NHS Profile, Brossard--Saint-Lambert, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Brossard--Saint-Lambert, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brossard--Saint-Lambert
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 99,540 47,730 51,815
Canadian citizens 92,325 44,420 47,905
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,580 8,940 8,635
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 74,740 35,475 39,270
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 7,215 3,310 3,905
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 99,540 47,730 51,815
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 67,220 32,010 35,215
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 31,695 15,440 16,255
Before 1971 3,720 1,970 1,755
1971 to 1980 4,905 2,355 2,545
1981 to 1990 4,670 2,265 2,400
1991 to 2000 8,290 4,060 4,230
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,115 4,785 5,325
2001 to 2005 5,235 2,535 2,705
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,880 2,255 2,620
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 615 280 340
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 31,695 15,440 16,260
Under 5 years 3,020 1,610 1,410
5 to 14 years 5,065 2,435 2,630
15 to 24 years 6,360 3,030 3,330
25 to 44 years 14,495 7,070 7,425
45 years and over 2,755 1,295 1,460
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 99,540 47,730 51,815
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 67,225 32,005 35,215
Born in province of residence 64,170 30,680 33,495
Born outside province of residence 3,050 1,330 1,715
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 31,695 15,445 16,260
Americas 4,845 2,180 2,670
United States 440 155 285
Jamaica 125 40 90
Guyana 80 35 40
Haiti 720 260 455
Mexico 190 95 95
Trinidad and Tobago 230 110 120
Colombia 650 320 335
El Salvador 45 30 10
Peru 635 300 335
Chile 460 235 225
Other places of birth in Americas 1,270 590 680
Europe 6,840 3,420 3,420
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 450 230 220
Italy 385 230 150
Germany 255 105 150
Poland 205 70 140
Portugal 545 250 290
Netherlands 25 0 15
France 1,320 750 575
Romania 1,430 705 730
Russian Federation 225 75 150
Greece 665 325 340
Ukraine 75 40 30
Croatia 40 0 25
Hungary 125 65 60
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 20 20
Serbia 15 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,025 525 500
Africa 5,460 2,765 2,695
Morocco 1,170 575 595
Algeria 565 270 295
Egypt 975 515 455
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 115 60 60
Other places of birth in Africa 2,615 1,330 1,285
Asia 14,520 7,065 7,450
India 845 430 415
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 4,600 2,140 2,460
Philippines 550 210 340
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 1,325 665 660
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,620 770 850
Pakistan 420 240 185
Sri Lanka 260 130 130
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 560 320 245
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 250 105 150
Lebanon 770 405 365
Taiwan 385 210 175
Iraq 210 130 80
Bangladesh 175 80 100
Afghanistan 870 410 455
Japan 35 0 25
Turkey 330 190 135
Other places of birth in Asia 1,310 620 690
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 40 0 25
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 20 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 620 275 340
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,880 2,255 2,625
Americas 1,140 570 570
United States 90 45 45
Mexico 35 20 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 105 50 55
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 80 40 40
Colombia 410 210 200
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 200 95 110
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 95 50 50
Other places of birth in Americas 115 55 55
Europe 775 370 405
France 170 65 100
Germany 15 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 220 100 115
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 115 50 60
Russian Federation 80 30 50
Ukraine 20 20 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 140 75 65
Africa 1,270 600 675
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 410 220 190
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 80 35 45
Egypt 250 115 130
Morocco 255 130 135
Tunisia 30 0 25
Cameroon 40 0 30
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 185 85 105
Asia 1,690 710 975
Philippines 20 0 20
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 785 325 460
India 55 15 35
Pakistan 80 40 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 60 25 35
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 45 20 25
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 70 45 25
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 150 70 80
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 45 0 45
Taiwan 35 20 0
Afghanistan 110 65 50
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 15 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 35 15 15
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 70 20 50
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 99,540 47,730 51,815
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 32,640 15,825 16,820
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 17,255 8,695 8,555
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 49,640 23,205 26,435
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 99,540 47,730 51,815
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 31,960 15,655 16,300
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 3,530 1,790 1,735
Chinese 10,010 4,905 5,100
Black 3,760 1,795 1,970
Filipino 870 345 525
Latin American 2,945 1,455 1,490
Arab 4,195 2,135 2,055
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 2,850 1,400 1,450
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,835 960 875
Korean 355 160 195
Japanese 115 30 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 780 320 455
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 720 350 370
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 67,585 32,075 35,505
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 99,540 47,730 51,810
North American Aboriginal origins 1,740 775 970
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,605 715 890
Inuit 10 0 0
Métis 130 55 75
Other North American origins 36,715 17,220 19,490
Acadian 210 105 105
