NHS Profile, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 102,880 49,395 53,480
Canadian citizens 89,980 43,145 46,835
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,990 9,155 8,840
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 71,990 33,990 37,995
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 12,900 6,250 6,650
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 102,875 49,395 53,480
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 67,135 32,240 34,890
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 33,655 16,065 17,590
Before 1971 5,825 2,765 3,060
1971 to 1980 3,270 1,575 1,690
1981 to 1990 3,340 1,625 1,715
1991 to 2000 6,230 2,925 3,305
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 14,985 7,170 7,815
2001 to 2005 5,670 2,725 2,950
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 9,315 4,450 4,865
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,090 1,090 1,005
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 33,650 16,065 17,590
Under 5 years 2,815 1,310 1,500
5 to 14 years 5,640 2,745 2,900
15 to 24 years 6,100 2,895 3,205
25 to 44 years 17,125 8,285 8,840
45 years and over 1,970 835 1,140
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 102,880 49,390 53,485
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 67,135 32,245 34,890
Born in province of residence 60,825 29,505 31,320
Born outside province of residence 6,310 2,740 3,570
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 33,655 16,065 17,590
Americas 6,845 2,930 3,910
United States 770 325 450
Jamaica 705 270 435
Guyana 235 90 150
Haiti 580 295 285
Mexico 555 235 315
Trinidad and Tobago 520 225 300
Colombia 350 175 175
El Salvador 180 105 75
Peru 220 70 150
Chile 165 60 110
Other places of birth in Americas 2,555 1,085 1,470
Europe 10,790 5,290 5,500
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,075 515 560
Italy 1,735 810 920
Germany 420 180 245
Poland 565 200 365
Portugal 130 50 80
Netherlands 95 50 40
France 960 560 405
Romania 1,585 770 810
Russian Federation 705 330 380
Greece 260 150 105
Ukraine 525 240 285
Croatia 60 25 30
Hungary 300 145 155
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 80 60
Serbia 115 65 50
Ireland, Republic of 65 40 20
Other places of birth in Europe 2,065 1,070 990
Africa 4,610 2,465 2,145
Morocco 1,115 535 580
Algeria 605 295 310
Egypt 475 290 185
South Africa, Republic of 30 20 0
Nigeria 115 55 60
Ethiopia 145 75 75
Kenya 45 30 15
Other places of birth in Africa 2,080 1,170 910
Asia 11,360 5,350 6,005
India 620 345 275
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,075 1,335 1,745
Philippines 2,190 855 1,330
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 200 95 105
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 330 165 160
Pakistan 425 225 195
Sri Lanka 130 70 65
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,185 645 545
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 485 220 260
Lebanon 360 235 125
Taiwan 235 95 135
Iraq 145 105 40
Bangladesh 265 150 115
Afghanistan 155 65 90
Japan 130 45 80
Turkey 155 80 70
Other places of birth in Asia 1,290 635 655
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 55 30 25
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 55 30 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,090 1,090 1,000
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 9,315 4,450 4,865
Americas 1,715 735 975
United States 155 85 70
Mexico 300 115 185
Cuba 50 25 20
Haiti 205 95 105
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 75 30 40
Colombia 250 125 130
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 50 20 30
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 75 35 35
Other places of birth in Americas 535 205 325
Europe 2,025 1,065 960
France 155 110 45
Germany 25 15 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 495 220 275
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 495 260 240
Russian Federation 120 60 65
Ukraine 100 35 60
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 80 50 25
Other places of birth in Europe 555 320 235
Africa 1,970 1,055 910
Nigeria 55 25 30
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 70 40 25
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 305 165 140
Egypt 95 80 20
Morocco 515 235 285
Tunisia 10 0 0
Cameroon 170 95 80
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 30 15 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 680 380 295
Asia 3,590 1,580 2,010
Philippines 650 270 375
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,265 535 725
India 110 40 70
Pakistan 160 65 100
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 520 270 250
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 130 50 75
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 75 55 25
Bangladesh 45 0 30
Lebanon 35 25 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 20 0 0
Taiwan 45 0 0
Afghanistan 115 0 75
Japan 65 35 35
Turkey 25 15 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 20 0 10
Other places of birth in Asia 245 125 120
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 102,875 49,395 53,485
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 36,000 17,275 18,730
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 20,485 10,440 10,050
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 46,395 21,685 24,710
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 102,880 49,395 53,485
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 30,405 14,605 15,800
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,600 1,385 1,215
Chinese 4,670 2,170 2,505
Black 10,170 4,765 5,405
Filipino 2,790 1,210 1,580
Latin American 2,485 1,120 1,370
Arab 2,765 1,510 1,255
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 830 435 390
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,560 785 780
Korean 790 355 435
Japanese 245 95 145
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 635 325 310
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 870 450 425
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 72,475 34,790 37,680
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 102,880 49,395 53,485
North American Aboriginal origins 2,510 1,065 1,445
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,135 900 1,230
Inuit 175 65 105
Métis 255 125 125
Other North American origins 33,995 16,050 17,940
Acadian 345 150 200
American 1,030 470 565
Canadian 31,325 14,735 16,585
New Brunswicker 40 0 0
Newfoundlander 40 30 0
