NHS Profile, Laval - Les Îles, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Laval - Les Îles, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laval - Les Îles
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 122,895 60,405 62,490
Canadian citizens 117,115 57,770 59,340
Canadian citizens aged under 18 27,385 13,795 13,590
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 89,730 43,980 45,750
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 5,780 2,625 3,150
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 122,890 60,400 62,490
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 85,200 41,995 43,205
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 37,075 18,120 18,955
Before 1971 6,550 3,300 3,250
1971 to 1980 5,950 3,010 2,940
1981 to 1990 6,840 3,365 3,475
1991 to 2000 8,185 4,070 4,120
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,550 4,375 5,170
2001 to 2005 5,600 2,600 3,000
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,950 1,775 2,170
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 620 290 330
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 37,075 18,120 18,950
Under 5 years 3,380 1,635 1,745
5 to 14 years 6,240 3,030 3,210
15 to 24 years 9,775 4,350 5,425
25 to 44 years 15,490 8,070 7,415
45 years and over 2,190 1,030 1,160
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 122,890 60,400 62,490
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 85,195 41,990 43,210
Born in province of residence 82,810 40,905 41,905
Born outside province of residence 2,390 1,085 1,300
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 37,075 18,120 18,950
Americas 4,305 2,060 2,250
United States 380 195 195
Jamaica 145 85 65
Guyana 60 20 35
Haiti 1,540 715 825
Mexico 285 125 160
Trinidad and Tobago 65 40 30
Colombia 260 120 145
El Salvador 240 135 105
Peru 255 115 140
Chile 150 105 45
Other places of birth in Americas 915 420 495
Europe 12,270 5,980 6,285
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 140 65 75
Italy 885 510 380
Germany 360 145 215
Poland 285 120 170
Portugal 845 360 485
Netherlands 70 35 35
France 985 500 485
Romania 1,830 885 945
Russian Federation 245 95 150
Greece 5,040 2,505 2,535
Ukraine 155 50 105
Croatia 165 80 85
Hungary 150 70 80
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 30 30
Serbia 25 15 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,020 515 500
Africa 5,070 2,490 2,580
Morocco 1,905 940 965
Algeria 965 510 460
Egypt 1,085 540 545
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 70 40 30
Ethiopia 25 15 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 990 435 555
Asia 15,390 7,555 7,830
India 980 530 450
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 625 230 395
Philippines 170 60 110
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 465 195 270
Pakistan 575 315 260
Sri Lanka 605 285 315
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 320 185 135
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 95 50 50
Lebanon 5,260 2,685 2,570
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 365 170 190
Bangladesh 50 30 25
Afghanistan 800 390 410
Japan 30 0 0
Turkey 750 340 410
Other places of birth in Asia 4,270 2,050 2,210
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 35 30 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 35 35 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 620 285 330
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,945 1,780 2,175
Americas 585 265 320
United States 80 65 0
Mexico 95 25 65
Cuba 15 0 0
Haiti 165 50 110
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 25 0 0
Colombia 65 35 35
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 30 0 25
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 15 0
Other places of birth in Americas 80 45 35
Europe 765 385 380
France 120 75 50
Germany 15 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 300 155 145
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 80 40 35
Russian Federation 40 0 35
Ukraine 15 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 190 105 90
Africa 805 340 460
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 15 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 135 55 85
Egypt 105 60 45
Morocco 370 170 200
Tunisia 25 0 15
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 15 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 140 45 95
Asia 1,795 780 1,010
Philippines 30 0 10
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 90 35 55
India 260 120 135
Pakistan 115 35 75
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 15 10 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 30 0 0
Sri Lanka 55 30 20
Iraq 45 25 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 545 240 305
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 170 60 110
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 40 20 20
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 215 100 115
Other places of birth in Asia 140 65 75
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 122,890 60,400 62,495
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 37,905 18,520 19,385
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 29,560 14,970 14,585
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 55,425 26,905 28,520
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 122,890 60,400 62,490
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 26,850 13,305 13,550
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,475 1,770 1,705
Chinese 1,205 510 690
Black 5,165 2,550 2,615
Filipino 280 105 175
Latin American 2,045 950 1,090
Arab 9,140 4,580 4,560
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,580 1,285 1,290
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,915 990 925
Korean 160 90 70
Japanese 40 20 25
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 245 120 125
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 605 335 275
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 96,040 47,095 48,945
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 122,890 60,400 62,490
North American Aboriginal origins 1,825 865 965
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,620 795 825
Inuit 35 0 35
Métis 215 80 130
Other North American origins 42,590 20,895 21,695
Acadian 185 70 120
American 465 230 235
Canadian 40,440 19,845 20,590
New Brunswicker 10 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 40 0 30
Ontarian 15 0 0
Québécois 1,875 940 940
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 10 0 0
European origins 58,720 28,955 29,770
British Isles origins 8,075 3,885 4,195
Channel Islander 25 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,940 1,490 1,455
Irish 4,480 2,065 2,420
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,935 930 1,010
Welsh 100 50 50
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 210 90 120
French origins 22,085 10,725 11,360
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 125 55 65
French 22,000 10,670 11,330
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,705 1,730 1,975
Austrian 350 145 205
Belgian 730 340 390
Dutch 335 160 175
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,185 1,040 1,145
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 245 110 135
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 20 0 15
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 230 110 120
Danish 45 30 15
Finnish 75 25 50
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 35 20 20
Swedish 75 45 35
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 6,095 2,870 3,230
Bulgarian 210 80 135
Byelorussian 60 25 35
Czech 115 35 80
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 50 25 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 705 340 365
Latvian 60 15 0
Lithuanian 70 20 45
Moldovan 100 35 60
Polish 1,275 610 660
Romanian 2,420 1,150 1,265
Russian 1,105 495 610
Slovak 75 40 35
Ukrainian 715 345 365
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 26,795 13,505 13,290
Albanian 70 45 0
Bosnian 35 0 0
Croatian 350 185 170
Cypriot 40 25 15
Greek 15,180 7,695 7,485
Italian 7,770 3,965 3,805
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 15 0 0
Maltese 15 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 2,410 1,180 1,230
Serbian 70 30 45
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 135 75 60
Spanish 1,750 865 885
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 70 15 50
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,000 965 1,040
Basque 35 15 20
Jewish 1,840 870 965
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 130 75 50
Caribbean origins 3,795 1,835 1,965
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 105 50 55
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 155 60 95
Dominican 150 30 115
Grenadian 30 0 0
Haitian 2,945 1,405 1,545
Jamaican 295 175 125
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 20 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 155 90 60
Vincentian/Grenadinian 65 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 120 60 60
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 50 25 25
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,770 1,340 1,430
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 145 80 65
Argentinian 65 35 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 65 20 45
Brazilian 40 15 25
Chilean 235 155 85
Colombian 415 195 220
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 45 25 25
Guatemalan 130 45 85
Guyanese 90 40 50
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 155 40 110
Maya 100 45 55
Mexican 395 185 210
Nicaraguan 20 15 0
Panamanian 60 25 35
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 440 185 250
Salvadorean 345 175 170
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 140 85 55
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 150 75 70
African origins 7,825 3,845 3,980
Central and West African origins 775 395 380
Akan 25 0 15
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 30 0 15
Beninese 40 20 20
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 220 120 100
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 105 40 70
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 80 50 25
Guinean 120 45 75
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 10 0 0
Nigerian 95 55 45
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 30 20 10
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 30 20 10
North African origins 5,935 2,850 3,080
Algerian 1,090 560 535
Berber 600 280 320
Coptic 60 40 20
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 1,460 685 770
Libyan 30 0 20
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 2,575 1,225 1,350
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 365 195 165
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 400 205 190
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 60 30 30
Eritrean 30 0 0
Ethiopian 40 20 20
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 35 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 55 30 25
Seychellois 45 30 0
Somali 25 0 0
South African 70 50 25
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 15 0 15
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 25 0 0
Other African origins 820 450 370
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 110 50 65
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 720 410 310
Asian origins 27,145 13,440 13,710
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 19,080 9,485 9,595
Afghan 1,185 590 600
Arab, n.o.s. 1,585 835 750
Armenian 6,860 3,270 3,590
Assyrian 95 70 25
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 465 230 235
Iraqi 295 100 195
Israeli 110 50 60
Jordanian 95 75 25
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 135 20 115
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 6,675 3,295 3,380
Palestinian 410 200 210
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 15 10 0
Syrian 2,075 1,095 985
Tajik 35 0 0
Tatar 20 0 0
Turk 800 405 390
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 55 30 25
South Asian origins 3,610 1,845 1,770
Bangladeshi 30 0 20
Bengali 35 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,805 960 840
Goan 15 0 15
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 785 430 350
Punjabi 215 105 110
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 755 365 395
Tamil 160 60 95
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 95 50 45
East and Southeast Asian origins 4,585 2,175 2,410
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 780 400 380
Chinese 1,770 790 975
Filipino 305 120 190
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 20 0 20
Japanese 80 35 45
Korean 150 85 65
Laotian 1,065 535 530
Malaysian 50 25 25
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 105 45 60
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 860 410 445
