NHS Profile, Ahuntsic, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Ahuntsic, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ahuntsic
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 98,280 47,500 50,780
Canadian citizens 85,815 41,305 44,505
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,825 8,340 7,485
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 69,990 32,970 37,020
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 12,470 6,190 6,280
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 98,285 47,500 50,785
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 60,290 28,835 31,450
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 36,305 17,785 18,525
Before 1971 6,120 2,945 3,170
1971 to 1980 3,380 1,545 1,835
1981 to 1990 4,990 2,610 2,385
1991 to 2000 7,160 3,435 3,725
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 14,660 7,255 7,405
2001 to 2005 5,230 2,590 2,635
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,430 4,660 4,770
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,690 880 815
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 36,305 17,785 18,520
Under 5 years 2,650 1,300 1,350
5 to 14 years 5,095 2,695 2,400
15 to 24 years 7,930 3,365 4,565
25 to 44 years 17,740 9,115 8,625
45 years and over 2,885 1,305 1,580
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 98,285 47,500 50,785
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 60,285 28,840 31,450
Born in province of residence 58,520 27,965 30,560
Born outside province of residence 1,765 875 890
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 36,305 17,780 18,525
Americas 7,680 3,530 4,150
United States 255 130 130
Jamaica 15 0 0
Guyana 85 40 45
Haiti 3,550 1,530 2,020
Mexico 640 290 350
Trinidad and Tobago 40 0 25
Colombia 305 140 165
El Salvador 495 305 190
Peru 580 275 305
Chile 145 55 90
Other places of birth in Americas 1,580 745 840
Europe 9,250 4,350 4,900
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 75 40 30
Italy 3,450 1,535 1,910
Germany 70 20 45
Poland 110 40 70
Portugal 540 250 290
Netherlands 20 0 0
France 1,300 640 660
Romania 645 330 315
Russian Federation 275 150 125
Greece 1,615 785 835
Ukraine 135 55 80
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 90 35 60
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 15 35
Serbia 30 15 10
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 835 425 405
Africa 8,985 4,885 4,100
Morocco 2,240 1,280 955
Algeria 3,445 1,860 1,590
Egypt 625 340 285
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 60 35 30
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 2,570 1,345 1,230
Asia 10,380 5,020 5,360
India 505 220 285
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 765 350 415
Philippines 60 0 45
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 70 40 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,365 640 725
Pakistan 245 140 100
Sri Lanka 865 425 435
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 45 25 20
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 55 20 35
Lebanon 2,835 1,420 1,415
Taiwan 40 30 0
Iraq 200 90 105
Bangladesh 310 155 155
Afghanistan 65 35 35
Japan 20 0 10
Turkey 310 130 180
Other places of birth in Asia 2,640 1,270 1,365
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 10
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 10 0 10
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,690 880 810
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 9,430 4,665 4,770
Americas 2,310 1,080 1,230
United States 115 65 50
Mexico 470 220 255
Cuba 40 25 0
Haiti 970 435 535
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 100 50 50
Colombia 190 100 95
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 185 80 105
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 55 20 35
Other places of birth in Americas 165 75 90
Europe 925 455 470
France 265 115 150
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 230 95 130
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 170 85 80
Russian Federation 35 15 20
Ukraine 50 30 30
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 165 110 60
Africa 4,590 2,350 2,240
Nigeria 40 30 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 20 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 1,820 910 910
Egypt 35 30 10
Morocco 1,305 715 590
Tunisia 265 125 140
Cameroon 290 135 150
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 80 40 40
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 735 360 375
Asia 1,595 780 820
Philippines 15 0 15
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 160 85 70
India 50 15 30
Pakistan 35 0 20
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 200 85 110
Iraq 55 45 10
Bangladesh 55 35 15
Lebanon 505 280 225
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 35 0 30
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 15 0 10
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 20 0 20
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 245 140 100
Other places of birth in Asia 180 45 135
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 98,280 47,500 50,785
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 38,220 18,790 19,425
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 18,100 9,290 8,815
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 41,960 19,420 22,540
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 98,280 47,500 50,785
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 32,690 16,395 16,295
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,040 1,585 1,455
Chinese 1,510 780 730
Black 9,165 4,305 4,860
Filipino 95 30 70
Latin American 4,760 2,295 2,465
Arab 10,480 5,650 4,830
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,270 1,060 1,210
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 380 200 175
Korean 65 35 35
Japanese 25 0 15
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 190 80 105
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 710 365 345
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 65,595 31,100 34,490
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 98,285 47,500 50,785
North American Aboriginal origins 1,855 805 1,055
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,730 770 960
Inuit 50 25 30
Métis 130 45 80
Other North American origins 31,795 14,785 17,010
