NHS Profile, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 102,755 48,425 54,330
Canadian citizens 86,755 40,705 46,050
Canadian citizens aged under 18 16,375 8,215 8,155
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 70,380 32,490 37,890
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 16,005 7,720 8,280
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 102,750 48,425 54,325
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 60,540 28,475 32,065
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 38,930 18,295 20,640
Before 1971 7,410 3,410 4,000
1971 to 1980 4,115 1,945 2,165
1981 to 1990 4,015 1,805 2,205
1991 to 2000 7,130 3,270 3,855
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 16,260 7,855 8,405
2001 to 2005 5,710 2,740 2,970
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 10,550 5,115 5,435
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,280 1,655 1,625
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 38,930 18,290 20,635
Under 5 years 3,390 1,535 1,850
5 to 14 years 6,260 3,255 3,000
15 to 24 years 7,480 3,290 4,195
25 to 44 years 19,140 9,130 10,015
45 years and over 2,665 1,085 1,580
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 102,755 48,425 54,330
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 60,545 28,480 32,065
Born in province of residence 51,635 24,590 27,040
Born outside province of residence 8,910 3,885 5,025
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 38,930 18,295 20,640
Americas 8,010 3,520 4,490
United States 1,825 880 945
Jamaica 620 240 380
Guyana 105 45 60
Haiti 435 190 240
Mexico 600 270 325
Trinidad and Tobago 475 235 240
Colombia 445 235 210
El Salvador 115 55 60
Peru 135 50 80
Chile 255 125 130
Other places of birth in Americas 3,005 1,185 1,815
Europe 13,640 6,345 7,300
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 1,465 670 795
Italy 1,740 825 915
Germany 465 205 255
Poland 725 285 435
Portugal 180 80 100
Netherlands 155 75 80
France 2,315 1,060 1,255
Romania 1,630 810 815
Russian Federation 1,045 470 570
Greece 265 145 120
Ukraine 415 150 265
Croatia 120 45 70
Hungary 370 145 225
Bosnia and Herzegovina 105 60 40
Serbia 165 90 75
Ireland, Republic of 145 100 45
Other places of birth in Europe 2,335 1,110 1,225
Africa 4,835 2,520 2,315
Morocco 1,310 595 720
Algeria 645 290 355
Egypt 610 370 240
South Africa, Republic of 60 40 15
Nigeria 95 40 55
Ethiopia 120 65 55
Kenya 30 15 0
Other places of birth in Africa 1,965 1,100 870
Asia 12,350 5,895 6,460
India 465 255 210
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 3,290 1,405 1,880
Philippines 1,905 740 1,160
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 240 115 125
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 395 170 220
Pakistan 245 150 95
Sri Lanka 105 55 45
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 1,665 860 805
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 530 250 280
Lebanon 640 405 235
Taiwan 190 65 125
Iraq 215 140 80
Bangladesh 235 135 100
Afghanistan 70 0 35
Japan 190 65 120
Turkey 140 85 50
Other places of birth in Asia 1,850 955 895
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 95 15 80
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 90 15 75
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,280 1,655 1,625
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 10,545 5,110 5,435
Americas 2,000 980 1,025
United States 305 155 150
Mexico 300 120 180
Cuba 20 20 0
Haiti 115 65 55
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 150 60 90
Colombia 315 185 135
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 55 25 30
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 150 100 55
Other places of birth in Americas 590 250 335
Europe 2,790 1,380 1,410
France 685 325 365
Germany 45 30 15
Poland 40 0 40
Romania 515 215 300
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 295 175 115
Russian Federation 270 125 145
Ukraine 110 35 75
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 155 85 65
Other places of birth in Europe 675 385 290
Africa 1,775 955 825
Nigeria 20 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 95 55 40
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 210 90 125
Egypt 110 95 0
Morocco 420 190 225
Tunisia 70 55 20
Cameroon 100 65 40
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 735 385 350
Asia 3,965 1,805 2,160
Philippines 570 255 310
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,490 620 870
India 85 40 45
Pakistan 55 0 40
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 635 330 300
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 180 80 100
Sri Lanka 0 0 0
Iraq 80 55 30
Bangladesh 35 0 25
Lebanon 110 65 45
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 25 0 0
Taiwan 105 35 75
Afghanistan 40 0 0
Japan 110 45 60
Turkey 30 20 0
Israel 35 20 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 15 0 10
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 40 30 0
Other places of birth in Asia 300 125 175
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 15 0 15
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 102,750 48,425 54,330
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 42,885 20,275 22,610
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 24,725 12,080 12,645
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 35,145 16,065 19,075
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 102,755 48,425 54,330
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 29,955 14,280 15,675
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 2,030 1,125 905
Chinese 5,035 2,275 2,765
Black 8,580 3,810 4,765
Filipino 2,390 975 1,420
Latin American 2,725 1,295 1,430
Arab 3,485 1,980 1,505
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 855 440 415
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 1,940 1,005 935
Korean 995 470 520
Japanese 440 195 245
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 615 320 295
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 865 395 470
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 72,795 34,145 38,655
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 102,755 48,425 54,325
North American Aboriginal origins 1,650 745 905
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,400 605 795
Inuit 25 20 0
Métis 255 130 130
Other North American origins 23,900 10,985 12,915
Acadian 385 155 230
American 2,035 1,005 1,030
Canadian 21,325 9,800 11,530
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 35 0 25
Nova Scotian 45 0 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 995 430 560
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 50 0 0
European origins 65,510 30,580 34,930
British Isles origins 23,850 10,890 12,955
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 11,025 5,075 5,950
Irish 11,630 5,430 6,195
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 9,245 4,300 4,945
Welsh 1,130 490 635
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 2,425 930 1,495
French origins 19,340 9,020 10,320
Alsatian 45 20 25
Breton 85 30 55
French 19,275 9,000 10,275
Western European origins (except French origins) 8,530 3,915 4,620
Austrian 1,075 490 580
Belgian 925 455 475
Dutch 1,410 715 695
Flemish 75 55 25
Frisian 0 0 0
German 4,790 1,990 2,800
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 935 505 435
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 40 30 15
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,775 715 1,055
Danish 405 170 230
Finnish 300 100 195
Icelandic 75 20 60
Norwegian 415 165 250
Swedish 560 260 300
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 130 60 70
Eastern European origins 16,150 7,740 8,410
Bulgarian 580 265 315
Byelorussian 185 110 75
Czech 750 400 345
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 90 40 45
Estonian 130 60 65
Hungarian 1,605 865 740
Latvian 230 110 120
Lithuanian 415 205 215
Moldovan 230 120 110
Polish 4,990 2,365 2,625
Romanian 3,410 1,665 1,740
Russian 5,225 2,515 2,705
Slovak 420 260 165
Ukrainian 1,845 690 1,160
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 295 140 160
Southern European origins 13,750 6,670 7,075
Albanian 45 25 20
Bosnian 20 0 0
Croatian 290 120 175
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 1,620 850 765
Italian 8,405 4,055 4,355
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 35 0 25
Maltese 0 0 0
Montenegrin 15 0 10
Portuguese 1,085 490 595
Serbian 350 180 170
Sicilian 45 20 20
Slovenian 130 65 70
Spanish 2,750 1,235 1,510
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 130 90 40
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 8,425 4,050 4,375
Basque 85 25 65
Jewish 8,005 3,850 4,155
Roma (Gypsy) 50 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 50 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 280 140 140
Caribbean origins 5,250 2,205 3,050
Antiguan 40 40 0
Bahamian 45 25 20
Barbadian 610 185 425
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 15 0 10
Cuban 130 65 70
Dominican 140 55 80
Grenadian 520 160 355
Haitian 1,035 450 585
Jamaican 1,220 550 670
Kittitian/Nevisian 50 0 0
Martinican 35 0 20
Montserratan 25 0 15
Puerto Rican 20 0 20
St. Lucian 155 80 75
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 515 270 250
Vincentian/Grenadinian 385 145 245
West Indian, n.o.s. 385 155 235
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 440 195 250
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,015 1,905 2,105
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 140 45 95
Argentinian 235 90 145
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 85 50 40
Brazilian 315 135 185
Chilean 330 140 185
Colombian 660 335 325
Costa Rican 20 0 0
Ecuadorian 60 45 10
Guatemalan 130 55 70
Guyanese 175 75 100
Hispanic 50 40 10
Honduran 65 30 35
Maya 50 35 0
Mexican 820 425 390
Nicaraguan 15 0 15
Panamanian 30 15 15
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 215 105 110
Salvadorean 260 110 150
Uruguayan 50 0 45
Venezuelan 395 180 215
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 185 115 75
African origins 7,960 4,010 3,950
Central and West African origins 1,435 695 740
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 50 20 30
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 120 65 60
Chadian 15 0 0
Congolese 205 95 110
Gabonese 40 0 25
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 65 45 20
Guinean 175 65 110
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 50 15 35
Liberian 25 25 0
Malian 25 10 0
Nigerian 110 55 60
Peulh 20 25 0
Senegalese 210 140 70
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 20 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 325 120 200
North African origins 3,885 2,000 1,885
Algerian 620 310 310
Berber 435 195 235
Coptic 25 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 800 410 390
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 25 0 0
Moroccan 1,830 920 910
Sudanese 10 0 0
Tunisian 270 200 75
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 60 25 35
Southern and East African origins 1,040 555 485
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 40 20 25
Burundian 140 75 70
Eritrean 140 80 55
Ethiopian 140 80 60
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 85 40 50
Mauritian 110 60 55
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 135 45 85
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 25 20 0
South African 95 50 45
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 40 20 20
Zulu 15 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 45 30 15
Other African origins 1,765 800 965
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 260 105 145
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,510 690 815
Asian origins 20,150 9,905 10,250
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 7,240 3,890 3,350
Afghan 125 70 55
Arab, n.o.s. 905 550 350
Armenian 580 325 255
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 100 45 55
Georgian 90 30 60
Iranian 2,340 1,200 1,145
Iraqi 390 245 150
Israeli 255 120 135
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 95 0 60
Kurd 60 35 25
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 1,565 890 675
Palestinian 165 65 100
Pashtun 20 0 0
Saudi Arabian 30 0 0
Syrian 830 465 365
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 25 0 0
Turk 450 215 235
Uighur 25 0 0
Uzbek 30 15 15
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 125 80 45
South Asian origins 2,660 1,495 1,165
Bangladeshi 180 105 75
Bengali 130 65 65
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 1,790 1,025 775
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 445 255 190
Punjabi 20 0 0
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 105 50 55
Tamil 80 40 40
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 10 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins 10,380 4,585 5,800
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 60 30 30
Chinese 5,695 2,545 3,150
Filipino 2,585 1,040 1,540
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 55 0 45
Japanese 515 215 305
Korean 1,035 485 555
Laotian 45 30 20
Malaysian 40 0 25
Mongolian 65 35 35
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 115 55 55
Thai 35 25 10
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 690 315 370
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 0 0 0
Other Asian origins 70 35 35
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 65 30 35
Oceania origins 185 55 130
Australian 135 50 85
New Zealander 30 0 30
Pacific Islands origins 15 0 15
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 102,755 48,425 54,325
Buddhist 1,000 450 545
Christian 57,205 25,555 31,655
Anglican 4,040 1,650 2,390
Baptist 660 225 435
Catholic 35,710 16,185 19,530
Christian Orthodox 5,295 2,610 2,685
Lutheran 570 250 320
Pentecostal 995 425 575
Presbyterian 1,085 465 625
United Church 1,490 590 900
Other Christian 7,355 3,160 4,200
Hindu 655 360 290
Jewish 10,930 5,025 5,905
Muslim 6,900 3,645 3,250
Sikh 45 35 0
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 580 295 290
No religious affiliation 25,440 13,055 12,385
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 102,750 48,425 54,330
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 505 280 225
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 230 130 105
Métis single identity 180 100 75
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 30 25 0
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 35 0 30
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 30 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 102,250 48,145 54,105
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 102,755 48,425 54,330
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 115 80 35
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 102,635 48,345 54,295
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 102,750 48,425 54,330
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 1,650 750 905
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 1,400 610 795
Métis ancestry 255 130 130
Inuit ancestry 25 15 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 101,100 47,680 53,425
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 47,180 22,275 24,905
Aboriginal languages 30 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,165 22,265 24,900
Italian 5,510 2,605 2,900
Portuguese 1,020 470 550
Romanian 2,190 1,100 1,100
Spanish 10,210 4,355 5,860
Dutch 345 170 175
Flemish 15 0 15
German 3,140 1,320 1,820
Yiddish 640 275 360
Danish 100 55 40
Norwegian 75 25 50
Swedish 190 95 95
Afrikaans 50 30 25
Gaelic languages 30 15 15
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 470 225 235
Croatian 180 70 110
Czech 220 100 115
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 1,025 425 605
Russian 3,325 1,495 1,825
Serbian 190 100 90
Serbo-Croatian 50 35 20
Slovak 85 40 45
Slovenian 30 15 0
Ukrainian 390 160 230
Latvian 50 0 40
Lithuanian 20 0 15
Greek 845 440 400
Armenian 295 140 155
Albanian 35 20 0
Estonian 40 0 25
Finnish 75 45 30
Hungarian 645 305 340
Turkish 295 175 120
Berber languages (Kabyle) 115 55 65
Oromo 165 70 90
Somali 30 30 0
Amharic 185 100 85
Arabic 4,495 2,480 2,010
Hebrew 1,670 855 810
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 145 85 60
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 450 240 205
Gujarati 55 30 25
Hindi 330 175 155
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 205 110 100
Sindhi 20 0 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
Urdu 380 215 160
Nepali 0 0 0
Kurdish 55 30 30
Pashto 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 2,275 1,170 1,105
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 45 35
Kannada 50 25 25
Malayalam 30 0 25
Tamil 250 125 125
Telugu 65 35 30
Japanese 470 230 245
Korean 900 425 475
Cantonese 515 265 250
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 1,650 765 885
Taiwanese 20 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,870 1,340 1,530
Lao 25 0 15
Thai 35 20 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 0 15
Vietnamese 530 250 280
Bisayan languages 75 25 45
Ilocano 45 0 30
Malay 55 20 35
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 1,970 775 1,195
Akan (Twi) 65 45 20
Lingala 70 40 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 55 65
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 100 40 60
Swahili 100 45 55
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 310 115 195
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 395 230 165
African languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15
Creoles 1,005 450 555
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 850 505 340
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 101,670 47,855 53,815
Non-movers 86,050 40,420 45,635
Movers 15,620 7,440 8,180
Non-migrants 9,975 4,770 5,210
Migrants 5,640 2,670 2,970
Internal migrants 2,625 1,230 1,395
Intraprovincial migrants 1,650 740 910
Interprovincial migrants 975 485 485
External migrants 3,015 1,445 1,575
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 97,285 45,640 51,645
Non-movers 52,920 24,405 28,515
Movers 44,365 21,240 23,130
Non-migrants 25,825 12,230 13,590
Migrants 18,535 9,005 9,535
Internal migrants 7,570 3,455 4,115
Intraprovincial migrants 4,710 2,080 2,630
Interprovincial migrants 2,865 1,375 1,485
External migrants 10,970 5,550 5,415
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 86,865 40,535 46,330
No certificate, diploma or degree 8,545 3,985 4,555
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 15,210 7,305 7,905
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 63,110 29,240 33,870
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 4,900 2,485 2,415
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 12,350 5,425 6,920
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,965 1,990 2,980
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 40,895 19,340 21,555
Bachelor's degree 21,120 9,675 11,440
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 19,780 9,660 10,115
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 57,525 27,230 30,295
No certificate, diploma or degree 2,870 1,415 1,455
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 7,820 4,085 3,735
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 46,830 21,725 25,100
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 3,400 1,735 1,670
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 7,455 3,350 4,105
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,465 1,450 2,020
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 32,505 15,200 17,305
Bachelor's degree 16,660 7,730 8,930
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 15,845 7,470 8,375
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 86,865 40,535 46,325
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 23,755 11,295 12,460
Education 3,435 775 2,655
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,750 1,735 3,010
Humanities 6,645 2,435 4,205
Social and behavioural sciences and law 10,885 4,500 6,390
Business, management and public administration 13,335 6,200 7,135
Physical and life sciences and technologies 3,550 1,850 1,700
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 3,220 2,010 1,215
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 8,150 6,655 1,490
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 485 255 230
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 7,165 2,105 5,065
Personal, protective and transportation services 1,485 720 760
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 86,860 40,535 46,330
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 23,755 11,295 12,460
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 63,110 29,240 33,865
Location of study inside Canada 45,430 20,550 24,875
Same as province or territory of residence 40,085 18,005 22,080
Another province or territory 5,345 2,540 2,795
Location of study outside Canada 17,680 8,690 8,985
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 59,765 30,300 29,460
Single responses 52,550 26,850 25,700
English 33,085 16,855 16,225
French 18,590 9,530 9,065
Non-official languages 875 465 410
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 115 110
Cantonese 30 0 20
Panjabi (Punjabi) 0 0 0
Mandarin 65 50 0
Spanish 155 65 90
Korean 50 40 0
German 20 0 15
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 330 180 150
Multiple responses 7,210 3,450 3,760
English and French 6,595 3,170 3,425
English and non-official language 190 95 95
French and non-official language 80 35 55
English, French and non-official language 340 155 185
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 59,760 30,300 29,460
English 33,085 16,860 16,225
French 18,590 9,525 9,065
Non-official language 875 465 410
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 875 465 410
English and French 6,595 3,170 3,420
English and non-official language 190 95 95
French and non-official language 85 30 50
English, French and non-official language 345 150 185
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 86,865 40,535 46,325
In the labour force 56,040 28,545 27,495
Employed 51,045 26,160 24,885
Unemployed 4,990 2,380 2,605
Not in the labour force 30,825 11,990 18,835
Participation rate 64.5 70.4 59.4
Employment rate 58.8 64.5 53.7
Unemployment rate 8.9 8.3 9.5
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 56,035 28,540 27,490
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 1,910 850 1,055
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,135 27,695 26,435
Employee 45,215 22,300 22,915
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 8,920 5,390 3,530
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 56,035 28,540 27,495
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,905 850 1,055
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,130 27,695 26,435
0 Management occupations 7,275 4,525 2,750
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 9,280 3,540 5,745
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 5,015 3,785 1,235
3 Health occupations 3,950 1,345 2,605
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 9,770 3,595 6,175
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,990 1,910 2,085
6 Sales and service occupations 11,360 5,930 5,430
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,315 2,215 100
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 205 185 30
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 960 665 295
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 56,035 28,545 27,490
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 1,905 850 1,055
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 54,130 27,690 26,435
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 145 100 45
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 65 45 10
22 Utilities 180 115 60
23 Construction 1,245 1,040 200
31-33 Manufacturing 3,685 2,420 1,265
41 Wholesale trade 2,475 1,540 940
44-45 Retail trade 4,860 2,275 2,585
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 1,625 1,205 420
51 Information and cultural industries 2,325 1,355 970
52 Finance and insurance 2,615 1,400 1,215
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 1,600 925 680
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 7,840 4,555 3,280
55 Management of companies and enterprises 100 70 25
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 2,275 1,315 965
61 Educational services 6,920 2,820 4,100
62 Health care and social assistance 6,820 1,865 4,955
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,785 940 845
72 Accommodation and food services 3,495 1,945 1,550
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,300 950 1,345
91 Public administration 1,795 820 975
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 56,040 28,545 27,490
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,960 1,855 2,105
Worked in 2010 52,075 26,690 25,390
1 to 13 weeks 3,125 1,460 1,665
14 to 26 weeks 4,065 1,960 2,100
27 to 39 weeks 3,590 1,715 1,880
40 to 48 weeks 10,815 5,365 5,450
49 to 52 weeks 30,480 16,185 14,300
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.9 44.4 43.3
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 56,035 28,540 27,495
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 3,960 1,855 2,100
Worked in 2010 52,080 26,690 25,395
Worked full-time in 2010 40,215 21,930 18,290
Worked part-time in 2010 11,860 4,760 7,100
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 51,050 26,160 24,890
Worked at home 4,750 2,300 2,450
Worked outside Canada 505 295 215
No fixed workplace address 3,910 2,585 1,325
Worked at usual place 41,880 20,975 20,905
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 45,790 23,560 22,230
Car, truck or van - as a driver 20,675 12,355 8,320
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,435 575 860
Public transit 17,520 7,565 9,950
Walked 4,225 1,845 2,380
Bicycle 1,290 850 440
Other methods 645 370 275
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 45,790 23,565 22,225
Median commuting duration 25.8 25.8 25.9
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 45,790 23,560 22,225
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 5,490 3,360 2,130
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 30,395 14,935 15,455
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 9,905 5,270 4,640
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 47,565 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 41,960 ... ...
Major repairs needed 5,605 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 47,565 ... ...
1960 or before 30,510 ... ...
1961 to 1980 11,185 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,970 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,015 ... ...
2001 to 2005 765 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,135 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 47,570 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 22,695 ... ...
5 rooms 7,015 ... ...
6 rooms 5,275 ... ...
7 rooms 4,260 ... ...
8 or more rooms 8,325 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 5.1 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 47,565 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 14,390 ... ...
2 bedrooms 14,840 ... ...
3 bedrooms 11,475 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 6,860 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 47,570 ... ...
Owner 18,505 ... ...
Renter 29,065 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 47,570 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 5,010 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 42,560 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 47,565 ... ...
1 household maintainer 32,560 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,080 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 930 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 47,565 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,445 ... ...
25 to 34 years 7,840 ... ...
35 to 44 years 8,750 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,100 ... ...
55 to 64 years 8,440 ... ...
65 to 74 years 5,360 ... ...
75 years and over 5,625 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 47,570 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 46,180 ... ...
More than one person per room 1,385 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 47,570 ... ...
Suitable 43,135 ... ...
Not suitable 4,435 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 47,315 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 30,260 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 17,055 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 13,010 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 18,505 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 45.6 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 23.0 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,221 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,472 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 500,759 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 645,384 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 29,060 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 5.4 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 44.4 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 775 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 875 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 86,860 40,535 46,330
Without income 4,770 2,125 2,650
With income 82,090 38,410 43,680
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 10,290 5,220 5,075
$5,000 to $9,999 7,135 2,475 4,655
$10,000 to $14,999 8,445 3,670 4,775
$15,000 to $19,999 7,430 3,070 4,360
$20,000 to $29,999 10,090 4,565 5,525
$30,000 to $39,999 8,670 3,990 4,680
$40,000 to $49,999 6,125 2,735 3,390
$50,000 to $59,999 4,455 1,845 2,605
$60,000 to $79,999 6,920 3,335 3,585
$80,000 to $99,999 3,655 1,850 1,805
$100,000 and over 8,875 5,660 3,220
$100,000 to $124,999 2,615 1,480 1,135
$125,000 and over 6,265 4,185 2,080
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 27,226 30,455 24,480
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 54,309 68,630 41,718
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 86,860 40,535 46,330
Without after-tax income 4,770 2,140 2,625
With after-tax income 82,095 38,395 43,705
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 10,625 5,290 5,335
$5,000 to $9,999 7,250 2,515 4,735
$10,000 to $14,999 8,520 3,745 4,770
$15,000 to $19,999 8,275 3,520 4,755
$20,000 to $29,999 11,965 5,550 6,415
$30,000 to $39,999 9,825 4,235 5,595
$40,000 to $49,999 6,725 3,085 3,635
$50,000 to $59,999 5,235 2,395 2,840
$60,000 to $79,999 5,585 2,845 2,740
$80,000 to $99,999 2,735 1,595 1,140
$100,000 and over 5,360 3,625 1,735
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 24,935 27,261 22,933
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 41,642 51,090 33,342
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 91.4 94.6 86.7
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 70.8 75.2 64.6
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 58.5 61.5 54.1
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 12.4 13.6 10.5
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 10.6 10.0 11.4
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 6.5 5.8 7.6
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 3.4 3.7 3.1
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 8.6 5.4 13.3
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 2.5 2.0 3.4
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 2.2 1.4 3.4
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 1.0 0.6 1.5
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 1.3 0.1 3.1
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 1.6 1.2 2.0
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 23.3 25.6 20.0
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 76.7 74.4 80.0
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 3.6 3.2 4.2
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 25,790 14,160 11,630
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 48,728 51,284 46,869
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 82,651 99,522 62,114
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,995 ... ...
Median family income ($) 72,952 ... ...
Average family income ($) 131,353 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,685 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 99,278 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,110 ... ...
Median family income ($) 74,041 ... ...
Average family income ($) 139,296 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 62,631 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 103,805 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,745 ... ...
Median family income ($) 95,562 ... ...
Average family income ($) 159,561 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 79,697 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 119,582 ... ...
Average family size 3.8 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,030 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,898 ... ...
Average family income ($) 66,851 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 43,839 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 54,439 ... ...
Average family size 2.5 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 23,985 10,610 13,375
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 23,403 23,571 23,338
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 38,037 38,065 38,015
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,048 21,843 22,126
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 30,789 30,556 30,975
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 102,755 48,425 54,325
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 56,330 26,225 30,105
In bottom decile 17,495 8,090 9,405
In second decile 12,230 5,430 6,800
In third decile 10,480 5,115 5,365
In fourth decile 8,395 4,010 4,390
In fifth decile 7,730 3,580 4,150
In top half of the Canadian distribution 46,420 22,200 24,225
In sixth decile 7,175 3,215 3,965
In seventh decile 6,575 3,135 3,445
In eighth decile 7,125 3,320 3,805
In ninth decile 8,345 4,015 4,335
In top decile 17,195 8,515 8,680
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 47,570 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,525 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,885 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,800 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,100 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 4,885 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 4,910 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 3,825 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,405 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,245 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,375 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,815 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,040 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,760 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 47,570 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,615 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,885 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,830 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 5,850 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 5,350 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 4,775 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,960 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,285 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,560 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,545 ... ...
$125,000 and over 6,015 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 47,570 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 49,617 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 93,722 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 43,833 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 71,865 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 18,230 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 29,320 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 42,909 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 26,341 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 34,374 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,340 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 68,667 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 125,292 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 60,156 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 95,159 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 102,755 48,425 54,330
Less than 18 years 19,315 9,720 9,590
Less than 6 years 6,420 3,255 3,165
18 to 64 years 67,990 32,205 35,785
65 years and over 15,445 6,495 8,950
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 24,195 10,950 13,235
Less than 18 years 4,565 2,345 2,215
Less than 6 years 1,490 765 725
18 to 64 years 17,205 7,810 9,390
65 years and over 2,425 795 1,630
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 23.5 22.6 24.4
Less than 18 years (%) 23.6 24.1 23.1
Less than 6 years (%) 23.2 23.5 22.9
18 to 64 years (%) 25.3 24.3 26.2
65 years and over (%) 15.7 12.2 18.2

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount, Quebec (Code 24053) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 104,705 49,060 55,640
0 to 4 years 5,475 2,795 2,680
5 to 9 years 5,085 2,495 2,590
10 to 14 years 5,335 2,710 2,630
15 to 19 years 6,065 2,980 3,085
15 years 1,115 570 545
16 years 1,140 545 600
17 years 1,160 580 580
18 years 1,230 605 625
19 years 1,420 680 740
20 to 24 years 7,810 3,750 4,065
25 to 29 years 8,070 4,005 4,065
30 to 34 years 7,630 3,620 4,010
35 to 39 years 7,150 3,460 3,685
40 to 44 years 7,480 3,620 3,855
45 to 49 years 7,555 3,625 3,930
50 to 54 years 7,135 3,375 3,760
55 to 59 years 6,610 3,000 3,610
60 to 64 years 6,290 2,900 3,390
65 to 69 years 4,590 2,035 2,560
70 to 74 years 3,595 1,565 2,025
75 to 79 years 3,050 1,285 1,760
80 to 84 years 2,635 975 1,660
85 years and over 3,135 865 2,270
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 39.8 38.2 41.3
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.8 83.7 85.8
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 88,805 41,060 47,740
Married or living with a common-law partner 43,635 21,800 21,835
Married (and not separated) 35,210 17,505 17,705
Living common law 8,430 4,295 4,135
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 45,165 19,265 25,905
Single (never legally married) 31,170 15,310 15,860
Separated 1,935 760 1,175
Divorced 7,065 2,395 4,670
Widowed 4,995 800 4,200
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,485 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 12,930 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,335 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 5,230 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 1,990 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,485 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 21,150 ... ...
Married couples 16,940 ... ...
Without children at home 6,815 ... ...
With children at home 10,130 ... ...
1 child 4,120 ... ...
2 children 4,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,705 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,210 ... ...
Without children at home 2,660 ... ...
With children at home 1,545 ... ...
1 child 735 ... ...
2 children 610 ... ...
3 or more children 205 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 5,335 ... ...
Female parent 4,475 ... ...
1 child 2,895 ... ...
2 children 1,245 ... ...
3 or more children 335 ... ...
Male parent 860 ... ...
1 child 560 ... ...
2 children 240 ... ...
3 or more children 60 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 28,575 ... ...
Under six years of age 6,475 ... ...
6 to 14 years 9,335 ... ...
15 to 17 years 3,305 ... ...
18 to 24 years 6,165 ... ...
25 years and over 3,300 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 102,760 48,515 54,245
Number of persons not in census families 26,550 11,770 14,780
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 2,590 1,090 1,500
Living with non-relatives only 5,630 3,010 2,620
Living alone 18,325 7,670 10,660
Number of census family persons 76,215 36,745 39,470
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 15,410 6,380 9,030
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 6,685 1,695 4,990
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 530 115 425
Living with non-relatives only 305 125 180
Living alone 5,850 1,460 4,385
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 8,725 4,680 4,040
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 47,615 ... ...
Census-family households 26,205 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 24,825 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 20,070 ... ...
Without children 8,945 ... ...
With children 11,130 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 4,755 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 1,380 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,105 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 725 ... ...
Without children 320 ... ...
With children 410 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 385 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 275 ... ...
Non-census-family households 21,410 ... ...
One-person households 18,325 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,085 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 47,615 ... ...
Single-detached house 3,530 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 10,650 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 20 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 33,415 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,015 ... ...
Row house 1,975 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 8,295 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 18,065 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 47,615 ... ...
1 person 18,325 ... ...
2 persons 14,440 ... ...
3 persons 7,005 ... ...
4 persons 5,470 ... ...
5 persons 1,805 ... ...
6 or more persons 570 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 102,760 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.2 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,705 48,795 54,910
  Single responses  99,350 46,755 52,600
    English  43,055 20,405 22,650
    French  24,895 11,625 13,265
    Non-official languages  31,405 14,720 16,685
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 25 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  20 5 10
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  5 5 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 30,935 14,485 16,450
        African languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Afrikaans  5 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  40 25 10
        Albanian  45 20 20
        Amharic  95 50 50
        Arabic  2,775 1,515 1,260
        Armenian  200 105 100
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 75 40 40
        Bengali  205 110 95
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  60 35 25
        Bisayan languages  55 15 40
        Bosnian  25 10 15
        Bulgarian  500 245 255
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  325 160 165
        Chinese, n.o.s.  2,790 1,315 1,475
        Creoles  345 160 180
        Croatian  105 40 65
        Czech  165 70 90
        Danish  30 15 15
        Dutch  190 90 100
        Estonian  45 15 25
        Finnish  40 10 25
        Flemish  20 5 15
        Fukien  5 0 5
        German  955 390 565
        Greek  655 315 340
        Gujarati  90 45 40
        Hakka  5 5 0
        Hebrew  295 160 140
        Hindi  130 70 60
        Hungarian  530 230 295
        Ilocano  100 40 60
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 20 15 5
        Italian  2,860 1,340 1,515
        Japanese  250 85 165
        Khmer (Cambodian)  35 15 15
        Korean  790 350 435
        Kurdish  40 20 20
        Lao  30 15 15
        Latvian  55 15 35
        Lingala  30 15 20
        Lithuanian  45 20 25
        Macedonian  5 0 5
        Malay  25 5 10
        Malayalam  25 15 15
        Maltese  0 5 0
        Mandarin  905 400 505
        Marathi  10 5 5
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 140 80 55
        Norwegian  30 10 15
        Oromo  75 40 30
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  105 60 45
        Pashto  10 5 0
        Persian (Farsi)  1,770 925 840
        Polish  945 400 550
        Portuguese  555 250 300
        Romanian  2,005 965 1,040
        Rundi (Kirundi)  65 35 30
        Russian  2,210 975 1,235
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  55 25 35
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5
        Serbian  185 95 90
        Serbo-Croatian  60 25 30
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 10
        Sindhi  10 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  10 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Slovak  70 25 45
        Slovenian  30 10 20
        Somali  20 10 10
        Spanish  3,660 1,680 1,985
        Swahili  30 15 15
        Swedish  60 25 35
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  1,065 380 690
        Taiwanese  20 10 10
        Tamil  200 95 105
        Telugu  10 5 5
        Thai  25 10 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  100 45 55
        Turkish  165 80 85
        Ukrainian  250 100 150
        Urdu  200 105 95
        Vietnamese  415 185 230
        Yiddish  295 130 160
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 440 220 215
  Multiple responses          4,350 2,040 2,310
    English and French  1,935 895 1,040
    English and non-official language  1,135 510 630
    French and non-official language  835 415 425
    English, French and non-official language 440 220 220
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,700 48,790 54,910
  English only 22,470 10,310 12,165
  French only 8,010 3,490 4,520
  English and French 71,190 34,130 37,060
  Neither English nor French 2,030 865 1,165
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,700 48,795 54,910
  English 60,345 28,475 31,870
  French 31,930 14,835 17,095
  English and French 9,485 4,650 4,830
  Neither English nor French 1,940 830 1,110
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 65,085 30,795 34,285
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 62.8 63.1 62.4
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,700 48,795 54,910
  Single responses 97,385 45,850 51,530
    English 54,895 25,810 29,085
    French 24,580 11,600 12,975
    Non-official languages 17,910 8,440 9,470
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 10 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 17,720 8,345 9,375
        African languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 15 10 10
        Albanian 25 15 10
        Amharic 60 30 30
        Arabic 1,290 660 630
        Armenian 95 45 50
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Bengali 135 65 70
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 25 15 5
        Bisayan languages 10 0 10
        Bosnian 15 10 10
        Bulgarian 375 180 195
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 195 95 100
        Chinese, n.o.s. 2,385 1,130 1,255
        Creoles 115 55 65
        Croatian 40 15 25
        Czech 40 15 20
        Danish 10 5 5
        Dutch 40 20 20
        Estonian 10 5 5
        Finnish 5 0 5
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 175 80 95
        Greek 210 95 115
        Gujarati 50 25 30
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 105 50 55
        Hindi 50 25 25
        Hungarian 170 75 95
        Ilocano 30 15 15
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Italian 1,090 475 615
        Japanese 135 60 75
        Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5
        Korean 660 295 360
        Kurdish 20 10 10
        Lao 15 5 5
        Latvian 20 10 10
        Lingala 5 0 0
        Lithuanian 5 0 0
        Macedonian 5 0 0
        Malay 5 5 5
        Malayalam 5 0 5
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 810 390 425
        Marathi 5 5 0
        Nepali 0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15
        Norwegian 5 0 5
        Oromo 20 10 10
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 40 20 15
        Pashto 5 5 0
        Persian (Farsi) 1,285 620 670
        Polish 360 155 210
        Portuguese 295 135 155
        Romanian 1,510 730 780
        Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 10
        Russian 1,710 795 920
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 15 0 5
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5
        Serbian 105 55 50
        Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5
        Sindhi 0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0
        Slovak 5 5 5
        Slovenian 10 0 5
        Somali 15 10 10
        Spanish 2,365 1,105 1,260
        Swahili 5 5 0
        Swedish 25 10 15
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 485 210 280
        Taiwanese 15 5 5
        Tamil 155 70 90
        Telugu 5 5 5
        Thai 10 5 5
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 70 35 35
        Turkish 100 50 50
        Ukrainian 115 50 65
        Urdu 115 60 55
        Vietnamese 260 110 150
        Yiddish 10 0 10
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 180 90 90
  Multiple responses         6,320 2,940 3,380
    English and French 2,090 975 1,115
    English and non-official language 2,125 970 1,155
    French and non-official language 1,270 580 685
    English, French and non-official language 840 415 425
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 103,705 48,790 54,905
  None 71,300 33,470 37,830
  Single responses  29,480 13,895 15,580
    English  9,665 4,550 5,110
    French  10,955 5,280 5,680
    Non-official languages  8,860 4,065 4,795
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 15 5 5
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  10 10 5
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  5 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 8,640 3,950 4,685
        African languages, n.i.e 30 10 15
        Afrikaans  10 5 5
        Akan (Twi)  35 20 10
        Albanian  5 0 5
        Amharic  25 15 15
        Arabic  1,105 585 520
        Armenian  65 30 35
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 45 20 25
        Bengali  40 20 10
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  20 10 10
        Bisayan languages  5 0 10
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  70 30 35
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  70 40 35
        Chinese, n.o.s.  300 135 165
        Creoles  345 155 190
        Croatian  25 5 25
        Czech  45 20 20
        Danish  15 10 10
        Dutch  65 30 30
        Estonian  15 5 10
        Finnish  20 10 10
        Flemish  5 5 5
        Fukien  5 0 0
        German  350 140 210
        Greek  300 150 150
        Gujarati  20 10 10
        Hakka  0 5 0
        Hebrew  195 85 110
        Hindi  95 50 45
        Hungarian  140 45 90
        Ilocano  30 10 20
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Italian  1,035 480 555
        Japanese  85 40 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  10 0 10
        Korean  75 35 40
        Kurdish  5 0 0
        Lao  10 5 5
        Latvian  20 5 10
        Lingala  45 20 25
        Lithuanian  20 10 15
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  10 10 5
        Malayalam  10 5 5
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  105 45 60
        Marathi  5 0 0
        Nepali  0 0 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 95 45 45
        Norwegian  15 5 10
        Oromo  15 10 5
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  35 25 15
        Pashto  0 0 0
        Persian (Farsi)  295 165 135
        Polish  230 90 140
        Portuguese  165 75 90
        Romanian  280 120 160
        Rundi (Kirundi)  25 10 15
        Russian  400 170 225
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  30 10 15
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5
        Serbian  45 25 20
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 10
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Sindhi  5 5 5
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  0 0 5
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5
        Slovak  30 10 15
        Slovenian  10 0 10
        Somali  5 5 0
        Spanish  1,105 495 615
        Swahili  35 20 15
        Swedish  30 20 10
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  410 120 290
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  30 20 5
        Telugu  0 5 0
        Thai  10 5 5
        Tibetan languages  5 5 0
        Tigrigna  25 10 15
        Turkish  55 25 30
        Ukrainian  55 20 35
        Urdu  75 40 40
        Vietnamese  115 60 55
        Yiddish  60 30 35
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 210 105 100
  Multiple responses          2,930 1,425 1,500
    English and French  1,280 650 630
    English and non-official language  595 275 310
    French and non-official language  1,000 475 525
    English, French and non-official language  55 25 30

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount, Quebec (Code 24053) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 16, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Notre-Dame-de-Grâce--Westmount (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census

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