American 565 280 285
Canadian 35,015 16,440 18,580
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 15 0 10
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 1,390 630 760
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 45,200 21,425 23,775
British Isles origins 12,005 5,685 6,320
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 4,865 2,230 2,635
Irish 6,525 3,105 3,420
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 3,655 1,680 1,975
Welsh 170 100 70
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 635 325 310
French origins 25,775 12,130 13,640
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 125 35 90
French 25,700 12,115 13,585
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,860 1,815 2,050
Austrian 290 170 120
Belgian 725 325 395
Dutch 390 155 230
Flemish 60 40 20
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,270 1,075 1,195
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 380 200 185
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 240 80 165
Danish 70 35 35
Finnish 25 0 25
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 55 20 40
Swedish 95 25 70
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 4,960 2,410 2,550
Bulgarian 445 255 190
Byelorussian 30 0 20
Czech 105 50 55
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 405 210 200
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 80 45 35
Moldovan 105 35 65
Polish 935 425 505
Romanian 1,900 965 935
Russian 770 380 390
Slovak 105 60 50
Ukrainian 570 270 300
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 9,210 4,460 4,755
Albanian 45 0 30
Bosnian 40 20 25
Croatian 70 40 30
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,995 1,005 990
Italian 4,085 1,880 2,210
Kosovar 30 0 20
Macedonian 85 55 0
Maltese 15 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,250 595 655
Serbian 50 15 30
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 140 80 55
Spanish 1,965 995 970
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 90 40 45
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 500 200 300
Basque 140 55 85
Jewish 280 120 165
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 70 20 45
Caribbean origins 2,535 1,165 1,365
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 245 95 150
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 45 0 35
Dominican 155 80 75
Grenadian 75 30 45
Haitian 1,340 630 710
Jamaican 280 120 160
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 210 95 115
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 125 40 85
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 165 100 60
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,475 1,725 1,755
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 85 45 40
Argentinian 160 90 65
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 50 25 25
Brazilian 125 65 60
Chilean 610 270 340
Colombian 855 405 445
Costa Rican 10 0 10
Ecuadorian 70 35 35
Guatemalan 20 0 0
Guyanese 125 75 45
Hispanic 55 0 40
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 20 20 0
Mexican 285 155 135
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 35 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 885 445 445
Salvadorean 60 35 25
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 175 85 90
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 30 0 15
African origins 5,945 2,975 2,970
Central and West African origins 765 395 370
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 50 35 10
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 165 75 90
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 105 45 55
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 15 15 0
Ghanaian 90 40 50
Guinean 95 65 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 15 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 55 40 0
Nigerian 25 0 20
Peulh 25 0 15
Senegalese 105 65 40
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 80 30 55
North African origins 3,715 1,880 1,835
Algerian 490 250 245
Berber 390 195 195
Coptic 105 45 60
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 1,270 680 590
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 1,375 685 690
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 185 85 105
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 20 0 10
Southern and East African origins 735 340 400
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 25 20 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 40 0 30
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 105 60 40
Mauritian 385 160 225
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 30 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 55 30 20
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 35 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 50 0 25
Other African origins 845 400 440
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 190 125 70
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 715 305 410
Asian origins 25,070 12,500 12,575
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 6,270 3,350 2,925
Afghan 1,270 610 665
Arab, n.o.s. 1,100 570 530
Armenian 600 310 290
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 890 530 360
Iraqi 235 140 95
Israeli 10 10 0
Jordanian 105 35 65
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 20 0 0
Kuwaiti 15 10 0
Lebanese 1,450 790 660
Palestinian 300 170 135
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 105 50 55
Syrian 240 115 125
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 535 290 245
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 30 0 0
South Asian origins 3,980 2,030 1,945
Bangladeshi 70 30 45
Bengali 55 30 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 2,980 1,525 1,450
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 530 245 285
Punjabi 110 60 50
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 315 165 145
Tamil 35 0 20
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 55 35 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 14,955 7,195 7,755
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 295 160 135
Chinese 10,985 5,380 5,605
Filipino 1,030 425 605
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 75 0 50
Japanese 185 65 120
Korean 370 165 210
Laotian 145 75 70
Malaysian 45 0 0
Mongolian 15 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 235 120 115
Thai 35 0 15
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,320 1,120 1,200
