NHS Profile, Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 107,685 51,205 56,475
Canadian citizens 91,675 43,700 47,965
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,495 10,690 10,810
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,175 33,010 37,165
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 16,015 7,505 8,510
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 107,685 51,205 56,475
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 54,645 26,040 28,600
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 51,325 24,280 27,045
Before 1971 12,095 5,605 6,490
1971 to 1980 4,490 2,195 2,295
1981 to 1990 6,505 3,240 3,260
1991 to 2000 9,330 4,305 5,025
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 18,910 8,935 9,975
2001 to 2005 7,100 3,435 3,665
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,805 5,505 6,305
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,720 890 830
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 51,325 24,280 27,045
Under 5 years 4,445 2,205 2,240
5 to 14 years 8,000 3,765 4,230
15 to 24 years 13,210 5,730 7,480
25 to 44 years 22,615 11,335 11,275
45 years and over 3,050 1,245 1,810
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 107,685 51,210 56,480
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 54,640 26,040 28,600
Born in province of residence 53,295 25,485 27,815
Born outside province of residence 1,345 560 790
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 51,325 24,275 27,040
Americas 14,620 6,570 8,050
United States 740 435 305
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 7,225 3,195 4,030
Mexico 760 335 420
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 855 390 465
El Salvador 980 480 500
Peru 865 340 530
Chile 335 140 200
Other places of birth in Americas 2,840 1,245 1,600
Europe 15,880 7,305 8,585
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 70 30 45
Italy 11,820 5,510 6,310
Germany 70 60 20
Poland 355 120 230
Portugal 875 395 480
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 505 225 275
Romania 730 350 375
Russian Federation 70 35 35
Greece 205 75 135
Ukraine 205 75 135
Croatia 50 0 0
Hungary 15 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 15 0
Serbia 20 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 820 365 460
Africa 12,055 6,185 5,860
Morocco 3,595 1,875 1,720
Algeria 6,175 3,230 2,950
Egypt 295 165 135
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,980 915 1,065
Asia 8,765 4,220 4,545
India 175 80 90
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 840 360 480
Philippines 85 25 60
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 45 15 30
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,535 1,290 1,250
Pakistan 50 20 25
Sri Lanka 620 320 300
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 155 70 85
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 1,030 495 530
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 40 35 0
Bangladesh 380 175 205
Afghanistan 135 60 70
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 850 405 445
Other places of birth in Asia 1,795 855 940
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,720 890 835
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 11,805 5,505 6,305
Americas 3,865 1,790 2,080
United States 380 245 130
Mexico 440 210 240
Cuba 120 55 65
Haiti 1,845 825 1,015
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 385 170 210
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 255 115 145
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 70 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 365 140 220
Europe 855 420 440
France 160 70 95
Germany 10 15 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 290 145 145
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 115 40 70
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 45 0 30
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 210 120 90
Africa 6,105 2,940 3,165
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 3,215 1,510 1,705
Egypt 25 20 0
Morocco 1,970 1,025 945
Tunisia 160 80 80
Cameroon 175 70 100
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 110 45 65
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 440 185 255
Asia 975 350 625
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 60 25 40
India 45 0 35
Pakistan 25 10 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 80 35 45
Iraq 25 20 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 135 70 70
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 180 40 140
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 130 60 65
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 10 10 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 205 65 140
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 107,685 51,205 56,475
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 53,160 25,235 27,930
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 29,845 14,530 15,315
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 24,680 11,445 13,230
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 107,685 51,205 56,480
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 48,435 23,380 25,050
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,840 935 910
Chinese 1,710 765 945
Black 14,265 6,685 7,580
Filipino 80 30 50
Latin American 9,365 4,270 5,095
Arab 13,545 6,930 6,615
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 6,155 3,145 3,010
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 665 300 370
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 60 15 40
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 85 20 65
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 655 285 370
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 59,255 27,825 31,430
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 107,685 51,210 56,480
North American Aboriginal origins 845 335 510
First Nations (North American Indian) 730 305 430
Inuit 10 0 0
Métis 100 30 75
Other North American origins 19,555 8,955 10,595
Acadian 160 80 85
American 355 165 185
Canadian 16,870 7,660 9,210
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 2,450 1,200 1,250
