NHS Profile, Calgary, CY, Alberta, 2011

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NHS data, Calgary, CY, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary, CY
Alberta
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 1,082,235 541,045 541,185
Canadian citizens 974,285 489,050 485,235
Canadian citizens aged under 18 217,580 111,130 106,450
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 756,705 377,915 378,785
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 107,945 51,995 55,950
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 1,082,230 541,045 541,185
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 760,940 383,985 376,960
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 298,820 145,810 153,005
Before 1971 32,125 15,940 16,180
1971 to 1980 35,160 17,975 17,190
1981 to 1990 40,525 19,485 21,040
1991 to 2000 62,985 29,885 33,105
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 128,025 62,530 65,495
2001 to 2005 59,620 29,765 29,860
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 68,400 32,765 35,635
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 22,470 11,250 11,220
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 298,820 145,815 153,010
Under 5 years 28,580 14,620 13,960
5 to 14 years 51,915 26,785 25,135
15 to 24 years 63,120 29,480 33,630
25 to 44 years 127,735 62,150 65,580
45 years and over 27,475 12,780 14,695
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 1,082,235 541,045 541,185
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 760,940 383,985 376,960
Born in province of residence 463,800 232,775 231,020
Born outside province of residence 297,140 151,210 145,935
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 298,820 145,810 153,010
Americas 34,720 16,945 17,780
United States 10,925 5,000 5,925
Jamaica 2,075 955 1,120
Guyana 865 415 455
Haiti 395 180 210
Mexico 2,365 1,225 1,135
Trinidad and Tobago 1,175 485 690
Colombia 4,165 2,140 2,025
El Salvador 2,075 1,020 1,050
Peru 810 345 470
Chile 2,055 1,190 865
Other places of birth in Americas 7,815 3,980 3,830
Europe 68,720 34,305 34,415
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 21,905 11,295 10,605
Italy 3,430 1,760 1,670
Germany 5,900 2,815 3,085
Poland 6,300 2,840 3,465
Portugal 910 420 495
Netherlands 3,260 1,615 1,640
France 1,185 565 620
Romania 3,655 1,955 1,700
Russian Federation 3,220 1,465 1,760
Greece 785 395 390
Ukraine 2,370 1,055 1,310
Croatia 1,170 635 535
Hungary 1,950 1,055 895
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,835 905 935
Serbia 1,000 460 540
Ireland, Republic of 1,085 545 535
Other places of birth in Europe 8,775 4,530 4,245
Africa 26,160 13,755 12,410
Morocco 345 185 160
Algeria 455 240 220
Egypt 1,640 905 735
South Africa, Republic of 2,220 1,105 1,115
Nigeria 3,460 1,770 1,685
Ethiopia 3,535 1,855 1,680
Kenya 2,115 1,105 1,010
Other places of birth in Africa 12,390 6,590 5,800
Asia 165,660 79,025 86,640
India 30,120 15,025 15,090
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 29,495 13,660 15,840
Philippines 33,060 14,045 19,015
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 9,920 4,815 5,105
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 14,035 6,680 7,355
Pakistan 11,250 5,965 5,280
Sri Lanka 1,495 735 755
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 3,460 1,945 1,510
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 5,280 2,480 2,800
Lebanon 3,615 2,050 1,565
Taiwan 1,775 795 980
Iraq 2,365 1,340 1,025
Bangladesh 2,265 1,195 1,070
Afghanistan 2,375 1,210 1,165
Japan 1,425 480 945
Turkey 665 360 305
Other places of birth in Asia 13,060 6,240 6,820
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 3,555 1,790 1,770
Fiji 1,630 810 820
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 1,925 980 950
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 22,470 11,245 11,220
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 68,400 32,770 35,635
Americas 9,450 4,675 4,775
United States 2,370 1,130 1,245
Mexico 1,315 685 630
Cuba 180 100 80
Haiti 260 125 135
Jamaica 205 95 105
Brazil 560 260 300
Colombia 1,735 905 830
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 330 120 210
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 1,355 690 665
Other places of birth in Americas 1,135 560 575
Europe 8,350 4,245 4,105
France 320 150 170
Germany 435 220 215
Poland 545 235 310
Romania 890 450 440
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 300 185 115
Russian Federation 870 435 445
Ukraine 700 300 405
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,715 1,470 1,245
Other places of birth in Europe 1,560 795 760
Africa 7,550 3,900 3,655
Nigeria 2,095 1,050 1,050
Ethiopia 1,295 660 635
Mauritius 100 70 35
Somalia 170 110 55
Algeria 170 85 80
Egypt 440 235 200
Morocco 95 30 60
Tunisia 95 65 25
Cameroon 355 170 180
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 130 85 40
South Africa, Republic of 315 135 185
Other places of birth in Africa 2,295 1,200 1,095
Asia 42,380 19,630 22,750
Philippines 12,740 5,640 7,105
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 5,970 2,630 3,340
India 8,525 4,270 4,250
Pakistan 3,545 1,690 1,860
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,160 675 485
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,730 750 980
Sri Lanka 570 255 310
Iraq 580 280 300
Bangladesh 750 365 390
Lebanon 550 335 215
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 960 310 645
Taiwan 240 85 150
Afghanistan 410 205 205
Japan 535 190 350
Turkey 95 55 40
Israel 135 80 55
Nepal 430 215 210
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 455 130 325
United Arab Emirates 200 120 85
Saudi Arabia 325 185 130
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 90 20 65
Other places of birth in Asia 2,390 1,140 1,250
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 675 320 350
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 1,082,235 541,045 541,185
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 325,535 159,270 166,270
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 235,720 118,685 117,035
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 520,970 263,085 257,885
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 1,082,230 541,045 541,185
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 325,390 161,190 164,195
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 81,180 41,835 39,345
Chinese 74,070 35,805 38,265
Black 31,870 16,710 15,155
Filipino 47,350 21,100 26,245
Latin American 19,870 10,445 9,420
Arab 16,745 8,615 8,125
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 20,530 10,095 10,435
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 8,470 4,565 3,905
Korean 8,160 3,960 4,200
Japanese 5,160 2,230 2,925
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,860 1,365 1,495
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 9,130 4,455 4,675
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 756,845 379,855 376,990
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 1,082,230 541,045 541,185
