NHS Profile, Kitchener, CY, Ontario, 2011

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NHS data, Kitchener, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 215,950 106,820 109,135
Canadian citizens 202,990 100,530 102,455
Canadian citizens aged under 18 44,595 23,155 21,440
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 158,390 77,375 81,015
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 12,960 6,285 6,675
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 215,955 106,815 109,130
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 157,710 78,490 79,220
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 56,430 27,380 29,045
Before 1971 10,900 5,090 5,805
1971 to 1980 6,635 3,240 3,390
1981 to 1990 8,520 4,380 4,145
1991 to 2000 13,715 6,555 7,160
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 16,660 8,115 8,550
2001 to 2005 7,860 3,890 3,965
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,805 4,225 4,585
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,805 945 865
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 56,430 27,385 29,045
Under 5 years 6,130 3,015 3,110
5 to 14 years 11,160 5,880 5,280
15 to 24 years 13,245 5,850 7,395
25 to 44 years 22,165 10,965 11,195
45 years and over 3,730 1,665 2,070
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 215,950 106,820 109,130
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 157,715 78,490 79,220
Born in province of residence 142,225 71,015 71,210
Born outside province of residence 15,485 7,475 8,005
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 56,435 27,385 29,045
Americas 8,965 4,140 4,825
United States 1,745 740 1,005
Jamaica 810 360 445
Guyana 1,250 560 690
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 355 135 220
Trinidad and Tobago 345 165 180
Colombia 855 405 455
El Salvador 1,600 780 820
Peru 60 50 0
Chile 250 110 140
Other places of birth in Americas 1,685 835 850
Europe 27,380 13,205 14,175
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 4,125 1,980 2,145
Italy 495 265 230
Germany 2,775 1,195 1,580
Poland 2,780 1,340 1,435
Portugal 2,300 1,185 1,115
Netherlands 740 365 375
France 150 70 80
Romania 3,575 1,815 1,760
Russian Federation 330 140 190
Greece 370 180 190
Ukraine 495 200 295
Croatia 1,770 835 940
Hungary 395 200 195
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,650 1,250 1,395
Serbia 1,690 760 930
Ireland, Republic of 295 130 160
Other places of birth in Europe 2,455 1,295 1,155
Africa 3,830 1,935 1,895
Morocco 20 0 0
Algeria 60 45 20
Egypt 350 190 165
South Africa, Republic of 150 70 80
Nigeria 165 60 100
Ethiopia 605 275 330
Kenya 275 140 135
Other places of birth in Africa 2,205 1,145 1,060
Asia 16,145 8,045 8,105
India 2,635 1,300 1,330
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,675 805 870
Philippines 890 380 500
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 320 175 145
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,610 815 795
Pakistan 1,230 585 650
Sri Lanka 285 145 140
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 715 395 320
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 360 180 180
Lebanon 175 100 75
Taiwan 95 35 50
Iraq 1,015 530 485
Bangladesh 275 140 130
Afghanistan 915 395 525
Japan 70 20 50
Turkey 245 105 135
Other places of birth in Asia 3,640 1,925 1,715
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 110 60 50
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 105 55 50
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,810 940 865
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 8,805 4,225 4,585
Americas 1,380 640 740
United States 375 140 235
Mexico 135 70 65
Cuba 40 20 15
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 45 30 15
Brazil 65 30 35
Colombia 470 215 255
Guyana 35 0 20
Peru 30 25 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 40 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 145 70 75
Europe 1,655 815 840
France 0 0 0
Germany 25 15 0
Poland 140 45 95
Romania 520 260 260
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 25 0 0
Russian Federation 95 45 50
Ukraine 80 35 45
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 145 85 60
Other places of birth in Europe 615 305 305
Africa 1,410 700 705
Nigeria 125 55 70
Ethiopia 275 135 145
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 280 130 150
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 100 55 40
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 100 50 45
South Africa, Republic of 30 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 455 230 220
Asia 4,360 2,065 2,295
Philippines 170 50 120
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 610 280 330
India 630 285 345
Pakistan 270 110 160
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 280 135 145
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 120 65 55
Sri Lanka 35 0 0
Iraq 600 300 305
Bangladesh 165 80 80
Lebanon 25 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 110 30 80
Taiwan 35 0 20
Afghanistan 170 95 75
Japan 15 0 0
Turkey 50 25 25
Israel 35 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 35 0 25
Saudi Arabia 55 35 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 155 90 65
Other places of birth in Asia 770 390 385
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 215,950 106,820 109,135
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 58,645 28,525 30,115
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 43,360 21,905 21,450
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 113,950 56,385 57,565
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 215,950 106,820 109,135
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 39,720 19,720 20,000
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 8,960 4,275 4,685
Chinese 3,975 1,975 2,005
Black 6,635 3,455 3,175
Filipino 1,375 645 725
Latin American 5,735 2,775 2,960
Arab 2,520 1,375 1,140
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 5,005 2,520 2,485
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 2,550 1,225 1,325
Korean 560 245 315
Japanese 310 130 175
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 810 420 395
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,290 675 615
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 176,235 87,100 89,135
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 215,950 106,820 109,130
North American Aboriginal origins 6,415 3,065 3,350
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,085 2,490 2,600
Inuit 140 65 75
Métis 1,330 570 760
Other North American origins 52,095 25,795 26,305
Acadian 275 105 165
American 2,585 1,405 1,175
Canadian 49,575 24,505 25,065
