NHS Profile, Papineau, Quebec, 2011

NHS data

NHS data

Select a table view
NHS data, Papineau, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Papineau
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 99,295 49,435 49,860
Canadian citizens 84,130 41,245 42,885
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,365 8,525 7,840
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 67,760 32,715 35,045
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 15,170 8,195 6,970
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 99,295 49,435 49,860
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 56,235 27,360 28,875
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 40,250 20,475 19,775
Before 1971 5,950 2,705 3,245
1971 to 1980 4,175 2,030 2,145
1981 to 1990 5,645 3,000 2,640
1991 to 2000 8,315 4,070 4,245
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 16,165 8,670 7,490
2001 to 2005 5,945 3,140 2,805
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,220 5,535 4,685
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,810 1,600 1,210
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 40,250 20,475 19,775
Under 5 years 3,240 1,670 1,570
5 to 14 years 4,965 2,545 2,425
15 to 24 years 10,000 4,610 5,390
25 to 44 years 19,095 10,330 8,760
45 years and over 2,955 1,325 1,630
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 99,295 49,440 49,860
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 56,235 27,365 28,875
Born in province of residence 54,020 26,315 27,710
Born outside province of residence 2,210 1,050 1,165
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 40,255 20,480 19,775
Americas 9,130 4,270 4,860
United States 425 190 230
Jamaica 85 20 70
Guyana 125 55 75
Haiti 3,325 1,480 1,845
Mexico 690 290 395
Trinidad and Tobago 55 15 40
Colombia 755 335 420
El Salvador 680 375 305
Peru 655 295 360
Chile 260 115 150
Other places of birth in Americas 2,085 1,115 970
Europe 10,880 5,175 5,705
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 65 35 30
Italy 2,855 1,310 1,550
Germany 95 40 60
Poland 180 60 125
Portugal 1,600 760 840
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 1,685 905 775
Romania 185 90 95
Russian Federation 110 50 60
Greece 3,095 1,470 1,620
Ukraine 115 50 65
Croatia 40 0 0
Hungary 55 0 40
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 0 0
Serbia 35 0 25
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 690 330 360
Africa 7,410 4,315 3,095
Morocco 2,165 1,265 905
Algeria 2,550 1,490 1,060
Egypt 305 135 180
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 2,365 1,430 940
Asia 12,795 6,695 6,100
India 2,485 1,370 1,115
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 950 450 500
Philippines 155 50 100
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 100 45 50
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,355 1,125 1,225
Pakistan 1,595 910 685
Sri Lanka 1,750 960 790
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 50 45 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 420 265 160
Taiwan 20 0 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 1,255 660 595
Afghanistan 45 30 0
Japan 50 0 55
Turkey 410 220 195
Other places of birth in Asia 1,135 555 580
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 30 0 10
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 25 0 15
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,810 1,605 1,205
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 10,220 5,535 4,685
Americas 2,215 1,105 1,115
United States 180 75 105
Mexico 425 210 215
Cuba 70 30 40
Haiti 610 315 295
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 60 40 25
Colombia 270 135 135
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 170 70 100
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 45 30 20
Other places of birth in Americas 380 210 170
Europe 1,045 580 470
France 590 335 260
Germany 15 0 0
Poland 30 0 0
Romania 35 20 15
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 40 25 20
Russian Federation 55 25 35
Ukraine 30 0 25
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 235 135 95
Africa 4,145 2,385 1,755
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 25 15 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 1,310 725 585
Egypt 230 110 120
Morocco 1,260 720 535
Tunisia 455 315 140
Cameroon 155 65 90
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 115 65 50
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 595 370 230
Asia 2,805 1,450 1,355
Philippines 25 0 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 235 115 115
India 835 530 305
Pakistan 390 200 190
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 465 235 230
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 320 145 175
Lebanon 55 40 15
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 140 60 80
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 25 0 25
Turkey 25 0 15
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 25 0 20
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 20 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 170 70 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 99,295 49,435 49,855
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 43,345 22,230 21,110
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 19,605 10,165 9,440
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 36,340 17,045 19,300
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 99,295 49,440 49,860
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 39,975 20,895 19,085
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 10,645 5,945 4,705
Chinese 1,910 920 985
Black 8,400 4,050 4,345
Filipino 180 55 125
Latin American 6,530 3,205 3,325
Arab 6,650 3,870 2,780
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 4,265 2,230 2,035
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 330 170 165
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 80 0 75
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 255 120 135
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 720 325 395
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 59,320 28,540 30,770
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 99,290 49,440 49,855
North American Aboriginal origins 2,115 885 1,225
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,960 815 1,150
Inuit 25 15 0
Métis 150 80 75
Other North American origins 28,265 13,305 14,960
Acadian 375 190 180
American 455 250 210
Canadian 24,980 11,570 13,410
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 2,900 1,535 1,360
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 10 10 0
European origins 42,035 20,325 21,705
British Isles origins 5,865 2,915 2,950
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 1,730 930 805
Irish 3,510 1,680 1,820
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,285 640 640
Welsh 30 0 15
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 200 95 100
French origins 20,460 9,830 10,630
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 115 50 70
French 20,395 9,815 10,585
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,535 1,285 1,255
Austrian 65 30 30
Belgian 640 255 385
Dutch 255 135 120
Flemish 25 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,290 670 620
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 420 245 175
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 195 105 90
Danish 55 30 25
Finnish 15 0 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 50 20 30
Swedish 55 30 30
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 2,370 1,080 1,295
Bulgarian 185 60 125
Byelorussian 110 65 45
Czech 65 35 30
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 215 100 120
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 30 0 25
Moldovan 35 15 0
Polish 925 395 535
Romanian 260 135 135
Russian 440 225 215
Slovak 45 10 30
Ukrainian 510 240 275
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 18,300 8,960 9,340
Albanian 85 30 50
Bosnian 80 0 75
Croatian 130 85 45
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 5,630 2,945 2,685
Italian 7,650 3,640 4,010
Kosovar 20 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 60 40 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 3,065 1,545 1,520
Serbian 60 30 25
Sicilian 40 35 0
Slovenian 25 20 0
Spanish 2,215 970 1,245
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 25 0 20
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 310 170 135
Basque 20 0 15
Jewish 265 155 110
Roma (Gypsy) 10 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 0 0 0
Caribbean origins 6,570 3,075 3,500
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 55 0 45
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 195 90 100
Dominican 800 455 345
Grenadian 15 0 15
Haitian 5,075 2,380 2,700
Jamaican 200 50 150
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 65 20 40
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 85 35 50
Vincentian/Grenadinian 25 10 15
West Indian, n.o.s. 65 0 55
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 155 65 90
Latin, Central and South American origins 6,645 3,180 3,460
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 180 95 90
Argentinian 230 125 110
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 65 40 25
Brazilian 200 90 110
Chilean 395 130 265
Colombian 1,005 435 565
Costa Rican 60 25 35
Ecuadorian 65 20 40
Guatemalan 440 220 220
Guyanese 110 70 40
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 335 180 155
Maya 30 10 25
Mexican 1,185 505 685
Nicaraguan 115 65 55
Panamanian 60 45 15
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 865 400 465
Salvadorean 1,145 570 575
Uruguayan 80 15 65
Venezuelan 60 30 30
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 345 230 115
African origins 9,835 5,405 4,435
Central and West African origins 1,920 1,010 915
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 10 0 10
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 70 20 45
Burkinabe 35 20 20
Cameroonian 260 150 110
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 325 145 185
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 180 105 75
Guinean 170 110 60
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 255 130 130
Liberian 30 0 0
Malian 110 45 65
Nigerian 50 30 25
Peulh 50 30 20
Senegalese 215 120 100
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 35 25 10
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 210 115 95
North African origins 6,660 3,800 2,860
Algerian 2,310 1,305 1,000
Berber 1,240 750 490
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 450 220 235
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 2,345 1,330 1,015
Sudanese 25 0 0
Tunisian 750 440 310
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 50 35 15
Southern and East African origins 295 145 150
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 30 15 15
Mauritian 45 15 30
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 60 50 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 15 0 0
South African 25 0 20
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 95 30 70
Other African origins 1,045 495 550
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 120 60 60
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 980 460 520
Asian origins 21,555 11,575 9,985
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,890 2,165 1,720
Afghan 115 50 60
Arab, n.o.s. 1,580 960 615
Armenian 255 95 155
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 85 65 20
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 25 0 15
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 65 30 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 815 440 375
Palestinian 135 85 50
Pashtun 20 10 15
Saudi Arabian 30 10 15
Syrian 275 145 125
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 675 365 305
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 15 10 0
South Asian origins 10,680 6,005 4,675
Bangladeshi 1,255 675 580
Bengali 450 250 205
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 4,260 2,425 1,835
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 50 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 45 15 30
Pakistani 2,240 1,300 940
Punjabi 285 170 120
Sinhalese 45 25 0
Sri Lankan 2,200 1,220 980
Tamil 290 140 150
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 105 65 35
East and Southeast Asian origins 6,930 3,385 3,545
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 805 410 395
Chinese 2,935 1,455 1,485
Filipino 235 75 150
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 115 25 85
Korean 15 0 0
Laotian 75 45 35
Malaysian 70 50 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 15 0 0
Thai 20 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 3,400 1,710 1,695
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 10 0 0
Other Asian origins 105 55 50
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 105 55 50
Oceania origins 45 0 40
Australian 40 0 40
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 99,295 49,440 49,860
Buddhist 3,300 1,660 1,640
Christian 58,640 27,265 31,375
Anglican 225 80 140
Baptist 755 290 465
Catholic 45,510 21,030 24,480
Christian Orthodox 5,835 2,935 2,895
Lutheran 75 35 35
Pentecostal 735 305 435
Presbyterian 65 35 35
United Church 75 40 30
Other Christian 5,370 2,515 2,855
Hindu 4,015 2,095 1,920
Jewish 240 85 155
Muslim 13,015 7,410 5,605
Sikh 1,735 1,125 615
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 250 130 120
No religious affiliation 18,090 9,665 8,425
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 99,290 49,440 49,855
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 490 200 290
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 285 110 175
Métis single identity 160 65 90
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 98,805 49,235 49,570
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 99,295 49,435 49,855
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 140 35 105
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 99,155 49,405 49,750
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 99,295 49,435 49,855
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,120 885 1,225
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,960 810 1,150
Métis ancestry 150 75 75
Inuit ancestry 20 15 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 97,180 48,550 48,630
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 57,925 29,390 28,535
Aboriginal languages 25 0 15
Algonquin 10 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,905 29,385 28,515
Italian 5,935 2,745 3,190
Portuguese 3,060 1,530 1,530
Romanian 260 130 135
Spanish 12,125 5,585 6,540
Dutch 30 0 20
Flemish 15 0 0
German 765 420 345
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 105 50 55
Croatian 100 60 35
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 335 115 220
Russian 430 225 210
Serbian 50 30 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 150 50 95
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 5,480 2,850 2,630
Armenian 165 80 85
Albanian 80 45 40
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 10
Hungarian 60 25 35
Turkish 640 315 325
Berber languages (Kabyle) 440 275 165
Oromo 560 345 215
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 7,540 4,370 3,175
Hebrew 50 45 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 1,825 995 835
Gujarati 1,405 715 690
Hindi 1,415 800 620
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,705 1,650 1,055
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 170 100 65
Urdu 2,370 1,355 1,015
Nepali 55 20 35
Kurdish 15 0 0
Pashto 95 30 65
Persian (Farsi) 75 50 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 2,440 1,340 1,105
Telugu 15 0 0
Japanese 165 80 90
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 630 260 365
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 335 160 175
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,330 710 620
Lao 65 35 30
Thai 55 45 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 750 375 375
Vietnamese 3,375 1,680 1,695
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 80 50 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 150 55 95
Akan (Twi) 255 130 120
Lingala 135 75 60
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 40 0
Swahili 70 60 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 110 60 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 370 195 175
African languages, n.i.e. 35 35 0
Creoles 4,565 2,105 2,460
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 765 430 335
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 97,940 48,705 49,235
Non-movers 82,505 41,215 41,285
Movers 15,440 7,490 7,945
Non-migrants 10,635 5,255 5,380
Migrants 4,800 2,235 2,570
Internal migrants 2,275 975 1,300
Intraprovincial migrants 1,940 820 1,120
Interprovincial migrants 335 160 180
External migrants 2,525 1,260 1,270
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 92,840 46,245 46,595
Non-movers 48,315 23,420 24,895
Movers 44,525 22,830 21,695
Non-migrants 27,930 14,255 13,675
Migrants 16,595 8,570 8,025
Internal migrants 6,980 3,425 3,550
Intraprovincial migrants 6,175 2,975 3,205
Interprovincial migrants 805 455 350
External migrants 9,615 5,140 4,475
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 83,530 41,290 42,240
No certificate, diploma or degree 21,150 9,940 11,210
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,640 8,590 8,050
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 45,735 22,760 22,980
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,895 4,440 3,450
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,575 6,075 6,495
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,105 1,825 2,285
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 21,155 10,410 10,750
Bachelor's degree 13,055 6,255 6,805
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,100 4,155 3,950
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 59,210 30,480 28,735
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,445 5,315 5,125
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,780 5,740 5,040
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 37,985 19,420 18,570
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,270 3,545 2,720
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,340 4,795 4,540
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,430 1,590 1,835
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 18,960 9,485 9,475
Bachelor's degree 11,485 5,670 5,815
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,470 3,810 3,660
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 83,530 41,290 42,240
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 37,795 18,530 19,260
Education 2,735 735 1,995
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,165 2,025 2,145
Humanities 4,315 1,915 2,400
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,840 2,695 4,150
Business, management and public administration 8,470 3,485 4,985
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,220 1,175 1,045
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,510 1,760 750
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,370 6,475 890
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 565 330 235
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,575 1,070 3,505
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,975 1,100 875
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 83,525 41,290 42,235
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 37,790 18,530 19,265
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 45,735 22,760 22,975
Location of study inside Canada 35,170 16,785 18,385
Same as province or territory of residence 34,375 16,315 18,055
Another province or territory 790 470 325
Location of study outside Canada 10,570 5,975 4,595
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 53,945 28,555 25,395
Single responses 48,850 25,505 23,345
English 9,750 5,825 3,930
French 37,905 19,030 18,875
Non-official languages 1,195 650 550
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 150 75
Cantonese 65 25 40
Panjabi (Punjabi) 55 35 20
Mandarin 25 0 0
Spanish 175 80 100
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 30 20 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 625 325 290
Multiple responses 5,100 3,050 2,050
English and French 4,180 2,555 1,630
English and non-official language 220 100 120
French and non-official language 320 165 155
English, French and non-official language 375 235 150
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 53,950 28,555 25,395
English 9,750 5,825 3,925
French 37,900 19,030 18,870
Non-official language 1,200 650 550
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,195 650 545
English and French 4,180 2,555 1,625
English and non-official language 220 100 125
French and non-official language 320 160 155
English, French and non-official language 380 235 145
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 83,530 41,290 42,240
In the labour force 52,415 28,140 24,275
Employed 46,470 24,730 21,745
Unemployed 5,945 3,415 2,530
Not in the labour force 31,115 13,150 17,960
Participation rate 62.7 68.2 57.5
Employment rate 55.6 59.9 51.5
Unemployment rate 11.3 12.1 10.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 52,415 28,140 24,275
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,720 1,510 1,210
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,695 26,625 23,065
Employee 45,405 23,865 21,540
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,290 2,765 1,525
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 52,415 28,140 24,275
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,725 1,515 1,215
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,695 26,630 23,060
0 Management occupations 3,350 2,100 1,250
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,885 3,040 4,845
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,810 3,020 790
3 Health occupations 2,695 615 2,080
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,635 2,240 4,400
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,445 1,650 1,795
6 Sales and service occupations 14,095 7,795 6,295
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,390 4,165 220
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 335 250 80
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,060 1,760 1,300
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 52,415 28,140 24,275
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,725 1,510 1,215
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,690 26,630 23,065
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 265 165 95
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 30 20 0
22 Utilities 225 130 90
23 Construction 1,325 1,195 130
31-33 Manufacturing 4,970 3,105 1,870
41 Wholesale trade 1,785 1,235 550
44-45 Retail trade 5,435 2,890 2,540
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,870 1,520 350
51 Information and cultural industries 2,335 1,330 1,000
52 Finance and insurance 1,965 825 1,135
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 625 390 235
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,530 2,765 1,770
55 Management of companies and enterprises 40 25 15
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,145 1,940 1,200
61 Educational services 4,790 1,835 2,955
62 Health care and social assistance 5,430 1,295 4,135
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,690 900 790
72 Accommodation and food services 4,575 2,835 1,735
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,195 1,045 1,145
91 Public administration 2,465 1,175 1,290
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 52,415 28,140 24,275
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,740 2,550 2,190
Worked in 2010 47,675 25,585 22,085
1 to 13 weeks 2,715 1,430 1,285
14 to 26 weeks 4,455 2,420 2,035
27 to 39 weeks 3,980 2,040 1,935
40 to 48 weeks 9,900 5,215 4,680
49 to 52 weeks 26,635 14,475 12,155
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.2 43.3 43.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 52,415 28,140 24,275
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,740 2,555 2,190
Worked in 2010 47,675 25,590 22,090
Worked full-time in 2010 37,680 21,190 16,490
Worked part-time in 2010 9,995 4,400 5,595
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 46,470 24,725 21,740
Worked at home 2,365 1,245 1,120
Worked outside Canada 115 85 30
No fixed workplace address 4,470 3,170 1,300
Worked at usual place 39,520 20,230 19,290
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 43,990 23,400 20,595
Car, truck or van - as a driver 17,330 11,370 5,960
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,140 405 740
Public transit 20,640 9,250 11,390
Walked 2,850 1,120 1,730
Bicycle 1,600 990 610
Other methods 425 265 165
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 43,990 23,400 20,590
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.2 30.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 43,990 23,400 20,595
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,865 4,930 2,940
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 25,510 12,100 13,410
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,620 6,375 4,245
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 46,995 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 42,375 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,615 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 46,995 ... ...
1960 or before 29,590 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,760 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,415 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,310 ... ...
2001 to 2005 745 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,170 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 47,000 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 28,815 ... ...
5 rooms 10,325 ... ...
6 rooms 3,825 ... ...
7 rooms 1,875 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,160 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 46,995 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 17,915 ... ...
2 bedrooms 18,235 ... ...
3 bedrooms 9,045 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 1,800 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 46,995 ... ...
Owner 12,035 ... ...
Renter 34,965 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 47,000 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,920 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 43,075 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 47,000 ... ...
1 household maintainer 32,535 ... ...
2 household maintainers 13,135 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,325 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 46,995 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,695 ... ...
25 to 34 years 10,970 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,320 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,545 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,690 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,455 ... ...
75 years and over 4,325 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 46,995 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 44,725 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,270 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 46,995 ... ...
Suitable 41,080 ... ...
Not suitable 5,915 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 46,845 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 29,920 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 16,925 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 14,055 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 12,035 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 57.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 28.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 964 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,098 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 348,915 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 356,049 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 34,960 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 647 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 666 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 83,525 41,290 42,240
Without income 4,005 1,990 2,020
With income 79,525 39,305 40,220
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,975 4,340 3,635
$5,000 to $9,999 9,095 4,140 4,950
$10,000 to $14,999 10,995 4,640 6,355
$15,000 to $19,999 10,935 4,780 6,150
$20,000 to $29,999 13,585 6,885 6,700
$30,000 to $39,999 10,070 5,290 4,780
$40,000 to $49,999 6,575 3,220 3,360
$50,000 to $59,999 3,840 2,160 1,680
$60,000 to $79,999 4,095 2,365 1,730
$80,000 to $99,999 1,305 750 555
$100,000 and over 1,055 725 325
$100,000 to $124,999 635 435 195
$125,000 and over 420 295 125
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 20,412 21,990 19,009
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,902 28,679 25,165
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 83,530 41,290 42,235
Without after-tax income 4,015 1,990 2,025
With after-tax income 79,510 39,300 40,215
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,010 4,355 3,660
$5,000 to $9,999 9,155 4,155 5,005
$10,000 to $14,999 11,125 4,725 6,405
$15,000 to $19,999 11,830 5,270 6,560
$20,000 to $29,999 16,085 8,290 7,790
$30,000 to $39,999 11,355 5,730 5,630
$40,000 to $49,999 6,105 3,335 2,765
$50,000 to $59,999 3,090 1,720 1,370
$60,000 to $79,999 1,985 1,180 805
$80,000 to $99,999 430 305 125
$100,000 and over 345 245 105
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 19,803 21,064 18,638
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 23,552 24,723 22,407
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 79.6 84.2 74.5
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.9 76.2 67.0
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.8 71.3 63.8
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.1 4.9 3.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.8 2.9 2.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.6 3.8 3.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.2 1.5
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 20.4 15.9 25.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.5 3.2 3.9
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 5.1 3.7 6.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.8 2.7 3.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 3.4 0.3 6.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 5.5 5.9 5.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 12.5 13.8 11.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 87.5 86.2 89.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.6 0.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 22,600 12,700 9,900
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 36,510 36,555 36,433
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 41,274 42,470 39,740
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 24,865 ... ...
Median family income ($) 48,075 ... ...
Average family income ($) 57,959 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,093 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,920 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,390 ... ...
Median family income ($) 46,937 ... ...
Average family income ($) 57,330 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 43,024 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 49,243 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 10,065 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,900 ... ...
Average family income ($) 67,799 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,358 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,719 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,215 ... ...
Median family income ($) 35,191 ... ...
Average family income ($) 41,360 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 34,044 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 37,594 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 26,355 13,680 12,670
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 20,086 20,541 19,893
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,501 26,579 26,417
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 19,539 19,713 19,419
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,026 22,865 23,199
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 99,295 49,440 49,855
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 75,775 37,595 38,180
In bottom decile 21,410 11,015 10,390
In second decile 18,140 8,470 9,675
In third decile 15,300 7,645 7,655
In fourth decile 11,855 6,010 5,840
In fifth decile 9,080 4,455 4,625
In top half of the Canadian distribution 23,515 11,840 11,675
In sixth decile 8,355 4,190 4,160
In seventh decile 5,745 2,870 2,870
In eighth decile 4,630 2,315 2,315
In ninth decile 3,010 1,535 1,470
In top decile 1,785 930 860
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 46,995 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,030 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,370 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,695 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,310 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,000 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,410 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,365 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,970 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,030 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,090 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,985 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 895 ... ...
$150,000 and over 840 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 46,995 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,050 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,715 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,965 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,195 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,160 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,635 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,975 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,380 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,945 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,335 ... ...
$125,000 and over 610 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 46,995 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 36,114 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 45,520 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 33,312 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,847 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 19,385 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 21,666 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 28,579 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 21,023 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 24,657 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 27,610 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 47,685 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 57,412 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 44,651 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 50,511 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 99,290 49,435 49,855
Less than 18 years 18,510 9,710 8,795
Less than 6 years 7,530 3,805 3,725
18 to 64 years 68,390 34,620 33,765
65 years and over 12,400 5,105 7,295
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 31,490 15,630 15,855
Less than 18 years 6,725 3,620 3,110
Less than 6 years 2,715 1,435 1,280
18 to 64 years 20,835 10,595 10,235
65 years and over 3,920 1,420 2,505
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 31.7 31.6 31.8
Less than 18 years (%) 36.3 37.3 35.4
Less than 6 years (%) 36.1 37.7 34.4
18 to 64 years (%) 30.5 30.6 30.3
65 years and over (%) 31.6 27.8 34.3

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 43 referrer

Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 44 referrer

Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 45 referrer

Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 46 referrer

Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 47 referrer

Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 48 referrer

Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 49 referrer

Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 50 referrer

Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 51 referrer

Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 52 referrer

Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 53 referrer

Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 54 referrer

Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 55 referrer

Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 56 referrer

Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 57 referrer

Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 58 referrer

Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 59 referrer

Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 60 referrer

Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 61 referrer

Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 62 referrer

Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 63 referrer

Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 64 referrer

Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 65 referrer

Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 66 referrer

Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 67 referrer

Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 68 referrer

Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 69 referrer

Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 70 referrer

Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 71 referrer

Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 72 referrer

Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 73 referrer

Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 74 referrer

Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 75 referrer

Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 76 referrer

Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 77 referrer

Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 78 referrer

Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 79 referrer

Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 80 referrer

Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 81 referrer

Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 82 referrer

Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 83 referrer

Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 84 referrer

Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 85 referrer

Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 86 referrer

Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 87 referrer

Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 88 referrer

Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 89 referrer

Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 90 referrer

Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 91 referrer

Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 92 referrer

Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 93 referrer

Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 94 referrer

Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 95 referrer

Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 96 referrer

Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 97 referrer

Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 98 referrer

Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 99 referrer

Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 100 referrer

Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 101 referrer

Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 102 referrer

Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 103 referrer

Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 104 referrer

Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 105 referrer

Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 106 referrer

Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 107 referrer

Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 108 referrer

Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 109 referrer

Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 110 referrer

Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 111 referrer

Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 112 referrer

Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 113 referrer

Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 114 referrer

Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 115 referrer

Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 116 referrer

Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 117 referrer

Footnote 118

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 118 referrer

Footnote 119

For population with income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 119 referrer

Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 120 referrer

Footnote 121

Including loss.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 121 referrer

Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 122 referrer

Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 123 referrer

Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 124 referrer

Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 125 referrer

Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 126 referrer

Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 127 referrer

Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 128 referrer

Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 129 referrer

Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 130 referrer

Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 131 referrer

Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 132 referrer

Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 133 referrer

Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 134 referrer

Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 135 referrer

Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 136 referrer

Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 137 referrer

Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 138 referrer

Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 139 referrer

Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 140 referrer

Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 141 referrer

Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 142 referrer

Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 143 referrer

Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 144 referrer

Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 145 referrer

Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 146 referrer

Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 147 referrer

Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 148 referrer

Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 149 referrer

Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 150 referrer

Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 151 referrer

Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 152 referrer

Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Return to National Household Survey data footnote 153 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Papineau, Quebec (Code 24048) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Papineau, Quebec

Download current NHS table

  •  CSV (approx. 70 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 70 kb)

Download NHS data for a complete geographic level

Census data

Census data

Select a table view
Census data, Papineau, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Papineau
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 100,396 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 101,019 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) -0.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,920 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 47,026 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 11,247.1 ... ...
Land area (square km) 8.93 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 100,395 49,585 50,810
0 to 4 years 6,405 3,265 3,140
5 to 9 years 4,730 2,420 2,305
10 to 14 years 4,380 2,225 2,155
15 to 19 years 4,630 2,405 2,230
15 years 935 505 430
16 years 855 455 395
17 years 890 465 425
18 years 940 495 445
19 years 1,020 485 525
20 to 24 years 7,415 3,455 3,960
25 to 29 years 10,310 4,930 5,375
30 to 34 years 10,205 5,160 5,040
35 to 39 years 8,200 4,310 3,890
40 to 44 years 7,185 3,880 3,305
45 to 49 years 6,890 3,705 3,185
50 to 54 years 6,525 3,285 3,240
55 to 59 years 5,555 2,760 2,795
60 to 64 years 4,595 2,260 2,335
65 to 69 years 3,510 1,595 1,915
70 to 74 years 3,140 1,405 1,730
75 to 79 years 2,790 1,140 1,650
80 to 84 years 2,215 870 1,350
85 years and over 1,730 510 1,220
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.2 36.0 36.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.6 84.1 85.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 84,890 41,680 43,210
Married or living with a common-law partner 39,775 20,210 19,565
Married (and not separated) 27,530 14,025 13,505
Living common law 12,245 6,175 6,065
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 45,115 21,475 23,640
Single (never legally married) 31,500 16,820 14,675
Separated 2,125 940 1,185
Divorced 6,925 2,875 4,050
Widowed 4,570 835 3,735
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 24,605 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,545 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,815 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,300 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,945 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 24,610 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 19,060 ... ...
Married couples 12,940 ... ...
Without children at home 5,065 ... ...
With children at home 7,875 ... ...
1 child 3,170 ... ...
2 children 3,115 ... ...
3 or more children 1,595 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,120 ... ...
Without children at home 3,880 ... ...
With children at home 2,235 ... ...
1 child 1,190 ... ...
2 children 810 ... ...
3 or more children 240 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,550 ... ...
Female parent 4,550 ... ...
1 child 2,865 ... ...
2 children 1,240 ... ...
3 or more children 445 ... ...
Male parent 1,000 ... ...
1 child 730 ... ...
2 children 215 ... ...
3 or more children 50 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 26,475 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,405 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,000 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,595 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,480 ... ...
25 years and over 3,990 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 99,290 49,190 50,105
Number of persons not in census families 29,150 14,800 14,350
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,845 1,335 1,510
Living with non-relatives only 6,775 4,025 2,750
Living alone 19,525 9,435 10,085
Number of census family persons 70,145 34,385 35,760
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,525 5,280 7,245
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,525 1,705 3,825
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 655 160 500
Living with non-relatives only 280 150 125
Living alone 4,595 1,395 3,200
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 6,995 3,570 3,420
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 47,025 ... ...
Census-family households 24,070 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 22,015 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 17,385 ... ...
Without children 8,160 ... ...
With children 9,225 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,635 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,050 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,535 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 985 ... ...
Without children 440 ... ...
With children 550 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 550 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 510 ... ...
Non-census-family households 22,960 ... ...
One-person households 19,525 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,435 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 47,025 ... ...
Single-detached house 785 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,665 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 25 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 44,545 ... ...
Semi-detached house 615 ... ...
Row house 560 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 8,515 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 34,275 ... ...
Other single-attached house 575 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 47,025 ... ...
1 person 19,525 ... ...
2 persons 13,900 ... ...
3 persons 6,415 ... ...
4 persons 4,540 ... ...
5 persons 1,770 ... ...
6 or more persons 875 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,295 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,765 49,365 50,395
  Single responses  95,375 47,120 48,250
    English  5,225 2,670 2,560
    French  46,300 22,290 24,015
    Non-official languages  43,845 22,165 21,680
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 43,465 21,950 21,515
        African languages, n.i.e 55 30 25
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  225 105 115
        Albanian  190 110 75
        Amharic  10 5 0
        Arabic  5,330 3,015 2,315
        Armenian  210 110 95
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 60 35 30
        Bengali  1,880 945 935
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  320 180 140
        Bisayan languages  10 5 5
        Bosnian  15 10 10
        Bulgarian  105 50 50
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  500 240 260
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,350 640 710
        Creoles  2,435 1,100 1,335
        Croatian  55 25 25
        Czech  20 5 15
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  15 5 15
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  145 60 80
        Greek  4,110 2,020 2,090
        Gujarati  1,035 510 525
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  200 115 85
        Hungarian  80 35 45
        Ilocano  10 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Italian  4,155 1,940 2,215
        Japanese  50 10 40
        Khmer (Cambodian)  400 190 210
        Korean  10 5 10
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  45 25 20
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  45 25 15
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  15 5 10
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  180 75 105
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  40 20 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 185 105 80
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  425 245 185
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  2,195 1,295 905
        Pashto  245 135 115
        Persian (Farsi)  90 55 35
        Polish  305 130 175
        Portuguese  2,320 1,140 1,180
        Romanian  300 155 150
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 5 15
        Russian  245 120 130
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  45 20 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  35 15 20
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 5 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Sindhi  50 25 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  85 50 35
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  20 5 10
        Slovenian  25 10 10
        Somali  35 25 10
        Spanish  6,780 3,375 3,410
        Swahili  30 15 10
        Swedish  10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  110 30 80
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  1,575 830 745
        Telugu  20 10 15
        Thai  25 5 20
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 5
        Turkish  575 290 285
        Ukrainian  180 75 110
        Urdu  1,710 905 810
        Vietnamese  2,415 1,175 1,240
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 360 210 155
  Multiple responses          4,385 2,240 2,140
    English and French  730 375 350
    English and non-official language  890 485 400
    French and non-official language  2,325 1,130 1,195
    English, French and non-official language 445 250 190
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,765 49,370 50,395
  English only 10,515 5,690 4,825
  French only 33,205 14,985 18,225
  English and French 50,425 26,545 23,880
  Neither English nor French 5,620 2,150 3,470
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,765 49,370 50,395
  English 17,860 9,475 8,385
  French 66,585 32,210 34,370
  English and French 9,865 5,605 4,260
  Neither English nor French 5,455 2,075 3,375
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 22,795 12,275 10,520
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 22.8 24.9 20.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,765 49,370 50,395
  Single responses 90,690 44,675 46,010
    English 8,510 4,385 4,125
    French 51,670 25,170 26,500
    Non-official languages 30,505 15,120 15,385
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 5 5 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 30,340 15,035 15,310
        African languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 130 65 70
        Albanian 130 70 60
        Amharic 5 0 0
        Arabic 3,030 1,625 1,405
        Armenian 130 60 70
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Bengali 1,615 815 805
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 115 65 50
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 10 5 0
        Bulgarian 80 45 40
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 390 190 200
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,155 555 600
        Creoles 1,180 515 660
        Croatian 30 10 15
        Czech 10 0 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 20 10 15
        Greek 3,095 1,500 1,595
        Gujarati 785 385 400
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 165 90 70
        Hungarian 35 15 20
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 2,455 1,080 1,375
        Japanese 10 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 265 130 140
        Korean 5 5 5
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 20 15 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 10 5 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 10 5 5
        Malayalam 5 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 145 65 80
        Marathi 5 5 0
        Nepali 40 25 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 175 95 85
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,905 1,110 795
        Pashto 215 115 100
        Persian (Farsi) 50 25 25
        Polish 165 75 95
        Portuguese 1,370 645 725
        Romanian 190 95 90
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 5
        Russian 155 80 75
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
        Sindhi 35 15 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 25
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 25 15 10
        Spanish 4,925 2,415 2,505
        Swahili 15 10 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 25
        Taiwanese 5 0 0
        Tamil 1,425 730 695
        Telugu 10 5 10
        Thai 15 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 485 235 250
        Ukrainian 105 45 60
        Urdu 1,535 800 735
        Vietnamese 2,200 1,035 1,160
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 155 85 70
  Multiple responses         9,080 4,690 4,385
    English and French 1,085 585 495
    English and non-official language 1,895 1,010 885
    French and non-official language 4,845 2,430 2,415
    English, French and non-official language 1,250 665 585
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,760 49,365 50,395
  None 71,940 34,960 36,980
  Single responses  25,380 13,125 12,250
    English  7,180 3,800 3,380
    French  8,460 4,285 4,175
    Non-official languages  9,745 5,045 4,700
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 5
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 9,570 4,945 4,625
        African languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  60 30 30
        Albanian  25 10 10
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  1,580 905 675
        Armenian  45 30 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Bengali  125 70 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  115 65 55
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  5 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  60 20 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  185 90 90
        Creoles  1,275 605 670
        Croatian  15 5 10
        Czech  0 0 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  10 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  60 20 40
        Greek  645 340 305
        Gujarati  120 65 55
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  230 140 95
        Hungarian  20 10 5
        Ilocano  0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Italian  955 465 490
        Japanese  40 10 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  85 30 55
        Korean  0 0 5
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  10 5 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  55 30 20
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  50 30 25
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 115 60 55
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  145 75 70
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  250 145 100
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  20 10 5
        Polish  80 35 50
        Portuguese  490 240 250
        Romanian  45 15 30
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 10 5
        Russian  95 50 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  25 15 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  5 5 0
        Spanish  1,530 770 760
        Swahili  15 10 5
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  35 5 25
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  135 75 55
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 5 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  45 30 15
        Ukrainian  35 15 15
        Urdu  220 130 95
        Vietnamese  315 170 145
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 165 100 70
  Multiple responses          2,440 1,275 1,160
    English and French  1,085 585 500
    English and non-official language  780 390 390
    French and non-official language  525 270 255
    English, French and non-official language  45 30 15

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Papineau, Quebec (Code 24048) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

Download current census table

  •  CSV (approx. 50 kb)
  •  TAB (approx. 50 kb)

Download census data for complete geographic level

Related links

Map

Map

Map: Papineau (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Papineau, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Papineau (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

  • Topic-based tabulations, Papineau (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebe