NHS Profile, Surrey, CY, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Surrey, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 463,340 229,810 233,535
Canadian citizens 408,130 203,700 204,430
Canadian citizens aged under 18 100,905 52,575 48,330
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 307,230 151,130 156,100
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 55,210 26,105 29,105
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 463,335 229,805 233,530
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 270,735 137,085 133,655
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 187,845 90,490 97,350
Before 1971 17,760 9,070 8,690
1971 to 1980 21,595 10,390 11,200
1981 to 1990 25,655 12,400 13,260
1991 to 2000 55,865 26,505 29,355
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 66,965 32,120 34,840
2001 to 2005 32,085 15,265 16,825
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 34,880 16,860 18,015
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 4,760 2,235 2,525
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 187,845 90,490 97,350
Under 5 years 14,620 7,480 7,135
5 to 14 years 28,705 14,960 13,740
15 to 24 years 50,460 22,490 27,965
25 to 44 years 67,540 33,065 34,475
45 years and over 26,525 12,495 14,030
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 463,340 229,805 233,535
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 270,740 137,080 133,655
Born in province of residence 208,750 106,200 102,545
Born outside province of residence 61,985 30,880 31,110
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 187,845 90,490 97,355
Americas 10,170 4,670 5,505
United States 3,735 1,785 1,955
Jamaica 630 205 430
Guyana 175 65 105
Haiti 55 0 30
Mexico 635 275 355
Trinidad and Tobago 395 140 255
Colombia 545 225 325
El Salvador 1,340 670 670
Peru 235 100 135
Chile 295 140 160
Other places of birth in Americas 2,130 1,045 1,085
Europe 25,600 12,495 13,105
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 10,125 4,915 5,210
Italy 920 540 380
Germany 2,470 1,165 1,305
Poland 2,085 990 1,090
Portugal 825 425 400
Netherlands 1,690 780 910
France 330 165 165
Romania 560 265 300
Russian Federation 465 215 255
Greece 350 185 165
Ukraine 675 300 380
Croatia 440 230 210
Hungary 510 220 290
Bosnia and Herzegovina 295 170 130
Serbia 250 150 95
Ireland, Republic of 410 210 200
Other places of birth in Europe 3,200 1,580 1,625
Africa 5,135 2,630 2,500
Morocco 50 25 20
Algeria 90 50 40
Egypt 360 180 175
South Africa, Republic of 700 335 365
Nigeria 395 270 130
Ethiopia 255 130 125
Kenya 755 335 425
Other places of birth in Africa 2,530 1,315 1,220
Asia 137,615 66,215 71,405
India 70,680 34,655 36,025
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 10,570 4,895 5,675
Philippines 20,240 9,095 11,145
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 2,315 1,185 1,130
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 5,165 2,290 2,875
Pakistan 4,320 2,205 2,110
Sri Lanka 1,055 560 500
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 885 525 365
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 6,165 3,020 3,145
Lebanon 320 170 150
Taiwan 6,095 2,880 3,215
Iraq 1,120 585 535
Bangladesh 260 145 120
Afghanistan 820 450 370
Japan 730 220 505
Turkey 195 105 90
Other places of birth in Asia 6,675 3,230 3,440
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 9,315 4,480 4,835
Fiji 8,545 4,035 4,505
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 770 445 330
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 4,760 2,230 2,530
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 34,875 16,860 18,015
Americas 1,855 920 935
United States 810 430 380
Mexico 220 105 115
Cuba 30 0 20
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 70 0 0
Brazil 25 0 25
Colombia 225 85 135
Guyana 25 0 15
Peru 45 0 35
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 65 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 330 210 120
Europe 1,335 700 635
France 0 0 0
Germany 130 65 60
Poland 85 35 45
Romania 35 15 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 35 15 20
Russian Federation 125 50 65
Ukraine 125 60 70
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 610 335 275
Other places of birth in Europe 195 115 80
Africa 1,180 575 605
Nigeria 265 170 100
Ethiopia 50 25 30
Mauritius 120 65 60
Somalia 85 25 65
Algeria 50 0 0
Egypt 90 25 60
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 40 15 30
South Africa, Republic of 55 20 40
Other places of birth in Africa 400 210 195
Asia 29,745 14,320 15,430
Philippines 5,700 2,635 3,070
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,955 1,260 1,695
India 14,210 7,120 7,095
Pakistan 1,010 510 500
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 120 65 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,325 645 680
Sri Lanka 295 170 130
Iraq 485 220 260
Bangladesh 115 60 55
Lebanon 25 20 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 285 65 225
Taiwan 1,165 565 600
Afghanistan 120 65 55
Japan 95 0 85
Turkey 35 20 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 170 75 90
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 95 50 45
United Arab Emirates 95 45 50
Saudi Arabia 135 75 65
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 60 35 20
Other places of birth in Asia 1,220 570 650
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 760 345 410
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 463,340 229,805 233,530
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 193,730 93,340 100,390
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 126,500 64,200 62,300
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 143,105 72,260 70,845
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 463,340 229,810 233,530
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 243,760 120,795 122,965
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 142,445 71,615 70,830
Chinese 28,480 13,715 14,765
Black 6,150 3,090 3,060
Filipino 26,480 12,260 14,215
Latin American 5,340 2,755 2,580
Arab 3,265 1,740 1,525
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 13,080 6,425 6,655
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 2,350 1,285 1,065
Korean 8,385 4,220 4,170
Japanese 2,405 1,100 1,305
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,090 505 585
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 4,295 2,080 2,210
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 219,580 109,010 110,570
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 463,340 229,805 233,530
North American Aboriginal origins 13,305 6,160 7,145
