NHS Profile, Papineau, Quebec, 2011

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NHS data, Papineau, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Papineau
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Citizenship
Total population in private households by citizenshipNational Household Survey data footnote 1 107,835 53,850 53,990
Canadian citizens 90,850 44,755 46,095
Canadian citizens aged under 18 17,660 9,210 8,450
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,190 35,545 37,645
Not Canadian citizensNational Household Survey data footnote 2 16,990 9,090 7,895
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total population in private households by immigrant status and period of immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 3 107,840 53,850 53,990
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 4 60,055 29,290 30,765
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 5 44,605 22,745 21,860
Before 1971 6,610 3,045 3,565
1971 to 1980 4,560 2,265 2,295
1981 to 1990 6,275 3,375 2,900
1991 to 2000 9,240 4,565 4,675
2001 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 17,920 9,500 8,420
2001 to 2005 6,550 3,435 3,110
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 6 11,375 6,060 5,315
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 7 3,175 1,815 1,365
Age at immigration
Total immigrant population in private households by age at immigrationNational Household Survey data footnote 8 44,605 22,745 21,860
Under 5 years 3,485 1,770 1,715
5 to 14 years 5,540 2,880 2,660
15 to 24 years 11,035 5,045 5,990
25 to 44 years 21,230 11,560 9,670
45 years and over 3,315 1,490 1,825
Immigrant status and selected places of birth
Total population in private households by immigrant status and selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 9 107,840 53,845 53,990
Non-immigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 10 60,060 29,290 30,765
Born in province of residence 57,660 28,135 29,530
Born outside province of residence 2,395 1,160 1,240
ImmigrantsNational Household Survey data footnote 11 44,610 22,745 21,860
Americas 10,125 4,800 5,325
United States 445 200 245
Jamaica 95 25 75
Guyana 155 65 85
Haiti 3,700 1,690 2,010
Mexico 825 355 470
Trinidad and Tobago 75 30 45
Colombia 775 345 425
El Salvador 740 415 325
Peru 715 320 395
Chile 295 125 165
Other places of birth in Americas 2,315 1,230 1,085
Europe 11,955 5,740 6,215
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 70 35 35
Italy 2,925 1,340 1,585
Germany 115 55 60
Poland 200 60 135
Portugal 1,660 810 850
Netherlands 0 0 0
France 1,745 930 815
Romania 310 160 150
Russian Federation 115 50 60
Greece 3,705 1,780 1,925
Ukraine 135 75 65
Croatia 40 0 0
Hungary 60 0 40
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 25 0
Serbia 35 0 30
Ireland, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 770 370 400
Africa 8,040 4,625 3,410
Morocco 2,365 1,375 995
Algeria 2,700 1,570 1,130
Egypt 325 130 195
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Nigeria 25 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Kenya 15 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 2,620 1,540 1,075
Asia 14,460 7,565 6,905
India 2,800 1,530 1,270
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 1,070 495 575
Philippines 155 50 100
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 105 45 60
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 2,635 1,275 1,360
Pakistan 1,795 1,010 780
Sri Lanka 1,935 1,055 880
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 55 50 0
Korea, SouthNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Lebanon 455 280 170
Taiwan 20 0 10
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 1,505 805 700
Afghanistan 45 25 0
Japan 55 0 50
Turkey 500 265 230
Other places of birth in Asia 1,305 645 665
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 25 0 10
Fiji 0 0 0
Other places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 18 30 0 15
Non-permanent residentsNational Household Survey data footnote 19 3,175 1,815 1,365
Recent immigrants by selected place of birth
Total recent immigrant population in private households by selected places of birthNational Household Survey data footnote 20 11,375 6,060 5,315
Americas 2,480 1,230 1,245
United States 190 75 120
Mexico 530 255 275
Cuba 70 30 40
Haiti 665 345 325
Jamaica 0 0 0
Brazil 70 40 25
Colombia 275 135 140
Guyana 0 0 0
Peru 180 80 105
VenezuelaNational Household Survey data footnote 21 60 40 15
Other places of birth in Americas 420 235 190
Europe 1,240 675 570
France 605 335 265
Germany 15 0 0
Poland 35 0 20
Romania 155 80 70
MoldovaNational Household Survey data footnote 22 55 30 25
Russian Federation 55 25 30
Ukraine 35 0 25
United KingdomNational Household Survey data footnote 12 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 280 160 120
Africa 4,515 2,560 1,960
Nigeria 0 0 0
Ethiopia 0 0 0
Mauritius 25 20 0
Somalia 0 0 0
Algeria 1,395 770 630
Egypt 230 105 125
Morocco 1,390 785 600
Tunisia 480 325 155
Cameroon 180 70 110
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the 140 65 70
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 660 400 265
Asia 3,125 1,585 1,545
Philippines 20 0 15
ChinaNational Household Survey data footnote 13 235 115 125
India 915 560 360
Pakistan 445 220 225
IranNational Household Survey data footnote 15 20 20 0
South KoreaNational Household Survey data footnote 16 0 0 0
Sri Lanka 515 255 265
Iraq 0 0 0
Bangladesh 390 185 210
Lebanon 50 40 20
Viet NamNational Household Survey data footnote 14 150 60 90
Taiwan 0 0 0
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Japan 25 0 25
Turkey 40 15 20
Israel 0 0 0
Nepal 30 0 20
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 20 0 0
Saudi Arabia 0 0 0
SyriaNational Household Survey data footnote 23 35 0 0
Other places of birth in Asia 180 65 115
Oceania and otherNational Household Survey data footnote 17 0 0 0
Generation status
Total population in private households by generation statusNational Household Survey data footnote 24 107,840 53,850 53,990
First generationNational Household Survey data footnote 25 48,075 24,720 23,355
Second generationNational Household Survey data footnote 26 21,535 11,145 10,385
Third generation or moreNational Household Survey data footnote 27 38,230 17,985 20,245
Visible minority population
Total population in private households by visible minority 107,840 53,845 53,990
Total visible minority populationNational Household Survey data footnote 28 44,655 23,335 21,315
South AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 29 12,030 6,670 5,360
Chinese 2,140 1,020 1,120
Black 9,365 4,525 4,840
Filipino 200 55 145
Latin American 7,185 3,520 3,665
Arab 7,235 4,205 3,035
Southeast AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 30 4,935 2,630 2,305
West AsianNational Household Survey data footnote 31 370 180 185
Korean 0 0 0
Japanese 95 0 80
Visible minority, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 32 315 145 170
Multiple visible minoritiesNational Household Survey data footnote 33 770 365 405
Not a visible minorityNational Household Survey data footnote 34 63,185 30,510 32,670
Ethnic origin population
Total population in private households by ethnic originsNational Household Survey data footnote 35 107,835 53,845 53,990
North American Aboriginal origins 2,240 930 1,310
First Nations (North American Indian) 2,065 850 1,215
Inuit 30 20 0
Métis 165 80 80
Other North American origins 29,760 14,075 15,680
Acadian 385 200 190
American 530 265 265
Canadian 26,235 12,220 14,015
New Brunswicker 0 0 0
Newfoundlander 0 0 0
Nova Scotian 0 0 0
Ontarian 35 0 0
Québécois 3,105 1,645 1,460
Other North American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 36 10 10 0
European origins 45,020 21,820 23,200
British Isles origins 6,375 3,190 3,185
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 1,940 1,060 880
Irish 3,790 1,805 1,980
Manx 0 0 0
Scottish 1,405 700 705
Welsh 35 0 20
British Isles origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 37 210 100 110
French origins 21,340 10,270 11,070
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 130 50 80
French 21,260 10,245 11,015
Western European origins (except French origins) 2,655 1,335 1,315
Austrian 60 30 30
Belgian 680 290 395
Dutch 255 135 120
Flemish 25 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 1,360 695 665
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 435 245 195
Western European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 38 0 0 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 230 110 120
Danish 60 35 20
Finnish 15 0 0
Icelandic 0 0 0
Norwegian 75 20 60
Swedish 55 30 25
Northern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 39 20 20 0
Eastern European origins 2,635 1,210 1,420
Bulgarian 185 60 125
Byelorussian 110 65 45
Czech 65 35 30
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 220 100 120
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 35 0 30
Moldovan 35 20 0
Polish 970 430 540
Romanian 395 200 195
Russian 475 235 240
Slovak 45 15 25
Ukrainian 565 265 300
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 40 0 0 0
Southern European origins 19,895 9,760 10,135
Albanian 160 70 95
Bosnian 80 0 70
Croatian 145 85 60
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 6,500 3,385 3,120
Italian 8,005 3,805 4,195
Kosovar 20 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 55 35 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 3,155 1,615 1,545
Serbian 65 35 30
Sicilian 40 40 0
Slovenian 40 25 15
Spanish 2,425 1,080 1,345
Yugoslavian, n.o.s. 30 0 20
Southern European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 41 0 0 0
Other European origins 315 170 140
Basque 15 0 15
Jewish 265 155 110
Roma (Gypsy) 15 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 42 0 0 0
Caribbean origins 7,335 3,460 3,875
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 65 0 50
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 195 95 105
Dominican 820 465 360
Grenadian 20 0 15
Haitian 5,670 2,695 2,975
Jamaican 220 60 160
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 65 20 45
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 110 55 60
Vincentian/Grenadinian 60 15 45
West Indian, n.o.s. 75 10 60
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 43 190 85 100
Latin, Central and South American origins 7,360 3,540 3,820
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Maya) 195 100 95
Argentinian 235 125 110
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 65 45 20
Brazilian 205 95 115
Chilean 430 145 290
Colombian 1,015 440 575
Costa Rican 70 30 35
Ecuadorian 105 45 60
Guatemalan 525 240 285
Guyanese 150 90 55
Hispanic 0 0 0
Honduran 395 200 195
Maya 60 20 40
Mexican 1,380 595 790
Nicaraguan 130 80 55
Panamanian 55 40 15
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 960 440 515
Salvadorean 1,235 625 610
Uruguayan 95 25 70
Venezuelan 70 45 25
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 44 370 240 135
African origins 10,650 5,805 4,840
Central and West African origins 2,120 1,090 1,025
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 10 0 10
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 75 25 55
Burkinabe 45 20 25
Cameroonian 285 160 130
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 385 160 220
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 195 110 85
Guinean 185 125 55
Ibo 0 0 0
Ivorian 280 135 140
Liberian 25 0 0
Malian 120 45 75
Nigerian 80 50 30
Peulh 50 30 20
Senegalese 235 130 105
Sierra Leonean 0 0 0
Togolese 45 25 20
Yoruba 0 0 0
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 45 225 125 100
North African origins 7,180 4,065 3,115
Algerian 2,410 1,350 1,060
Berber 1,300 780 515
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 485 240 250
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 2,585 1,455 1,135
Sudanese 50 30 20
Tunisian 815 480 335
North African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 46 50 35 20
Southern and East African origins 310 145 160
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 0 0
Ethiopian 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 30 15 15
Mauritian 45 15 30
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 60 50 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 15 0 0
South African 25 0 20
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 0 0 0
Zimbabwean 0 0 0
Zulu 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 47 100 30 70
Other African origins 1,140 555 595
Black, n.o.s.National Household Survey data footnote 48 120 65 55
Other African origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 49 1,075 510 560
Asian origins 24,325 13,090 11,235
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 4,260 2,390 1,865
Afghan 115 60 60
Arab, n.o.s. 1,720 1,060 660
Armenian 265 110 160
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Iranian 90 65 25
Iraqi 15 0 0
Israeli 25 0 15
Jordanian 0 0 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 60 30 35
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Lebanese 885 470 415
Palestinian 155 95 60
Pashtun 20 10 15
Saudi Arabian 30 15 20
Syrian 275 145 130
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 800 440 360
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 50 20 15 10
South Asian origins 12,170 6,785 5,390
Bangladeshi 1,450 785 660
Bengali 495 265 230
East IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 48 4,855 2,745 2,105
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 60 35 25
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 45 20 30
Pakistani 2,495 1,445 1,055
Punjabi 350 215 135
Sinhalese 45 25 0
Sri Lankan 2,480 1,330 1,150
Tamil 340 165 175
South Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 51 155 95 60
East and Southeast Asian origins 7,850 3,900 3,950
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 1,015 540 470
Chinese 3,230 1,580 1,650
Filipino 235 80 155
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 125 35 95
Korean 15 0 0
Laotian 90 45 45
Malaysian 70 55 0
Mongolian 20 0 0
Singaporean 0 0 0
Taiwanese 15 0 0
Thai 50 25 20
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 3,800 1,950 1,850
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 52 10 0 10
Other Asian origins 130 65 65
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 53 135 70 65
