NHS Profile, LaSalle--Émard--Verdun, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, LaSalle--Émard--Verdun, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic LaSalle--Émard--Verdun
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 102,515 49,225 53,285
Canadian citizens 93,700 44,995 48,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,240 7,960 7,285
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,460 37,040 41,425
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 8,810 4,235 4,580
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 102,515 49,230 53,290
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 79,160 37,740 41,420
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 21,865 10,700 11,160
Before 1971 3,065 1,480 1,585
1971 to 1980 2,035 1,055 980
1981 to 1990 2,490 1,225 1,265
1991 to 2000 4,040 1,960 2,085
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,230 4,990 5,240
2001 to 2005 3,925 1,985 1,940
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 6,305 3,010 3,295
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 1,490 785 710
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 21,865 10,705 11,155
Under 5 years 1,685 800 890
5 to 14 years 3,210 1,590 1,620
15 to 24 years 4,475 2,020 2,450
25 to 44 years 11,140 5,735 5,400
45 years and over 1,355 560 800
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 102,510 49,230 53,290
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 79,160 37,735 41,420
Born in province of residence 75,260 35,900 39,355
Born outside province of residence 3,905 1,835 2,060
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 21,860 10,700 11,160
Americas 3,995 1,785 2,210
United States 460 205 255
Jamaica 100 25 85
Guyana 125 75 50
Haiti 270 145 120
Mexico 610 225 385
Trinidad and Tobago 170 70 105
Colombia 270 105 170
El Salvador 180 95 90
Peru 180 80 100
Chile 205 110 90
Other places of birth in Americas 1,425 655 765
Europe 7,235 3,570 3,665
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 310 150 160
Italy 1,935 960 980
Germany 165 80 90
Poland 505 205 300
Portugal 100 55 45
Netherlands 20 0 0
France 1,135 580 555
Romania 280 145 135
Russian Federation 475 255 220
Greece 125 60 65
Ukraine 460 220 235
Croatia 35 25 0
Hungary 70 35 35
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 65 45 0
Ireland, Republic of 25 20 0
Other places of birth in Europe 1,525 725 800
Africa 3,650 1,940 1,705
Morocco 540 280 265
Algeria 1,070 590 480
Egypt 210 145 70
South Africa, Republic of 20 0 15
Nigeria 25 20 0
Ethiopia 50 0 30
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,735 885 845
Asia 6,935 3,360 3,575
India 290 165 125
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,190 1,520 1,670
Philippines 465 195 270
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 140 45 90
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 615 300 320
Pakistan 55 35 15
Sri Lanka 65 25 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 390 230 160
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 100 35 60
Lebanon 175 105 70
Taiwan 180 85 95
Iraq 15 0 0
Bangladesh 605 290 310
Afghanistan 10 0 0
Japan 120 40 85
Turkey 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 500 245 255
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 40 40 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 20 20 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 1,495 790 710
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 6,305 3,010 3,295
Americas 1,125 520 605
United States 115 80 35
Mexico 355 115 240
Cuba 30 20 0
Haiti 60 30 30
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 75 35 35
Colombia 125 65 60
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 20 0 10
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 85 30 50
Other places of birth in Americas 255 130 130
Europe 1,540 730 800
France 335 165 170
Germany 15 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 60 25 35
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 285 135 155
Russian Federation 145 75 80
Ukraine 300 145 155
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 45 20 25
Other places of birth in Europe 340 160 180
Africa 1,610 790 820
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 95 50 40
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 440 185 250
Egypt 90 55 30
Morocco 250 125 120
Tunisia 35 25 15
Cameroon 165 85 80
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 60 10 50
South Africa, Republic of 10 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 455 235 220
Asia 2,030 965 1,065
Philippines 150 55 95
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,295 595 700
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 40 30 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 40 30 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 140 90 50
Lebanon 45 25 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 50 0 40
Taiwan 20 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 60 0 40
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 100 60 40
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 102,515 49,230 53,285
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 23,515 11,595 11,925
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 13,810 6,950 6,855
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 65,195 30,685 34,510
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 102,515 49,225 53,285
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 19,330 9,665 9,665
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 1,735 835 900
Chinese 4,885 2,455 2,425
Black 4,620 2,385 2,235
Filipino 610 255 355
Latin American 2,640 1,245 1,395
Arab 2,195 1,220 975
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 1,030 540 485
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 440 245 195
Korean 135 50 85
Japanese 210 65 145
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 305 140 165
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 530 235 295
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 83,185 39,565 43,620
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 102,515 49,225 53,290
North American Aboriginal origins 3,910 1,795 2,115
First Nations (North American Indian) 3,575 1,660 1,915
Inuit 35 20 20
Métis 335 130 205
Other North American origins 49,285 22,985 26,300
Acadian 470 200 270
American 780 360 420
Canadian 45,465 21,070 24,390
New Brunswicker 70 35 35
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 50 35 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 3,210 1,655 1,560
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 52,940 25,450 27,495
British Isles origins 17,080 7,995 9,090
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 6,220 2,850 3,370
Irish 9,870 4,690 5,180
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 4,990 2,380 2,615
Welsh 360 155 205
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 915 405 505
French origins 27,530 13,095 14,440
Alsatian 15 0 10
Breton 125 70 60
French 27,470 13,060 14,410
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,390 1,605 1,785
Austrian 160 95 65
Belgian 715 355 360
Dutch 345 130 210
Flemish 70 35 40
Frisian 0 0 0
German 2,035 940 1,100
Luxembourger 35 0 25
Swiss 190 110 80
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 15 15 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 455 230 230
Danish 80 25 50
Finnish 110 60 55
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 125 70 55
Swedish 135 55 80
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 45 35 10
Eastern European origins 6,005 3,025 2,975
Bulgarian 520 275 245
Byelorussian 55 25 25
Czech 120 70 50
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 35 0 20
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 325 180 150
Latvian 95 35 55
Lithuanian 235 120 110
Moldovan 355 150 205
Polish 1,790 860 925
Romanian 630 325 305
Russian 1,275 670 600
Slovak 140 80 60
Ukrainian 1,400 665 735
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 11,280 5,480 5,800
Albanian 390 190 200
Bosnian 20 0 15
Croatian 105 60 45
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 760 430 330
Italian 7,565 3,620 3,945
Kosovar 10 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 720 350 365
Serbian 65 45 20
Sicilian 30 20 0
Slovenian 55 25 30
Spanish 1,965 910 1,050
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 100 35 65
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 545 245 305
Basque 35 30 0
Jewish 420 185 230
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 70 25 45
Caribbean origins 2,275 1,140 1,135
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 35 20 0
Barbadian 240 140 100
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 65 30 40
Dominican 120 35 80
Grenadian 95 45 50
Haitian 700 390 310
Jamaican 440 205 235
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 20 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 180 70 105
Vincentian/Grenadinian 95 35 60
West Indian, n.o.s. 225 125 100
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 130 80 50
Latin, Central and South American origins 3,220 1,510 1,710
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 110 40 70
Argentinian 115 45 70
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 15 0 0
Brazilian 140 55 85
Chilean 335 200 135
Colombian 430 170 265
Costa Rican 40 20 20
Ecuadorian 60 30 35
Guatemalan 110 65 40
Guyanese 195 105 90
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 95 55 40
Maya 70 40 0
Mexican 885 400 480
Nicaraguan 10 0 0
Panamanian 40 25 15
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 200 85 115
Salvadorean 290 145 150
Uruguayan 45 0 0
Venezuelan 200 85 115
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 50 25 30
African origins 5,255 2,695 2,555
Central and West African origins 1,295 645 650
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 25 15 0
Burkinabe 45 20 25
Cameroonian 300 170 135
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 335 140 200
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 15 10 0
Guinean 100 50 50
Ibo 25 0 20
Ivorian 115 70 40
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 35 0 0
Nigerian 45 25 20
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 125 55 70
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 25 15 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 200 90 110
North African origins 2,630 1,385 1,240
Algerian 1,030 565 470
Berber 555 315 240
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 385 235 145
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 20 20 0
Moroccan 680 285 395
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 130 65 60
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 50 30 20
Southern and East African origins 585 310 280
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 10 10 0
Burundian 105 60 45
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 80 25 55
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 125 55 70
Mauritian 75 40 30
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 45 30 20
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 30 15 0
South African 30 10 20
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 60 30 25
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 55 40 15
Other African origins 820 385 435
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 45 0 35
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 770 370 400
Asian origins 11,150 5,590 5,555
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 2,075 1,235 845
Afghan 15 0 0
Arab, n.o.s. 675 435 240
Armenian 110 70 40
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 40 20 15
Iranian 560 325 235
Iraqi 25 15 0
Israeli 15 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 465 255 205
Palestinian 55 50 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 105 60 45
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 80 40 40
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 15 0 15
South Asian origins 2,015 920 1,100
Bangladeshi 500 220 275
Bengali 280 145 130
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,120 490 635
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 45 0 30
Pakistani 105 50 60
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 80 50 35
Tamil 75 45 25
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 30 20 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 7,140 3,480 3,660
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 130 70 65
Chinese 5,130 2,615 2,525
Filipino 640 260 380
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 285 95 195
Korean 165 55 110
Laotian 40 40 0
Malaysian 10 0 0
Mongolian 35 30 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 125 60 70
Thai 20 0 15
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 860 430 435
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 15 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 20 0 0
Oceania origins 85 50 35
Australian 65 30 35
New Zealander 30 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 102,515 49,225 53,290
Buddhist 1,350 665 680
Christian 73,820 33,900 39,915
Anglican 1,775 870 905
Baptist 305 120 180
Catholic 62,685 28,545 34,140
Christian Orthodox 2,340 1,185 1,160
Lutheran 110 30 80
Pentecostal 590 235 355
Presbyterian 325 140 185
United Church 760 315 450
Other Christian 4,930 2,450 2,475
Hindu 640 315 320
Jewish 310 165 145
Muslim 4,060 2,150 1,910
Sikh 120 80 40
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 270 130 135
No religious affiliation 21,930 11,815 10,120
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 102,515 49,230 53,290
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 1,345 610 735
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 875 370 500
Métis single identity 395 185 205
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 20 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 50 35 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 101,170 48,620 52,550
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 102,515 49,230 53,285
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 315 100 210
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 102,200 49,130 53,075
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 102,515 49,225 53,285
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 3,910 1,790 2,120
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 3,575 1,665 1,915
Métis ancestry 335 135 200
Inuit ancestry 40 15 20
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 98,600 47,435 51,170
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 29,885 14,675 15,215
Aboriginal languages 50 40 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 25 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,840 14,640 15,200
Italian 4,525 2,225 2,300
Portuguese 555 255 305
Romanian 760 360 405
Spanish 7,170 3,225 3,950
Dutch 65 30 30
Flemish 35 0 0
German 575 335 240
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 0 20
Afrikaans 15 0 0
Gaelic languages 25 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 450 245 200
Croatian 50 35 15
Czech 65 45 20
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 860 390 470
Russian 1,750 880 865
Serbian 60 40 20
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 20 0 20
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 515 265 250
Latvian 65 0 35
Lithuanian 95 50 40
Greek 475 265 210
Armenian 65 55 0
Albanian 430 190 240
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 20
Hungarian 125 65 55
Turkish 80 45 35
Berber languages (Kabyle) 180 90 90
Oromo 145 80 70
Somali 75 50 0
Amharic 65 25 45
Arabic 2,375 1,365 1,010
Hebrew 105 40 65
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 980 460 525
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 295 145 155
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 200 105 95
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 110 65 50
Nepali 45 0 30
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 515 290 220
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 100 60 40
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 345 165 180
Korean 120 50 65
Cantonese 515 250 265
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 10 0 0
Mandarin 1,315 720 595
Taiwanese 40 20 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,055 1,485 1,565
Lao 25 20 0
Thai 35 30 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 60 80
Vietnamese 800 425 370
Bisayan languages 25 0 20
Ilocano 35 0 25
Malay 50 20 25
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 525 220 305
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 245 95 145
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 40 40
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 25 10 15
Swahili 105 55 50
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 125 80 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155
African languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0
Creoles 710 350 360
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 675 380 290
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 101,345 48,600 52,750
Non-movers 86,750 41,520 45,230
Movers 14,600 7,075 7,520
Non-migrants 10,855 5,375 5,480
Migrants 3,745 1,705 2,040
Internal migrants 2,105 985 1,120
Intraprovincial migrants 1,840 850 990
Interprovincial migrants 265 135 130
External migrants 1,640 720 925
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 96,860 46,105 50,755
Non-movers 54,690 25,535 29,150
Movers 42,180 20,570 21,605
Non-migrants 28,470 13,980 14,495
Migrants 13,705 6,590 7,110
Internal migrants 7,440 3,610 3,835
Intraprovincial migrants 6,335 3,020 3,310
Interprovincial migrants 1,105 585 520
External migrants 6,265 2,980 3,280
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 88,890 42,215 46,670
No certificate, diploma or degree 21,630 9,980 11,645
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 20,025 9,395 10,625
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 47,235 22,840 24,400
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,445 5,905 4,545
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,085 5,745 7,340
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,060 1,820 2,240
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 19,645 9,370 10,275
Bachelor's degree 11,930 5,620 6,310
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,715 3,750 3,965
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 61,455 29,920 31,535
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,020 4,955 5,065
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 12,530 6,145 6,390
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 38,905 18,820 20,085
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,070 4,350 3,715
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,065 4,530 5,530
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,295 1,530 1,765
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 17,480 8,415 9,065
Bachelor's degree 10,480 5,070 5,410
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,005 3,345 3,655
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 88,890 42,220 46,665
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 41,650 19,380 22,270
Education 2,725 670 2,050
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 3,075 1,440 1,635
Humanities 3,090 1,225 1,865
Social and behavioural sciences and law 5,535 2,025 3,510
Business, management and public administration 10,990 3,980 7,010
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,925 1,085 840
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,575 1,760 815
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,110 8,070 1,040
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 485 235 250
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,035 1,010 4,030
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,690 1,335 1,365
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 88,890 42,220 46,670
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,650 19,380 22,270
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 47,240 22,840 24,400
Location of study inside Canada 38,435 18,365 20,070
Same as province or territory of residence 37,180 17,710 19,470
Another province or territory 1,260 655 610
Location of study outside Canada 8,800 4,475 4,330
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,475 29,095 28,380
Single responses 50,405 25,495 24,915
English 13,750 7,240 6,510
French 35,870 17,850 18,015
Non-official languages 785 400 385
Chinese, n.o.s. 265 135 125
Cantonese 60 35 25
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 80 30 50
Spanish 120 65 60
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 250 140 115
Multiple responses 7,065 3,600 3,470
English and French 6,585 3,375 3,210
English and non-official language 140 60 75
French and non-official language 70 35 35
English, French and non-official language 270 130 145
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,475 29,095 28,380
English 13,750 7,240 6,510
French 35,870 17,855 18,015
Non-official language 785 400 385
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 785 400 385
English and French 6,590 3,380 3,210
English and non-official language 135 60 80
French and non-official language 70 40 30
English, French and non-official language 270 125 145
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 88,890 42,220 46,670
In the labour force 55,400 28,170 27,235
Employed 50,380 25,430 24,950
Unemployed 5,020 2,740 2,280
Not in the labour force 33,490 14,050 19,440
Participation rate 62.3 66.7 58.4
Employment rate 56.7 60.2 53.5
Unemployment rate 9.1 9.7 8.4
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 55,400 28,170 27,235
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,115 1,180 935
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,285 26,985 26,300
Employee 49,140 24,435 24,710
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,145 2,560 1,585
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 55,400 28,170 27,230
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,110 1,180 935
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,290 26,990 26,295
0 Management occupations 4,565 2,515 2,050
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,255 3,310 6,940
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,585 3,690 895
3 Health occupations 3,130 760 2,375
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 5,975 1,850 4,120
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 2,180 1,020 1,155
6 Sales and service occupations 14,820 7,165 7,655
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,725 5,335 385
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 205 180 25
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,860 1,155 700
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 55,400 28,165 27,235
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,115 1,175 935
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,290 26,990 26,295
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 90 75 15
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 35 25 10
22 Utilities 355 215 140
23 Construction 2,045 1,750 290
31-33 Manufacturing 4,320 2,965 1,360
41 Wholesale trade 2,465 1,585 880
44-45 Retail trade 6,190 3,100 3,095
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,960 2,055 905
51 Information and cultural industries 2,390 1,255 1,135
52 Finance and insurance 2,730 935 1,800
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,145 615 530
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,865 2,785 2,080
55 Management of companies and enterprises 70 30 40
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,565 1,560 1,005
61 Educational services 4,425 1,680 2,750
62 Health care and social assistance 6,550 1,535 5,020
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,110 570 545
72 Accommodation and food services 3,875 1,940 1,940
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,290 930 1,355
91 Public administration 2,815 1,400 1,415
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 55,400 28,170 27,235
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,125 2,090 2,035
Worked in 2010 51,280 26,080 25,200
1 to 13 weeks 2,595 1,345 1,250
14 to 26 weeks 3,720 1,740 1,980
27 to 39 weeks 3,160 1,540 1,615
40 to 48 weeks 9,195 4,715 4,475
49 to 52 weeks 32,610 16,730 15,880
Average weeks worked in 2010 44.8 45.0 44.7
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 55,400 28,165 27,235
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 4,120 2,085 2,035
Worked in 2010 51,285 26,080 25,200
Worked full-time in 2010 41,920 22,360 19,565
Worked part-time in 2010 9,360 3,725 5,640
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 50,380 25,425 24,955
Worked at home 2,205 1,180 1,025
Worked outside Canada 190 120 70
No fixed workplace address 3,715 2,725 990
Worked at usual place 44,280 21,410 22,870
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 47,995 24,130 23,865
Car, truck or van - as a driver 22,420 13,650 8,770
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,630 380 1,255
Public transit 19,430 7,910 11,515
Walked 2,985 1,180 1,805
Bicycle 1,055 725 330
Other methods 470 285 185
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 47,995 24,130 23,860
Median commuting duration 30.1 30.1 30.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 47,990 24,130 23,860
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 10,665 6,570 4,095
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,085 11,805 15,270
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 10,250 5,750 4,495
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 51,005 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 46,115 ... ...
Major repairs needed 4,885 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 51,000 ... ...
1960 or before 29,905 ... ...
1961 to 1980 12,490 ... ...
1981 to 1990 4,565 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,840 ... ...
2001 to 2005 980 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,220 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 51,005 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 26,660 ... ...
5 rooms 13,595 ... ...
6 rooms 5,450 ... ...
7 rooms 2,580 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,720 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.6 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 51,000 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 15,890 ... ...
2 bedrooms 21,045 ... ...
3 bedrooms 11,570 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 2,500 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 51,005 ... ...
Owner 17,025 ... ...
Renter 33,980 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 51,000 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,795 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 45,210 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 51,005 ... ...
1 household maintainer 35,685 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,370 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 945 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 51,000 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,140 ... ...
25 to 34 years 9,695 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,960 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,935 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,975 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,945 ... ...
75 years and over 5,360 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 51,000 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 50,140 ... ...
More than one person per room 865 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 51,000 ... ...
Suitable 47,085 ... ...
Not suitable 3,920 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 50,850 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 34,660 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 16,190 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,500 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 17,025 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 61.9 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 25.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,004 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,096 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 320,228 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 335,757 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 33,980 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 35.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 665 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 673 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 88,890 42,220 46,670
Without income 3,920 1,790 2,130
With income 84,970 40,430 44,540
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 7,840 4,265 3,580
$5,000 to $9,999 8,230 3,475 4,755
$10,000 to $14,999 9,930 3,880 6,050
$15,000 to $19,999 10,025 4,070 5,960
$20,000 to $29,999 13,730 6,340 7,390
$30,000 to $39,999 11,585 5,640 5,940
$40,000 to $49,999 8,425 4,160 4,270
$50,000 to $59,999 5,275 2,630 2,640
$60,000 to $79,999 6,075 3,570 2,505
$80,000 to $99,999 2,195 1,350 845
$100,000 and over 1,650 1,055 600
$100,000 to $124,999 925 585 340
$125,000 and over 730 470 260
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 24,185 26,860 22,144
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 30,869 33,361 28,608
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 88,890 42,220 46,670
Without after-tax income 3,915 1,790 2,120
With after-tax income 84,975 40,425 44,550
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 7,990 4,305 3,685
$5,000 to $9,999 8,315 3,485 4,835
$10,000 to $14,999 10,265 4,015 6,245
$15,000 to $19,999 10,905 4,605 6,300
$20,000 to $29,999 16,910 7,935 8,970
$30,000 to $39,999 13,310 6,615 6,695
$40,000 to $49,999 8,310 4,090 4,220
$50,000 to $59,999 4,585 2,740 1,840
$60,000 to $79,999 3,160 1,870 1,290
$80,000 to $99,999 755 455 295
$100,000 and over 485 310 170
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,699 24,667 21,154
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 26,405 28,089 24,877
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 82.1 86.4 77.6
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 70.8 74.7 66.8
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 68.2 71.7 64.4
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 2.6 2.9 2.3
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.0 3.2 2.8
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.7 7.1 6.2
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.6 1.5 1.7
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 17.9 13.6 22.5
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 4.5 4.1 4.9
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 4.7 3.4 6.1
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.2 2.0 2.4
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.4 0.2 4.7
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 4.1 3.9 4.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 14.5 15.8 13.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 85.5 84.2 87.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.2 1.2 1.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 28,350 14,990 13,360
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 39,903 41,975 37,991
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 44,606 46,948 41,978
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,395 ... ...
Median family income ($) 54,197 ... ...
Average family income ($) 65,823 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 49,291 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 56,333 ... ...
Average family size 2.7 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 10,635 ... ...
Median family income ($) 53,985 ... ...
Average family income ($) 62,668 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 47,994 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 53,303 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 9,595 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,949 ... ...
Average family income ($) 83,656 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,937 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 70,672 ... ...
Average family size 3.7 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,915 ... ...
Median family income ($) 38,045 ... ...
Average family income ($) 44,790 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 36,533 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 40,090 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 27,550 12,985 14,565
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,744 25,785 22,439
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 29,761 30,700 28,925
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,333 23,632 21,719
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 25,438 25,972 24,962
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 102,515 49,225 53,290
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 69,880 32,890 36,995
In bottom decile 17,345 8,395 8,955
In second decile 15,840 6,770 9,070
In third decile 13,805 6,505 7,305
In fourth decile 12,255 5,825 6,430
In fifth decile 10,635 5,395 5,235
In top half of the Canadian distribution 32,635 16,335 16,290
In sixth decile 8,585 4,295 4,295
In seventh decile 8,705 4,265 4,445
In eighth decile 6,950 3,420 3,530
In ninth decile 5,170 2,655 2,515
In top decile 3,220 1,705 1,515
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 51,000 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,825 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,100 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,055 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,360 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 6,480 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,910 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,960 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,340 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,730 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,710 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,665 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,395 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,475 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 51,000 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,875 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,120 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,170 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,570 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,865 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 8,035 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,885 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,960 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,010 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,835 ... ...
$125,000 and over 1,175 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 51,000 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 41,102 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 51,426 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 37,270 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 43,994 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 21,160 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 26,356 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 32,100 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 24,193 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 27,248 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,840 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 54,036 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 65,131 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 49,034 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 55,869 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 102,515 49,230 53,285
Less than 18 years 16,440 8,520 7,925
Less than 6 years 6,380 3,490 2,895
18 to 64 years 70,570 34,365 36,200
65 years and over 15,505 6,345 9,160
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 26,025 11,680 14,345
Less than 18 years 4,915 2,465 2,445
Less than 6 years 1,920 975 950
18 to 64 years 17,480 8,285 9,195
65 years and over 3,635 925 2,705
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 25.4 23.7 26.9
Less than 18 years (%) 29.9 28.9 30.9
Less than 6 years (%) 30.1 27.9 32.8
18 to 64 years (%) 24.8 24.1 25.4
65 years and over (%) 23.4 14.6 29.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. LaSalle--Émard--Verdun, Quebec (Code 24037) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

LaSalle--Émard--Verdun, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, LaSalle--Émard--Verdun, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic LaSalle--Émard--Verdun
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 105,145 50,080 55,060
0 to 4 years 5,660 2,975 2,685
5 to 9 years 4,105 2,055 2,050
10 to 14 years 4,025 1,980 2,040
15 to 19 years 5,105 2,555 2,545
15 years 925 455 470
16 years 1,000 535 465
17 years 970 485 485
18 years 1,120 565 555
19 years 1,085 515 570
20 to 24 years 6,910 3,360 3,550
25 to 29 years 8,970 4,390 4,580
30 to 34 years 8,895 4,480 4,415
35 to 39 years 7,570 3,790 3,775
40 to 44 years 7,095 3,645 3,445
45 to 49 years 7,655 3,790 3,860
50 to 54 years 8,160 3,975 4,180
55 to 59 years 7,290 3,445 3,845
60 to 64 years 6,260 2,835 3,430
65 to 69 years 4,700 2,090 2,605
70 to 74 years 3,885 1,630 2,255
75 to 79 years 3,475 1,400 2,075
80 to 84 years 2,785 980 1,800
85 years and over 2,615 695 1,920
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.9 39.2 42.7
% of the population aged 15 and over 86.9 86.0 87.7
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 91,355 43,070 48,280
Married or living with a common-law partner 42,525 21,360 21,165
Married (and not separated) 27,095 13,535 13,560
Living common law 15,430 7,825 7,605
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 48,825 21,710 27,120
Single (never legally married) 32,420 16,780 15,635
Separated 2,000 835 1,170
Divorced 7,985 2,905 5,075
Widowed 6,425 1,190 5,230
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,915 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 15,350 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,220 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,040 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,305 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,915 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,655 ... ...
Married couples 12,950 ... ...
Without children at home 6,490 ... ...
With children at home 6,455 ... ...
1 child 3,085 ... ...
2 children 2,545 ... ...
3 or more children 825 ... ...
Common-law couples 7,710 ... ...
Without children at home 4,635 ... ...
With children at home 3,075 ... ...
1 child 1,580 ... ...
2 children 1,145 ... ...
3 or more children 350 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,260 ... ...
Female parent 5,030 ... ...
1 child 3,360 ... ...
2 children 1,260 ... ...
3 or more children 415 ... ...
Male parent 1,230 ... ...
1 child 865 ... ...
2 children 300 ... ...
3 or more children 65 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 24,850 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,455 ... ...
6 to 14 years 7,235 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,775 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,925 ... ...
25 years and over 3,465 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 0.9 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 102,540 49,150 53,395
Number of persons not in census families 30,120 13,950 16,170
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,760 1,260 1,500
Living with non-relatives only 6,075 3,490 2,585
Living alone 21,285 9,205 12,085
Number of census family persons 72,425 35,195 37,225
Average number of persons per census family 2.7 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 15,470 6,250 9,225
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 7,415 2,055 5,365
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 710 155 550
Living with non-relatives only 500 255 245
Living alone 6,210 1,645 4,565
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,060 4,195 3,865
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 51,015 ... ...
Census-family households 26,550 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,615 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 19,350 ... ...
Without children 10,440 ... ...
With children 8,910 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,270 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,930 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,585 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 890 ... ...
Without children 435 ... ...
With children 460 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 700 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 345 ... ...
Non-census-family households 24,470 ... ...
One-person households 21,285 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,180 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 51,020 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,220 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 2,510 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 40 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 46,250 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,290 ... ...
Row house 1,245 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 20,285 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 23,305 ... ...
Other single-attached house 120 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 51,015 ... ...
1 person 21,285 ... ...
2 persons 16,695 ... ...
3 persons 6,875 ... ...
4 persons 4,350 ... ...
5 persons 1,300 ... ...
6 or more persons 510 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 102,545 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.0 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,620 49,475 54,140
  Single responses  100,425 47,870 52,555
    English  18,875 9,090 9,785
    French  60,740 28,635 32,100
    Non-official languages  20,810 10,145 10,665
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 40 10 30
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  25 5 20
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 20,500 10,000 10,500
        African languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Afrikaans  5 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  10 10 0
        Albanian  310 155 155
        Amharic  25 10 15
        Arabic  1,580 885 700
        Armenian  50 30 25
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Bengali  720 360 360
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  115 65 55
        Bisayan languages  25 10 15
        Bosnian  0 0 5
        Bulgarian  385 190 195
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  460 215 250
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,890 1,410 1,475
        Creoles  315 165 145
        Croatian  40 20 15
        Czech  55 30 30
        Danish  5 5 0
        Dutch  40 25 15
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  15 0 15
        Flemish  5 0 5
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  175 85 100
        Greek  360 185 180
        Gujarati  15 10 10
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  10 5 5
        Hindi  60 30 25
        Hungarian  80 35 50
        Ilocano  25 5 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Italian  2,945 1,425 1,520
        Japanese  115 30 85
        Khmer (Cambodian)  80 40 40
        Korean  135 55 80
        Kurdish  15 10 10
        Lao  25 15 15
        Latvian  20 10 10
        Lingala  75 30 45
        Lithuanian  115 50 70
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  35 10 20
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  955 455 505
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  10 5 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 125 65 55
        Norwegian  5 0 0
        Oromo  190 100 90
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  195 100 100
        Pashto  5 0 5
        Persian (Farsi)  265 145 120
        Polish  705 310 395
        Portuguese  395 205 185
        Romanian  565 280 290
        Rundi (Kirundi)  75 35 35
        Russian  1,085 465 615
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  35 10 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Serbian  60 35 30
        Serbo-Croatian  10 10 5
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slovak  30 15 15
        Slovenian  5 5 5
        Somali  50 30 20
        Spanish  2,910 1,470 1,440
        Swahili  45 20 25
        Swedish  10 5 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  270 70 195
        Taiwanese  20 5 10
        Tamil  45 25 20
        Telugu  5 0 5
        Thai  10 0 5
        Tibetan languages  5 0 0
        Tigrigna  20 10 10
        Turkish  70 40 35
        Ukrainian  280 120 160
        Urdu  75 40 35
        Vietnamese  500 230 265
        Yiddish  5 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 270 135 135
  Multiple responses          3,195 1,605 1,585
    English and French  1,550 795 760
    English and non-official language  540 265 275
    French and non-official language  810 400 410
    English, French and non-official language 290 145 140
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,615 49,480 54,140
  English only 11,910 5,685 6,225
  French only 29,105 12,565 16,540
  English and French 60,585 30,390 30,185
  Neither English nor French 2,020 835 1,185
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,620 49,475 54,140
  English 27,360 13,360 14,000
  French 68,335 32,265 36,070
  English and French 5,975 3,060 2,920
  Neither English nor French 1,945 795 1,155
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 30,350 14,890 15,460
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 29.3 30.1 28.6
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,620 49,475 54,140
  Single responses 98,590 46,985 51,610
    English 23,520 11,375 12,140
    French 62,255 29,455 32,800
    Non-official languages 12,815 6,150 6,670
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 10 15
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 5 5 0
        Inuktitut 15 5 10
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 12,715 6,110 6,600
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 195 100 100
        Amharic 10 5 10
        Arabic 770 400 365
        Armenian 15 10 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 605 300 305
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 30 15 15
        Bisayan languages 0 0 5
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 320 170 150
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 330 150 175
        Chinese, n.o.s. 2,615 1,305 1,310
        Creoles 105 45 60
        Croatian 10 5 5
        Czech 10 5 10
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 0 0 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 25 10 10
        Greek 150 65 85
        Gujarati 10 5 5
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 5 5 0
        Hindi 15 5 5
        Hungarian 30 15 20
        Ilocano 5 5 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Italian 1,190 520 670
        Japanese 50 20 30
        Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 20
        Korean 95 45 50
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 15 5 5
        Latvian 15 0 5
        Lingala 15 5 15
        Lithuanian 65 30 40
        Macedonian 0 5 0
        Malay 15 5 10
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 875 430 445
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 5 0 5
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 65 30 35
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 135 65 65
        Pashto 10 5 5
        Persian (Farsi) 180 90 90
        Polish 355 165 190
        Portuguese 180 95 80
        Romanian 405 195 205
        Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 20
        Russian 895 400 495
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 5 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 45 20 25
        Serbo-Croatian 10 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 35 15 15
        Spanish 1,845 895 945
        Swahili 10 5 5
        Swedish 0 5 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 35 85
        Taiwanese 10 5 5
        Tamil 35 15 15
        Telugu 5 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 20 5 15
        Turkish 35 15 15
        Ukrainian 125 60 65
        Urdu 40 20 20
        Vietnamese 400 185 215
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 80 30 45
  Multiple responses         5,025 2,495 2,535
    English and French 1,700 875 830
    English and non-official language 1,100 505 595
    French and non-official language 1,585 770 815
    English, French and non-official language 635 340 295
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,620 49,475 54,140
  None 81,195 38,470 42,720
  Single responses  20,740 10,180 10,560
    English  8,670 4,270 4,395
    French  6,395 3,135 3,265
    Non-official languages  5,680 2,770 2,910
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 10 15
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  15 5 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 5,515 2,695 2,825
        African languages, n.i.e 20 10 5
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 0
        Albanian  35 20 20
        Amharic  5 0 0
        Arabic  615 325 285
        Armenian  10 5 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 20 10 10
        Bengali  90 50 40
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 15 10
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  35 20 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  70 30 40
        Chinese, n.o.s.  255 115 140
        Creoles  220 120 105
        Croatian  5 5 0
        Czech  15 10 10
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  20 10 10
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  5 0 0
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  100 55 50
        Greek  140 75 65
        Gujarati  5 0 0
        Hakka  5 0 0
        Hebrew  15 5 10
        Hindi  40 15 20
        Hungarian  25 15 10
        Ilocano  5 0 5
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Italian  1,035 530 505
        Japanese  50 15 30
        Khmer (Cambodian)  15 5 5
        Korean  25 20 10
        Kurdish  5 0 5
        Lao  5 5 0
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  105 60 55
        Lithuanian  25 10 15
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  10 0 5
        Malayalam  5 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  110 45 70
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 70 35 40
        Norwegian  0 5 0
        Oromo  65 35 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  40 15 20
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  70 40 25
        Polish  175 65 110
        Portuguese  145 65 75
        Romanian  105 50 55
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 15 15
        Russian  180 75 105
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 10 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 5
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  10 0 5
        Slovenian  5 0 0
        Somali  20 15 5
        Spanish  970 480 490
        Swahili  35 15 20
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  110 35 80
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  15 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 5 0
        Turkish  15 10 5
        Ukrainian  90 25 65
        Urdu  10 5 5
        Vietnamese  100 45 55
        Yiddish  0 5 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 140 70 70
  Multiple responses          1,680 830 855
    English and French  780 390 385
    English and non-official language  450 205 240
    French and non-official language  435 220 220
    English, French and non-official language  20 10 10

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. LaSalle--Émard--Verdun, Quebec (Code 24037) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 20, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: LaSalle--Émard--Verdun (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: LaSalle--Émard--Verdun, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: LaSalle--Émard--Verdun, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: LaSalle--Émard--Verdun (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census