NHS Profile, LaSalle - Émard, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, LaSalle - Émard, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic LaSalle - Émard
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 97,945 46,440 51,505
Canadian citizens 87,220 41,265 45,950
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,980 8,120 7,860
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 71,240 33,145 38,090
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 10,730 5,175 5,555
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 97,945 46,440 51,505
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 64,695 30,635 34,055
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 31,795 15,020 16,770
Before 1971 6,065 2,885 3,180
1971 to 1980 3,630 1,620 2,010
1981 to 1990 3,405 1,615 1,790
1991 to 2000 5,770 2,730 3,040
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 12,920 6,165 6,755
2001 to 2005 5,115 2,470 2,645
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,805 3,695 4,115
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,460 785 680
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 31,790 15,020 16,770
Under 5 years 2,545 1,270 1,270
5 to 14 years 5,340 2,465 2,870
15 to 24 years 7,415 3,405 4,010
25 to 44 years 14,425 6,980 7,450
45 years and over 2,070 900 1,170
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 97,945 46,440 51,505
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 64,690 30,635 34,060
Born in province of residence 62,085 29,475 32,605
Born outside province of residence 2,610 1,160 1,455
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 31,795 15,020 16,770
Americas 6,955 2,785 4,175
United States 390 200 190
Jamaica 795 260 535
Guyana 390 125 270
Haiti 550 260 290
Mexico 745 260 490
Trinidad and Tobago 570 210 360
Colombia 370 180 185
El Salvador 425 210 215
Peru 175 70 100
Chile 195 115 80
Other places of birth in Americas 2,350 890 1,455
Europe 10,260 5,070 5,195
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 295 145 155
Italy 3,910 1,975 1,940
Germany 210 105 100
Poland 800 300 505
Portugal 370 180 185
Netherlands 15 0 0
France 625 325 300
Romania 535 275 260
Russian Federation 560 260 300
Greece 265 150 115
Ukraine 680 345 335
Croatia 40 20 20
Hungary 50 20 30
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 0 0
Serbia 75 35 0
Ireland, Republic of 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,770 890 880
Africa 6,245 3,200 3,045
Morocco 755 375 380
Algeria 1,875 965 910
Egypt 175 105 65
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 150 105 40
Ethiopia 70 35 35
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 3,205 1,605 1,595
Asia 8,300 3,945 4,360
India 1,575 845 730
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 2,690 1,220 1,475
Philippines 505 195 315
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 195 85 110
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 520 250 270
Pakistan 235 125 110
Sri Lanka 175 75 100
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 515 280 230
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 140 45 95
Lebanon 210 125 85
Taiwan 70 40 30
Iraq 105 60 45
Bangladesh 405 200 205
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 105 30 75
Turkey 115 50 70
Other places of birth in Asia 715 315 400
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,460 785 680
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 7,805 3,690 4,110
Americas 1,535 685 855
United States 110 80 35
Mexico 445 145 300
Cuba 90 45 45
Haiti 160 85 75
Jamaica 60 40 10
Brazil 60 30 25
Colombia 170 95 75
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 15 15 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 395 125 270
Europe 1,540 735 800
France 120 50 70
Germany 30 25 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 90 40 55
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 420 215 200
Russian Federation 150 55 100
Ukraine 320 165 155
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 385 180 205
Africa 2,755 1,380 1,370
Nigeria 70 45 20
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 85 40 45
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 750 320 425
Egypt 70 50 0
Morocco 255 125 135
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 270 145 125
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 180 60 120
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,060 585 475
Asia 1,985 895 1,090
Philippines 115 45 70
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 800 320 480
India 345 215 130
Pakistan 35 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 110 55 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 75 40 30
Bangladesh 100 60 45
Lebanon 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 35 0 25
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 75 0 55
Turkey 35 0 25
Israel 35 25 10
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 160 60 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 97,950 46,440 51,510
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 33,340 15,855 17,480
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 18,375 9,200 9,175
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 46,235 21,385 24,850
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 97,950 46,440 51,510
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 29,675 14,155 15,520
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,895 1,975 1,915
Chinese 4,345 2,105 2,245
Black 11,230 5,130 6,100
Filipino 700 285 415
Latin American 3,050 1,420 1,635
Arab 3,255 1,710 1,540
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,015 520 495
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 775 415 365
Korean 165 65 105
Japanese 155 75 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 415 160 255
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 665 290 375
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 68,270 32,285 35,985
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 97,950 46,440 51,505
North American Aboriginal origins 2,155 960 1,195
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,825 825 995
Inuit 60 40 20
Métis 325 125 195
Other North American origins 36,315 16,840 19,475
Acadian 255 105 155
American 585 285 305
Canadian 34,215 15,805 18,410
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 1,755 885 870
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 46,705 22,115 24,595
British Isles origins 12,685 5,565 7,120
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 5,120 2,210 2,915
Irish 6,840 3,050 3,790
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 3,685 1,505 2,180
Welsh 340 125 220
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 605 260 350
French origins 17,250 8,055 9,195
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 100 65 35
French 17,170 8,005 9,170
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,490 1,175 1,310
Austrian 130 60 70
Belgian 555 300 255
Dutch 320 180 145
Flemish 65 0 35
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,425 615 810
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 120 60 60
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 250 130 120
Danish 35 0 30
Finnish 55 35 20
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 55 25 30
Swedish 105 60 40
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 6,995 3,480 3,510
Bulgarian 450 235 215
Byelorussian 65 35 25
Czech 80 60 15
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 15 0 0
Hungarian 250 135 110
Latvian 35 0 20
Lithuanian 310 180 130
Moldovan 500 225 275
Polish 2,155 975 1,175
Romanian 1,025 510 515
Russian 1,520 765 755
Slovak 80 40 45
Ukrainian 1,485 765 725
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 15,905 7,820 8,085
Albanian 530 270 255
Bosnian 25 15 0
Croatian 85 45 40
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 950 545 405
Italian 11,580 5,745 5,830
Kosovar 15 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,260 585 675
Serbian 100 40 60
Sicilian 30 0 0
Slovenian 25 0 0
Spanish 1,895 795 1,105
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 40 20 20
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 605 285 320
Basque 20 0 0
Jewish 500 260 245
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 35 0 25
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 55 0 45
Caribbean origins 6,085 2,595 3,495
Antiguan 45 30 20
Bahamian 75 0 0
Barbadian 1,050 430 625
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 40 15 20
Cuban 195 65 125
Dominican 130 55 75
Grenadian 210 75 135
Haitian 945 475 470
Jamaican 1,685 715 965
Kittitian/Nevisian 50 0 45
Martinican 70 45 30
Montserratan 95 50 45
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 30 0 20
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 695 290 400
Vincentian/Grenadinian 430 100 330
West Indian, n.o.s. 590 275 315
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 295 155 140
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,850 1,680 2,170
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 105 30 70
Argentinian 55 10 40
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 110 45 65
Chilean 245 140 110
Colombian 455 205 250
Costa Rican 70 45 25
Ecuadorian 55 0 45
Guatemalan 210 95 110
Guyanese 515 210 305
Hispanic 25 0 10
Honduran 90 40 50
Maya 20 0 0
Mexican 915 360 555
Nicaraguan 25 10 15
Panamanian 50 35 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 195 80 115
Salvadorean 680 325 350
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 120 50 70
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 65 40 30
African origins 8,435 4,300 4,135
Central and West African origins 2,485 1,315 1,170
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 65 50 0
Burkinabe 40 30 0
Cameroonian 400 210 195
Chadian 55 40 15
Congolese 710 375 330
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 15 0 0
Ghanaian 155 90 60
Guinean 250 95 155
Ibo 25 0 20
Ivorian 85 55 35
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 90 40 50
Nigerian 165 80 80
Peulh 35 25 0
Senegalese 250 120 135
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 90 55 35
Yoruba 30 20 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 240 100 140
North African origins 3,485 1,800 1,685
Algerian 1,745 910 835
Berber 695 360 335
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 290 175 115
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 35 30 0
Moroccan 795 355 440
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 60 35 25
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 55 30 20
Southern and East African origins 1,090 560 525
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 30 25 0
Burundian 225 120 105
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 80 30 55
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 50 25 30
Mauritian 70 35 35
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 275 150 130
Seychellois 20 0 15
Somali 20 0 0
South African 20 0 20
Tanzanian 35 10 25
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 120 55 65
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 175 105 75
Other African origins 1,515 685 830
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 130 45 85
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,420 660 760
Asian origins 14,130 6,965 7,165
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,970 1,595 1,380
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 940 545 400
Armenian 115 25 85
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 15 0 10
Iranian 655 360 295
Iraqi 130 55 75
Israeli 35 20 15
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 25 0 0
Kurd 70 35 30
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 510 295 215
Palestinian 50 45 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 150 90 65
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 260 110 150
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 60 0 40
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 40 10 25
South Asian origins 4,320 2,150 2,175
Bangladeshi 290 130 160
Bengali 230 140 90
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,045 1,530 1,515
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 330 150 175
Punjabi 290 150 145
Sinhalese 35 0 30
Sri Lankan 160 75 85
Tamil 125 70 55
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 130 65 70
East and Southeast Asian origins 6,910 3,270 3,645
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 170 85 85
Chinese 4,905 2,375 2,530
Filipino 780 300 475
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 40 20 0
Japanese 270 130 140
Korean 195 60 130
Laotian 35 35 0
Malaysian 25 20 0
Mongolian 10 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 45 30 0
Thai 25 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 800 405 400
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 85 0 75
Australian 35 0 25
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 97,950 46,440 51,505
Buddhist 1,420 655 765
Christian 71,350 32,625 38,730
Anglican 2,265 930 1,330
Baptist 310 140 170
Catholic 56,255 25,815 30,440
Christian Orthodox 3,250 1,550 1,700
Lutheran 110 40 75
Pentecostal 1,665 680 990
Presbyterian 220 95 130
United Church 770 295 480
Other Christian 6,500 3,085 3,415
Hindu 1,295 670 620
Jewish 415 270 145
Muslim 6,635 3,395 3,235
Sikh 1,630 880 745
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 20 0 0
Other religions 235 100 130
No religious affiliation 14,955 7,835 7,120
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 97,950 46,440 51,510
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 945 435 510
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 605 290 310
Métis single identity 285 120 170
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 97,000 46,000 51,000
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 97,950 46,440 51,510
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 250 105 150
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 97,695 46,335 51,360
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 97,945 46,435 51,505
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,150 960 1,190
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,825 830 1,000
Métis ancestry 325 130 200
Inuit ancestry 60 40 20
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 95,795 45,480 50,310
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 39,490 19,160 20,330
Aboriginal languages 60 30 35
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 45 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,430 19,125 20,305
Italian 8,530 4,230 4,300
Portuguese 835 390 445
Romanian 1,205 570 635
Spanish 6,395 2,810 3,585
Dutch 75 25 45
Flemish 0 0 0
German 475 240 230
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 40 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 395 215 185
Croatian 50 25 25
Czech 60 45 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 1,345 565 785
Russian 2,495 1,295 1,205
Serbian 110 35 65
Serbo-Croatian 15 0 0
Slovak 15 0 10
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 510 250 260
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 145 90 55
Greek 715 385 325
Armenian 75 20 50
Albanian 560 265 295
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 130 70 60
Turkish 210 105 105
Berber languages (Kabyle) 460 220 240
Oromo 225 110 110
Somali 75 45 35
Amharic 75 30 45
Arabic 3,460 1,875 1,585
Hebrew 165 80 80
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 625 315 310
Gujarati 295 155 140
Hindi 845 425 420
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,925 1,000 925
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 0 30
Urdu 400 205 195
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 80 35 40
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 625 335 295
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 200 105 95
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 195 95 105
Korean 165 65 100
Cantonese 755 390 365
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 965 530 440
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,630 1,170 1,460
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 190 80 110
Vietnamese 705 370 335
Bisayan languages 20 0 15
Ilocano 20 0 0
Malay 60 30 30
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 605 205 400
Akan (Twi) 95 45 55
Lingala 450 245 200
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 90 100
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 330 160 165
Swahili 360 185 180
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 250 140 105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 520 255 270
African languages, n.i.e. 120 50 70
Creoles 990 475 520
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 935 460 475
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 96,845 45,915 50,925
Non-movers 85,655 40,625 45,030
Movers 11,190 5,290 5,895
Non-migrants 8,230 3,850 4,375
Migrants 2,960 1,435 1,525
Internal migrants 1,660 800 865
Intraprovincial migrants 1,410 690 715
Interprovincial migrants 250 105 145
External migrants 1,305 640 660
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 92,300 43,560 48,740
Non-movers 56,455 26,400 30,055
Movers 35,845 17,160 18,680
Non-migrants 24,010 11,485 12,530
Migrants 11,830 5,680 6,155
Internal migrants 5,210 2,400 2,805
Intraprovincial migrants 4,330 2,045 2,285
Interprovincial migrants 875 355 520
External migrants 6,625 3,280 3,345
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 83,095 39,040 44,055
No certificate, diploma or degree 20,210 9,050 11,160
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 21,020 9,765 11,255
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 41,860 20,220 21,645
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,940 5,585 4,355
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,175 5,535 7,640
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,820 1,735 2,090
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 14,925 7,365 7,560
Bachelor's degree 9,285 4,455 4,825
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,645 2,910 2,735
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 55,285 26,650 28,630
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,635 4,165 4,475
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,060 6,340 6,715
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 33,585 16,140 17,445
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,475 4,060 3,415
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,795 4,150 5,645
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,125 1,465 1,660
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,195 6,475 6,720
Bachelor's degree 8,135 3,890 4,245
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,060 2,585 2,480
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 83,095 39,040 44,060
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 41,230 18,815 22,415
Education 2,255 590 1,670
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,005 925 1,080
Humanities 2,345 940 1,405
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,500 1,580 2,920
Business, management and public administration 9,960 3,565 6,395
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,560 900 665
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,305 1,610 700
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,835 7,950 880
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 365 185 180
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,350 890 4,465
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,375 1,085 1,290
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 83,095 39,035 44,055
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,235 18,815 22,415
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,865 20,220 21,640
Location of study inside Canada 32,515 15,355 17,160
Same as province or territory of residence 31,490 14,880 16,610
Another province or territory 1,025 480 550
Location of study outside Canada 9,345 4,860 4,485
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 51,070 25,820 25,250
Single responses 43,300 21,895 21,400
English 15,445 7,845 7,595
French 27,035 13,595 13,445
Non-official languages 820 455 370
Chinese, n.o.s. 200 115 85
Cantonese 95 55 35
Panjabi (Punjabi) 50 35 0
Mandarin 50 0 35
Spanish 70 50 25
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 345 175 170
Multiple responses 7,775 3,930 3,845
English and French 7,200 3,650 3,555
English and non-official language 225 120 105
French and non-official language 55 30 25
English, French and non-official language 290 130 160
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 51,070 25,820 25,250
English 15,440 7,845 7,600
French 27,040 13,595 13,440
Non-official language 820 450 365
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 815 455 365
English and French 7,195 3,645 3,550
English and non-official language 225 125 100
French and non-official language 55 30 25
English, French and non-official language 295 130 165
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 83,095 39,040 44,055
In the labour force 49,525 25,110 24,415
Employed 44,695 22,515 22,180
Unemployed 4,825 2,595 2,230
Not in the labour force 33,570 13,925 19,645
Participation rate 59.6 64.3 55.4
Employment rate 53.8 57.7 50.3
Unemployment rate 9.7 10.3 9.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 49,525 25,105 24,415
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,165 1,070 1,095
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,360 24,035 23,320
Employee 43,500 21,505 21,995
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 3,855 2,535 1,325
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 49,525 25,110 24,415
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,165 1,075 1,095
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,360 24,035 23,320
0 Management occupations 4,030 2,315 1,710
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,290 2,985 6,305
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,530 2,895 635
3 Health occupations 3,070 475 2,595
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 4,705 1,305 3,400
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,225 625 600
6 Sales and service occupations 13,435 6,435 6,995
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,780 5,505 275
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 245 230 15
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,045 1,265 785
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 49,525 25,110 24,415
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,170 1,075 1,095
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 47,355 24,035 23,320
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 120 120 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 30 0 15
22 Utilities 235 175 65
23 Construction 1,940 1,650 290
31-33 Manufacturing 4,660 3,225 1,435
41 Wholesale trade 2,625 1,540 1,085
44-45 Retail trade 5,420 2,590 2,830
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,410 2,535 880
51 Information and cultural industries 1,560 865 690
52 Finance and insurance 2,655 780 1,880
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 960 575 375
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,670 2,105 1,565
55 Management of companies and enterprises 50 0 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,650 1,620 1,030
61 Educational services 3,295 1,100 2,195
62 Health care and social assistance 5,915 975 4,940
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 705 325 380
72 Accommodation and food services 3,350 1,800 1,550
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,110 1,005 1,105
91 Public administration 2,000 1,040 965
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 49,525 25,110 24,415
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,265 2,085 2,185
Worked in 2010 45,255 23,025 22,235
1 to 13 weeks 2,210 1,085 1,130
14 to 26 weeks 3,705 1,835 1,875
27 to 39 weeks 2,855 1,420 1,430
40 to 48 weeks 7,130 3,640 3,495
49 to 52 weeks 29,365 15,055 14,310
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.7 45.0 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 49,525 25,110 24,415
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,265 2,085 2,180
Worked in 2010 45,260 23,025 22,235
Worked full-time in 2010 36,830 19,630 17,195
Worked part-time in 2010 8,430 3,395 5,040
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 44,700 22,515 22,185
Worked at home 1,975 995 975
Worked outside Canada 105 65 40
No fixed workplace address 3,390 2,500 890
Worked at usual place 39,230 18,960 20,275
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 42,620 21,455 21,165
Car, truck or van - as a driver 23,595 14,205 9,390
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,600 435 1,165
Public transit 14,270 5,275 8,995
Walked 2,250 905 1,340
Bicycle 565 465 105
Other methods 335 175 160
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 42,620 21,460 21,160
Median commuting duration 30.1 30.1 30.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 42,620 21,455 21,165
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 10,450 6,420 4,025
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 23,025 10,105 12,915
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,150 4,935 4,220
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 44,910 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 41,765 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,145 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 44,910 ... ...
1960 or before 15,795 ... ...
1961 to 1980 20,495 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,200 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,500 ... ...
2001 to 2005 975 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 940 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 44,910 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 21,555 ... ...
5 rooms 13,880 ... ...
6 rooms 4,210 ... ...
7 rooms 2,690 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,575 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 44,910 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 11,580 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,355 ... ...
3 bedrooms 15,730 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,245 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 44,910 ... ...
Owner 17,100 ... ...
Renter 27,810 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 44,910 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,970 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 39,940 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 44,910 ... ...
1 household maintainer 31,510 ... ...
2 household maintainers 12,465 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 935 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 44,910 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,255 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,775 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,175 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,900 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,320 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,010 ... ...
75 years and over 5,480 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 44,910 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 43,590 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,315 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 44,910 ... ...
Suitable 40,980 ... ...
Not suitable 3,930 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 44,685 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 29,770 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,915 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 12,580 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 17,100 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 55.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 26.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 882 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,047 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,495 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 358,686 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,810 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 683 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 700 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 83,095 39,040 44,055
Without income 4,465 2,030 2,430
With income 78,630 37,005 41,625
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,575 4,225 3,345
$5,000 to $9,999 7,580 3,065 4,520
$10,000 to $14,999 9,500 3,560 5,940
$15,000 to $19,999 9,435 3,755 5,685
$20,000 to $29,999 13,410 6,145 7,270
$30,000 to $39,999 10,905 5,185 5,725
$40,000 to $49,999 7,475 3,625 3,850
$50,000 to $59,999 4,550 2,405 2,145
$60,000 to $79,999 5,075 2,965 2,115
$80,000 to $99,999 1,765 1,150 620
$100,000 and over 1,355 940 410
$100,000 to $124,999 710 475 235
$125,000 and over 640 470 175
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 23,373 26,007 21,512
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,877 32,784 27,292
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 83,095 39,035 44,055
Without after-tax income 4,475 2,035 2,440
With after-tax income 78,620 37,005 41,615
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,760 4,260 3,500
$5,000 to $9,999 7,685 3,085 4,600
$10,000 to $14,999 9,835 3,745 6,090
$15,000 to $19,999 10,135 4,120 6,015
$20,000 to $29,999 16,260 7,670 8,585
$30,000 to $39,999 12,220 5,855 6,365
$40,000 to $49,999 7,230 3,720 3,505
$50,000 to $59,999 3,865 2,230 1,635
$60,000 to $79,999 2,605 1,625 975
$80,000 to $99,999 570 345 220
$100,000 and over 455 340 110
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,252 24,048 20,535
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 25,682 27,633 23,947
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 80.0 85.0 74.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 67.1 70.7 63.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 64.4 67.7 60.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.7 3.0 2.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.4 3.8 3.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.8 8.9 6.7
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.6 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 20.0 15.0 25.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.1 4.7 5.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 5.5 4.0 7.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.2 2.0 2.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 3.0 0.2 5.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.2 4.1 4.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.1 15.7 12.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.9 84.3 87.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.1 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 25,440 13,325 12,115
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 38,134 40,545 36,542
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 42,826 45,609 39,764
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,810 ... ...
Median family income ($) 54,899 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,273 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 50,062 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 56,192 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,050 ... ...
Median family income ($) 52,203 ... ...
Average family income ($) 61,883 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,334 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,351 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 10,850 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,972 ... ...
Average family income ($) 78,836 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,919 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,602 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,770 ... ...
Median family income ($) 40,469 ... ...
Average family income ($) 45,973 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,131 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 41,209 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 20,540 9,475 11,060
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,565 24,970 22,940
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,173 29,438 28,946
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,283 22,994 22,013
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,955 24,990 24,925
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 97,945 46,440 51,505
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 67,665 31,380 36,285
In bottom decile 16,765 7,935 8,830
In second decile 14,085 6,040 8,050
In third decile 13,505 6,265 7,240
In fourth decile 13,120 6,120 6,995
In fifth decile 10,190 5,025 5,165
In top half of the Canadian distribution 30,280 15,060 15,225
In sixth decile 8,655 4,260 4,395
In seventh decile 7,970 3,855 4,115
In eighth decile 6,435 3,205 3,225
In ninth decile 4,505 2,335 2,170
In top decile 2,715 1,405 1,310
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 44,910 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,590 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,750 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,610 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,550 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,695 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,185 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,110 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,945 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,010 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,430 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,385 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,395 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,260 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 44,910 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,645 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,770 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,670 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,805 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,680 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,055 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,875 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,285 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,530 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,800 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,800 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,760 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,040 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 44,910 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 41,560 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 52,309 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,233 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 44,959 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 16,685 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 25,414 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 31,070 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 23,834 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 26,462 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,220 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 54,879 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 64,869 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,990 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 55,897 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 97,945 46,440 51,505
Less than 18 years 18,070 9,125 8,940
Less than 6 years 6,640 3,460 3,185
18 to 64 years 63,575 30,595 32,980
65 years and over 16,300 6,715 9,585
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 25,100 11,220 13,875
Less than 18 years 5,970 2,855 3,120
Less than 6 years 2,345 1,150 1,190
18 to 64 years 15,795 7,405 8,395
65 years and over 3,330 970 2,365
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 25.6 24.2 26.9
Less than 18 years (%) 33.0 31.3 34.9
Less than 6 years (%) 35.3 33.2 37.4
18 to 64 years (%) 24.8 24.2 25.5
65 years and over (%) 20.4 14.4 24.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. LaSalle - Émard, Quebec (Code 24029) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

LaSalle - Émard, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, LaSalle - Émard, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic LaSalle - Émard
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 99,845 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 100,327 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) -0.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 47,453 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,910 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,938.4 ... ...
Land area (square km) 20.22 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 99,845 47,265 52,585
0 to 4 years 5,620 2,865 2,750
5 to 9 years 4,650 2,375 2,270
10 to 14 years 4,640 2,370 2,275
15 to 19 years 5,590 2,880 2,710
15 years 1,045 530 515
16 years 1,115 580 530
17 years 1,085 565 520
18 years 1,205 615 595
19 years 1,140 590 550
20 to 24 years 5,985 2,860 3,125
25 to 29 years 6,785 3,320 3,460
30 to 34 years 7,105 3,395 3,715
35 to 39 years 6,850 3,360 3,490
40 to 44 years 6,910 3,450 3,460
45 to 49 years 7,400 3,610 3,790
50 to 54 years 7,540 3,600 3,940
55 to 59 years 6,865 3,150 3,710
60 to 64 years 6,210 2,840 3,370
65 to 69 years 4,875 2,120 2,760
70 to 74 years 4,135 1,770 2,360
75 to 79 years 3,670 1,560 2,105
80 to 84 years 2,775 1,040 1,730
85 years and over 2,255 690 1,565
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.9 40.3 43.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.1 83.9 86.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 84,940 39,655 45,285
Married or living with a common-law partner 42,200 21,130 21,075
Married (and not separated) 31,925 15,965 15,960
Living common law 10,275 5,160 5,110
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 42,735 18,520 24,215
Single (never legally married) 27,520 14,045 13,475
Separated 2,010 810 1,200
Divorced 7,170 2,570 4,605
Widowed 6,035 1,100 4,935
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,660 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,725 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,450 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,730 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,755 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,660 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,470 ... ...
Married couples 15,340 ... ...
Without children at home 6,855 ... ...
With children at home 8,480 ... ...
1 child 3,715 ... ...
2 children 3,465 ... ...
3 or more children 1,305 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,130 ... ...
Without children at home 2,875 ... ...
With children at home 2,260 ... ...
1 child 1,115 ... ...
2 children 860 ... ...
3 or more children 280 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,185 ... ...
Female parent 5,110 ... ...
1 child 3,235 ... ...
2 children 1,370 ... ...
3 or more children 505 ... ...
Male parent 1,075 ... ...
1 child 765 ... ...
2 children 250 ... ...
3 or more children 65 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 27,860 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,540 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,270 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,130 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,660 ... ...
25 years and over 4,250 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 97,950 46,610 51,340
Number of persons not in census families 22,960 10,270 12,690
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,575 1,000 1,575
Living with non-relatives only 3,615 2,070 1,550
Living alone 16,770 7,200 9,570
Number of census family persons 74,990 36,340 38,645
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 16,260 6,780 9,480
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,730 1,805 4,920
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 815 175 645
Living with non-relatives only 420 205 215
Living alone 5,490 1,430 4,060
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,530 4,975 4,555
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 44,910 ... ...
Census-family households 26,180 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,120 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 18,910 ... ...
Without children 9,015 ... ...
With children 9,895 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,205 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,060 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,595 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 940 ... ...
Without children 370 ... ...
With children 570 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 660 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 460 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,730 ... ...
One-person households 16,770 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,965 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 44,910 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,505 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,260 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 35 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 42,115 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,610 ... ...
Row house 1,400 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 23,975 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 15,030 ... ...
Other single-attached house 90 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 44,910 ... ...
1 person 16,770 ... ...
2 persons 14,030 ... ...
3 persons 6,795 ... ...
4 persons 4,940 ... ...
5 persons 1,665 ... ...
6 or more persons 720 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,945 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,740 46,815 51,925
  Single responses  95,065 45,000 50,060
    English  22,230 10,415 11,815
    French  43,170 20,220 22,950
    Non-official languages  29,660 14,370 15,290
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 10 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 29,260 14,180 15,080
        African languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  90 40 45
        Albanian  410 205 200
        Amharic  40 15 25
        Arabic  2,105 1,140 965
        Armenian  40 20 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 110 45 65
        Bengali  540 265 275
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  215 115 100
        Bisayan languages  25 10 15
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  480 245 235
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  590 290 300
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,555 1,230 1,320
        Creoles  495 230 260
        Croatian  95 50 45
        Czech  50 25 20
        Danish  0 0 5
        Dutch  40 20 20
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  10 5 10
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  5 5 0
        German  145 60 85
        Greek  565 280 280
        Gujarati  210 110 105
        Hakka  5 0 5
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  105 60 50
        Hungarian  100 55 40
        Ilocano  40 15 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Italian  6,170 2,960 3,210
        Japanese  55 15 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  85 40 45
        Korean  195 90 110
        Kurdish  40 20 20
        Lao  20 10 10
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  130 55 75
        Lithuanian  110 45 60
        Macedonian  10 5 0
        Malay  30 15 20
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  690 320 370
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  10 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 310 150 155
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  220 120 95
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,700 895 805
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  390 205 185
        Polish  1,175 520 655
        Portuguese  750 360 390
        Romanian  1,045 505 540
        Rundi (Kirundi)  155 60 90
        Russian  1,425 655 770
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  160 75 90
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Serbian  60 30 30
        Serbo-Croatian  25 10 10
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 10
        Sindhi  5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Slovak  35 20 20
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  50 30 20
        Spanish  3,230 1,570 1,655
        Swahili  120 55 65
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  325 100 230
        Taiwanese  10 5 0
        Tamil  125 55 75
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  40 15 25
        Turkish  170 90 75
        Ukrainian  305 130 175
        Urdu  230 115 115
        Vietnamese  430 195 235
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 370 175 195
  Multiple responses          3,675 1,815 1,860
    English and French  1,380 685 695
    English and non-official language  825 405 420
    French and non-official language  1,035 505 530
    English, French and non-official language 430 215 215
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,735 46,815 51,925
  English only 15,490 7,300 8,190
  French only 23,700 10,220 13,480
  English and French 56,720 28,185 28,535
  Neither English nor French 2,830 1,110 1,715
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,735 46,815 51,925
  English 34,660 16,535 18,125
  French 52,855 24,795 28,060
  English and French 8,490 4,425 4,065
  Neither English nor French 2,725 1,060 1,665
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 38,910 18,750 20,160
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 39.4 40.1 38.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,740 46,815 51,920
  Single responses 91,895 43,430 48,465
    English 28,620 13,470 15,155
    French 44,815 21,115 23,705
    Non-official languages 18,450 8,850 9,600
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 15
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 18,270 8,775 9,500
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 50 20 25
        Albanian 260 125 135
        Amharic 25 10 15
        Arabic 1,015 525 490
        Armenian 15 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
        Bengali 415 200 215
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 70 35 35
        Bisayan languages 10 5 5
        Bosnian 5 5 0
        Bulgarian 405 215 190
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 465 235 235
        Chinese, n.o.s. 2,250 1,090 1,160
        Creoles 215 100 115
        Croatian 40 20 25
        Czech 25 15 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 20 10 10
        Greek 275 125 150
        Gujarati 160 80 80
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 0
        Hindi 55 30 25
        Hungarian 35 15 15
        Ilocano 20 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Italian 2,725 1,205 1,515
        Japanese 30 15 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 50 30 25
        Korean 160 75 85
        Kurdish 30 15 15
        Lao 20 5 10
        Latvian 5 0 5
        Lingala 30 20 15
        Lithuanian 40 20 20
        Macedonian 5 5 0
        Malay 15 5 10
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 650 305 345
        Marathi 5 5 0
        Nepali 10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 60 35 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,335 695 640
        Pashto 5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 285 140 145
        Polish 685 310 370
        Portuguese 410 195 210
        Romanian 860 425 435
        Rundi (Kirundi) 60 20 45
        Russian 1,285 615 670
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 50 30 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Serbian 55 25 30
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 15 5 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 25 15 15
        Spanish 2,300 1,105 1,195
        Swahili 40 20 25
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 55 85
        Taiwanese 5 5 5
        Tamil 100 50 55
        Telugu 5 5 0
        Thai 0 5 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 15 5 5
        Turkish 115 60 55
        Ukrainian 135 60 75
        Urdu 170 85 85
        Vietnamese 330 150 180
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 160 70 90
  Multiple responses         6,845 3,385 3,465
    English and French 1,750 865 880
    English and non-official language 1,850 890 960
    French and non-official language 2,255 1,115 1,140
    English, French and non-official language 995 510 480
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,740 46,815 51,920
  None 73,410 34,500 38,905
  Single responses  23,030 11,175 11,860
    English  7,910 3,935 3,980
    French  7,465 3,540 3,925
    Non-official languages  7,655 3,700 3,955
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,465 3,615 3,850
        African languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Afrikaans  0 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  35 15 20
        Albanian  40 20 20
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  840 435 405
        Armenian  10 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 50 25 25
        Bengali  75 35 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  80 40 40
        Bisayan languages  5 5 0
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  45 20 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  85 45 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  235 115 120
        Creoles  320 155 165
        Croatian  15 5 5
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  20 10 15
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  80 40 35
        Greek  190 90 100
        Gujarati  40 20 15
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  85 45 40
        Hungarian  20 15 10
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Italian  2,065 1,035 1,035
        Japanese  25 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 10 10
        Korean  30 15 10
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  0 5 0
        Latvian  0 0 5
        Lingala  150 75 75
        Lithuanian  30 10 20
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 5 10
        Malayalam  0 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  50 20 30
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 200 90 110
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  80 40 40
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  175 90 80
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  65 40 25
        Polish  235 90 145
        Portuguese  180 70 105
        Romanian  120 60 60
        Rundi (Kirundi)  60 30 25
        Russian  165 75 95
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  80 30 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  10 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  15 5 5
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  15 10 5
        Spanish  785 370 415
        Swahili  80 30 50
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  120 40 80
        Taiwanese  0 5 0
        Tamil  25 10 15
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  15 10 10
        Turkish  30 20 10
        Ukrainian  100 45 60
        Urdu  55 30 25
        Vietnamese  80 35 45
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 180 75 100
  Multiple responses          2,300 1,145 1,155
    English and French  1,145 610 535
    English and non-official language  470 215 255
    French and non-official language  655 300 350
    English, French and non-official language  30 15 15

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. LaSalle - Émard, Quebec (Code 24029) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: LaSalle - Émard (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: LaSalle - Émard, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: LaSalle - Émard (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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