New Brunswicker 20 0 0
Newfoundlander 585 295 290
Nova Scotian 75 30 50
Ontarian 45 0 40
Québécois 20 15 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 155,860 76,890 78,970
British Isles origins 84,975 41,180 43,790
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 46,510 22,500 24,010
Irish 37,000 17,230 19,775
Manx 30 20 0
Scottish 34,480 16,745 17,735
Welsh 3,525 1,730 1,795
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 5,755 2,860 2,900
French origins 19,905 9,435 10,470
Alsatian 195 85 115
Breton 0 0 0
French 19,750 9,355 10,390
Western European origins (except French origins) 58,655 29,005 29,655
Austrian 2,000 1,070 935
Belgian 800 385 415
Dutch 9,210 4,530 4,675
Flemish 110 55 45
Frisian 50 25 25
German 49,130 24,200 24,930
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 2,300 1,220 1,080
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 3,010 1,435 1,575
Danish 705 395 315
Finnish 645 275 375
Icelandic 80 40 45
Norwegian 715 325 390
Swedish 910 445 465
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 135 60 80
Eastern European origins 28,850 14,175 14,675
Bulgarian 125 45 80
Byelorussian 175 60 110
Czech 1,010 485 530
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 260 175 90
Estonian 175 75 100
Hungarian 3,265 1,535 1,735
Latvian 345 155 190
Lithuanian 350 190 155
Moldovan 50 20 25
Polish 11,865 5,885 5,985
Romanian 5,765 2,920 2,840
Russian 2,645 1,255 1,390
Slovak 825 465 360
Ukrainian 5,220 2,410 2,810
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 85 20 65
Southern European origins 26,395 13,075 13,325
Albanian 610 350 260
Bosnian 870 400 470
Croatian 2,785 1,245 1,535
Cypriot 295 150 145
Greek 1,980 965 1,015
Italian 5,985 2,935 3,050
Kosovar 250 140 105
Macedonian 185 75 110
Maltese 200 110 85
Montenegrin 50 25 30
Portuguese 6,115 3,120 2,990
Serbian 4,515 2,170 2,340
Sicilian 40 0 10
Slovenian 580 250 330
Spanish 2,705 1,505 1,195
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,550 755 795
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,345 705 640
Basque 15 0 0
Jewish 865 445 420
Roma (Gypsy) 25 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 60 30 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 380 210 170
Caribbean origins 3,340 1,680 1,660
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 140 75 60
Bermudan 35 25 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 190 85 105
Dominican 85 65 20
Grenadian 75 40 35
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 1,820 910 905
Kittitian/Nevisian 20 15 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 10 10 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 425 195 230
Vincentian/Grenadinian 50 15 30
West Indian, n.o.s. 515 285 230
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 120 50 70
Latin, Central and South American origins 7,005 3,580 3,415
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 190 95 95
Argentinian 65 40 20
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 205 100 105
Chilean 320 180 140
Colombian 1,060 520 535
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 50 30 25
Guatemalan 285 150 135
Guyanese 1,040 505 535
Hispanic 40 20 15
Honduran 80 40 40
Maya 85 40 40
Mexican 580 285 295
Nicaraguan 620 335 290
Panamanian 35 0 25
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 115 75 40
Salvadorean 2,315 1,200 1,120
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 70 45 25
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 220 120 95
African origins 5,375 2,850 2,530
Central and West African origins 560 265 295
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 120 70 50
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 155 65 90
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 30 15 15
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 210 95 115
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 75 30 45
North African origins 1,420 880 540
Algerian 15 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 560 315 245
Libyan 50 30 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 35 15 20
Sudanese 760 490 270
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,465 1,260 1,205
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 440 255 190
Ethiopian 720 380 340
Harari 60 0 60
Kenyan 85 65 30
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 20 0 0
Rwandan 15 0 10
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 690 345 345
South African 125 65 65
Tanzanian 40 15 20
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 70 35 35
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 90 40 50
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 115 65 50
Other African origins 1,105 560 550
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 105 50 55
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,005 510 495
Asian origins 28,320 13,920 14,400
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 7,030 3,540 3,495
Afghan 1,455 580 875
Arab, n.o.s. 690 420 270
Armenian 510 260 250
Assyrian 110 55 55
Azerbaijani 110 55 55
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 1,040 550 490
Iraqi 725 380 350
Israeli 65 20 40
Jordanian 195 110 80
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 500 250 255
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 520 230 295
Palestinian 545 305 240
Pashtun 55 20 35
Saudi Arabian 40 30 10
Syrian 525 285 240
Tajik 25 0 0
Tatar 25 0 15
Turk 640 325 320
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 50 35 0
Yemeni 65 45 20
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 200 110 90
South Asian origins 9,345 4,520 4,825
Bangladeshi 100 65 35
Bengali 185 110 75
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 7,325 3,490 3,835
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 90 60 25
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 1,305 635 665
Punjabi 325 165 160
Sinhalese 50 0 30
Sri Lankan 235 105 135
Tamil 85 40 45
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 285 150 135
East and Southeast Asian origins 12,365 6,100 6,260
Burmese 420 230 190
Cambodian (Khmer) 275 135 140
Chinese 5,295 2,605 2,685
Filipino 1,530 710 825
Hmong 515 240 280
Indonesian 185 90 90
Japanese 390 175 210
Korean 550 235 315
Laotian 1,530 830 705
Malaysian 50 15 35
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 65 15 50
Thai 220 95 130
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,565 1,305 1,260
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 70 30 40
Other Asian origins 80 55 25
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 75 50 30
Oceania origins 210 105 100
Australian 160 80 75
New Zealander 35 15 20
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 10 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 215,950 106,815 109,135
Buddhist 3,070 1,545 1,525
Christian 142,360 67,570 74,795
Anglican 8,465 3,820 4,645
Baptist 5,155 2,365 2,795
Catholic 61,970 29,695 32,275
Christian Orthodox 9,215 4,585 4,625
Lutheran 11,375 5,380 5,990
Pentecostal 5,050 2,360 2,685
Presbyterian 6,280 2,920 3,350
United Church 10,520 4,520 6,000
Other Christian 24,330 11,905 12,425
Hindu 2,580 1,315 1,265
Jewish 620 330 290
Muslim 10,590 5,175 5,415
Sikh 1,360 680 680
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 85 40 45
Other religions 1,160 540 625
No religious affiliation 54,125 29,630 24,490
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 215,950 106,815 109,130
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,155 1,565 1,590
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,985 1,015 970
Métis single identity 1,010 475 530
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 30 15 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 50 25 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 80 30 45
Non-Aboriginal identity 212,795 105,250 107,545
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 215,950 106,815 109,135
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 905 445 460
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 215,050 106,375 108,675
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 215,950 106,820 109,130
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 6,415 3,065 3,350
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,090 2,495 2,595
Métis ancestry 1,335 570 760
Inuit ancestry 140 70 70
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 209,535 103,750 105,785
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 63,805 31,290 32,515
Aboriginal languages 50 15 30
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 0 20
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 15 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 63,775 31,280 32,485
Italian 1,135 620 515
Portuguese 3,840 1,935 1,900
Romanian 4,505 2,220 2,285
Spanish 7,170 3,445 3,730
Dutch 970 425 545
Flemish 35 0 25
German 6,930 3,205 3,725
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 120 55 60
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 75 35 45
Afrikaans 55 30 25
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 420 185 235
Bulgarian 45 15 30
Croatian 2,290 1,105 1,190
Czech 370 175 195
Macedonian 45 20 25
Polish 3,735 1,810 1,925
Russian 1,285 605 680
Serbian 4,605 2,270 2,335
Serbo-Croatian 390 195 195
Slovak 395 200 195
Slovenian 145 50 90
Ukrainian 635 275 355
Latvian 60 35 25
Lithuanian 35 25 0
Greek 1,285 625 660
Armenian 205 125 85
Albanian 815 465 350
Estonian 35 15 20
Finnish 100 25 75
Hungarian 835 445 395
Turkish 505 245 260
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 60 40 20
Somali 620 310 305
Amharic 480 210 270
Arabic 3,630 2,010 1,620
Hebrew 100 30 70
Maltese 35 20 0
Tigrigna 310 165 145
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 365 160 200
Bengali 360 215 145
Gujarati 1,155 535 615
Hindi 1,690 860 830
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 40 0 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,940 980 960
Sindhi 245 105 145
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 100 85
Urdu 1,895 890 1,000
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 405 220 195
Pashto 165 105 60
Persian (Farsi) 2,150 975 1,175
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50
Kannada 20 20 0
Malayalam 145 70 75
Tamil 255 110 145
Telugu 135 85 50
Japanese 295 120 170
Korean 530 230 300
Cantonese 700 345 355
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,135 635 500
Taiwanese 15 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,945 965 980
Lao 1,080 620 460
Thai 175 85 95
Khmer (Cambodian) 235 120 115
Vietnamese 2,270 1,145 1,120
Bisayan languages 45 0 30
Ilocano 25 0 20
Malay 90 40 45
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 785 270 515
Akan (Twi) 110 45 70
Lingala 15 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 0 10
Swahili 215 130 85
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 160 60 100
African languages, n.i.e. 410 270 140
Creoles 145 90 55
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,650 835 810
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 213,215 105,495 107,720
Non-movers 183,275 90,515 92,755
Movers 29,940 14,980 14,960
Non-migrants 19,230 9,625 9,605
Migrants 10,710 5,355 5,355
Internal migrants 8,865 4,460 4,405
Intraprovincial migrants 7,945 3,990 3,955
Interprovincial migrants 925 470 455
External migrants 1,845 895 950
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 202,305 99,840 102,460
Non-movers 114,710 56,095 58,620
Movers 87,595 43,750 43,840
Non-migrants 53,310 26,830 26,485
Migrants 34,280 16,920 17,360
Internal migrants 25,920 12,950 12,970
Intraprovincial migrants 23,065 11,615 11,445
Interprovincial migrants 2,860 1,335 1,525
External migrants 8,360 3,970 4,390
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 177,270 86,800 90,470
No certificate, diploma or degree 35,620 17,370 18,255
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 50,455 24,550 25,910
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 91,195 44,885 46,305
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 13,465 8,990 4,470
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 37,530 16,595 20,940
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,395 2,555 2,840
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 34,800 16,745 18,060
Bachelor's degree 22,160 10,465 11,695
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 12,645 6,280 6,360
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 122,835 60,640 62,190
No certificate, diploma or degree 15,095 7,925 7,170
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 33,130 16,320 16,815
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 74,610 36,405 38,205
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,810 6,455 3,355
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 30,710 13,670 17,045
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,305 2,025 2,280
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 29,775 14,255 15,520
Bachelor's degree 18,580 8,820 9,765
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,195 5,440 5,760
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 177,270 86,800 90,470
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 86,075 41,920 44,160
Education 5,410 1,255 4,150
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,045 1,485 1,565
