NHS Profile, Cambridge, CY, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Cambridge, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cambridge, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 125,060 61,625 63,430
Canadian citizens 121,120 59,915 61,200
Canadian citizens aged under 18 29,245 14,800 14,445
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 91,875 45,115 46,755
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,940 1,705 2,230
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 125,055 61,625 63,430
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 99,490 49,225 50,270
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 25,295 12,295 12,995
Before 1971 7,000 3,325 3,665
1971 to 1980 5,325 2,600 2,720
1981 to 1990 3,755 1,885 1,870
1991 to 2000 4,000 1,965 2,040
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 5,215 2,515 2,700
2001 to 2005 3,075 1,565 1,515
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,135 950 1,185
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 270 105 165
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 25,295 12,300 13,000
Under 5 years 3,170 1,710 1,465
5 to 14 years 5,045 2,630 2,415
15 to 24 years 6,180 2,690 3,490
25 to 44 years 9,245 4,520 4,725
45 years and over 1,655 755 900
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 125,055 61,625 63,430
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 99,495 49,225 50,270
Born in province of residence 86,730 43,080 43,650
Born outside province of residence 12,760 6,140 6,615
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 25,295 12,295 13,000
Americas 3,610 1,620 1,990
United States 835 355 475
Jamaica 375 165 205
Guyana 655 310 345
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 140 55 85
Trinidad and Tobago 250 70 175
Colombia 150 70 80
El Salvador 455 260 190
Peru 30 20 0
Chile 40 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 690 300 385
Europe 14,140 6,945 7,195
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 4,570 2,245 2,320
Italy 350 185 165
Germany 605 295 310
Poland 730 370 365
Portugal 5,100 2,455 2,640
Netherlands 535 300 240
France 85 65 15
Romania 325 160 165
Russian Federation 180 90 85
Greece 105 55 55
Ukraine 55 35 20
Croatia 220 110 110
Hungary 190 90 95
Bosnia and Herzegovina 80 45 40
Serbia 205 85 125
Ireland, Republic of 175 65 115
Other places of birth in Europe 630 305 325
Africa 550 305 250
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 90 65 25
South Africa, Republic of 110 50 60
Nigeria 10 0 0
Ethiopia 20 0 0
Kenya 50 20 30
Other places of birth in Africa 265 150 110
Asia 6,925 3,395 3,535
India 2,290 1,190 1,100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 480 205 275
Philippines 625 245 385
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 145 85 60
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 640 330 310
Pakistan 1,210 640 570
Sri Lanka 150 75 80
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 40 25 20
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 130 70 60
Lebanon 90 45 45
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 200 80 120
Bangladesh 30 15 10
Afghanistan 25 10 15
Japan 30 0 25
Turkey 30 20 10
Other places of birth in Asia 795 345 450
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 60 30 35
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 65 30 30
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 270 105 165
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,140 950 1,185
Americas 360 135 230
United States 135 50 90
Mexico 15 0 15
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 30 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0
Guyana 55 20 35
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 60 25 30
Europe 425 230 195
France 0 0 0
Germany 30 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 45 25 20
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 25 0 30
Ukraine 15 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 155 110 50
Other places of birth in Europe 140 75 65
Africa 65 40 25
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 20 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 25 0 15
Asia 1,280 550 730
Philippines 135 25 110
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 70 15 60
India 360 185 175
Pakistan 290 155 135
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 170 65 105
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 55 20 35
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 95 45 50
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 10 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 125,060 61,625 63,430
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 25,810 12,545 13,265
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 26,495 13,450 13,045
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 72,750 35,630 37,115
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 125,055 61,625 63,430
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 15,775 7,800 7,975
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 6,520 3,320 3,200
Chinese 1,135 520 615
Black 2,320 1,170 1,155
Filipino 830 345 490
Latin American 1,265 655 610
Arab 700 365 335
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,300 660 640
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 390 180 205
Korean 175 115 60
Japanese 245 85 160
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 500 200 300
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 385 180 205
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 109,280 53,825 55,460
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 125,060 61,625 63,430
North American Aboriginal origins 4,060 1,800 2,260
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,865 1,260 1,605
Inuit 200 100 100
Métis 1,060 485 575
Other North American origins 37,505 18,225 19,280
Acadian 190 135 60
American 1,705 880 825
Canadian 35,855 17,280 18,570
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 290 180 105
Nova Scotian 30 0 20
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 70 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 93,340 46,085 47,255
