NHS Profile, Waterloo, CY, Ontario, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Waterloo, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 97,095 48,235 48,865
Canadian citizens 89,900 44,780 45,125
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,750 10,240 9,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,150 34,540 35,615
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 7,195 3,455 3,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 97,100 48,235 48,860
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 71,390 35,340 36,055
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 23,910 11,980 11,925
Before 1971 4,615 2,240 2,375
1971 to 1980 2,435 1,145 1,285
1981 to 1990 3,010 1,645 1,365
1991 to 2000 5,760 2,915 2,850
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 8,090 4,040 4,050
2001 to 2005 3,950 2,030 1,920
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,140 2,015 2,130
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,795 915 880
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 23,910 11,980 11,930
Under 5 years 2,645 1,320 1,320
5 to 14 years 4,930 2,825 2,100
15 to 24 years 4,705 2,275 2,425
25 to 44 years 10,075 4,775 5,305
45 years and over 1,560 790 775
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 97,100 48,235 48,865
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 71,395 35,340 36,050
Born in province of residence 63,970 31,855 32,120
Born outside province of residence 7,420 3,485 3,940
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 23,910 11,980 11,930
Americas 3,200 1,540 1,655
United States 1,210 520 690
Jamaica 195 100 95
Guyana 415 185 230
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 210 95 115
Trinidad and Tobago 130 70 55
Colombia 185 105 80
El Salvador 150 85 60
Peru 70 50 20
Chile 35 30 0
Other places of birth in Americas 610 305 300
Europe 8,620 4,270 4,350
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,320 1,075 1,250
Italy 155 80 75
Germany 1,145 635 515
Poland 840 405 430
Portugal 150 65 85
Netherlands 275 160 110
France 140 55 90
Romania 660 315 350
Russian Federation 420 260 165
Greece 130 65 65
Ukraine 215 90 125
Croatia 255 150 110
Hungary 125 80 45
Bosnia and Herzegovina 420 180 235
Serbia 260 90 170
Ireland, Republic of 150 80 75
Other places of birth in Europe 940 485 450
Africa 1,625 860 765
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 440 245 200
South Africa, Republic of 145 75 70
Nigeria 70 50 15
Ethiopia 135 65 75
Kenya 150 55 95
Other places of birth in Africa 665 355 310
Asia 10,395 5,275 5,120
India 1,630 820 810
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,320 1,610 1,705
Philippines 305 155 145
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 395 205 190
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 370 175 190
Pakistan 710 350 360
Sri Lanka 225 120 105
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 575 330 250
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 635 325 310
Lebanon 75 45 30
Taiwan 355 135 220
Iraq 145 65 80
Bangladesh 180 100 80
Afghanistan 45 0 30
Japan 80 30 50
Turkey 105 65 50
Other places of birth in Asia 1,240 740 500
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 75 40 40
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 70 35 40
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,795 910 875
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,140 2,010 2,125
Americas 730 355 375
United States 325 155 175
Mexico 105 50 50
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 35 30 0
Colombia 130 65 70
Guyana 30 0 20
Peru 25 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 60 20 40
Europe 465 240 225
France 0 0 0
Germany 50 20 30
Poland 30 0 20
Romania 15 10 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 120 65 50
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 120 75 45
Other places of birth in Europe 115 60 50
Africa 365 200 170
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 30 15 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 160 75 85
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 15 0
Other places of birth in Africa 140 85 60
Asia 2,565 1,200 1,360
Philippines 145 85 65
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 715 315 395
India 465 210 255
Pakistan 230 95 135
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 210 125 85
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 225 115 115
Sri Lanka 35 20 20
Iraq 20 20 0
Bangladesh 30 0 20
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 40 0 30
Taiwan 110 40 70
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 35 0 30
Turkey 25 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 0 0
United Arab Emirates 25 0 0
Saudi Arabia 35 35 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 135 70 65
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 97,095 48,235 48,865
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 26,125 13,085 13,040
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 20,290 10,300 9,985
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 50,680 24,850 25,830
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 97,100 48,235 48,860
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 19,830 10,170 9,660
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 5,145 2,695 2,450
Chinese 6,560 3,240 3,320
Black 1,425 765 665
Filipino 425 175 255
Latin American 1,050 535 515
Arab 1,560 825 730
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 930 515 420
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,020 540 475
Korean 830 440 395
Japanese 225 95 130
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 285 135 150
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 370 210 165
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 77,265 38,065 39,200
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 97,095 48,235 48,860
North American Aboriginal origins 1,800 800 1,000
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,305 590 715
Inuit 30 30 0
Métis 505 195 305
Other North American origins 22,785 11,685 11,095
Acadian 195 100 95
American 1,210 685 520
Canadian 21,705 11,130 10,575
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 75 40 35
