NHS Profile, Winnipeg, CY, Manitoba, 2011

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NHS data, Winnipeg, CY, Manitoba. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg, CY
Manitoba
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 649,995 316,660 333,335
Canadian citizens 594,275 288,985 305,290
Canadian citizens aged under 18 125,275 64,130 61,145
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 469,000 224,855 244,140
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 55,720 27,675 28,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 650,000 316,665 333,335
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 501,410 244,360 257,045
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 142,230 68,980 73,250
Before 1971 24,200 11,235 12,965
1971 to 1980 18,790 9,275 9,515
1981 to 1990 17,315 8,350 8,965
1991 to 2000 19,735 9,400 10,335
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 62,200 30,720 31,480
2001 to 2005 17,420 8,535 8,885
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 44,780 22,185 22,595
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 6,355 3,320 3,040
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 142,230 68,980 73,255
Under 5 years 14,685 7,480 7,210
5 to 14 years 26,345 13,470 12,870
15 to 24 years 31,950 14,990 16,960
25 to 44 years 57,075 27,510 29,570
45 years and over 12,175 5,535 6,640
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 649,995 316,660 333,335
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 501,405 244,360 257,045
Born in province of residence 418,800 204,195 214,610
Born outside province of residence 82,605 40,165 42,440
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 142,230 68,980 73,255
Americas 16,215 7,720 8,500
United States 4,175 1,870 2,300
Jamaica 1,250 550 700
Guyana 1,070 470 595
Haiti 90 40 55
Mexico 960 490 475
Trinidad and Tobago 1,595 715 880
Colombia 365 200 165
El Salvador 1,500 835 665
Peru 235 125 105
Chile 720 365 355
Other places of birth in Americas 4,255 2,055 2,205
Europe 38,290 18,770 19,525
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 8,570 4,150 4,420
Italy 2,865 1,560 1,305
Germany 4,040 2,060 1,985
Poland 4,730 1,910 2,825
Portugal 3,655 1,965 1,690
Netherlands 1,235 650 585
France 585 325 260
Romania 675 395 280
Russian Federation 1,510 640 875
Greece 590 340 250
Ukraine 3,230 1,545 1,690
Croatia 1,015 505 510
Hungary 660 345 315
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,015 460 555
Serbia 360 195 165
Ireland, Republic of 295 140 150
Other places of birth in Europe 3,255 1,590 1,670
Africa 9,840 5,135 4,700
Morocco 360 210 145
Algeria 45 30 20
Egypt 500 255 245
South Africa, Republic of 515 275 240
Nigeria 1,320 735 585
Ethiopia 1,485 760 725
Kenya 480 260 215
Other places of birth in Africa 5,135 2,615 2,520
Asia 77,405 37,125 40,280
India 11,245 5,725 5,520
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 5,980 2,875 3,105
Philippines 43,275 20,195 23,080
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,425 675 745
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 3,340 1,660 1,680
Pakistan 1,425 790 635
Sri Lanka 725 370 355
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 835 485 350
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,935 830 1,105
Lebanon 85 60 25
Taiwan 245 120 125
Iraq 515 270 245
Bangladesh 320 165 155
Afghanistan 695 350 345
Japan 175 25 150
Turkey 80 40 40
Other places of birth in Asia 5,105 2,490 2,610
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 480 230 255
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 480 230 250
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 6,360 3,320 3,035
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 44,780 22,185 22,590
Americas 2,270 1,225 1,045
United States 600 300 295
Mexico 380 225 150
Cuba 30 20 0
Haiti 30 0 0
Jamaica 85 35 50
Brazil 70 30 40
Colombia 185 115 75
Guyana 100 55 45
Peru 95 50 50
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 685 375 305
Europe 2,690 1,395 1,285
France 100 55 45
Germany 200 105 95
Poland 120 40 80
Romania 60 25 35
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 110 55 50
Russian Federation 490 220 275
Ukraine 735 425 310
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 295 160 135
Other places of birth in Europe 575 310 260
Africa 4,465 2,255 2,210
Nigeria 865 455 405
Ethiopia 580 260 315
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 210 130 85
Algeria 30 0 0
Egypt 220 130 90
Morocco 135 90 45
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 40 25 15
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 475 225 250
South Africa, Republic of 80 50 30
Other places of birth in Africa 1,805 860 950
Asia 35,250 17,250 18,000
Philippines 21,360 10,315 11,040
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,420 1,225 1,200
India 5,625 2,940 2,685
Pakistan 560 300 260
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 375 205 170
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,065 465 600
Sri Lanka 205 95 110
Iraq 215 100 120
Bangladesh 210 110 100
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 425 220 205
Taiwan 60 30 30
Afghanistan 120 60 60
Japan 60 0 50
Turkey 15 0 0
Israel 505 255 250
Nepal 135 60 75
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 75 20 60
United Arab Emirates 80 40 40
Saudi Arabia 90 55 40
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 155 80 80
Other places of birth in Asia 1,490 655 835
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 110 65 45
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 649,995 316,665 333,335
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 150,375 73,295 77,080
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 128,730 61,635 67,095
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 370,895 181,735 189,165
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 649,995 316,665 333,335
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 139,190 68,710 70,480
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 22,940 11,500 11,445
Chinese 14,975 7,415 7,560
Black 17,410 8,900 8,510
Filipino 56,400 27,015 29,385
Latin American 6,475 3,475 3,000
Arab 2,670 1,415 1,255
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 6,990 3,575 3,415
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,970 975 995
Korean 2,690 1,170 1,520
Japanese 1,400 605 790
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,495 805 690
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 3,770 1,850 1,920
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 510,810 247,955 262,855
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 649,995 316,660 333,330
North American Aboriginal origins 76,055 36,010 40,040
First Nations (North American Indian) 38,400 17,925 20,475
Inuit 370 170 200
Métis 41,005 19,800 21,205
Other North American origins 113,485 55,485 58,000
Acadian 380 185 200
American 5,655 2,845 2,810
