 130
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 135 60 80
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 25 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 50 0 25
Asia 1,890 895 995
Philippines 335 115 215
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 115 45 70
India 490 265 220
Pakistan 630 315 315
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 20 15 0
Sri Lanka 70 30 40
Iraq 15 10 10
Bangladesh 30 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 20 0 0
Saudi Arabia 20 15 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 65 0 50
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 83,575 41,335 42,240
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 25,330 12,435 12,900
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 23,940 11,970 11,970
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 34,300 16,935 17,370
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 83,580 41,335 42,240
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 24,990 12,490 12,500
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 11,685 5,960 5,725
Chinese 1,710 820 895
Black 2,740 1,375 1,370
Filipino 2,755 1,275 1,480
Latin American 1,665 780 885
Arab 1,500 790 715
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 580 295 280
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 310 145 170
Korean 265 145 125
Japanese 145 70 70
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 710 335 375
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 915 505 405
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 58,585 28,845 29,745
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 83,575 41,335 42,240
North American Aboriginal origins 1,205 595 610
First Nations (North American Indian) 985 465 520
Inuit 35 20 15
Métis 215 115 95
Other North American origins 22,780 11,400 11,385
Acadian 110 40 65
American 1,090 600 490
Canadian 22,050 10,985 11,065
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 50 40 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 51,700 25,500 26,205
British Isles origins 31,100 15,050 16,050
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 18,455 9,045 9,410
Irish 12,440 5,800 6,640
Manx 15 0 10
Scottish 12,945 6,340 6,600
Welsh 1,165 600 565
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,880 765 1,115
French origins 5,605 2,715 2,890
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 5,605 2,715 2,890
Western European origins (except French origins) 9,410 4,205 5,200
Austrian 445 240 205
Belgian 235 95 145
Dutch 3,320 1,415 1,905
Flemish 20 0 0
Frisian 25 20 0
German 5,800 2,635 3,165
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 190 105 90
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 20 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,760 860 900
Danish 290 120 170
Finnish 310 160 145
Icelandic 75 45 30
Norwegian 505 160 345
Swedish 575 310 260
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 130 85 45
Eastern European origins 9,060 4,330 4,725
Bulgarian 140 100 45
Byelorussian 15 0 0
Czech 280 140 145
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 70 35 30
Estonian 80 40 35
Hungarian 850 415 440
Latvian 50 40 15
Lithuanian 140 60 85
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 4,725 2,210 2,515
Romanian 335 155 180
Russian 925 410 515
Slovak 340 160 180
Ukrainian 2,875 1,250 1,620
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 14,330 7,250 7,075
Albanian 65 35 35
Bosnian 45 30 0
Croatian 1,055 490 565
Cypriot 25 0 20
Greek 760 435 320
Italian 6,530 3,395 3,135
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 230 140 90
Maltese 545 250 290
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 3,525 1,765 1,765
Serbian 355 170 185
Sicilian 50 20 30
Slovenian 335 180 150
Spanish 1,740 840 900
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 95 50 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 525 340 190
Basque 15 10 0
Jewish 410 260 150
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 100 65 40
Caribbean origins 3,100 1,560 1,540
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 20 0 0
Barbadian 395 185 210
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 45 15 25
Grenadian 45 25 15
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 1,550 745 805
Kittitian/Nevisian 25 0 20
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 35 15 20
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 545 255 285
Vincentian/Grenadinian 115 95 20
West Indian, n.o.s. 490 300 185
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 65 20 40
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,435 1,155 1,285
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 15 15 0
Argentinian 65 40 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 25 0 0
Brazilian 135 50 85
Chilean 180 110 70
Colombian 775 365 405
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 135 85 50
Guatemalan 65 35 25
Guyanese 335 150 185
Hispanic 20 15 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 10 0 0
Mexican 170 85 85
Nicaraguan 10 0 0
Panamanian 15 0 10
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 295 105 185
Salvadorean 105 40 60
Uruguayan 65 45 20
Venezuelan 125 60 65
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 130 55 70
African origins 1,800 905 895
Central and West African origins 295 145 150
Akan 20 0 15
Angolan 10 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 60 25 35
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 20 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 10 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 145 85 65
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 25 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 10 10 0
North African origins 535 295 235
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 40 20 20
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 445 235 205
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 30 25 0
Sudanese 55 30 20
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 545 265 280
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 115 75 40
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 60 0 45
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 50 0 0
South African 180 85 90
Tanzanian 25 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 65 30 35
Other African origins 440 200 235
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 40 25 20
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 400 185 215
Asian origins 20,355 10,175 10,180
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,875 1,470 1,400
Afghan 420 210 215
Arab, n.o.s. 425 220 205
Armenian 115 55 60
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 175 85 95
Iraqi 130 75 55
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 155 75 85
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 310 175 140
Palestinian 495 230 270
Pashtun 65 30 35
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 305 155 155
Tajik 25 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 330 175 155
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 195 100 90
South Asian origins 11,765 5,945 5,825
Bangladeshi 55 25 30
Bengali 45 25 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 7,515 3,670 3,845
Goan 65 40 30
Gujarati 30 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 3,185 1,745 1,435
Punjabi 245 110 140
Sinhalese 70 40 25
Sri Lankan 505 255 255
Tamil 185 115 65
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 995 480 510
East and Southeast Asian origins 6,240 2,995 3,255
Burmese 50 20 30
Cambodian (Khmer) 10 0 0
Chinese 2,525 1,215 1,315
Filipino 3,080 1,455 1,625
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 70 45 35
Japanese 185 95 85
Korean 270 140 130
Laotian 25 10 10
Malaysian 90 40 45
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 40 20 20
Tibetan 65 25 40
Vietnamese 420 225 195
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 40 20 20
Other Asian origins 170 95 80
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 170 90 80
Oceania origins 130 35 95
Australian 110 30 80
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 83,575 41,335 42,240
Buddhist 560 210 350
Christian 53,995 25,960 28,035
Anglican 4,595 2,105 2,495
Baptist 1,555 770 785
Catholic 30,580 14,955 15,625
Christian Orthodox 1,585 825 760
Lutheran 380 195 180
Pentecostal 1,090 495 600
Presbyterian 2,380 1,085 1,295
United Church 5,585 2,550 3,035
Other Christian 6,240 2,975 3,260
Hindu 2,505 1,235 1,265
Jewish 245 165 80
Muslim 8,125 4,255 3,865
Sikh 1,625 780 845
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 225 110 115
No religious affiliation 16,305 8,620 7,690
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 83,575 41,335 42,240
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 545 215 325
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 355 135 220
Métis single identity 165 70 95
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 20 0 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 83,030 41,120 41,915
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 83,575 41,335 42,240
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 175 60 110
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 83,405 41,275 42,130
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 83,580 41,335 42,240
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,205 595 610
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 985 465 515
Métis ancestry 215 115 95
Inuit ancestry 30 20 10
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 82,370 40,740 41,635
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 27,390 13,535 13,855
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,390 13,535 13,855
Italian 1,750 975 775
Portuguese 1,620 835 780
Romanian 155 70 80
Spanish 2,545 1,200 1,345
Dutch 435 240 190
Flemish 0 0 0
German 620 255 365
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 45 0 30
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 40 20 20
Gaelic languages 10 0 0
Bosnian 40 25 0
Bulgarian 30 20 10
Croatian 660 355 305
Czech 70 40 35
Macedonian 40 20 20
Polish 2,255 1,115 1,145
Russian 395 205 195
Serbian 260 115 150
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 75 45 30
Slovenian 120 70 55
Ukrainian 205 105 100
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 315 195 125
Armenian 40 20 20
Albanian 55 25 25
Estonian 15 0 0
Finnish 30 15 10
Hungarian 175 100 70
Turkish 190 110 75
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,480 770 705
Hebrew 45 0 30
Maltese 110 65 45
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 190 90 95
Bengali 230 130 105
Gujarati 430 205 220
Hindi 1,755 840 910
Konkani 45 15 30
Marathi 110 35 75
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,305 1,165 1,145
Sindhi 105 55 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 15 40
Urdu 5,160 2,665 2,500
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 25 15 0
Persian (Farsi) 385 185 200
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25
Kannada 35 25 0
Malayalam 110 65 45
Tamil 710 355 360
Telugu 165 65 100
Japanese 55 30 25
Korean 235 115 120
Cantonese 365 165 205