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 44,230 20,785 23,445
British Isles origins 2,895 1,285 1,610
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 1,120 530 600
Irish 1,570 670 895
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 595 255 340
Welsh 30 0 15
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 55 20 30
French origins 8,345 3,715 4,635
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 30 10 25
French 8,330 3,705 4,625
Western European origins (except French origins) 1,185 495 685
Austrian 85 50 35
Belgian 335 130 205
Dutch 135 60 80
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 625 280 345
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 55 0 45
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 90 25 60
Danish 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 30 0 25
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 3,110 1,450 1,660
Bulgarian 185 100 85
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 50 40 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 150 70 80
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 20 0 0
Moldovan 115 35 80
Polish 860 385 475
Romanian 930 470 460
Russian 280 120 160
Slovak 0 0 0
Ukrainian 750 345 410
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 32,125 15,315 16,810
Albanian 125 60 65
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 130 65 60
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 810 370 435
Italian 27,425 13,165 14,260
Kosovar 55 35 25
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,890 870 1,025
Serbian 70 40 30
Sicilian 60 25 30
Slovenian 80 20 50
Spanish 2,260 1,080 1,185
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 190 70 120
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 355 175 180
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 195 95 100
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 150 70 80
Caribbean origins 12,250 5,710 6,540
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 360 165 195
Dominican 985 395 590
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 10,885 5,100 5,785
Jamaican 60 40 25
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 15 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 25 15 10
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 20 0 10
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 30 25 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 8,665 4,055 4,610
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 180 90 95
Argentinian 90 65 30
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 10 0 0
Brazilian 65 30 40
Chilean 515 235 285
Colombian 1,175 555 625
Costa Rican 35 0 0
Ecuadorian 170 70 105
Guatemalan 890 405 485
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 15 0 10
Honduran 600 290 310
Maya 85 35 45
Mexican 1,325 655 670
Nicaraguan 465 230 230
Panamanian 120 70 50
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 1,250 530 720
Salvadorean 1,745 765 980
Uruguayan 50 15 30
Venezuelan 365 210 155
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 270 155 115
African origins 16,970 8,495 8,470
Central and West African origins 1,685 785 895
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 20 0 20
Beninese 35 0 25
Burkinabe 10 0 0
Cameroonian 300 150 155
Chadian 20 0 0
Congolese 595 285 310
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 75 20 55
Guinean 160 115 45
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 160 65 90
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 0 0 0
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 145 70 75
Sierra Leonean 45 0 0
Togolese 110 40 65
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 60 20 35
North African origins 13,510 6,860 6,650
Algerian 6,275 3,150 3,130
Berber 2,200 1,195 1,005
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 375 180 190
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 4,400 2,195 2,205
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 710 385 330
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 145 80 65
Southern and East African origins 190 100 95
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 20 15 0
Burundian 55 25 35
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 45 25 0
Mauritian 30 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 20 0 10
Seychellois 10 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 15 10 0
Other African origins 1,690 800 890
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 90 50 35
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,655 775 885
Asian origins 17,305 8,550 8,750
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 7,075 3,525 3,550
Afghan 225 110 115
Arab, n.o.s. 2,675 1,415 1,260
Armenian 175 65 110
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 30 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 235 95 135
Iraqi 50 35 10
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 30 20 15
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 195 90 110
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,975 965 1,015
Palestinian 65 35 25
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 315 155 165
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 1,600 800 810
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 2,115 1,060 1,060
Bangladeshi 430 200 235
Bengali 165 65 100
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 450 205 245
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 15 0 0
Pakistani 115 70 45
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 910 490 420
Tamil 105 55 50
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 8,165 3,990 4,180
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,755 890 860
Chinese 3,115 1,415 1,700
Filipino 95 30 70
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 15 0 0
Japanese 45 0 30
Korean 0 0 0
Laotian 205 105 100
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 35 0 0
Thai 125 80 45
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 3,920 1,955 1,960
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 15 0 10
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 107,685 51,210 56,475
Buddhist 4,290 2,035 2,255
Christian 74,690 34,560 40,125
Anglican 130 55 70