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 20 0 15
Québécois 50 25 20
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 68,855 33,715 35,140
British Isles origins 41,910 20,065 21,850
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 24,350 11,670 12,680
Irish 16,920 7,975 8,945
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 17,470 8,205 9,265
Welsh 1,875 860 1,015
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,820 1,350 1,475
French origins 8,585 4,120 4,465
Alsatian 40 0 30
Breton 0 0 0
French 8,560 4,115 4,450
Western European origins (except French origins) 29,495 14,275 15,220
Austrian 920 425 500
Belgian 430 255 175
Dutch 4,770 2,315 2,465
Flemish 25 0 10
Frisian 0 0 0
German 24,930 12,070 12,860
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 1,330 595 730
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 2,625 1,335 1,290
Danish 740 340 395
Finnish 515 280 230
Icelandic 75 35 40
Norwegian 555 295 265
Swedish 815 400 410
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 100 65 35
Eastern European origins 11,785 5,865 5,920
Bulgarian 130 55 75
Byelorussian 30 15 15
Czech 480 245 235
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 130 85 50
Estonian 100 55 45
Hungarian 1,450 680 770
Latvian 95 70 25
Lithuanian 230 115 115
Moldovan 25 0 0
Polish 4,715 2,430 2,285
Romanian 1,445 735 705
Russian 1,740 855 885
Slovak 390 240 150
Ukrainian 2,600 1,265 1,340
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 85 30 60
Southern European origins 8,350 4,245 4,100
Albanian 35 20 15
Bosnian 100 45 50
Croatian 605 320 280
Cypriot 115 75 40
Greek 970 500 470
Italian 3,260 1,655 1,600
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 60 30 30
Maltese 125 55 70
Montenegrin 85 50 35
Portuguese 1,190 600 585
Serbian 790 380 415
Sicilian 20 0 0
Slovenian 275 160 115
Spanish 960 560 400
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 410 130 285
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 995 455 540
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 810 370 445
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 180 85 90
Caribbean origins 1,000 480 520
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 10 0 0
Barbadian 140 85 55
Bermudan 25 0 15
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 65 20 45
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 540 255 285
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 40 0 30
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 165 80 85
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 90 50 35
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 25 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,115 1,045 1,070
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 40 30 10
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 155 90 65
Chilean 90 50 35
Colombian 310 160 150
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 50 35 0
Guyanese 510 255 255
Hispanic 15 10 15
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 55 45 0
Mexican 335 115 215
Nicaraguan 105 40 65
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 110 90 25
Salvadorean 265 120 140
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 95 30 60
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 50 35 20
African origins 2,135 1,125 1,010
Central and West African origins 115 45 70
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 70 20 55
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 30 0 20
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 1,170 600 575
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 70 0 65
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 655 345 305
Libyan 190 95 95
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 20 0 0
Sudanese 255 145 110
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 495 255 240
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 20 0 0
Ethiopian 165 75 85
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 10 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 115 60 50
South African 70 35 40
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 75 40 35
Other African origins 450 280 170
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 30 0 10
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 430 270 155
Asian origins 17,405 8,920 8,490
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,910 1,545 1,360
Afghan 135 55 85
Arab, n.o.s. 430 245 190
Armenian 135 75 55
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 20 0 0
Iranian 825 480 345
Iraqi 95 45 50
Israeli 40 0 0
Jordanian 60 10 50
Kazakh 20 0 0
Kurd 130 60 65
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 430 210 225
Palestinian 275 120 150
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 30 0 25
Syrian 115 55 60
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 345 210 130
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 45 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 55 25 30
South Asian origins 5,225 2,745 2,480
Bangladeshi 195 130 70
Bengali 40 0 25
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,760 1,900 1,860
Goan 25 0 0
Gujarati 30 10 20
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 10 0 0
Pakistani 730 450 285
Punjabi 170 100 75
Sinhalese 90 40 45
Sri Lankan 200 100 95
Tamil 175 130 45
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 285 145 145
East and Southeast Asian origins 9,425 4,700 4,730
Burmese 50 0 35
Cambodian (Khmer) 35 0 0
Chinese 7,085 3,495 3,590
Filipino 495 220 275
Hmong 65 60 0
Indonesian 55 35 20
Japanese 250 105 145
Korean 880 470 410
Laotian 270 175 100
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 90 40 55
Thai 105 80 30
Tibetan 15 0 0
Vietnamese 500 265 240
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 50 20 35
Other Asian origins 65 35 25
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 60 35 30
Oceania origins 315 145 170
Australian 210 80 130
New Zealander 85 55 30
Pacific Islands origins 20 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 20 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 97,100 48,235 48,865
Buddhist 915 470 450
Christian 61,515 28,990 32,525
Anglican 4,215 1,990 2,225
Baptist 1,755 825 935
Catholic 24,850 11,905 12,945
