NHS Profile, Burnaby, CY, British Columbia, 2011

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NHS data, Burnaby, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Burnaby, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 220,255 108,090 112,170
Canadian citizens 185,550 91,645 93,910
Canadian citizens aged under 18 33,550 17,400 16,155
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 152,005 74,250 77,755
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 34,705 16,445 18,260
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 220,260 108,090 112,170
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 101,740 52,820 48,920
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 111,170 51,595 59,580
Before 1971 12,510 6,160 6,350
1971 to 1980 13,680 6,325 7,360
1981 to 1990 13,355 6,115 7,240
1991 to 2000 33,580 15,355 18,230
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 38,040 17,635 20,405
2001 to 2005 18,510 8,545 9,965
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 19,525 9,090 10,440
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 7,345 3,675 3,670
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 111,170 51,590 59,580
Under 5 years 8,200 4,045 4,150
5 to 14 years 18,900 9,640 9,260
15 to 24 years 22,685 10,160 12,525
25 to 44 years 47,720 21,360 26,360
45 years and over 13,665 6,375 7,285
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 220,260 108,090 112,165
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 101,740 52,820 48,920
Born in province of residence 77,435 40,505 36,930
Born outside province of residence 24,305 12,320 11,990
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 111,170 51,590 59,580
Americas 6,140 2,820 3,320
United States 1,835 820 1,015
Jamaica 205 120 85
Guyana 120 60 60
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 830 380 450
Trinidad and Tobago 265 110 155
Colombia 290 120 170
El Salvador 725 340 380
Peru 220 90 125
Chile 295 145 150
Other places of birth in Americas 1,360 630 730
Europe 18,855 9,235 9,615
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 3,065 1,550 1,510
Italy 3,095 1,580 1,510
Germany 1,140 500 640
Poland 1,105 560 545
Portugal 755 365 390
Netherlands 340 220 115
France 175 100 75
Romania 660 340 320
Russian Federation 1,225 520 710
Greece 205 105 100
Ukraine 885 415 475
Croatia 910 395 515
Hungary 475 260 225
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,235 595 635
Serbia 840 425 410
Ireland, Republic of 120 80 45
Other places of birth in Europe 2,620 1,230 1,390
Africa 4,125 2,000 2,120
Morocco 110 55 55
Algeria 80 70 0
Egypt 145 95 50
South Africa, Republic of 315 160 155
Nigeria 85 55 25
Ethiopia 415 205 210
Kenya 780 335 445
Other places of birth in Africa 2,200 1,030 1,165
Asia 80,230 36,735 43,500
India 6,105 2,910 3,195
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 25,480 11,715 13,770
Philippines 10,280 4,170 6,110
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 9,675 4,260 5,420
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,725 1,270 1,455
Pakistan 395 180 215
Sri Lanka 465 240 230
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 2,485 1,235 1,255
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 5,605 2,680 2,925
Lebanon 255 165 90
Taiwan 8,510 3,995 4,510
Iraq 455 250 200
Bangladesh 215 130 85
Afghanistan 910 460 445
Japan 1,435 535 900
Turkey 245 150 90
Other places of birth in Asia 4,985 2,380 2,600
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 1,825 805 1,020
Fiji 1,305 555 745
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 520 250 275
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 7,345 3,675 3,670
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 19,530 9,085 10,440
Americas 1,320 680 640
United States 540 265 280
Mexico 350 205 145
Cuba 25 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 55 20 30
Colombia 105 55 50
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 60 25 35
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 45 0 30
Other places of birth in Americas 120 65 55
Europe 1,825 950 875
France 15 0 0
Germany 50 20 25
Poland 55 40 20
Romania 235 145 95
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 85 40 40
Russian Federation 525 225 295
Ukraine 125 55 70
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 285 195 90
Other places of birth in Europe 445 220 230
Africa 690 340 350
Nigeria 25 15 0
Ethiopia 85 35 60
Mauritius 30 10 15
Somalia 20 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 25 20 0
Morocco 55 0 0
Tunisia 25 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 30 30 0
South Africa, Republic of 30 20 0
Other places of birth in Africa 345 160 180
Asia 15,560 7,045 8,525
Philippines 2,990 1,280 1,710
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 5,875 2,610 3,270
India 995 515 480
Pakistan 105 45 55
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 775 385 400
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 1,035 495 540
Sri Lanka 145 75 75
Iraq 265 130 135
Bangladesh 25 15 10
Lebanon 110 80 30
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 175 65 105
Taiwan 950 430 520
Afghanistan 310 130 180
Japan 305 85 215
Turkey 120 60 55
Israel 20 0 10
Nepal 50 25 30
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 250 85 165
United Arab Emirates 20 0 20
Saudi Arabia 20 0 10
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 45 0 30
Other places of birth in Asia 970 495 475
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 135 80 50
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 220,260 108,090 112,170
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 119,250 55,730 63,520
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 55,700 28,515 27,180
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 45,315 23,845 21,470
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 220,255 108,090 112,170
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 130,945 62,590 68,355
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 17,480 8,850 8,630
Chinese 67,780 32,375 35,400
Black 3,445 1,705 1,740
Filipino 12,905 5,490 7,415
Latin American 3,765 1,780 1,980
Arab 1,535 895 640
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 3,945 1,900 2,050
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 4,440 2,160 2,280
Korean 7,645 3,730 3,915
Japanese 3,780 1,745 2,035
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 365 145 225
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 3,855 1,805 2,050
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 89,315 45,500 43,810
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 220,260 108,090 112,170
North American Aboriginal origins 3,805 1,745 2,065
