NHS Profile, Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 97,860 46,905 50,955
Canadian citizens 93,065 44,490 48,580
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,555 8,840 8,715
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 75,515 35,650 39,865
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 4,795 2,420 2,380
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 97,860 46,905 50,955
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 85,150 40,495 44,655
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 12,015 6,065 5,950
Before 1971 1,285 620 665
1971 to 1980 1,475 785 695
1981 to 1990 1,195 605 595
1991 to 2000 2,060 1,000 1,055
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 5,990 3,055 2,935
2001 to 2005 2,440 1,205 1,235
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,550 1,850 1,705
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 700 345 355
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 12,015 6,065 5,950
Under 5 years 1,285 610 675
5 to 14 years 2,330 1,195 1,135
15 to 24 years 2,195 1,220 980
25 to 44 years 5,420 2,645 2,770
45 years and over 785 400 390
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 97,860 46,905 50,955
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 85,145 40,495 44,650
Born in province of residence 83,065 39,610 43,455
Born outside province of residence 2,085 885 1,200
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 12,010 6,065 5,950
Americas 3,435 1,670 1,765
United States 285 170 115
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 1,080 520 560
Mexico 245 105 140
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 615 235 375
El Salvador 165 100 65
Peru 250 115 135
Chile 260 115 150
Other places of birth in Americas 530 310 225
Europe 3,405 1,625 1,775
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 90 20 70
Italy 245 140 105
Germany 80 50 30
Poland 110 45 65
Portugal 220 125 95
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 1,420 645 780
Romania 340 160 185
Russian Federation 100 45 55
Greece 35 20 0
Ukraine 125 55 70
Croatia 35 25 0
Hungary 20 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 0 15
Serbia 30 15 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 505 240 270
Africa 3,285 1,795 1,490
Morocco 910 530 380
Algeria 875 480 390
Egypt 75 60 20
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,395 695 695
Asia 1,870 970 900
India 10 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 270 90 180
Philippines 15 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 65 40 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 395 205 185
Pakistan 50 30 15
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 30 10 20
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 75 50 30
Lebanon 155 95 65
Taiwan 115 55 60
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 235 130 105
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 410 240 170
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 20 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 700 345 355
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,550 1,845 1,705
Americas 1,160 545 615
United States 45 25 25
Mexico 145 55 90
Cuba 50 40 0
Haiti 200 120 80
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 45 0 0
Colombia 470 175 295
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 140 65 70
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 45 20 30
Europe 480 225 255
France 230 115 110
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 70 35 40
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 30 0 20
Russian Federation 20 0 15
Ukraine 70 30 35
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 35 25 0
Africa 1,510 850 660
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 40 25 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 400 225 175
Egypt 10 0 0
Morocco 380 215 165
Tunisia 130 90 40
Cameroon 135 85 50
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 80 40 35
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 335 165 165
Asia 390 220 175
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 60 0 45
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 40 30 0
Taiwan 20 0 0
Afghanistan 160 100 55
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 40 30 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 97,865 46,905 50,960
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 12,875 6,525 6,350
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 7,330 3,620 3,710
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 77,660 36,760 40,900
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 97,860 46,905 50,960
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 10,745 5,350 5,390
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 525 270 250
Chinese 695 295 395
Black 3,520 1,695 1,830
Filipino 35 10 25
Latin American 2,275 1,040 1,235
Arab 2,070 1,175 890
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,000 520 485
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 140 65 75
Korean 80 50 35
Japanese 40 0 30
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 170 110 55
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 200 110 90
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 87,120 41,550 45,570
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 97,860 46,905 50,955
North American Aboriginal origins 3,025 1,505 1,515
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,645 1,295 1,355
Inuit 35 20 20
Métis 395 235 155
Other North American origins 60,975 28,795 32,185
Acadian 535 260 275
American 590 265 320
Canadian 56,835 26,725 30,115
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 3,915 2,045 1,870
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 44,035 20,990 23,045
British Isles origins 8,170 3,850 4,320
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 1,880 915 965
Irish 5,475 2,515 2,955
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,585 730 860
Welsh 75 40 30
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 275 140 135
French origins 32,675 15,370 17,310
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 205 80 125
French 32,510 15,285 17,220
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,915 1,400 1,520
Austrian 90 55 35
Belgian 890 400 495
Dutch 205 90 110
Flemish 40 0 25
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,605 775 825
