NHS Profile, Saint-Laurent - Cartierville, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Saint-Laurent - Cartierville, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint-Laurent - Cartierville
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 114,675 56,075 58,600
Canadian citizens 95,700 46,645 49,050
Canadian citizens aged under 18 22,705 11,580 11,125
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 72,990 35,070 37,920
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 18,980 9,430 9,550
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 114,675 56,075 58,600
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 52,360 25,720 26,640
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 59,680 28,930 30,750
Before 1971 7,345 3,415 3,930
1971 to 1980 6,860 3,260 3,600
1981 to 1990 9,215 4,515 4,695
1991 to 2000 11,860 5,680 6,180
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 24,395 12,060 12,335
2001 to 2005 9,665 4,865 4,800
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 14,730 7,195 7,535
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 2,635 1,425 1,215
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 59,680 28,930 30,745
Under 5 years 5,195 2,720 2,475
5 to 14 years 9,260 4,730 4,535
15 to 24 years 12,675 5,605 7,070
25 to 44 years 27,465 13,610 13,855
45 years and over 5,085 2,270 2,820
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 114,675 56,070 58,605
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 52,365 25,720 26,645
Born in province of residence 49,980 24,700 25,280
Born outside province of residence 2,380 1,020 1,360
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 59,680 28,930 30,750
Americas 6,705 2,905 3,795
United States 665 315 350
Jamaica 320 110 205
Guyana 180 75 100
Haiti 1,750 730 1,020
Mexico 645 325 320
Trinidad and Tobago 170 75 90
Colombia 595 260 340
El Salvador 475 205 270
Peru 285 150 135
Chile 220 120 100
Other places of birth in Americas 1,405 535 865
Europe 10,175 4,645 5,530
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 230 95 140
Italy 980 480 500
Germany 285 140 145
Poland 665 305 360
Portugal 220 60 155
Netherlands 30 15 20
France 1,245 550 695
Romania 1,400 650 750
Russian Federation 495 230 265
Greece 2,205 1,045 1,160
Ukraine 335 125 210
Croatia 70 35 35
Hungary 240 105 135
Bosnia and Herzegovina 80 45 40
Serbia 20 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,645 765 880
Africa 16,195 8,215 7,975
Morocco 5,325 2,705 2,620
Algeria 2,215 1,095 1,120
Egypt 2,800 1,295 1,510
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 65 40 0
Ethiopia 85 25 55
Kenya 45 25 20
Other places of birth in Africa 5,655 3,025 2,630
Asia 26,550 13,140 13,410
India 950 465 485
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,840 1,805 2,035
Philippines 1,090 430 660
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 635 305 330
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,330 1,135 1,195
Pakistan 1,520 785 740
Sri Lanka 1,475 725 750
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 735 355 375
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 155 80 80
Lebanon 6,395 3,415 2,980
Taiwan 140 75 65
Iraq 365 195 170
Bangladesh 210 125 80
Afghanistan 380 195 180
Japan 55 0 40
Turkey 535 255 275
Other places of birth in Asia 5,745 2,780 2,965
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 50 15 40
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 15 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 2,635 1,425 1,215
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 14,735 7,195 7,535
Americas 1,925 860 1,065
United States 190 120 75
Mexico 485 240 240
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 460 165 300
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 80 35 45
Colombia 320 155 165
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 80 45 35
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 35 0 20
Other places of birth in Americas 270 85 185
Europe 1,420 640 780
France 255 115 140
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 15 0 0
Romania 295 150 145
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 420 190 225
Russian Federation 125 30 95
Ukraine 65 15 50
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 220 110 105
Africa 6,485 3,275 3,210
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 35 15 15
Mauritius 225 110 115
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 830 385 440
Egypt 215 115 105
Morocco 2,225 1,090 1,135
Tunisia 275 150 125
Cameroon 410 205 205
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 240 135 105
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 2,010 1,065 940
Asia 4,895 2,415 2,480
Philippines 285 115 165
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 880 395 480
India 195 105 90
Pakistan 430 205 230
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 80 50 30
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 210 90 120
Iraq 125 70 55
Bangladesh 45 0 0
Lebanon 1,335 720 615
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 130 60 70
Taiwan 25 0 0
Afghanistan 160 95 65
Japan 25 0 25
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 25 0 20
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 60 20 40
Saudi Arabia 60 35 25
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 385 170 210
Other places of birth in Asia 380 185 195
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 114,680 56,075 58,600
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 62,665 30,490 32,175
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 29,230 14,775 14,460
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 22,780 10,810 11,970
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 114,675 56,075 58,605
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 57,665 28,775 28,890
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 6,690 3,370 3,325
Chinese 8,060 3,945 4,110
Black 11,515 5,605 5,910
Filipino 1,470 630 835
Latin American 3,920 1,955 1,960
Arab 17,385 8,930 8,460
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 5,190 2,585 2,600
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,750 940 810
Korean 255 135 115
Japanese 85 25 55
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 235 105 125
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 1,125 545 580
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 57,010 27,300 29,710
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 114,675 56,070 58,605
North American Aboriginal origins 740 330 405