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,800 1,265 1,540
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 1,055 505 555
Other North American origins 21,935 11,205 10,730
Acadian 105 55 50
American 2,095 915 1,180
Canadian 20,295 10,390 9,910
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 30 15 10
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 45 25 15
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 89,780 45,425 44,350
British Isles origins 46,180 23,710 22,475
Channel Islander 20 0 15
Cornish 0 0 0
English 27,985 14,405 13,580
Irish 15,515 7,975 7,540
Manx 35 25 10
Scottish 19,710 9,675 10,035
Welsh 2,580 1,285 1,300
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,865 1,560 1,310
French origins 9,440 4,770 4,670
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 9,430 4,765 4,670
Western European origins (except French origins) 18,300 9,100 9,205
Austrian 1,295 720 575
Belgian 555 235 320
Dutch 4,170 2,250 1,920
Flemish 40 25 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 13,065 6,315 6,740
Luxembourger 20 0 0
Swiss 805 400 410
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 15 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 7,130 3,565 3,565
Danish 1,325 615 715
Finnish 1,005 495 515
Icelandic 535 295 240
Norwegian 2,445 1,335 1,115
Swedish 2,235 1,080 1,155
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 180 80 100
Eastern European origins 18,025 8,925 9,105
Bulgarian 355 200 155
Byelorussian 250 120 130
Czech 595 295 305
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 150 50 100
Estonian 150 55 95
Hungarian 2,000 1,040 965
Latvian 125 60 60
Lithuanian 275 140 135
Moldovan 160 105 60
Polish 4,510 2,345 2,165
Romanian 1,185 565 620
Russian 4,715 2,200 2,515
Slovak 405 170 235
Ukrainian 6,440 3,050 3,385
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 130 80 50
Southern European origins 25,450 12,740 12,710
Albanian 410 205 205
Bosnian 820 415 405
Croatian 2,390 1,160 1,225
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,080 575 510
Italian 12,120 6,100 6,015
Kosovar 135 75 60
Macedonian 105 60 50
Maltese 75 0 55
Montenegrin 35 0 20
Portuguese 2,685 1,445 1,240
Serbian 2,040 995 1,040
Sicilian 35 30 0
Slovenian 325 190 135
Spanish 4,550 2,100 2,450
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 705 350 355
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,550 835 720
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 1,140 615 525
Roma (Gypsy) 35 15 15
Slavic, n.o.s. 55 40 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 315 165 150
Caribbean origins 1,400 635 760
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 105 60 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 90 65 25
Dominican 25 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 530 240 290
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 10 0
St. Lucian 15 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 255 90 170
Vincentian/Grenadinian 60 0 45
West Indian, n.o.s. 210 95 115
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 75 15 60
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,505 2,220 2,280
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 170 70 100
Argentinian 60 30 35
Belizean 10 0 0
Bolivian 50 30 25
Brazilian 170 75 85
Chilean 450 280 170
Colombian 395 175 220
Costa Rican 30 10 15
Ecuadorian 35 25 0
Guatemalan 260 115 145
Guyanese 95 45 45
Hispanic 75 25 50
Honduran 270 80 190
Maya 15 15 10
Mexican 1,235 590 645
Nicaraguan 160 80 75
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 25 0 15
Peruvian 225 110 110
Salvadorean 955 475 475
Uruguayan 55 0 15
Venezuelan 115 65 55
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 150 80 70
African origins 4,105 2,095 2,015
Central and West African origins 545 255 290
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 170 85 80
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 100 60 35
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 100 0 85
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 130 80 50
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 675 380 295
Algerian 85 75 0
Berber 40 30 0
Coptic 30 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 255 135 125
Libyan 30 20 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 160 65 95
Sudanese 60 30 30
Tunisian 45 25 20
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 1,810 855 950
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 35 20 20
Eritrean 240 110 135
Ethiopian 520 275 245
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 140 35 105
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 30 20 0
Oromo 10 0 0
Rwandan 40 0 25
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 135 50 85
South African 235 85 150
Tanzanian 145 85 55
Tigrian 50 40 0
Ugandan 90 50 45
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 60 35 20
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 235 110 125
Other African origins 1,130 625 505
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 80 50 30
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,050 580 470
Asian origins 124,170 59,255 64,915
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 7,750 3,995 3,755
Afghan 1,250 605 645
Arab, n.o.s. 735 460 275
Armenian 260 130 130
Assyrian 20 10 0
Azerbaijani 60 35 25
Georgian 95 40 55
Iranian 3,115 1,605 1,510
Iraqi 245 140 105
Israeli 40 15 25
Jordanian 25 0 20
Kazakh 50 25 20
Kurd 315 150 160
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 520 245 275
Palestinian 130 65 70
Pashtun 50 25 25
Saudi Arabian 110 55 55
Syrian 135 85 50
Tajik 170 85 85
Tatar 55 35 0
Turk 540 290 255
Uighur 85 40 45
Uzbek 35 0 30
Yemeni 60 35 25
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 130 60 70
South Asian origins 17,435 8,760 8,675
Bangladeshi 150 90 55
Bengali 50 25 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 15,570 7,815 7,760
Goan 50 20 25
Gujarati 125 65 55
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 65 30 35
Pakistani 435 260 175
Punjabi 580 270 305
Sinhalese 35 0 0
Sri Lankan 680 340 340
Tamil 95 40 55
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 280 130 150
East and Southeast Asian origins 99,445 46,735 52,715
Burmese 150 75 75
Cambodian (Khmer) 85 40 40
Chinese 69,775 33,215 36,560
Filipino 13,880 5,895 7,980
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 580 255 325
Japanese 4,435 2,025 2,410
Korean 7,885 3,850 4,035
Laotian 90 45 45
Malaysian 510 225 285
Mongolian 75 35 40
Singaporean 165 70 95
Taiwanese 3,670 1,785 1,880
Thai 190 80 110
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,990 1,475 1,510
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 15 0 15