Baptist 1,620 710 905
Catholic 61,855 28,670 33,190
Christian Orthodox 2,145 970 1,175
Lutheran 25 10 10
Pentecostal 1,405 655 755
Presbyterian 60 25 35
United Church 95 20 70
Other Christian 7,360 3,450 3,915
Hindu 1,030 510 520
Jewish 110 70 40
Muslim 18,760 9,455 9,305
Sikh 90 30 55
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 120 45 75
No religious affiliation 8,595 4,495 4,100
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 107,685 51,210 56,480
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 310 120 190
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 155 65 90
Métis single identity 135 45 85
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 107,380 51,085 56,290
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 107,685 51,210 56,480
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 100 35 75
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 107,580 51,175 56,405
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 107,685 51,205 56,475
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 845 335 510
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 730 300 430
Métis ancestry 105 30 70
Inuit ancestry 10 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 106,840 50,870 55,970
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 78,605 37,325 41,280
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 78,580 37,310 41,260
Italian 25,565 12,135 13,430
Portuguese 1,635 765 865
Romanian 905 430 470
Spanish 12,975 6,035 6,935
Dutch 70 20 50
Flemish 0 0 0
German 330 195 130
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 40 0 0
Bulgarian 170 90 80
Croatian 95 50 45
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 555 235 320
Russian 530 250 275
Serbian 65 30 35
Serbo-Croatian 20 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 75 25 45
Ukrainian 435 180 255
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 525 235 290
Armenian 115 60 60
Albanian 155 90 65
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 60 45 15
Turkish 1,355 645 710
Berber languages (Kabyle) 565 320 245
Oromo 1,045 600 445
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 14,825 7,490 7,335
Hebrew 15 10 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 575 260 310
Gujarati 120 40 85
Hindi 100 55 45
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 45 0 25
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 130 80 45
Nepali 15 0 0
Kurdish 150 70 80
Pashto 110 60 0
Persian (Farsi) 280 120 160
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 1,000 520 485
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 55 20 35
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 325 135 195
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 260 85 175
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,715 770 945
Lao 250 135 115
Thai 85 40 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,720 870 845
Vietnamese 3,830 1,900 1,925
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 60 0 50
Akan (Twi) 90 30 60
Lingala 395 160 230
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 25 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 0 0
Swahili 195 100 100
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 200 110 90
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 350 185 170
African languages, n.i.e. 115 85 35
Creoles 9,395 4,150 5,245
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 600 310 295
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 106,110 50,395 55,710
Non-movers 94,435 44,670 49,765
Movers 11,675 5,730 5,950
Non-migrants 8,615 4,230 4,390
Migrants 3,055 1,500 1,560
Internal migrants 1,285 705 580
Intraprovincial migrants 1,000 545 455
Interprovincial migrants 280 155 120
External migrants 1,775 795 985
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 99,145 47,155 51,990
Non-movers 58,600 27,625 30,975
Movers 40,545 19,535 21,010
Non-migrants 27,450 13,190 14,265
Migrants 13,095 6,345 6,750
Internal migrants 3,570 1,755 1,810
Intraprovincial migrants 3,030 1,520 1,515
Interprovincial migrants 535 240 300
External migrants 9,525 4,585 4,940
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 86,545 40,855 45,685
No certificate, diploma or degree 26,660 11,765 14,890
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 19,755 9,640 10,115
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 40,130 19,450 20,680
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 11,350 5,875 5,480
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,960 5,390 6,570
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,055 1,840 2,215
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 12,765 6,345 6,415
Bachelor's degree 8,680 4,095 4,585
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,080 2,250 1,830
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 56,840 27,215 29,625
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,665 5,425 6,245
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,570 6,140 6,430
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 32,605 15,655 16,955
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,690 4,190 4,500
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,995 4,175 4,820
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,355 1,555 1,805
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 11,565 5,735 5,830
Bachelor's degree 7,875 3,720 4,150
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,690 2,010 1,680
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 86,545 40,860 45,685
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 46,410 21,405 25,005
Education 2,160 555 1,605
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,555 770 780
Humanities 2,395 875 1,520
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,350 1,495 2,855
Business, management and public administration 9,685 3,580 6,105
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,605 780 825
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,345 1,650 695
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,865 7,105 755
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 375 265 110
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,045 1,005 4,035
