NHS Profile, Châteauguay--Lacolle, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Châteauguay--Lacolle, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Châteauguay--Lacolle
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 90,710 45,130 45,585
Canadian citizens 89,025 44,290 44,730
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,350 10,040 9,310
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 69,675 34,255 35,415
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 1,690 835 855
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 90,710 45,130 45,585
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 83,145 41,455 41,685
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 7,370 3,570 3,795
Before 1971 1,675 820 855
1971 to 1980 930 460 470
1981 to 1990 880 475 405
1991 to 2000 1,740 760 975
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,140 1,045 1,085
2001 to 2005 1,185 595 585
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 955 455 500
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 205 105 105
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 7,365 3,570 3,800
Under 5 years 795 360 435
5 to 14 years 1,190 625 565
15 to 24 years 1,695 845 850
25 to 44 years 3,290 1,520 1,770
45 years and over 400 220 180
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 90,715 45,125 45,585
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 83,140 41,455 41,685
Born in province of residence 80,835 40,455 40,380
Born outside province of residence 2,305 995 1,305
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 7,370 3,570 3,800
Americas 2,125 855 1,265
United States 190 70 120
Jamaica 305 125 180
Guyana 110 40 70
Haiti 185 75 105
Mexico 165 80 85
Trinidad and Tobago 170 75 95
Colombia 35 15 25
El Salvador 120 70 55
Peru 100 35 65
Chile 30 15 0
Other places of birth in Americas 705 255 455
Europe 3,085 1,585 1,505
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 210 125 85
Italy 390 230 165
Germany 195 65 130
Poland 165 75 95
Portugal 170 90 80
Netherlands 75 35 40
France 440 210 225
Romania 270 150 120
Russian Federation 200 90 115
Greece 65 40 25
Ukraine 195 115 80
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 60 35 25
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 605 325 275
Africa 990 500 495
Morocco 215 125 85
Algeria 105 55 50
Egypt 35 15 20
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 35 25 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 25 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 570 260 310
Asia 1,155 625 530
India 80 0 65
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 150 65 90
Philippines 70 0 45
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 75 45 25
Pakistan 160 95 65
Sri Lanka 20 10 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 95 45 45
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 95 65 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 35 15 20
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 350 215 130
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 10 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 205 100 100
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 955 455 500
Americas 245 105 140
United States 15 0 0
Mexico 95 45 50
Cuba 20 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Colombia 20 0 10
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 60 25 30
Europe 290 145 145
France 35 25 0
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 30 25 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 60 30 35
Russian Federation 40 0 30
Ukraine 50 30 20
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 60 30 30
Africa 220 115 105
Nigeria 35 25 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 0 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 40 0 15
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 135 70 75
Asia 190 85 105
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 0 0 0
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 40 25 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 90,710 45,125 45,585
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 7,660 3,710 3,945
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 7,375 3,820 3,555
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 75,675 37,590 38,085
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 90,710 45,125 45,585
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 6,625 3,280 3,345
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 600 305 290
Chinese 380 205 180
Black 3,065 1,445 1,620
Filipino 120 55 65
Latin American 1,050 505 545
Arab 545 310 240
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 285 145 145
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 170 95 70
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 90 40 50
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 305 165 140
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 84,085 41,845 42,245
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 90,715 45,125 45,585
North American Aboriginal origins 3,580 1,800 1,775
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,100 1,570 1,530
Inuit 95 50 45
Métis 400 190 205
Other North American origins 59,980 29,425 30,550
Acadian 510 230 275
American 830 545 285
Canadian 56,695 27,755 28,945
New Brunswicker 15 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 2,840 1,345 1,490
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 43,075 21,750 21,325
British Isles origins 13,315 6,550 6,760
Channel Islander 105 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 5,110 2,585 2,530
Irish 7,255 3,525 3,730
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 4,165 1,995 2,175
Welsh 155 65 85
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 765 315 450
French origins 26,445 13,160 13,280
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 160 65 95
French 26,340 13,120 13,220
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,815 2,065 1,750
Austrian 225 160 65
Belgian 570 295 275
Dutch 560 300 270
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,185 1,160 1,020
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 345 235 110