Other Asian origins 285 160 125
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 285 160 125
Oceania origins 1,420 690 735
Australian 350 140 210
New Zealander 140 70 70
Pacific Islands origins 955 480 475
Fijian 840 405 435
Hawaiian 60 45 0
Maori 35 0 20
Polynesian, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 20 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 220,255 108,090 112,170
Buddhist 10,660 4,615 6,050
Christian 94,475 43,345 51,135
Anglican 4,730 1,995 2,735
Baptist 3,640 1,685 1,960
Catholic 43,190 20,055 23,140
Christian Orthodox 4,965 2,350 2,615
Lutheran 2,040 915 1,125
Pentecostal 1,800 840 960
Presbyterian 2,840 1,330 1,505
United Church 5,810 2,440 3,375
Other Christian 25,460 11,740 13,720
Hindu 4,895 2,385 2,510
Jewish 605 295 305
Muslim 9,900 4,935 4,965
Sikh 6,395 3,275 3,115
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 20 0 15
Other religions 1,635 720 920
No religious affiliation 91,670 48,515 43,155
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 220,260 108,090 112,170
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,295 1,585 1,710
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,000 900 1,100
Métis single identity 1,130 560 575
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 25 15 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 140 105 35
Non-Aboriginal identity 216,960 106,505 110,455
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 220,260 108,090 112,170
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 1,340 600 740
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 218,920 107,490 111,425
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 220,255 108,090 112,165
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,805 1,745 2,065
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,805 1,265 1,540
Métis ancestry 1,055 505 555
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 216,455 106,345 110,110
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 135,900 64,060 71,840
Aboriginal languages 90 0 65
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 50 0 50
Non-Aboriginal languages 135,815 64,040 71,780
Italian 5,815 2,835 2,985
Portuguese 1,665 845 820
Romanian 855 440 410
Spanish 6,760 3,290 3,470
Dutch 495 220 275
Flemish 0 0 0
German 3,045 1,450 1,595
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 160 75 90
Norwegian 85 55 35
Swedish 165 80 85
Afrikaans 175 100 75
Gaelic languages 45 25 20
Bosnian 425 220 200
Bulgarian 245 130 115
Croatian 1,780 895 885
Czech 335 125 210
Macedonian 50 20 25
Polish 1,390 725 660
Russian 3,510 1,650 1,865
Serbian 1,900 980 920
Serbo-Croatian 380 160 220
Slovak 140 50 90
Slovenian 60 40 20
Ukrainian 995 410 585
Latvian 20 0 0
Lithuanian 35 20 0
Greek 600 295 305
Armenian 80 35 50
Albanian 420 200 225
Estonian 105 40 60
Finnish 200 70 125
Hungarian 875 495 380
Turkish 525 315 210
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 30 0 0
Somali 100 45 55
Amharic 510 280 230
Arabic 2,045 1,180 865
Hebrew 235 125 110
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 165 100 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0
Bengali 385 215 170
Gujarati 1,890 900 990
Hindi 5,295 2,510 2,785
Konkani 35 15 20
Marathi 145 65 80
Panjabi (Punjabi) 6,815 3,480 3,335
Sindhi 730 320 410
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 215 90 125
Urdu 645 325 325
Nepali 60 25 35
Kurdish 330 185 145
Pashto 175 105 70
Persian (Farsi) 4,115 2,030 2,080
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30
Kannada 90 25 65
Malayalam 225 115 110
Tamil 765 380 385
Telugu 180 75 110
Japanese 3,575 1,635 1,940
Korean 7,355 3,535 3,820
Cantonese 22,250 10,300 11,955
Fukien 525 230 290
Hakka 215 65 150
Mandarin 26,545 12,395 14,145
Taiwanese 2,085 1,010 1,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 17,165 7,970 9,195
Lao 55 0 40
Thai 170 70 100
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 20
Vietnamese 2,625 1,230 1,400
Bisayan languages 565 275 295
Ilocano 425 145 280
Malay 955 455 500
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 10,535 4,175 6,365
Akan (Twi) 35 20 0
Lingala 135 45 90
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 615 330 280
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 55 40 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55
African languages, n.i.e. 70 20 50
Creoles 95 50 50
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 1,435 570 870
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 218,110 106,900 111,205
Non-movers 184,940 90,215 94,725
Movers 33,170 16,685 16,485
Non-migrants 15,515 7,930 7,590
Migrants 17,650 8,760 8,890
Internal migrants 11,495 5,765 5,725
Intraprovincial migrants 9,845 4,950 4,885
Interprovincial migrants 1,650 815 840
External migrants 6,160 2,990 3,170
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 209,505 102,590 106,915
Non-movers 115,740 55,860 59,875
Movers 93,765 46,725 47,040
Non-migrants 39,830 20,010 19,815
Migrants 53,940 26,715 27,225
Internal migrants 31,825 16,075 15,745
Intraprovincial migrants 25,880 12,965 12,910
Interprovincial migrants 5,945 3,115 2,835
External migrants 22,115 10,635 11,475
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 189,235 91,965 97,270
No certificate, diploma or degree 25,945 11,675 14,270
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 47,740 22,665 25,070
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 115,550 57,620 57,930
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 14,745 9,280 5,460
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 30,700 14,000 16,705
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 13,905 6,550 7,360
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 56,200 27,795 28,405
Bachelor's degree 37,320 18,155 19,170
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 18,880 9,645 9,230
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 129,905 62,930 66,975
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,685 4,515 5,160
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 26,070 12,355 13,720
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 94,150 46,055 48,095
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,250 6,410 3,840
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 24,260 10,990 13,265
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 10,765 4,860 5,905
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 48,880 23,795 25,085
Bachelor's degree 32,140 15,490 16,650
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 16,740 8,305 8,435
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 189,230 91,965 97,270
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 73,685 34,345 39,340