North American Aboriginal origins 40,375 19,540 20,835
First Nations (North American Indian) 24,810 11,860 12,950
Inuit 485 245 240
Métis 16,500 8,110 8,385
Other North American origins 224,760 113,530 111,230
Acadian 1,595 895 700
American 19,685 9,325 10,365
Canadian 210,295 106,600 103,695
New Brunswicker 15 15 0
Newfoundlander 375 250 120
Nova Scotian 35 0 30
Ontarian 30 30 0
Québécois 275 155 115
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 165 90 75
European origins 680,880 339,205 341,675
British Isles origins 436,675 216,960 219,710
Channel Islander 40 30 0
Cornish 85 40 40
English 252,575 125,170 127,405
Irish 161,105 77,885 83,215
Manx 175 75 100
Scottish 193,345 94,890 98,450
Welsh 21,885 10,640 11,245
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 27,455 13,235 14,220
French origins 97,810 47,895 49,915
Alsatian 55 30 25
Breton 35 15 15
French 97,770 47,870 49,895
Western European origins (except French origins) 207,995 102,430 105,560
Austrian 11,005 5,580 5,425
Belgian 4,620 2,265 2,355
Dutch 42,485 21,300 21,185
Flemish 735 400 335
Frisian 120 60 55
German 160,485 78,495 81,990
Luxembourger 225 95 135
Swiss 6,005 2,885 3,125
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 105 40 60
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 75,515 35,260 40,255
Danish 14,875 7,225 7,645
Finnish 4,760 2,185 2,570
Icelandic 5,010 2,315 2,695
Norwegian 32,275 15,135 17,140
Swedish 22,340 10,080 12,265
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 3,145 1,470 1,670
Eastern European origins 162,295 79,235 83,060
Bulgarian 1,045 550 490
Byelorussian 955 465 490
Czech 5,970 3,015 2,955
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 2,110 825 1,290
Estonian 930 440 490
Hungarian 17,550 8,635 8,915
Latvian 1,000 500 500
Lithuanian 1,905 975 930
Moldovan 435 285 150
Polish 45,450 21,725 23,720
Romanian 9,615 4,520 5,095
Russian 30,415 14,920 15,495
Slovak 3,695 1,850 1,840
Ukrainian 71,045 34,740 36,305
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 445 185 260
Southern European origins 70,530 35,365 35,165
Albanian 965 515 450
Bosnian 1,360 700 660
Croatian 3,895 2,075 1,825
Cypriot 50 35 20
Greek 5,225 2,570 2,660
Italian 32,770 16,560 16,210
Kosovar 85 50 35
Macedonian 455 265 190
Maltese 410 180 225
Montenegrin 40 30 0
Portuguese 6,050 2,825 3,225
Serbian 2,690 1,415 1,270
Sicilian 110 40 65
Slovenian 1,175 655 520
Spanish 17,250 8,680 8,570
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,825 860 965
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 50 30 20
Other European origins 10,315 5,115 5,200
Basque 185 100 90
Jewish 7,270 3,475 3,795
Roma (Gypsy) 155 85 65
Slavic, n.o.s. 305 140 165
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 2,470 1,355 1,115
Caribbean origins 10,580 5,200 5,375
Antiguan 110 60 55
Bahamian 145 65 75
Barbadian 710 340 375
Bermudan 105 60 45
Carib 95 35 60
Cuban 730 395 335
Dominican 230 155 75
Grenadian 140 60 80
Haitian 790 360 425
Jamaican 4,605 2,305 2,305
Kittitian/Nevisian 30 0 15
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 25 0 0
Puerto Rican 130 60 70
St. Lucian 80 20 60
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,575 820 760
Vincentian/Grenadinian 220 115 110
West Indian, n.o.s. 870 375 500
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 635 265 365
Latin, Central and South American origins 23,795 12,025 11,770
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 610 310 300
Argentinian 690 325 365
Belizean 55 30 25
Bolivian 220 105 120
Brazilian 830 455 375
Chilean 2,715 1,430 1,290
Colombian 4,930 2,440 2,490
Costa Rican 310 135 175
Ecuadorian 430 160 270
Guatemalan 785 395 385
Guyanese 895 440 455
Hispanic 580 340 235
Honduran 250 130 120
Maya 160 80 85
Mexican 4,500 2,355 2,145
Nicaraguan 550 285 260
Panamanian 100 25 70
Paraguayan 25 10 20
Peruvian 820 405 415
Salvadorean 2,490 1,220 1,270
Uruguayan 70 50 25
Venezuelan 2,090 1,115 975
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 835 470 365
African origins 33,855 17,890 15,965
Central and West African origins 7,655 4,170 3,490
Akan 90 65 20
Angolan 190 105 85
Ashanti 25 0 0
Beninese 65 35 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 390 185 200
Chadian 135 65 70
Congolese 835 445 390
Gabonese 25 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 1,310 750 565
Guinean 50 0 30
Ibo 435 220 220
Ivorian 40 35 0
Liberian 35 20 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 3,155 1,750 1,405
Peulh 15 0 0
Senegalese 135 95 40
Sierra Leonean 70 15 45
Togolese 25 0 0
Yoruba 660 370 295
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 500 250 255
North African origins 7,725 4,065 3,660
Algerian 595 275 320
Berber 110 55 55
Coptic 60 30 35
Dinka 150 95 55
Egyptian 2,545 1,315 1,230
Libyan 410 210 200
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 500 240 265
Sudanese 3,240 1,760 1,480
Tunisian 285 180 105
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 20 10
Southern and East African origins 12,475 6,640 5,840
Afrikaner 80 50 30
Amhara 145 65 80
Bantu, n.o.s. 20 15 0
Burundian 40 25 25
Eritrean 1,650 840 810
Ethiopian 4,050 2,145 1,900
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 580 300 275
Malagasy 55 30 25
Mauritian 140 80 60
Oromo 170 100 65
Rwandan 195 115 85
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 1,490 835 660
South African 2,195 1,195 1,000
Tanzanian 425 205 220
Tigrian 65 35 35
Ugandan 350 190 160
Zambian 40 25 0
Zimbabwean 415 255 160
Zulu 35 20 15
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,100 550 550
Other African origins 7,015 3,565 3,450
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 550 270 285
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 6,480 3,305 3,175
Asian origins 276,180 135,245 140,935
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 32,485 17,215 15,270
Afghan 3,800 2,040 1,755
Arab, n.o.s. 3,430 1,685 1,740
Armenian 740 405 335
Assyrian 200 100 95
Azerbaijani 210 135 85
Georgian 165 90 75
Iranian 5,330 2,890 2,440
Iraqi 2,560 1,340 1,215
Israeli 345 190 155
Jordanian 215 115 100
Kazakh 225 110 110
Kurd 720 445 270
Kuwaiti 30 20 0
Lebanese 10,800 5,595 5,205
Palestinian 760 425 335
Pashtun 240 130 110
Saudi Arabian 245 145 95
Syrian 1,305 625 685
Tajik 85 45 40
Tatar 305 100 205
Turk 1,950 1,155 795
Uighur 115 50 70
Uzbek 85 45 40
Yemeni 290 190 95
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 955 485 465
South Asian origins 82,010 42,150 39,860
Bangladeshi 1,785 895 890
Bengali 610 335 270
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 63,445 32,490 30,955
Goan 300 140 160
Gujarati 130 65 65
Kashmiri 340 180 160
Nepali 965 520 445
Pakistani 10,225 5,340 4,885
Punjabi 4,310 2,205 2,105
Sinhalese 410 225 185
Sri Lankan 1,650 795 855
Tamil 310 140 170
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,240 695 540
East and Southeast Asian origins 163,735 77,110 86,625
Burmese 410 200 215
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,710 825 880
Chinese 84,065 40,590 43,470
Filipino 50,320 22,460 27,860
