NHS Profile, Laurier - Sainte-Marie, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Laurier - Sainte-Marie, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laurier - Sainte-Marie
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 99,360 52,865 46,495
Canadian citizens 83,935 44,325 39,610
Canadian citizens aged under 18 10,340 5,315 5,025
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,595 39,010 34,580
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 15,420 8,545 6,880
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 99,360 52,865 46,495
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 69,645 36,870 32,780
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 22,885 12,140 10,745
Before 1971 1,525 785 740
1971 to 1980 2,380 1,245 1,135
1981 to 1990 2,805 1,520 1,285
1991 to 2000 4,955 2,530 2,430
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,220 6,065 5,155
2001 to 2005 3,920 1,980 1,945
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,300 4,085 3,215
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 6,825 3,855 2,970
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 22,890 12,140 10,745
Under 5 years 1,835 915 915
5 to 14 years 3,010 1,500 1,510
15 to 24 years 3,755 1,960 1,790
25 to 44 years 12,845 7,140 5,705
45 years and over 1,450 625 825
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 99,365 52,865 46,495
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 69,650 36,875 32,775
Born in province of residence 62,450 32,915 29,530
Born outside province of residence 7,200 3,955 3,245
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 22,885 12,140 10,745
Americas 4,805 2,680 2,120
United States 740 450 285
Jamaica 15 20 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 565 305 260
Mexico 675 400 275
Trinidad and Tobago 40 30 0
Colombia 555 260 295
El Salvador 125 80 40
Peru 335 170 160
Chile 390 215 175
Other places of birth in Americas 1,360 750 610
Europe 9,840 5,140 4,700
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 280 150 125
Italy 260 155 100
Germany 185 90 95
Poland 220 80 140
Portugal 815 365 450
Netherlands 15 15 0
France 5,600 3,095 2,500
Romania 295 135 155
Russian Federation 490 195 295
Greece 160 95 65
Ukraine 145 45 95
Croatia 30 0 25
Hungary 70 40 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 20 15
Serbia 20 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 15 15 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,195 625 570
Africa 3,285 1,800 1,475
Morocco 785 400 385
Algeria 830 440 390
Egypt 140 80 60
South Africa, Republic of 45 20 30
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 10 10 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,465 850 615
Asia 4,860 2,435 2,425
India 115 50 60
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,110 455 655
Philippines 40 0 25
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 180 115 65
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 800 410 395
Pakistan 110 75 40
Sri Lanka 35 0 30
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 265 145 120
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 135 60 80
Lebanon 465 310 155
Taiwan 120 25 90
Iraq 55 15 0
Bangladesh 515 255 265
Afghanistan 30 10 20
Japan 140 40 100
Turkey 115 85 25
Other places of birth in Asia 645 370 270
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 100 80 20
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 105 80 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 6,825 3,855 2,970
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 7,300 4,085 3,215
Americas 1,600 870 725
United States 225 125 95
Mexico 480 275 205
Cuba 25 20 0
Haiti 95 55 40
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 270 150 120
Colombia 190 90 105
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 95 45 50
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 70 25 45
Other places of birth in Americas 135 70 65
Europe 3,385 1,965 1,425
France 2,490 1,515 975
Germany 85 55 30
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 65 25 35
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 30 15 15
Russian Federation 230 95 135
Ukraine 60 0 40
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 45 30 10
Other places of birth in Europe 385 205 180
Africa 1,125 640 485
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 285 140 145
Egypt 15 15 0
Morocco 245 130 115
Tunisia 205 150 55
Cameroon 25 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 40 0 25
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 275 155 120
Asia 1,160 590 570
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 275 120 160
India 35 20 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 95 50 45
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 0 25
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 70 30 35
Lebanon 190 140 50
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 55 15 40
Taiwan 15 0 15
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 85 25 65
Turkey 90 65 25
Israel 20 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 20 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 95 55 40
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 30 20 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 99,360 52,865 46,495
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 30,290 16,335 13,955
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 12,860 6,800 6,060
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 56,210 29,730 26,480
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 99,365 52,870 46,495
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 17,070 9,095 7,980
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,595 860 735
Chinese 2,305 1,080 1,225
Black 3,475 1,970 1,505
Filipino 105 65 45
Latin American 3,555 1,980 1,575
Arab 2,665 1,515 1,155
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,640 855 780
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 460 250 215
Korean 200 85 120
Japanese 325 110 215
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 295 115 180
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 450 215 235
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 82,285 43,775 38,515
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 99,365 52,865 46,495
North American Aboriginal origins 3,545 1,555 1,990