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 15 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 15 0 0
Oceania origins 55 25 30
Australian 50 25 25
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 99,540 47,725 51,810
Buddhist 2,575 1,180 1,395
Christian 68,300 31,580 36,720
Anglican 1,465 635 825
Baptist 475 180 290
Catholic 55,530 25,480 30,055
Christian Orthodox 4,680 2,410 2,270
Lutheran 100 40 65
Pentecostal 535 270 265
Presbyterian 510 240 265
United Church 595 265 330
Other Christian 4,415 2,065 2,350
Hindu 1,495 780 720
Jewish 210 95 115
Muslim 8,065 4,150 3,910
Sikh 405 200 205
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 195 100 90
No religious affiliation 18,300 9,645 8,655
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 99,540 47,730 51,815
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 400 170 230
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 225 85 140
Métis single identity 145 80 65
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 20
Non-Aboriginal identity 99,140 47,555 51,585
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 99,540 47,725 51,815
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 105 40 60
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 99,440 47,685 51,755
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 99,540 47,730 51,810
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,740 770 970
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,605 720 890
Métis ancestry 125 55 70
Inuit ancestry 10 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 97,800 46,960 50,840
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 40,870 19,785 21,090
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,870 19,780 21,085
Italian 2,045 1,015 1,030
Portuguese 1,165 595 565
Romanian 1,730 840 895
Spanish 7,245 3,300 3,945
Dutch 70 30 40
Flemish 25 0 15
German 875 455 415
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 40 15 25
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 455 245 210
Croatian 45 20 25
Czech 20 0 15
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 355 135 220
Russian 865 380 485
Serbian 25 15 0
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 25
Slovak 25 0 0
Slovenian 40 15 20
Ukrainian 210 100 110
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 30 0 15
Greek 1,595 800 795
Armenian 405 200 200
Albanian 45 20 25
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 220 105 115
Turkish 335 195 140
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 145 95 55
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 5,370 2,725 2,640
Hebrew 90 40 55
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 40 0 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 300 135 170
Gujarati 325 150 170
Hindi 1,020 465 555
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 660 345 320
Sindhi 30 25 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 0 25
Urdu 885 485 395
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,960 1,040 920
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 70 25 50
Kannada 20 0 0
Malayalam 35 0 15
Tamil 395 210 185
Telugu 95 55 45
Japanese 195 60 135
Korean 295 125 170
Cantonese 2,640 1,225 1,415
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 90 50 40
Mandarin 1,770 840 925
Taiwanese 185 90 90
Chinese, n.o.s. 5,115 2,555 2,565
Lao 135 80 55
Thai 20 0 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 105 110
Vietnamese 2,145 1,050 1,100
Bisayan languages 105 45 60
Ilocano 45 0 35
Malay 85 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 630 225 410
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 100 50 50
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 25 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 80 60
African languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25
Creoles 2,140 1,025 1,120
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 500 230 270
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 98,485 47,250 51,235
Non-movers 87,025 41,625 45,400
Movers 11,455 5,620 5,840
Non-migrants 4,795 2,395 2,400
Migrants 6,660 3,230 3,435
Internal migrants 5,480 2,720 2,760
Intraprovincial migrants 5,270 2,640 2,630
Interprovincial migrants 205 80 125
External migrants 1,185 510 675
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 94,305 45,160 49,140
Non-movers 57,680 27,490 30,190
Movers 36,625 17,670 18,955
Non-migrants 15,295 7,335 7,960
Migrants 21,330 10,335 10,995
Internal migrants 17,100 8,455 8,645
Intraprovincial migrants 16,200 8,050 8,150
Interprovincial migrants 900 400 500
External migrants 4,230 1,880 2,355
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 84,020 39,960 44,055
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,520 5,375 6,145
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,680 7,525 9,155
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 55,820 27,060 28,755
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,290 4,000 3,295
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,250 6,310 7,940
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,965 2,555 3,410
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 28,315 14,195 14,115
Bachelor's degree 16,855 7,925 8,930
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,460 6,270 5,185
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 54,705 26,100 28,605
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,125 2,110 2,015
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 9,025 4,005 5,015
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 41,555 19,980 21,575
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 5,195 2,825 2,375
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,210 4,210 5,000
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,120 1,860 2,255
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 23,035 11,085 11,945
Bachelor's degree 13,705 6,325 7,375
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,330 4,765 4,565
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 84,020 39,965 44,055
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 28,200 12,900 15,295
Education 3,040 635 2,405
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,375 1,090 1,285
Humanities 3,615 1,320 2,295
Social and behavioural sciences and law 6,425 2,405 4,020
Business, management and public administration 16,110 6,810 9,300