First Nations (North American Indian) 8,935 4,055 4,880
Inuit 145 80 65
Métis 4,760 2,220 2,540
Other North American origins 73,645 37,180 36,465
Acadian 210 90 120
American 4,990 2,550 2,430
Canadian 69,935 35,290 34,645
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 105 70 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 55 30 25
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 25 0 15
European origins 198,105 97,930 100,175
British Isles origins 127,885 62,930 64,955
Channel Islander 10 0 0
Cornish 55 35 20
English 79,620 38,945 40,675
Irish 41,650 20,060 21,590
Manx 80 35 45
Scottish 55,835 27,075 28,765
Welsh 7,130 3,210 3,925
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 6,970 3,390 3,580
French origins 23,260 11,215 12,050
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 23,255 11,205 12,050
Western European origins (except French origins) 55,820 27,575 28,240
Austrian 3,255 1,565 1,690
Belgian 1,270 690 580
Dutch 14,620 7,090 7,525
Flemish 150 90 60
Frisian 40 20 15
German 39,690 19,800 19,895
Luxembourger 65 20 45
Swiss 1,700 815 885
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 25 0 15
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 21,790 10,590 11,200
Danish 3,775 1,710 2,065
Finnish 1,955 955 995
Icelandic 1,525 730 790
Norwegian 9,040 4,445 4,595
Swedish 6,775 3,315 3,460
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 690 365 325
Eastern European origins 37,900 18,425 19,475
Bulgarian 60 45 20
Byelorussian 160 55 105
Czech 1,335 650 685
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 735 330 405
Estonian 280 155 125
Hungarian 4,005 2,010 2,000
Latvian 315 160 150
Lithuanian 235 130 105
Moldovan 40 15 20
Polish 11,335 5,340 5,995
Romanian 2,060 1,070 995
Russian 7,325 3,585 3,735
Slovak 795 360 435
Ukrainian 15,075 7,020 8,060
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 120 75 45
Southern European origins 25,520 12,575 12,940
Albanian 135 65 75
Bosnian 175 80 95
Croatian 1,420 775 645
Cypriot 20 0 20
Greek 1,830 895 935
Italian 10,450 5,330 5,120
Kosovar 95 45 45
Macedonian 55 20 30
Maltese 135 45 90
Montenegrin 20 0 15
Portuguese 3,710 1,820 1,900
Serbian 550 305 245
Sicilian 30 25 0
Slovenian 395 180 215
Spanish 7,055 3,190 3,860
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 875 475 400
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,990 1,660 1,330
Basque 30 0 20
Jewish 1,490 775 710
Roma (Gypsy) 75 35 40
Slavic, n.o.s. 85 65 20
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,335 785 550
Caribbean origins 2,770 1,365 1,405
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 215 130 90
Bermudan 25 20 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 145 80 70
Dominican 80 30 50
Grenadian 40 30 0
Haitian 60 0 20
Jamaican 1,150 520 630
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 85 50 35
St. Lucian 15 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 540 245 295
Vincentian/Grenadinian 170 135 35
West Indian, n.o.s. 240 90 155
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 90 45 45
Latin, Central and South American origins 6,925 3,615 3,310
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 145 50 90
Argentinian 130 45 85
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 15 0 0
Brazilian 135 50 85
Chilean 480 270 210
Colombian 775 405 375
Costa Rican 35 0 20
Ecuadorian 115 50 65
Guatemalan 415 225 190
Guyanese 220 115 110
Hispanic 220 120 95
Honduran 270 140 125
Maya 105 65 35
Mexican 1,520 840 675
Nicaraguan 205 125 85
Panamanian 80 0 70
Paraguayan 35 15 0
Peruvian 250 120 125
Salvadorean 1,680 915 765
Uruguayan 15 0 0
Venezuelan 55 35 20
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 500 290 210
African origins 7,440 3,515 3,925
Central and West African origins 1,235 695 540
Akan 35 10 25
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 35 0 20
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 145 40 110
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 15 0 0
Ghanaian 360 165 195
Guinean 20 0 0
Ibo 85 30 55
Ivorian 10 0 0
Liberian 55 45 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 460 290 165
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 40 40 0
Yoruba 65 45 20
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 50 30 20
North African origins 1,210 565 645
Algerian 35 0 25
Berber 30 0 20
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 550 250 305
Libyan 20 15 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 135 85 55
Sudanese 370 160 205
Tunisian 55 0 40
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 2,590 1,245 1,345
Afrikaner 45 35 0
Amhara 55 30 25
Bantu, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Burundian 35 20 15
Eritrean 130 80 55
Ethiopian 215 120 100
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 205 95 115
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 150 80 75
Oromo 25 0 15
Rwandan 85 40 45
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 580 290 285
South African 720 305 415
Tanzanian 45 0 40
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 230 120 110
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 45 0 35
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 140 80 60
Other African origins 2,605 1,125 1,480
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 355 175 180
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,275 970 1,310
Asian origins 225,540 111,340 114,205
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 7,630 4,000 3,630
Afghan 1,375 700 675
Arab, n.o.s. 1,230 650 575
Armenian 350 165 180
Assyrian 135 65 70
Azerbaijani 45 0 30
Georgian 15 10 0
Iranian 1,375 810 565
Iraqi 990 525 465
Israeli 70 0 60
Jordanian 155 90 60
Kazakh 10 0 0
Kurd 120 75 40
Kuwaiti 45 20 25
Lebanese 790 380 410
Palestinian 475 275 200
Pashtun 160 65 100
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 165 75 85
Tajik 40 35 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 510 270 240
Uighur 25 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 55 30 30
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 220 135 90
South Asian origins 136,820 68,730 68,085
Bangladeshi 235 140 100
Bengali 135 85 45
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 121,585 61,085 60,500
Goan 20 10 0
Gujarati 155 75 80
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 370 175 195
Pakistani 4,600 2,320 2,280
Punjabi 11,745 5,925 5,815
Sinhalese 140 75 65
Sri Lankan 1,115 635 480
Tamil 250 120 130
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 1,730 840 890
East and Southeast Asian origins 82,015 39,080 42,935
Burmese 510 230 280
Cambodian (Khmer) 885 430 460
Chinese 32,260 15,450 16,810
Filipino 27,860 12,865 14,995
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 675 375 305
Japanese 3,255 1,500 1,750
Korean 8,605 4,325 4,280
Laotian 905 490 415
Malaysian 715 360 355
Mongolian 100 40 60
Singaporean 150 80 75
Taiwanese 2,740 1,335 1,405
Thai 635 260 375
Tibetan 55 25 30
Vietnamese 8,685 4,125 4,560
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 425 230 195
Other Asian origins 510 205 305
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 505 205 305
Oceania origins 9,005 4,425 4,580
Australian 680 325 355
New Zealander 230 120 115
Pacific Islands origins 8,135 4,000 4,135
Fijian 7,850 3,895 3,950
Hawaiian 65 20 45
Maori 55 20 45
Polynesian, n.o.s. 65 30 35
Samoan 60 25 30
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 90 25 65
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 463,340 229,805 233,535
Buddhist 10,520 4,915 5,610
Christian 177,020 82,645 94,380
Anglican 13,140 5,895 7,250
Baptist 8,665 3,960 4,705
Catholic 64,185 30,200 33,990
Christian Orthodox 3,600 1,695 1,905
Lutheran 5,965 2,680 3,280
Pentecostal 7,400 3,570 3,830
Presbyterian 4,100 1,885 2,215
United Church 15,150 6,520 8,635
Other Christian 54,820 26,245 28,575
Hindu 16,790 8,470 8,325
Jewish 1,105 565 540
Muslim 18,345 9,200 9,145
Sikh 104,720 52,380 52,345
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 180 90 85
Other religions 2,015 835 1,180
No religious affiliation 132,635 70,710 61,925
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 463,340 229,810 233,535
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 10,955 5,195 5,760
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 6,135 2,980 3,150
Métis single identity 4,225 1,935 2,290
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 175 110 65
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 265 95 170
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 155 80 75
Non-Aboriginal identity 452,385 224,605 227,775
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 463,335 229,805 233,535
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 3,355 1,460 1,900
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 459,985 228,350 231,640
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 463,340 229,805 233,535
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 13,305 6,165 7,145
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 8,935 4,050 4,880
Métis ancestry 4,760 2,225 2,535
Inuit ancestry 145 80 65
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 450,035 223,645 226,390
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 239,425 116,500 122,925
Aboriginal languages 180 80 100
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 55 15 45
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 85 50 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 239,250 116,420 122,825
Italian 2,075 1,085 995
Portuguese 1,525 725 800
Romanian 580 270 315
Spanish 8,875 4,305 4,570
Dutch 2,305 1,010 1,295
Flemish 45 40 0
German 6,205 3,000 3,205
Yiddish 20 0 0
Danish 525 280 240
Norwegian 305 95 205
Swedish 295 105 190
Afrikaans 380 175 200
Gaelic languages 70 20 50
Bosnian 115 60 55
Bulgarian 50 35 10
Croatian 740 390 350
Czech 465 220 250
Macedonian 25 0 0
Polish 2,795 1,315 1,475
Russian 1,765 890 870
Serbian 445 255 190
Serbo-Croatian 100 35 60
Slovak 365 180 185
Slovenian 185 105 85
Ukrainian 1,055 470 590
Latvian 25 0 20
Lithuanian 15 15 0
Greek 850 410 435
Armenian 170 75 95
Albanian 150 75 75
Estonian 70 40 35
Finnish 330 170 150
Hungarian 965 410 560
Turkish 385 175 205
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 45 25 20
Somali 455 225 225
Amharic 215 115 100
Arabic 3,670 1,895 1,770
Hebrew 140 85 55
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 135 70 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 425 205 220
Bengali 430 235 190
Gujarati 1,455 710 750
Hindi 30,170 14,840 15,330
Konkani 100 45 55
Marathi 115 80 30
Panjabi (Punjabi) 110,250 55,215 55,035
Sindhi 280 135 145
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 765 380 385
Urdu 6,460 3,270 3,195
Nepali 350 170 180
Kurdish 230 140 95
Pashto 550 270 280
Persian (Farsi) 1,970 1,090 890
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 195 85 110
Kannada 70 35 35
Malayalam 420 240 175
Tamil 900 505 395
Telugu 125 75 50
Japanese 1,755 740 1,015
Korean 8,130 4,045 4,085
Cantonese 5,680 2,715 2,970
Fukien 75 20 50
Hakka 150 55 90
Mandarin 13,575 6,395 7,180
Taiwanese 1,250 565 680
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,680 3,665 4,010
Lao 810 385 425
Thai 540 205 340
Khmer (Cambodian) 525 260 265
Vietnamese 7,825 3,635 4,195
Bisayan languages 1,010 400 615
Ilocano 940 410 530
Malay 875 400 480
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 20,320 8,820 11,500
Akan (Twi) 240 125 120
Lingala 100 25 70
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 55 30 0
Swahili 530 250 275
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 520 285 230
African languages, n.i.e. 455 175 285
Creoles 320 145 175
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 3,220 1,505 1,710
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 458,230 227,230 231,000
Non-movers 395,880 196,325 199,555
Movers 62,350 30,905 31,445
Non-migrants 37,215 18,515 18,695
Migrants 25,130 12,385 12,750
Internal migrants 19,125 9,500 9,620
Intraprovincial migrants 16,195 7,970 8,230
Interprovincial migrants 2,925 1,530 1,395
External migrants 6,015 2,885 3,130
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 434,010 214,315 219,695
Non-movers 240,615 119,075 121,540
Movers 193,390 95,240 98,155
Non-migrants 109,315 53,655 55,660
Migrants 84,080 41,585 42,495
Internal migrants 54,175 26,845 27,325
Intraprovincial migrants 44,655 21,855 22,805
Interprovincial migrants 9,520 4,995 4,525
External migrants 29,905 14,740 15,165
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 374,315 183,585 190,730
No certificate, diploma or degree 71,425 34,810 36,620
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 116,155 56,765 59,390
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 186,735 92,015 94,720
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 31,805 21,340 10,460
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 58,505 24,910 33,590
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 25,590 11,430 14,155
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 70,840 34,335 36,505
Bachelor's degree 44,750 21,095 23,665
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 26,085 13,240 12,840
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 256,930 125,535 131,400
No certificate, diploma or degree 32,700 16,380 16,320
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 73,755 36,030 37,725
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 150,475 73,125 77,350
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 23,630 15,790 7,840
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 46,145 19,515 26,635
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 19,720 8,855 10,870
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 60,980 28,975 32,005
Bachelor's degree 38,375 18,050 20,320
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 22,605 10,920 11,685
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 374,315 183,590 190,725
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 187,575 91,570 96,010
Education 12,880 2,955 9,930
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 6,075 2,920 3,160
Humanities 14,450 5,670 8,775
Social and behavioural sciences and law 17,205 6,180 11,025
Business, management and public administration 39,830 17,060 22,775
Physical and life sciences and technologies 7,200 3,655 3,550
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,890 5,005 2,885
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 39,745 36,750 3,000
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 2,505 1,515 995
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 29,550 5,755 23,795
Personal, protective and transportation services 9,385 4,555 4,830
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 374,310 183,585 190,725
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 187,575 91,570 96,005
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 186,735 92,015 94,720
Location of study inside Canada 126,990 62,015 64,975
Same as province or territory of residence 106,840 51,550 55,295
Another province or territory 20,145 10,465 9,685
Location of study outside Canada 59,740 30,005 29,740
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 260,185 136,850 123,335
Single responses 254,240 133,730 120,510
English 238,430 125,030 113,400
French 280 80 200
Non-official languages 15,530 8,610 6,915
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 570 440
Cantonese 330 160 170
Panjabi (Punjabi) 10,020 5,730 4,290
Mandarin 1,405 765 635
Spanish 235 145 85
Korean 1,095 640 450
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 1,420 590 825
Multiple responses 5,945 3,120 2,825
English and French 205 50 155
English and non-official language 5,700 3,040 2,660
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 30 20 10
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 260,185 136,850 123,335
English 238,430 125,030 113,400
French 280 80 195
Non-official language 15,530 8,610 6,915
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 15,525 8,615 6,920
English and French 205 55 150
English and non-official language 5,700 3,040 2,660
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 374,315 183,590 190,725
In the labour force 245,645 130,535 115,105
Employed 226,155 120,895 105,260
Unemployed 19,490 9,645 9,850
Not in the labour force 128,670 53,050 75,620
Participation rate 65.6 71.1 60.4
Employment rate 60.4 65.9 55.2
Unemployment rate 7.9 7.4 8.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 245,645 130,535 115,110
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 6,170 2,715 3,460
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 239,470 127,820 111,650
Employee 213,380 110,445 102,935
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 26,090 17,380 8,715
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 245,640 130,535 115,110
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,175 2,715 3,455
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 239,470 127,820 111,650
0 Management occupations 25,055 16,075 8,985
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 38,430 11,900 26,530
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 12,560 10,320 2,235
3 Health occupations 14,390 2,520 11,875
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 22,500 7,190 15,310
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,145 2,430 2,715
6 Sales and service occupations 59,595 25,135 34,455
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 44,130 41,520 2,605
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 5,610 3,070 2,535
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 12,060 7,660 4,400
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 245,640 130,535 115,105
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 6,170 2,715 3,455
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 239,470 127,820 111,650
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 5,240 2,380 2,860
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 565 420 150
22 Utilities 1,190 790 395
23 Construction 21,680 19,210 2,470
31-33 Manufacturing 22,260 15,610 6,650
41 Wholesale trade 12,290 8,465 3,825
44-45 Retail trade 28,050 13,275 14,775
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 19,950 15,730 4,220
51 Information and cultural industries 5,065 3,170 1,895
52 Finance and insurance 9,550 3,745 5,805
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 4,895 2,715 2,180
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 14,535 7,945 6,595
55 Management of companies and enterprises 240 160 75
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 12,275 7,175 5,100
61 Educational services 13,860 4,100 9,765
62 Health care and social assistance 23,500 3,860 19,645
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 4,265 2,180 2,090
72 Accommodation and food services 16,130 5,590 10,535
81 Other services (except public administration) 12,295 5,640 6,655
91 Public administration 11,615 5,665 5,950
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 245,645 130,535 115,105
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 15,205 7,065 8,145
Worked in 2010 230,440 123,470 106,970
1 to 13 weeks 12,450 5,895 6,550
14 to 26 weeks 18,660 8,870 9,790
27 to 39 weeks 14,525 7,550 6,980
40 to 48 weeks 44,645 23,865 20,780
49 to 52 weeks 140,160 77,295 62,870
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.2 44.8 43.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 245,640 130,535 115,105
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 15,205 7,065 8,140
Worked in 2010 230,440 123,470 106,965
Worked full-time in 2010 183,165 107,895 75,275
Worked part-time in 2010 47,275 15,575 31,690
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 226,150 120,895 105,255
Worked at home 13,230 6,305 6,920
Worked outside Canada 1,205 915 290
No fixed workplace address 37,970 28,565 9,400
Worked at usual place 173,755 85,100 88,650
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 211,720 113,670 98,050
Car, truck or van - as a driver 162,090 91,810 70,280
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 13,985 6,210 7,775
Public transit 27,040 11,930 15,110
Walked 5,465 1,875 3,590
Bicycle 730 585 145
Other methods 2,410 1,260 1,150
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 211,720 113,670 98,050
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.4 25.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 211,720 113,670 98,050
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 61,530 39,020 22,510
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 100,900 49,930 50,970
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 49,290 24,725 24,570
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 152,850 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 146,070 ... ...
Major repairs needed 6,780 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 152,845 ... ...
1960 or before 9,175 ... ...
1961 to 1980 29,605 ... ...
1981 to 1990 35,810 ... ...
1991 to 2000 38,305 ... ...
2001 to 2005 19,225 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 20,735 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 152,845 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 40,895 ... ...
5 rooms 22,290 ... ...
6 rooms 19,720 ... ...
7 rooms 17,400 ... ...
8 or more rooms 52,545 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 152,850 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 18,025 ... ...
2 bedrooms 38,135 ... ...
3 bedrooms 45,465 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 51,225 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 152,845 ... ...
Owner 111,660 ... ...
Renter 41,185 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 152,845 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 38,865 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 113,985 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 152,850 ... ...
1 household maintainer 82,480 ... ...
2 household maintainers 63,165 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 7,205 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 152,845 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,435 ... ...
25 to 34 years 20,840 ... ...
35 to 44 years 33,085 ... ...
45 to 54 years 38,280 ... ...
55 to 64 years 28,935 ... ...
65 to 74 years 16,095 ... ...
75 years and over 12,170 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 152,850 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 143,390 ... ...
More than one person per room 9,455 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 152,850 ... ...
Suitable 136,025 ... ...
Not suitable 16,820 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 152,150 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 106,400 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 45,755 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 37,180 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 111,470 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 66.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 27.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,391 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,422 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 500,746 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 544,819 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 41,160 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 794 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 895 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 374,310 183,585 190,725
Without income 25,165 11,180 13,980
With income 349,150 172,405 176,745
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 44,395 20,920 23,470
$5,000 to $9,999 26,635 9,250 17,380
$10,000 to $14,999 35,535 14,120 21,420
$15,000 to $19,999 33,575 13,590 19,990
$20,000 to $29,999 48,115 21,395 26,715
$30,000 to $39,999 40,910 19,260 21,650
$40,000 to $49,999 34,685 17,005 17,685
$50,000 to $59,999 24,840 14,900 9,945
$60,000 to $79,999 30,570 19,985 10,585
$80,000 to $99,999 14,360 9,940 4,420
$100,000 and over 15,530 12,045 3,485
$100,000 to $124,999 7,665 5,625 2,035
$125,000 and over 7,865 6,415 1,445
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,799 33,379 21,832
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,243 43,621 29,046
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 374,315 183,585 190,725
Without after-tax income 25,230 11,195 14,035
With after-tax income 349,080 172,390 176,685
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 45,020 21,180 23,840
$5,000 to $9,999 27,065 9,315 17,755
$10,000 to $14,999 36,160 14,455 21,700
$15,000 to $19,999 35,295 14,330 20,965
$20,000 to $29,999 55,495 25,205 30,285
$30,000 to $39,999 48,205 22,650 25,555
$40,000 to $49,999 37,465 21,030 16,435
$50,000 to $59,999 23,615 15,100 8,515
$60,000 to $79,999 24,725 16,775 7,950
$80,000 to $99,999 8,720 6,375 2,340
$100,000 and over 7,330 5,980 1,350
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,197 30,793 21,076
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,352 36,947 25,892
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.1 91.5 83.2
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.3 81.0 72.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.1 76.0 68.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.2 5.0 3.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.6 4.1 5.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 4.8 5.2 4.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.3 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.9 8.5 16.8
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.0 2.6 3.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.0 2.2 4.2
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.4 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.7 0.1 4.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.3 2.2 2.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 13.5 15.3 10.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 86.5 84.7 89.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.8 2.7 3.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 121,825 71,600 50,220
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 45,642 50,737 40,481
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 53,208 59,281 44,549
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 119,680 ... ...
Median family income ($) 78,283 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,446 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,935 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 79,873 ... ...
Average family size 3.5 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 32,240 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,791 ... ...
Average family income ($) 85,765 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,188 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,844 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 66,530 ... ...
Median family income ($) 91,774 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,265 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 82,414 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 90,964 ... ...
Average family size 4.4 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 15,650 ... ...
Median family income ($) 43,266 ... ...
Average family income ($) 53,162 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,198 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,817 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 44,845 22,815 22,035
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,831 32,419 25,047
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,464 38,406 32,418
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,611 29,365 23,875
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,891 33,043 28,663
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 463,340 229,805 233,530
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 232,170 112,670 119,500
In bottom decile 49,690 23,905 25,785
In second decile 43,255 20,090 23,165
In third decile 45,080 22,140 22,935
In fourth decile 47,250 23,110 24,140
In fifth decile 46,895 23,425 23,470
In top half of the Canadian distribution 231,170 117,135 114,030
In sixth decile 48,040 23,840 24,195
In seventh decile 45,215 23,015 22,200
In eighth decile 48,195 24,145 24,055
In ninth decile 48,265 24,995 23,270
In top decile 41,455 21,140 20,315
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 152,850 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,505 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,855 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,140 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,180 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 11,495 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 12,920 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 13,030 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 12,185 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 22,375 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 18,165 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,085 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,995 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,910 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 152,850 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,675 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,925 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,205 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,330 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 12,530 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 14,800 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 15,370 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,340 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 24,965 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 17,955 ... ...
$100,000 and over 34,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,820 ... ...
$125,000 and over 18,930 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 152,850 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,702 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 82,789 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 61,023 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,603 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 30,050 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 33,133 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,376 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,501 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 34,113 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 122,795 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 78,862 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 93,414 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 70,492 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 80,778 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 463,340 229,805 233,530
Less than 18 years 109,045 56,840 52,210
Less than 6 years 34,665 18,180 16,485
18 to 64 years 300,920 147,895 153,025
65 years and over 53,370 25,065 28,300
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 71,695 34,145 37,555
Less than 18 years 20,355 10,460 9,895
Less than 6 years 6,160 3,210 2,950
18 to 64 years 44,840 21,110 23,735
65 years and over 6,505 2,580 3,925
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.5 14.9 16.1
Less than 18 years (%) 18.7 18.4 19.0
Less than 6 years (%) 17.8 17.7 17.9
18 to 64 years (%) 14.9 14.3 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.2 10.3 13.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Surrey, CY, British Columbia (Code 5915004) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Surrey, CY, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Surrey, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 468,251 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 394,976 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 18.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 163,986 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 152,847 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,479.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 316.41 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 468,250 231,570 236,680
0 to 4 years 29,160 15,115 14,050
5 to 9 years 28,800 14,820 13,980
10 to 14 years 30,785 15,955 14,830
15 to 19 years 33,130 17,230 15,905
15 years 6,800 3,535 3,265
16 years 6,695 3,535 3,160
17 years 6,655 3,450 3,210
18 years 6,630 3,440 3,190
19 years 6,355 3,270 3,085
20 to 24 years 31,085 15,750 15,335
25 to 29 years 32,275 15,835 16,435
30 to 34 years 32,150 15,405 16,745
35 to 39 years 32,900 15,650 17,250
40 to 44 years 35,030 17,090 17,940
45 to 49 years 36,530 18,250 18,285
50 to 54 years 34,340 17,055 17,285
55 to 59 years 29,825 14,770 15,050
60 to 64 years 25,670 12,570 13,100
65 to 69 years 18,530 9,095 9,435
70 to 74 years 13,585 6,560 7,025
75 to 79 years 10,180 4,750 5,425
80 to 84 years 7,400 3,235 4,165
85 years and over 6,875 2,430 4,445
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.5 36.8 38.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.0 80.2 81.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 379,510 185,685 193,825
Married or living with a common-law partner 231,120 115,300 115,820
Married (and not separated) 210,295 104,895 105,400
Living common law 20,825 10,405 10,425
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 148,385 70,385 78,000
Single (never legally married) 100,530 54,915 45,615
Separated 9,690 4,065 5,630
Divorced 19,430 7,770 11,665
Widowed 18,730 3,640 15,090
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 131,065 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 55,135 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 29,295 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 32,160 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 14,475 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 131,070 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 111,540 ... ...
Married couples 101,160 ... ...
Without children at home 37,575 ... ...
With children at home 63,585 ... ...
1 child 21,465 ... ...
2 children 28,930 ... ...
3 or more children 13,185 ... ...
Common-law couples 10,380 ... ...
Without children at home 6,245 ... ...
With children at home 4,135 ... ...
1 child 1,990 ... ...
2 children 1,455 ... ...
3 or more children 695 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 19,525 ... ...
Female parent 15,555 ... ...
1 child 8,795 ... ...
2 children 4,755 ... ...
3 or more children 2,005 ... ...
Male parent 3,975 ... ...
1 child 2,520 ... ...
2 children 1,085 ... ...
3 or more children 365 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 160,930 ... ...
Under six years of age 34,490 ... ...
6 to 14 years 53,390 ... ...
15 to 17 years 19,490 ... ...
18 to 24 years 34,275 ... ...
25 years and over 19,280 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 463,340 229,405 233,935
Number of persons not in census families 59,805 28,525 31,275
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 15,055 5,725 9,325
Living with non-relatives only 14,605 8,405 6,200
Living alone 30,145 14,400 15,740
Number of census family persons 403,535 200,875 202,665
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 53,505 25,130 28,375
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 16,255 4,695 11,555
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,500 1,305 4,195
Living with non-relatives only 1,070 545 525
Living alone 9,680 2,850 6,830
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 37,255 20,430 16,820
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 152,845 ... ...
Census-family households 117,505 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 93,780 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 80,535 ... ...
Without children 31,255 ... ...
With children 49,275 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 13,245 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 23,720 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 12,045 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 9,475 ... ...
Without children 2,125 ... ...
With children 7,355 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,565 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 11,680 ... ...
Non-census-family households 35,345 ... ...
One-person households 30,140 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 5,205 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 152,850 ... ...
Single-detached house 64,515 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 3,800 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 1,440 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 83,100 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,345 ... ...
Row house 20,900 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 27,410 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 31,345 ... ...
Other single-attached house 100 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 152,850 ... ...
1 person 30,145 ... ...
2 persons 42,950 ... ...
3 persons 25,100 ... ...
4 persons 27,760 ... ...
5 persons 13,625 ... ...
6 or more persons 13,275 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 463,340 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 3.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 465,005 230,090 234,915
  Single responses  449,780 222,615 227,160
    English  240,485 120,785 119,705
    French  3,475 1,710 1,760
    Non-official languages  205,815 100,120 105,695
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 65 20 40
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  45 15 25
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 5 0
        Ojibway  15 0 15
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 204,430 99,455 104,970
        African languages, n.i.e 200 90 110
        Afrikaans  170 85 90
        Akan (Twi)  150 70 80
        Albanian  265 125 140
        Amharic  290 130 160
        Arabic  2,930 1,555 1,375
        Armenian  85 35 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 115 45 70
        Bengali  465 235 230
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  750 315 440
        Bosnian  140 75 65
        Bulgarian  90 45 40
        Burmese  250 140 110
        Cantonese  3,890 1,835 2,050
        Chinese, n.o.s.  7,760 3,630 4,135
        Creoles  215 105 115
        Croatian  735 385 355
        Czech  495 250 250
        Danish  450 230 220
        Dutch  1,765 825 940
        Estonian  80 40 45
        Finnish  280 115 165
        Flemish  35 20 15
        Fukien  125 50 75
        German  4,910 2,285 2,625
        Greek  575 315 255
        Gujarati  1,240 600 635
        Hakka  70 30 45
        Hebrew  50 30 20
        Hindi  12,235 5,860 6,370
        Hungarian  1,030 520 510
        Ilocano  650 280 370
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 125 70 55
        Italian  1,395 760 635
        Japanese  950 360 595
        Khmer (Cambodian)  600 290 310
        Korean  7,740 3,675 4,070
        Kurdish  115 70 50
        Lao  580 285 295
        Latvian  35 25 10
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  35 15 20
        Macedonian  15 5 10
        Malay  355 160 200
        Malayalam  390 200 190
        Maltese  15 5 5
        Mandarin  10,050 4,855 5,195
        Marathi  55 25 30
        Nepali  300 155 145
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 130 70 60
        Norwegian  205 90 115
        Oromo  50 25 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  93,785 46,785 47,000
        Pashto  385 190 195
        Persian (Farsi)  2,030 1,045 990
        Polish  2,735 1,340 1,400
        Portuguese  1,350 660 690
        Romanian  630 320 310
        Rundi (Kirundi)  45 25 20
        Russian  1,370 635 740
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 455 230 225
        Serbian  460 250 205
        Serbo-Croatian  85 45 40
        Shanghainese  45 25 20
        Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 45
        Sindhi  210 100 115
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  535 260 270
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 305 160 145
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 20 20
        Slovak  290 130 165
        Slovenian  105 50 50
        Somali  535 260 275
        Spanish  5,865 2,835 3,030
        Swahili  160 90 75
        Swedish  145 65 85
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  13,740 5,955 7,790
        Taiwanese  745 360 390
        Tamil  525 270 250
        Telugu  100 55 45
        Thai  200 65 135
        Tibetan languages  45 20 20
        Tigrigna  90 55 35
        Turkish  190 100 90
        Ukrainian  910 390 520
        Urdu  4,495 2,280 2,220
        Vietnamese  6,035 2,850 3,185
        Yiddish  15 10 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,325 645 680
  Multiple responses          15,235 7,475 7,755
    English and French  635 295 340
    English and non-official language  14,055 6,915 7,140
    French and non-official language  350 165 190
    English, French and non-official language 190 100 85
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 465,010 230,090 234,915
  English only 413,830 208,255 205,575
  French only 225 100 125
  English and French 21,305 9,540 11,770
  Neither English nor French 29,650 12,195 17,450
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 465,010 230,095 234,915
  English 429,840 215,225 214,610
  French 3,510 1,750 1,760
  English and French 2,410 1,115 1,290
  Neither English nor French 29,255 11,995 17,255
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 4,715 2,305 2,400
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.0 1.0 1.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 465,010 230,090 234,920
  Single responses 429,585 212,510 217,070
    English 291,155 144,725 146,430
    French 1,050 505 540
    Non-official languages 137,380 67,275 70,100
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 136,795 67,000 69,805
        African languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50
        Afrikaans 90 45 45
        Akan (Twi) 45 20 25
        Albanian 165 80 85
        Amharic 130 55 75
        Arabic 1,875 945 935
        Armenian 30 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15
        Bengali 305 145 160
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 290 135 150
        Bosnian 75 40 30
        Bulgarian 45 25 20
        Burmese 185 105 80
        Cantonese 2,685 1,280 1,405
        Chinese, n.o.s. 5,390 2,560 2,825
        Creoles 135 65 65
        Croatian 205 100 110
        Czech 175 90 90
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 120 55 65
        Estonian 15 0 10
        Finnish 40 15 25
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 50 20 25
        German 520 235 280
        Greek 170 80 85
        Gujarati 650 310 345
        Hakka 15 5 10
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 6,885 3,300 3,580
        Hungarian 280 145 140
        Ilocano 210 105 115
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30
        Italian 275 130 145
        Japanese 435 200 240
        Khmer (Cambodian) 325 160 165
        Korean 6,365 3,025 3,335
        Kurdish 70 35 30
        Lao 345 175 175
        Latvian 0 5 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 5 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 150 80 75
        Malayalam 195 95 95
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 8,575 4,200 4,380
        Marathi 25 10 10
        Nepali 200 105 95
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20
        Norwegian 20 10 15
        Oromo 30 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 73,620 36,650 36,970
        Pashto 250 125 125
        Persian (Farsi) 1,345 665 685
        Polish 1,300 645 660
        Portuguese 435 210 225
        Romanian 295 150 150
        Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 15
        Russian 815 395 425
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 335 170 165
        Serbian 240 130 110
        Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10
        Shanghainese 30 15 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65
        Sindhi 95 45 50
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 265 125 140
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slovak 100 50 50
        Slovenian 15 5 10
        Somali 385 185 200
        Spanish 3,370 1,625 1,750
        Swahili 75 40 35
        Swedish 10 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,410 2,915 3,490
        Taiwanese 445 220 225
        Tamil 320 165 155
        Telugu 70 35 35
        Thai 80 35 50
        Tibetan languages 15 5 10
        Tigrigna 35 20 15
        Turkish 70 35 35
        Ukrainian 190 95 95
        Urdu 3,265 1,625 1,645
        Vietnamese 4,440 2,075 2,360
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 575 280 290
  Multiple responses         35,420 17,580 17,845
    English and French 400 170 235
    English and non-official language 34,500 17,170 17,325
    French and non-official language 135 70 65
    English, French and non-official language 385 170 220
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 465,010 230,090 234,920
  None 364,500 180,800 183,705
  Single responses  99,030 48,570 50,465
    English  48,465 24,470 24,000
    French  2,430 1,145 1,280
    Non-official languages  48,130 22,950 25,180
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 40 10 30
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  25 10 15
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  10 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 47,500 22,675 24,825
        African languages, n.i.e 75 40 35
        Afrikaans  65 35 35
        Akan (Twi)  100 50 45
        Albanian  75 35 40
        Amharic  110 55 60
        Arabic  825 430 400
        Armenian  40 20 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 10 25
        Bengali  105 50 50
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  215 90 125
        Bosnian  45 30 20
        Bulgarian  20 10 10
        Burmese  45 20 25
        Cantonese  1,070 490 575
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,430 645 785
        Creoles  145 75 70
        Croatian  300 165 140
        Czech  155 65 90
        Danish  150 70 80
        Dutch  555 240 315
        Estonian  25 15 10
        Finnish  110 50 55
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  35 15 20
        German  1,560 680 875
        Greek  330 180 150
        Gujarati  510 255 255
        Hakka  20 5 15
        Hebrew  30 20 10
        Hindi  5,595 2,715 2,885
        Hungarian  325 150 170
        Ilocano  155 65 95
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 35 20 20
        Italian  595 305 280
        Japanese  455 180 275
        Khmer (Cambodian)  150 70 80
        Korean  930 455 475
        Kurdish  20 10 10
        Lao  190 90 100
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  5 0 5
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  170 80 90
        Malayalam  125 60 65
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  1,500 720 785
        Marathi  20 10 10
        Nepali  65 35 30
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 90 50 40
        Norwegian  55 25 30
        Oromo  5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  14,800 7,360 7,440
        Pashto  100 45 55
        Persian (Farsi)  425 225 195
        Polish  810 380 430
        Portuguese  525 225 295
        Romanian  210 95 115
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 10 5
        Russian  330 140 190
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 105 50 55
        Serbian  140 80 60
        Serbo-Croatian  20 15 10
        Shanghainese  30 10 15
        Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 45
        Sindhi  85 40 50
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  210 105 105
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  115 50 65
        Slovenian  30 10 15
        Somali  150 85 65
        Spanish  2,310 1,145 1,165
        Swahili  130 55 75
        Swedish  55 30 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  4,795 1,970 2,825
        Taiwanese  355 170 185
        Tamil  195 95 95
        Telugu  25 15 10
        Thai  110 35 75
        Tibetan languages  10 10 5
        Tigrigna  35 15 20
        Turkish  95 45 50
        Ukrainian  175 75 100
        Urdu  985 510 475
        Vietnamese  1,310 630 670
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 595 260 330
  Multiple responses          1,475 725 750
    English and French  145 80 70
    English and non-official language  805 420 390
    French and non-official language  505 225 280
    English, French and non-official language  15 5 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Surrey, CY, British Columbia (Code 5915004) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed June 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Surrey, City (Census Subdivision), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Surrey, CY, British Columbia (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Surrey, City (Census Subdivision), British Columbia