Luxembourger 20 20 0
Swiss 245 140 110
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 155 60 95
Danish 40 0 25
Finnish 25 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 55 15 40
Swedish 55 20 35
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 2,280 1,045 1,230
Bulgarian 165 80 85
Byelorussian 35 0 35
Czech 0 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 40 30 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 140 70 75
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 50 20 30
Moldovan 35 15 20
Polish 800 350 450
Romanian 440 210 235
Russian 450 200 245
Slovak 85 45 40
Ukrainian 370 150 225
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 6,175 3,170 3,005
Albanian 20 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 85 35 45
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 290 175 115
Italian 3,600 1,885 1,715
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 765 415 345
Serbian 55 25 30
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 60 35 25
Spanish 1,710 775 935
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 45 30 15
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 390 145 245
Basque 50 30 15
Jewish 220 80 140
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 120 35 85
Caribbean origins 2,135 1,105 1,035
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 30 20 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 185 100 85
Dominican 110 80 30
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 1,715 870 845
Jamaican 75 0 60
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 60 60 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 25 10 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,485 1,150 1,330
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 60 20 40
Argentinian 35 0 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 45 0 25
Chilean 345 175 170
Colombian 695 290 405
Costa Rican 20 0 0
Ecuadorian 90 20 65
Guatemalan 50 35 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 70 45 25
Maya 80 55 0
Mexican 515 230 285
Nicaraguan 30 0 15
Panamanian 20 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 265 115 150
Salvadorean 230 135 100
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 95 50 45
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 4,575 2,400 2,170
Central and West African origins 1,020 480 540
Akan 15 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 50 20 30
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 245 145 100
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 335 140 195
Gabonese 25 0 15
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 30 0 20
Guinean 45 25 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 65 30 35
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 30 0 20
Senegalese 135 55 80
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 55 15 35
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 105 55 55
North African origins 2,735 1,530 1,200
Algerian 720 390 330
Berber 445 250 195
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 200 120 75
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 10 0
Moroccan 1,265 680 580
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 190 130 65
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 20 10 10
Southern and East African origins 230 110 120
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 50 30 15
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 65 35 25
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 80 0 45
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 15 0 15
Other African origins 705 335 365
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 15 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 690 335 360
Asian origins 3,970 2,000 1,965
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,470 810 655
Afghan 260 145 115
Arab, n.o.s. 440 245 195
Armenian 60 20 35
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 40 20 15
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 435 250 190
Palestinian 35 0 25
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 120 90 30
Tajik 25 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 70 50 25
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 50 25 25
South Asian origins 455 215 235
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 395 170 225
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 85 45 45
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,045 970 1,075
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 240 120 120
Chinese 1,035 455 580
Filipino 40 0 30
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 30 0 0
Korean 120 50 65
Laotian 115 95 25
Malaysian 10 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 20 15 0
Thai 20 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 760 355 405
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 20 25 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 97,860 46,905 50,955
Buddhist 600 290 305
Christian 79,490 36,880 42,610
Anglican 175 70 105
Baptist 395 180 215
Catholic 74,515 34,500 40,010
Christian Orthodox 970 440 530
Lutheran 75 30 45
Pentecostal 790 420 370
Presbyterian 20 0 0
United Church 75 55 25
Other Christian 2,485 1,180 1,300
Hindu 90 55 40
Jewish 115 80 30
Muslim 3,350 1,810 1,535
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 140 60 85
No religious affiliation 14,075 7,725 6,345
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 97,865 46,905 50,955
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 930 370 560
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 560 185 375
Métis single identity 250 120 130
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 25 20 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 90 45 45
Non-Aboriginal identity 96,930 46,535 50,395
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 97,860 46,905 50,960
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 190 90 100
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 97,670 46,815 50,855
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 97,865 46,910 50,960
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,025 1,505 1,515
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,650 1,295 1,360
Métis ancestry 395 235 160
Inuit ancestry 35 20 25
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 94,840 45,400 49,440
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 15,730 7,870 7,860
