NHS Profile, Hamilton, C, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Hamilton, C, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton, C
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 509,635 249,805 259,830
Canadian citizens 483,480 237,470 246,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 101,935 52,840 49,095
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 381,550 184,635 196,920
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 26,155 12,335 13,820
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 509,635 249,805 259,830
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 380,090 187,435 192,660
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 125,010 60,015 65,000
Before 1971 38,860 18,280 20,580
1971 to 1980 16,090 8,160 7,930
1981 to 1990 17,810 8,580 9,230
1991 to 2000 24,505 11,970 12,530
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 27,750 13,015 14,735
2001 to 2005 12,925 5,920 7,010
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 14,820 7,100 7,720
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 4,530 2,360 2,170
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 125,010 60,015 65,000
Under 5 years 14,095 7,225 6,870
5 to 14 years 24,275 12,405 11,865
15 to 24 years 32,540 14,540 18,000
25 to 44 years 45,595 22,185 23,405
45 years and over 8,510 3,660 4,850
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 509,640 249,805 259,835
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 380,095 187,430 192,660
Born in province of residence 347,260 171,995 175,275
Born outside province of residence 32,830 15,440 17,390
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 125,015 60,015 65,005
Americas 15,325 6,840 8,490
United States 4,290 1,800 2,490
Jamaica 2,010 940 1,070
Guyana 1,000 425 575
Haiti 185 70 110
Mexico 615 295 320
Trinidad and Tobago 925 330 595
Colombia 1,230 500 730
El Salvador 1,325 710 615
Peru 160 80 80
Chile 355 170 185
Other places of birth in Americas 3,245 1,525 1,720
Europe 67,040 32,405 34,640
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 15,290 7,135 8,155
Italy 11,610 5,805 5,810
Germany 3,345 1,520 1,825
Poland 5,950 2,675 3,280
Portugal 5,775 2,910 2,865
Netherlands 2,935 1,530 1,410
France 485 260 230
Romania 1,565 795 775
Russian Federation 540 245 295
Greece 1,245 670 580
Ukraine 1,015 425 590
Croatia 4,840 2,365 2,475
Hungary 1,370 700 670
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,920 1,520 1,395
Serbia 1,835 895 940
Ireland, Republic of 740 430 310
Other places of birth in Europe 5,575 2,540 3,040
Africa 6,410 3,200 3,210
Morocco 105 55 50
Algeria 20 0 0
Egypt 905 480 430
South Africa, Republic of 655 330 320
Nigeria 275 135 140
Ethiopia 235 110 125
Kenya 435 215 225
Other places of birth in Africa 3,775 1,860 1,915
Asia 35,725 17,360 18,360
India 5,930 2,945 2,980
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,740 1,755 1,985
Philippines 5,285 2,205 3,080
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 545 245 300
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,870 1,340 1,535
Pakistan 2,875 1,570 1,300
Sri Lanka 490 235 255
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,105 585 525
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,120 490 625
Lebanon 740 355 385
Taiwan 240 145 100
Iraq 3,855 1,995 1,860
Bangladesh 640 270 370
Afghanistan 800 415 390
Japan 110 25 85
Turkey 565 280 285
Other places of birth in Asia 4,810 2,505 2,300
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 510 210 300
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 490 210 275
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 4,530 2,360 2,170
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 14,825 7,100 7,725
Americas 2,860 1,325 1,540
United States 860 375 480
Mexico 260 135 130
Cuba 155 80 75
Haiti 150 60 90
Jamaica 190 100 85
Brazil 60 15 45
Colombia 670 265 405
Guyana 155 55 100
Peru 55 0 30
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 300 210 90
Europe 2,835 1,395 1,435
France 25 0 0
Germany 65 25 0
Poland 130 55 80
Romania 245 120 125
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 115 45 65
Ukraine 145 65 80
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 535 290 245
Other places of birth in Europe 1,570 795 780
Africa 2,060 1,065 990
Nigeria 200 85 115
Ethiopia 60 45 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 300 130 170
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 205 115 90
Morocco 35 20 20
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 50 20 30
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 215 105 105
South Africa, Republic of 50 35 15
Other places of birth in Africa 905 480 420
Asia 6,985 3,255 3,725
Philippines 1,275 515 770
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 665 270 400
India 895 425 470
Pakistan 560 280 280
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 270 175 95
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 320 130 195
Sri Lanka 70 45 25
Iraq 1,120 535 585
Bangladesh 105 40 65
Lebanon 40 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 445 240 205
Taiwan 70 55 0
Afghanistan 120 45 75
Japan 15 0 15
Turkey 140 100 40
Israel 75 50 30
Nepal 15 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 25 15 15
United Arab Emirates 70 35 35
Saudi Arabia 50 0 30
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 55 20 40
Other places of birth in Asia 570 255 320
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 85 55 30
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 509,635 249,805 259,835
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 130,540 62,895 67,650
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 127,160 63,155 64,005
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 251,935 123,755 128,180
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 509,635 249,805 259,835
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 79,970 39,480 40,490
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 17,240 8,800 8,440
Chinese 8,505 4,235 4,270
Black 16,110 8,190 7,920
Filipino 7,170 3,180 3,995
Latin American 7,335 3,230 4,110
Arab 7,075 3,705 3,370
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 5,875 2,890 2,985
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 4,260 2,095 2,170
Korean 1,970 950 1,025
Japanese 860 465 390
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,390 730 660
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 2,180 1,020 1,160
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 429,665 210,320 219,340
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 509,635 249,805 259,835
North American Aboriginal origins 15,840 7,520 8,320
First Nations (North American Indian) 13,720 6,560 7,160
Inuit 200 105 95
Métis 2,045 930 1,120
Other North American origins 127,025 62,790 64,240
Acadian 570 260 310
American 5,750 2,650 3,100
Canadian 122,150 60,500 61,640
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 275 140 135
Nova Scotian 70 60 10
Ontarian 45 0 0
Québécois 145 55 90
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 50 0 40
European origins 384,730 187,820 196,910
British Isles origins 227,460 109,970 117,495
Channel Islander 95 80 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 134,925 64,690 70,230
Irish 85,650 41,120 44,530
Manx 135 50 85
Scottish 98,955 47,105 51,855
Welsh 9,230 4,505 4,720
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 13,240 6,225 7,020
French origins 42,790 19,910 22,885
Alsatian 55 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 42,740 19,865 22,870
Western European origins (except French origins) 74,325 35,825 38,495
Austrian 3,315 1,645 1,670
Belgian 1,435 685 750
Dutch 26,370 13,005 13,365
Flemish 150 90 60
Frisian 200 100 100
German 46,905 22,350 24,555
Luxembourger 25 0 0
Swiss 1,655 865 785
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 9,005 4,450 4,545
Danish 2,490 1,140 1,350
Finnish 1,365 640 730
Icelandic 550 285 265
Norwegian 2,260 1,215 1,045
Swedish 2,450 1,220 1,225
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 370 165 205
Eastern European origins 63,990 30,295 33,690
Bulgarian 305 120 180
Byelorussian 115 50 60
Czech 2,740 1,225 1,515
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 1,230 490 740
Estonian 615 280 330
Hungarian 9,670 4,645 5,025
Latvian 965 430 540
Lithuanian 1,930 850 1,080
Moldovan 25 0 20
Polish 27,465 12,865 14,600
Romanian 4,195 2,035 2,160
Russian 4,890 2,315 2,580
Slovak 2,210 1,030 1,185
Ukrainian 17,770 8,530 9,235
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 180 85 95
Southern European origins 105,170 53,335 51,830
Albanian 1,130 545 590
Bosnian 1,900 1,015 880
Croatian 9,110 4,605 4,505
Cypriot 50 15 35
Greek 4,420 2,335 2,085
Italian 60,535 30,580 29,955
Kosovar 285 145 140
Macedonian 1,115 590 525
Maltese 1,140 615 520
Montenegrin 155 105 45
Portuguese 14,610 7,495 7,120
Serbian 6,950 3,465 3,480
Sicilian 545 295 245
Slovenian 1,630 770 860
Spanish 5,525 2,765 2,760
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 2,110 1,080 1,030
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 35 30 0
Other European origins 4,210 2,190 2,025
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 3,360 1,750 1,610
Roma (Gypsy) 290 110 185
Slavic, n.o.s. 55 30 30
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 515 310 205
Caribbean origins 10,540 5,215 5,330
Antiguan 65 45 20
Bahamian 35 20 0
Barbadian 700 315 380
Bermudan 135 60 75
Carib 70 0 55
Cuban 660 270 395
Dominican 245 100 145
Grenadian 325 160 160
Haitian 470 180 285
Jamaican 5,660 2,860 2,795
Kittitian/Nevisian 25 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 105 75 20
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,325 660 670
Vincentian/Grenadinian 370 230 135
West Indian, n.o.s. 615 310 305
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 365 190 175
Latin, Central and South American origins 9,605 4,355 5,250
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 160 75 85
Argentinian 480 225 255
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 340 235 100
Chilean 465 245 220
Colombian 1,630 680 950
Costa Rican 115 0 90
Ecuadorian 115 55 55
Guatemalan 785 345 435
Guyanese 1,265 515 755
Hispanic 105 30 80
Honduran 240 65 175
Maya 150 60 90
Mexican 1,125 470 660
Nicaraguan 265 115 145
Panamanian 30 15 15
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 225 130 95
Salvadorean 2,155 1,010 1,145
Uruguayan 55 0 45
Venezuelan 180 100 85
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 570 245 320
African origins 10,930 5,365 5,565
Central and West African origins 2,140 1,035 1,100
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 80 45 35
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 15 0 10
Chadian 50 30 20
Congolese 640 275 365
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 500 265 235
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 65 30 40
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 120 70 50
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 425 170 260
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 30 0 20
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 70 45 30
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 140 95 45
North African origins 2,380 1,255 1,125
Algerian 30 10 15
Berber 55 0 0
Coptic 65 35 35
Dinka 15 0 0
Egyptian 1,420 695 720
Libyan 230 120 110
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 145 75 70
Sudanese 500 290 205
Tunisian 10 15 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 50 40 0
Southern and East African origins 3,410 1,540 1,870
Afrikaner 25 20 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 90 35 55
Burundian 125 75 45
Eritrean 35 15 0
Ethiopian 400 190 210
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 175 60 115
Malagasy 55 0 0
Mauritian 35 20 0
Oromo 25 0 20
Rwandan 65 25 35
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 1,195 530 665
South African 655 260 390
Tanzanian 140 85 60
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 120 55 70
Zambian 30 0 15
Zimbabwean 255 105 150
Zulu 70 55 15
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 185 90 95
Other African origins 3,205 1,665 1,540
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 375 215 160
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,865 1,475 1,390
Asian origins 58,575 29,140 29,435
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 15,250 7,905 7,340
Afghan 1,290 630 660
Arab, n.o.s. 1,740 1,000 735
Armenian 855 475 380
Assyrian 1,370 630 740
Azerbaijani 20 0 0
Georgian 50 0 40
Iranian 1,740 930 805
Iraqi 3,280 1,725 1,555
Israeli 240 115 120
Jordanian 305 160 145
Kazakh 60 40 20
Kurd 945 535 410
Kuwaiti 70 0 35
Lebanese 1,540 770 775
Palestinian 955 485 465
Pashtun 40 0 30
Saudi Arabian 30 25 0
Syrian 635 320 315
Tajik 45 0 0
Tatar 65 40 25
Turk 1,140 535 600
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 70 60 10
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 390 230 155
South Asian origins 17,655 8,870 8,785
Bangladeshi 510 240 270
Bengali 240 90 150
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 12,525 6,290 6,235
Goan 30 0 30
Gujarati 30 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 30 20 0
Pakistani 3,170 1,700 1,465
Punjabi 800 430 365
Sinhalese 125 65 60
Sri Lankan 540 245 295
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 570 260 310
East and Southeast Asian origins 26,190 12,635 13,555
Burmese 80 35 45
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,655 820 830
Chinese 10,880 5,405 5,475
Filipino 7,285 3,205 4,085
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 325 140 180
Japanese 1,105 590 515
Korean 2,005 965 1,030
Laotian 455 210 245
Malaysian 115 55 55
Mongolian 120 55 60
Singaporean 25 0 0
Taiwanese 155 85 70
Thai 265 110 150
Tibetan 110 70 40
Vietnamese 4,065 1,980 2,080
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 115 60 55
Other Asian origins 220 110 110
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 220 110 115
Oceania origins 725 420 310
Australian 410 240 175
New Zealander 210 95 110
Pacific Islands origins 150 100 45
Fijian 20 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 40 0 20
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 45 45 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 509,640 249,805 259,830
Buddhist 4,635 2,140 2,495
Christian 344,625 161,670 182,955
Anglican 32,720 14,885 17,840
Baptist 10,175 4,550 5,620
Catholic 174,760 83,415 91,345
Christian Orthodox 14,880 7,520 7,360
Lutheran 4,905 2,040 2,865
Pentecostal 8,180 3,530 4,655
Presbyterian 15,855 7,230 8,620
United Church 33,275 14,595 18,680
Other Christian 49,870 23,905 25,965
Hindu 3,910 1,970 1,940
Jewish 3,335 1,710 1,620
Muslim 19,025 9,905 9,120
Sikh 4,260 2,175 2,090
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 450 130 315
Other religions 2,705 1,240 1,460
No religious affiliation 126,700 68,845 57,845
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 509,640 249,800 259,835
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 10,320 4,775 5,545
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,960 3,720 4,240
Métis single identity 1,780 760 1,015
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 50 0 10
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 230 140 90
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 310 115 190
Non-Aboriginal identity 499,320 245,030 254,290
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 509,640 249,805 259,835
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 3,750 1,680 2,075
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 505,885 248,125 257,765
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 509,640 249,805 259,835
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 15,835 7,515 8,325
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 13,720 6,560 7,155
Métis ancestry 2,050 930 1,120
Inuit ancestry 200 105 95
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 493,800 242,290 251,510
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 140,320 67,870 72,450
Aboriginal languages 265 140 130
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 95 75 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 160 55 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 140,100 67,770 72,330
Italian 22,870 11,295 11,575
Portuguese 8,915 4,415 4,495
Romanian 1,875 950 925
Spanish 10,805 4,815 6,000
Dutch 3,980 1,990 1,990
Flemish 50 20 30
German 6,940 3,060 3,880
Yiddish 150 80 70
Danish 180 75 105
Norwegian 115 50 60
Swedish 185 60 120
Afrikaans 335 170 160
Gaelic languages 140 85 60
Bosnian 1,175 605 570
Bulgarian 80 45 35
Croatian 6,455 3,215 3,240
Czech 1,490 640 850
Macedonian 760 375 390
Polish 8,685 3,985 4,700
Russian 2,090 1,035 1,050
Serbian 6,290 3,090 3,200
Serbo-Croatian 295 170 120
Slovak 760 375 385
Slovenian 735 330 405
Ukrainian 2,230 1,000 1,230
Latvian 390 145 240
Lithuanian 495 235 265
Greek 2,110 1,190 920
Armenian 310 195 115
Albanian 1,275 650 630
Estonian 195 75 115
Finnish 80 25 55
Hungarian 2,775 1,280 1,500
Turkish 890 460 430
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 45 0 35
Somali 1,025 465 565
Amharic 215 115 105
Arabic 8,440 4,525 3,915
Hebrew 605 285 325
Maltese 155 75 80
Tigrigna 30 15 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 2,080 920 1,160
Bengali 1,050 470 580
Gujarati 1,340 700 640
Hindi 3,200 1,705 1,500
Konkani 40 0 25
Marathi 115 45 70
Panjabi (Punjabi) 5,815 2,990 2,825
Sindhi 200 105 100
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 120 135
Urdu 3,805 2,045 1,755
Nepali 25 10 0
Kurdish 1,005 580 425
Pashto 395 245 145
Persian (Farsi) 2,510 1,245 1,265
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 230 135 95
Kannada 35 15 15
Malayalam 660 300 365
Tamil 495 240 255
Telugu 110 65 40
Japanese 565 300 265
Korean 1,715 815 905
Cantonese 2,225 1,060 1,160
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,125 1,070 1,060
Taiwanese 70 25 45
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,415 1,660 1,755
Lao 355 170 185
Thai 95 55 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,125 530 600
Vietnamese 3,745 1,805 1,940
Bisayan languages 220 105 115
Ilocano 190 55 130
Malay 260 90 170
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 5,385 2,130 3,255
Akan (Twi) 230 100 130
Lingala 160 80 85
Rundi (Kirundi) 105 55 50
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 45 0 35
Swahili 525 270 255
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90
African languages, n.i.e. 265 135 125
Creoles 510 235 275
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 2,220 915 1,310
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 504,025 246,965 257,060
Non-movers 450,885 220,780 230,105
Movers 53,140 26,180 26,955
Non-migrants 34,895 17,515 17,380
Migrants 18,245 8,670 9,575
Internal migrants 15,140 7,060 8,080
Intraprovincial migrants 13,625 6,320 7,300
Interprovincial migrants 1,515 740 775
External migrants 3,105 1,610 1,495
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 482,280 235,680 246,600
Non-movers 309,025 151,775 157,250
Movers 173,255 83,900 89,355
Non-migrants 113,755 55,400 58,355
Migrants 59,500 28,500 31,000
Internal migrants 44,990 21,470 23,525
Intraprovincial migrants 40,515 19,445 21,070
Interprovincial migrants 4,480 2,030 2,450
External migrants 14,505 7,030 7,475
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 424,055 205,210 218,845
No certificate, diploma or degree 92,385 44,225 48,155
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 115,720 56,790 58,925
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 215,945 104,190 111,760
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 36,255 24,410 11,845
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 88,785 37,900 50,885
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 14,690 6,645 8,040
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 76,220 35,230 40,990
Bachelor's degree 45,595 20,165 25,430
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 30,625 15,065 15,560
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 277,520 134,975 142,545
No certificate, diploma or degree 36,165 18,435 17,730
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 70,150 35,490 34,665
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 171,200 81,045 90,150
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 26,050 17,220 8,835
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 72,205 30,945 41,260
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 10,805 4,955 5,850
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 62,145 27,930 34,210
Bachelor's degree 36,560 15,815 20,745
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 25,580 12,120 13,465
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 424,055 205,210 218,845
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 208,110 101,020 107,085
Education 15,015 3,830 11,185
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 7,275 3,380 3,895
Humanities 12,310 5,150 7,155
Social and behavioural sciences and law 23,105 7,310 15,795
Business, management and public administration 41,305 15,905 25,400
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,975 4,290 3,690
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,825 4,575 3,245
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 48,065 44,460 3,610
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 3,650 2,300 1,350
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 37,005 6,910 30,090
Personal, protective and transportation services 12,400 6,080 6,315
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 424,055 205,210 218,840
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 208,105 101,020 107,085
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 215,950 104,190 111,760
Location of study inside Canada 181,480 86,230 95,250
Same as province or territory of residence 173,340 82,320 91,020
Another province or territory 8,140 3,905 4,235
Location of study outside Canada 34,470 17,960 16,505
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 281,265 144,530 136,735
Single responses 279,315 143,440 135,875
English 276,200 142,080 134,115
French 855 235 615
Non-official languages 2,265 1,125 1,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 60 50
Cantonese 155 75 80
Panjabi (Punjabi) 145 60 80
Mandarin 95 35 60
Spanish 190 105 80
Korean 100 45 50
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 330 175 155
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,130 555 575
Multiple responses 1,950 1,090 860
English and French 595 255 340
English and non-official language 1,300 805 500
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 55 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 281,265 144,530 136,730
English 276,195 142,080 134,115
French 850 235 615
Non-official language 2,265 1,120 1,140
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 2,265 1,125 1,140
English and French 595 260 340
English and non-official language 1,305 805 495
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 55 0 20
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 424,055 205,210 218,840
In the labour force 266,200 137,550 128,645
Employed 243,075 124,960 118,120
Unemployed 23,120 12,595 10,525
Not in the labour force 157,860 67,660 90,195
Participation rate 62.8 67.0 58.8
Employment rate 57.3 60.9 54.0
Unemployment rate 8.7 9.2 8.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 266,195 137,550 128,645
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 7,315 3,755 3,560
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 258,880 133,795 125,090
Employee 235,420 118,340 117,075
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 23,465 15,450 8,015
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 266,195 137,550 128,650
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 7,315 3,755 3,555
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 258,880 133,790 125,090
0 Management occupations 25,455 15,605 9,850
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 39,350 11,220 28,130
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 14,675 11,775 2,905
3 Health occupations 19,565 4,020 15,545
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 33,110 11,075 22,035
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 6,695 3,180 3,515
6 Sales and service occupations 62,850 26,655 36,195
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 38,260 36,025 2,230
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 4,090 2,960 1,125
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 14,835 11,280 3,555
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 266,195 137,555 128,645
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 7,315 3,755 3,560
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 258,885 133,795 125,090
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,900 1,640 1,265
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 315 250 65
22 Utilities 1,630 1,300 330
23 Construction 17,405 15,450 1,960
31-33 Manufacturing 31,610 24,400 7,205
41 Wholesale trade 11,615 8,350 3,265
44-45 Retail trade 30,315 13,015 17,300
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 11,230 8,350 2,885
51 Information and cultural industries 4,980 2,740 2,240
52 Finance and insurance 10,815 3,855 6,960
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,735 2,535 2,200
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 14,635 7,825 6,810
55 Management of companies and enterprises 255 130 125
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 12,820 7,835 4,990
61 Educational services 24,160 8,010 16,150
62 Health care and social assistance 33,635 6,020 27,620
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,440 2,430 2,005
72 Accommodation and food services 15,760 6,480 9,285
81 Other services (except public administration) 12,355 6,000 6,350
91 Public administration 13,270 7,170 6,095
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 266,200 137,550 128,645
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 15,405 7,800 7,610
Worked in 2010 250,795 129,755 121,040
1 to 13 weeks 12,655 6,325 6,335
14 to 26 weeks 19,760 9,885 9,875
27 to 39 weeks 15,415 8,150 7,260
40 to 48 weeks 38,295 19,270 19,025
49 to 52 weeks 164,675 86,130 78,540
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 44.9 44.6
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 266,195 137,550 128,645
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 15,410 7,795 7,605
Worked in 2010 250,790 129,750 121,040
Worked full-time in 2010 194,425 109,405 85,025
Worked part-time in 2010 56,365 20,345 36,015
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 243,080 124,960 118,120
Worked at home 14,045 7,430 6,615
Worked outside Canada 845 660 185
No fixed workplace address 26,345 19,135 7,210
Worked at usual place 201,850 97,735 104,110
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 228,195 116,870 111,320
Car, truck or van - as a driver 174,405 93,455 80,955
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 16,075 7,140 8,935
Public transit 22,480 9,095 13,380
Walked 11,230 4,685 6,555
Bicycle 1,810 1,350 455
Other methods 2,190 1,150 1,045
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 228,195 116,875 111,320
Median commuting duration 20.6 20.9 20.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 228,195 116,875 111,320
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 61,310 41,305 20,000
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 118,790 50,970 67,820
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 48,100 24,600 23,500
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 203,805 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 187,910 ... ...
Major repairs needed 15,895 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 203,805 ... ...
1960 or before 78,360 ... ...
1961 to 1980 59,660 ... ...
1981 to 1990 25,675 ... ...
1991 to 2000 19,895 ... ...
2001 to 2005 10,285 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 9,935 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 203,805 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 48,345 ... ...
5 rooms 29,040 ... ...
6 rooms 31,820 ... ...
7 rooms 30,935 ... ...
8 or more rooms 63,670 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 203,810 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 32,400 ... ...
2 bedrooms 43,220 ... ...
3 bedrooms 84,020 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 44,160 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 203,810 ... ...
Owner 139,345 ... ...
Renter 64,465 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 203,805 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 19,905 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 183,900 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 203,805 ... ...
1 household maintainer 122,140 ... ...
2 household maintainers 77,470 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 4,195 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 203,810 ... ...
Under 25 years 6,760 ... ...
25 to 34 years 25,735 ... ...
35 to 44 years 35,340 ... ...
45 to 54 years 46,875 ... ...
55 to 64 years 38,635 ... ...
65 to 74 years 25,000 ... ...
75 years and over 25,465 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 203,805 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 200,650 ... ...
More than one person per room 3,150 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 203,805 ... ...
Suitable 190,470 ... ...
Not suitable 13,340 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 202,890 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 149,110 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 53,780 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 45,230 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 138,770 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 19.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,089 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,197 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 275,620 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 308,307 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 64,425 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 18.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 750 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 770 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 424,050 205,210 218,840
Without income 22,650 9,955 12,695
With income 401,405 195,255 206,145
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 41,620 20,735 20,880
$5,000 to $9,999 28,905 10,755 18,145
$10,000 to $14,999 37,425 14,715 22,715
$15,000 to $19,999 36,725 13,955 22,770
$20,000 to $29,999 59,430 24,940 34,490
$30,000 to $39,999 48,140 22,050 26,090
$40,000 to $49,999 41,055 20,655 20,400
$50,000 to $59,999 30,020 17,000 13,025
$60,000 to $79,999 37,755 23,820 13,935
$80,000 to $99,999 21,585 12,795 8,795
$100,000 and over 18,750 13,845 4,905
$100,000 to $124,999 9,170 6,455 2,710
$125,000 and over 9,580 7,385 2,195
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,399 35,666 24,761
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,965 45,725 32,561
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 424,055 205,210 218,845
Without after-tax income 22,690 9,955 12,740
With after-tax income 401,360 195,255 206,105
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 42,340 20,905 21,435
$5,000 to $9,999 29,435 10,810 18,630
$10,000 to $14,999 38,460 15,145 23,320
$15,000 to $19,999 39,705 15,055 24,655
$20,000 to $29,999 67,935 29,015 38,920
$30,000 to $39,999 57,930 27,695 30,230
$40,000 to $49,999 44,755 24,920 19,840
$50,000 to $59,999 28,750 17,680 11,075
$60,000 to $79,999 34,170 20,930 13,235
$80,000 to $99,999 9,425 6,520 2,905
$100,000 and over 8,460 6,590 1,870
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,228 32,417 23,417
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,063 38,005 28,381
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 85.1 88.4 80.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.5 75.2 68.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.9 69.9 65.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.5 5.4 3.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.3 3.1 3.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.7 8.5 6.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.5 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 14.9 11.6 19.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.1 3.7 4.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.4 2.4 4.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.2 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.4 4.2 4.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.2 16.9 12.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.8 83.1 87.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.8 1.0 0.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 139,580 77,770 61,805
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,103 54,375 44,052
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 57,478 63,440 49,975
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 141,850 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,497 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,240 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,421 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,967 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 47,325 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,590 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,305 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,005 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,866 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 65,775 ... ...
Median family income ($) 100,281 ... ...
Average family income ($) 114,572 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 86,972 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 95,639 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 23,905 ... ...
Median family income ($) 45,214 ... ...
Average family income ($) 53,840 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 42,724 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,046 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 72,545 34,170 38,375
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,472 29,592 25,467
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,236 37,915 32,850
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,687 27,405 24,413
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,472 32,159 28,970
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 509,635 249,805 259,835
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 247,830 117,345 130,490
In bottom decile 53,470 25,535 27,935
In second decile 47,940 21,485 26,460
In third decile 47,270 21,945 25,320
In fourth decile 49,135 23,720 25,420
In fifth decile 50,015 24,660 25,355
In top half of the Canadian distribution 261,805 132,460 129,345
In sixth decile 50,900 25,405 25,495
In seventh decile 53,145 26,710 26,440
In eighth decile 55,210 28,100 27,110
In ninth decile 55,290 27,900 27,390
In top decile 47,255 24,340 22,910
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 203,805 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,100 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,645 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,810 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,870 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 19,685 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 19,115 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 18,845 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,380 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 27,605 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 22,790 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,125 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,560 ... ...
$150,000 and over 20,285 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 203,805 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,185 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,675 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,900 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,185 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 22,055 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 22,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 21,945 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,660 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 31,210 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 22,700 ... ...
$100,000 and over 36,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,055 ... ...
$125,000 and over 19,700 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 203,805 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 60,259 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 76,742 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,974 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,113 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 56,545 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,506 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,328 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,450 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,218 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 147,260 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,445 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 91,876 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,417 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 77,743 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 509,640 249,805 259,835
Less than 18 years 106,080 54,920 51,160
Less than 6 years 33,200 17,290 15,910
18 to 64 years 327,690 160,825 166,865
65 years and over 75,865 34,060 41,810
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 79,785 37,225 42,560
Less than 18 years 22,155 11,560 10,595
Less than 6 years 7,975 4,375 3,600
18 to 64 years 51,325 23,695 27,625
65 years and over 6,300 1,970 4,335
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.7 14.9 16.4
Less than 18 years (%) 20.9 21.0 20.7
Less than 6 years (%) 24.0 25.3 22.6
18 to 64 years (%) 15.7 14.7 16.6
65 years and over (%) 8.3 5.8 10.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Hamilton, C, Ontario (Code 3525005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Hamilton, C, Ontario

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Hamilton, C, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton, C
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 519,949 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 504,559 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 3.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 214,542 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 203,806 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 465.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 1,117.23 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 519,950 253,775 266,175
0 to 4 years 27,430 14,115 13,320
5 to 9 years 27,995 14,370 13,630
10 to 14 years 30,290 15,685 14,610
15 to 19 years 36,200 18,690 17,515
15 years 6,620 3,405 3,220
16 years 7,080 3,720 3,360
17 years 7,240 3,680 3,560
18 years 7,485 3,825 3,660
19 years 7,775 4,065 3,715
20 to 24 years 36,375 18,515 17,855
25 to 29 years 33,195 16,460 16,735
30 to 34 years 30,905 14,960 15,940
35 to 39 years 31,370 15,165 16,200
40 to 44 years 35,610 17,435 18,175
45 to 49 years 41,890 20,665 21,225
50 to 54 years 40,875 20,200 20,680
55 to 59 years 35,430 17,120 18,305
60 to 64 years 30,810 14,840 15,970
65 to 69 years 22,930 10,995 11,935
70 to 74 years 18,455 8,645 9,805
75 to 79 years 15,675 6,860 8,815
80 to 84 years 12,635 5,140 7,495
85 years and over 11,880 3,925 7,955
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.9 39.7 42.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.5 82.6 84.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 434,225 209,610 224,620
Married or living with a common-law partner 238,325 119,015 119,305
Married (and not separated) 205,725 102,750 102,975
Living common law 32,600 16,270 16,330
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 195,900 90,590 105,310
Single (never legally married) 125,895 68,010 57,885
Separated 14,380 6,150 8,225
Divorced 27,285 10,890 16,400
Widowed 28,350 5,540 22,800
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 144,125 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 68,165 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 32,295 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 30,130 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 13,525 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 144,125 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 116,905 ... ...
Married couples 100,630 ... ...
Without children at home 42,515 ... ...
With children at home 58,115 ... ...
1 child 21,105 ... ...
2 children 25,400 ... ...
3 or more children 11,615 ... ...
Common-law couples 16,270 ... ...
Without children at home 9,455 ... ...
With children at home 6,810 ... ...
1 child 3,365 ... ...
2 children 2,315 ... ...
3 or more children 1,135 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 27,215 ... ...
Female parent 21,925 ... ...
1 child 12,670 ... ...
2 children 6,440 ... ...
3 or more children 2,810 ... ...
Male parent 5,290 ... ...
1 child 3,520 ... ...
2 children 1,380 ... ...
3 or more children 385 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 165,200 ... ...
Under six years of age 32,620 ... ...
6 to 14 years 52,425 ... ...
15 to 17 years 19,755 ... ...
18 to 24 years 37,370 ... ...
25 years and over 23,030 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 509,640 249,220 260,415
Number of persons not in census families 83,415 38,785 44,630
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 11,270 4,535 6,740
Living with non-relatives only 15,215 8,590 6,625
Living alone 56,930 25,665 31,265
Number of census family persons 426,225 210,435 215,790
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 75,760 33,775 41,985
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 25,825 7,235 18,590
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,050 935 3,120
Living with non-relatives only 1,255 635 625
Living alone 20,525 5,675 14,845
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 49,930 26,530 23,395
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 203,810 ... ...
Census-family households 139,870 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 126,830 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 105,100 ... ...
Without children 46,845 ... ...
With children 58,260 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 21,730 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 13,035 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 8,945 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 5,905 ... ...
Without children 1,970 ... ...
With children 3,930 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,040 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 4,090 ... ...
Non-census-family households 63,935 ... ...
One-person households 56,930 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 7,010 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 203,805 ... ...
Single-detached house 118,105 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 33,145 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 370 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 52,185 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,330 ... ...
Row house 21,440 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,325 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 17,660 ... ...
Other single-attached house 440 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 203,805 ... ...
1 person 56,930 ... ...
2 persons 65,185 ... ...
3 persons 32,465 ... ...
4 persons 30,865 ... ...
5 persons 12,035 ... ...
6 or more persons 6,325 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 509,635 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 513,170 250,960 262,215
  Single responses  503,770 246,350 257,420
    English  378,590 186,285 192,300
    French  6,765 3,120 3,640
    Non-official languages  118,420 56,945 61,475
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 50 20 30
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  35 10 20
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 117,540 56,535 61,000
        African languages, n.i.e 220 90 125
        Afrikaans  125 60 65
        Akan (Twi)  205 105 105
        Albanian  1,140 590 545
        Amharic  215 110 105
        Arabic  6,295 3,345 2,950
        Armenian  270 130 145
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 160 65 95
        Bengali  975 495 485
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  150 60 95
        Bosnian  880 435 440
        Bulgarian  125 65 65
        Burmese  45 20 25
        Cantonese  1,555 735 825
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,765 1,870 1,890
        Creoles  265 125 135
        Croatian  4,990 2,425 2,565
        Czech  1,300 610 690
        Danish  165 75 85
        Dutch  2,985 1,380 1,610
        Estonian  175 70 105
        Finnish  80 35 45
        Flemish  70 30 40
        Fukien  10 0 5
        German  4,455 1,955 2,495
        Greek  1,595 830 765
        Gujarati  965 505 465
        Hakka  10 5 5
        Hebrew  130 65 70
        Hindi  830 425 405
        Hungarian  2,960 1,350 1,610
        Ilocano  195 70 125
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 115 65 55
        Italian  16,765 8,145 8,615
        Japanese  270 85 180
        Khmer (Cambodian)  920 445 470
        Korean  1,440 675 765
        Kurdish  990 510 480
        Lao  355 180 180
        Latvian  345 135 205
        Lingala  30 15 15
        Lithuanian  510 200 310
        Macedonian  500 245 250
        Malay  105 40 65
        Malayalam  440 230 210
        Maltese  130 60 70
        Mandarin  1,650 795 860
        Marathi  70 35 35
        Nepali  40 15 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 120 65 55
        Norwegian  25 10 15
        Oromo  50 25 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,965 2,020 1,945
        Pashto  155 95 60
        Persian (Farsi)  2,160 1,100 1,065
        Polish  7,655 3,475 4,180
        Portuguese  7,330 3,655 3,675
        Romanian  1,705 820 885
        Rundi (Kirundi)  50 20 30
        Russian  1,385 625 760
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  50 20 35
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 1,680 830 850
        Serbian  5,530 2,795 2,735
        Serbo-Croatian  410 195 215
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 75 35 40
        Sindhi  75 35 40
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  190 90 100
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 255 135 120
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 160 85 80
        Slovak  525 225 295
        Slovenian  615 290 325
        Somali  765 345 420
        Spanish  7,310 3,485 3,825
        Swahili  260 110 150
        Swedish  65 30 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  3,640 1,420 2,225
        Taiwanese  55 25 25
        Tamil  310 160 150
        Telugu  75 40 30
        Thai  125 60 60
        Tibetan languages  0 5 0
        Tigrigna  110 45 60
        Turkish  560 290 270
        Ukrainian  2,020 850 1,165
        Urdu  3,080 1,545 1,530
        Vietnamese  2,965 1,445 1,520
        Yiddish  70 35 30
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 830 385 440
  Multiple responses          9,400 4,605 4,790
    English and French  1,055 490 565
    English and non-official language  7,545 3,725 3,820
    French and non-official language  625 310 315
    English, French and non-official language 175 85 95
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 513,170 250,960 262,215
  English only 475,350 234,900 240,455
  French only 360 170 195
  English and French 28,495 12,350 16,145
  Neither English nor French 8,960 3,540 5,425
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 513,170 250,955 262,215
  English 495,855 243,505 252,355
  French 6,655 3,095 3,560
  English and French 1,930 935 995
  Neither English nor French 8,725 3,420 5,305
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 7,620 3,565 4,060
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.5 1.4 1.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 513,170 250,960 262,215
  Single responses 494,100 241,670 252,425
    English 431,670 211,815 219,850
    French 2,245 1,005 1,240