British Isles origins 61,015 29,795 31,220
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 15 0 0
English 35,845 17,450 18,395
Irish 23,555 11,000 12,560
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 24,715 12,335 12,380
Welsh 2,130 1,000 1,135
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,980 1,840 2,140
French origins 12,575 5,990 6,585
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 12,565 5,980 6,585
Western European origins (except French origins) 23,250 11,570 11,680
Austrian 695 250 445
Belgian 415 175 240
Dutch 6,075 3,165 2,910
Flemish 75 40 30
Frisian 35 0 0
German 17,190 8,550 8,640
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 545 285 260
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,010 965 1,045
Danish 490 245 245
Finnish 360 235 125
Icelandic 270 150 120
Norwegian 475 200 275
Swedish 440 110 330
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 55 45 0
Eastern European origins 10,530 5,290 5,245
Bulgarian 70 55 10
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 540 270 270
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 105 45 65
Estonian 75 15 60
Hungarian 1,665 820 845
Latvian 170 70 100
Lithuanian 110 65 45
Moldovan 15 0 0
Polish 4,375 2,185 2,190
Romanian 920 535 385
Russian 1,070 545 530
Slovak 365 205 160
Ukrainian 2,405 1,170 1,235
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 35 0 0
Southern European origins 19,810 9,780 10,030
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 55 30 25
Croatian 765 365 400
Cypriot 30 20 0
Greek 590 330 265
Italian 4,805 2,450 2,360
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 125 80 45
Maltese 450 185 270
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 11,950 5,900 6,045
Serbian 325 145 175
Sicilian 20 25 0
Slovenian 165 95 65
Spanish 1,085 495 595
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 210 105 100
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 440 240 195
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 305 140 165
Roma (Gypsy) 80 45 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 40 40 0
Caribbean origins 1,885 890 995
Antiguan 30 0 15
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 180 90 90
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 75 35 40
Dominican 45 30 20
Grenadian 75 65 15
Haitian 15 0 0
Jamaican 910 450 460
Kittitian/Nevisian 40 20 20
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 20 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 310 75 235
Vincentian/Grenadinian 25 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 265 110 150
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 145 65 75
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,280 1,175 1,105
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 35 25 0
Argentinian 45 25 20
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 215 130 80
Chilean 40 15 25
Colombian 210 110 100
Costa Rican 15 0 0
Ecuadorian 45 0 30
Guatemalan 170 120 50
Guyanese 500 220 285
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 30 25 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 270 90 175
Nicaraguan 50 30 25
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 120 75 40
Salvadorean 535 320 215
Uruguayan 15 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 1,320 680 640
Central and West African origins 95 65 35
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 35 20 15
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 15 0 10
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 235 125 115
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 160 100 60
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 65 0 55
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 315 155 160
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 35 0 0
Ethiopian 55 30 30
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 30 15 15
South African 160 75 90
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 50 30 20
Other African origins 670 330 340
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 65 0 50
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 615 320 290
Asian origins 12,665 6,195 6,470
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,755 850 905
Afghan 170 90 80
Arab, n.o.s. 135 70 65
Armenian 460 225 235
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 125 50 75
Iraqi 145 75 80
Israeli 35 0 0
Jordanian 50 20 30
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 40 20 20
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 185 105 80
Palestinian 200 75 120
Pashtun 120 70 55
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 40 15 25
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 100 65 45
Uighur 50 20 35
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 75 20 50
South Asian origins 6,825 3,420 3,405
Bangladeshi 35 15 20
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 4,935 2,425 2,510
Goan 35 30 0
Gujarati 25 15 15
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 1,165 640 525
Punjabi 450 210 245
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 165 85 80
Tamil 95 40 55
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 410 215 195
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,220 1,990 2,235
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 25 0 20
Chinese 1,555 695 860
Filipino 985 420 560
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 40 15 20
Japanese 375 155 215
Korean 190 120 75
Laotian 425 215 210
Malaysian 30 30 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 65 25 40
Tibetan 15 0 0
Vietnamese 920 460 460
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 55 30 25
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 55 30 30
Oceania origins 115 50 70
Australian 70 15 55
New Zealander 25 20 0
Pacific Islands origins 20 15 0
Fijian 10 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 125,055 61,625 63,430
Buddhist 1,050 535 520
Christian 86,170 40,800 45,370
Anglican 8,860 4,070 4,785
Baptist 4,310 2,045 2,270
Catholic 42,600 20,480 22,115
Christian Orthodox 1,110 580 530
Lutheran 2,380 1,115 1,265
Pentecostal 2,020 895 1,130
Presbyterian 5,800 2,665 3,140
United Church 7,340 3,405 3,935
Other Christian 11,750 5,550 6,205
Hindu 1,850 895 950
Jewish 145 75 70
Muslim 3,760 2,010 1,745
Sikh 1,430 670 765
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 10 0 0
Other religions 280 155 130
No religious affiliation 30,355 16,480 13,870
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 125,055 61,625 63,430
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 2,470 1,240 1,230
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,510 725 780
Métis single identity 715 360 350
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 185 120 65
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 50 25 25
Non-Aboriginal identity 122,585 60,385 62,195
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 125,055 61,625 63,430
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 450 180 265
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 124,610 61,440 63,165
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 125,055 61,625 63,430
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,060 1,795 2,265
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,865 1,260 1,605
Métis ancestry 1,065 490 575
Inuit ancestry 205 100 100
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 120,995 59,825 61,165
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 25,115 12,085 13,030
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,110 12,085 13,025
Italian 720 355 370
Portuguese 7,360 3,500 3,860
Romanian 290 150 140
Spanish 1,960 1,000 965
Dutch 640 310 335
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,545 790 755
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 30 15 0
Swedish 95 15 75
Afrikaans 70 45 25
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 55 35 25
Bulgarian 50 40 15
Croatian 420 205 220
Czech 115 50 65
Macedonian 65 35 35
Polish 1,115 495 610
Russian 400 225 180
Serbian 225 90 130
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0
Slovak 60 25 30
Slovenian 25 0 20
Ukrainian 190 80 110
Latvian 35 0 25
Lithuanian 20 0 0
Greek 205 95 115
Armenian 235 135 100
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 15 0
Hungarian 435 230 210
Turkish 55 35 20
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 15 10 0
Amharic 25 0 0
Arabic 735 330 410
Hebrew 30 15 15
Maltese 35 0 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 45 25 20
Gujarati 1,395 725 675
Hindi 1,305 660 645
Konkani 15 0 0
Marathi 75 30 50
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,930 920 1,015
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 25
Urdu 1,555 835 720
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 555 300 255
Persian (Farsi) 135 65 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 20 0 0
Malayalam 70 30 35
Tamil 260 150 105
Telugu 30 10 25
Japanese 120 60 65
Korean 155 100 55
Cantonese 445 240 205
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 235 85 150
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 375 165 215
Lao 325 150 180
Thai 15 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 725 355 370
Bisayan languages 30 0 20
Ilocano 25 15 10
Malay 30 0 20
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 640 225 415
Akan (Twi) 15 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 0 25
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 15 0 10
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 275 100 175
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 123,715 60,930 62,785
Non-movers 108,585 53,580 55,005
Movers 15,130 7,355 7,780
Non-migrants 9,100 4,365 4,740
Migrants 6,035 2,990 3,040
Internal migrants 5,500 2,780 2,720
Intraprovincial migrants 4,855 2,515 2,340
Interprovincial migrants 645 270 380
External migrants 535 215 325
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 117,100 57,600 59,505
Non-movers 73,200 36,065 37,135
Movers 43,905 21,535 22,370
Non-migrants 26,270 12,935 13,335
Migrants 17,635 8,595 9,035
Internal migrants 15,600 7,670 7,930
Intraprovincial migrants 13,915 6,880 7,035
Interprovincial migrants 1,685 785 900
External migrants 2,035 930 1,105
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 100,645 49,260 51,385
No certificate, diploma or degree 23,290 11,230 12,055
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 30,810 14,965 15,850
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 46,545 23,060 23,485
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,075 6,385 2,690
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 21,235 9,045 12,190
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,665 1,300 1,365
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,570 6,330 7,240
Bachelor's degree 8,850 4,055 4,795
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,720 2,275 2,445
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 69,495 34,300 35,195
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,630 5,425 5,205
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,435 10,135 10,300
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 38,425 18,740 19,685
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,015 4,905 2,110
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 17,655 7,505 10,150
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,110 1,005 1,100
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 11,645 5,330 6,325
Bachelor's degree 7,525 3,420 4,100
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,125 1,905 2,220
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 100,645 49,260 51,390
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 54,100 26,195 27,900
Education 2,765 680 2,085
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,495 610 890
Humanities 2,285 875 1,410
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,475 1,260 3,215
Business, management and public administration 9,795 3,595 6,195
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,415 725 695
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,745 940 805
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 12,025 11,075 945
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 870 585 280
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,155 725 5,435
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,495 1,990 1,505
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 100,645 49,255 51,390
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 54,100 26,195 27,900
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 46,545 23,060 23,485
Location of study inside Canada 40,440 19,810 20,635
Same as province or territory of residence 37,580 18,405 19,170
Another province or territory 2,865 1,405 1,455
Location of study outside Canada 6,105 3,250 2,855
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 73,290 38,120 35,170
Single responses 72,925 37,955 34,965
English 72,260 37,615 34,650
French 170 50 120
Non-official languages 490 285 205
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 65 50 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 40 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 25 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 190 130 55
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 110 65 45
Multiple responses 370 165 205
English and French 110 20 85
English and non-official language 250 145 110
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 73,290 38,120 35,170
English 72,265 37,620 34,645
French 170 50 115
Non-official language 495 285 205
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 495 290 205
English and French 105 20 85
English and non-official language 250 145 105
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 100,645 49,255 51,390
In the labour force 70,050 36,640 33,410
Employed 64,215 33,655 30,560
Unemployed 5,835 2,990 2,850
Not in the labour force 30,595 12,620 17,980
Participation rate 69.6 74.4 65.0
Employment rate 63.8 68.3 59.5
Unemployment rate 8.3 8.2 8.5
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 70,050 36,640 33,410
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,715 855 860
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 68,335 35,780 32,550
Employee 63,580 32,805 30,775
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,750 2,975 1,780
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 70,050 36,640 33,410
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,715 860 860
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 68,335 35,780 32,555
0 Management occupations 7,285 4,480 2,805
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,530 3,030 7,505
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,155 3,215 940
3 Health occupations 3,015 380 2,635
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,215 1,715 4,500
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,325 590 735
6 Sales and service occupations 16,005 6,205 9,805
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 11,760 10,980 780
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 975 705 270
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 7,065 4,480 2,585
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 70,050 36,635 33,410
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,715 855 855
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 68,335 35,780 32,555
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 430 230 200
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 130 115 15
22 Utilities 280 235 45
23 Construction 4,465 3,760 705
31-33 Manufacturing 15,180 10,450 4,725
41 Wholesale trade 4,360 2,840 1,520
44-45 Retail trade 8,450 3,775 4,675
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,610 2,760 850
51 Information and cultural industries 935 490 445
52 Finance and insurance 2,285 730 1,555
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,345 610 735
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,230 1,575 1,655
55 Management of companies and enterprises 30 25 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,190 1,505 1,680
61 Educational services 3,640 915 2,730
62 Health care and social assistance 6,100 695 5,405
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,195 630 560
72 Accommodation and food services 4,055 1,620 2,435
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,685 1,265 1,420
91 Public administration 2,740 1,545 1,195
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 70,050 36,640 33,415
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,700 1,805 1,895
Worked in 2010 66,350 34,835 31,520
1 to 13 weeks 3,050 1,335 1,715
14 to 26 weeks 5,230 2,695 2,535
27 to 39 weeks 3,775 2,020 1,755
40 to 48 weeks 8,885 4,640 4,250
49 to 52 weeks 45,410 24,145 21,265
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.5 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 70,050 36,635 33,415
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,700 1,805 1,895
Worked in 2010 66,355 34,830 31,515
Worked full-time in 2010 53,935 30,670 23,265
Worked part-time in 2010 12,415 4,165 8,250
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 64,215 33,655 30,560
Worked at home 3,005 1,450 1,560
Worked outside Canada 165 135 35
No fixed workplace address 6,325 4,725 1,595
Worked at usual place 54,710 27,345 27,370
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 61,040 32,070 28,965
Car, truck or van - as a driver 51,105 27,405 23,700
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 4,335 2,110 2,225
Public transit 2,730 1,115 1,615
Walked 1,945 890 1,050
Bicycle 385 270 120
Other methods 535 280 260
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 61,040 32,070 28,970
Median commuting duration 20.2 20.5 15.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 61,040 32,070 28,970
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 18,915 13,455 5,455
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 28,110 11,680 16,430
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 14,015 6,935 7,085
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 46,460 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 43,675 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,790 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 46,460 ... ...
1960 or before 11,375 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,965 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,290 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,850 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,525 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,450 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 46,460 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 8,355 ... ...
5 rooms 6,410 ... ...
6 rooms 8,150 ... ...
7 rooms 7,655 ... ...
8 or more rooms 15,890 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 46,460 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,400 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,260 ... ...
3 bedrooms 22,580 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,220 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 46,460 ... ...
Owner 33,860 ... ...
Renter 12,600 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 46,460 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,315 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 43,150 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 46,460 ... ...
1 household maintainer 24,815 ... ...
2 household maintainers 20,670 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 975 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 46,460 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,250 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,990 ... ...
35 to 44 years 10,170 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,085 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,000 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,960 ... ...
75 years and over 4,000 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 46,460 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 45,915 ... ...
More than one person per room 545 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 46,460 ... ...
Suitable 44,005 ... ...
Not suitable 2,450 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 46,440 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 35,120 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 11,320 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 9,750 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 33,855 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 66.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,284 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,259 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 269,837 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 293,854 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 12,595 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 17.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 805 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 850 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 100,645 49,255 51,390
Without income 5,090 2,265 2,820
With income 95,560 46,995 48,565
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,690 4,120 4,565
$5,000 to $9,999 6,725 2,465 4,260
$10,000 to $14,999 8,180 3,000 5,180
$15,000 to $19,999 7,595 2,580 5,015
$20,000 to $29,999 14,280 5,700 8,580
$30,000 to $39,999 12,280 5,740 6,535
$40,000 to $49,999 11,215 5,645 5,575
$50,000 to $59,999 7,895 4,745 3,145
$60,000 to $79,999 9,225 6,050 3,170
$80,000 to $99,999 5,165 3,625 1,545
$100,000 and over 4,315 3,320 995
$100,000 to $124,999 2,060 1,520 535
$125,000 and over 2,255 1,800 460
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,804 39,748 25,662
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,360 47,141 31,832
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 100,650 49,255 51,390
Without after-tax income 5,100 2,260 2,835
With after-tax income 95,545 46,995 48,550
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,800 4,135 4,660
$5,000 to $9,999 6,840 2,520 4,315
$10,000 to $14,999 8,435 3,040 5,390
$15,000 to $19,999 8,270 2,875 5,400
$20,000 to $29,999 16,840 6,865 9,970
$30,000 to $39,999 15,115 7,405 7,710
$40,000 to $49,999 12,145 6,895 5,255
$50,000 to $59,999 7,255 4,735 2,520
$60,000 to $79,999 7,895 5,480 2,410
$80,000 to $99,999 2,035 1,540 495
$100,000 and over 1,925 1,500 425
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,990 35,843 24,055
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,525 39,282 27,953
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.5 89.9 81.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.7 81.3 72.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 74.6 77.5 70.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.1 3.8 2.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.6 2.5 2.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.7 4.9 4.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.2 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.5 10.1 18.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.5 3.1 4.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.6 1.8 3.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.9 1.5 2.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.8 0.1 4.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.7 3.6 3.9
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.8 16.7 12.2
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.2 83.3 87.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.5 0.5 0.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 39,375 22,165 17,210
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 48,001 55,166 41,382
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 55,144 62,076 46,215
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 35,335 ... ...
Median family income ($) 81,184 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,389 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,130 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 78,528 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,950 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,344 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,905 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,620 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,210 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 17,835 ... ...
Median family income ($) 101,683 ... ...
Average family income ($) 112,951 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 87,627 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 94,873 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,555 ... ...
Median family income ($) 43,910 ... ...
Average family income ($) 51,851 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,304 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 46,610 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,565 6,900 6,665
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,326 35,430 26,830
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,646 40,080 33,091
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,596 31,544 25,533
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,609 33,710 29,434
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 125,055 61,625 63,430
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 57,600 27,070 30,535
In bottom decile 10,330 4,880 5,455
In second decile 9,300 3,905 5,395
In third decile 11,080 5,000 6,080
In fourth decile 12,410 5,990 6,425
In fifth decile 14,470 7,295 7,175
In top half of the Canadian distribution 67,450 34,555 32,895
In sixth decile 13,790 7,105 6,685
In seventh decile 15,025 7,635 7,390
In eighth decile 13,665 6,805 6,860
In ninth decile 14,725 7,700 7,030
In top decile 10,245 5,310 4,940
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 46,460 ... ...
Under $5,000 895 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 650 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,535 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,765 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,975 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,960 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,220 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,755 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,945 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,390 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,405 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,685 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 46,460 ... ...
Under $5,000 910 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 665 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,295 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,610 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,255 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,520 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,435 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,250 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,375 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,935 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,220 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,760 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,460 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 46,460 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 68,373 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 80,958 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,574 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,947 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,965 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,244 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,558 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,975 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,918 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 36,490 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 81,178 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 92,264 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 71,150 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 78,513 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 125,055 61,625 63,430
Less than 18 years 29,710 15,025 14,685
Less than 6 years 9,620 4,855 4,765
18 to 64 years 81,150 40,280 40,870
65 years and over 14,195 6,320 7,875
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,045 6,850 8,195
Less than 18 years 5,005 2,360 2,650
Less than 6 years 1,750 760 985
18 to 64 years 9,115 4,230 4,885
65 years and over 925 260 665
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.0 11.1 12.9
Less than 18 years (%) 16.8 15.7 18.0
Less than 6 years (%) 18.2 15.7 20.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.2 10.5 12.0
65 years and over (%) 6.5 4.1 8.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Cambridge, CY, Ontario (Code 3530010) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Cambridge, CY, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Cambridge, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cambridge, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 126,748 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 120,371 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 5.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 47,818 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,460 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,121.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 113.00 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 126,750 62,245 64,500
0 to 4 years 7,960 4,100 3,860
5 to 9 years 8,160 4,165 3,995
10 to 14 years 8,250 4,155 4,100
15 to 19 years 8,855 4,530 4,325
15 years 1,805 940 870
16 years 1,830 915 915
17 years 1,765 870 890
18 years 1,745 910 830
19 years 1,715 895 815
20 to 24 years 8,170 4,070 4,100
25 to 29 years 8,040 3,975 4,070
30 to 34 years 8,345 4,030 4,315
35 to 39 years 9,265 4,545 4,725
40 to 44 years 9,575 4,740 4,830
45 to 49 years 10,675 5,375 5,295
50 to 54 years 9,330 4,615 4,715
55 to 59 years 7,955 3,955 4,000
60 to 64 years 6,725 3,280 3,445
65 to 69 years 4,775 2,210 2,570
70 to 74 years 3,600 1,745 1,855
75 to 79 years 2,880 1,295 1,585
80 to 84 years 2,080 795 1,285
85 years and over 2,105 665 1,440
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.0 37.3 38.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.8 80.1 81.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 102,380 49,830 52,555
Married or living with a common-law partner 60,830 30,375 30,455
Married (and not separated) 51,595 25,765 25,830
Living common law 9,240 4,610 4,625
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 41,550 19,455 22,095
Single (never legally married) 26,675 14,470 12,200
Separated 3,715 1,575 2,140
Divorced 5,685 2,325 3,360
Widowed 5,480 1,080 4,400
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 36,255 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 15,980 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,490 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,355 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,430 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 36,250 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 29,985 ... ...
Married couples 25,365 ... ...
Without children at home 9,915 ... ...
With children at home 15,450 ... ...
1 child 5,530 ... ...
2 children 7,000 ... ...
3 or more children 2,925 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,615 ... ...
Without children at home 2,405 ... ...
With children at home 2,210 ... ...
1 child 1,050 ... ...
2 children 800 ... ...
3 or more children 360 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,270 ... ...
Female parent 5,020 ... ...
1 child 2,855 ... ...
2 children 1,550 ... ...
3 or more children 610 ... ...
Male parent 1,255 ... ...
1 child 810 ... ...
2 children 360 ... ...
3 or more children 85 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 42,795 ... ...
Under six years of age 9,585 ... ...
6 to 14 years 14,640 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,245 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,785 ... ...
25 years and over 4,545 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 125,055 61,590 63,470
Number of persons not in census families 16,030 7,725 8,300
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,580 1,010 1,570
Living with non-relatives only 3,410 2,025 1,380
Living alone 10,040 4,685 5,350
Number of census family persons 109,030 53,860 55,170
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 14,265 6,365 7,905
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,675 1,220 3,450
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 935 190 745
Living with non-relatives only 215 115 105
Living alone 3,520 915 2,605
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,595 5,145 4,450
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 46,460 ... ...
Census-family households 34,975 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 31,370 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 26,610 ... ...
Without children 10,815 ... ...
With children 15,790 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,755 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 3,610 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,380 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,575 ... ...
Without children 530 ... ...
With children 1,050 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 805 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,230 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,480 ... ...
One-person households 10,040 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,440 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 46,460 ... ...
Single-detached house 27,515 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,270 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 16,660 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,790 ... ...
Row house 5,275 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,490 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 5,885 ... ...
Other single-attached house 215 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 46,460 ... ...
1 person 10,040 ... ...
2 persons 14,730 ... ...
3 persons 8,400 ... ...
4 persons 8,460 ... ...
5 persons 3,265 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,570 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 125,055 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.7 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,640 61,795 63,850
  Single responses  123,715 60,840 62,875
    English  100,075 49,410 50,665
    French  1,705 815 885
    Non-official languages  21,940 10,615 11,320
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 21,800 10,550 11,250
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  20 15 10
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  40 25 15
        Amharic  35 10 25
        Arabic  565 285 285
        Armenian  225 120 110
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Bengali  55 25 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 10 10
        Bosnian  30 15 15
        Bulgarian  30 15 10
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  255 125 130
        Chinese, n.o.s.  455 220 235
        Creoles  10 5 5
        Croatian  290 150 135
        Czech  155 70 80
        Danish  35 10 20
        Dutch  515 230 285
        Estonian  30 15 15
        Finnish  50 20 30
        Flemish  10 0 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  1,015 470 545
        Greek  205 100 105
        Gujarati  980 500 475
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 10 5
        Hindi  210 105 105
        Hungarian  450 225 220
        Ilocano  25 10 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  805 430 370
        Japanese  85 35 50
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 10
        Korean  130 55 75
        Kurdish  25 15 10
        Lao  270 140 130
        Latvian  15 10 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  90 45 45
        Malay  30 10 15
        Malayalam  70 35 40
        Maltese  40 20 20
        Mandarin  215 95 115
        Marathi  25 15 10
        Nepali  5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,425 700 730
        Pashto  590 310 280
        Persian (Farsi)  175 90 80
        Polish  965 455 510
        Portuguese  6,175 2,920 3,255
        Romanian  310 155 155
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  165 70 95
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Serbian  140 65 75
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slovak  85 40 40
        Slovenian  30 20 15
        Somali  30 15 15
        Spanish  1,310 620 690
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  20 5 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  450 170 280
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  155 80 70
        Telugu  30 15 15
        Thai  45 25 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 0 5
        Turkish  55 30 25
        Ukrainian  185 85 105
        Urdu  1,025 525 500
        Vietnamese  705 345 365
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 130 65 70
  Multiple responses          1,930 950 975
    English and French  265 120 150
    English and non-official language  1,580 790 795
    French and non-official language  40 20 20
    English, French and non-official language 40 20 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,640 61,790 63,850
  English only 116,855 57,970 58,880
  French only 55 25 30
  English and French 6,705 2,980 3,720
  Neither English nor French 2,030 810 1,220
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,640 61,795 63,850
  English 121,695 60,055 61,640
  French 1,630 790 835
  English and French 335 150 175
  Neither English nor French 1,985 790 1,195
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,795 870 925
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.4 1.4 1.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,640 61,790 63,850
  Single responses 121,755 59,880 61,875
    English 110,780 54,595 56,185
    French 435 220 215
    Non-official languages 10,540 5,070 5,470
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,495 5,045 5,445
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 10 0 5
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 30 15 10
        Amharic 20 10 15
        Arabic 310 140 170
        Armenian 115 55 60
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Bengali 25 10 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 10 10 0
        Bosnian 10 10 5
        Bulgarian 15 5 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 155 70 85
        Chinese, n.o.s. 275 135 140
        Creoles 5 0 0
        Croatian 110 60 45
        Czech 45 25 20
        Danish 5 0 0
        Dutch 20 5 15
        Estonian 5 5 5
        Finnish 5 5 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 80 30 50
        Greek 75 40 35
        Gujarati 700 355 350
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 5
        Hindi 110 65 45
        Hungarian 130 70 65
        Ilocano 5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 235 110 125
        Japanese 55 25 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0
        Korean 90 40 50
        Kurdish 20 5 10
        Lao 135 75 65
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 5 5
        Macedonian 45 20 25
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 45 20 25
        Maltese 5 0 5
        Mandarin 155 70 80
        Marathi 20 10 10
        Nepali 5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 945 455 490
        Pashto 420 215 205
        Persian (Farsi) 95 45 50
        Polish 400 190 210
        Portuguese 2,825 1,310 1,515
        Romanian 150 70 80
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 100 45 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Serbian 80 35 40
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 20 10 15
        Slovenian 5 0 5
        Somali 20 10 10
        Spanish 670 315 350
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 155 70 85
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 85 40 45
        Telugu 10 5 5
        Thai 20 15 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 25 15 15
        Ukrainian 90 45 45
        Urdu 690 350 340
        Vietnamese 510 245 260
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 25 25
  Multiple responses         3,890 1,910 1,975
    English and French 170 75 95
    English and non-official language 3,640 1,800 1,840
    French and non-official language 20 10 10
    English, French and non-official language 55 25 30
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 125,640 61,790 63,850
  None 112,605 55,465 57,140
  Single responses  12,825 6,230 6,595
    English  4,210 2,135 2,075
    French  1,245 520 720
    Non-official languages  7,375 3,570 3,805
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,295 3,530 3,765
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  20 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  15 5 5
        Amharic  15 5 10
        Arabic  240 115 120
        Armenian  75 40 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  10 10 5
        Bulgarian  5 5 0
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  80 40 40
        Chinese, n.o.s.  115 60 55
        Creoles  10 5 5
        Croatian  120 60 60
        Czech  55 25 25
        Danish  15 5 10
        Dutch  150 70 80
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  20 15 10
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  400 180 225
        Greek  95 45 55
        Gujarati  185 100 85
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 0
        Hindi  140 70 65
        Hungarian  140 65 75
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  310 145 165
        Japanese  30 10 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  25 10 10
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  85 45 40
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  20 10 10
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  30 20 15
        Maltese  15 10 5
        Mandarin  50 20 30
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  315 165 155
        Pashto  90 50 35
        Persian (Farsi)  45 20 20
        Polish  300 155 150
        Portuguese  2,360 1,150 1,210
        Romanian  110 50 55
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  75 35 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Serbian  35 20 15
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 5
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  25 5 15
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  10 5 0
        Spanish  535 260 280
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  150 50 100
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  55 25 25
        Telugu  5 0 0
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 5
        Turkish  20 15 10
        Ukrainian  45 20 25
        Urdu  305 140 165
        Vietnamese  135 70 65
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 80 45 40
  Multiple responses          210 100 120
    English and French  15 5 10
    English and non-official language  75 35 40
    French and non-official language  120 55 70
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Cambridge, CY, Ontario (Code 3530010) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Cambridge, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Cambridge, CY, Ontario (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Cambridge, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

2011 Census