NHS Profile, Fredericton, New Brunswick, 2011

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NHS data, Fredericton, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 80,195 39,030 41,165
Canadian citizens 77,695 37,850 39,850
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,625 8,040 7,580
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 62,075 29,805 32,265
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,495 1,180 1,315
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 80,195 39,030 41,165
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 74,080 36,065 38,015
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 5,280 2,575 2,700
Before 1971 1,165 505 660
1971 to 1980 785 410 375
1981 to 1990 545 275 270
1991 to 2000 770 355 415
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,015 1,030 980
2001 to 2005 640 360 275
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 1,380 670 710
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 840 390 445
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 5,280 2,575 2,705
Under 5 years 685 300 375
5 to 14 years 1,125 515 615
15 to 24 years 1,140 635 510
25 to 44 years 2,045 950 1,095
45 years and over 280 180 105
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 80,195 39,035 41,160
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 74,080 36,065 38,010
Born in province of residence 51,870 24,880 26,990
Born outside province of residence 22,210 11,185 11,025
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 5,275 2,575 2,705
Americas 1,105 540 565
United States 705 305 395
Jamaica 0 0 0
Guyana 50 50 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Mexico 50 40 0
Trinidad and Tobago 50 0 35
Colombia 105 65 40
El Salvador 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 120 45 75
Europe 2,000 975 1,025
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 950 460 485
Italy 25 10 0
Germany 405 170 235
Poland 20 0 0
Portugal 15 0 0
Netherlands 120 50 65
France 20 0 0
Romania 60 30 25
Russian Federation 35 35 0
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 20 0 0
Croatia 35 15 20
Hungary 25 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 70 30 40
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 40 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 160 110 45
Africa 300 170 130
Morocco 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 30 10 0
South Africa, Republic of 40 20 20
Nigeria 15 0 10
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 30 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 155 95 65
Asia 1,820 855 960
India 225 125 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 425 205 220
Philippines 185 40 140
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Pakistan 80 40 40
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 140 80 65
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 380 190 190
Lebanon 125 65 60
Taiwan 25 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 55 25 35
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 20 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 120 60 65
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 55 25 20
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 50 25 25
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 840 390 445
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 1,375 665 710
Americas 190 75 115
United States 65 20 45
Mexico 15 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 35 20 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 35 0 25
Europe 150 100 45
France 0 0 0
Germany 25 0 15
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 10 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 25 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 60 50 10
Other places of birth in Europe 20 0 0
Africa 155 80 75
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 110 50 60
Asia 875 405 470
Philippines 130 0 100
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 165 75 90
India 35 20 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 115 65 50
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 285 155 130
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 55 25 35
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 40 25 25
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 80,195 39,030 41,160
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 6,540 3,180 3,365
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 7,100 3,655 3,445
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 66,555 32,200 34,355
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 80,195 39,030 41,160
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,140 2,105 2,035
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 845 455 395
Chinese 890 440 445
Black 725 345 375
Filipino 240 95 140
Latin American 355 210 145
Arab 220 140 80
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 45 25 25
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 135 80 60
Korean 460 225 240
Japanese 120 60 60
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 20 0 0
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 90 30 60
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 76,060 36,930 39,130
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 80,195 39,030 41,165
North American Aboriginal origins 4,530 2,090 2,445
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,925 1,855 2,070
Inuit 125 45 75
Métis 535 230 300
Other North American origins 32,695 15,960 16,735
Acadian 1,660 800 865
American 835 360 475
Canadian 31,080 15,200 15,880
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 75 40 35
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 0 0 0
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 59,840 28,955 30,885
British Isles origins 50,960 24,395 26,565
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 15 10 0
English 28,235 13,330 14,900
Irish 23,035 10,975 12,055
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 23,205 10,985 12,220
Welsh 2,110 1,000 1,105
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,080 940 1,140
French origins 15,065 6,980 8,080
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 0 0 0
French 15,065 6,980 8,085
Western European origins (except French origins) 8,260 3,935 4,320
Austrian 135 100 35
Belgian 170 75 100
Dutch 2,795 1,285 1,515
Flemish 45 15 30
Frisian 0 0 0
German 5,400 2,585 2,815
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 200 80 125
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,770 820 945
Danish 670 280 390
Finnish 185 90 95
Icelandic 65 40 25
Norwegian 470 235 235
Swedish 345 150 200
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 60 35
Eastern European origins 2,440 1,295 1,145
Bulgarian 25 0 15
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 105 50 55
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 45 25 20
Estonian 25 0 25
Hungarian 240 110 130
Latvian 45 20 25
Lithuanian 55 40 15
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 970 515 455
Romanian 145 85 55
Russian 425 235 195
Slovak 110 70 40
Ukrainian 685 400 280
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 2,225 1,050 1,175
Albanian 35 30 0
Bosnian 50 20 30
Croatian 80 30 50
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 85 55 30
Italian 1,210 570 640
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 40 20 15
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 285 150 140
Serbian 60 30 30
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 45 35 0
Spanish 365 140 225
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 80 25 55
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 340 155 180
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 270 115 155
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 60 35 25
Caribbean origins 165 70 95
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 0 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 55 10 40
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 35 0 15
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 30 0 20
Latin, Central and South American origins 420 215 205
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 25 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 15 0 0
Chilean 0 0 0
Colombian 135 85 45
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 20 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 145 75 70
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 20 0 20
Salvadorean 0 0 0
Uruguayan 30 0 0
Venezuelan 25 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 740 365 375
Central and West African origins 75 60 10
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 0 0 0
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 20 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 20 0 10
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 0 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 0 0 0
North African origins 120 75 50
Algerian 0 0 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 110 70 40
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 0 0 0
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 180 105 75
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 70 55 20
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 45 30 20
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 40 0 25
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 405 155 245
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 55 20 40
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 345 135 205
Asian origins 3,690 1,870 1,820
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 990 535 450
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 20 0 10
Armenian 15 0 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 200 105 100
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 30 0 30
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 630 355 275
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 25 20 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 50 35 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 875 470 410
Bangladeshi 25 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 740 410 325
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 45 0 25
Pakistani 70 0 45
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 60 30 25
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,845 870 975
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 925 450 470
Filipino 275 105 170
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 135 70 65
Korean 475 235 240
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 35 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 15 0 10
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 15 10 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 15 10 0
Oceania origins 65 35 30
Australian 25 0 20
New Zealander 30 25 0
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 80,195 39,030 41,165
Buddhist 280 100 180
Christian 58,135 26,935 31,200
Anglican 7,540 3,580 3,960
Baptist 9,020 4,105 4,920
Catholic 22,425 10,510 11,915
Christian Orthodox 230 140 95
Lutheran 205 100 100
Pentecostal 2,035 940 1,095
Presbyterian 1,015 545 470
United Church 8,495 3,725 4,770
Other Christian 7,170 3,290 3,880
Hindu 330 150 180
Jewish 140 75 65
Muslim 590 330 260
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 40 25 10
Other religions 405 160 245
No religious affiliation 20,270 11,250 9,015
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 80,195 39,035 41,165
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,095 1,465 1,630
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,545 1,215 1,325
Métis single identity 360 180 180
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 75 20 50
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 110 50 60
Non-Aboriginal identity 77,100 37,565 39,530
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 80,195 39,035 41,165
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 2,035 955 1,080
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 78,160 38,080 40,085
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 80,200 39,030 41,165
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 4,530 2,090 2,440
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,925 1,855 2,070
Métis ancestry 535 230 305
Inuit ancestry 125 45 80
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 75,665 36,940 38,725
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 5,870 2,790 3,075
Aboriginal languages 365 155 210
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 50 0 40
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 320 150 165
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,520 2,640 2,875
Italian 200 60 140
Portuguese 60 20 40
Romanian 95 60 35
Spanish 1,105 495 615
Dutch 120 45 80
Flemish 0 0 0
German 620 340 275
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 15 0 0
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 35 25 15
Afrikaans 30 0 20
Gaelic languages 60 20 0
Bosnian 30 0 20
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 60 25 30
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 65 35 30
Russian 155 110 50
Serbian 45 30 15
Serbo-Croatian 45 0 35
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 35 25 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 25 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 25 15 0
Hungarian 50 25 25
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 280 165 110
Hebrew 25 15 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 130 75 60
Gujarati 25 0 0
Hindi 190 100 95
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 25 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 35 25 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 160 75 85
Nepali 45 20 25
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 190 100 90
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 25 0 0
Malayalam 20 0 0
Tamil 40 30 15
Telugu 60 45 15
Japanese 100 35 70
Korean 460 225 235
Cantonese 25 10 15
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 250 105 145
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 510 275 235
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 20 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 15 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 220 80 145
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 0 20
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 0 0
Swahili 100 45 50
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 0 0 0
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 215 55 160
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 79,400 38,665 40,735
Non-movers 66,105 32,200 33,905
Movers 13,295 6,465 6,825
Non-migrants 8,175 4,065 4,110
Migrants 5,115 2,400 2,715
Internal migrants 4,735 2,245 2,490
Intraprovincial migrants 2,525 1,170 1,355
Interprovincial migrants 2,210 1,070 1,135
External migrants 380 155 225
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 75,740 36,790 38,945
Non-movers 39,635 18,795 20,840
Movers 36,105 17,995 18,110
Non-migrants 17,635 8,680 8,955
Migrants 18,465 9,315 9,150
Internal migrants 16,535 8,375 8,165
Intraprovincial migrants 8,150 4,115 4,035
Interprovincial migrants 8,385 4,260 4,125
External migrants 1,930 940 990
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 66,900 32,280 34,620
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,460 5,295 5,170
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,550 9,290 9,255
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 37,885 17,695 20,195
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,140 3,340 1,805
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,930 4,590 7,340
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,185 825 1,365
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 18,625 8,940 9,690
Bachelor's degree 12,180 5,470 6,715
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,445 3,465 2,975
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 44,185 21,400 22,790
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,280 2,245 2,035
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,865 5,485 5,380
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 29,040 13,660 15,380
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,770 2,480 1,290
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,005 3,720 5,290
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 1,520 650 870
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 14,740 6,805 7,930
Bachelor's degree 9,585 4,185 5,400
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,155 2,620 2,530
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 66,895 32,280 34,620
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 29,010 14,585 14,425
Education 4,025 950 3,075
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,005 435 570
Humanities 2,710 1,105 1,605
Social and behavioural sciences and law 3,730 1,470 2,255
Business, management and public administration 8,100 2,710 5,395
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,640 875 770
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,990 1,330 655
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 6,540 5,960 580
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 1,000 760 245
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,910 860 4,045
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,225 1,235 990
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 66,895 32,280 34,620
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 29,010 14,585 14,425
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 37,885 17,690 20,195
Location of study inside Canada 35,150 16,210 18,940
Same as province or territory of residence 25,880 11,600 14,285
Another province or territory 9,270 4,610 4,655
Location of study outside Canada 2,735 1,485 1,255
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 49,810 25,795 24,015
Single responses 48,905 25,405 23,500
English 47,795 25,105 22,685
French 1,025 270 755
Non-official languages 90 35 55
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 25 15 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 35 10 30
Multiple responses 905 390 515
English and French 870 365 505
English and non-official language 35 25 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 49,810 25,800 24,010
English 47,790 25,105 22,690
French 1,025 270 755
Non-official language 90 35 55
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 90 30 60
English and French 870 365 500
English and non-official language 35 30 0
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 66,900 32,280 34,620
In the labour force 45,815 23,805 22,010
Employed 42,420 22,000 20,420
Unemployed 3,395 1,805 1,590
Not in the labour force 21,080 8,475 12,610
Participation rate 68.5 73.7 63.6
Employment rate 63.4 68.2 59.0
Unemployment rate 7.4 7.6 7.2
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 45,815 23,805 22,010
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 720 315 405
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,095 23,490 21,605
Employee 42,075 21,570 20,510
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 3,025 1,920 1,100
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 45,815 23,805 22,010
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 720 310 405
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,095 23,490 21,605
0 Management occupations 5,155 3,170 1,985
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 7,035 2,020 5,020
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,840 2,970 870
3 Health occupations 2,465 545 1,920
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,885 4,705 4,185
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,430 660 770
6 Sales and service occupations 10,980 4,565 6,420
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,955 3,775 180
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 720 560 155
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 630 540 95
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 45,815 23,805 22,010
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 720 315 405
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 45,095 23,490 21,605
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 445 255 190
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 60 50 0
22 Utilities 760 430 330
23 Construction 2,015 1,825 190
31-33 Manufacturing 1,140 925 210
41 Wholesale trade 790 640 150
44-45 Retail trade 5,475 2,475 3,000
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,405 985 420
51 Information and cultural industries 1,085 600 490
52 Finance and insurance 1,290 525 765
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 595 315 280
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,140 1,920 1,220
55 Management of companies and enterprises 35 15 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,195 1,220 975
61 Educational services 4,450 1,840 2,615
62 Health care and social assistance 4,355 815 3,540
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 735 355 375
72 Accommodation and food services 3,005 1,090 1,915
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,715 625 1,090
91 Public administration 10,400 6,575 3,825
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 45,815 23,805 22,010
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,775 840 930
Worked in 2010 44,045 22,965 21,080
1 to 13 weeks 2,055 950 1,105
14 to 26 weeks 3,480 1,760 1,720
27 to 39 weeks 2,440 1,080 1,360
40 to 48 weeks 5,675 2,965 2,710
49 to 52 weeks 30,395 16,210 14,185
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.3 45.7 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 45,815 23,805 22,010
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,770 840 935
Worked in 2010 44,040 22,965 21,080
Worked full-time in 2010 36,035 20,225 15,810
Worked part-time in 2010 8,010 2,740 5,270
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 42,425 22,000 20,420
Worked at home 2,110 1,015 1,095
Worked outside Canada 155 125 30
No fixed workplace address 4,095 3,005 1,090
Worked at usual place 36,065 17,855 18,210
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 40,160 20,865 19,300
Car, truck or van - as a driver 31,055 16,710 14,340
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,575 1,500 2,070
Public transit 1,180 530 650
Walked 3,090 1,540 1,550
Bicycle 630 325 310
Other methods 630 255 375
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 40,160 20,860 19,300
Median commuting duration 12.9 15.0 12.5
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 40,155 20,860 19,295
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 6,435 4,345 2,095
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 26,500 13,140 13,360
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 7,225 3,380 3,845
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 34,210 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 31,150 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,070 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 34,215 ... ...
1960 or before 7,790 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,225 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,445 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,960 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,975 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,820 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 34,215 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,875 ... ...
5 rooms 5,900 ... ...
6 rooms 4,725 ... ...
7 rooms 4,395 ... ...
8 or more rooms 11,325 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 34,215 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,760 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,255 ... ...
3 bedrooms 12,150 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,045 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 34,210 ... ...
Owner 22,065 ... ...
Renter 11,790 ... ...
Band housing 350 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 34,215 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,370 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 32,840 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 34,215 ... ...
1 household maintainer 20,345 ... ...
2 household maintainers 13,200 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 670 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 34,210 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,755 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,945 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,080 ... ...
45 to 54 years 6,680 ... ...
55 to 64 years 5,875 ... ...
65 to 74 years 3,665 ... ...
75 years and over 3,225 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 34,215 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 33,965 ... ...
More than one person per room 255 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 34,215 ... ...
Suitable 32,980 ... ...
Not suitable 1,235 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 33,810 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 26,655 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 7,155 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 5,820 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 22,035 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 12.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 873 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 972 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 190,221 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 204,310 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 11,790 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 764 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 762 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 66,900 32,280 34,615
Without income 2,630 1,145 1,490
With income 64,270 31,135 33,130
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 6,090 2,780 3,315
$5,000 to $9,999 5,220 1,815 3,400
$10,000 to $14,999 5,300 1,955 3,350
$15,000 to $19,999 5,805 2,145 3,660
$20,000 to $29,999 8,995 3,575 5,415
$30,000 to $39,999 8,055 3,675 4,385
$40,000 to $49,999 6,760 3,495 3,265
$50,000 to $59,999 5,420 3,290 2,130
$60,000 to $79,999 7,055 4,415 2,645
$80,000 to $99,999 2,670 1,765 900
$100,000 and over 2,900 2,225 675
$100,000 to $124,999 1,475 1,055 420
$125,000 and over 1,420 1,170 250
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,761 38,643 24,291
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 38,618 46,368 31,334
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 66,900 32,280 34,620
Without after-tax income 2,635 1,145 1,495
With after-tax income 64,260 31,140 33,130
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,285 2,810 3,480
$5,000 to $9,999 5,370 1,845 3,525
$10,000 to $14,999 5,485 1,995 3,495
$15,000 to $19,999 6,560 2,500 4,065
$20,000 to $29,999 10,740 4,500 6,240
$30,000 to $39,999 9,755 4,645 5,110
$40,000 to $49,999 7,675 4,565 3,115
$50,000 to $59,999 5,005 3,105 1,900
$60,000 to $79,999 4,640 3,070 1,575
$80,000 to $99,999 1,505 1,090 415
$100,000 and over 1,235 1,025 210
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,725 33,960 22,433
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,448 38,237 27,006
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.0 92.7 84.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 74.7 77.7 70.5
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.6 73.6 68.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.1 4.2 1.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.8 2.6 3.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.8 10.7 8.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.8 1.6 2.0
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.0 7.3 16.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.8 3.1 4.9
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.8 1.9 4.0
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.8 1.5 2.2
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 3.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.3 0.8 1.9
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 16.0 17.5 13.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.0 82.5 86.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.8 2.6 0.6
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 26,965 15,140 11,825
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 46,015 50,997 40,107
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 52,182 58,077 44,633
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 22,950 ... ...
Median family income ($) 75,095 ... ...
Average family income ($) 86,488 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,997 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,393 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,665 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,453 ... ...
Average family income ($) 80,975 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 61,383 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 67,708 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 9,535 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,532 ... ...
Average family income ($) 106,277 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 81,960 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 88,037 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,080 ... ...
Median family income ($) 37,951 ... ...
Average family income ($) 44,971 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,649 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 40,144 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 14,645 6,745 7,900
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 27,304 31,008 24,746
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,932 36,832 31,457
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,416 27,854 23,266
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,931 30,792 27,342
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 80,195 39,030 41,165
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 41,310 19,160 22,150
In bottom decile 9,345 4,235 5,110
In second decile 7,475 3,320 4,155
In third decile 7,755 3,755 3,995
In fourth decile 8,190 3,955 4,235
In fifth decile 8,540 3,890 4,655
In top half of the Canadian distribution 38,885 19,870 19,010
In sixth decile 8,335 4,320 4,020
In seventh decile 8,390 4,365 4,015
In eighth decile 8,615 4,255 4,360
In ninth decile 7,470 3,745 3,725
In top decile 6,075 3,185 2,890
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 34,215 ... ...
Under $5,000 890 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 935 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 795 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,770 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,275 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,220 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,090 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,155 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,905 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,280 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,985 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,755 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 34,215 ... ...
Under $5,000 900 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 950 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 835 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,935 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,615 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,035 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,940 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,590 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,620 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,665 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,135 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,700 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,435 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 34,215 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,853 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 72,540 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,177 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 60,944 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 9,310 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 32,974 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 38,822 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 29,455 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,646 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 24,905 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 74,128 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 85,149 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 64,210 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,526 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 79,045 38,445 40,600
Less than 18 years 15,740 8,065 7,680
Less than 6 years 5,215 2,650 2,565
18 to 64 years 52,935 25,860 27,070
65 years and over 10,370 4,520 5,845
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 11,445 5,060 6,390
Less than 18 years 2,720 1,400 1,320
Less than 6 years 950 480 470
18 to 64 years 7,830 3,445 4,380
65 years and over 900 215 685
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 14.5 13.2 15.7
Less than 18 years (%) 17.3 17.4 17.2
Less than 6 years (%) 18.2 18.1 18.3
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 13.3 16.2
65 years and over (%) 8.7 4.8 11.7

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Fredericton, New Brunswick (Code 13003) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 12, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Fredericton, New Brunswick

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Census data

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Census data, Fredericton, New Brunswick. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 81,760 39,770 41,995
0 to 4 years 4,565 2,260 2,310
5 to 9 years 4,315 2,160 2,160
10 to 14 years 4,460 2,310 2,145
15 to 19 years 5,035 2,590 2,450
15 years 885 460 425
16 years 990 510 480
17 years 975 490 480
18 years 1,075 570 505
19 years 1,110 555 555
20 to 24 years 7,460 3,845 3,615
25 to 29 years 6,485 3,325 3,160
30 to 34 years 5,610 2,795 2,815
35 to 39 years 5,410 2,635 2,780
40 to 44 years 5,515 2,665 2,855
45 to 49 years 6,155 3,030 3,125
50 to 54 years 5,680 2,750 2,935
55 to 59 years 5,025 2,325 2,695
60 to 64 years 4,725 2,250 2,475
65 to 69 years 3,375 1,565 1,815
70 to 74 years 2,740 1,265 1,475
75 to 79 years 2,095 910 1,190
80 to 84 years 1,525 615 910
85 years and over 1,575 485 1,090
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 37.8 36.1 39.2
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.7 83.1 84.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 68,420 33,040 35,385
Married or living with a common-law partner 39,545 19,780 19,760
Married (and not separated) 32,350 16,170 16,175
Living common law 7,195 3,610 3,585
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 28,875 13,255 15,620
Single (never legally married) 19,445 10,425 9,020
Separated 1,970 780 1,190
Divorced 3,805 1,370 2,435
Widowed 3,660 675 2,985
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 23,040 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,345 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,100 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,150 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,450 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 23,040 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 19,455 ... ...
Married couples 15,870 ... ...
Without children at home 7,855 ... ...
With children at home 8,010 ... ...
1 child 3,340 ... ...
2 children 3,455 ... ...
3 or more children 1,210 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,585 ... ...
Without children at home 2,230 ... ...
With children at home 1,355 ... ...
1 child 735 ... ...
2 children 445 ... ...
3 or more children 180 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,590 ... ...
Female parent 2,905 ... ...
1 child 1,790 ... ...
2 children 840 ... ...
3 or more children 270 ... ...
Male parent 685 ... ...
1 child 470 ... ...
2 children 185 ... ...
3 or more children 35 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 21,725 ... ...
Under six years of age 5,460 ... ...
6 to 14 years 7,805 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,775 ... ...
18 to 24 years 3,805 ... ...
25 years and over 1,880 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 80,415 39,120 41,295
Number of persons not in census families 16,190 7,615 8,580
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,380 560 820
Living with non-relatives only 5,415 3,100 2,315
Living alone 9,395 3,950 5,445
Number of census family persons 64,220 31,505 32,715
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 10,550 4,595 5,950
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 3,405 840 2,565
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 365 70 295
Living with non-relatives only 205 80 120
Living alone 2,835 685 2,145
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,150 3,765 3,385
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 34,360 ... ...
Census-family households 22,665 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 21,115 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 18,215 ... ...
Without children 9,390 ... ...
With children 8,830 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 2,900 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,555 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,190 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 750 ... ...
Without children 390 ... ...
With children 365 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 435 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 365 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,695 ... ...
One-person households 9,390 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,300 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 34,360 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,915 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 390 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 2,155 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 12,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,070 ... ...
Row house 1,160 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,490 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 8,085 ... ...
Other single-attached house 90 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 34,360 ... ...
1 person 9,395 ... ...
2 persons 12,945 ... ...
3 persons 5,620 ... ...
4 persons 4,470 ... ...
5 persons 1,415 ... ...
6 or more persons 520 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 80,410 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.3 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 81,070 39,505 41,560
  Single responses  80,095 39,045 41,050
    English  69,345 33,770 35,575
    French  6,365 3,035 3,330
    Non-official languages  4,385 2,245 2,145
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 5 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  25 5 15
        Ojibway  0 0 5
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,130 2,125 2,005
        African languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  10 5 0
        Amharic  20 10 5
        Arabic  420 250 170
        Armenian  5 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Bengali  95 55 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 5
        Bosnian  25 10 15
        Bulgarian  5 0 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  70 40 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  465 245 220
        Creoles  0 0 0
        Croatian  35 15 20
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  20 10 15
        Dutch  125 70 60
        Estonian  5 5 5
        Finnish  20 5 5
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  315 130 185
        Greek  25 15 10
        Gujarati  15 5 5
        Hakka  0 5 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  90 45 45
        Hungarian  35 20 15
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Italian  65 35 35
        Japanese  45 15 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  500 260 240
        Kurdish  0 5 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  5 0 5
        Lingala  0 0 0
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  20 15 10
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  175 90 85
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  45 20 25
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Norwegian  10 5 0
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  195 115 85
        Polish  60 30 35
        Portuguese  50 25 30
        Romanian  85 40 40
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 5 15
        Russian  125 80 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 10 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  75 40 30
        Serbo-Croatian  30 10 15
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  270 145 130
        Swahili  35 20 15
        Swedish  10 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  75 30 50
        Taiwanese  0 0 5
        Tamil  30 20 10
        Telugu  20 5 10
        Thai  30 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 5
        Turkish  25 15 10
        Ukrainian  30 10 20
        Urdu  60 30 30
        Vietnamese  45 20 20
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 230 105 120
  Multiple responses          975 465 515
    English and French  600 280 320
    English and non-official language  335 155 180
    French and non-official language  20 10 5
    English, French and non-official language 25 10 5
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 81,070 39,510 41,565
  English only 62,460 30,990 31,475
  French only 575 270 300
  English and French 17,790 8,130 9,660
  Neither English nor French 245 120 125
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 81,070 39,510 41,560
  English 74,175 36,215 37,965
  French 6,330 3,015 3,315
  English and French 340 175 165
  Neither English nor French 225 105 120
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 6,500 3,100 3,395
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 8.0 7.8 8.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 81,070 39,505 41,565
  Single responses 79,990 38,975 41,020
    English 73,825 35,920 37,895
    French 3,830 1,830 2,000
    Non-official languages 2,340 1,225 1,120
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,270 1,185 1,085
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Afrikaans 5 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 5 0 0
        Amharic 5 5 5
        Arabic 210 115 95
        Armenian 5 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 60 35 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 10 5 5
        Bulgarian 0 0 0
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 55 30 20
        Chinese, n.o.s. 355 200 160
        Creoles 0 0 0
        Croatian 10 5 5
        Czech 5 5 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 10 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 5 0 5
        German 50 20 30
        Greek 5 0 5
        Gujarati 10 5 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 5
        Hindi 40 20 25
        Hungarian 0 0 0
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Italian 10 5 5
        Japanese 15 5 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0
        Korean 430 220 210
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 0 0 0
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 20 15 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 145 70 70
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 35 20 15
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 155 90 60
        Polish 25 10 10
        Portuguese 15 5 10
        Romanian 45 25 20
        Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10
        Russian 90 45 45
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 70 40 30
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 130 70 60
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 10
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 10 10 10
        Telugu 5 5 5
        Thai 5 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 15 5 10
        Ukrainian 5 0 5
        Urdu 35 15 25
        Vietnamese 30 20 10
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 65 35 35
  Multiple responses         1,075 535 545
    English and French 495 225 265
    English and non-official language 550 280 260
    French and non-official language 10 5 5
    English, French and non-official language 30 15 15
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 81,070 39,505 41,565
  None 73,445 35,910 37,535
  Single responses  7,470 3,525 3,950
    English  2,680 1,285 1,390
    French  3,090 1,390 1,700
    Non-official languages  1,705 845 855
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 30 10 20
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  25 5 20
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,410 705 705
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  10 5 5
        Arabic  180 105 80
        Armenian  0 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Bengali  15 5 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  0 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  5 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  95 45 45
        Creoles  5 0 5
        Croatian  10 5 5
        Czech  5 0 0
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  55 25 30
        Estonian  5 5 0
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  155 75 80
        Greek  15 5 5
        Gujarati  5 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 0
        Hindi  45 25 20
        Hungarian  25 15 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  20 10 10
        Japanese  30 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  0 0 0
        Korean  45 30 20
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  0 0 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  0 0 5
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  5 5 5
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  35 20 15
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Norwegian  0 0 5
        Oromo  0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  15 10 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  30 10 15
        Polish  20 10 15
        Portuguese  15 10 5
        Romanian  25 15 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  30 20 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 5 0
        Serbo-Croatian  10 5 10
        Shanghainese  5 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 15
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  180 80 100
        Swahili  45 20 30
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  30 10 20
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 5
        Thai  15 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  5 0 0
        Ukrainian  15 5 10
        Urdu  25 15 15
        Vietnamese  5 0 5
        Yiddish  0 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 265 130 130
  Multiple responses          155 75 80
    English and French  25 10 10
    English and non-official language  35 20 10
    French and non-official language  95 40 55
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Fredericton, New Brunswick (Code 13003) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 12, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Fredericton (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), New Brunswick

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Fredericton, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), New Brunswick

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Fredericton, New Brunswick (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data