NHS Profile, Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vaudreuil-Soulanges
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 137,880 68,455 69,425
Canadian citizens 134,635 66,975 67,660
Canadian citizens aged under 18 33,150 16,725 16,425
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 101,485 50,250 51,235
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 3,245 1,485 1,760
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 137,880 68,455 69,420
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 122,685 60,780 61,910
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 14,755 7,460 7,295
Before 1971 2,665 1,470 1,195
1971 to 1980 2,100 1,125 975
1981 to 1990 1,975 970 1,005
1991 to 2000 3,205 1,630 1,575
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,810 2,265 2,545
2001 to 2005 3,045 1,490 1,550
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,770 775 995
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 440 215 220
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 14,755 7,460 7,295
Under 5 years 1,835 945 890
5 to 14 years 2,740 1,480 1,260
15 to 24 years 3,030 1,380 1,655
25 to 44 years 6,385 3,320 3,065
45 years and over 765 335 430
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 137,880 68,460 69,420
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 122,685 60,780 61,905
Born in province of residence 113,785 56,620 57,165
Born outside province of residence 8,900 4,155 4,745
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 14,755 7,460 7,290
Americas 2,620 1,200 1,420
United States 560 205 350
Jamaica 85 45 40
Guyana 170 65 105
Haiti 305 165 145
Mexico 185 70 115
Trinidad and Tobago 255 60 190
Colombia 220 115 105
El Salvador 60 40 25
Peru 105 35 65
Chile 105 65 35
Other places of birth in Americas 575 320 255
Europe 6,715 3,515 3,195
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,500 780 725
Italy 395 235 160
Germany 425 165 260
Poland 585 300 285
Portugal 245 115 125
Netherlands 160 85 70
France 1,050 570 480
Romania 870 415 455
Russian Federation 250 115 135
Greece 145 110 30
Ukraine 110 55 60
Croatia 25 0 0
Hungary 105 70 35
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 45 15 30
Other places of birth in Europe 795 455 345
Africa 1,830 1,055 770
Morocco 455 260 190
Algeria 320 180 145
Egypt 250 160 90
South Africa, Republic of 35 25 0
Nigeria 45 30 15
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 705 390 315
Asia 3,565 1,680 1,890
India 665 300 365
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 410 150 260
Philippines 550 230 320
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 40 0 30
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 155 50 105
Pakistan 180 95 80
Sri Lanka 395 200 200
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 165 85 80
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 85 30 50
Lebanon 295 185 110
Taiwan 10 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 60 0 35
Afghanistan 15 15 0
Japan 20 0 15
Turkey 35 25 0
Other places of birth in Asia 485 275 210
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 25 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 440 220 225
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,765 770 995
Americas 370 170 195
United States 110 35 75
Mexico 30 0 25
Cuba 15 0 0
Haiti 25 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 90 65 25
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 25 10 15
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 45 25 20
Europe 590 275 320
France 175 75 100
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 25 0 0
Romania 90 45 45
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 30 0 20
Ukraine 35 0 20
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 130 60 65
Other places of birth in Europe 85 45 35
Africa 225 100 130
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 35 0 35
Egypt 40 20 20
Morocco 40 0 25
Tunisia 35 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 45 35 15
Asia 575 225 350
Philippines 60 25 30
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 100 25 75
India 60 20 35
Pakistan 50 30 25
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 60 0 35
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 50 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 100 50 45
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 35 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 20 0 20
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 137,880 68,460 69,425
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 15,465 7,840 7,625
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 16,510 8,500 8,010
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 105,905 52,120 53,785
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 137,880 68,460 69,425
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 11,125 5,625 5,500
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,700 1,390 1,305
Chinese 970 385 590
Black 2,720 1,430 1,295
Filipino 965 475 490
Latin American 1,000 515 480
Arab 1,275 710 565
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 525 245 285
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 235 145 90
Korean 120 55 65
Japanese 70 15 50
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 220 90 135
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 320 165 155
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 126,755 62,835 63,925
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 137,880 68,455 69,420
North American Aboriginal origins 5,070 2,575 2,490
First Nations (North American Indian) 4,630 2,335 2,300
Inuit 85 60 30
Métis 390 215 170
Other North American origins 80,680 39,930 40,755
Acadian 555 200 350
American 990 465 525
Canadian 77,350 38,390 38,960
New Brunswicker 15 0 0
Newfoundlander 20 0 15
Nova Scotian 10 0 0
Ontarian 35 0 25
Québécois 2,925 1,390 1,535
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 75,810 37,585 38,225
British Isles origins 28,570 13,950 14,625
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 12,040 5,750 6,290
Irish 14,605 7,140 7,465
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 9,275 4,440 4,835