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,765 1,360 1,405
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 86,540 40,860 45,685
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 46,410 21,405 25,005
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 40,130 19,450 20,685
Location of study inside Canada 28,870 13,455 15,410
Same as province or territory of residence 28,310 13,195 15,115
Another province or territory 555 260 300
Location of study outside Canada 11,265 5,995 5,270
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 49,090 25,695 23,395
Single responses 42,745 22,195 20,550
English 8,770 4,815 3,960
French 32,730 16,740 15,990
Non-official languages 1,245 640 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 190 115 70
Cantonese 25 0 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 250 125 120
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 30 15 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 735 380 355
Multiple responses 6,340 3,500 2,845
English and French 5,355 2,990 2,365
English and non-official language 105 50 55
French and non-official language 375 160 215
English, French and non-official language 505 290 215
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 49,095 25,690 23,400
English 8,770 4,810 3,960
French 32,730 16,745 15,990
Non-official language 1,245 640 605
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,245 640 605
English and French 5,355 2,995 2,365
English and non-official language 105 55 55
French and non-official language 380 160 220
English, French and non-official language 505 290 210
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 86,545 40,855 45,685
In the labour force 48,895 25,885 23,005
Employed 42,445 22,430 20,010
Unemployed 6,455 3,455 3,000
Not in the labour force 37,650 14,970 22,680
Participation rate 56.5 63.4 50.4
Employment rate 49.0 54.9 43.8
Unemployment rate 13.2 13.3 13.0
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 48,890 25,885 23,010
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 3,380 1,715 1,660
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,515 24,170 21,345
Employee 41,740 21,530 20,215
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 3,775 2,640 1,130
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 48,890 25,890 23,005
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,375 1,720 1,660
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,515 24,165 21,350
0 Management occupations 3,520 2,155 1,370
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,865 2,835 5,030
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,670 2,170 500
3 Health occupations 2,865 590 2,280
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 3,930 960 2,975
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 875 380 495
6 Sales and service occupations 13,910 6,905 7,010
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,740 5,490 250
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 350 300 50
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,775 2,385 1,390
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 48,890 25,890 23,005
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 3,380 1,715 1,660
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,515 24,170 21,345
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 160 85 70
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 0 0 0
22 Utilities 125 95 30
23 Construction 1,900 1,720 180
31-33 Manufacturing 6,235 4,175 2,060
41 Wholesale trade 2,455 1,485 970
44-45 Retail trade 5,900 2,665 3,235
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,370 1,990 380
51 Information and cultural industries 1,320 845 475
52 Finance and insurance 2,050 730 1,315
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 780 490 300
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,640 1,430 1,210
55 Management of companies and enterprises 50 0 40
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,320 2,015 1,305
61 Educational services 2,365 835 1,525
62 Health care and social assistance 5,830 1,130 4,695
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 615 410 205
72 Accommodation and food services 3,700 2,040 1,660
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,110 1,150 965
91 Public administration 1,545 825 720
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 48,890 25,885 23,010
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,455 2,760 2,690
Worked in 2010 43,445 23,120 20,320
1 to 13 weeks 2,570 1,225 1,345
14 to 26 weeks 3,830 1,840 1,985
27 to 39 weeks 3,120 1,835 1,285
40 to 48 weeks 7,955 4,435 3,525
49 to 52 weeks 25,970 13,790 12,185
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.7 44.0 43.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 48,895 25,885 23,005
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,450 2,765 2,690
Worked in 2010 43,440 23,125 20,320
Worked full-time in 2010 35,375 19,860 15,510
Worked part-time in 2010 8,065 3,255 4,810
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 42,440 22,430 20,015
Worked at home 1,680 910 770
Worked outside Canada 90 60 30
No fixed workplace address 3,920 2,920 1,000
Worked at usual place 36,755 18,545 18,210
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 40,675 21,460 19,215
Car, truck or van - as a driver 23,360 14,735 8,625
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,360 445 920
Public transit 13,910 5,335 8,570
Walked 1,665 715 955
Bicycle 215 135 75
Other methods 165 100 70
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 40,675 21,465 19,210
Median commuting duration 30.4 30.2 30.6
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 40,675 21,460 19,215
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 9,905 6,195 3,710
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 21,165 9,845 11,320
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,605 5,425 4,180
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 43,225 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 40,040 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,185 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 43,225 ... ...
1960 or before 9,770 ... ...
1961 to 1980 26,645 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,270 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,385 ... ...
2001 to 2005 865 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,290 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 43,225 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 21,295 ... ...
5 rooms 12,800 ... ...
6 rooms 3,310 ... ...
7 rooms 2,180 ... ...
8 or more rooms 3,640 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 43,225 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 7,255 ... ...
2 bedrooms 16,335 ... ...
3 bedrooms 17,440 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,195 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 43,225 ... ...
Owner 14,565 ... ...
Renter 28,655 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 43,225 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,495 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 39,725 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 43,225 ... ...
1 household maintainer 28,395 ... ...
2 household maintainers 13,745 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,090 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 43,225 ... ...
Under 25 years 945 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,545 ... ...
35 to 44 years 9,685 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,510 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,635 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,150 ... ...
75 years and over 5,755 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 43,225 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 41,090 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,135 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 43,220 ... ...
Suitable 37,495 ... ...
Not suitable 5,730 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 43,065 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 27,840 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 15,220 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 12,935 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 14,565 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 45.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 31.7 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 857 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,131 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 401,348 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 447,304 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 28,660 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 5.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 691 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 706 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 86,545 40,855 45,690
Without income 5,395 2,500 2,895
With income 81,145 38,355 42,790
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,385 4,515 3,870
$5,000 to $9,999 8,105 3,140 4,970
$10,000 to $14,999 10,755 4,140 6,615
$15,000 to $19,999 11,420 4,795 6,625
$20,000 to $29,999 15,090 6,910 8,170
$30,000 to $39,999 11,285 5,725 5,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,435 3,355 3,085
$50,000 to $59,999 3,690 2,000 1,700
$60,000 to $79,999 3,555 2,090 1,465
$80,000 to $99,999 1,205 815 390
$100,000 and over 1,205 875 330
$100,000 to $124,999 630 450 185
$125,000 and over 575 425 150
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 20,941 23,617 19,352
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,102 30,045 24,463
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 86,545 40,860 45,685
Without after-tax income 5,405 2,500 2,905
With after-tax income 81,140 38,355 42,780
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,530 4,545 3,985
$5,000 to $9,999 8,225 3,145 5,080
$10,000 to $14,999 11,000 4,250 6,755
$15,000 to $19,999 12,300 5,270 7,030
$20,000 to $29,999 17,975 8,445 9,530
$30,000 to $39,999 11,660 5,995 5,665
$40,000 to $49,999 5,720 3,125 2,595
$50,000 to $59,999 2,750 1,555 1,200
$60,000 to $79,999 2,005 1,325 675
$80,000 to $99,999 520 360 160
$100,000 and over 460 350 110
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 20,246 22,354 18,833
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 23,737 25,836 21,855
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 74.9 81.4 67.8
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 62.2 67.9 55.9
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 59.2 63.9 54.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.0 4.0 1.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.1 5.6 4.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.0 6.5 5.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.3 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 25.1 18.6 32.2
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.6 5.2 6.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 6.4 4.9 8.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.8 2.6 3.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 4.7 0.4 9.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 5.6 5.5 5.7
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 12.4 14.0 10.7
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 87.6 86.0 89.3
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.0 1.2 2.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 22,305 12,250 10,060
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 33,806 34,317 32,492
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 39,102 41,384 36,325
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 29,755 ... ...
Median family income ($) 48,581 ... ...
Average family income ($) 59,683 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,786 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 52,321 ... ...
Average family size 3.1 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 8,380 ... ...
Median family income ($) 46,310 ... ...
