NHS Profile, Gatineau, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Gatineau, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Gatineau
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 104,810 50,760 54,050
Canadian citizens 101,940 49,370 52,575
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,405 10,960 10,440
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 80,540 38,410 42,135
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 2,865 1,395 1,480
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 104,810 50,765 54,050
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 96,600 46,870 49,730
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 7,915 3,725 4,190
Before 1971 630 330 300
1971 to 1980 895 480 415
1981 to 1990 1,060 500 560
1991 to 2000 1,660 725 935
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,670 1,685 1,985
2001 to 2005 1,480 630 850
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,190 1,055 1,135
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 295 160 130
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 7,915 3,730 4,185
Under 5 years 1,130 475 655
5 to 14 years 1,405 740 665
15 to 24 years 1,655 770 880
25 to 44 years 3,175 1,505 1,670
45 years and over 555 240 315
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 104,810 50,765 54,050
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 96,600 46,870 49,730
Born in province of residence 75,780 36,790 38,995
Born outside province of residence 20,820 10,080 10,740
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 7,915 3,730 4,190
Americas 1,760 790 965
United States 140 55 85
Jamaica 20 15 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Haiti 480 165 315
Mexico 100 45 55
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 360 185 170
El Salvador 90 55 30
Peru 25 0 15
Chile 75 40 40
Other places of birth in Americas 455 210 250
Europe 2,055 975 1,080
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 85 45 45
Italy 70 35 30
Germany 140 50 95
Poland 45 0 30
Portugal 550 295 255
Netherlands 15 0 15
France 455 220 235
Romania 150 55 100
Russian Federation 45 15 30
Greece 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
Croatia 65 45 25
Hungary 35 15 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 130 50 85
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 220 110 105
Africa 2,215 1,085 1,130
Morocco 170 80 95
Algeria 265 125 135
Egypt 45 25 20
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 80 30 40
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,650 820 825
Asia 1,875 875 1,005
India 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 220 70 150
Philippines 80 0 60
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 70 35 35
Pakistan 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 20 0 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 15 0 0
Lebanon 1,140 575 570
Taiwan 0 0 0
Iraq 100 35 60
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 30 15 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 140 80 60
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 295 160 135
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 2,190 1,055 1,130
Americas 530 215 315
United States 30 0 0
Mexico 45 30 15
Cuba 45 0 30
Haiti 150 55 100
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 20 10 10
Colombia 135 65 70
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 25 0 15
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 80 30 55
Europe 205 110 95
France 70 40 30
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 55 30 30
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 10 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 45 30 20
Africa 1,045 530 515
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 120 55 70
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 60 25 35
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 60 20 45
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 225 150 80
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 540 265 270
Asia 410 205 205
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 35 0 30
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 215 110 110
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 35 20 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 20 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 104,810 50,760 54,050
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 8,400 3,990 4,405
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 5,820 2,990 2,830
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 90,590 43,780 46,810
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 104,810 50,760 54,050
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 7,520 3,705 3,815
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 90 40 50
Chinese 345 130 210
Black 3,350 1,590 1,765
Filipino 115 20 90
Latin American 1,065 550 515
Arab 1,995 1,065 925
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 210 100 110
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 115 65 45
Korean 50 20 35
Japanese 20 0 10
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 90 65 25
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 80 50 35
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 97,290 47,060 50,235
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 104,810 50,760 54,050
North American Aboriginal origins 8,760 4,210 4,550
First Nations (North American Indian) 7,445 3,520 3,920
Inuit 40 25 15
Métis 1,460 755 705
Other North American origins 71,075 34,420 36,655
Acadian 480 225 260
American 625 305 325
Canadian 69,660 33,665 36,000
New Brunswicker 35 0 25
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 55 40 15
Québécois 1,385 695 695
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 15 0 0
European origins 46,755 22,765 23,995
British Isles origins 12,645 5,915 6,730
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 4,310 1,920 2,395
Irish 7,700 3,560 4,140
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,790 1,385 1,405
Welsh 80 40 40
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 245 135 110
French origins 35,375 17,125 18,255
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 160 90 75
French 35,255 17,070 18,190
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,645 1,765 1,880
Austrian 50 35 15
Belgian 630 280 350
Dutch 480 225 255
Flemish 15 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,470 1,190 1,280
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 195 110 80
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 265 140 125
Danish 55 25 30
Finnish 45 0 0
Icelandic 15 0 0
Norwegian 45 30 20
Swedish 110 50 65
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 1,350 760 590
Bulgarian 75 45 25
Byelorussian 30 0 0
Czech 30 0 0
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 155 105 50
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 40 0 25
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 420 225 200
Romanian 225 100 125
Russian 210 135 70
Slovak 20 0 0
Ukrainian 295 175 115
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 4,140 2,110 2,025
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 110 25 80
Croatian 85 60 30
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 115 50 65
Italian 1,475 705 770
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,470 805 665
Serbian 225 110 115
Sicilian 40 0 0
Slovenian 50 20 25
Spanish 695 355 345
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 50 30 20
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 110 75 40
Basque 20 0 0
Jewish 75 55 20
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 20 0 0
Caribbean origins 980 480 500
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 75 40 35
Dominican 50 40 10
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 740 340 395
Jamaican 60 50 15
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 15 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 70 0 50
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 35 20 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 1,265 650 615
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 40 25 15
Argentinian 40 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 90 45 50
Chilean 45 30 20
Colombian 355 190 165
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 55 20 40
Guyanese 0 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 60 30 25
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 160 100 60
Nicaraguan 40 0 35
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 75 20 45
Salvadorean 150 115 40
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 55 20 40
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 55 25 0
African origins 3,385 1,620 1,765
Central and West African origins 1,790 820 965
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 40 35 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 20 0 0
Burkinabe 85 35 45
Cameroonian 140 50 90
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 925 420 510
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 20 0 0
Guinean 55 35 25
Ibo 35 0 0
Ivorian 70 25 45
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 25 15 0
Nigerian 110 50 55
Peulh 30 0 0
Senegalese 60 30 25
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 175 80 95
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 125 65 65
North African origins 740 345 395
Algerian 210 95 120
Berber 120 50 70
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 160 75 85
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 230 115 115
Sudanese 20 0 0
Tunisian 25 15 10
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 375 170 200
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 215 105 110
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 130 55 80
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 515 300 210
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 505 300 210
Asian origins 3,630 1,835 1,790
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,700 1,450 1,250
Afghan 50 35 15
Arab, n.o.s. 175 85 95
Armenian 105 65 40
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 0 0 0
Iraqi 65 20 45
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 25 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 2,145 1,145 995
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 135 85 50
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 30 20 0
Uighur 30 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 170 90 75
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 135 65 70
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 25 20 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 785 315 465
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 45 0 35
Chinese 395 155 240
Filipino 120 20 100
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 15 0 0
Japanese 20 0 15
Korean 55 20 35
Laotian 40 25 15
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 125 75 45
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 10 0 10
Australian 10 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 104,810 50,760 54,050
Buddhist 190 85 105
Christian 90,145 42,995 47,155
Anglican 245 150 90
Baptist 750 285 460
Catholic 84,075 40,020 44,055
Christian Orthodox 655 345 310
Lutheran 65 30 35
Pentecostal 605 305 300
Presbyterian 40 25 20
United Church 290 145 140
Other Christian 3,425 1,685 1,740
Hindu 10 0 10
Jewish 45 35 15
Muslim 1,470 770 700
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 15 0 0
Other religions 135 65 70
No religious affiliation 12,790 6,805 5,985
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 104,810 50,760 54,050
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,865 1,935 1,930
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,110 1,040 1,075
Métis single identity 1,625 835 795
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 45 25 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 65 30 40
Non-Aboriginal identity 100,945 48,825 52,120
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 104,810 50,760 54,050
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 725 345 375
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 104,085 50,410 53,675
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 104,810 50,760 54,050
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 8,765 4,210 4,555
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 7,445 3,520 3,920
Métis ancestry 1,460 755 705
Inuit ancestry 40 25 15
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 96,045 46,550 49,495
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 11,115 5,295 5,815
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,105 5,300 5,810
Italian 415 210 205
Portuguese 1,225 645 580
Romanian 185 80 105
Spanish 3,475 1,455 2,020
Dutch 65 45 25
Flemish 0 0 0
German 315 150 160
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 15 0 10
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 20 15 10
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Croatian 55 35 20
Czech 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 65 35 35
Russian 165 90 80
Serbian 150 70 80
Serbo-Croatian 65 40 30
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 20 0 0
Armenian 0 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 40 25 20
Turkish 0 0 0
Berber languages (Kabyle) 85 30 55
Oromo 70 25 45
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 2,545 1,315 1,230
Hebrew 15 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 65 40 25
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 75 45 25
Korean 40 0 20
Cantonese 40 15 25
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 85 40 40
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 65 70
Lao 30 15 0
Thai 15 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 0 35
Vietnamese 85 50 35
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 90 0 80
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 255 120 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 70 65
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 110 30 80
Swahili 505 245 255
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 120 75 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 230 80 145
African languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20
Creoles 535 245 290
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 465 255 215
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 103,530 50,065 53,465
Non-movers 89,450 42,915 46,535
Movers 14,085 7,150 6,935
Non-migrants 10,890 5,615 5,275
Migrants 3,200 1,535 1,660
Internal migrants 2,660 1,235 1,430
Intraprovincial migrants 1,720 780 935
Interprovincial migrants 945 455 490
External migrants 530 300 230
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 98,805 47,620 51,185
Non-movers 59,585 28,435 31,150
Movers 39,220 19,180 20,040
Non-migrants 28,680 14,030 14,655
Migrants 10,545 5,155 5,385
Internal migrants 8,640 4,275 4,370
Intraprovincial migrants 5,965 3,015 2,950
Interprovincial migrants 2,680 1,260 1,415
External migrants 1,905 880 1,025
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 87,355 41,865 45,485
No certificate, diploma or degree 21,610 10,975 10,635
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,480 8,880 11,600
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 45,265 22,010 23,255
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 12,560 7,215 5,345
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 15,815 7,105 8,715
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,460 1,465 1,990
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 13,435 6,230 7,205
Bachelor's degree 8,900 3,710 5,195
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 4,530 2,515 2,015
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 59,875 29,060 30,815
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,015 5,395 4,620
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 13,415 5,880 7,530
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 36,445 17,785 18,660
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 9,800 5,575 4,225
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,090 5,580 6,510
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 2,695 1,175 1,520
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 11,865 5,455 6,410
Bachelor's degree 7,870 3,295 4,575
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 3,990 2,155 1,835
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 87,355 41,870 45,485
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 42,090 19,855 22,235
Education 3,020 695 2,320
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,600 790 805
Humanities 2,385 1,010 1,375
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,785 1,720 3,065
Business, management and public administration 12,135 4,035 8,095
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,270 765 505
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,895 2,055 845
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,130 7,770 365
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 550 355 190
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,850 905 3,945
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,645 1,910 1,735
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 87,355 41,865 45,485
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 42,090 19,855 22,235
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 45,265 22,010 23,250
Location of study inside Canada 42,990 20,855 22,135
Same as province or territory of residence 30,240 14,480 15,755
Another province or territory 12,750 6,370 6,375
Location of study outside Canada 2,275 1,155 1,120
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 63,070 31,735 31,335
Single responses 57,995 29,170 28,830
English 14,895 8,490 6,400
French 42,970 20,590 22,380
Non-official languages 135 85 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 45 35 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 50 30 20
Multiple responses 5,070 2,570 2,500
English and French 4,920 2,480 2,445
English and non-official language 50 35 10
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 85 45 45
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 63,065 31,735 31,335
English 14,890 8,490 6,400
French 42,965 20,590 22,375
Non-official language 135 85 50
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 135 85 55
English and French 4,925 2,480 2,445
English and non-official language 45 40 10
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 90 45 45
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 87,355 41,865 45,490
In the labour force 59,690 30,215 29,475
Employed 56,425 28,150 28,280
Unemployed 3,265 2,065 1,200
Not in the labour force 27,665 11,650 16,010
Participation rate 68.3 72.2 64.8
Employment rate 64.6 67.2 62.2
Unemployment rate 5.5 6.8 4.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 59,690 30,215 29,475
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,060 630 430
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,630 29,585 29,045
Employee 54,205 26,850 27,355
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,425 2,730 1,690
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 59,690 30,215 29,475
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,065 635 425
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,630 29,580 29,050
0 Management occupations 5,685 3,465 2,220
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 13,790 3,920 9,870
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,915 3,085 830
3 Health occupations 3,235 595 2,640
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 7,240 2,485 4,755
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,570 725 840
6 Sales and service occupations 14,935 7,525 7,405
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 7,055 6,775 280
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 395 330 65
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 815 665 155
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 59,690 30,215 29,475
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,060 635 425
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 58,630 29,585 29,050
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 110 85 30
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 55 35 0
22 Utilities 335 300 30
23 Construction 4,300 3,895 410
31-33 Manufacturing 1,995 1,540 450
41 Wholesale trade 1,015 845 170
44-45 Retail trade 7,600 3,655 3,945
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,995 1,680 320
51 Information and cultural industries 1,025 565 455
52 Finance and insurance 1,160 340 825
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 675 415 260
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 2,500 1,510 990
55 Management of companies and enterprises 25 25 0
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,955 1,845 1,105
61 Educational services 4,035 1,315 2,720
62 Health care and social assistance 6,565 1,230 5,335
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,275 755 520
72 Accommodation and food services 3,605 1,835 1,765
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,200 965 1,240
91 Public administration 15,195 6,740 8,450
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 59,690 30,215 29,480
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,845 1,450 1,400
Worked in 2010 56,840 28,765 28,075
1 to 13 weeks 2,185 990 1,195
14 to 26 weeks 4,175 2,060 2,115
27 to 39 weeks 3,120 1,815 1,305
40 to 48 weeks 9,370 4,665 4,705
49 to 52 weeks 37,990 19,235 18,760
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.6 45.7 45.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 59,690 30,215 29,475
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,850 1,450 1,400
Worked in 2010 56,840 28,765 28,080
Worked full-time in 2010 46,630 24,535 22,090
Worked part-time in 2010 10,210 4,225 5,985
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 56,425 28,150 28,275
Worked at home 2,080 845 1,240
Worked outside Canada 110 90 20
No fixed workplace address 5,180 4,125 1,055
Worked at usual place 49,055 23,095 25,960
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 54,240 27,220 27,015
Car, truck or van - as a driver 39,135 21,290 17,845
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,995 1,135 2,865
Public transit 8,465 3,410 5,060
Walked 1,590 715 870
Bicycle 645 485 160
Other methods 405 190 220
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 54,240 27,220 27,020
Median commuting duration 20.8 20.9 20.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 54,240 27,220 27,020
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 18,400 11,185 7,215
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,040 11,375 15,660
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,805 4,660 4,140
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 44,185 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 41,530 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,650 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 44,185 ... ...
1960 or before 4,550 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,335 ... ...
1981 to 1990 9,250 ... ...
1991 to 2000 7,670 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,930 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 3,460 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 44,185 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 10,280 ... ...
5 rooms 8,475 ... ...
6 rooms 7,335 ... ...
7 rooms 6,020 ... ...
8 or more rooms 12,080 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 6.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 44,185 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 4,405 ... ...
2 bedrooms 12,665 ... ...
3 bedrooms 18,655 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 8,465 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 44,185 ... ...
Owner 29,850 ... ...
Renter 14,330 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 44,185 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 3,560 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 40,625 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 44,185 ... ...
1 household maintainer 25,820 ... ...
2 household maintainers 17,905 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 455 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 44,185 ... ...
Under 25 years 1,760 ... ...
25 to 34 years 6,805 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,850 ... ...
45 to 54 years 11,315 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,300 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,855 ... ...
75 years and over 3,305 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 44,185 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 43,775 ... ...
More than one person per room 415 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 44,185 ... ...
Suitable 42,480 ... ...
Not suitable 1,700 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 44,110 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 34,925 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 9,190 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,350 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 29,820 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 66.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 12.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,021 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,009 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 200,385 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 217,890 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 14,335 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 11.9 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 37.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 724 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 776 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 87,355 41,865 45,490
Without income 4,305 1,900 2,400
With income 83,050 39,965 43,085
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 6,330 2,995 3,335
$5,000 to $9,999 5,500 2,120 3,380
$10,000 to $14,999 7,535 2,925 4,605
$15,000 to $19,999 7,115 2,895 4,220
$20,000 to $29,999 10,415 4,350 6,060
$30,000 to $39,999 10,360 5,320 5,035
$40,000 to $49,999 10,030 5,155 4,870
$50,000 to $59,999 8,770 4,050 4,720
$60,000 to $79,999 9,970 5,500 4,470
$80,000 to $99,999 3,960 2,420 1,545
$100,000 and over 3,070 2,230 840
$100,000 to $124,999 1,785 1,265 525
$125,000 and over 1,285 965 320
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,444 38,956 29,856
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,734 44,611 35,209
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 87,355 41,870 45,490
Without after-tax income 4,320 1,905 2,410
With after-tax income 83,035 39,960 43,070
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,475 3,035 3,435
$5,000 to $9,999 5,750 2,160 3,595
$10,000 to $14,999 7,775 3,000 4,775
$15,000 to $19,999 7,650 3,170 4,480
$20,000 to $29,999 13,295 5,930 7,370
$30,000 to $39,999 14,350 7,655 6,700
$40,000 to $49,999 11,985 5,730 6,260
$50,000 to $59,999 7,625 3,995 3,630
$60,000 to $79,999 5,800 3,620 2,175
$80,000 to $99,999 1,495 1,005 490
$100,000 and over 830 665 165
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,357 33,490 26,773
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 32,706 36,039 29,613
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 87.9 90.9 84.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 76.5 78.5 74.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.1 74.2 71.9
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 3.3 4.3 2.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 1.8 2.1 1.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.4 9.3 7.3
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.3 1.0 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 12.1 9.1 15.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.4 3.1 3.8
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.7 2.0 3.5
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.7 1.3 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.0 0.3 3.9
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.3 2.3 2.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 17.7 19.2 15.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 82.3 80.8 84.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 0.7 1.1 0.4
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 33,660 17,465 16,200
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 49,475 52,020 47,820
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 53,073 57,052 48,784
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 30,845 ... ...
Median family income ($) 79,745 ... ...
Average family income ($) 88,844 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,318 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,967 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 11,275 ... ...
Median family income ($) 71,838 ... ...
Average family income ($) 81,326 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 60,609 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 66,061 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 12,690 ... ...
Median family income ($) 105,487 ... ...
Average family income ($) 111,325 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 88,196 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 90,996 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,890 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,066 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,161 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,636 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,006 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 15,645 7,565 8,075
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 30,651 35,006 27,066
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,772 38,633 33,092
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,423 30,895 24,800
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,735 31,668 27,924
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 104,810 50,765 54,050
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 49,540 23,000 26,545
In bottom decile 9,575 4,450 5,125
In second decile 7,820 3,405 4,410
In third decile 9,245 4,165 5,080
In fourth decile 10,850 5,280 5,570
In fifth decile 12,050 5,695 6,355
In top half of the Canadian distribution 55,265 27,760 27,505
In sixth decile 12,085 6,020 6,065
In seventh decile 12,560 6,215 6,345
In eighth decile 12,800 6,535 6,270
In ninth decile 11,300 5,690 5,605
In top decile 6,515 3,295 3,220
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 44,185 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,105 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 730 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,725 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,160 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,110 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,775 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,950 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,340 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,540 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,240 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,955 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,850 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,705 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 44,185 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,130 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 765 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,750 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,250 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 3,745 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,995 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,380 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,240 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,605 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,655 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,790 ... ...
$125,000 and over 2,855 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 44,185 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 63,506 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 74,685 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 54,123 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 61,464 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 12,125 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 34,021 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 37,886 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 29,801 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 31,277 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 32,065 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 79,802 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 88,601 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 67,276 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 72,880 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 104,810 50,760 54,050
Less than 18 years 22,150 11,360 10,790
Less than 6 years 7,285 3,760 3,525
18 to 64 years 70,295 33,960 36,335
65 years and over 12,365 5,440 6,925
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 13,605 6,045 7,560
Less than 18 years 3,100 1,685 1,410
Less than 6 years 985 500 485
18 to 64 years 8,430 3,770 4,660
65 years and over 2,070 585 1,485
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 13.0 11.9 14.0
Less than 18 years (%) 14.0 14.8 13.1
Less than 6 years (%) 13.5 13.3 13.8
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 11.1 12.8
65 years and over (%) 16.7 10.8 21.4

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Gatineau, Quebec (Code 24027) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Gatineau, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Gatineau, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Gatineau
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 106,425 51,320 55,100
0 to 4 years 5,995 3,085 2,910
5 to 9 years 5,450 2,750 2,700
10 to 14 years 6,105 3,045 3,065
15 to 19 years 7,740 3,835 3,905
15 years 1,435 760 675
16 years 1,495 725 770
17 years 1,535 750 790
18 years 1,615 815 800
19 years 1,665 790 875
20 to 24 years 7,300 3,615 3,685
25 to 29 years 6,740 3,410 3,335
30 to 34 years 6,845 3,385 3,460
35 to 39 years 6,675 3,250 3,425
40 to 44 years 7,350 3,550 3,800
45 to 49 years 9,505 4,525 4,975
50 to 54 years 9,335 4,500 4,835
55 to 59 years 7,505 3,620 3,885
60 to 64 years 6,320 3,010 3,310
65 to 69 years 4,725 2,225 2,495
70 to 74 years 3,250 1,445 1,805
75 to 79 years 2,500 1,050 1,450
80 to 84 years 1,765 655 1,100
85 years and over 1,320 360 960
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.3 38.9 41.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.5 82.7 84.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 88,870 42,445 46,425
Married or living with a common-law partner 49,755 24,790 24,970
Married (and not separated) 32,470 16,200 16,270
Living common law 17,285 8,590 8,700
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 39,110 17,655 21,455
Single (never legally married) 25,880 13,495 12,390
Separated 1,875 765 1,110
Divorced 6,505 2,435 4,065
Widowed 4,855 960 3,890
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 30,880 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 15,880 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 7,355 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,630 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,010 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 30,875 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 24,540 ... ...
Married couples 15,905 ... ...
Without children at home 7,985 ... ...
With children at home 7,920 ... ...
1 child 3,315 ... ...
2 children 3,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,300 ... ...
Common-law couples 8,635 ... ...
Without children at home 4,010 ... ...
With children at home 4,625 ... ...
1 child 2,115 ... ...
2 children 1,900 ... ...
3 or more children 610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,340 ... ...
Female parent 4,805 ... ...
1 child 2,875 ... ...
2 children 1,500 ... ...
3 or more children 430 ... ...
Male parent 1,530 ... ...
1 child 1,015 ... ...
2 children 430 ... ...
3 or more children 90 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 31,650 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,030 ... ...
6 to 14 years 10,415 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,320 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,035 ... ...
25 years and over 2,855 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 104,825 50,760 54,065
Number of persons not in census families 17,765 8,185 9,575
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,130 930 1,200
Living with non-relatives only 3,395 1,995 1,400
Living alone 12,235 5,260 6,975
Number of census family persons 87,065 42,575 44,490
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 12,335 5,415 6,915
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,280 1,115 3,170
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 545 100 445
Living with non-relatives only 315 140 175
Living alone 3,425 870 2,550
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,055 4,300 3,750
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 44,205 ... ...
Census-family households 30,390 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 28,195 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 22,945 ... ...
Without children 11,130 ... ...
With children 11,815 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,250 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,195 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,710 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 980 ... ...
Without children 470 ... ...
With children 515 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 730 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 480 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,815 ... ...
One-person households 12,235 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,580 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 44,205 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,110 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 860 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 25 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 23,205 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,535 ... ...
Row house 2,800 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 2,865 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 11,945 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 44,205 ... ...
1 person 12,235 ... ...
2 persons 15,665 ... ...
3 persons 7,695 ... ...
4 persons 5,970 ... ...
5 persons 1,890 ... ...
6 or more persons 750 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 104,825 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.4 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,730 51,075 54,655
  Single responses  103,410 49,965 53,445
    English  6,510 3,245 3,265
    French  89,965 43,285 46,680
    Non-official languages  6,930 3,435 3,495
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 5 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 6,790 3,355 3,430
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 5
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  5 0 5
        Arabic  2,180 1,135 1,045
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 50 30 25
        Bengali  15 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  55 30 25
        Bisayan languages  5 0 0
        Bosnian  45 25 20
        Bulgarian  25 10 15
        Burmese  5 0 0
        Cantonese  25 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  115 55 60
        Creoles  225 100 125
        Croatian  30 20 15
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  35 15 20
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 5 0
        Flemish  0 0 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  105 35 65
        Greek  35 15 10
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  5 5 5
        Hungarian  50 25 25
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  110 65 45
        Japanese  5 0 10
        Khmer (Cambodian)  45 15 30
        Korean  25 5 15
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  30 20 10
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  50 30 25
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  5 5 0
        Malay  5 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  35 15 20
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 75 45 30
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  70 40 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 5 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  90 55 35
        Polish  55 25 30
        Portuguese  930 455 475
        Romanian  150 70 85
        Rundi (Kirundi)  130 65 65
        Russian  75 25 45
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  100 40 60
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  150 75 75
        Serbo-Croatian  95 50 45
        Shanghainese  0 0 5
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 10 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  15 10 5
        Slovenian  10 5 0
        Somali  10 5 5
        Spanish  1,175 555 625
        Swahili  85 55 30
        Swedish  0 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 5 40
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  10 0 5
        Urdu  10 5 5
        Vietnamese  85 45 40
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 140 75 60
  Multiple responses          2,320 1,110 1,215
    English and French  1,540 720 825
    English and non-official language  140 65 70
    French and non-official language  520 260 265
    English, French and non-official language 120 65 55
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,730 51,075 54,655
  English only 3,185 1,675 1,505
  French only 35,970 15,540 20,430
  English and French 66,110 33,645 32,470
  Neither English nor French 465 215 250
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,730 51,075 54,655
  English 8,305 4,185 4,120
  French 94,720 45,550 49,175
  English and French 2,260 1,140 1,125
  Neither English nor French 445 205 240
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 9,435 4,755 4,680
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 8.9 9.3 8.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,730 51,075 54,655
  Single responses 102,590 49,570 53,020
    English 7,255 3,660 3,595
    French 91,530 44,030 47,500
    Non-official languages 3,810 1,880 1,930
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 3,765 1,855 1,910
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 5 0 0
        Arabic 1,365 690 675
        Armenian 0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 15 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 30 10 20
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 35 15 15
        Bulgarian 20 10 5
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 5 0 0
        Chinese, n.o.s. 95 50 50
        Creoles 75 40 40
        Croatian 25 15 10
        Czech 0 0 0
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 15 10 5
        Greek 15 10 10
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 0 0 0
        Hungarian 20 10 15
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 15 10 5
        Japanese 0 0 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 15
        Korean 15 5 10
        Kurdish 5 5 0
        Lao 20 10 5
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 15 10 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 25 10 15
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 30 10 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
        Pashto 5 0 0
        Persian (Farsi) 45 20 25
        Polish 20 10 5
        Portuguese 360 170 190
        Romanian 100 45 50
        Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 20
        Russian 55 25 30
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 35 15 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 130 65 70
        Serbo-Croatian 80 40 35
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 5 0 5
        Spanish 865 425 440
        Swahili 35 20 15
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 0 0 0
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 5 5 0
        Ukrainian 0 0 0
        Urdu 10 5 5
        Vietnamese 65 35 35
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 40 25 25
  Multiple responses         3,135 1,505 1,635
    English and French 1,710 815 895
    English and non-official language 250 125 125
    French and non-official language 870 405 465
    English, French and non-official language 310 160 150
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 105,730 51,075 54,655
  None 84,920 40,860 44,060
  Single responses  20,070 9,840 10,225
    English  13,735 6,760 6,970
    French  4,025 1,925 2,095
    Non-official languages  2,315 1,155 1,160
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 2,190 1,095 1,090
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  5 0 0
        Amharic  0 5 0
        Arabic  560 300 265
        Armenian  5 0 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 20 10
        Bengali  0 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  15 5 5
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  0 0 0
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 5 0
        Chinese, n.o.s.  15 0 15
        Creoles  200 85 115
        Croatian  10 5 5
        Czech  0 0 0
        Danish  5 0 0
        Dutch  10 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 5 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  45 15 30
        Greek  10 5 0
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  0 5 0
        Hungarian  10 5 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  45 25 25
        Japanese  5 0 0
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 10
        Korean  5 0 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  10 10 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  55 25 25
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  5 0 0
        Mandarin  10 5 5
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  5 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 45 25 20
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  30 20 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  5 0 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  25 15 10
        Polish  15 5 10
        Portuguese  310 155 155
        Romanian  35 15 20
        Rundi (Kirundi)  80 45 35
        Russian  35 20 10
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  45 20 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Slovak  5 0 0
        Slovenian  0 5 0
        Somali  0 0 5
        Spanish  330 155 175
        Swahili  55 40 20
        Swedish  0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  20 0 15
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  0 0 0
        Ukrainian  0 0 0
        Urdu  0 0 0
        Vietnamese  10 5 5
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 120 55 65
  Multiple responses          740 370 370
    English and French  300 165 130
    English and non-official language  320 145 180
    French and non-official language  120 60 60
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Gatineau, Quebec (Code 24027) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Gatineau (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Gatineau, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Gatineau, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Gatineau (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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