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 1,590 725 865
Japanese 6,360 2,785 3,575
Korean 8,520 4,115 4,410
Laotian 630 325 305
Malaysian 845 410 440
Mongolian 475 235 240
Singaporean 90 50 40
Taiwanese 705 330 380
Thai 715 290 420
Tibetan 350 185 170
Vietnamese 17,305 8,360 8,945
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 380 185 190
Other Asian origins 685 370 315
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 690 370 315
Oceania origins 5,080 2,655 2,420
Australian 2,600 1,420 1,185
New Zealander 1,070 555 515
Pacific Islands origins 1,525 725 800
Fijian 1,025 515 515
Hawaiian 150 65 85
Maori 235 95 140
Polynesian, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Samoan 25 20 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 90 25 60
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 1,082,230 541,045 541,185
Buddhist 22,375 10,265 12,110
Christian 594,270 280,400 313,870
Anglican 41,285 18,725 22,560
Baptist 17,200 8,075 9,125
Catholic 263,805 126,915 136,890
Christian Orthodox 17,540 8,780 8,760
Lutheran 23,465 10,830 12,630
Pentecostal 14,385 6,750 7,635
Presbyterian 13,375 5,885 7,485
United Church 65,925 29,135 36,790
Other Christian 137,300 65,300 71,995
Hindu 17,410 9,080 8,330
Jewish 5,995 2,925 3,075
Muslim 56,785 29,225 27,560
Sikh 28,565 14,620 13,945
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 915 435 480
Other religions 6,085 2,775 3,310
No religious affiliation 349,830 191,330 158,505
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 1,082,235 541,045 541,185
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 28,905 13,960 14,945
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 12,855 6,075 6,775
Métis single identity 14,650 7,270 7,380
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 235 120 120
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 155 75 85
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 1,010 425 585
Non-Aboriginal identity 1,053,325 527,085 526,245
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,082,230 541,045 541,185
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 11,125 5,120 6,005
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 1,071,105 535,925 535,180
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 1,082,230 541,045 541,185
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 40,370 19,540 20,835
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 24,810 11,860 12,950
Métis ancestry 16,500 8,110 8,385
Inuit ancestry 485 245 245
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 1,041,860 521,505 520,350
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 355,945 173,265 182,675
Aboriginal languages 1,160 430 730
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 525 250 280
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 410 110 295
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 50 15 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 45 0 35
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 145 55 90
Non-Aboriginal languages 354,855 172,855 182,000
Italian 8,775 4,345 4,430
Portuguese 3,700 1,830 1,870
Romanian 4,240 2,205 2,035
Spanish 38,435 19,025 19,410
Dutch 4,625 2,270 2,350
Flemish 80 35 45
German 17,620 8,540 9,075
Yiddish 150 85 65
Danish 1,155 540 610
Norwegian 510 305 200
Swedish 555 265 290
Afrikaans 1,395 705 690
Gaelic languages 215 110 100
Bosnian 1,090 545 550
Bulgarian 630 340 290
Croatian 2,175 1,160 1,015
Czech 1,505 745 760
Macedonian 150 95 50
Polish 8,660 4,070 4,595
Russian 10,880 5,210 5,670
Serbian 1,900 1,040 860
Serbo-Croatian 440 205 235
Slovak 1,280 685 595
Slovenian 255 130 125
Ukrainian 4,600 1,860 2,740
Latvian 165 125 45
Lithuanian 220 110 115
Greek 2,265 1,110 1,155
Armenian 305 150 155
Albanian 890 460 435
Estonian 90 60 30
Finnish 375 135 240
Hungarian 3,705 1,920 1,785
Turkish 1,360 775 590
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 865 495 370
Somali 1,095 590 510
Amharic 3,810 2,025 1,780
Arabic 19,215 10,220 8,990
Hebrew 1,230 590 645
Maltese 65 25 35
Tigrigna 1,260 645 615
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 525 260 270
Bengali 3,590 1,885 1,710
Gujarati 6,035 2,890 3,145
Hindi 20,020 10,210 9,810
Konkani 180 55 130
Marathi 740 380 365
Panjabi (Punjabi) 34,085 17,630 16,450
Sindhi 2,435 1,080 1,350
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,120 525 590
Urdu 15,625 8,190 7,430
Nepali 995 545 445
Kurdish 995 515 480
Pashto 1,235 675 550
Persian (Farsi) 7,285 4,020 3,260
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 755 365 385
Kannada 350 185 160
Malayalam 1,660 935 730
Tamil 1,880 945 935
Telugu 555 295 260
Japanese 3,435 1,520 1,910
Korean 7,665 3,635 4,030
Cantonese 25,330 12,080 13,240
Fukien 270 135 130
Hakka 125 70 55
Mandarin 16,605 7,790 8,815
Taiwanese 260 100 160
Chinese, n.o.s. 26,455 12,485 13,970
Lao 515 255 255
Thai 745 320 425
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,305 585 720
Vietnamese 16,045 7,730 8,320
Bisayan languages 1,240 545 700
Ilocano 1,755 685 1,075
Malay 1,115 530 580
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 37,975 16,060 21,910
Akan (Twi) 835 460 380
Lingala 355 235 120
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 20 35
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 135 85 50
Swahili 2,055 1,115 940
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 525 310 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,140 1,130 1,015
African languages, n.i.e. 2,135 1,145 990
Creoles 1,020 500 520
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 6,230 2,965 3,265
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 1,067,315 533,260 534,050
Non-movers 899,045 447,465 451,585
Movers 168,265 85,800 82,470
Non-migrants 119,820 61,360 58,465
Migrants 48,450 24,440 24,010
Internal migrants 30,950 15,915 15,035
Intraprovincial migrants 14,195 7,210 6,985
Interprovincial migrants 16,755 8,705 8,050
External migrants 17,500 8,525 8,975
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 1,009,895 503,350 506,550
Non-movers 538,875 264,400 274,470
Movers 471,025 238,950 232,075
Non-migrants 295,265 150,115 145,150
Migrants 175,760 88,835 86,925
Internal migrants 104,725 53,975 50,750
Intraprovincial migrants 35,955 18,315 17,640
Interprovincial migrants 68,770 35,660 33,115
External migrants 71,035 34,860 36,175
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 885,845 440,880 444,965
No certificate, diploma or degree 132,870 66,830 66,040
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 218,615 105,985 112,630
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 534,365 268,070 266,295
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 70,430 48,640 21,790
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 154,530 67,915 86,615
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 46,705 20,760 25,950
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 262,700 130,750 131,945
Bachelor's degree 180,675 87,580 93,095
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 82,025 43,175 38,845
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 643,530 322,920 320,610
