NHS Profile, Brossard - La Prairie, Quebec, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

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NHS data, Brossard - La Prairie, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brossard - La Prairie
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 127,090 62,355 64,730
Canadian citizens 119,910 58,970 60,940
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,790 13,355 12,435
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 94,120 45,620 48,505
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 7,175 3,380 3,790
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 127,085 62,355 64,735
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 93,550 45,980 47,570
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 32,890 16,050 16,840
Before 1971 3,500 1,890 1,610
1971 to 1980 5,090 2,450 2,635
1981 to 1990 4,920 2,410 2,505
1991 to 2000 8,890 4,315 4,575
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,495 4,985 5,505
2001 to 2005 5,660 2,690 2,970
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,835 2,300 2,535
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 650 325 325
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 32,885 16,050 16,835
Under 5 years 3,215 1,655 1,555
5 to 14 years 5,400 2,570 2,825
15 to 24 years 6,485 3,140 3,340
25 to 44 years 14,970 7,375 7,600
45 years and over 2,825 1,310 1,515
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 127,090 62,355 64,730
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 93,545 45,980 47,570
Born in province of residence 90,255 44,330 45,925
Born outside province of residence 3,295 1,650 1,645
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 32,885 16,055 16,835
Americas 5,100 2,355 2,750
United States 430 150 285
Jamaica 130 45 85
Guyana 75 35 40
Haiti 790 320 470
Mexico 235 130 105
Trinidad and Tobago 230 105 130
Colombia 630 305 320
El Salvador 45 35 10
Peru 595 290 310
Chile 535 275 255
Other places of birth in Americas 1,405 665 740
Europe 6,980 3,525 3,460
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 305 145 160
Italy 445 275 170
Germany 265 120 145
Poland 170 60 120
Portugal 735 355 380
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 1,245 740 505
Romania 1,590 775 820
Russian Federation 190 75 125
Greece 685 330 355
Ukraine 105 65 45
Croatia 35 0 20
Hungary 120 65 50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 15 20
Serbia 35 15 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 995 480 520
Africa 5,810 2,895 2,915
Morocco 1,305 635 670
Algeria 655 325 335
Egypt 935 495 445
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 100 50 55
Other places of birth in Africa 2,795 1,380 1,415
Asia 14,935 7,260 7,680
India 845 430 415
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 4,805 2,215 2,590
Philippines 570 215 355
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,350 675 675
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,695 800 895
Pakistan 410 230 180
Sri Lanka 260 130 125
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 525 305 220
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 240 105 130
Lebanon 855 480 370
Taiwan 365 175 190
Iraq 225 130 90
Bangladesh 170 80 100
Afghanistan 860 405 455
Japan 45 0 35
Turkey 320 190 130
Other places of birth in Asia 1,385 675 710
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 55 20 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 35 20 15
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 655 325 325
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,840 2,300 2,535
Americas 1,130 610 525
United States 85 50 35
Mexico 45 25 0
Cuba 20 0 0
Haiti 100 55 50
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 60 40 25
Colombia 360 195 165
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 210 110 100
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 150 85 70
Other places of birth in Americas 105 55 50
Europe 755 375 375
France 215 95 125
Germany 20 15 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 215 100 115
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 120 55 65
Russian Federation 35 15 20
Ukraine 25 20 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 105 55 50
Africa 1,270 595 675
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 405 215 190
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 95 40 50
Egypt 160 70 95
Morocco 310 150 160
Tunisia 30 0 20
Cameroon 60 20 40
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 25 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 190 90 100
Asia 1,665 715 955
Philippines 25 0 25
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 805 330 475
India 55 15 40
Pakistan 60 20 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 65 35 30
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 45 25 20
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 70 40 30
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 155 85 75
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 50 0 45
Taiwan 25 20 0
Afghanistan 100 55 50
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 15 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 40 20 20
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 75 35 45
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 127,090 62,355 64,730
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 33,870 16,505 17,370
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 19,000 9,755 9,245
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 74,215 36,100 38,120
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 127,090 62,355 64,730
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 33,710 16,605 17,105
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,565 1,800 1,760
Chinese 10,540 5,115 5,425
Black 4,160 2,040 2,120
Filipino 900 365 535
Latin American 3,100 1,585 1,515
Arab 4,525 2,340 2,185
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,980 1,480 1,505
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,885 980 905
Korean 310 140 175
Japanese 155 45 110
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 860 360 500
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 735 360 380
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 93,375 45,750 47,630