Christian Orthodox 2,170 1,015 1,155
Lutheran 6,405 2,920 3,480
Pentecostal 1,200 645 555
Presbyterian 3,135 1,415 1,720
United Church 6,815 3,065 3,750
Other Christian 10,975 5,210 5,760
Hindu 1,775 975 795
Jewish 585 235 350
Muslim 4,385 2,395 1,995
Sikh 820 400 420
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 35 0 20
Other religions 475 215 260
No religious affiliation 26,595 14,555 12,040
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 97,100 48,235 48,860
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 825 350 470
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 510 235 275
Métis single identity 270 90 175
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 40 0 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 96,270 47,885 48,390
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 97,095 48,235 48,860
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 210 75 130
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 96,890 48,155 48,735
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 97,100 48,235 48,865
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,800 800 1,005
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,300 590 710
Métis ancestry 505 195 310
Inuit ancestry 35 30 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 95,295 47,435 47,860
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 27,565 13,975 13,585
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,545 13,965 13,580
Italian 655 330 325
Portuguese 500 270 230
Romanian 680 320 360
Spanish 2,275 1,085 1,190
Dutch 440 235 200
Flemish 50 0 0
German 3,650 1,830 1,820
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 80 30 45
Norwegian 50 25 20
Swedish 155 85 75
Afrikaans 100 45 55
Gaelic languages 20 0 0
Bosnian 95 35 55
Bulgarian 65 40 25
Croatian 315 140 175
Czech 160 85 75
Macedonian 25 15 10
Polish 1,205 615 590
Russian 905 475 430
Serbian 675 345 330
Serbo-Croatian 135 50 85
Slovak 150 100 50
Slovenian 80 50 30
Ukrainian 290 145 145
Latvian 15 0 0
Lithuanian 15 0 0
Greek 420 215 210
Armenian 90 35 55
Albanian 35 0 15
Estonian 30 20 0
Finnish 20 15 0
Hungarian 325 190 130
Turkish 315 200 120
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 55 35 20
Amharic 125 60 65
Arabic 1,755 945 815
Hebrew 140 75 65
Maltese 15 0 0
Tigrigna 15 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 315 190 125
Gujarati 515 255 260
Hindi 1,375 710 670
Konkani 20 0 0
Marathi 60 35 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,185 575 610
Sindhi 95 50 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 30 40
Urdu 1,100 650 450
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 100 45 55
Pashto 40 25 25
Persian (Farsi) 845 480 365
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 35 15
Kannada 15 0 0
Malayalam 105 50 55
Tamil 390 255 140
Telugu 110 50 60
Japanese 250 105 145
Korean 785 405 390
Cantonese 890 390 500
Fukien 25 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 2,260 1,065 1,195
Taiwanese 40 0 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,025 1,545 1,480
Lao 190 110 80
Thai 30 15 10
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 420 205 215
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 65 35 25
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 325 130 195
Akan (Twi) 85 20 60
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 80 35 40
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
African languages, n.i.e. 35 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 410 180 230
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 96,195 47,740 48,455
Non-movers 83,080 41,210 41,865
Movers 13,120 6,530 6,585
Non-migrants 6,590 3,255 3,335
Migrants 6,530 3,270 3,255
Internal migrants 5,120 2,585 2,540
Intraprovincial migrants 4,515 2,265 2,245
Interprovincial migrants 610 320 290
External migrants 1,405 685 715
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 92,160 45,665 46,495
Non-movers 56,785 27,820 28,960
Movers 35,375 17,840 17,535
Non-migrants 15,970 8,105 7,865
Migrants 19,405 9,740 9,670
Internal migrants 14,130 7,200 6,935
Intraprovincial migrants 12,345 6,235 6,110
Interprovincial migrants 1,790 970 825
External migrants 5,270 2,535 2,735
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 80,440 39,690 40,745
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,965 5,340 5,625
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 19,395 9,375 10,020
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 50,085 24,980 25,105
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,265 2,890 1,370
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,075 5,920 7,155
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,030 1,350 1,685
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 29,705 14,815 14,890
Bachelor's degree 16,980 8,215 8,765
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 12,725 6,600 6,125
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 52,520 25,525 26,990
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,130 1,540 1,595
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 9,750 4,530 5,220
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 39,630 19,460 20,175
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,890 2,015 870
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,145 4,440 5,710
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,015 920 1,100
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 24,575 12,090 12,490
Bachelor's degree 13,555 6,550 7,000
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,020 5,530 5,490
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 80,440 39,695 40,750
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 30,360 14,715 15,645
Education 3,625 850 2,770
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,575 635 935
Humanities 4,090 1,530 2,560
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,095 2,160 3,930
Business, management and public administration 9,555 4,095 5,465
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,685 1,515 1,170
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 4,210 2,865 1,340
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,085 8,690 1,395