    Non-official languages 60,180 28,845 31,335
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 5 0
        Ojibway 5 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 59,810 28,655 31,155
        African languages, n.i.e. 230 110 120
        Afrikaans 80 40 40
        Akan (Twi) 75 35 40
        Albanian 810 410 400
        Amharic 105 50 55
        Arabic 3,970 2,015 1,960
        Armenian 90 40 55
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25
        Bengali 695 345 345
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 60 25 35
        Bosnian 565 290 275
        Bulgarian 55 30 25
        Burmese 25 15 15
        Cantonese 1,045 490 555
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,510 1,880 1,635
        Creoles 115 55 60
        Croatian 2,220 1,050 1,170
        Czech 855 410 445
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 165 80 90
        Estonian 40 10 30
        Finnish 5 5 0
        Flemish 5 5 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 570 255 315
        Greek 630 295 340
        Gujarati 580 300 280
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 60 30 30
        Hindi 385 205 180
        Hungarian 1,220 560 655
        Ilocano 90 30 55
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Italian 6,090 2,620 3,475
        Japanese 65 20 45
        Khmer (Cambodian) 550 265 285
        Korean 1,030 500 535
        Kurdish 725 365 360
        Lao 190 95 95
        Latvian 135 55 80
        Lingala 10 0 5
        Lithuanian 155 55 95
        Macedonian 195 100 95
        Malay 95 50 45
        Malayalam 215 105 115
        Maltese 20 15 10
        Mandarin 1,275 625 645
        Marathi 25 15 10
        Nepali 25 10 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 30 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,705 1,345 1,360
        Pashto 95 55 35
        Persian (Farsi) 1,425 675 745
        Polish 3,365 1,555 1,805
        Portuguese 3,410 1,645 1,765
        Romanian 880 435 445
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15
        Russian 825 385 445
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,245 595 655
        Serbian 3,305 1,620 1,685
        Serbo-Croatian 205 95 110
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 130 75 50
        Sindhi 25 10 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 45 50
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 225 125 105
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Slovak 200 95 110
        Slovenian 205 95 110
        Somali 535 230 305
        Spanish 4,340 2,085 2,255
        Swahili 135 55 80
        Swedish 10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,655 720 940
        Taiwanese 35 20 15
        Tamil 200 95 100
        Telugu 45 20 20
        Thai 80 50 25
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 50 20 30
        Turkish 320 170 155
        Ukrainian 585 240 345
        Urdu 2,020 990 1,035
        Vietnamese 2,185 1,060 1,130
        Yiddish 5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 365 190 170
  Multiple responses         19,075 9,285 9,785
    English and French 635 320 315
    English and non-official language 17,830 8,675 9,155
    French and non-official language 295 145 150
    English, French and non-official language 315 140 170
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 513,170 250,955 262,215
  None 445,625 218,545 227,075
  Single responses  66,215 31,770 34,450
    English  24,595 12,070 12,525
    French  4,380 1,910 2,465
    Non-official languages  37,240 17,785 19,460
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 45 20 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  35 10 20
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 36,695 17,555 19,140
        African languages, n.i.e 90 45 50
        Afrikaans  50 25 20
        Akan (Twi)  95 50 45
        Albanian  185 95 90
        Amharic  80 45 35
        Arabic  1,925 1,040 880
        Armenian  80 35 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 90 40 50
        Bengali  215 120 95
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  35 20 20
        Bosnian  190 90 100
        Bulgarian  45 20 25
        Burmese  10 10 5
        Cantonese  440 210 230
        Chinese, n.o.s.  690 330 360
        Creoles  195 95 95
        Croatian  1,815 855 955
        Czech  240 110 130
        Danish  35 15 25
        Dutch  960 405 550
        Estonian  55 30 30
        Finnish  25 5 15
        Flemish  20 10 15
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  1,575 695 880
        Greek  820 425 395
        Gujarati  320 165 150
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  100 45 50
        Hindi  505 250 260
        Hungarian  820 375 440
        Ilocano  50 15 35
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 90 50 45
        Italian  6,145 3,000 3,145
        Japanese  155 70 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  220 105 115
        Korean  295 150 145
        Kurdish  200 115 90
        Lao  105 55 55
        Latvian  95 35 60
        Lingala  55 25 35
        Lithuanian  155 60 100
        Macedonian  175 80 90
        Malay  65 30 35
        Malayalam  175 90 90
        Maltese  60 30 35
        Mandarin  350 155 195
        Marathi  20 5 15
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 90 35 50
        Norwegian  15 5 5
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  955 500 450
        Pashto  40 25 20
        Persian (Farsi)  450 255 195
        Polish  2,300 1,025 1,275
        Portuguese  2,845 1,410 1,440
        Romanian  545 260 290
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 15 10
        Russian  380 175 205
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 15 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 290 140 150
        Serbian  1,580 820 760
        Serbo-Croatian  115 55 60
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 60 15 45
        Sindhi  25 15 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  75 40 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Slovak  130 50 80
        Slovenian  160 75 85
        Somali  160 75 90
        Spanish  2,545 1,200 1,340
        Swahili  155 70 85
        Swedish  30 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,130 405 720
        Taiwanese  15 5 5
        Tamil  90 45 45
        Telugu  15 5 10
        Thai  40 20 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  55 20 30
        Turkish  160 80 80
        Ukrainian  590 245 340
        Urdu  710 355 360
        Vietnamese  670 320 350
        Yiddish  10 0 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 500 210 295
  Multiple responses          1,335 645 685
    English and French  130 65 65
    English and non-official language  410 210 200
    French and non-official language  785 365 420
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Hamilton, C, Ontario (Code 3525005) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map