No certificate, diploma or degree 58,165 30,910 27,255
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 135,325 66,720 68,605
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 450,040 225,285 224,750
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 54,205 38,085 16,120
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 127,630 56,850 70,780
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 37,545 16,815 20,730
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 230,660 113,535 117,120
Bachelor's degree 157,275 75,625 81,655
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 73,385 37,915 35,465
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 885,845 440,885 444,965
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 351,485 172,815 178,670
Education 34,715 7,565 27,145
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 18,385 7,955 10,430
Humanities 25,255 9,270 15,980
Social and behavioural sciences and law 53,635 19,795 33,845
Business, management and public administration 123,705 50,880 72,830
Physical and life sciences and technologies 28,140 15,820 12,320
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 24,820 16,005 8,810
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 129,640 112,775 16,860
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 8,240 4,190 4,045
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 67,535 13,415 54,115
Personal, protective and transportation services 20,275 10,375 9,895
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 35 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 885,850 440,880 444,965
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 351,485 172,815 178,670
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 534,365 268,070 266,295
Location of study inside Canada 410,860 206,265 204,600
Same as province or territory of residence 287,105 142,120 144,985
Another province or territory 123,755 64,140 59,615
Location of study outside Canada 123,505 61,810 61,700
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 698,485 369,210 329,270
Single responses 693,200 366,735 326,465
English 683,225 362,095 321,130
French 1,860 555 1,300
Non-official languages 8,115 4,085 4,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,740 915 825
Cantonese 1,335 595 745
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,220 730 490
Mandarin 465 275 190
Spanish 695 370 325
Korean 410 175 235
German 55 20 30
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 45 0 35
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 2,155 995 1,160
Multiple responses 5,275 2,470 2,805
English and French 990 405 580
English and non-official language 4,220 2,035 2,180
French and non-official language 25 0 25
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 698,485 369,210 329,275
English 683,230 362,100 321,130
French 1,855 560 1,305
Non-official language 8,115 4,085 4,035
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 8,115 4,085 4,035
English and French 990 405 575
English and non-official language 4,220 2,035 2,180
French and non-official language 25 0 25
English, French and non-official language 50 20 30
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 885,845 440,880 444,965
In the labour force 656,545 351,360 305,185
Employed 617,040 330,790 286,250
Unemployed 39,505 20,570 18,935
Not in the labour force 229,305 89,525 139,780
Participation rate 74.1 79.7 68.6
Employment rate 69.7 75.0 64.3
Unemployment rate 6.0 5.9 6.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 656,545 351,360 305,185
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 10,080 4,470 5,605
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 646,465 346,890 299,580
Employee 578,040 303,390 274,645
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 68,420 43,495 24,930
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 656,545 351,360 305,190
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 10,080 4,470 5,610
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 646,465 346,885 299,580
0 Management occupations 72,585 46,650 25,935
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 122,555 38,045 84,510
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 77,990 60,295 17,690
3 Health occupations 36,665 7,060 29,605
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 63,930 20,815 43,115
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 16,400 7,215 9,185
6 Sales and service occupations 143,640 64,825 78,815
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 88,890 83,255 5,635
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 8,720 7,275 1,445
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 15,090 11,455 3,640
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 656,545 351,360 305,185
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 10,080 4,475 5,605
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 646,465 346,885 299,575
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 2,150 1,340 810
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 40,680 24,335 16,350
22 Utilities 7,335 4,370 2,960
23 Construction 54,935 46,640 8,290
31-33 Manufacturing 37,580 27,705 9,875
41 Wholesale trade 28,645 19,845 8,800
44-45 Retail trade 69,975 33,015 36,960
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 35,220 25,080 10,145
51 Information and cultural industries 15,055 8,250 6,815
52 Finance and insurance 24,780 10,430 14,350
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 14,335 8,145 6,190
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 76,625 45,265 31,355
55 Management of companies and enterprises 1,080 610 470
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 26,350 15,275 11,075
61 Educational services 40,025 12,960 27,065
62 Health care and social assistance 61,070 10,565 50,500
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 14,545 7,470 7,080
72 Accommodation and food services 40,135 18,245 21,890
81 Other services (except public administration) 28,880 12,215 16,665
91 Public administration 27,055 15,125 11,935
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 656,545 351,360 305,190
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 30,510 14,225 16,280
Worked in 2010 626,040 337,135 288,905
1 to 13 weeks 31,425 14,450 16,970
14 to 26 weeks 47,095 23,355 23,740
27 to 39 weeks 37,900 19,695 18,205
40 to 48 weeks 110,260 57,705 52,555
49 to 52 weeks 399,355 221,930 177,430
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.3 44.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 656,540 351,360 305,185
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 30,510 14,225 16,285
Worked in 2010 626,035 337,135 288,905
Worked full-time in 2010 515,425 299,305 216,120
Worked part-time in 2010 110,610 37,830 72,780
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 617,045 330,795 286,250
Worked at home 35,830 16,710 19,125
Worked outside Canada 2,550 1,925 625
No fixed workplace address 78,780 59,540 19,235
Worked at usual place 499,880 252,610 247,270
