NHS Profile, Outremont, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Outremont, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Outremont
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 93,415 45,475 47,940
Canadian citizens 73,565 35,505 38,060
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,395 8,095 7,300
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 58,165 27,410 30,755
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 19,855 9,970 9,880
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 93,420 45,480 47,940
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 51,085 24,705 26,385
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 36,100 17,645 18,455
Before 1971 5,145 2,425 2,730
1971 to 1980 3,285 1,545 1,745
1981 to 1990 3,940 1,775 2,160
1991 to 2000 6,500 3,355 3,145
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 17,225 8,545 8,675
2001 to 2005 5,365 2,580 2,790
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,855 5,965 5,890
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 6,235 3,130 3,105
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 36,100 17,645 18,450
Under 5 years 2,805 1,410 1,400
5 to 14 years 4,585 2,330 2,255
15 to 24 years 7,785 3,790 3,995
25 to 44 years 18,030 8,870 9,155
45 years and over 2,890 1,245 1,645
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 93,415 45,475 47,940
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 51,085 24,705 26,380
Born in province of residence 44,875 21,720 23,160
Born outside province of residence 6,210 2,985 3,225
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 36,095 17,640 18,455
Americas 6,920 3,235 3,685
United States 1,690 1,040 650
Jamaica 160 15 140
Guyana 105 45 60
Haiti 1,350 585 770
Mexico 685 295 390
Trinidad and Tobago 140 65 70
Colombia 580 250 330
El Salvador 140 75 65
Peru 315 115 200
Chile 275 135 135
Other places of birth in Americas 1,485 615 870
Europe 12,100 5,745 6,360
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 465 305 160
Italy 395 190 205
Germany 240 115 125
Poland 540 270 270
Portugal 745 350 400
Netherlands 60 35 20
France 3,405 1,740 1,665
Romania 1,330 530 800
Russian Federation 520 200 315
Greece 1,550 770 775
Ukraine 220 85 130
Croatia 50 15 35
Hungary 485 165 320
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 35 20
Serbia 75 30 45
Ireland, Republic of 45 0 35
Other places of birth in Europe 1,920 900 1,025
Africa 7,540 4,140 3,395
Morocco 2,305 1,210 1,100
Algeria 1,600 885 715
Egypt 505 215 295
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 30 0 0
Ethiopia 60 25 40
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 3,030 1,785 1,240
Asia 9,495 4,500 4,995
India 650 335 315
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,160 515 650
Philippines 2,060 780 1,275
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 60 15 45
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 985 485 505
Pakistan 325 165 155
Sri Lanka 560 310 255
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 625 315 315
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 100 35 65
Lebanon 955 545 410
Taiwan 50 15 30
Iraq 80 40 35
Bangladesh 495 270 215
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 90 40 55
Turkey 235 130 105
Other places of birth in Asia 1,060 505 555
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 40 20 15
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 35 25 15
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 6,240 3,135 3,105
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 11,855 5,965 5,890
Americas 2,450 1,210 1,240
United States 415 265 145
Mexico 425 230 195
Cuba 35 15 15
Haiti 480 235 250
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 285 155 120
Colombia 340 145 195
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 145 45 95
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 85 30 60
Other places of birth in Americas 250 80 165
Europe 2,685 1,310 1,380
France 1,065 525 535
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 35 0 20
Romania 345 155 185
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 185 85 105
Russian Federation 225 90 140
Ukraine 100 35 60
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 70 55 0
Other places of birth in Europe 650 340 310
Africa 3,950 2,170 1,780
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 40 0 30
Mauritius 50 25 30
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 815 440 375
Egypt 60 30 30
Morocco 1,085 550 535
Tunisia 555 345 210
Cameroon 195 120 80
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 50 0 40
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,075 615 455
Asia 2,760 1,275 1,490
Philippines 755 335 415
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 370 145 225
India 160 65 95
Pakistan 100 40 60
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 385 190 195
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 50 25 0
Sri Lanka 125 50 75
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 140 70 70
Lebanon 340 190 155
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 50 20 25
Taiwan 10 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 70 35 35
Israel 95 35 60
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 50 25 25
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 93,415 45,475 47,940
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 43,045 21,220 21,825
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 21,545 10,715 10,825
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 28,820 13,535 15,280
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 93,420 45,480 47,940
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 29,065 14,385 14,675
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,485 1,780 1,700
Chinese 1,950 870 1,080
Black 6,930 3,360 3,560
Filipino 2,770 1,070 1,700
Latin American 3,435 1,520 1,915
Arab 6,430 3,675 2,755
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,015 1,065 960
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 915 510 410
Korean 200 45 160
Japanese 160 65 95
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 265 155 110
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 510 280 230
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 64,355 31,090 33,265
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 93,415 45,475 47,940
North American Aboriginal origins 1,455 615 840
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,335 560 770
Inuit 20 10 15
Métis 120 50 70
Other North American origins 22,530 10,795 11,740
Acadian 270 125 145
American 1,445 765 675
Canadian 19,955 9,470 10,485
New Brunswicker 35 25 0
Newfoundlander 20 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 1,615 820 795
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 53,530 25,670 27,865
British Isles origins 9,980 4,790 5,190
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 3,710 1,790 1,925
Irish 5,180 2,420 2,765
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 3,230 1,490 1,740
Welsh 400 235 165
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 865 390 470
French origins 22,470 10,485 11,990
Alsatian 50 30 0
Breton 190 95 90
French 22,375 10,430 11,940
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,730 2,780 2,950
Austrian 440 185 260
Belgian 1,030 480 555
Dutch 685 390 290
Flemish 60 20 40
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,280 1,600 1,680
Luxembourger 60 25 30
Swiss 555 265 290
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 65 60 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 810 395 415
Danish 125 55 70
Finnish 80 25 55
Icelandic 40 0 30
Norwegian 335 165 165
Swedish 245 145 100
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 25 0 0
Eastern European origins 10,285 4,860 5,425
Bulgarian 645 300 345
Byelorussian 110 35 75
Czech 385 190 200
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 125 30 100
Estonian 20 15 0
Hungarian 2,890 1,420 1,470
Latvian 90 50 40
Lithuanian 190 120 75
Moldovan 170 80 90
Polish 2,930 1,425 1,510
Romanian 2,055 830 1,225
Russian 2,380 1,070 1,310
Slovak 75 30 45
Ukrainian 955 480 475
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 75 50 25
Southern European origins 11,650 5,560 6,090
Albanian 190 85 110
Bosnian 35 30 0
Croatian 200 85 115
Cypriot 30 0 0
Greek 3,145 1,565 1,585
Italian 4,045 1,975 2,070
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 75 0 50
Maltese 45 15 30
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,770 780 990
Serbian 180 75 105
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 160 55 105
Spanish 2,805 1,310 1,490
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 70 35 40
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 15 0 0
Other European origins 8,795 4,495 4,300
Basque 120 50 65
Jewish 8,500 4,370 4,130
Roma (Gypsy) 25 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 20 0 20
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 180 95 90
Caribbean origins 3,660 1,655 2,005
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 75 25 50
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 30 0 25
Cuban 100 30 70
Dominican 145 75 65
Grenadian 55 0 50
Haitian 2,065 995 1,075
Jamaican 370 120 245
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 30 20 10
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 15 0 10
St. Lucian 35 0 35
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 355 215 135
Vincentian/Grenadinian 220 60 160
West Indian, n.o.s. 85 40 45
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 215 85 130
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,475 2,130 2,350
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 200 95 110
Argentinian 250 115 135
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 10 10 0
Brazilian 290 175 115
Chilean 370 180 195
Colombian 760 325 440
Costa Rican 40 20 0
Ecuadorian 65 30 35
Guatemalan 100 40 60
Guyanese 190 95 90
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 85 60 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 1,410 690 725
Nicaraguan 20 20 0
Panamanian 20 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 365 155 215
Salvadorean 255 115 140
Uruguayan 35 20 0
Venezuelan 145 55 90
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 140 85 55
African origins 10,575 5,855 4,720
Central and West African origins 2,240 1,210 1,030
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 150 70 80
Burkinabe 125 55 70
Cameroonian 350 210 140
Chadian 15 0 15
Congolese 255 75 180
Gabonese 20 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 60 25 30
Guinean 135 95 40
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 230 160 70
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 190 65 125
Nigerian 90 50 40
Peulh 85 25 65
Senegalese 510 285 225
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 85 50 35
Yoruba 40 0 20
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 215 110 105
North African origins 6,510 3,675 2,835
Algerian 1,560 865 695
Berber 720 450 270
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 425 190 235
Libyan 15 0 0
Maure 110 55 55
Moroccan 2,660 1,375 1,290
Sudanese 45 0 0
Tunisian 1,225 840 385
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 20 0
Southern and East African origins 705 380 330
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 175 100 70
Eritrean 35 0 0
Ethiopian 65 35 30
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 65 0 35
Mauritian 85 50 35
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 115 70 45
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 40 0 35
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 90 45 45
Other African origins 1,255 660 590
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 70 40 35
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,230 655 575
Asian origins 17,730 8,595 9,135
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 6,605 3,430 3,170
Afghan 35 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 1,565 840 730
Armenian 590 305 290
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 70 0 45
Georgian 20 0 15
Iranian 1,020 560 465
Iraqi 120 70 50
Israeli 400 150 250
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 25 15 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 2,035 1,065 970
Palestinian 75 40 30
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 530 280 250
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 25 0 0
Turk 690 295 395
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 65 50 0
South Asian origins 3,710 1,900 1,810
Bangladeshi 370 215 160
Bengali 90 35 55
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,765 875 890
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 15 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Pakistani 385 225 165
Punjabi 70 55 20
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 895 445 450
Tamil 150 90 55
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 130 50 85
East and Southeast Asian origins 7,450 3,285 4,165
Burmese 25 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 80 40 40
Chinese 2,460 1,135 1,325
Filipino 2,795 1,090 1,705
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 50 0 45
Japanese 210 90 120
Korean 215 50 165
Laotian 90 45 45
Malaysian 55 15 35
Mongolian 25 15 15
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 60 25 35
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,645 865 780
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 75 40 35
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 75 40 30
Oceania origins 65 40 20
Australian 40 30 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 25 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 93,420 45,480 47,940
Buddhist 1,245 630 620
Christian 46,870 20,525 26,350
Anglican 850 340 510
Baptist 370 130 235
Catholic 34,390 15,025 19,360
Christian Orthodox 5,630 2,535 3,090
Lutheran 170 105 65
Pentecostal 370 135 240
Presbyterian 90 30 60
United Church 315 170 140
Other Christian 4,690 2,050 2,640
Hindu 1,695 855 835
Jewish 10,830 5,535 5,295
Muslim 9,815 5,505 4,310
Sikh 125 95 30
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 345 185 160
No religious affiliation 22,475 12,145 10,330
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 93,420 45,475 47,940
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 340 160 180
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 215 90 130
Métis single identity 70 35 40
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 10 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 40 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 93,075 45,315 47,760
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 93,415 45,475 47,940
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 115 55 55
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 93,305 45,420 47,885
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 93,420 45,480 47,940
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,455 620 845
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,335 565 775
Métis ancestry 115 50 65
Inuit ancestry 20 10 15
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 91,960 44,860 47,100
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 51,920 25,100 26,820
Aboriginal languages 20 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,905 25,095 26,810
Italian 2,660 1,250 1,420
Portuguese 1,890 885 1,005
Romanian 1,600 630 970
Spanish 11,380 5,005 6,375
Dutch 265 135 125
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,890 945 945
Yiddish 6,195 3,265 2,930
Danish 20 0 0
Norwegian 15 20 0
Swedish 130 55 75
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 645 325 320
Croatian 70 25 50
Czech 80 35 45
Macedonian 45 0 0
Polish 655 325 335
Russian 1,700 670 1,030
Serbian 115 55 60
Serbo-Croatian 125 80 45
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 100 35 65
Ukrainian 240 95 145
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 2,685 1,310 1,375
Armenian 225 95 125
Albanian 135 70 70
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 700 265 435
Turkish 330 170 160
Berber languages (Kabyle) 185 140 45
Oromo 290 165 125
Somali 40 20 15
Amharic 70 30 40
Arabic 8,000 4,570 3,430
Hebrew 2,220 1,310 905
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 650 335 320
Gujarati 530 260 265
Hindi 575 305 260
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 415 245 170
Sindhi 45 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 0 0
Urdu 455 245 210
Nepali 35 0 25
Kurdish 45 40 0
Pashto 25 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,040 560 475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 975 495 480
Telugu 30 20 15
Japanese 260 130 130
Korean 215 50 165
Cantonese 315 145 170
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 500 220 280
Taiwanese 20 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,215 625 590
Lao 80 40 35
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 30 40
Vietnamese 1,385 750 635
Bisayan languages 110 50 55
Ilocano 200 40 155
Malay 45 0 30
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 2,465 925 1,540
Akan (Twi) 35 25 0
Lingala 125 35 90
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 75 45
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 55 25 30
Swahili 85 55 35
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 90 75 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 500 270 235
African languages, n.i.e. 155 100 55
Creoles 1,955 915 1,040
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 925 510 410
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 91,965 44,780 47,185
Non-movers 75,710 36,705 39,005
Movers 16,255 8,075 8,180
Non-migrants 10,380 5,145 5,235
Migrants 5,870 2,930 2,945
Internal migrants 2,105 1,115 985
Intraprovincial migrants 1,465 770 695
Interprovincial migrants 640 345 295
External migrants 3,770 1,815 1,950
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 87,420 42,475 44,945
Non-movers 42,490 20,020 22,470
Movers 44,930 22,450 22,475
Non-migrants 23,090 11,405 11,680
Migrants 21,840 11,040 10,790
Internal migrants 7,480 3,725 3,755
Intraprovincial migrants 4,860 2,455 2,405
Interprovincial migrants 2,620 1,275 1,350
External migrants 14,355 7,320 7,040
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 78,370 37,640 40,730
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,660 4,140 4,520
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,535 7,195 6,345
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 56,170 26,310 29,860
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,345 1,725 1,615
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,735 4,830 5,905
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,420 2,340 3,075
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 36,670 17,410 19,265
Bachelor's degree 17,920 7,945 9,975
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 18,755 9,470 9,285
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 52,005 25,590 26,415
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,365 1,740 1,625
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 6,730 3,935 2,790
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 41,910 19,910 22,000
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 2,590 1,320 1,270
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 6,355 2,925 3,425
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,740 1,735 2,005
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 29,230 13,935 15,295
Bachelor's degree 13,600 6,140 7,460
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 15,625 7,795 7,835
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 78,370 37,645 40,725
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 22,200 11,335 10,865
Education 2,935 610 2,325
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,970 2,305 2,660
Humanities 6,445 2,460 3,985
Social and behavioural sciences and law 10,195 3,780 6,420
Business, management and public administration 10,260 4,645 5,610
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,605 1,945 1,660
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,660 1,935 725
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,055 5,620 1,440
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 485 255 225
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,500 2,095 4,405
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,070 660 405
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 78,370 37,640 40,725
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 22,200 11,330 10,865
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 56,170 26,305 29,860
Location of study inside Canada 38,955 17,860 21,095
Same as province or territory of residence 36,360 16,605 19,755
Another province or territory 2,595 1,255 1,345
Location of study outside Canada 17,215 8,450 8,765
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 53,740 27,015 26,720
Single responses 47,780 23,880 23,905
English 17,380 9,085 8,295
French 29,280 14,270 15,005
Non-official languages 1,120 515 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 45 30
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 155 35 120
Korean 0 0 0
German 40 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 30 0 15
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 790 385 400
Multiple responses 5,955 3,135 2,820
English and French 5,185 2,785 2,405
English and non-official language 285 140 145
French and non-official language 150 75 75
English, French and non-official language 335 135 200
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 53,735 27,015 26,720
English 17,380 9,085 8,295
French 29,280 14,270 15,010
Non-official language 1,120 520 605
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,120 520 600
English and French 5,185 2,785 2,405
English and non-official language 285 140 140
French and non-official language 150 75 75
English, French and non-official language 335 135 195
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 78,370 37,645 40,725
In the labour force 50,410 25,580 24,835
Employed 44,930 22,790 22,140
Unemployed 5,480 2,790 2,690
Not in the labour force 27,960 12,060 15,895
Participation rate 64.3 68.0 61.0
Employment rate 57.3 60.5 54.4
Unemployment rate 10.9 10.9 10.8
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 50,410 25,580 24,835
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,400 1,285 1,110
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,015 24,295 23,720
Employee 40,300 19,735 20,560
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,720 4,560 3,160
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 50,410 25,580 24,830
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,395 1,285 1,110
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,015 24,290 23,720
0 Management occupations 5,310 3,330 1,980
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,580 2,940 4,640
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,355 3,325 1,035
3 Health occupations 3,365 1,235 2,130
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 9,115 3,145 5,970
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 5,065 2,585 2,485
6 Sales and service occupations 9,990 5,375 4,615
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 1,785 1,610 175
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 140 70 70
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,305 675 625
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 50,410 25,580 24,830
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,400 1,285 1,115
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 48,015 24,295 23,720
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 120 55 65
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 45 35 15
22 Utilities 165 95 70
23 Construction 745 675 65
31-33 Manufacturing 3,385 1,985 1,400
41 Wholesale trade 1,425 935 490
44-45 Retail trade 4,310 2,215 2,100
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,035 725 310
51 Information and cultural industries 2,760 1,610 1,150
52 Finance and insurance 1,920 960 960
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,060 670 390
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,625 3,835 2,795
55 Management of companies and enterprises 60 30 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,975 1,150 825
61 Educational services 6,695 2,715 3,980
62 Health care and social assistance 6,290 1,855 4,435
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2,075 1,135 935
72 Accommodation and food services 3,190 1,980 1,205
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,210 790 1,425
91 Public administration 1,925 850 1,070
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 50,410 25,585 24,835
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,760 2,455 2,305
Worked in 2010 45,650 23,120 22,525
1 to 13 weeks 3,310 1,665 1,645
14 to 26 weeks 4,550 2,230 2,315
27 to 39 weeks 4,265 2,080 2,185
40 to 48 weeks 10,795 5,195 5,595
49 to 52 weeks 22,740 11,950 10,790
Average weeks worked in 2010 41.9 42.2 41.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 50,415 25,580 24,835
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,760 2,455 2,305
Worked in 2010 45,650 23,125 22,525
Worked full-time in 2010 34,345 18,485 15,855
Worked part-time in 2010 11,310 4,635 6,670
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 44,930 22,790 22,140
Worked at home 4,625 2,400 2,225
Worked outside Canada 310 210 105
No fixed workplace address 3,535 2,240 1,290
Worked at usual place 36,455 17,935 18,520
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 39,990 20,180 19,810
Car, truck or van - as a driver 13,560 8,325 5,230
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 945 375 565
Public transit 16,475 7,255 9,215
Walked 6,550 2,795 3,750
Bicycle 1,980 1,175 805
Other methods 495 245 255
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 39,990 20,180 19,815
Median commuting duration 25.7 25.7 25.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 39,990 20,175 19,815
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 4,445 2,785 1,660
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 26,305 12,465 13,840
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,235 4,925 4,315
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 44,195 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 39,420 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,775 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 44,190 ... ...
1960 or before 25,965 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,020 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,380 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,605 ... ...
2001 to 2005 560 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 660 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 44,190 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 26,510 ... ...
5 rooms 6,625 ... ...
6 rooms 4,370 ... ...
7 rooms 2,815 ... ...
8 or more rooms 3,875 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 44,190 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 18,185 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,945 ... ...
3 bedrooms 7,475 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 3,585 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 44,195 ... ...
Owner 11,975 ... ...
Renter 32,220 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 44,190 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 8,770 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 35,420 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 44,190 ... ...
1 household maintainer 30,325 ... ...
2 household maintainers 12,575 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,290 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 44,195 ... ...
Under 25 years 4,110 ... ...
25 to 34 years 10,275 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,040 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,190 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,275 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,205 ... ...
75 years and over 4,110 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 44,195 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 42,295 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,900 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 44,190 ... ...
Suitable 38,565 ... ...
Not suitable 5,630 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 43,905 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 25,505 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 18,405 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,900 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 11,975 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 49.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 25.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,161 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,388 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 449,072 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 552,731 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 32,220 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 5.1 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 48.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 770 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 834 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 78,365 37,645 40,730
Without income 4,495 2,010 2,485
With income 73,875 35,630 38,245
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 10,320 5,965 4,360
$5,000 to $9,999 7,165 3,370 3,795
$10,000 to $14,999 9,495 4,265 5,230
$15,000 to $19,999 7,395 3,225 4,170
$20,000 to $29,999 10,435 4,640 5,795
$30,000 to $39,999 7,180 3,255 3,930
$40,000 to $49,999 5,325 2,285 3,035
$50,000 to $59,999 3,620 1,670 1,950
$60,000 to $79,999 5,070 2,355 2,710
$80,000 to $99,999 2,710 1,410 1,295
$100,000 and over 5,155 3,190 1,970
$100,000 to $124,999 1,830 1,120 705
$125,000 and over 3,330 2,075 1,260
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 21,866 21,813 21,937
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,361 43,819 35,208
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 78,370 37,640 40,730
Without after-tax income 4,465 2,010 2,460
With after-tax income 73,900 35,635 38,265
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,520 6,015 4,505
$5,000 to $9,999 7,190 3,380 3,815
$10,000 to $14,999 9,685 4,295 5,390
$15,000 to $19,999 8,145 3,580 4,565
$20,000 to $29,999 12,045 5,555 6,495
$30,000 to $39,999 8,505 3,695 4,810
$40,000 to $49,999 5,440 2,500 2,940
$50,000 to $59,999 3,885 1,715 2,170
$60,000 to $79,999 3,855 2,045 1,820
$80,000 to $99,999 1,915 1,120 790
$100,000 and over 2,720 1,745 970
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 20,876 20,882 20,872
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 31,628 34,247 29,189
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.9 91.8 83.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 70.3 74.1 65.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 58.2 60.4 55.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 12.1 13.7 10.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 8.2 9.0 7.3
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.1 6.1 8.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.3 2.5 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.1 8.2 16.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.7 2.1 3.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.8 1.9 3.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 1.2 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.1 0.2 4.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.8 2.8 2.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 19.6 21.8 17.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 80.4 78.1 83.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.9 3.6 2.1
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 19,050 10,340 8,710
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 43,648 45,148 42,207
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 60,160 66,961 52,090
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 22,370 ... ...
Median family income ($) 56,760 ... ...
Average family income ($) 91,369 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 51,295 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,318 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,140 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,732 ... ...
Average family income ($) 90,533 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 50,388 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,560 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 9,305 ... ...
Median family income ($) 69,502 ... ...
Average family income ($) 110,886 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,392 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,310 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,855 ... ...
Median family income ($) 38,797 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,417 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 37,081 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,660 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 27,090 12,910 14,180
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 20,025 17,205 21,583
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,892 30,671 33,003
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 19,327 17,079 20,779
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 26,564 25,375 27,646
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 93,415 45,480 47,940
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 62,455 30,175 32,280
In bottom decile 21,510 11,030 10,485
In second decile 14,335 6,370 7,965
In third decile 11,085 5,485 5,605
In fourth decile 8,130 3,870 4,260
In fifth decile 7,395 3,420 3,975
In top half of the Canadian distribution 30,965 15,305 15,660
In sixth decile 6,405 2,945 3,460
In seventh decile 5,145 2,405 2,745
In eighth decile 4,760 2,370 2,390
In ninth decile 5,300 2,775 2,525
In top decile 9,355 4,810 4,545
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 44,195 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,000 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,210 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,330 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,205 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,455 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,740 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,370 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,000 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,945 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,795 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,870 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,330 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,945 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 44,195 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,025 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,215 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,355 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,505 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,140 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,715 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,865 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,605 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,410 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,180 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,865 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,315 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 44,195 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 40,202 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 65,800 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 36,414 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 52,891 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 18,450 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 24,680 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,678 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 22,947 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,964 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 25,740 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 52,746 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,959 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,068 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,609 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 93,415 45,480 47,940
Less than 18 years 17,915 9,255 8,655
Less than 6 years 7,025 3,560 3,470
18 to 64 years 63,945 31,600 32,345
65 years and over 11,555 4,615 6,935
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 28,605 14,260 14,350
Less than 18 years 5,300 2,655 2,640
Less than 6 years 2,370 1,170 1,205
18 to 64 years 21,075 10,850 10,225
65 years and over 2,235 755 1,480
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 30.6 31.4 29.9
Less than 18 years (%) 29.6 28.7 30.5
Less than 6 years (%) 33.7 32.9 34.7
18 to 64 years (%) 33.0 34.3 31.6
65 years and over (%) 19.3 16.4 21.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Outremont, Quebec (Code 24047) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Outremont, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Outremont, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Outremont
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 95,357 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 95,771 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) -0.4 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,627 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,168 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6,740.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 14.15 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 95,355 46,060 49,295
0 to 4 years 6,000 3,110 2,895
5 to 9 years 4,880 2,460 2,420
10 to 14 years 4,395 2,245 2,155
15 to 19 years 5,150 2,540 2,610
15 years 920 455 465
16 years 965 510 455
17 years 925 460 470
18 years 1,060 515 545
19 years 1,280 595 685
20 to 24 years 9,700 4,760 4,935
25 to 29 years 9,490 4,715 4,775
30 to 34 years 9,050 4,520 4,525
35 to 39 years 7,440 3,825 3,615
40 to 44 years 5,990 3,070 2,920
45 to 49 years 5,640 2,870 2,775
50 to 54 years 5,295 2,560 2,740
55 to 59 years 4,870 2,325 2,540
60 to 64 years 4,575 2,105 2,465
65 to 69 years 3,535 1,495 2,040
70 to 74 years 2,755 1,115 1,635
75 to 79 years 2,425 1,010 1,415
80 to 84 years 2,065 725 1,335
85 years and over 2,095 600 1,495
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 34.4 33.4 35.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.0 83.0 84.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 80,075 38,250 41,825
Married or living with a common-law partner 36,410 18,310 18,100
Married (and not separated) 26,740 13,400 13,340
Living common law 9,670 4,910 4,760
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 43,665 19,935 23,725
Single (never legally married) 32,565 16,515 16,050
Separated 1,770 720 1,050
Divorced 5,825 2,140 3,690
Widowed 3,500 565 2,930
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 21,520 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 11,070 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 4,835 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 3,455 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,165 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 21,520 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 17,450 ... ...
Married couples 12,620 ... ...
Without children at home 5,060 ... ...
With children at home 7,560 ... ...
1 child 3,000 ... ...
2 children 2,635 ... ...
3 or more children 1,925 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,825 ... ...
Without children at home 3,290 ... ...
With children at home 1,535 ... ...
1 child 800 ... ...
2 children 565 ... ...
3 or more children 175 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,080 ... ...
Female parent 3,335 ... ...
1 child 2,185 ... ...
2 children 865 ... ...
3 or more children 280 ... ...
Male parent 740 ... ...
1 child 530 ... ...
2 children 170 ... ...
3 or more children 45 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 24,620 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,050 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,170 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,735 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,155 ... ...
25 years and over 2,510 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 93,465 45,435 48,025
Number of persons not in census families 29,880 14,285 15,595
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,740 1,210 1,530
Living with non-relatives only 8,465 4,590 3,880
Living alone 18,670 8,485 10,185
Number of census family persons 63,585 31,155 32,435
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 11,585 4,600 6,985
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,495 1,395 4,100
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 405 80 325
Living with non-relatives only 275 100 180
Living alone 4,810 1,215 3,595
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 6,090 3,205 2,890
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 44,170 ... ...
Census-family households 21,235 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 19,915 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 16,350 ... ...
Without children 7,775 ... ...
With children 8,580 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,560 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,320 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,050 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 720 ... ...
Without children 380 ... ...
With children 345 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 325 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 275 ... ...
Non-census-family households 22,935 ... ...
One-person households 18,670 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 4,265 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 44,170 ... ...
Single-detached house 915 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 9,870 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 0 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 33,385 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,035 ... ...
Row house 830 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,210 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 29,155 ... ...
Other single-attached house 155 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 44,170 ... ...
1 person 18,670 ... ...
2 persons 13,315 ... ...
3 persons 5,865 ... ...
4 persons 3,755 ... ...
5 persons 1,375 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,185 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 93,465 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,765 45,920 48,850
  Single responses  90,670 43,945 46,725
    English  15,355 7,665 7,685
    French  39,785 18,740 21,045
    Non-official languages  35,530 17,545 17,985
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 35,005 17,285 17,725
        African languages, n.i.e 70 40 30
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  60 35 30
        Albanian  110 60 50
        Amharic  50 30 25
        Arabic  5,315 3,015 2,300
        Armenian  190 85 100
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 35 20 10
        Bengali  610 330 280
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  65 45 20
        Bisayan languages  75 25 50
        Bosnian  15 5 5
        Bulgarian  625 305 325
        Burmese  20 10 10
        Cantonese  285 140 145
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,020 455 560
        Creoles  595 280 315
        Croatian  70 30 40
        Czech  80 35 45
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  105 45 60
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  460 180 280
        Greek  2,445 1,215 1,230
        Gujarati  455 225 235
        Hakka  0 5 0
        Hebrew  350 180 170
        Hindi  85 45 40
        Hungarian  520 225 295
        Ilocano  160 60 105
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Italian  825 405 420
        Japanese  105 30 70
        Khmer (Cambodian)  90 45 45
        Korean  125 50 75
        Kurdish  20 15 10
        Lao  40 20 15
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  20 10 5
        Lithuanian  10 0 5
        Macedonian  15 10 10
        Malay  30 15 15
        Malayalam  15 10 5
        Maltese  5 5 0
        Mandarin  355 160 195
        Marathi  15 5 5
        Nepali  20 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 275 160 110
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  160 90 70
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  280 160 120
        Pashto  15 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  940 480 460
        Polish  475 215 265
        Portuguese  1,315 610 695
        Romanian  1,460 655 805
        Rundi (Kirundi)  50 25 30
        Russian  1,275 550 725
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  40 15 30
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  110 55 50
        Serbo-Croatian  50 25 20
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  20 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  25 15 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 15 5
        Slovak  40 15 25
        Slovenian  30 10 20
        Somali  25 15 5
        Spanish  4,070 1,990 2,085
        Swahili  25 15 15
        Swedish  25 15 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,325 455 865
        Taiwanese  5 5 5
        Tamil  895 480 415
        Telugu  30 15 10
        Thai  35 15 20
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 0
        Turkish  220 120 100
        Ukrainian  145 65 85
        Urdu  405 215 195
        Vietnamese  915 420 495
        Yiddish  4,660 2,390 2,265
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 510 255 260
  Multiple responses          4,095 1,970 2,125
    English and French  1,070 505 565
    English and non-official language  1,075 480 600
    French and non-official language  1,600 815 785
    English, French and non-official language 350 175 175
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,765 45,920 48,845
  English only 15,480 8,205 7,280
  French only 15,765 6,900 8,865
  English and French 60,105 29,325 30,780
  Neither English nor French 3,415 1,495 1,920
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,765 45,920 48,845
  English 29,965 15,135 14,830
  French 52,040 24,800 27,240
  English and French 9,455 4,535 4,915
  Neither English nor French 3,310 1,450 1,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 34,690 17,405 17,285
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 36.6 37.9 35.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,765 45,920 48,850
  Single responses 87,820 42,550 45,270
    English 21,140 10,440 10,700
    French 44,205 21,110 23,095
    Non-official languages 22,470 11,000 11,465
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 22,320 10,930 11,390
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 30 10 20
        Albanian 85 45 40
        Amharic 40 20 15
        Arabic 2,505 1,385 1,125
        Armenian 80 30 50
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Bengali 490 260 240
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 15 15 5
        Bisayan languages 35 10 20
        Bosnian 10 5 5
        Bulgarian 485 235 250
        Burmese 10 5 5
        Cantonese 205 110 95
        Chinese, n.o.s. 815 370 450
        Creoles 215 95 120
        Croatian 30 10 15
        Czech 20 5 10
        Danish 5 0 0
        Dutch 30 10 20
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 10 5 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 100 45 55
        Greek 1,625 775 850
        Gujarati 370 180 190
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 170 90 85
        Hindi 60 30 30
        Hungarian 205 85 120
        Ilocano 65 25 40
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Italian 250 110 140
        Japanese 30 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 50 25 20
        Korean 65 30 35
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 15 5 5
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 10 5 5
        Malay 15 5 5
        Malayalam 5 5 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 260 120 135
        Marathi 10 5 0
        Nepali 20 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 35 15 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 160 95 65
        Pashto 5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi) 660 330 335
        Polish 205 95 115
        Portuguese 785 355 435
        Romanian 1,025 470 560
        Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 10
        Russian 945 440 500
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 60 25 35
        Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5
        Shanghainese 5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Sindhi 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 5 5 5
        Slovenian 10 0 5
        Somali 10 5 5
        Spanish 2,750 1,330 1,415
        Swahili 5 5 0
        Swedish 5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 865 330 540
        Taiwanese 0 5 0
        Tamil 790 420 370
        Telugu 20 10 15
        Thai 15 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 5 0
        Turkish 145 75 70
        Ukrainian 55 25 35
        Urdu 365 175 185
        Vietnamese 695 320 375
        Yiddish 4,085 2,115 1,965
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 145 70 80
  Multiple responses         6,945 3,370 3,580
    English and French 1,315 630 680
    English and non-official language 2,165 1,010 1,155
    French and non-official language 2,590 1,265 1,320
    English, French and non-official language 875 460 415
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,765 45,920 48,845
  None 63,950 30,760 33,195
  Single responses  28,090 13,780 14,310
    English  10,435 5,095 5,340
    French  7,535 3,690 3,845
    Non-official languages  10,120 4,995 5,125
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,815 4,840 4,975
        African languages, n.i.e 30 20 10
        Afrikaans  5 5 0
        Akan (Twi)  20 15 10
        Albanian  10 10 0
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  2,275 1,265 1,015
        Armenian  70 30 40
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Bengali  60 35 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 15 5
        Bisayan languages  20 5 15
        Bosnian  0 0 5
        Bulgarian  85 35 45
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  60 35 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  120 50 70
        Creoles  590 270 320
        Croatian  15 5 15
        Czech  20 10 10
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  30 10 20
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  230 110 125
        Greek  595 310 285
        Gujarati  55 25 30
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  235 130 110
        Hindi  90 45 45
        Hungarian  130 45 80
        Ilocano  40 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Italian  360 160 200
        Japanese  60 25 40
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 10 15
        Korean  30 15 20
        Kurdish  5 5 0
        Lao  10 5 5
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  20 15 10
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  0 5 0
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  65 25 40
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 170 90 85
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  60 30 25
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  50 25 20
        Pashto  15 5 5
        Persian (Farsi)  165 95 75
        Polish  95 45 50
        Portuguese  325 160 165
        Romanian  235 95 140
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 15 15
        Russian  250 110 140
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  25 10 15
        Serbo-Croatian  20 15 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  5 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  15 5 10
        Slovenian  10 5 5
        Somali  5 5 0
        Spanish  1,220 585 640
        Swahili  5 5 5
        Swedish  35 15 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  385 120 265
        Taiwanese  5 5 0
        Tamil  95 50 45
        Telugu  5 5 0
        Thai  15 5 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  50 25 25
        Ukrainian  35 20 15
        Urdu  65 40 25
        Vietnamese  160 70 85
        Yiddish  780 375 405
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 300 150 150
  Multiple responses          2,720 1,375 1,345
    English and French  1,120 575 545
    English and non-official language  925 475 450
    French and non-official language  620 300 320
    English, French and non-official language  55 30 30

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Outremont, Quebec (Code 24047) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 22, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Outremont (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Outremont, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Outremont (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census