NHS Profile, Marc-Aurèle-Fortin, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Marc-Aurèle-Fortin, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Marc-Aurèle-Fortin
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 113,230 55,160 58,070
Canadian citizens 110,435 53,865 56,570
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,535 12,940 12,595
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 84,900 40,925 43,975
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,800 1,295 1,505
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 113,235 55,160 58,075
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 99,625 48,370 51,255
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 13,335 6,665 6,670
Before 1971 1,730 990 740
1971 to 1980 1,770 940 830
1981 to 1990 2,065 920 1,150
1991 to 2000 3,165 1,585 1,580
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,600 2,225 2,370
2001 to 2005 2,675 1,245 1,430
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,925 985 940
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 275 130 145
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 13,335 6,670 6,670
Under 5 years 1,790 840 945
5 to 14 years 2,115 1,100 1,015
15 to 24 years 3,005 1,350 1,655
25 to 44 years 5,740 3,040 2,695
45 years and over 695 340 355
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 113,235 55,160 58,070
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 99,630 48,365 51,260
Born in province of residence 97,190 47,265 49,930
Born outside province of residence 2,435 1,105 1,330
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 13,335 6,665 6,670
Americas 3,795 1,795 1,995
United States 310 140 180
Jamaica 40 30 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 2,025 950 1,070
Mexico 225 105 125
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 165 65 95
El Salvador 135 75 60
Peru 145 85 60
Chile 155 80 75
Other places of birth in Americas 575 265 310
Europe 4,070 2,130 1,940
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 65 15 50
Italy 800 505 295
Germany 135 55 80
Poland 75 25 50
Portugal 520 255 260
Netherlands 30 0 30
France 1,065 595 475
Romania 665 340 325
Russian Federation 100 25 70
Greece 50 25 30
Ukraine 25 0 15
Croatia 45 30 0
Hungary 25 10 15
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 450 215 235
Africa 2,530 1,345 1,185
Morocco 855 420 435
Algeria 910 470 440
Egypt 275 175 95
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 475 270 210
Asia 2,910 1,390 1,525
India 60 35 30
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 400 115 285
Philippines 55 0 35
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 275 140 135
Pakistan 50 25 20
Sri Lanka 150 70 80
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 65 35 35
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 40 20 25
Lebanon 760 415 345
Taiwan 20 15 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 35 0 0
Afghanistan 55 25 35
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 50 20 25
Other places of birth in Asia 860 415 445
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 30 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 35 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 275 125 145
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,925 985 940
Americas 650 355 295
United States 30 15 10
Mexico 40 25 15
Cuba 45 15 25
Haiti 395 225 175
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 40 20 15
Colombia 35 20 20
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 30 20 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 25 10 15
Europe 365 200 165
France 175 100 80
Germany 20 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 65 45 20
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 15 0 0
Russian Federation 25 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 55 35 25
Africa 505 260 235
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 160 90 70
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 105 35 75
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 95 65 30
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 110 50 65
Asia 410 170 240
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 40 10 25
India 20 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 35 0 0
Sri Lanka 40 0 30
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 125 65 60
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 50 0 35
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 35 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 113,235 55,165 58,075
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 13,810 6,905 6,910
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 13,860 7,015 6,845
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 85,560 41,245 44,315
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 113,235 55,160 58,075
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 12,025 6,070 5,955
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 645 315 330
Chinese 675 275 395
Black 4,670 2,430 2,245
Filipino 145 90 55
Latin American 1,490 745 750
Arab 2,685 1,395 1,290
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,210 605 610
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 160 75 80
Korean 55 30 25
Japanese 40 0 30
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 70 40 30
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 185 65 120
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 101,205 49,090 52,115
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 113,235 55,160 58,070
North American Aboriginal origins 3,090 1,435 1,655
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,805 1,300 1,505
Inuit 30 10 20
Métis 290 135 160
Other North American origins 68,820 32,965 35,860
Acadian 330 180 150
American 680 295 385
Canadian 66,295 31,680 34,620
New Brunswicker 15 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 55 45 10
Québécois 2,390 1,210 1,180
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 51,750 25,370 26,380
British Isles origins 10,400 5,085 5,310
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 3,005 1,535 1,470
Irish 6,295 3,030 3,270
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,670 1,220 1,450
Welsh 50 40 10
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 335 190 140
French origins 31,805 15,205 16,605
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 190 75 110
