NHS Profile, Lac-Saint-Louis, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Lac-Saint-Louis, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lac-Saint-Louis
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 106,270 51,505 54,770
Canadian citizens 99,495 48,425 51,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,140 11,600 11,545
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,355 36,830 39,525
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 6,775 3,075 3,705
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 106,270 51,500 54,765
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 75,985 36,785 39,200
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 29,185 14,260 14,925
Before 1971 6,825 3,360 3,465
1971 to 1980 3,825 1,970 1,860
1981 to 1990 4,725 2,330 2,395
1991 to 2000 5,905 2,915 2,985
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 7,905 3,690 4,220
2001 to 2005 3,990 1,805 2,190
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 3,915 1,885 2,025
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,100 455 645
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 29,185 14,260 14,925
Under 5 years 3,145 1,550 1,595
5 to 14 years 5,345 2,790 2,555
15 to 24 years 6,290 2,785 3,500
25 to 44 years 12,460 6,230 6,235
45 years and over 1,940 910 1,035
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 106,270 51,505 54,770
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 75,990 36,785 39,200
Born in province of residence 67,710 32,875 34,825
Born outside province of residence 8,285 3,910 4,375
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 29,185 14,260 14,925
Americas 4,540 2,030 2,510
United States 1,095 475 620
Jamaica 190 80 110
Guyana 235 110 120
Haiti 730 320 405
Mexico 240 95 145
Trinidad and Tobago 260 140 125
Colombia 290 135 155
El Salvador 25 0 0
Peru 150 60 90
Chile 120 40 80
Other places of birth in Americas 1,210 555 650
Europe 10,965 5,380 5,585
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 2,260 1,115 1,150
Italy 1,335 700 635
Germany 810 380 430
Poland 845 375 465
Portugal 400 145 250
Netherlands 335 190 145
France 845 500 340
Romania 925 480 440
Russian Federation 405 185 225
Greece 515 290 225
Ukraine 275 95 180
Croatia 80 30 50
Hungary 225 100 120
Bosnia and Herzegovina 80 35 45
Serbia 10 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 185 75 115
Other places of birth in Europe 1,440 675 765
Africa 3,780 2,030 1,750
Morocco 380 210 175
Algeria 210 120 95
Egypt 1,945 1,015 935
South Africa, Republic of 115 65 50
Nigeria 70 55 15
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 95 0 65
Other places of birth in Africa 965 540 420
Asia 9,805 4,770 5,035
India 1,625 880 745
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,745 740 1,005
Philippines 1,215 485 725
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 240 125 120
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 310 180 130
Pakistan 320 175 150
Sri Lanka 400 200 200
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 895 435 465
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 345 185 160
Lebanon 880 480 405
Taiwan 90 35 60
Iraq 125 35 90
Bangladesh 125 60 65
Afghanistan 30 15 15
Japan 95 30 65
Turkey 160 100 65
Other places of birth in Asia 1,205 635 570
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 95 55 40
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 90 55 40
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,095 455 640
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 3,915 1,885 2,030
Americas 740 330 405
United States 120 55 65
Mexico 100 35 70
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 175 85 90
Jamaica 15 0 0
Brazil 85 30 50
Colombia 75 45 35
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 35 0 25
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 55 30 25
Other places of birth in Americas 80 40 40
Europe 730 390 335
France 105 90 15
Germany 55 30 25
Poland 20 0 15
Romania 65 45 25
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 65 30 30
Russian Federation 85 45 40
Ukraine 35 0 20
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 190 95 95
Other places of birth in Europe 110 45 65
Africa 835 460 375
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 50 30 25
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 15 0 0
Egypt 610 330 280
Morocco 80 50 30
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 0 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 60 35 25
Asia 1,605 695 905
Philippines 525 245 280
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 285 120 160
India 165 55 105
Pakistan 15 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 85 50 40
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 65 25 40
Sri Lanka 25 0 20
Iraq 80 20 60
Bangladesh 25 0 0
Lebanon 35 25 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 25 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 40 0 30
Turkey 10 0 0
Israel 15 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 30 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 40 0 25
Other places of birth in Asia 115 50 70
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 106,270 51,500 54,770
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 30,750 14,970 15,785
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 27,130 13,200 13,925
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 48,390 23,330 25,060
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 106,270 51,505 54,770
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 21,740 10,850 10,890
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 4,455 2,355 2,100
Chinese 3,855 1,890 1,970
Black 4,010 2,115 1,900
Filipino 1,735 715 1,020
Latin American 1,200 525 680
Arab 3,255 1,720 1,530
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 765 390 370
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 980 495 485
Korean 440 215 220
Japanese 215 85 130
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 325 150 175
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 500 200 305
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 84,535 40,655 43,880
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 106,270 51,505 54,765
North American Aboriginal origins 1,745 845 895
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,385 690 700
Inuit 175 80 90
Métis 195 80 115
Other North American origins 30,330 14,425 15,915
Acadian 380 180 200