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 578,660 312,155 266,505
Car, truck or van - as a driver 403,475 231,765 171,705
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 31,330 10,520 20,805
Public transit 99,445 46,755 52,695
Walked 29,260 13,730 15,530
Bicycle 7,400 5,455 1,950
Other methods 7,750 3,930 3,820
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 578,660 312,155 266,505
Median commuting duration 25.1 25.5 20.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 578,655 312,155 266,505
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 163,285 104,085 59,205
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 307,470 154,565 152,905
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 107,905 53,505 54,395
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 423,415 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 401,150 ... ...
Major repairs needed 22,265 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 423,420 ... ...
1960 or before 49,480 ... ...
1961 to 1980 135,660 ... ...
1981 to 1990 61,840 ... ...
1991 to 2000 73,245 ... ...
2001 to 2005 56,180 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 47,015 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 423,415 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 102,980 ... ...
5 rooms 62,355 ... ...
6 rooms 61,855 ... ...
7 rooms 54,990 ... ...
8 or more rooms 141,235 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 423,415 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 50,800 ... ...
2 bedrooms 91,380 ... ...
3 bedrooms 156,840 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 124,390 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 423,415 ... ...
Owner 306,740 ... ...
Renter 116,675 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 423,415 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 88,830 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 334,590 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 423,420 ... ...
1 household maintainer 246,355 ... ...
2 household maintainers 162,910 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 14,150 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 423,420 ... ...
Under 25 years 16,645 ... ...
25 to 34 years 84,560 ... ...
35 to 44 years 91,550 ... ...
45 to 54 years 98,675 ... ...
55 to 64 years 69,640 ... ...
65 to 74 years 33,865 ... ...
75 years and over 28,485 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 423,415 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 414,635 ... ...
More than one person per room 8,780 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 423,415 ... ...
Suitable 400,930 ... ...
Not suitable 22,490 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 422,315 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 315,295 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 107,020 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 86,725 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 306,700 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 64.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 20.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,366 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,386 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 400,697 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 455,691 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 116,675 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,093 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,123 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 885,850 440,880 444,965
Without income 44,445 19,565 24,880
With income 841,405 421,320 420,085
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 85,905 39,615 46,290
$5,000 to $9,999 51,830 18,005 33,825
$10,000 to $14,999 59,225 23,930 35,300
$15,000 to $19,999 57,610 22,745 34,870
$20,000 to $29,999 97,335 40,700 56,635
$30,000 to $39,999 89,225 41,110 48,115
$40,000 to $49,999 84,200 40,855 43,350
$50,000 to $59,999 66,610 35,665 30,945
$60,000 to $79,999 92,485 52,770 39,715
$80,000 to $99,999 59,575 35,390 24,190
$100,000 and over 97,405 70,545 26,860
$100,000 to $124,999 37,305 24,505 12,800
$125,000 and over 60,100 46,035 14,065
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,697 45,781 30,516
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 55,203 68,928 41,438
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 885,850 440,880 444,965
Without after-tax income 44,565 19,590 24,975
With after-tax income 841,285 421,295 419,985
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 87,505 40,205 47,300
$5,000 to $9,999 52,260 18,065 34,195
$10,000 to $14,999 60,945 24,670 36,270
$15,000 to $19,999 62,855 24,970 37,880
$20,000 to $29,999 114,285 48,610 65,680
$30,000 to $39,999 113,615 54,335 59,280
$40,000 to $49,999 96,985 51,045 45,940
$50,000 to $59,999 67,870 37,805 30,065
$60,000 to $79,999 88,115 51,835 36,280
$80,000 to $99,999 39,880 26,015 13,865
$100,000 and over 56,975 43,750 13,230
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 33,816 39,956 28,200
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 44,906 54,687 35,094
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 94.0 96.2 90.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 82.2 84.7 78.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 79.0 81.3 75.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.2 3.4 3.0
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.5 6.3 6.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.2 3.3 3.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.0 1.9 2.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 6.0 3.8 9.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 1.6 1.3 2.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.4 0.9 2.2
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.1 0.8 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.0 0.1 2.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.0 0.8 1.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.7 20.7 15.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.3 79.3 84.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.8 3.0 2.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 352,940 204,860 148,085
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 57,468 63,842 50,353
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 76,134 87,727 60,096
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 292,585 ... ...
Median family income ($) 97,790 ... ...
Average family income ($) 128,841 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,669 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 104,490 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 100,480 ... ...
Median family income ($) 91,774 ... ...
Average family income ($) 120,234 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,563 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 97,293 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 143,675 ... ...
Median family income ($) 115,908 ... ...
