NHS Profile, Sherbrooke, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Sherbrooke, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sherbrooke
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 100,430 48,450 51,985
Canadian citizens 96,820 46,485 50,335
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,575 8,515 8,060
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 80,250 37,975 42,275
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,605 1,960 1,645
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 100,430 48,445 51,980
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 92,315 44,145 48,170
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 7,400 3,905 3,490
Before 1971 540 235 305
1971 to 1980 600 335 265
1981 to 1990 515 255 260
1991 to 2000 1,460 765 690
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,285 2,310 1,980
2001 to 2005 1,700 920 780
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,590 1,390 1,195
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 715 400 315
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 7,400 3,905 3,495
Under 5 years 940 530 415
5 to 14 years 1,495 820 675
15 to 24 years 1,210 620 595
25 to 44 years 3,200 1,685 1,515
45 years and over 550 255 295
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 100,430 48,450 51,980
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 92,315 44,145 48,165
Born in province of residence 90,630 43,355 47,275
Born outside province of residence 1,685 795 895
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 7,400 3,905 3,495
Americas 2,520 1,305 1,215
United States 395 150 240
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 225 100 125
Mexico 175 100 70
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 795 445 350
El Salvador 125 65 60
Peru 100 50 50
Chile 45 20 25
Other places of birth in Americas 660 370 290
Europe 1,875 1,020 855
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 30 0 20
Italy 45 20 25
Germany 30 15 20
Poland 25 20 0
Portugal 0 0 0
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 770 420 350
Romania 90 60 30
Russian Federation 25 15 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 70 30 35
Hungary 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 410 225 185
Serbia 80 40 35
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 270 145 125
Africa 1,785 1,000 785
Morocco 380 245 140
Algeria 350 200 155
Egypt 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 975 525 450
Asia 1,205 570 635
India 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 160 45 115
Philippines 20 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 115 65 55
Pakistan 45 35 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 120 40 80
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 20 0 0
Lebanon 30 15 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 120 50 65
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 340 185 155
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Asia 155 75 80
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 715 395 320
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,585 1,385 1,195
Americas 1,020 565 455
United States 25 0 15
Mexico 55 50 0
Cuba 75 50 0
Haiti 65 20 40
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 90 45 45
Colombia 515 300 215
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 45 0 25
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 150 70 80
Europe 375 225 155
France 230 140 90
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 20 20 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 15 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 85 45 45
Africa 675 340 335
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 140 85 55
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 130 65 65
Tunisia 25 20 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 125 45 80
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 245 125 120
Asia 515 265 250
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 15 0 0
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 40 25 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 95 40 60
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 30 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 245 135 115
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 30 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 100,430 48,445 51,980
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 8,245 4,370 3,875
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 4,570 2,255 2,310
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 87,615 41,825 45,795
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 100,430 48,450 51,980
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 6,040 3,215 2,825
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 150 85 65
Chinese 260 120 140
Black 1,885 1,025 860
Filipino 30 0 0
Latin American 1,510 785 720
Arab 1,020 570 455
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 510 280 230
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 435 230 210
Korean 60 40 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 40 0 30
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 135 60 80
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 94,385 45,235 49,155
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 100,430 48,450 51,985
North American Aboriginal origins 4,180 2,010 2,165
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,890 1,880 2,015
Inuit 15 0 0
Métis 285 125 160
Other North American origins 69,735 33,390 36,345
Acadian 315 135 180
American 590 340 250
Canadian 67,370 32,085 35,285
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 2,260 1,245 1,010
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 42,765 20,500 22,265
British Isles origins 9,065 4,205 4,860
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,350 1,015 1,330
Irish 5,990 2,875 3,115
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,895 860 1,040
Welsh 75 30 45
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 105 35 65
French origins 33,675 15,950 17,725
Alsatian 30 20 0
Breton 170 65 110
French 33,565 15,910 17,660
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,580 1,240 1,335
Austrian 75 55 25
Belgian 685 350 330
Dutch 210 100 110
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,415 625 790
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 315 145 170
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 165 70 95
Danish 30 0 0
Finnish 25 15 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 90 35 55
Swedish 0 0 0
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 680 375 305
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 15 0 15
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 55 30 30
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 295 160 140
Romanian 130 80 55
Russian 120 70 55
Slovak 0 0 0
Ukrainian 110 65 45
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 3,505 1,780 1,730
Albanian 20 0 0
Bosnian 170 80 90
Croatian 145 55 90
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 100 45 55
Italian 1,710 840 870
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 310 170 145
Serbian 325 170 160
Sicilian 15 0 0
Slovenian 40 0 0
Spanish 855 445 415
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 270 150 120
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 300 170 125
Basque 25 0 0
Jewish 70 35 35
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 210 125 80
Caribbean origins 570 310 260
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 115 75 40
Dominican 55 50 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 330 150 175
Jamaican 0 0 0
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 40 25 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,765 940 825
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 110 50 65
Argentinian 20 10 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 95 60 35
Chilean 40 0 30
Colombian 890 510 375
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 20 0 0
Guatemalan 25 0 15
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 40 15 30
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 235 120 120
Nicaraguan 65 30 35
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 10 0 10
Peruvian 80 30 45
Salvadorean 120 70 50
Uruguayan 10 10 0
Venezuelan 40 25 15
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 50 15 35
African origins 2,645 1,470 1,170
Central and West African origins 965 535 425
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 35 0 15
Burkinabe 115 65 50
Cameroonian 110 65 40
Chadian 55 30 0
Congolese 300 145 155
Gabonese 80 50 30
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 125 80 45
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 30 0 20
Nigerian 55 0 35
Peulh 55 25 30
Senegalese 70 45 30
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 45 25 20
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 25 25 0
North African origins 1,100 650 450
Algerian 260 160 95
Berber 220 120 100
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 85 55 35
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 405 240 175
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 140 80 55
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins 305 140 165
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 30 0 20
Burundian 175 85 90
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 20 0 25
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 45 20 20
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 295 155 145
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 300 155 145
Asian origins 2,315 1,210 1,110
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,300 655 640
Afghan 430 230 200
Arab, n.o.s. 290 160 130
Armenian 25 15 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 220 85 130
Iraqi 80 40 40
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 30 20 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 135 85 45
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 105 30 75
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 50 30 20
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 30 0 20
South Asian origins 105 60 40
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 90 55 35
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 10 0 0
Pakistani 0 0 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 935 495 440
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 120 70 45
Chinese 330 175 160
Filipino 35 0 15
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 40 20 20
Korean 70 40 30
Laotian 50 25 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 35 30 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 290 165 120
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 25 0 15
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 25 0 15
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 100,430 48,450 51,980
Buddhist 180 80 100
Christian 83,885 39,415 44,470
Anglican 220 140 80
Baptist 300 140 165
Catholic 79,480 37,230 42,250
Christian Orthodox 625 350 275
Lutheran 15 0 0
Pentecostal 200 70 125
Presbyterian 90 55 30
United Church 205 85 115
Other Christian 2,745 1,325 1,420
Hindu 25 15 0
Jewish 50 25 25
Muslim 2,045 1,145 900
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 10 0 10
Other religions 135 60 75
No religious affiliation 14,095 7,705 6,390
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 100,430 48,445 51,985
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 920 505 410
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 510 285 225
Métis single identity 345 200 150
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 40 10 30
Non-Aboriginal identity 99,515 47,945 51,570
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 100,430 48,450 51,980
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 150 75 75
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 100,280 48,375 51,905
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 100,430 48,450 51,985
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,180 2,010 2,170
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,895 1,880 2,010
Métis ancestry 285 125 160
Inuit ancestry 15 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 96,250 46,440 49,815
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 10,100 5,020 5,085
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,095 5,010 5,080
Italian 360 160 200
Portuguese 245 135 110
Romanian 80 55 25
Spanish 5,025 2,300 2,725
Dutch 80 55 30
Flemish 0 0 0
German 335 215 125
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 170 105 65
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 95 45 50
Czech 10 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 45 30 20
Russian 105 55 45
Serbian 275 155 125
Serbo-Croatian 270 135 140
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 15 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 30 20 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 15 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 35 20 15
Turkish 40 20 20
Berber languages (Kabyle) 115 65 50
Oromo 50 35 15
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,250 700 550
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 25 20 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 75 45 30
Nepali 10 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 635 310 320
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 40 20 20
Korean 20 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 90 55 35
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 75 65
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 95 60 35
Vietnamese 160 90 70
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 15 0 0
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 110 40 70
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 75 60
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 45 15 30
Swahili 195 90 110
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 65 50
African languages, n.i.e. 20 0 0
Creoles 210 125 90
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 285 175 110
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 99,350 47,940 51,410
Non-movers 82,650 39,645 43,005
Movers 16,700 8,295 8,405
Non-migrants 12,400 6,080 6,325
Migrants 4,300 2,220 2,085
Internal migrants 3,580 1,820 1,760
Intraprovincial migrants 3,390 1,715 1,680
Interprovincial migrants 185 105 80
External migrants 725 400 325
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 95,555 46,060 49,500
Non-movers 49,865 23,495 26,375
Movers 45,690 22,565 23,125
Non-migrants 30,785 14,925 15,865
Migrants 14,900 7,640 7,265
Internal migrants 12,050 6,095 5,955
Intraprovincial migrants 11,485 5,830 5,655
Interprovincial migrants 565 270 300
External migrants 2,855 1,545 1,310
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 86,415 41,215 45,200
No certificate, diploma or degree 18,290 8,955 9,335
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,130 8,320 9,810
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 49,990 23,935 26,055
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 13,875 8,025 5,850
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,930 6,205 8,725
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,760 1,505 2,255
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,425 8,200 9,225
Bachelor's degree 9,900 4,260 5,640
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,525 3,935 3,590
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 54,040 26,510 27,530
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,915 4,305 3,610
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 9,690 4,555 5,135
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 36,430 17,650 18,785
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,440 5,870 4,570
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,670 4,245 5,425
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,530 1,035 1,495
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,790 6,505 7,290
Bachelor's degree 7,715 3,410 4,305
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,080 3,095 2,985
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 86,415 41,215 45,205
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 36,420 17,280 19,145
Education 4,760 1,255 3,500
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,385 600 785
Humanities 3,700 1,640 2,055
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,440 1,450 2,990
Business, management and public administration 9,850 3,495 6,360
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,615 1,490 1,130
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,560 1,085 475
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,865 9,180 680
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 895 520 375
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,835 1,835 6,000
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,980 1,345 1,630
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 110 35 80
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 86,415 41,215 45,200
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 36,420 17,275 19,145
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 49,990 23,935 26,060
Location of study inside Canada 47,280 22,455 24,825
Same as province or territory of residence 46,440 21,970 24,470
Another province or territory 835 485 350
Location of study outside Canada 2,715 1,485 1,235
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 55,280 27,915 27,365
Single responses 53,870 27,200 26,670
English 1,540 840 700
French 52,110 26,245 25,865
Non-official languages 215 115 105
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 125 60 70
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 75 45 25
Multiple responses 1,415 720 695
English and French 1,345 695 650
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 35 0 30
English, French and non-official language 20 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 55,280 27,920 27,365
English 1,540 840 700
French 52,110 26,245 25,865
Non-official language 220 115 105
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 215 110 105
English and French 1,345 695 655
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 35 0 25
English, French and non-official language 20 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 86,415 41,210 45,205
In the labour force 51,480 26,050 25,430
Employed 47,800 23,920 23,885
Unemployed 3,680 2,130 1,550
Not in the labour force 34,935 15,170 19,770
Participation rate 59.6 63.2 56.3
Employment rate 55.3 58.0 52.8
Unemployment rate 7.1 8.2 6.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 51,480 26,045 25,430
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,275 735 545
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,200 25,315 24,885
Employee 45,915 22,695 23,215
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,290 2,620 1,670
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 51,480 26,050 25,430
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,275 730 545
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,200 25,315 24,885
0 Management occupations 3,770 2,460 1,310
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,220 2,120 5,095
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,395 2,700 695
3 Health occupations 5,010 1,200 3,810
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,415 2,590 4,825
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,285 575 710
6 Sales and service occupations 13,050 5,620 7,430
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,810 5,540 270
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 440 390 50
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,795 2,115 685
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 51,480 26,050 25,435
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,275 730 545
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 50,205 25,315 24,885
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 335 265 70
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 70 65 0
22 Utilities 210 165 40
23 Construction 2,450 2,245 205
31-33 Manufacturing 5,845 4,370 1,480
41 Wholesale trade 1,095 860 245
44-45 Retail trade 6,500 2,910 3,590
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,380 1,145 230
51 Information and cultural industries 640 320 315
52 Finance and insurance 1,360 495 865
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 665 355 310
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,280 2,020 1,260
55 Management of companies and enterprises 25 20 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,060 1,125 935
61 Educational services 5,695 2,265 3,430
62 Health care and social assistance 8,940 2,105 6,835
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 640 330 315
72 Accommodation and food services 3,845 1,810 2,035
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,265 1,050 1,220
91 Public administration 2,915 1,405 1,510
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 51,480 26,050 25,430
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,860 1,505 1,355
Worked in 2010 48,620 24,540 24,080
1 to 13 weeks 2,485 1,200 1,285
14 to 26 weeks 3,845 1,835 2,010
27 to 39 weeks 3,220 1,765 1,460
40 to 48 weeks 9,545 4,625 4,925
49 to 52 weeks 29,520 15,115 14,400
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.4 44.6 44.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 51,480 26,050 25,430
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,860 1,510 1,355
Worked in 2010 48,615 24,540 24,080
Worked full-time in 2010 37,210 20,255 16,955
Worked part-time in 2010 11,415 4,285 7,125
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 47,805 23,920 23,885
Worked at home 2,310 1,185 1,120
Worked outside Canada 100 85 0
No fixed workplace address 3,195 2,195 1,000
Worked at usual place 42,200 20,450 21,750
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 45,395 22,650 22,750
Car, truck or van - as a driver 35,745 18,570 17,170
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,930 775 1,150
Public transit 2,830 1,050 1,780
Walked 4,015 1,765 2,250
Bicycle 460 295 165
Other methods 420 190 230
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 45,395 22,650 22,750
Median commuting duration 15.3 15.5 15.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 45,395 22,645 22,750
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 8,165 5,545 2,620
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,895 12,400 15,495
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,340 4,700 4,635
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 50,200 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 47,565 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,635 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 50,200 ... ...
1960 or before 14,185 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,470 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,715 ... ...
1991 to 2000 5,130 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,365 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,335 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 50,200 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 23,755 ... ...
5 rooms 8,855 ... ...
6 rooms 4,570 ... ...
7 rooms 4,110 ... ...
8 or more rooms 8,905 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 50,200 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 11,465 ... ...
2 bedrooms 17,135 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,850 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,745 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 50,200 ... ...
Owner 21,570 ... ...
Renter 28,635 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 50,200 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,870 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 46,330 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 50,200 ... ...
1 household maintainer 33,535 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,065 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 600 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 50,200 ... ...
Under 25 years 4,170 ... ...
25 to 34 years 8,385 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,665 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,465 ... ...
55 to 64 years 9,325 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,285 ... ...
75 years and over 5,905 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 50,200 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 49,830 ... ...
More than one person per room 370 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 50,200 ... ...
Suitable 48,665 ... ...
Not suitable 1,535 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 50,070 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 35,540 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 14,530 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 12,530 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 21,540 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 60.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 832 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 874 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 183,983 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 206,408 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 28,630 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.9 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 579 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 622 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 86,415 41,215 45,200
Without income 3,270 1,560 1,710
With income 83,145 39,655 43,495
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 6,515 3,355 3,160
$5,000 to $9,999 7,450 3,100 4,350
$10,000 to $14,999 10,395 4,045 6,350
$15,000 to $19,999 10,295 4,245 6,045
$20,000 to $29,999 14,020 6,280 7,740
$30,000 to $39,999 11,485 5,230 6,255
$40,000 to $49,999 8,245 4,470 3,775
$50,000 to $59,999 5,335 3,075 2,265
$60,000 to $79,999 5,375 3,110 2,265
$80,000 to $99,999 2,040 1,330 710
$100,000 and over 1,990 1,410 580
$100,000 to $124,999 960 705 250
$125,000 and over 1,030 700 330
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 24,343 28,031 21,787
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,024 35,893 28,497
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 86,415 41,210 45,200
Without after-tax income 3,265 1,560 1,710
With after-tax income 83,150 39,655 43,495
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,680 3,375 3,305
$5,000 to $9,999 7,640 3,145 4,490
$10,000 to $14,999 10,710 4,110 6,600
$15,000 to $19,999 11,170 4,710 6,460
$20,000 to $29,999 16,945 7,870 9,075
$30,000 to $39,999 13,155 6,465 6,685
$40,000 to $49,999 7,960 4,435 3,525
$50,000 to $59,999 4,245 2,430 1,815
$60,000 to $79,999 3,055 2,015 1,040
$80,000 to $99,999 755 515 240
$100,000 and over 840 580 250
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,742 25,511 20,745
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,285 30,050 24,765
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 81.9 86.2 77.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 67.2 71.3 62.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 61.7 65.4 57.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 5.6 5.8 5.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.9 4.5 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.2 9.1 9.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.3 1.9
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 18.1 13.8 23.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 5.1 4.5 5.7
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.9 3.5 6.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.9 2.3
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.2 0.3 4.4
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 3.8 3.6 3.9
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.8 16.3 13.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.2 83.7 86.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.2 1.0 1.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 24,260 13,145 11,120
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 38,290 41,816 36,004
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 45,730 49,779 40,943
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,110 ... ...
Median family income ($) 59,963 ... ...
Average family income ($) 71,661 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 53,652 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 60,652 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 12,485 ... ...
Median family income ($) 55,642 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,244 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,665 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 55,218 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 9,100 ... ...
Median family income ($) 83,995 ... ...
Average family income ($) 94,982 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 72,918 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 79,091 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,835 ... ...
Median family income ($) 39,968 ... ...
Average family income ($) 46,953 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 38,391 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 41,822 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 26,415 12,120 14,295
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 20,610 20,231 20,816
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,257 27,663 26,913
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 20,070 19,779 20,236
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 23,642 23,691 23,599
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 100,430 48,450 51,980
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 66,070 31,115 34,960
In bottom decile 15,055 7,420 7,640
In second decile 14,610 6,370 8,240
In third decile 13,810 6,690 7,125
In fourth decile 12,465 5,805 6,660
In fifth decile 10,130 4,830 5,300
In top half of the Canadian distribution 34,355 17,335 17,020
In sixth decile 10,095 5,045 5,050
In seventh decile 8,665 4,360 4,305
In eighth decile 6,885 3,545 3,345
In ninth decile 4,875 2,445 2,430
In top decile 3,835 1,940 1,890
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 50,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,515 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,700 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,750 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,825 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,080 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,310 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,165 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,975 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,075 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,965 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,705 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,270 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,875 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 50,200 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,535 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,720 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,830 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,990 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,280 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,300 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,420 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,670 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,035 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,085 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,315 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,760 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,555 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 50,200 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 39,841 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 53,043 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 36,332 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 45,195 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 20,860 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 22,029 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 29,105 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 21,230 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 25,085 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,335 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 58,384 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 70,063 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,405 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 59,493 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 100,430 48,450 51,980
Less than 18 years 17,325 8,975 8,350
Less than 6 years 5,765 2,820 2,945
18 to 64 years 66,135 32,515 33,620
65 years and over 16,970 6,960 10,010
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 22,950 10,625 12,330
Less than 18 years 3,770 1,915 1,855
Less than 6 years 1,265 635 625
18 to 64 years 15,495 7,690 7,800
65 years and over 3,690 1,015 2,675
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 22.9 21.9 23.7
Less than 18 years (%) 21.8 21.3 22.2
Less than 6 years (%) 21.9 22.5 21.2
18 to 64 years (%) 23.4 23.7 23.2
65 years and over (%) 21.7 14.6 26.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Sherbrooke, Quebec (Code 24070) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 24, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Sherbrooke, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Sherbrooke, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sherbrooke
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 104,308 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 101,681 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 2.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 54,174 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 50,200 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 633.7 ... ...
Land area (square km) 164.60 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 104,310 49,805 54,505
0 to 4 years 4,905 2,480 2,425
5 to 9 years 4,385 2,255 2,135
10 to 14 years 4,835 2,550 2,280
15 to 19 years 6,275 3,080 3,195
15 years 1,105 545 560
16 years 1,145 560 580
17 years 1,175 605 570
18 years 1,330 620 710
19 years 1,515 745 770
20 to 24 years 9,195 4,630 4,565
25 to 29 years 7,985 4,190 3,795
30 to 34 years 6,595 3,440 3,155
35 to 39 years 5,440 2,695 2,745
40 to 44 years 5,505 2,780 2,725
45 to 49 years 7,095 3,460 3,635
50 to 54 years 7,940 3,760 4,180
55 to 59 years 7,530 3,550 3,975
60 to 64 years 6,825 3,205 3,620
65 to 69 years 5,635 2,555 3,080
70 to 74 years 4,105 1,755 2,345
75 to 79 years 3,730 1,470 2,255
80 to 84 years 3,060 1,045 2,010
85 years and over 3,275 895 2,375
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.4 39.2 45.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.5 85.4 87.4
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 90,185 42,525 47,660
Married or living with a common-law partner 44,505 22,235 22,270
Married (and not separated) 25,545 12,765 12,785
Living common law 18,960 9,470 9,485
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 45,680 20,285 25,395
Single (never legally married) 29,885 15,515 14,365
Separated 1,345 560 790
Divorced 8,250 3,095 5,155
Widowed 6,200 1,115 5,085
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,745 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 15,920 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,065 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 3,985 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,775 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,745 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,775 ... ...
Married couples 12,310 ... ...
Without children at home 7,600 ... ...
With children at home 4,710 ... ...
1 child 1,850 ... ...
2 children 1,860 ... ...
3 or more children 1,000 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,460 ... ...
Without children at home 5,195 ... ...
With children at home 4,265 ... ...
1 child 1,825 ... ...
2 children 1,765 ... ...
3 or more children 675 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,975 ... ...
Female parent 3,815 ... ...
1 child 2,365 ... ...
2 children 1,095 ... ...
3 or more children 365 ... ...
Male parent 1,155 ... ...
1 child 760 ... ...
2 children 300 ... ...
3 or more children 95 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 23,965 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,785 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,205 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,300 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,870 ... ...
25 years and over 1,810 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 100,430 48,470 51,960
Number of persons not in census families 27,950 12,915 15,030
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,615 745 865
Living with non-relatives only 5,275 3,045 2,220
Living alone 21,060 9,120 11,940
Number of census family persons 72,480 35,555 36,925
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 16,825 6,975 9,845
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 7,330 1,975 5,355
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 395 100 300
Living with non-relatives only 385 185 205
Living alone 6,545 1,690 4,850
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 9,490 5,000 4,495
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 50,200 ... ...
Census-family households 26,580 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,470 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 20,960 ... ...
Without children 12,275 ... ...
With children 8,680 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,505 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,110 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 950 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 600 ... ...
Without children 385 ... ...
With children 215 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 350 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 165 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,620 ... ...
One-person households 21,060 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,560 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 50,200 ... ...
Single-detached house 15,550 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,110 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 105 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 32,435 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,555 ... ...
Row house 1,095 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,525 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 26,105 ... ...
Other single-attached house 150 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 50,200 ... ...
1 person 21,060 ... ...
2 persons 17,260 ... ...
3 persons 5,665 ... ...
4 persons 4,170 ... ...
5 persons 1,440 ... ...
6 or more persons 605 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 100,430 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,340 49,075 53,270
  Single responses  101,110 48,445 52,665
    English  2,555 1,245 1,315
    French  92,465 44,120 48,345
    Non-official languages  6,090 3,085 3,005
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 5 0
        Inuktitut  5 5 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,950 3,005 2,950
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  5 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  820 465 355
        Armenian  10 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 35 30
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  50 30 20
        Bisayan languages  10 0 5
        Bosnian  95 50 45
        Bulgarian  15 10 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  110 55 50
        Creoles  80 30 50
        Croatian  35 15 25
        Czech  25 10 15
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  25 10 15
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  70 35 35
        Greek  35 20 15
        Gujarati  5 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 5
        Hindi  5 0 0
        Hungarian  25 10 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Italian  90 55 40
        Japanese  15 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  45 25 20
        Korean  15 5 5
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  5 5 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  40 15 20
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  45 20 25
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  15 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 40 25 15
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  40 20 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 0 5
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  695 350 350
        Polish  60 25 40
        Portuguese  140 70 65
        Romanian  85 50 35
        Rundi (Kirundi)  110 60 55
        Russian  95 35 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  50 20 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  210 105 110
        Serbo-Croatian  225 105 120
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  5 5 5
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  5 5 5
        Spanish  2,025 1,010 1,015
        Swahili  110 50 60
        Swedish  5 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  10 5 5
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  20 15 5
        Ukrainian  15 10 0
        Urdu  5 0 0
        Vietnamese  105 55 55
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 135 75 60
  Multiple responses          1,230 625 605
    English and French  705 335 370
    English and non-official language  70 35 35
    French and non-official language  400 220 175
    English, French and non-official language 55 30 25
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,340 49,070 53,270
  English only 675 330 345
  French only 58,395 25,670 32,725
  English and French 42,770 22,875 19,890
  Neither English nor French 500 190 310
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,340 49,070 53,270
  English 3,055 1,515 1,540
  French 97,335 46,565 50,770
  English and French 1,470 810 660
  Neither English nor French 480 180 295
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 3,790 1,920 1,870
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 3.7 3.9 3.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,340 49,075 53,270
  Single responses 100,565 48,200 52,365
    English 2,125 1,035 1,090
    French 94,570 45,235 49,335
    Non-official languages 3,875 1,930 1,940
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,830 1,910 1,925
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 5 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 425 225 195
        Armenian 10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 15 5
        Bisayan languages 0 0 5
        Bosnian 80 40 35
        Bulgarian 5 5 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 5 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 45
        Creoles 15 10 5
        Croatian 25 15 15
        Czech 20 10 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 10 5 5
        Greek 15 10 5
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 5 5 5
        Hungarian 10 5 5
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0
        Italian 25 10 15
        Japanese 10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 30 20 10
        Korean 15 5 5
        Kurdish 5 0 5
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 15 5 10
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 30 15 15
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 15 10 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 595 295 295
        Polish 30 10 15
        Portuguese 85 50 40
        Romanian 50 25 20
        Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15
        Russian 40 20 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 165 75 85
        Serbo-Croatian 165 80 85
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 5 5 5
        Spanish 1,530 750 780
        Swahili 70 30 40
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 20 10 10
        Ukrainian 0 0 0
        Urdu 0 0 0
        Vietnamese 70 35 35
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 40 20 20
  Multiple responses         1,775 870 905
    English and French 725 345 375
    English and non-official language 80 40 40
    French and non-official language 855 420 435
    English, French and non-official language 120 70 50
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,340 49,070 53,270
  None 92,360 43,930 48,430
  Single responses  9,525 4,885 4,640
    English  5,190 2,695 2,495
    French  2,690 1,355 1,330
    Non-official languages  1,645 835 810
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,560 780 780
        African languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 0 5
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  275 160 115
        Armenian  5 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  30 15 15
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  20 10 10
        Bulgarian  5 5 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s.  15 5 5
        Creoles  55 25 25
        Croatian  5 0 5
        Czech  10 10 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 5 0
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  30 15 15
        Greek  10 0 5
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  5 5 0
        Hungarian  5 5 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  35 15 20
        Japanese  5 5 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  5 0 5
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  0 0 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  20 15 10
        Lithuanian  0 5 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  0 0 0
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  0 0 0
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  55 20 30
        Polish  20 5 15
        Portuguese  40 15 20
        Romanian  15 10 5
        Rundi (Kirundi)  45 20 20
        Russian  35 20 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  25 10 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  30 15 15
        Serbo-Croatian  35 15 20
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  5 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  475 220 260
        Swahili  55 30 25
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5 0 5
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 5 0
        Ukrainian  10 5 0
        Urdu  15 10 5
        Vietnamese  30 10 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 85 55 30
  Multiple responses          460 255 205
    English and French  160 95 60
    English and non-official language  245 130 110
    French and non-official language  50 30 30
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Sherbrooke, Quebec (Code 24070) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 24, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Sherbrooke (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Sherbrooke, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Sherbrooke (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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