Fukien 135 85 45
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 430 190 245
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 565 260 300
Lao 10 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0
Vietnamese 360 155 205
Bisayan languages 60 25 35
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 80 45 35
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,860 780 1,080
Akan (Twi) 25 0 0
Lingala 20 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 165 110 50
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 70 20 55
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 580 230 350
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 81,810 40,320 41,490
Non-movers 70,895 35,055 35,835
Movers 10,920 5,265 5,650
Non-migrants 3,510 1,680 1,830
Migrants 7,405 3,585 3,820
Internal migrants 6,955 3,370 3,585
Intraprovincial migrants 6,660 3,240 3,425
Interprovincial migrants 295 125 165
External migrants 455 220 235
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 74,775 36,825 37,950
Non-movers 33,800 16,675 17,125
Movers 40,975 20,150 20,820
Non-migrants 12,000 5,975 6,020
Migrants 28,975 14,175 14,800
Internal migrants 26,085 12,835 13,250
Intraprovincial migrants 24,675 12,100 12,570
Interprovincial migrants 1,410 725 680
External migrants 2,895 1,340 1,550
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 62,630 30,620 32,005
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,925 4,140 3,785
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 15,070 7,285 7,785
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 39,635 19,195 20,440
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,780 2,535 1,250
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,155 6,970 8,185
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,780 1,345 1,435
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,915 8,340 9,570
Bachelor's degree 11,750 5,260 6,490
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,160 3,080 3,080
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 48,150 23,440 24,710
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,035 1,635 1,405
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,080 4,980 5,100
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 35,025 16,815 18,210
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,975 1,990 980
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,385 6,180 7,205
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,345 1,155 1,190
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 16,325 7,495 8,835
Bachelor's degree 10,670 4,720 5,950
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,660 2,775 2,880
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 62,630 30,620 32,005
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 23,000 11,425 11,570
Education 2,655 580 2,080
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,470 725 745
Humanities 2,160 710 1,445
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,400 1,290 3,105
Business, management and public administration 10,365 4,260 6,105
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,650 770 890
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,235 1,565 675
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,595 6,885 705
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 675 380 295
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,075 890 3,185
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,360 1,140 1,215
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 62,625 30,620 32,010
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 22,995 11,430 11,570
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 39,630 19,195 20,440
Location of study inside Canada 30,065 14,190 15,875
Same as province or territory of residence 27,700 12,995 14,695
Another province or territory 2,365 1,190 1,180
Location of study outside Canada 9,570 5,000 4,565
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 50,370 25,930 24,440
Single responses 49,855 25,735 24,120
English 49,455 25,595 23,860
French 130 40 90
Non-official languages 275 95 175
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 0 15
Cantonese 20 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 25 10 15
Mandarin 30 0 25
Spanish 70 30 45
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 15 15 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 80 25 60
Multiple responses 515 195 315
English and French 160 60 105
English and non-official language 315 115 200
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 40 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 50,375 25,935 24,440
English 49,455 25,595 23,855
French 125 40 90
Non-official language 270 95 180
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 270 95 175
English and French 165 55 105
English and non-official language 315 120 200
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 40 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 62,630 30,620 32,005
In the labour force 48,055 24,970 23,085
Employed 45,370 23,605 21,765
Unemployed 2,685 1,365 1,325
Not in the labour force 14,575 5,650 8,925
Participation rate 76.7 81.5 72.1
Employment rate 72.4 77.1 68.0
Unemployment rate 5.6 5.5 5.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 48,055 24,970 23,085
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 850 360 490
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,200 24,610 22,590
Employee 42,760 21,905 20,860
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,440 2,705 1,735
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 48,055 24,970 23,080