Average family income ($) 151,034 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 98,539 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 121,465 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 37,550 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,680 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,334 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,711 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,421 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 176,965 93,065 83,900
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,518 41,630 34,861
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 49,451 54,158 44,231
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,930 36,383 31,174
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 40,722 43,872 37,228
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 1,082,230 541,045 541,185
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 412,260 199,615 212,645
In bottom decile 91,640 45,335 46,305
In second decile 70,585 32,225 38,360
In third decile 77,490 37,305 40,185
In fourth decile 84,845 41,075 43,765
In fifth decile 87,700 43,670 44,030
In top half of the Canadian distribution 669,970 341,430 328,540
In sixth decile 98,050 49,760 48,290
In seventh decile 104,960 52,785 52,175
In eighth decile 113,195 57,290 55,905
In ninth decile 138,925 70,515 68,410
In top decile 214,835 111,085 103,755
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 423,415 ... ...
Under $5,000 12,370 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,600 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,610 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 24,055 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 28,370 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 29,350 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,290 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 57,375 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 50,120 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 47,220 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,990 ... ...
$150,000 and over 84,140 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 423,415 ... ...
Under $5,000 12,770 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,650 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 12,650 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 27,280 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 34,870 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 38,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 36,645 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 67,345 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 52,610 ... ...
$100,000 and over 126,760 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 46,190 ... ...
$125,000 and over 80,575 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 423,415 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 81,256 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 109,698 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 70,098 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 89,223 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 109,795 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 44,893 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 57,387 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,745 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 46,704 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 313,620 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 98,090 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 128,012 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 84,119 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 104,108 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 1,082,230 541,050 541,185
Less than 18 years 236,750 120,955 115,795
Less than 6 years 84,995 44,150 40,840
18 to 64 years 746,850 375,585 371,270
65 years and over 98,635 44,510 54,125
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 118,325 56,505 61,815
Less than 18 years 32,045 16,170 15,880
Less than 6 years 12,020 5,900 6,120
18 to 64 years 78,435 38,000 40,430
65 years and over 7,840 2,335 5,505
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.9 10.4 11.4
Less than 18 years (%) 13.5 13.4 13.7
Less than 6 years (%) 14.1 13.4 15.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.1 10.9
65 years and over (%) 7.9 5.2 10.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Calgary, CY, Alberta (Code 4806016) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 28, 2016).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Calgary, CY, Alberta

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Census data

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Census data, Calgary, CY, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary, CY
Alberta
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 1,096,833 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 988,812A  ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 10.9 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 445,848 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 423,417 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,329.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 825.29 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 1,096,830 547,475 549,360
0 to 4 years 72,010 37,105 34,900
5 to 9 years 62,440 31,700 30,745
10 to 14 years 61,965 31,645 30,325
15 to 19 years 66,600 34,175 32,430
15 years 13,015 6,620 6,395
16 years 13,195 6,865 6,330
17 years 13,070 6,695 6,380
18 years 13,470 6,970 6,500
19 years 13,850 7,025 6,820
20 to 24 years 77,550 38,980 38,565
25 to 29 years 93,360 46,835 46,530
30 to 34 years 90,355 45,230 45,125
35 to 39 years 86,965 43,620 43,345
40 to 44 years 85,185 43,350 41,830
45 to 49 years 86,705 43,585 43,120
50 to 54 years 84,530 42,755 41,775
55 to 59 years 68,350 34,705 33,640
60 to 64 years 51,630 25,770 25,860
65 to 69 years 33,370 16,150 17,215
70 to 74 years 24,990 11,475 13,515
75 to 79 years 20,815 9,325 11,490
80 to 84 years 16,085 6,600 9,485
85 years and over 13,925 4,475 9,450
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.4 35.9 36.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.1 81.7 82.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 900,415 447,020 453,395
Married or living with a common-law partner 520,395 261,335 259,065
Married (and not separated) 445,155 223,555 221,605
Living common law 75,240 37,780 37,460
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 380,020 185,685 194,330
Single (never legally married) 265,405 145,970 119,435
Separated 21,400 9,340 12,060
Divorced 57,735 23,275 34,460
Widowed 35,480 7,100 28,380
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 296,430 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 137,185 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 67,795 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 65,355 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 26,095 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 296,430 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 253,360 ... ...
Married couples 215,755 ... ...
Without children at home 85,130 ... ...
With children at home 130,625 ... ...
1 child 48,970 ... ...
2 children 58,155 ... ...
3 or more children 23,500 ... ...
Common-law couples 37,600 ... ...
Without children at home 25,415 ... ...
With children at home 12,185 ... ...
1 child 6,510 ... ...
2 children 4,100 ... ...
3 or more children 1,575 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 43,070 ... ...
Female parent 33,625 ... ...
1 child 20,320 ... ...
2 children 9,825 ... ...
3 or more children 3,480 ... ...
Male parent 9,450 ... ...
1 child 6,315 ... ...
2 children 2,490 ... ...
3 or more children 640 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 328,550 ... ...
Under six years of age 84,440 ... ...
6 to 14 years 110,390 ... ...
15 to 17 years 37,905 ... ...
18 to 24 years 65,425 ... ...
25 years and over 30,390 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 1,082,230 541,165 541,065
Number of persons not in census families 203,895 105,580 98,310
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 27,930 13,140 14,795
Living with non-relatives only 65,960 39,585 26,375
Living alone 110,000 52,855 57,145
Number of census family persons 878,335 435,585 442,755
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 99,830 45,370 54,460
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 32,785 9,280 23,500
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,850 1,245 4,600
Living with non-relatives only 2,170 1,065 1,105
Living alone 24,760 6,965 17,795
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 67,050 36,090 30,960
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 423,420 ... ...
Census-family households 285,950 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 252,870 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 220,870 ... ...
Without children 95,820 ... ...
With children 125,050 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 32,005 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 33,080 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 23,365 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 16,800 ... ...
Without children 6,425 ... ...
With children 10,375 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 6,570 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 9,710 ... ...
Non-census-family households 137,470 ... ...
One-person households 110,000 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 27,465 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 423,420 ... ...
Single-detached house 248,755 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 29,485 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,935 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 143,245 ... ...
Semi-detached house 25,495 ... ...
Row house 37,400 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 16,655 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 63,535 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 423,415 ... ...
1 person 110,005 ... ...