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,160 1,380 1,775
Inuit 70 50 20
Métis 375 150 225
Other North American origins 41,105 21,445 19,660
Acadian 615 305 310
American 1,065 500 565
Canadian 35,535 18,330 17,205
New Brunswicker 25 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 4,605 2,665 1,945
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 58,510 31,315 27,195
British Isles origins 12,980 6,865 6,115
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 4,675 2,595 2,080
Irish 7,515 3,875 3,640
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 3,705 1,930 1,775
Welsh 275 95 180
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 665 450 215
French origins 38,525 20,910 17,620
Alsatian 30 0 0
Breton 300 190 110
French 38,285 20,745 17,540
Western European origins (except French origins) 6,650 3,475 3,175
Austrian 390 155 235
Belgian 1,345 730 615
Dutch 600 295 305
Flemish 55 45 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,710 2,060 1,650
Luxembourger 55 20 0
Swiss 850 405 450
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 75 25 45
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,065 560 505
Danish 145 85 60
Finnish 90 30 55
Icelandic 110 90 20
Norwegian 400 230 165
Swedish 350 135 215
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 70 40 25
Eastern European origins 5,240 2,505 2,735
Bulgarian 230 140 90
Byelorussian 45 0 40
Czech 225 85 135
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 80 40 45
Estonian 20 0 15
Hungarian 455 280 175
Latvian 50 15 40
Lithuanian 175 115 55
Moldovan 35 20 0
Polish 1,930 890 1,035
Romanian 555 275 280
Russian 1,410 635 775
Slovak 130 75 50
Ukrainian 885 385 500
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 30 0 20
Southern European origins 10,320 5,525 4,795
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 50 20 25
Croatian 165 65 105
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 675 395 280
Italian 4,520 2,330 2,190
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 25 0 0
Maltese 30 15 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 2,200 1,155 1,045
Serbian 190 110 75
Sicilian 30 0 25
Slovenian 40 15 30
Spanish 3,300 1,870 1,430
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 50 20 30
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,555 865 695
Basque 90 65 25
Jewish 1,250 690 565
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 200 100 95
Caribbean origins 1,935 1,000 940
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 20 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 80 30 45
Dominican 230 115 115
Grenadian 85 0 0
Haitian 1,085 575 515
Jamaican 100 45 50
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 20 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 195 125 75
Vincentian/Grenadinian 35 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 30 0 25
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 95 50 50
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,980 2,195 1,785
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 250 140 105
Argentinian 130 65 70
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 45 35 0
Brazilian 240 145 90
Chilean 485 250 235
Colombian 620 325 295
Costa Rican 40 25 15
Ecuadorian 85 35 50
Guatemalan 140 90 50
Guyanese 40 0 15
Hispanic 60 40 0
Honduran 120 50 70
Maya 75 30 45
Mexican 975 615 365
Nicaraguan 40 35 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 435 210 225
Salvadorean 175 85 90
Uruguayan 55 35 0
Venezuelan 215 50 165
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 35 15 20
African origins 5,470 2,935 2,535
Central and West African origins 1,285 680 605
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 35 0 25
Burkinabe 20 0 15
Cameroonian 100 55 45
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 370 215 155
Gabonese 40 10 30
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 45 25 15
Guinean 205 105 105
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 45 20 30
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 80 35 45
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 40 0 20
Senegalese 220 140 80
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 50 0 45
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 85 50 35
North African origins 3,280 1,755 1,525
Algerian 985 515 465
Berber 395 235 155
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 310 130 180
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 40 20 0
Moroccan 1,040 530 515
Sudanese 50 20 25
Tunisian 555 350 205
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 65 40 20
Southern and East African origins 460 235 220
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 20 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 40 30 15
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 130 50 80
Mauritian 45 35 10
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 75 35 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 35 20 0
South African 45 20 30
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 60 35 30
Other African origins 590 335 255
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 25 15 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 570 325 245
Asian origins 9,790 5,020 4,775
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,040 1,740 1,300
Afghan 160 90 70
Arab, n.o.s. 655 435 220
Armenian 370 215 150
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 30 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 465 235 230
Iraqi 70 20 50
Israeli 90 30 60
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 880 465 410
Palestinian 100 45 50
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 225 100 120
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 180 130 50
Uighur 20 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 15 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 1,810 975 840
Bangladeshi 440 225 220
Bengali 290 135 155
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 820 475 345
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 180 125 55
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 110 35 75
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 85 50 35
East and Southeast Asian origins 5,085 2,370 2,715
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 150 95 55
Chinese 2,765 1,320 1,445
Filipino 110 65 45
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 35 20 0