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 710 470 240
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,690 1,270 4,420
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,695 885 810
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 70 0 65
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 80,440 39,695 40,750
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 30,360 14,715 15,645
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 50,080 24,980 25,100
Location of study inside Canada 40,020 19,765 20,255
Same as province or territory of residence 37,290 18,325 18,965
Another province or territory 2,730 1,440 1,290
Location of study outside Canada 10,060 5,215 4,850
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 59,995 31,340 28,660
Single responses 59,665 31,155 28,510
English 59,055 31,000 28,065
French 185 40 150
Non-official languages 420 120 295
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 50 75
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 25 0 15
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 40 20 25
German 15 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 145 25 125
Multiple responses 330 180 150
English and French 120 55 60
English and non-official language 190 100 90
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 20 25 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 60,000 31,335 28,660
English 59,055 30,995 28,065
French 185 40 150
Non-official language 420 125 300
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 420 120 300
English and French 120 55 60
English and non-official language 190 100 90
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 20 25 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 80,440 39,695 40,750
In the labour force 55,215 28,825 26,395
Employed 51,230 26,790 24,445
Unemployed 3,990 2,035 1,955
Not in the labour force 25,225 10,870 14,350
Participation rate 68.6 72.6 64.8
Employment rate 63.7 67.5 60.0
Unemployment rate 7.2 7.1 7.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 55,220 28,825 26,395
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,165 515 645
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,055 28,305 25,750
Employee 49,020 25,465 23,555
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,035 2,845 2,195
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 55,220 28,825 26,395
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,165 515 645
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,055 28,305 25,750
0 Management occupations 6,780 4,390 2,390
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,675 2,675 6,005
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 7,195 5,665 1,525
3 Health occupations 2,700 655 2,050
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,285 3,105 5,180
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,775 695 1,080
6 Sales and service occupations 11,190 4,945 6,240
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,470 4,150 320
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 470 350 120
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,515 1,675 840
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 55,220 28,820 26,395
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,160 515 645
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,055 28,305 25,750
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 230 95 130
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25 20 0
22 Utilities 165 105 55
23 Construction 2,315 2,010 310
31-33 Manufacturing 8,370 6,035 2,340
41 Wholesale trade 2,305 1,630 680
44-45 Retail trade 6,005 2,940 3,065
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,045 780 260
51 Information and cultural industries 1,555 970 580
52 Finance and insurance 5,105 1,915 3,195
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 880 485 395
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,790 2,935 1,855
55 Management of companies and enterprises 60 45 15
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,705 1,100 605
61 Educational services 7,720 3,170 4,545
62 Health care and social assistance 4,290 740 3,545
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 770 400 365
72 Accommodation and food services 2,905 1,160 1,745
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,685 715 970
91 Public administration 2,150 1,070 1,085
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 55,220 28,820 26,395
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,810 1,385 1,430
Worked in 2010 52,405 27,435 24,965
1 to 13 weeks 2,715 1,405 1,315
14 to 26 weeks 4,350 2,090 2,260
27 to 39 weeks 3,125 1,335 1,790
40 to 48 weeks 7,530 3,590 3,935
49 to 52 weeks 34,690 19,015 15,670
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 45.2 44.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 55,220 28,825 26,395
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,815 1,385 1,430
Worked in 2010 52,405 27,440 24,965
Worked full-time in 2010 40,880 23,340 17,545
Worked part-time in 2010 11,520 4,105 7,420
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 51,230 26,790 24,440
Worked at home 3,445 1,675 1,770
Worked outside Canada 250 195 60
No fixed workplace address 3,545 2,410 1,140
Worked at usual place 43,990 22,515 21,475
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 47,540 24,925 22,615
Car, truck or van - as a driver 37,320 19,820 17,495
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,325 1,325 2,000
Public transit 2,590 1,270 1,320
Walked 2,735 1,460 1,280
Bicycle 990 700 295
Other methods 580 350 230
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 47,535 24,920 22,615
Median commuting duration 15.4 15.6 15.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 47,540 24,920 22,615
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,625 5,185 2,440
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 30,345 14,935 15,410
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,565 4,800 4,765
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 37,515 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 36,180 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,335 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 37,520 ... ...
1960 or before 4,475 ... ...
1961 to 1980 10,405 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,475 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,050 ... ...
2001 to 2005 5,100 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,005 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 37,520 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,180 ... ...
5 rooms 4,950 ... ...
6 rooms 5,655 ... ...
7 rooms 5,625 ... ...
8 or more rooms 14,105 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 37,515 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,275 ... ...
2 bedrooms 7,490 ... ...
3 bedrooms 16,365 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,390 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 37,520 ... ...
Owner 27,625 ... ...
Renter 9,895 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 37,520 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,500 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 33,015 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 37,520 ... ...
1 household maintainer 20,480 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,000 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,035 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 37,520 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,455 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,585 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,315 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,635 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,240 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,860 ... ...
75 years and over 3,440 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 37,520 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 37,060 ... ...
More than one person per room 455 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 37,520 ... ...
Suitable 35,755 ... ...
Not suitable 1,760 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 37,485 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 29,070 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 8,420 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 6,705 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,620 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 15.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,156 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,262 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 324,837 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 357,566 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 9,890 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 10.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 42.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 894 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 946 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 80,440 39,695 40,750
Without income 3,950 1,780 2,175
With income 76,490 37,910 38,575
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,635 4,140 4,495
$5,000 to $9,999 5,445 2,055 3,390
$10,000 to $14,999 6,080 2,375 3,710
$15,000 to $19,999 5,185 2,045 3,135
$20,000 to $29,999 8,845 3,735 5,115
$30,000 to $39,999 8,020 3,515 4,500
$40,000 to $49,999 6,760 3,065 3,695
$50,000 to $59,999 6,050 3,295 2,750
$60,000 to $79,999 8,265 4,570 3,695
$80,000 to $99,999 6,130 3,820 2,315
$100,000 and over 7,075 5,300 1,770
$100,000 to $124,999 3,225 2,240 985
$125,000 and over 3,850 3,065 790
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,738 43,296 28,788
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 49,253 60,976 37,731
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 80,440 39,695 40,745
Without after-tax income 3,970 1,780 2,195
With after-tax income 76,470 37,915 38,555
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,765 4,175 4,590
$5,000 to $9,999 5,615 2,120 3,495
$10,000 to $14,999 6,270 2,375 3,895
$15,000 to $19,999 5,515 2,260 3,255
$20,000 to $29,999 10,575 4,425 6,150
$30,000 to $39,999 9,535 4,305 5,230
$40,000 to $49,999 8,160 4,265 3,895
$50,000 to $59,999 6,195 3,265 2,935
$60,000 to $79,999 8,950 5,610 3,345
$80,000 to $99,999 3,510 2,400 1,105
$100,000 and over 3,390 2,720 670
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,617 38,383 26,615
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 40,380 48,834 32,066
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.8 94.2 88.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.1 81.1 73.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 74.5 77.5 69.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.7 3.6 3.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.4 5.4 5.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.3 6.0 6.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.9 1.8 2.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.2 5.8 12.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.6 2.0 3.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.8 1.3 2.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 0.9 0.7 1.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.9 0.0 2.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.9 1.8 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.0 19.9 15.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.0 80.1 84.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.1 2.4 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 29,950 17,450 12,505
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 59,155 67,614 50,700
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 73,251 84,812 57,115
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,560 ... ...
Median family income ($) 98,450 ... ...
Average family income ($) 119,275 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,247 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 97,478 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,245 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,816 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,251 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 72,868 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,382 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,635 ... ...
Median family income ($) 120,173 ... ...
Average family income ($) 145,377 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 100,096 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 117,164 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,040 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,688 ... ...
Average family income ($) 62,107 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 50,112 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 54,802 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 14,825 7,145 7,680
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,375 28,462 26,954
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 40,423 45,338 35,852
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,876 26,153 25,202
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,640 36,625 30,863
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 97,095 48,235 48,860
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 37,520 18,035 19,480
In bottom decile 8,610 4,330 4,285
In second decile 5,580 2,490 3,095
In third decile 6,420 3,080 3,340
In fourth decile 7,520 3,590 3,930
In fifth decile 9,385 4,550 4,830
In top half of the Canadian distribution 59,580 30,200 29,380
In sixth decile 8,125 3,995 4,130
In seventh decile 9,640 4,965 4,675
In eighth decile 11,590 5,900 5,685
In ninth decile 14,165 7,290 6,875
In top decile 16,060 8,050 8,010
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 37,515 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,030 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 855 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,010 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,540 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,750 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,705 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,750 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,060 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,065 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,410 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,210 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,520 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 37,515 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,065 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 600 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 900 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,020 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,915 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,300 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,270 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,300 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,875 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,905 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,370 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,250 ... ...
$125,000 and over 6,120 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 37,515 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,626 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 100,414 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 67,150 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 82,301 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 8,905 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 38,685 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 52,538 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 34,475 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 42,838 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,615 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 95,311 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 115,315 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 81,202 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 94,585 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 97,100 48,235 48,860
Less than 18 years 20,780 10,760 10,020
Less than 6 years 6,030 3,065 2,960
18 to 64 years 65,055 32,275 32,775
65 years and over 11,260 5,195 6,065
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 10,485 5,060 5,425
Less than 18 years 2,170 1,165 1,005
Less than 6 years 600 285 310
18 to 64 years 7,770 3,700 4,070
65 years and over 545 195 345
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.8 10.5 11.1
Less than 18 years (%) 10.4 10.8 10.0
Less than 6 years (%) 10.0 9.3 10.5
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.5 12.4
65 years and over (%) 4.8 3.8 5.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Waterloo, CY, Ontario (Code 3530016) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Waterloo, CY, Ontario

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Waterloo, CY, Ontario. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo, CY
Ontario
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 98,780 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 97,475 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 42,984 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 37,517 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,542.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 64.02 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 98,780 48,875 49,905
0 to 4 years 4,985 2,550 2,435
5 to 9 years 5,765 2,920 2,845
10 to 14 years 6,025 3,090 2,940
15 to 19 years 7,225 3,725 3,500
15 years 1,365 705 665
16 years 1,390 765 625
17 years 1,300 625 680
18 years 1,380 710 675
19 years 1,785 930 855
20 to 24 years 9,465 5,145 4,320
25 to 29 years 6,750 3,580 3,175
30 to 34 years 6,000 3,050 2,955
35 to 39 years 6,410 3,105 3,310
40 to 44 years 7,295 3,500 3,795
45 to 49 years 7,915 3,835 4,080
50 to 54 years 7,420 3,610 3,810
55 to 59 years 6,100 2,935 3,170
60 to 64 years 4,990 2,380 2,615
65 to 69 years 3,640 1,725 1,920
70 to 74 years 2,795 1,320 1,475
75 to 79 years 2,340 1,060 1,280
80 to 84 years 1,895 785 1,105
85 years and over 1,750 565 1,185
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.6 35.7 39.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.0 82.5 83.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 82,000 40,315 41,685
Married or living with a common-law partner 47,835 23,895 23,940
Married (and not separated) 42,805 21,385 21,420
Living common law 5,030 2,510 2,515
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 34,165 16,420 17,745
Single (never legally married) 24,900 13,755 11,145
Separated 1,855 735 1,120
Divorced 3,555 1,195 2,365
Widowed 3,855 735 3,120
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,775 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 11,785 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,860 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,670 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,460 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,775 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 23,345 ... ...
Married couples 20,845 ... ...
Without children at home 8,105 ... ...
With children at home 12,740 ... ...
1 child 4,375 ... ...
2 children 6,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,280 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,500 ... ...
Without children at home 1,685 ... ...
With children at home 815 ... ...
1 child 390 ... ...
2 children 305 ... ...
3 or more children 120 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,430 ... ...
Female parent 2,755 ... ...
1 child 1,580 ... ...
2 children 880 ... ...
3 or more children 290 ... ...
Male parent 675 ... ...
1 child 410 ... ...
2 children 215 ... ...
3 or more children 55 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 30,670 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,075 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,565 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,955 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,170 ... ...
25 years and over 2,905 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 97,095 48,205 48,895
Number of persons not in census families 16,300 8,110 8,195
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,650 725 920
Living with non-relatives only 5,695 3,360 2,335
Living alone 8,955 4,020 4,935
Number of census family persons 80,795 40,090 40,700
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 11,310 5,115 6,190
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,430 820 2,605
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 485 90 390
Living with non-relatives only 150 50 100
Living alone 2,795 680 2,115
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,885 4,295 3,580
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 37,515 ... ...
Census-family households 26,255 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,505 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 21,650 ... ...
Without children 8,990 ... ...
With children 12,660 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,855 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,750 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,245 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 900 ... ...
Without children 350 ... ...
With children 555 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 345 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 505 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,265 ... ...
One-person households 8,955 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,305 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 37,520 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,720 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 4,030 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 170 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 11,595 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,960 ... ...
Row house 4,550 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 870 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,195 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 37,515 ... ...
1 person 8,960 ... ...
2 persons 12,145 ... ...
3 persons 6,310 ... ...
4 persons 6,890 ... ...
5 persons 2,315 ... ...
6 or more persons 895 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,095 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 97,980 48,580 49,400
  Single responses  96,405 47,800 48,605
    English  71,425 35,385 36,035
    French  1,065 510 555
    Non-official languages  23,915 11,900 12,015
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 23,665 11,770 11,895
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Afrikaans  30 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  20 10 10
        Albanian  45 25 20
        Amharic  60 25 30
        Arabic  1,255 670 585
        Armenian  110 55 60
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Bengali  240 140 105
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 5 0
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  45 20 25
        Bulgarian  55 30 25
        Burmese  0 0 5
        Cantonese  635 320 310
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,675 1,335 1,345
        Creoles  15 5 5
        Croatian  255 120 130
        Czech  150 65 90
        Danish  70 30 35
        Dutch  370 165 200
        Estonian  30 15 15
        Finnish  40 25 20
        Flemish  20 10 10
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  2,740 1,270 1,470
        Greek  350 180 175
        Gujarati  335 160 170
        Hakka  10 5 5
        Hebrew  45 20 25
        Hindi  445 235 210
        Hungarian  315 155 160
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Italian  320 165 150
        Japanese  150 65 80
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 5
        Korean  875 460 415
        Kurdish  65 40 25
        Lao  120 50 70
        Latvian  25 5 15
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  30 15 15
        Macedonian  45 25 15
        Malay  75 30 40
        Malayalam  85 45 40
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  1,890 950 940
        Marathi  65 35 35
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Norwegian  10 0 5
        Oromo  15 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  770 390 380
        Pashto  65 35 30
        Persian (Farsi)  975 535 445
        Polish  1,060 515 540
        Portuguese  420 200 220
        Romanian  730 350 380
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  675 340 340
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Serbian  745 375 370
        Serbo-Croatian  100 55 50
        Shanghainese  10 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  45 30 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  95 40 55
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 45 20 25
        Slovak  105 50 55
        Slovenian  40 20 20
        Somali  120 60 60
        Spanish  1,090 520 570
        Swahili  25 15 10
        Swedish  45 25 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  240 75 160
        Taiwanese  50 25 25
        Tamil  245 130 110
        Telugu  145 80 65
        Thai  20 10 15
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  15 5 10
        Turkish  225 125 100
        Ukrainian  180 80 100
        Urdu  730 380 350
        Vietnamese  390 190 195
        Yiddish  5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 250 130 120
  Multiple responses          1,580 780 795
    English and French  235 100 135
    English and non-official language  1,250 635 610
    French and non-official language  55 25 30
    English, French and non-official language 40 20 20
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 97,980 48,580 49,400
  English only 87,915 44,260 43,655
  French only 50 20 25
  English and French 8,735 3,770 4,965
  Neither English nor French 1,285 530 755
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 97,980 48,580 49,400
  English 94,990 47,205 47,780
  French 1,085 525 560
  English and French 660 340 320
  Neither English nor French 1,250 510 740
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 1,415 695 720
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.4 1.4 1.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 97,980 48,575 49,400
  Single responses 94,795 47,010 47,785
    English 82,100 40,660 41,440
    French 365 185 185
    Non-official languages 12,325 6,170 6,160
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,210 6,110 6,100
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Afrikaans 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 20 10 10
        Amharic 30 15 15
        Arabic 700 355 350
        Armenian 60 30 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Bengali 150 80 65
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 20 10 10
        Bulgarian 25 20 10
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 350 180 175
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,845 915 930
        Creoles 5 0 5
        Croatian 85 40 45
        Czech 50 20 30
        Danish 20 10 15
        Dutch 40 15 25
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 5 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 485 215 275
        Greek 130 60 70
        Gujarati 155 70 80
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 30 15 15
        Hindi 180 95 85
        Hungarian 100 50 50
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Italian 65 25 35
        Japanese 85 40 45
        Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0
        Korean 620 325 295
        Kurdish 40 25 15
        Lao 65 25 35
        Latvian 0 5 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 25 15 10
        Malay 25 10 15
        Malayalam 45 25 20
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 1,475 745 730
        Marathi 20 10 10
        Nepali 5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 10 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 470 225 240
        Pashto 50 25 25
        Persian (Farsi) 710 380 335
        Polish 480 250 230
        Portuguese 165 80 85
        Romanian 330 170 160
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 420 210 210
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Serbian 515 255 260
        Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10
        Sindhi 20 10 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Slovak 20 10 10
        Slovenian 5 5 5
        Somali 75 35 35
        Spanish 620 295 325
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 25 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 70 30 40
        Taiwanese 20 15 10
        Tamil 120 65 50
        Telugu 75 40 35
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 100 55 45
        Ukrainian 55 25 35
        Urdu 415 220 195
        Vietnamese 255 125 130
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 115 55 55
  Multiple responses         3,185 1,570 1,615
    English and French 120 45 75
    English and non-official language 2,985 1,485 1,500
    French and non-official language 15 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 70 35 35
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 97,980 48,580 49,405
  None 83,290 41,235 42,055
  Single responses  14,400 7,195 7,205
    English  6,070 3,105 2,965
    French  940 410 530
    Non-official languages  7,390 3,685 3,705
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  15 10 10
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,265 3,625 3,645
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Afrikaans  15 10 10
        Akan (Twi)  15 5 10
        Albanian  20 5 10
        Amharic  25 15 10
        Arabic  430 250 185
        Armenian  40 15 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Bengali  70 45 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  25 10 15
        Bulgarian  20 10 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  210 110 105
        Chinese, n.o.s.  545 280 265
        Creoles  10 5 5
        Croatian  105 50 55
        Czech  65 25 35
        Danish  20 10 10
        Dutch  85 35 45
        Estonian  10 5 5
        Finnish  15 5 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  955 430 525
        Greek  180 90 85
        Gujarati  115 55 65
        Hakka  5 5 5
        Hebrew  30 15 15
        Hindi  315 175 140
        Hungarian  75 40 40
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Italian  115 55 60
        Japanese  55 25 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 0
        Korean  150 85 65
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  35 15 15
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  25 10 10
        Malayalam  35 20 15
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  395 190 205
        Marathi  25 15 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  5 5 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  215 120 95
        Pashto  15 5 10
        Persian (Farsi)  165 90 75
        Polish  290 130 160
        Portuguese  150 75 70
        Romanian  225 105 120
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  160 90 75
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  0 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Serbian  145 70 80
        Serbo-Croatian  30 15 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  40 25 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  40 20 20
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  30 15 15
        Spanish  495 235 255
        Swahili  25 10 10
        Swedish  20 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  130 45 90
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  115 65 50
        Telugu  65 30 35
        Thai  20 10 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 5
        Turkish  95 50 45
        Ukrainian  35 15 25
        Urdu  255 135 120
        Vietnamese  95 55 40
        Yiddish  5 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 105 50 55
  Multiple responses          290 145 145
    English and French  40 25 15
    English and non-official language  125 65 60
    French and non-official language  120 50 65
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Waterloo, CY, Ontario (Code 3530016) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed July 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Waterloo, City (Census Subdivision), Ontario

Geographic hierarchy