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 850 360 490
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,200 24,610 22,595
0 Management occupations 7,550 4,945 2,610
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,075 2,585 6,490
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,385 3,460 920
3 Health occupations 1,995 305 1,690
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,675 1,705 3,975
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,105 545 560
6 Sales and service occupations 9,745 4,265 5,485
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,630 5,205 420
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 465 345 120
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,575 1,255 325
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 48,060 24,970 23,085
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 855 360 490
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,205 24,610 22,590
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 570 300 270
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 155 120 35
22 Utilities 220 190 35
23 Construction 2,880 2,475 405
31-33 Manufacturing 5,275 3,670 1,600
41 Wholesale trade 3,920 2,360 1,560
44-45 Retail trade 5,100 2,475 2,625
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,950 2,050 900
51 Information and cultural industries 1,325 715 610
52 Finance and insurance 3,275 1,310 1,970
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 700 385 310
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,800 2,190 1,605
55 Management of companies and enterprises 75 30 45
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,800 945 850
61 Educational services 3,610 945 2,665
62 Health care and social assistance 3,705 520 3,195
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,020 580 440
72 Accommodation and food services 2,175 920 1,255
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,905 875 1,035
91 Public administration 2,740 1,545 1,195
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 48,055 24,975 23,085
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,025 855 1,175
Worked in 2010 46,030 24,115 21,910
1 to 13 weeks 1,805 760 1,045
14 to 26 weeks 2,920 1,215 1,705
27 to 39 weeks 2,030 885 1,135
40 to 48 weeks 5,825 2,835 2,985
49 to 52 weeks 33,455 18,420 15,035
Average weeks worked in 2010 46.3 47.3 45.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 48,060 24,975 23,080
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,025 850 1,175
Worked in 2010 46,030 24,120 21,910
Worked full-time in 2010 39,080 21,910 17,175
Worked part-time in 2010 6,950 2,210 4,735
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 45,370 23,610 21,765
Worked at home 3,235 1,495 1,740
Worked outside Canada 185 160 30
No fixed workplace address 4,260 2,985 1,270
Worked at usual place 37,690 18,965 18,725
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 41,950 21,955 19,995
Car, truck or van - as a driver 35,880 19,360 16,520
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,095 740 1,350
Public transit 2,510 1,180 1,325
Walked 945 405 540
Bicycle 165 115 55
Other methods 355 155 205
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 41,950 21,955 19,995
Median commuting duration 30.5 30.8 30.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 41,950 21,955 20,000
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 11,075 7,420 3,660
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 23,735 10,885 12,850
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 7,135 3,650 3,485
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 27,560 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 26,745 ... ...
Major repairs needed 815 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 27,560 ... ...
1960 or before 2,115 ... ...
1961 to 1980 5,300 ... ...
1981 to 1990 1,845 ... ...
1991 to 2000 925 ... ...
2001 to 2005 7,925 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 9,450 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 27,560 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 2,085 ... ...
5 rooms 3,200 ... ...
6 rooms 5,065 ... ...
7 rooms 5,180 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,035 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 27,560 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 910 ... ...
2 bedrooms 2,360 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,035 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 11,245 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 27,560 ... ...
Owner 24,775 ... ...
Renter 2,785 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 27,560 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 2,190 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 25,375 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 27,560 ... ...
1 household maintainer 12,485 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,580 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 495 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 27,560 ... ...
Under 25 years 175 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,890 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,260 ... ...
45 to 54 years 5,780 ... ...
55 to 64 years 4,010 ... ...
65 to 74 years 2,085 ... ...
75 years and over 1,365 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 27,560 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 27,250 ... ...
More than one person per room 315 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 27,565 ... ...
Suitable 26,455 ... ...