French 31,645 15,145 16,500
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,825 1,730 2,100
Austrian 120 85 35
Belgian 1,150 535 610
Dutch 310 140 175
Flemish 20 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,125 895 1,235
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 365 190 175
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 220 110 110
Danish 25 0 0
Finnish 25 20 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 60 25 35
Swedish 105 55 55
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 2,555 1,355 1,200
Bulgarian 50 20 25
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 65 45 25
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 60 45 15
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 275 175 95
Latvian 25 20 0
Lithuanian 50 40 0
Moldovan 30 0 20
Polish 605 275 330
Romanian 860 445 420
Russian 450 220 230
Slovak 55 40 10
Ukrainian 340 155 185
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 12,845 6,635 6,210
Albanian 70 30 40
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 95 60 35
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 970 520 450
Italian 8,975 4,660 4,315
Kosovar 30 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,895 980 915
Serbian 20 0 0
Sicilian 45 15 30
Slovenian 30 0 0
Spanish 1,350 620 725
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 45 20 20
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 495 225 275
Basque 160 95 60
Jewish 255 130 130
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 85 0 85
Caribbean origins 4,010 1,985 2,020
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 160 95 65
Dominican 140 70 70
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 3,655 1,790 1,865
Jamaican 125 80 45
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 25 15 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 20 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,980 1,080 905
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 25 0 15
Argentinian 145 105 45
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 40 25 15
Brazilian 100 60 35
Chilean 260 145 110
Colombian 230 120 115
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 30 10 20
Guatemalan 160 110 50
Guyanese 35 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 20 15 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 365 175 185
Nicaraguan 25 15 10
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 240 130 110
Salvadorean 260 145 115
Uruguayan 30 20 15
Venezuelan 110 45 70
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 20 0 15
African origins 4,165 2,155 2,015
Central and West African origins 440 240 195
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 20 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 130 80 50
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 70 40 30
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 45 25 20
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 45 20 20
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 70 35 35
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 20 0 0
North African origins 3,025 1,525 1,510
Algerian 860 440 420
Berber 460 245 220
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 510 295 210
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,295 590 705
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 65 40 30
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 115 70 45
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 55 35 15
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 40 25 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 610 335 270
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 605 340 270
Asian origins 6,065 2,970 3,095
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,175 1,600 1,580
Afghan 90 45 45
Arab, n.o.s. 590 255 340
Armenian 445 240 205
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 125 40 85
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 25 0 0
Lebanese 1,525 815 710
Palestinian 55 15 40
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 360 170 190
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 180 75 110
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 590 300 295
Bangladeshi 50 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 280 150 125
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 65 40 30
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 190 80 110
Tamil 35 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,295 1,090 1,205
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 485 200 285
Chinese 1,070 445 625
Filipino 140 90 50
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 45 15 35
Korean 65 35 30
Laotian 240 95 145
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 25 25 0
Thai 105 30 75
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 440 225 210
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 70 0 35
Other Asian origins 40 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 35 0 0
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 113,235 55,160 58,075
Buddhist 655 280 380
Christian 94,680 45,550 49,130
Anglican 405 190 210
Baptist 795 330 465
Catholic 87,060 41,720 45,340
Christian Orthodox 1,865 970 890
Lutheran 90 25 70
Pentecostal 565 345 215
Presbyterian 120 60 65
United Church 190 80 105
Other Christian 3,580 1,820 1,760
Hindu 145 80 70
Jewish 155 85 70
Muslim 3,595 1,750 1,845
Sikh 25 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 65 35 35
No religious affiliation 13,910 7,375 6,530
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 113,230 55,160 58,075
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 595 270 325
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 395 155 240
Métis single identity 150 95 55
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 25 0 25
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 10 10 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 112,635 54,890 57,750
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 113,235 55,165 58,070
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 135 75 65
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 113,105 55,090 58,010
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 113,235 55,165 58,075
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,085 1,430 1,655
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,810 1,305 1,505
Métis ancestry 295 135 155
Inuit ancestry 30 10 20
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 110,145 53,730 56,415
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 22,185 10,830 11,355
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,185 10,825 11,360
Italian 4,765 2,450 2,320
Portuguese 1,380 715 665
Romanian 765 395 370
Spanish 5,320 2,385 2,935
Dutch 70 25 45
Flemish 15 0 0
German 625 315 315
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 15 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 25 10 15
Croatian 60 30 25
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 120 40 75
Russian 305 140 165
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 30 20 0
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 15 0 0
Ukrainian 35 30 10
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 565 300 265
Armenian 295 160 135
Albanian 55 25 35
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 10 0 0
Hungarian 125 45 75
Turkish 95 40 60
Berber languages (Kabyle) 160 80 75
Oromo 265 160 100
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 3,695 1,845 1,855
Hebrew 35 20 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 45 0 0
Gujarati 25 0 0
Hindi 70 40 30
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 75 50 30
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 50 15 35
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 170 75 95
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 225 100 120
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 55 0 25
Korean 25 0 0
Cantonese 85 50 40
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 60 30 30
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 340 185 160
Lao 250 105 150
Thai 100 40 65
Khmer (Cambodian) 395 175 220
Vietnamese 360 175 185
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 15 0 15
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 25 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 40 35 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 65 35
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 2,585 1,260 1,325
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 305 135 170
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 112,100 54,535 57,565
Non-movers 100,680 48,990 51,695
Movers 11,415 5,540 5,875
Non-migrants 4,650 2,250 2,400
Migrants 6,770 3,300 3,475
Internal migrants 6,385 3,085 3,305
Intraprovincial migrants 6,325 3,050 3,270
Interprovincial migrants 55 25 35
External migrants 385 215 170
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 106,730 51,840 54,890
Non-movers 68,995 33,475 35,520
Movers 37,740 18,370 19,370
Non-migrants 15,505 7,535 7,975
Migrants 22,230 10,830 11,395
Internal migrants 20,445 9,925 10,525
Intraprovincial migrants 20,220 9,820 10,395
Interprovincial migrants 235 110 125
External migrants 1,780 905 875
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 92,415 44,635 47,775
No certificate, diploma or degree 16,275 8,340 7,930
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,850 9,675 11,175
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 55,290 26,620 28,665
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 12,705 7,430 5,280
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,700 6,980 9,720
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,580 2,405 3,175
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,300 9,810 10,490
Bachelor's degree 13,915 6,635 7,280
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,385 3,175 3,210
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 63,040 30,275 32,760
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,450 3,640 2,805
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,035 5,510 6,520
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 44,555 21,120 23,435
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,875 5,650 4,230
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,135 5,075 7,060
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,495 1,945 2,550
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 18,050 8,450 9,600
Bachelor's degree 12,375 5,760 6,620
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,675 2,695 2,985
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 92,410 44,635 47,775
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 37,120 18,010 19,110
Education 4,105 920 3,190
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,535 1,145 1,395
Humanities 3,320 1,180 2,140
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,125 1,700 3,420
Business, management and public administration 14,515 5,955 8,565
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,300 1,150 1,150
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,355 1,580 775
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,540 9,535 1,005
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 570 310 255
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,565 1,405 5,155
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,315 1,705 1,605
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 92,415 44,635 47,780
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 37,125 18,015 19,105
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 55,290 26,625 28,670
Location of study inside Canada 51,545 24,605 26,940
Same as province or territory of residence 50,420 23,920 26,495
Another province or territory 1,130 680 450
Location of study outside Canada 3,740 2,020 1,725
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 68,085 34,415 33,670
Single responses 63,425 31,995 31,430
English 5,855 3,145 2,710
French 57,435 28,795 28,635
Non-official languages 135 50 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 25 10 20
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 45 0 35
Multiple responses 4,665 2,420 2,240
English and French 4,405 2,270 2,140
English and non-official language 45 30 20
French and non-official language 45 25 20
English, French and non-official language 165 100 65
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 68,085 34,415 33,670
English 5,850 3,145 2,710
French 57,430 28,795 28,635
Non-official language 140 50 85
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 135 50 85
English and French 4,410 2,270 2,135
English and non-official language 45 30 20
French and non-official language 50 20 20
English, French and non-official language 165 100 65
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 92,415 44,635 47,775
In the labour force 64,870 32,880 31,990
Employed 61,290 30,930 30,360
Unemployed 3,585 1,950 1,630
Not in the labour force 27,540 11,755 15,780
Participation rate 70.2 73.7 67.0
Employment rate 66.3 69.3 63.5
Unemployment rate 5.5 5.9 5.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 64,875 32,880 31,995
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,145 570 580
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,730 32,315 31,415
Employee 56,490 27,590 28,900
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,240 4,725 2,515
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 64,875 32,880 31,995
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,145 570 575
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,730 32,315 31,415
0 Management occupations 8,180 5,170 3,015
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,160 3,570 8,590
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,500 4,250 1,250
3 Health occupations 3,950 890 3,050
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,550 2,275 5,275
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,780 685 1,090
6 Sales and service occupations 14,760 6,775 7,990
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 7,425 6,995 435
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 280 260 25
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,135 1,435 695
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 64,875 32,880 31,995
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,140 570 575
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 63,735 32,315 31,420
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 155 90 70
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 90 60 30
22 Utilities 730 425 310
23 Construction 3,875 3,250 620
31-33 Manufacturing 7,040 4,705 2,330
41 Wholesale trade 3,760 2,310 1,450
44-45 Retail trade 8,415 4,085 4,330
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,100 2,225 875
51 Information and cultural industries 2,005 1,165 840
52 Finance and insurance 2,680 1,115 1,565
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,120 670 450
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,505 3,160 2,350
55 Management of companies and enterprises 65 40 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,525 1,335 1,195
61 Educational services 5,120 1,385 3,735
62 Health care and social assistance 7,265 1,455 5,810
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,240 640 610
72 Accommodation and food services 3,235 1,520 1,710
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,055 990 1,065
91 Public administration 3,755 1,695 2,055
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 64,870 32,880 31,990
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,725 1,330 1,400
Worked in 2010 62,145 31,555 30,595
1 to 13 weeks 2,650 1,200 1,455
14 to 26 weeks 3,975 1,910 2,060
27 to 39 weeks 3,555 1,775 1,780
40 to 48 weeks 12,150 6,245 5,905
49 to 52 weeks 39,815 20,425 19,395
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.4 45.8 45.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 64,875 32,880 31,990
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,725 1,330 1,400
Worked in 2010 62,150 31,555 30,595
Worked full-time in 2010 50,165 27,280 22,885
Worked part-time in 2010 11,980 4,265 7,715
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 61,290 30,930 30,360
Worked at home 3,625 1,865 1,760
Worked outside Canada 100 95 0
No fixed workplace address 5,515 4,125 1,385
Worked at usual place 52,055 24,850 27,210
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 57,565 28,975 28,590
Car, truck or van - as a driver 46,465 24,225 22,235
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,800 665 1,140
Public transit 6,545 2,810 3,735
Walked 1,950 780 1,170
Bicycle 395 305 95
Other methods 410 190 225
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 57,565 28,975 28,590
Median commuting duration 30.1 30.3 25.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 57,565 28,975 28,590
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 16,865 10,745 6,120
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 29,730 12,910 16,820
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,975 5,315 5,660
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 44,480 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 42,310 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,170 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 44,480 ... ...
1960 or before 5,900 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,580 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,520 ... ...
1991 to 2000 8,295 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,380 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,805 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 44,480 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,905 ... ...
5 rooms 6,740 ... ...
6 rooms 5,695 ... ...
7 rooms 6,480 ... ...
8 or more rooms 14,660 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 44,475 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,075 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,975 ... ...
3 bedrooms 17,515 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,910 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 44,475 ... ...
Owner 33,510 ... ...
Renter 10,975 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 44,480 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,025 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 40,455 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 44,475 ... ...
1 household maintainer 25,085 ... ...
2 household maintainers 18,950 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 450 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 44,480 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,125 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,300 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,085 ... ...
45 to 54 years 12,060 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,565 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,935 ... ...
75 years and over 3,405 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 44,480 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 44,275 ... ...
More than one person per room 205 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 44,475 ... ...
Suitable 42,870 ... ...