Nova Scotian 40 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 1,930 970 960
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 56,190 27,175 29,005
British Isles origins 21,570 10,230 11,340
Channel Islander 20 15 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 9,815 4,795 5,020
Irish 10,835 4,945 5,890
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 8,030 3,650 4,385
Welsh 790 315 470
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 1,820 915 905
French origins 20,590 10,065 10,525
Alsatian 20 0 25
Breton 120 55 65
French 20,515 10,050 10,460
Western European origins (except French origins) 6,105 2,950 3,160
Austrian 575 300 275
Belgian 740 380 360
Dutch 875 470 400
Flemish 20 0 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,660 1,690 1,970
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 550 245 305
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 20 0 15
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,110 495 605
Danish 295 125 170
Finnish 75 50 30
Icelandic 40 25 20
Norwegian 385 185 200
Swedish 270 120 150
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 85 30 55
Eastern European origins 11,020 5,415 5,600
Bulgarian 580 300 280
Byelorussian 130 65 60
Czech 295 180 115
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 55 25 25
Estonian 45 20 25
Hungarian 1,185 530 655
Latvian 185 105 75
Lithuanian 265 155 115
Moldovan 365 190 175
Polish 2,675 1,295 1,385
Romanian 2,705 1,315 1,395
Russian 2,825 1,400 1,425
Slovak 160 85 70
Ukrainian 1,700 750 945
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 130 55 75
Southern European origins 11,980 5,825 6,150
Albanian 65 45 20
Bosnian 40 15 20
Croatian 160 80 85
Cypriot 20 10 0
Greek 1,165 630 535
Italian 7,480 3,590 3,885
Kosovar 30 20 0
Macedonian 25 15 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 995 455 540
Serbian 225 110 115
Sicilian 60 40 20
Slovenian 60 20 40
Spanish 2,290 1,020 1,270
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 190 120 70
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 3,045 1,525 1,515
Basque 70 40 30
Jewish 2,815 1,410 1,410
Roma (Gypsy) 45 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 105 35 70
Caribbean origins 5,945 2,610 3,335
Antiguan 40 40 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 775 290 490
Bermudan 10 0 0
Carib 40 20 15
Cuban 125 60 60
Dominican 50 20 35
Grenadian 505 160 345
Haitian 1,190 560 630
Jamaican 1,505 670 840
Kittitian/Nevisian 65 0 40
Martinican 40 0 25
Montserratan 75 40 35
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 140 70 75
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 575 280 295
Vincentian/Grenadinian 500 180 320
West Indian, n.o.s. 520 225 300
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 385 190 195
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,585 1,710 1,870
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 135 35 95
Argentinian 85 40 50
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 50 30 0
Brazilian 145 65 80
Chilean 240 95 145
Colombian 510 275 235
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 60 35 30
Guatemalan 70 25 40
Guyanese 180 85 85
Hispanic 45 30 15
Honduran 35 20 25
Maya 120 70 50
Mexican 980 455 535
Nicaraguan 10 0 0
Panamanian 55 35 25
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 305 125 180
Salvadorean 380 185 190
Uruguayan 30 0 0
Venezuelan 190 80 115
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 145 115 35
African origins 7,695 3,975 3,720
Central and West African origins 1,660 880 775
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 65 45 20
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 175 95 85
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 415 190 220
Gabonese 25 0 15
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 150 115 35
Guinean 85 35 45
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 70 60 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 130 60 65
Peulh 80 45 30
Senegalese 145 95 55
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 335 145 190
North African origins 3,025 1,570 1,455
Algerian 485 235 250
Berber 495 260 240
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 570 300 270
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,385 695 690
Sudanese 20 20 0
Tunisian 175 120 60
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 50 15 40
Southern and East African origins 1,250 660 590
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 55 25 30
Burundian 170 95 75
Eritrean 95 65 35
Ethiopian 150 85 65
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 65 20 40
Mauritian 125 80 45
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 190 70 120
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 155 55 100
South African 55 25 25
Tanzanian 15 10 10
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 50 50 0
Zulu 30 20 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 75 45 30
Other African origins 1,860 910 950
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 235 100 135
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,625 810 810
Asian origins 17,900 8,890 9,015
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 4,805 2,705 2,100
Afghan 215 90 130
Arab, n.o.s. 645 345 305
Armenian 345 175 170
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 45 0 25
Georgian 30 20 0
Iranian 1,655 900 750
Iraqi 250 175 75
Israeli 100 55 45
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 90 0 60
Kurd 75 40 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 890 585 300
Palestinian 85 50 40
Pashtun 15 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 330 195 135
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 60 35 25
Turk 295 150 135
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 45 25 20
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 75 45 35
South Asian origins 3,130 1,665 1,460
Bangladeshi 180 100 80
Bengali 80 45 35
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,125 1,125 990
Goan 45 15 25
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 530 275 250
Punjabi 20 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 180 100 75
Tamil 45 25 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 55 35 20
East and Southeast Asian origins 10,085 4,600 5,485
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 95 40 55
Chinese 5,405 2,515 2,895
Filipino 2,985 1,320 1,670
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 80 25 55
Japanese 285 105 180
Korean 845 365 480