Not suitable 1,105 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 27,450 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 21,045 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 6,410 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 5,505 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 24,685 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 78.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 21.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,661 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,630 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 420,324 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 454,950 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 2,785 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,207 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,229 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 62,625 30,620 32,010
Without income 2,870 1,270 1,595
With income 59,765 29,350 30,405
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 5,665 2,485 3,175
$5,000 to $9,999 3,810 1,350 2,460
$10,000 to $14,999 3,725 1,165 2,565
$15,000 to $19,999 3,090 1,225 1,865
$20,000 to $29,999 5,970 2,135 3,835
$30,000 to $39,999 6,235 2,645 3,585
$40,000 to $49,999 6,525 2,770 3,750
$50,000 to $59,999 5,895 3,115 2,785
$60,000 to $79,999 8,605 4,965 3,635
$80,000 to $99,999 5,180 3,560 1,620
$100,000 and over 5,065 3,935 1,130
$100,000 to $124,999 2,490 1,890 605
$125,000 and over 2,575 2,045 530
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 41,885 52,739 33,837
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 49,229 59,857 38,969
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 62,630 30,625 32,010
Without after-tax income 2,850 1,270 1,585
With after-tax income 59,780 29,350 30,425
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 5,730 2,505 3,225
$5,000 to $9,999 3,920 1,365 2,555
$10,000 to $14,999 3,800 1,185 2,615
$15,000 to $19,999 3,520 1,395 2,125
$20,000 to $29,999 6,875 2,465 4,415
$30,000 to $39,999 8,440 3,690 4,760
$40,000 to $49,999 8,380 4,135 4,250
$50,000 to $59,999 6,415 3,800 2,620
$60,000 to $79,999 8,030 5,255 2,775
$80,000 to $99,999 2,565 1,880 685
$100,000 and over 2,095 1,690 405
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 37,034 44,944 30,733
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 40,462 48,058 33,134
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 92.2 95.0 87.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 85.0 87.8 80.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 82.0 84.8 78.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.9 3.0 2.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.4 2.4 2.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.5 3.6 3.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.2 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 7.8 5.0 12.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 1.8 1.5 2.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.3 0.9 1.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 0.7 3.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.7 1.8 1.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.8 19.7 14.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.2 80.3 85.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.3 2.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 30,305 17,605 12,705
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 56,843 64,015 48,433
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 64,671 72,602 53,683
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 23,430 ... ...
Median family income ($) 103,715 ... ...
Average family income ($) 114,495 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 87,858 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 94,087 ... ...
Average family size 3.3 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 6,570 ... ...
Median family income ($) 94,331 ... ...
Average family income ($) 103,485 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 79,927 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,734 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 14,275 ... ...
Median family income ($) 112,495 ... ...
Average family income ($) 126,254 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 95,550 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 103,351 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 1,980 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,235 ... ...
Average family income ($) 66,774 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,324 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 57,696 ... ...
Average family size 2.8 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 5,160 2,350 2,805
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 42,885 51,439 36,606
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 50,317 57,120 44,625
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 37,165 43,262 33,437
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 41,564 46,113 37,757
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 83,580 41,335 42,240
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 27,090 12,760 14,330
In bottom decile 3,690 1,700 1,990
In second decile 4,300 1,930 2,375
In third decile 5,860 2,605 3,255
In fourth decile 5,870 2,930 2,940
In fifth decile 7,370 3,590 3,780
In top half of the Canadian distribution 56,490 28,580 27,910
In sixth decile 8,985 4,485 4,500
In seventh decile 9,750 4,940 4,810
In eighth decile 12,535 6,330 6,205
In ninth decile 13,425 6,875 6,545
In top decile 11,795 5,950 5,840
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 27,560 ... ...
Under $5,000 370 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 195 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 340 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 325 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,090 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,455 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 1,590 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,735 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 3,380 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,145 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,465 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,105 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,365 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 27,560 ... ...