Canadian 108,955 53,240 55,715
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 175 110 65
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 175 70 100
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 130 65 70
European origins 458,075 221,980 236,100
British Isles origins 237,080 116,005 121,070
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 30 0 10
English 137,075 66,290 70,785
Irish 85,800 41,025 44,770
Manx 95 45 50
Scottish 113,465 55,525 57,940
Welsh 10,520 5,315 5,205
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 12,575 6,250 6,330
French origins 85,050 41,185 43,865
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 135 90 40
French 85,025 41,170 43,855
Western European origins (except French origins) 139,015 67,110 71,905
Austrian 8,165 3,755 4,410
Belgian 9,565 4,480 5,085
Dutch 25,095 12,475 12,620
Flemish 825 290 535
Frisian 25 0 0
German 105,910 50,965 54,950
Luxembourger 50 25 25
Swiss 2,555 1,325 1,225
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 45 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 43,010 20,330 22,680
Danish 4,745 2,135 2,610
Finnish 2,445 1,230 1,215
Icelandic 15,825 7,545 8,285
Norwegian 10,635 4,975 5,660
Swedish 12,020 5,575 6,440
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 1,140 500 640
Eastern European origins 153,305 73,365 79,940
Bulgarian 165 80 85
Byelorussian 335 185 145
Czech 2,515 1,210 1,305
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 1,425 640 780
Estonian 220 85 135
Hungarian 5,890 2,880 3,010
Latvian 690 290 400
Lithuanian 1,015 575 435
Moldovan 70 40 30
Polish 50,385 23,205 27,185
Romanian 3,440 1,760 1,690
Russian 22,490 10,635 11,850
Slovak 1,080 465 610
Ukrainian 98,860 47,625 51,230
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 425 240 185
Southern European origins 44,890 22,270 22,620
Albanian 235 115 120
Bosnian 730 300 430
Croatian 2,350 1,135 1,215
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 2,670 1,400 1,275
Italian 16,830 8,510 8,315
Kosovar 85 45 45
Macedonian 230 115 115
Maltese 150 95 60
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 10,705 5,330 5,375
Serbian 1,280 635 645
Sicilian 130 60 75
Slovenian 880 380 505
Spanish 9,940 4,680 5,255
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 980 515 465
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 25 0 0
Other European origins 13,100 6,585 6,515
Basque 55 50 0
Jewish 11,630 5,660 5,970
Roma (Gypsy) 120 60 60
Slavic, n.o.s. 130 55 70
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,245 785 455
Caribbean origins 7,565 3,770 3,795
Antiguan 60 40 0
Bahamian 80 40 40
Barbadian 765 435 330
Bermudan 35 0 0
Carib 90 35 55
Cuban 165 75 90
Dominican 110 75 35
Grenadian 80 40 40
Haitian 170 70 95
Jamaican 3,010 1,460 1,545
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 20 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 35 0 30
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,525 860 670
Vincentian/Grenadinian 200 70 125
West Indian, n.o.s. 1,325 600 725
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 440 285 155
Latin, Central and South American origins 9,455 4,855 4,600
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 240 120 115
Argentinian 255 135 120
Belizean 25 10 0
Bolivian 45 20 25
Brazilian 310 150 160
Chilean 1,185 575 615
Colombian 440 240 205
Costa Rican 75 35 40
Ecuadorian 100 55 45
Guatemalan 430 220 215
Guyanese 830 460 365
Hispanic 255 155 105
Honduran 125 70 55
Maya 60 35 30
Mexican 1,605 875 735
Nicaraguan 295 145 155
Panamanian 25 0 15
Paraguayan 635 305 330
Peruvian 325 135 190
Salvadorean 1,940 1,015 925
Uruguayan 30 0 25
Venezuelan 110 35 75
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 575 280 295
African origins 15,765 8,200 7,565
Central and West African origins 3,755 2,055 1,700
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 20 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 20 15 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 75 45 30
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 835 435 400
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 25 15 0
Ghanaian 285 150 140
Guinean 40 25 0
Ibo 140 65 70
Ivorian 35 30 0
Liberian 30 15 0
Malian 45 25 25
Nigerian 1,340 785 555
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 65 15 50
Sierra Leonean 150 85 65
Togolese 125 75 45
Yoruba 280 125 155
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 505 230 275
North African origins 2,355 1,305 1,050
Algerian 60 35 30
Berber 90 50 40
Coptic 130 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 525 280 245
Libyan 240 110 130
Maure 20 0 0
Moroccan 500 285 220
Sudanese 945 545 400
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 5,750 2,845 2,905
Afrikaner 50 40 0
Amhara 220 135 90
Bantu, n.o.s. 45 25 20
Burundian 135 80 60
Eritrean 1,035 485 550
Ethiopian 1,775 770 1,005
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 285 135 150
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 15 0 0
Oromo 125 65 55
Rwandan 355 190 160
Seychellois 50 30 20
Somali 880 440 440
South African 315 160 155
Tanzanian 65 0 0
Tigrian 90 55 35
Ugandan 110 45 65
Zambian 145 60 85
Zimbabwean 65 25 40
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 350 195 155
Other African origins 4,420 2,285 2,130
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 655 310 340
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 3,800 2,000 1,805
Asian origins 116,260 56,660 59,595
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 6,780 3,485 3,290
Afghan 1,020 495 525
Arab, n.o.s. 810 440 370
Armenian 275 165 110
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 65 40 30
Georgian 85 35 45
Iranian 1,190 610 575
Iraqi 485 230 255
Israeli 285 155 130
Jordanian 25 0 0
Kazakh 55 25 30
Kurd 260 140 125
Kuwaiti 25 0 0
Lebanese 1,230 685 545
Palestinian 400 185 215
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 110 60 55
Syrian 440 195 245
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 15 0 0
Turk 385 165 215
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 55 25 30
Yemeni 65 35 30
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 185 95 85
South Asian origins 23,685 11,760 11,925
Bangladeshi 300 135 165
Bengali 55 30 25
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 19,610 9,695 9,910
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 25 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 470 240 230
Pakistani 1,590 760 830
Punjabi 1,525 780 740
Sinhalese 260 155 105
Sri Lankan 745 370 375
Tamil 135 105 35
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 580 305 270
East and Southeast Asian origins 86,015 41,545 44,475
Burmese 105 30 75
Cambodian (Khmer) 525 255 265
Chinese 20,115 9,880 10,240
Filipino 58,255 27,960 30,300
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 630 385 245
Japanese 1,950 840 1,105
Korean 2,835 1,225 1,615
Laotian 1,235 640 600
Malaysian 310 130 180
Mongolian 105 45 65