Japanese 415 140 275
Korean 230 90 145
Laotian 225 115 115
Malaysian 15 0 0
Mongolian 60 35 30
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 110 35 70
Thai 50 20 30
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,190 580 610
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 50 0 35
Other Asian origins 35 0 20
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 35 0 20
Oceania origins 175 110 70
Australian 115 80 35
New Zealander 55 25 30
Pacific Islands origins 20 15 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 99,360 52,870 46,495
Buddhist 1,605 745 860
Christian 53,855 27,305 26,555
Anglican 380 195 185
Baptist 310 240 70
Catholic 47,825 24,045 23,785
Christian Orthodox 1,345 675 670
Lutheran 175 105 75
Pentecostal 170 80 90
Presbyterian 105 45 60
United Church 365 155 210
Other Christian 3,170 1,760 1,410
Hindu 490 235 255
Jewish 1,085 520 565
Muslim 4,190 2,290 1,900
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 15 0 0
Other religions 455 235 215
No religious affiliation 37,655 21,525 16,120
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 99,360 52,865 46,495
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 910 435 475
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 415 195 225
Métis single identity 320 150 170
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 50 45 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 70 0 55
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 45 30 15
Non-Aboriginal identity 98,455 52,435 46,025
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 99,360 52,870 46,495
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 235 100 135
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 99,125 52,765 46,360
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 99,360 52,870 46,490
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,545 1,555 1,990
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,160 1,385 1,775
Métis ancestry 375 155 225
Inuit ancestry 65 50 15
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 95,815 51,310 44,505
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 32,050 16,680 15,365
Aboriginal languages 20 0 10
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,040 16,675 15,360
Italian 2,235 1,195 1,045
Portuguese 2,450 1,280 1,170
Romanian 375 175 200
Spanish 13,990 7,125 6,865
Dutch 100 65 35
Flemish 25 25 0
German 2,655 1,515 1,135
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 30 25 0
Norwegian 85 50 35
Swedish 185 80 105
Afrikaans 30 10 0
Gaelic languages 40 40 0
Bosnian 20 0 0
Bulgarian 140 75 60
Croatian 60 25 40
Czech 75 25 45
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 355 140 215
Russian 1,110 560 550
Serbian 45 25 0
Serbo-Croatian 50 15 35
Slovak 20 20 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 145 25 120
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 55 35 15
Greek 405 225 180
Armenian 120 75 45
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 0
Hungarian 155 120 40
Turkish 155 115 40
Berber languages (Kabyle) 115 75 35
Oromo 160 110 55
Somali 25 0 0
Amharic 15 0 0
Arabic 3,060 1,780 1,280
Hebrew 240 135 105
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 795 400 390
Gujarati 40 25 15
Hindi 205 105 105
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 30 0 20
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 130 90 40
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 105 60 35
Persian (Farsi) 400 215 185
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 30 0 0
Tamil 75 35 40
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 530 240 295
Korean 165 65 95
Cantonese 435 210 225
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 690 365 330
Taiwanese 30 0 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,295 595 700
Lao 210 115 95
Thai 45 20 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 70 65
Vietnamese 955 485 470
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 55 25 25
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 30 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 160 75 90
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 25 0
Swahili 55 35 20
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 130 80 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 200 95 105
African languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20
Creoles 1,020 600 425
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 610 305 305
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 98,440 52,430 46,015
Non-movers 74,670 39,540 35,130
Movers 23,775 12,890 10,885
Non-migrants 16,435 9,010 7,425
Migrants 7,340 3,880 3,460
Internal migrants 3,675 1,795 1,880
Intraprovincial migrants 2,630 1,245 1,390
Interprovincial migrants 1,045 555 490
External migrants 3,665 2,080 1,580
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 95,050 50,645 44,410
Non-movers 39,665 20,840 18,825
Movers 55,390 29,805 25,585
Non-migrants 31,995 17,350 14,645
Migrants 23,390 12,455 10,935
Internal migrants 11,950 6,260 5,690
Intraprovincial migrants 8,760 4,500 4,255
Interprovincial migrants 3,195 1,760 1,435
External migrants 11,435 6,195 5,245
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 89,665 47,835 41,830
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,615 4,660 4,955
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,990 7,560 5,430
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 67,060 35,620 31,445
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,150 3,695 2,460
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,455 7,365 6,090
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,550 2,875 2,675
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 41,900 21,685 20,215
Bachelor's degree 22,440 11,385 11,050
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 19,465 10,295 9,170
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 68,890 38,050 30,835
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,375 2,465 1,910
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 7,945 5,155 2,790
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 56,570 30,430 26,140
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,965 2,970 1,990
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,220 5,870 4,355
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,455 2,335 2,125
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 36,930 19,265 17,670
