NHS Profile, Hull--Aylmer, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Hull--Aylmer, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hull--Aylmer
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 101,610 49,370 52,240
Canadian citizens 96,130 46,690 49,430
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,540 10,130 9,410
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,580 36,565 40,020
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 5,480 2,675 2,805
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 101,610 49,370 52,235
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 84,830 41,060 43,765
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 16,055 7,925 8,135
Before 1971 1,215 665 550
1971 to 1980 1,630 800 830
1981 to 1990 1,885 995 890
1991 to 2000 3,660 1,715 1,945
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,670 3,750 3,920
2001 to 2005 3,340 1,655 1,680
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 4,330 2,090 2,240
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 725 385 335
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 16,055 7,920 8,135
Under 5 years 1,945 905 1,030
5 to 14 years 2,715 1,465 1,250
15 to 24 years 2,850 1,240 1,610
25 to 44 years 7,520 3,825 3,695
45 years and over 1,020 475 545
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 101,610 49,365 52,235
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 84,830 41,060 43,765
Born in province of residence 57,755 28,090 29,670
Born outside province of residence 27,075 12,975 14,095
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 16,055 7,920 8,135
Americas 3,695 1,710 1,985
United States 370 165 200
Jamaica 55 25 35
Guyana 25 0 15
Haiti 795 330 465
Mexico 425 185 235
Trinidad and Tobago 25 0 0
Colombia 660 305 350
El Salvador 280 110 170
Peru 175 75 100
Chile 45 15 30
Other places of birth in Americas 845 475 380
Europe 4,290 2,180 2,105
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 250 145 105
Italy 165 110 60
Germany 210 110 105
Poland 175 95 80
Portugal 640 325 315
Netherlands 95 50 50
France 910 485 425
Romania 300 150 150
Russian Federation 75 15 60
Greece 35 30 0
Ukraine 50 0 35
Croatia 140 75 60
Hungary 20 20 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 455 240 215
Serbia 95 50 40
Ireland, Republic of 65 20 45
Other places of birth in Europe 605 250 355
Africa 4,215 2,155 2,060
Morocco 870 450 415
Algeria 565 330 235
Egypt 125 70 50
South Africa, Republic of 50 30 25
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 55 20 30
Kenya 60 0 40
Other places of birth in Africa 2,485 1,225 1,260
Asia 3,825 1,865 1,965
India 85 40 45
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 865 350 510
Philippines 200 100 105
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 20 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 305 165 140
Pakistan 50 0 35
Sri Lanka 10 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 275 155 120
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 85 45 40
Lebanon 805 410 400
Taiwan 45 0 40
Iraq 235 135 100
Bangladesh 70 35 35
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 30 0 0
Turkey 150 105 40
Other places of birth in Asia 585 260 325
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 30 0 20
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 30 0 20
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 725 390 340
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 4,330 2,095 2,240
Americas 1,280 605 675
United States 60 30 30
Mexico 125 60 65
Cuba 15 0 0
Haiti 325 135 195
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 125 55 70
Colombia 415 165 245
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 25 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 180 135 50
Europe 530 280 255
France 225 135 85
Germany 30 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 0 0 0
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 45 25 25
Russian Federation 25 0 20
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 170 75 100
Africa 1,760 860 895
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 25 0 20
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 120 45 80
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 490 230 260
Tunisia 145 115 25
Cameroon 120 60 60
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 190 80 105
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 660 315 340
Asia 740 330 410
Philippines 75 45 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 160 70 95
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 90 55 35
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 85 45 35
Bangladesh 30 0 0
Lebanon 80 15 60
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 130 45 90
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 20 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 101,605 49,370 52,240
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 17,130 8,520 8,610
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 10,165 5,085 5,075
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 74,315 35,765 38,550
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 101,605 49,365 52,240
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 14,875 7,355 7,520
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 500 220 285
Chinese 1,340 610 730
Black 4,855 2,235 2,615
Filipino 235 125 105
Latin American 2,310 1,130 1,185
Arab 3,500 2,035 1,465
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 805 380 420
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 405 195 205
Korean 135 55 75
Japanese 215 140 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 200 80 120
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 375 145 225
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 86,730 42,010 44,720
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 101,605 49,365 52,240
North American Aboriginal origins 6,895 3,075 3,820
First Nations (North American Indian) 5,435 2,435 3,000
Inuit 185 65 110
Métis 1,390 620 770
Other North American origins 54,320 26,275 28,050
Acadian 570 290 280
American 825 395 425
Canadian 52,380 25,220 27,160
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 25 15 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 80 45 40
Québécois 1,495 810 685
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 54,865 26,800 28,065
British Isles origins 18,225 8,995 9,235
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 7,550 3,775 3,770
Irish 9,785 4,790 5,000
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 5,615 2,670 2,945
Welsh 520 230 285
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 880 425 450
French origins 37,880 18,545 19,335
Alsatian 45 0 40
Breton 255 115 135
French 37,675 18,460 19,215
Western European origins (except French origins) 5,680 2,435 3,245
Austrian 305 140 165
Belgian 890 325 560
Dutch 840 455 385
Flemish 55 35 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 3,640 1,495 2,150
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 370 175 190
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 790 350 435
Danish 150 75 75
Finnish 110 40 75
Icelandic 50 0 35
Norwegian 300 145 150
Swedish 200 85 115
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 60 25 35
Eastern European origins 3,360 1,585 1,780
Bulgarian 155 50 110
Byelorussian 30 0 25
Czech 135 80 60
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 30 20 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 370 180 195
Latvian 30 0 0
Lithuanian 65 55 0
Moldovan 30 0 0
Polish 1,250 615 635
Romanian 420 165 250
Russian 470 170 300
Slovak 50 25 25
Ukrainian 705 335 375
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 35 35 0
Southern European origins 6,705 3,280 3,425
Albanian 35 0 20
Bosnian 345 175 165
Croatian 125 65 60
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 375 190 180
Italian 2,710 1,235 1,475
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 20 0 0
Portuguese 1,580 800 785
Serbian 420 215 205
Sicilian 55 0 0
Slovenian 15 0 10
Spanish 1,275 605 665
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 175 100 75
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 45 0 0
Other European origins 390 220 170
Basque 65 30 40
Jewish 250 145 105
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 65 40 25
Caribbean origins 1,890 825 1,065
Antiguan 25 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 30 0 15
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 25 0 30
Dominican 110 50 65
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 1,310 590 720
Jamaican 200 85 110
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 45 20 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 115 20 95
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 35 15 20
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,950 1,420 1,535
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 135 60 75
Argentinian 105 45 60
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 155 75 80
Chilean 120 90 25
Colombian 760 360 400
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 55 0 40
Guatemalan 45 25 0
Guyanese 35 0 25
Hispanic 45 0 35
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 645 315 330
Nicaraguan 90 45 45
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 175 85 95
Salvadorean 420 210 210
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 175 100 70
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 110 55 50
African origins 5,865 3,055 2,810
Central and West African origins 1,690 855 840
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 95 70 25
Burkinabe 75 25 50
Cameroonian 280 150 125
Chadian 90 40 55
Congolese 400 160 240
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 30 10 0
Guinean 175 60 110
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 235 100 135
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 65 50 0
Nigerian 55 45 0
Peulh 60 45 0
Senegalese 65 40 30
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 80 55 25
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 150 100 50
North African origins 2,285 1,355 930
Algerian 450 265 180
Berber 340 220 115
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 245 155 95
Libyan 80 55 25
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 965 505 465
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 245 190 55
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 1,245 525 715
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 40 25 10
Burundian 320 130 190
Eritrean 45 0 40
Ethiopian 70 40 35
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 95 35 55
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 340 140 200
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 90 25 65
South African 70 30 35
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 45 0 30
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 30 0 20
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 100 40 55
Other African origins 750 385 370
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 90 30 60
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 740 375 365
Asian origins 7,270 3,695 3,575
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 3,675 2,005 1,670
Afghan 0 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 890 505 385
Armenian 65 35 30
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 410 225 190
Iraqi 215 115 100
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 60 35 20
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 65 40 25
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,535 810 725
Palestinian 110 60 45
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 195 120 75
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 195 125 70
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 35 0 0
South Asian origins 635 260 375
Bangladeshi 95 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 405 180 225
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 85 0 65
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 25 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 2,955 1,420 1,540
Burmese 45 0 30
Cambodian (Khmer) 125 50 80
Chinese 1,490 675 815
Filipino 275 140 140
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 25 0 20
Japanese 225 155 70
Korean 135 60 75
Laotian 115 40 75
Malaysian 20 0 20
Mongolian 50 0 20
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 45 0 40
Thai 115 55 60
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 525 300 225
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 60 35 20
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 60 35 25
Oceania origins 70 35 35
Australian 60 30 35
New Zealander 10 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 101,605 49,370 52,240
Buddhist 730 345 380
Christian 74,340 34,870 39,465
Anglican 1,070 460 605
Baptist 660 300 360
Catholic 65,360 30,750 34,615
Christian Orthodox 1,495 755 740
Lutheran 220 100 120
Pentecostal 730 325 405
Presbyterian 305 175 125
United Church 805 380 420
Other Christian 3,695 1,620 2,070
Hindu 95 55 40
Jewish 125 70 55
Muslim 4,750 2,600 2,155
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 390 195 185
No religious affiliation 21,155 11,225 9,930
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 101,605 49,370 52,240
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 3,235 1,550 1,685
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,460 720 745
Métis single identity 1,625 770 855
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 30 0 25
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 35 0 20
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 90 45 45
Non-Aboriginal identity 98,365 47,815 50,550
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 101,610 49,365 52,235
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 750 360 385
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 100,860 49,005 51,850
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 101,605 49,370 52,240
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 6,895 3,075 3,820
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 5,435 2,435 3,000
Métis ancestry 1,390 620 770
Inuit ancestry 180 70 110
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 94,710 46,290 48,420
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 22,775 10,655 12,115
Aboriginal languages 50 15 35
Algonquin 10 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 25 0 20
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 22,730 10,645 12,080
Italian 885 455 430
Portuguese 1,590 715 870
Romanian 325 155 175
Spanish 7,855 3,305 4,555
Dutch 160 65 95
Flemish 30 20 0
German 905 375 530
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 30 0 0
Norwegian 15 0 0
Swedish 35 0 20
Afrikaans 60 30 25
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 150 80 70
Bulgarian 150 45 105
Croatian 85 45 40
Czech 80 45 35
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 310 175 135
Russian 430 180 255
Serbian 365 175 180
Serbo-Croatian 220 115 105
Slovak 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 60 0 55
Latvian 30 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 135 75 65
Armenian 25 0 0
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 35 25 0
Hungarian 50 15 35
Turkish 205 120 85
Berber languages (Kabyle) 45 25 20
Oromo 70 30 40
Somali 145 50 95
Amharic 65 25 40
Arabic 4,020 2,265 1,750
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 40 0 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 130 80 50
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 90 35 55
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 60 0 45
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 110 55 55
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 145 100 50
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 325 170 155
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 215 110 105
Korean 105 50 55
Cantonese 95 40 50
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 310 140 170
Taiwanese 45 0 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 830 435 395
Lao 115 45 70
Thai 75 25 45
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 35
Vietnamese 375 190 190
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 25 0 15
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 190 80 110
Akan (Twi) 35 0 0
Lingala 130 60 70
Rundi (Kirundi) 255 105 145
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 205 65 140
Swahili 425 180 245
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 285 160 130
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 435 215 220
African languages, n.i.e. 105 30 70
Creoles 1,085 440 645
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 730 410 325
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 100,425 48,775 51,655
Non-movers 85,360 41,225 44,130
Movers 15,070 7,545 7,525
Non-migrants 9,580 4,885 4,695
Migrants 5,490 2,665 2,825
Internal migrants 4,265 2,080 2,185
Intraprovincial migrants 2,245 1,205 1,045
Interprovincial migrants 2,020 875 1,140
External migrants 1,225 580 640
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 95,660 46,290 49,370
Non-movers 54,250 26,015 28,240
Movers 41,410 20,275 21,130
Non-migrants 23,985 11,695 12,290
Migrants 17,425 8,585 8,840
Internal migrants 13,035 6,485 6,550
Intraprovincial migrants 7,120 3,665 3,450
Interprovincial migrants 5,915 2,820 3,100
External migrants 4,390 2,100 2,290
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 84,720 40,600 44,120
No certificate, diploma or degree 15,570 7,685 7,885
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 17,625 8,370 9,260
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 51,525 24,545 26,980
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,060 4,510 3,550
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,850 6,625 7,225
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,395 1,760 2,635
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 25,220 11,655 13,565
Bachelor's degree 14,355 6,065 8,285
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,870 5,590 5,280
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 58,955 28,280 30,680
No certificate, diploma or degree 6,640 3,740 2,905
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 10,780 5,100 5,685
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 41,535 19,440 22,095
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,245 3,435 2,805
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 9,840 4,660 5,185
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,335 1,240 2,090
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 22,110 10,105 12,005
Bachelor's degree 12,475 5,325 7,150
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,635 4,780 4,860
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 84,720 40,600 44,120
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 33,190 16,055 17,140
Education 4,195 1,215 2,975
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,900 1,065 830
Humanities 4,515 1,970 2,540
Social and behavioural sciences and law 8,270 3,400 4,870
Business, management and public administration 11,740 4,125 7,620
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,200 1,245 955
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,005 2,090 915
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,175 6,395 785
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 870 570 300
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,360 1,170 4,190
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,290 1,290 995
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 84,715 40,600 44,120
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 33,195 16,050 17,140
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 51,530 24,545 26,980
Location of study inside Canada 45,810 21,695 24,115
Same as province or territory of residence 28,005 12,975 15,030
Another province or territory 17,805 8,715 9,090
Location of study outside Canada 5,715 2,850 2,865
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 62,135 31,510 30,625
Single responses 55,870 28,165 27,705
English 23,660 12,465 11,190
French 31,925 15,515 16,405
Non-official languages 295 180 115
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 30 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 115 85 30
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 40 15 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 90 40 50
Multiple responses 6,255 3,340 2,915
English and French 5,990 3,215 2,770
English and non-official language 155 85 80
French and non-official language 45 0 35
English, French and non-official language 70 35 30
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 62,135 31,510 30,625
English 23,660 12,470 11,190
French 31,920 15,515 16,410
Non-official language 295 180 110
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 285 180 105
English and French 5,985 3,215 2,770
English and non-official language 160 85 75
French and non-official language 45 0 40
English, French and non-official language 70 40 30
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 84,720 40,600 44,120
In the labour force 59,055 30,025 29,030
Employed 55,410 28,200 27,205
Unemployed 3,640 1,820 1,820
Not in the labour force 25,665 10,575 15,090
Participation rate 69.7 74.0 65.8
Employment rate 65.4 69.5 61.7
Unemployment rate 6.2 6.1 6.3
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 59,050 30,025 29,030
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,180 605 575
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,875 29,415 28,455
Employee 53,305 26,675 26,635
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,570 2,745 1,820
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 59,055 30,025 29,030
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,180 600 575
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,870 29,420 28,450
0 Management occupations 5,645 3,105 2,540
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 12,940 4,140 8,805
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,200 3,975 1,220
3 Health occupations 3,070 750 2,320
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 9,760 3,890 5,870
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,615 1,285 1,320
6 Sales and service occupations 13,140 7,175 5,960
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,605 4,370 240
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 355 330 15
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 550 395 155
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 59,050 30,025 29,025
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,180 600 575
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,875 29,420 28,455
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 85 65 20
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 45 40 0
22 Utilities 200 160 40
23 Construction 2,925 2,605 320
31-33 Manufacturing 1,285 970 315
41 Wholesale trade 940 765 175
44-45 Retail trade 5,130 2,510 2,620
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,215 955 265
51 Information and cultural industries 1,225 700 530
52 Finance and insurance 1,545 630 915
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 665 350 315
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 3,430 2,090 1,335
55 Management of companies and enterprises 35 0 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,670 1,820 850
61 Educational services 5,370 2,055 3,310
62 Health care and social assistance 5,815 1,395 4,420
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,885 1,080 805
72 Accommodation and food services 3,790 1,985 1,800
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,340 1,020 1,320
91 Public administration 17,295 8,205 9,085
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 59,050 30,025 29,030
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,860 1,400 1,460
Worked in 2010 56,195 28,625 27,575
1 to 13 weeks 2,465 1,290 1,180
14 to 26 weeks 4,160 1,955 2,205
27 to 39 weeks 3,565 1,785 1,780
40 to 48 weeks 9,440 4,865 4,580
49 to 52 weeks 36,565 18,725 17,835
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.1 45.3 45.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 59,055 30,020 29,030
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 2,860 1,400 1,460
Worked in 2010 56,195 28,625 27,575
Worked full-time in 2010 46,085 24,280 21,805
Worked part-time in 2010 10,110 4,340 5,770
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 55,410 28,200 27,205
Worked at home 2,215 1,140 1,075
Worked outside Canada 155 100 50
No fixed workplace address 4,330 3,240 1,095
Worked at usual place 48,710 23,720 24,990
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 53,040 26,955 26,085
Car, truck or van - as a driver 32,665 17,645 15,015
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 3,445 1,070 2,375
Public transit 10,960 4,910 6,050
Walked 3,980 1,920 2,060
Bicycle 1,650 1,210 440
Other methods 340 195 145
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 53,035 26,955 26,080
Median commuting duration 20.8 20.9 20.7
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 53,040 26,955 26,080
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 12,875 7,940 4,935
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 31,590 14,385 17,200
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,580 4,635 3,945
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 46,985 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 43,370 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,615 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 46,985 ... ...
1960 or before 11,370 ... ...
1961 to 1980 15,690 ... ...
1981 to 1990 7,880 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,130 ... ...
2001 to 2005 3,395 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,520 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 46,980 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 16,120 ... ...
5 rooms 8,045 ... ...
6 rooms 6,600 ... ...
7 rooms 5,330 ... ...
8 or more rooms 10,885 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.8 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 46,985 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 8,060 ... ...
2 bedrooms 15,380 ... ...
3 bedrooms 15,725 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,810 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 46,985 ... ...
Owner 25,960 ... ...
Renter 21,020 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 46,980 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 6,250 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 40,735 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 46,985 ... ...
1 household maintainer 30,285 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,105 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 595 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 46,985 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,450 ... ...
25 to 34 years 8,425 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,595 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,540 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,725 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,620 ... ...
75 years and over 3,625 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 46,980 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 46,425 ... ...
More than one person per room 555 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 46,980 ... ...
Suitable 44,915 ... ...
Not suitable 2,070 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 46,905 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 35,530 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 11,375 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 8,980 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 25,965 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 64.8 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 13.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,067 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,081 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 225,267 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 251,571 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 21,025 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 12.0 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 38.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 734 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 760 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 84,715 40,600 44,125
Without income 3,765 1,585 2,185
With income 80,955 39,010 41,935
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 6,580 3,565 3,010
$5,000 to $9,999 5,955 2,525 3,430
$10,000 to $14,999 7,335 2,975 4,360
$15,000 to $19,999 7,125 2,950 4,180
$20,000 to $29,999 9,400 4,470 4,925
$30,000 to $39,999 8,820 4,035 4,780
$40,000 to $49,999 8,015 3,735 4,280
$50,000 to $59,999 8,065 3,865 4,195
$60,000 to $79,999 9,655 4,775 4,880
$80,000 to $99,999 5,255 2,930 2,320
$100,000 and over 4,755 3,185 1,575
$100,000 to $124,999 2,790 1,760 1,030
$125,000 and over 1,965 1,420 545
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 34,825 37,279 32,136
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 42,255 46,313 38,480
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 84,715 40,600 44,120
Without after-tax income 3,740 1,585 2,155
With after-tax income 80,980 39,015 41,965
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 6,865 3,670 3,190
$5,000 to $9,999 6,130 2,465 3,660
$10,000 to $14,999 7,535 3,075 4,465
$15,000 to $19,999 7,795 3,440 4,350
$20,000 to $29,999 11,505 5,380 6,125
$30,000 to $39,999 11,600 5,525 6,080
$40,000 to $49,999 11,040 5,095 5,945
$50,000 to $59,999 7,180 3,585 3,595
$60,000 to $79,999 7,930 4,405 3,520
$80,000 to $99,999 2,065 1,410 655
$100,000 and over 1,340 960 385
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 30,372 32,242 28,741
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,332 36,956 31,893
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 89.3 92.3 85.9
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 77.7 79.8 75.3
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 73.5 75.1 71.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.2 4.6 3.7
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.3 2.6 1.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 8.2 8.8 7.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.1 1.1 1.2
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 10.7 7.7 14.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.0 2.7 3.3
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.5 1.9 3.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 1.1 2.1
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.7 0.2 3.3
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 1.8 2.1
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 18.7 20.2 17.1
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 81.3 79.8 82.9
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.1 0.9 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 32,500 16,980 15,515
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 53,851 55,358 52,481
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 58,537 62,130 54,604
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,640 ... ...
Median family income ($) 81,767 ... ...
Average family income ($) 93,570 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 68,471 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 75,761 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,055 ... ...
Median family income ($) 77,580 ... ...
Average family income ($) 87,186 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,629 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,087 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,100 ... ...
Median family income ($) 105,438 ... ...
Average family income ($) 118,427 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 88,128 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 94,981 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,475 ... ...
Median family income ($) 52,559 ... ...
Average family income ($) 57,208 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 46,597 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,625 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 21,920 10,155 11,770
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 31,542 30,522 31,834
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,054 38,660 37,531
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 27,706 27,189 28,132
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 31,298 31,472 31,147
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 101,605 49,365 52,235
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 48,415 22,855 25,555
In bottom decile 11,230 5,530 5,700
In second decile 9,420 4,245 5,175
In third decile 8,830 4,140 4,695
In fourth decile 9,360 4,385 4,970
In fifth decile 9,575 4,565 5,010
In top half of the Canadian distribution 53,195 26,510 26,680
In sixth decile 9,970 4,915 5,055
In seventh decile 11,380 5,405 5,980
In eighth decile 11,375 5,815 5,560
In ninth decile 11,160 5,665 5,495
In top decile 9,305 4,720 4,585
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 46,980 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,555 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,970 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,590 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,025 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,490 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,880 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,185 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,505 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 5,175 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,190 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,720 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,390 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 46,980 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,580 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,350 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,015 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,725 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,975 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,360 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,450 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,460 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 7,590 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,560 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,435 ... ...
$125,000 and over 3,485 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 46,980 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 59,014 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 72,805 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 50,067 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 59,175 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 17,710 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 34,387 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 41,011 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 30,185 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 33,454 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,275 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 80,265 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 92,042 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 67,682 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 74,737 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 101,605 49,370 52,240
Less than 18 years 20,550 10,615 9,930
Less than 6 years 7,030 3,645 3,385
18 to 64 years 69,275 33,675 35,600
65 years and over 11,780 5,080 6,705
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 16,325 7,530 8,795
Less than 18 years 3,365 1,805 1,560
Less than 6 years 1,395 740 655
18 to 64 years 10,865 5,115 5,750
65 years and over 2,095 615 1,480
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 16.1 15.3 16.8
Less than 18 years (%) 16.4 17.0 15.7
Less than 6 years (%) 19.8 20.3 19.4
18 to 64 years (%) 15.7 15.2 16.2
65 years and over (%) 17.8 12.1 22.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Hull--Aylmer, Quebec (Code 24030) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Hull--Aylmer, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Hull--Aylmer, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hull--Aylmer
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 103,450 49,880 53,570
0 to 4 years 6,100 3,150 2,955
5 to 9 years 5,360 2,820 2,550
10 to 14 years 5,495 2,710 2,785
15 to 19 years 6,485 3,240 3,245
15 years 1,200 565 630
16 years 1,190 635 555
17 years 1,265 625 640
18 years 1,370 695 670
19 years 1,470 715 750
20 to 24 years 7,645 3,815 3,830
25 to 29 years 7,430 3,620 3,810
30 to 34 years 7,475 3,665 3,805
35 to 39 years 7,170 3,560 3,605
40 to 44 years 7,180 3,450 3,730
45 to 49 years 8,305 4,065 4,240
50 to 54 years 8,470 4,085 4,390
55 to 59 years 7,315 3,525 3,790
60 to 64 years 5,845 2,815 3,035
65 to 69 years 4,070 1,910 2,160
70 to 74 years 2,990 1,285 1,705
75 to 79 years 2,415 985 1,430
80 to 84 years 1,975 685 1,290
85 years and over 1,730 505 1,230
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.0 37.7 40.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 83.6 82.6 84.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 86,490 41,210 45,285
Married or living with a common-law partner 44,060 22,035 22,020
Married (and not separated) 29,260 14,615 14,650
Living common law 14,795 7,420 7,375
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 42,435 19,175 23,260
Single (never legally married) 28,265 14,625 13,640
Separated 2,090 945 1,150
Divorced 7,250 2,655 4,595
Widowed 4,825 950 3,875
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 27,410 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 14,220 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,225 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,965 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,000 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 27,410 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,625 ... ...
Married couples 14,230 ... ...
Without children at home 6,585 ... ...
With children at home 7,645 ... ...
1 child 2,955 ... ...
2 children 3,235 ... ...
3 or more children 1,455 ... ...
Common-law couples 7,395 ... ...
Without children at home 3,985 ... ...
With children at home 3,405 ... ...
1 child 1,625 ... ...
2 children 1,330 ... ...
3 or more children 450 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,785 ... ...
Female parent 4,540 ... ...
1 child 2,840 ... ...
2 children 1,300 ... ...
3 or more children 400 ... ...
Male parent 1,240 ... ...
1 child 800 ... ...
2 children 345 ... ...
3 or more children 95 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 28,555 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,210 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,665 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,515 ... ...
18 to 24 years 5,655 ... ...
25 years and over 2,505 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.0 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 101,580 49,155 52,420
Number of persons not in census families 23,995 11,230 12,765
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,070 920 1,145
Living with non-relatives only 4,225 2,405 1,820
Living alone 17,700 7,905 9,795
Number of census family persons 77,585 37,925 39,655
Average number of persons per census family 2.8 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 11,915 5,045 6,870
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,995 1,375 3,620
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 445 95 350
Living with non-relatives only 290 130 160
Living alone 4,260 1,155 3,110
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 6,925 3,665 3,255
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 46,955 ... ...
Census-family households 27,085 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 25,475 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 20,435 ... ...
Without children 9,940 ... ...
With children 10,490 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,040 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,615 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,305 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 785 ... ...
Without children 375 ... ...
With children 410 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 520 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 310 ... ...
Non-census-family households 19,865 ... ...
One-person households 17,700 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 2,165 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 46,955 ... ...
Single-detached house 14,575 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 5,700 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 25 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 26,655 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,070 ... ...
Row house 2,895 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,125 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 14,515 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 46,955 ... ...
1 person 17,700 ... ...
2 persons 14,910 ... ...
3 persons 6,710 ... ...
4 persons 5,210 ... ...
5 persons 1,745 ... ...
6 or more persons 680 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 101,580 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,200 49,390 52,805
  Single responses  98,825 47,700 51,125
    English  17,065 8,590 8,475
    French  68,680 32,615 36,065
    Non-official languages  13,080 6,490 6,590
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 40 15 25
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 5 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,790 6,340 6,450
        African languages, n.i.e 45 20 20
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  20 0 15
        Amharic  50 25 25
        Arabic  2,560 1,430 1,130
        Armenian  45 25 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 40 25
        Bengali  55 30 25
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  45 30 20
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  75 40 40
        Bulgarian  150 65 80
        Burmese  5 0 5
        Cantonese  115 50 65
        Chinese, n.o.s.  580 285 295
        Creoles  425 190 240
        Croatian  105 50 50
        Czech  35 15 20
        Danish  10 5 5
        Dutch  90 40 50
        Estonian  0 0 5
        Finnish  10 5 0
        Flemish  15 10 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  235 110 130
        Greek  60 40 15
        Gujarati  5 5 5
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  15 5 10
        Hungarian  55 30 25
        Ilocano  0 5 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Italian  235 130 105
        Japanese  60 25 35
        Khmer (Cambodian)  115 55 55
        Korean  60 20 40
        Kurdish  45 30 20
        Lao  75 35 45
        Latvian  10 10 0
        Lingala  45 20 25
        Lithuanian  5 5 5
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  25 10 15
        Malayalam  5 0 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  330 150 180
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 175 95 80
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  115 60 50
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  45 20 25
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  335 165 165
        Polish  240 120 125
        Portuguese  1,220 590 625
        Romanian  445 225 220
        Rundi (Kirundi)  200 100 100
        Russian  290 125 160
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  185 80 110
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  240 125 110
        Serbo-Croatian  220 110 115
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Slovak  25 10 15
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  125 65 60
        Spanish  2,120 980 1,140
        Swahili  160 85 80
        Swedish  5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  115 35 80
        Taiwanese  5 0 0
        Tamil  15 5 5
        Telugu  5 5 5
        Thai  25 5 25
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  30 10 15
        Turkish  65 40 30
        Ukrainian  65 25 40
        Urdu  80 35 45
        Vietnamese  280 135 145
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 255 135 115
  Multiple responses          3,370 1,690 1,685
    English and French  2,015 995 1,015
    English and non-official language  340 165 175
    French and non-official language  805 420 380
    English, French and non-official language 215 105 110
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,195 49,390 52,805
  English only 11,060 5,840 5,220
  French only 22,100 9,510 12,585
  English and French 68,190 33,675 34,515
  Neither English nor French 850 365 485
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,195 49,390 52,810
  English 22,465 11,345 11,120
  French 75,150 35,740 39,410
  English and French 3,765 1,960 1,805
  Neither English nor French 815 350 470
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 24,345 12,325 12,020
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 23.8 25.0 22.8
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,200 49,390 52,805
  Single responses 97,490 47,120 50,370
    English 21,500 10,840 10,660
    French 68,850 32,805 36,040
    Non-official languages 7,140 3,475 3,660
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 10
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq 5 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 7,020 3,415 3,610
        African languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 10 0 10
        Amharic 20 10 15
        Arabic 1,405 735 665
        Armenian 25 15 15
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Bengali 35 20 20
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 20 10 10
        Bisayan languages 5 0 0
        Bosnian 65 30 35
        Bulgarian 105 45 60
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 50 25 30
        Chinese, n.o.s. 500 240 255
        Creoles 120 50 75
        Croatian 60 35 30
        Czech 15 5 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 10 5 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 35 15 25
        Greek 5 0 5
        Gujarati 5 5 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 5 0 5
        Hungarian 20 10 10
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 30 15 15
        Japanese 30 15 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 35
        Korean 40 15 25
        Kurdish 20 15 10
        Lao 50 25 25
        Latvian 5 0 0
        Lingala 15 10 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 5 5 5
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 245 115 125
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 30 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 25 10 15
        Pashto 5 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 205 95 110
        Polish 90 40 55
        Portuguese 645 305 345
        Romanian 335 170 160
        Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 35
        Russian 185 85 100
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 30 15 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 215 110 105
        Serbo-Croatian 170 85 90
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5
        Slovak 0 0 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 70 30 40
        Spanish 1,430 685 750
        Swahili 55 15 35
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 15 15
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 5 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 5 0 5
        Tigrigna 10 5 5
        Turkish 25 15 10
        Ukrainian 30 15 15
        Urdu 50 20 25
        Vietnamese 190 90 100
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 100 55 45
  Multiple responses         4,710 2,270 2,435
    English and French 2,230 1,060 1,170
    English and non-official language 675 345 330
    French and non-official language 1,325 615 705
    English, French and non-official language 485 250 230
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 102,200 49,395 52,805
  None 74,325 35,795 38,525
  Single responses  26,535 12,935 13,605
    English  14,275 6,930 7,345
    French  7,710 3,730 3,975
    Non-official languages  4,550 2,270 2,280
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 5
        Inuktitut  0 5 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,340 2,160 2,180
        African languages, n.i.e 40 20 20
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 0 5
        Albanian  5 0 5
        Amharic  15 5 10
        Arabic  750 430 325
        Armenian  5 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 65 35 25
        Bengali  15 10 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  20 10 10
        Bulgarian  25 15 10
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  40 25 15
        Chinese, n.o.s.  65 25 45
        Creoles  335 155 185
        Croatian  20 10 10
        Czech  10 5 5
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  25 15 15
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  10 5 5
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  95 45 45
        Greek  35 30 15
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  5 5 0
        Hindi  20 10 10
        Hungarian  10 5 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  110 55 60
        Japanese  40 20 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 15 20
        Korean  10 0 10
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  15 5 10
        Latvian  5 5 5
        Lingala  70 35 35
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 5 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  65 30 40
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 135 70 65
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  35 20 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 15
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  80 50 35
        Polish  75 40 35
        Portuguese  350 180 170
        Romanian  55 25 30
        Rundi (Kirundi)  100 50 50
        Russian  115 50 60
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  95 35 55
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  35 20 15
        Serbo-Croatian  30 20 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  5 0 5
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  45 20 20
        Spanish  805 380 425
        Swahili  110 55 55
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  55 10 35
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  0 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  15 10 10
        Turkish  20 15 5
        Ukrainian  25 5 15
        Urdu  30 15 20
        Vietnamese  65 30 35
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 195 105 90
  Multiple responses          1,340 660 680
    English and French  535 270 265
    English and non-official language  490 235 255
    French and non-official language  305 150 155
    English, French and non-official language  15 5 5

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Hull--Aylmer, Quebec (Code 24030) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Hull--Aylmer (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Hull--Aylmer, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Hull--Aylmer, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Hull--Aylmer (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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