2 persons 136,260 ... ...
3 persons 70,975 ... ...
4 persons 66,935 ... ...
5 persons 25,145 ... ...
6 or more persons 14,100 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,082,230 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,087,400 542,770 544,635
  Single responses  1,061,960 530,320 531,640
    English  752,525 380,205 372,315
    French  16,900 8,430 8,470
    Non-official languages  292,540 141,685 150,855
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 395 135 260
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  220 80 145
        Dene  15 10 10
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  65 15 50
        Oji-Cree  5 5 5
        Stoney  80 25 55
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 288,495 139,765 148,730
        African languages, n.i.e 1,845 990 860
        Afrikaans  670 340 330
        Akan (Twi)  460 260 205
        Albanian  1,010 540 465
        Amharic  3,050 1,530 1,515
        Arabic  13,250 7,175 6,080
        Armenian  245 120 130
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 410 215 200
        Bengali  3,115 1,605 1,515
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  30 20 15
        Bisayan languages  1,390 555 835
        Bosnian  770 375 395
        Bulgarian  800 410 395
        Burmese  190 90 100
        Cantonese  19,925 9,365 10,565
        Chinese, n.o.s.  26,565 12,620 13,940
        Creoles  445 230 215
        Croatian  1,790 870 920
        Czech  1,300 625 680
        Danish  905 460 450
        Dutch  3,810 1,910 1,900
        Estonian  90 45 45
        Finnish  325 120 210
        Flemish  80 40 40
        Fukien  205 95 110
        German  11,330 5,400 5,930
        Greek  1,425 710 720
        Gujarati  3,935 1,930 2,000
        Hakka  95 40 55
        Hebrew  420 210 210
        Hindi  4,985 2,525 2,455
        Hungarian  3,330 1,635 1,695
        Ilocano  1,570 660 905
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 805 435 370
        Italian  5,220 2,695 2,525
        Japanese  2,035 745 1,285
        Khmer (Cambodian)  775 360 415
        Korean  7,405 3,480 3,930
        Kurdish  680 395 285
        Lao  435 210 225
        Latvian  135 70 65
        Lingala  45 25 20
        Lithuanian  185 85 105
        Macedonian  125 65 65
        Malay  570 245 325
        Malayalam  1,100 570 530
        Maltese  30 15 15
        Mandarin  11,285 5,275 6,010
        Marathi  455 240 215
        Nepali  735 400 340
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 1,030 535 500
        Norwegian  415 190 225
        Oromo  590 320 265
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  27,330 13,780 13,550
        Pashto  1,150 575 570
        Persian (Farsi)  6,365 3,360 3,005
        Polish  7,470 3,530 3,940
        Portuguese  2,475 1,195 1,275
        Romanian  3,700 1,905 1,795
        Rundi (Kirundi)  80 40 35
        Russian  7,455 3,400 4,055
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  70 40 30
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 410 215 200
        Serbian  1,720 865 855
        Serbo-Croatian  495 235 255
        Shanghainese  80 30 45
        Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65
        Sindhi  1,570 750 825
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  815 400 410
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 290 140 155
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 70 40 30
        Slovak  1,035 515 520
        Slovenian  245 110 130
        Somali  1,065 525 545
        Spanish  21,875 10,785 11,095
        Swahili  550 270 285
        Swedish  270 105 165
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  25,685 10,980 14,700
        Taiwanese  170 70 95
        Tamil  1,260 665 590
        Telugu  500 255 245
        Thai  450 150 305
        Tibetan languages  320 160 160
        Tigrigna  1,250 670 575
        Turkish  960 555 400
        Ukrainian  3,440 1,510 1,930
        Urdu  12,205 6,270 5,930
        Vietnamese  11,625 5,490 6,140
        Yiddish  100 45 45
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 3,645 1,780 1,860
  Multiple responses          25,445 12,450 12,995
    English and French  2,705 1,300 1,400
    English and non-official language  21,230 10,390 10,845
    French and non-official language  995 525 475
    English, French and non-official language 515 240 275
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,087,405 542,770 544,635
  English only 979,520 494,305 485,215
  French only 1,005 440 565
  English and French 81,455 37,800 43,650
  Neither English nor French 25,425 10,220 15,210
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,087,400 542,765 544,640
  English 1,039,255 521,115 518,135
  French 17,240 8,685 8,555
  English and French 6,040 3,025 3,015
  Neither English nor French 24,870 9,940 14,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 20,260 10,200 10,065
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.9 1.9 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,087,400 542,765 544,635
  Single responses 1,037,895 518,435 519,460
    English 857,565 430,055 427,515
    French 6,730 3,355 3,375
    Non-official languages 173,595 85,030 88,565
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 85 40 50
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 50 20 25
        Dene 5 5 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 5 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 30 10 20
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 172,090 84,270 87,825
        African languages, n.i.e. 1,055 540 515
        Afrikaans 325 160 165
        Akan (Twi) 200 100 100
        Albanian 580 320 265
        Amharic 2,195 1,085 1,110
        Arabic 8,315 4,330 3,980
        Armenian 145 75 70
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65
        Bengali 2,260 1,140 1,125
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 10 10
        Bisayan languages 500 225 275
        Bosnian 430 210 215
        Bulgarian 470 240 225
        Burmese 160 80 80
        Cantonese 14,400 6,700 7,705
        Chinese, n.o.s. 17,690 8,470 9,215
        Creoles 215 110 110
        Croatian 640 310 330
        Czech 345 165 180
        Danish 70 40 35
        Dutch 415 190 225
        Estonian 15 5 10
        Finnish 45 25 25
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 45 15 30
        German 1,345 645 700
        Greek 430 210 225
        Gujarati 2,095 1,005 1,085
        Hakka 15 10 10
        Hebrew 220 105 110
        Hindi 2,760 1,390 1,375
        Hungarian 1,170 570 595
        Ilocano 575 265 315
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 415 220 195
        Italian 1,420 640 780
        Japanese 970 425 545
        Khmer (Cambodian) 430 205 225
        Korean 5,600 2,660 2,940
        Kurdish 465 260 210
        Lao 220 100 120
        Latvian 45 30 15
        Lingala 15 10 10
        Lithuanian 60 25 30
        Macedonian 55 30 25
        Malay 225 120 100
        Malayalam 605 305 300
        Maltese 5 5 5
        Mandarin 8,760 4,240 4,520
        Marathi 230 125 105
        Nepali 555 290 265
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 295 135 160
        Norwegian 155 85 75
        Oromo 445 230 215
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 21,370 10,690 10,680
        Pashto 755 380 375
        Persian (Farsi) 4,430 2,260 2,175
        Polish 3,275 1,570 1,705
        Portuguese 1,045 510 530
        Romanian 2,120 1,115 1,010
        Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15
        Russian 4,815 2,350 2,460
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 255 130 135
        Serbian 1,025 505 520
        Serbo-Croatian 230 115 110
        Shanghainese 45 20 25
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75
        Sindhi 690 310 380
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 420 210 210
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 220 100 120
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Slovak 430 220 210
        Slovenian 40 20 25
        Somali 755 385 370
        Spanish 14,285 7,070 7,210
        Swahili 205 105 100
        Swedish 45 20 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 14,510 6,890 7,625
        Taiwanese 70 35 40
        Tamil 720 380 340
        Telugu 250 130 120
        Thai 205 90 115
        Tibetan languages 230 120 115
        Tigrigna 905 465 435
        Turkish 570 310 265
        Ukrainian 525 235 290
        Urdu 8,680 4,420 4,260
        Vietnamese 8,475 4,040 4,425
        Yiddish 5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,420 720 695
  Multiple responses         49,510 24,335 25,175
    English and French 1,610 820 795
    English and non-official language 46,715 22,925 23,790
    French and non-official language 460 220 235
    English, French and non-official language 730 365 360
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 1,087,405 542,765 544,635
  None 914,375 458,290 456,090
  Single responses  169,850 82,885 86,965
    English  73,280 36,675 36,605
    French  10,700 4,910 5,790
    Non-official languages  85,870 41,300 44,565
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 260 95 160
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  175 70 105
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 5 0
        Ojibway  40 15 20
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  40 15 30
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 83,675 40,290 43,385
        African languages, n.i.e 550 290 265
        Afrikaans  320 165 155
        Akan (Twi)  245 135 110
        Albanian  310 160 150
        Amharic  760 390 375
        Arabic  5,520 2,955 2,570
        Armenian  55 25 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 205 100 105
        Bengali  575 280 295
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 5
        Bisayan languages  385 165 220
        Bosnian  225 110 120
        Bulgarian  210 100 110
        Burmese  60 30 30
        Cantonese  5,080 2,430 2,655
        Chinese, n.o.s.  5,400 2,610 2,790
        Creoles  275 135 140
        Croatian  730 340 390
        Czech  500 240 260
        Danish  335 160 175
        Dutch  1,230 580 650
        Estonian  25 10 10
        Finnish  105 40 65
        Flemish  15 10 10
        Fukien  80 40 40
        German  3,960 1,900 2,055
        Greek  870 415 450
        Gujarati  1,605 780 825
        Hakka  45 15 25
        Hebrew  295 150 145
        Hindi  3,080 1,590 1,500
        Hungarian  1,040 500 545
        Ilocano  465 200 260
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 225 120 100
        Italian  2,385 1,185 1,200
        Japanese  995 415 575
        Khmer (Cambodian)  210 100 110
        Korean  1,150 540 610
        Kurdish  155 85 70
        Lao  160 75 80
        Latvian  35 10 25
        Lingala  60 20 35
        Lithuanian  40 20 20
        Macedonian  30 15 15
        Malay  245 115 135
        Malayalam  355 185 170
        Maltese  10 0 5
        Mandarin  2,385 1,105 1,280
        Marathi  140 75 65
        Nepali  100 55 45
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 955 470 485
        Norwegian  105 45 60
        Oromo  115 60 55
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  4,410 2,290 2,115
        Pashto  195 95 100
        Persian (Farsi)  1,180 625 560
        Polish  2,380 1,135 1,245
        Portuguese  990 480 515
        Romanian  1,025 515 505
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 15 20
        Russian  1,860 845 1,015
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 90 45 40
        Serbian  510 260 250
        Serbo-Croatian  125 60 65
        Shanghainese  30 10 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e 140 60 80
        Sindhi  740 350 390
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  270 130 135
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 50 30 20
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15
        Slovak  295 145 145
        Slovenian  65 35 30
        Somali  340 175 160
        Spanish  8,540 4,205 4,335
        Swahili  450 240 210
        Swedish  165 65 95
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  7,725 2,940 4,785
        Taiwanese  60 30 30
        Tamil  415 220 195
        Telugu  185 95 90
        Thai  180 55 125
        Tibetan languages  60 25 30
        Tigrigna  375 200 175
        Turkish  265 145 115
        Ukrainian  900 405 500
        Urdu  2,680 1,395 1,280
        Vietnamese  2,520 1,185 1,330
        Yiddish  35 15 20
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,930 905 1,025
  Multiple responses          3,180 1,595 1,580
    English and French  480 245 235
    English and non-official language  1,385 705 680
    French and non-official language  1,285 630 655
    English, French and non-official language  20 10 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

A adjusted figure due to boundary change

Users wishing to compare 2011 Census data with those of other censuses should then take into account that the boundaries of geographic areas may change from one census to another. In order to facilitate comparison, the 2006 Census counts are adjusted as needed to take into account boundary changes between the 2006 and 2011 censuses. The 2006 counts that were adjusted are identified by the letter 'A.' The letter 'A' may also refer to corrections to the 2006 counts; however, most of these are the result of boundary changes. This symbol is also used to identify areas that have been created since 2006, such as newly incorporated municipalities (census subdivisions) and new designated places (DPLs).

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Calgary, CY, Alberta (Code 4806016) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed May 28, 2016).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Census data quality

Calgary, CY, Alberta

  • 2006 adjusted count; most of these are the result of boundary changes.

Download current census table

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Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Calgary, City (Census Subdivision), Alberta

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Calgary, CY, Alberta (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Calgary, City (Census Subdivision), Alberta

2011 NHS