Not suitable 1,610 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 44,440 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 35,265 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,175 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,745 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 33,500 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 67.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 14.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,076 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,106 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 269,508 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 292,162 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 10,975 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 715 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 768 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 92,410 44,635 47,775
Without income 4,705 2,120 2,590
With income 87,705 42,520 45,190
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,130 3,595 3,530
$5,000 to $9,999 5,860 1,970 3,890
$10,000 to $14,999 7,665 2,825 4,840
$15,000 to $19,999 7,470 2,860 4,610
$20,000 to $29,999 10,905 4,710 6,195
$30,000 to $39,999 11,125 5,090 6,040
$40,000 to $49,999 10,270 4,845 5,430
$50,000 to $59,999 7,390 3,855 3,540
$60,000 to $79,999 9,945 5,745 4,205
$80,000 to $99,999 4,435 2,960 1,475
$100,000 and over 5,510 4,070 1,440
$100,000 to $124,999 2,395 1,760 635
$125,000 and over 3,115 2,305 810
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,554 40,150 29,101
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 43,187 51,254 35,596
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 92,415 44,635 47,775
Without after-tax income 4,715 2,115 2,595
With after-tax income 87,700 42,520 45,180
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,425 3,665 3,765
$5,000 to $9,999 6,080 2,025 4,045
$10,000 to $14,999 7,720 2,895 4,830
$15,000 to $19,999 8,215 3,200 5,010
$20,000 to $29,999 13,790 6,160 7,630
$30,000 to $39,999 14,680 6,980 7,700
$40,000 to $49,999 10,975 5,680 5,295
$50,000 to $59,999 7,760 4,240 3,520
$60,000 to $79,999 6,615 4,440 2,175
$80,000 to $99,999 2,145 1,480 665
$100,000 and over 2,290 1,755 545
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,414 34,723 26,371
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,898 40,241 29,868
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.3 92.7 84.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.2 79.0 74.7
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.8 72.8 70.3
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.4 6.2 4.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.4 5.5 3.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.4 7.1 5.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.2 1.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.7 7.2 15.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.9 2.6 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.5 1.7 3.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.4 2.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.9 0.2 4.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.6 1.4 1.9
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 19.2 21.5 16.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 80.8 78.5 83.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.0 2.1 1.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 34,300 18,270 16,030
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,673 55,905 43,974
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 58,321 66,206 49,336
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 33,000 ... ...
Median family income ($) 85,270 ... ...
Average family income ($) 100,012 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 71,559 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 80,513 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,100 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,835 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,354 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,602 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 69,374 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 15,795 ... ...
Median family income ($) 108,457 ... ...
Average family income ($) 123,260 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 89,503 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 98,378 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,325 ... ...
Median family income ($) 52,442 ... ...
Average family income ($) 62,267 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,647 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,388 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,190 6,095 7,095
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,030 35,125 27,398
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 36,951 40,035 34,302
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,395 30,105 24,894
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,605 32,589 28,900
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 113,235 55,160 58,070
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 49,645 23,365 26,275
In bottom decile 6,815 3,280 3,535
In second decile 8,210 3,360 4,845
In third decile 10,535 5,155 5,385
In fourth decile 11,720 5,640 6,075
In fifth decile 12,355 5,920 6,440
In top half of the Canadian distribution 63,590 31,800 31,795
In sixth decile 12,665 6,210 6,460
In seventh decile 13,605 6,740 6,870
In eighth decile 13,860 6,940 6,920
In ninth decile 12,970 6,640 6,330
In top decile 10,480 5,265 5,210
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 44,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 915 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 510 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,210 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,800 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,110 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,970 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,735 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,475 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,345 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,860 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,365 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,410 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 44,475 ... ...
Under $5,000 960 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 515 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,235 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,925 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,815 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,810 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,890 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,350 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,565 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,670 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,180 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,565 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 44,475 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 69,781 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,157 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,274 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,809 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 10,660 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,694 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,985 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 28,946 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,110 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 33,815 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 85,174 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 99,712 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 71,497 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 80,378 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 113,235 55,160 58,075
Less than 18 years 26,125 13,250 12,875
Less than 6 years 7,830 3,935 3,895
18 to 64 years 74,050 35,995 38,050
65 years and over 13,060 5,920 7,145
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 11,005 4,835 6,165
Less than 18 years 2,605 1,345 1,265
Less than 6 years 960 475 485
18 to 64 years 6,685 3,120 3,565
65 years and over 1,715 370 1,340
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 9.7 8.8 10.6
Less than 18 years (%) 10.0 10.2 9.8
Less than 6 years (%) 12.3 12.1 12.5
18 to 64 years (%) 9.0 8.7 9.4
65 years and over (%) 13.1 6.3 18.8

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Marc-Aurèle-Fortin, Quebec (Code 24040) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 11, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Marc-Aurèle-Fortin, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Marc-Aurèle-Fortin, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Marc-Aurèle-Fortin
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 115,283 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 107,149 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 7.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 45,625 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,478 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,048.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 56.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 115,285 55,630 59,655
0 to 4 years 6,320 3,180 3,140
5 to 9 years 6,915 3,405 3,510
10 to 14 years 7,465 3,830 3,635
15 to 19 years 8,915 4,460 4,460
15 years 1,705 855 845
16 years 1,720 820 900
17 years 1,780 875 905
18 years 1,820 905 915
19 years 1,895 1,005 895
20 to 24 years 7,350 3,800 3,545
25 to 29 years 5,545 2,800 2,745
30 to 34 years 6,480 3,095 3,385
35 to 39 years 7,540 3,550 3,990
40 to 44 years 8,935 4,220 4,715
45 to 49 years 10,470 5,030 5,440
50 to 54 years 10,270 5,015 5,255
55 to 59 years 7,915 3,880 4,040
60 to 64 years 6,215 3,020 3,195
65 to 69 years 4,860 2,310 2,550
70 to 74 years 3,420 1,550 1,870
75 to 79 years 2,715 1,200 1,510
80 to 84 years 2,140 795 1,345
85 years and over 1,800 480 1,320
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.6 39.6 41.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.0 81.3 82.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 94,580 45,215 49,370
Married or living with a common-law partner 55,545 27,740 27,800
Married (and not separated) 35,725 17,850 17,880
Living common law 19,815 9,890 9,920
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 39,035 17,470 21,565
Single (never legally married) 26,620 13,825 12,800
Separated 1,390 550 840
Divorced 6,210 2,195 4,020
Widowed 4,810 900 3,910
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 33,025 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,910 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,625 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,715 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,770 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 33,025 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 27,370 ... ...
Married couples 17,470 ... ...
Without children at home 7,335 ... ...
With children at home 10,140 ... ...
1 child 3,440 ... ...
2 children 4,795 ... ...
3 or more children 1,900 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,900 ... ...
Without children at home 4,295 ... ...
With children at home 5,605 ... ...
1 child 2,315 ... ...
2 children 2,525 ... ...
3 or more children 765 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,655 ... ...
Female parent 4,285 ... ...
1 child 2,465 ... ...
2 children 1,430 ... ...
3 or more children 385 ... ...
Male parent 1,375 ... ...
1 child 815 ... ...
2 children 445 ... ...
3 or more children 115 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 37,730 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,675 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,960 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,120 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,985 ... ...
25 years and over 2,990 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 113,170 55,005 58,165
Number of persons not in census families 15,040 6,735 8,305
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,825 720 1,100
Living with non-relatives only 2,525 1,415 1,110
Living alone 10,695 4,605 6,095
Number of census family persons 98,125 48,270 49,860
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,090 5,855 7,235
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,465 1,180 3,280
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 715 155 560
Living with non-relatives only 275 125 150
Living alone 3,475 900 2,575
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,625 4,675 3,950
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 44,475 ... ...
Census-family households 32,595 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 30,660 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 25,790 ... ...
Without children 10,950 ... ...
With children 14,845 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,865 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,930 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,515 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,020 ... ...
Without children 355 ... ...
With children 660 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 495 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 420 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,885 ... ...
One-person households 10,695 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,190 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 44,480 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,165 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,145 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 10 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 18,160 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,780 ... ...
Row house 1,685 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,755 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 10,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 125 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 44,480 ... ...
1 person 10,695 ... ...
2 persons 14,765 ... ...
3 persons 7,775 ... ...
4 persons 7,825 ... ...
5 persons 2,530 ... ...