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,730 7,870 7,860
Italian 1,320 715 600
Portuguese 585 310 275
Romanian 400 185 215
Spanish 5,885 2,705 3,180
Dutch 55 45 10
Flemish 0 0 0
German 530 325 200
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 20 0 0
Bulgarian 165 75 90
Croatian 60 30 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 145 65 80
Russian 505 220 285
Serbian 55 25 25
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 25 0 0
Slovenian 30 0 20
Ukrainian 100 55 50
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 15 0 0
Greek 80 35 45
Armenian 15 0 0
Albanian 15 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 0
Hungarian 55 35 25
Turkish 25 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 155 75 85
Oromo 120 65 55
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 2,370 1,370 1,005
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 125 65 65
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 25 20 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 90 50 45
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 15 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 335 175 155
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 15 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 75 20 55
Korean 30 15 15
Cantonese 150 80 65
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 125 65 60
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 330 165 170
Lao 105 90 15
Thai 80 75 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 80 60
Vietnamese 495 250 250
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 210 85 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 40 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 50 0 0
Swahili 135 75 55
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 115 70 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 70 40
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 1,450 725 720
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 410 205 210
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 96,795 46,320 50,470
Non-movers 84,490 40,230 44,260
Movers 12,305 6,095 6,210
Non-migrants 7,125 3,460 3,660
Migrants 5,185 2,630 2,550
Internal migrants 4,590 2,365 2,225
Intraprovincial migrants 4,425 2,300 2,120
Interprovincial migrants 170 65 105
External migrants 590 270 325
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 92,605 44,210 48,395
Non-movers 55,555 26,350 29,205
Movers 37,040 17,855 19,185
Non-migrants 19,415 9,355 10,060
Migrants 17,625 8,495 9,125
Internal migrants 14,365 6,770 7,600
Intraprovincial migrants 14,010 6,605 7,405
Interprovincial migrants 360 165 200
External migrants 3,255 1,730 1,530
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 82,875 39,445 43,435
No certificate, diploma or degree 15,885 7,355 8,535
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,260 7,460 8,800
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 50,730 24,635 26,100
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 11,180 6,425 4,760
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,515 5,820 7,695
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,530 2,365 3,165
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,505 10,020 10,485
Bachelor's degree 13,070 6,045 7,025
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,435 3,980 3,460
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 54,955 26,655 28,300
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,005 3,740 3,270
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 8,675 4,000 4,675
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 39,270 18,915 20,360
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,450 4,740 3,710
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,315 4,150 5,160
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,050 1,750 2,300
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,465 8,275 9,185
Bachelor's degree 11,195 5,135 6,055
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,270 3,140 3,135
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 82,880 39,440 43,435
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 32,150 14,815 17,335
Education 3,865 980 2,885
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,145 885 1,255
Humanities 3,135 1,180 1,955
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,895 1,785 3,110
Business, management and public administration 13,240 5,295 7,945
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,940 1,000 940
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,630 1,640 990
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,970 9,045 920
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 660 375 285
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,770 1,075 4,690
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,470 1,365 1,105
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 82,880 39,445 43,430
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 32,150 14,815 17,335
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 50,730 24,635 26,095
Location of study inside Canada 46,690 22,630 24,055
Same as province or territory of residence 45,785 22,150 23,630
Another province or territory 905 480 430
Location of study outside Canada 4,040 2,000 2,040
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 56,185 28,615 27,570
Single responses 53,370 27,055 26,315
English 3,360 1,900 1,460
French 49,790 25,060 24,730
Non-official languages 220 95 120
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 115 55 65
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 65 25 40
Multiple responses 2,815 1,555 1,260
English and French 2,675 1,485 1,190
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 65 35 30
English, French and non-official language 65 30 35
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 56,185 28,615 27,570
English 3,360 1,895 1,460
French 49,790 25,060 24,730
Non-official language 220 100 125
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 220 95 125
English and French 2,675 1,485 1,185
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 65 35 30
English, French and non-official language 65 30 35
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 82,880 39,445 43,435
In the labour force 52,745 26,940 25,805
Employed 49,310 24,975 24,335
Unemployed 3,435 1,965 1,470
