NHS Profile, Edmonton, CY, Alberta, 2011

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NHS data, Edmonton, CY, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton, CY
Alberta
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 795,675 396,905 398,770
Canadian citizens 720,395 359,365 361,025
Canadian citizens aged under 18 150,770 76,765 74,005
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 569,625 282,605 287,015
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 75,275 37,540 37,740
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 795,670 396,905 398,770
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 570,290 286,880 283,405
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 205,445 99,015 106,430
Before 1971 26,355 12,700 13,655
1971 to 1980 27,400 13,495 13,900
1981 to 1990 30,155 14,295 15,860
1991 to 2000 40,560 18,905 21,655
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 80,985 39,615 41,370
2001 to 2005 34,905 17,440 17,470
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 46,075 22,175 23,905
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 19,940 11,010 8,930
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 205,445 99,015 106,435
Under 5 years 18,945 9,650 9,290
5 to 14 years 34,105 17,640 16,470
15 to 24 years 47,525 21,755 25,770
25 to 44 years 87,570 42,185 45,380
45 years and over 17,305 7,780 9,520
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 795,670 396,900 398,770
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 570,285 286,885 283,405
Born in province of residence 406,560 202,185 204,375
Born outside province of residence 163,725 84,695 79,030
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 205,445 99,015 106,430
Americas 20,510 9,880 10,630
United States 5,740 2,705 3,035
Jamaica 1,660 760 905
Guyana 930 430 500
Haiti 145 60 90
Mexico 1,270 590 675
Trinidad and Tobago 1,190 650 540
Colombia 1,670 880 785
El Salvador 2,215 1,065 1,150
Peru 280 155 125
Chile 1,650 795 855
Other places of birth in Americas 3,765 1,800 1,965
Europe 46,895 22,425 24,475
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 10,280 4,910 5,370
Italy 3,330 1,590 1,735
Germany 5,560 2,695 2,860
Poland 6,875 2,990 3,885
Portugal 1,990 1,020 965
Netherlands 2,530 1,355 1,175
France 595 230 365
Romania 1,555 705 845
Russian Federation 1,640 675 970
Greece 375 250 120
Ukraine 2,805 1,275 1,540
Croatia 1,140 545 595
Hungary 775 400 375
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,245 665 580
Serbia 690 320 360
Ireland, Republic of 715 370 350
Other places of birth in Europe 4,805 2,425 2,385
Africa 20,920 10,840 10,080
Morocco 440 260 175
Algeria 145 70 75
Egypt 1,170 630 545
South Africa, Republic of 1,255 635 620
Nigeria 1,255 650 605
Ethiopia 2,140 1,065 1,075
Kenya 1,500 810 690
Other places of birth in Africa 13,015 6,720 6,300
Asia 113,925 54,280 59,650
India 22,700 11,420 11,285
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 17,265 8,100 9,170
Philippines 24,935 10,610 14,330
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 6,580 3,210 3,375
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 10,165 4,885 5,280
Pakistan 5,565 2,790 2,775
Sri Lanka 1,350 670 675
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,750 930 820
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 2,725 1,175 1,545
Lebanon 3,735 1,930 1,805
Taiwan 1,000 490 505
Iraq 1,195 615 585
Bangladesh 1,175 585 595
Afghanistan 1,645 855 785
Japan 505 135 370
Turkey 865 515 350
Other places of birth in Asia 10,780 5,365 5,410
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 3,190 1,585 1,600
Fiji 2,225 1,050 1,170
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 960 535 430
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 19,945 11,010 8,935
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 46,075 22,175 23,905
Americas 4,795 2,405 2,385
United States 1,215 430 785
Mexico 700 385 315
Cuba 135 90 45
Haiti 80 25 50
Jamaica 245 145 95
Brazil 145 50 95
Colombia 845 485 360
Guyana 70 25 45
Peru 130 75 55
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 165 90 75
Other places of birth in Americas 1,060 605 455
Europe 4,165 1,935 2,235
France 115 50 70
Germany 520 255 270
Poland 350 145 200
Romania 445 205 240
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 145 90 55
Russian Federation 630 270 355
Ukraine 395 190 210
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 755 375 380
Other places of birth in Europe 810 360 455
Africa 6,845 3,460 3,385
Nigeria 660 345 315
Ethiopia 805 390 415
Mauritius 155 95 60
Somalia 930 445 490
Algeria 60 25 30
Egypt 395 195 200
Morocco 260 150 110
Tunisia 55 25 30
Cameroon 245 160 85
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 185 95 90
South Africa, Republic of 245 140 110
Other places of birth in Africa 2,850 1,405 1,445
Asia 29,895 14,175 15,720
Philippines 9,770 4,425 5,345
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,760 1,780 1,975
India 6,760 3,395 3,360
Pakistan 1,820 810 1,010
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 600 325 275
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 875 390 480
Sri Lanka 495 270 225
Iraq 365 190 170
Bangladesh 590 295 290
Lebanon 645 335 310
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 725 265 465
Taiwan 180 60 125
Afghanistan 240 110 125
Japan 125 30 95
Turkey 235 125 110
Israel 65 0 50
Nepal 275 135 145
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 185 65 125
United Arab Emirates 235 160 75
Saudi Arabia 140 60 80
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 90 40 50
Other places of birth in Asia 1,735 900 830
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 380 200 175
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 795,675 396,905 398,765
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 227,610 111,155 116,450
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 173,520 86,690 86,830
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 394,535 199,055 195,485
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 795,675 396,905 398,770
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 238,755 118,865 119,890
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 57,500 29,630 27,870
Chinese 49,660 24,190 25,470
Black 30,355 15,600 14,755
Filipino 36,565 16,695 19,865
Latin American 13,330 6,680 6,645
Arab 13,800 7,440 6,365
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 15,480 7,820 7,665
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 6,610 3,490 3,115
Korean 4,565 2,040 2,525
Japanese 2,080 845 1,235
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 2,150 1,130 1,020
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 6,665 3,300 3,370
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 556,915 278,040 278,880
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 795,675 396,905 398,770
North American Aboriginal origins 50,300 23,905 26,395
First Nations (North American Indian) 32,005 15,230 16,780
Inuit 965 470 495
Métis 19,925 9,355 10,565
Other North American origins 149,370 75,775 73,595
Acadian 1,300 655 640
American 12,460 6,140 6,315
Canadian 139,440 70,895 68,540
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 385 230 155
Nova Scotian 50 15 30
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 315 190 130
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 340 180 155
European origins 499,955 248,260 251,690
British Isles origins 276,800 138,505 138,295
Channel Islander 45 35 0
Cornish 35 35 0
English 153,190 75,985 77,200
Irish 106,780 51,155 55,620
Manx 60 35 30
Scottish 120,575 59,940 60,635
Welsh 14,110 6,800 7,315
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 15,655 7,810 7,850
French origins 83,275 40,220 43,055
Alsatian 20 10 0
Breton 30 15 0
French 83,245 40,205 43,040
Western European origins (except French origins) 153,120 75,735 77,380
Austrian 8,105 3,920 4,185
Belgian 3,590 1,825 1,765
Dutch 30,470 14,955 15,520
Flemish 275 150 125
Frisian 150 65 85
German 118,800 58,695 60,105
Luxembourger 105 30 75
Swiss 3,495 1,705 1,785
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 155 0 75
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 53,240 25,785 27,460
Danish 9,555 4,660 4,895
Finnish 2,730 1,385 1,350
Icelandic 2,760 1,355 1,405
Norwegian 24,360 11,835 12,530
Swedish 16,735 7,665 9,070
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 2,370 1,225 1,150
Eastern European origins 151,845 73,200 78,645
Bulgarian 695 340 360
Byelorussian 605 305 300
Czech 3,530 1,650 1,880
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 1,635 830 805
Estonian 560 215 345
Hungarian 8,565 4,100 4,460
Latvian 570 300 275
Lithuanian 1,075 515 555
Moldovan 105 60 45
Polish 44,365 21,130 23,235
Romanian 6,500 2,820 3,680
Russian 16,640 8,265 8,375
Slovak 1,840 865 970
Ukrainian 93,420 44,940 48,480
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 230 130 100
Southern European origins 50,370 24,980 25,390
Albanian 285 150 135
Bosnian 880 415 460
Croatian 2,995 1,485 1,515
Cypriot 15 0 0
Greek 3,065 1,520 1,545
Italian 20,895 10,645 10,250
Kosovar 45 30 0
Macedonian 255 135 120
Maltese 295 210 85
Montenegrin 65 0 40
Portuguese 7,755 3,970 3,780
Serbian 2,400 1,205 1,200
Sicilian 60 30 25
Slovenian 935 490 445
Spanish 11,710 5,310 6,395
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 1,370 615 755
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 15 0 0
Other European origins 6,575 3,375 3,200
Basque 55 30 30
Jewish 4,740 2,390 2,350
Roma (Gypsy) 90 40 55
Slavic, n.o.s. 210 115 95
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,515 820 690
Caribbean origins 8,490 4,070 4,420
Antiguan 85 25 60
Bahamian 45 35 0
Barbadian 590 300 290
Bermudan 20 15 0
Carib 100 55 50
Cuban 415 205 210
Dominican 135 100 30
Grenadian 245 120 125
Haitian 320 155 165
Jamaican 4,290 1,975 2,310
Kittitian/Nevisian 20 0 20
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 25 0 25
Puerto Rican 60 0 40
St. Lucian 40 20 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 1,345 665 680
Vincentian/Grenadinian 80 20 60
West Indian, n.o.s. 735 330 405
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 500 260 240
Latin, Central and South American origins 15,190 7,630 7,555
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 355 155 195
Argentinian 260 145 120
Belizean 20 0 0
Bolivian 45 35 10
Brazilian 540 285 250
Chilean 2,520 1,210 1,310
Colombian 2,015 1,020 1,000
Costa Rican 115 30 85
Ecuadorian 250 125 125
Guatemalan 700 270 425
Guyanese 800 345 460
Hispanic 150 75 80
Honduran 175 95 80
Maya 115 70 40
Mexican 3,265 1,870 1,390
Nicaraguan 235 105 125
Panamanian 45 0 30
Paraguayan 15 0 15
Peruvian 415 175 240
Salvadorean 3,025 1,430 1,595
Uruguayan 115 70 40
Venezuelan 445 235 210
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 535 260 270
African origins 30,880 16,205 14,675
Central and West African origins 5,025 2,810 2,215
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 70 30 45
Ashanti 10 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 55 25 30
Cameroonian 270 160 110
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 810 430 380
Gabonese 15 10 0
Gambian 15 0 0
Ghanaian 895 530 365
Guinean 90 0 65
Ibo 110 55 60
Ivorian 90 45 40
Liberian 255 145 110
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 1,235 685 555
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 60 45 15
Sierra Leonean 360 220 145
Togolese 50 25 25
Yoruba 360 190 165
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 500 275 220
North African origins 5,490 2,930 2,555
Algerian 225 95 130
Berber 115 75 35
Coptic 50 35 20
Dinka 420 250 165
Egyptian 1,935 1,000 935
Libyan 170 95 80
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 465 265 200
Sudanese 2,285 1,210 1,075
Tunisian 165 75 90
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 20 0 0
Southern and East African origins 14,080 7,250 6,820
Afrikaner 35 25 0
Amhara 160 95 60
Bantu, n.o.s. 55 25 30
Burundian 325 195 130
Eritrean 1,090 490 600
Ethiopian 2,900 1,485 1,415
Harari 55 0 45
Kenyan 610 345 260
Malagasy 70 0 50
Mauritian 100 45 60
Oromo 165 80 85
Rwandan 655 295 360
Seychellois 65 0 0
Somali 4,880 2,565 2,310
South African 865 480 385
Tanzanian 400 215 190
Tigrian 105 55 55
Ugandan 350 195 160
Zambian 30 15 15
Zimbabwean 795 340 455
Zulu 35 0 20
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 1,150 630 520
Other African origins 7,145 3,775 3,370
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 755 355 405
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 6,485 3,490 2,995
Asian origins 197,860 97,855 100,000
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 26,555 14,210 12,345
Afghan 2,600 1,230 1,370
Arab, n.o.s. 3,240 1,855 1,385
Armenian 325 175 150
Assyrian 85 40 40
Azerbaijani 135 85 50
Georgian 55 30 0
Iranian 3,140 1,755 1,380
Iraqi 1,585 870 715
Israeli 490 245 245
Jordanian 725 295 435
Kazakh 70 45 25
Kurd 725 365 360
Kuwaiti 70 0 0
Lebanese 10,220 5,400 4,820
Palestinian 1,455 815 635
Pashtun 180 95 85
Saudi Arabian 300 220 80
Syrian 795 410 385
Tajik 125 20 95
Tatar 100 65 35
Turk 1,750 965 780
Uighur 135 35 95
Uzbek 75 40 35
Yemeni 200 100 105
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 530 275 250
South Asian origins 57,670 29,735 27,935
Bangladeshi 795 385 410
Bengali 515 290 230
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 46,570 23,855 22,710
Goan 50 30 25
Gujarati 100 45 60
Kashmiri 20 0 0
Nepali 570 295 275
Pakistani 5,035 2,665 2,370
Punjabi 3,450 1,865 1,585
Sinhalese 545 255 290
Sri Lankan 1,495 830 660
Tamil 230 120 105
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,070 515 555
East and Southeast Asian origins 114,630 54,460 60,170
Burmese 355 195 160
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,420 785 630
Chinese 57,920 28,350 29,565
Filipino 39,100 17,920 21,175
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 490 235 260
Japanese 2,980 1,350 1,635
Korean 4,805 2,155 2,645
Laotian 740 385 350
Malaysian 1,115 570 540
Mongolian 280 105 180
Singaporean 90 50 40
Taiwanese 735 370 365
Thai 645 245 400
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 12,625 6,205 6,425
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 550 215 330
Other Asian origins 840 435 400
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 840 440 400
Oceania origins 3,025 1,620 1,415
Australian 1,255 720 535
New Zealander 460 240 220
Pacific Islands origins 1,370 685 685
Fijian 1,070 530 540
Hawaiian 45 30 0
Maori 200 90 110
Polynesian, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Samoan 20 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 25 15 15
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 795,675 396,905 398,770
Buddhist 16,840 8,065 8,775
Christian 444,560 210,590 233,970
Anglican 23,935 11,275 12,655
Baptist 15,150 7,265 7,885
Catholic 206,030 99,305 106,720
Christian Orthodox 19,220 9,065 10,160
Lutheran 20,720 9,585 11,130
Pentecostal 14,360 6,625 7,735
Presbyterian 5,955 2,790 3,165
United Church 39,405 17,625 21,785
Other Christian 99,775 47,045 52,735
Hindu 14,865 7,630 7,230
Jewish 3,445 1,695 1,750
Muslim 43,645 22,755 20,890
Sikh 19,555 10,050 9,510
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,240 490 755
Other religions 4,375 1,850 2,525
No religious affiliation 247,150 133,785 113,365
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 795,670 396,905 398,770
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 41,985 19,825 22,170
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 18,860 8,355 10,500
Métis single identity 21,160 10,545 10,615
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 695 335 360
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 735 320 415
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 540 265 275
Non-Aboriginal identity 753,685 377,080 376,605
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 795,675 396,905 398,770
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 17,540 7,725 9,815
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 778,130 389,175 388,955
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 795,670 396,905 398,770
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 50,300 23,905 26,395
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 32,005 15,225 16,780
Métis ancestry 19,925 9,360 10,570
Inuit ancestry 965 470 495
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 745,375 373,000 372,370
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 271,995 131,595 140,395
Aboriginal languages 3,475 1,300 2,175
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 15 0 10
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 2,935 1,135 1,805
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 160 65 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 100 35 65
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 85 0 55
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 170 40 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 268,580 130,320 138,255
Italian 7,030 3,420 3,610
Portuguese 4,305 2,240 2,065
Romanian 1,895 895 1,000
Spanish 22,000 10,785 11,215
Dutch 3,430 1,725 1,705
Flemish 45 0 45
German 16,495 8,090 8,400
Yiddish 110 75 40
Danish 610 305 310
Norwegian 330 145 180
Swedish 370 155 210
Afrikaans 590 305 290
Gaelic languages 195 75 115
Bosnian 680 330 350
Bulgarian 440 220 220
Croatian 1,570 720 845
Czech 800 435 365
Macedonian 165 70 90
Polish 9,010 3,960 5,055
Russian 6,125 2,935 3,190
Serbian 1,520 720 805
Serbo-Croatian 370 200 170
Slovak 465 185 275
Slovenian 300 125 175
Ukrainian 13,520 6,040 7,480
Latvian 160 70 95
Lithuanian 120 50 70
Greek 1,155 595 560
Armenian 145 75 75
Albanian 245 130 115
Estonian 35 0 0
Finnish 270 120 155
Hungarian 1,675 795 880
Turkish 1,860 1,025 835
Berber languages (Kabyle) 25 20 0
Oromo 595 230 355
Somali 4,065 2,065 2,005
Amharic 2,280 1,185 1,095
Arabic 16,490 8,765 7,720
Hebrew 1,000 460 540
Maltese 10 0 0
Tigrigna 900 430 470
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 125 45 80
Bengali 1,955 1,015 940
Gujarati 4,285 2,095 2,195
Hindi 16,260 8,380 7,880
Konkani 185 75 110
Marathi 440 215 225
Panjabi (Punjabi) 23,195 11,960 11,235
Sindhi 925 465 460
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,190 685 505
Urdu 7,795 4,070 3,725
Nepali 550 275 275
Kurdish 910 480 425
Pashto 1,160 510 650
Persian (Farsi) 4,460 2,465 1,995
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 355 190 165
Kannada 250 120 125
Malayalam 1,470 715 755
Tamil 1,650 890 765
Telugu 530 285 245
Japanese 2,280 980 1,300
Korean 4,170 1,885 2,285
Cantonese 18,595 8,630 9,960
Fukien 220 125 95
Hakka 170 50 125
Mandarin 11,520 5,465 6,055
Taiwanese 225 95 130
Chinese, n.o.s. 18,250 8,905 9,340
Lao 485 260 225
Thai 605 230 380
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,185 630 550
Vietnamese 11,080 5,430 5,645
Bisayan languages 1,310 540 770
Ilocano 1,260 510 750
Malay 840 420 420
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 30,275 13,440 16,835
Akan (Twi) 675 375 300
Lingala 235 130 105
Rundi (Kirundi) 325 185 145
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 605 265 335
Swahili 2,330 1,210 1,115
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 945 455 485
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,300 670 635
African languages, n.i.e. 1,925 1,035 895
Creoles 1,030 570 455
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 5,785 2,585 3,205
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 784,770 391,545 393,225
Non-movers 652,990 324,025 328,960
Movers 131,785 67,520 64,265
Non-migrants 94,005 48,080 45,925
Migrants 37,780 19,440 18,340
Internal migrants 27,175 13,935 13,240
Intraprovincial migrants 15,460 7,835 7,620
Interprovincial migrants 11,720 6,105 5,620
External migrants 10,605 5,505 5,095
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 745,005 371,625 373,375
Non-movers 391,085 191,120 199,965
Movers 353,915 180,505 173,415
Non-migrants 211,970 106,940 105,030
Migrants 141,945 73,565 68,385
Internal migrants 90,900 47,475 43,425
Intraprovincial migrants 41,270 21,130 20,145
Interprovincial migrants 49,630 26,345 23,280
External migrants 51,045 26,090 24,955
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 660,820 328,320 332,495
No certificate, diploma or degree 115,630 56,335 59,295
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 172,970 83,415 89,550
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 372,220 188,565 183,650
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 62,650 46,375 16,275
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 116,090 50,650 65,435
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 32,345 14,090 18,255
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 161,135 77,450 83,685
Bachelor's degree 105,925 48,300 57,625
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 55,205 29,150 26,060
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 461,200 231,990 229,210
No certificate, diploma or degree 53,145 26,905 26,245
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 105,280 52,055 53,220
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 302,775 153,030 149,745
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 48,165 36,055 12,115
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 94,030 41,760 52,270
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 24,665 10,755 13,915
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 135,910 64,470 71,445
Bachelor's degree 88,305 39,995 48,310
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 47,610 24,475 23,135
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 660,820 328,320 332,495
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 288,600 139,755 148,845
Education 27,900 7,630 20,265
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 12,295 5,630 6,665
Humanities 18,160 7,625 10,540
Social and behavioural sciences and law 33,855 11,835 22,020
Business, management and public administration 75,275 29,965 45,305
Physical and life sciences and technologies 17,820 9,210 8,610
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 15,525 9,580 5,945
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 91,850 83,460 8,395
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 6,010 3,490 2,520
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 57,120 12,115 45,005
Personal, protective and transportation services 16,385 8,005 8,375
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 20 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 660,815 328,320 332,495
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 288,600 139,755 148,845
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 372,220 188,570 183,650
Location of study inside Canada 294,505 149,605 144,895
Same as province or territory of residence 240,470 121,400 119,065
Another province or territory 54,035 28,200 25,830
Location of study outside Canada 77,715 38,960 38,755
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 509,025 268,310 240,715
Single responses 505,765 266,785 238,990
English 499,010 263,565 235,445
French 1,860 740 1,120
Non-official languages 4,895 2,475 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,120 535 585
Cantonese 960 435 525
Panjabi (Punjabi) 530 310 220
Mandarin 200 110 90
Spanish 505 315 185
Korean 205 120 90
German 40 0 20
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 20 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,310 615 695
Multiple responses 3,260 1,530 1,725
English and French 810 390 425
English and non-official language 2,355 1,090 1,270
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 75 45 35
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 509,025 268,315 240,715
English 499,015 263,570 235,445
French 1,860 740 1,120
Non-official language 4,900 2,475 2,425
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 4,885 2,465 2,420
English and French 810 390 420
English and non-official language 2,355 1,085 1,270
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 75 40 40
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 660,815 328,320 332,495
In the labour force 480,650 255,595 225,055
Employed 451,395 240,140 211,255
Unemployed 29,250 15,455 13,795
Not in the labour force 180,170 72,725 107,440
Participation rate 72.7 77.8 67.7
Employment rate 68.3 73.1 63.5
Unemployment rate 6.1 6.0 6.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 480,645 255,595 225,050
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 7,455 3,485 3,965
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 473,190 252,105 221,085
Employee 435,520 227,995 207,520
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 37,670 24,110 13,560
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 480,650 255,590 225,050
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 7,455 3,485 3,965
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 473,190 252,105 221,085
0 Management occupations 46,670 28,535 18,135
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 80,795 24,545 56,250
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 38,230 29,660 8,565
3 Health occupations 33,870 7,200 26,675
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 53,090 20,220 32,865
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 12,180 5,410 6,770
6 Sales and service occupations 108,655 46,655 61,995
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 79,900 74,260 5,635
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 6,710 5,870 840
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 13,100 9,745 3,355
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 480,645 255,595 225,050
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 7,455 3,490 3,965
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 473,195 252,105 221,085
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,170 660 510
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 9,905 8,445 1,460
22 Utilities 4,780 3,390 1,395
23 Construction 42,605 36,955 5,650
31-33 Manufacturing 31,140 23,770 7,370
41 Wholesale trade 22,230 15,740 6,490
44-45 Retail trade 55,585 26,135 29,450
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 21,675 16,530 5,145
51 Information and cultural industries 9,580 5,505 4,070
52 Finance and insurance 17,505 6,545 10,965
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 9,505 5,095 4,410
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 35,035 20,020 15,015
55 Management of companies and enterprises 385 175 215
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 17,590 9,745 7,845
61 Educational services 37,330 13,980 23,350
62 Health care and social assistance 53,370 10,340 43,030
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 8,495 4,415 4,080
72 Accommodation and food services 32,915 13,745 19,170
81 Other services (except public administration) 23,690 11,250 12,440
91 Public administration 38,695 19,670 19,025
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 480,645 255,595 225,055
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 22,850 10,915 11,935
Worked in 2010 457,795 244,680 213,120
1 to 13 weeks 21,870 9,930 11,935
14 to 26 weeks 36,610 18,455 18,155
27 to 39 weeks 29,015 15,345 13,665
40 to 48 weeks 76,965 41,520 35,440
49 to 52 weeks 293,345 159,420 133,930
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 45.2 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 480,645 255,595 225,050
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 22,850 10,920 11,930
Worked in 2010 457,800 244,680 213,120
Worked full-time in 2010 376,175 217,255 158,920
Worked part-time in 2010 81,620 27,425 54,195
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 451,400 240,140 211,255
Worked at home 20,125 9,015 11,105
Worked outside Canada 1,170 795 375
No fixed workplace address 57,660 44,120 13,545
Worked at usual place 372,445 186,210 186,235
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 430,105 230,330 199,775
Car, truck or van - as a driver 310,675 177,860 132,810
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 24,395 9,880 14,510
Public transit 63,670 26,400 37,265
Walked 19,825 8,750 11,070
Bicycle 5,955 4,170 1,780
Other methods 5,585 3,260 2,325
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 430,100 230,330 199,775
Median commuting duration 20.7 20.9 20.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 430,105 230,325 199,775
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 110,390 73,410 36,980
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 231,935 114,225 117,710
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 87,775 42,695 45,080
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 324,760 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 301,730 ... ...
Major repairs needed 23,025 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 324,755 ... ...
1960 or before 57,675 ... ...
1961 to 1980 114,595 ... ...
1981 to 1990 47,855 ... ...
1991 to 2000 35,565 ... ...
2001 to 2005 35,130 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 33,935 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 324,755 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 99,955 ... ...
5 rooms 51,325 ... ...
6 rooms 45,700 ... ...
7 rooms 38,915 ... ...
8 or more rooms 88,860 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.1 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 324,760 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 51,865 ... ...
2 bedrooms 78,625 ... ...
3 bedrooms 107,830 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 86,430 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 324,760 ... ...
Owner 210,665 ... ...
Renter 114,090 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 324,755 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 73,220 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 251,535 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 324,755 ... ...
1 household maintainer 190,035 ... ...
2 household maintainers 122,415 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 12,305 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 324,760 ... ...
Under 25 years 19,155 ... ...
25 to 34 years 67,115 ... ...
35 to 44 years 61,595 ... ...
45 to 54 years 68,915 ... ...
55 to 64 years 53,735 ... ...
65 to 74 years 28,435 ... ...
75 years and over 25,810 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 324,755 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 316,840 ... ...
More than one person per room 7,920 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 324,755 ... ...
Suitable 302,490 ... ...
Not suitable 22,270 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 323,930 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 237,180 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 86,745 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 69,480 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 210,655 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 18.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,222 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,278 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,154 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 379,968 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 114,090 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 10.5 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,003 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,055 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 660,815 328,320 332,495
Without income 30,845 13,205 17,640
With income 629,970 315,115 314,855
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 59,770 28,405 31,360
$5,000 to $9,999 38,400 13,625 24,775
$10,000 to $14,999 50,630 19,845 30,780
$15,000 to $19,999 48,555 18,875 29,675
$20,000 to $29,999 79,400 32,630 46,770
$30,000 to $39,999 69,155 31,290 37,865
$40,000 to $49,999 64,380 30,600 33,780
$50,000 to $59,999 54,280 29,650 24,630
$60,000 to $79,999 71,685 44,575 27,115
$80,000 to $99,999 43,825 28,380 15,440
$100,000 and over 49,895 37,235 12,660
$100,000 to $124,999 24,380 17,200 7,175
$125,000 and over 25,515 20,030 5,485
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,363 43,929 28,460
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 46,571 56,034 37,100
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 660,815 328,320 332,495
Without after-tax income 30,990 13,210 17,780
With after-tax income 629,825 315,110 314,720
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 60,460 28,665 31,795
$5,000 to $9,999 39,255 13,840 25,425
$10,000 to $14,999 51,715 20,390 31,320
$15,000 to $19,999 51,900 20,190 31,715
$20,000 to $29,999 93,200 38,850 54,350
$30,000 to $39,999 86,470 40,865 45,610
$40,000 to $49,999 78,380 41,540 36,840
$50,000 to $59,999 54,440 32,700 21,735
$60,000 to $79,999 64,555 41,465 23,095
$80,000 to $99,999 25,785 18,130 7,660
$100,000 and over 23,655 18,465 5,190
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,060 38,727 26,476
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 38,964 45,867 32,052
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.7 94.4 87.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 81.0 83.9 76.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 78.0 80.6 74.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.0 3.2 2.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.1 5.0 5.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.3 4.4 4.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.1 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.3 5.6 12.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.4 1.9 3.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 1.9 1.3 2.8
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 1.0 1.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.1 0.1 2.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.7 1.3 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.4 18.1 13.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.6 81.9 86.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.5 1.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 259,360 147,880 111,485
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 53,667 60,225 47,016
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 63,194 71,091 52,719
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 213,385 ... ...
Median family income ($) 89,252 ... ...
Average family income ($) 107,644 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 77,447 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 89,901 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 74,115 ... ...
Median family income ($) 83,442 ... ...
Average family income ($) 101,470 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 72,077 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 83,898 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 95,700 ... ...
Median family income ($) 110,062 ... ...
Average family income ($) 129,012 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 94,090 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 107,231 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 33,535 ... ...
Median family income ($) 52,067 ... ...
Average family income ($) 64,532 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 48,242 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 56,558 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 146,230 77,350 68,875
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,257 39,801 30,658
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,556 47,127 39,545
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,581 34,980 28,410
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,637 39,054 33,922
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 795,675 396,900 398,770
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 334,245 159,120 175,125
In bottom decile 77,920 37,450 40,470
In second decile 59,930 27,180 32,750
In third decile 63,715 29,790 33,930
In fourth decile 63,820 31,105 32,715
In fifth decile 68,855 33,595 35,265
In top half of the Canadian distribution 461,430 237,790 223,640
In sixth decile 72,870 36,190 36,685
In seventh decile 81,560 41,300 40,260
In eighth decile 89,150 46,595 42,555
In ninth decile 100,050 51,805 48,250
In top decile 117,800 61,905 55,895
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 324,755 ... ...
Under $5,000 10,245 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,560 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 23,445 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 25,375 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 24,865 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,125 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 44,220 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 38,420 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,120 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 24,610 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,515 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 324,755 ... ...
Under $5,000 10,420 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,425 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,420 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 26,770 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 30,025 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 32,310 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,710 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 52,505 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 38,750 ... ...
$100,000 and over 78,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 33,585 ... ...
$125,000 and over 45,170 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 324,755 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 72,248 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 90,340 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 62,877 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 75,566 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 94,165 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 39,787 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 48,765 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 35,069 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 40,697 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 230,595 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 89,470 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 107,317 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 77,716 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 89,805 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 795,675 396,905 398,770
Less than 18 years 163,085 82,925 80,155
Less than 6 years 59,685 29,950 29,745
18 to 64 years 549,205 276,995 272,205
65 years and over 83,385 36,985 46,400
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 100,810 47,145 53,665
Less than 18 years 27,970 13,980 13,990
Less than 6 years 10,780 5,465 5,320
18 to 64 years 66,760 31,425 35,335
65 years and over 6,080 1,735 4,345
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.7 11.9 13.5
Less than 18 years (%) 17.2 16.9 17.5
Less than 6 years (%) 18.1 18.2 17.9
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.3 13.0
65 years and over (%) 7.3 4.7 9.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Edmonton, CY, Alberta (Code 4811061) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Edmonton, CY, Alberta

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Edmonton, CY, Alberta. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton, CY
Alberta
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 812,201 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 730,372 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 11.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 348,672 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 324,756 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,186.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 684.37 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 812,200 404,875 407,325
0 to 4 years 50,560 25,930 24,630
5 to 9 years 42,320 21,655 20,665
10 to 14 years 42,555 21,815 20,745
15 to 19 years 48,950 24,685 24,265
15 years 9,230 4,690 4,535
16 years 9,240 4,660 4,575
17 years 9,595 4,940 4,650
18 years 9,940 4,955 4,990
19 years 10,950 5,435 5,515
20 to 24 years 67,850 34,200 33,650
25 to 29 years 75,695 38,755 36,935
30 to 34 years 65,365 33,610 31,750
35 to 39 years 57,450 29,295 28,150
40 to 44 years 55,955 28,465 27,490
45 to 49 years 60,100 30,150 29,945
50 to 54 years 60,290 30,345 29,945
55 to 59 years 51,205 25,600 25,605
60 to 64 years 39,255 19,435 19,820
65 to 69 years 26,640 12,635 14,005
70 to 74 years 21,515 9,810 11,700
75 to 79 years 18,365 8,070 10,295
80 to 84 years 14,820 6,085 8,740
85 years and over 13,320 4,320 9,000
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.0 35.3 36.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.3 82.9 83.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 676,770 335,480 341,290
Married or living with a common-law partner 363,925 182,800 181,130
Married (and not separated) 304,755 153,165 151,590
Living common law 59,170 29,635 29,540
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 312,835 152,680 160,160
Single (never legally married) 217,245 120,135 97,105
Separated 17,600 7,700 9,895
Divorced 45,470 18,645 26,830
Widowed 32,525 6,195 26,330
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 214,565 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 105,145 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 48,445 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 42,335 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 18,635 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 214,565 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 176,480 ... ...
Married couples 146,950 ... ...
Without children at home 61,785 ... ...
With children at home 85,160 ... ...
1 child 33,060 ... ...
2 children 36,245 ... ...
3 or more children 15,855 ... ...
Common-law couples 29,530 ... ...
Without children at home 19,635 ... ...
With children at home 9,895 ... ...
1 child 5,285 ... ...
2 children 3,115 ... ...
3 or more children 1,490 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 38,085 ... ...
Female parent 30,045 ... ...
1 child 18,185 ... ...
2 children 8,190 ... ...
3 or more children 3,670 ... ...
Male parent 8,035 ... ...
1 child 5,535 ... ...
2 children 1,910 ... ...
3 or more children 590 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 234,140 ... ...
Under six years of age 58,600 ... ...
6 to 14 years 75,050 ... ...
15 to 17 years 26,630 ... ...
18 to 24 years 47,240 ... ...
25 years and over 26,610 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 795,670 397,455 398,215
Number of persons not in census families 170,490 88,900 81,590
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 24,575 11,560 13,020
Living with non-relatives only 51,005 30,660 20,345
Living alone 94,910 46,685 48,230
Number of census family persons 625,180 308,555 316,625
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 84,080 37,610 46,470
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 29,080 8,515 20,565
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 4,590 1,000 3,585
Living with non-relatives only 1,845 940 905
Living alone 22,650 6,575 16,075
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 55,000 29,100 25,900
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 324,755 ... ...
Census-family households 207,115 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 182,385 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 153,920 ... ...
Without children 70,875 ... ...
With children 83,045 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 28,465 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 24,730 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 17,735 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 12,020 ... ...
Without children 4,950 ... ...
With children 7,065 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,720 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 6,995 ... ...
Non-census-family households 117,640 ... ...
One-person households 94,915 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 22,730 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 324,755 ... ...
Single-detached house 165,765 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 25,520 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,840 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 130,640 ... ...
Semi-detached house 16,020 ... ...
Row house 31,250 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 8,420 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 74,765 ... ...
Other single-attached house 180 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 324,755 ... ...
1 person 94,910 ... ...
2 persons 105,815 ... ...
3 persons 51,940 ... ...
4 persons 43,960 ... ...
5 persons 17,635 ... ...
6 or more persons 10,495 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 795,675 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 801,195 399,735 401,465
  Single responses  781,210 390,170 391,045
    English  545,840 275,805 270,035
    French  16,180 8,425 7,750
    Non-official languages  219,195 105,940 113,255
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,855 725 1,130
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  1,605 635 970
        Dene  105 40 70
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  20 5 20
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 5
        Ojibway  85 35 50
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  35 15 15
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 214,665 103,930 110,735
        African languages, n.i.e 1,010 565 445
        Afrikaans  265 130 130
        Akan (Twi)  485 265 220
        Albanian  515 280 235
        Amharic  1,650 835 820
        Arabic  11,180 6,070 5,110
        Armenian  95 45 50
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 545 260 285
        Bengali  1,485 800 690
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  1,040 450 590
        Bosnian  645 325 325
        Bulgarian  365 175 190
        Burmese  95 55 45
        Cantonese  13,250 6,215 7,035
        Chinese, n.o.s.  18,675 8,965 9,710
        Creoles  545 270 280
        Croatian  1,290 635 655
        Czech  660 345 320
        Danish  550 265 290
        Dutch  2,940 1,435 1,505
        Estonian  30 15 20
        Finnish  185 70 115
        Flemish  45 25 25
        Fukien  200 100 105
        German  10,730 4,990 5,740
        Greek  840 445 395
        Gujarati  3,285 1,620 1,670
        Hakka  210 90 120
        Hebrew  305 170 135
        Hindi  5,910 2,960 2,945
        Hungarian  1,390 710 685
        Ilocano  970 410 560
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 175 85 85
        Italian  4,550 2,250 2,300
        Japanese  885 280 610
        Khmer (Cambodian)  665 300 370
        Korean  4,115 1,890 2,230
        Kurdish  510 285 225
        Lao  340 180 165
        Latvian  90 45 50
        Lingala  95 50 45
        Lithuanian  90 35 55
        Macedonian  120 60 65
        Malay  350 160 190
        Malayalam  1,315 665 650
        Maltese  10 10 5
        Mandarin  7,105 3,380 3,715
        Marathi  275 145 130
        Nepali  510 280 230
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 655 370 285
        Norwegian  170 65 100
        Oromo  480 275 205
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  18,505 9,435 9,070
        Pashto  495 260 230
        Persian (Farsi)  3,345 1,750 1,595
        Polish  8,160 3,815 4,350
        Portuguese  3,700 1,815 1,890
        Romanian  1,940 960 980
        Rundi (Kirundi)  130 60 70
        Russian  3,860 1,805 2,050
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  350 170 180
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 215 105 105
        Serbian  1,395 705 690
        Serbo-Croatian  330 160 170
        Shanghainese  50 20 35
        Sign languages, n.i.e 155 85 70
        Sindhi  810 375 435
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  825 445 380
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 300 160 135
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 130 65 70
        Slovak  470 235 235
        Slovenian  285 130 150
        Somali  3,495 1,720 1,775
        Spanish  12,940 6,625 6,315
        Swahili  710 390 320
        Swedish  200 95 105
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  19,965 8,690 11,275
        Taiwanese  125 55 75
        Tamil  1,010 550 465
        Telugu  430 225 205
        Thai  355 115 235
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  990 500 485
        Turkish  1,285 725 560
        Ukrainian  10,310 4,335 5,970
        Urdu  5,570 2,890 2,680
        Vietnamese  7,835 3,625 4,205
        Yiddish  65 30 35
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 2,670 1,280 1,390
  Multiple responses          19,990 9,570 10,415
    English and French  2,110 1,000 1,110
    English and non-official language  16,525 7,915 8,605
    French and non-official language  945 460 490
    English, French and non-official language 410 190 215
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 801,200 399,740 401,460
  English only 725,920 365,425 360,495
  French only 1,075 465 605
  English and French 58,210 27,580 30,630
  Neither English nor French 15,995 6,260 9,730
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 801,200 399,740 401,460
  English 764,985 383,065 381,920
  French 16,225 8,430 7,795
  English and French 4,395 2,185 2,215
  Neither English nor French 15,590 6,060 9,530
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 18,425 9,520 8,905
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 2.3 2.4 2.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 801,200 399,735 401,460
  Single responses 762,185 380,660 381,525
    English 634,740 318,050 316,695
    French 6,550 3,390 3,160
    Non-official languages 120,890 59,225 61,665
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 370 165 210
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 315 140 175
        Dene 25 10 15
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 5 5 0
        Ojibway 20 5 15
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 5 5 5
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 119,505 58,550 60,950
        African languages, n.i.e. 570 305 260
        Afrikaans 115 55 55
        Akan (Twi) 190 95 95
        Albanian 255 140 110
        Amharic 1,105 545 560
        Arabic 6,605 3,475 3,130
        Armenian 50 25 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 140 60 80
        Bengali 995 525 470
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 10 5 10
        Bisayan languages 360 175 190
        Bosnian 335 175 155
        Bulgarian 250 120 130