First Nations (North American Indian) 625 275 345
Inuit 20 0 20
Métis 100 60 45
Other North American origins 18,190 8,720 9,470
Acadian 135 80 55
American 490 230 260
Canadian 16,925 8,080 8,845
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 935 500 430
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 39,400 18,790 20,610
British Isles origins 5,725 2,505 3,220
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,550 1,080 1,475
Irish 2,765 1,205 1,555
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,565 680 885
Welsh 85 45 40
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 290 115 170
French origins 11,975 5,595 6,380
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 35 0 30
French 11,945 5,595 6,355
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,375 1,245 1,130
Austrian 200 135 70
Belgian 530 265 270
Dutch 265 135 125
Flemish 25 20 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,300 690 610
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 215 105 100
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 15 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 255 140 110
Danish 50 25 25
Finnish 30 0 10
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 105 65 35
Swedish 105 55 45
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 7,690 3,665 4,025
Bulgarian 405 220 185
Byelorussian 170 50 120
Czech 110 70 40
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 70 35 30
Estonian 35 15 15
Hungarian 665 315 350
Latvian 20 0 0
Lithuanian 160 65 95
Moldovan 340 170 165
Polish 1,835 875 965
Romanian 2,160 1,000 1,160
Russian 2,035 940 1,090
Slovak 155 90 60
Ukrainian 960 415 545
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 20 0 10
Southern European origins 14,315 6,930 7,385
Albanian 270 165 105
Bosnian 50 25 25
Croatian 165 95 70
Cypriot 20 0 0
Greek 6,000 2,835 3,160
Italian 5,670 2,720 2,950
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 30 15 20
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 890 430 470
Serbian 115 50 60
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 60 35 25
Spanish 1,825 965 865
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 60 15 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 5,030 2,545 2,490
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 4,810 2,425 2,390
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 65 30 35
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 150 80 70
Caribbean origins 4,635 2,045 2,595
Antiguan 25 10 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 265 135 130
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 55 35 25
Dominican 55 25 30
Grenadian 65 25 45
Haitian 2,870 1,285 1,585
Jamaican 635 300 330
Kittitian/Nevisian 25 0 20
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 35 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 40 0 35
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 225 120 110
Vincentian/Grenadinian 370 110 255
West Indian, n.o.s. 120 35 85
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 170 105 70
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,695 2,315 2,380
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 115 60 55
Argentinian 140 70 75
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 25 0 0
Brazilian 170 95 70
Chilean 310 155 155
Colombian 860 390 465
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 85 25 60
Guatemalan 145 65 80
Guyanese 160 55 105
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 55 25 25
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 1,285 695 590
Nicaraguan 25 0 25
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 345 205 140
Salvadorean 690 325 365
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 180 85 100
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 250 120 130
African origins 20,370 10,420 9,950
Central and West African origins 3,995 2,165 1,830
Akan 15 20 0
Angolan 40 15 25
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 130 60 65
Burkinabe 65 30 40
Cameroonian 575 295 275
Chadian 110 50 60
Congolese 775 395 380
Gabonese 10 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 345 215 135
Guinean 430 235 200
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 715 390 330
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 115 65 50
Nigerian 95 55 35
Peulh 95 50 45
Senegalese 165 85 80
Sierra Leonean 20 0 0
Togolese 145 75 70
Yoruba 75 60 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 425 230 190
North African origins 12,670 6,435 6,235
Algerian 2,185 1,105 1,085
Berber 825 415 410
Coptic 45 20 25
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 2,435 1,245 1,190
Libyan 70 30 45
Maure 35 25 10
Moroccan 6,250 3,125 3,125
Sudanese 120 65 0
Tunisian 935 485 450
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 230 135 100
Southern and East African origins 1,500 685 820
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 40 30 0
Burundian 365 140 230
Eritrean 40 20 20
Ethiopian 130 60 70
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 50 30 0
Malagasy 95 60 40
Mauritian 145 55 90
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 300 130 175
Seychellois 130 55 80
Somali 100 60 40
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 15 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 15 0 0
Zimbabwean 30 15 15
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 65 40 25
Other African origins 2,635 1,350 1,290
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 245 170 85
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 2,535 1,265 1,275
Asian origins 44,390 22,235 22,155
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 21,495 11,015 10,480
Afghan 595 335 260
Arab, n.o.s. 3,300 1,865 1,430
Armenian 3,585 1,825 1,760
Assyrian 120 70 50
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 905 440 465
Iraqi 400 210 190
Israeli 290 140 155
Jordanian 130 60 70
Kazakh 50 45 0
Kurd 45 25 20
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 9,675 4,880 4,795
Palestinian 665 305 360
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 25 15 10
Syrian 2,400 1,170 1,230
Tajik 30 20 0
Tatar 15 10 0
Turk 1,045 550 490
Uighur 15 0 10
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 120 60 60
South Asian origins 7,215 3,595 3,620
Bangladeshi 210 100 115
Bengali 85 45 40
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,715 1,330 1,385
Goan 35 15 15
Gujarati 35 0 25
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 55 0 35
Pakistani 2,015 1,080 935
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 10 0 0
Sri Lankan 2,080 1,045 1,035
Tamil 480 235 240
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 330 135 190
East and Southeast Asian origins 15,940 7,750 8,185
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,635 800 835
Chinese 9,580 4,785 4,795
Filipino 1,675 720 955
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 50 25 30
Japanese 180 85 100
Korean 285 145 140
Laotian 370 185 185
Malaysian 85 35 55
Mongolian 25 15 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 50 30 20
Thai 145 65 75
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 3,210 1,595 1,615
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 30 0 20
Other Asian origins 45 15 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 40 15 0
Oceania origins 20 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 114,675 56,075 58,600
Buddhist 4,650 2,270 2,385
Christian 64,140 30,235 33,905
Anglican 725 360 360
Baptist 815 370 445
Catholic 39,575 18,550 21,020
Christian Orthodox 11,770 5,490 6,275
Lutheran 175 105 70
Pentecostal 1,485 640 845
Presbyterian 380 160 220
United Church 425 185 245
Other Christian 8,790 4,365 4,425
Hindu 3,185 1,530 1,650
Jewish 6,890 3,355 3,540
Muslim 21,155 10,960 10,195
Sikh 115 55 55
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 280 120 160
No religious affiliation 14,255 7,545 6,710
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 114,675 56,075 58,605
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 235 125 115
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 85 45 45
Métis single identity 105 65 35
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 15 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 114,440 55,955 58,485
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 114,675 56,075 58,600
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 60 15 40
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 114,615 56,050 58,565
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 114,675 56,075 58,605
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 740 330 405
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 625 280 345
Métis ancestry 100 55 45
Inuit ancestry 20 0 15
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 113,935 55,740 58,195
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 78,515 38,390 40,125
Aboriginal languages 25 0 20
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 78,485 38,385 40,105
Italian 3,945 1,905 2,040
Portuguese 840 380 460
Romanian 1,990 955 1,035
Spanish 8,210 3,715 4,500
Dutch 100 55 40
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,130 585 545
Yiddish 550 225 320
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 25 0 0
Swedish 40 20 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 35 20 0
Bulgarian 360 190 165
Croatian 85 45 40
Czech 45 25 20
Macedonian 20 0 10
Polish 770 370 405
Russian 2,215 1,065 1,150
Serbian 55 25 30
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 25
Slovak 40 20 20
Slovenian 15 0 0
Ukrainian 195 60 140
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 40 15 25
Greek 5,265 2,430 2,840
Armenian 3,255 1,640 1,615
Albanian 210 140 70
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 410 165 250
Turkish 760 390 375
Berber languages (Kabyle) 190 90 95
Oromo 320 165 155
Somali 105 55 50
Amharic 95 35 65
Arabic 23,740 12,020 11,715
Hebrew 1,865 1,065 800
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 35 20 15
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0
Bengali 310 135 170
Gujarati 750 345 405
Hindi 805 345 460
Konkani 15 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 630 330 295
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45
Urdu 2,100 1,110 995
Nepali 55 0 0
Kurdish 30 15 15
Pashto 360 185 175
Persian (Farsi) 1,385 755 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 45 15
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 15 0 0
Tamil 2,450 1,200 1,250
Telugu 30 20 0
Japanese 145 65 80
Korean 265 140 125
Cantonese 1,455 675 785
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 20 0 0
Mandarin 1,275 585 690
Taiwanese 50 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,460 2,750 2,715
Lao 345 165 180
Thai 105 40 60
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,370 670 700
Vietnamese 3,120 1,560 1,560
Bisayan languages 45 20 25
Ilocano 140 60 80
Malay 210 120 95
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,165 445 720
Akan (Twi) 180 105 75
Lingala 585 305 280
Rundi (Kirundi) 250 105 145
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 195 65 130
Swahili 315 130 185
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 305 175 130
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,130 600 525
African languages, n.i.e. 160 105 55
Creoles 3,045 1,355 1,680
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 910 510 400
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 112,970 55,195 57,775
Non-movers 97,465 47,150 50,320
Movers 15,510 8,050 7,460
Non-migrants 10,295 5,300 4,995
Migrants 5,210 2,745 2,465
Internal migrants 1,975 1,095 870
Intraprovincial migrants 1,445 820 625
Interprovincial migrants 525 280 245
External migrants 3,240 1,650 1,590
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 105,940 51,525 54,415
Non-movers 58,725 27,950 30,785
Movers 47,215 23,585 23,630
Non-migrants 28,790 14,335 14,460
Migrants 18,425 9,250 9,175
Internal migrants 5,525 2,660 2,865
Intraprovincial migrants 4,270 1,980 2,295
Interprovincial migrants 1,255 685 570
External migrants 12,900 6,585 6,315
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 91,975 44,470 47,505
No certificate, diploma or degree 16,165 7,160 9,005
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,990 9,040 9,955
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 56,810 28,270 28,545
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,020 3,835 3,185
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,115 6,490 7,620
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,305 2,745 3,560
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 29,380 15,200 14,180
Bachelor's degree 17,555 8,550 9,005
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,820 6,650 5,175
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 61,725 30,200 31,525
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,995 3,025 3,970
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,440 5,130 5,315
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 44,295 22,050 22,250
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,020 2,685 2,335
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,405 4,425 4,980
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,780 2,115 2,660
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 25,090 12,820 12,270
Bachelor's degree 14,945 7,325 7,615
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,150 5,490 4,655
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 91,970 44,465 47,505
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 35,155 16,200 18,955
Education 3,265 780 2,480
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,255 970 1,285
Humanities 3,815 1,265 2,550
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,640 2,390 4,250
Business, management and public administration 14,850 6,740 8,105
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,255 1,705 1,550
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,505 2,475 1,030
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,520 8,965 1,555
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 485 300 180
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,570 1,805 4,770
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,630 855 775
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 20 0 20
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 91,970 44,465 47,505
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 35,155 16,200 18,955
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 56,815 28,265 28,550
Location of study inside Canada 37,800 18,350 19,450
Same as province or territory of residence 36,440 17,690 18,750
Another province or territory 1,360 660 700
Location of study outside Canada 19,010 9,915 9,095
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 58,675 31,125 27,550
Single responses 48,690 25,610 23,085
English 19,070 10,285 8,780
French 28,255 14,680 13,580
Non-official languages 1,370 645 725
Chinese, n.o.s. 520 235 285
Cantonese 85 55 30
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 20 0 20
Spanish 100 40 60
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 630 305 325
Multiple responses 9,985 5,515 4,465
English and French 8,860 4,850 4,015
English and non-official language 325 210 120
French and non-official language 190 90 105
English, French and non-official language 600 375 225
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 58,675 31,125 27,550
English 19,070 10,290 8,780
French 28,255 14,675 13,580
Non-official language 1,370 645 725
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,370 640 725
English and French 8,865 4,850 4,020
English and non-official language 325 210 120
French and non-official language 195 95 100
English, French and non-official language 600 375 225
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 91,970 44,465 47,505
In the labour force 56,495 30,140 26,350
Employed 50,235 26,850 23,385
Unemployed 6,260 3,295 2,965
Not in the labour force 35,475 14,325 21,155
Participation rate 61.4 67.8 55.5
Employment rate 54.6 60.4 49.2
Unemployment rate 11.1 10.9 11.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 56,495 30,145 26,355
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,865 1,495 1,370
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,630 28,645 24,985
Employee 47,405 24,430 22,975
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,225 4,210 2,005
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 56,500 30,140 26,355
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,870 1,495 1,370
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,630 28,645 24,985
0 Management occupations 6,680 4,355 2,325
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,100 3,830 6,270
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,825 4,420 1,405
3 Health occupations 3,460 925 2,535
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,640 1,805 3,835
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,385 590 790
6 Sales and service occupations 13,725 7,170 6,555
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,935 3,725 210
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 205 180 30
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,680 1,645 1,035
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 56,495 30,145 26,350
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,865 1,500 1,370
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,630 28,645 24,980
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 100 60 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 25 15 20
22 Utilities 320 230 95
23 Construction 1,300 1,100 200
31-33 Manufacturing 6,895 4,655 2,235
41 Wholesale trade 4,115 2,495 1,615
44-45 Retail trade 6,775 3,435 3,340
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,765 1,985 775
51 Information and cultural industries 1,815 1,030 780
52 Finance and insurance 2,585 1,240 1,345
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,085 580 510
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,560 3,360 2,200
55 Management of companies and enterprises 80 55 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,690 1,455 1,235
61 Educational services 3,755 1,425 2,330
62 Health care and social assistance 5,775 1,190 4,585
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 530 305 225
72 Accommodation and food services 3,695 2,220 1,475
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,885 905 985
91 Public administration 1,875 915 965
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 56,495 30,145 26,350
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,330 2,795 2,530
Worked in 2010 51,165 27,345 23,820
1 to 13 weeks 3,110 1,345 1,770
14 to 26 weeks 4,655 2,405 2,250
27 to 39 weeks 3,380 1,695 1,685
40 to 48 weeks 9,265 4,875 4,390
49 to 52 weeks 30,760 17,030 13,730
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.7 44.3 42.9
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 56,495 30,145 26,350
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,325 2,795 2,530
Worked in 2010 51,165 27,345 23,820
Worked full-time in 2010 41,225 23,185 18,035
Worked part-time in 2010 9,940 4,155 5,785
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 50,235 26,850 23,385
Worked at home 3,050 1,560 1,485
Worked outside Canada 270 205 60
No fixed workplace address 3,685 2,500 1,185
Worked at usual place 43,235 22,585 20,650
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 46,920 25,090 21,835
Car, truck or van - as a driver 27,000 16,440 10,560
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,425 330 1,100
Public transit 15,660 6,985 8,675
Walked 1,985 815 1,170
Bicycle 460 300 160
Other methods 385 220 165
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 46,925 25,090 21,835
Median commuting duration 25.8 25.7 26.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 46,925 25,085 21,835
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 7,515 4,860 2,655
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 29,860 14,705 15,155
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,550 5,530 4,020
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 45,100 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 42,050 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,050 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 45,100 ... ...
1960 or before 13,820 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,985 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,655 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,160 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,810 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,665 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 45,100 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 23,265 ... ...
5 rooms 8,090 ... ...
6 rooms 4,440 ... ...
7 rooms 3,190 ... ...
8 or more rooms 6,115 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.9 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 45,095 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 11,630 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,925 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,285 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 5,265 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 45,100 ... ...
Owner 20,885 ... ...
Renter 24,215 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 45,100 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 10,370 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 34,730 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 45,095 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,970 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,020 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,110 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 45,100 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,140 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,685 ... ...
35 to 44 years 10,015 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,255 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,150 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,085 ... ...
75 years and over 5,770 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 45,100 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 41,995 ... ...
More than one person per room 3,105 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 45,095 ... ...
Suitable 38,190 ... ...
Not suitable 6,910 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 44,775 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 30,170 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,610 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,965 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 20,885 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.3 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 22.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,046 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,206 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,909 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 409,976 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 24,215 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 750 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 767 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 91,970 44,470 47,505
Without income 6,120 2,775 3,350
With income 85,855 41,695 44,160
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,575 5,115 4,455
$5,000 to $9,999 8,155 3,610 4,550
$10,000 to $14,999 10,715 4,420 6,295
$15,000 to $19,999 9,490 4,085 5,405
$20,000 to $29,999 12,705 5,640 7,070
$30,000 to $39,999 10,240 5,050 5,190
$40,000 to $49,999 6,335 3,105 3,225
$50,000 to $59,999 5,155 2,680 2,475
$60,000 to $79,999 6,020 3,085 2,935
$80,000 to $99,999 2,910 1,765 1,140
$100,000 and over 4,550 3,135 1,415
$100,000 to $124,999 1,810 1,150 660
$125,000 and over 2,740 1,985 760
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 23,366 26,197 21,354
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 35,976 41,321 30,930
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 91,975 44,465 47,505
Without after-tax income 6,085 2,770 3,315
With after-tax income 85,885 41,695 44,190
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,790 5,170 4,620
$5,000 to $9,999 8,340 3,645 4,695
$10,000 to $14,999 10,785 4,475 6,310
$15,000 to $19,999 10,320 4,490 5,830
$20,000 to $29,999 15,255 7,020 8,230
$30,000 to $39,999 11,060 5,420 5,635
$40,000 to $49,999 7,290 3,755 3,535
$50,000 to $59,999 4,580 2,290 2,290
$60,000 to $79,999 4,485 2,615 1,870
$80,000 to $99,999 1,755 1,155 605
$100,000 and over 2,225 1,660 565
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,212 24,276 20,628
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,791 33,370 26,415
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.2 89.3 77.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 70.3 75.5 63.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 63.1 66.4 59.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 7.2 9.1 4.8
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 6.3 6.8 5.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.0 5.6 6.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.5 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.8 10.7 22.4
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.4 2.8 4.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.0 2.8 5.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.7 2.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 3.0 0.2 6.6
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.3 3.1 3.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.2 19.2 14.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.8 80.8 85.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 2.1 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 26,500 15,050 11,450
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 40,828 42,919 38,831
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 54,046 59,184 47,292
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 30,680 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,491 ... ...
Average family income ($) 82,101 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,083 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 68,066 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,665 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,010 ... ...
Average family income ($) 79,105 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,273 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 64,298 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 15,840 ... ...
Median family income ($) 68,139 ... ...
Average family income ($) 94,516 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,444 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 78,154 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,030 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,826 ... ...
Average family income ($) 52,319 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,432 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 45,598 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 16,255 7,615 8,640
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 24,857 25,248 24,605
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,053 36,764 33,544
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,335 23,015 23,504
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,938 29,780 28,195
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 114,675 56,075 58,600
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 73,955 36,010 37,945
In bottom decile 18,730 9,435 9,295
In second decile 17,000 7,655 9,345
In third decile 16,190 8,010 8,180
In fourth decile 11,800 5,810 5,995
In fifth decile 10,235 5,105 5,130
In top half of the Canadian distribution 40,715 20,060 20,660
In sixth decile 8,715 4,100 4,610
In seventh decile 7,645 3,900 3,740
In eighth decile 7,730 3,770 3,960
In ninth decile 7,255 3,585 3,670
In top decile 9,375 4,705 4,670
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 45,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,900 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,265 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,260 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,010 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,160 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,905 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,725 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,075 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,495 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,635 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,845 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,825 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,990 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 45,100 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,945 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,275 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,270 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,220 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,825 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,665 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,565 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,330 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,745 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,360 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,895 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,410 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,485 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 45,100 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 48,250 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 68,488 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 43,927 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 56,735 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 13,455 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 26,961 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,618 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 24,696 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 30,852 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 31,645 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,397 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 81,609 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 53,933 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 67,737 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 114,675 56,075 58,600
Less than 18 years 26,795 13,735 13,055
Less than 6 years 10,310 5,300 5,010
18 to 64 years 71,490 35,220 36,270
65 years and over 16,390 7,115 9,275
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 29,255 14,120 15,130
Less than 18 years 8,115 4,155 3,965
Less than 6 years 3,250 1,730 1,515
18 to 64 years 17,720 8,705 9,020
65 years and over 3,410 1,265 2,145
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 25.5 25.2 25.8
Less than 18 years (%) 30.3 30.3 30.4
Less than 6 years (%) 31.5 32.6 30.2
18 to 64 years (%) 24.8 24.7 24.9
65 years and over (%) 20.8 17.8 23.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saint-Laurent - Cartierville, Quebec (Code 24066) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Saint-Laurent - Cartierville, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Saint-Laurent - Cartierville, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint-Laurent - Cartierville
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 117,950 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 109,015 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 8.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 47,658 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,091 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,421.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 48.70 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 117,950 56,580 61,370
0 to 4 years 8,705 4,395 4,310
5 to 9 years 7,305 3,680 3,625
10 to 14 years 6,620 3,465 3,160
15 to 19 years 6,885 3,475 3,410
15 years 1,355 675 680
16 years 1,460 715 745
17 years 1,340 695 645
18 years 1,335 690 645
19 years 1,400 705 695
20 to 24 years 6,960 3,515 3,445
25 to 29 years 7,530 3,565 3,965
30 to 34 years 8,700 4,160 4,540
35 to 39 years 9,395 4,650 4,745
40 to 44 years 8,975 4,615 4,360
45 to 49 years 8,085 4,180 3,900
50 to 54 years 7,335 3,660 3,680
55 to 59 years 6,230 2,935 3,300
60 to 64 years 5,765 2,675 3,085
65 to 69 years 4,545 2,060 2,490
70 to 74 years 4,090 1,800 2,295
75 to 79 years 3,830 1,540 2,290
80 to 84 years 3,540 1,270 2,270
85 years and over 3,440 940 2,500
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 38.3 37.2 39.4
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.8 79.6 81.9
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 95,320 45,035 50,285
Married or living with a common-law partner 52,395 26,260 26,130
Married (and not separated) 45,705 22,890 22,815
Living common law 6,690 3,370 3,315
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 42,925 18,780 24,150
Single (never legally married) 28,700 14,735 13,965
Separated 1,970 785 1,185
Divorced 6,190 2,280 3,915
Widowed 6,060 975 5,085
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 30,620 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,465 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,365 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 7,135 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,650 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 30,620 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 25,110 ... ...
Married couples 21,770 ... ...
Without children at home 7,390 ... ...
With children at home 14,375 ... ...
1 child 5,150 ... ...
2 children 6,015 ... ...
3 or more children 3,215 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,345 ... ...
Without children at home 1,855 ... ...
With children at home 1,485 ... ...
1 child 685 ... ...
2 children 550 ... ...
3 or more children 255 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,505 ... ...
Female parent 4,590 ... ...
1 child 2,635 ... ...
2 children 1,305 ... ...
3 or more children 660 ... ...
Male parent 915 ... ...
1 child 590 ... ...
2 children 230 ... ...
3 or more children 100 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 39,500 ... ...
Under six years of age 10,190 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,345 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,060 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,325 ... ...
25 years and over 5,575 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 114,650 55,935 58,715
Number of persons not in census families 19,420 9,045 10,375
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,165 1,325 1,845
Living with non-relatives only 2,720 1,695 1,030
Living alone 13,530 6,025 7,505
Number of census family persons 95,230 46,890 48,335
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 16,365 7,065 9,295
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,865 1,420 4,445
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 940 190 750
Living with non-relatives only 250 125 125
Living alone 4,680 1,100 3,575
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 10,500 5,650 4,850
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 45,090 ... ...
Census-family households 29,865 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 27,390 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,800 ... ...
Without children 8,385 ... ...
With children 14,420 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,580 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,475 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,750 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,230 ... ...
Without children 360 ... ...
With children 875 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 520 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 725 ... ...
Non-census-family households 15,230 ... ...
One-person households 13,530 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,700 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 45,090 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,120 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 10,990 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 55 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 27,930 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,655 ... ...
Row house 2,790 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,490 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 18,940 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 45,095 ... ...
1 person 13,530 ... ...
2 persons 12,430 ... ...
3 persons 7,385 ... ...
4 persons 7,135 ... ...
5 persons 3,040 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,575 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 114,650 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 116,850 56,335 60,510
  Single responses  109,835 52,820 57,015
    English  15,565 7,570 7,985
    French  34,840 16,150 18,695
    Non-official languages  59,435 29,095 30,335
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 58,915 28,850 30,065
        African languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  135 60 75
        Albanian  140 75 70
        Amharic  55 30 30
        Arabic  16,305 8,365 7,940
        Armenian  2,890 1,360 1,530
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 155 85 70
        Bengali  355 165 190
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  205 100 110
        Bisayan languages  60 20 35
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  335 165 175
        Burmese  15 5 10
        Cantonese  1,440 710 735
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,615 2,210 2,400
        Creoles  1,610 720 885
        Croatian  105 50 55
        Czech  50 25 25
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  35 20 10
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  10 0 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  335 150 185
        Greek  4,175 2,020 2,160
        Gujarati  690 335 355
        Hakka  5 0 5
        Hebrew  570 290 280
        Hindi  200 100 105
        Hungarian  275 130 145
        Ilocano  80 30 50
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 70 45 25
        Italian  2,480 1,205 1,275
        Japanese  70 20 50
        Khmer (Cambodian)  905 410 495
        Korean  130 60 75
        Kurdish  35 15 20
        Lao  225 120 110
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  175 90 85
        Lithuanian  15 5 10
        Macedonian  20 5 10
        Malay  45 20 25
        Malayalam  20 5 10
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  855 410 450
        Marathi  5 5 0
        Nepali  5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 560 295 270
        Norwegian  5 0 5
        Oromo  315 170 150
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  620 320 300
        Pashto  310 160 155
        Persian (Farsi)  1,040 535 505
        Polish  590 265 330
        Portuguese  535 250 285
        Romanian  1,790 870 920
        Rundi (Kirundi)  180 95 90
        Russian  1,165 515 655
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  150 70 75
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Serbian  90 45 45
        Serbo-Croatian  35 15 20
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  25 10 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  55 25 30
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  85 30 50
        Slovenian  25 15 15
        Somali  65 35 30
        Spanish  4,485 2,210 2,275
        Swahili  80 45 40
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  665 250 415
        Taiwanese  35 15 20
        Tamil  1,670 835 835
        Telugu  45 20 25
        Thai  30 15 20
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  30 15 15
        Turkish  330 175 160
        Ukrainian  135 55 75
        Urdu  1,425 710 710
        Vietnamese  2,105 1,000 1,105
        Yiddish  200 90 115
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 500 245 260
  Multiple responses          7,015 3,520 3,500
    English and French  1,410 695 715
    English and non-official language  1,445 720 725
    French and non-official language  3,270 1,625 1,650
    English, French and non-official language 885 475 410
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 116,850 56,335 60,515
  English only 17,590 8,640 8,945
  French only 26,200 11,210 14,990
  English and French 67,555 34,305 33,255
  Neither English nor French 5,505 2,180 3,325
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 116,850 56,335 60,515
  English 36,130 17,895 18,240
  French 57,725 27,035 30,690
  English and French 17,655 9,300 8,355
  Neither English nor French 5,340 2,105 3,235
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 44,960 22,545 22,410
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 38.5 40.0 37.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 116,850 56,335 60,515
  Single responses 103,560 49,715 53,845
    English 24,565 11,975 12,590
    French 40,725 19,160 21,560
    Non-official languages 38,275 18,570 19,700
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 38,055 18,475 19,585
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 60 20 40
        Albanian 115 60 55
        Amharic 30 15 15
        Arabic 10,210 5,160 5,050
        Armenian 2,240 1,020 1,215
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25
        Bengali 265 120 145
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 90 40 50
        Bisayan languages 20 10 15
        Bosnian 0 0 5
        Bulgarian 270 140 130
        Burmese 15 5 10
        Cantonese 1,180 560 620
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,815 1,815 1,995
        Creoles 660 290 370
        Croatian 55 25 30
        Czech 10 5 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 0
        Estonian 5 5 0
        Finnish 0 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 0
        German 50 25 30
        Greek 2,200 1,020 1,175
        Gujarati 480 240 240
        Hakka 0 5 5
        Hebrew 285 145 140
        Hindi 110 50 60
        Hungarian 80 35 50
        Ilocano 25 15 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20
        Italian 645 290 360
        Japanese 30 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 590 255 325
        Korean 100 50 50
        Kurdish 30 15 15
        Lao 140 60 75
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 50 25 20
        Lithuanian 5 0 0
        Macedonian 15 5 10
        Malay 25 10 10
        Malayalam 0 0 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 800 395 410
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 85 40 50
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 450 215 230
        Pashto 255 125 130
        Persian (Farsi) 810 405 405
        Polish 305 135 170
        Portuguese 290 145 145
        Romanian 1,390 670 715
        Rundi (Kirundi) 65 40 25
        Russian 870 410 455
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 25 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Serbian 65 35 30
        Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10
        Sindhi 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 10 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 15 5 5
        Slovenian 15 5 10
        Somali 55 30 25
        Spanish 3,435 1,695 1,745
        Swahili 30 10 15
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 315 140 175
        Taiwanese 20 10 15
        Tamil 1,415 710 710
        Telugu 25 10 15
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 5 5 0
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 240 120 125
        Ukrainian 55 25 30
        Urdu 1,085 545 540
        Vietnamese 1,620 770 845
        Yiddish 20 5 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 210 100 110
  Multiple responses         13,290 6,620 6,670
    English and French 2,125 1,070 1,055
    English and non-official language 3,125 1,585 1,535
    French and non-official language 5,910 2,865 3,040
    English, French and non-official language 2,135 1,100 1,035
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 116,850 56,340 60,515
  None 73,440 34,940 38,500
  Single responses  38,855 19,130 19,725
    English  10,705 5,280 5,425
    French  12,315 6,050 6,265
    Non-official languages  15,840 7,805 8,030
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 15,535 7,650 7,885
        African languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  45 25 20
        Albanian  10 5 10
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  4,970 2,555 2,410
        Armenian  400 195 205
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 100 45 50
        Bengali  25 10 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  75 35 40
        Bisayan languages  15 5 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  40 20 25
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  195 115 85
        Chinese, n.o.s.  555 265 295
        Creoles  960 415 540
        Croatian  25 10 15
        Czech  25 10 10
        Danish  0 5 0
        Dutch  10 10 5
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  135 60 70
        Greek  1,505 745 760
        Gujarati  130 65 65
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  390 185 205
        Hindi  105 60 50
        Hungarian  80 30 45
        Ilocano  35 15 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 15 10
        Italian  995 480 515
        Japanese  25 5 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  250 125 130
        Korean  15 5 10
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  55 30 25
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  195 95 100
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  10 5 10
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  100 45 55
        Marathi  5 0 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 365 195 175
        Norwegian  5 5 0
        Oromo  90 40 50
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  120 65 55
        Pashto  20 15 10
        Persian (Farsi)  90 50 45
        Polish  140 60 75
        Portuguese  125 55 75
        Romanian  220 110 110
        Rundi (Kirundi)  100 55 50
        Russian  295 155 140
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  65 30 40
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  20 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 10 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  20 5 10
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  890 455 435
        Swahili  65 25 35
        Swedish  10 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  250 90 160
        Taiwanese  15 10 10
        Tamil  180 90 95
        Telugu  10 5 5
        Thai  20 10 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  60 30 30
        Ukrainian  30 10 15
        Urdu  270 135 130
        Vietnamese  355 165 190
        Yiddish  35 15 25
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 295 150 145
  Multiple responses          4,550 2,265 2,290
    English and French  2,275 1,145 1,135
    English and non-official language  1,175 570 600
    French and non-official language  1,015 495 525
    English, French and non-official language  80 50 30

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saint-Laurent - Cartierville, Quebec (Code 24066) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Saint-Laurent - Cartierville (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Saint-Laurent - Cartierville, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)