Not in the labour force 30,135 12,505 17,630
Participation rate 63.6 68.3 59.4
Employment rate 59.5 63.3 56.0
Unemployment rate 6.5 7.3 5.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 52,740 26,945 25,800
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,280 710 565
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,465 26,225 25,235
Employee 47,050 23,500 23,550
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,415 2,725 1,685
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 52,745 26,940 25,800
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,280 710 565
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,460 26,230 25,235
0 Management occupations 5,695 3,245 2,455
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,335 3,615 6,725
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,740 3,635 1,110
3 Health occupations 3,560 630 2,935
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,915 1,875 4,040
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,960 1,035 925
6 Sales and service occupations 11,300 5,180 6,120
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,555 5,235 320
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 325 300 20
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,065 1,480 585
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 52,740 26,940 25,800
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,280 715 570
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 51,460 26,230 25,235
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 100 65 40
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 45 35 0
22 Utilities 920 595 325
23 Construction 2,135 1,880 250
31-33 Manufacturing 5,710 4,065 1,645
41 Wholesale trade 2,110 1,325 790
44-45 Retail trade 6,390 3,000 3,395
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,185 1,655 525
51 Information and cultural industries 2,100 1,270 830
52 Finance and insurance 2,550 995 1,555
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 805 445 360
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,950 2,900 2,045
55 Management of companies and enterprises 115 55 60
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,065 1,260 800
61 Educational services 4,095 1,285 2,810
62 Health care and social assistance 6,140 1,145 4,990
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,145 505 645
72 Accommodation and food services 2,310 1,075 1,235
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,945 835 1,110
91 Public administration 3,625 1,825 1,795
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 52,740 26,940 25,805
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,785 1,475 1,310
Worked in 2010 49,960 25,470 24,495
1 to 13 weeks 2,225 1,005 1,225
14 to 26 weeks 3,440 1,905 1,530
27 to 39 weeks 3,000 1,585 1,415
40 to 48 weeks 9,070 4,545 4,525
49 to 52 weeks 32,225 16,425 15,800
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.3 45.4 45.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 52,740 26,940 25,800
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,780 1,470 1,310
Worked in 2010 49,960 25,470 24,490
Worked full-time in 2010 40,590 21,935 18,650
Worked part-time in 2010 9,370 3,530 5,840
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 49,310 24,980 24,330
Worked at home 2,345 1,215 1,130
Worked outside Canada 120 85 40
No fixed workplace address 4,070 2,970 1,095
Worked at usual place 42,770 20,705 22,065
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 46,840 23,680 23,165
Car, truck or van - as a driver 32,570 17,590 14,980
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,435 505 935
Public transit 9,830 4,165 5,665
Walked 1,990 725 1,260
Bicycle 685 540 145
Other methods 330 155 175
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 46,840 23,675 23,160
Median commuting duration 25.2 25.5 21.0
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 46,840 23,680 23,160
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 11,210 7,245 3,965
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 26,815 11,595 15,220
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,810 4,830 3,980
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 44,480 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 41,530 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,950 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 44,480 ... ...
1960 or before 6,785 ... ...
1961 to 1980 18,640 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,575 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,885 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,985 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,605 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 44,480 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 18,255 ... ...
5 rooms 7,455 ... ...
6 rooms 4,150 ... ...
7 rooms 4,770 ... ...
8 or more rooms 9,855 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.7 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 44,480 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 7,695 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,575 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,820 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,385 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 44,480 ... ...
Owner 24,870 ... ...
Renter 19,605 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 44,480 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 7,185 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 37,290 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 44,480 ... ...
1 household maintainer 28,690 ... ...
2 household maintainers 15,370 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 420 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 44,480 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,495 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,185 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,020 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,080 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,080 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,340 ... ...
75 years and over 4,280 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 44,480 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 43,925 ... ...
More than one person per room 555 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 44,480 ... ...
Suitable 42,595 ... ...
