NHS Profile, Montarville, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Montarville, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montarville
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 93,625 45,865 47,760
Canadian citizens 92,350 45,260 47,085
Canadian citizens aged under 18 22,510 11,395 11,115
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 69,840 33,865 35,975
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 1,275 600 675
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 93,625 45,865 47,760
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 86,835 42,445 44,385
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 6,655 3,360 3,295
Before 1971 1,170 615 555
1971 to 1980 1,120 615 505
1981 to 1990 755 355 400
1991 to 2000 1,420 700 725
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 2,195 1,070 1,120
2001 to 2005 1,295 670 630
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 895 405 490
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 135 60 75
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 6,655 3,360 3,295
Under 5 years 970 440 525
5 to 14 years 1,130 605 525
15 to 24 years 1,255 615 640
25 to 44 years 2,960 1,525 1,430
45 years and over 345 175 170
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 93,625 45,865 47,760
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 86,835 42,445 44,385
Born in province of residence 84,265 41,170 43,095
Born outside province of residence 2,565 1,275 1,290
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 6,660 3,360 3,295
Americas 1,450 685 770
United States 285 140 145
Jamaica 25 0 20
Guyana 35 0 0
Haiti 350 165 190
Mexico 95 55 40
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0
Colombia 90 30 55
El Salvador 25 0 0
Peru 120 50 65
Chile 100 60 35
Other places of birth in Americas 305 135 165
Europe 2,990 1,605 1,385
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 175 95 80
Italy 140 80 65
Germany 70 20 45
Poland 90 50 40
Portugal 205 100 100
Netherlands 15 0 0
France 1,345 755 590
Romania 245 125 120
Russian Federation 90 60 25
Greece 50 25 25
Ukraine 65 0 50
Croatia 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Serbia 0 0 0
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 450 245 200
Africa 860 455 405
Morocco 285 175 110
Algeria 260 115 145
Egypt 65 30 30
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 230 125 110
Asia 1,350 615 740
India 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 340 85 260
Philippines 45 20 30
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 145 75 70
Pakistan 25 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 40 20 20
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 45 20 20
Lebanon 195 105 95
Taiwan 50 30 15
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Afghanistan 95 45 45
Japan 30 0 35
Turkey 40 0 25
Other places of birth in Asia 255 155 100
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 135 55 75
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 900 405 490
Americas 260 135 125
United States 85 50 35
Mexico 25 15 15
Cuba 0 0 0
Haiti 25 0 0
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 10 0 0
Colombia 25 10 0
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 30 0 20
Other places of birth in Americas 45 25 25
Europe 345 150 195
France 210 105 110
Germany 15 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 55 15 35
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 0 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 35 25 0
Africa 115 55 60
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 10 0 0
Egypt 0 0 0
Morocco 55 35 20
Tunisia 0 0 0
Cameroon 20 0 0
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 25 0 20
Asia 175 65 110
Philippines 0 0 0
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 70 25 45
India 0 0 0
Pakistan 0 0 0
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 0 0 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0
Lebanon 40 0 25
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 0 0 0
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 93,625 45,865 47,760
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 6,985 3,485 3,500
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 6,600 3,320 3,280
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 80,035 39,055 40,975
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 93,625 45,870 47,760
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 4,475 2,130 2,340
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 250 140 110
Chinese 650 245 410
Black 1,160 575 585
Filipino 100 35 60
Latin American 690 365 330
Arab 715 385 330
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 495 235 265
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 165 85 85
Korean 40 25 20
Japanese 95 0 90
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 45 15 25
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 70 25 40
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 89,150 43,735 45,415
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 93,625 45,870 47,760
North American Aboriginal origins 2,795 1,320 1,470
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,410 1,135 1,270
Inuit 20 0 0
Métis 390 190 195
Other North American origins 63,235 30,915 32,320
Acadian 335 145 190
American 575 330 245
Canadian 61,360 30,020 31,340
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 1,740 790 950
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 45,190 22,125 23,065
British Isles origins 9,965 4,720 5,245
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 2,720 1,325 1,395
Irish 6,230 2,885 3,345
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 2,770 1,350 1,425
Welsh 95 50 50
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 225 105 120
French origins 33,920 16,480 17,445
Alsatian 45 30 0