Laotian 120 60 60
Malaysian 45 30 0
Mongolian 65 30 40
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 150 75 70
Thai 50 25 20
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 555 285 265
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 80 35 40
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 80 40 40
Oceania origins 140 45 95
Australian 110 40 75
New Zealander 15 0 10
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 102,880 49,395 53,485
Buddhist 845 395 445
Christian 70,205 32,500 37,700
Anglican 3,735 1,630 2,105
Baptist 790 260 530
Catholic 48,475 22,640 25,835
Christian Orthodox 4,840 2,425 2,415
Lutheran 360 175 185
Pentecostal 1,570 695 880
Presbyterian 885 385 490
United Church 1,775 680 1,095
Other Christian 7,785 3,615 4,170
Hindu 925 500 430
Jewish 3,300 1,575 1,725
Muslim 6,390 3,325 3,065
Sikh 150 85 65
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 395 170 220
No religious affiliation 20,670 10,840 9,830
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 102,875 49,395 53,485
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 850 365 480
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 455 205 250
Métis single identity 200 85 110
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 160 65 100
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 102,030 49,030 53,005
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 102,875 49,395 53,485
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 170 50 120
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 102,705 49,345 53,365
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 102,880 49,395 53,485
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,505 1,065 1,445
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,135 905 1,230
Métis ancestry 255 125 125
Inuit ancestry 175 65 110
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 100,370 48,330 52,040
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 39,715 19,330 20,385
Aboriginal languages 115 35 80
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 85 30 55
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 25 0 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,620 19,295 20,320
Italian 4,650 2,270 2,380
Portuguese 675 305 375
Romanian 2,385 1,175 1,215
Spanish 7,250 3,235 4,010
Dutch 145 90 60
Flemish 15 0 15
German 1,675 845 830
Yiddish 265 100 165
Danish 45 20 0
Norwegian 55 15 35
Swedish 60 25 30
Afrikaans 40 20 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 30 0 0
Bulgarian 460 245 215
Croatian 105 45 65
Czech 60 40 20
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 870 350 520
Russian 3,015 1,515 1,505
Serbian 145 70 80
Serbo-Croatian 65 35 35
Slovak 60 30 30
Slovenian 25 0 20
Ukrainian 460 185 275
Latvian 50 0 20
Lithuanian 35 0 0
Greek 675 375 295
Armenian 140 55 90
Albanian 75 50 25
Estonian 30 0 0
Finnish 20 0 0
Hungarian 545 290 255
Turkish 355 205 150
Berber languages (Kabyle) 25 15 0
Oromo 210 100 115
Somali 135 55 80
Amharic 185 105 80
Arabic 3,405 1,875 1,530
Hebrew 585 305 280
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 100 70 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 425 230 195
Gujarati 265 155 115
Hindi 435 245 195
Konkani 35 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 300 165 130
Sindhi 15 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 510 280 235
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 70 40 30
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,745 915 830
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 0
Kannada 45 25 20
Malayalam 30 10 20
Tamil 280 145 135
Telugu 45 20 25
Japanese 265 110 155
Korean 740 330 405
Cantonese 340 170 170
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,645 760 885
Taiwanese 55 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,655 1,220 1,435
Lao 120 60 65
Thai 45 20 20
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 40 35
Vietnamese 470 245 225
Bisayan languages 110 30 85
Ilocano 115 35 80
Malay 50 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,305 940 1,365
Akan (Twi) 75 60 15
Lingala 170 90 75
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 85 55
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 120 45 75
Swahili 195 95 100
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 305 165 145
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 405 220 185
African languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20
Creoles 1,125 570 560
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 810 475 330
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 101,675 48,730 52,950
Non-movers 87,655 41,865 45,795
Movers 14,020 6,865 7,150
Non-migrants 8,980 4,425 4,555
Migrants 5,040 2,445 2,595
Internal migrants 3,130 1,505 1,625
Intraprovincial migrants 2,685 1,280 1,410
Interprovincial migrants 445 230 220
External migrants 1,910 940 970
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 96,955 46,455 50,505
Non-movers 55,370 26,125 29,245
Movers 41,585 20,330 21,260
Non-migrants 24,580 12,075 12,505
Migrants 17,005 8,255 8,750
Internal migrants 8,480 4,070 4,410
Intraprovincial migrants 7,025 3,320 3,705
Interprovincial migrants 1,450 745 705
External migrants 8,530 4,185 4,345
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 86,050 40,930 45,120
No certificate, diploma or degree 14,410 6,840 7,570
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 19,130 9,125 10,005
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 52,510 24,965 27,545
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,930 4,375 3,560
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,630 6,195 7,435
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,055 2,290 2,770
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 25,890 12,105 13,785
Bachelor's degree 15,090 6,815 8,275
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,800 5,290 5,510
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 58,760 28,265 30,495
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,065 2,950 3,115
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,070 5,635 5,435
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 41,630 19,680 21,950
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,050 3,310 2,740
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,515 4,365 5,145
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,915 1,850 2,060
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 22,155 10,150 12,005
Bachelor's degree 12,800 5,700 7,100
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,360 4,455 4,900
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 86,050 40,930 45,120
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 33,540 15,965 17,580
Education 3,410 925 2,485
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,825 1,335 1,490
Humanities 4,195 1,450 2,740
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,790 2,580 4,205
Business, management and public administration 11,610 4,540 7,070
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,610 1,420 1,195
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,025 1,915 1,110
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,440 8,030 1,410
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 515 305 210
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,930 1,315 4,620
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,165 1,145 1,015
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 86,050 40,930 45,120
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 33,540 15,965 17,575
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 52,515 24,965 27,545
Location of study inside Canada 39,155 18,435 20,715
Same as province or territory of residence 36,525 17,100 19,425
Another province or territory 2,630 1,335 1,295
Location of study outside Canada 13,355 6,530 6,830
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,585 29,440 28,150
Single responses 50,180 25,805 24,370
English 25,840 13,355 12,485
French 23,660 12,065 11,595
Non-official languages 675 385 295
Chinese, n.o.s. 205 100 100
Cantonese 25 15 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 60 40 20
Spanish 45 20 25
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 300 180 125
Multiple responses 7,410 3,630 3,780
English and French 6,895 3,405 3,490
English and non-official language 210 115 100
French and non-official language 50 0 50
English, French and non-official language 250 110 140
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,585 29,435 28,150
English 25,840 13,355 12,485
French 23,660 12,070 11,595
Non-official language 675 385 295
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 670 380 290
English and French 6,895 3,405 3,490
English and non-official language 215 110 100
French and non-official language 50 0 50
English, French and non-official language 250 105 140
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 86,055 40,930 45,125
In the labour force 54,595 28,060 26,535
Employed 49,780 25,405 24,370
Unemployed 4,820 2,660 2,160
Not in the labour force 31,455 12,865 18,590
Participation rate 63.4 68.6 58.8
Employment rate 57.8 62.1 54.0
Unemployment rate 8.8 9.5 8.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 54,595 28,060 26,535
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,030 1,030 1,000
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,565 27,030 25,540
Employee 46,980 23,525 23,460
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,585 3,505 2,080
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 54,595 28,060 26,535
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,025 1,030 995
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,570 27,030 25,535
0 Management occupations 5,860 3,535 2,325
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,625 3,280 6,345
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,760 3,580 1,185
3 Health occupations 3,355 835 2,520
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,905 2,385 4,515
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,305 1,145 1,165
6 Sales and service occupations 12,875 6,360 6,515
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,765 4,475 295
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 305 240 65
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,805 1,205 605
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 54,600 28,060 26,535
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,030 1,035 1,000
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,570 27,030 25,535
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 145 110 40
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 15 15 0
22 Utilities 180 120 60
23 Construction 1,595 1,415 180
31-33 Manufacturing 5,200 3,450 1,755
41 Wholesale trade 3,415 2,135 1,275
44-45 Retail trade 5,275 2,550 2,725
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,680 2,625 1,050
51 Information and cultural industries 2,115 1,150 965
52 Finance and insurance 2,155 920 1,235
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,075 625 455
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,085 2,800 2,285
55 Management of companies and enterprises 80 25 60
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,500 1,430 1,070
61 Educational services 5,110 1,985 3,125
62 Health care and social assistance 6,325 1,445 4,875
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,105 570 540
72 Accommodation and food services 3,280 1,770 1,505
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,125 775 1,350
91 Public administration 2,100 1,120 985
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 54,600 28,065 26,530
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,875 2,065 1,810
Worked in 2010 50,725 26,000 24,725
1 to 13 weeks 2,795 1,335 1,460
14 to 26 weeks 3,850 1,890 1,960
27 to 39 weeks 3,240 1,675 1,565
40 to 48 weeks 9,270 4,685 4,590
49 to 52 weeks 31,570 16,415 15,150
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.5 44.7 44.2
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 54,595 28,060 26,535
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,875 2,060 1,810
Worked in 2010 50,725 26,005 24,720
Worked full-time in 2010 40,995 22,110 18,885
Worked part-time in 2010 9,730 3,895 5,835
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 49,775 25,405 24,375
Worked at home 2,890 1,460 1,430
Worked outside Canada 215 165 50
No fixed workplace address 3,680 2,510 1,175
Worked at usual place 42,995 21,275 21,720
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 46,675 23,785 22,895
Car, truck or van - as a driver 26,555 15,295 11,260
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,905 610 1,290
Public transit 13,845 5,630 8,220
Walked 2,995 1,325 1,675
Bicycle 905 665 240
Other methods 470 265 210
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 46,675 23,785 22,895
Median commuting duration 25.4 25.1 25.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 46,680 23,785 22,895
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 8,840 5,440 3,400
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,845 12,720 15,125
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,990 5,620 4,365
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 47,165 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 42,335 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,830 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 47,165 ... ...
1960 or before 25,335 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,695 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,125 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,045 ... ...
2001 to 2005 1,275 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,690 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 47,160 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 23,560 ... ...
5 rooms 7,795 ... ...
6 rooms 4,650 ... ...
7 rooms 4,175 ... ...
8 or more rooms 6,975 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 47,160 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 13,535 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,880 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,640 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,110 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 47,160 ... ...
Owner 19,580 ... ...
Renter 27,580 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 47,165 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,555 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 42,605 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 47,165 ... ...
1 household maintainer 32,650 ... ...
2 household maintainers 13,775 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 740 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 47,165 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,730 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,200 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,205 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,310 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,635 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,195 ... ...
75 years and over 4,885 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 47,165 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 45,775 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,390 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 47,160 ... ...
Suitable 42,695 ... ...
Not suitable 4,470 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 46,915 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 32,065 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,855 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 12,140 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 19,580 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 54.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 19.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,010 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,132 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 348,836 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 379,671 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,580 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 670 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 704 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 86,050 40,930 45,120
Without income 4,710 2,165 2,550
With income 81,340 38,765 42,570
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,780 4,575 4,205
$5,000 to $9,999 7,420 2,835 4,580
$10,000 to $14,999 8,570 3,685 4,890
$15,000 to $19,999 8,465 3,395 5,070
$20,000 to $29,999 11,880 5,550 6,330
$30,000 to $39,999 10,310 4,975 5,335
$40,000 to $49,999 7,625 3,475 4,145
$50,000 to $59,999 4,660 2,210 2,450
$60,000 to $79,999 6,545 3,575 2,975
$80,000 to $99,999 2,905 1,675 1,230
$100,000 and over 4,190 2,810 1,375
$100,000 to $124,999 1,790 1,185 610
$125,000 and over 2,395 1,625 770
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 25,740 28,736 23,676
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 36,603 41,326 32,303
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 86,050 40,930 45,120
Without after-tax income 4,730 2,175 2,555
With after-tax income 81,320 38,750 42,565
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,930 4,625 4,305
$5,000 to $9,999 7,540 2,865 4,675
$10,000 to $14,999 8,820 3,790 5,030
$15,000 to $19,999 9,190 3,815 5,380
$20,000 to $29,999 14,645 6,950 7,695
$30,000 to $39,999 11,930 5,600 6,330
$40,000 to $49,999 7,410 3,600 3,815
$50,000 to $59,999 4,880 2,545 2,340
$60,000 to $79,999 4,350 2,510 1,850
$80,000 to $99,999 1,795 1,180 610
$100,000 and over 1,820 1,280 540
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 23,919 26,129 22,253
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,255 33,427 27,366
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 85.8 89.9 80.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.0 75.7 67.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 66.5 68.9 63.7
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.4 6.7 3.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.2 5.9 4.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.9 6.9 6.9
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.5 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 14.2 10.1 19.1
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.7 3.2 4.2
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.5 2.6 4.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.4 2.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.4 0.2 4.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.9 2.7 3.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.4 19.1 15.3
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.6 80.9 84.7
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.9 2.1 1.7
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 27,350 14,775 12,575
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,839 44,450 39,802
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 52,682 56,633 48,039
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,710 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,211 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,940 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,817 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,436 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,870 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,163 ... ...
Average family income ($) 75,130 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,017 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,656 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,950 ... ...
Median family income ($) 80,420 ... ...
Average family income ($) 103,738 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 70,865 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,242 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,900 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,590 ... ...
Average family income ($) 50,882 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 37,808 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 44,005 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 21,665 10,135 11,535
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,270 24,329 24,221
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 32,613 32,733 32,509
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,130 23,316 22,784
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,301 27,379 27,233
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 102,875 49,395 53,485
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 63,585 30,075 33,510
In bottom decile 16,490 7,755 8,735
In second decile 13,695 6,310 7,385
In third decile 12,540 5,875 6,665
In fourth decile 11,505 5,610 5,895
In fifth decile 9,355 4,520 4,835
In top half of the Canadian distribution 39,295 19,320 19,975
In sixth decile 8,350 3,870 4,480
In seventh decile 8,180 3,955 4,225
In eighth decile 7,475 3,760 3,715
In ninth decile 7,540 3,770 3,765
In top decile 7,755 3,970 3,785
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 47,165 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,980 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,840 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,940 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,360 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,300 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,765 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,650 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,010 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,445 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,975 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,835 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,445 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 47,165 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,010 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,850 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,010 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,590 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,370 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,615 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,360 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,160 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,565 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,360 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,265 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,290 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,970 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 47,165 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 44,757 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 63,128 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 40,176 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 52,165 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 18,010 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 27,036 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,516 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 24,640 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 28,742 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,155 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 60,597 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 80,800 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 54,083 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,633 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 102,875 49,390 53,480
Less than 18 years 20,575 10,530 10,045
Less than 6 years 7,070 3,530 3,540
18 to 64 years 68,050 32,865 35,185
65 years and over 14,255 5,995 8,255
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 24,685 11,275 13,410
Less than 18 years 5,515 2,880 2,640
Less than 6 years 2,040 1,040 1,005
18 to 64 years 16,490 7,585 8,910
65 years and over 2,680 815 1,865
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 24.0 22.8 25.1
Less than 18 years (%) 26.8 27.4 26.3
Less than 6 years (%) 28.9 29.5 28.4
18 to 64 years (%) 24.2 23.1 25.3
65 years and over (%) 18.8 13.6 22.6

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine, Quebec (Code 24045) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 105,306 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 104,715 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 0.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 50,415 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 47,144 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,239.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 47.03 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 105,305 49,975 55,330
0 to 4 years 5,920 2,970 2,955
5 to 9 years 5,320 2,675 2,645
10 to 14 years 5,460 2,790 2,670
15 to 19 years 6,365 3,145 3,220
15 years 1,255 645 610
16 years 1,230 600 630
17 years 1,240 620 620
18 years 1,280 620 655
19 years 1,355 655 700
20 to 24 years 6,685 3,255 3,430
25 to 29 years 6,935 3,435 3,500
30 to 34 years 7,335 3,500 3,830
35 to 39 years 7,370 3,605 3,765
40 to 44 years 7,765 3,845 3,915
45 to 49 years 8,430 4,115 4,315
50 to 54 years 8,120 3,945 4,180
55 to 59 years 7,050 3,405 3,640
60 to 64 years 6,050 2,855 3,200
65 to 69 years 4,460 2,020 2,435
70 to 74 years 3,470 1,485 1,990
75 to 79 years 3,080 1,290 1,790
80 to 84 years 2,660 915 1,745
85 years and over 2,825 725 2,100
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.8 39.5 42.1
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.1 83.1 85.1
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 88,600 41,540 47,060
Married or living with a common-law partner 43,605 21,750 21,855
Married (and not separated) 33,135 16,510 16,625
Living common law 10,475 5,235 5,235
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 44,995 19,790 25,205
Single (never legally married) 29,705 15,035 14,670
Separated 2,070 860 1,210
Divorced 7,595 2,870 4,720
Widowed 5,630 1,020 4,605
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,425 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,320 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,810 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,320 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,970 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,425 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,160 ... ...
Married couples 15,930 ... ...
Without children at home 6,445 ... ...
With children at home 9,485 ... ...
1 child 3,970 ... ...
2 children 3,970 ... ...
3 or more children 1,540 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,230 ... ...
Without children at home 2,815 ... ...
With children at home 2,415 ... ...
1 child 1,150 ... ...
2 children 950 ... ...
3 or more children 310 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,270 ... ...
Female parent 5,165 ... ...
1 child 3,280 ... ...
2 children 1,440 ... ...
3 or more children 445 ... ...
Male parent 1,100 ... ...
1 child 785 ... ...
2 children 250 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 30,195 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,995 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,590 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,620 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,320 ... ...
25 years and over 3,670 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 102,750 49,260 53,490
Number of persons not in census families 23,970 11,295 12,680
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,330 995 1,335
Living with non-relatives only 3,635 2,045 1,590
Living alone 18,010 8,255 9,755
Number of census family persons 78,775 37,965 40,810
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 14,280 5,920 8,360
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,195 1,715 4,490
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 580 130 445
Living with non-relatives only 310 135 175
Living alone 5,310 1,445 3,865
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,085 4,205 3,875
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 47,140 ... ...
Census-family households 27,070 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,470 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 19,985 ... ...
Without children 8,715 ... ...
With children 11,265 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,485 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,605 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,255 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 725 ... ...
Without children 290 ... ...
With children 435 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 530 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 350 ... ...
Non-census-family households 20,070 ... ...
One-person households 18,010 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,060 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 47,145 ... ...
Single-detached house 8,575 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 5,720 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 50 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 32,800 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,045 ... ...
Row house 1,740 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,845 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 21,020 ... ...
Other single-attached house 160 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 47,145 ... ...
1 person 18,010 ... ...
2 persons 14,005 ... ...
3 persons 7,175 ... ...
4 persons 5,505 ... ...
5 persons 1,785 ... ...
6 or more persons 665 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 102,750 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,765 49,505 54,265
  Single responses  99,635 47,510 52,120
    English  34,765 16,665 18,100
    French  36,385 17,200 19,185
    Non-official languages  28,485 13,645 14,835
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 100 35 65
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  30 10 20
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  65 20 40
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 27,840 13,345 14,500
        African languages, n.i.e 40 20 15
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  50 25 20
        Albanian  70 35 35
        Amharic  100 50 45
        Arabic  2,075 1,110 970
        Armenian  105 60 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 75 45 35
        Bengali  180 100 75
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  85 45 35
        Bisayan languages  60 10 45
        Bosnian  25 10 10
        Bulgarian  475 235 240
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  210 110 100
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,695 1,300 1,400
        Creoles  425 200 220
        Croatian  70 30 40
        Czech  65 30 35
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  135 65 70
        Estonian  30 15 15
        Finnish  30 10 15
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  650 280 375
        Greek  530 265 265
        Gujarati  180 85 95
        Hakka  0 0 5
        Hebrew  125 70 60
        Hindi  85 40 40
        Hungarian  395 180 215
        Ilocano  115 45 70
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 0
        Italian  3,105 1,510 1,595
        Japanese  100 35 65
        Khmer (Cambodian)  45 25 20
        Korean  555 255 300
        Kurdish  30 15 10
        Lao  65 35 35
        Latvian  50 25 25
        Lingala  35 20 20
        Lithuanian  30 20 10
        Macedonian  10 10 5
        Malay  20 5 10
        Malayalam  15 5 10
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  1,010 450 555
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 180 95 85
        Norwegian  15 10 10
        Oromo  110 65 45
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  270 145 125
        Pashto  10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  1,315 705 610
        Polish  890 405 490
        Portuguese  435 195 235
        Romanian  2,075 1,000 1,075
        Rundi (Kirundi)  100 50 45
        Russian  1,820 825 990
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  85 40 50
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Serbian  120 60 55
        Serbo-Croatian  55 30 25
        Shanghainese  0 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Sindhi  15 10 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  55 20 40
        Slovenian  40 10 25
        Somali  90 40 50
        Spanish  3,145 1,490 1,655
        Swahili  85 40 40
        Swedish  30 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,090 420 670
        Taiwanese  35 20 20
        Tamil  175 80 90
        Telugu  10 0 5
        Thai  20 10 15
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  75 35 45
        Turkish  160 80 80
        Ukrainian  335 150 185
        Urdu  225 115 105
        Vietnamese  400 185 215
        Yiddish  105 45 55
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 535 265 270
  Multiple responses          4,130 1,990 2,140
    English and French  1,825 880 945
    English and non-official language  1,040 465 575
    French and non-official language  885 440 445
    English, French and non-official language 380 210 175
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,765 49,500 54,260
  English only 20,575 9,555 11,020
  French only 16,060 6,875 9,180
  English and French 65,070 32,210 32,860
  Neither English nor French 2,055 855 1,200
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,760 49,500 54,260
  English 49,215 23,610 25,605
  French 43,700 20,590 23,110
  English and French 8,885 4,485 4,400
  Neither English nor French 1,965 815 1,145
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 53,655 25,850 27,800