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 127,085 62,355 64,730
North American Aboriginal origins 2,345 1,110 1,235
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,000 975 1,025
Inuit 20 0 10
Métis 380 155 225
Other North American origins 58,120 28,305 29,810
Acadian 415 175 235
American 560 290 275
Canadian 56,115 27,310 28,800
New Brunswicker 15 0 0
Newfoundlander 10 0 15
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 25 20 0
Québécois 1,710 875 840
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 54,690 26,895 27,795
British Isles origins 13,465 6,410 7,055
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 4,625 2,135 2,485
Irish 7,790 3,795 3,995
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 3,755 1,730 2,025
Welsh 170 100 65
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 695 335 360
French origins 32,495 16,085 16,405
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 150 60 90
French 32,420 16,050 16,365
Western European origins (except French origins) 4,015 2,010 2,005
Austrian 280 150 130
Belgian 765 330 430
Dutch 265 130 140
Flemish 20 20 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,480 1,255 1,230
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 390 230 165
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 190 110 85
Danish 40 15 30
Finnish 30 15 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 30 35
Swedish 40 0 0
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 5,495 2,690 2,805
Bulgarian 465 270 195
Byelorussian 25 0 20
Czech 180 85 90
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 410 210 195
Latvian 25 0 0
Lithuanian 120 65 55
Moldovan 120 45 80
Polish 1,005 440 560
Romanian 2,100 1,055 1,045
Russian 735 360 380
Slovak 150 85 65
Ukrainian 705 335 370
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 11,390 5,745 5,645
Albanian 45 0 30
Bosnian 45 25 25
Croatian 75 30 45
Cypriot 25 0 0
Greek 2,345 1,190 1,155
Italian 5,350 2,660 2,690
Kosovar 30 0 25
Macedonian 80 55 0
Maltese 15 10 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,815 890 925
Serbian 45 15 25
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 120 65 55
Spanish 2,085 1,125 965
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 90 40 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 465 220 245
Basque 90 0 50
Jewish 295 155 140
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 75 25 45
Caribbean origins 2,845 1,365 1,480
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 250 100 150
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 70 20 45
Dominican 190 95 90
Grenadian 75 30 45
Haitian 1,590 785 805
Jamaican 285 125 160
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 25 25 0
Montserratan 30 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 280 125 150
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 130 45 85
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 140 110 30
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,880 2,000 1,875
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 95 50 45
Argentinian 185 110 70
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 45 30 20
Brazilian 120 60 65
Chilean 745 355 390
Colombian 780 395 390
Costa Rican 10 0 10
Ecuadorian 90 40 50
Guatemalan 50 25 25
Guyanese 120 70 45
Hispanic 60 0 40
Honduran 65 35 30
Maya 15 15 0
Mexican 380 205 170
Nicaraguan 35 20 0
Panamanian 35 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 865 460 400
Salvadorean 75 55 25
Uruguayan 20 0 0
Venezuelan 285 145 140
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 35 0 0
African origins 6,655 3,350 3,305
Central and West African origins 865 460 405
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 15 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 50 35 10
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 255 135 120
Chadian 20 0 0
Congolese 115 55 65
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 15 15 0
Ghanaian 55 0 35
Guinean 100 65 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 20 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 45 35 0
Nigerian 25 0 15
Peulh 30 0 15
Senegalese 105 55 50
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 95 50 50
North African origins 4,305 2,185 2,120
Algerian 620 320 300
Berber 545 275 270
Coptic 110 50 60
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 1,305 685 620
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,615 805 810
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 215 95 120
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 20 0 15
Southern and East African origins 860 385 475
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 20 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 40 0 30
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 140 70 70
Mauritian 460 190 265
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 30 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 60 40 20
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 40 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 50 25 30
Other African origins 750 375 375
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 195 130 65
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 620 275 345
Asian origins 26,210 13,025 13,190
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 6,655 3,560 3,095
Afghan 1,265 605 660
Arab, n.o.s. 1,260 640 625
Armenian 635 330 300
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 845 505 340
Iraqi 285 155 130
Israeli 10 0 0
Jordanian 110 40 65
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 15 10 0
Lebanese 1,670 940 730
Palestinian 330 170 155
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 105 50 55
Syrian 295 135 155
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 510 290 220
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 35 0 0
South Asian origins 4,030 2,030 2,000
Bangladeshi 80 35 50
Bengali 50 30 25
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,990 1,520 1,470
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 555 240 310
Punjabi 105 55 50
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 315 170 150
Tamil 35 0 20
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 55 40 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 15,670 7,520 8,150