Under $5,000 375 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 195 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 345 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 320 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,270 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 1,850 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 1,970 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,175 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,815 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,005 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,225 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,180 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,050 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 27,560 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 95,898 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 106,743 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 81,395 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 87,757 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 3,745 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 45,137 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 51,553 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,743 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 42,608 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 23,820 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 104,314 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 115,421 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 88,290 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 94,855 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 83,575 41,335 42,245
Less than 18 years 23,975 12,365 11,615
Less than 6 years 10,455 5,270 5,185
18 to 64 years 53,495 26,185 27,310
65 years and over 6,110 2,785 3,320
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 5,865 2,665 3,200
Less than 18 years 2,035 985 1,050
Less than 6 years 790 410 380
18 to 64 years 3,555 1,550 2,000
65 years and over 280 125 150
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 7.0 6.4 7.6
Less than 18 years (%) 8.5 8.0 9.0
Less than 6 years (%) 7.6 7.8 7.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 5.9 7.3
65 years and over (%) 4.6 4.5 4.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Milton, T, Ontario (Code 3524009) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Milton, T, Ontario

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Milton, T, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Milton, T
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 84,362 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 53,889A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 56.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 28,049 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 27,561 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 232.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 363.22 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 84,360 41,805 42,560
0 to 4 years 8,620 4,505 4,115
5 to 9 years 6,950 3,530 3,420
10 to 14 years 5,180 2,670 2,510
15 to 19 years 4,630 2,385 2,245
15 years 985 500 490
16 years 985 540 455
17 years 900 450 450
18 years 870 435 430
19 years 885 470 415
20 to 24 years 3,830 1,965 1,870
25 to 29 years 5,695 2,585 3,110
30 to 34 years 8,955 4,135 4,820
35 to 39 years 8,910 4,445 4,465
40 to 44 years 7,115 3,710 3,405
45 to 49 years 5,775 2,955 2,815
50 to 54 years 4,600 2,270 2,335
55 to 59 years 3,905 1,875 2,025
60 to 64 years 3,750 1,810 1,935
65 to 69 years 2,400 1,175 1,225
70 to 74 years 1,560 765 800
75 to 79 years 1,045 490 555
80 to 84 years 760 315 450
85 years and over 690 225 470
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 34.1 34.0 34.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 75.4 74.4 76.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 63,610 31,095 32,515
Married or living with a common-law partner 43,955 21,935 22,020
Married (and not separated) 39,075 19,510 19,560
Living common law 4,880 2,420 2,460
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 19,660 9,165 10,495
Single (never legally married) 13,685 7,340 6,350
Separated 1,405 555 850
Divorced 2,315 835 1,475
Widowed 2,250 435 1,815
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 24,295 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 9,020 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,800 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,795 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,680 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 24,295 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,645 ... ...
Married couples 19,210 ... ...
Without children at home 6,100 ... ...
With children at home 13,115 ... ...
1 child 4,455 ... ...
2 children 6,210 ... ...
3 or more children 2,450 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,435 ... ...
Without children at home 1,415 ... ...
With children at home 1,025 ... ...
1 child 470 ... ...
2 children 380 ... ...
3 or more children 170 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 2,650 ... ...
Female parent 2,075 ... ...
1 child 1,150 ... ...
2 children 710 ... ...
3 or more children 220 ... ...
Male parent 575 ... ...
1 child 360 ... ...
2 children 175 ... ...
3 or more children 50 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 30,735 ... ...
Under six years of age 10,180 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,515 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,825 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,690 ... ...
25 years and over 2,530 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 83,580 41,335 42,240
Number of persons not in census families 6,895 2,985 3,915
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,705 590 1,105
Living with non-relatives only 1,450 710 740
Living alone 3,740 1,680 2,065
Number of census family persons 76,680 38,350 38,325
Average number of persons per census family 3.2 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 6,185 2,875 3,305
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 1,870 480 1,390
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 690 140 550
Living with non-relatives only 105 50 55
Living alone 1,070 285 790
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 4,315 2,405 1,910
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 27,560 ... ...