Bachelor's degree 19,155 9,875 9,280
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 17,775 9,390 8,390
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 89,665 47,835 41,830
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 22,610 12,215 10,390
Education 3,115 1,005 2,105
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 8,565 4,660 3,905
Humanities 7,065 3,350 3,720
Social and behavioural sciences and law 11,920 5,115 6,805
Business, management and public administration 12,935 6,600 6,335
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,325 2,020 1,305
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,705 2,785 915
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,960 6,325 1,630
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 680 390 295
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,605 2,080 3,520
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,155 1,285 875
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 25 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 89,665 47,835 41,830
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 22,610 12,215 10,390
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 67,060 35,615 31,445
Location of study inside Canada 51,860 26,975 24,890
Same as province or territory of residence 48,380 25,030 23,350
Another province or territory 3,480 1,940 1,535
Location of study outside Canada 15,200 8,640 6,555
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 69,640 38,020 31,620
Single responses 63,725 34,520 29,205
English 12,810 7,485 5,320
French 50,375 26,750 23,630
Non-official languages 540 285 260
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 25 65
Cantonese 40 35 10
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 25 0 0
Spanish 120 70 60
Korean 0 0 0
German 20 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 40 30 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 200 110 90
Multiple responses 5,915 3,495 2,410
English and French 5,385 3,250 2,135
English and non-official language 145 75 75
French and non-official language 110 50 60
English, French and non-official language 275 125 145
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 69,635 38,020 31,620
English 12,805 7,490 5,320
French 50,375 26,750 23,630
Non-official language 545 280 265
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 545 285 260
English and French 5,385 3,245 2,135
English and non-official language 145 70 75
French and non-official language 110 50 60
English, French and non-official language 270 130 145
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 89,665 47,835 41,835
In the labour force 66,405 36,705 29,700
Employed 61,030 33,605 27,425
Unemployed 5,380 3,100 2,275
Not in the labour force 23,260 11,125 12,130
Participation rate 74.1 76.7 71.0
Employment rate 68.1 70.3 65.6
Unemployment rate 8.1 8.4 7.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 66,400 36,705 29,700
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,830 1,090 740
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,575 35,615 28,960
Employee 55,980 30,335 25,650
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,595 5,280 3,315
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 66,405 36,705 29,700
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,830 1,090 740
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,575 35,610 28,960
0 Management occupations 7,005 4,470 2,535
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,920 4,640 6,280
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,830 5,165 1,665
3 Health occupations 3,720 1,495 2,225
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 10,555 4,385 6,170
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 8,000 4,610 3,390
6 Sales and service occupations 13,990 7,830 6,160
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,415 2,170 245
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 210 140 70
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 930 710 220
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 66,405 36,705 29,700
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,825 1,090 740
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 64,575 35,610 28,960
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 135 70 60
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 40 25 20
22 Utilities 300 210 90
23 Construction 1,330 1,140 195
31-33 Manufacturing 3,335 2,330 1,010
41 Wholesale trade 1,540 885 660
44-45 Retail trade 4,935 2,600 2,340
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,540 1,135 405
51 Information and cultural industries 5,165 3,280 1,885
52 Finance and insurance 2,795 1,585 1,205
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,015 575 440
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 10,085 6,030 4,050
55 Management of companies and enterprises 45 30 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,715 1,715 1,000
61 Educational services 7,455 3,280 4,175
62 Health care and social assistance 6,520 2,385 4,135
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 3,335 1,920 1,420
72 Accommodation and food services 5,635 3,315 2,320
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,220 1,415 1,805
91 Public administration 3,415 1,690 1,725
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 66,405 36,705 29,700
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,290 2,435 1,855
Worked in 2010 62,115 34,270 27,845
1 to 13 weeks 3,260 1,685 1,575
14 to 26 weeks 5,460 2,750 2,710
27 to 39 weeks 5,030 2,660 2,365
40 to 48 weeks 14,555 7,715 6,840
49 to 52 weeks 33,805 19,455 14,350
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.4 44.0 42.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 66,405 36,705 29,700
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,290 2,435 1,855
Worked in 2010 62,110 34,270 27,845
Worked full-time in 2010 49,950 28,850 21,100
Worked part-time in 2010 12,160 5,415 6,745
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 61,030 33,605 27,420
Worked at home 5,345 3,110 2,235
Worked outside Canada 370 215 155
No fixed workplace address 4,405 3,030 1,375
Worked at usual place 50,905 27,240 23,660
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 55,310 30,275 25,035
Car, truck or van - as a driver 14,620 9,055 5,565
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,045 395 645
Public transit 22,190 11,300 10,890
Walked 10,590 5,550 5,040
Bicycle 6,145 3,570 2,575
Other methods 720 405 315
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 55,310 30,275 25,035
Median commuting duration 25.3 25.3 25.4
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 55,310 30,275 25,035
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 6,075 3,920 2,155
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 36,725 19,080 17,645
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 12,515 7,280 5,235
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 58,470 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 51,760 ... ...
Major repairs needed 6,710 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 58,470 ... ...
1960 or before 33,180 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,565 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,480 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,335 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,405 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,510 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 58,470 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 38,690 ... ...
5 rooms 10,455 ... ...
6 rooms 4,905 ... ...
7 rooms 2,600 ... ...
8 or more rooms 1,815 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 58,470 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 29,480 ... ...
2 bedrooms 20,095 ... ...
3 bedrooms 7,385 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 1,510 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 58,470 ... ...
Owner 16,295 ... ...
Renter 42,175 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 58,470 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 14,515 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 43,955 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 58,470 ... ...
1 household maintainer 40,880 ... ...
2 household maintainers 15,850 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,740 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 58,470 ... ...
Under 25 years 4,450 ... ...
25 to 34 years 18,125 ... ...
35 to 44 years 11,175 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,790 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,875 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,165 ... ...
75 years and over 2,885 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 58,470 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 57,610 ... ...
More than one person per room 860 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 58,470 ... ...
Suitable 54,905 ... ...
Not suitable 3,565 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 58,165 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 36,385 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 21,785 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 16,795 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 16,295 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 69.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 27.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,193 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,282 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 324,555 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 372,443 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 42,175 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 722 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 771 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 89,665 47,830 41,830
Without income 2,770 1,205 1,565
With income 86,895 46,630 40,265
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,115 5,180 3,930
$5,000 to $9,999 7,400 3,855 3,545
$10,000 to $14,999 9,890 4,765 5,120
$15,000 to $19,999 8,710 4,270 4,440
$20,000 to $29,999 11,875 6,180 5,700
$30,000 to $39,999 9,730 4,990 4,740
$40,000 to $49,999 8,405 4,325 4,080
$50,000 to $59,999 5,980 3,150 2,830
$60,000 to $79,999 7,520 4,335 3,185
$80,000 to $99,999 3,570 2,320 1,250
$100,000 and over 4,705 3,260 1,445
$100,000 to $124,999 2,110 1,370 730
$125,000 and over 2,600 1,885 715
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,504 28,106 25,025
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,429 40,597 33,761
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 89,665 47,835 41,835
Without after-tax income 2,765 1,215 1,550
With after-tax income 86,900 46,615 40,280
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,240 5,260 3,990
$5,000 to $9,999 7,410 3,815 3,595
$10,000 to $14,999 10,060 4,870 5,185
$15,000 to $19,999 9,820 4,920 4,895
$20,000 to $29,999 14,690 7,705 6,980
$30,000 to $39,999 12,410 6,455 5,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,735 4,505 4,230
$50,000 to $59,999 5,630 3,205 2,425
$60,000 to $79,999 5,145 3,270 1,875
$80,000 to $99,999 1,870 1,215 655
$100,000 and over 1,890 1,400 485
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,363 25,499 23,305
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,556 32,516 28,286
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.8 92.2 86.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 80.7 83.1 77.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 72.6 74.3 70.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 8.1 8.7 7.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.9 4.2 3.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.7 3.4 4.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.6 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.2 7.8 13.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.0 1.8 2.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.2 1.6 3.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.0 1.5 2.6
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.2 0.1 2.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.9 2.8 3.0
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.4 19.9 16.2
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.6 80.1 83.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.7 1.9 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 29,190 17,100 12,095
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 46,595 49,147 43,750
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 55,022 58,636 49,913
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 21,280 ... ...
Median family income ($) 63,940 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,785 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,754 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,155 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,020 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,217 ... ...
Average family income ($) 84,928 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 58,286 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,805 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 5,810 ... ...
Median family income ($) 82,939 ... ...
Average family income ($) 100,196 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 70,432 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 80,819 ... ...
Average family size 3.6 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,560 ... ...
Median family income ($) 37,996 ... ...
Average family income ($) 48,845 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,223 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 41,811 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 45,380 25,550 19,830
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,353 23,639 22,974
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,320 34,300 32,058
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,794 21,745 21,850
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,488 28,047 26,768
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 99,360 52,870 46,495
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 63,780 33,470 30,310
In bottom decile 20,755 11,430 9,330
In second decile 14,810 7,495 7,310
In third decile 10,225 5,360 4,865
In fourth decile 9,395 4,670 4,720
In fifth decile 8,590 4,500 4,090
In top half of the Canadian distribution 35,580 19,395 16,185
In sixth decile 7,580 3,935 3,640
In seventh decile 7,205 3,880 3,330
In eighth decile 7,155 3,780 3,375
In ninth decile 6,155 3,405 2,755
In top decile 7,485 4,400 3,090
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 58,470 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,615 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,960 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,225 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,650 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,950 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,400 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,770 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,535 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,850 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,320 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,050 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,850 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,290 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 58,470 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,685 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,925 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,300 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,990 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 8,020 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,395 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,185 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,315 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,440 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,775 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,215 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,560 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 58,470 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 40,697 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 55,627 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 35,886 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 45,412 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 31,460 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 27,897 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,823 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,181 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,813 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 27,010 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,983 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 76,363 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,138 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 62,415 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 99,360 52,870 46,495
Less than 18 years 11,185 5,770 5,415
Less than 6 years 4,950 2,635 2,315
18 to 64 years 79,655 43,295 36,360
65 years and over 8,525 3,805 4,720
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 27,765 14,765 13,005
Less than 18 years 2,930 1,500 1,430
Less than 6 years 1,085 590 495
18 to 64 years 21,670 11,925 9,740
65 years and over 3,165 1,340 1,835
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 27.9 27.9 28.0
Less than 18 years (%) 26.2 26.0 26.4
Less than 6 years (%) 21.9 22.4 21.4
18 to 64 years (%) 27.2 27.5 26.8
65 years and over (%) 37.1 35.2 38.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Laurier - Sainte-Marie, Quebec (Code 24031) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 15, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Laurier - Sainte-Marie, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Laurier - Sainte-Marie, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laurier - Sainte-Marie
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 102,342 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 101,758 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 0.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 63,582 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 58,402 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 8,574.8 ... ...
Land area (square km) 11.94 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 102,345 54,375 47,970
0 to 4 years 4,150 2,125 2,030
5 to 9 years 2,805 1,425 1,380
10 to 14 years 2,435 1,245 1,195
15 to 19 years 3,115 1,520 1,595
15 years 490 260 225
16 years 445 215 230
17 years 510 265 240
18 years 715 345 375
19 years 960 430 530
20 to 24 years 9,210 4,285 4,920
25 to 29 years 14,720 7,435 7,285
30 to 34 years 13,965 7,630 6,335
35 to 39 years 9,360 5,375 3,990
40 to 44 years 7,260 4,260 2,995
45 to 49 years 7,115 4,320 2,805
50 to 54 years 6,715 3,915 2,805
55 to 59 years 6,015 3,365 2,645
60 to 64 years 5,060 2,835 2,230
65 to 69 years 3,420 1,855 1,565
70 to 74 years 2,290 1,105 1,185
75 to 79 years 1,770 790 985
80 to 84 years 1,440 540 895
85 years and over 1,490 360 1,135
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 35.4 36.2 34.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 90.8 91.2 90.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 92,945 49,585 43,370
Married or living with a common-law partner 34,710 18,375 16,335
Married (and not separated) 14,365 7,400 6,965
Living common law 20,350 10,975 9,375
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 58,235 31,205 27,025
Single (never legally married) 46,465 26,690 19,770
Separated 1,705 815 890
Divorced 6,960 3,070 3,895
Widowed 3,105 630 2,480
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 20,630 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,880 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 3,805 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 2,180 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 765 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 20,630 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 16,900 ... ...
Married couples 6,750 ... ...
Without children at home 3,640 ... ...
With children at home 3,110 ... ...
1 child 1,470 ... ...
2 children 1,135 ... ...
3 or more children 505 ... ...
Common-law couples 10,150 ... ...
Without children at home 7,620 ... ...
With children at home 2,530 ... ...
1 child 1,500 ... ...
2 children 860 ... ...
3 or more children 175 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,730 ... ...
Female parent 2,925 ... ...
1 child 2,025 ... ...
2 children 665 ... ...
3 or more children 240 ... ...
Male parent 805 ... ...
1 child 600 ... ...
2 children 175 ... ...
3 or more children 30 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 14,460 ... ...
Under six years of age 4,740 ... ...
6 to 14 years 4,605 ... ...
15 to 17 years 1,375 ... ...
18 to 24 years 2,380 ... ...
25 years and over 1,365 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.7 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 99,135 52,660 46,475
Number of persons not in census families 47,145 26,355 20,790
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,990 1,005 985
Living with non-relatives only 13,520 7,695 5,825
Living alone 31,635 17,660 13,980
Number of census family persons 51,995 26,305 25,690
Average number of persons per census family 2.5 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 8,795 4,055 4,740
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,765 2,445 3,320
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 255 80 175
Living with non-relatives only 360 205 155
Living alone 5,155 2,160 2,990
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 3,035 1,610 1,420
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 58,400 ... ...
Census-family households 20,485 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 19,460 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 16,135 ... ...
Without children 10,660 ... ...
With children 5,475 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,320 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,030 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 890 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 605 ... ...
Without children 490 ... ...
With children 120 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 280 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 140 ... ...
Non-census-family households 37,915 ... ...
One-person households 31,640 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 6,280 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 58,405 ... ...
Single-detached house 75 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 8,220 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 20 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 50,095 ... ...
Semi-detached house 55 ... ...
Row house 815 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,590 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 45,335 ... ...
Other single-attached house 295 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 58,405 ... ...
1 person 31,635 ... ...
2 persons 17,875 ... ...
3 persons 5,250 ... ...
4 persons 2,640 ... ...
5 persons 715 ... ...
6 or more persons 285 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,135 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 1.7 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,670 53,585 47,080
  Single responses  98,055 52,120 45,935
    English  10,515 5,810 4,705
    French  70,855 37,685 33,165
    Non-official languages  16,685 8,620 8,065
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 35 10 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 5
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 16,410 8,475 7,930
        African languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  10 5 5
        Albanian  25 10 10
        Amharic  15 5 10
        Arabic  1,865 1,155 710
        Armenian  80 55 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Bengali  655 325 335
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  100 60 35
        Bisayan languages  10 0 5
        Bosnian  15 5 15
        Bulgarian  135 60 70
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  405 175 230
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,090 475 610
        Creoles  355 180 175
        Croatian  45 25 15
        Czech  65 35 30
        Danish  20 5 10
        Dutch  75 45 25
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  20 5 5
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  5 5 0
        German  425 200 220
        Greek  180 100 85
        Gujarati  45 30 20
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  55 30 20
        Hindi  45 30 20
        Hungarian  100 55 45
        Ilocano  5 5 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  500 290 210
        Japanese  195 55 140
        Khmer (Cambodian)  75 40 40
        Korean  115 50 65
        Kurdish  10 10 5
        Lao  125 70 55
        Latvian  5 5 0
        Lingala  50 25 30
        Lithuanian  15 5 10
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  15 10 10
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  5 0 5
        Mandarin  295 135 160
        Marathi  0 5 0
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 120 65 55
        Norwegian  15 5 5
        Oromo  110 75 45
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  30 15 15
        Pashto  20 15 5
        Persian (Farsi)  365 210 155
        Polish  310 130 180
        Portuguese  1,710 850 860
        Romanian  365 175 185
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 15 10
        Russian  585 255 335
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  30 10 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  80 45 35
        Serbo-Croatian  35 10 20
        Shanghainese  10 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  30 10 15
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  25 10 10
        Spanish  4,105 2,185 1,920
        Swahili  15 5 5
        Swedish  35 15 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 15 20
        Taiwanese  20 10 10
        Tamil  55 25 25
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  35 10 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 5 0
        Turkish  105 60 45
        Ukrainian  75 35 35
        Urdu  135 75 60
        Vietnamese  555 275 275
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 245 130 110
  Multiple responses          2,615 1,465 1,150
    English and French  1,115 645 480
    English and non-official language  330 180 140
    French and non-official language  970 530 440
    English, French and non-official language 200 115 90
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,670 53,585 47,080
  English only 5,340 3,015 2,325
  French only 26,325 12,740 13,585
  English and French 67,735 37,370 30,375
  Neither English nor French 1,260 470 795
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,665 53,590 47,085
  English 15,525 8,515 7,010
  French 79,895 42,410 37,490
  English and French 4,030 2,215 1,815
  Neither English nor French 1,220 445 775
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 17,540 9,625 7,915
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 17.4 18.0 16.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,670 53,585 47,080
  Single responses 96,525 51,295 45,230
    English 13,735 7,590 6,150
    French 74,905 39,880 35,020
    Non-official languages 7,890 3,825 4,060
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,810 3,780 4,025
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 5 5 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 610 340 270
        Armenian 20 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 555 275 285
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 15 10
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 10 5 5
        Bulgarian 60 25 30
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 290 125 160
        Chinese, n.o.s. 845 380 465
        Creoles 95 45 50
        Croatian 25 10 10
        Czech 20 15 10
        Danish 5 5 5
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 90 40 50
        Greek 50 25 25
        Gujarati 25 15 15
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 5 5
        Hindi 20 15 5
        Hungarian 25 10 15
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 90 50 35
        Japanese 50 25 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 10
        Korean 55 25 30
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 85 45 40
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 5 5 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 5 0 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 170 90 85
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Norwegian 5 5 0
        Oromo 25 15 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 5 5 5
        Pashto 10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 170 80 90
        Polish 80 35 50
        Portuguese 940 445 495
        Romanian 170 85 85
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 315 135 175
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 45 25 20
        Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 5 0 5
        Spanish 2,125 1,040 1,080
        Swahili 5 0 5
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 30 15 20
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 15 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 35 20 20
        Ukrainian 15 10 10
        Urdu 85 35 40
        Vietnamese 360 170 190
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 70 40 30
  Multiple responses         4,145 2,295 1,850
    English and French 1,455 885 570
    English and non-official language 510 280 235
    French and non-official language 1,690 845 845
    English, French and non-official language 485 280 205
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,670 53,585 47,080
  None 77,525 40,775 36,760
  Single responses  21,280 11,775 9,505
    English  9,310 5,270 4,045
    French  5,795 3,155 2,635
    Non-official languages  6,170 3,350 2,825
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 5 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,015 3,275 2,740
        African languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  15 5 10
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  905 575 330
        Armenian  25 15 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 15 10
        Bengali  70 35 30
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  35 25 10
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  5 5 0
        Bulgarian  35 15 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  75 40 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  165 70 90
        Creoles  285 155 130
        Croatian  10 5 5
        Czech  15 5 10
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  40 20 20
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  10 10 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  230 125 100
        Greek  85 50 40
        Gujarati  10 10 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  30 10 15
        Hindi  40 25 20
        Hungarian  25 15 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  245 135 110
        Japanese  100 40 60
        Khmer (Cambodian)  20 10 10
        Korean  35 10 20
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  25 10 10
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  55 20 30
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 10 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  85 40 45
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 55 25 25
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  45 25 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 5 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  95 50 45
        Polish  85 25 55
        Portuguese  425 230 195
        Romanian  80 30 50
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 15 5
        Russian  160 80 85
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  10 0 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 5 10
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  10 5 10
        Spanish  1,870 1,040 825
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  35 15 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 5 5
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  15 10 5
        Telugu  0 5 0
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  35 20 15
        Ukrainian  15 5 10
        Urdu  15 10 10
        Vietnamese  165 90 75
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 140 70 70
  Multiple responses          1,860 1,040 820
    English and French  540 290 250
    English and non-official language  855 505 345
    French and non-official language  450 240 215
    English, French and non-official language  20 5 10

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Laurier - Sainte-Marie, Quebec (Code 24031) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 15, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Laurier - Sainte-Marie (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Laurier - Sainte-Marie, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Laurier - Sainte-Marie (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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