Acadian 245 125 125
American 315 125 190
Canadian 29,550 13,695 15,855
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 2,115 1,030 1,080
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 42,315 20,080 22,240
British Isles origins 5,570 2,610 2,960
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 1,465 720 740
Irish 3,305 1,465 1,850
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,185 610 580
Welsh 75 70 0
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 130 50 80
French origins 22,265 10,490 11,780
Alsatian 15 0 0
Breton 170 75 100
French 22,175 10,460 11,715
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,410 1,245 1,165
Austrian 75 35 35
Belgian 725 415 310
Dutch 105 45 65
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,405 730 675
Luxembourger 20 0 0
Swiss 230 125 105
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 10 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 145 70 70
Danish 30 15 15
Finnish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 50 15 40
Swedish 50 30 20
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 3,120 1,525 1,590
Bulgarian 235 95 135
Byelorussian 15 0 0
Czech 50 20 30
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 70 0 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 345 175 175
Latvian 20 0 0
Lithuanian 40 25 0
Moldovan 160 85 75
Polish 740 335 405
Romanian 825 425 405
Russian 720 370 350
Slovak 45 15 30
Ukrainian 335 105 225
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 15,680 7,445 8,235
Albanian 75 50 30
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 90 50 35
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 3,660 1,815 1,845
Italian 9,135 4,280 4,860
Kosovar 10 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 55 0 40
Portuguese 1,330 640 690
Serbian 80 30 50
Sicilian 35 15 20
Slovenian 20 0 0
Spanish 1,650 795 855
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 115 75 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 285 185 105
Basque 30 0 0
Jewish 205 140 60
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 45 25 25
Caribbean origins 5,975 2,760 3,220
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 50 40 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 265 140 125
Dominican 240 110 125
Grenadian 30 0 25
Haitian 5,330 2,405 2,925
Jamaican 100 60 40
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 40 15 20
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 50 35 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 10 0 10
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 75 0 60
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,700 2,255 2,450
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 125 55 70
Argentinian 140 75 65
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 70 30 40
Brazilian 160 100 60
Chilean 220 85 130
Colombian 465 185 280
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 90 35 50
Guatemalan 680 300 385
Guyanese 50 35 20
Hispanic 10 0 0
Honduran 110 35 75
Maya 25 20 0
Mexican 1,040 510 530
Nicaraguan 195 90 105
Panamanian 40 15 25
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 645 315 330
Salvadorean 705 390 315
Uruguayan 40 0 35
Venezuelan 190 80 110
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 30 15 0
African origins 11,795 6,160 5,640
Central and West African origins 2,025 1,060 960
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 45 15 30
Burkinabe 60 30 30
Cameroonian 320 170 145
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 420 215 205
Gabonese 25 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 95 65 30
Guinean 130 70 65
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 220 125 90
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 170 45 120
Nigerian 160 90 75
Peulh 50 45 0
Senegalese 100 65 45
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 40 25 25
Yoruba 30 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 205 125 80
North African origins 7,920 4,225 3,690
Algerian 2,565 1,355 1,215
Berber 1,940 1,045 895
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 610 305 310
Libyan 15 10 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 2,550 1,400 1,155
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 620 310 310
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 65 40 30
Southern and East African origins 705 365 335
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 35 0 0
Burundian 145 100 45
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 30 20 0
Mauritian 60 15 45
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 270 150 120
Seychellois 60 20 40
Somali 60 20 40
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 30 0 25
Other African origins 1,290 575 710
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 50 15 30
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,245 560 685
Asian origins 18,135 9,320 8,815
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 10,305 5,420 4,890
Afghan 105 50 55
Arab, n.o.s. 2,095 1,200 895
Armenian 1,815 920 900
Assyrian 15 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 100 60 40
Iraqi 200 75 120
Israeli 25 0 20
Jordanian 55 0 35
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 3,920 2,050 1,870
Palestinian 140 95 50
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 2,035 1,065 970
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 20 0 0
Turk 545 235 310
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 65 50 15
South Asian origins 3,310 1,760 1,555
Bangladeshi 275 160 115
Bengali 90 65 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,330 735 600
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 340 220 125
Punjabi 15 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 1,200 560 650
Tamil 100 55 45
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 50 25 30
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,620 2,205 2,410
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 465 190 275
Chinese 2,310 1,155 1,155
Filipino 150 65 90
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 65 30 35
Korean 80 40 45
Laotian 135 65 70
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 25 0 20
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 25 20 0
Thai 35 10 25
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,840 865 975
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 98,285 47,500 50,785
Buddhist 1,830 840 990
Christian 68,865 31,400 37,460
Anglican 160 90 75
Baptist 680 335 350
Catholic 55,085 24,780 30,305
Christian Orthodox 6,475 3,185 3,295
Lutheran 80 25 45
Pentecostal 715 270 445
Presbyterian 150 90 60
United Church 60 40 15
Other Christian 5,455 2,580 2,870
Hindu 1,600 815 790
Jewish 190 105 85
Muslim 11,395 6,095 5,300
Sikh 255 120 135
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 230 145 85
No religious affiliation 13,915 7,985 5,930
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 98,285 47,500 50,785
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 330 185 145
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 205 125 75
Métis single identity 75 45 30
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 35 20 20
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 10 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 97,960 47,315 50,640
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 98,280 47,500 50,785
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 80 55 25
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 98,205 47,440 50,760
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 98,280 47,500 50,785
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,855 800 1,055
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,725 775 960
Métis ancestry 125 50 80
Inuit ancestry 45 20 25
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 96,425 46,695 49,730
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 50,700 24,995 25,710
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 50,700 24,995 25,705
Italian 7,215 3,300 3,920
Portuguese 1,160 575 590
Romanian 900 485 415
Spanish 8,985 4,240 4,740
Dutch 65 45 15
Flemish 0 0 0
German 740 415 325
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 30 0 15
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 180 80 105
Croatian 20 20 0
Czech 45 10 30
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 255 105 155
Russian 1,000 530 470
Serbian 55 30 30
Serbo-Croatian 95 30 65
Slovak 35 10 20
Slovenian 15 0 0
Ukrainian 95 40 55
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 3,345 1,705 1,640
Armenian 1,645 800 840
Albanian 80 40 35
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 145 95 55
Turkish 370 175 200
Berber languages (Kabyle) 505 275 235
Oromo 995 515 480
Somali 45 0 30
Amharic 25 0 0
Arabic 13,450 7,185 6,265
Hebrew 55 35 20
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 380 240 145
Gujarati 270 165 100
Hindi 300 125 175
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 350 165 185
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 60 35
Urdu 400 230 175
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 35 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 150 85 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 1,265 590 680
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 65 30 35
Korean 75 30 40
Cantonese 425 185 245
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 230 100 130
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,220 655 570
Lao 70 35 35
Thai 20 0 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 360 160 195
Vietnamese 1,830 815 1,015
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 95 20 75
Akan (Twi) 165 100 65
Lingala 320 155 165
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 90 45
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 205 105 100
Swahili 125 60 60
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 530 240 285
African languages, n.i.e. 95 70 20
Creoles 4,735 2,140 2,600
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 765 370 400
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 96,930 46,815 50,120
Non-movers 83,680 40,060 43,625
Movers 13,255 6,755 6,500
Non-migrants 9,160 4,810 4,345
Migrants 4,095 1,945 2,150
Internal migrants 2,045 880 1,165
Intraprovincial migrants 1,780 745 1,040
Interprovincial migrants 265 135 130
External migrants 2,050 1,065 985
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 92,510 44,425 48,080
Non-movers 53,075 24,635 28,440
Movers 39,440 19,795 19,650
Non-migrants 25,000 12,755 12,245
Migrants 14,445 7,040 7,400
Internal migrants 5,745 2,735 3,015
Intraprovincial migrants 5,375 2,555 2,825
Interprovincial migrants 370 180 185
External migrants 8,700 4,305 4,395
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 83,150 39,545 43,610
No certificate, diploma or degree 15,865 7,150 8,715
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,350 7,610 8,735
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 50,940 24,785 26,160
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,375 4,685 3,690
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,195 5,950 7,245
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,175 2,260 2,915
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 24,190 11,890 12,300
Bachelor's degree 14,510 7,035 7,480
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,680 4,855 4,825
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 55,670 27,245 28,425
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,225 3,045 3,180
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 8,965 4,420 4,545
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 40,480 19,780 20,695
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,320 3,570 2,755
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,370 4,265 5,110
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,895 1,730 2,160
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,895 10,215 10,680
Bachelor's degree 12,510 6,155 6,355
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,380 4,055 4,320
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 83,150 39,540 43,610
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 32,210 14,760 17,450
Education 3,315 650 2,665
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,640 1,295 1,340
Humanities 3,930 1,620 2,305
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,495 2,340 4,160
Business, management and public administration 11,920 4,990 6,930
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,775 1,540 1,235
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,745 1,915 825
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,955 7,750 1,205
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 475 270 205
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,590 1,380 4,210
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,090 1,030 1,060
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 83,155 39,540 43,610
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 32,215 14,765 17,450
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 50,940 24,780 26,160
Location of study inside Canada 39,510 18,515 20,990
Same as province or territory of residence 38,755 18,155 20,600
Another province or territory 755 365 390
Location of study outside Canada 11,430 6,260 5,165
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 52,825 27,170 25,655
Single responses 46,905 23,875 23,030
English 7,460 4,235 3,220
French 38,790 19,330 19,455
Non-official languages 655 310 350
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 15 55
Cantonese 15 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 15 0 0
Spanish 145 65 75
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 400 200 200
Multiple responses 5,925 3,295 2,625
English and French 5,130 2,810 2,325
English and non-official language 105 70 35
French and non-official language 260 165 95
English, French and non-official language 415 250 170
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 52,825 27,170 25,655
English 7,460 4,235 3,225
French 38,785 19,330 19,460
Non-official language 655 310 350
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 655 310 350
English and French 5,135 2,810 2,325
English and non-official language 105 70 35
French and non-official language 265 170 95
English, French and non-official language 420 250 170
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 83,150 39,540 43,610
In the labour force 51,105 26,310 24,790
Employed 45,445 23,230 22,215
Unemployed 5,655 3,080 2,580
Not in the labour force 32,050 13,230 18,820
Participation rate 61.5 66.5 56.8
Employment rate 54.7 58.8 50.9
Unemployment rate 11.1 11.7 10.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 51,105 26,310 24,790
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,735 1,460 1,270
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,365 24,845 23,515
Employee 43,470 21,840 21,635
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,895 3,010 1,880
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 51,100 26,310 24,790
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,735 1,460 1,275
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,365 24,850 23,520
0 Management occupations 4,885 3,105 1,780
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,005 3,270 5,730
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,430 3,390 1,035
3 Health occupations 3,235 790 2,445
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,595 2,180 4,410
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,290 1,025 1,265
6 Sales and service occupations 12,110 6,215 5,900
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,605 3,385 225
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 200 190 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,005 1,290 720
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 51,105 26,310 24,790
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,735 1,465 1,270
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,365 24,850 23,515
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 115 90 20
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25 15 0
22 Utilities 495 275 215
23 Construction 1,535 1,355 180
31-33 Manufacturing 4,755 3,270 1,485
41 Wholesale trade 2,585 1,535 1,050
44-45 Retail trade 5,295 2,585 2,715
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,715 1,220 495
51 Information and cultural industries 2,235 1,265 970
52 Finance and insurance 2,390 1,005 1,385
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 895 640 255
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,860 2,720 2,140
55 Management of companies and enterprises 65 45 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,460 1,520 945
61 Educational services 4,120 1,375 2,745
62 Health care and social assistance 6,100 1,405 4,695
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 865 375 490
72 Accommodation and food services 2,845 1,730 1,115
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,045 820 1,225
91 Public administration 2,955 1,605 1,350
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 51,100 26,315 24,790
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,615 2,340 2,270
Worked in 2010 46,485 23,970 22,515
1 to 13 weeks 2,825 1,380 1,450
14 to 26 weeks 3,630 1,770 1,855
27 to 39 weeks 3,145 1,630 1,520
40 to 48 weeks 8,930 4,400 4,530
49 to 52 weeks 27,955 14,790 13,165
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.0 44.4 43.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 51,105 26,310 24,790
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,615 2,340 2,275
Worked in 2010 46,485 23,970 22,515
Worked full-time in 2010 37,540 20,435 17,110
Worked part-time in 2010 8,945 3,540 5,410
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 45,445 23,230 22,215
Worked at home 2,420 1,265 1,155
Worked outside Canada 135 80 55
No fixed workplace address 3,575 2,515 1,065
Worked at usual place 39,310 19,370 19,940
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 42,885 21,885 21,000
Car, truck or van - as a driver 22,085 13,020 9,060
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 980 340 640
Public transit 16,145 6,970 9,175
Walked 2,580 905 1,680
Bicycle 795 525 270
Other methods 300 120 180
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 42,885 21,885 21,000
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.2 30.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 42,885 21,885 21,000
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,955 5,060 2,895
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 26,480 12,100 14,380
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,450 4,730 3,725
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 46,680 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 43,345 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,330 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 46,680 ... ...
1960 or before 18,985 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,305 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,705 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,075 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,110 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,505 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 46,680 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 25,295 ... ...
5 rooms 9,500 ... ...
6 rooms 3,910 ... ...
7 rooms 2,950 ... ...
8 or more rooms 5,030 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 46,680 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 15,135 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,840 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,395 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 3,300 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 46,680 ... ...
Owner 18,175 ... ...
Renter 28,505 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 46,680 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 6,895 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 39,780 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 46,680 ... ...
1 household maintainer 32,550 ... ...
2 household maintainers 13,350 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 780 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 46,680 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,615 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,215 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,890 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,110 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,345 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,535 ... ...
75 years and over 5,975 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 46,680 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 45,295 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,385 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 46,680 ... ...
Suitable 42,260 ... ...
Not suitable 4,420 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 46,475 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 32,275 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,200 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,735 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 18,175 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 22.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 941 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,109 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 351,708 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 384,039 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 28,500 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 9.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 35.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 652 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 684 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 83,150 39,540 43,610
Without income 3,955 1,850 2,110
With income 79,190 37,690 41,500
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,340 4,050 3,290
$5,000 to $9,999 7,130 2,965 4,165
$10,000 to $14,999 9,510 3,900 5,610
$15,000 to $19,999 8,960 3,670 5,290
$20,000 to $29,999 11,830 5,445 6,385
$30,000 to $39,999 9,940 4,625 5,320
$40,000 to $49,999 7,310 3,345 3,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,060 2,540 2,515
$60,000 to $79,999 6,135 3,310 2,820
$80,000 to $99,999 2,945 1,740 1,205
$100,000 and over 3,030 2,095 935
$100,000 to $124,999 1,510 1,035 475
$125,000 and over 1,520 1,060 460
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 25,014 27,730 22,870
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,972 41,155 31,265
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 83,150 39,545 43,610
Without after-tax income 3,965 1,845 2,115
With after-tax income 79,190 37,690 41,495
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,575 4,105 3,470
$5,000 to $9,999 7,240 3,035 4,205
$10,000 to $14,999 9,535 3,895 5,635
$15,000 to $19,999 9,750 4,110 5,640
$20,000 to $29,999 14,490 6,780 7,710
$30,000 to $39,999 11,660 5,385 6,270
$40,000 to $49,999 7,685 3,775 3,910
$50,000 to $59,999 4,620 2,405 2,220
$60,000 to $79,999 4,205 2,480 1,720
$80,000 to $99,999 1,260 905 360
$100,000 and over 1,175 815 355
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 23,346 25,562 21,835
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,271 34,142 26,755
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.3 88.9 78.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 67.1 69.0 64.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 61.8 63.7 59.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.3 5.3 5.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.7 4.9 4.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.7 7.3 8.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 4.8 7.7 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.7 11.1 21.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.9 3.2 4.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.4 2.9 6.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.0 1.7 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.2 0.2 4.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.2 3.0 3.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.9 17.0 14.4
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.2 83.0 85.6
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.5 1.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 24,055 13,145 10,915
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 42,564 44,045 41,276
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 50,630 53,668 46,972
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 25,765 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,231 ... ...