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 180 65 115
Thai 420 190 230
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 4,430 2,225 2,210
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 565 315 250
Other Asian origins 495 235 260
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 495 235 260
Oceania origins 790 425 365
Australian 455 200 255
New Zealander 185 85 95
Pacific Islands origins 165 140 20
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 30 20 0
Maori 30 25 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 80 70 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 650,000 316,665 333,330
Buddhist 6,260 3,010 3,250
Christian 414,270 192,570 221,695
Anglican 29,620 13,280 16,345
Baptist 10,230 4,780 5,450
Catholic 193,030 91,915 101,120
Christian Orthodox 9,895 4,690 5,205
Lutheran 20,610 9,345 11,260
Pentecostal 9,970 4,515 5,455
Presbyterian 4,435 2,010 2,430
United Church 52,955 22,815 30,135
Other Christian 83,520 39,215 44,300
Hindu 6,795 3,385 3,405
Jewish 10,535 5,170 5,365
Muslim 11,230 5,715 5,520
Sikh 9,800 4,910 4,890
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,775 695 1,080
Other religions 2,835 1,215 1,620
No religious affiliation 186,510 99,995 86,510
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 650,000 316,660 333,335
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 72,335 34,355 37,980
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 29,485 13,310 16,180
Métis single identity 41,235 20,300 20,935
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 340 120 220
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 745 380 365
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 530 245 280
Non-Aboriginal identity 577,665 282,310 295,355
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 650,000 316,660 333,335
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 28,285 12,630 15,660
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 621,715 304,040 317,675
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 649,995 316,660 333,335
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 76,055 36,015 40,045
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 38,400 17,925 20,475
Métis ancestry 41,010 19,800 21,205
Inuit ancestry 370 170 200
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 573,940 280,650 293,290
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 178,825 84,835 93,995
Aboriginal languages 4,480 1,655 2,820
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 1,540 575 965
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 2,220 900 1,320
Oji-Cree 705 220 490
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 20 0 20
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 110 35 75
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 180 65 120
Non-Aboriginal languages 174,400 83,195 91,205
Italian 5,195 2,690 2,510
Portuguese 6,210 3,105 3,105
Romanian 780 455 325
Spanish 12,675 6,075 6,600
Dutch 1,680 800 875
Flemish 145 45 105
German 19,750 9,250 10,500
Yiddish 780 360 420
Danish 240 105 130
Norwegian 140 40 105
Swedish 210 80 125
Afrikaans 285 145 135
Gaelic languages 35 30 0
Bosnian 700 310 395
Bulgarian 160 100 60
Croatian 1,160 595 570
Czech 600 270 335
Macedonian 175 90 85
Polish 6,725 2,910 3,815
Russian 4,960 2,515 2,445
Serbian 885 475 415
Serbo-Croatian 485 215 265
Slovak 215 95 120
Slovenian 230 90 135
Ukrainian 12,050 4,995 7,055
Latvian 55 20 35
Lithuanian 85 50 35
Greek 1,400 700 705
Armenian 65 35 30
Albanian 260 135 125
Estonian 25 20 0
Finnish 170 70 100
Hungarian 1,080 500 580
Turkish 200 105 100
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 305 165 140
Somali 740 380 355
Amharic 1,605 830 775
Arabic 4,425 2,370 2,060
Hebrew 2,545 1,390 1,160
Maltese 20 0 0
Tigrigna 1,005 525 480
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 0
Bengali 630 365 270
Gujarati 1,305 645 660
Hindi 6,855 3,590 3,260
Konkani 60 30 30
Marathi 55 30 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 11,915 6,100 5,815
Sindhi 105 55 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 535 280 255
Urdu 2,320 1,130 1,190
Nepali 665 310 360
Kurdish 265 130 135
Pashto 135 55 75
Persian (Farsi) 1,950 1,055 890
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 50 50
Kannada 60 40 20
Malayalam 305 150 160
Tamil 555 345 210
Telugu 160 95 60
Japanese 835 400 435
Korean 2,625 1,155 1,465
Cantonese 4,345 2,090 2,255
Fukien 45 25 25
Hakka 20 10 0
Mandarin 3,550 1,820 1,730
Taiwanese 90 35 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,410 3,065 3,340
Lao 945 465 480
Thai 415 220 195
Khmer (Cambodian) 530 235 295
Vietnamese 3,765 1,870 1,900
Bisayan languages 1,065 455 610
Ilocano 1,160 510 655
Malay 275 150 125
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 45,615 21,135 24,480
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65
Lingala 420 175 245
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 60 70
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 230 110 120
Swahili 1,185 570 620
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 405 165 240
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 950 475 475
African languages, n.i.e. 655 405 250
Creoles 620 345 270
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 4,515 2,200 2,315
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 642,605 313,000 329,605
Non-movers 550,615 268,230 282,385
Movers 91,985 44,765 47,220
Non-migrants 67,055 32,520 34,540
Migrants 24,930 12,250 12,685
Internal migrants 13,255 6,395 6,860
Intraprovincial migrants 6,875 3,360 3,520
Interprovincial migrants 6,380 3,040 3,335
External migrants 11,680 5,855 5,825
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 613,065 297,900 315,160
Non-movers 359,570 174,610 184,955
Movers 253,490 123,285 130,210
Non-migrants 171,575 83,170 88,400
Migrants 81,920 40,110 41,810
Internal migrants 39,730 19,225 20,505
Intraprovincial migrants 20,420 9,590 10,830
Interprovincial migrants 19,315 9,635 9,680
External migrants 42,190 20,885 21,300
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 538,435 259,545 278,890
No certificate, diploma or degree 106,795 52,835 53,960
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 153,960 73,670 80,285
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 277,685 133,040 144,645
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 44,710 28,000 16,710
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 86,025 37,135 48,895
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 24,505 10,525 13,985
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 122,445 57,380 65,065
Bachelor's degree 80,745 35,995 44,745
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 41,700 21,385 20,315
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 359,660 175,290 184,370
No certificate, diploma or degree 45,540 24,425 21,115
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 90,600 44,770 45,825