Census-family households 23,225 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 20,685 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 18,750 ... ...
Without children 6,395 ... ...
With children 12,360 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,930 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,540 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,545 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,240 ... ...
Without children 300 ... ...
With children 940 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 305 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 995 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,335 ... ...
One-person households 3,740 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 590 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 27,565 ... ...
Single-detached house 17,480 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,035 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 9,035 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,870 ... ...
Row house 5,130 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 255 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 755 ... ...
Other single-attached house 25 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 27,560 ... ...
1 person 3,745 ... ...
2 persons 7,930 ... ...
3 persons 5,480 ... ...
4 persons 6,565 ... ...
5 persons 2,530 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,310 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 83,575 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,680 41,405 42,270
  Single responses  81,140 40,190 40,945
    English  58,140 29,030 29,115
    French  1,230 550 685
    Non-official languages  21,760 10,610 11,150
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 21,545 10,505 11,040
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  45 20 25
        Albanian  100 50 60
        Amharic  15 10 5
        Arabic  1,105 570 535
        Armenian  20 10 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Bengali  180 95 90
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  50 20 25
        Bosnian  60 35 30
        Bulgarian  55 30 30
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  255 120 135
        Chinese, n.o.s.  480 215 265
        Creoles  35 15 20
        Croatian  565 300 270
        Czech  65 30 30
        Danish  45 20 25
        Dutch  310 165 145
        Estonian  15 10 10
        Finnish  30 15 15
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  20 5 15
        German  515 235 280
        Greek  185 95 90
        Gujarati  405 190 215
        Hakka  10 0 5
        Hebrew  20 15 5
        Hindi  500 235 270
        Hungarian  165 80 85
        Ilocano  20 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 45 20 30
        Italian  1,170 605 565
        Japanese  35 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 10
        Korean  225 110 115
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  30 10 15
        Latvian  15 10 10
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  25 15 10
        Macedonian  85 45 40
        Malay  75 35 40
        Malayalam  110 55 55
        Maltese  70 35 35
        Mandarin  410 190 220
        Marathi  40 15 20
        Nepali  30 15 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 30 20 15
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  0 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,360 675 680
        Pashto  45 25 20
        Persian (Farsi)  345 170 185
        Polish  1,815 850 965
        Portuguese  1,145 560 585
        Romanian  290 140 155
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 5
        Russian  335 155 180
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 70 40 35
        Serbian  240 130 110
        Serbo-Croatian  25 15 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Sindhi  70 40 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  60 25 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  60 30 30
        Slovenian  50 25 25
        Somali  20 10 10
        Spanish  1,760 860 905
        Swahili  20 5 10
        Swedish  15 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,245 515 725
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  450 225 230
        Telugu  110 55 60
        Thai  20 5 15
        Tibetan languages  20 10 10
        Tigrigna  10 10 5
        Turkish  100 50 50
        Ukrainian  185 85 100
        Urdu  3,620 1,860 1,765
        Vietnamese  260 110 150
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 210 105 110
  Multiple responses          2,540 1,220 1,320
    English and French  230 110 115
    English and non-official language  2,105 1,015 1,095
    French and non-official language  145 70 75
    English, French and non-official language 65 25 40
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,680 41,405 42,270
  English only 76,325 38,330 37,995
  French only 95 35 65
  English and French 6,190 2,630 3,560
  Neither English nor French 1,070 415 655
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,680 41,410 42,270
  English 80,910 40,235 40,675
  French 1,260 545 715
  English and French 470 220 250
  Neither English nor French 1,045 405 635
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,490 655 835
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.8 1.6 2.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,680 41,410 42,270
  Single responses 79,050 39,145 39,905
    English 67,940 33,765 34,175
    French 540 255 290
    Non-official languages 10,570 5,125 5,440
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,445 5,070 5,380
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 5 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 15 0 10
        Albanian 55 25 25
        Amharic 5 5 0
        Arabic 525 250 270
        Armenian 10 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 110 55 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 20 10 5
        Bosnian 45 25 15
        Bulgarian 40 20 20