        Burmese 40 25 20
        Cantonese 9,425 4,355 5,070
        Chinese, n.o.s. 12,340 5,865 6,475
        Creoles 335 165 170
        Croatian 500 220 275
        Czech 180 90 90
        Danish 40 15 20
        Dutch 190 85 105
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 25 10 15
        Flemish 0 5 0
        Fukien 65 25 35
        German 1,645 760 880
        Greek 295 145 155
        Gujarati 1,975 950 1,025
        Hakka 85 35 45
        Hebrew 130 70 60
        Hindi 3,490 1,745 1,745
        Hungarian 420 200 220
        Ilocano 340 155 180
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40
        Italian 1,535 690 845
        Japanese 365 140 225
        Khmer (Cambodian) 355 160 200
        Korean 3,015 1,430 1,585
        Kurdish 300 165 135
        Lao 170 85 85
        Latvian 30 20 15
        Lingala 20 10 10
        Lithuanian 20 10 10
        Macedonian 50 20 20
        Malay 105 60 50
        Malayalam 720 365 355
        Maltese 5 5 5
        Mandarin 5,525 2,720 2,800
        Marathi 160 85 75
        Nepali 350 180 165
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 90 100
        Norwegian 10 5 5
        Oromo 355 190 160
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 14,145 7,165 6,975
        Pashto 325 170 155
        Persian (Farsi) 2,255 1,130 1,125
        Polish 3,595 1,730 1,865
        Portuguese 1,605 760 850
        Romanian 1,195 595 595
        Rundi (Kirundi) 65 20 45
        Russian 2,440 1,210 1,235
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 190 95 90
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50
        Serbian 765 390 370
        Serbo-Croatian 155 85 70
        Shanghainese 20 10 10
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 215 145 70
        Sindhi 355 155 195
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 430 235 195
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 230 130 100
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25
        Slovak 135 70 65
        Slovenian 40 15 25
        Somali 2,645 1,275 1,370
        Spanish 7,825 3,990 3,840
        Swahili 305 160 145
        Swedish 20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,065 5,255 5,810
        Taiwanese 55 20 35
        Tamil 590 310 280
        Telugu 260 135 120
        Thai 140 70 70
        Tibetan languages 0 5 0
        Tigrigna 625 310 315
        Turkish 945 495 445
        Ukrainian 1,715 775 940
        Urdu 3,695 1,890 1,805
        Vietnamese 5,490 2,575 2,915
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,015 510 500
  Multiple responses         39,015 19,075 19,935
    English and French 1,420 760 665
    English and non-official language 36,590 17,845 18,750
    French and non-official language 365 180 185
    English, French and non-official language 635 295 345
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 801,200 399,735 401,460
  None 665,905 333,390 332,515
  Single responses  132,825 65,145 67,680
    English  53,860 27,000 26,860
    French  8,340 3,970 4,375
    Non-official languages  70,625 34,175 36,445
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 1,550 640 910
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  1,375 580 795
        Dene  65 20 50
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  60 20 40
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  30 10 15
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 67,565 32,820 34,750
        African languages, n.i.e 250 155 100
        Afrikaans  130 70 65
        Akan (Twi)  295 165 135
        Albanian  130 70 60
        Amharic  500 275 225
        Arabic  5,555 2,980 2,575
        Armenian  20 10 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 240 115 125
        Bengali  345 190 155
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  270 105 165
        Bosnian  230 115 115
        Bulgarian  75 30 40
        Burmese  45 25 20
        Cantonese  3,590 1,770 1,825
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,990 1,990 2,000
        Creoles  330 175 160
        Croatian  500 270 230
        Czech  230 120 105
        Danish  190 80 110
        Dutch  965 430 535
        Estonian  15 5 10
        Finnish  80 35 40
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  70 30 35
        German  3,835 1,765 2,070
        Greek  480 245 235
        Gujarati  990 490 500
        Hakka  55 20 35
        Hebrew  255 130 125
        Hindi  3,095 1,620 1,480
        Hungarian  425 220 205
        Ilocano  240 95 150
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 50 30 25
        Italian  2,060 1,030 1,030
        Japanese  515 215 305
        Khmer (Cambodian)  220 100 115
        Korean  805 365 445
        Kurdish  130 70 60
        Lao  110 55 50
        Latvian  20 10 10
        Lingala  165 90 70
        Lithuanian  30 15 15
        Macedonian  55 30 30
        Malay  135 70 70
        Malayalam  470 230 240
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  1,620 730 895
        Marathi  50 25 25
        Nepali  95 55 35
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 445 245 200
        Norwegian  80 35 50
        Oromo  90 50 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,340 1,710 1,630
        Pashto  105 55 50
        Persian (Farsi)  720 385 335
        Polish  2,535 1,165 1,370
        Portuguese  1,580 770 810
        Romanian  440 210 230
        Rundi (Kirundi)  65 35 25
        Russian  1,160 540 620
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  165 80 85
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 75 45 35
        Serbian  490 245 240
        Serbo-Croatian  105 45 60
        Shanghainese  10 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 200 90 105
        Sindhi  355 165 190
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  355 190 165
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 20 10
        Slovak  140 75 65
        Slovenian  120 60 60
        Somali  885 435 455
        Spanish  5,270 2,700 2,570
        Swahili  560 290 270
        Swedish  105 55 50
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5,805 2,285 3,520
        Taiwanese  50 25 25
        Tamil  350 190 165
        Telugu  120 70 55
        Thai  180 70 115
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  335 175 160
        Turkish  305 180 125
        Ukrainian  3,385 1,435 1,950
        Urdu  1,565 805 765
        Vietnamese  1,985 940 1,045
        Yiddish  25 10 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,510 715 795
  Multiple responses          2,470 1,200 1,265
    English and French  375 195 180
    English and non-official language  995 505 490
    French and non-official language  1,070 485 585
    English, French and non-official language  25 15 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Edmonton, CY, Alberta (Code 4811061) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Edmonton, City (Census Subdivision), Alberta

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Edmonton, CY, Alberta (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Edmonton, City (Census Subdivision), Alberta

2011 NHS

  • NHS Data Tables, Edmonton, City (Census Subdivision), Alberta