Welsh 665 350 320
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,450 1,100 1,355
French origins 41,985 20,620 21,365
Alsatian 30 15 15
Breton 120 80 45
French 41,870 20,550 21,320
Western European origins (except French origins) 9,140 4,350 4,790
Austrian 795 370 430
Belgian 1,355 720 635
Dutch 1,515 635 880
Flemish 40 25 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,540 2,625 2,915
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 620 290 330
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,155 530 625
Danish 215 115 105
Finnish 260 85 170
Icelandic 45 10 35
Norwegian 245 100 150
Swedish 430 240 190
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 15 0 0
Eastern European origins 7,360 3,680 3,680
Bulgarian 170 65 100
Byelorussian 25 0 0
Czech 320 135 185
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 65 25 40
Estonian 75 45 30
Hungarian 960 520 440
Latvian 130 110 20
Lithuanian 250 145 105
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 2,470 1,235 1,230
Romanian 1,440 715 720
Russian 970 470 505
Slovak 140 55 80
Ukrainian 1,520 715 805
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 11,195 5,795 5,400
Albanian 65 45 25
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 240 120 120
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,415 790 620
Italian 6,575 3,355 3,225
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 30 0 30
Maltese 80 35 45
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,450 760 690
Serbian 35 25 0
Sicilian 35 0 30
Slovenian 60 45 15
Spanish 1,825 920 905
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 110 40 70
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 1,025 530 495
Basque 30 0 25
Jewish 860 430 425
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 130 85 50
Caribbean origins 2,035 1,035 1,000
Antiguan 10 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 150 100 50
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 20 0 0
Cuban 140 60 75
Dominican 100 55 40
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 680 370 305
Jamaican 280 140 135
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 20 15 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 15 0 15
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 340 145 190
Vincentian/Grenadinian 110 55 50
West Indian, n.o.s. 190 85 105
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 30 15 10
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,580 785 800
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 45 30 20
Argentinian 65 35 30
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 50 0 40
Brazilian 65 40 25
Chilean 160 85 70
Colombian 330 160 175
Costa Rican 25 25 0
Ecuadorian 25 0 15
Guatemalan 45 25 15
Guyanese 115 65 50
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 280 130 145
Nicaraguan 20 0 20
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 140 45 95
Salvadorean 110 60 50
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 60 40 20
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 20 20 0
African origins 3,180 1,745 1,435
Central and West African origins 710 340 375
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 30 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 55 20 35
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 175 80 95
Gabonese 10 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 135 60 75
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 65 35 30
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 145 70 75
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 15 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 55 30 25
North African origins 1,675 960 720
Algerian 350 200 150
Berber 185 120 70
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 530 285 250
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 605 360 240
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 100 55 50
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins 380 195 185
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 20 0 0
Mauritian 65 35 30
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 85 50 35
Somali 20 0 0
South African 115 60 50
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 25 0 20
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 40 0 20
Other African origins 475 285 185
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 15 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 465 280 185
Asian origins 8,155 3,990 4,160
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,350 1,270 1,080
Afghan 30 15 0
Arab, n.o.s. 405 205 200
Armenian 400 200 205
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 325 215 115
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 20 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 835 465 380
Palestinian 120 65 50
Pashtun 40 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 155 75 75
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 170 75 95
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 2,935 1,505 1,425
Bangladeshi 75 0 55
Bengali 35 20 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,910 990 920
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 185 115 70
Punjabi 85 40 45
Sinhalese 15 10 0
Sri Lankan 720 360 360
Tamil 75 55 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 20 10 10
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,955 1,270 1,685
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 160 70 95
Chinese 1,420 555 865
Filipino 1,000 475 530
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 105 40 70
Korean 110 55 65
Laotian 15 10 0
Malaysian 20 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 10 10 0
Thai 55 40 15
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 350 130 215
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 35 0 20
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 35 0 20
Oceania origins 80 40 40
Australian 60 30 30
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 137,880 68,460 69,420
Buddhist 430 195 235
Christian 114,600 55,960 58,645
Anglican 3,150 1,540 1,610
Baptist 655 275 380
Catholic 98,880 48,300 50,585
Christian Orthodox 2,640 1,360 1,275
Lutheran 365 175 190
Pentecostal 385 145 240
Presbyterian 720 320 400
United Church 1,965 980 975
Other Christian 5,830 2,850 2,980
Hindu 1,050 520 535
Jewish 680 375 305
Muslim 2,225 1,240 990
Sikh 545 270 270
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 305 145 160
No religious affiliation 18,040 9,755 8,290
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 137,880 68,460 69,425
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,310 650 660
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 920 480 445
Métis single identity 300 130 170
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 35 25 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 55 15 35
Non-Aboriginal identity 136,565 67,805 68,765
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 137,880 68,455 69,420
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 270 150 130
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 137,610 68,310 69,300
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 137,880 68,460 69,420
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 5,070 2,575 2,490
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 4,630 2,335 2,295
Métis ancestry 390 215 175
Inuit ancestry 85 60 30
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 132,810 65,875 66,930
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 19,765 9,865 9,900
Aboriginal languages 15 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,755 9,865 9,890
Italian 2,125 1,180 945
Portuguese 875 430 440
Romanian 1,090 540 550
Spanish 4,815 2,205 2,610
Dutch 245 125 115
Flemish 25 0 15
German 1,600 760 835
Yiddish 15 0 0
Danish 20 0 15
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 35 20 15
Afrikaans 30 10 15
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 95 45 50
Croatian 65 30 35
Czech 105 35 70
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 910 475 430
Russian 630 305 320
Serbian 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 25 0 0
Slovak 25 0 20
Slovenian 15 0 0
Ukrainian 135 75 60
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 60 35 25
Greek 750 450 295
Armenian 125 60 70
Albanian 35 20 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 40 0 30
Hungarian 330 140 190
Turkish 60 30 30
Berber languages (Kabyle) 50 35 20
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 1,660 955 700
Hebrew 115 65 45
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 115 40 75
Gujarati 185 90 95
Hindi 545 250 300
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 635 315 320
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 20 15
Urdu 265 155 115
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 40 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 240 135 105
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 20 0 0
Tamil 775 410 360
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 60 20 45
Korean 85 35 55
Cantonese 85 35 50
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 75 30 45
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 445 200 250
Lao 20 0 0
Thai 60 0 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 45 60
Vietnamese 195 85 110
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 25 0 15
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 575 230 350
Akan (Twi) 165 95 75
Lingala 115 55 50
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 25 20 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 75 35
African languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20
Creoles 600 365 240
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 335 155 180
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 136,140 67,555 68,580
Non-movers 120,940 60,095 60,850
Movers 15,200 7,465 7,735
Non-migrants 4,240 2,010 2,230
Migrants 10,955 5,455 5,500
Internal migrants 10,575 5,300 5,280
Intraprovincial migrants 10,020 4,970 5,050
Interprovincial migrants 550 330 225
External migrants 380 155 225
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 128,450 63,840 64,605
Non-movers 79,035 39,660 39,375
Movers 49,415 24,180 25,230
Non-migrants 14,415 7,035 7,380
Migrants 34,995 17,140 17,855
Internal migrants 33,235 16,315 16,920
Intraprovincial migrants 31,635 15,515 16,125
Interprovincial migrants 1,595 800 800
External migrants 1,765 830 935
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 110,095 54,395 55,705
No certificate, diploma or degree 19,240 9,945 9,295
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 27,210 12,890 14,320
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 63,650 31,555 32,090
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 17,860 11,035 6,835
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 20,615 8,965 11,650
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,165 2,220 2,945
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,000 9,340 10,655
Bachelor's degree 13,805 6,125 7,680
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,195 3,215 2,980
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 78,725 38,805 39,920
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,145 4,640 3,510
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 17,545 8,175 9,375
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 53,030 25,995 27,035
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 14,530 9,075 5,455
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,555 7,115 9,445
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,155 1,780 2,375
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,785 8,025 9,760
Bachelor's degree 12,480 5,475 7,000
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,305 2,545 2,760
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 110,100 54,390 55,705
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 46,450 22,835 23,615
Education 4,255 840 3,410
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,320 960 1,355
Humanities 2,950 1,030 1,920
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,345 1,465 3,880
Business, management and public administration 15,240 5,485 9,755
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,910 1,615 1,295
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,665 1,755 910
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 15,435 14,135 1,295
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,175 620 555
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,690 1,265 5,425
Personal, protective and transportation services 4,660 2,390 2,275
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 110,095 54,395 55,705
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 46,450 22,835 23,610
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 63,650 31,560 32,090
Location of study inside Canada 57,845 28,455 29,385
Same as province or territory of residence 54,320 26,765 27,550
Another province or territory 3,525 1,690 1,835
Location of study outside Canada 5,805 3,100 2,705
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 83,925 43,690 40,240
Single responses 75,970 39,715 36,250
English 22,005 11,555 10,450
French 53,850 28,125 25,730
Non-official languages 110 35 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 70 25 40
Multiple responses 7,960 3,975 3,985
English and French 7,745 3,895 3,855
English and non-official language 35 20 15
French and non-official language 55 0 40
English, French and non-official language 130 55 70
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 83,925 43,690 40,240
English 22,005 11,555 10,450
French 53,850 28,120 25,730
Non-official language 115 35 75
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 110 40 70
English and French 7,745 3,890 3,855
English and non-official language 30 15 15
French and non-official language 50 0 45
English, French and non-official language 125 60 70
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 110,095 54,390 55,705
In the labour force 80,070 41,800 38,270
Employed 75,830 39,730 36,100
Unemployed 4,240 2,070 2,170
Not in the labour force 30,035 12,595 17,435
Participation rate 72.7 76.9 68.7
Employment rate 68.9 73.0 64.8
Unemployment rate 5.3 5.0 5.7
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 80,065 41,795 38,270
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,250 505 740
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 78,815 41,290 37,525
Employee 69,395 35,230 34,165
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 9,420 6,060 3,360
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 80,070 41,795 38,270
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,250 505 745
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 78,815 41,290 37,525
0 Management occupations 10,760 6,980 3,780
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 13,740 4,130 9,610
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,125 4,570 1,555
3 Health occupations 4,470 805 3,665
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,960 2,340 5,620
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,725 675 1,045
6 Sales and service occupations 17,750 7,745 10,010
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 11,675 10,905 775
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 960 720 240
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,650 2,425 1,230
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 80,070 41,795 38,270
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,250 505 745
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 78,820 41,290 37,525
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 995 630 370
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 160 110 45
22 Utilities 485 360 125
23 Construction 4,535 3,945 590
31-33 Manufacturing 10,110 6,840 3,265
41 Wholesale trade 6,670 3,825 2,845
44-45 Retail trade 9,865 4,905 4,960
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 5,935 4,025 1,905
51 Information and cultural industries 1,765 1,080 685
52 Finance and insurance 2,355 825 1,530
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,415 765 650
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,225 3,435 2,790
55 Management of companies and enterprises 55 30 30
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,760 1,620 1,135
61 Educational services 5,255 1,460 3,795
62 Health care and social assistance 7,680 1,260 6,425
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,430 600 825
72 Accommodation and food services 3,930 1,735 2,190
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,255 1,655 1,600
91 Public administration 3,935 2,175 1,765
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 80,065 41,800 38,270
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,115 1,305 1,805
Worked in 2010 76,950 40,490 36,465
1 to 13 weeks 3,040 1,405 1,630
14 to 26 weeks 4,870 2,280 2,600
27 to 39 weeks 4,195 2,290 1,905
40 to 48 weeks 12,750 6,615 6,135
49 to 52 weeks 52,100 27,900 24,195
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.9 46.3 45.4
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 80,065 41,800 38,270
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,115 1,305 1,805
Worked in 2010 76,950 40,490 36,465
Worked full-time in 2010 63,715 35,735 27,980
Worked part-time in 2010 13,235 4,755 8,480
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 75,830 39,730 36,100
Worked at home 5,770 2,785 2,990
Worked outside Canada 210 175 40
No fixed workplace address 6,535 4,945 1,595
Worked at usual place 63,310 31,825 31,485
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 69,845 36,770 33,075
Car, truck or van - as a driver 61,195 32,910 28,285
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,870 1,040 1,825
Public transit 3,020 1,400 1,615
Walked 1,715 785 930
Bicycle 435 335 100
Other methods 610 300 315
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 69,845 36,770 33,075
Median commuting duration 25.6 30.1 25.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 69,845 36,770 33,075
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 23,340 15,140 8,210
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 34,640 15,540 19,095
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,860 6,095 5,770
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 53,290 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 50,495 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,790 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 53,290 ... ...
1960 or before 7,870 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,760 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,860 ... ...
1991 to 2000 8,410 ... ...
2001 to 2005 7,455 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 7,925 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 53,290 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 9,795 ... ...
5 rooms 7,535 ... ...
6 rooms 7,975 ... ...
7 rooms 8,520 ... ...
8 or more rooms 19,460 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 53,290 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,515 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,495 ... ...
3 bedrooms 21,500 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 13,780 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 53,285 ... ...
Owner 44,005 ... ...
Renter 9,285 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 53,290 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,750 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 49,540 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 53,290 ... ...
1 household maintainer 29,645 ... ...
2 household maintainers 23,125 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 515 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 53,290 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,040 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,500 ... ...
35 to 44 years 11,745 ... ...
45 to 54 years 13,495 ... ...
55 to 64 years 10,055 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,930 ... ...
75 years and over 3,525 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 53,290 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 53,020 ... ...
More than one person per room 265 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 53,290 ... ...
Suitable 51,730 ... ...
Not suitable 1,560 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 52,980 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 43,130 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,850 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,130 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 43,745 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 70.7 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,099 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,118 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 250,375 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 286,506 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 9,270 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 31.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 703 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 758 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 110,095 54,390 55,705
Without income 5,185 2,145 3,035
With income 104,920 52,245 52,665
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,525 4,060 4,460
$5,000 to $9,999 6,825 2,370 4,455
$10,000 to $14,999 7,880 2,875 5,005
$15,000 to $19,999 8,485 3,300 5,185
$20,000 to $29,999 13,920 5,855 8,065
$30,000 to $39,999 14,520 6,960 7,560
$40,000 to $49,999 12,810 6,340 6,470
$50,000 to $59,999 9,200 5,105 4,090
$60,000 to $79,999 11,990 7,335 4,650
$80,000 to $99,999 4,915 3,570 1,345
$100,000 and over 5,845 4,475 1,370
$100,000 to $124,999 2,915 2,235 680
$125,000 and over 2,925 2,240 690
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,721 40,947 28,869
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 42,618 50,944 34,358
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 110,095 54,390 55,705
Without after-tax income 5,155 2,145 3,005
With after-tax income 104,945 52,245 52,695
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,870 4,130 4,740
$5,000 to $9,999 7,055 2,415 4,635
$10,000 to $14,999 8,130 3,010 5,125
$15,000 to $19,999 9,540 3,835 5,705
$20,000 to $29,999 17,585 7,905 9,680
$30,000 to $39,999 18,840 9,275 9,565
$40,000 to $49,999 14,010 7,650 6,360
$50,000 to $59,999 8,770 5,330 3,440
$60,000 to $79,999 7,515 5,135 2,380
$80,000 to $99,999 2,490 1,880 620
$100,000 and over 2,125 1,675 455
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,664 35,194 26,208
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,641 40,314 29,018
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.2 92.9 83.8
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.6 79.8 74.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.5 75.6 70.5
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.1 4.2 3.9
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 4.7 5.7 3.2
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 5.5 6.2 4.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.5 1.2 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.8 7.1 16.2
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.8 2.5 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.3 1.7 3.2
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.1 1.4 3.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.0 0.2 4.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.5 1.3 1.8
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.7 20.9 15.5
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.3 79.1 84.5
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.4 1.4 1.5
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 44,860 25,005 19,855
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 47,365 53,321 40,750
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 55,843 63,155 46,633
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 40,790 ... ...
Median family income ($) 82,524 ... ...
Average family income ($) 95,337 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 70,142 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,442 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 14,835 ... ...
Median family income ($) 73,174 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,386 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,556 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 69,289 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 19,890 ... ...
Median family income ($) 100,653 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,680 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 83,725 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 90,450 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,190 ... ...
Median family income ($) 50,379 ... ...
Average family income ($) 59,617 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,265 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 51,347 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 14,095 7,155 6,940
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,316 38,742 29,328
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 41,332 48,315 34,128
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,978 33,079 26,468
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 33,813 38,427 29,053
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 137,880 68,455 69,420
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 62,665 30,115 32,545
In bottom decile 7,580 3,660 3,920
In second decile 8,765 3,760 5,010
In third decile 13,415 6,535 6,885
In fourth decile 16,030 7,875 8,160
In fifth decile 16,865 8,285 8,580
In top half of the Canadian distribution 75,215 38,345 36,875
In sixth decile 17,350 8,915 8,435
In seventh decile 17,985 9,010 8,975
In eighth decile 16,175 8,270 7,910
In ninth decile 13,265 6,875 6,395
In top decile 10,430 5,270 5,160
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 53,285 ... ...
Under $5,000 985 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 575 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,060 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,870 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,335 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,705 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,675 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,405 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 8,795 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 7,175 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,655 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,695 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,365 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 53,285 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,030 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 570 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,090 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,065 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,920 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,880 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 10,530 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 7,455 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,125 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,885 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,240 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 53,285 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 71,095 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 83,909 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,689 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 68,222 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 11,675 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 35,571 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 43,049 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,802 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 35,067 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 41,610 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 82,494 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 95,371 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 70,209 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 77,523 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 137,880 68,460 69,420
Less than 18 years 33,670 17,005 16,660
Less than 6 years 11,470 5,595 5,880
18 to 64 years 89,330 44,350 44,985
65 years and over 14,880 7,105 7,775
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 12,340 5,495 6,845
Less than 18 years 2,880 1,440 1,435
Less than 6 years 875 410 465
18 to 64 years 7,490 3,405 4,080
65 years and over 1,975 650 1,325
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 8.9 8.0 9.9
Less than 18 years (%) 8.6 8.5 8.6
Less than 6 years (%) 7.6 7.3 7.9
18 to 64 years (%) 8.4 7.7 9.1
65 years and over (%) 13.3 9.1 17.0

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Quebec (Code 24073) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vaudreuil-Soulanges
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 139,353 ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 120,395 ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) 15.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 55,203 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 53,288 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 162.9 ... ...
Land area (square km) 855.36 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 139,355 68,975 70,375
0 to 4 years 9,405 4,820 4,585
5 to 9 years 9,175 4,625 4,550
10 to 14 years 9,145 4,605 4,540
15 to 19 years 9,485 4,955 4,530
15 years 1,975 1,050 930
16 years 1,975 980 995
17 years 1,875 985 895
18 years 1,870 990 880
19 years 1,790 950 840
20 to 24 years 7,030 3,610 3,425
25 to 29 years 6,855 3,315 3,540
30 to 34 years 9,695 4,625 5,070
35 to 39 years 10,590 5,110 5,475
40 to 44 years 11,090 5,495 5,595
45 to 49 years 12,335 6,165 6,170
50 to 54 years 11,045 5,570 5,480
55 to 59 years 9,400 4,670 4,725
60 to 64 years 7,990 3,965 4,020
65 to 69 years 6,085 3,035 3,050
70 to 74 years 3,810 1,865 1,945
75 to 79 years 2,795 1,320 1,470
80 to 84 years 1,870 750 1,120
85 years and over 1,555 485 1,075
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.2 38.9 39.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.1 79.6 80.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 111,630 54,925 56,705
Married or living with a common-law partner 71,760 35,875 35,880
Married (and not separated) 46,690 23,350 23,340
Living common law 25,070 12,530 12,545
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 39,865 19,050 20,815
Single (never legally married) 26,870 14,585 12,290
Separated 1,595 740 860
Divorced 6,670 2,740 3,930
Widowed 4,735 985 3,740
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 41,075 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 18,950 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 9,095 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 9,510 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,520 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 41,075 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 35,465 ... ...
Married couples 22,940 ... ...
Without children at home 10,130 ... ...
With children at home 12,810 ... ...
1 child 4,465 ... ...
2 children 5,920 ... ...
3 or more children 2,425 ... ...
Common-law couples 12,520 ... ...
Without children at home 5,560 ... ...
With children at home 6,965 ... ...
1 child 2,810 ... ...
2 children 3,155 ... ...
3 or more children 1,000 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,615 ... ...
Female parent 4,095 ... ...
1 child 2,365 ... ...
2 children 1,330 ... ...
3 or more children 395 ... ...
Male parent 1,525 ... ...
1 child 900 ... ...
2 children 490 ... ...
3 or more children 130 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 45,205 ... ...
Under six years of age 11,305 ... ...
6 to 14 years 16,305 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,735 ... ...
18 to 24 years 8,530 ... ...
25 years and over 3,330 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 137,880 68,415 69,470
Number of persons not in census families 16,135 7,705 8,435
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,050 805 1,245
Living with non-relatives only 2,355 1,300 1,050
Living alone 11,735 5,600 6,140
Number of census family persons 121,745 60,710 61,035
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 15,010 7,125 7,885
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,680 1,420 3,265
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 850 195 660
Living with non-relatives only 275 135 140
Living alone 3,560 1,090 2,470
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 10,330 5,705 4,620
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 53,285 ... ...
Census-family households 40,470 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 38,130 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 33,355 ... ...
Without children 14,685 ... ...
With children 18,670 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,770 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,340 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,760 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,225 ... ...
Without children 495 ... ...
With children 725 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 535 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 585 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,820 ... ...
One-person households 11,735 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,085 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 53,290 ... ...
Single-detached house 39,710 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 100 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 195 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 13,290 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,990 ... ...
Row house 1,525 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,515 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 8,050 ... ...
Other single-attached house 205 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 53,285 ... ...
1 person 11,735 ... ...
2 persons 18,395 ... ...
3 persons 9,235 ... ...
4 persons 9,630 ... ...
5 persons 3,150 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,150 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 137,880 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,785 68,770 70,015
  Single responses  135,120 66,955 68,170
    English  30,375 15,230 15,145
    French  93,300 45,995 47,305
    Non-official languages  11,450 5,725 5,720
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 5
        Inuktitut  10 0 10
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 11,340 5,685 5,655
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  10 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  30 15 15
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  980 545 430
        Armenian  80 35 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Bengali  40 20 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  15 5 10
        Bosnian  5 5 5
        Bulgarian  120 65 55
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  80 45 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  310 150 160
        Creoles  270 135 135
        Croatian  55 25 30
        Czech  75 40 35
        Danish  25 10 20
        Dutch  175 90 80
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  30 10 20
        Flemish  30 20 10
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  680 320 360
        Greek  425 225 195
        Gujarati  90 40 45
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  35 20 15
        Hindi  60 30 30
        Hungarian  220 115 105
        Ilocano  10 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  1,270 720 560
        Japanese  40 10 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  45 20 25
        Korean  40 15 20
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  20 5 15
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  10 5 5
        Lithuanian  20 10 10
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 5
        Malayalam  15 10 5
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  115 50 65
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  5 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Norwegian  10 0 5
        Oromo  15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  385 195 185
        Pashto  15 10 5
        Persian (Farsi)  200 105 95
        Polish  690 325 365
        Portuguese  460 235 225
        Romanian  825 400 425
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 10 5
        Russian  520 240 280
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 5 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5
        Sindhi  0 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  35 20 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  50 25 25
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  5 5 5
        Spanish  1,385 670 720
        Swahili  5 0 0
        Swedish  25 15 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  330 125 205
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  180 100 85
        Telugu  5 5 5
        Thai  10 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  40 20 15
        Ukrainian  115 50 60
        Urdu  250 130 125
        Vietnamese  130 50 75
        Yiddish  10 10 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 95 45 50
  Multiple responses          3,660 1,820 1,845
    English and French  2,470 1,210 1,255
    English and non-official language  545 260 290
    French and non-official language  370 190 175
    English, French and non-official language 280 155 125
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,785 68,770 70,020
  English only 11,525 5,815 5,710
  French only 42,190 19,645 22,540
  English and French 84,560 43,070 41,490
  Neither English nor French 515 235 275
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,785 68,770 70,020
  English 37,525 18,825 18,700
  French 97,055 47,835 49,220
  English and French 3,735 1,895 1,835
  Neither English nor French 475 215 265
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 39,390 19,770 19,620
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 28.4 28.7 28.0
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,785 68,770 70,015
  Single responses 134,340 66,590 67,750
    English 37,115 18,630 18,485
    French 92,195 45,460 46,735
    Non-official languages 5,025 2,495 2,535
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,000 2,475 2,520
        African languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Afrikaans 5 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 10 5 5
        Albanian 5 5 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 365 190 170
        Armenian 20 10 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Bengali 25 10 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 15 10 5
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 5 5 0
        Bulgarian 100 50 45
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 30 15 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 225 110 110
        Creoles 70 30 40
        Croatian 10 5 0
        Czech 30 15 10
        Danish 5 0 5
        Dutch 15 10 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 5 0
        Flemish 5 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 130 60 65
        Greek 70 45 30
        Gujarati 30 15 20
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 10 10 5
        Hindi 20 10 15
        Hungarian 70 35 35
        Ilocano 5 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 155 80 75
        Japanese 15 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 15
        Korean 15 5 10
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 10 5 10
        Latvian 0 5 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 5 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 90 50 40
        Marathi 5 5 0
        Nepali 5 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 315 155 155
        Pashto 10 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 110 50 60
        Polish 355 180 180
        Portuguese 115 60 50
        Romanian 645 320 330
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 395 190 205
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 5 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Slovak 10 5 5
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 5 0 0
        Spanish 785 380 400
        Swahili 0 0 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 40 45
        Taiwanese 0 0 5
        Tamil 175 90 85
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 0 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 20 10 15
        Ukrainian 20 5 15
        Urdu 170 80 85
        Vietnamese 70 30 40
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 30 15 10
  Multiple responses         4,450 2,180 2,265
    English and French 2,585 1,245 1,340
    English and non-official language 750 385 365
    French and non-official language 620 295 325
    English, French and non-official language 490 255 235
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 138,785 68,770 70,015
  None 110,565 54,870 55,700
  Single responses  26,665 13,130 13,540
    English  12,770 6,245 6,525
    French  10,045 5,040 5,000
    Non-official languages  3,850 1,840 2,015
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 0 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,765 1,795 1,965
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  5 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  20 10 10
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  5 5 0
        Arabic  360 190 175
        Armenian  35 20 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Bengali  10 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 5
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  20 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  55 20 35
        Creoles  230 110 120
        Croatian  20 5 10
        Czech  20 5 15
        Danish  10 0 5
        Dutch  50 30 25
        Estonian  0 5 5
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  270 115 150
        Greek  245 130 115
        Gujarati  50 25 25
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  30 10 15
        Hindi  45 20 25
        Hungarian  45 25 25
        Ilocano  5 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Italian  450 230 215
        Japanese  10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  10 5 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  25 10 15
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  15 5 5
        Malayalam  10 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  15 5 10
        Marathi  0 5 0
        Nepali  0 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  0 0 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  55 35 15
        Pashto  5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  70 35 30
        Polish  155 65 90
        Portuguese  145 65 80
        Romanian  100 45 55
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 10 5
        Russian  80 40 40
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10
        Sindhi  0 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 10 5
        Slovenian  5 0 5
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  570 260 310
        Swahili  5 5 0
        Swedish  15 10 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  175 70 105
        Taiwanese  0 0 5
        Tamil  20 10 10
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  10 0 5
        Ukrainian  45 20 25
        Urdu  50 25 25
        Vietnamese  35 15 15
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 80 40 40
  Multiple responses          1,555 770 780
    English and French  590 300 290
    English and non-official language  380 180 195
    French and non-official language  580 290 295
    English, French and non-official language  10 0 5

Symbols

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Quebec (Code 24073) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Vaudreuil-Soulanges (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Vaudreuil-Soulanges (Federal electoral district, 2003 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census