Oceania origins 45 0 40
Australian 40 0 40
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 0 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.National Household Survey data footnote 54 0 0 0
Religion
Total population in private households by religionNational Household Survey data footnote 55 107,835 53,850 53,990
Buddhist 3,780 1,945 1,840
Christian 63,065 29,420 33,650
Anglican 245 100 150
Baptist 870 330 540
Catholic 48,110 22,345 25,770
Christian Orthodox 6,800 3,395 3,410
Lutheran 75 40 35
Pentecostal 795 320 475
Presbyterian 75 35 45
United Church 75 45 30
Other Christian 6,015 2,820 3,190
Hindu 4,605 2,375 2,230
Jewish 240 90 155
Muslim 14,535 8,220 6,310
Sikh 1,850 1,210 640
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 0 0 0
Other religions 290 135 145
No religious affiliation 19,465 10,445 9,020
Aboriginal population
Total population in private households by Aboriginal identity 107,835 53,845 53,990
Aboriginal identityNational Household Survey data footnote 56 535 220 315
First Nations (North American Indian) single identityNational Household Survey data footnote 57 295 115 180
Métis single identity 190 75 110
Inuk (Inuit) single identity 20 0 15
Multiple Aboriginal identitiesNational Household Survey data footnote 58 0 0 0
Aboriginal identities not included elsewhereNational Household Survey data footnote 59 20 0 0
Non-Aboriginal identity 107,305 53,630 53,675
Total population in private households by Registered or Treaty Indian statusNational Household Survey data footnote 57 107,840 53,845 53,990
Registered or Treaty IndianNational Household Survey data footnote 60 170 45 130
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 107,665 53,810 53,865
Total population in private households by Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 61 107,835 53,850 53,990
Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 62 2,240 930 1,310
First Nations (North American Indian) Aboriginal ancestryNational Household Survey data footnote 57 2,070 845 1,215
Métis ancestry 165 80 80
Inuit ancestry 30 25 0
Non-Aboriginal ancestry onlyNational Household Survey data footnote 63 105,595 52,920 52,680
Non-official languages spoken
Total population in private households by non-official languages spokenNational Household Survey data footnote 64 63,830 32,400 31,430
Aboriginal languages 30 0 25
Algonquin 10 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 65 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
Innu/Montagnais 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0
Tlicho (Dogrib) 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 66 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 63,800 32,395 31,405
Italian 6,170 2,855 3,315
Portuguese 3,150 1,595 1,560
Romanian 395 200 195
Spanish 13,080 6,050 7,025
Dutch 35 0 25
Flemish 15 0 0
German 800 445 355
Yiddish 0 0 0
Danish 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0
Swedish 20 0 0
Afrikaans 0 0 0
Gaelic languages 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0
Bulgarian 105 50 55
Croatian 100 65 40
Czech 25 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Polish 365 130 230
Russian 465 235 235
Serbian 60 30 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0
Slovak 15 0 0
Slovenian 20 0 0
Ukrainian 190 65 125
Latvian 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Greek 6,340 3,275 3,065
Armenian 175 85 95
Albanian 150 80 70
Estonian 0 0 0
Finnish 15 0 10
Hungarian 75 35 35
Turkish 750 390 360
Berber languages (Kabyle) 460 280 180
Oromo 585 360 230
Somali 0 0 0
Amharic 0 0 0
Arabic 8,175 4,720 3,455
Hebrew 50 45 0
Maltese 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Bengali 2,145 1,160 985
Gujarati 1,565 790 770
Hindi 1,660 935 730
Konkani 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0
Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,960 1,800 1,155
Sindhi 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 180 105 70
Urdu 2,635 1,505 1,135
Nepali 55 20 35
Kurdish 15 0 0
Pashto 110 35 70
Persian (Farsi) 80 55 20
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
Kannada 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0
Tamil 2,825 1,505 1,320
Telugu 25 15 15
Japanese 180 85 95
Korean 0 0 0
Cantonese 710 300 410
Fukien 0 0 0
Hakka 0 0 0
Mandarin 370 165 200
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,475 770 700
Lao 85 40 45
Thai 80 60 15
Khmer (Cambodian) 940 495 445
Vietnamese 3,810 1,945 1,870
Bisayan languages 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0
Malay 85 55 0
Tagalog (Pilipino,Filipino) 155 55 100
Akan (Twi) 265 130 130
Lingala 165 85 80
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0
Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 40 40 0
Swahili 85 70 20
Bantu languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 435 220 215
African languages, n.i.e. 50 35 10
Creoles 4,980 2,315 2,665
Other non-Aboriginal languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 67 820 465 355
Mobility
Total - Mobility status 1 year agoNational Household Survey data footnote 68 106,395 53,110 53,290
Non-movers 89,715 44,980 44,735
Movers 16,680 8,125 8,560
Non-migrants 11,600 5,750 5,855
Migrants 5,080 2,375 2,705
Internal migrants 2,370 1,025 1,350
Intraprovincial migrants 2,030 870 1,165
Interprovincial migrants 340 160 180
External migrants 2,710 1,350 1,355
Total - Mobility status 5 years agoNational Household Survey data footnote 69 100,890 50,435 50,460
Non-movers 52,435 25,615 26,825
Movers 48,450 24,820 23,635
Non-migrants 30,405 15,505 14,895
Migrants 18,050 9,315 8,740
Internal migrants 7,345 3,620 3,720
Intraprovincial migrants 6,490 3,140 3,350
Interprovincial migrants 855 480 375
External migrants 10,705 5,695 5,015
Education
Total population aged 15 years and over by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 90,770 45,020 45,745
No certificate, diploma or degree 23,270 10,945 12,330
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 18,365 9,515 8,855
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 49,130 24,560 24,570
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 8,520 4,810 3,710
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 13,680 6,650 7,030
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 4,555 2,040 2,515
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 22,370 11,055 11,315
Bachelor's degree 13,865 6,660 7,205
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 8,505 4,395 4,105
Total population aged 25 to 64 years by highest certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 70 64,265 33,165 31,100
No certificate, diploma or degree 11,620 5,910 5,710
High school diploma or equivalentNational Household Survey data footnote 71 11,950 6,375 5,575
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 72 40,695 20,885 19,805
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaNational Household Survey data footnote 73 6,725 3,805 2,920
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 10,180 5,265 4,920
University certificate or diploma below bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 74 3,785 1,775 2,005
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 20,005 10,040 9,965
Bachelor's degree 12,150 5,995 6,150
University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor levelNational Household Survey data footnote 75 7,860 4,045 3,815
Total population aged 15 years and over by major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 76 90,765 45,020 45,750
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeNational Household Survey data footnote 77 41,640 20,460 21,180
Education 2,890 805 2,080
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 4,400 2,165 2,235
Humanities 4,550 2,025 2,525
Social and behavioural sciences and law 7,260 2,865 4,400
Business, management and public administration 9,280 3,805 5,475
Physical and life sciences and technologies 2,415 1,305 1,115
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 2,680 1,895 780
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 7,955 6,985 965
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 630 370 255
Health and related fieldsNational Household Survey data footnote 78 4,930 1,160 3,775
Personal, protective and transportation services 2,145 1,180 955
Other fields of studyNational Household Survey data footnote 79 0 0 0
Total population aged 15 years and over by location of study compared with province or territory of residenceNational Household Survey data footnote 80 90,765 45,020 45,745
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 41,640 20,460 21,185
With postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 49,125 24,560 24,570
Location of study inside Canada 37,480 17,970 19,510
Same as province or territory of residence 36,615 17,450 19,160
Another province or territory 860 520 345
Location of study outside Canada 11,650 6,590 5,060
Language used most often at work
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 58,040 30,855 27,185
Single responses 52,560 27,590 24,965
English 10,990 6,575 4,415
French 40,270 20,305 19,965
Non-official languages 1,295 710 585
Chinese, n.o.s. 245 165 80
Cantonese 70 30 40
Panjabi (Punjabi) 65 40 25
Mandarin 20 0 0
Spanish 205 90 105
Korean 0 0 0
German 0 0 0
Cree languagesNational Household Survey data footnote 82 0 0 0
Portuguese 25 20 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0
Other languages 665 350 315
Multiple responses 5,485 3,265 2,215
English and French 4,490 2,730 1,755
English and non-official language 260 120 145
French and non-official language 325 170 155
English, French and non-official language 415 250 165
Total population aged 15 years and over by language used most often at workNational Household Survey data footnote 81 58,035 30,855 27,180
English 10,990 6,570 4,420
French 40,270 20,310 19,965
Non-official language 1,295 710 585
Aboriginal 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 1,300 710 590
English and French 4,490 2,730 1,755
English and non-official language 260 115 145
French and non-official language 325 170 155
English, French and non-official language 410 245 160
Labour force status
Total population aged 15 years and over by labour force statusNational Household Survey data footnote 83 90,770 45,020 45,750
In the labour force 56,445 30,465 25,985
Employed 49,950 26,715 23,230
Unemployed 6,500 3,755 2,745
Not in the labour force 34,320 14,550 19,770
Participation rate 62.2 67.7 56.8
Employment rate 55.0 59.3 50.8
Unemployment rate 11.5 12.3 10.6
Class of worker
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 84 56,445 30,470 25,980
Class of worker - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 85 2,980 1,685 1,295
All classes of workerNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,465 28,775 24,690
Employee 48,710 25,690 23,020
Self-employedNational Household Survey data footnote 87 4,755 3,090 1,670
Occupation
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2011National Household Survey data footnote 88 56,450 30,465 25,985
Occupation - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,980 1,685 1,295
All occupationsNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,470 28,775 24,690
0 Management occupations 3,670 2,355 1,315
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 8,425 3,300 5,125
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 4,050 3,200 850
3 Health occupations 2,900 650 2,245
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 6,990 2,350 4,640
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 3,625 1,750 1,875
6 Sales and service occupations 15,300 8,475 6,825
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 4,780 4,520 260
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 330 255 85
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 3,400 1,935 1,470
Industry
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2007National Household Survey data footnote 90 56,445 30,465 25,980
Industry - not applicableNational Household Survey data footnote 89 2,980 1,690 1,290
All industriesNational Household Survey data footnote 86 53,470 28,775 24,690
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 285 175 110
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 45 35 0
22 Utilities 240 140 95
23 Construction 1,470 1,340 130
31-33 Manufacturing 5,525 3,420 2,105
41 Wholesale trade 1,945 1,315 630
44-45 Retail trade 6,000 3,200 2,800
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 2,010 1,630 375
51 Information and cultural industries 2,450 1,415 1,040
52 Finance and insurance 2,050 850 1,200
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 705 460 245
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 4,750 2,900 1,845
55 Management of companies and enterprises 50 25 20
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 3,350 2,070 1,275
61 Educational services 5,040 1,930 3,110
62 Health care and social assistance 5,825 1,400 4,425
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 1,775 965 805
72 Accommodation and food services 4,945 3,080 1,860
81 Other services (except public administration) 2,435 1,170 1,265
91 Public administration 2,580 1,250 1,325
Work activity
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by work activity in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 91 56,450 30,465 25,980
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,215 2,830 2,390
Worked in 2010 51,230 27,640 23,595
1 to 13 weeks 2,940 1,540 1,400
14 to 26 weeks 4,795 2,625 2,170
27 to 39 weeks 4,320 2,230 2,095
40 to 48 weeks 10,630 5,640 4,985
49 to 52 weeks 28,545 15,605 12,940
Average weeks worked in 2010 43.2 43.3 43.0
Full-time or part-time weeks worked
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by full-time or part-time weeks worked in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 93 56,445 30,465 25,980
Did not work in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 92 5,215 2,830 2,385
Worked in 2010 51,235 27,635 23,595
Worked full-time in 2010 40,525 22,875 17,645
Worked part-time in 2010 10,705 4,760 5,950
Place of work status
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by place of work statusNational Household Survey data footnote 94 49,950 26,715 23,235
Worked at home 2,605 1,405 1,200
Worked outside Canada 115 85 30
No fixed workplace address 4,865 3,485 1,380
Worked at usual place 42,365 21,740 20,625
Mode of transportation
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by mode of transportationNational Household Survey data footnote 95 47,230 25,230 22,005
Car, truck or van - as a driver 18,560 12,245 6,310
Car, truck or van - as a passenger 1,265 460 810
Public transit 22,205 9,995 12,210
Walked 3,105 1,220 1,890
Bicycle 1,645 1,025 625
Other methods 445 280 165
Median commuting duration
Total employed population aged 15 years and over with a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address by median commuting durationNational Household Survey data footnote 96 47,230 25,230 22,000
Median commuting duration 30.2 30.2 30.3
Time leaving for work
Total employed population aged 15 years and over by time leaving for workNational Household Survey data footnote 97 47,230 25,225 22,000
Between 5 and 6:59 a.m. 8,565 5,405 3,165
Between 7 and 9:00 a.m. 27,260 12,960 14,300
Anytime after 9:00 a.m. 11,400 6,860 4,540
Occupied private dwelling characteristics
Total number of occupied private dwellings by condition of dwellingNational Household Survey data footnote 98 50,945 ... ...
Only regular maintenance or minor repairs needed 45,880 ... ...
Major repairs needed 5,065 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by period of constructionNational Household Survey data footnote 99 50,945 ... ...
1960 or before 31,645 ... ...
1961 to 1980 13,120 ... ...
1981 to 1990 2,530 ... ...
1991 to 2000 1,405 ... ...
2001 to 2005 905 ... ...
2006 to 2011National Household Survey data footnote 100 1,335 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of roomsNational Household Survey data footnote 101 50,945 ... ...
1 to 4 rooms 31,365 ... ...
5 rooms 11,115 ... ...
6 rooms 4,165 ... ...
7 rooms 1,965 ... ...
8 or more rooms 2,340 ... ...
Average number of rooms per dwelling 4.3 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by number of bedroomsNational Household Survey data footnote 102 50,940 ... ...
0 to 1 bedroom 19,625 ... ...
2 bedrooms 19,420 ... ...
3 bedrooms 10,000 ... ...
4 or more bedrooms 1,895 ... ...
Household characteristics
Total number of private households by tenureNational Household Survey data footnote 103 50,945 ... ...
Owner 13,160 ... ...
Renter 37,780 ... ...
Band housing 0 ... ...
Total number of private households by condominium statusNational Household Survey data footnote 104 50,945 ... ...
Part of a condominium development 4,350 ... ...
Not part of a condominium development 46,590 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 105 50,945 ... ...
1 household maintainer 35,350 ... ...
2 household maintainers 14,155 ... ...
3 or more household maintainers 1,430 ... ...
Total number of private households by age group of primary household maintainersNational Household Survey data footnote 106 50,940 ... ...
Under 25 years 2,845 ... ...
25 to 34 years 11,665 ... ...
35 to 44 years 10,180 ... ...
45 to 54 years 9,415 ... ...
55 to 64 years 7,310 ... ...
65 to 74 years 4,885 ... ...
75 years and over 4,640 ... ...
Total number of private households by number of persons per roomNational Household Survey data footnote 107 50,940 ... ...
One person or fewer per room 48,425 ... ...
More than one person per room 2,515 ... ...
Total number of private households by housing suitabilityNational Household Survey data footnote 108 50,945 ... ...
Suitable 44,360 ... ...
Not suitable 6,580 ... ...
Shelter costs
Total number of owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero, in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings by shelter-cost-to-income ratioNational Household Survey data footnote 109 50,750 ... ...
Spending less than 30% of household total income on shelter costs 32,205 ... ...
Spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costs 18,540 ... ...
Spending 30% to less than 100% of household total income on shelter costs 15,385 ... ...
Number of owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 13,160 ... ...
% of owner households with a mortgageNational Household Survey data footnote 110 58.0 ... ...
% of owner households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 111 27.8 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 959 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for owned dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 112 1,085 ... ...
Median value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 348,445 ... ...
Average value of dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 113 350,383 ... ...
Number of tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings 37,780 ... ...
% of tenant households in subsidized housingNational Household Survey data footnote 114 6.6 ... ...
% of tenant households spending 30% or more of household total income on shelter costsNational Household Survey data footnote 115 39.6 ... ...
Median monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 642 ... ...
Average monthly shelter costs for rented dwellings ($)National Household Survey data footnote 116 663 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Total income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 117 90,765 45,020 45,750
Without income 4,455 2,190 2,265
With income 86,310 42,825 43,485
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 118 8,800 4,775 4,025
$5,000 to $9,999 9,920 4,580 5,345
$10,000 to $14,999 12,260 5,300 6,965
$15,000 to $19,999 11,895 5,290 6,605
$20,000 to $29,999 14,760 7,430 7,335
$30,000 to $39,999 10,700 5,650 5,045
$40,000 to $49,999 7,000 3,435 3,565
$50,000 to $59,999 4,105 2,285 1,815
$60,000 to $79,999 4,370 2,525 1,845
$80,000 to $99,999 1,360 780 580
$100,000 and over 1,150 785 365
$100,000 to $124,999 700 475 230
$125,000 and over 450 315 135
Median income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 20,118 21,595 18,886
Average income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 119 26,641 28,303 25,003
After-tax income in 2010 of population 15 years and overNational Household Survey data footnote 120 90,765 45,020 45,745
Without after-tax income 4,460 2,195 2,270
With after-tax income 86,305 42,825 43,480
Under $5,000National Household Survey data footnote 121 8,835 4,785 4,055
$5,000 to $9,999 9,990 4,595 5,395
$10,000 to $14,999 12,440 5,385 7,065
$15,000 to $19,999 12,830 5,820 7,010
$20,000 to $29,999 17,455 8,930 8,520
$30,000 to $39,999 12,035 6,105 5,930
$40,000 to $49,999 6,470 3,545 2,930
$50,000 to $59,999 3,300 1,840 1,460
$60,000 to $79,999 2,090 1,240 855
$80,000 to $99,999 455 320 135
$100,000 and over 400 260 135
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 19,580 20,689 18,528
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 122 23,348 24,433 22,280
Composition of total income in 2010 of population 15 years and over (%)National Household Survey data footnote 123 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 124 79.2 83.7 74.1
Employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 125 71.4 75.8 66.4
Wages and salaries (%)National Household Survey data footnote 126 67.3 70.9 63.2
Self-employment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 127 4.1 4.9 3.2
Investment income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 128 2.8 2.9 2.7
Retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (%)National Household Survey data footnote 129 3.6 3.8 3.4
Other money income (%)National Household Survey data footnote 130 1.4 1.2 1.6
Government transfer payments (%)National Household Survey data footnote 131 20.8 16.3 25.9
Canada/Quebec Pension Plan benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 132 3.6 3.3 3.9
Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement (%)National Household Survey data footnote 133 5.2 3.8 6.7
Employment Insurance benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 134 2.8 2.7 3.0
Child benefits (%)National Household Survey data footnote 135 3.5 0.3 7.0
Other income from government sources (%)National Household Survey data footnote 136 5.7 6.1 5.3
Income taxes paid as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 137 12.4 13.7 10.9
After-tax income as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 138 87.6 86.3 89.1
Net capital gains or losses as a % of total incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 139 1.2 1.6 0.8
Population aged 15 years and over who worked full year, full time and with employment income in 2010National Household Survey data footnote 140 24,250 13,690 10,560
Median employment income in 2010 ($) 36,372 36,445 36,074
Average employment income in 2010 ($) 41,024 42,203 39,496
Family income in 2010 of economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 141 26,985 ... ...
Median family income ($) 47,914 ... ...
Average family income ($) 57,715 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 45,052 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 50,763 ... ...
Average family size 2.9 ... ...
Couple-only economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 142 9,040 ... ...
Median family income ($) 46,937 ... ...
Average family income ($) 56,931 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 42,827 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 48,934 ... ...
Average family size 2.0 ... ...
Couple-with-children economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 143 11,020 ... ...
Median family income ($) 57,665 ... ...
Average family income ($) 67,536 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 54,056 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 59,591 ... ...
Average family size 3.9 ... ...
Lone-parent economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 144 5,655 ... ...
Median family income ($) 34,556 ... ...
Average family income ($) 41,184 ... ...
Median after-tax family income ($) 33,260 ... ...
Average after-tax family income ($) 37,430 ... ...
Average family size 2.6 ... ...
Income in 2010 of population aged 15 years and over not in economic familiesNational Household Survey data footnote 145 28,450 14,995 13,450
Median total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 19,705 19,679 19,755
Average total income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 146 26,089 25,956 26,237
Median after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 19,073 18,887 19,259
Average after-tax income ($)National Household Survey data footnote 147 22,689 22,374 23,040
Total population by decile of adjusted after-tax family incomeNational Household Survey data footnote 148 107,840 53,850 53,990
In bottom half of the Canadian distribution 82,605 41,145 41,460
In bottom decile 23,595 12,215 11,385
In second decile 19,930 9,370 10,560
In third decile 16,640 8,350 8,285
In fourth decile 12,700 6,470 6,230
In fifth decile 9,740 4,745 4,995
In top half of the Canadian distribution 25,230 12,700 12,530
In sixth decile 8,800 4,415 4,390
In seventh decile 6,305 3,125 3,175
In eighth decile 4,995 2,535 2,465
In ninth decile 3,195 1,630 1,560
In top decile 1,940 995 945
Income of households in 2010
Household total income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 149 50,940 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,275 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,700 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,055 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,720 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 7,565 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 6,940 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 5,705 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,210 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,480 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 3,305 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,100 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 980 ... ...
$150,000 and over 900 ... ...
After-tax income of households in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 150 50,940 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,295 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,715 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,080 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,035 ... ...
$20,000 to $29,999 8,610 ... ...
$30,000 to $39,999 7,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $49,999 6,545 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,935 ... ...
$60,000 to $79,999 5,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $99,999 2,560 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,080 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,425 ... ...
$125,000 and over 655 ... ...
Household income in 2010 of private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 151 50,940 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 35,809 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 45,138 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 33,007 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 39,557 ... ...
One-person private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 21,035 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 21,141 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 28,103 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 20,456 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 24,273 ... ...
Two-or-more-persons private householdsNational Household Survey data footnote 152 29,905 ... ...
Median household total income ($) 47,419 ... ...
Average household total income ($) 57,120 ... ...
Median after-tax household income ($) 44,558 ... ...
Average after-tax household income ($) 50,307 ... ...
Income of individuals in 2010
Population in private households for income statusNational Household Survey data footnote 153 107,840 53,850 53,990
Less than 18 years 20,090 10,500 9,590
Less than 6 years 8,145 4,080 4,060
18 to 64 years 74,185 37,655 36,535
65 years and over 13,560 5,695 7,865
In low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT) 34,685 17,365 17,320
Less than 18 years 7,410 3,940 3,465
Less than 6 years 2,995 1,555 1,445
18 to 64 years 23,030 11,850 11,180
65 years and over 4,250 1,575 2,670
Prevalence of low income in 2010 based on after-tax low-income measure (%) 32.2 32.2 32.1
Less than 18 years (%) 36.9 37.5 36.1
Less than 6 years (%) 36.8 38.1 35.6
18 to 64 years (%) 31.0 31.5 30.6
65 years and over (%) 31.3 27.7 33.9

Symbols

... not applicable

National Household Survey data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Citizenship refers to the legal citizenship status of a person. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship.

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Footnote 2

Includes persons who are stateless.

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Footnote 3

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained his or her landed immigrant/permanent resident status. A landed immigrant/permanent resident refers to a person who has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 4

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 5

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 6

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 7

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 8

Age at immigration refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant/permanent resident status. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live permanently in Canada by immigration authorities.

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Footnote 9

The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 10

Non-immigrant refers to a person who is a Canadian citizen by birth.

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Footnote 11

Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. In the 2011 National Household Survey, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada prior to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 12

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 13

China excludes Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.

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Footnote 14

The official name of Viet Nam is Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

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Footnote 15

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 16

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 17

The category 'Oceania and other' includes places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 18

The category 'Other places of birth' includes other places of birth in Oceania and responses not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea.'

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Footnote 19

Non-permanent resident refers to a person from another country who has a work or study permit, or who is a refugee claimant, and any non-Canadian-born family member living in Canada with them.

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Footnote 20

Recent immigrants are immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 2006 and May 10, 2011. Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. The places of birth selected are the most frequently reported by recent immigrants at the Canada level.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 24

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada. It identifies persons as being first generation, second generation or third generation or more.

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Footnote 25

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or have ever been, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 26

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 27

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 28

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 29

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 30

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Malaysian,' 'Laotian,' etc.

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Footnote 31

For example, 'Iranian,' 'Afghan,' etc.

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Footnote 32

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes respondents who reported a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 33

Includes respondents who reported more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in circles, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 34

Includes respondents who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal identity question (Question 18) as well as respondents who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 35

This is a total population estimate.  The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the NHS.

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Footnote 36

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer,' 'Manitoban').

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Footnote 37

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 38

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 39

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 40

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 41

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 42

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 43

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Guadelupian,' 'Aruban').

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Footnote 44

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 45

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Ewe,' 'Wolof').

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Footnote 46

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 47

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 48

Some respondents may choose to provide very specific ethnic origins in the National Household Survey (NHS), while other respondents may choose to give more general responses. This means that two respondents with the same ethnic ancestry could have different response patterns and thus could be counted as having different ethnic origins. For example, one respondent may report 'East Indian' ethnic origin while another respondent, with a similar ancestral background, may report 'Punjabi' or 'South Asian' origins; one respondent may report 'Black' while another, similar respondent, may report 'Ghanaian' or 'African.' As a result, ethnic origin data are very fluid, and counts for certain origins, such as 'East Indian' and 'Black,' may seem lower than initially expected. Users who wish to obtain broader response counts may wish to combine data for one or more ethnic origins together or use counts for ethnic categories such as 'South Asian origins' or 'African origins.' (Please note, however, that 'African origins' should not be considered equivalent to the 'Black' population group or visible minority status, as there are persons reporting African origins who report a population group or visible minority status other than 'Black.' Conversely, many people report a population group or visible minority status of 'Black' and do not report having 'African' origins. For information on population group and visible minority population in the 2011 NHS, refer to the appropriate definitions in this publication.)

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Footnote 49

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 50

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 51

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bhutanese').

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Footnote 52

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian,' 'Karen').

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Footnote 53

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 55

Religion refers to the person's self-identification as having a connection or affiliation with any religious denomination, group, body, sect, cult or other religiously defined community or system of belief. Religion is not limited to formal membership in a religious organization or group. Persons without a religious connection or affiliation can self-identify as atheist, agnostic or humanist, or can provide another applicable response.

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Footnote 56

'Aboriginal identity' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person, that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status, that is registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.

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Footnote 57

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the National Household Survey (NHS). In 2011, there were a total of 36 Indian reserves and Indian settlements that were 'incompletely enumerated' in the NHS. For these reserves or settlements, NHS enumeration was either not permitted or was interrupted before it could be completed, or was not possible because of natural events (specifically forest fires in Northern Ontario). For additional information, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, National Household Survey (NHS), 2011.

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Footnote 58

'Multiple Aboriginal identities' includes persons who reported being any two or all three of the following: First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit).

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Footnote 59

'Aboriginal identities not included elsewhere' includes persons who did not report being First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) but who did report Registered or Treaty Indian status and/or membership in a First Nation or Indian band.

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Footnote 60

Registered or Treaty Indian status refers to whether or not a person reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian.' Registered or Treaty Indian' includes persons who reported being a Registered or Treaty Indian in Question 20. Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.

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Footnote 61

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.

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Footnote 62

'Aboriginal ancestry' includes persons who reported one or more than one of First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17, either with or without also reporting a non-Aboriginal ancestry. The sum of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry', 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' is thus greater than the sum of the total for 'Aboriginal ancestry' because persons who reported more than one Aboriginal ancestry are included in the response category for each Aboriginal ancestry they reported. All respondents with Aboriginal ancestry are counted in at least one of the categories 'First Nations (North American Indian) ancestry,' 'Métis ancestry' and 'Inuit ancestry' and also in the category 'Aboriginal ancestry.' Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 (2) as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada. Ancestry refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the respondent's ancestors, an ancestor being usually more distant than a grandparent. A person can have more than one ethnic or cultural origin.

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Footnote 63

'Non-Aboriginal ancestry only' includes persons who did not report First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuit ancestry in Question 17.

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Footnote 64

Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. The category 'Non-official languages spoken' represents the sum of single language responses and multiple language responses received in the National Household Survey. Hence, this total is greater than the total population.

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Footnote 65

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 66

This is a subtotal of all Aboriginal languages collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 67

This is a subtotal of all non-Aboriginal languages, other than English or French, collected on May 10, 2011 that are not displayed separately here.

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Footnote 68

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 69

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2011, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 70

'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' refers to the highest certificate, diploma or degree completed based on a hierarchy which is generally related to the amount of time spent 'in-class.' For postsecondary completers, a university education is considered to be a higher level of schooling than a college education, while a college education is considered to be a higher level of education than in the trades. Although some trades requirements may take as long or longer to complete than a given college or university program, the majority of time is spent in on-the-job paid training and less time is spent in the classroom. For further definitions, refer to the National Household Survey Dictionary, Catalogue no. 99-000-X. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 71

'High school diploma or equivalent' includes persons who have graduated from a secondary school or equivalent. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 72

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificates or diplomas,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificates or diplomas' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 73

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Registered Apprenticeship certificates (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) and other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres, and similar institutions.

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Footnote 74

Comparisons with other data sources suggest that the category 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' was over-reported in the NHS. This category likely includes some responses that are actually college certificates or diplomas, bachelor's degrees or other types of education (e.g., university transfer programs, bachelor's programs completed in other countries, incomplete bachelor's programs, non-university professional designations). We recommend users interpret the results for the 'University certificate or diploma below the bachelor's level' category with caution.

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Footnote 75

'University certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level' includes the categories 'University certificate or diploma above bachelor level,' 'Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry,' 'Master's degree' and 'Earned doctorate.'

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Footnote 76

'Major field of study' is defined as the main discipline or subject of learning. It is collected for the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school or secondary school level and classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2011. This variable shows the 'primary groupings,' a CIP variant. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2011, Catalogue no. 12-590-X available from: www.statcan.gc.ca/concepts/classification-eng.htm. For any comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 77

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed a registered apprenticeship certificate (including Certificate of Qualification, Journeyperson's designation) or other trades certificate or diploma, a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 78

Called 'Health, parks, recreation and fitness' in CIP Canada 2000.

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Footnote 79

Includes 'Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other.'

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Footnote 80

'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence' indicates whether the 'Location of study' is the same as the province or territory of residence in 2011, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. 'Location of study' refers to the province, territory or country of the institution where the highest certificate, diploma or degree above the high school level was completed. Users should be aware that some respondents may have reported the physical location of study rather than the location of the certificate, diploma or degree-granting institution. This could affect the responses of those who obtained a certificate, diploma or degree through a joint program or by distance learning with credentials granted in another province or country. In particular, a number of persons reported a location of study for a university credential in one of the territories (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut), even though there were no educational institutions in the territories with the authority to grant university degrees. For any other comments on collection, dissemination or data quality for this variable or 'Location of study,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-012-X2011006.

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Footnote 81

Population by language used most often at work . Refers to the language used most often at work, as reported on May 10, 2011 by the individuals aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2010.

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Footnote 82

Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported 'Cree'), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods Cree, and a category labelled 'Cree not included elsewhere' (which includes Moose Cree, Northern East Cree and Southern East Cree).

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Footnote 83

Refers to whether a person was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011. In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 84

Refers to whether an employed person is an employee or is self-employed. The self-employed include persons with or without a business, as well as unpaid family workers. 

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Footnote 85

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 86

Experienced labour force refers to persons who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2010 or 2011.

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Footnote 87

Includes self-employed with an incorporated business and self-employed with an unincorporated business. Also included among the self-employed are unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 88

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2011, as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The 2011 National Household Survey occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2011. 

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Footnote 89

Unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2010 only.

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Footnote 90

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The 2011 National Household Survey industry data are produced according to the NAICS 2007.

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Footnote 91

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 92

Includes persons who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2010 only, or persons who worked in 2011 only.

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Footnote 93

Refers to persons who worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010. These persons were asked to report whether the weeks they worked in 2010 were full-time weeks (30 hours or more per week) or not, on the basis of all jobs held. Persons with a part-time job for part of the year and a full-time job for another part of the year were to report the information for the job at which they worked the most weeks.

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Footnote 94

Classification of respondents according to whether they worked at home, worked outside Canada, had no fixed workplace address or worked at a specific address (usual place of work).

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Footnote 95

Refers to the main mode of transportation a respondent uses to travel between his or her home and his or her place of work.

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Footnote 96

Refers to how many minutes it took for a person to travel from home to work. Median commuting duration is the value which divides the commuting duration into two equal halves, i.e., the commuting duration of individuals for the first half is below the median, while the commuting distance of individuals for the second half is above the median.

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Footnote 97

Time at which a respondent usually leaves home to go to work.

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Footnote 98

Condition of dwelling - Refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

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Footnote 99

Period of construction - Refers to the period in time during which the building or dwelling was originally constructed.

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Footnote 100

Includes data up to May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 101

Rooms - Refers to enclosed areas within a private dwelling which are finished and suitable for year round living. The number of rooms of a private dwelling includes kitchens, bedrooms and finished rooms in the attic or basement. The number of rooms of a private dwelling excludes bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes. Partially divided rooms are considered to be separate rooms if they are considered as such by the respondent (e.g., L-shaped dining room and living room arrangements).

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Footnote 102

Bedrooms - Refers to rooms in a private dwelling that are designed mainly for sleeping purposes even if they are now used for other purposes, such as guest rooms and television rooms. Also included are rooms used as bedrooms now, even if they were not originally built as bedrooms, such as bedrooms in a finished basement. Bedrooms exclude rooms designed for another use during the day such as dining rooms and living rooms even if they may be used for sleeping purposes at night. By definition, one-room private dwellings such as studio apartments have zero bedrooms.

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Footnote 103

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling, or whether the dwelling is band housing (on an Indian reserve or settlement).

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Footnote 104

Condominium status - Refers to whether the private dwelling is part of a condominium development. A condominium is a residential complex in which dwellings are owned individually while land and common elements are held in joint ownership with others.

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Footnote 105

Household maintainer - Refers to whether or not a person residing in the household is responsible for paying the rent, or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity or other services or utilities. Where a number of people may contribute to the payments, more than one person in the household may be identified as a household maintainer. If no person in the household is identified as making such payments, the reference person is identified by default.

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Footnote 106

Primary household maintainer - First person in the household identified as someone who pays the rent or the mortgage, or the taxes, or the electricity bill, and so on, for the dwelling. The order of the persons in a household is determined by the order in which the respondent lists the persons on the questionnaire. Generally, an adult is listed first followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or common-law partner and by their children. The order does not necessarily correspond to the proportion of household payments made by the person. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 107

Persons per room - Refers to an indicator of the level of crowding in a private dwelling. It is calculated by dividing the number of persons in the household by the number of rooms in the dwelling.

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Footnote 108

Housing suitability - Housing suitability refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the National Occupancy Standard. Housing suitability assesses the required number of bedrooms for a household based on the age, sex, and relationships among household members. An alternative variable, the number of persons per room, considers all rooms in a private dwelling and the number of household members. Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

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Footnote 109

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio - Percentage of a household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent (for tenants) or the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees (for owners) and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner and tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 110

Presence of mortgage - Refers to whether the owner households reported mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

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Footnote 111

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for owner households - Percentage of an owner household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the mortgage payment, property taxes and condominium fees and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes owner households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 112

Shelter cost for owned dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that own their dwellings, such as the mortgage payment and the costs of electricity, heat, water and other municipal services, property taxes and condominium fees.

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Footnote 113

Value of dwelling - Refers to the dollar amount expected by the owner if the dwelling were to be sold.

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Footnote 114

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether the dwelling is subsidized. Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

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Footnote 115

Shelter-cost-to-income ratio for tenant households - Percentage of a tenant household's average total monthly income which is spent on shelter-related expenses. Those expenses include the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat, municipal services, etc. The percentage is calculated by dividing the total shelter-related expenses by the household's total monthly income and multiplying the result by 100. Includes tenant households in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings with household total income greater than zero in 2010 (i.e., excludes negative or zero household total income). The relatively high shelter costs to household income ratios for some households may have resulted from the difference in the reference period for shelter costs and household total income data. The reference period for shelter cost data is 2011, while household total income is reported for the year 2010. As well, for some households, the 2010 household total income may represent income for only part of a year. Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income refers to the total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income, before income taxes and deductions, during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 116

Shelter costs for rented dwellings - Includes all shelter expenses paid by households that rent their dwellings, such as the monthly rent and the costs of electricity, heat and municipal services.

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Footnote 117

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 118

Including loss.

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Footnote 119

For population with income.

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Footnote 120

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the individuals with income in that group (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years). Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 121

Including loss.

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Footnote 122

For population with after-tax income.

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Footnote 123

Composition of income - The composition of the total income of a population group or a geographic area refers to the relative share of each income source or group of sources, expressed as a percentage of the aggregate total income of that group or area. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 124

Market income - Refers to the sum of employment income (wages and salaries, net farm income and net income from non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (including those from RRSPs and RRIFs) and other money income. It is equivalent to total income before tax minus all government transfers and is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Footnote 125

Earnings or employment income - Total wages and salaries and net income from self-employment.

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Footnote 126

Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included.

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Footnote 127

Self-employment net income - Refers to the total amount received by persons aged 15 years and over during calendar year 2010 as net farm income from self-employment, or net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business and/or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc.

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Footnote 128

Investment income - Refers to interest received during calendar year 2010 from deposits in banks, trust companies, cooperatives, credit unions, caisses populaires, etc., as well as interest on savings certificates, bonds and debentures, and all dividends from both Canadian and foreign corporate stocks and mutual funds. Also included is other investment income from either Canadian or foreign sources, such as net rents from real estate, mortgage and loan interest received, regular income from an estate or trust fund, and interest from insurance policies. Does not include capital gains or losses.

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Footnote 129

Retirement pensions - Refers to all regular income received by the respondent during calendar year 2010 as the result of having been a member of a pension plan of one or more employers. It includes payments received from all annuities, including payments from a Registered Retirement Income Fund (RRIF), a matured Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) in the form of a life annuity, a fixed-term annuity, or an income-averaging annuity contract; pensions paid to widow(er)s or other relatives of deceased pensioners; pensions of retired civil servants, Armed Forces personnel and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officers; annuity payments received from the Canadian Government Annuities Fund, an insurance company, etc. Does not include lump-sum death benefits, lump-sum benefits or withdrawals from a pension plan or RRSP, or refunds of over-contributions.

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Footnote 130

Other money income - Refers to regular cash income received during calendar year 2010 and not reported in any of the other sources listed on the questionnaire. For example, severance pay and retirement allowances, alimony, child support, periodic support from other persons not in the household, income from abroad (excluding dividends and interest), non refundable scholarships, bursaries, fellowships and study grants, and artists' project grants are included.

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Footnote 131

Government transfer payments - Refers to all cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during 2010. This variable is derived by summing the amounts reported in: the Old Age Security pension and Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance and Allowance for the Survivor; benefits from Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan; benefits from Employment Insurance; child benefits; other income from government sources.

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Footnote 132

Benefits from Canada or Quebec pension plan - Refers to benefits received during calendar year 2010 from the Canada or Quebec Pension Plan (For example, retirement pensions, survivors' benefits and disability pensions). Does not include lump-sum death benefits.

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Footnote 133

Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplement - Refers to Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements paid to persons aged 65 years and over, and to the Allowance or Allowance for the survivor paid to 60- to 64-year-old spouses of old age security recipients or widow(er)s by the federal government during the calendar year 2010.

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Footnote 134

Benefits from employment insurance - Refers to total Employment Insurance benefits received during calendar year 2010, before income tax deductions. It includes benefits for unemployment, sickness, maternity, paternity, adoption, work sharing, retraining and benefits to self-employed fishers received under the federal Employment Insurance Program or the Quebec Parental Insurance Program.

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Footnote 135

Child benefits - Refers to payments received under the Canada Child Tax Benefit program during calendar year 2010 by parents with dependent children under 18 years of age. Included with the Canada Child Tax Benefit is the National Child Benefit Supplement (NCBS) for low-income families with children. The NCBS is the federal contribution to the National Child Benefit (NCB), a joint initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments. Also included in this variable are child benefits, child disability benefits and earned income supplements provided by certain provinces and territories and the Universal Child Care Benefit (UCCB).

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Footnote 136

Other income from government sources - Refers to all transfer payments, excluding those covered as a separate income source (Canada Pension Plan or Quebec Pension Plan benefits, Old Age Security pensions and Guaranteed Income Supplements, Employment Insurance benefits and child benefits) received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal programs during 2010.

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Footnote 137

Income tax paid - Refers to all federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid on 2010 income. Federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid refer to taxes on income, after taking into account exemptions, deductions, non-refundable tax credits and the Quebec abatement. These taxes are obtained from the income tax files for persons who allowed access to their income tax data and from direct responses on the questionnaire for others.

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Footnote 138

After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial taxes paid for 2010.

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Footnote 139

Net capital gains or losses - Refers to the net gains received or losses incurred during calendar year 2010 from the sale of capital property. This represents the proceeds of disposition minus the adjusted cost base of the property and outlays and expenses incurred to sell the property. Capital property includes depreciable property and any property which, if sold, would result in a capital gain or loss (for example, cottages, buildings and securities such as mutual funds). Non-taxable capital gains or losses on the sale of a principal residence are excluded. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the definition of Total income as published in standard products. Net capital gains or losses are not included in the concept of total income but are expressed here as a percentage to obtain a relative measure of size.

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Footnote 140

Earnings or employment income - Refers to total income received by persons 15 years of age and over during calendar year 2010 as wages and salaries, net income from a non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice, and/or net farm self-employment income. Wages and salaries - Refers to gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income tax, pensions and Employment Insurance. Included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union as well as all types of casual earnings during calendar year 2010. Other employment income such as taxable benefits, research grants and royalties are included. Net non-farm income from unincorporated business or professional practice - Refers to net income (gross receipts minus expenses of operation such as wages, rents and depreciation) received during calendar year 2010 from the respondent's non-farm unincorporated business or professional practice. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share was reported. Also included is net income from persons babysitting in their own homes, persons providing room and board to non-relatives, self-employed fishers, hunters and trappers, operators of direct distributorships such as those selling and delivering cosmetics, as well as freelance activities of artists, writers, music teachers, hairdressers, dressmakers, etc. Net farm income - Refers to net income (gross receipts from farm sales minus depreciation and cost of operation) received during calendar year 2010 from the operation of a farm, either on the respondent's own account or in partnership. In the case of partnerships, only the respondent's share of income was reported. Included with gross receipts are cash advances received in 2010, dividends from cooperatives, rebates and farm-support payments to farmers from federal, provincial and regional agricultural programs (for example, milk subsidies and marketing board payments) and gross insurance proceeds such as payments from the AgriInvest and AgriStability programs. The value of income 'in kind,' such as agricultural products produced and consumed on the farm, is excluded. Median income of individuals - The median income of a specified group of income recipients is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves, i.e., the incomes of the first half of individuals are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median income is calculated from the unrounded number of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) with income in that group. Average income of individuals - Average income of individuals refers to the weighted mean total income of individuals aged 15 years and over who reported income for 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of individuals (e.g., males aged 45 to 54 years) by the number of individuals with income in that group. Median and average incomes of individuals will be calculated for those individuals who are at least aged 15 years and who have an income (positive or negative). The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics for earnings. Work activity in 2010 - Refers to the number of weeks in which a person worked for pay or in self-employment in 2010 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week). Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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Footnote 141

Economic family total income - The total income of an economic family is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that family. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income of economic families - The after-tax income of an economic family is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that family. After-tax income of family members or persons not in families refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of economic families - The median income of a specified group of families is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the families are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of economic families - Average income of economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of families (for example, husband-wife families with working wives) by the number of families in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of economic families. Economic family - Refers to a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship. A couple may be of opposite or same sex.

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Footnote 142

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 143

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family. Presence of children - Refers to the number of children in private households by age groups. To be included, children must live in the same household as the family, without a married spouse, common-law partner or one or more of their children living in the same household. In a census family, they may be children by birth, marriage or adoption. In an economic family, foster children are also included.

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Footnote 144

Economic family structure - Refers to the classification of economic families as couple families, lone-parent families or other economic families. Couple families - Those in which a member of either a married or common-law couple is the economic family reference person. Lone-parent families - Those in which either a male or female lone parent is the economic family reference person. Other economic families - Those in which the economic family reference person has other relatives but does not have a married spouse or common-law partner or a child in their census family.

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Footnote 145

Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of persons not in economic families - The median income of a specified group of persons not in economic families (for example, males aged 55 to 64) is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the persons are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of persons not in economic families are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of persons not in economic families - Average income of persons not in economic families refers to the weighted mean total income of the persons not in economic families in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of persons not in economic families by the number of persons in that group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of persons not in economic families. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011. Economic family persons refer to two or more household members who are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law, adoption or a foster relationship, and thereby constitute an economic family. Persons not in economic families refer to household members who do not belong to an economic family, including persons living alone.

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Footnote 146

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without income (with an income of zero).

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Footnote 147

Calculation includes persons not in economic families without after-tax income (with an after-tax income of zero).

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Footnote 148

Adjusted after-tax income for economic families and persons not in economic families - For economic family members, this refers to economic family after-tax income that has been adjusted by a factor that accounts for family size. The adjustment factor takes into account the lower relative needs of additional family members, as compared to a single person living alone. For use with the NHS income data, the adjusted after-tax income is computed as the economic family after-tax income divided by the square root of family size. For persons not in economic families, the adjusted after-tax income is set at after-tax income. This is equivalent to a factor of 1.0 for a person not in an economic family. Decile of adjusted after-tax family income - The deciles divide the population ranked by size of adjusted after-tax family income into 10 groups of equal size. The population in the bottom decile is the one who falls in the lower 10 percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The population in the top decile is the one who falls in the highest ten percent of the adjusted after-tax family income distribution. The 10 groups were formed with the full population in private households of Canada, whether or not they reported income.

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Footnote 149

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total income refers to monetary receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during calendar year 2010. It includes employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities); income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, employment insurance, old age security pension, Canada or Quebec pension plan benefits and disability income; income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and RRIFs; income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, GICs and mutual funds; and other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships. The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. It excludes one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump sum insurance settlements, capital gains and RRSP withdrawals. Capital gains are excluded because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are less likely to be fully spent in the period in which they are received, unlike income that is regular and recurring. Also excluded are employer's contributions to registered pension plans, Canada and Quebec pension plans, and employment insurance. Finally, voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter, and goods produced for own consumption are excluded from this total income definition. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 150

After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 151

Household total income - The total income of a household is the sum of the total incomes of all members of that household. After-tax income of households - The after-tax income of a household is the sum of the after-tax incomes of all members of that household. Total income - Total of income from all sources, including employment income, income from government programs, pension income, investment income and any other money income. After-tax income - Refers to total income from all sources minus federal, provincial and territorial income taxes paid for 2010. Median income of households - The median income of a specified group of households is that amount which divides their income size distribution, ranked by size of income, into two halves. That is, the incomes of the first half of the households are below the median, while those of the second half are above the median. Median incomes of households are normally calculated for all units in the specified group, whether or not they reported income. Average income of households - Average income of households refers to the weighted mean total income of households in 2010. Average income is calculated from unrounded data by dividing the aggregate income of a specified group of households (for example, two person households) by the number of households in that specific group, whether or not they reported income. The above concept and procedures also apply in the calculation of these statistics on the after-tax income of households. Household, private - Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy the same private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada. Household members who are temporarily absent on May 10, 2011 (e.g., temporarily residing elsewhere) are considered as part of their usual household. Every person is a member of one and only one household.

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Footnote 152

Household size - Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

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Footnote 153

Income status can be measured in several different ways in household surveys. For the standard products of the National Household Survey, the line chosen is a relative measure: the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). For this measure, the income used is after-tax income of households. There are no regional variations to account for prices or cost of living differences: all applicable households in Canada face the same line adjusted for household size. This line is set at half the median of adjusted household after-tax income. To account for potential economies of scale, the income of households with more than one member is divided by the square root of the size of the household. All household members are considered to share the household income and are attributed the same income status. Note: Low-income estimates in the 2011 National Household Survey. For the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), low-income statistics are presented based on the after-tax low-income measure (LIM-AT). This measure is not related to the low-income cut-offs (LICO) presented in the 2006 Census and prevalence rates are conceptually not comparable. Because of the sensitivity of certain income indicators to differences in methodology and response patterns, direct comparisons to establish trends with low-income estimates from other household surveys, administrative programs or the 2006 Census are discouraged. The prevalence rates observed in the NHS at the national level are generally 1 to 2 percentage points higher than seen for similar concepts in other programs. However, analysis of the NHS data suggests that it is valid to compare low-income data for different sub-populations within the NHS (i.e., for different geographic areas or demographic groups). For more information, refer to the Income Reference Guide, National Household Survey, Catalogue no. 99-014-X2011006. Age - Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

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How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Papineau, Quebec (Code 24055) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 National Household Survey

NHS data quality

Papineau, Quebec

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Census data

Census data

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Census data, Papineau, Quebec. Table summary
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Papineau
Quebec
(Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)
Total Male Female
Population and dwelling counts
Population in 2011Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
Population in 2006Census data footnote 1 .. ... ...
2006 to 2011 population change (%) .. ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 .. ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 .. ... ...
Population density per square kilometre .. ... ...
Land area (square km) .. ... ...
Age characteristics
Total population by age groupsCensus data footnote 4 108,975 54,080 54,890
0 to 4 years 6,935 3,540 3,390
5 to 9 years 5,175 2,640 2,535
10 to 14 years 4,765 2,440 2,330
15 to 19 years 5,070 2,635 2,430
15 years 1,020 555 465
16 years 935 485 450
17 years 980 510 475
18 years 1,030 550 475
19 years 1,105 540 575
20 to 24 years 7,985 3,735 4,255
25 to 29 years 11,035 5,300 5,740
30 to 34 years 10,955 5,560 5,390
35 to 39 years 8,910 4,700 4,210
40 to 44 years 7,815 4,255 3,560
45 to 49 years 7,555 4,070 3,485
50 to 54 years 7,105 3,600 3,505
55 to 59 years 6,105 3,065 3,040
60 to 64 years 5,050 2,485 2,565
65 to 69 years 3,815 1,755 2,060
70 to 74 years 3,440 1,540 1,900
75 to 79 years 3,005 1,245 1,755
80 to 84 years 2,400 945 1,455
85 years and over 1,860 560 1,295
Median age of the populationCensus data footnote 5 36.3 36.1 36.5
% of the population aged 15 and over 84.5 84.1 85.0
Marital status
Total population 15 years and over by marital statusCensus data footnote 6 92,100 45,460 46,640
Married or living with a common-law partner 43,215 21,965 21,255
Married (and not separated) 30,350 15,470 14,875
Living common law 12,865 6,490 6,375
Not married and not living with a common-law partner 48,890 23,505 25,385
Single (never legally married) 34,065 18,365 15,695
Separated 2,325 1,030 1,295
Divorced 7,575 3,185 4,390
Widowed 4,925 920 4,005
Family characteristics
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 7 26,720 ... ...
Size of census family: 2 persons 13,540 ... ...
Size of census family: 3 persons 6,325 ... ...
Size of census family: 4 persons 4,710 ... ...
Size of census family: 5 or more persons 2,145 ... ...
Total number of census families in private householdsCensus data footnote 8 26,720 ... ...
Total couple families by family structure and number of children 20,675 ... ...
Married couples 14,250 ... ...
Without children at home 5,555 ... ...
With children at home 8,690 ... ...
1 child 3,495 ... ...
2 children 3,440 ... ...
3 or more children 1,760 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,430 ... ...
Without children at home 4,065 ... ...
With children at home 2,365 ... ...
1 child 1,245 ... ...
2 children 870 ... ...
3 or more children 255 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent and number of children 6,040 ... ...
Female parent 4,960 ... ...
1 child 3,120 ... ...
2 children 1,350 ... ...
3 or more children 485 ... ...
Male parent 1,080 ... ...
1 child 795 ... ...
2 children 235 ... ...
3 or more children 55 ... ...
Total children in census families in private households 28,975 ... ...
Under six years of age 8,035 ... ...
6 to 14 years 8,740 ... ...
15 to 17 years 2,840 ... ...
18 to 24 years 4,905 ... ...
25 years and over 4,455 ... ...
Average number of children at home per census family 1.1 ... ...
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total number of persons in private households 107,845 53,670 54,180
Number of persons not in census families 31,485 16,200 15,285
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 3,105 1,450 1,660
Living with non-relatives only 7,185 4,305 2,885
Living alone 21,190 10,445 10,740
Number of census family persons 76,365 37,470 38,895
Average number of persons per census family 2.9 ... ...
Total number of persons aged 65 years and over in private households 13,660 5,810 7,855
Number of persons not in census families aged 65 years and over 5,980 1,890 4,095
Living with relativesCensus data footnote 9 715 170 550
Living with non-relatives only 300 165 135
Living alone 4,965 1,555 3,415
Number of census family persons aged 65 years and over 7,675 3,925 3,755
Total number of private households by household typeCensus data footnote 10 50,955 ... ...
Census-family households 26,110 ... ...
One-family-only householdsCensus data footnote 11 23,860 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 12 18,815 ... ...
Without children 8,760 ... ...
With children 10,055 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 5,035 ... ...
Other family householdsCensus data footnote 13 2,245 ... ...
One-family households with persons not in a census family 1,670 ... ...
Couple-family householdsCensus data footnote 14 1,075 ... ...
Without children 465 ... ...
With children 615 ... ...
Lone-parent-family households 590 ... ...
Two-or-more-family households 580 ... ...
Non-census-family households 24,845 ... ...
One-person households 21,190 ... ...
Two-or-more-person households 3,660 ... ...
Total number of occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwellingCensus data footnote 15 50,950 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,195 ... ...
Apartment, building that has five or more storeys 1,920 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 16 30 ... ...
Other dwellingCensus data footnote 17 47,805 ... ...
Semi-detached house 700 ... ...
Row house 570 ... ...
Apartment, duplex 8,710 ... ...
Apartment, building that has fewer than five storeys 37,245 ... ...
Other single-attached house 585 ... ...
Total number of private households by household sizeCensus data footnote 18 50,955 ... ...
1 person 21,185 ... ...
2 persons 14,940 ... ...
3 persons 6,945 ... ...
4 persons 4,950 ... ...
5 persons 1,935 ... ...
6 or more persons 990 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,845 ... ...
Average number of persons in private households 2.1 ... ...
Detailed mother tongue
Detailed mother tongue - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,315 53,850 54,465
  Single responses  103,510 51,360 52,150
    English  5,945 3,050 2,890
    French  48,740 23,535 25,200
    Non-official languages  48,835 24,780 24,055
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 20 10 10
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 5 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  5 0 0
        Inuktitut  5 0 5
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 5
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 48,425 24,550 23,875
        African languages, n.i.e 60 30 30
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  240 115 125
        Albanian  220 125 95
        Amharic  10 10 5
        Arabic  5,875 3,335 2,540
        Armenian  215 115 105
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 60 30 25
        Bengali  2,115 1,075 1,045
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  340 190 150
        Bisayan languages  5 5 5
        Bosnian  20 10 5
        Bulgarian  140 70 65
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  545 265 280
        Chinese, n.o.s.  1,525 730 790
        Creoles  2,605 1,185 1,425
        Croatian  55 25 30
        Czech  25 5 15
        Danish  5 5 5
        Dutch  20 0 15
        Estonian  5 0 0
        Finnish  5 0 5
        Flemish  5 5 0
        Fukien  0 0 5
        German  155 70 85
        Greek  4,855 2,395 2,465
        Gujarati  1,260 620 640
        Hakka  0 0 5
        Hebrew  5 5 5
        Hindi  240 135 100
        Hungarian  85 40 45
        Ilocano  15 0 10
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 15 10 5
        Italian  4,390 2,060 2,330
        Japanese  55 10 45
        Khmer (Cambodian)  515 255 260
        Korean  15 5 10
        Kurdish  20 15 5
        Lao  50 25 25
        Latvian  0 0 0
        Lingala  50 30 20
        Lithuanian  5 5 0
        Macedonian  5 0 0
        Malay  20 10 5
        Malayalam  5 5 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  210 90 120
        Marathi  0 5 0
        Nepali  50 25 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 210 125 90
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  460 265 200
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  2,410 1,415 995
        Pashto  255 140 120
        Persian (Farsi)  110 65 45
        Polish  345 145 200
        Portuguese  2,385 1,175 1,210
        Romanian  325 165 160
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 10
        Russian  280 125 155
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  45 20 25
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  40 15 20
        Serbo-Croatian  15 5 5
        Shanghainese  5 5 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10
        Sindhi  65 25 35
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  100 60 40
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 5 5 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Slovak  20 5 15
        Slovenian  25 15 15
        Somali  30 20 10
        Spanish  7,520 3,740 3,780
        Swahili  35 20 15
        Swedish  10 5 5
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  120 30 85
        Taiwanese  5 0 5
        Tamil  1,790 940 845
        Telugu  30 10 20
        Thai  30 5 20
        Tibetan languages  0 0 5
        Tigrigna  10 5 0
        Turkish  660 340 320
        Ukrainian  205 85 115
        Urdu  2,040 1,075 965
        Vietnamese  2,695 1,320 1,375
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 395 220 170
  Multiple responses          4,805 2,485 2,320
    English and French  800 415 380
    English and non-official language  980 540 440
    French and non-official language  2,535 1,250 1,280
    English, French and non-official language 490 275 220
Knowledge of official languages
Knowledge of official languages - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,315 53,850 54,470
  English only 12,085 6,575 5,510
  French only 35,685 16,170 19,515
  English and French 54,285 28,710 25,575
  Neither English nor French 6,260 2,390 3,865
First official language spoken
First official language spoken - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,315 53,850 54,465
  English 20,240 10,785 9,460
  French 70,905 34,435 36,470
  English and French 11,090 6,315 4,770
  Neither English nor French 6,080 2,310 3,770
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 23 25,790 13,945 11,845
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 23 23.8 25.9 21.7
Detailed language spoken most often at home
Detailed language spoken most often at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,315 53,850 54,470
  Single responses 98,340 48,655 49,680
    English 9,605 4,995 4,610
    French 54,565 26,695 27,875
    Non-official languages 34,160 16,965 17,200
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 5 5
        Atikamekw   0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0
        Dene 0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais 5 5 0
        Inuktitut 0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq 0 0 0
        Ojibway 0 0 0
        Oji-Cree 0 0 0
        Stoney 0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 33,995 16,875 17,120
        African languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10
        Afrikaans 0 0 0
        Akan (Twi) 140 65 75
        Albanian 150 80 65
        Amharic 5 5 0
        Arabic 3,360 1,800 1,560
        Armenian 135 65 70
        Bantu languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5
        Bengali 1,825 915 910
        Berber languages (Kabyle) 120 70 50
        Bisayan languages 0 0 0
        Bosnian 5 10 0
        Bulgarian 110 60 50
        Burmese 0 0 0
        Cantonese 435 215 225
        Chinese, n.o.s. 1,295 620 670
        Creoles 1,260 555 705
        Croatian 30 10 15
        Czech 15 0 5
        Danish 0 0 0
        Dutch 5 0 5
        Estonian 0 0 0
        Finnish 0 0 0
        Flemish 0 0 0
        Fukien 0 0 0
        German 25 10 15
        Greek 3,710 1,805 1,905
        Gujarati 970 470 500
        Hakka 0 0 0
        Hebrew 0 0 0
        Hindi 205 110 90
        Hungarian 35 20 20
        Ilocano 0 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5
        Italian 2,570 1,135 1,440
        Japanese 10 5 5
        Khmer (Cambodian) 355 175 180
        Korean 5 0 5
        Kurdish 10 5 5
        Lao 25 15 15
        Latvian 0 0 0
        Lingala 10 5 5
        Lithuanian 0 0 0
        Macedonian 0 0 0
        Malay 15 5 5
        Malayalam 5 0 0
        Maltese 0 0 0
        Mandarin 170 70 95
        Marathi 0 5 5
        Nepali 50 25 20
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25
        Norwegian 0 0 0
        Oromo 190 100 90
        Panjabi (Punjabi) 2,035 1,190 845
        Pashto 220 120 100
        Persian (Farsi) 55 30 30
        Polish 195 85 110
        Portuguese 1,385 650 735
        Romanian 205 105 105
        Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5
        Russian 165 80 85
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda) 5 0 0
        Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0
        Serbian 20 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0
        Shanghainese 0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10
        Sindhi 45 20 25
        Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 30 20
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5
        Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0
        Slovak 5 0 5
        Slovenian 10 0 5
        Somali 30 15 10
        Spanish 5,485 2,685 2,795
        Swahili 20 10 10
        Swedish 0 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 15 20
        Taiwanese 5 5 5
        Tamil 1,635 845 790
        Telugu 20 10 10
        Thai 15 5 10
        Tibetan languages 0 0 0
        Tigrigna 5 5 5
        Turkish 560 280 280
        Ukrainian 120 50 70
        Urdu 1,845 955 885
        Vietnamese 2,460 1,170 1,285
        Yiddish 0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 160 90 75
  Multiple responses         9,980 5,190 4,785
    English and French 1,170 645 530
    English and non-official language 2,115 1,135 980
    French and non-official language 5,290 2,670 2,615
    English, French and non-official language 1,405 745 660
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home
Detailed other language spoken regularly at home - Total population excluding institutional residentsCensus data footnote 19 108,315 53,845 54,465
  None 77,540 37,880 39,660
  Single responses  28,030 14,515 13,515
    English  7,860 4,150 3,710
    French  9,375 4,735 4,635
    Non-official languages  10,800 5,625 5,170
      Selected Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 20 5 0 0
        Atikamekw    0 0 0
        Cree, n.o.s.  5 0 0
        Dene  0 0 0
        Innu/Montagnais  0 0 0
        Inuktitut  0 0 0
        Mi'kmaq  0 0 0
        Ojibway  0 0 0
        Oji-Cree  0 0 0
        Stoney  0 0 0
      Selected non-Aboriginal languagesCensus data footnote 21 10,605 5,515 5,095
        African languages, n.i.e 35 15 20
        Afrikaans  0 0 0
        Akan (Twi)  70 35 30
        Albanian  25 15 15
        Amharic  5 5 5
        Arabic  1,775 1,035 745
        Armenian  45 25 20
        Bantu languages, n.i.e 25 10 10
        Bengali  135 80 55
        Berber languages (Kabyle)  120 65 60
        Bisayan languages  0 0 0
        Bosnian  5 0 5
        Bulgarian  10 5 5
        Burmese  0 0 0
        Cantonese  65 25 40
        Chinese, n.o.s.  210 105 105
        Creoles  1,385 660 725
        Croatian  15 5 10
        Czech  5 5 0
        Danish  0 0 0
        Dutch  5 0 5
        Estonian  0 0 0
        Finnish  0 0 0
        Flemish  0 0 0
        Fukien  0 0 0
        German  70 30 40
        Greek  755 400 360
        Gujarati  130 65 60
        Hakka  0 0 0
        Hebrew  0 0 0
        Hindi  265 155 115
        Hungarian  20 10 10
        Ilocano  5 0 0
        Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e 25 15 15
        Italian  1,025 500 530
        Japanese  40 15 25
        Khmer (Cambodian)  105 40 60
        Korean  5 0 5
        Kurdish  10 5 5
        Lao  10 0 5
        Latvian  5 0 0
        Lingala  60 35 25
        Lithuanian  5 0 0
        Macedonian  10 5 5
        Malay  10 0 5
        Malayalam  0 0 0
        Maltese  0 0 0
        Mandarin  55 30 25
        Marathi  0 0 0
        Nepali  0 5 0
        Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e 125 60 65
        Norwegian  0 0 0
        Oromo  160 80 75
        Panjabi (Punjabi)  295 175 120
        Pashto  15 15 5
        Persian (Farsi)  20 10 10
        Polish  90 35 50
        Portuguese  515 255 260
        Romanian  50 15 30
        Rundi (Kirundi)  20 10 5
        Russian  105 55 55
        Rwanda (Kinyarwanda)  10 5 10
        Semitic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Serbian  10 5 10
        Serbo-Croatian  5 5 0
        Shanghainese  0 0 0
        Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5
        Sindhi  0 0 0
        Sinhala (Sinhalese)  30 25 10
        Sino-Tibetan languages, n.i.e 0 0 0
        Slavic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0
        Slovak  0 0 0
        Slovenian  0 0 0
        Somali  5 0 5
        Spanish  1,650 835 820
        Swahili  20 10 10
        Swedish  10 0 0
        Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)  35 10 25
        Taiwanese  0 0 0
        Tamil  145 80 65
        Telugu  0 0 0
        Thai  5 5 5
        Tibetan languages  0 0 0
        Tigrigna  5 0 0
        Turkish  45 30 15
        Ukrainian  40 20 20
        Urdu  255 150 105
        Vietnamese  360 190 175
        Yiddish  0 0 0
      Other languagesCensus data footnote 22 190 115 75
  Multiple responses          2,745 1,450 1,295
    English and French  1,240 680 560
    English and non-official language  865 435 430
    French and non-official language  590 305 285
    English, French and non-official language  50 30 25

Symbols

.. not available for a specific reference period

Data quality index: Data quality index showing a global non response rate higher than or equal to 25% (suppressed). Geographic area suppression lists show areas where data are suppressed.

Incompletely enumerated Indian reserve and Indian settlement: There were 13 Indian reserves and Indian settlements where enumeration was not possible as a result of forest fires in Northern Ontario at the time of census collection. Collection for these communities was done at a later time. While the data are not included in the 2011 Census tabulations, it is expected that separate special tables showing data for these communities will be made available at a later date, subject to data quality evaluation. Refer to a complete list of these geographic areas.

... not applicable

A possible reason for the use of the three dots (...) symbol is:

  • A value that cannot be calculated such as a percentage change where the denominator is zero.

Census data: Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada is committed to protect the privacy of all Canadians and the confidentiality of the data they provide to us. As part of this commitment, some population counts of geographic areas are adjusted in order to ensure confidentiality.

Counts of the total population are rounded to a base of 5 for any dissemination block having a population of less than 15. Population counts for all standard geographic areas above the dissemination block level are derived by summing the adjusted dissemination block counts. The adjustment of dissemination block counts is controlled to ensure that the population counts for dissemination areas will always be within 5 of the actual values. The adjustment has no impact on the population counts of census divisions and large census subdivisions.

Return to census data footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

A separate set of living quarters designed for or converted for human habitation in which a person or group of persons reside or could reside. In addition, a private dwelling must have a source of heat or power and must be an enclosed space that provides shelter from the elements, as evidenced by complete and enclosed walls and roof, and by doors and windows that provide protection from wind, rain and snow.

Return to census data footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

A separate set of living quarters which has a private entrance either directly from outside or from a common hall, lobby, vestibule or stairway leading to the outside, and in which a person or a group of persons live permanently.

Return to census data footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Refers to the age at last birthday before the reference date, that is, before May 10, 2011.

Refer to the Census Dictionary for more information.

Return to census data footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

The median age is an age 'x', such that exactly one half of the population is older than 'x' and the other half is younger than 'x'.

Return to census data footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Refers to the marital status of the person, taking into account his/her common-law status. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

Return to census data footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Census family - Refers to a married couple (with or without children), a common-law couple (with or without children) or a lone parent family. For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Census family.

Return to census data footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Census family structure - Refers to the classification of census families into married couples (with or without children of either and/or both spouses), common-law couples (with or without children of either and/or both partners), and lone-parent families by sex of parent. A couple may be of opposite or same sex. A couple with children may be further classified as either an intact family or stepfamily, and stepfamilies may, in turn, be classified as simple or complex. Children in a census family include grandchildren living with their grandparent(s) but with no parents present.

Return to census data footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

Non-relatives may be present.

Return to census data footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Refers to the basic division of private households into family and non-family households. Family household refers to a household that contains at least one census family, that is, a married couple with or without children, or a couple living common-law with or without children, or a lone parent living with one or more children (lone-parent family). One-family household refers to a single census family (with or without other persons) that occupies a private dwelling. Multiple-family household refers to a household in which two or more census families (with or without additional persons) occupy the same private dwelling. Family households may also be divided based on the presence of persons not in a census family.

Non-family household refers to either one person living alone in a private dwelling or to a group of two or more people who share a private dwelling, but who do not constitute a census family.

Return to census data footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Refers to households that consist solely of one census family without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Refers to one-census family households with additional persons and to multiple-census family households, with or without additional persons.

Return to census data footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

Refers to households with opposite-sex or same-sex couples.

Return to census data footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Structural type of dwelling - Characteristics that define a dwelling's structure, for example, the characteristics of a single-detached house, a semi-detached house, a row house, or an apartment or flat in a duplex. Refers to the structural characteristics and/or dwelling configuration, that is, whether the dwelling is a single-detached house, an apartment in a high-rise building, a row house, a mobile home, etc.

Return to census data footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Includes mobile homes and other movable dwellings such as houseboats and railroad cars.

Return to census data footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

The category 'Other dwelling' is a subtotal of the following categories: semi-detached house, row house, apartment or flat in a duplex, apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys and other single-attached house.

Return to census data footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Household, private - Person or group of persons occupying the same dwelling. Refers to a person or a group of persons (other than foreign residents) who occupy a private dwelling and do not have a usual place of residence elsewhere in Canada.

Household size - Number of persons occupying a private dwelling. Refers to the number of usual residents in a private household.

Return to census data footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

The population excluding institutional residents includes Canadian citizens (by birth or by naturalization) and landed immigrants (permanent residents) excluding those who live in institutions (institutional collective dwellings). Canadian citizens and landed immigrants either: (1) have a usual place of residence in Canada; (2) are abroad either on a military base or attached to a diplomatic mission; or (3) are at sea or in port aboard merchant vessels under Canadian registry or Canadian government vessels. Since 1991, the target population also includes persons with a usual place of residence in Canada who are claiming refugee status, who hold study permits, or who hold work permits, as well as family members living with them; for census purposes, this group is referred to as non-permanent residents. The population universe does not include foreign residents.

Return to census data footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

The languages shown were selected based on the Aboriginal mother tongues most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The languages shown were selected based on the non-Aboriginal mother tongues (other than English or French) most often reported as single responses in Canada in the 2011 Census of Population.

Return to census data footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

This is a subtotal of all languages collected by the census that are not displayed separately here. For a full list of languages collected in the census, please refer to Appendix D in the 2011 Census Dictionary.

Return to census data footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

English is the first official language spoken by Quebec's official language minority, which consists of all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. French is the first official language spoken by the official language minority in the country overall and in every province and territory outside Quebec, which consists of all individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

Return to census data footnote 23 referrer

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2013. Papineau, Quebec (Code 24055) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released June 26, 2013.
http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed October 23, 2017).

Data source

2011 Census of Population

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Related links

Map

Map

Map: Papineau (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

Alternative format(s): pdf

Map: Papineau, Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order (in white), Quebec

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy

Geographic hierarchy: Papineau, Quebec (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order)

Note

Note: For more information regarding geographic hierarchies, refer to the Illustrated Glossary: Hierarchy of standard geographic units tutorial.

Related data

Related data

Related data: Papineau (Federal electoral district, 2013 Representation Order), Quebec

2011 NHS

  • Additional NHS data are not available for this area. Please refer to the 2011 NHS Data Products for additional geographies.

2011 Census