Breton 185 80 100
French 33,795 16,400 17,395
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,025 1,555 1,475
Austrian 155 80 75
Belgian 780 395 385
Dutch 295 185 110
Flemish 40 25 15
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,725 865 865
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 250 120 130
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 275 135 145
Danish 65 20 40
Finnish 35 0 25
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 85 50 30
Swedish 95 50 45
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 2,230 1,075 1,150
Bulgarian 115 70 45
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 70 35 35
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 10 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 230 110 115
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 75 30 45
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 835 425 410
Romanian 375 185 190
Russian 370 175 190
Slovak 30 15 15
Ukrainian 380 160 225
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 5,095 2,535 2,555
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Croatian 55 35 25
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 375 165 215
Italian 3,045 1,505 1,545
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 20 0 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 580 305 275
Serbian 45 30 25
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Spanish 1,070 545 520
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 85 25 60
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 225 110 115
Basque 65 25 40
Jewish 125 60 65
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 30 0 0
Caribbean origins 895 455 440
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 0 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 60 45 15
Dominican 50 0 35
Grenadian 0 0 0
Haitian 595 295 300
Jamaican 70 40 30
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 35 0 0
Vincentian/Grenadinian 0 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 65 25 35
Latin, Central and South American origins 950 510 440
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 25 0 20
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 25 0 15
Brazilian 70 40 30
Chilean 170 100 75
Colombian 120 55 60
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 0 0 0
Guatemalan 80 50 30
Guyanese 25 0 0
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 20 15 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 135 80 50
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 0 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 160 100 65
Salvadorean 60 50 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 50 0 40
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 0 0 0
African origins 1,245 650 590
Central and West African origins 180 85 90
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 40 10 25
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 20 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Nigerian 20 0 15
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 35 0 25
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 15 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 20 15 0
North African origins 805 440 365
Algerian 285 155 125
Berber 95 45 50
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 110 65 40
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 340 175 165
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 50 30 25
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 125 65 60
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 20 15 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 60 35 25
Mauritian 25 10 10
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 0 0 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 0 0 0
Other African origins 155 75 80
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 0 0 0
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 150 70 80
Asian origins 2,780 1,245 1,540
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,060 530 525
Afghan 110 55 55
Arab, n.o.s. 165 95 70
Armenian 130 50 80
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 75 35 35
Iraqi 0 0 0
Israeli 0 0 0
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 15 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 480 235 245
Palestinian 15 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 90 50 40
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 45 15 30
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 0 0 0
South Asian origins 270 135 140
Bangladeshi 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 240 110 130
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 50 45 0
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 0 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,465 575 885
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 75 35 45
Chinese 735 280 455
Filipino 110 55 55
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 105 0 95
Korean 45 20 25
Laotian 155 85 70
Malaysian 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 40 0 30
Thai 80 50 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 275 120 155
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 0 0 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 0 0 0
Oceania origins 35 20 0
Australian 0 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 20 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 93,625 45,865 47,760
Buddhist 355 160 190
Christian 80,210 38,720 41,490
Anglican 545 220 325
Baptist 190 70 120
Catholic 76,205 36,815 39,390
Christian Orthodox 830 395 430
Lutheran 50 25 35
Pentecostal 310 160 150
Presbyterian 35 25 0
United Church 335 170 165
Other Christian 1,720 845 875
Hindu 55 35 0
Jewish 50 40 20
Muslim 1,125 590 535
Sikh 0 0 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 85 55 35
No religious affiliation 11,735 6,270 5,475
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 93,625 45,865 47,760
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 715 355 365
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 475 240 235
Métis single identity 195 95 100
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 15 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 25 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 92,910 45,510 47,400
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 93,625 45,865 47,760
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 130 80 55
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 93,490 45,785 47,705
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 93,630 45,865 47,760
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,795 1,325 1,465
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,405 1,135 1,275
Métis ancestry 385 195 195
Inuit ancestry 25 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 90,835 44,540 46,290
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 9,010 4,315 4,695
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,005 4,315 4,700
Italian 980 510 465
Portuguese 410 215 195
Romanian 300 165 140
Spanish 3,945 1,760 2,180
Dutch 30 0 15
Flemish 0 0 0
German 420 200 220
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 35 15 20
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 90 50 45
Croatian 30 15 0
Czech 25 15 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 155 105 45
Russian 290 140 155
Serbian 40 25 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 0 0 0
Ukrainian 75 20 50
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 210 90 125
Armenian 60 30 30
Albanian 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0
Hungarian 35 30 0
Turkish 55 20 40
Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
Oromo 45 0 35
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 840 455 390
Hebrew 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Hindi 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 45 35 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 170 85 80
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 0 0 0
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 90 0 75
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 20 0 0
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 135 75 60
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 205 100 105
Lao 130 75 55
Thai 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 30
Vietnamese 115 55 60
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 50 20 30
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
Swahili 15 0 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 30 0
African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Creoles 465 205 265
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 135 65 75
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 92,585 45,325 47,260
Non-movers 84,455 41,530 42,935
Movers 8,125 3,795 4,330
Non-migrants 3,275 1,495 1,785
Migrants 4,855 2,305 2,545
Internal migrants 4,670 2,205 2,460
Intraprovincial migrants 4,580 2,160 2,415
Interprovincial migrants 90 45 45
External migrants 185 100 85
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 88,125 43,070 45,055
Non-movers 61,335 30,370 30,960
Movers 26,790 12,695 14,090
Non-migrants 11,425 5,350 6,075
Migrants 15,365 7,345 8,020
Internal migrants 14,595 6,980 7,610
Intraprovincial migrants 14,215 6,785 7,430
Interprovincial migrants 380 200 180
External migrants 770 365 405
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 75,470 36,655 38,815
No certificate, diploma or degree 10,745 5,410 5,330
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,335 7,450 8,880
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 48,390 23,795 24,600
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 10,015 6,055 3,955
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 14,755 6,510 8,245
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,675 2,120 2,550
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 18,955 9,105 9,845
Bachelor's degree 12,515 5,725 6,790
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 6,435 3,380 3,060
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 52,135 25,080 27,050
No certificate, diploma or degree 3,835 2,045 1,790
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 9,515 4,340 5,175
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 38,785 18,700 20,090
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 7,715 4,475 3,245
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,935 4,810 6,120
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,545 1,585 1,965
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 16,585 7,830 8,755
Bachelor's degree 11,040 5,080 5,965
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 5,545 2,755 2,790
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 75,470 36,655 38,815
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 27,080 12,860 14,220
Education 3,770 745 3,020
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 1,800 890 905
Humanities 2,640 920 1,720
Social and behavioural sciences and law 4,135 1,400 2,735
Business, management and public administration 12,925 5,320 7,605
Physical and life sciences and technologies 1,650 890 755
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,420 1,600 825
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 9,850 8,930 920
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 550 350 195
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 5,625 1,085 4,540
Personal, protective and transportation services 3,025 1,665 1,360
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 75,475 36,655 38,820
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 27,080 12,865 14,215
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 48,390 23,790 24,600
Location of study inside Canada 45,915 22,370 23,545
Same as province or territory of residence 44,805 21,765 23,045
Another province or territory 1,110 605 500
Location of study outside Canada 2,475 1,425 1,055
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,670 29,075 28,595
Single responses 54,870 27,580 27,290
English 3,635 1,965 1,675
French 51,145 25,550 25,590
Non-official languages 90 65 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 0 0
Cantonese 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 30 25 0
Multiple responses 2,795 1,495 1,305
English and French 2,700 1,420 1,275
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 20 0 0
English, French and non-official language 75 60 15
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 57,670 29,075 28,590
English 3,635 1,960 1,675
French 51,145 25,555 25,590
Non-official language 90 65 25
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 90 65 30
English and French 2,700 1,420 1,280
English and non-official language 0 0 0
French and non-official language 20 0 0
English, French and non-official language 75 65 15
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 75,470 36,650 38,815
In the labour force 54,140 27,195 26,945
Employed 51,860 26,015 25,845
Unemployed 2,280 1,185 1,100
Not in the labour force 21,330 9,460 11,870
Participation rate 71.7 74.2 69.4
Employment rate 68.7 71.0 66.6
Unemployment rate 4.2 4.4 4.1
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 54,140 27,195 26,945
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 660 300 360
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,480 26,895 26,585
Employee 48,260 23,675 24,585
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 5,215 3,220 1,995
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 54,140 27,195 26,945
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 660 300 360
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,480 26,895 26,585
0 Management occupations 6,840 4,285 2,550
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 10,300 3,170 7,125
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,375 4,115 1,260
3 Health occupations 3,720 660 3,055
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,790 2,035 4,750
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,645 675 965
6 Sales and service occupations 11,195 5,135 6,065
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 5,835 5,515 325
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 310 235 75
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 1,475 1,065 405
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 54,140 27,195 26,945
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 660 300 360
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,480 26,895 26,585
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 290 165 120
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 90 55 35
22 Utilities 1,020 615 405
23 Construction 2,735 2,340 395
31-33 Manufacturing 5,635 4,015 1,620
41 Wholesale trade 2,460 1,625 835
44-45 Retail trade 6,445 3,190 3,255
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,135 1,730 400
51 Information and cultural industries 1,865 1,045 820
52 Finance and insurance 3,115 1,270 1,840
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 940 505 435
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,345 3,110 2,235
55 Management of companies and enterprises 55 15 35
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 1,420 750 670
61 Educational services 4,185 1,115 3,065
62 Health care and social assistance 6,140 1,055 5,090
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,005 465 535
72 Accommodation and food services 2,435 1,010 1,420
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,235 795 1,440
91 Public administration 3,945 2,015 1,935
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 54,140 27,195 26,945
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,815 780 1,035
Worked in 2010 52,325 26,415 25,910
1 to 13 weeks 2,085 1,045 1,035
14 to 26 weeks 3,350 1,555 1,795
27 to 39 weeks 2,590 1,195 1,390
40 to 48 weeks 9,815 4,570 5,235
49 to 52 weeks 34,495 18,050 16,445
Average weeks worked in 2010 45.8 46.2 45.4
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 54,140 27,195 26,945
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 1,815 780 1,035
Worked in 2010 52,325 26,415 25,910
Worked full-time in 2010 42,200 22,920 19,280
Worked part-time in 2010 10,120 3,495 6,630
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 51,860 26,010 25,845
Worked at home 2,905 1,375 1,525
Worked outside Canada 75 55 20
No fixed workplace address 3,820 2,700 1,120
Worked at usual place 45,060 21,880 23,180
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 48,880 24,580 24,300
Car, truck or van - as a driver 38,095 20,195 17,900
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,795 615 1,180
Public transit 6,600 2,715 3,880
Walked 1,565 590 975
Bicycle 390 240 150
Other methods 435 220 210
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 48,880 24,580 24,300
Median commuting duration 25.6 30.1 25.1
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 48,880 24,580 24,305
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 13,510 8,680 4,830
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,230 11,800 15,430
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,140 4,105 4,040
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 35,585 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 34,020 ... ...
Major repairs needed 1,555 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 35,585 ... ...
1960 or before 2,510 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,575 ... ...
1981 to 1990 8,045 ... ...
1991 to 2000 6,705 ... ...
2001 to 2005 4,180 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 2,580 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 35,585 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 6,925 ... ...
5 rooms 4,020 ... ...
6 rooms 4,060 ... ...
7 rooms 5,595 ... ...
8 or more rooms 14,985 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 7.0 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 35,585 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 2,500 ... ...
2 bedrooms 8,565 ... ...
3 bedrooms 14,260 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 10,255 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 35,585 ... ...
Owner 30,270 ... ...
Renter 5,310 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 35,580 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,825 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 30,755 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 35,585 ... ...
1 household maintainer 19,245 ... ...
2 household maintainers 16,110 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 225 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 35,585 ... ...
Under 25 years 500 ... ...
25 to 34 years 4,190 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,885 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,500 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,865 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,425 ... ...
75 years and over 2,215 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 35,585 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 35,435 ... ...
More than one person per room 145 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 35,585 ... ...
Suitable 34,665 ... ...
Not suitable 925 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 35,535 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 30,385 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 5,150 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 4,260 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 30,240 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 65.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 11.2 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,066 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,090 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 268,331 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 292,826 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 5,305 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.7 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 33.3 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 734 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 794 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 75,475 36,650 38,820
Without income 3,490 1,515 1,980
With income 71,975 35,140 36,840
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 5,340 2,535 2,805
$5,000 to $9,999 4,830 1,520 3,305
$10,000 to $14,999 5,320 2,030 3,295
$15,000 to $19,999 5,010 1,855 3,155
$20,000 to $29,999 7,885 3,060 4,825
$30,000 to $39,999 8,125 3,635 4,495
$40,000 to $49,999 8,065 3,665 4,400
$50,000 to $59,999 7,015 3,575 3,440
$60,000 to $79,999 9,690 5,450 4,235
$80,000 to $99,999 4,900 3,395 1,505
$100,000 and over 5,795 4,420 1,375
$100,000 to $124,999 2,715 1,920 795
$125,000 and over 3,085 2,505 580
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 39,301 47,595 32,196
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 48,027 58,285 38,242
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 75,470 36,655 38,820
Without after-tax income 3,500 1,510 1,985
With after-tax income 71,975 35,140 36,835
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 5,625 2,580 3,045
$5,000 to $9,999 4,980 1,555 3,425
$10,000 to $14,999 5,450 2,080 3,365
$15,000 to $19,999 5,630 2,130 3,500
$20,000 to $29,999 10,135 4,140 5,990
$30,000 to $39,999 10,725 5,030 5,695
$40,000 to $49,999 9,965 5,025 4,945
$50,000 to $59,999 7,595 4,110 3,485
$60,000 to $79,999 7,060 4,830 2,235
$80,000 to $99,999 2,560 1,815 750
$100,000 and over 2,245 1,850 395
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 34,031 40,118 28,411
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 38,356 45,224 31,802
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.2 94.2 87.0
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 78.6 80.0 76.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 74.2 75.6 72.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.4 4.5 4.4
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 3.9 4.6 3.0
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 7.2 8.2 5.8
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.3 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.8 5.8 13.0
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.7 2.4 3.1
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.0 1.5 2.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.6 1.0 2.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.5 0.1 3.5
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.0 0.9 1.2
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 20.1 22.4 16.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 79.9 77.6 83.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.3 1.8 0.6
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 30,130 16,560 13,575
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 54,889 63,070 47,637
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 64,010 73,467 52,473
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 27,895 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,321 ... ...
Average family income ($) 110,109 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 78,912 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 87,797 ... ...
Average family size 3.0 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,655 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,844 ... ...
Average family income ($) 89,814 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 64,123 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 72,071 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,980 ... ...
Median family income ($) 121,958 ... ...
Average family income ($) 135,854 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 100,070 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 107,256 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 3,770 ... ...
Median family income ($) 60,773 ... ...
Average family income ($) 69,140 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 52,890 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 57,316 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 8,570 3,845 4,725
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 37,811 42,379 33,595
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 44,965 51,110 39,958
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 32,197 35,736 29,532
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 36,347 40,189 33,217
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 93,625 45,865 47,760
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 32,200 15,080 17,115
In bottom decile 3,955 1,765 2,195
In second decile 4,115 1,690 2,430
In third decile 6,120 2,925 3,195
In fourth decile 8,380 4,085 4,300
In fifth decile 9,620 4,620 5,000
In top half of the Canadian distribution 61,430 30,785 30,645
In sixth decile 10,635 5,200 5,440
In seventh decile 11,905 5,915 5,990
In eighth decile 13,450 6,735 6,715
In ninth decile 13,605 6,880 6,725
In top decile 11,830 6,060 5,770
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 35,580 ... ...
Under $5,000 445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 435 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 935 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 1,760 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 2,470 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 2,575 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,815 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,330 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,550 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,605 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,090 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,995 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 35,580 ... ...
Under $5,000 450 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 445 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 615 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,045 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 2,215 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,030 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,855 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,440 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 6,260 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 4,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,340 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,430 ... ...
$125,000 and over 4,905 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 35,580 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 81,862 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 97,151 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 68,132 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 77,583 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 7,260 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 39,616 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 47,019 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 33,577 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 37,826 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 28,325 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 95,352 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 110,000 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 78,984 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 87,773 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 93,625 45,870 47,760
Less than 18 years 22,730 11,490 11,250
Less than 6 years 6,570 3,285 3,285
18 to 64 years 60,305 29,235 31,070
65 years and over 10,585 5,140 5,440
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 6,200 2,610 3,585
Less than 18 years 1,450 710 740
Less than 6 years 360 225 135
18 to 64 years 3,790 1,610 2,180
65 years and over 955 290 660
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 6.6 5.7 7.5
Less than 18 years (%) 6.4 6.2 6.6
Less than 6 years (%) 5.5 6.8 4.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.3 5.5 7.0
65 years and over (%) 9.0 5.6 12.1

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Montarville, Quebec (Code 24049) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 11, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Montarville, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Montarville, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montarville
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 95,090 46,440 48,650
0 to 4 years 5,525 2,810 2,715
5 to 9 years 6,165 3,130 3,040
10 to 14 years 6,635 3,430 3,205
15 to 19 years 7,520 3,810 3,705
15 years 1,450 750 705
16 years 1,525 775 750
17 years 1,550 820 725
18 years 1,500 750 750
19 years 1,490 710 780
20 to 24 years 5,215 2,695 2,515
25 to 29 years 3,815 1,875 1,940
30 to 34 years 5,545 2,595 2,950
35 to 39 years 6,770 3,260 3,515
40 to 44 years 7,575 3,670 3,900
45 to 49 years 8,725 4,220 4,505
50 to 54 years 7,985 3,900 4,090
55 to 59 years 6,365 3,130 3,235
60 to 64 years 5,505 2,550 2,955
65 to 69 years 4,575 2,235 2,340
70 to 74 years 2,845 1,375 1,470
75 to 79 years 1,910 875 1,035
80 to 84 years 1,335 580 755
85 years and over 1,080 310 770
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.2 39.4 41.0
% of the population aged 15 and over 80.7 79.8 81.6
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 76,765 37,070 39,690
Married or living with a common-law partner 48,780 24,350 24,430
Married (and not separated) 30,430 15,190 15,240
Living common law 18,355 9,165 9,190
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 27,980 12,720 15,260
Single (never legally married) 19,555 10,245 9,315
Separated 955 390 560
Divorced 4,280 1,475 2,805
Widowed 3,190 600 2,585
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 28,070 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,415 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,270 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 6,925 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,455 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 28,065 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 24,085 ... ...
Married couples 14,910 ... ...
Without children at home 6,805 ... ...
With children at home 8,100 ... ...
1 child 2,745 ... ...
2 children 3,875 ... ...
3 or more children 1,480 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,175 ... ...
Without children at home 3,365 ... ...
With children at home 5,810 ... ...
1 child 2,125 ... ...
2 children 2,775 ... ...
3 or more children 905 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 3,985 ... ...
Female parent 2,920 ... ...
1 child 1,650 ... ...
2 children 1,015 ... ...
3 or more children 255 ... ...
Male parent 1,065 ... ...
1 child 595 ... ...
2 children 385 ... ...
3 or more children 90 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 32,000 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,690 ... ...
6 to 14 years 11,550 ... ...
15 to 17 years 4,485 ... ...
18 to 24 years 7,185 ... ...
25 years and over 2,085 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 93,730 45,995 47,730
Number of persons not in census families 9,575 4,145 5,430
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 1,080 440 635
Living with non-relatives only 1,245 705 545
Living alone 7,250 2,995 4,250
Number of census family persons 84,155 41,855 42,300
Average number of persons per census family 3.0 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 10,485 4,995 5,495
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 2,940 795 2,145
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 415 115 300
Living with non-relatives only 170 80 90
Living alone 2,350 600 1,750
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,550 4,195 3,350
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 35,600 ... ...
Census-family households 27,770 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 26,545 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 23,040 ... ...
Without children 9,665 ... ...
With children 13,375 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,505 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,225 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 930 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 610 ... ...
Without children 245 ... ...
With children 365 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 320 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 295 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,830 ... ...
One-person households 7,250 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 580 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 35,600 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,220 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 130 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 190 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 11,060 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,830 ... ...
Row house 430 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 645 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 8,060 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 35,600 ... ...
1 person 7,250 ... ...
2 persons 12,135 ... ...
3 persons 6,340 ... ...
4 persons 7,050 ... ...
5 persons 2,170 ... ...
6 or more persons 655 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 93,730 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.6 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,720 46,320 48,400
  Single responses  93,410 45,645 47,770
    English  4,380 2,180 2,190
    French  84,640 41,255 43,385
    Non-official languages  4,395 2,205 2,190
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 4,335 2,175 2,155
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 5 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  670 355 315
        Armenian  20 5 10
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Bengali  5 5 5
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 5 5
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  5 5 0
        Bulgarian  40 25 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  15 10 10
        Chinese, n.o.s.  130 60 70
        Creoles  220 95 125
        Croatian  10 10 5
        Czech  15 5 5
        Danish  0 0 5
        Dutch  60 25 30
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  140 65 70
        Greek  115 60 60
        Gujarati  5 5 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  10 5 0
        Hungarian  45 25 20
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  330 190 145
        Japanese  20 5 15
        Khmer (Cambodian)  30 15 20
        Korean  15 10 5
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  40 20 20
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 0 0
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  60 20 40
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  5 5 5
        Oromo  25 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  20 10 10
        Pashto  15 5 15
        Persian (Farsi)  155 85 70
        Polish  105 55 45
        Portuguese  275 145 130
        Romanian  315 160 150
        Rundi (Kirundi)  10 10 5
        Russian  90 40 50
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  20 15 10
        Slovenian  5 5 0
        Somali  5 0 0
        Spanish  955 465 495
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  40 20 25
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  10 5 5
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  0 0 0
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  20 10 10
        Ukrainian  40 20 20
        Urdu  20 10 5
        Vietnamese  90 40 50
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 60 25 35
  Multiple responses          1,305 675 630
    English and French  860 445 420
    English and non-official language  70 40 35
    French and non-official language  305 155 155
    English, French and non-official language 70 40 25
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,725 46,320 48,400
  English only 1,025 505 525
  French only 43,930 19,615 24,315
  English and French 49,580 26,125 23,455
  Neither English nor French 180 75 110
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,720 46,320 48,400
  English 5,430 2,735 2,695
  French 87,875 42,860 45,015
  English and French 1,245 655 590
  Neither English nor French 175 70 105
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 6,050 3,060 2,990
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 6.4 6.6 6.2
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,720 46,320 48,400
  Single responses 92,950 45,435 47,515
    English 4,770 2,405 2,370
    French 86,390 42,165 44,230
    Non-official languages 1,790 870 920
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,790 870 920
        African languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 0 0 0
        Albanian 0 0 0
        Amharic 0 0 0
        Arabic 200 90 110
        Armenian 10 5 5
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Bengali 5 0 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 0 0 0
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 0 0 0
        Bulgarian 25 10 10
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 15 10 5
        Chinese, n.o.s. 80 40 40
        Creoles 55 20 35
        Croatian 5 0 0
        Czech 5 0 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 5 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 25 10 20
        Greek 40 25 20
        Gujarati 0 0 0
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 0 5 0
        Hungarian 15 5 5
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Italian 40 15 20
        Japanese 20 10 10
        Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10
        Korean 15 10 5
        Kurdish 5 5 5
        Lao 20 10 15
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 0 0 0
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 0 0 0
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 45 20 25
        Marathi 0 0 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 0 0 0
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 10 5 5
        Pashto 15 10 15
        Persian (Farsi) 125 65 60
        Polish 35 15 15
        Portuguese 95 50 45
        Romanian 205 100 105
        Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
        Russian 70 30 35
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 0 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 5 5 5
        Serbo-Croatian 0 5 5
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slovak 10 5 0
        Slovenian 0 0 0
        Somali 0 0 0
        Spanish 490 245 245
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 5
        Taiwanese 0 0 0
        Tamil 5 0 5
        Telugu 0 0 0
        Thai 0 0 0
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 10 5 5
        Ukrainian 15 10 10
        Urdu 5 0 0
        Vietnamese 40 20 20
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 5 0 0
  Multiple responses         1,770 885 885
    English and French 840 420 420
    English and non-official language 120 65 55
    French and non-official language 690 340 345
    English, French and non-official language 125 65 60
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 94,725 46,320 48,405
  None 83,390 40,590 42,800
  Single responses  10,850 5,480 5,370
    English  6,580 3,375 3,210
    French  2,540 1,285 1,250
    Non-official languages  1,730 815 910
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 1,675 790 885
        African languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  0 0 0
        Albanian  0 0 0
        Amharic  0 0 0
        Arabic  285 140 145
        Armenian  0 0 0
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Bengali  5 5 0
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  5 0 5
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  0 0 0
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  5 5 0
        Chinese, n.o.s.  35 20 20
        Creoles  220 90 125
        Croatian  5 0 5
        Czech  5 0 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  10 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  55 25 30
        Greek  50 20 30
        Gujarati  0 0 0
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  0 0 0
        Hungarian  15 10 5
        Ilocano  0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Italian  130 60 70
        Japanese  5 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 5 5
        Korean  0 5 0
        Kurdish  0 0 0
        Lao  10 10 5
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  5 5 5
        Lithuanian  0 0 0
        Macedonian  0 0 0
        Malay  0 0 0
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  10 5 10
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  15 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  10 10 5
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  10 10 5
        Polish  20 10 10
        Portuguese  80 40 40
        Romanian  65 35 25
        Rundi (Kirundi)  5 0 0
        Russian  30 15 20
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  5 5 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  0 0 0
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 5 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  425 200 220
        Swahili  5 5 5
        Swedish  5 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  20 5 15
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  5 0 0
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 0 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 5
        Turkish  10 5 5
        Ukrainian  5 0 0
        Urdu  15 10 0
        Vietnamese  25 10 15
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 45 25 20
  Multiple responses          485 255 230
    English and French  155 80 80
    English and non-official language  230 125 110
    French and non-official language  90 50 40
    English, French and non-official language  5 0 0

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Montarville, Quebec (Code 24049) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed December 11, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Montarville (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Montarville, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Montarville, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Montarville (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census