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 223,515 106,090 117,430
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 33,035 20,405 12,625
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 68,165 30,020 38,145
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 19,075 8,245 10,830
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 103,240 47,420 55,825
Bachelor's degree 68,550 30,375 38,170
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 34,690 17,045 17,645
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 538,435 259,545 278,895
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 260,755 126,505 134,245
Education 25,200 7,160 18,045
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 9,690 4,690 5,000
Humanities 16,435 7,020 9,415
Social and behavioural sciences and law 27,950 10,415 17,530
Business, management and public administration 58,770 23,415 35,350
Physical and life sciences and technologies 10,735 5,535 5,195
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 12,005 7,525 4,485
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 51,195 47,210 3,990
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 4,730 3,145 1,580
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 46,800 9,710 37,090
Personal, protective and transportation services 14,155 7,205 6,950
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 20 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 538,435 259,545 278,890
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 260,755 126,505 134,245
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 277,685 133,040 144,645
Location of study inside Canada 229,075 108,260 120,820
Same as province or territory of residence 201,595 94,140 107,455
Another province or territory 27,475 14,120 13,360
Location of study outside Canada 48,615 24,780 23,830
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 392,455 200,165 192,285
Single responses 389,205 198,620 190,585
English 382,570 195,805 186,765
French 3,600 1,200 2,395
Non-official languages 3,035 1,610 1,420
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 245 185
Cantonese 215 115 95
Panjabi (Punjabi) 270 175 95
Mandarin 80 50 25
Spanish 105 65 35
Korean 100 55 45
German 160 60 100
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 180 100 75
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,475 735 735
Multiple responses 3,255 1,545 1,710
English and French 1,380 510 870
English and non-official language 1,835 1,010 825
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 40 30 10
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 392,455 200,165 192,290
English 382,570 195,805 186,765
French 3,600 1,200 2,395
Non-official language 3,030 1,615 1,420
Aboriginal 45 25 0
Non-Aboriginal 2,990 1,590 1,400
English and French 1,385 510 870
English and non-official language 1,835 1,010 820
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 35 25 10
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 538,440 259,545 278,895
In the labour force 367,555 188,935 178,620
Employed 345,805 177,650 168,155
Unemployed 21,750 11,285 10,465
Not in the labour force 170,885 70,610 100,270
Participation rate 68.3 72.8 64.0
Employment rate 64.2 68.4 60.3
Unemployment rate 5.9 6.0 5.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 367,555 188,935 178,620
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 5,965 2,820 3,150
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 361,590 186,110 175,475
Employee 335,240 168,850 166,390
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 26,350 17,265 9,080
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 367,555 188,935 178,620
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,965 2,825 3,145
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 361,590 186,115 175,475
0 Management occupations 33,075 19,905 13,170
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 63,220 19,945 43,270
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 23,570 18,605 4,960
3 Health occupations 27,950 6,470 21,480
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 48,050 16,750 31,300
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 9,800 4,715 5,085
6 Sales and service occupations 88,715 40,040 48,675
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 46,750 44,470 2,280
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,410 2,790 620
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 17,045 12,420 4,630
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 367,555 188,935 178,620
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 5,965 2,820 3,150
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 361,590 186,110 175,475
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,915 1,145 765
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 475 395 85
22 Utilities 4,320 3,085 1,235
23 Construction 20,570 18,475 2,095
31-33 Manufacturing 33,310 25,060 8,245
41 Wholesale trade 14,110 9,970 4,145
44-45 Retail trade 40,920 19,525 21,400
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 18,935 14,900 4,035
51 Information and cultural industries 8,155 4,505 3,645
52 Finance and insurance 17,865 6,690 11,175
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 5,670 3,355 2,310
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 19,220 10,835 8,390
55 Management of companies and enterprises 375 240 140
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 14,905 8,615 6,290
61 Educational services 29,885 10,235 19,655
62 Health care and social assistance 49,610 10,650 38,965
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 8,470 4,465 4,010
72 Accommodation and food services 26,340 11,330 15,010
81 Other services (except public administration) 16,285 7,675 8,615
91 Public administration 30,235 14,970 15,265
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 367,555 188,935 178,620
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 16,870 7,905 8,965
Worked in 2010 350,690 181,030 169,655
1 to 13 weeks 16,835 7,800 9,035
14 to 26 weeks 26,365 12,780 13,585
27 to 39 weeks 19,555 9,670 9,885
40 to 48 weeks 50,785 25,840 24,945
49 to 52 weeks 237,150 124,945 112,205
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.2 45.7 44.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 367,555 188,935 178,620
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 16,870 7,900 8,965
Worked in 2010 350,685 181,030 169,655
Worked full-time in 2010 276,110 153,700 122,415
Worked part-time in 2010 74,575 27,335 47,240
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 345,800 177,650 168,155
Worked at home 13,185 6,390 6,800
Worked outside Canada 835 485 350
No fixed workplace address 34,430 25,545 8,880
Worked at usual place 297,360 145,230 152,125
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 331,785 170,780 161,005
Car, truck or van - as a driver 229,155 128,400 100,760
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 24,380 7,860 16,520