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 320 165 155
Chinese 11,495 5,565 5,930
Filipino 1,060 440 620
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 60 0 45
Japanese 215 80 135
Korean 325 145 180
Laotian 185 105 80
Malaysian 50 0 25
Mongolian 15 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 235 115 115
Thai 45 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,470 1,210 1,255
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 65 30 35
Australian 60 25 40
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 127,085 62,355 64,735
Buddhist 2,775 1,300 1,475
Christian 92,955 44,485 48,475
Anglican 1,150 520 630
Baptist 585 270 320
Catholic 79,640 38,040 41,600
Christian Orthodox 5,120 2,625 2,495
Lutheran 105 40 60
Pentecostal 585 305 275
Presbyterian 425 195 230
United Church 435 190 240
Other Christian 4,915 2,290 2,620
Hindu 1,460 755 700
Jewish 230 125 110
Muslim 8,720 4,470 4,245
Sikh 395 195 200
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 260 135 120
No religious affiliation 20,290 10,890 9,400
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 127,085 62,355 64,735
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 650 275 375
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 290 90 200
Métis single identity 330 175 150
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 20 0 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 126,435 62,080 64,355
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 127,090 62,355 64,730
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 120 55 70
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 126,965 62,300 64,660
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 127,090 62,355 64,735
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,345 1,110 1,235
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,000 970 1,020
Métis ancestry 375 155 225
Inuit ancestry 20 0 10
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 124,745 61,245 63,495
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 43,480 21,140 22,335
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,480 21,145 22,340
Italian 2,325 1,120 1,200
Portuguese 1,505 730 775
Romanian 1,940 920 1,020
Spanish 7,880 3,680 4,205
Dutch 45 20 25
Flemish 0 0 0
German 765 395 370
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 440 230 210
Croatian 40 20 20
Czech 40 0 25
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 290 125 170
Russian 900 400 500
Serbian 35 25 0
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 20
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 35 0 20
Ukrainian 230 100 130
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 30 0 20
Greek 1,840 935 905
Armenian 395 205 185
Albanian 40 0 20
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 220 100 120
Turkish 330 200 135
Berber languages (Kabyle) 70 40 30
Oromo 150 95 55
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 5,870 3,000 2,870
Hebrew 30 20 15
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 45 0 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 315 135 180
Gujarati 320 150 170
Hindi 1,010 455 555
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 630 315 320
Sindhi 30 30 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 0 25
Urdu 915 485 430
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,900 1,010 890
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 25 50
Kannada 20 0 0
Malayalam 25 0 0
Tamil 400 210 185
Telugu 95 55 45
Japanese 240 65 170
Korean 260 105 155
Cantonese 2,815 1,305 1,510
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 90 50 40
Mandarin 1,780 850 930
Taiwanese 185 90 90
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,400 2,685 2,715
Lao 165 100 65
Thai 50 30 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 255 135 120
Vietnamese 2,280 1,135 1,145
Bisayan languages 110 45 65
Ilocano 40 0 30
Malay 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 650 235 415
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 100 45 55
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 35 20 15
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 90 65
African languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35
Creoles 2,275 1,125 1,150
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 555 255 300
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 125,420 61,530 63,890
Non-movers 111,515 54,665 56,850
Movers 13,910 6,870 7,045
Non-migrants 5,650 2,865 2,785
Migrants 8,260 4,000 4,255
Internal migrants 7,245 3,565 3,675
Intraprovincial migrants 7,035 3,455 3,580
Interprovincial migrants 210 115 95
External migrants 1,015 435 580
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 119,240 58,415 60,825
Non-movers 72,870 35,955 36,910
Movers 46,370 22,460 23,915
Non-migrants 18,040 8,720 9,315
Migrants 28,330 13,735 14,595
Internal migrants 24,040 11,755 12,280
Intraprovincial migrants 23,315 11,385 11,930
Interprovincial migrants 725 370 355
External migrants 4,295 1,980 2,315
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 104,700 50,910 53,795
No certificate, diploma or degree 15,575 7,710 7,865
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,815 10,175 11,635
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 67,315 33,015 34,300
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 11,165 6,400 4,760
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 18,580 8,285 10,295
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,820 3,015 3,805
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 30,750 15,310 15,440
Bachelor's degree 19,625 9,225 10,395
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,125 6,080 5,040
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 71,785 34,650 37,140
No certificate, diploma or degree 5,820 3,035 2,785
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,860 5,830 7,035
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 53,105 25,785 27,315
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,515 4,775 3,745
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,155 5,970 7,190
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,045 2,340 2,705
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 26,385 12,710 13,675
Bachelor's degree 16,870 7,775 9,090
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,520 4,935 4,585
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 104,700 50,905 53,795
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 37,390 17,895 19,495
Education 4,060 825 3,235
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,445 1,185 1,265
Humanities 3,495 1,360 2,135
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,765 2,325 4,435
Business, management and public administration 19,460 8,160 11,300
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,700 1,485 1,215
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 4,035 2,710 1,325
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 12,925 11,405 1,520
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 530 300 230
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,680 1,635 6,040
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,200 1,610 1,585
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 104,700 50,910 53,800
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 37,390 17,895 19,495
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 67,315 33,015 34,300
Location of study inside Canada 56,650 27,600 29,055
Same as province or territory of residence 54,910 26,535 28,375
Another province or territory 1,745 1,065 680
Location of study outside Canada 10,660 5,415 5,245
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 75,190 38,780 36,410
Single responses 66,440 34,080 32,365
English 12,680 7,020 5,660
French 52,570 26,445 26,130
Non-official languages 1,190 620 575
Chinese, n.o.s. 545 295 250
Cantonese 280 150 135
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 45 30 20
Spanish 75 35 40
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 15 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 215 85 125
Multiple responses 8,750 4,700 4,050
English and French 7,975 4,315 3,660
English and non-official language 245 150 100
French and non-official language 155 70 80
English, French and non-official language 375 165 210
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 75,190 38,780 36,410
English 12,675 7,020 5,660
French 52,570 26,440 26,130
Non-official language 1,190 620 575
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,190 620 575
English and French 7,975 4,320 3,655
English and non-official language 245 150 95
French and non-official language 155 75 80
English, French and non-official language 375 165 210
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 104,700 50,905 53,795
In the labour force 70,910 36,680 34,230
Employed 67,050 34,600 32,450
Unemployed 3,860 2,085 1,775
Not in the labour force 33,790 14,225 19,570
Participation rate 67.7 72.1 63.6
Employment rate 64.0 68.0 60.3
Unemployment rate 5.4 5.7 5.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 70,910 36,680 34,230
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,250 645 605
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 69,660 36,040 33,620
Employee 61,930 31,070 30,860
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,730 4,965 2,760
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 70,905 36,685 34,230
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,250 640 605
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 69,660 36,040 33,620
0 Management occupations 9,765 6,110 3,655
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 14,305 4,580 9,725
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 7,455 5,815 1,635
3 Health occupations 4,385 950 3,435
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,155 2,210 4,940
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,870 970 910
6 Sales and service occupations 16,475 8,140 8,335
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,735 5,425 315
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 330 290 45
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,185 1,550 630
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 70,910 36,680 34,230
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,250 645 610
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 69,660 36,035 33,620
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 270 200 75
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 95 65 25
22 Utilities 795 510 285
23 Construction 2,500 2,255 245
31-33 Manufacturing 7,180 4,915 2,260
41 Wholesale trade 3,465 2,080 1,390
44-45 Retail trade 7,675 3,795 3,880
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,980 2,045 940
51 Information and cultural industries 2,730 1,685 1,035
52 Finance and insurance 5,580 2,185 3,390
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,245 740 505
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 7,565 4,495 3,075
55 Management of companies and enterprises 95 45 45
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,510 1,515 995
61 Educational services 4,775 1,495 3,285
62 Health care and social assistance 7,305 1,400 5,905
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,165 630 535
72 Accommodation and food services 4,940 2,835 2,100
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,765 1,095 1,670
91 Public administration 4,025 2,050 1,985
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 70,910 36,680 34,225
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,080 1,560 1,520
Worked in 2010 67,825 35,125 32,700
1 to 13 weeks 2,855 1,395 1,460
14 to 26 weeks 4,890 2,315 2,575
27 to 39 weeks 3,700 1,685 2,010
40 to 48 weeks 12,610 6,590 6,025
49 to 52 weeks 43,770 23,140 20,635
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.4 45.8 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 70,910 36,685 34,230
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,085 1,560 1,520
Worked in 2010 67,825 35,125 32,705
Worked full-time in 2010 55,460 30,065 25,400
Worked part-time in 2010 12,365 5,060 7,300
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 67,050 34,600 32,455
Worked at home 4,395 2,315 2,075
Worked outside Canada 210 145 70
No fixed workplace address 4,615 3,375 1,235
Worked at usual place 57,835 28,755 29,075
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 62,450 32,140 30,315
Car, truck or van - as a driver 43,285 24,410 18,875
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,195 485 1,715
Public transit 14,515 5,955 8,555
Walked 1,545 670 875
Bicycle 430 350 85
Other methods 475 265 210
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 62,450 32,135 30,315
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.3 30.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 62,450 32,140 30,310
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 14,600 9,045 5,550
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 36,125 16,580 19,540
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,735 6,505 5,220
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 49,625 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 46,970 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,655 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 49,625 ... ...
1960 or before 2,995 ... ...
1961 to 1980 17,855 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,865 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,385 ... ...
2001 to 2005 6,465 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 7,060 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 49,625 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 13,010 ... ...
5 rooms 7,625 ... ...
6 rooms 5,790 ... ...
7 rooms 6,350 ... ...
8 or more rooms 16,845 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 49,625 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,280 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,185 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,330 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 12,835 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 49,625 ... ...
Owner 39,140 ... ...
Renter 10,485 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 49,625 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 10,000 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 39,625 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 49,625 ... ...
1 household maintainer 28,405 ... ...
2 household maintainers 20,375 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 850 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 49,625 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,015 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,105 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,965 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,245 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,840 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,450 ... ...
75 years and over 4,005 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 49,625 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 49,040 ... ...
More than one person per room 590 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 49,625 ... ...
Suitable 47,305 ... ...
Not suitable 2,320 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 49,485 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 39,840 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,645 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,060 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 39,105 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 63.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,015 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,076 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 275,358 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 307,822 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 10,480 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 766 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 827 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 104,700 50,905 53,795
Without income 5,230 2,375 2,855
With income 99,475 48,530 50,940
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,865 4,335 4,530
$5,000 to $9,999 6,930 2,530 4,400
$10,000 to $14,999 9,005 3,505 5,505
$15,000 to $19,999 7,805 3,205 4,600
$20,000 to $29,999 12,505 5,490 7,015
$30,000 to $39,999 12,225 5,440 6,785
$40,000 to $49,999 10,425 4,835 5,590
$50,000 to $59,999 8,375 4,335 4,040
$60,000 to $79,999 10,775 6,060 4,720
$80,000 to $99,999 5,480 3,505 1,980
$100,000 and over 7,075 5,300 1,785
$100,000 to $124,999 3,170 2,295 875
$125,000 and over 3,910 2,995 910
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,772 39,496 29,240
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 44,529 53,179 36,289
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 104,705 50,905 53,795
Without after-tax income 5,225 2,385 2,840
With after-tax income 99,475 48,520 50,960
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,230 4,400 4,825
$5,000 to $9,999 7,230 2,540 4,690
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 3,600 5,500
$15,000 to $19,999 8,595 3,600 4,995
$20,000 to $29,999 15,755 6,965 8,795
$30,000 to $39,999 15,290 7,115 8,170
$40,000 to $49,999 12,040 6,110 5,930
$50,000 to $59,999 8,365 4,685 3,680
$60,000 to $79,999 8,030 5,130 2,900
$80,000 to $99,999 2,740 1,955 785
$100,000 and over 3,105 2,415 690
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,917 34,175 26,378
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 35,741 41,502 30,257
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.6 92.9 84.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 76.8 79.1 73.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.4 72.9 69.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.4 6.1 4.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.1 4.6 3.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.1 7.7 6.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.5 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.4 7.1 15.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.0 2.6 3.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.6 1.9 3.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 1.1 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.7 0.2 3.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.4 1.6
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 19.7 22.0 16.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 80.3 78.0 83.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.6 1.7 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 38,385 20,905 17,480
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 50,550 57,042 44,692
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 60,978 68,859 51,554
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 36,925 ... ...
Median family income ($) 84,698 ... ...
Average family income ($) 103,398 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,448 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 82,884 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 13,045 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,393 ... ...
Average family income ($) 92,113 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,957 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,355 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 18,000 ... ...
Median family income ($) 103,868 ... ...
Average family income ($) 123,234 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 87,732 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 98,090 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,970 ... ...
Median family income ($) 56,996 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,360 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 50,967 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,435 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 14,165 6,220 7,950
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,425 38,397 32,246
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,171 48,500 39,003
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,345 32,988 28,464
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,940 38,324 32,293
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 127,085 62,355 64,730
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 55,295 26,195 29,105
In bottom decile 8,345 4,040 4,305
In second decile 9,175 4,070 5,105
In third decile 12,075 5,695 6,380
In fourth decile 12,150 5,720 6,425
In fifth decile 13,555 6,665 6,885
In top half of the Canadian distribution 71,790 36,165 35,630
In sixth decile 13,985 6,890 7,100
In seventh decile 14,870 7,520 7,350
In eighth decile 14,180 7,175 7,005
In ninth decile 15,025 7,575 7,450
In top decile 13,730 7,005 6,725
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 49,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 960 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 595 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,085 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,805 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,330 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,225 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,315 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,995 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,840 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,965 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,385 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,630 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,490 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 49,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 980 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 620 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,105 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,945 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,210 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,920 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,715 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,895 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 9,205 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,765 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,250 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,845 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,410 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 49,625 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 71,366 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 89,259 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,750 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,646 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 11,980 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 36,806 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 45,238 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 31,574 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 36,466 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 37,650 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 84,592 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 103,267 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 71,435 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 82,840 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 127,085 62,355 64,735
Less than 18 years 27,310 14,150 13,160
Less than 6 years 9,340 4,715 4,620
18 to 64 years 82,915 40,400 42,505
65 years and over 16,865 7,805 9,060
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 13,525 6,185 7,345
Less than 18 years 3,140 1,560 1,580
Less than 6 years 1,020 470 550
18 to 64 years 8,295 3,955 4,345
65 years and over 2,095 675 1,420
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 10.6 9.9 11.3
Less than 18 years (%) 11.5 11.0 12.0
Less than 6 years (%) 10.9 10.0 11.9
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 12.4 8.6 15.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Brossard - La Prairie, Quebec (Code 24011) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Brossard - La Prairie, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Brossard - La Prairie, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brossard - La Prairie
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 128,001 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 113,985 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 12.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,154 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 49,625 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 761.3 ... ...
Land area (square km) 168.14 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 128,000 62,715 65,290
0 to 4 years 7,790 4,015 3,775
5 to 9 years 7,320 3,735 3,580
10 to 14 years 7,260 3,710 3,545
15 to 19 years 8,380 4,305 4,075
15 years 1,655 845 810
16 years 1,670 850 825
17 years 1,725 910 805
18 years 1,655 845 810
19 years 1,680 855 825
20 to 24 years 7,660 3,915 3,745
25 to 29 years 7,590 3,775 3,815
30 to 34 years 8,945 4,330 4,615
35 to 39 years 9,090 4,455 4,630
40 to 44 years 9,370 4,545 4,825
45 to 49 years 9,890 4,840 5,045
50 to 54 years 9,820 4,720 5,105
55 to 59 years 8,855 4,175 4,680
60 to 64 years 8,215 3,890 4,325
65 to 69 years 6,630 3,245 3,375
70 to 74 years 4,450 2,145 2,305
75 to 79 years 3,135 1,505 1,630
80 to 84 years 2,070 875 1,200
85 years and over 1,540 520 1,015
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.0 39.0 40.9
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.5 81.7 83.3
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 105,640 51,250 54,390
Married or living with a common-law partner 64,610 32,335 32,275
Married (and not separated) 46,445 23,205 23,245
Living common law 18,165 9,135 9,035
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 41,030 18,915 22,110
Single (never legally married) 28,385 15,030 13,360
Separated 1,555 645 910
Divorced 6,380 2,280 4,095
Widowed 4,705 960 3,745
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 37,310 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 17,105 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,590 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,435 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,175 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 37,310 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 31,830 ... ...
Married couples 22,750 ... ...
Without children at home 9,555 ... ...
With children at home 13,195 ... ...
1 child 4,890 ... ...
2 children 5,905 ... ...
3 or more children 2,405 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,080 ... ...
Without children at home 4,295 ... ...
With children at home 4,780 ... ...
1 child 1,980 ... ...
2 children 2,130 ... ...
3 or more children 675 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,480 ... ...
Female parent 4,145 ... ...
1 child 2,455 ... ...
2 children 1,290 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ...
Male parent 1,335 ... ...
1 child 805 ... ...
2 children 435 ... ...
3 or more children 95 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 41,335 ... ...
Under six years of age 9,320 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,960 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,965 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,030 ... ...
25 years and over 5,060 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 127,090 62,365 64,720
Number of persons not in census families 16,620 7,310 9,315
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,425 925 1,490
Living with non-relatives only 2,220 1,215 1,005
Living alone 11,975 5,165 6,815
Number of census family persons 110,465 55,060 55,405
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 17,040 8,020 9,020
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,905 1,335 3,575
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 910 180 725
Living with non-relatives only 295 120 175
Living alone 3,705 1,035 2,670
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 12,135 6,690 5,445
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 49,625 ... ...
Census-family households 36,465 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 33,920 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 29,315 ... ...
Without children 12,785 ... ...
With children 16,530 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,605 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,545 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,740 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,245 ... ...
Without children 420 ... ...
With children 825 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 495 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 805 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,160 ... ...
One-person households 11,980 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,180 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 49,625 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,970 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,400 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 485 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 21,770 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,990 ... ...
Row house 2,825 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 765 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 14,100 ... ...
Other single-attached house 90 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 49,625 ... ...
1 person 11,975 ... ...
2 persons 16,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,565 ... ...
4 persons 8,390 ... ...
5 persons 2,870 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,290 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 127,090 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 127,265 62,490 64,775
  Single responses  122,940 60,225 62,710
    English  12,475 6,270 6,205
    French  78,075 38,135 39,935
    Non-official languages  32,390 15,825 16,565
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 5 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 32,140 15,690 16,445
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  45 20 25
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  3,800 1,995 1,805
        Armenian  305 155 155
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Bengali  355 180 175
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  60 35 30
        Bisayan languages  30 10 20
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  350 180 170
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  2,485 1,160 1,325
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,810 2,315 2,500
        Creoles  1,010 495 515
        Croatian  30 25 10
        Czech  45 25 20
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  50 25 25
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  10 5 10
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  265 130 130
        Greek  1,435 740 690
        Gujarati  150 75 80
        Hakka  30 15 20
        Hebrew  20 10 5
        Hindi  245 115 125
        Hungarian  155 75 85
        Ilocano  20 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Italian  1,050 560 490
        Japanese  70 25 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  175 80 95
        Korean  230 105 120
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  85 45 45
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 5 5
        Lithuanian  25 10 15
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  20 10 15
        Malayalam  40 15 25
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  1,065 510 560
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 50 30 20
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  100 55 45
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  360 170 180
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  1,900 970 925
        Polish  415 180 235
        Portuguese  1,135 530 600
        Romanian  1,530 730 805
        Rundi (Kirundi)  30 10 15
        Russian  615 275 335
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  30 10 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  40 15 20
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 15
        Shanghainese  15 10 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Sindhi  20 5 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  25 10 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  45 20 25
        Slovenian  35 5 25
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  3,980 1,920 2,060
        Swahili  20 10 5
        Swedish  5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  325 100 220
        Taiwanese  85 45 40
        Tamil  165 85 80
        Telugu  30 20 15
        Thai  5 0 10
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  25 10 15
        Turkish  185 90 90
        Ukrainian  110 50 65
        Urdu  605 300 300
        Vietnamese  1,565 750 815
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 250 125 120
  Multiple responses          4,325 2,270 2,065
    English and French  1,745 910 830
    English and non-official language  810 430 380
    French and non-official language  1,235 645 590
    English, French and non-official language 540 280 260
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 127,270 62,495 64,775
  English only 9,780 4,895 4,885
  French only 37,930 16,775 21,160
  English and French 76,185 39,410 36,770
  Neither English nor French 3,365 1,415 1,955
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 127,270 62,495 64,775
  English 23,805 11,925 11,880
  French 89,550 43,685 45,865
  English and French 10,635 5,515 5,120
  Neither English nor French 3,275 1,365 1,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 29,125 14,685 14,440
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 22.9 23.5 22.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 127,270 62,495 64,775
  Single responses 119,890 58,825 61,055
    English 17,210 8,620 8,585
    French 81,520 39,935 41,580
    Non-official languages 21,165 10,270 10,895
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 21,100 10,240 10,860
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 40 25 15
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 1,970 995 980
        Armenian 145 65 80
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Bengali 230 115 115
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 10 15
        Bisayan languages 0 5 0
        Bosnian 10 0 5
        Bulgarian 275 140 135
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 2,235 1,070 1,170
        Chinese, n.o.s. 4,045 1,965 2,080
        Creoles 435 205 235
        Croatian 10 5 5
        Czech 20 10 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 35 15 20
        Greek 740 375 365
        Gujarati 75 35 45
        Hakka 5 0 5
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 120 55 65
        Hungarian 65 25 35
        Ilocano 5 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Italian 190 80 110
        Japanese 35 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 90 40 45
        Korean 190 85 100
        Kurdish 5 5 5
        Lao 40 25 15
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 15 10 10
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 915 445 470
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 15 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 210 95 115
        Pashto 0 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 1,505 740 765
        Polish 205 100 105
        Portuguese 535 255 275
        Romanian 1,155 565 585
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 490 240 255
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 5
        Sindhi 15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 15 5 10
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 5 0 0
        Spanish 2,805 1,365 1,440
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 55 80
        Taiwanese 50 30 20
        Tamil 115 55 60
        Telugu 10 5 5
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 10 0 5
        Turkish 150 70 75
        Ukrainian 35 15 20
        Urdu 370 180 190
        Vietnamese 1,135 535 595
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 25 35
  Multiple responses         7,380 3,665 3,715
    English and French 1,990 1,005 985
    English and non-official language 1,625 780 845
    French and non-official language 2,440 1,195 1,250
    English, French and non-official language 1,330 685 640
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 127,270 62,490 64,775
  None 95,600 46,785 48,815
  Single responses  28,570 14,125 14,440
    English  12,220 6,145 6,075
    French  8,650 4,260 4,390
    Non-official languages  7,700 3,725 3,980
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,555 3,655 3,905
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  0 0 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,235 635 600
        Armenian  70 35 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Bengali  80 40 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 10 5
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  45 20 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  250 115 135
        Chinese, n.o.s.  485 220 270
        Creoles  680 335 345
        Croatian  10 5 0
        Czech  15 10 5
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  10 0 10
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 5
        German  125 60 60
        Greek  480 245 235
        Gujarati  75 35 40
        Hakka  20 15 10
        Hebrew  5 0 0
        Hindi  110 40 65
        Hungarian  40 25 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  390 200 190
        Japanese  30 15 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 15 15
        Korean  25 5 15
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  25 15 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  25 10 10
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 0 5
        Malayalam  15 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  195 95 100
        Marathi  10 5 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  50 20 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  115 65 55
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  160 95 65
        Polish  90 35 55
        Portuguese  360 155 205
        Romanian  225 105 120
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  110 45 70
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Sindhi  15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  930 455 480
        Swahili  20 10 10
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  135 45 85
        Taiwanese  35 15 20
        Tamil  40 20 15
        Telugu  20 15 5
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  30 15 10
        Ukrainian  25 5 15
        Urdu  200 100 105
        Vietnamese  290 140 155
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 140 70 75
  Multiple responses          3,100 1,580 1,515
    English and French  1,675 855 815
    English and non-official language  760 400 365
    French and non-official language  625 305 315
    English, French and non-official language  40 20 20

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Brossard - La Prairie, Quebec (Code 24011) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Brossard - La Prairie (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Brossard - La Prairie, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Brossard - La Prairie (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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