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 25 15 15
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 25 10 15
Oceania origins 30 20 10
Australian 15 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 122,895 60,400 62,490
Buddhist 2,025 980 1,045
Christian 95,400 46,420 48,985
Anglican 400 215 185
Baptist 680 275 405
Catholic 63,700 30,890 32,815
Christian Orthodox 21,750 10,880 10,875
Lutheran 190 45 145
Pentecostal 905 445 460
Presbyterian 170 95 75
United Church 185 100 85
Other Christian 7,420 3,480 3,935
Hindu 1,320 645 670
Jewish 2,455 1,215 1,240
Muslim 9,190 4,535 4,655
Sikh 835 450 385
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 145 65 80
No religious affiliation 11,530 6,095 5,435
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 122,890 60,400 62,490
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 755 350 410
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 415 210 205
Métis single identity 265 125 140
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 25 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 40 0 40
Non-Aboriginal identity 122,135 60,050 62,085
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 122,890 60,400 62,490
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 280 130 155
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 122,610 60,275 62,340
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 122,890 60,405 62,490
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,825 860 960
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,620 795 825
Métis ancestry 215 85 130
Inuit ancestry 35 0 35
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 121,065 59,540 61,530
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 59,850 29,515 30,340
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 59,850 29,510 30,335
Italian 4,360 2,205 2,155
Portuguese 1,870 855 1,020
Romanian 2,205 1,055 1,150
Spanish 5,940 2,685 3,255
Dutch 65 35 25
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,110 580 535
Yiddish 180 90 90
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 25 0 0
Bulgarian 180 80 105
Croatian 305 145 155
Czech 30 0 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 420 210 215
Russian 1,270 600 675
Serbian 90 20 65
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 55 45 15
Ukrainian 105 60 55
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 13,705 6,985 6,725
Armenian 6,420 3,075 3,345
Albanian 70 50 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 0 0
Hungarian 385 200 185
Turkish 920 420 500
Berber languages (Kabyle) 100 50 45
Oromo 250 125 120
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 20 0 0
Arabic 14,530 7,340 7,190
Hebrew 585 265 320
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 25 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15
Bengali 90 45 40
Gujarati 150 75 80
Hindi 560 285 275
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,400 750 655
Sindhi 25 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 20 35
Urdu 720 390 325
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 15 0 0
Pashto 140 80 60
Persian (Farsi) 1,465 715 750
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120 45 75
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 885 420 465
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 40 20 0
Korean 95 40 50
Cantonese 185 80 105
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 230 105 130
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 740 370 370
Lao 975 480 495
Thai 95 25 65
Khmer (Cambodian) 670 345 320
Vietnamese 670 295 375
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 10 0 0
Malay 40 20 20
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 185 65 115
Akan (Twi) 15 0 15
Lingala 70 20 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 0 25
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90
African languages, n.i.e. 30 20 0
Creoles 2,150 1,045 1,105
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 190 125 70
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 121,505 59,790 61,715
Non-movers 109,605 54,295 55,305
Movers 11,905 5,500 6,405
Non-migrants 7,125 3,290 3,835
Migrants 4,780 2,210 2,570
Internal migrants 4,135 1,925 2,205
Intraprovincial migrants 4,030 1,880 2,150
Interprovincial migrants 105 45 60
External migrants 640 280 360
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 115,020 56,545 58,475
Non-movers 76,815 38,280 38,535
Movers 38,210 18,270 19,940
Non-migrants 22,015 10,570 11,445
Migrants 16,190 7,700 8,490
Internal migrants 13,010 6,235 6,775
Intraprovincial migrants 12,590 6,005 6,585
Interprovincial migrants 420 230 190
External migrants 3,180 1,465 1,715
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 99,395 48,475 50,925
No certificate, diploma or degree 20,810 10,355 10,450
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 23,500 11,295 12,210
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 55,090 26,825 28,265
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 12,860 7,285 5,575
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,820 7,630 9,190
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,985 2,510 3,475
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 19,430 9,400 10,025
Bachelor's degree 12,885 5,810 7,075
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,540 3,595 2,950
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 67,650 32,965 34,685
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,235 4,800 4,440
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 14,165 6,845 7,315
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 44,250 21,320 22,930
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,805 5,380 4,430
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,660 5,775 6,885
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,700 1,955 2,740
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,080 8,205 8,875
Bachelor's degree 11,405 5,150 6,255
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,680 3,055 2,620
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 99,400 48,475 50,925
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 44,310 21,645 22,660
Education 3,075 625 2,450
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,950 845 1,105
Humanities 2,890 955 1,940
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,415 1,855 3,565
Business, management and public administration 15,550 5,815 9,735
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,485 1,185 1,300
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,820 2,060 760
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 11,680 10,515 1,165
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 485 310 180
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,425 1,055 4,375
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,315 1,605 1,710
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 99,395 48,470 50,925
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 44,305 21,645 22,660
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 55,090 26,825 28,265
Location of study inside Canada 46,435 22,180 24,255
Same as province or territory of residence 45,400 21,565 23,835
Another province or territory 1,035 615 425
Location of study outside Canada 8,655 4,655 4,005
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 70,635 36,595 34,045
Single responses 60,180 31,150 29,030
English 15,165 8,495 6,670
French 44,435 22,350 22,080
Non-official languages 580 305 275
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 25 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 525 275 250
Multiple responses 10,455 5,445 5,015
English and French 9,565 4,895 4,670
English and non-official language 180 140 35
French and non-official language 155 95 50
English, French and non-official language 565 315 250
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 70,635 36,595 34,040
English 15,160 8,490 6,670
French 44,435 22,350 22,085
Non-official language 585 305 275
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 580 305 275
English and French 9,565 4,895 4,670
English and non-official language 180 140 35
French and non-official language 155 100 50
English, French and non-official language 565 315 250
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 99,395 48,470 50,925
In the labour force 67,430 35,100 32,330
Employed 63,365 32,995 30,365
Unemployed 4,070 2,105 1,965
Not in the labour force 31,965 13,370 18,595
Participation rate 67.8 72.4 63.5
Employment rate 63.8 68.1 59.6
Unemployment rate 6.0 6.0 6.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 67,435 35,100 32,335
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,525 715 805
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 65,910 34,390 31,520
Employee 58,240 29,030 29,205
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,670 5,360 2,315
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 67,435 35,100 32,330
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,520 715 810
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 65,910 34,390 31,525
0 Management occupations 8,005 5,130 2,875
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,885 4,030 8,860
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,585 4,315 1,270
3 Health occupations 3,290 635 2,655
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,420 1,415 4,005
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,495 665 825
6 Sales and service occupations 18,780 9,050 9,730
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 7,675 7,165 510
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 270 240 30
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,495 1,745 750
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 67,435 35,100 32,330
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,525 715 810
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 65,905 34,390 31,520
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 245 170 75
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 55 35 20
22 Utilities 355 220 130
23 Construction 3,300 2,635 665
31-33 Manufacturing 7,650 5,220 2,430
41 Wholesale trade 4,580 2,700 1,875
44-45 Retail trade 9,345 4,355 4,990
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 4,230 3,115 1,115
51 Information and cultural industries 2,030 1,125 900
52 Finance and insurance 3,645 1,260 2,385
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,140 705 435
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,425 2,945 2,480
55 Management of companies and enterprises 90 30 60
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,915 1,780 1,135
61 Educational services 3,525 1,065 2,455
62 Health care and social assistance 6,045 1,075 4,975
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 905 425 490
72 Accommodation and food services 4,965 2,885 2,075
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,740 1,300 1,435
91 Public administration 2,720 1,335 1,390
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 67,435 35,100 32,330
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,655 1,745 1,910
Worked in 2010 63,780 33,360 30,420
1 to 13 weeks 2,800 1,325 1,475
14 to 26 weeks 4,360 2,170 2,190
27 to 39 weeks 3,705 1,840 1,860
40 to 48 weeks 11,285 5,635 5,645
49 to 52 weeks 41,635 22,390 19,240
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.3 45.7 44.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 67,435 35,100 32,335
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,655 1,745 1,905
Worked in 2010 63,780 33,355 30,420
Worked full-time in 2010 51,665 28,845 22,820
Worked part-time in 2010 12,110 4,510 7,600
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 63,360 33,000 30,365
Worked at home 3,755 2,030 1,730
Worked outside Canada 100 70 25
No fixed workplace address 5,720 4,230 1,490
Worked at usual place 53,785 26,670 27,120
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 59,510 30,900 28,610
Car, truck or van - as a driver 46,880 26,105 20,775
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,370 695 1,675
Public transit 8,585 3,350 5,235
Walked 1,115 435 680
Bicycle 180 145 35
Other methods 370 165 205
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 59,505 30,900 28,610
Median commuting duration 25.8 28.3 25.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 59,505 30,895 28,610
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 15,340 9,790 5,550
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 32,165 14,605 17,560
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 12,000 6,500 5,500
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 45,030 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 42,915 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,120 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 45,030 ... ...
1960 or before 6,100 ... ...
1961 to 1980 14,085 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,155 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,640 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,585 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,465 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 45,035 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 11,080 ... ...
5 rooms 7,095 ... ...
6 rooms 6,990 ... ...
7 rooms 7,180 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,690 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 45,030 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,810 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,175 ... ...
3 bedrooms 20,470 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 8,580 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 45,030 ... ...
Owner 35,050 ... ...
Renter 9,980 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 45,030 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,840 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 39,195 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 45,030 ... ...
1 household maintainer 24,575 ... ...
2 household maintainers 19,455 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,010 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 45,035 ... ...
Under 25 years 800 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,255 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,520 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,475 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,945 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,640 ... ...
75 years and over 4,400 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 45,030 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 44,285 ... ...
More than one person per room 745 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 45,030 ... ...
Suitable 42,140 ... ...
Not suitable 2,895 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 44,960 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 34,670 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 10,285 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,635 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 35,040 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 65.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 19.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,096 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,106 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 275,192 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 304,304 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 9,975 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 36.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 741 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 767 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 99,400 48,470 50,925
Without income 5,185 2,165 3,020
With income 94,215 46,310 47,910
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,245 4,055 4,195
$5,000 to $9,999 6,975 2,595 4,380
$10,000 to $14,999 10,035 3,650 6,390
$15,000 to $19,999 9,345 4,130 5,210
$20,000 to $29,999 13,310 6,415 6,895
$30,000 to $39,999 12,710 5,825 6,885
$40,000 to $49,999 9,820 4,815 5,010
$50,000 to $59,999 7,160 4,170 2,995
$60,000 to $79,999 8,650 5,030 3,620
$80,000 to $99,999 3,885 2,630 1,255
$100,000 and over 4,075 3,000 1,075
$100,000 to $124,999 2,030 1,445 590
$125,000 and over 2,040 1,555 485
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,334 33,448 24,931
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 37,837 43,896 31,980
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 99,400 48,470 50,925
Without after-tax income 5,205 2,165 3,040
With after-tax income 94,190 46,305 47,885
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,465 4,125 4,345
$5,000 to $9,999 7,170 2,625 4,545
$10,000 to $14,999 10,210 3,745 6,465
$15,000 to $19,999 10,245 4,635 5,610
$20,000 to $29,999 17,035 8,205 8,830
$30,000 to $39,999 14,365 6,905 7,460
$40,000 to $49,999 11,150 6,145 5,010
$50,000 to $59,999 6,545 3,725 2,825
$60,000 to $79,999 5,725 3,755 1,970
$80,000 to $99,999 1,835 1,300 540
$100,000 and over 1,440 1,150 285
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,529 29,780 23,284
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,283 35,391 27,310
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 86.7 90.6 81.3
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.8 77.7 71.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 70.5 72.2 68.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.3 5.5 2.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.7 5.7 3.5
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.4 5.6 5.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.7 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 13.3 9.3 18.7
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.2 3.0 3.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.4 2.6 4.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.4 3.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.5 0.2 5.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 2.1 2.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.3 19.4 14.6
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.7 80.6 85.4
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.7 2.1 1.3
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 35,860 20,145 15,725
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 43,286 47,637 39,181
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 51,102 55,966 44,871
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 35,150 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,793 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,135 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,372 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 73,785 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,935 ... ...
Median family income ($) 64,998 ... ...
Average family income ($) 80,107 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 55,643 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,952 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 18,510 ... ...
Median family income ($) 91,471 ... ...
Average family income ($) 102,034 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,732 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,533 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,725 ... ...
Median family income ($) 52,560 ... ...
Average family income ($) 60,185 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 48,447 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,110 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 11,060 4,995 6,065
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,229 32,318 25,988
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 39,003 44,376 34,578
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,366 29,148 24,392
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,896 35,203 29,172
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 122,895 60,400 62,490
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 63,880 30,405 33,470
In bottom decile 8,575 3,985 4,590
In second decile 11,535 5,285 6,250
In third decile 14,855 7,125 7,725
In fourth decile 13,520 6,545 6,975
In fifth decile 15,390 7,465 7,925
In top half of the Canadian distribution 59,015 29,995 29,020
In sixth decile 13,850 6,880 6,975
In seventh decile 14,935 7,625 7,310
In eighth decile 12,485 6,460 6,025
In ninth decile 10,310 5,190 5,115
In top decile 7,430 3,840 3,590
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 45,035 ... ...
Under $5,000 975 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 600 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,285 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,780 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,965 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,175 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,115 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,910 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,815 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,000 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,910 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,045 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 45,035 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,045 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 580 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,335 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,870 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,045 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,670 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,460 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,730 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,680 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,265 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,895 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,370 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 45,035 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 65,769 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 79,162 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 57,063 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 65,434 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,290 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,563 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 41,085 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,371 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,372 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 35,745 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 76,807 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 89,057 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 66,394 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 73,766 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 122,890 60,400 62,490
Less than 18 years 28,470 14,365 14,105
Less than 6 years 9,490 4,650 4,840
18 to 64 years 78,340 38,330 40,015
65 years and over 16,085 7,710 8,370
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 14,740 6,735 8,010
Less than 18 years 3,435 1,765 1,670
Less than 6 years 1,240 610 635
18 to 64 years 8,515 3,880 4,640
65 years and over 2,790 1,090 1,700
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.0 11.2 12.8
Less than 18 years (%) 12.1 12.3 11.8
Less than 6 years (%) 13.1 13.1 13.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 10.1 11.6
65 years and over (%) 17.3 14.1 20.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Laval - Les Îles, Quebec (Code 24033) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Laval - Les Îles, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Laval - Les Îles, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laval - Les Îles
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 124,527 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 111,958 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 11.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,475 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,067 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,190.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 56.86 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 124,525 61,125 63,400
0 to 4 years 7,860 4,040 3,820
5 to 9 years 7,735 4,020 3,725
10 to 14 years 7,915 4,005 3,910
15 to 19 years 8,440 4,320 4,120
15 years 1,695 880 820
16 years 1,720 860 860
17 years 1,700 885 810
18 years 1,635 850 785
19 years 1,690 845 845
20 to 24 years 7,220 3,635 3,590
25 to 29 years 6,690 3,235 3,455
30 to 34 years 7,895 3,670 4,230
35 to 39 years 9,165 4,410 4,760
40 to 44 years 10,060 4,970 5,085
45 to 49 years 10,495 5,265 5,230
50 to 54 years 9,395 4,740 4,655
55 to 59 years 7,595 3,645 3,955
60 to 64 years 6,585 3,255 3,330
65 to 69 years 5,435 2,580 2,855
70 to 74 years 4,330 2,035 2,290
75 to 79 years 3,670 1,685 1,985
80 to 84 years 2,420 1,045 1,375
85 years and over 1,605 575 1,035
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.6 39.2 40.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.1 80.3 81.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 101,010 49,060 51,955
Married or living with a common-law partner 61,960 30,990 30,970
Married (and not separated) 48,595 24,310 24,285
Living common law 13,365 6,685 6,685
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 39,050 18,070 20,990
Single (never legally married) 26,925 14,460 12,465
Separated 1,425 580 845
Divorced 5,700 2,140 3,560
Widowed 5,005 885 4,115
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 35,655 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,955 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 8,140 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,950 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,625 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 35,655 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 30,395 ... ...
Married couples 23,730 ... ...
Without children at home 8,670 ... ...
With children at home 15,070 ... ...
1 child 5,035 ... ...
2 children 6,990 ... ...
3 or more children 3,035 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,665 ... ...
Without children at home 3,195 ... ...
With children at home 3,470 ... ...
1 child 1,460 ... ...
2 children 1,530 ... ...
3 or more children 480 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,255 ... ...
Female parent 4,090 ... ...
1 child 2,340 ... ...
2 children 1,300 ... ...
3 or more children 450 ... ...
Male parent 1,165 ... ...
1 child 745 ... ...
2 children 335 ... ...
3 or more children 85 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 43,140 ... ...
Under six years of age 9,400 ... ...
6 to 14 years 14,040 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,035 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,100 ... ...
25 years and over 5,570 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 122,865 60,475 62,395
Number of persons not in census families 13,670 6,065 7,600
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,410 905 1,505
Living with non-relatives only 1,775 955 815
Living alone 9,485 4,205 5,280
Number of census family persons 109,195 54,400 54,790
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 16,165 7,495 8,665
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,620 1,195 3,430
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,070 210 865
Living with non-relatives only 230 115 115
Living alone 3,315 870 2,450
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 11,540 6,305 5,235
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 45,070 ... ...
Census-family households 34,665 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 31,840 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 27,630 ... ...
Without children 10,820 ... ...
With children 16,805 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,210 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,825 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,880 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,350 ... ...
Without children 345 ... ...
With children 1,010 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 530 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 945 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,400 ... ...
One-person households 9,490 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 920 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 45,065 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,755 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,650 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 17,655 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,715 ... ...
Row house 1,195 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,145 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 9,550 ... ...
Other single-attached house 50 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 45,065 ... ...
1 person 9,485 ... ...
2 persons 14,070 ... ...
3 persons 7,855 ... ...
4 persons 8,855 ... ...
5 persons 3,305 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,495 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 122,865 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.7 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 123,720 60,835 62,890
  Single responses  118,005 57,925 60,080
    English  12,600 6,485 6,120
    French  59,370 28,755 30,615
    Non-official languages  46,035 22,685 23,350
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 45,885 22,610 23,275
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  40 20 25
        Albanian  75 35 40
        Amharic  25 15 10
        Arabic  8,960 4,610 4,350
        Armenian  5,115 2,510 2,600
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Bengali  90 50 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  95 55 45
        Bisayan languages  5 5 0
        Bosnian  15 10 10
        Bulgarian  215 105 110
        Burmese  0 5 0
        Cantonese  130 50 75
        Chinese, n.o.s.  655 310 345
        Creoles  995 420 570
        Croatian  205 105 100
        Czech  40 20 25
        Danish  0 5 0
        Dutch  50 25 25
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 5
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  500 220 280
        Greek  11,135 5,525 5,610
        Gujarati  225 105 120
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  165 80 85
        Hindi  105 65 45
        Hungarian  320 155 165
        Ilocano  20 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Italian  2,455 1,245 1,210
        Japanese  15 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  690 325 360
        Korean  50 15 35
        Kurdish  40 25 15
        Lao  520 240 280
        Latvian  10 5 0
        Lingala  35 20 15
        Lithuanian  15 5 5
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  130 60 75
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 70 30 35
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  135 70 65
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  1,050 545 505
        Pashto  60 35 25
        Persian (Farsi)  1,235 625 610
        Polish  365 155 210
        Portuguese  1,455 680 770
        Romanian  2,175 1,060 1,115
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  820 380 440
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Serbian  70 35 30
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Sindhi  0 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 5 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  20 10 10
        Slovenian  35 15 15
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  2,640 1,285 1,360
        Swahili  10 5 10
        Swedish  20 10 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  215 75 140
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  730 355 380
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  20 5 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 5 10
        Turkish  225 105 115
        Ukrainian  60 35 30
        Urdu  520 265 255
        Vietnamese  540 250 290
        Yiddish  70 30 40
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 150 80 75
  Multiple responses          5,715 2,910 2,810
    English and French  1,380 680 700
    English and non-official language  1,445 740 705
    French and non-official language  2,020 1,030 990
    English, French and non-official language 870 460 410
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 123,720 60,830 62,890
  English only 11,630 5,880 5,750
  French only 33,710 15,060 18,650
  English and French 75,035 38,635 36,395
  Neither English nor French 3,345 1,250 2,100
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 123,720 60,830 62,890
  English 31,900 16,175 15,725
  French 74,010 35,760 38,250
  English and French 14,545 7,685 6,860
  Neither English nor French 3,270 1,210 2,055
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 39,170 20,015 19,155
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 31.7 32.9 30.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 123,725 60,835 62,885
  Single responses 112,805 55,355 57,445
    English 23,095 11,690 11,400
    French 63,575 30,965 32,615
    Non-official languages 26,135 12,705 13,430
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 26,095 12,680 13,415
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 20 10 15
        Albanian 35 20 15
        Amharic 10 5 5
        Arabic 5,170 2,605 2,570
        Armenian 4,155 2,000 2,155
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 55 25 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 25 15 10
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 10 5 5
        Bulgarian 160 80 80
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 70 25 40
        Chinese, n.o.s. 500 240 255
        Creoles 295 115 180
        Croatian 85 45 40
        Czech 20 10 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 5 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 110 50 60
        Greek 5,340 2,575 2,765
        Gujarati 145 65 80
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 55 25 30
        Hindi 60 30 30
        Hungarian 165 85 85
        Ilocano 10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5
        Italian 355 165 190
        Japanese 0 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 420 190 230
        Korean 30 15 15
        Kurdish 20 10 10
        Lao 355 170 190
        Latvian 10 5 5
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 5
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 110 55 50
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 35 10 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 805 400 400
        Pashto 50 25 20
        Persian (Farsi) 930 460 465
        Polish 155 75 85
        Portuguese 590 275 310
        Romanian 1,665 815 845
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0
        Russian 670 345 330
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Serbian 55 30 20
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 5
        Slovenian 5 5 5
        Somali 5 0 5
        Spanish 1,590 760 830
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 20 25
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 620 300 320
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 15 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 0 5
        Turkish 140 65 85
        Ukrainian 10 5 5
        Urdu 415 205 205
        Vietnamese 385 185 195
        Yiddish 10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 20 20
  Multiple responses         10,920 5,475 5,445
    English and French 1,990 1,020 965
    English and non-official language 3,080 1,555 1,525
    French and non-official language 3,930 1,910 2,020
    English, French and non-official language 1,920 990 930
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 123,720 60,835 62,890
  None 85,580 41,955 43,620
  Single responses  34,200 16,945 17,255
    English  10,980 5,500 5,480
    French  9,090 4,480 4,610
    Non-official languages  14,135 6,970 7,160
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 14,035 6,925 7,110
        African languages, n.i.e 10 10 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  20 10 15
        Albanian  25 10 15
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  2,985 1,545 1,440
        Armenian  650 330 320
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 5 10
        Bengali  15 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  60 30 30
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 5
        Bulgarian  30 15 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  25 10 15
        Chinese, n.o.s.  110 45 70
        Creoles  860 390 465
        Croatian  65 30 35
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  25 5 15
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  165 70 95
        Greek  4,565 2,310 2,255
        Gujarati  45 20 20
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  140 60 70
        Hindi  45 25 20
        Hungarian  75 30 45
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Italian  1,000 495 505
        Japanese  10 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  140 65 75
        Korean  15 5 10
        Kurdish  10 0 5
        Lao  125 60 70
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  40 25 20
        Lithuanian  0 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  15 5 10
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 10 25
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  50 20 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  115 55 65
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  140 70 70
        Polish  70 25 45
        Portuguese  500 225 270
        Romanian  245 125 125
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 5
        Russian  110 50 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  15 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  835 400 435
        Swahili  5 5 5
        Swedish  5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  105 35 65
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  90 50 45
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 5 5
        Turkish  85 40 45
        Ukrainian  25 15 15
        Urdu  100 60 45
        Vietnamese  90 45 45
        Yiddish  10 5 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 95 50 45
  Multiple responses          3,940 1,930 2,010
    English and French  1,860 940 920
    English and non-official language  865 425 450
    French and non-official language  1,160 545 615
    English, French and non-official language  55 25 30

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Laval - Les Îles, Quebec (Code 24033) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Laval - Les Îles (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Laval - Les Îles, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Laval - Les Îles (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census