Average family income ($) 55,517 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 42,933 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 47,908 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,770 ... ...
Median family income ($) 58,515 ... ...
Average family income ($) 70,858 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,247 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 61,771 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 6,370 ... ...
Median family income ($) 34,873 ... ...
Average family income ($) 41,037 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 33,230 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 37,450 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 15,570 7,115 8,450
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 21,388 21,513 21,300
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,195 27,481 26,954
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 20,839 20,238 20,998
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,714 23,713 23,715
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 107,685 51,210 56,475
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 82,090 38,325 43,765
In bottom decile 20,330 9,515 10,815
In second decile 19,105 8,580 10,530
In third decile 18,315 8,720 9,600
In fourth decile 13,390 6,315 7,080
In fifth decile 10,940 5,200 5,745
In top half of the Canadian distribution 25,595 12,880 12,715
In sixth decile 7,855 3,925 3,930
In seventh decile 6,395 3,120 3,275
In eighth decile 5,130 2,625 2,510
In ninth decile 3,725 1,925 1,800
In top decile 2,490 1,295 1,195
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 43,225 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,450 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,115 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,780 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,065 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,200 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,485 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,130 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,490 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,950 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,890 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 945 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,265 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 43,225 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,480 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,450 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,165 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,935 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,825 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,980 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,010 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,575 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,115 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,285 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,400 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,285 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,115 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 43,225 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 40,800 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 50,880 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 38,142 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 44,559 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 12,375 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 22,650 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 29,223 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 21,794 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 25,344 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 30,845 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 48,907 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 59,569 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 45,892 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 52,268 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 107,685 51,205 56,480
Less than 18 years 24,930 12,315 12,620
Less than 6 years 9,960 4,715 5,250
18 to 64 years 65,015 31,165 33,855
65 years and over 17,735 7,730 10,010
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 31,720 14,490 17,230
Less than 18 years 9,660 4,630 5,030
Less than 6 years 4,005 1,725 2,280
18 to 64 years 18,440 8,660 9,775
65 years and over 3,625 1,200 2,420
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 29.5 28.3 30.5
Less than 18 years (%) 38.7 37.6 39.9
Less than 6 years (%) 40.2 36.6 43.4
18 to 64 years (%) 28.4 27.8 28.9
65 years and over (%) 20.4 15.5 24.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel, Quebec (Code 24067) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 108,811 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 104,786 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 3.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 45,350 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,210 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,436.5 ... ...
Land area (square km) 20.02 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 108,815 51,870 56,940
0 to 4 years 8,490 4,285 4,205
5 to 9 years 6,520 3,265 3,260
10 to 14 years 6,040 3,055 2,980
15 to 19 years 6,095 3,035 3,055
15 years 1,240 635 610
16 years 1,270 635 635
17 years 1,210 615 600
18 years 1,200 560 640
19 years 1,180 595 575
20 to 24 years 6,115 2,945 3,170
25 to 29 years 6,790 2,975 3,820
30 to 34 years 7,605 3,470 4,140
35 to 39 years 8,135 4,080 4,055
40 to 44 years 8,460 4,455 4,005
45 to 49 years 7,580 3,870 3,710
50 to 54 years 6,870 3,350 3,525
55 to 59 years 5,950 2,755 3,195
60 to 64 years 5,705 2,515 3,185
65 to 69 years 4,640 2,020 2,615
70 to 74 years 4,645 1,990 2,660
75 to 79 years 4,065 1,785 2,275
80 to 84 years 2,910 1,195 1,715
85 years and over 2,185 815 1,375
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.2 38.6 39.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.7 79.5 81.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 87,760 41,265 46,490
Married or living with a common-law partner 46,945 23,535 23,405
Married (and not separated) 40,195 20,165 20,030
Living common law 6,750 3,375 3,375
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 40,815 17,725 23,090
Single (never legally married) 25,510 13,250 12,255
Separated 2,095 800 1,300
Divorced 7,150 2,625 4,525
Widowed 6,060 1,050 5,010
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 29,770 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,340 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,210 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,240 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,980 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 29,775 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 22,755 ... ...
Married couples 19,385 ... ...
Without children at home 7,280 ... ...
With children at home 12,105 ... ...
1 child 4,450 ... ...
2 children 5,100 ... ...
3 or more children 2,550 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,375 ... ...
Without children at home 1,825 ... ...
With children at home 1,545 ... ...
1 child 775 ... ...
2 children 555 ... ...
3 or more children 220 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 7,020 ... ...
Female parent 5,905 ... ...
1 child 3,485 ... ...
2 children 1,705 ... ...
3 or more children 720 ... ...
Male parent 1,110 ... ...
1 child 755 ... ...
2 children 280 ... ...
3 or more children 75 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 36,595 ... ...
Under six years of age 9,905 ... ...
6 to 14 years 11,030 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,620 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,345 ... ...
25 years and over 5,690 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.2 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 107,675 51,410 56,265
Number of persons not in census families 18,550 8,370 10,180
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,105 1,315 1,790
Living with non-relatives only 2,985 1,835 1,150
Living alone 12,460 5,220 7,240
Number of census family persons 89,125 43,035 46,085
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 17,615 7,565 10,045
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,945 1,495 4,450
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,005 230 775
Living with non-relatives only 310 155 155
Living alone 4,625 1,110 3,520
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 11,670 6,070 5,600
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 43,210 ... ...
Census-family households 29,080 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 26,380 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 20,685 ... ...
Without children 8,245 ... ...
With children 12,445 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,695 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,700 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 2,025 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,240 ... ...
Without children 430 ... ...
With children 815 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 785 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 675 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,125 ... ...
One-person households 12,460 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,665 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 43,210 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,650 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,970 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 38,585 ... ...
Semi-detached house 955 ... ...
Row house 175 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 6,425 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 30,865 ... ...
Other single-attached house 170 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 43,210 ... ...
1 person 12,460 ... ...
2 persons 13,035 ... ...
3 persons 7,380 ... ...
4 persons 6,440 ... ...
5 persons 2,670 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,220 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,675 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,590 51,790 56,800
  Single responses  102,535 48,800 53,735
    English  6,975 3,545 3,430
    French  33,650 15,655 17,995
    Non-official languages  61,915 29,605 32,310
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 0 10
        Atikamekw    10 0 10
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 61,500 29,410 32,095
        African languages, n.i.e 25 20 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  25 10 15
        Albanian  65 30 40
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  10,485 5,420 5,065
        Armenian  45 25 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 75 40 35
        Bengali  415 210 205
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  740 375 365
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  20 10 10
        Bulgarian  185 90 95
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  410 190 210
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,480 680 800
        Creoles  5,745 2,555 3,190
        Croatian  50 25 25
        Czech  5 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  15 5 10
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 5
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  75 35 40
        Greek  385 175 205
        Gujarati  120 55 65
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  30 15 15
        Hungarian  60 30 25
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Italian  20,425 9,580 10,850
        Japanese  10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  1,200 570 630
        Korean  10 5 5
        Kurdish  120 55 60
        Lao  255 140 115
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  190 85 100
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  0 5 0
        Malay  5 5 0
        Malayalam  10 0 10
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  130 60 70
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  15 5 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 120 60 55
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  855 455 395
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  35 15 15
        Pashto  25 10 10
        Persian (Farsi)  220 115 110
        Polish  425 160 265
        Portuguese  1,475 675 795
        Romanian  675 315 360
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 10 5
        Russian  265 100 165
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  55 30 30
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Serbian  40 15 25
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 10
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Sindhi  10 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 10 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  15 5 10
        Slovenian  80 30 50
        Somali  15 5 10
        Spanish  9,450 4,510 4,940
        Swahili  30 20 15
        Swedish  5 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  60 15 45
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  685 330 350
        Telugu  0 5 0
        Thai  35 15 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  925 460 465
        Ukrainian  325 140 190
        Urdu  105 65 50
        Vietnamese  2,630 1,295 1,330
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 395 190 205
  Multiple responses          6,055 2,995 3,065
    English and French  665 315 350
    English and non-official language  870 435 430
    French and non-official language  3,935 1,940 1,990
    English, French and non-official language 590 300 290
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,595 51,795 56,800
  English only 5,435 2,780 2,655
  French only 46,305 20,225 26,075
  English and French 51,205 26,735 24,470
  Neither English nor French 5,645 2,055 3,595
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,590 51,790 56,800
  English 21,420 10,710 10,705
  French 68,745 32,005 36,740
  English and French 12,970 7,100 5,870
  Neither English nor French 5,460 1,975 3,485
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 27,900 14,265 13,635
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 25.7 27.5 24.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,590 51,790 56,800
  Single responses 95,210 45,250 49,965
    English 16,940 8,380 8,560
    French 41,475 19,630 21,845
    Non-official languages 36,795 17,240 19,555
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 5
        Atikamekw   5 0 5
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 36,625 17,160 19,465
        African languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 15 5 10
        Albanian 45 15 25
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 5,880 2,975 2,905
        Armenian 15 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10
        Bengali 345 160 180
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 240 115 130
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 15 5 10
        Bulgarian 165 80 80
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 340 155 185
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,205 555 645
        Creoles 2,770 1,270 1,495
        Croatian 25 10 10
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 0 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 15 5 5
        Greek 200 80 115
        Gujarati 75 40 40
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 25 15 20
        Hungarian 20 10 10
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Italian 10,140 4,450 5,685
        Japanese 0 5 0
        Khmer (Cambodian) 900 410 490
        Korean 10 5 5
        Kurdish 40 20 20
        Lao 170 95 70
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 60 30 35
        Lithuanian 0 0 5
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 5 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 125 60 65
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 15 5 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 270 150 120
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 25 10 10
        Pashto 15 10 10
        Persian (Farsi) 165 80 90
        Polish 240 105 140
        Portuguese 825 385 435
        Romanian 550 260 290
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 195 80 115
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 20 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
        Sindhi 10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 5 0 0
        Slovenian 45 20 25
        Somali 5 0 0
        Spanish 7,165 3,410 3,750
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 10
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 650 315 325
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 20 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 795 395 395
        Ukrainian 185 75 115
        Urdu 90 50 40
        Vietnamese 2,355 1,125 1,230
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 165 75 85
  Multiple responses         13,380 6,545 6,840
    English and French 1,190 565 625
    English and non-official language 1,590 790 805
    French and non-official language 9,070 4,385 4,690
    English, French and non-official language 1,530 805 720
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,590 51,790 56,800
  None 67,685 31,965 35,725
  Single responses  37,240 18,005 19,240
    English  5,495 2,720 2,775
    French  13,905 6,695 7,210
    Non-official languages  17,835 8,585 9,250
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 5
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 17,640 8,485 9,155
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  10 5 10
        Amharic  0 0 5
        Arabic  3,200 1,645 1,555
        Armenian  10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 45 20 20
        Bengali  50 30 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  235 120 115
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  20 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  60 20 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  270 120 150
        Creoles  3,340 1,480 1,860
        Croatian  5 0 0
        Czech  10 0 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 0 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  35 15 20
        Greek  110 55 60
        Gujarati  5 5 10
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  10 0 5
        Hungarian  10 5 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Italian  6,085 2,940 3,140
        Japanese  5 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  255 130 125
        Korean  0 0 0
        Kurdish  50 25 25
        Lao  55 25 30
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  195 90 105
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  30 10 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 65 25 40
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  290 160 130
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 20 15
        Polish  75 25 55
        Portuguese  325 160 165
        Romanian  75 35 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 5 0
        Russian  60 30 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  40 15 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Serbian  5 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  20 10 15
        Somali  10 0 5
        Spanish  1,730 835 890
        Swahili  40 20 25
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  30 5 25
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  55 25 30
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  110 55 60
        Ukrainian  75 30 45
        Urdu  20 10 5
        Vietnamese  390 215 180
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 190 95 90
  Multiple responses          3,665 1,825 1,840
    English and French  1,385 720 670
    English and non-official language  765 375 390
    French and non-official language  1,485 715 770
    English, French and non-official language  35 15 15

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel, Quebec (Code 24067) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 17, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Saint-Léonard - Saint-Michel, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)