Average family income ($) 80,554 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,540 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,927 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,990 ... ...
Median family income ($) 58,667 ... ...
Average family income ($) 73,567 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,100 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 60,658 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 10,750 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,908 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,569 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,580 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 76,241 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,820 ... ...
Median family income ($) 44,949 ... ...
Average family income ($) 74,059 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 41,661 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,554 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 22,970 10,585 12,385
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,188 25,613 27,343
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,668 33,430 33,872
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,216 23,092 24,977
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,172 27,654 28,615
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 98,285 47,500 50,785
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 62,630 29,400 33,235
In bottom decile 14,635 7,415 7,225
In second decile 13,985 6,040 7,945
In third decile 12,465 5,905 6,560
In fourth decile 11,315 5,320 6,000
In fifth decile 10,230 4,725 5,505
In top half of the Canadian distribution 35,650 18,100 17,550
In sixth decile 8,730 4,445 4,290
In seventh decile 7,775 3,855 3,920
In eighth decile 6,835 3,520 3,315
In ninth decile 6,685 3,400 3,280
In top decile 5,630 2,885 2,745
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 46,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,735 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,790 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,880 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,560 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,400 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,685 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,180 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,000 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,715 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,680 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,795 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,600 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,660 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 46,680 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,765 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,805 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,890 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,820 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,575 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,685 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,820 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,300 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,550 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,195 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,275 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,130 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,140 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 46,680 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 44,200 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 61,028 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 39,609 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 51,354 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 19,515 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 27,959 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 35,071 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,535 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 29,281 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 27,170 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 60,824 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 79,672 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 54,257 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 67,209 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 98,285 47,500 50,785
Less than 18 years 17,915 9,415 8,490
Less than 6 years 6,900 3,610 3,285
18 to 64 years 63,905 31,505 32,400
65 years and over 16,470 6,575 9,895
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 23,100 10,920 12,175
Less than 18 years 4,665 2,320 2,345
Less than 6 years 1,945 1,010 935
18 to 64 years 15,065 7,530 7,535
65 years and over 3,370 1,070 2,300
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 23.5 23.0 24.0
Less than 18 years (%) 26.0 24.6 27.6
Less than 6 years (%) 28.2 28.0 28.5
18 to 64 years (%) 23.6 23.9 23.3
65 years and over (%) 20.5 16.3 23.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ahuntsic, Quebec (Code 24002) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Ahuntsic, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Ahuntsic, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ahuntsic
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 100,840 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 100,471 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 0.4 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,995 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,690 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,553.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 18.16 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 100,840 48,285 52,560
0 to 4 years 5,830 2,975 2,855
5 to 9 years 4,695 2,365 2,330
10 to 14 years 4,640 2,350 2,295
15 to 19 years 5,125 2,610 2,515
15 years 970 505 460
16 years 960 480 475
17 years 990 485 510
18 years 1,095 570 530
19 years 1,110 575 540
20 to 24 years 6,070 3,020 3,050
25 to 29 years 7,190 3,440 3,755
30 to 34 years 7,705 3,835 3,870
35 to 39 years 7,470 3,880 3,590
40 to 44 years 7,190 3,815 3,375
45 to 49 years 7,275 3,750 3,525
50 to 54 years 7,360 3,570 3,790
55 to 59 years 6,520 3,075 3,445
60 to 64 years 5,750 2,575 3,175
65 to 69 years 4,620 1,950 2,680
70 to 74 years 3,965 1,655 2,305
75 to 79 years 3,830 1,555 2,270
80 to 84 years 2,955 1,095 1,860
85 years and over 2,640 775 1,865
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.1 39.6 42.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.0 84.1 85.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 85,670 40,590 45,080
Married or living with a common-law partner 41,935 21,065 20,870
Married (and not separated) 30,920 15,535 15,385
Living common law 11,010 5,530 5,485
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 43,735 19,525 24,205
Single (never legally married) 28,870 15,120 13,750
Separated 1,920 840 1,085
Divorced 7,320 2,615 4,700
Widowed 5,625 945 4,680
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 25,445 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,795 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,970 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,695 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,985 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 25,445 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,230 ... ...
Married couples 14,730 ... ...
Without children at home 6,355 ... ...
With children at home 8,375 ... ...
1 child 3,420 ... ...
2 children 3,390 ... ...
3 or more children 1,570 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,500 ... ...
Without children at home 3,115 ... ...
With children at home 2,385 ... ...
1 child 1,115 ... ...
2 children 965 ... ...
3 or more children 310 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,210 ... ...
Female parent 4,230 ... ...
1 child 2,645 ... ...
2 children 1,185 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ...
Male parent 980 ... ...
1 child 685 ... ...
2 children 245 ... ...
3 or more children 50 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 27,180 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,850 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,190 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,830 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,340 ... ...
25 years and over 3,960 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 98,280 47,135 51,140
Number of persons not in census families 25,420 11,610 13,810
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,450 1,025 1,425
Living with non-relatives only 3,360 2,015 1,340
Living alone 19,610 8,565 11,050
Number of census family persons 72,860 35,525 37,335
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 16,385 6,560 9,825
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 7,165 1,795 5,365
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 715 165 555
Living with non-relatives only 320 145 185
Living alone 6,125 1,495 4,635
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,215 4,760 4,460
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 46,690 ... ...
Census-family households 25,045 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 23,480 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 18,955 ... ...
Without children 8,895 ... ...
With children 10,060 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,520 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,565 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,185 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 760 ... ...
Without children 305 ... ...
With children 460 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 425 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 380 ... ...
Non-census-family households 21,640 ... ...
One-person households 19,615 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,030 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 46,690 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,905 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 5,245 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 10 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 38,530 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,730 ... ...
Row house 590 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 7,500 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 28,410 ... ...
Other single-attached house 300 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 46,690 ... ...
1 person 19,610 ... ...
2 persons 13,540 ... ...
3 persons 6,225 ... ...
4 persons 4,790 ... ...
5 persons 1,800 ... ...
6 or more persons 725 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 98,280 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,865 47,305 51,555
  Single responses  94,525 45,125 49,405
    English  4,120 2,190 1,935
    French  53,165 24,655 28,510
    Non-official languages  37,240 18,280 18,960
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 10 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 36,845 18,055 18,790
        African languages, n.i.e 60 40 25
        Afrikaans  5 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  80 45 35
        Albanian  95 45 50
        Amharic  20 10 10
        Arabic  9,080 4,780 4,295
        Armenian  1,495 680 820
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 40 25
        Bengali  225 115 110
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  465 255 205
        Bisayan languages  5 5 10
        Bosnian  15 5 10
        Bulgarian  215 100 115
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  270 130 145
        Chinese, n.o.s.  990 465 525
        Creoles  2,450 1,075 1,375
        Croatian  55 30 30
        Czech  25 10 10
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  30 20 15
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  155 60 90
        Greek  2,660 1,325 1,340
        Gujarati  300 150 150
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  20 10 10
        Hindi  40 20 20
        Hungarian  100 45 55
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Italian  5,500 2,550 2,945
        Japanese  25 10 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  285 140 145
        Korean  25 5 20
        Kurdish  50 35 20
        Lao  80 40 40
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  100 50 45
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 5 0
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  135 70 65
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  10 0 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 265 130 135
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  550 300 245
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  360 195 165
        Pashto  35 20 20
        Persian (Farsi)  180 105 75
        Polish  180 65 115
        Portuguese  930 445 490
        Romanian  1,000 485 515
        Rundi (Kirundi)  70 35 35
        Russian  445 195 250
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  120 55 60
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  70 30 40
        Serbo-Croatian  25 5 20
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slovak  35 20 15
        Slovenian  20 5 20
        Somali  25 15 15
        Spanish  4,315 2,135 2,185
        Swahili  55 20 30
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  55 15 45
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  930 435 495
        Telugu  0 5 0
        Thai  20 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 5
        Turkish  290 160 130
        Ukrainian  80 35 45
        Urdu  310 160 150
        Vietnamese  1,225 580 650
        Yiddish  5 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 380 215 165
  Multiple responses          4,335 2,185 2,150
    English and French  815 425 390
    English and non-official language  565 285 285
    French and non-official language  2,500 1,240 1,265
    English, French and non-official language 450 235 215
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,860 47,305 51,555
  English only 5,350 2,720 2,625
  French only 34,990 14,865 20,125
  English and French 55,295 28,540 26,755
  Neither English nor French 3,230 1,180 2,045
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,860 47,305 51,555
  English 12,745 6,530 6,220
  French 73,120 34,225 38,895
  English and French 9,870 5,420 4,450
  Neither English nor French 3,130 1,135 1,995
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 17,680 9,240 8,440
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 17.9 19.5 16.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,860 47,310 51,555
  Single responses 90,205 42,930 47,275
    English 7,860 4,020 3,845
    French 59,590 28,055 31,535
    Non-official languages 22,745 10,850 11,895
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 22,605 10,785 11,820
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 60 30 30
        Albanian 65 30 35
        Amharic 15 0 10
        Arabic 5,300 2,685 2,615
        Armenian 1,225 535 690
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Bengali 180 85 95
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 180 95 85
        Bisayan languages 0 0 5
        Bosnian 10 5 10
        Bulgarian 180 80 95
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 200 85 110
        Chinese, n.o.s. 745 350 400
        Creoles 1,110 460 655
        Croatian 25 10 15
        Czech 5 5 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 0 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 30 10 15
        Greek 1,655 805 850
        Gujarati 185 95 90
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 10
        Hindi 10 5 5
        Hungarian 45 15 30
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Italian 2,870 1,260 1,615
        Japanese 10 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 165 70 95
        Korean 20 5 15
        Kurdish 20 10 5
        Lao 40 20 20
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 45 30 15
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 110 65 50
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 205 115 95
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 295 145 145
        Pashto 35 20 15
        Persian (Farsi) 125 65 55
        Polish 90 35 50
        Portuguese 510 235 275
        Romanian 740 370 370
        Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10
        Russian 375 190 190
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 20 5 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 50 25 25
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 10 5 10
        Somali 15 0 15
        Spanish 3,040 1,505 1,535
        Swahili 15 5 10
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 5
        Taiwanese 5 5 0
        Tamil 825 385 445
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 5 5 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 5
        Turkish 210 110 95
        Ukrainian 30 15 15
        Urdu 245 115 130
        Vietnamese 1,030 470 565
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 145 70 70
  Multiple responses         8,660 4,375 4,280
    English and French 1,090 565 520
    English and non-official language 1,270 660 610
    French and non-official language 5,155 2,515 2,635
    English, French and non-official language 1,150 630 520
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,860 47,305 51,555
  None 71,345 33,565 37,775
  Single responses  24,850 12,350 12,505
    English  6,495 3,295 3,200
    French  7,955 3,880 4,075
    Non-official languages  10,405 5,175 5,230
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,190 5,065 5,135
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  25 10 10
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  5 5 0
        Arabic  2,835 1,505 1,330
        Armenian  200 95 95
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 55 30 15
        Bengali  30 25 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  150 85 70
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  5 5 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  55 30 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  170 80 90
        Creoles  1,445 665 780
        Croatian  10 10 0
        Czech  5 5 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 0 0
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  80 35 45
        Greek  725 350 375
        Gujarati  50 30 20
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  40 20 15
        Hungarian  15 5 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  1,360 655 710
        Japanese  20 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  65 35 35
        Korean  5 0 5
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  20 10 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  115 65 50
        Lithuanian  0 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  25 10 15
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 130 60 70
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  140 75 70
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  40 20 25
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 20 10
        Polish  55 20 30
        Portuguese  240 115 125
        Romanian  140 70 70
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 15 10
        Russian  105 40 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  50 25 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 0 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  10 5 10
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  1,125 540 590
        Swahili  35 15 20
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  25 5 15
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  80 45 35
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  65 30 35
        Ukrainian  15 5 10
        Urdu  50 30 25
        Vietnamese  165 85 80
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 210 115 100
  Multiple responses          2,665 1,385 1,275
    English and French  1,220 640 580
    English and non-official language  765 395 365
    French and non-official language  635 330 310
    English, French and non-official language  50 20 25

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Ahuntsic, Quebec (Code 24002) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Ahuntsic (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Ahuntsic, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Ahuntsic (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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