American 1,490 700 785
Canadian 28,500 13,505 14,995
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 20 0 15
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 615 300 315
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 71,520 34,320 37,200
British Isles origins 32,770 15,535 17,235
Channel Islander 20 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 15,320 7,210 8,110
Irish 15,855 7,460 8,390
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 12,795 6,095 6,705
Welsh 1,375 650 725
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 3,175 1,505 1,670
French origins 21,620 10,515 11,105
Alsatian 55 30 25
Breton 85 50 35
French 21,540 10,475 11,070
Western European origins (except French origins) 9,590 4,435 5,160
Austrian 835 355 480
Belgian 775 350 425
Dutch 1,925 960 970
Flemish 45 0 30
Frisian 30 0 20
German 6,045 2,805 3,240
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 705 335 370
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 15 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,535 695 845
Danish 365 180 185
Finnish 225 80 145
Icelandic 55 30 25
Norwegian 415 215 205
Swedish 475 190 280
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 95 35 60
Eastern European origins 11,295 5,455 5,835
Bulgarian 180 80 95
Byelorussian 45 20 20
Czech 440 230 215
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 45 15 35
Estonian 95 60 40
Hungarian 1,625 815 810
Latvian 150 70 80
Lithuanian 380 190 185
Moldovan 80 0 50
Polish 3,875 1,760 2,115
Romanian 1,475 760 715
Russian 2,150 1,105 1,045
Slovak 475 220 255
Ukrainian 2,295 1,115 1,175
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 25 15 10
Southern European origins 20,445 9,725 10,715
Albanian 90 50 40
Bosnian 30 15 15
Croatian 410 190 225
Cypriot 20 0 0
Greek 3,915 1,900 2,015
Italian 12,895 6,205 6,695
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 70 40 35
Maltese 45 0 35
Montenegrin 65 35 25
Portuguese 1,715 745 975
Serbian 90 40 55
Sicilian 60 25 35
Slovenian 90 45 45
Spanish 2,255 1,020 1,240
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 195 85 110
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 2,075 1,185 890
Basque 40 20 20
Jewish 1,900 1,100 805
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 145 75 70
Caribbean origins 2,760 1,340 1,420
Antiguan 10 0 10
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 385 220 165
Bermudan 10 0 10
Carib 25 0 15
Cuban 65 40 25
Dominican 90 45 40
Grenadian 95 60 30
Haitian 1,180 550 630
Jamaican 410 175 235
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 45 20 25
St. Lucian 80 65 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 395 180 205
Vincentian/Grenadinian 65 30 35
West Indian, n.o.s. 190 90 105
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 65 25 40
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,315 1,070 1,245
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 70 40 25
Argentinian 205 115 85
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 20 0 0
Brazilian 200 80 115
Chilean 150 60 90
Colombian 370 180 190
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 65 0 45
Guatemalan 30 0 20
Guyanese 195 95 100
Hispanic 20 0 0
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 360 175 185
Nicaraguan 35 20 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 240 80 155
Salvadorean 65 40 30
Uruguayan 40 20 10
Venezuelan 190 65 130
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 90 40 45
African origins 5,435 3,015 2,420
Central and West African origins 905 575 330
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 35 0 0
Burkinabe 15 15 0
Cameroonian 65 45 20
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 50 20 30
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 280 190 90
Guinean 100 90 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 25 15 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 30 0 25
Nigerian 65 25 40
Peulh 45 0 0
Senegalese 95 75 25
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 95 55 40
North African origins 3,610 1,960 1,650
Algerian 285 165 120
Berber 105 50 55
Coptic 130 55 70
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 2,455 1,330 1,115
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 580 335 250
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 130 80 45
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 30 0 30
Southern and East African origins 230 65 165
Afrikaner 10 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 75 0 65
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 65 25 40
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 20 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 725 430 295
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 35 10 25
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 690 425 265
Asian origins 19,145 9,420 9,720
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 6,605 3,310 3,290
Afghan 85 45 45
Arab, n.o.s. 735 340 395
Armenian 945 490 455
Assyrian 25 0 0
Azerbaijani 30 20 15
Georgian 35 0 20
Iranian 1,370 685 685
Iraqi 170 70 100
Israeli 105 40 60
Jordanian 30 20 10
Kazakh 10 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 15 0 0
Lebanese 2,335 1,200 1,135
Palestinian 345 190 150
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 630 330 300
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 50 30 25
Turk 300 145 155
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 25 20 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 20 0 0
South Asian origins 5,095 2,605 2,485
Bangladeshi 70 35 35
Bengali 45 25 20
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 3,710 1,880 1,830
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 35 0 0
Pakistani 600 310 290
Punjabi 130 75 50
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 645 345 305
Tamil 75 50 25
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 40 20 15
East and Southeast Asian origins 7,585 3,540 4,045
Burmese 25 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 210 100 115
Chinese 4,525 2,210 2,310
Filipino 1,840 785 1,060
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 60 15 45
Japanese 315 130 190
Korean 455 225 230
Laotian 15 0 0
Malaysian 25 0 15
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 45 0 30
Thai 80 20 60
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 480 270 210
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 15 10 0
Other Asian origins 65 45 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 65 50 0
Oceania origins 255 125 135
Australian 175 90 85
New Zealander 95 35 60
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 106,270 51,500 54,770
Buddhist 655 280 375
Christian 78,915 36,915 42,005
Anglican 4,960 2,265 2,695
Baptist 765 380 385
Catholic 52,280 24,455 27,820
Christian Orthodox 6,335 3,015 3,315
Lutheran 950 460 495
Pentecostal 855 455 400
Presbyterian 1,235 545 690
United Church 4,150 1,865 2,280
Other Christian 7,390 3,475 3,915
Hindu 1,885 1,005 875
Jewish 2,135 1,145 990
Muslim 4,080 2,105 1,975
Sikh 805 440 365
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 365 160 205
No religious affiliation 17,425 9,445 7,980
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 106,270 51,500 54,765
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 545 240 310
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 280 125 150
Métis single identity 155 75 85
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 75 30 45
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 15 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 25
Non-Aboriginal identity 105,725 51,265 54,460
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 106,270 51,500 54,770
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 205 80 120
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 106,065 51,420 54,645
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 106,270 51,500 54,765
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,745 850 895
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,385 690 695
Métis ancestry 190 80 115
Inuit ancestry 175 80 95
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 104,525 50,655 53,870
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 39,660 18,805 20,850
Aboriginal languages 110 45 65
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 40 0 25
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 60 0 35
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,550 18,760 20,785
Italian 6,590 3,150 3,445
Portuguese 1,065 465 600
Romanian 1,160 585 570
Spanish 5,850 2,485 3,365
Dutch 550 265 290
Flemish 65 20 50
German 2,895 1,380 1,515
Yiddish 75 40 35
Danish 80 45 35
Norwegian 55 40 0
Swedish 110 45 65
Afrikaans 40 30 0
Gaelic languages 30 15 15
Bosnian 45 25 0
Bulgarian 145 75 70
Croatian 180 65 115
Czech 140 70 65
Macedonian 35 20 15
Polish 1,460 635 825
Russian 1,390 685 705
Serbian 55 40 20
Serbo-Croatian 50 15 35
Slovak 95 20 75
Slovenian 45 0 35
Ukrainian 530 205 325
Latvian 75 35 40
Lithuanian 50 0 35
Greek 2,300 1,075 1,225
Armenian 540 255 285
Albanian 20 15 0
Estonian 70 40 25
Finnish 65 0 50
Hungarian 485 255 230
Turkish 265 140 125
Berber languages (Kabyle) 35 20 0
Oromo 35 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 4,460 2,365 2,095
Hebrew 265 145 110
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 245 125 130
Gujarati 285 145 145
Hindi 1,040 560 485
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 15 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 1,200 655 545
Sindhi 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35
Urdu 585 295 285
Nepali 30 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 25 20 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,375 675 700
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 25
Kannada 75 30 45
Malayalam 110 60 50
Tamil 815 445 370
Telugu 35 0 0
Japanese 175 75 100
Korean 385 205 175
Cantonese 515 240 275
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 815 395 425
Taiwanese 30 0 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,830 865 965
Lao 0 0 0
Thai 80 20 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 70 75
Vietnamese 375 205 175
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 50 25 25
Malay 60 0 40
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,310 500 810
Akan (Twi) 145 80 65
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 120 60
African languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30
Creoles 1,225 535 685
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 355 190 165
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 105,365 50,985 54,380
Non-movers 97,085 46,875 50,210
Movers 8,280 4,110 4,170
Non-migrants 4,165 2,070 2,090
Migrants 4,115 2,040 2,075
Internal migrants 3,140 1,550 1,585
Intraprovincial migrants 2,680 1,300 1,380
Interprovincial migrants 455 250 205
External migrants 975 485 490
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 101,310 48,955 52,355
Non-movers 72,325 34,860 37,465
Movers 28,985 14,100 14,890
Non-migrants 13,185 6,395 6,790
Migrants 15,805 7,700 8,100
Internal migrants 11,495 5,560 5,930
Intraprovincial migrants 9,815 4,705 5,110
Interprovincial migrants 1,680 855 825
External migrants 4,310 2,140 2,170
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 87,185 41,885 45,300
No certificate, diploma or degree 9,310 4,445 4,860
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,985 8,705 10,280
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 58,890 28,735 30,155
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,340 3,525 2,815
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 16,590 7,385 9,205
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 5,230 2,365 2,865
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 30,725 15,455 15,270
Bachelor's degree 18,750 8,755 10,000
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 11,980 6,700 5,275
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 56,485 27,055 29,430
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,385 1,285 1,100
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 9,690 4,290 5,400
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 44,405 21,475 22,930
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,485 2,445 2,035
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,575 4,805 5,765
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,560 1,605 1,960
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 25,795 12,620 13,175
Bachelor's degree 15,865 7,360 8,505
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 9,930 5,255 4,670
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 87,185 41,885 45,300
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 28,295 13,150 15,145
Education 3,840 780 3,060
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,485 1,020 1,465
Humanities 3,630 1,160 2,475
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,050 2,705 4,345
Business, management and public administration 15,335 6,820 8,520
Physical and life sciences and technologies 4,180 2,340 1,835
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,915 1,815 1,100
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 10,500 9,325 1,180
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 755 410 350
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 6,290 1,385 4,900
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,910 985 920
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 87,185 41,885 45,300
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 28,295 13,150 15,145
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 58,890 28,735 30,155
Location of study inside Canada 47,430 22,750 24,675
Same as province or territory of residence 42,765 20,165 22,605
Another province or territory 4,660 2,590 2,070
Location of study outside Canada 11,460 5,985 5,480
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 62,160 31,910 30,255
Single responses 53,260 27,485 25,780
English 35,445 18,400 17,050
French 17,545 9,010 8,535
Non-official languages 265 80 190
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 25 15
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 30 0 20
Korean 0 0 0
German 25 0 25
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 15 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 140 30 105
Multiple responses 8,900 4,420 4,475
English and French 8,525 4,210 4,315
English and non-official language 170 85 85
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 185 115 75
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 62,165 31,910 30,250
English 35,445 18,395 17,050
French 17,545 9,010 8,535
Non-official language 270 75 190
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 260 80 185
English and French 8,530 4,210 4,315
English and non-official language 170 85 85
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 190 115 75
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 87,185 41,885 45,300
In the labour force 58,340 30,050 28,290
Employed 54,315 27,980 26,335
Unemployed 4,025 2,070 1,955
Not in the labour force 28,845 11,835 17,010
Participation rate 66.9 71.7 62.5
Employment rate 62.3 66.8 58.1
Unemployment rate 6.9 6.9 6.9
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 58,340 30,055 28,290
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,320 660 660
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,020 29,390 27,630
Employee 50,200 24,925 25,280
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 6,815 4,465 2,350
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 58,340 30,050 28,290
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,320 660 660
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,020 29,390 27,630
0 Management occupations 9,330 6,150 3,185
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,945 3,580 7,360
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 6,340 4,915 1,420
3 Health occupations 3,370 775 2,600
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,435 1,980 4,455
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,090 800 1,285
6 Sales and service occupations 12,860 6,215 6,650
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,020 3,795 230
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 260 235 25
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,370 955 420
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 58,340 30,055 28,290
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,320 660 660
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 57,020 29,390 27,630
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 85 50 35
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 85 65 0
22 Utilities 255 160 95
23 Construction 1,655 1,410 245
31-33 Manufacturing 6,715 4,520 2,190
41 Wholesale trade 5,295 3,045 2,255
44-45 Retail trade 6,170 2,865 3,300
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 3,525 2,255 1,265
51 Information and cultural industries 1,715 1,050 670
52 Finance and insurance 2,560 1,250 1,315
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,290 745 540
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 6,585 4,025 2,555
55 Management of companies and enterprises 70 55 15
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,965 1,145 815
61 Educational services 4,970 1,560 3,405
62 Health care and social assistance 5,570 1,155 4,415
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,250 600 645
72 Accommodation and food services 3,120 1,595 1,525
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,120 830 1,290
91 Public administration 2,025 995 1,025
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 58,340 30,055 28,290
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,015 1,455 1,565
Worked in 2010 55,325 28,600 26,725
1 to 13 weeks 2,920 1,425 1,495
14 to 26 weeks 3,710 1,755 1,955
27 to 39 weeks 3,010 1,400 1,615
40 to 48 weeks 9,775 4,855 4,925
49 to 52 weeks 35,900 19,165 16,735
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.1 45.5 44.5
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 58,345 30,050 28,290
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,020 1,455 1,565
Worked in 2010 55,325 28,595 26,725
Worked full-time in 2010 43,020 24,030 18,985
Worked part-time in 2010 12,305 4,565 7,740
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 54,315 27,985 26,335
Worked at home 4,515 2,385 2,125
Worked outside Canada 335 235 100
No fixed workplace address 3,385 2,370 1,015
Worked at usual place 46,090 23,000 23,090
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 49,470 25,365 24,110
Car, truck or van - as a driver 36,125 19,405 16,720
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 2,425 810 1,615
Public transit 8,380 3,985 4,395
Walked 1,620 645 980
Bicycle 385 250 140
Other methods 540 275 260
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 49,470 25,365 24,105
Median commuting duration 25.2 25.8 20.8
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 49,470 25,365 24,105
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 9,660 6,030 3,635
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 31,055 14,980 16,070
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,765 4,360 4,405
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 38,890 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 36,335 ... ...
Major repairs needed 2,550 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 38,890 ... ...
1960 or before 10,045 ... ...
1961 to 1980 13,325 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,045 ... ...
1991 to 2000 4,115 ... ...
2001 to 2005 2,270 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,085 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 38,890 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,385 ... ...
5 rooms 3,730 ... ...
6 rooms 4,430 ... ...
7 rooms 6,395 ... ...
8 or more rooms 17,955 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 38,890 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 3,035 ... ...
2 bedrooms 6,420 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,595 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 14,840 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 38,890 ... ...
Owner 30,680 ... ...
Renter 8,215 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 38,890 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 2,230 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 36,660 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 38,890 ... ...
1 household maintainer 22,495 ... ...
2 household maintainers 15,965 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 430 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 38,895 ... ...
Under 25 years 575 ... ...
25 to 34 years 2,870 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,010 ... ...
45 to 54 years 10,780 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,185 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,135 ... ...
75 years and over 4,330 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 38,890 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 38,515 ... ...
More than one person per room 380 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 38,895 ... ...
Suitable 37,315 ... ...
Not suitable 1,575 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 38,840 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 30,450 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 8,395 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 7,030 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,680 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 53.2 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 15.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,060 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,197 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 349,736 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 407,197 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 8,215 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 45.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 833 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 986 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 87,180 41,885 45,300
Without income 5,160 2,215 2,945
With income 82,020 39,670 42,355
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 9,070 4,150 4,915
$5,000 to $9,999 5,845 2,270 3,575
$10,000 to $14,999 7,250 2,915 4,335
$15,000 to $19,999 6,425 2,595 3,830
$20,000 to $29,999 9,240 3,745 5,495
$30,000 to $39,999 8,815 3,765 5,050
$40,000 to $49,999 7,475 3,205 4,265
$50,000 to $59,999 5,710 2,740 2,965
$60,000 to $79,999 8,210 4,435 3,770
$80,000 to $99,999 4,650 2,815 1,835
$100,000 and over 9,335 7,030 2,305
$100,000 to $124,999 3,460 2,440 1,020
$125,000 and over 5,875 4,595 1,285
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 33,645 40,899 27,987
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 50,582 63,880 38,128
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 87,185 41,885 45,300
Without after-tax income 5,115 2,220 2,900
With after-tax income 82,070 39,665 42,400
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,385 4,185 5,195
$5,000 to $9,999 6,105 2,320 3,790
$10,000 to $14,999 7,535 3,065 4,470
$15,000 to $19,999 6,975 2,815 4,165
$20,000 to $29,999 11,215 4,660 6,555
$30,000 to $39,999 10,920 4,850 6,065
$40,000 to $49,999 8,415 3,915 4,500
$50,000 to $59,999 6,245 3,265 2,975
$60,000 to $79,999 7,015 4,315 2,705
$80,000 to $99,999 3,625 2,605 1,020
$100,000 and over 4,630 3,670 960
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 29,833 35,733 25,382
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 39,474 48,284 31,234
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.1 94.3 86.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 75.9 79.0 71.1
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 71.1 73.4 67.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.8 5.6 3.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 5.6 5.5 5.6
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.2 7.3 7.1
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.4 2.5 2.3
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.9 5.7 13.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.8 2.3 3.6
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.2 1.5 3.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.2 0.8 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.1 1.0 1.4
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 21.9 24.4 18.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 78.1 75.6 82.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 2.7 3.6 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 30,405 17,055 13,355
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 55,990 65,260 46,654
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 73,788 86,912 57,031
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 30,230 ... ...
Median family income ($) 96,274 ... ...
Average family income ($) 123,324 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 80,234 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 96,070 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,100 ... ...
Median family income ($) 79,705 ... ...
Average family income ($) 105,524 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 66,762 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 82,352 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 16,685 ... ...
Median family income ($) 119,755 ... ...
Average family income ($) 146,581 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 97,501 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 113,067 ... ...
Average family size 4.0 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,865 ... ...
Median family income ($) 55,266 ... ...
Average family income ($) 67,738 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 48,978 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 56,941 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 9,670 4,040 5,630
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 34,455 36,812 32,526
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 43,526 47,355 40,776
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,015 31,929 29,301
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 34,704 36,498 33,415
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 106,270 51,505 54,770
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 40,840 19,055 21,785
In bottom decile 5,920 2,845 3,075
In second decile 6,775 3,025 3,755
In third decile 8,300 3,815 4,485
In fourth decile 9,360 4,275 5,085
In fifth decile 10,485 5,095 5,390
In top half of the Canadian distribution 65,425 32,445 32,985
In sixth decile 10,645 5,195 5,450
In seventh decile 10,895 5,385 5,515
In eighth decile 12,165 6,000 6,165
In ninth decile 13,540 6,685 6,860
In top decile 18,180 9,185 9,000
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 38,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 805 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 435 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 790 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,310 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,400 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,730 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,920 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,015 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,855 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,370 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,260 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,025 ... ...
$150,000 and over 8,000 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 38,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 840 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 435 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 845 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,370 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,755 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,490 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,735 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,460 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,115 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,870 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,975 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,075 ... ...
$125,000 and over 6,905 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 38,890 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 81,002 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 106,678 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,123 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 83,301 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 8,190 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 36,038 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 45,707 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 31,394 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 36,298 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 30,700 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 96,226 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 122,953 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 80,159 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 95,848 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 106,270 51,500 54,765
Less than 18 years 24,530 12,320 12,215
Less than 6 years 6,140 3,125 3,015
18 to 64 years 67,115 32,435 34,680
65 years and over 14,625 6,750 7,880
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 9,985 4,680 5,305
Less than 18 years 2,295 1,105 1,190
Less than 6 years 660 330 330
18 to 64 years 6,200 3,040 3,155
65 years and over 1,485 535 950
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 9.4 9.1 9.7
Less than 18 years (%) 9.4 9.0 9.7
Less than 6 years (%) 10.7 10.6 10.9
18 to 64 years (%) 9.2 9.4 9.1
65 years and over (%) 10.2 7.9 12.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Lac-Saint-Louis, Quebec (Code 24036) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Lac-Saint-Louis, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Lac-Saint-Louis, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lac-Saint-Louis
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 108,795 52,550 56,240
0 to 4 years 4,900 2,525 2,380
5 to 9 years 6,345 3,250 3,095
10 to 14 years 7,795 3,985 3,810
15 to 19 years 8,935 4,490 4,450
15 years 1,765 870 890
16 years 1,835 890 945
17 years 1,780 905 880
18 years 1,815 940 875
19 years 1,740 885 860
20 to 24 years 7,130 3,620 3,515
25 to 29 years 4,390 2,260 2,130
30 to 34 years 4,390 2,065 2,325
35 to 39 years 5,810 2,590 3,220
40 to 44 years 8,250 3,800 4,455
45 to 49 years 10,180 4,885 5,300
50 to 54 years 9,585 4,705 4,880
55 to 59 years 7,745 3,765 3,985
60 to 64 years 6,420 3,155 3,265
65 to 69 years 4,785 2,350 2,430
70 to 74 years 3,550 1,645 1,895
75 to 79 years 3,000 1,305 1,695
80 to 84 years 2,610 1,025 1,585
85 years and over 2,965 1,135 1,835
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 43.0 42.1 43.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 82.5 81.4 83.5
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 89,750 42,790 46,960
Married or living with a common-law partner 53,505 26,725 26,775
Married (and not separated) 46,685 23,330 23,355
Living common law 6,820 3,395 3,425
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 36,245 16,065 20,180
Single (never legally married) 24,650 12,740 11,905
Separated 1,375 550 825
Divorced 4,835 1,655 3,175
Widowed 5,385 1,115 4,270
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 30,400 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,015 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,775 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 8,440 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,175 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 30,400 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 26,190 ... ...
Married couples 22,785 ... ...
Without children at home 7,955 ... ...
With children at home 14,825 ... ...
1 child 4,685 ... ...
2 children 7,310 ... ...
3 or more children 2,830 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,405 ... ...
Without children at home 1,665 ... ...
With children at home 1,740 ... ...
1 child 705 ... ...
2 children 770 ... ...
3 or more children 260 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,215 ... ...
Female parent 3,285 ... ...
1 child 1,845 ... ...
2 children 1,095 ... ...
3 or more children 345 ... ...
Male parent 930 ... ...
1 child 545 ... ...
2 children 295 ... ...
3 or more children 90 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 38,150 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,065 ... ...
6 to 14 years 12,900 ... ...
15 to 17 years 5,325 ... ...
18 to 24 years 9,695 ... ...
25 years and over 4,165 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 106,300 51,595 54,710
Number of persons not in census families 11,565 4,705 6,855
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,775 610 1,170
Living with non-relatives only 1,560 835 720
Living alone 8,230 3,265 4,970
Number of census family persons 94,735 46,885 47,855
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 14,695 6,645 8,055
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 4,660 1,125 3,535
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 820 150 670
Living with non-relatives only 220 100 120
Living alone 3,620 875 2,745
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 10,035 5,515 4,520
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 38,865 ... ...
Census-family households 29,840 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 27,960 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 24,355 ... ...
Without children 8,895 ... ...
With children 15,455 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,610 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,880 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,340 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 985 ... ...
Without children 275 ... ...
With children 715 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 355 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 540 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,025 ... ...
One-person households 8,230 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 790 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 38,865 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,245 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,490 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 45 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 10,080 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,675 ... ...
Row house 3,165 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 335 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 4,860 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 38,865 ... ...
1 person 8,230 ... ...
2 persons 11,560 ... ...
3 persons 6,740 ... ...
4 persons 8,405 ... ...
5 persons 2,910 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,020 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 106,300 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.7 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 107,290 51,835 55,455
  Single responses  102,660 49,590 53,070
    English  48,905 23,935 24,970
    French  26,485 12,480 14,005
    Non-official languages  27,265 13,165 14,095
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 65 30 40
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  45 20 25
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  25 10 15
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 27,030 13,050 13,980
        African languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Afrikaans  15 5 10
        Akan (Twi)  40 20 20
        Albanian  40 15 20
        Amharic  15 5 10
        Arabic  2,960 1,510 1,445
        Armenian  320 155 165
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Bengali  120 65 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  30 15 20
        Bosnian  15 10 5
        Bulgarian  135 55 75
        Burmese  0 0 5
        Cantonese  350 165 185
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,785 860 930
        Creoles  495 230 270
        Croatian  145 65 80
        Czech  135 70 70
        Danish  40 15 25
        Dutch  295 145 150
        Estonian  20 10 10
        Finnish  60 25 35
        Flemish  15 5 10
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  1,365 605 755
        Greek  1,230 630 600
        Gujarati  345 175 170
        Hakka  10 5 10
        Hebrew  65 35 30
        Hindi  250 120 135
        Hungarian  455 230 220
        Ilocano  40 10 35
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Italian  4,205 2,135 2,070
        Japanese  100 35 60
        Khmer (Cambodian)  50 25 30
        Korean  250 130 125
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  30 15 15
        Latvian  50 15 35
        Lingala  15 10 10
        Lithuanian  50 15 35
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  45 20 25
        Malayalam  55 30 25
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  525 255 265
        Marathi  15 10 5
        Nepali  10 10 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 40 20 25
        Norwegian  35 15 20
        Oromo  30 10 15
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  710 355 355
        Pashto  25 15 10
        Persian (Farsi)  1,145 590 555
        Polish  1,170 540 630
        Portuguese  680 310 370
        Romanian  885 440 450
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  870 405 465
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  20 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Serbian  75 35 45
        Serbo-Croatian  30 20 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  15 5 10
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Slovak  105 40 65
        Slovenian  55 25 30
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  2,030 940 1,090
        Swahili  25 10 15
        Swedish  70 35 45
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  660 240 425
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  555 270 280
        Telugu  15 15 5
        Thai  20 0 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  165 90 75
        Ukrainian  380 170 205
        Urdu  475 235 235
        Vietnamese  330 155 180
        Yiddish  25 15 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 165 85 75
  Multiple responses          4,630 2,245 2,385
    English and French  2,310 1,140 1,175
    English and non-official language  1,265 610 655
    French and non-official language  545 235 305
    English, French and non-official language 510 260 250
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 107,290 51,835 55,455
  English only 22,420 10,690 11,730
  French only 5,410 2,230 3,180
  English and French 78,200 38,450 39,755
  Neither English nor French 1,260 465 795
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 107,290 51,835 55,455
  English 68,310 33,455 34,855
  French 30,235 14,195 16,045
  English and French 7,540 3,755 3,785
  Neither English nor French 1,205 430 775
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 72,080 35,330 36,750
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 67.2 68.2 66.3
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 107,290 51,835 55,455
  Single responses 101,115 48,880 52,230
    English 65,205 31,860 33,345
    French 23,425 11,035 12,390
    Non-official languages 12,480 5,990 6,490
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 45 20 20
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 30 10 15
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 10 5 5
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,405 5,955 6,450
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5
        Afrikaans 10 5 5
        Akan (Twi) 25 10 10
        Albanian 20 10 10
        Amharic 15 5 5
        Arabic 1,505 740 765
        Armenian 145 65 80
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Bengali 70 35 35
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 10 5 0
        Bisayan languages 5 0 5
        Bosnian 15 5 10
        Bulgarian 90 35 50
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 220 100 115
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,295 630 665
        Creoles 195 90 105
        Croatian 70 30 35
        Czech 35 15 20
        Danish 0 0 5
        Dutch 65 30 35
        Estonian 5 5 0
        Finnish 15 0 10
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 340 160 180
        Greek 250 120 130
        Gujarati 200 100 105
        Hakka 5 0 0
        Hebrew 20 10 10
        Hindi 135 65 70
        Hungarian 130 65 65
        Ilocano 15 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 480 220 260
        Japanese 55 25 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 25 15 15
        Korean 185 95 95
        Kurdish 0 5 0
        Lao 20 10 10
        Latvian 5 0 5
        Lingala 5 5 0
        Lithuanian 5 5 5
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 10 0 10
        Malayalam 10 5 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 450 225 220
        Marathi 10 5 5
        Nepali 10 5 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Norwegian 5 0 0
        Oromo 10 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 475 240 235
        Pashto 20 10 5
        Persian (Farsi) 790 385 410
        Polish 545 265 280
        Portuguese 220 110 110
        Romanian 675 325 350
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 665 325 340
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Serbian 35 20 20
        Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
        Sindhi 5 5 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10
        Slovak 30 10 20
        Slovenian 5 5 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 1,300 615 685
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 20 15 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 120 170
        Taiwanese 5 5 0
        Tamil 370 180 190
        Telugu 10 5 0
        Thai 5 0 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 95 45 45
        Ukrainian 60 20 35
        Urdu 280 120 160
        Vietnamese 220 105 115
        Yiddish 5 0 5
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 35 15 20
  Multiple responses         6,175 2,950 3,230
    English and French 2,290 1,120 1,175
    English and non-official language 2,220 1,065 1,150
    French and non-official language 660 285 370
    English, French and non-official language 1,010 485 530
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 107,290 51,830 55,455
  None 72,510 35,055 37,450
  Single responses  31,915 15,415 16,500
    English  10,575 5,110 5,465
    French  12,745 6,295 6,445
    Non-official languages  8,600 4,010 4,590
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 10 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,525 3,975 4,550
        African languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Afrikaans  15 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  35 25 15
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  5 5 0
        Arabic  970 485 485
        Armenian  90 50 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Bengali  30 15 15
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 0
        Bisayan languages  5 5 5
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  35 20 15
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  100 55 45
        Chinese, n.o.s.  255 115 135
        Creoles  365 160 205
        Croatian  40 15 25
        Czech  40 20 25
        Danish  25 10 20
        Dutch  75 30 45
        Estonian  5 5 0
        Finnish  15 0 10
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 5 0
        German  535 235 305
        Greek  725 350 380
        Gujarati  105 55 55
        Hakka  10 0 5
        Hebrew  50 20 30
        Hindi  175 80 90
        Hungarian  110 50 50
        Ilocano  15 5 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  1,645 800 840
        Japanese  35 20 20
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 10
        Korean  25 15 10
        Kurdish  10 0 0
        Lao  5 5 0
        Latvian  15 5 15
        Lingala  10 5 10
        Lithuanian  15 0 10
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  20 10 10
        Malayalam  40 20 20
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  65 30 35
        Marathi  10 0 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 20 10 15
        Norwegian  15 5 10
        Oromo  5 5 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  135 70 65
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  200 105 95
        Polish  260 110 150
        Portuguese  250 115 135
        Romanian  105 55 50
        Rundi (Kirundi)  0 0 0
        Russian  150 70 80
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  35 10 25
        Serbo-Croatian  5 0 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Sindhi  5 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  25 10 15
        Slovenian  15 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  665 290 375
        Swahili  20 10 15
        Swedish  40 15 25
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  260 85 170
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  105 55 55
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  10 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  55 25 35
        Ukrainian  130 55 75
        Urdu  130 65 65
        Vietnamese  65 25 35
        Yiddish  5 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 55 25 25
  Multiple responses          2,870 1,360 1,505
    English and French  1,175 575 600
    English and non-official language  385 175 210
    French and non-official language  1,285 600 680
    English, French and non-official language  20 10 10

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Lac-Saint-Louis, Quebec (Code 24036) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Lac-Saint-Louis (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Lac-Saint-Louis, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Lac-Saint-Louis, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Lac-Saint-Louis (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census