Public transit 48,530 19,795 28,735
Walked 18,095 7,855 10,240
Bicycle 7,075 4,970 2,105
Other methods 4,550 1,905 2,650
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 331,785 170,780 161,010
Median commuting duration 20.5 20.6 20.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 331,785 170,780 161,010
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 69,975 44,005 25,970
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 186,850 88,920 97,925
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 74,960 37,850 37,110
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 268,785 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 243,710 ... ...
Major repairs needed 25,080 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 268,785 ... ...
1960 or before 100,395 ... ...
1961 to 1980 92,955 ... ...
1981 to 1990 38,435 ... ...
1991 to 2000 16,165 ... ...
2001 to 2005 8,720 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 12,125 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 268,790 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 83,165 ... ...
5 rooms 44,800 ... ...
6 rooms 42,090 ... ...
7 rooms 34,620 ... ...
8 or more rooms 64,110 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 268,790 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 51,245 ... ...
2 bedrooms 69,580 ... ...
3 bedrooms 93,370 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 54,600 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 268,785 ... ...
Owner 177,610 ... ...
Renter 91,180 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 268,785 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 20,765 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 248,025 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 268,785 ... ...
1 household maintainer 164,300 ... ...
2 household maintainers 98,995 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 5,495 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 268,785 ... ...
Under 25 years 10,455 ... ...
25 to 34 years 42,365 ... ...
35 to 44 years 47,545 ... ...
45 to 54 years 58,935 ... ...
55 to 64 years 50,340 ... ...
65 to 74 years 29,115 ... ...
75 years and over 30,025 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 268,790 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 261,500 ... ...
More than one person per room 7,285 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 268,790 ... ...
Suitable 247,840 ... ...
Not suitable 20,950 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 268,175 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 209,265 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 58,910 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 48,095 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 177,590 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 882 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 976 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 240,168 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 257,574 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 91,180 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 18.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 723 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 749 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 538,440 259,545 278,890
Without income 26,970 12,885 14,085
With income 511,465 246,655 264,805
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 47,700 22,990 24,715
$5,000 to $9,999 38,325 14,995 23,330
$10,000 to $14,999 43,135 16,745 26,390
$15,000 to $19,999 45,570 16,885 28,680
$20,000 to $29,999 78,260 32,000 46,255
$30,000 to $39,999 70,800 33,610 37,190
$40,000 to $49,999 56,820 29,100 27,720
$50,000 to $59,999 40,205 23,660 16,540
$60,000 to $79,999 48,940 28,575 20,365
$80,000 to $99,999 21,090 13,305 7,790
$100,000 and over 20,625 14,795 5,830
$100,000 to $124,999 9,905 6,695 3,210
$125,000 and over 10,725 8,100 2,620
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,344 35,776 25,923
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,159 44,342 32,400
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 538,440 259,545 278,890
Without after-tax income 27,040 12,880 14,160
With after-tax income 511,390 246,665 264,730
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 48,785 23,200 25,590
$5,000 to $9,999 39,540 15,230 24,310
$10,000 to $14,999 45,730 18,115 27,610
$15,000 to $19,999 52,380 19,855 32,530
$20,000 to $29,999 96,415 41,310 55,105
$30,000 to $39,999 83,225 41,240 41,985
$40,000 to $49,999 57,885 32,770 25,110
$50,000 to $59,999 35,920 21,255 14,670
$60,000 to $79,999 33,820 20,830 12,990
$80,000 to $99,999 9,080 6,260 2,820
$100,000 and over 8,610 6,605 2,010
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,066 31,300 23,739
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,739 36,155 27,623
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.4 91.8 84.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 76.0 79.2 71.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 72.3 74.5 69.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.7 4.7 2.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.7 3.5 3.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.2 7.7 6.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.4 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.6 8.2 16.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.7 3.2 4.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.1 2.2 4.2
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.4 1.1 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.9 1.5 2.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.8 18.5 14.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.2 81.5 85.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 1.2 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 204,340 113,260 91,085
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 44,829 49,202 40,534
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 52,618 57,943 45,996
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 177,080 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,395 ... ...
Average family income ($) 88,899 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,970 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,680 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 61,760 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,244 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,980 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,536 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,318 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 78,185 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,757 ... ...
Average family income ($) 109,172 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,270 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,682 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 30,150 ... ...