6 or more persons 890 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 113,165 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,220 55,315 58,900
  Single responses  111,660 54,040 57,615
    English  5,850 3,030 2,820
    French  92,140 44,280 47,860
    Non-official languages  13,665 6,720 6,945
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 13,575 6,675 6,900
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  40 20 20
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  2,390 1,230 1,155
        Armenian  255 125 130
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 5 15
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  100 55 45
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  15 5 5
        Bulgarian  55 30 30
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  45 20 30
        Chinese, n.o.s.  215 100 115
        Creoles  1,145 480 660
        Croatian  40 20 15
        Czech  15 5 10
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  40 15 25
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  10 5 0
        Flemish  10 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  165 80 90
        Greek  430 215 215
        Gujarati  10 5 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  10 5 0
        Hungarian  95 45 55
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  2,715 1,450 1,265
        Japanese  20 5 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  265 125 140
        Korean  10 5 10
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  150 65 80
        Latvian  0 5 0
        Lingala  5 5 5
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  75 30 45
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 20 10
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  155 85 65
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  45 25 20
        Pashto  5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  245 130 110
        Polish  120 55 65
        Portuguese  1,130 550 585
        Romanian  870 410 460
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 5 10
        Russian  250 115 135
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  25 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  15 10 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  15 10 5
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  1,665 780 880
        Swahili  10 0 10
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 10 30
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  65 30 35
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 0 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  80 50 30
        Ukrainian  45 20 20
        Urdu  40 15 25
        Vietnamese  230 100 130
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 85 45 45
  Multiple responses          2,560 1,285 1,280
    English and French  1,085 550 535
    English and non-official language  295 140 155
    French and non-official language  925 450 470
    English, French and non-official language 265 145 120
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,215 55,320 58,900
  English only 1,825 950 880
  French only 48,360 21,160 27,205
  English and French 63,410 32,985 30,425
  Neither English nor French 620 225 390
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,215 55,320 58,900
  English 9,905 5,085 4,815
  French 100,440 48,245 52,190
  English and French 3,275 1,765 1,510
  Neither English nor French 600 215 380
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 11,540 5,970 5,575
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 10.1 10.8 9.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,220 55,320 58,900
  Single responses 110,040 53,275 56,765
    English 8,725 4,460 4,265
    French 95,860 46,190 49,670
    Non-official languages 5,455 2,625 2,830
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 5 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,425 2,610 2,815
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 5 5 5
        Albanian 25 15 15
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 925 465 465
        Armenian 175 90 85
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 30 20 10
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 5 5 5
        Bulgarian 40 20 20
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 15 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s. 150 70 80
        Creoles 330 125 205
        Croatian 15 10 5
        Czech 5 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 30 10 15
        Greek 90 45 45
        Gujarati 5 0 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 0 0 0
        Hungarian 45 20 25
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Italian 385 195 190
        Japanese 10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 165 75 90
        Korean 15 5 10
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 65 25 35
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 5 0
        Malay 5 0 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 45 25 25
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 25 15 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 35 20 15
        Pashto 5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 150 80 75
        Polish 55 30 25
        Portuguese 325 160 165
        Romanian 670 320 350
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 175 85 85
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 10 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Slovak 5 5 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 5 5 5
        Spanish 985 475 510
        Swahili 5 0 0
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 45 25 20
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 5 5 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 55 30 25
        Ukrainian 20 5 10
        Urdu 35 15 20
        Vietnamese 155 70 90
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 30 15 15
  Multiple responses         4,180 2,040 2,135
    English and French 1,350 690 660
    English and non-official language 395 190 200
    French and non-official language 1,915 900 1,015
    English, French and non-official language 515 265 250
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 114,220 55,320 58,900
  None 94,520 45,570 48,950
  Single responses  18,095 8,930 9,165
    English  7,915 4,010 3,905
    French  4,775 2,370 2,405
    Non-official languages  5,405 2,550 2,850
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,340 2,530 2,810
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 0
        Albanian  15 10 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  990 490 495
        Armenian  50 20 30
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  50 25 25
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  5 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  20 5 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  25 10 15
        Creoles  1,010 440 570
        Croatian  10 0 5
        Czech  0 0 5
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  5 0 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  55 25 30
        Greek  240 115 125
        Gujarati  10 5 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  5 0 0
        Hungarian  25 10 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  1,150 565 580
        Japanese  5 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  65 30 30
        Korean  0 0 0
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  55 25 35
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  20 5 10
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  5 0 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  80 45 40
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 0 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  45 25 20
        Polish  20 5 10
        Portuguese  365 170 200
        Romanian  115 50 60
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 10 15
        Russian  50 20 25
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  10 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  5 5 0
        Spanish  610 290 320
        Swahili  10 0 10
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  10 0 10
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 5 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  15 10 5
        Ukrainian  5 5 5
        Urdu  5 0 5
        Vietnamese  50 20 25
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 65 25 40
  Multiple responses          1,600 815 785
    English and French  465 245 220
    English and non-official language  545 270 275
    French and non-official language  570 290 280
    English, French and non-official language  20 5 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Marc-Aurèle-Fortin, Quebec (Code 24040) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 11, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Marc-Aurèle-Fortin (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Marc-Aurèle-Fortin, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Marc-Aurèle-Fortin (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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