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,470 1,350 1,120
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,300 2,190 1,110
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,660 8,405 1,260
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 405 215 190
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,280 1,480 4,800
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,120 1,170 950
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 84,020 39,965 44,055
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 28,200 12,900 15,300
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 55,820 27,060 28,755
Location of study inside Canada 45,375 21,770 23,605
Same as province or territory of residence 43,475 20,675 22,800
Another province or territory 1,895 1,095 800
Location of study outside Canada 10,445 5,290 5,155
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,055 29,310 27,750
Single responses 49,600 25,355 24,245
English 11,930 6,555 5,375
French 36,470 18,200 18,275
Non-official languages 1,200 605 595
Chinese, n.o.s. 540 285 255
Cantonese 285 150 135
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 50 30 20
Spanish 80 40 45
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 225 85 135
Multiple responses 7,455 3,950 3,505
English and French 6,710 3,580 3,135
English and non-official language 240 140 100
French and non-official language 135 65 65
English, French and non-official language 365 160 205
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,055 29,305 27,745
English 11,930 6,555 5,375
French 36,475 18,200 18,275
Non-official language 1,195 600 600
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,195 600 595
English and French 6,710 3,580 3,135
English and non-official language 240 145 100
French and non-official language 135 70 65
English, French and non-official language 365 165 205
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 84,020 39,965 44,055
In the labour force 53,340 27,530 25,810
Employed 50,040 25,910 24,135
Unemployed 3,300 1,625 1,675
Not in the labour force 30,685 12,435 18,245
Participation rate 63.5 68.9 58.6
Employment rate 59.6 64.8 54.8
Unemployment rate 6.2 5.9 6.5
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 53,340 27,530 25,805
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,130 510 620
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,210 27,020 25,190
Employee 45,675 22,795 22,880
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,530 4,225 2,310
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 53,335 27,530 25,810
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,130 510 620
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,210 27,020 25,185
0 Management occupations 7,255 4,395 2,860
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,685 3,580 7,105
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,015 4,720 1,295
3 Health occupations 3,275 785 2,495
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,730 1,980 3,750
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,880 945 940
6 Sales and service occupations 12,285 6,150 6,140
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 3,395 3,225 175
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 200 160 35
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,490 1,095 400
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 53,340 27,530 25,810
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,130 510 615
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 52,210 27,015 25,190
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 125 70 60
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 55 40 10
22 Utilities 540 355 185
23 Construction 1,420 1,260 160
31-33 Manufacturing 4,605 3,205 1,395
41 Wholesale trade 2,395 1,455 940
44-45 Retail trade 5,590 2,760 2,825
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,305 1,580 720
51 Information and cultural industries 2,245 1,320 925
52 Finance and insurance 4,375 1,780 2,600
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,040 550 490
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,840 4,175 2,665
55 Management of companies and enterprises 55 40 15
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,860 1,060 800
61 Educational services 3,765 1,385 2,380
62 Health care and social assistance 5,285 1,060 4,230
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,010 505 500
72 Accommodation and food services 4,085 2,410 1,670
81 Other services (except public administration) 1,910 735 1,170
91 Public administration 2,695 1,260 1,435
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 53,340 27,530 25,805
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,550 1,230 1,325
Worked in 2010 50,785 26,300 24,485
1 to 13 weeks 2,355 1,150 1,205
14 to 26 weeks 3,990 1,935 2,055
27 to 39 weeks 2,745 1,295 1,455
40 to 48 weeks 9,985 5,175 4,805
49 to 52 weeks 31,705 16,740 14,965
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.9 45.3 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 53,340 27,530 25,805
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,550 1,230 1,325
Worked in 2010 50,785 26,300 24,485
Worked full-time in 2010 41,015 22,125 18,890
Worked part-time in 2010 9,770 4,170 5,595
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 50,040 25,905 24,135
Worked at home 3,750 2,050 1,710
Worked outside Canada 225 140 85
No fixed workplace address 3,130 2,255 865
Worked at usual place 42,935 21,465 21,475
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 46,065 23,725 22,345
Car, truck or van - as a driver 28,510 16,440 12,075
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,530 355 1,180
Public transit 13,590 5,625 7,960
Walked 1,500 660 840
Bicycle 510 400 110
Other methods 420 245 180
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 46,060 23,720 22,340
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.3 30.2
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 46,065 23,720 22,340
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 8,680 5,520 3,155
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 28,420 13,170 15,250
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,965 5,025 3,940
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 40,990 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 38,450 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,540 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 40,990 ... ...
1960 or before 5,225 ... ...
1961 to 1980 16,400 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,300 ... ...
1991 to 2000 2,920 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,565 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,580 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 40,985 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 12,995 ... ...
5 rooms 6,290 ... ...
6 rooms 4,600 ... ...
7 rooms 4,795 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,305 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 40,990 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 5,445 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,220 ... ...
3 bedrooms 13,435 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 9,890 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 40,990 ... ...
Owner 30,535 ... ...
Renter 10,450 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 40,990 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 10,320 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 30,670 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 40,985 ... ...
1 household maintainer 25,510 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,770 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 710 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 40,990 ... ...
Under 25 years 845 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,105 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,955 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,510 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,440 ... ...
65 to 74 years 6,190 ... ...
75 years and over 4,935 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 40,985 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 40,440 ... ...
More than one person per room 555 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 40,985 ... ...
Suitable 38,855 ... ...
Not suitable 2,130 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 40,860 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 31,760 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,105 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,680 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,535 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 56.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 958 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,064 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 279,863 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 322,431 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 10,450 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 40.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 789 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 855 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 84,020 39,965 44,055
Without income 3,885 1,670 2,210
With income 80,140 38,295 41,845
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,535 3,615 3,925
$5,000 to $9,999 5,645 2,150 3,505
$10,000 to $14,999 7,720 3,025 4,695
$15,000 to $19,999 6,420 2,595 3,825
$20,000 to $29,999 10,295 4,375 5,920
$30,000 to $39,999 9,625 4,230 5,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,075 3,785 4,285
$50,000 to $59,999 6,130 3,125 3,000
$60,000 to $79,999 8,000 4,165 3,835
$80,000 to $99,999 4,100 2,445 1,655
$100,000 and over 6,590 4,780 1,815
$100,000 to $124,999 2,700 1,865 835
$125,000 and over 3,890 2,915 980
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 32,518 37,506 28,356
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 45,448 54,669 37,010
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 84,020 39,965 44,055
Without after-tax income 3,850 1,680 2,170
With after-tax income 80,175 38,290 41,885
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,945 3,720 4,230
$5,000 to $9,999 5,920 2,165 3,755
$10,000 to $14,999 7,880 3,100 4,780
$15,000 to $19,999 7,020 2,920 4,095
$20,000 to $29,999 12,730 5,455 7,270
$30,000 to $39,999 11,990 5,520 6,475
$40,000 to $49,999 8,900 4,450 4,450
$50,000 to $59,999 6,095 3,230 2,860
$60,000 to $79,999 6,090 3,660 2,425
$80,000 to $99,999 2,410 1,680 725
$100,000 and over 3,190 2,385 810
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 28,975 32,958 25,692
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 36,079 42,124 30,553
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.1 92.5 84.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.4 75.5 68.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 65.7 67.6 63.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 6.7 7.9 5.1
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.7 5.8 5.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 9.3 9.5 9.0
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.7 1.6 1.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.9 7.5 15.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.6 3.0 4.5
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.1 2.2 4.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.3 0.9 1.8
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.3
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.4 1.3 1.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 20.6 23.0 17.4
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 79.4 77.0 82.6
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.2 4.0 2.0
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 27,865 15,040 12,825
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 50,207 56,226 45,621
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 63,932 72,821 53,505
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 28,435 ... ...
Median family income ($) 83,345 ... ...
Average family income ($) 107,117 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 70,575 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 84,759 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,615 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,822 ... ...
Average family income ($) 98,355 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,763 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 77,232 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,205 ... ...
Median family income ($) 101,380 ... ...
Average family income ($) 127,348 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 100,040 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,840 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,940 ... ...
Average family income ($) 67,148 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 50,542 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 56,369 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 13,625 5,365 8,255
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,876 40,610 34,024
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,766 47,343 41,441
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,368 34,115 30,025
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 35,408 37,585 33,993
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 99,540 47,730 51,810
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 45,480 21,090 24,395
In bottom decile 7,655 3,640 4,015
In second decile 7,600 3,260 4,335
In third decile 9,955 4,685 5,275
In fourth decile 9,150 4,120 5,030
In fifth decile 11,115 5,380 5,735
In top half of the Canadian distribution 54,060 26,640 27,415
In sixth decile 9,790 4,765 5,020
In seventh decile 9,930 4,890 5,040
In eighth decile 10,085 4,970 5,115
In ninth decile 11,140 5,490 5,650
In top decile 13,120 6,530 6,590
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 40,985 ... ...
Under $5,000 920 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 570 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 965 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,765 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,090 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,790 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,745 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,335 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,230 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,555 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,855 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,580 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,585 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 40,985 ... ...
Under $5,000 975 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 980 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,895 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,850 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,625 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,770 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,055 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,225 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,090 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,285 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,810 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 40,985 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 67,079 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 88,859 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 57,229 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 70,570 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 12,025 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 37,005 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 45,323 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 31,935 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 36,550 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,960 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 83,413 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 106,935 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 70,646 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 84,696 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 99,540 47,725 51,810
Less than 18 years 19,100 9,695 9,410
Less than 6 years 6,235 3,065 3,170
18 to 64 years 63,270 30,440 32,830
65 years and over 17,170 7,600 9,575
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 12,070 5,485 6,580
Less than 18 years 2,660 1,310 1,350
Less than 6 years 865 370 495
18 to 64 years 7,515 3,565 3,945
65 years and over 1,900 605 1,290
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 12.1 11.5 12.7
Less than 18 years (%) 13.9 13.5 14.3
Less than 6 years (%) 13.9 12.1 15.6
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 11.7 12.0
65 years and over (%) 11.1 8.0 13.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Brossard--Saint-Lambert, Quebec (Code 24017) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 11, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Brossard--Saint-Lambert, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Brossard--Saint-Lambert, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brossard--Saint-Lambert
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 100,825 48,160 52,670
0 to 4 years 5,200 2,685 2,515
5 to 9 years 5,035 2,545 2,495
10 to 14 years 5,230 2,645 2,590
15 to 19 years 6,130 3,150 2,975
15 years 1,160 595 565
16 years 1,225 645 575
17 years 1,270 680 585
18 years 1,240 615 620
19 years 1,240 615 625
20 to 24 years 6,145 3,100 3,045
25 to 29 years 6,030 3,015 3,015
30 to 34 years 6,400 3,140 3,260
35 to 39 years 6,330 3,075 3,260
40 to 44 years 6,715 3,225 3,485
45 to 49 years 7,290 3,490 3,795
50 to 54 years 7,525 3,535 3,995
55 to 59 years 7,420 3,430 3,990
60 to 64 years 7,080 3,275 3,800
65 to 69 years 5,990 2,770 3,220
70 to 74 years 4,390 2,030 2,360
75 to 79 years 3,310 1,455 1,860
80 to 84 years 2,390 950 1,440
85 years and over 2,220 645 1,575
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 42.9 41.1 44.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.7 83.7 85.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 85,360 40,290 45,070
Married or living with a common-law partner 49,845 24,970 24,880
Married (and not separated) 38,330 19,150 19,175
Living common law 11,515 5,815 5,700
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 35,515 15,320 20,195
Single (never legally married) 23,215 11,940 11,275
Separated 1,325 530 800
Divorced 5,765 1,930 3,840
Widowed 5,210 925 4,285
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 28,735 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,875 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,505 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,920 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,425 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 28,730 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 24,420 ... ...
Married couples 18,660 ... ...
Without children at home 8,195 ... ...
With children at home 10,465 ... ...
1 child 4,030 ... ...
2 children 4,470 ... ...
3 or more children 1,965 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,760 ... ...
Without children at home 3,105 ... ...
With children at home 2,655 ... ...
1 child 1,125 ... ...
2 children 1,145 ... ...
3 or more children 380 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,315 ... ...
Female parent 3,340 ... ...
1 child 1,985 ... ...
2 children 1,045 ... ...
3 or more children 315 ... ...
Male parent 975 ... ...
1 child 600 ... ...
2 children 300 ... ...
3 or more children 70 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 30,630 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,225 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,185 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,585 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,125 ... ...
25 years and over 4,510 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 99,540 47,830 51,710
Number of persons not in census families 15,760 6,250 9,505
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,020 740 1,280
Living with non-relatives only 1,725 950 775
Living alone 12,010 4,565 7,450
Number of census family persons 83,780 41,580 42,205
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 17,130 7,570 9,555
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,695 1,330 4,360
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 765 145 625
Living with non-relatives only 230 90 140
Living alone 4,695 1,095 3,605
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 11,435 6,240 5,195
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 40,985 ... ...
Census-family households 28,025 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,930 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,340 ... ...
Without children 10,425 ... ...
With children 11,915 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,595 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,090 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,410 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,000 ... ...
Without children 335 ... ...
With children 665 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 410 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 680 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,965 ... ...
One-person households 12,010 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 955 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 40,990 ... ...
Single-detached house 16,620 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 4,195 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 5 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 20,165 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,950 ... ...
Row house 2,385 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 590 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 13,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 40 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 40,990 ... ...
1 person 12,015 ... ...
2 persons 13,400 ... ...
3 persons 6,440 ... ...
4 persons 5,905 ... ...
5 persons 2,195 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,040 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,540 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,780 47,900 51,875
  Single responses  95,900 45,915 49,980
    English  12,295 5,990 6,305
    French  52,975 25,030 27,945
    Non-official languages  30,625 14,890 15,735
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 30,375 14,760 15,615
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Afrikaans  5 0 5
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  45 25 20
        Amharic  5 5 0
        Arabic  3,615 1,900 1,715
        Armenian  295 150 145
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Bengali  350 180 170
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  45 20 20
        Bisayan languages  25 5 20
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  355 185 175
        Burmese  5 5 0
        Cantonese  2,450 1,150 1,300
        Chinese, n.o.s.  4,650 2,235 2,415
        Creoles  965 465 500
        Croatian  45 30 20
        Czech  55 25 25
        Danish  15 5 5
        Dutch  75 35 40
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  15 0 10
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  300 135 160
        Greek  1,305 670 630
        Gujarati  150 75 80
        Hakka  30 15 20
        Hebrew  20 15 10
        Hindi  245 120 125
        Hungarian  165 80 80
        Ilocano  20 10 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Italian  890 465 425
        Japanese  65 25 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  150 65 80
        Korean  235 110 125
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  65 35 35
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 5 5
        Lithuanian  35 15 20
        Macedonian  0 0 5
        Malay  20 10 15
        Malayalam  45 20 20
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  1,000 475 530
        Marathi  10 5 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 45 30 20
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  80 45 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  360 180 185
        Pashto  10 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  1,890 960 935
        Polish  385 155 235
        Portuguese  880 410 470
        Romanian  1,340 640 705
        Rundi (Kirundi)  30 15 15
        Russian  570 255 315
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  40 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian  20 10 10
        Shanghainese  10 10 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  20 10 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 10 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slovak  40 20 20
        Slovenian  35 15 25
        Somali  5 0 5
        Spanish  3,610 1,715 1,890
        Swahili  15 10 5
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  320 100 225
        Taiwanese  80 45 45
        Tamil  160 80 80
        Telugu  25 20 10
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  10 5 5
        Tigrigna  25 15 15
        Turkish  175 90 90
        Ukrainian  110 45 65
        Urdu  600 300 300
        Vietnamese  1,515 730 785
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 250 125 115
  Multiple responses          3,885 1,985 1,895
    English and French  1,465 725 740
    English and non-official language  760 395 370
    French and non-official language  1,130 600 530
    English, French and non-official language 530 270 260
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,780 47,905 51,875
  English only 9,920 4,860 5,060
  French only 22,840 9,555 13,285
  English and French 63,770 32,130 31,635
  Neither English nor French 3,255 1,355 1,900
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,780 47,900 51,875
  English 23,255 11,415 11,835
  French 63,315 29,985 33,325
  English and French 10,050 5,185 4,865
  Neither English nor French 3,170 1,315 1,850
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 28,280 14,010 14,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 28.3 29.2 27.5
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,780 47,905 51,875
  Single responses 92,940 44,560 48,375
    English 16,985 8,260 8,725
    French 55,680 26,510 29,170
    Non-official languages 20,280 9,790 10,490
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 20,220 9,770 10,450
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 40 20 20
        Amharic 0 0 5
        Arabic 1,920 975 950
        Armenian 140 65 75
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Bengali 230 115 115
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 10 10
        Bisayan languages 5 0 0
        Bosnian 10 5 0
        Bulgarian 285 140 140
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 2,200 1,055 1,145
        Chinese, n.o.s. 3,900 1,890 2,010
        Creoles 420 195 230
        Croatian 15 5 10
        Czech 25 15 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 15 5 10
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 5 0 5
        Fukien 5 5 0
        German 40 25 20
        Greek 695 355 340
        Gujarati 60 25 35
        Hakka 5 5 5
        Hebrew 0 0 5
        Hindi 115 55 65
        Hungarian 65 30 35
        Ilocano 10 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0
        Italian 175 70 100
        Japanese 35 15 20
        Khmer (Cambodian) 70 30 40
        Korean 190 90 100
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 25 15 10
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 5 0 5
        Malayalam 20 10 10
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 885 430 455
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Norwegian 0 5 0
        Oromo 10 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 210 100 115
        Pashto 5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 1,495 730 765
        Polish 185 85 100
        Portuguese 455 210 240
        Romanian 1,015 495 520
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 465 225 240
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 25 10 15
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5
        Shanghainese 5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 15 5
        Sindhi 15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Slovak 5 5 5
        Slovenian 10 5 5
        Somali 5 0 5
        Spanish 2,615 1,250 1,360
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 50 80
        Taiwanese 50 30 20
        Tamil 115 55 60
        Telugu 15 10 5
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 150 70 75
        Ukrainian 35 15 20
        Urdu 380 185 195
        Vietnamese 1,100 520 580
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 25 35
  Multiple responses         6,840 3,345 3,495
    English and French 1,740 855 885
    English and non-official language 1,585 755 835
    French and non-official language 2,265 1,095 1,170
    English, French and non-official language 1,250 640 610
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 99,780 47,900 51,880
  None 71,400 34,060 37,345
  Single responses  25,515 12,400 13,115
    English  10,370 5,095 5,275
    French  7,945 3,845 4,105
    Non-official languages  7,195 3,460 3,735
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,055 3,390 3,670
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 5 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  1,145 590 555
        Armenian  65 35 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Bengali  80 45 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  10 5 5
        Bisayan languages  5 0 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  45 25 25
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  245 110 135
        Chinese, n.o.s.  470 210 260
        Creoles  645 315 335
        Croatian  15 10 5
        Czech  15 5 0
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  15 5 10
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  150 70 90
        Greek  435 220 215
        Gujarati  70 35 35
        Hakka  25 15 10
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  115 45 70
        Hungarian  45 25 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Italian  310 150 165
        Japanese  30 15 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 10 15
        Korean  25 5 15
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  25 10 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  20 10 5
        Lithuanian  10 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 0 10
        Malayalam  15 5 10
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  175 85 90
        Marathi  10 0 10
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  35 20 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  115 65 55
        Pashto  5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  160 95 65
        Polish  95 30 65
        Portuguese  265 115 150
        Romanian  195 90 110
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  100 40 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  5 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Sindhi  15 10 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  15 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slovak  10 5 5
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  850 410 440
        Swahili  15 10 10
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  135 45 85
        Taiwanese  30 15 15
        Tamil  35 25 15
        Telugu  20 10 10
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  10 5 0
        Turkish  30 15 15
        Ukrainian  25 5 15
        Urdu  200 95 105
        Vietnamese  280 140 150
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 135 75 60
  Multiple responses          2,865 1,445 1,420
    English and French  1,595 810 785
    English and non-official language  660 345 315
    French and non-official language  565 270 295
    English, French and non-official language  45 20 25

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Brossard--Saint-Lambert, Quebec (Code 24017) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 11, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Brossard--Saint-Lambert (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Brossard--Saint-Lambert, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Brossard--Saint-Lambert, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Brossard--Saint-Lambert (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census