Education 6,535 1,595 4,940
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 5,710 2,860 2,850
Humanities 6,995 2,795 4,200
Social and behavioural sciences and law 12,735 4,850 7,885
Business, management and public administration 26,300 10,970 15,335
Physical and life sciences and technologies 5,630 3,100 2,525
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 7,450 4,690 2,765
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 23,680 20,555 3,125
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,705 1,015 690
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 14,045 2,995 11,045
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,755 2,185 2,570
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 189,235 91,965 97,270
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 73,685 34,345 39,340
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 115,550 57,620 57,930
Location of study inside Canada 72,750 37,050 35,700
Same as province or territory of residence 61,830 31,315 30,515
Another province or territory 10,925 5,740 5,185
Location of study outside Canada 42,795 20,565 22,230
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 128,035 66,295 61,745
Single responses 125,280 65,035 60,245
English 117,695 61,245 56,455
French 200 60 145
Non-official languages 7,385 3,730 3,655
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,985 980 1,010
Cantonese 1,400 735 665
Panjabi (Punjabi) 190 115 75
Mandarin 2,080 1,080 1,005
Spanish 95 0 75
Korean 850 500 350
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 770 310 460
Multiple responses 2,755 1,260 1,495
English and French 155 65 90
English and non-official language 2,570 1,185 1,390
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 15
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 128,035 66,295 61,745
English 117,695 61,240 56,455
French 195 60 140
Non-official language 7,385 3,730 3,650
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 7,385 3,735 3,655
English and French 155 65 95
English and non-official language 2,570 1,185 1,390
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 25 0 15
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 189,230 91,965 97,270
In the labour force 120,290 62,625 57,660
Employed 111,370 57,980 53,385
Unemployed 8,920 4,645 4,275
Not in the labour force 68,945 29,335 39,610
Participation rate 63.6 68.1 59.3
Employment rate 58.9 63.0 54.9
Unemployment rate 7.4 7.4 7.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 120,290 62,625 57,660
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,950 1,370 1,580
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 117,340 61,260 56,080
Employee 104,995 53,205 51,790
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 12,340 8,050 4,290
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 120,285 62,625 57,660
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,950 1,370 1,575
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 117,335 61,255 56,080
0 Management occupations 12,495 7,885 4,605
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 22,120 7,030 15,095
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 12,630 9,840 2,790
3 Health occupations 7,235 1,620 5,615
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 12,220 4,230 7,985
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 4,000 2,255 1,745
6 Sales and service occupations 30,155 13,850 16,300
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 12,400 11,855 545
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 900 735 160
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,180 1,945 1,235
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 120,285 62,625 57,660
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,950 1,370 1,580
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 117,335 61,255 56,080
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 490 285 195
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 275 155 125
22 Utilities 915 570 350
23 Construction 6,930 6,070 860
31-33 Manufacturing 7,250 4,855 2,400
41 Wholesale trade 5,980 3,875 2,100
44-45 Retail trade 13,260 6,495 6,765
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 5,410 4,210 1,200
51 Information and cultural industries 5,265 3,385 1,875
52 Finance and insurance 6,485 2,810 3,675
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 3,090 1,795 1,295
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 12,290 7,115 5,175
55 Management of companies and enterprises 160 65 90
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 5,755 3,115 2,640
61 Educational services 8,460 3,330 5,135
62 Health care and social assistance 11,815 2,300 9,510
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,590 1,315 1,280
72 Accommodation and food services 9,460 4,335 5,120
81 Other services (except public administration) 5,985 2,460 3,525
91 Public administration 5,485 2,715 2,765
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 120,290 62,625 57,665
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,355 3,455 3,900
Worked in 2010 112,935 59,170 53,760
1 to 13 weeks 6,460 3,215 3,250
14 to 26 weeks 9,685 4,785 4,900
27 to 39 weeks 8,140 4,110 4,035
40 to 48 weeks 22,210 11,030 11,185
49 to 52 weeks 66,435 36,035 30,395
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.8 44.2 43.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 120,290 62,625 57,660
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 7,355 3,450 3,900
Worked in 2010 112,930 59,170 53,760
Worked full-time in 2010 88,810 50,065 38,750
Worked part-time in 2010 24,115 9,105 15,010
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 111,370 57,980 53,390
Worked at home 6,285 3,215 3,070
Worked outside Canada 1,165 830 330
No fixed workplace address 12,935 9,245 3,690
Worked at usual place 90,985 44,690 46,295
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 103,920 53,935 49,990
Car, truck or van - as a driver 63,525 37,085 26,435
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 4,475 1,390 3,085
Public transit 29,240 12,440 16,800
Walked 4,490 1,800 2,690
Bicycle 750 585 170
Other methods 1,435 630 810
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 103,915 53,930 49,985
Median commuting duration 30.1 30.1 30.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 103,920 53,935 49,990
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 20,065 12,085 7,975
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 60,670 29,925 30,745
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 23,185 11,915 11,265
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 86,840 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 80,945 ... ...
Major repairs needed 5,895 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 86,835 ... ...
1960 or before 14,555 ... ...
1961 to 1980 26,350 ... ...
1981 to 1990 15,445 ... ...
1991 to 2000 13,955 ... ...
2001 to 2005 6,380 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 10,150 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 86,840 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 40,340 ... ...
5 rooms 11,890 ... ...
6 rooms 8,315 ... ...
7 rooms 6,585 ... ...
8 or more rooms 19,710 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.4 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 86,840 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 21,135 ... ...
2 bedrooms 26,315 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,075 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 21,315 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 86,840 ... ...
Owner 55,125 ... ...
Renter 31,710 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 86,835 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 32,850 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 53,990 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 86,835 ... ...
1 household maintainer 51,015 ... ...
2 household maintainers 31,885 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 3,935 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 86,840 ... ...
Under 25 years 3,820 ... ...
25 to 34 years 12,950 ... ...
35 to 44 years 16,630 ... ...
45 to 54 years 19,725 ... ...
55 to 64 years 15,825 ... ...
65 to 74 years 9,190 ... ...
75 years and over 8,695 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 86,840 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 81,890 ... ...
More than one person per room 4,950 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 86,840 ... ...
Suitable 76,675 ... ...
Not suitable 10,165 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 86,470 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 55,920 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 30,550 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 22,495 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 55,120 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 54.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 29.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,030 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,281 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 600,941 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 648,217 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 31,710 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 15.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 46.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 966 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 1,029 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 189,235 91,965 97,270
Without income 10,615 4,410 6,205
With income 178,620 87,550 91,065
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 27,880 13,510 14,375
$5,000 to $9,999 13,385 4,865 8,525
$10,000 to $14,999 17,515 7,825 9,685
$15,000 to $19,999 17,415 7,180 10,235
$20,000 to $29,999 22,310 10,270 12,040
$30,000 to $39,999 20,540 9,520 11,015
$40,000 to $49,999 16,280 7,830 8,455
$50,000 to $59,999 11,695 6,465 5,230
$60,000 to $79,999 15,800 9,285 6,510
$80,000 to $99,999 8,060 5,220 2,840
$100,000 and over 7,730 5,580 2,150
$100,000 to $124,999 4,090 2,880 1,210
$125,000 and over 3,645 2,700 940
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 25,463 30,087 21,759
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,120 40,272 30,167
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 189,235 91,965 97,270
Without after-tax income 10,660 4,415 6,245
With after-tax income 178,570 87,550 91,025
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 28,090 13,610 14,485
$5,000 to $9,999 13,500 4,890 8,605
$10,000 to $14,999 17,865 7,935 9,925
$15,000 to $19,999 18,360 7,615 10,735
$20,000 to $29,999 25,970 12,055 13,915
$30,000 to $39,999 23,490 11,040 12,450
$40,000 to $49,999 17,840 9,295 8,545
$50,000 to $59,999 11,940 6,925 5,015
$60,000 to $79,999 13,405 8,390 5,010
$80,000 to $99,999 4,690 3,215 1,475
$100,000 and over 3,425 2,570 850
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,109 27,974 21,095
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,481 34,406 26,706
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.9 91.6 85.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.3 80.5 73.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.7 76.2 70.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.5 4.2 2.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.1 4.6 5.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.0 5.0 4.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.4 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.1 8.4 14.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.0 2.6 3.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.3 2.5 4.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.5 1.3 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 1.9 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 13.2 14.6 11.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 86.8 85.4 88.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.6 2.6 2.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 58,355 32,960 25,395
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 48,104 52,881 43,647
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 55,162 59,548 49,469
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 59,845 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,511 ... ...
Average family income ($) 85,237 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,587 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,929 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 18,785 ... ...
Median family income ($) 67,466 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,362 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,470 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,073 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 29,410 ... ...
Median family income ($) 85,216 ... ...