Not suitable 1,885 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 44,380 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 33,760 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 10,615 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 9,110 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 24,875 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 59.4 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 955 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,034 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 275,309 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 297,972 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 19,605 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 8.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 681 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 723 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 82,880 39,445 43,435
Without income 3,505 1,435 2,075
With income 79,370 38,015 41,360
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 5,945 3,010 2,930
$5,000 to $9,999 6,000 2,510 3,490
$10,000 to $14,999 7,910 2,815 5,095
$15,000 to $19,999 6,995 2,540 4,450
$20,000 to $29,999 11,055 4,785 6,270
$30,000 to $39,999 9,940 4,690 5,250
$40,000 to $49,999 8,310 4,005 4,305
$50,000 to $59,999 6,220 3,105 3,115
$60,000 to $79,999 7,715 4,295 3,420
$80,000 to $99,999 4,145 2,505 1,640
$100,000 and over 5,145 3,750 1,390
$100,000 to $124,999 2,480 1,740 745
$125,000 and over 2,660 2,015 650
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 31,815 37,164 27,026
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 42,247 49,824 35,283
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 82,880 39,445 43,435
Without after-tax income 3,500 1,430 2,075
With after-tax income 79,375 38,020 41,360
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,145 3,050 3,090
$5,000 to $9,999 6,265 2,540 3,725
$10,000 to $14,999 7,985 2,895 5,090
$15,000 to $19,999 7,795 2,910 4,885
$20,000 to $29,999 13,395 5,985 7,410
$30,000 to $39,999 12,880 6,340 6,545
$40,000 to $49,999 8,810 4,350 4,465
$50,000 to $59,999 5,765 3,160 2,605
$60,000 to $79,999 6,215 3,720 2,505
$80,000 to $99,999 2,015 1,480 540
$100,000 and over 2,095 1,595 500
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,409 32,408 24,708
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,126 39,087 29,566
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.7 91.5 82.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 73.9 76.5 70.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.3 71.0 67.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.5 5.5 3.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.7 4.3 3.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.7 9.5 7.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.3 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.3 8.5 17.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.7 3.1 4.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.2 2.1 4.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 1.3 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.7 0.2 3.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.1 1.8 2.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 19.2 21.5 16.2
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 80.8 78.5 83.8
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 2.6 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 28,095 14,960 13,135
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,839 54,711 44,890
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 60,504 68,258 51,675
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,820 ... ...
Median family income ($) 78,782 ... ...
Average family income ($) 96,883 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,034 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,623 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,130 ... ...
Median family income ($) 70,421 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,715 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,535 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 69,515 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 10,990 ... ...
Median family income ($) 108,176 ... ...
Average family income ($) 125,690 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 90,229 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 99,077 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,870 ... ...
Median family income ($) 50,227 ... ...
Average family income ($) 59,473 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,743 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,420 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 18,510 7,985 10,525
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 28,498 32,231 25,622
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,538 39,215 32,746
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,868 28,397 23,541
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,671 32,035 27,877
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 97,865 46,910 50,955
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 48,515 22,035 26,480
In bottom decile 9,550 4,315 5,235
In second decile 10,075 4,220 5,860
In third decile 9,255 4,115 5,145
In fourth decile 9,425 4,570 4,855
In fifth decile 10,210 4,815 5,390
In top half of the Canadian distribution 49,350 24,875 24,475
In sixth decile 9,715 4,765 4,945
In seventh decile 9,945 5,155 4,795
In eighth decile 10,095 5,000 5,100
In ninth decile 9,215 4,615 4,600
In top decile 10,385 5,335 5,050
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 44,480 ... ...
Under $5,000 980 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,025 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,805 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,840 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,605 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,235 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,830 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,595 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,470 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,790 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,290 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,650 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 44,480 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,005 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,030 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,825 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,980 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,270 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,625 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,150 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,565 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,105 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,905 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,090 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,815 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 44,480 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 55,968 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 75,387 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 48,753 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 60,899 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 15,435 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 30,307 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,359 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 27,206 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,015 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,045 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 77,560 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 95,598 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 65,273 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 76,781 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 97,860 46,905 50,960
Less than 18 years 18,685 9,440 9,245
Less than 6 years 6,215 3,195 3,015
18 to 64 years 63,985 31,135 32,850
65 years and over 15,195 6,330 8,865
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 15,170 6,610 8,560
Less than 18 years 3,210 1,605 1,605
Less than 6 years 1,015 495 515
18 to 64 years 9,410 4,440 4,975
65 years and over 2,550 565 1,985
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 15.5 14.1 16.8
Less than 18 years (%) 17.2 17.0 17.4
Less than 6 years (%) 16.3 15.5 17.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1
65 years and over (%) 16.8 8.9 22.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher, Quebec (Code 24035) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 99,571 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 98,032 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 1.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,265 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,445 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,522.0 ... ...