Humanities 5,975 2,375 3,605
Social and behavioural sciences and law 9,475 3,040 6,435
Business, management and public administration 18,545 7,150 11,395
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,465 1,650 1,815
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 4,650 3,185 1,465
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 21,960 19,835 2,125
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,295 670 625
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 11,680 1,780 9,900
Personal, protective and transportation services 5,565 2,435 3,130
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 120 15 105
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 177,270 86,800 90,470
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 86,080 41,920 44,165
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 91,190 44,880 46,305
Location of study inside Canada 74,450 36,055 38,400
Same as province or territory of residence 70,160 33,855 36,310
Another province or territory 4,290 2,200 2,090
Location of study outside Canada 16,740 8,830 7,915
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 130,155 67,350 62,800
Single responses 129,395 67,060 62,335
English 128,155 66,490 61,665
French 430 155 270
Non-official languages 810 410 400
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 60 80
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 0 30
Mandarin 50 0 40
Spanish 55 25 35
Korean 0 0 0
German 30 15 20
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 60 40 20
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 400 220 175
Multiple responses 760 290 460
English and French 230 45 185
English and non-official language 510 245 270
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 130,150 67,350 62,800
English 128,155 66,490 61,665
French 430 155 275
Non-official language 810 415 400
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 815 415 400
English and French 235 45 185
English and non-official language 515 245 265
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 177,270 86,800 90,470
In the labour force 123,580 64,330 59,250
Employed 114,800 59,800 54,995
Unemployed 8,785 4,530 4,255
Not in the labour force 53,685 22,475 31,215
Participation rate 69.7 74.1 65.5
Employment rate 64.8 68.9 60.8
Unemployment rate 7.1 7.0 7.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 123,580 64,325 59,250
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,825 1,335 1,495
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 120,755 62,990 57,760
Employee 111,375 57,190 54,190
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 9,375 5,800 3,575
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 123,580 64,325 59,250
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,825 1,335 1,490
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 120,755 62,995 57,760
0 Management occupations 11,455 6,800 4,655
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 19,220 5,840 13,380
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 10,320 8,150 2,165
3 Health occupations 6,370 1,025 5,345
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 12,405 3,725 8,675
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,845 1,290 1,555
6 Sales and service occupations 28,100 11,480 16,620
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 17,355 16,355 1,000
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,095 860 240
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 11,585 7,465 4,120
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 123,580 64,325 59,255
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,825 1,335 1,490
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 120,755 62,995 57,760
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 515 270 250
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 95 90 0
22 Utilities 455 335 120
23 Construction 7,675 6,995 680
31-33 Manufacturing 23,030 16,240 6,790
41 Wholesale trade 5,310 3,690 1,620
44-45 Retail trade 13,540 6,130 7,410
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 5,650 4,395 1,260
51 Information and cultural industries 2,860 1,350 1,515
52 Finance and insurance 7,660 2,385 5,275
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 2,115 985 1,135
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 7,515 4,220 3,295
55 Management of companies and enterprises 65 50 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 5,550 2,960 2,580
61 Educational services 9,255 3,205 6,055
62 Health care and social assistance 11,175 1,525 9,650
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,625 830 795
72 Accommodation and food services 7,505 3,010 4,500
81 Other services (except public administration) 4,465 2,100 2,370
91 Public administration 4,685 2,245 2,435
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 123,580 64,325 59,255
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 6,260 2,910 3,355
Worked in 2010 117,315 61,420 55,900
1 to 13 weeks 5,220 2,530 2,695
14 to 26 weeks 8,570 3,875 4,695
27 to 39 weeks 6,770 3,555 3,220
40 to 48 weeks 16,400 8,790 7,615
49 to 52 weeks 80,355 42,670 37,675
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.4 45.8 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 123,580 64,325 59,255
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 6,265 2,905 3,355
Worked in 2010 117,320 61,420 55,895
Worked full-time in 2010 94,400 53,615 40,785
Worked part-time in 2010 22,920 7,805 15,110
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 114,795 59,800 54,995
Worked at home 5,020 2,480 2,545
Worked outside Canada 470 305 165
No fixed workplace address 10,670 7,600 3,065
Worked at usual place 98,635 49,415 49,215
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 109,305 57,020 52,285
Car, truck or van - as a driver 88,360 47,275 41,085
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 7,155 3,000 4,155
Public transit 7,165 3,390 3,775
Walked 4,665 2,055 2,610
Bicycle 980 760 215
Other methods 980 540 440
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 109,305 57,020 52,285
Median commuting duration 15.9 20.1 15.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 109,305 57,020 52,285
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 26,955 18,515 8,445
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 57,545 25,930 31,610
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 24,810 12,575 12,235
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 86,375 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 81,595 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,785 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 86,370 ... ...
1960 or before 19,515 ... ...
1961 to 1980 29,165 ... ...
1981 to 1990 13,300 ... ...
1991 to 2000 9,350 ... ...
2001 to 2005 8,065 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 6,970 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 86,375 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 22,375 ... ...
5 rooms 12,505 ... ...
6 rooms 13,990 ... ...
7 rooms 12,555 ... ...
8 or more rooms 24,950 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 86,375 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 12,215 ... ...
2 bedrooms 20,060 ... ...
3 bedrooms 37,510 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 16,590 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 86,375 ... ...
Owner 56,125 ... ...
Renter 30,245 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 86,375 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 9,070 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 77,300 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 86,375 ... ...
1 household maintainer 49,525 ... ...
2 household maintainers 34,800 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 2,045 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 86,370 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,220 ... ...
25 to 34 years 15,565 ... ...
35 to 44 years 17,150 ... ...
45 to 54 years 19,610 ... ...
55 to 64 years 14,740 ... ...
65 to 74 years 8,810 ... ...
75 years and over 7,275 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 86,375 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 84,705 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,670 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 86,375 ... ...
Suitable 81,030 ... ...
Not suitable 5,345 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 86,300 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 63,950 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 22,345 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 18,845 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 56,120 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 65.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,250 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,241 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 274,740 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 299,641 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,250 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 13.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 832 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 854 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 177,265 86,800 90,470
Without income 8,545 3,895 4,645
With income 168,725 82,905 85,825
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 15,460 7,505 7,955
$5,000 to $9,999 11,395 3,945 7,445
$10,000 to $14,999 14,320 5,340 8,980
$15,000 to $19,999 14,720 5,490 9,230
$20,000 to $29,999 24,685 10,765 13,920
$30,000 to $39,999 22,650 10,595 12,050
$40,000 to $49,999 19,185 9,690 9,500
$50,000 to $59,999 13,820 8,070 5,750
$60,000 to $79,999 16,690 10,865 5,825
$80,000 to $99,999 8,660 5,480 3,180
$100,000 and over 7,145 5,155 1,990
$100,000 to $124,999 3,850 2,680 1,170
$125,000 and over 3,295 2,475 820
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,559 37,770 26,230
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,300 45,969 32,858
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 177,270 86,795 90,470
Without after-tax income 8,570 3,900 4,675
With after-tax income 168,700 82,900 85,800
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 15,615 7,535 8,085
$5,000 to $9,999 11,560 4,000 7,560
$10,000 to $14,999 14,660 5,465 9,200
$15,000 to $19,999 15,800 6,040 9,765
$20,000 to $29,999 29,680 13,045 16,640
$30,000 to $39,999 27,485 13,465 14,020
$40,000 to $49,999 20,630 11,400 9,235
$50,000 to $59,999 12,695 8,280 4,415
$60,000 to $79,999 13,865 8,875 4,990
$80,000 to $99,999 3,925 2,765 1,160
$100,000 and over 2,770 2,040 735
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,964 33,958 24,427
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,470 38,383 28,723
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.2 90.5 82.8
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.7 81.5 72.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 74.2 77.4 69.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.4 4.1 2.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.1 2.8 3.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.1 5.1 5.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.1 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.8 9.5 17.2
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.2 2.8 3.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.6 1.8 3.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.5 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.6 0.1 3.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.7 3.3 4.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.8 16.5 12.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.2 83.5 87.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.7 0.8 0.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 69,205 38,840 30,365
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 47,248 52,085 41,521
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,162 59,852 46,885
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 60,540 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,690 ... ...
Average family income ($) 90,106 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,369 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 76,621 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 21,205 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,842 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,015 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,817 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 71,083 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 27,985 ... ...
Median family income ($) 94,560 ... ...
Average family income ($) 106,213 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 82,012 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,774 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 9,370 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,236 ... ...
Average family income ($) 57,532 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 43,862 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 51,005 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 31,510 15,750 15,760
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,476 34,646 27,071
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,323 40,433 34,215
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,711 30,956 25,513
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,984 34,055 29,915
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 215,950 106,815 109,135
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 106,250 50,550 55,700
In bottom decile 18,855 9,185 9,670
In second decile 19,440 8,500 10,940
In third decile 21,980 10,120 11,860
In fourth decile 23,495 11,635 11,860
In fifth decile 22,475 11,115 11,365
In top half of the Canadian distribution 109,705 56,265 53,435
In sixth decile 23,305 11,670 11,635
In seventh decile 23,690 12,275 11,415
In eighth decile 23,625 12,160 11,465
In ninth decile 21,820 11,380 10,440
In top decile 17,265 8,785 8,480
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 86,370 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,940 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,300 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,790 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,455 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,425 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,835 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 7,990 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,760 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 13,255 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 10,635 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 9,180 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,470 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,345 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 86,370 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,960 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,300 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,850 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,600 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,410 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 9,360 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 9,815 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,845 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 15,210 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 10,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,665 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,460 ... ...
$125,000 and over 7,205 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 86,370 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 63,709 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 76,770 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 56,554 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,371 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 22,900 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,999 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 40,263 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 29,909 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 34,328 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 63,475 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,864 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 89,942 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,585 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 76,572 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 215,950 106,815 109,135
Less than 18 years 47,055 24,425 22,630
Less than 6 years 16,415 8,490 7,930
18 to 64 years 144,295 71,520 72,780
65 years and over 24,595 10,880 13,720
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 28,980 13,485 15,495
Less than 18 years 8,060 4,250 3,810
Less than 6 years 3,130 1,615 1,515
18 to 64 years 18,810 8,610 10,200
65 years and over 2,115 625 1,490
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.4 12.6 14.2
Less than 18 years (%) 17.1 17.4 16.8
Less than 6 years (%) 19.1 19.0 19.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.0 14.0
65 years and over (%) 8.6 5.7 10.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Kitchener, CY, Ontario (Code 3530013) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Kitchener, CY, Ontario

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Census data

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Census data, Kitchener, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 219,153 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 204,668 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 7.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 89,603 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 86,374 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,602.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 136.79 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 219,155 107,735 111,420
0 to 4 years 13,705 7,010 6,700
5 to 9 years 12,320 6,270 6,055
10 to 14 years 12,620 6,485 6,135
15 to 19 years 14,025 7,205 6,820
15 years 2,735 1,380 1,345
16 years 2,765 1,465 1,295
17 years 2,750 1,420 1,335
18 years 2,780 1,430 1,350
19 years 2,995 1,505 1,490
20 to 24 years 15,955 7,980 7,970
25 to 29 years 17,620 8,720 8,900
30 to 34 years 16,395 8,230 8,160
35 to 39 years 15,500 7,745 7,750
40 to 44 years 15,850 7,935 7,915
45 to 49 years 17,245 8,535 8,705
50 to 54 years 16,065 7,900 8,160
55 to 59 years 13,655 6,570 7,090
60 to 64 years 11,330 5,485 5,845
65 to 69 years 8,115 3,795 4,325
70 to 74 years 6,260 2,955 3,305
75 to 79 years 4,985 2,190 2,800
80 to 84 years 3,980 1,595 2,390
85 years and over 3,525 1,135 2,390
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.2 36.3 38.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.4 81.7 83.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 180,505 87,970 92,530
Married or living with a common-law partner 103,165 51,555 51,615
Married (and not separated) 87,105 43,550 43,555
Living common law 16,060 8,005 8,055
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 77,340 36,420 40,920
Single (never legally married) 50,960 27,810 23,155
Separated 6,045 2,465 3,580
Divorced 11,020 4,325 6,695
Widowed 9,310 1,815 7,495
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 61,250 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 29,150 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 14,010 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 12,755 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 5,340 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 61,255 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 50,680 ... ...
Married couples 42,655 ... ...
Without children at home 17,940 ... ...
With children at home 24,720 ... ...
1 child 9,380 ... ...
2 children 10,780 ... ...
3 or more children 4,565 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,025 ... ...
Without children at home 4,850 ... ...
With children at home 3,180 ... ...
1 child 1,575 ... ...
2 children 1,120 ... ...
3 or more children 480 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 10,570 ... ...
Female parent 8,585 ... ...
1 child 5,005 ... ...
2 children 2,565 ... ...
3 or more children 1,010 ... ...
Male parent 1,990 ... ...
1 child 1,360 ... ...
2 children 490 ... ...
3 or more children 135 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 68,070 ... ...
Under six years of age 16,130 ... ...
6 to 14 years 22,240 ... ...
15 to 17 years 7,950 ... ...
18 to 24 years 14,390 ... ...
25 years and over 7,360 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 215,950 106,505 109,445
Number of persons not in census families 35,945 17,905 18,040
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,550 1,975 2,580
Living with non-relatives only 8,420 5,120 3,305
Living alone 22,975 10,810 12,160
Number of census family persons 180,005 88,600 91,405
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 24,770 11,050 13,720
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 8,250 2,255 5,995
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,280 265 1,010
Living with non-relatives only 360 165 190
Living alone 6,610 1,825 4,790
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 16,520 8,795 7,725
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 86,375 ... ...
Census-family households 59,625 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 54,205 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 45,950 ... ...
Without children 20,575 ... ...
With children 25,370 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 8,260 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 5,420 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 3,860 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 2,505 ... ...
Without children 965 ... ...
With children 1,540 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,355 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 1,565 ... ...
Non-census-family households 26,745 ... ...
One-person households 22,970 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,775 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 86,370 ... ...
Single-detached house 43,105 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 12,240 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 20 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 31,015 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,425 ... ...
Row house 9,745 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,620 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 13,160 ... ...
Other single-attached house 70 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 86,375 ... ...
1 person 22,970 ... ...
2 persons 28,550 ... ...
3 persons 14,525 ... ...
4 persons 13,095 ... ...
5 persons 4,800 ... ...
6 or more persons 2,430 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 215,950 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 216,360 106,720 109,640
  Single responses  212,605 104,865 107,745
    English  154,125 76,450 77,675
    French  2,860 1,320 1,540
    Non-official languages  55,620 27,095 28,525
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 0 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 5
        Ojibway  5 0 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 54,825 26,695 28,135
        African languages, n.i.e 285 150 135
        Afrikaans  30 20 10
        Akan (Twi)  30 20 15
        Albanian  705 370 335
        Amharic  500 240 260
        Arabic  2,555 1,360 1,200
        Armenian  115 55 55
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 60 25 35
        Bengali  390 205 185
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  20 5 15
        Bosnian  415 215 200
        Bulgarian  70 40 30
        Burmese  60 35 20
        Cantonese  475 240 235
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,630 805 820
        Creoles  80 35 45
        Croatian  1,540 770 770
        Czech  435 210 235
        Danish  65 30 35
        Dutch  650 295 355
        Estonian  55 20 30
        Finnish  60 30 35
        Flemish  20 10 5
        Fukien  15 5 5
        German  5,460 2,485 2,975
        Greek  775 390 390
        Gujarati  825 435 390
        Hakka  5 0 5
        Hebrew  35 15 20
        Hindi  475 235 240
        Hungarian  930 445 490
        Ilocano  15 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 110 50 60
        Italian  630 345 285
        Japanese  130 45 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  245 130 125
        Korean  445 205 240
        Kurdish  420 230 190
        Lao  600 290 310
        Latvian  50 25 25
        Lingala  5 5 5
        Lithuanian  40 15 20
        Macedonian  110 55 55
        Malay  80 35 50
        Malayalam  145 70 70
        Maltese  15 5 10
        Mandarin  950 465 480
        Marathi  50 25 25
        Nepali  25 15 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 65 35 35
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  75 45 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,575 780 795
        Pashto  145 80 70
        Persian (Farsi)  1,720 875 850
        Polish  3,115 1,475 1,640
        Portuguese  3,030 1,495 1,535
        Romanian  4,260 2,095 2,165
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 10
        Russian  670 305 365
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  30 20 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 185 85 100
        Serbian  4,020 1,975 2,045
        Serbo-Croatian  465 230 235
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Sindhi  150 70 85
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  65 40 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 115 60 60
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 200 115 90
        Slovak  335 155 185
        Slovenian  185 95 95
        Somali  535 255 280
        Spanish  5,415 2,590 2,825
        Swahili  80 40 40
        Swedish  25 15 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  585 200 390
        Taiwanese  20 10 10
        Tamil  265 135 130
        Telugu  120 70 50
        Thai  45 10 35
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  430 215 215
        Turkish  500 250 250
        Ukrainian  405 170 235
        Urdu  1,010 510 500
        Vietnamese  2,065 985 1,080
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 780 400 375
  Multiple responses          3,755 1,855 1,895
    English and French  455 220 240
    English and non-official language  3,110 1,555 1,555
    French and non-official language  110 50 60
    English, French and non-official language 80 35 45
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 216,365 106,720 109,640
  English only 198,930 99,320 99,610
  French only 110 40 65
  English and French 13,505 5,880 7,620
  Neither English nor French 3,820 1,475 2,345
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 216,360 106,720 109,645
  English 208,610 103,390 105,215
  French 2,735 1,260 1,475
  English and French 1,295 640 655
  Neither English nor French 3,725 1,430 2,295
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 3,380 1,575 1,805
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.6 1.5 1.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 216,365 106,720 109,645
  Single responses 207,350 102,305 105,045
    English 175,985 87,070 88,910
    French 795 355 440
    Non-official languages 30,570 14,875 15,690
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 30,200 14,690 15,505
        African languages, n.i.e. 160 80 80
        Afrikaans 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 10 0 5
        Albanian 480 245 240
        Amharic 340 170 165
        Arabic 1,670 825 845
        Armenian 50 25 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15
        Bengali 255 130 125
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 5 5 5
        Bosnian 270 145 125
        Bulgarian 40 20 15
        Burmese 90 45 40
        Cantonese 290 140 150
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,115 570 545
        Creoles 30 15 15
        Croatian 820 395 430
        Czech 160 75 80
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 35 20 15
        Estonian 15 5 5
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 5 5
        German 960 420 535
        Greek 365 170 195
        Gujarati 510 260 250
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 25 10 15
        Hindi 235 110 120
        Hungarian 340 165 170
        Ilocano 5 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 55
        Italian 120 55 65
        Japanese 70 25 40
        Khmer (Cambodian) 150 80 70
        Korean 325 155 175
        Kurdish 260 140 125
        Lao 330 165 170
        Latvian 10 5 5
        Lingala 0 0 5
        Lithuanian 10 0 5
        Macedonian 50 20 30
        Malay 35 15 20
        Malayalam 100 50 50
        Maltese 0 5 5
        Mandarin 720 370 350
        Marathi 25 15 15
        Nepali 15 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 40 20 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,105 535 570
        Pashto 110 55 55
        Persian (Farsi) 1,375 690 685
        Polish 1,520 725 795
        Portuguese 1,365 645 715
        Romanian 2,460 1,190 1,265
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0
        Russian 420 205 215
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70
        Serbian 3,125 1,545 1,580
        Serbo-Croatian 275 135 140
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20
        Sindhi 60 30 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 65 55
        Slovak 125 60 65
        Slovenian 60 25 30
        Somali 390 185 205
        Spanish 3,360 1,605 1,760
        Swahili 60 25 35
        Swedish 10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 215 95 115
        Taiwanese 10 5 5
        Tamil 160 80 85
        Telugu 70 35 30
        Thai 20 5 15
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 270 135 135
        Turkish 285 140 140
        Ukrainian 95 35 60
        Urdu 625 315 315
        Vietnamese 1,515 725 790
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 370 185 190
  Multiple responses         9,015 4,415 4,600
    English and French 265 120 140
    English and non-official language 8,565 4,210 4,355
    French and non-official language 40 10 25
    English, French and non-official language 150 75 80
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 216,360 106,720 109,640
  None 185,185 91,600 93,585
  Single responses  30,565 14,835 15,730
    English  13,275 6,595 6,680
    French  1,920 820 1,105
    Non-official languages  15,375 7,430 7,945
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,005 7,245 7,760
        African languages, n.i.e 70 30 40
        Afrikaans  15 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 0
        Albanian  130 65 65
        Amharic  145 70 70
        Arabic  760 420 345
        Armenian  25 10 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Bengali  100 50 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  125 65 60
        Bulgarian  15 10 5
        Burmese  25 10 15
        Cantonese  180 90 90
        Chinese, n.o.s.  290 135 155
        Creoles  50 25 30
        Croatian  455 235 220
        Czech  160 70 95
        Danish  25 10 15
        Dutch  185 85 105
        Estonian  10 0 10
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  1,885 830 1,050
        Greek  350 180 175
        Gujarati  205 100 105
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  20 5 10
        Hindi  305 160 140
        Hungarian  255 120 135
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Italian  240 120 120
        Japanese  55 25 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  55 25 25
        Korean  90 45 45
        Kurdish  85 40 45
        Lao  180 95 90
        Latvian  15 15 5
        Lingala  15 5 5
        Lithuanian  10 0 10
        Macedonian  30 20 10
        Malay  35 10 20
        Malayalam  40 25 15
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  175 80 95
        Marathi  15 10 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  25 15 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  290 140 145
        Pashto  35 20 15
        Persian (Farsi)  180 100 85
        Polish  865 410 460
        Portuguese  1,145 565 575
        Romanian  1,140 555 585
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  150 55 90
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 40 15 20
        Serbian  575 280 295
        Serbo-Croatian  115 55 55
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Sindhi  45 15 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Slovak  90 40 50
        Slovenian  60 25 35
        Somali  120 50 65
        Spanish  1,660 810 850
        Swahili  55 30 25
        Swedish  15 10 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  190 55 135
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  65 35 30
        Telugu  25 15 10
        Thai  20 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  120 60 60
        Turkish  170 80 90
        Ukrainian  95 35 60
        Urdu  270 140 130
        Vietnamese  400 190 210
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 360 180 180
  Multiple responses          615 285 325
    English and French  95 40 55
    English and non-official language  245 125 120
    French and non-official language  270 120 145
    English, French and non-official language  0 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Kitchener, CY, Ontario (Code 3530013) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

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Map

Map: Kitchener, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Kitchener, CY, Ontario (Census subdivision)