Median family income ($) 44,166 ... ...
Average family income ($) 52,437 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 40,841 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,892 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 107,540 50,720 56,820
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,217 31,422 27,038
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,099 36,718 33,653
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,091 27,776 24,910
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,601 30,519 28,782
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 650,000 316,665 333,335
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 346,335 163,820 182,510
In bottom decile 70,385 33,180 37,200
In second decile 69,845 30,475 39,370
In third decile 67,470 32,100 35,370
In fourth decile 68,340 33,430 34,915
In fifth decile 70,295 34,630 35,660
In top half of the Canadian distribution 303,665 152,840 150,825
In sixth decile 68,790 34,135 34,655
In seventh decile 66,710 33,275 33,435
In eighth decile 64,145 32,005 32,135
In ninth decile 58,475 29,965 28,510
In top decile 45,540 23,460 22,080
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 268,790 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,485 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,955 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,065 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,240 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 25,140 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 27,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 26,540 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,040 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 39,315 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 29,110 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,695 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,160 ... ...
$150,000 and over 21,605 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 268,790 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,535 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,115 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,520 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,510 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 30,545 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 33,050 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 30,745 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 26,500 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 42,725 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 27,690 ... ...
$100,000 and over 38,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,045 ... ...
$125,000 and over 18,800 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 268,790 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 57,925 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 72,612 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 50,537 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 60,386 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 83,200 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,260 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,781 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,853 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,700 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 185,585 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 74,887 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 88,228 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,696 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 73,247 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 649,995 316,660 333,335
Less than 18 years 138,010 70,715 67,295
Less than 6 years 43,960 22,430 21,535
18 to 64 years 425,285 208,325 216,960
65 years and over 86,700 37,615 49,080
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 108,125 48,995 59,130
Less than 18 years 31,470 15,980 15,495
Less than 6 years 11,565 5,975 5,595
18 to 64 years 64,645 29,180 35,460
65 years and over 12,015 3,835 8,180
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 16.6 15.5 17.7
Less than 18 years (%) 22.8 22.6 23.0
Less than 6 years (%) 26.3 26.6 26.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.2 14.0 16.3
65 years and over (%) 13.9 10.2 16.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Winnipeg, CY, Manitoba (Code 4611040) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 2, 2016).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Winnipeg, CY, Manitoba

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Winnipeg, CY, Manitoba. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg, CY
Manitoba
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 663,617 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 633,451 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 4.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 280,489 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 268,753 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,430.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 464.08 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 663,615 322,195 341,425
0 to 4 years 36,860 18,645 18,210
5 to 9 years 35,925 18,455 17,470
10 to 14 years 39,075 20,275 18,795
15 to 19 years 44,320 22,585 21,735
15 years 8,515 4,380 4,135
16 years 8,910 4,550 4,360
17 years 8,880 4,595 4,285
18 years 8,670 4,340 4,330
19 years 9,345 4,725 4,620
20 to 24 years 48,470 24,265 24,205
25 to 29 years 47,490 23,505 23,990
30 to 34 years 44,885 22,035 22,850
35 to 39 years 43,555 21,480 22,075
40 to 44 years 44,175 21,775 22,400
45 to 49 years 50,700 25,015 25,680
50 to 54 years 50,015 24,735 25,280
55 to 59 years 44,460 21,530 22,935
60 to 64 years 38,140 18,190 19,950
65 to 69 years 26,880 12,640 14,240
70 to 74 years 20,460 9,180 11,275
75 to 79 years 17,870 7,680 10,195
80 to 84 years 14,880 5,665 9,215
85 years and over 15,455 4,535 10,920
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.0 37.6 40.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.1 82.2 84.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 551,760 264,815 286,945
Married or living with a common-law partner 296,315 148,015 148,300
Married (and not separated) 253,130 126,455 126,675
Living common law 43,185 21,560 21,625
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 255,440 116,795 138,640
Single (never legally married) 171,185 90,430 80,755
Separated 14,655 6,230 8,425
Divorced 35,260 13,795 21,475
Widowed 34,340 6,345 28,000
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 178,690 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 86,520 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 39,880 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 36,170 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 16,115 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 178,690 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 144,575 ... ...
Married couples 123,075 ... ...
Without children at home 53,220 ... ...
With children at home 69,855 ... ...
1 child 26,245 ... ...
2 children 30,355 ... ...
3 or more children 13,260 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,500 ... ...
Without children at home 13,025 ... ...
With children at home 8,475 ... ...
1 child 4,185 ... ...
2 children 2,750 ... ...
3 or more children 1,535 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 34,115 ... ...
Female parent 27,265 ... ...
1 child 15,775 ... ...
2 children 7,645 ... ...
3 or more children 3,840 ... ...
Male parent 6,855 ... ...
1 child 4,500 ... ...
2 children 1,810 ... ...
3 or more children 545 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 200,405 ... ...
Under six years of age 43,020 ... ...
6 to 14 years 66,235 ... ...
15 to 17 years 24,920 ... ...
18 to 24 years 43,410 ... ...
25 years and over 22,810 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 649,945 316,510 333,440
Number of persons not in census families 126,285 58,785 67,500
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 19,115 8,510 10,610
Living with non-relatives only 23,650 13,560 10,085
Living alone 83,520 36,715 46,805
Number of census family persons 523,670 257,725 265,940
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 86,895 37,240 49,655
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 32,765 8,600 24,160
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,530 730 2,795
Living with non-relatives only 1,175 555 620
Living alone 28,065 7,315 20,750
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 54,130 28,645 25,495
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 268,755 ... ...
Census-family households 173,180 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 156,715 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 130,155 ... ...