Average family income ($) 99,064 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,877 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 85,845 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 8,705 ... ...
Median family income ($) 42,134 ... ...
Average family income ($) 53,209 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 40,559 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,672 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 35,250 17,625 17,630
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 25,715 27,323 24,561
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,254 35,391 31,116
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,264 25,576 23,601
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,904 30,340 27,467
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 220,260 108,090 112,165
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 117,135 56,160 60,975
In bottom decile 32,895 16,330 16,565
In second decile 25,305 11,710 13,600
In third decile 20,470 9,705 10,765
In fourth decile 18,960 8,835 10,125
In fifth decile 19,500 9,575 9,920
In top half of the Canadian distribution 103,120 51,925 51,195
In sixth decile 18,975 9,225 9,750
In seventh decile 20,555 10,240 10,310
In eighth decile 19,990 9,980 10,005
In ninth decile 21,670 11,140 10,530
In top decile 21,935 11,340 10,595
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 86,840 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,960 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,055 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,820 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,925 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,085 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 8,135 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 7,990 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,790 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 11,420 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,820 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,705 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,895 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,245 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 86,840 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,030 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,070 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,835 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,035 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 9,075 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 9,370 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 9,280 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,395 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 12,660 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 8,715 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,370 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,890 ... ...
$125,000 and over 8,485 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 86,840 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 56,136 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 72,238 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 51,123 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,680 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 23,525 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 31,377 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,328 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,890 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,105 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 63,315 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 71,104 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 84,836 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,329 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 73,668 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 220,260 108,090 112,170
Less than 18 years 38,215 19,865 18,350
Less than 6 years 12,690 6,540 6,150
18 to 64 years 153,125 75,085 78,040
65 years and over 28,910 13,140 15,775
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 46,360 22,385 23,980
Less than 18 years 8,835 4,665 4,170
Less than 6 years 2,615 1,295 1,320
18 to 64 years 32,280 15,690 16,590
65 years and over 5,250 2,030 3,215
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 21.0 20.7 21.4
Less than 18 years (%) 23.1 23.5 22.7
Less than 6 years (%) 20.6 19.8 21.5
18 to 64 years (%) 21.1 20.9 21.3
65 years and over (%) 18.2 15.4 20.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Burnaby, CY, British Columbia (Code 5915025) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Burnaby, CY, British Columbia

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Census data

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Census data, Burnaby, CY, British Columbia. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Burnaby, CY
British Columbia
(Census subdivision)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 223,218 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 202,799 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 10.1 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 91,383 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 86,839 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,463.5 ... ...
Land area (square km) 90.61 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 223,215 109,245 113,970
0 to 4 years 10,800 5,615 5,190
5 to 9 years 9,905 5,050 4,850
10 to 14 years 10,415 5,335 5,080
15 to 19 years 13,130 6,810 6,320
15 years 2,350 1,250 1,100
16 years 2,480 1,260 1,225
17 years 2,570 1,385 1,185
18 years 2,720 1,360 1,360
19 years 3,000 1,550 1,455
20 to 24 years 17,625 9,075 8,555
25 to 29 years 18,105 9,135 8,965
30 to 34 years 16,410 8,145 8,265
35 to 39 years 15,910 7,640 8,270
40 to 44 years 17,240 8,145 9,095
45 to 49 years 18,270 8,785 9,480
50 to 54 years 16,970 8,155 8,820
55 to 59 years 15,005 7,230 7,775
60 to 64 years 12,535 6,055 6,480
65 to 69 years 8,705 4,250 4,460
70 to 74 years 7,335 3,375 3,960
75 to 79 years 6,050 2,850 3,205
80 to 84 years 4,530 2,010 2,515
85 years and over 4,280 1,590 2,690
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.8 38.6 40.8
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.1 85.4 86.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 192,095 93,245 98,850
Married or living with a common-law partner 106,815 53,180 53,640
Married (and not separated) 95,525 47,485 48,040
Living common law 11,290 5,695 5,595
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 85,280 40,065 45,210
Single (never legally married) 60,135 32,275 27,860
Separated 4,575 1,820 2,755
Divorced 11,005 4,120 6,885
Widowed 9,560 1,850 7,710
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 61,370 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 28,295 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 15,935 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 13,025 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 4,115 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 61,365 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 51,415 ... ...
Married couples 45,795 ... ...
Without children at home 17,825 ... ...
With children at home 27,965 ... ...
1 child 12,320 ... ...
2 children 11,875 ... ...
3 or more children 3,770 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,620 ... ...
Without children at home 4,110 ... ...
With children at home 1,510 ... ...
1 child 840 ... ...
2 children 500 ... ...
3 or more children 170 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 9,950 ... ...
Female parent 8,150 ... ...
1 child 5,090 ... ...
2 children 2,360 ... ...
3 or more children 700 ... ...
Male parent 1,805 ... ...
1 child 1,270 ... ...
2 children 420 ... ...
3 or more children 115 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 65,295 ... ...
Under six years of age 12,725 ... ...
6 to 14 years 18,190 ... ...
15 to 17 years 7,055 ... ...
18 to 24 years 15,065 ... ...
25 years and over 12,270 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 220,260 107,930 112,325
Number of persons not in census families 42,180 20,360 21,820
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 7,025 2,755 4,270
Living with non-relatives only 11,500 6,415 5,080
Living alone 23,655 11,190 12,465
Number of census family persons 178,080 87,570 90,505
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 28,955 13,360 15,595
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 9,620 2,835 6,785
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,065 425 1,640
Living with non-relatives only 545 260 280
Living alone 7,010 2,150 4,865
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 19,335 10,520 8,815
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 86,840 ... ...
Census-family households 58,035 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 49,950 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 42,290 ... ...
Without children 17,870 ... ...
With children 24,420 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 7,665 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 8,080 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 4,990 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 3,835 ... ...
Without children 1,285 ... ...
With children 2,550 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 1,160 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 3,090 ... ...
Non-census-family households 28,805 ... ...
One-person households 23,655 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 5,150 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 86,840 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,355 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 19,055 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 46,410 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,735 ... ...
Row house 7,775 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 12,670 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 23,180 ... ...
Other single-attached house 50 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 86,840 ... ...
1 person 23,650 ... ...
2 persons 26,860 ... ...
3 persons 15,580 ... ...
4 persons 12,930 ... ...
5 persons 4,710 ... ...
6 or more persons 3,110 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 220,260 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 221,460 108,475 112,985
  Single responses  214,540 105,150 109,390
    English  93,425 48,175 45,250
    French  1,680 885 795
    Non-official languages  119,440 56,095 63,340
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 5 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 10
        Dene  5 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 5
        Oji-Cree  5 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 118,660 55,740 62,920
        African languages, n.i.e 105 55 50
        Afrikaans  45 25 20
        Akan (Twi)  40 25 15
        Albanian  290 145 150
        Amharic  260 125 130
        Arabic  1,430 820 615
        Armenian  105 55 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 40 15 25
        Bengali  300 155 150
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  355 140 215
        Bosnian  345 175 165
        Bulgarian  240 130 110
        Burmese  80 35 40
        Cantonese  17,685 8,235 9,455
        Chinese, n.o.s.  18,030 8,360 9,670
        Creoles  45 20 20
        Croatian  1,685 810 870
        Czech  300 155 145
        Danish  165 80 90
        Dutch  425 220 210
        Estonian  60 30 30
        Finnish  255 90 160
        Flemish  10 0 5
        Fukien  255 110 145
        German  1,820 850 970
        Greek  525 265 260
        Gujarati  1,590 720 870
        Hakka  190 75 110
        Hebrew  60 40 20
        Hindi  1,965 925 1,045
        Hungarian  655 335 320
        Ilocano  285 110 180
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 55 35 25
        Italian  4,390 2,215 2,175
        Japanese  2,210 770 1,445
        Khmer (Cambodian)  60 30 30
        Korean  7,145 3,335 3,815
        Kurdish  370 200 165
        Lao  35 15 20
        Latvian  20 5 5
        Lingala  5 0 5
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  35 20 20
        Malay  645 285 360
        Malayalam  110 55 60
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  18,985 8,920 10,065
        Marathi  130 70 65
        Nepali  30 15 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Norwegian  65 35 30
        Oromo  50 35 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5,335 2,650 2,690
        Pashto  130 70 60
        Persian (Farsi)  3,685 1,940 1,745
        Polish  1,185 580 605
        Portuguese  1,420 670 745
        Romanian  950 480 470
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  2,495 1,175 1,325
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Serbian  1,730 900 830
        Serbo-Croatian  300 135 160
        Shanghainese  225 95 125
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 20 5
        Sindhi  475 200 270
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  110 60 55
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 15 5 15
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Slovak  155 65 95
        Slovenian  75 35 35
        Somali  100 50 45
        Spanish  3,940 1,890 2,050
        Swahili  110 60 55
        Swedish  100 45 50
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  6,595 2,660 3,935
        Taiwanese  1,165 535 630
        Tamil  360 190 175
        Telugu  125 60 65
        Thai  215 70 145
        Tibetan languages  35 15 15
        Tigrigna  125 60 70
        Turkish  305 195 110
        Ukrainian  480 195 285
        Urdu  475 240 240
        Vietnamese  2,050 945 1,105
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 755 350 410
  Multiple responses          6,920 3,325 3,595
    English and French  355 180 180
    English and non-official language  6,140 2,950 3,195
    French and non-official language  305 150 155
    English, French and non-official language 115 45 65
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 221,460 108,470 112,985
  English only 194,970 97,070 97,895
  French only 135 55 80
  English and French 11,870 5,480 6,390
  Neither English nor French 14,485 5,865 8,620
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 221,460 108,475 112,985
  English 203,800 101,005 102,795
  French 1,815 945 870
  English and French 1,575 750 820
  Neither English nor French 14,270 5,770 8,505
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 2,605 1,320 1,280
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 1.2 1.2 1.1
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 221,455 108,475 112,985
  Single responses 205,265 100,690 104,580
    English 128,910 64,860 64,050
    French 610 320 290
    Non-official languages 75,750 35,510 40,235
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 5 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 75,465 35,380 40,090
        African languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Afrikaans 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 10 5 5
        Albanian 140 65 75
        Amharic 150 65 80
        Arabic 890 465 425
        Armenian 55 30 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Bengali 170 80 90
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 130 55 80
        Bosnian 235 125 110
        Bulgarian 155 75 80
        Burmese 25 15 10
        Cantonese 12,935 5,920 7,020
        Chinese, n.o.s. 12,285 5,670 6,620
        Creoles 25 10 20
        Croatian 735 340 395
        Czech 105 55 45
        Danish 15 5 10
        Dutch 40 15 25
        Estonian 15 10 10
        Finnish 85 30 55
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 90 35 55
        German 235 105 130
        Greek 170 80 85
        Gujarati 795 330 465
        Hakka 55 25 30
        Hebrew 40 20 15
        Hindi 850 395 455
        Hungarian 245 120 130
        Ilocano 75 35 45
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5
        Italian 1,290 580 710
        Japanese 1,115 470 650
        Khmer (Cambodian) 25 15 15
        Korean 5,770 2,725 3,045
        Kurdish 280 150 130
        Lao 10 0 5
        Latvian 0 0 5
        Lingala 0 5 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 25 15 10
        Malay 285 145 145
        Malayalam 25 10 15
        Maltese 5 0 0
        Mandarin 16,265 7,685 8,580
        Marathi 90 45 45
        Nepali 10 5 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 25 20 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 3,125 1,510 1,615
        Pashto 85 45 40
        Persian (Farsi) 2,645 1,310 1,340
        Polish 535 260 270
        Portuguese 535 245 290
        Romanian 515 255 260
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0
        Russian 1,855 910 945
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
        Serbian 1,155 595 565
        Serbo-Croatian 170 80 90
        Shanghainese 120 55 65
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15
        Sindhi 225 95 130
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slovak 40 20 20
        Slovenian 5 0 0
        Somali 65 35 30
        Spanish 2,200 1,060 1,145
        Swahili 40 20 20
        Swedish 25 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,015 1,330 1,685
        Taiwanese 600 275 325
        Tamil 240 120 125
        Telugu 65 30 35
        Thai 110 45 60
        Tibetan languages 20 5 5
        Tigrigna 75 40 40
        Turkish 190 105 80
        Ukrainian 110 45 65
        Urdu 255 130 130
        Vietnamese 1,210 550 660
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 275 135 140
  Multiple responses         16,195 7,785 8,410
    English and French 260 125 135
    English and non-official language 15,640 7,515 8,125
    French and non-official language 95 40 50
    English, French and non-official language 200 100 100
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 221,460 108,475 112,985
  None 159,155 78,680 80,470
  Single responses  61,220 29,255 31,960
    English  28,585 13,885 14,700
    French  1,215 585 630
    Non-official languages  31,425 14,790 16,635
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 31,115 14,645 16,465
        African languages, n.i.e 50 30 25
        Afrikaans  30 15 15
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 10
        Albanian  115 60 60
        Amharic  70 35 40
        Arabic  365 215 150
        Armenian  40 20 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 5 20
        Bengali  75 35 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  90 35 55
        Bosnian  75 35 45
        Bulgarian  40 25 20
        Burmese  20 10 10
        Cantonese  4,345 2,075 2,270
        Chinese, n.o.s.  3,045 1,440 1,605
        Creoles  35 15 20
        Croatian  735 375 365
        Czech  95 40 50
        Danish  65 35 30
        Dutch  120 55 70
        Estonian  15 10 5
        Finnish  70 25 45
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  85 35 50
        German  665 295 370
        Greek  270 130 135
        Gujarati  750 340 405
        Hakka  45 15 25
        Hebrew  40 25 15
        Hindi  1,205 575 630
        Hungarian  215 110 105
        Ilocano  75 25 45
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 15 20
        Italian  1,900 935 960
        Japanese  990 395 590
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 10 10
        Korean  875 395 480
        Kurdish  50 35 20
        Lao  20 10 10
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  20 10 15
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  205 90 115
        Malayalam  60 30 35
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  2,985 1,375 1,610
        Marathi  15 10 10
        Nepali  5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Norwegian  20 10 10
        Oromo  15 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,820 915 900
        Pashto  40 30 10
        Persian (Farsi)  610 355 260
        Polish  340 165 175
        Portuguese  555 255 305
        Romanian  220 120 105
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  475 215 260
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Serbian  420 235 185
        Serbo-Croatian  90 40 50
        Shanghainese  80 40 45
        Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 25
        Sindhi  265 110 150
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  45 20 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Slovak  50 15 35
        Slovenian  25 15 15
        Somali  30 15 15
        Spanish  1,470 735 740
        Swahili  85 45 45
        Swedish  35 10 20
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  2,430 905 1,520
        Taiwanese  530 250 275
        Tamil  105 55 55
        Telugu  40 20 20
        Thai  70 20 45
        Tibetan languages  0 0 5
        Tigrigna  30 15 15
        Turkish  85 50 30
        Ukrainian  120 55 65
        Urdu  200 110 90
        Vietnamese  610 285 325
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 300 135 165
  Multiple responses          1,085 530 555
    English and French  125 60 65
    English and non-official language  530 255 280
    French and non-official language  425 215 205
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Burnaby, CY, British Columbia (Code 5915025) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Burnaby, City (Census Subdivision), British Columbia

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Burnaby, CY, British Columbia (Census subdivision)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Burnaby, City (Census Subdivision), British Columbia

2011 NHS