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 51.7 52.2 51.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,765 49,500 54,260
  Single responses 97,555 46,525 51,030
    English 43,660 20,845 22,815
    French 36,475 17,395 19,080
    Non-official languages 17,415 8,280 9,135
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 40 15 25
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 25 10 20
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 17,115 8,140 8,980
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 5 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 20 10 10
        Albanian 30 20 15
        Amharic 50 30 25
        Arabic 1,055 530 525
        Armenian 35 20 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
        Bengali 115 55 60
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 30 25 10
        Bisayan languages 20 10 15
        Bosnian 15 5 5
        Bulgarian 385 180 205
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 150 75 75
        Chinese, n.o.s. 2,390 1,155 1,240
        Creoles 170 85 90
        Croatian 25 10 10
        Czech 20 5 15
        Danish 0 5 0
        Dutch 25 10 15
        Estonian 5 5 5
        Finnish 5 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 105 45 60
        Greek 200 95 105
        Gujarati 90 45 45
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 60 30 30
        Hindi 30 15 20
        Hungarian 150 65 85
        Ilocano 35 15 25
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 1,145 505 640
        Japanese 50 20 25
        Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15
        Korean 485 225 260
        Kurdish 15 5 5
        Lao 35 20 20
        Latvian 35 15 20
        Lingala 10 5 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 5 5
        Malay 5 5 0
        Malayalam 5 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 955 445 510
        Marathi 5 0 0
        Nepali 5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 35 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 185 95 90
        Pashto 5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 1,005 490 520
        Polish 405 185 220
        Portuguese 210 95 115
        Romanian 1,645 810 835
        Rundi (Kirundi) 40 25 20
        Russian 1,525 715 815
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 20 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 70 30 35
        Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20
        Shanghainese 5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10
        Sindhi 5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 10 5 5
        Slovenian 15 5 10
        Somali 75 35 40
        Spanish 2,205 1,050 1,155
        Swahili 35 15 20
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 585 250 330
        Taiwanese 25 10 15
        Tamil 140 65 75
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 55 30 25
        Turkish 115 55 55
        Ukrainian 120 55 65
        Urdu 145 75 65
        Vietnamese 255 105 150
        Yiddish 5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 265 125 135
  Multiple responses         6,205 2,980 3,230
    English and French 2,060 1,010 1,055
    English and non-official language 1,975 920 1,055
    French and non-official language 1,345 625 725
    English, French and non-official language 825 425 395
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,760 49,505 54,260
  None 74,960 35,680 39,275
  Single responses  26,355 12,595 13,760
    English  9,300 4,445 4,850
    French  9,565 4,620 4,945
    Non-official languages  7,485 3,525 3,965
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 40 15 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 10 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 5 0
        Inuktitut  20 5 15
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,230 3,390 3,835
        African languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  25 10 15
        Albanian  20 10 10
        Amharic  35 20 15
        Arabic  745 390 355
        Armenian  25 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 35 30
        Bengali  25 10 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  40 25 20
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  55 25 25
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  45 25 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  230 110 115
        Creoles  320 140 180
        Croatian  25 10 15
        Czech  15 10 10
        Danish  5 0 5
        Dutch  45 20 30
        Estonian  10 5 0
        Finnish  10 0 5
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  5 5 0
        German  245 100 150
        Greek  230 100 125
        Gujarati  40 20 20
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  95 40 55
        Hindi  65 30 30
        Hungarian  110 45 65
        Ilocano  30 10 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  1,080 520 560
        Japanese  35 15 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  5 0 5
        Korean  45 20 25
        Kurdish  10 10 0
        Lao  25 10 10
        Latvian  15 5 10
        Lingala  60 35 25
        Lithuanian  10 5 10
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  85 30 55
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 105 50 60
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  40 25 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  55 30 25
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  200 120 80
        Polish  205 85 120
        Portuguese  140 60 75
        Romanian  280 120 160
        Rundi (Kirundi)  40 20 20
        Russian  280 125 150
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  40 15 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  30 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  10 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  20 10 15
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  20 15 10
        Spanish  900 415 485
        Swahili  50 35 20
        Swedish  20 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  375 120 255
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  25 15 10
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  15 5 10
        Turkish  40 20 20
        Ukrainian  105 45 55
        Urdu  75 40 35
        Vietnamese  85 45 40
        Yiddish  25 15 15
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 220 120 100
  Multiple responses          2,450 1,225 1,225
    English and French  1,230 640 590
    English and non-official language  435 215 220
    French and non-official language  750 355 390
    English, French and non-official language  35 15 20

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine, Quebec (Code 24045) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Notre-Dame-de-Grâce - Lachine (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census