Land area (square km) 65.42 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 99,570 47,715 51,855
0 to 4 years 5,110 2,620 2,490
5 to 9 years 4,690 2,385 2,305
10 to 14 years 5,070 2,575 2,500
15 to 19 years 6,365 3,210 3,155
15 years 1,225 630 600
16 years 1,170 585 585
17 years 1,240 655 585
18 years 1,315 645 680
19 years 1,410 705 705
20 to 24 years 6,490 3,265 3,225
25 to 29 years 5,830 2,940 2,890
30 to 34 years 6,035 3,040 2,995
35 to 39 years 5,995 2,950 3,040
40 to 44 years 6,285 3,040 3,245
45 to 49 years 7,970 3,825 4,150
50 to 54 years 8,635 4,160 4,475
55 to 59 years 7,830 3,740 4,090
60 to 64 years 6,685 3,030 3,655
65 to 69 years 5,540 2,520 3,025
70 to 74 years 3,910 1,765 2,145
75 to 79 years 3,070 1,310 1,760
80 to 84 years 2,180 865 1,320
85 years and over 1,880 475 1,405
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.4 41.4 45.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 85.1 84.1 85.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 84,695 40,130 44,565
Married or living with a common-law partner 45,745 22,875 22,865
Married (and not separated) 27,910 13,960 13,950
Living common law 17,835 8,915 8,915
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 38,950 17,255 21,695
Single (never legally married) 25,655 13,320 12,335
Separated 1,510 650 860
Divorced 7,120 2,455 4,665
Widowed 4,670 835 3,830
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,710 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,970 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,965 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,885 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,890 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,710 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 22,550 ... ...
Married couples 13,635 ... ...
Without children at home 7,120 ... ...
With children at home 6,515 ... ...
1 child 2,620 ... ...
2 children 2,695 ... ...
3 or more children 1,200 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,915 ... ...
Without children at home 4,570 ... ...
With children at home 4,345 ... ...
1 child 1,885 ... ...
2 children 1,855 ... ...
3 or more children 600 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,165 ... ...
Female parent 3,920 ... ...
1 child 2,475 ... ...
2 children 1,100 ... ...
3 or more children 345 ... ...
Male parent 1,245 ... ...
1 child 810 ... ...
2 children 355 ... ...
3 or more children 80 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 27,145 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,075 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,715 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,565 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,115 ... ...
25 years and over 2,670 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 97,730 47,100 50,630
Number of persons not in census families 20,330 9,080 11,250
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,735 755 985
Living with non-relatives only 3,285 1,930 1,355
Living alone 15,310 6,405 8,910
Number of census family persons 77,400 38,020 39,380
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 15,205 6,600 8,600
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,755 1,545 4,205
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 475 90 380
Living with non-relatives only 345 175 170
Living alone 4,935 1,275 3,655
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,445 5,055 4,395
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 44,445 ... ...
Census-family households 27,445 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,980 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 21,465 ... ...
Without children 11,140 ... ...
With children 10,325 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,515 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,465 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,205 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 715 ... ...
Without children 325 ... ...
With children 390 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 485 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 260 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,000 ... ...
One-person households 15,310 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,690 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 44,445 ... ...
Single-detached house 14,555 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,770 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 28,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,615 ... ...
Row house 1,755 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,700 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 21,910 ... ...
Other single-attached house 135 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 44,445 ... ...
1 person 15,310 ... ...
2 persons 15,510 ... ...
3 persons 6,300 ... ...
4 persons 5,040 ... ...
5 persons 1,655 ... ...
6 or more persons 630 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,730 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,450 47,310 51,140
  Single responses  96,575 46,365 50,210
    English  2,505 1,300 1,210
    French  84,335 40,260 44,070
    Non-official languages  9,740 4,805 4,930
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,535 4,705 4,830
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  5 5 0
        Arabic  1,400 760 640
        Armenian  20 15 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 20 15
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  130 70 65
        Bisayan languages  15 0 10
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  95 45 50
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  90 40 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  335 165 175
        Creoles  760 365 400
        Croatian  20 10 10
        Czech  15 0 10
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  20 10 10
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  10 0 5
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  110 55 50
        Greek  100 60 35
        Gujarati  15 10 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  15 5 5
        Hungarian  45 25 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  690 375 320
        Japanese  15 0 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  65 35 35
        Korean  60 25 35
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  60 35 25
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  40 20 20
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  10 0 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  135 60 75
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 75 40 40
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  105 60 45
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  40 15 25
        Pashto  15 5 10
        Persian (Farsi)  390 200 185
        Polish  140 55 80
        Portuguese  335 165 170
        Romanian  480 230 255
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 15 5
        Russian  300 130 170
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  25 10 15
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  10 10 10
        Slovenian  35 15 20
        Somali  5 0 5
        Spanish  2,465 1,175 1,285
        Swahili  20 10 15
        Swedish  5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  45 10 40
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  15 5 10
        Telugu  0 5 0
        Thai  5 5 0
        Tibetan languages  15 10 10
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  25 10 15
        Ukrainian  50 25 25
        Urdu  50 35 25
        Vietnamese  435 205 230
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 200 100 100
  Multiple responses          1,870 940 935
    English and French  770 390 380
    English and non-official language  110 55 60
    French and non-official language  875 435 440
    English, French and non-official language 115 65 55
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,455 47,310 51,140
  English only 1,010 515 495
  French only 46,480 19,980 26,500
  English and French 50,360 26,570 23,785
  Neither English nor French 600 240 365
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,450 47,310 51,140
  English 3,905 2,005 1,905
  French 91,505 43,760 47,745
  English and French 2,480 1,320 1,155
  Neither English nor French 560 220 340
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 5,145 2,660 2,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 5.2 5.6 4.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,450 47,310 51,140
  Single responses 95,465 45,845 49,625
    English 2,965 1,505 1,465
    French 87,350 41,850 45,510
    Non-official languages 5,150 2,495 2,660
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,065 2,450 2,615
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 0 5
        Albanian 5 0 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 560 290 270
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Bengali 0 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 35 15 20
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 80 40 45
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 45 20 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 285 140 145
        Creoles 240 110 135
        Croatian 0 0 0
        Czech 0 0 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 10 5 5
        Greek 30 15 15
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 5 0 5
        Hungarian 10 0 5
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 165 70 100
        Japanese 5 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 10
        Korean 50 25 25
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 20 15 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 5
        Macedonian 0 5 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 100 45 50
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 25 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 20 10 10
        Pashto 15 5 10
        Persian (Farsi) 295 140 150
        Polish 45 15 25
        Portuguese 150 75 75
        Romanian 305 150 160
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 5
        Russian 230 110 115
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 25 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 1,795 865 935
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0
        Taiwanese 10 10 0
        Tamil 10 5 10
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 10 10 5
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 0
        Ukrainian 20 10 10
        Urdu 30 20 20
        Vietnamese 295 145 150
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 85 45 45
  Multiple responses         2,980 1,465 1,515
    English and French 805 410 400
    English and non-official language 150 70 75
    French and non-official language 1,695 820 875
    English, French and non-official language 330 165 170
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 98,455 47,310 51,145
  None 85,410 40,720 44,690
  Single responses  12,180 6,155 6,025
    English  5,775 2,985 2,785
    French  3,115 1,550 1,565
    Non-official languages  3,290 1,620 1,675
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,195 1,565 1,625
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  610 315 295
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  50 20 30
        Bisayan languages  0 5 0
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  65 30 30
        Creoles  560 255 305
        Croatian  10 10 5
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  5 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  50 25 25
        Greek  35 20 15
        Gujarati  15 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  5 0 0
        Hungarian  20 10 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  250 130 120
        Japanese  15 10 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 20 10
        Korean  5 0 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  25 15 15
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  80 35 40
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  25 10 15
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  35 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 5 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  35 25 15
        Polish  35 15 25
        Portuguese  100 45 50
        Romanian  80 40 35
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 0 5
        Russian  50 15 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 5 0
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 5 0
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  620 310 310
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  15 5 15
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 5 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 5
        Ukrainian  10 5 10
        Urdu  15 10 5
        Vietnamese  105 55 55
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 100 50 45
  Multiple responses          860 430 425
    English and French  310 160 155
    English and non-official language  395 200 190
    French and non-official language  145 70 75
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher, Quebec (Code 24035) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 18, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Longueuil - Pierre-Boucher (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec