NHS Profile, Mount Royal, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Mount Royal, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mount Royal
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 99,230 46,605 52,620
Canadian citizens 81,450 38,700 42,750
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,250 10,105 9,145
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 62,195 28,595 33,605
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 17,780 7,900 9,875
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 99,230 46,605 52,620
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 48,590 23,990 24,600
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 46,975 21,250 25,725
Before 1971 8,250 3,535 4,710
1971 to 1980 5,105 2,340 2,765
1981 to 1990 5,745 2,505 3,235
1991 to 2000 9,375 4,300 5,075
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 18,495 8,560 9,940
2001 to 2005 6,570 2,960 3,615
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,925 5,600 6,325
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,665 1,365 2,300
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 46,970 21,250 25,725
Under 5 years 4,200 2,090 2,105
5 to 14 years 6,720 3,295 3,425
15 to 24 years 8,925 3,825 5,100
25 to 44 years 22,560 10,040 12,525
45 years and over 4,565 2,005 2,560
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 99,225 46,605 52,620
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 48,590 23,990 24,600
Born in province of residence 45,495 22,560 22,935
Born outside province of residence 3,095 1,435 1,665
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 46,975 21,245 25,725
Americas 5,420 2,240 3,175
United States 1,050 405 640
Jamaica 615 285 330
Guyana 75 25 45
Haiti 565 250 315
Mexico 535 255 280
Trinidad and Tobago 235 105 130
Colombia 230 105 130
El Salvador 155 60 100
Peru 170 100 75
Chile 100 45 60
Other places of birth in Americas 1,680 605 1,075
Europe 13,060 5,770 7,290
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 480 220 260
Italy 685 265 420
Germany 290 105 185
Poland 1,010 395 615
Portugal 220 95 125
Netherlands 50 20 30
France 1,830 820 1,010
Romania 1,680 725 955
Russian Federation 1,580 685 895
Greece 615 340 275
Ukraine 1,065 480 585
Croatia 20 15 0
Hungary 710 390 320
Bosnia and Herzegovina 160 85 80
Serbia 60 20 40
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 2,595 1,105 1,490
Africa 7,090 3,610 3,485
Morocco 3,770 1,870 1,900
Algeria 470 220 245
Egypt 715 320 395
South Africa, Republic of 55 25 25
Nigeria 85 60 25
Ethiopia 100 20 75
Kenya 25 15 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,875 1,070 800
Asia 21,360 9,620 11,735
India 570 300 270
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,545 675 870
Philippines 7,790 2,915 4,870
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 210 115 100
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 1,620 720 900
Pakistan 360 195 165
Sri Lanka 1,475 770 705
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 890 435 455
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 400 195 210
Lebanon 1,180 585 590
Taiwan 60 20 40
Iraq 420 190 230
Bangladesh 940 490 455
Afghanistan 160 90 70
Japan 55 0 55
Turkey 255 125 130
Other places of birth in Asia 3,440 1,790 1,650
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 45 0 30
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 45 0 35
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,665 1,370 2,300
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 11,925 5,605 6,320
Americas 1,415 640 775
United States 260 130 125
Mexico 365 195 170
Cuba 25 20 0
Haiti 95 50 45
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 150 45 105
Colombia 130 80 45
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 55 30 25
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 50 0 35
Other places of birth in Americas 285 75 210
Europe 2,705 1,320 1,385
France 460 240 220
Germany 0 0 0
Poland 0 0 0
Romania 305 140 170
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 625 310 315
Russian Federation 415 205 205
Ukraine 415 210 205
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 25 0 15
Other places of birth in Europe 450 205 240
Africa 1,700 890 815
Nigeria 35 0 0
Ethiopia 45 0 40
Mauritius 215 120 95
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 150 65 85
Egypt 80 40 35
Morocco 415 205 215
Tunisia 65 45 25
Cameroon 115 75 40
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 555 295 260
Asia 6,090 2,745 3,350
Philippines 3,105 1,315 1,795
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 590 255 330
India 70 50 15
Pakistan 125 55 75
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 155 60 90
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 120 45 80
Sri Lanka 350 185 170
Iraq 15 0 10
Bangladesh 310 160 150
Lebanon 190 90 100
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 60 30 30
Taiwan 10 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 15 0 20
Turkey 55 0 0
Israel 465 240 220
Nepal 20 20 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 10 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 75 45 30
Other places of birth in Asia 315 140 175
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 99,230 46,605 52,625
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 51,005 22,830 28,175
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 27,820 13,985 13,835
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 20,400 9,785 10,615
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 99,225 46,605 52,620
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 37,040 17,020 20,020
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 5,430 2,820 2,605
Chinese 2,845 1,305 1,550
Black 6,220 2,980 3,235
Filipino 10,690 3,940 6,755
Latin American 2,135 1,075 1,055
Arab 3,390 1,830 1,560
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 3,310 1,625 1,680
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,200 580 620
Korean 480 235 240
Japanese 80 20 60
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 390 195 195
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 875 415 460
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 62,185 29,585 32,600
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 99,225 46,605 52,620
North American Aboriginal origins 590 320 270
First Nations (North American Indian) 555 305 250
Inuit 0 0 0
Métis 20 0 0
Other North American origins 13,650 6,560 7,090
Acadian 75 30 50
American 980 435 540
Canadian 12,720 6,145 6,580
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 270 130 140
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 0 0 0
European origins 54,295 25,595 28,695
British Isles origins 6,345 2,940 3,405
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 3,045 1,495 1,545
Irish 2,650 1,205 1,445
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,930 825 1,105
Welsh 175 65 110
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 600 230 370
French origins 9,390 4,550 4,845
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 25 10 0
French 9,390 4,545 4,845
Western European origins (except French origins) 3,540 1,615 1,925
Austrian 795 375 420
Belgian 515 260 255
Dutch 425 150 280
Flemish 15 15 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,670 765 900
Luxembourger 15 0 0
Swiss 260 130 135
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 370 195 175
Danish 65 35 30
Finnish 50 0 35
Icelandic 20 0 0
Norwegian 150 90 65
Swedish 135 80 55
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 0 0 0
Eastern European origins 18,145 8,555 9,590
Bulgarian 500 255 240
Byelorussian 225 105 115
Czech 260 110 150
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 150 65 80
Estonian 45 0 35
Hungarian 1,755 925 825
Latvian 120 55 65
Lithuanian 665 295 370
Moldovan 480 265 215
Polish 6,020 2,860 3,160
Romanian 3,750 1,735 2,015
Russian 7,220 3,435 3,785
Slovak 170 95 75
Ukrainian 1,920 915 1,005
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 280 125 155
Southern European origins 9,665 4,755 4,915
Albanian 160 90 70
Bosnian 40 0 30
Croatian 120 55 70
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 2,070 1,045 1,025
Italian 3,775 1,865 1,905
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 20 0 0
Montenegrin 30 20 0
Portuguese 875 475 405
Serbian 165 80 85
Sicilian 85 65 25
Slovenian 20 0 15
Spanish 2,900 1,400 1,500
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 130 55 75
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 20,815 9,795 11,020
Basque 35 0 35
Jewish 20,430 9,625 10,805
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 30 30 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 415 200 210
Caribbean origins 3,915 1,715 2,205
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 305 130 180
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 180 120 65
Dominican 70 35 35
Grenadian 200 85 120
Haitian 1,090 450 635
Jamaican 960 480 475
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 50 0 25
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 350 190 155
Vincentian/Grenadinian 520 180 345
West Indian, n.o.s. 120 45 70
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 380 180 200
Latin, Central and South American origins 2,680 1,350 1,325
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 190 105 80
Argentinian 245 155 95
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 15 0 0
Brazilian 170 75 95
Chilean 155 55 100
Colombian 255 120 130
Costa Rican 0 0 0
Ecuadorian 20 0 0
Guatemalan 25 15 10
Guyanese 195 90 105
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 15 10 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 780 405 380
Nicaraguan 90 45 45
Panamanian 35 25 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 200 115 80
Salvadorean 250 120 130
Uruguayan 35 0 30
Venezuelan 60 25 35
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 220 105 120
African origins 9,585 4,860 4,725
Central and West African origins 1,380 775 600
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 40 25 10
Burkinabe 10 0 0
Cameroonian 225 135 85
Chadian 25 20 10
Congolese 135 100 35
Gabonese 35 20 0
Gambian 20 0 0
Ghanaian 90 50 35
Guinean 105 50 55
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 55 35 20
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 85 45 40
Nigerian 270 130 140
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 220 115 105
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 25 20 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 75 40 30
North African origins 6,725 3,340 3,390
Algerian 675 330 345
Berber 225 140 85
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 875 395 475
Libyan 40 0 20
Maure 20 0 15
Moroccan 4,820 2,345 2,475
Sudanese 0 0 0
Tunisian 405 255 155
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins 580 300 280
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 40 0 30
Bantu, n.o.s. 20 0 0
Burundian 80 35 40
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 125 35 90
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 25 20 0
Malagasy 110 70 45
Mauritian 85 45 40
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 45 10 35
Seychellois 15 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
South African 25 0 10
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 20 0 10
Other African origins 955 480 475
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 130 25 105
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 840 455 380
Asian origins 32,145 14,640 17,505
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 8,410 4,260 4,150
Afghan 280 135 145
Arab, n.o.s. 905 555 345
Armenian 655 300 355
Assyrian 30 20 0
Azerbaijani 95 55 45
Georgian 50 30 20
Iranian 1,225 640 590
Iraqi 575 270 300
Israeli 985 470 515
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 65 35 30
Kurd 45 35 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 2,765 1,315 1,450
Palestinian 150 85 65
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 675 345 330
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 70 30 40
Turk 560 305 250
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 35 20 10
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 95 40 60
South Asian origins 5,845 3,065 2,785
Bangladeshi 955 515 435
Bengali 345 170 180
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,905 945 965
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 55 30 25
Kashmiri 20 0 15
Nepali 35 25 10
Pakistani 575 290 285
Punjabi 0 0 0
Sinhalese 35 0 0
Sri Lankan 1,930 1,000 930
Tamil 470 265 205
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 75 55 20
East and Southeast Asian origins 18,020 7,375 10,645
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 315 150 165
Chinese 3,755 1,710 2,045
Filipino 11,310 4,210 7,095
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 25 0 0
Japanese 130 35 95
Korean 505 245 260
Laotian 280 160 120
Malaysian 80 40 35
Mongolian 45 30 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 45 15 25
Thai 85 70 20
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,455 1,140 1,315
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 105 50 60
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 105 50 55
Oceania origins 60 20 45
Australian 50 0 40
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 99,230 46,605 52,620
Buddhist 2,105 935 1,170
Christian 44,100 19,360 24,740
Anglican 1,180 485 695
Baptist 890 405 485
Catholic 28,840 12,605 16,240
Christian Orthodox 5,585 2,555 3,025
Lutheran 120 60 55
Pentecostal 1,265 490 775
Presbyterian 265 120 145
United Church 535 215 315
Other Christian 5,425 2,430 3,000
Hindu 2,795 1,415 1,375
Jewish 30,445 14,260 16,180
Muslim 7,355 3,965 3,390
Sikh 45 25 25
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 30 0 0
Other religions 180 95 85
No religious affiliation 12,175 6,540 5,630
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 99,230 46,605 52,625
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 135 45 90
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 80 0 60
Métis single identity 20 20 0
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 0 0 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 99,095 46,560 52,530
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 99,230 46,605 52,625
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 35 0 35
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 99,190 46,605 52,590
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 99,230 46,605 52,620
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 595 320 270
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 555 300 255
Métis ancestry 25 0 0
Inuit ancestry 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 98,635 46,290 52,350
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 60,355 27,535 32,825
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,350 27,535 32,815
Italian 3,000 1,405 1,595
Portuguese 865 375 485
Romanian 2,325 1,055 1,270
Spanish 7,185 3,270 3,915
Dutch 100 35 70
Flemish 0 0 0
German 1,265 560 705
Yiddish 3,260 1,365 1,900
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 65 20 45
Swedish 20 0 15
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 360 150 205
Croatian 60 20 35
Czech 115 35 80
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 900 310 585
Russian 5,285 2,385 2,900
Serbian 135 65 65
Serbo-Croatian 95 60 35
Slovak 65 45 20
Slovenian 10 0 0
Ukrainian 455 210 240
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 1,630 785 850
Armenian 500 220 280
Albanian 185 110 75
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 20 0 0
Hungarian 1,120 580 540
Turkish 385 215 170
Berber languages (Kabyle) 55 35 20
Oromo 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 105 30 75
Arabic 5,990 3,015 2,970
Hebrew 8,535 4,320 4,215
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 1,370 705 660
Gujarati 530 275 260
Hindi 580 305 280
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 225 125 105
Sindhi 60 40 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 45 40
Urdu 595 335 255
Nepali 30 15 15
Kurdish 55 40 15
Pashto 95 65 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,330 695 640
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 0 25
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 2,270 1,160 1,110
Telugu 0 0 0
Japanese 140 40 100
Korean 490 230 260
Cantonese 670 350 320
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 735 330 405
Taiwanese 25 20 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,595 740 860
Lao 250 140 110
Thai 50 0 30
Khmer (Cambodian) 215 110 100
Vietnamese 2,220 1,010 1,205
Bisayan languages 390 125 260
Ilocano 875 300 570
Malay 105 50 55
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 9,380 3,235 6,150
Akan (Twi) 40 35 0
Lingala 55 45 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 15 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 45 10 30
Swahili 35 15 0
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 55 40 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 200 115
African languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65
Creoles 1,125 550 570
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 835 440 400
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 97,985 45,940 52,040
Non-movers 86,340 40,260 46,075
Movers 11,650 5,685 5,965
Non-migrants 7,810 3,845 3,965
Migrants 3,840 1,840 2,000
Internal migrants 1,665 780 890
Intraprovincial migrants 1,320 600 730
Interprovincial migrants 345 180 165
External migrants 2,175 1,060 1,110
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 93,035 43,425 49,610
Non-movers 56,355 26,085 30,270
Movers 36,680 17,340 19,340
Non-migrants 20,880 9,750 11,125
Migrants 15,800 7,590 8,215
Internal migrants 5,095 2,400 2,690
Intraprovincial migrants 3,945 1,880 2,060
Interprovincial migrants 1,150 520 625
External migrants 10,705 5,185 5,520
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 80,585 36,825 43,760
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,295 5,410 5,890
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 16,125 7,125 9,000
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 53,160 24,295 28,870
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,860 2,110 2,745
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 11,080 4,940 6,135
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 6,125 2,520 3,600
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 31,100 14,720 16,380
Bachelor's degree 17,325 7,395 9,925
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 13,780 7,330 6,450
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 50,565 23,025 27,540
No certificate, diploma or degree 4,025 2,045 1,975
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 7,675 3,565 4,115
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 38,865 17,410 21,455
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,020 1,300 1,725
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 6,810 2,980 3,825
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,510 1,820 2,690
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 24,525 11,310 13,215
Bachelor's degree 13,665 5,750 7,910
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 10,865 5,560 5,305
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 80,585 36,830 43,760
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 27,425 12,535 14,890
Education 3,690 500 3,195
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 2,265 875 1,390
Humanities 4,045 1,465 2,580
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,930 3,385 4,545
Business, management and public administration 13,395 6,180 7,215
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,740 1,345 1,395
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,500 1,600 900
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,670 6,150 1,525
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 315 170 140
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,365 2,100 5,265
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,240 525 720
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 80,585 36,825 43,760
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 27,425 12,530 14,890
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 53,160 24,295 28,865
Location of study inside Canada 33,495 15,620 17,875
Same as province or territory of residence 31,615 14,690 16,925
Another province or territory 1,885 930 950
Location of study outside Canada 19,665 8,670 10,990
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 52,160 25,725 26,435
Single responses 45,150 22,075 23,080
English 28,785 13,735 15,045
French 15,520 8,020 7,505
Non-official languages 840 315 525
Chinese, n.o.s. 80 35 45
Cantonese 75 45 35
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0
Spanish 60 20 40
Korean 55 25 35
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 15 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 530 170 355
Multiple responses 7,010 3,650 3,360
English and French 6,190 3,205 2,985
English and non-official language 325 170 150
French and non-official language 145 60 85
English, French and non-official language 345 210 140
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 52,160 25,725 26,435
English 28,790 13,735 15,050
French 15,520 8,020 7,500
Non-official language 840 315 520
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 835 320 520
English and French 6,190 3,210 2,985
English and non-official language 325 170 150
French and non-official language 145 65 85
English, French and non-official language 350 210 135
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 80,585 36,825 43,760
In the labour force 48,905 24,380 24,525
Employed 44,105 21,685 22,420
Unemployed 4,805 2,695 2,110
Not in the labour force 31,680 12,450 19,235
Participation rate 60.7 66.2 56.0
Employment rate 54.7 58.9 51.2
Unemployment rate 9.8 11.1 8.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 48,905 24,380 24,530
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,090 1,150 940
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,820 23,235 23,585
Employee 39,515 18,405 21,110
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 7,305 4,825 2,480
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 48,910 24,380 24,525
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,085 1,150 940
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,815 23,230 23,585
0 Management occupations 5,955 3,855 2,110
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,005 3,165 4,835
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 3,765 2,865 900
3 Health occupations 4,025 1,395 2,630
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 8,050 2,305 5,750
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 1,755 795 965
6 Sales and service occupations 10,855 5,510 5,345
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,250 2,045 205
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 80 75 0
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 2,075 1,235 840
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 48,910 24,380 24,525
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,090 1,145 940
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 46,820 23,230 23,585
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 105 85 0
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 40 35 0
22 Utilities 130 80 40
23 Construction 1,070 885 185
31-33 Manufacturing 4,430 2,770 1,660
41 Wholesale trade 3,340 2,055 1,290
44-45 Retail trade 4,410 2,330 2,085
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,120 855 260
51 Information and cultural industries 1,425 800 625
52 Finance and insurance 2,195 1,115 1,080
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,610 1,010 600
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 5,770 3,580 2,185
55 Management of companies and enterprises 115 75 45
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,275 1,095 1,175
61 Educational services 4,325 1,505 2,815
62 Health care and social assistance 6,545 1,705 4,840
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 715 425 285
72 Accommodation and food services 2,655 1,505 1,155
81 Other services (except public administration) 3,305 805 2,500
91 Public administration 1,245 520 730
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 48,910 24,380 24,525
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,825 1,980 1,845
Worked in 2010 45,080 22,400 22,685
1 to 13 weeks 3,010 1,395 1,615
14 to 26 weeks 3,755 1,735 2,025
27 to 39 weeks 2,900 1,545 1,360
40 to 48 weeks 9,745 4,695 5,050
49 to 52 weeks 25,665 13,030 12,640
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.4 43.8 43.1
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 48,905 24,380 24,530
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,825 1,980 1,840
Worked in 2010 45,080 22,400 22,685
Worked full-time in 2010 34,985 18,695 16,290
Worked part-time in 2010 10,095 3,695 6,400
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 44,105 21,685 22,415
Worked at home 3,490 1,820 1,670
Worked outside Canada 290 175 120
No fixed workplace address 3,030 1,670 1,355
Worked at usual place 37,290 18,020 19,275
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 40,320 19,695 20,630
Car, truck or van - as a driver 21,700 12,765 8,930
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,640 490 1,155
Public transit 13,340 4,875 8,460
Walked 2,585 920 1,660
Bicycle 525 375 150
Other methods 535 265 270
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 40,320 19,690 20,625
Median commuting duration 25.2 25.2 25.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 40,325 19,690 20,630
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 5,160 3,075 2,085
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 26,280 12,565 13,715
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 8,880 4,055 4,830
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 39,510 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 35,870 ... ...
Major repairs needed 3,645 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 39,510 ... ...
1960 or before 19,505 ... ...
1961 to 1980 13,520 ... ...
1981 to 1990 3,565 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,220 ... ...
2001 to 2005 885 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 815 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 39,515 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 19,880 ... ...
5 rooms 5,610 ... ...
6 rooms 3,395 ... ...
7 rooms 2,900 ... ...
8 or more rooms 7,725 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.2 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 39,515 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 11,565 ... ...
2 bedrooms 11,725 ... ...
3 bedrooms 8,910 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 7,315 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 39,515 ... ...
Owner 17,615 ... ...
Renter 21,900 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 39,515 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,985 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 33,530 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 39,510 ... ...
1 household maintainer 26,280 ... ...
2 household maintainers 12,085 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,145 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 39,515 ... ...
Under 25 years 965 ... ...
25 to 34 years 5,025 ... ...
35 to 44 years 7,145 ... ...
45 to 54 years 7,585 ... ...
55 to 64 years 6,920 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,285 ... ...
75 years and over 6,590 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 39,515 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 37,085 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,430 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 39,515 ... ...
Suitable 33,490 ... ...
Not suitable 6,020 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 39,330 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 25,750 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 13,580 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 11,150 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 17,620 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 44.1 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 26.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,180 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,466 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 500,087 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 588,253 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 21,900 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 7.2 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 41.1 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 757 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 803 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 80,590 36,830 43,760
Without income 4,925 2,170 2,750
With income 75,660 34,655 41,010
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,880 4,735 4,145
$5,000 to $9,999 6,715 2,650 4,065
$10,000 to $14,999 8,775 3,580 5,190
$15,000 to $19,999 7,975 3,140 4,835
$20,000 to $29,999 11,185 4,755 6,430
$30,000 to $39,999 8,275 3,625 4,650
$40,000 to $49,999 5,285 2,115 3,170
$50,000 to $59,999 3,680 1,650 2,030
$60,000 to $79,999 4,880 2,190 2,690
$80,000 to $99,999 2,695 1,320 1,370
$100,000 and over 7,315 4,895 2,425
$100,000 to $124,999 2,140 1,325 825
$125,000 and over 5,175 3,570 1,600
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 24,313 26,438 22,784
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 48,466 61,768 37,226
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 80,590 36,825 43,760
Without after-tax income 4,870 2,165 2,700
With after-tax income 75,715 34,660 41,060
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 9,175 4,850 4,325
$5,000 to $9,999 6,780 2,630 4,145
$10,000 to $14,999 8,940 3,625 5,320
$15,000 to $19,999 8,675 3,535 5,140
$20,000 to $29,999 12,775 5,575 7,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,295 3,780 5,515
$40,000 to $49,999 5,635 2,465 3,165
$50,000 to $59,999 3,650 1,650 2,000
$60,000 to $79,999 4,035 2,020 2,015
$80,000 to $99,999 2,325 1,435 890
$100,000 and over 4,430 3,085 1,350
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 22,782 24,521 21,736
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 37,714 46,185 30,563
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 88.5 92.7 82.4
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 67.5 73.4 59.2
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 55.9 59.0 51.6
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 11.6 14.4 7.6
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 11.7 11.6 11.9
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.9 5.7 8.5
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 2.3 2.0 2.8
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 11.5 7.3 17.6
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.2 2.5 4.0
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 3.1 2.0 4.6
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.2 0.9 1.7
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 2.0 0.1 4.8
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 2.0 1.7 2.5
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 22.1 25.2 17.8
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 77.9 74.8 82.2
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.3 3.7 2.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 21,680 11,445 10,235
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 40,160 46,239 36,137
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 71,264 89,466 50,908
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,200 ... ...
Median family income ($) 65,343 ... ...
Average family income ($) 118,558 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 59,683 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 91,506 ... ...
Average family size 3.2 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 7,750 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,625 ... ...
Average family income ($) 120,537 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,754 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 91,113 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 13,270 ... ...
Median family income ($) 76,076 ... ...
Average family income ($) 140,136 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 67,854 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 107,487 ... ...
Average family size 4.1 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 4,145 ... ...
Median family income ($) 40,082 ... ...
Average family income ($) 58,991 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 37,745 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 49,742 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 15,680 5,925 9,760
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 22,669 21,443 22,871
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 35,737 36,337 35,373
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 21,641 20,457 22,130
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 29,194 28,610 29,547
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 99,230 46,605 52,625
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 58,850 27,170 31,675
In bottom decile 15,195 7,335 7,855
In second decile 13,500 5,650 7,850
In third decile 13,705 6,480 7,230
In fourth decile 9,440 4,480 4,960
In fifth decile 7,015 3,225 3,785
In top half of the Canadian distribution 40,380 19,430 20,945
In sixth decile 6,535 3,000 3,530
In seventh decile 5,865 2,715 3,155
In eighth decile 5,850 2,710 3,135
In ninth decile 6,520 3,010 3,510
In top decile 15,615 8,000 7,615
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 39,515 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,480 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,225 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,125 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,515 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,815 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 3,920 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,805 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,235 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,445 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,530 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,715 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 39,515 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,555 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,235 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,155 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,695 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,135 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,855 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,130 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,155 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 4,505 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,705 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,390 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,180 ... ...
$125,000 and over 5,210 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 39,515 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 49,418 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 92,804 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 44,878 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 72,268 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 12,200 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 25,653 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 39,709 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 24,024 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 32,108 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 27,315 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 64,816 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 116,519 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 59,343 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 90,205 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 99,230 46,605 52,620
Less than 18 years 22,585 11,835 10,755
Less than 6 years 7,540 3,910 3,625
18 to 64 years 59,390 27,535 31,855
65 years and over 17,250 7,240 10,010
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 22,485 10,470 12,015
Less than 18 years 5,370 2,860 2,510
Less than 6 years 1,925 1,005 925
18 to 64 years 14,170 6,615 7,555
65 years and over 2,945 990 1,950
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 22.7 22.5 22.8
Less than 18 years (%) 23.8 24.2 23.3
Less than 6 years (%) 25.5 25.7 25.5
18 to 64 years (%) 23.9 24.0 23.7
65 years and over (%) 17.1 13.7 19.5

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Mount Royal, Quebec (Code 24052) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Mount Royal, Quebec

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Census data

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Census data, Mount Royal, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mount Royal
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 101,260 47,060 54,200
0 to 4 years 6,220 3,180 3,035
5 to 9 years 6,190 3,170 3,025
10 to 14 years 6,295 3,245 3,050
15 to 19 years 6,465 3,290 3,175
15 years 1,275 635 635
16 years 1,365 700 665
17 years 1,235 640 590
18 years 1,275 655 615
19 years 1,315 650 665
20 to 24 years 6,260 3,155 3,105
25 to 29 years 5,775 2,750 3,025
30 to 34 years 6,580 2,925 3,650
35 to 39 years 6,800 3,015 3,785
40 to 44 years 7,015 3,205 3,815
45 to 49 years 7,065 3,305 3,760
50 to 54 years 6,280 2,965 3,315
55 to 59 years 5,710 2,620 3,095
60 to 64 years 5,705 2,565 3,140
65 to 69 years 4,545 1,975 2,570
70 to 74 years 3,835 1,645 2,190
75 to 79 years 3,415 1,420 1,995
80 to 84 years 3,105 1,245 1,855
85 years and over 4,000 1,385 2,615
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 40.0 38.1 41.6
% of the population aged 15 and over 81.5 79.6 83.2
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 82,550 37,465 45,090
Married or living with a common-law partner 45,005 22,115 22,890
Married (and not separated) 40,790 20,015 20,770
Living common law 4,220 2,105 2,115
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 37,550 15,345 22,200
Single (never legally married) 23,950 11,830 12,115
Separated 1,920 705 1,215
Divorced 5,445 1,870 3,575
Widowed 6,235 935 5,295
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,075 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 11,150 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 5,960 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,690 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 3,275 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,075 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,500 ... ...
Married couples 19,390 ... ...
Without children at home 7,215 ... ...
With children at home 12,175 ... ...
1 child 4,280 ... ...
2 children 4,910 ... ...
3 or more children 2,985 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,105 ... ...
Without children at home 1,120 ... ...
With children at home 985 ... ...
1 child 425 ... ...
2 children 380 ... ...
3 or more children 180 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 4,580 ... ...
Female parent 3,910 ... ...
1 child 2,390 ... ...
2 children 1,080 ... ...
3 or more children 445 ... ...
Male parent 665 ... ...
1 child 420 ... ...
2 children 175 ... ...
3 or more children 65 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 33,360 ... ...
Under six years of age 7,455 ... ...
6 to 14 years 11,165 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,815 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,880 ... ...
25 years and over 4,045 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.3 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 99,225 46,410 52,810
Number of persons not in census families 18,295 6,895 11,395
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,670 875 1,795
Living with non-relatives only 3,395 1,360 2,030
Living alone 12,225 4,655 7,570
Number of census family persons 80,935 39,515 41,415
Average number of persons per census family 3.1 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 17,140 7,180 9,955
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,630 1,570 5,055
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 695 135 560
Living with non-relatives only 315 105 215
Living alone 5,615 1,330 4,285
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 10,510 5,610 4,900
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 39,510 ... ...
Census-family households 25,540 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 23,405 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 19,600 ... ...
Without children 7,585 ... ...
With children 12,020 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 3,800 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,135 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,635 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,160 ... ...
Without children 360 ... ...
With children 800 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 475 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 505 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,975 ... ...
One-person households 12,230 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 1,745 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 39,510 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,035 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 10,635 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 15 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 22,835 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,470 ... ...
Row house 980 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 3,945 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 14,405 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 39,515 ... ...
1 person 12,225 ... ...
2 persons 11,210 ... ...
3 persons 6,170 ... ...
4 persons 5,845 ... ...
5 persons 2,685 ... ...
6 or more persons 1,375 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 99,225 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.5 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,005 46,640 53,365
  Single responses  94,520 44,170 50,355
    English  31,230 14,725 16,500
    French  22,525 10,845 11,675
    Non-official languages  40,765 18,600 22,170
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 40,235 18,345 21,885
        African languages, n.i.e 30 10 20
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  35 20 15
        Albanian  65 35 35
        Amharic  95 40 55
        Arabic  3,275 1,690 1,585
        Armenian  385 175 215
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 30 15 15
        Bengali  1,350 680 665
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  55 25 25
        Bisayan languages  365 115 255
        Bosnian  10 5 5
        Bulgarian  380 185 200
        Burmese  0 0 5
        Cantonese  310 150 155
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,525 705 820
        Creoles  470 220 250
        Croatian  80 40 45
        Czech  85 30 55
        Danish  10 10 0
        Dutch  60 20 40
        Estonian  5 0 5
        Finnish  20 10 10
        Flemish  5 0 10
        Fukien  10 5 5
        German  455 170 285
        Greek  1,135 565 570
        Gujarati  500 240 260
        Hakka  0 0 5
        Hebrew  1,625 870 760
        Hindi  95 45 50
        Hungarian  855 350 500
        Ilocano  910 325 585
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 35 20 15
        Italian  1,545 730 815
        Japanese  70 25 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  195 90 105
        Korean  365 170 195
        Kurdish  15 10 5
        Lao  155 80 75
        Latvian  15 5 10
        Lingala  20 10 5
        Lithuanian  15 0 10
        Macedonian  15 5 5
        Malay  60 30 30
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  430 205 220
        Marathi  15 10 5
        Nepali  20 5 10
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 205 105 100
        Norwegian  10 5 5
        Oromo  55 40 20
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  130 70 65
        Pashto  35 20 15
        Persian (Farsi)  1,135 575 555
        Polish  690 270 425
        Portuguese  535 235 300
        Romanian  2,080 985 1,095
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  3,975 1,820 2,155
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  50 25 20
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Serbian  95 45 45
        Serbo-Croatian  40 20 20
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5
        Sindhi  60 30 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  35 20 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 15 5 10
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slovak  75 30 45
        Slovenian  15 5 10
        Somali  15 10 10
        Spanish  2,725 1,310 1,420
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  20 10 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  5,070 1,715 3,360
        Taiwanese  30 15 15
        Tamil  1,805 915 890
        Telugu  25 10 15
        Thai  30 10 20
        Tibetan languages  15 5 5
        Tigrigna  5 5 5
        Turkish  165 75 85
        Ukrainian  220 100 120
        Urdu  365 195 170
        Vietnamese  1,675 785 890
        Yiddish  1,575 715 865
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 530 255 275
  Multiple responses          5,480 2,470 3,010
    English and French  1,315 660 655
    English and non-official language  2,440 990 1,450
    French and non-official language  1,155 530 625
    English, French and non-official language 580 290 285
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,005 46,640 53,365
  English only 27,510 11,625 15,885
  French only 9,475 4,165 5,310
  English and French 60,250 29,715 30,535
  Neither English nor French 2,765 1,135 1,630
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,005 46,640 53,365
  English 55,040 25,260 29,780
  French 31,415 14,905 16,510
  English and French 10,875 5,385 5,490
  Neither English nor French 2,670 1,090 1,585
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 60,475 27,950 32,525
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 60.5 59.9 60.9
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,005 46,640 53,365
  Single responses 90,670 42,450 48,220
    English 42,315 19,665 22,650
    French 23,105 11,140 11,960
    Non-official languages 25,250 11,645 13,605
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 5 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 25,045 11,545 13,505
        African languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 15 5 10
        Albanian 45 25 20
        Amharic 65 30 35
        Arabic 1,415 685 730
        Armenian 235 110 120
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
        Bengali 1,150 575 580
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 5 0 5
        Bisayan languages 100 40 65
        Bosnian 5 5 5
        Bulgarian 340 160 175
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 260 130 130
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,315 615 700
        Creoles 235 115 120
        Croatian 35 20 15
        Czech 25 10 15
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 0
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 10 5 5
        Flemish 0 0 5
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 60 20 35
        Greek 480 240 240
        Gujarati 360 165 190
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 770 405 365
        Hindi 45 20 25
        Hungarian 290 110 175
        Ilocano 340 125 210
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Italian 415 190 220
        Japanese 25 10 15
        Khmer (Cambodian) 135 65 75
        Korean 320 150 165
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 105 45 55
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 5 0 5
        Lithuanian 5 5 0
        Macedonian 10 5 5
        Malay 40 20 20
        Malayalam 0 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 395 190 205
        Marathi 10 5 0
        Nepali 10 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 25 15 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 95 50 45
        Pashto 25 10 10
        Persian (Farsi) 855 420 425
        Polish 220 90 130
        Portuguese 330 145 185
        Romanian 1,470 695 780
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5
        Russian 3,485 1,630 1,860
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 10 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 80 35 40
        Serbo-Croatian 20 15 10
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Sindhi 35 20 15
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slovak 15 5 5
        Slovenian 5 5 0
        Somali 15 10 10
        Spanish 1,865 895 980
        Swahili 0 0 0
        Swedish 5 0 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,555 1,270 2,280
        Taiwanese 15 10 10
        Tamil 1,615 815 795
        Telugu 15 5 10
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 10 5 5
        Tigrigna 0 0 0
        Turkish 90 40 50
        Ukrainian 95 50 45
        Urdu 245 130 120
        Vietnamese 1,425 670 755
        Yiddish 170 75 95
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 200 100 100
  Multiple responses         9,330 4,190 5,145
    English and French 1,910 940 970
    English and non-official language 4,570 1,895 2,675
    French and non-official language 1,650 770 875
    English, French and non-official language 1,205 585 620
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 100,000 46,640 53,360
  None 66,630 31,095 35,535
  Single responses  30,115 13,945 16,170
    English  10,440 4,855 5,585
    French  7,925 3,905 4,025
    Non-official languages  11,750 5,185 6,565
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 0 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  0 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 11,515 5,075 6,435
        African languages, n.i.e 25 5 15
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  5 5 5
        Albanian  10 5 5
        Amharic  25 10 15
        Arabic  1,430 725 705
        Armenian  80 35 45
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Bengali  90 45 45
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  25 10 15
        Bisayan languages  115 40 75
        Bosnian  0 0 5
        Bulgarian  30 10 20
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  45 25 25
        Chinese, n.o.s.  185 85 100
        Creoles  425 190 235
        Croatian  20 5 15
        Czech  20 5 15
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  20 5 5
        Estonian  0 0 5
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  165 75 90
        Greek  495 240 260
        Gujarati  90 45 50
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  1,425 715 715
        Hindi  125 60 65
        Hungarian  250 90 155
        Ilocano  270 95 175
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 10 5 0
        Italian  730 340 390
        Japanese  35 10 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  35 15 20
        Korean  25 10 15
        Kurdish  5 5 5
        Lao  35 20 15
        Latvian  0 5 0
        Lingala  20 15 10
        Lithuanian  5 0 10
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  10 0 10
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  65 25 35
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 80 40 45
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  15 5 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  45 30 20
        Pashto  5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  175 85 90
        Polish  160 55 110
        Portuguese  120 50 65
        Romanian  275 120 150
        Rundi (Kirundi)  15 5 5
        Russian  475 225 250
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  15 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  15 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian  0 0 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Sindhi  15 10 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  5 5 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slovak  25 10 15
        Slovenian  5 5 5
        Somali  0 0 0
        Spanish  750 335 420
        Swahili  10 5 5
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,600 490 1,110
        Taiwanese  10 5 5
        Tamil  150 75 75
        Telugu  5 5 5
        Thai  15 5 10
        Tibetan languages  0 5 0
        Tigrigna  0 0 0
        Turkish  30 15 15
        Ukrainian  55 25 30
        Urdu  70 35 35
        Vietnamese  245 125 120
        Yiddish  695 295 400
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 240 110 125
  Multiple responses          3,250 1,595 1,655
    English and French  1,430 730 700
    English and non-official language  730 375 355
    French and non-official language  1,005 455 555
    English, French and non-official language  80 40 45

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Mount Royal, Quebec (Code 24052) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 21, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Mount Royal (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

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Map: Mount Royal, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Mount Royal, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)