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 125 60 65
        Chinese, n.o.s. 295 130 160
        Creoles 10 5 5
        Croatian 215 120 100
        Czech 15 10 5
        Danish 0 0 5
        Dutch 25 15 15
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 5
        German 75 35 40
        Greek 40 15 15
        Gujarati 240 100 135
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 5 0
        Hindi 200 90 110
        Hungarian 35 20 20
        Ilocano 5 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Italian 235 105 130
        Japanese 10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5
        Korean 160 80 75
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 5 0 0
        Latvian 0 5 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 5 0
        Macedonian 50 30 20
        Malay 35 20 20
        Malayalam 65 35 30
        Maltese 15 5 10
        Mandarin 310 145 170
        Marathi 20 10 10
        Nepali 20 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 745 355 390
        Pashto 25 10 10
        Persian (Farsi) 230 115 120
        Polish 880 430 455
        Portuguese 285 135 150
        Romanian 190 95 95
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 220 110 110
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
        Serbian 95 50 45
        Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Sindhi 45 20 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 10 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Slovak 15 10 10
        Slovenian 15 5 5
        Somali 15 10 5
        Spanish 1,030 505 525
        Swahili 5 5 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 215 265
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 275 130 135
        Telugu 45 20 25
        Thai 10 5 10
        Tibetan languages 10 10 5
        Tigrigna 5 5 5
        Turkish 65 30 30
        Ukrainian 65 35 30
        Urdu 2,385 1,205 1,180
        Vietnamese 145 65 80
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 120 55 65
  Multiple responses         4,630 2,270 2,360
    English and French 160 65 90
    English and non-official language 4,310 2,120 2,190
    French and non-official language 65 35 30
    English, French and non-official language 95 45 50
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 83,680 41,410 42,275
  None 69,130 34,350 34,775
  Single responses  14,290 6,935 7,355
    English  5,400 2,695 2,705
    French  950 415 540
    Non-official languages  7,940 3,825 4,115
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,800 3,760 4,045
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  30 10 15
        Albanian  30 15 20
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  475 250 225
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Bengali  55 30 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 10
        Bosnian  10 5 10
        Bulgarian  15 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  105 50 55
        Chinese, n.o.s.  100 45 55
        Creoles  25 10 15
        Croatian  260 120 135
        Czech  20 5 10
        Danish  15 5 10
        Dutch  100 50 55
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  15 10 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  220 95 125
        Greek  140 70 70
        Gujarati  175 80 90
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 10 0
        Hindi  390 190 200
        Hungarian  75 30 45
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  495 250 245
        Japanese  20 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  55 30 25
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  10 5 5
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  5 5 5
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  20 10 15
        Malay  30 15 15
        Malayalam  20 10 10
        Maltese  30 15 15
        Mandarin  95 45 50
        Marathi  20 10 10
        Nepali  5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 40 20 20
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  0 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  475 240 230
        Pashto  10 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  105 55 50
        Polish  535 260 275
        Portuguese  570 280 285
        Romanian  80 40 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  80 40 45
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Serbian  85 50 40
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  15 10 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  25 10 10
        Slovenian  15 10 5
        Somali  15 10 10
        Spanish  630 305 325
        Swahili  25 10 15
        Swedish  10 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  515 200 315
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  160 80 75
        Telugu  25 5 10
        Thai  5 5 5
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  20 15 10
        Ukrainian  60 20 35
        Urdu  955 485 470
        Vietnamese  75 30 45
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 140 65 75
  Multiple responses          265 125 135
    English and French  35 15 20
    English and non-official language  55 25 30
    French and non-official language  170 85 85
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

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Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

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Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Milton, T, Ontario (Code 3524009) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed January 16, 2018).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Milton, T, Ontario

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

Download current census table

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Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Milton, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Milton, T, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Milton, Town (Census Subdivision), Ontario