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 20 15 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 485 255 230
Danish 85 50 35
Finnish 85 55 35
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 100 50 55
Swedish 155 40 115
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 60 55 0
Eastern European origins 3,375 1,800 1,575
Bulgarian 80 40 40
Byelorussian 85 45 45
Czech 20 0 20
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 375 195 180
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 90 45 35
Moldovan 55 25 30
Polish 1,015 535 480
Romanian 470 245 225
Russian 750 400 345
Slovak 75 35 40
Ukrainian 635 375 260
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 5,515 2,755 2,760
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 55 50 0
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 475 230 250
Italian 3,480 1,725 1,750
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 670 345 325
Serbian 15 0 10
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 85 50 40
Spanish 880 425 460
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 30 0 15
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 510 320 195
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 490 295 195
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 0 0 0
Caribbean origins 2,325 1,080 1,245
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 375 205 165
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 50 20 30
Dominican 70 15 55
Grenadian 165 70 90
Haitian 450 235 215
Jamaican 770 400 365
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 10 0 0
St. Lucian 165 30 135
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 300 140 165
Vincentian/Grenadinian 105 60 45
West Indian, n.o.s. 105 50 55
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 40 15 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,525 735 795
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 40 25 20
Argentinian 35 0 25
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 25 0 20
Chilean 40 20 25
Colombian 50 20 35
Costa Rican 40 0 35
Ecuadorian 15 0 0
Guatemalan 115 60 50
Guyanese 225 100 125
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 100 70 35
Maya 40 30 0
Mexican 255 125 130
Nicaraguan 155 125 35
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 165 70 90
Salvadorean 245 110 135
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 90 0 65
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 30 0 15
African origins 1,600 855 745
Central and West African origins 530 275 250
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 85 40 45
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 195 85 110
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 20 0 0
Guinean 80 65 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 10 0 0
Nigerian 35 30 0
Peulh 30 0 0
Senegalese 30 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 25 10 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 40 15 20
North African origins 620 355 260
Algerian 160 105 50
Berber 100 45 55
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 80 45 35
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 300 170 130
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 190 85 105
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 15 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 20 0 0
Mauritian 30 25 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 95 40 50
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 260 125 130
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 250 130 120
Asian origins 2,440 1,315 1,125
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 800 505 295
Afghan 70 30 40
Arab, n.o.s. 265 210 60
Armenian 45 35 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 25 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 140 75 65
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 170 80 90
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 25 15 10
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 45 30 15
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 15 10 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 810 370 435
Bangladeshi 35 20 10
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 625 285 340
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 125 80 40
Punjabi 25 0 0
Sinhalese 20 10 10
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 20 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 885 450 430
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 225 115 105
Chinese 530 290 240
Filipino 130 65 65
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 25 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 110 70 35
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 0 0 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 90,710 45,130 45,585
Buddhist 335 195 135
Christian 79,405 39,110 40,300
Anglican 1,580 710 875
Baptist 480 220 255
Catholic 71,005 35,030 35,970
Christian Orthodox 960 480 480
Lutheran 135 60 70
Pentecostal 630 280 350
Presbyterian 355 185 165
United Church 850 455 395
Other Christian 3,425 1,690 1,730
Hindu 260 125 135
Jewish 120 70 55
Muslim 1,085 605 480
Sikh 55 25 35
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 145 65 80
No religious affiliation 9,265 4,940 4,325
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 90,710 45,125 45,585
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,375 730 645
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 900 455 440
Métis single identity 390 225 165
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 85 55 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 89,335 44,395 44,935
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 90,710 45,130 45,585
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 540 290 250
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 90,170 44,835 45,330
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 90,710 45,125 45,585
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,575 1,800 1,775
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,100 1,570 1,530
Métis ancestry 400 195 200
Inuit ancestry 95 55 45
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 87,135 43,325 43,810
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 9,465 4,650 4,815
Aboriginal languages 20 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,445 4,645 4,800
Italian 1,320 710 610
Portuguese 315 160 155
Romanian 380 190 190
Spanish 2,870 1,270 1,600
Dutch 140 55 80
Flemish 15 10 0
German 480 235 250
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 80 40 40
Croatian 35 30 0
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 330 160 175
Russian 780 430 355
Serbian 15 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 70 40 25
Ukrainian 75 40 35
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 320 165 155
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 155 70 85
Turkish 40 15 20
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 50 30 20
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 545 290 260
Hebrew 145 90 60
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 40 25 15
Gujarati 25 0 0
Hindi 90 45 45
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 70 45 30
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0
Urdu 140 65 75
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 70 35 35
Persian (Farsi) 155 85 70
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 45 25 20
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 60 45 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 30 20 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 95 90
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 190 100 95
Vietnamese 60 30 30
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 80 30 50
Akan (Twi) 20 0 0
Lingala 115 40 70
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 30 0 0
Swahili 15 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 65 45
African languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0
Creoles 455 180 270
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 225 110 120
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 89,655 44,625 45,035
Non-movers 80,230 39,970 40,265
Movers 9,425 4,655 4,775
Non-migrants 3,655 1,820 1,835
Migrants 5,770 2,835 2,935
Internal migrants 5,595 2,755 2,845
Intraprovincial migrants 5,470 2,685 2,780
Interprovincial migrants 130 65 60
External migrants 170 80 90
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 85,290 42,320 42,975
Non-movers 56,520 28,525 27,995
Movers 28,770 13,790 14,985
Non-migrants 11,250 5,250 6,005
Migrants 17,520 8,545 8,980
Internal migrants 16,805 8,200 8,605
Intraprovincial migrants 16,580 8,060 8,515
Interprovincial migrants 225 140 85
External migrants 715 345 370
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 74,705 36,740 37,965
No certificate, diploma or degree 18,180 9,605 8,575
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 19,605 9,225 10,380
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 36,910 17,905 19,005
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 14,630 8,655 5,980
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,865 5,070 6,795
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,850 1,130 1,720
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 7,570 3,050 4,515
Bachelor's degree 5,455 2,075 3,375
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 2,115 980 1,140
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 49,525 24,330 25,195
No certificate, diploma or degree 7,790 4,495 3,290
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,560 5,990 6,570
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 29,175 13,845 15,335
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 11,595 6,700 4,895
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 8,775 3,680 5,095
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,310 935 1,370
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 6,505 2,530 3,975
Bachelor's degree 4,780 1,795 2,990
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 1,725 735 985
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 74,705 36,740 37,965
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 37,790 18,835 18,955
Education 2,670 480 2,190
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,015 390 630
Humanities 1,655 695 965
Social and behavioural sciences and law 2,540 555 1,980
Business, management and public administration 8,680 2,590 6,090
Physical and life sciences and technologies 705 425 280
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 1,470 1,085 385
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,800 8,995 810
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 870 625 250
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,370 515 3,850
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,120 1,560 1,560
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 74,705 36,740 37,970
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 37,790 18,835 18,955
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 36,915 17,905 19,010
Location of study inside Canada 34,630 16,770 17,865
Same as province or territory of residence 33,965 16,375 17,590
Another province or territory 665 390 275
Location of study outside Canada 2,285 1,140 1,145
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 53,050 27,455 25,595
Single responses 48,300 25,065 23,235
English 6,870 3,685 3,185
French 41,285 21,295 19,985
Non-official languages 150 80 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 75 50 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 50 0 35
Multiple responses 4,750 2,385 2,355
English and French 4,575 2,330 2,245
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 60 15 50
English, French and non-official language 95 50 45
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 53,045 27,455 25,595
English 6,870 3,690 3,185
French 41,280 21,295 19,990
Non-official language 145 85 70
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 145 85 65
English and French 4,570 2,330 2,245
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 60 10 50
English, French and non-official language 95 50 45
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 74,700 36,740 37,970
In the labour force 49,955 25,815 24,140
Employed 46,820 24,160 22,660
Unemployed 3,135 1,655 1,480
Not in the labour force 24,750 10,925 13,825
Participation rate 66.9 70.3 63.6
Employment rate 62.7 65.8 59.7
Unemployment rate 6.3 6.4 6.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 49,955 25,820 24,140
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 940 440 500
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,015 25,375 23,640
Employee 43,775 21,920 21,855
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,245 3,455 1,785
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 49,955 25,815 24,140
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 940 440 500
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,015 25,375 23,640
0 Management occupations 4,820 3,140 1,675
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,825 2,400 6,420
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 2,575 1,905 675
3 Health occupations 2,785 325 2,460
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 4,775 1,140 3,635
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 990 390 605
6 Sales and service occupations 11,030 4,535 6,500
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 9,655 8,955 695
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 1,025 730 290
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,535 1,855 675
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 49,955 25,815 24,140
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 945 435 505
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 49,010 25,375 23,640
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 1,665 1,065 600
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 120 110 0
22 Utilities 400 295 105
23 Construction 3,995 3,335 660
31-33 Manufacturing 5,520 4,130 1,390
41 Wholesale trade 2,660 1,710 955
44-45 Retail trade 6,225 2,810 3,415
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,720 2,840 875
51 Information and cultural industries 835 445 390
52 Finance and insurance 2,320 700 1,620
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 740 415 320
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,465 1,210 1,255
55 Management of companies and enterprises 35 15 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,805 1,185 620
61 Educational services 3,130 740 2,390
62 Health care and social assistance 5,320 695 4,625
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 735 350 390
72 Accommodation and food services 2,455 925 1,540
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,535 1,185 1,350
91 Public administration 2,340 1,235 1,110
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 49,955 25,820 24,140
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,335 1,115 1,225
Worked in 2010 47,615 24,705 22,915
1 to 13 weeks 2,090 1,030 1,060
14 to 26 weeks 3,300 1,665 1,635
27 to 39 weeks 3,430 1,840 1,595
40 to 48 weeks 8,850 4,370 4,480
49 to 52 weeks 29,940 15,800 14,140
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.0 45.2 44.8
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 49,955 25,815 24,140
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,335 1,110 1,225
Worked in 2010 47,620 24,700 22,915
Worked full-time in 2010 38,835 21,760 17,075
Worked part-time in 2010 8,785 2,945 5,840
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 46,820 24,160 22,660
Worked at home 2,845 1,420 1,425
Worked outside Canada 45 25 30
No fixed workplace address 4,930 3,780 1,145
Worked at usual place 38,995 18,935 20,060
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 43,920 22,720 21,205
Car, truck or van - as a driver 36,580 20,085 16,490
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,880 545 1,335
Public transit 3,450 1,180 2,270
Walked 1,550 645 905
Bicycle 270 175 95
Other methods 200 85 115
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 43,920 22,720 21,205
Median commuting duration 25.6 30.2 20.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 43,925 22,720 21,205
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 15,190 9,785 5,410
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 19,860 8,295 11,575
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,870 4,645 4,225
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 35,810 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 33,330 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,475 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 35,805 ... ...
1960 or before 7,910 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,510 ... ...
1981 to 1990 5,395 ... ...
1991 to 2000 3,435 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,435 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 4,120 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 35,805 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 7,325 ... ...
5 rooms 5,830 ... ...
6 rooms 5,380 ... ...
7 rooms 5,940 ... ...
8 or more rooms 11,330 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.5 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 35,805 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 2,890 ... ...
2 bedrooms 9,535 ... ...
3 bedrooms 15,040 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 8,340 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 35,805 ... ...
Owner 28,115 ... ...
Renter 7,690 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 35,810 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 1,555 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 34,250 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 35,805 ... ...
1 household maintainer 21,085 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,430 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 290 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 35,805 ... ...
Under 25 years 850 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,045 ... ...
35 to 44 years 6,140 ... ...
45 to 54 years 8,585 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,710 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,925 ... ...
75 years and over 3,555 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 35,810 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 35,555 ... ...
More than one person per room 250 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 35,810 ... ...
Suitable 34,570 ... ...
Not suitable 1,235 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 35,435 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 27,960 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 7,475 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 6,260 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 27,775 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 62.5 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 16.5 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 942 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 964 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 219,218 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 231,479 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 7,685 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 10.3 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 657 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 673 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 74,705 36,740 37,965
Without income 3,740 1,575 2,170
With income 70,965 35,170 35,795
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 5,845 3,010 2,845
$5,000 to $9,999 4,770 1,670 3,100
$10,000 to $14,999 7,005 2,490 4,510
$15,000 to $19,999 7,155 2,750 4,410
$20,000 to $29,999 10,850 4,945 5,905
$30,000 to $39,999 10,815 5,270 5,545
$40,000 to $49,999 8,540 4,490 4,050
$50,000 to $59,999 5,920 3,520 2,405
$60,000 to $79,999 6,440 4,350 2,090
$80,000 to $99,999 2,055 1,505 550
$100,000 and over 1,555 1,165 390
$100,000 to $124,999 895 655 245
$125,000 and over 655 510 150
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 29,839 35,476 24,370
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,577 39,763 29,482
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 74,705 36,740 37,965
Without after-tax income 3,830 1,575 2,260
With after-tax income 70,870 35,165 35,705
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 5,945 3,055 2,895
$5,000 to $9,999 4,950 1,695 3,250
$10,000 to $14,999 7,150 2,635 4,515
$15,000 to $19,999 8,175 3,210 4,965
$20,000 to $29,999 13,040 6,225 6,815
$30,000 to $39,999 13,590 6,975 6,615
$40,000 to $49,999 8,830 5,025 3,800
$50,000 to $59,999 4,900 3,165 1,740
$60,000 to $79,999 3,130 2,295 835
$80,000 to $99,999 670 510 165
$100,000 and over 495 380 115
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 27,010 31,043 22,806
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,255 32,834 25,731
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 84.2 88.2 79.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 72.5 74.8 69.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 69.5 71.3 67.0
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.0 3.5 2.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.2 3.8 2.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.2 8.4 5.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.2 1.4
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 15.8 11.8 21.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.3 4.0 4.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.9 3.0 5.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.6 2.3 3.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.6 0.2 5.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.4 2.2 2.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 15.5 17.4 12.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 84.5 82.6 87.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.9 4.3 0.9
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 25,540 14,200 11,340
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 41,710 45,576 37,731
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 46,359 50,647 40,988
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,960 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,998 ... ...
Average family income ($) 78,548 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,416 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,304 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,070 ... ...
Median family income ($) 61,256 ... ...
Average family income ($) 67,686 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,690 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 56,868 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 12,295 ... ...
Median family income ($) 90,192 ... ...
Average family income ($) 95,557 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 76,593 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 80,017 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,835 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,394 ... ...
Average family income ($) 52,616 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 44,314 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 46,732 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 10,040 4,920 5,120
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,695 30,914 23,279
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 33,472 36,406 30,650
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 24,599 27,348 22,430
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 28,476 30,492 26,537
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 90,715 45,130 45,585
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 50,130 24,590 25,535
In bottom decile 6,355 3,230 3,135
In second decile 8,130 3,615 4,510
In third decile 11,315 5,450 5,865
In fourth decile 11,610 5,775 5,835
In fifth decile 12,725 6,525 6,195
In top half of the Canadian distribution 40,580 20,535 20,045
In sixth decile 11,325 5,675 5,645
In seventh decile 11,445 5,955 5,485
In eighth decile 8,990 4,520 4,470
In ninth decile 5,750 2,895 2,855
In top decile 3,075 1,485 1,585
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 35,810 ... ...
Under $5,000 850 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 455 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,155 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,555 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,005 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,740 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,725 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,260 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,065 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,655 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,740 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,790 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,810 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 35,810 ... ...
Under $5,000 860 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 455 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,175 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,685 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,465 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,510 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,735 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,890 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,905 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,230 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,900 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,560 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,340 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 35,810 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 60,746 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 68,526 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 52,744 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 57,907 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 8,250 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 27,237 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 34,766 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 25,310 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 29,572 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 27,555 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 71,970 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 78,631 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 62,445 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 66,388 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 90,710 45,125 45,580
Less than 18 years 19,640 10,205 9,435
Less than 6 years 6,500 3,385 3,115
18 to 64 years 58,075 28,795 29,280
65 years and over 13,000 6,125 6,870
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 10,490 4,945 5,545
Less than 18 years 2,285 1,270 1,015
Less than 6 years 725 425 300
18 to 64 years 6,375 3,055 3,325
65 years and over 1,825 620 1,205
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 11.6 11.0 12.2
Less than 18 years (%) 11.6 12.4 10.8
Less than 6 years (%) 11.2 12.6 9.6
18 to 64 years (%) 11.0 10.6 11.4
65 years and over (%) 14.0 10.1 17.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Châteauguay--Lacolle, Quebec (Code 24021) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Châteauguay--Lacolle, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Châteauguay--Lacolle, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Châteauguay--Lacolle
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 92,170 45,590 46,580
0 to 4 years 5,400 2,770 2,625
5 to 9 years 5,090 2,585 2,505
10 to 14 years 5,530 2,855 2,675
15 to 19 years 6,700 3,430 3,270
15 years 1,255 640 620
16 years 1,330 670 655
17 years 1,345 675 665
18 years 1,370 720 645
19 years 1,410 725 685
20 to 24 years 5,530 2,845 2,685
25 to 29 years 5,075 2,575 2,500
30 to 34 years 5,830 2,880 2,950
35 to 39 years 5,635 2,790 2,845
40 to 44 years 6,230 3,095 3,135
45 to 49 years 7,710 3,870 3,845
50 to 54 years 7,820 3,810 4,015
55 to 59 years 6,285 3,155 3,130
60 to 64 years 5,360 2,660 2,700
65 to 69 years 4,535 2,200 2,335
70 to 74 years 3,480 1,595 1,880
75 to 79 years 2,685 1,240 1,445
80 to 84 years 1,850 810 1,040
85 years and over 1,415 420 990
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 41.1 40.1 42.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.6 82.0 83.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 76,150 37,380 38,770
Married or living with a common-law partner 46,200 23,260 22,940
Married (and not separated) 29,745 15,015 14,735
Living common law 16,455 8,240 8,205
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 29,945 14,115 15,830
Single (never legally married) 20,025 10,870 9,150
Separated 1,120 510 610
Divorced 4,450 1,825 2,620
Widowed 4,355 905 3,445
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,100 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,195 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,045 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,535 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,320 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,100 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 22,715 ... ...
Married couples 14,500 ... ...
Without children at home 7,260 ... ...
With children at home 7,235 ... ...
1 child 2,845 ... ...
2 children 3,005 ... ...
3 or more children 1,385 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,215 ... ...
Without children at home 3,345 ... ...
With children at home 4,870 ... ...
1 child 1,875 ... ...
2 children 2,155 ... ...
3 or more children 845 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,390 ... ...
Female parent 3,255 ... ...
1 child 1,885 ... ...
2 children 990 ... ...
3 or more children 385 ... ...
Male parent 1,135 ... ...
1 child 710 ... ...
2 children 335 ... ...
3 or more children 85 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 29,160 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,380 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,505 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,845 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,540 ... ...
25 years and over 2,895 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 90,710 44,935 45,775
Number of persons not in census families 11,740 5,490 6,250
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,665 695 970
Living with non-relatives only 1,740 940 805
Living alone 8,335 3,855 4,480
Number of census family persons 78,975 39,450 39,525
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,985 6,020 6,960
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,110 1,275 2,830
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 645 175 470
Living with non-relatives only 305 155 145
Living alone 3,165 940 2,220
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,875 4,745 4,130
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 35,820 ... ...
Census-family households 26,670 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,905 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 21,300 ... ...
Without children 9,945 ... ...
With children 11,355 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,610 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,760 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,350 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 865 ... ...
Without children 340 ... ...
With children 525 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 480 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 415 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,150 ... ...
One-person households 8,335 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 810 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 35,815 ... ...
Single-detached house 25,740 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 110 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 260 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 9,710 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,730 ... ...
Row house 545 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 1,340 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 5,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 135 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 35,815 ... ...
1 person 8,340 ... ...
2 persons 12,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,115 ... ...
4 persons 5,725 ... ...
5 persons 2,035 ... ...
6 or more persons 840 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 90,715 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 91,800 45,480 46,320
  Single responses  90,000 44,595 45,410
    English  14,185 6,930 7,250
    French  69,775 34,470 35,310
    Non-official languages  6,040 3,190 2,850
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,925 3,140 2,785
        African languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  10 10 0
        Albanian  10 10 0
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  430 235 200
        Armenian  10 10 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 10 10
        Bengali  85 45 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  20 15 10
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  5 5 0
        Bulgarian  60 30 30
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  25 15 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  145 70 75
        Creoles  170 70 95
        Croatian  35 15 15
        Czech  15 10 10
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  60 25 35
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  15 10 10
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  250 110 140
        Greek  160 90 65
        Gujarati  5 5 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  15 5 10
        Hindi  5 5 5
        Hungarian  80 45 35
        Ilocano  0 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Italian  655 375 280
        Japanese  5 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  55 25 30
        Korean  10 5 5
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  15 10 5
        Lithuanian  10 5 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 5
        Mandarin  20 10 10
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  35 20 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  50 30 20
        Pashto  20 15 5
        Persian (Farsi)  100 55 45
        Polish  315 145 165
        Portuguese  195 105 95
        Romanian  300 150 145
        Rundi (Kirundi)  35 20 20
        Russian  460 235 230
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  30 15 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  10 10 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  15 10 5
        Slovenian  15 5 5
        Somali  30 10 15
        Spanish  1,525 900 625
        Swahili  10 10 5
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  50 15 40
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 10 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  55 30 30
        Ukrainian  60 30 30
        Urdu  25 20 10
        Vietnamese  60 30 35
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 105 45 60
  Multiple responses          1,795 885 910
    English and French  1,175 575 600
    English and non-official language  170 75 90
    French and non-official language  340 175 160
    English, French and non-official language 120 60 60
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 91,800 45,480 46,315
  English only 6,065 2,940 3,120
  French only 40,680 18,895 21,785
  English and French 44,475 23,250 21,220
  Neither English nor French 580 390 190
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 91,800 45,480 46,320
  English 16,495 8,105 8,390
  French 72,705 35,930 36,780
  English and French 2,025 1,060 965
  Neither English nor French 570 385 190
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 17,510 8,635 8,875
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 19.1 19.0 19.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 91,795 45,480 46,315
  Single responses 89,445 44,345 45,100
    English 15,700 7,685 8,010
    French 70,535 34,925 35,610
    Non-official languages 3,215 1,730 1,485
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,175 1,710 1,465
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 10 10 5
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 170 80 90
        Armenian 5 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Bengali 65 30 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 10 5 5
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 5 0 0
        Bulgarian 35 20 15
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 20 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s. 105 45 55
        Creoles 50 20 35
        Croatian 20 5 10
        Czech 5 5 0
        Danish 0 5 0
        Dutch 5 0 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 40 15 20
        Greek 50 25 25
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 0 5
        Hindi 0 0 0
        Hungarian 25 10 15
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 115 55 60
        Japanese 0 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian) 50 20 30
        Korean 10 5 5
        Kurdish 0 0 0
        Lao 5 0 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 5
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 15 5 5
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 5 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 45 25 15
        Pashto 25 10 10
        Persian (Farsi) 70 35 35
        Polish 180 90 90
        Portuguese 75 35 35
        Romanian 235 120 110
        Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0
        Russian 410 215 200
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 10 0 5
        Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 5
        Somali 20 10 10
        Spanish 1,100 680 415
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 0 0 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 45 20 25
        Ukrainian 30 15 10
        Urdu 20 10 5
        Vietnamese 40 20 20
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 40 20 20
  Multiple responses         2,355 1,140 1,215
    English and French 1,180 550 635
    English and non-official language 305 150 160
    French and non-official language 655 330 330
    English, French and non-official language 210 110 100
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 91,800 45,480 46,320
  None 80,165 39,645 40,520
  Single responses  11,070 5,545 5,525
    English  5,510 2,790 2,715
    French  3,820 1,890 1,930
    Non-official languages  1,735 860 880
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,650 820 825
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  5 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  165 95 75
        Armenian  0 5 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  25 10 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 5 5
        Chinese, n.o.s.  20 15 5
        Creoles  130 55 75
        Croatian  5 5 0
        Czech  0 0 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  10 10 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 0
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  80 40 40
        Greek  60 30 30
        Gujarati  5 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 0 5
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  25 15 10
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  265 140 120
        Japanese  10 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 5
        Korean  0 5 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  5 0 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  10 10 5
        Lithuanian  5 0 5
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 5
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  0 0 0
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 35 20 20
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  10 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 5 0
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  10 10 5
        Polish  50 20 25
        Portuguese  60 25 30
        Romanian  35 20 10
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 5 5
        Russian  40 15 25
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  5 5 0
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  5 5 0
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  5 0 5
        Spanish  365 180 190
        Swahili  5 0 5
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  30 15 20
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  10 5 0
        Ukrainian  15 5 10
        Urdu  10 10 5
        Vietnamese  15 0 10
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 85 35 45
  Multiple responses          570 295 270
    English and French  235 130 105
    English and non-official language  165 80 85
    French and non-official language  165 85 80
    English, French and non-official language  5 5 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Châteauguay--Lacolle, Quebec (Code 24021) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 19, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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