NHS Profile, Vancouver, CY, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Vancouver, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 590,205 288,225 301,980
Canadian citizens 507,695 249,545 258,150
Canadian citizens aged under 18 79,420 41,200 38,215
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 428,275 208,350 219,930
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 82,515 38,680 43,830
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 590,205 288,230 301,980
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 308,495 157,435 151,060
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 258,750 119,670 139,080
Before 1971 33,350 16,275 17,075
1971 to 1980 37,665 17,885 19,775
1981 to 1990 41,970 18,905 23,065
1991 to 2000 70,790 31,630 39,165
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 74,980 34,975 40,005
2001 to 2005 32,750 15,045 17,705
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 42,230 19,925 22,300
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 22,965 11,125 11,840
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 258,750 119,665 139,085
Under 5 years 19,215 9,805 9,410
5 to 14 years 40,245 20,500 19,740
15 to 24 years 55,105 25,245 29,860
25 to 44 years 111,660 49,715 61,945
45 years and over 32,525 14,400 18,125
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 590,205 288,225 301,980
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 308,495 157,435 151,055
Born in province of residence 205,350 104,420 100,925
Born outside province of residence 103,145 53,010 50,130
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 258,750 119,670 139,080
Americas 19,205 9,675 9,535
United States 8,815 4,740 4,075
Jamaica 365 195 170
Guyana 200 105 100
Haiti 140 60 80
Mexico 2,280 1,025 1,255
Trinidad and Tobago 460 250 210
Colombia 520 255 265
El Salvador 1,380 605 775
Peru 950 385 560
Chile 540 220 315
Other places of birth in Americas 3,555 1,825 1,730
Europe 42,415 21,035 21,385
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 13,405 6,860 6,545
Italy 3,750 1,905 1,840
Germany 3,320 1,580 1,740
Poland 1,980 940 1,040
Portugal 1,640 770 870
Netherlands 1,065 595 470
France 1,500 800 695
Romania 935 410 525
Russian Federation 1,620 715 905
Greece 1,050 550 505
Ukraine 1,160 430 730
Croatia 1,285 670 620
Hungary 850 460 390
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,200 570 625
Serbia 1,515 725 785
Ireland, Republic of 930 485 445
Other places of birth in Europe 5,225 2,570 2,655
Africa 5,300 2,685 2,615
Morocco 240 140 100
Algeria 135 85 45
Egypt 215 125 90
South Africa, Republic of 1,695 875 815
Nigeria 120 75 40
Ethiopia 450 195 255
Kenya 505 235 275
Other places of birth in Africa 1,950 960 985
Asia 186,500 83,650 102,850
India 13,110 6,540 6,570
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 66,435 29,670 36,770
Philippines 27,560 11,110 16,445
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 26,635 12,210 14,420
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 11,960 5,405 6,555
Pakistan 690 400 290
Sri Lanka 1,530 815 715
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 5,745 2,930 2,815
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 5,045 2,060 2,990
Lebanon 295 155 140
Taiwan 10,515 4,750 5,765
Iraq 545 305 240
Bangladesh 690 340 350
Afghanistan 315 160 150
Japan 3,930 1,100 2,830
Turkey 650 385 265
Other places of birth in Asia 10,855 5,315 5,530
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 5,325 2,625 2,695
Fiji 2,950 1,365 1,585
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 2,370 1,260 1,115
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 22,965 11,125 11,840
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 42,230 19,930 22,300
Americas 4,230 2,255 1,975
United States 1,895 1,095 805
Mexico 800 410 390
Cuba 125 95 30
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 350 165 185
Colombia 195 85 105
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 290 100 185
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 55 30 30
Other places of birth in Americas 480 270 205
Europe 4,660 2,500 2,160
France 420 260 155
Germany 445 205 240
Poland 50 30 15
Romania 185 85 100
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 55 0 0
Russian Federation 575 260 315
Ukraine 125 35 90
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,580 885 695
Other places of birth in Europe 1,215 690 530
Africa 755 390 370
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 75 25 55
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 40 0 40
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 55 40 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 20 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 45 15 25
South Africa, Republic of 150 80 70
Other places of birth in Africa 275 155 120
Asia 31,780 14,285 17,495
Philippines 7,860 3,560 4,305
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 12,360 5,515 6,845
India 2,180 1,130 1,050
Pakistan 165 85 80
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,355 705 650
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,310 450 855
Sri Lanka 395 220 185
Iraq 220 105 115
Bangladesh 165 85 80
Lebanon 40 30 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 760 250 510
Taiwan 1,075 520 550
Afghanistan 50 30 0
Japan 1,015 205 810
Turkey 360 210 145
Israel 255 95 155
Nepal 55 25 30
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 565 270 300
United Arab Emirates 20 0 20
Saudi Arabia 110 65 45
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 1,465 725 735
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 810 495 315
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 590,205 288,230 301,980
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 284,800 132,435 152,365
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 153,330 78,125 75,205
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 152,075 77,665 74,410
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 590,205 288,225 301,980
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 305,615 143,525 162,090
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 35,140 17,715 17,425
Chinese 163,230 76,990 86,235
Black 5,720 3,120 2,600
Filipino 35,490 14,695 20,800
Latin American 9,595 4,640 4,955
Arab 2,975 1,950 1,030
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 17,870 8,400 9,470
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 6,885 3,620 3,265
Korean 8,780 3,775 5,000
Japanese 10,080 3,855 6,230
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 1,175 595 580
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 8,680 4,185 4,495
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 284,590 144,700 139,890
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 590,205 288,225 301,980
North American Aboriginal origins 14,675 7,080 7,590
First Nations (North American Indian) 11,325 5,465 5,860
Inuit 145 60 85
Métis 3,580 1,705 1,875
Other North American origins 73,550 37,535 36,010
Acadian 490 270 220
American 8,220 4,195 4,025
Canadian 66,780 34,025 32,750
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 125 70 55
Nova Scotian 20 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 265 90 180
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 130 45 85
European origins 277,835 139,600 138,235
British Isles origins 172,715 87,725 84,990
Channel Islander 45 25 20
Cornish 75 30 50
English 104,015 52,790 51,225
Irish 63,550 31,565 31,980
Manx 145 90 55
Scottish 74,025 36,580 37,445
Welsh 10,145 4,815 5,325
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 14,020 6,695 7,330
French origins 35,250 17,055 18,195
Alsatian 35 15 20
Breton 0 0 0
French 35,230 17,050 18,180
Western European origins (except French origins) 64,125 31,915 32,215
Austrian 5,025 2,345 2,680
Belgian 1,885 1,060 825
Dutch 13,895 6,900 6,990
Flemish 165 65 105
Frisian 50 35 20
German 45,545 22,615 22,925
Luxembourger 70 30 40
Swiss 3,135 1,505 1,625
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 60 20 40
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 25,000 12,200 12,800
Danish 4,920 2,375 2,545
Finnish 2,645 1,345 1,300
Icelandic 2,160 985 1,175
Norwegian 9,160 4,495 4,665
Swedish 7,565 3,545 4,020
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 960 535 425
Eastern European origins 53,500 25,435 28,060
Bulgarian 725 375 345
Byelorussian 425 215 205
Czech 3,020 1,525 1,490
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 600 355 240
Estonian 585 305 280
Hungarian 5,185 2,490 2,695
Latvian 705 385 320
Lithuanian 1,280 550 730
Moldovan 95 70 30
Polish 15,030 7,235 7,800
Romanian 3,375 1,570 1,805
Russian 12,870 6,070 6,800
Slovak 1,350 630 720
Ukrainian 18,155 8,305 9,845
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 525 230 295
Southern European origins 49,190 24,110 25,075
Albanian 160 95 65
Bosnian 630 295 335
Croatian 3,415 1,700 1,715
Cypriot 75 35 40
Greek 4,460 2,195 2,265
Italian 20,820 10,670 10,140
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 220 75 150
Maltese 300 145 155
Montenegrin 70 40 30
Portuguese 5,710 2,890 2,820
Serbian 3,095 1,600 1,490
Sicilian 50 40 0
Slovenian 825 315 510
Spanish 12,045 5,335 6,710
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 780 370 405
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 20 20 0
Other European origins 13,135 6,600 6,535
Basque 115 50 70
Jewish 10,970 5,385 5,585
Roma (Gypsy) 175 65 110
Slavic, n.o.s. 100 40 65
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 1,890 1,115 780
Caribbean origins 3,420 1,960 1,460
Antiguan 40 35 0
Bahamian 45 30 0
Barbadian 195 80 115
Bermudan 65 15 45
Carib 25 0 10
Cuban 335 195 145
Dominican 40 30 0
Grenadian 45 25 20
Haitian 110 70 40
Jamaican 1,100 645 455
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 75 50 25
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 900 530 375
Vincentian/Grenadinian 25 15 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 335 155 175
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 235 140 95
Latin, Central and South American origins 11,900 5,930 5,980
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 375 145 230
Argentinian 395 170 225
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 60 25 35
Brazilian 885 580 310
Chilean 1,030 435 595
Colombian 780 405 375
Costa Rican 165 65 105
Ecuadorian 90 55 35
Guatemalan 375 220 155
Guyanese 190 85 100
Hispanic 320 180 145
Honduran 230 120 110
Maya 230 115 110
Mexican 3,520 1,805 1,715
Nicaraguan 420 230 190
Panamanian 75 30 50
Paraguayan 60 30 25
Peruvian 930 410 520
Salvadorean 1,755 875 880
Uruguayan 50 30 20
Venezuelan 295 155 135
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 360 150 210
African origins 8,025 4,070 3,955
Central and West African origins 760 420 335
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 50 40 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 80 45 35
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 180 105 75
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 275 140 135
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 15 0 10
Yoruba 30 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 80 45 35
North African origins 1,365 770 595
Algerian 235 120 115
Berber 55 35 25
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 460 295 165
Libyan 55 35 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 350 180 170
Sudanese 115 60 55
Tunisian 85 40 40
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 25 0
Southern and East African origins 3,320 1,605 1,715
Afrikaner 110 50 55
Amhara 20 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 185 75 110
Ethiopian 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 75 40 35
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 85 45 40
Oromo 35 0 25
Rwandan 55 35 20
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 235 105 135
South African 1,645 810 840
Tanzanian 40 25 20
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 40 25 15
Zambian 35 0 0
Zimbabwean 50 40 15
Zulu 45 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 205 85 120
Other African origins 2,650 1,305 1,345
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 230 115 115
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,425 1,200 1,230
Asian origins 292,445 136,690 155,755
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 15,160 8,280 6,880
Afghan 470 265 210
Arab, n.o.s. 915 530 390
Armenian 775 370 410
Assyrian 60 45 20
Azerbaijani 230 145 80
Georgian 90 60 30
Iranian 7,430 3,890 3,540
Iraqi 550 315 235
Israeli 455 195 260
Jordanian 90 55 35
Kazakh 55 20 35
Kurd 340 200 135
Kuwaiti 65 65 0
Lebanese 1,105 615 485
Palestinian 215 155 55
Pashtun 40 25 0
Saudi Arabian 935 560 370
Syrian 270 160 115
Tajik 60 30 30
Tatar 45 10 40
Turk 1,445 800 650
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 80 50 30
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 415 255 160
South Asian origins 35,755 18,045 17,710
Bangladeshi 555 275 280
Bengali 205 120 85
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 29,690 14,955 14,740
Goan 50 30 15
Gujarati 55 0 50
Kashmiri 50 20 30
Nepali 210 120 95
Pakistani 925 520 405
Punjabi 2,685 1,300 1,385
Sinhalese 95 35 55
Sri Lankan 1,725 880 845
Tamil 445 240 205
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 660 370 295
East and Southeast Asian origins 242,485 110,850 131,640
Burmese 820 365 450
Cambodian (Khmer) 690 380 315
Chinese 170,265 80,340 89,925
Filipino 38,005 15,845 22,160
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 1,075 570 505
Japanese 11,695 4,560 7,135
Korean 9,075 3,905 5,170
Laotian 150 60 90
Malaysian 1,080 465 610
Mongolian 335 180 155
Singaporean 185 85 100
Taiwanese 4,955 2,280 2,675
Thai 905 430 475
Tibetan 90 65 20
Vietnamese 14,850 6,885 7,965
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 225 90 135
Other Asian origins 390 160 230
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 390 155 230
Oceania origins 5,040 2,485 2,555
Australian 2,370 1,285 1,085
New Zealander 905 460 445
Pacific Islands origins 1,865 815 1,055
Fijian 1,495 645 850
Hawaiian 95 45 55
Maori 115 50 65
Polynesian, n.o.s. 75 45 30
Samoan 85 45 40
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 115 45 75
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 590,205 288,230 301,980
Buddhist 33,450 14,505 18,950
Christian 213,855 96,175 117,680
Anglican 18,250 8,165 10,090
Baptist 8,620 3,815 4,800
Catholic 101,520 46,465 55,055
Christian Orthodox 8,545 4,100 4,440
Lutheran 4,500 2,170 2,330
Pentecostal 3,235 1,350 1,885
Presbyterian 4,050 1,815 2,230
United Church 15,065 6,235 8,830
Other Christian 50,075 22,050 28,020
Hindu 8,220 4,260 3,960
Jewish 10,350 4,995 5,355
Muslim 13,255 6,865 6,395
Sikh 16,815 8,575 8,235
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 545 285 265
Other religions 5,275 2,340 2,930
No religious affiliation 288,435 150,235 138,205
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 590,210 288,225 301,980
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 11,945 5,785 6,165
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,865 3,665 4,200
Métis single identity 3,595 1,840 1,755
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 70 30 40
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 100 45 60
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 305 200 105
Non-Aboriginal identity 578,265 282,445 295,820
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 590,210 288,230 301,980
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 6,010 2,835 3,175
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 584,200 285,390 298,805
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 590,205 288,225 301,980
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 14,670 7,085 7,595
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 11,325 5,465 5,855
Métis ancestry 3,580 1,705 1,875
Inuit ancestry 140 55 85
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 575,535 281,145 294,390
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 320,975 149,025 171,955
Aboriginal languages 715 320 400
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 160 100 60
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 50 30 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 55 0 40
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 420 140 285
Non-Aboriginal languages 320,335 148,735 171,595
Italian 8,330 4,060 4,265
Portuguese 4,490 2,275 2,215
Romanian 1,045 450 595
Spanish 24,810 11,705 13,105
Dutch 1,850 965 885
Flemish 55 30 25
German 11,695 6,055 5,645
Yiddish 290 150 140
Danish 705 320 385
Norwegian 295 130 165
Swedish 730 365 365
Afrikaans 815 430 380
Gaelic languages 445 260 185
Bosnian 180 100 70
Bulgarian 485 240 245
Croatian 1,800 805 990
Czech 940 480 460
Macedonian 65 20 45
Polish 2,555 1,110 1,445
Russian 5,480 2,685 2,790
Serbian 2,925 1,470 1,455
Serbo-Croatian 410 200 215
Slovak 485 255 230
Slovenian 185 35 150
Ukrainian 1,240 380 860
Latvian 130 55 70
Lithuanian 50 20 35
Greek 2,665 1,260 1,400
Armenian 230 115 120
Albanian 130 65 70
Estonian 125 40 90
Finnish 425 200 225
Hungarian 1,480 750 735
Turkish 1,465 940 530
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 70 35 35
Somali 70 35 40
Amharic 410 195 210
Arabic 3,810 2,285 1,525
Hebrew 2,025 1,010 1,015
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 170 65 110
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 95 40
Bengali 1,045 560 485
Gujarati 1,185 530 650
Hindi 9,630 4,950 4,680
Konkani 40 20 25
Marathi 120 70 55
Panjabi (Punjabi) 18,685 9,530 9,150
Sindhi 400 140 260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 470 230 245
Urdu 960 540 420
Nepali 200 110 85
Kurdish 290 145 145
Pashto 250 155 90
Persian (Farsi) 7,210 3,710 3,500
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 310 160 150
Kannada 85 50 35
Malayalam 390 215 180
Tamil 1,970 1,075 895
Telugu 170 110 55
Japanese 10,755 4,340 6,415
Korean 8,110 3,265 4,840
Cantonese 78,960 36,535 42,425
Fukien 690 310 380
Hakka 400 165 235
Mandarin 43,130 19,605 23,525
Taiwanese 2,480 1,100 1,385
Chinese, n.o.s. 41,395 19,010 22,390
Lao 120 50 70
Thai 1,030 465 565
Khmer (Cambodian) 415 195 215
Vietnamese 13,230 5,980 7,250
Bisayan languages 1,080 435 650
Ilocano 1,555 590 970
Malay 1,630 850 780
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 28,830 11,350 17,475
Akan (Twi) 80 25 60
Lingala 50 20 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 20 0
Swahili 355 205 150
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 150 60 90
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 120 70
African languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70
Creoles 240 110 135
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 3,920 1,930 1,990
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 584,785 285,555 299,235
Non-movers 482,015 234,505 247,505
Movers 102,775 51,045 51,725
Non-migrants 62,350 30,540 31,810
Migrants 40,425 20,505 19,915
Internal migrants 23,505 12,070 11,435
Intraprovincial migrants 15,810 8,125 7,685
Interprovincial migrants 7,700 3,940 3,755
External migrants 16,915 8,435 8,480
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 565,380 275,605 289,775
Non-movers 304,060 147,050 157,010
Movers 261,315 128,555 132,765
Non-migrants 141,300 69,240 72,060
Migrants 120,015 59,310 60,705
Internal migrants 64,775 32,520 32,255
Intraprovincial migrants 38,165 18,955 19,210
Interprovincial migrants 26,615 13,570 13,040
External migrants 55,235 26,790 28,445
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 518,975 251,310 267,665
No certificate, diploma or degree 72,105 33,640 38,470
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 118,345 58,175 60,170
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 328,525 159,495 169,025
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 31,730 19,630 12,095
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 75,970 34,385 41,585
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 31,640 14,330 17,310
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 189,180 91,145 98,035
Bachelor's degree 119,565 57,140 62,425
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 69,615 34,005 35,610
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 371,135 181,260 189,870
No certificate, diploma or degree 29,865 14,800 15,065
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 70,355 35,560 34,795
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 270,915 130,905 140,015
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 23,645 14,545 9,100
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 60,980 27,950 33,030
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 24,725 11,380 13,340
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 161,570 77,035 84,540
Bachelor's degree 101,535 48,480 53,055
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 60,035 28,555 31,480
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 518,975 251,310 267,665
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 190,450 91,810 98,640
Education 19,000 4,765 14,235
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 25,035 12,500 12,535
Humanities 25,920 10,175 15,745
Social and behavioural sciences and law 46,860 18,650 28,205
Business, management and public administration 69,790 32,055 37,735
Physical and life sciences and technologies 17,900 9,325 8,575
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 15,260 9,810 5,445
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 48,970 41,855 7,110
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 4,120 2,375 1,740
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 42,765 11,570 31,190
Personal, protective and transportation services 12,835 6,385 6,445
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 85 30 55
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 518,970 251,305 267,665
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 190,450 91,815 98,640
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 328,520 159,495 169,030
Location of study inside Canada 227,005 110,985 116,025
Same as province or territory of residence 172,500 82,720 89,785
Another province or territory 54,505 28,265 26,240
Location of study outside Canada 101,515 48,515 53,000
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 372,455 189,260 183,195
Single responses 365,345 185,890 179,450
English 340,990 173,665 167,320
French 1,205 425 780
Non-official languages 23,150 11,800 11,345
Chinese, n.o.s. 7,185 3,715 3,475
Cantonese 8,275 4,115 4,160
Panjabi (Punjabi) 700 400 300
Mandarin 2,920 1,620 1,305
Spanish 400 250 145
Korean 655 265 390
German 65 30 25
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 80 35 45
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 2,865 1,365 1,500
Multiple responses 7,110 3,370 3,745
English and French 735 365 365
English and non-official language 6,200 2,905 3,290
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 180 90 90
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 372,455 189,260 183,195
English 340,990 173,665 167,325
French 1,205 425 780
Non-official language 23,150 11,805 11,350
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 23,150 11,800 11,345
English and French 730 365 365
English and non-official language 6,200 2,910 3,290
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 180 95 85
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 518,975 251,310 267,665
In the labour force 349,145 178,875 170,270
Employed 324,475 166,015 158,460
Unemployed 24,670 12,850 11,820
Not in the labour force 169,830 72,435 97,390
Participation rate 67.3 71.2 63.6
Employment rate 62.5 66.1 59.2
Unemployment rate 7.1 7.2 6.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 349,145 178,870 170,275
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 7,045 3,415 3,630
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 342,100 175,455 166,640
Employee 295,705 147,165 148,535
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 46,395 28,290 18,105
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 349,145 178,875 170,275
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 7,050 3,415 3,630
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 342,100 175,455 166,645
0 Management occupations 39,775 23,730 16,045
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 59,225 21,485 37,745
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 29,835 23,270 6,565
3 Health occupations 22,845 6,715 16,135
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 44,580 16,135 28,445
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 22,620 12,305 10,315
6 Sales and service occupations 85,295 40,285 45,015
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 25,890 24,145 1,750
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 3,015 2,250 765
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 9,005 5,130 3,870
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 349,145 178,870 170,270
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 7,045 3,420 3,635
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 342,095 175,455 166,640
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,435 800 635
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 1,900 1,185 715
22 Utilities 1,640 1,055 580
23 Construction 15,500 13,635 1,860
31-33 Manufacturing 17,515 11,185 6,335
41 Wholesale trade 12,880 8,070 4,815
44-45 Retail trade 31,220 14,930 16,290
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 13,085 9,345 3,745
51 Information and cultural industries 16,640 10,685 5,960
52 Finance and insurance 17,850 8,225 9,625
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 10,265 5,940 4,330
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 43,855 25,695 18,155
55 Management of companies and enterprises 570 320 260
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 15,425 8,585 6,840
61 Educational services 29,615 11,470 18,145
62 Health care and social assistance 36,510 9,165 27,345
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 11,135 5,795 5,340
72 Accommodation and food services 34,015 16,475 17,540
81 Other services (except public administration) 16,975 6,375 10,600
91 Public administration 14,060 6,525 7,530
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 349,145 178,870 170,270
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 18,560 9,215 9,345
Worked in 2010 330,585 169,655 160,930
1 to 13 weeks 17,025 8,125 8,900
14 to 26 weeks 25,520 12,350 13,170
27 to 39 weeks 24,135 11,480 12,660
40 to 48 weeks 69,850 34,575 35,280
49 to 52 weeks 194,055 103,135 90,915
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.2 44.6 43.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 349,145 178,870 170,275
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 18,560 9,215 9,345
Worked in 2010 330,580 169,655 160,925
Worked full-time in 2010 262,835 143,125 119,710
Worked part-time in 2010 67,745 26,535 41,215
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 324,475 166,020 158,455
Worked at home 26,785 13,420 13,370
Worked outside Canada 2,905 2,050 855
No fixed workplace address 37,580 25,320 12,260
Worked at usual place 257,210 125,230 131,980
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 294,790 150,550 144,235
Car, truck or van - as a driver 141,435 82,105 59,325
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 10,685 3,370 7,315
Public transit 88,290 37,610 50,680
Walked 36,960 17,170 19,785
Bicycle 12,855 7,795 5,065
Other methods 4,570 2,495 2,070
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 294,790 150,550 144,240
Median commuting duration 20.9 20.9 20.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 294,790 150,550 144,240
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 44,610 26,910 17,710
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 178,875 87,230 91,640
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 71,305 36,415 34,890
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 264,570 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 243,125 ... ...
Major repairs needed 21,445 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 264,575 ... ...
1960 or before 73,615 ... ...
1961 to 1980 68,460 ... ...
1981 to 1990 37,795 ... ...
1991 to 2000 43,275 ... ...
2001 to 2005 21,085 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 20,340 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 264,570 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 148,370 ... ...
5 rooms 34,275 ... ...
6 rooms 21,700 ... ...
7 rooms 15,825 ... ...
8 or more rooms 44,400 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 264,575 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 107,395 ... ...
2 bedrooms 70,095 ... ...
3 bedrooms 36,960 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 50,115 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 264,570 ... ...
Owner 128,440 ... ...
Renter 136,135 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 264,570 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 86,410 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 178,160 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 264,575 ... ...
1 household maintainer 167,305 ... ...
2 household maintainers 86,745 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 10,525 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 264,570 ... ...
Under 25 years 12,400 ... ...
25 to 34 years 53,215 ... ...
35 to 44 years 52,845 ... ...
45 to 54 years 54,055 ... ...
55 to 64 years 44,510 ... ...
65 to 74 years 24,705 ... ...
75 years and over 22,840 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 264,575 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 253,250 ... ...
More than one person per room 11,325 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 264,575 ... ...
Suitable 235,900 ... ...
Not suitable 28,675 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 263,590 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 164,140 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 99,450 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 74,475 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 128,430 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 52.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 28.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,119 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,462 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 752,016 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 929,049 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 136,135 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 14.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 46.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,004 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,089 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 518,975 251,310 267,665
Without income 24,580 10,580 14,000
With income 494,395 240,730 253,665
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 65,700 32,275 33,425
$5,000 to $9,999 32,160 12,670 19,490
$10,000 to $14,999 50,565 22,785 27,785
$15,000 to $19,999 49,060 19,685 29,375
$20,000 to $29,999 60,870 28,065 32,805
$30,000 to $39,999 51,345 24,395 26,955
$40,000 to $49,999 46,645 21,970 24,675
$50,000 to $59,999 33,460 17,480 15,980
$60,000 to $79,999 44,475 23,540 20,935
$80,000 to $99,999 24,605 14,030 10,570
$100,000 and over 35,505 23,830 11,675
$100,000 to $124,999 14,645 9,100 5,555
$125,000 and over 20,860 14,730 6,125
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,815 31,704 24,551
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 43,058 50,897 35,618
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 518,975 251,310 267,670
Without after-tax income 24,595 10,580 14,015
With after-tax income 494,380 240,725 253,650
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 66,780 32,695 34,080
$5,000 to $9,999 32,505 12,755 19,750
$10,000 to $14,999 51,520 23,225 28,295
$15,000 to $19,999 52,055 21,275 30,785
$20,000 to $29,999 69,545 32,325 37,220
$30,000 to $39,999 63,350 30,430 32,920
$40,000 to $49,999 48,555 24,045 24,510
$50,000 to $59,999 34,025 17,660 16,365
$60,000 to $79,999 39,775 22,120 17,660
$80,000 to $99,999 16,365 10,180 6,185
$100,000 and over 19,905 14,015 5,890
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,059 29,355 23,337
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 36,014 41,534 30,775
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.6 93.7 88.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.0 80.8 74.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.8 73.8 69.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 6.2 7.1 5.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 7.6 7.1 8.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.9 3.7 4.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.0 2.1 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.4 6.3 11.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.2 1.9 2.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.6 1.8 3.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.2 0.9 1.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 0.8 0.1 1.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.6 1.5 1.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.4 18.4 13.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 83.6 81.6 86.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.9 4.1 3.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 170,685 93,915 76,770
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,842 53,345 45,884
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 64,420 73,060 53,852
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 147,490 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,515 ... ...
Average family income ($) 104,278 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 69,271 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 86,865 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 55,510 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,862 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,741 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,077 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,379 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 63,485 ... ...
Median family income ($) 92,068 ... ...
Average family income ($) 123,252 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 82,444 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 102,363 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 21,345 ... ...
Median family income ($) 43,630 ... ...
Average family income ($) 59,090 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,466 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,198 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 148,085 72,440 75,645
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,845 28,835 26,804
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 39,892 42,705 37,199
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,886 26,774 25,413
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,715 35,443 32,061
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 590,210 288,230 301,980
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 300,260 143,410 156,850
In bottom decile 89,070 43,360 45,715
In second decile 66,555 30,700 35,855
In third decile 49,450 23,170 26,280
In fourth decile 47,510 23,230 24,285
In fifth decile 47,670 22,955 24,715
In top half of the Canadian distribution 289,945 144,820 145,130
In sixth decile 49,640 23,980 25,655
In seventh decile 48,825 23,935 24,890
In eighth decile 52,145 25,975 26,170
In ninth decile 59,300 29,735 29,565
In top decile 80,045 41,190 38,855
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 264,575 ... ...
Under $5,000 14,115 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,855 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,250 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 16,550 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 23,885 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 23,065 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 23,490 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,445 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 33,690 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 25,370 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,650 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,935 ... ...
$150,000 and over 30,270 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 264,575 ... ...
Under $5,000 14,475 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,885 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,415 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,405 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 26,570 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 28,490 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 25,765 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,390 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 35,410 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 25,405 ... ...
$100,000 and over 49,365 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,385 ... ...
$125,000 and over 29,980 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 264,575 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 56,113 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 80,460 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 50,116 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 67,295 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 100,455 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 33,566 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 45,540 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,569 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 38,079 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 164,115 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 75,715 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 101,834 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,022 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 85,178 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 590,210 288,225 301,980
Less than 18 years 88,470 45,755 42,715
Less than 6 years 29,610 15,135 14,475
18 to 64 years 426,945 208,710 218,235
65 years and over 74,795 33,765 41,035
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 121,020 57,290 63,730
Less than 18 years 19,855 10,300 9,550
Less than 6 years 5,500 3,005 2,495
18 to 64 years 85,975 40,700 45,275
65 years and over 15,190 6,285 8,910
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 20.5 19.9 21.1
Less than 18 years (%) 22.4 22.5 22.4
Less than 6 years (%) 18.6 19.9 17.2
18 to 64 years (%) 20.1 19.5 20.7
65 years and over (%) 20.3 18.6 21.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Vancouver, CY, British Columbia (Code 5915022) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 29, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Vancouver, CY, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Vancouver, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 603,502 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 578,041 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 4.4 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 286,742 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 264,573 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,249.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 114.97 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 603,500 295,095 308,400
0 to 4 years 24,770 12,725 12,050
5 to 9 years 22,400 11,625 10,775
10 to 14 years 24,175 12,435 11,740
15 to 19 years 29,095 14,950 14,150
15 years 5,500 2,770 2,730
16 years 5,625 2,985 2,635
17 years 5,715 2,955 2,760
18 years 5,985 3,025 2,960
19 years 6,275 3,215 3,065
20 to 24 years 44,285 21,710 22,570
25 to 29 years 59,465 28,810 30,655
30 to 34 years 53,335 26,355 26,980
35 to 39 years 47,230 23,055 24,175
40 to 44 years 48,640 23,950 24,690
45 to 49 years 49,195 24,730 24,460
50 to 54 years 44,105 21,435 22,670
55 to 59 years 39,500 19,315 20,185
60 to 64 years 35,365 17,370 17,995
65 to 69 years 22,845 11,110 11,735
70 to 74 years 18,800 8,720 10,080
75 to 79 years 15,870 7,425 8,440
80 to 84 years 12,305 5,410 6,895
85 years and over 12,110 3,955 8,155
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.7 39.1 40.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 88.2 87.5 88.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 532,150 258,310 273,840
Married or living with a common-law partner 264,105 132,245 131,855
Married (and not separated) 216,815 107,845 108,965
Living common law 47,285 24,395 22,890
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 268,050 126,065 141,985
Single (never legally married) 194,270 102,030 92,240
Separated 12,850 5,445 7,400
Divorced 35,825 14,020 21,800
Widowed 25,110 4,570 20,545
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 151,335 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 79,030 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 34,395 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 28,625 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 9,280 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 151,330 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 126,610 ... ...
Married couples 103,030 ... ...
Without children at home 43,510 ... ...
With children at home 59,520 ... ...
1 child 25,375 ... ...
2 children 25,655 ... ...
3 or more children 8,495 ... ...
Common-law couples 23,580 ... ...
Without children at home 19,305 ... ...
With children at home 4,270 ... ...
1 child 2,450 ... ...
2 children 1,420 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 24,725 ... ...
Female parent 20,120 ... ...
1 child 13,055 ... ...
2 children 5,435 ... ...
3 or more children 1,630 ... ...
Male parent 4,600 ... ...
1 child 3,160 ... ...
2 children 1,135 ... ...
3 or more children 305 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 146,430 ... ...
Under six years of age 29,245 ... ...
6 to 14 years 41,480 ... ...
15 to 17 years 16,065 ... ...
18 to 24 years 31,885 ... ...
25 years and over 27,755 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 590,205 288,095 302,110
Number of persons not in census families 165,840 79,055 86,785
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 18,175 6,670 11,505
Living with non-relatives only 46,460 24,170 22,285
Living alone 101,200 48,215 52,990
Number of census family persons 424,370 209,045 215,330
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 75,360 34,360 41,000
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 28,975 9,280 19,690
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 5,605 1,090 4,510
Living with non-relatives only 1,795 845 950
Living alone 21,575 7,340 14,235
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 46,390 25,085 21,305
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 264,575 ... ...
Census-family households 142,960 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 122,540 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 103,885 ... ...
Without children 52,895 ... ...
With children 50,985 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 18,655 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 20,420 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 12,745 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 9,820 ... ...
Without children 3,300 ... ...
With children 6,520 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,925 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 7,675 ... ...
Non-census-family households 121,615 ... ...
One-person households 101,205 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 20,410 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 264,575 ... ...
Single-detached house 47,530 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 70,270 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 65 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 146,705 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,000 ... ...
Row house 9,040 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 45,845 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 87,430 ... ...
Other single-attached house 390 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 264,570 ... ...
1 person 101,205 ... ...
2 persons 81,465 ... ...
3 persons 34,770 ... ...
4 persons 28,070 ... ...
5 persons 10,985 ... ...
6 or more persons 8,070 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 590,205 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 595,720 291,505 304,215
  Single responses  578,685 283,430 295,250
    English  299,290 154,040 145,250
    French  8,905 4,575 4,330
    Non-official languages  270,490 124,825 145,670
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 165 85 85
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  120 60 55
        Dene  10 10 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 5
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  30 10 15
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  5 0 5
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 268,345 123,780 144,565
        African languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Afrikaans  220 120 100
        Akan (Twi)  70 35 40
        Albanian  130 70 60
        Amharic  305 160 135
        Arabic  2,685 1,670 1,015
        Armenian  275 140 135
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 35 30
        Bengali  880 465 420
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  1,020 370 650
        Bosnian  225 110 115
        Bulgarian  465 210 260
        Burmese  340 175 165
        Cantonese  63,220 29,170 34,055
        Chinese, n.o.s.  44,880 20,730 24,150
        Creoles  70 40 35
        Croatian  1,320 635 680
        Czech  855 435 420
        Danish  435 205 230
        Dutch  1,350 675 670
        Estonian  130 50 80
        Finnish  410 150 260
        Flemish  40 30 10
        Fukien  545 245 305
        German  6,615 3,150 3,465
        Greek  2,275 1,160 1,110
        Gujarati  960 430 530
        Hakka  405 180 225
        Hebrew  830 460 365
        Hindi  3,955 1,905 2,040
        Hungarian  1,350 655 700
        Ilocano  1,535 615 925
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 65 40 25
        Italian  5,065 2,435 2,625
        Japanese  6,730 2,235 4,495
        Khmer (Cambodian)  330 150 180
        Korean  7,825 3,300 4,525
        Kurdish  385 210 175
        Lao  105 50 55
        Latvian  135 60 75
        Lingala  10 10 5
        Lithuanian  85 35 50
        Macedonian  60 25 40
        Malay  995 495 495
        Malayalam  325 160 165
        Maltese  20 10 5
        Mandarin  23,675 10,715 12,955
        Marathi  80 45 30
        Nepali  140 80 55
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 60 35 20
        Norwegian  205 95 110
        Oromo  75 45 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15,235 7,485 7,745
        Pashto  125 70 50
        Persian (Farsi)  6,260 3,270 2,990
        Polish  2,705 1,245 1,455
        Portuguese  3,410 1,680 1,730
        Romanian  1,145 525 620
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 15 25
        Russian  3,705 1,635 2,070
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 15 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Serbian  2,080 1,020 1,065
        Serbo-Croatian  480 230 255
        Shanghainese  460 185 275
        Sign languages, n.i.e 65 30 35
        Sindhi  245 105 140
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  210 105 100
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 70 35 35
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 80 40 40
        Slovak  480 205 270
        Slovenian  155 85 75
        Somali  130 70 60
        Spanish  10,500 5,230 5,270
        Swahili  110 60 50
        Swedish  440 200 235
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  18,805 7,300 11,505
        Taiwanese  1,600 725 880
        Tamil  1,400 760 635
        Telugu  95 55 40
        Thai  665 255 410
        Tibetan languages  45 30 15
        Tigrigna  120 60 65
        Turkish  815 475 340
        Ukrainian  890 355 530
        Urdu  700 375 325
        Vietnamese  10,585 4,985 5,600
        Yiddish  185 90 100
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 1,985 960 1,025
  Multiple responses          17,035 8,075 8,965
    English and French  1,500 760 745
    English and non-official language  14,425 6,800 7,625
    French and non-official language  755 345 410
    English, French and non-official language 355 170 185
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 595,720 291,505 304,215
  English only 490,430 245,600 244,825
  French only 430 205 225
  English and French 58,905 26,855 32,045
  Neither English nor French 45,960 18,835 27,120
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 595,720 291,505 304,215
  English 537,105 266,410 270,695
  French 9,165 4,660 4,505
  English and French 4,020 1,835 2,180
  Neither English nor French 45,430 18,600 26,825
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 11,175 5,575 5,600
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.9 1.9 1.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 595,720 291,510 304,215
  Single responses 560,350 274,905 285,440
    English 387,300 194,815 192,485
    French 3,560 1,735 1,825
    Non-official languages 169,485 78,360 91,130
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 15 10
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10
        Dene 5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 168,770 77,985 90,790
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Afrikaans 60 30 30
        Akan (Twi) 20 10 15
        Albanian 55 25 25
        Amharic 130 65 70
        Arabic 1,660 955 710
        Armenian 90 45 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 560 280 275
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 340 140 205
        Bosnian 115 65 55
        Bulgarian 215 95 120
        Burmese 225 125 105
        Cantonese 49,175 22,410 26,765
        Chinese, n.o.s. 30,650 14,070 16,580
        Creoles 45 20 25
        Croatian 475 225 250
        Czech 190 95 90
        Danish 50 25 25
        Dutch 135 60 75
        Estonian 20 10 15
        Finnish 95 40 60
        Flemish 15 10 5
        Fukien 165 70 100
        German 1,100 530 570
        Greek 955 440 510
        Gujarati 485 205 275
        Hakka 115 55 60
        Hebrew 350 175 170
        Hindi 1,915 905 1,015
        Hungarian 335 145 185
        Ilocano 525 240 290
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Italian 2,040 890 1,150
        Japanese 3,560 1,440 2,120
        Khmer (Cambodian) 175 85 90
        Korean 5,445 2,415 3,035
        Kurdish 215 105 110
        Lao 30 10 15
        Latvian 40 15 20
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 20 10 10
        Macedonian 35 15 20
        Malay 395 205 185
        Malayalam 205 100 105
        Maltese 5 5 0
        Mandarin 19,030 8,895 10,135
        Marathi 30 20 10
        Nepali 85 50 35
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Norwegian 35 15 10
        Oromo 40 25 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 10,500 5,120 5,370
        Pashto 90 50 45
        Persian (Farsi) 3,875 1,890 1,985
        Polish 860 390 470
        Portuguese 1,545 750 800
        Romanian 445 220 230
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 15
        Russian 2,085 960 1,130
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Serbian 1,325 645 685
        Serbo-Croatian 240 115 125
        Shanghainese 195 85 110
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45
        Sindhi 75 30 50
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
        Slovak 125 60 65
        Slovenian 15 10 10
        Somali 70 35 40
        Spanish 5,245 2,560 2,680
        Swahili 45 25 25
        Swedish 120 55 60
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,345 3,880 5,460
        Taiwanese 765 365 400
        Tamil 1,035 550 485
        Telugu 45 30 15
        Thai 270 125 145
        Tibetan languages 20 15 5
        Tigrigna 60 30 35
        Turkish 370 195 175
        Ukrainian 140 60 80
        Urdu 400 200 205
        Vietnamese 7,475 3,525 3,955
        Yiddish 5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 690 365 330
  Multiple responses         35,375 16,600 18,775
    English and French 885 475 415
    English and non-official language 33,780 15,805 17,975
    French and non-official language 255 125 130
    English, French and non-official language 450 195 260
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 595,720 291,505 304,215
  None 454,215 224,420 229,795
  Single responses  138,730 65,795 72,930
    English  58,315 28,070 30,245
    French  6,815 3,275 3,545
    Non-official languages  73,595 34,460 39,140
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 105 55 50
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  80 40 40
        Dene  5 0 5
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 5
        Ojibway  20 10 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 72,660 34,020 38,640
        African languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Afrikaans  130 65 60
        Akan (Twi)  35 15 20
        Albanian  45 25 20
        Amharic  105 60 50
        Arabic  735 500 230
        Armenian  80 45 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Bengali  190 90 100
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  220 80 140
        Bosnian  80 35 45
        Bulgarian  150 65 85
        Burmese  90 45 45
        Cantonese  13,960 6,715 7,240
        Chinese, n.o.s.  7,635 3,705 3,935
        Creoles  35 20 15
        Croatian  505 230 270
        Czech  330 155 175
        Danish  160 80 85
        Dutch  455 220 235
        Estonian  30 15 20
        Finnish  140 45 95
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  195 80 110
        German  2,735 1,275 1,465
        Greek  1,165 585 580
        Gujarati  350 155 195
        Hakka  135 65 75
        Hebrew  510 260 255
        Hindi  2,065 1,035 1,035
        Hungarian  430 200 235
        Ilocano  380 140 240
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 40 20 20
        Italian  1,925 945 980
        Japanese  2,860 1,130 1,735
        Khmer (Cambodian)  75 35 45
        Korean  1,545 615 925
        Kurdish  85 50 35
        Lao  45 25 20
        Latvian  30 10 20
        Lingala  5 5 0
        Lithuanian  25 15 15
        Macedonian  5 5 5
        Malay  385 195 195
        Malayalam  95 45 45
        Maltese  10 5 5
        Mandarin  5,625 2,475 3,150
        Marathi  25 10 15
        Nepali  15 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Norwegian  80 40 40
        Oromo  10 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  3,655 1,840 1,815
        Pashto  25 15 10
        Persian (Farsi)  1,545 840 705
        Polish  905 405 500
        Portuguese  1,290 645 645
        Romanian  355 140 215
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 5
        Russian  1,035 440 590
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Serbian  510 250 260
        Serbo-Croatian  125 50 75
        Shanghainese  170 80 90
        Sign languages, n.i.e 45 20 35
        Sindhi  120 55 60
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  70 35 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Slovak  175 55 125
        Slovenian  50 20 25
        Somali  45 20 25
        Spanish  5,260 2,660 2,600
        Swahili  75 40 35
        Swedish  215 105 110
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  6,385 2,360 4,025
        Taiwanese  680 320 365
        Tamil  290 170 120
        Telugu  40 20 20
        Thai  255 95 150
        Tibetan languages  15 10 5
        Tigrigna  40 15 20
        Turkish  280 160 120
        Ukrainian  245 110 135
        Urdu  195 110 90
        Vietnamese  2,400 1,175 1,225
        Yiddish  45 15 25
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 830 385 445
  Multiple responses          2,780 1,285 1,490
    English and French  240 110 130
    English and non-official language  1,140 530 610
    French and non-official language  1,380 645 735
    English, French and non-official language  15 5 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Vancouver, CY, British Columbia (Code 5915022) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed April 29, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Vancouver, City (Census Subdivision), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Vancouver, CY, British Columbia (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Vancouver, City (Census Subdivision), British Columbia