Without children 60,510 ... ...
With children 69,650 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 26,560 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 16,465 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 11,285 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 7,330 ... ...
Without children 2,555 ... ...
With children 4,775 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,955 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 5,180 ... ...
Non-census-family households 95,575 ... ...
One-person households 83,520 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 12,055 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 268,750 ... ...
Single-detached house 162,175 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 35,350 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 630 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 70,605 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,300 ... ...
Row house 8,845 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 4,675 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 46,480 ... ...
Other single-attached house 300 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 268,750 ... ...
1 person 83,515 ... ...
2 persons 85,495 ... ...
3 persons 40,425 ... ...
4 persons 36,690 ... ...
5 persons 14,295 ... ...
6 or more persons 8,320 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 649,950 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 655,595 318,980 336,620
  Single responses  638,095 310,665 327,430
    English  468,305 230,515 237,790
    French  23,455 10,710 12,745
    Non-official languages  146,340 69,440 76,895
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 3,530 1,390 2,135
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  1,115 425 690
        Dene  40 10 25
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  45 10 35
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 5
        Ojibway  1,640 665 970
        Oji-Cree  685 275 415
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 140,760 67,070 73,690
        African languages, n.i.e 500 285 215
        Afrikaans  155 80 75
        Akan (Twi)  95 50 45
        Albanian  285 135 150
        Amharic  1,155 580 575
        Arabic  2,660 1,500 1,160
        Armenian  35 20 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 225 115 110
        Bengali  645 365 280
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  765 335 430
        Bosnian  590 295 290
        Bulgarian  125 55 65
        Burmese  55 35 25
        Cantonese  3,200 1,520 1,685
        Chinese, n.o.s.  6,330 3,170 3,160
        Creoles  335 160 175
        Croatian  915 420 495
        Czech  515 255 265
        Danish  195 100 95
        Dutch  1,515 750 765
        Estonian  30 15 15
        Finnish  155 60 90
        Flemish  165 60 110
        Fukien  30 20 15
        German  16,260 7,170 9,085
        Greek  1,045 545 505
        Gujarati  980 505 475
        Hakka  25 10 10
        Hebrew  325 175 150
        Hindi  1,285 665 625
        Hungarian  1,075 480 595
        Ilocano  880 395 485
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Italian  3,720 1,880 1,845
        Japanese  410 145 265
        Khmer (Cambodian)  260 130 130
        Korean  2,400 1,125 1,270
        Kurdish  365 190 175
        Lao  815 430 390
        Latvian  75 35 40
        Lingala  45 20 30
        Lithuanian  80 35 45
        Macedonian  130 65 65
        Malay  110 55 60
        Malayalam  285 150 135
        Maltese  25 10 10
        Mandarin  2,070 1,005 1,070
        Marathi  50 30 20
        Nepali  325 160 160
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 530 265 260
        Norwegian  70 30 45
        Oromo  345 190 155
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  9,285 4,755 4,530
        Pashto  180 80 100
        Persian (Farsi)  1,520 780 740
        Polish  5,845 2,610 3,235
        Portuguese  5,355 2,630 2,730
        Romanian  525 255 270
        Rundi (Kirundi)  85 40 45
        Russian  3,955 1,945 2,010
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  140 70 75
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Serbian  565 290 275
        Serbo-Croatian  295 140 150
        Shanghainese  15 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 105 60 45
        Sindhi  55 30 30
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  495 250 245
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 390 195 195
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 100 50 50
        Slovak  330 140 185
        Slovenian  250 115 140
        Somali  800 420 385
        Spanish  6,110 3,070 3,040
        Swahili  555 285 270
        Swedish  135 50 90
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  32,585 15,180 17,410
        Taiwanese  60 25 30
        Tamil  355 185 170
        Telugu  135 75 65
        Thai  190 70 125
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  920 475 445
        Turkish  160 95 70
        Ukrainian  9,410 3,895 5,520
        Urdu  1,490 770 725
        Vietnamese  3,150 1,525 1,625
        Yiddish  470 215 255
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,055 980 1,075
  Multiple responses          17,505 8,315 9,190
    English and French  2,565 1,220 1,345
    English and non-official language  13,730 6,530 7,200
    French and non-official language  925 445 480
    English, French and non-official language 280 120 160
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 655,600 318,980 336,620
  English only 578,905 285,135 293,775
  French only 930 410 520
  English and French 67,280 29,920 37,360
  Neither English nor French 8,485 3,510 4,970
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 655,600 318,980 336,620
  English 622,545 304,180 318,365
  French 22,705 10,360 12,345
  English and French 2,130 1,050 1,080
  Neither English nor French 8,230 3,395 4,835
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 23,770 10,885 12,885
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.6 3.4 3.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 655,600 318,980 336,620
  Single responses 623,205 303,315 319,885
    English 543,440 265,310 278,130
    French 9,700 4,185 5,515
    Non-official languages 70,060 33,820 36,240
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 945 410 535
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 235 95 140
        Dene 10 5 5
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 15 0 15
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 395 170 225
        Oji-Cree 290 140 155
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 68,370 33,035 35,340
        African languages, n.i.e. 165 85 80
        Afrikaans 60 30 30
        Akan (Twi) 30 10 20
        Albanian 150 65 80
        Amharic 695 330 365
        Arabic 1,730 920 810
        Armenian 15 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20
        Bengali 375 205 175
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 300 135 165
        Bosnian 350 170 180
        Bulgarian 80 40 45
        Burmese 40 20 15
        Cantonese 2,205 1,030 1,170
        Chinese, n.o.s. 4,595 2,315 2,280
        Creoles 160 65 95
        Croatian 335 160 180
        Czech 120 55 60
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 90 40 45
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 5 10
        Flemish 15 10 10
        Fukien 5 5 5
        German 2,470 1,100 1,370
        Greek 400 190 210
        Gujarati 580 290 285
        Hakka 5 0 5
        Hebrew 180 90 90
        Hindi 670 340 330
        Hungarian 265 105 165
        Ilocano 250 115 135
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Italian 1,125 510 620
        Japanese 140 60 80
        Khmer (Cambodian) 145 75 75
        Korean 1,970 955 1,015
        Kurdish 205 105 100
        Lao 470 225 245
        Latvian 15 5 5
        Lingala 20 10 10
        Lithuanian 10 5 5
        Macedonian 85 40 45
        Malay 30 15 20
        Malayalam 165 90 75
        Maltese 5 0 5
        Mandarin 1,590 815 775
        Marathi 15 10 5
        Nepali 235 120 125
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 145 65 85
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 225 110 115
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 7,015 3,565 3,450
        Pashto 130 55 75
        Persian (Farsi) 1,070 520 545
        Polish 2,155 930 1,225
        Portuguese 2,295 1,070 1,235
        Romanian 215 100 115
        Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 35
        Russian 2,775 1,395 1,380
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 70 35 35
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Serbian 340 180 155
        Serbo-Croatian 150 70 80
        Shanghainese 5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 185 105 75
        Sindhi 25 10 20
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 245 120 130
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 350 180 175
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20
        Slovak 80 45 40
        Slovenian 50 15 35
        Somali 585 295 290
        Spanish 3,315 1,645 1,670
        Swahili 330 180 155
        Swedish 20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 17,855 8,415 9,440
        Taiwanese 25 10 15
        Tamil 175 80 95
        Telugu 85 45 35
        Thai 80 35 50
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 595 300 295
        Turkish 60 40 25
        Ukrainian 1,660 740 915
        Urdu 875 440 440
        Vietnamese 2,380 1,160 1,225
        Yiddish 20 10 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 740 375 365
  Multiple responses         32,395 15,665 16,735
    English and French 1,640 740 905
    English and non-official language 29,880 14,485 15,400
    French and non-official language 460 225 235
    English, French and non-official language 415 215 195
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 655,600 318,980 336,620
  None 562,655 275,295 287,355
  Single responses  91,070 42,805 48,265
    English  36,140 17,500 18,645
    French  11,710 5,185 6,520
    Non-official languages  43,220 20,120 23,095
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 2,395 950 1,445
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  805 325 475
        Dene  30 15 15
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  30 15 15
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  1,115 445 670
        Oji-Cree  410 150 265
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 39,725 18,685 21,045
        African languages, n.i.e 155 80 75
        Afrikaans  65 30 35
        Akan (Twi)  45 30 20
        Albanian  65 30 40
        Amharic  355 195 160
        Arabic  885 495 395
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 120 55 65
        Bengali  140 80 60
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  175 80 100
        Bosnian  145 85 60
        Bulgarian  15 5 10
        Burmese  25 15 10
        Cantonese  765 370 400
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,140 565 575
        Creoles  205 110 100
        Croatian  335 165 170
        Czech  165 80 85
        Danish  70 25 45
        Dutch  470 200 265
        Estonian  5 5 0
        Finnish  45 20 25
        Flemish  20 5 15
        Fukien  20 10 5
        German  4,885 2,100 2,780
        Greek  600 315 285
        Gujarati  185 100 85
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  555 265 295
        Hindi  825 425 395
        Hungarian  310 130 180
        Ilocano  245 115 130
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Italian  1,500 760 745
        Japanese  240 110 130
        Khmer (Cambodian)  65 30 30
        Korean  305 130 175
        Kurdish  80 40 40
        Lao  245 120 125
        Latvian  15 5 10
        Lingala  55 20 30
        Lithuanian  20 5 10
        Macedonian  30 15 10
        Malay  40 20 20
        Malayalam  105 50 55
        Maltese  5 0 5
        Mandarin  455 200 260
        Marathi  10 5 10
        Nepali  40 15 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 440 225 215
        Norwegian  35 10 20
        Oromo  55 35 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,425 750 685
        Pashto  30 10 15
        Persian (Farsi)  255 140 120
        Polish  1,645 760 890
        Portuguese  2,105 1,030 1,075
        Romanian  155 75 80
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 25 15
        Russian  750 340 405
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  50 20 30
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Serbian  135 60 75
        Serbo-Croatian  50 25 30
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 110 45 65
        Sindhi  20 15 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  225 110 115
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 25 15 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Slovak  80 25 50
        Slovenian  85 40 50
        Somali  150 75 70
        Spanish  2,750 1,370 1,385
        Swahili  335 170 165
        Swedish  60 25 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  7,825 3,525 4,300
        Taiwanese  20 10 10
        Tamil  130 60 65
        Telugu  25 15 10
        Thai  70 35 35
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  235 120 120
        Turkish  60 35 25
        Ukrainian  2,820 1,140 1,680
        Urdu  390 200 185
        Vietnamese  695 345 340
        Yiddish  110 45 65
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,095 490 605
  Multiple responses          1,880 875 1,005
    English and French  190 90 100
    English and non-official language  770 380 385
    French and non-official language  905 395 505
    English, French and non-official language  15 10 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Winnipeg, CY, Manitoba (Code 4611040) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 2, 2016).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Winnipeg, City (Census Subdivision), Manitoba

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Winnipeg, CY, Manitoba (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Winnipeg, City (Census Subdivision), Manitoba

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Winnipeg, City (Census Subdivision), Manitoba